]> nv-tegra.nvidia Code Review - linux-2.6.git/commitdiff
documentation: when to BUG(), and when to not BUG()
authorDavid Brownell <dbrownell@users.sourceforge.net>
Tue, 6 Jan 2009 22:41:01 +0000 (14:41 -0800)
committerLinus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
Tue, 6 Jan 2009 23:59:13 +0000 (15:59 -0800)
Provide some basic advice about when to use BUG()/BUG_ON(): never, unless
there's really no better option.

This matches my understanding of the standard policy ...  which seems not
to be written down so far, outside of LKML messages that I haven't
bookmarked.

Signed-off-by: David Brownell <dbrownell@users.sourceforge.net>
Cc: Hans Verkuil <hverkuil@xs4all.nl>
Cc: Ingo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu>
Cc: Arjan van de Ven <arjan@infradead.org>
Cc: Randy Dunlap <randy.dunlap@oracle.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
include/asm-generic/bug.h

index 8af276361bf26c662bd268fcec2c1431254ce03d..37b82cb96c891ffe8dc9356a7f11736aca8975ff 100644 (file)
@@ -28,6 +28,17 @@ struct bug_entry {
 #define BUGFLAG_WARNING        (1<<0)
 #endif /* CONFIG_GENERIC_BUG */
 
+/*
+ * Don't use BUG() or BUG_ON() unless there's really no way out; one
+ * example might be detecting data structure corruption in the middle
+ * of an operation that can't be backed out of.  If the (sub)system
+ * can somehow continue operating, perhaps with reduced functionality,
+ * it's probably not BUG-worthy.
+ *
+ * If you're tempted to BUG(), think again:  is completely giving up
+ * really the *only* solution?  There are usually better options, where
+ * users don't need to reboot ASAP and can mostly shut down cleanly.
+ */
 #ifndef HAVE_ARCH_BUG
 #define BUG() do { \
        printk("BUG: failure at %s:%d/%s()!\n", __FILE__, __LINE__, __func__); \
@@ -39,6 +50,12 @@ struct bug_entry {
 #define BUG_ON(condition) do { if (unlikely(condition)) BUG(); } while(0)
 #endif
 
+/*
+ * WARN(), WARN_ON(), WARN_ON_ONCE, and so on can be used to report
+ * significant issues that need prompt attention if they should ever
+ * appear at runtime.  Use the versions with printk format strings
+ * to provide better diagnostics.
+ */
 #ifndef __WARN
 #ifndef __ASSEMBLY__
 extern void warn_slowpath(const char *file, const int line,