[PATCH] v9fs: fix corner cases when flushing request
[linux-2.6.git] / sound / usb / usbaudio.c
1 /*
2  *   (Tentative) USB Audio Driver for ALSA
3  *
4  *   Main and PCM part
5  *
6  *   Copyright (c) 2002 by Takashi Iwai <tiwai@suse.de>
7  *
8  *   Many codes borrowed from audio.c by
9  *          Alan Cox (alan@lxorguk.ukuu.org.uk)
10  *          Thomas Sailer (sailer@ife.ee.ethz.ch)
11  *
12  *
13  *   This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
14  *   it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
15  *   the Free Software Foundation; either version 2 of the License, or
16  *   (at your option) any later version.
17  *
18  *   This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
19  *   but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
20  *   MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the
21  *   GNU General Public License for more details.
22  *
23  *   You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
24  *   along with this program; if not, write to the Free Software
25  *   Foundation, Inc., 59 Temple Place, Suite 330, Boston, MA  02111-1307 USA
26  *
27  *
28  *  NOTES:
29  *
30  *   - async unlink should be used for avoiding the sleep inside lock.
31  *     2.4.22 usb-uhci seems buggy for async unlinking and results in
32  *     oops.  in such a cse, pass async_unlink=0 option.
33  *   - the linked URBs would be preferred but not used so far because of
34  *     the instability of unlinking.
35  *   - type II is not supported properly.  there is no device which supports
36  *     this type *correctly*.  SB extigy looks as if it supports, but it's
37  *     indeed an AC3 stream packed in SPDIF frames (i.e. no real AC3 stream).
38  */
39
40
41 #include <sound/driver.h>
42 #include <linux/bitops.h>
43 #include <linux/init.h>
44 #include <linux/list.h>
45 #include <linux/slab.h>
46 #include <linux/string.h>
47 #include <linux/usb.h>
48 #include <linux/vmalloc.h>
49 #include <linux/moduleparam.h>
50 #include <sound/core.h>
51 #include <sound/info.h>
52 #include <sound/pcm.h>
53 #include <sound/pcm_params.h>
54 #include <sound/initval.h>
55
56 #include "usbaudio.h"
57
58
59 MODULE_AUTHOR("Takashi Iwai <tiwai@suse.de>");
60 MODULE_DESCRIPTION("USB Audio");
61 MODULE_LICENSE("GPL");
62 MODULE_SUPPORTED_DEVICE("{{Generic,USB Audio}}");
63
64
65 static int index[SNDRV_CARDS] = SNDRV_DEFAULT_IDX;      /* Index 0-MAX */
66 static char *id[SNDRV_CARDS] = SNDRV_DEFAULT_STR;       /* ID for this card */
67 static int enable[SNDRV_CARDS] = SNDRV_DEFAULT_ENABLE_PNP;      /* Enable this card */
68 static int vid[SNDRV_CARDS] = { [0 ... (SNDRV_CARDS-1)] = -1 }; /* Vendor ID for this card */
69 static int pid[SNDRV_CARDS] = { [0 ... (SNDRV_CARDS-1)] = -1 }; /* Product ID for this card */
70 static int nrpacks = 4;         /* max. number of packets per urb */
71 static int async_unlink = 1;
72
73 module_param_array(index, int, NULL, 0444);
74 MODULE_PARM_DESC(index, "Index value for the USB audio adapter.");
75 module_param_array(id, charp, NULL, 0444);
76 MODULE_PARM_DESC(id, "ID string for the USB audio adapter.");
77 module_param_array(enable, bool, NULL, 0444);
78 MODULE_PARM_DESC(enable, "Enable USB audio adapter.");
79 module_param_array(vid, int, NULL, 0444);
80 MODULE_PARM_DESC(vid, "Vendor ID for the USB audio device.");
81 module_param_array(pid, int, NULL, 0444);
82 MODULE_PARM_DESC(pid, "Product ID for the USB audio device.");
83 module_param(nrpacks, int, 0644);
84 MODULE_PARM_DESC(nrpacks, "Max. number of packets per URB.");
85 module_param(async_unlink, bool, 0444);
86 MODULE_PARM_DESC(async_unlink, "Use async unlink mode.");
87
88
89 /*
90  * debug the h/w constraints
91  */
92 /* #define HW_CONST_DEBUG */
93
94
95 /*
96  *
97  */
98
99 #define MAX_PACKS       10
100 #define MAX_PACKS_HS    (MAX_PACKS * 8) /* in high speed mode */
101 #define MAX_URBS        8
102 #define SYNC_URBS       4       /* always four urbs for sync */
103 #define MIN_PACKS_URB   1       /* minimum 1 packet per urb */
104
105 struct audioformat {
106         struct list_head list;
107         snd_pcm_format_t format;        /* format type */
108         unsigned int channels;          /* # channels */
109         unsigned int fmt_type;          /* USB audio format type (1-3) */
110         unsigned int frame_size;        /* samples per frame for non-audio */
111         int iface;                      /* interface number */
112         unsigned char altsetting;       /* corresponding alternate setting */
113         unsigned char altset_idx;       /* array index of altenate setting */
114         unsigned char attributes;       /* corresponding attributes of cs endpoint */
115         unsigned char endpoint;         /* endpoint */
116         unsigned char ep_attr;          /* endpoint attributes */
117         unsigned int maxpacksize;       /* max. packet size */
118         unsigned int rates;             /* rate bitmasks */
119         unsigned int rate_min, rate_max;        /* min/max rates */
120         unsigned int nr_rates;          /* number of rate table entries */
121         unsigned int *rate_table;       /* rate table */
122 };
123
124 struct snd_usb_substream;
125
126 struct snd_urb_ctx {
127         struct urb *urb;
128         unsigned int buffer_size;       /* size of data buffer, if data URB */
129         struct snd_usb_substream *subs;
130         int index;      /* index for urb array */
131         int packets;    /* number of packets per urb */
132 };
133
134 struct snd_urb_ops {
135         int (*prepare)(struct snd_usb_substream *subs, struct snd_pcm_runtime *runtime, struct urb *u);
136         int (*retire)(struct snd_usb_substream *subs, struct snd_pcm_runtime *runtime, struct urb *u);
137         int (*prepare_sync)(struct snd_usb_substream *subs, struct snd_pcm_runtime *runtime, struct urb *u);
138         int (*retire_sync)(struct snd_usb_substream *subs, struct snd_pcm_runtime *runtime, struct urb *u);
139 };
140
141 struct snd_usb_substream {
142         struct snd_usb_stream *stream;
143         struct usb_device *dev;
144         struct snd_pcm_substream *pcm_substream;
145         int direction;  /* playback or capture */
146         int interface;  /* current interface */
147         int endpoint;   /* assigned endpoint */
148         struct audioformat *cur_audiofmt;       /* current audioformat pointer (for hw_params callback) */
149         unsigned int cur_rate;          /* current rate (for hw_params callback) */
150         unsigned int period_bytes;      /* current period bytes (for hw_params callback) */
151         unsigned int format;     /* USB data format */
152         unsigned int datapipe;   /* the data i/o pipe */
153         unsigned int syncpipe;   /* 1 - async out or adaptive in */
154         unsigned int datainterval;      /* log_2 of data packet interval */
155         unsigned int syncinterval;  /* P for adaptive mode, 0 otherwise */
156         unsigned int freqn;      /* nominal sampling rate in fs/fps in Q16.16 format */
157         unsigned int freqm;      /* momentary sampling rate in fs/fps in Q16.16 format */
158         unsigned int freqmax;    /* maximum sampling rate, used for buffer management */
159         unsigned int phase;      /* phase accumulator */
160         unsigned int maxpacksize;       /* max packet size in bytes */
161         unsigned int maxframesize;      /* max packet size in frames */
162         unsigned int curpacksize;       /* current packet size in bytes (for capture) */
163         unsigned int curframesize;      /* current packet size in frames (for capture) */
164         unsigned int fill_max: 1;       /* fill max packet size always */
165         unsigned int fmt_type;          /* USB audio format type (1-3) */
166         unsigned int packs_per_ms;      /* packets per millisecond (for playback) */
167
168         unsigned int running: 1;        /* running status */
169
170         unsigned int hwptr_done;                        /* processed frame position in the buffer */
171         unsigned int transfer_done;             /* processed frames since last period update */
172         unsigned long active_mask;      /* bitmask of active urbs */
173         unsigned long unlink_mask;      /* bitmask of unlinked urbs */
174
175         unsigned int nurbs;                     /* # urbs */
176         struct snd_urb_ctx dataurb[MAX_URBS];   /* data urb table */
177         struct snd_urb_ctx syncurb[SYNC_URBS];  /* sync urb table */
178         char *syncbuf;                          /* sync buffer for all sync URBs */
179         dma_addr_t sync_dma;                    /* DMA address of syncbuf */
180
181         u64 formats;                    /* format bitmasks (all or'ed) */
182         unsigned int num_formats;               /* number of supported audio formats (list) */
183         struct list_head fmt_list;      /* format list */
184         spinlock_t lock;
185
186         struct snd_urb_ops ops;         /* callbacks (must be filled at init) */
187 };
188
189
190 struct snd_usb_stream {
191         struct snd_usb_audio *chip;
192         struct snd_pcm *pcm;
193         int pcm_index;
194         unsigned int fmt_type;          /* USB audio format type (1-3) */
195         struct snd_usb_substream substream[2];
196         struct list_head list;
197 };
198
199
200 /*
201  * we keep the snd_usb_audio_t instances by ourselves for merging
202  * the all interfaces on the same card as one sound device.
203  */
204
205 static DECLARE_MUTEX(register_mutex);
206 static struct snd_usb_audio *usb_chip[SNDRV_CARDS];
207
208
209 /*
210  * convert a sampling rate into our full speed format (fs/1000 in Q16.16)
211  * this will overflow at approx 524 kHz
212  */
213 static inline unsigned get_usb_full_speed_rate(unsigned int rate)
214 {
215         return ((rate << 13) + 62) / 125;
216 }
217
218 /*
219  * convert a sampling rate into USB high speed format (fs/8000 in Q16.16)
220  * this will overflow at approx 4 MHz
221  */
222 static inline unsigned get_usb_high_speed_rate(unsigned int rate)
223 {
224         return ((rate << 10) + 62) / 125;
225 }
226
227 /* convert our full speed USB rate into sampling rate in Hz */
228 static inline unsigned get_full_speed_hz(unsigned int usb_rate)
229 {
230         return (usb_rate * 125 + (1 << 12)) >> 13;
231 }
232
233 /* convert our high speed USB rate into sampling rate in Hz */
234 static inline unsigned get_high_speed_hz(unsigned int usb_rate)
235 {
236         return (usb_rate * 125 + (1 << 9)) >> 10;
237 }
238
239
240 /*
241  * prepare urb for full speed capture sync pipe
242  *
243  * fill the length and offset of each urb descriptor.
244  * the fixed 10.14 frequency is passed through the pipe.
245  */
246 static int prepare_capture_sync_urb(struct snd_usb_substream *subs,
247                                     struct snd_pcm_runtime *runtime,
248                                     struct urb *urb)
249 {
250         unsigned char *cp = urb->transfer_buffer;
251         struct snd_urb_ctx *ctx = (struct snd_urb_ctx *)urb->context;
252
253         urb->dev = ctx->subs->dev; /* we need to set this at each time */
254         urb->iso_frame_desc[0].length = 3;
255         urb->iso_frame_desc[0].offset = 0;
256         cp[0] = subs->freqn >> 2;
257         cp[1] = subs->freqn >> 10;
258         cp[2] = subs->freqn >> 18;
259         return 0;
260 }
261
262 /*
263  * prepare urb for high speed capture sync pipe
264  *
265  * fill the length and offset of each urb descriptor.
266  * the fixed 12.13 frequency is passed as 16.16 through the pipe.
267  */
268 static int prepare_capture_sync_urb_hs(struct snd_usb_substream *subs,
269                                        struct snd_pcm_runtime *runtime,
270                                        struct urb *urb)
271 {
272         unsigned char *cp = urb->transfer_buffer;
273         struct snd_urb_ctx *ctx = (struct snd_urb_ctx *)urb->context;
274
275         urb->dev = ctx->subs->dev; /* we need to set this at each time */
276         urb->iso_frame_desc[0].length = 4;
277         urb->iso_frame_desc[0].offset = 0;
278         cp[0] = subs->freqn;
279         cp[1] = subs->freqn >> 8;
280         cp[2] = subs->freqn >> 16;
281         cp[3] = subs->freqn >> 24;
282         return 0;
283 }
284
285 /*
286  * process after capture sync complete
287  * - nothing to do
288  */
289 static int retire_capture_sync_urb(struct snd_usb_substream *subs,
290                                    struct snd_pcm_runtime *runtime,
291                                    struct urb *urb)
292 {
293         return 0;
294 }
295
296 /*
297  * prepare urb for capture data pipe
298  *
299  * fill the offset and length of each descriptor.
300  *
301  * we use a temporary buffer to write the captured data.
302  * since the length of written data is determined by host, we cannot
303  * write onto the pcm buffer directly...  the data is thus copied
304  * later at complete callback to the global buffer.
305  */
306 static int prepare_capture_urb(struct snd_usb_substream *subs,
307                                struct snd_pcm_runtime *runtime,
308                                struct urb *urb)
309 {
310         int i, offs;
311         struct snd_urb_ctx *ctx = (struct snd_urb_ctx *)urb->context;
312
313         offs = 0;
314         urb->dev = ctx->subs->dev; /* we need to set this at each time */
315         for (i = 0; i < ctx->packets; i++) {
316                 urb->iso_frame_desc[i].offset = offs;
317                 urb->iso_frame_desc[i].length = subs->curpacksize;
318                 offs += subs->curpacksize;
319         }
320         urb->transfer_buffer_length = offs;
321         urb->number_of_packets = ctx->packets;
322 #if 0 // for check
323         if (! urb->bandwidth) {
324                 int bustime;
325                 bustime = usb_check_bandwidth(urb->dev, urb);
326                 if (bustime < 0)
327                         return bustime;
328                 printk("urb %d: bandwidth = %d (packets = %d)\n", ctx->index, bustime, urb->number_of_packets);
329                 usb_claim_bandwidth(urb->dev, urb, bustime, 1);
330         }
331 #endif // for check
332         return 0;
333 }
334
335 /*
336  * process after capture complete
337  *
338  * copy the data from each desctiptor to the pcm buffer, and
339  * update the current position.
340  */
341 static int retire_capture_urb(struct snd_usb_substream *subs,
342                               struct snd_pcm_runtime *runtime,
343                               struct urb *urb)
344 {
345         unsigned long flags;
346         unsigned char *cp;
347         int i;
348         unsigned int stride, len, oldptr;
349         int period_elapsed = 0;
350
351         stride = runtime->frame_bits >> 3;
352
353         for (i = 0; i < urb->number_of_packets; i++) {
354                 cp = (unsigned char *)urb->transfer_buffer + urb->iso_frame_desc[i].offset;
355                 if (urb->iso_frame_desc[i].status) {
356                         snd_printd(KERN_ERR "frame %d active: %d\n", i, urb->iso_frame_desc[i].status);
357                         // continue;
358                 }
359                 len = urb->iso_frame_desc[i].actual_length / stride;
360                 if (! len)
361                         continue;
362                 /* update the current pointer */
363                 spin_lock_irqsave(&subs->lock, flags);
364                 oldptr = subs->hwptr_done;
365                 subs->hwptr_done += len;
366                 if (subs->hwptr_done >= runtime->buffer_size)
367                         subs->hwptr_done -= runtime->buffer_size;
368                 subs->transfer_done += len;
369                 if (subs->transfer_done >= runtime->period_size) {
370                         subs->transfer_done -= runtime->period_size;
371                         period_elapsed = 1;
372                 }
373                 spin_unlock_irqrestore(&subs->lock, flags);
374                 /* copy a data chunk */
375                 if (oldptr + len > runtime->buffer_size) {
376                         unsigned int cnt = runtime->buffer_size - oldptr;
377                         unsigned int blen = cnt * stride;
378                         memcpy(runtime->dma_area + oldptr * stride, cp, blen);
379                         memcpy(runtime->dma_area, cp + blen, len * stride - blen);
380                 } else {
381                         memcpy(runtime->dma_area + oldptr * stride, cp, len * stride);
382                 }
383         }
384         if (period_elapsed)
385                 snd_pcm_period_elapsed(subs->pcm_substream);
386         return 0;
387 }
388
389
390 /*
391  * prepare urb for full speed playback sync pipe
392  *
393  * set up the offset and length to receive the current frequency.
394  */
395
396 static int prepare_playback_sync_urb(struct snd_usb_substream *subs,
397                                      struct snd_pcm_runtime *runtime,
398                                      struct urb *urb)
399 {
400         struct snd_urb_ctx *ctx = (struct snd_urb_ctx *)urb->context;
401
402         urb->dev = ctx->subs->dev; /* we need to set this at each time */
403         urb->iso_frame_desc[0].length = 3;
404         urb->iso_frame_desc[0].offset = 0;
405         return 0;
406 }
407
408 /*
409  * prepare urb for high speed playback sync pipe
410  *
411  * set up the offset and length to receive the current frequency.
412  */
413
414 static int prepare_playback_sync_urb_hs(struct snd_usb_substream *subs,
415                                         struct snd_pcm_runtime *runtime,
416                                         struct urb *urb)
417 {
418         struct snd_urb_ctx *ctx = (struct snd_urb_ctx *)urb->context;
419
420         urb->dev = ctx->subs->dev; /* we need to set this at each time */
421         urb->iso_frame_desc[0].length = 4;
422         urb->iso_frame_desc[0].offset = 0;
423         return 0;
424 }
425
426 /*
427  * process after full speed playback sync complete
428  *
429  * retrieve the current 10.14 frequency from pipe, and set it.
430  * the value is referred in prepare_playback_urb().
431  */
432 static int retire_playback_sync_urb(struct snd_usb_substream *subs,
433                                     struct snd_pcm_runtime *runtime,
434                                     struct urb *urb)
435 {
436         unsigned int f;
437         unsigned long flags;
438
439         if (urb->iso_frame_desc[0].status == 0 &&
440             urb->iso_frame_desc[0].actual_length == 3) {
441                 f = combine_triple((u8*)urb->transfer_buffer) << 2;
442                 if (f >= subs->freqn - subs->freqn / 8 && f <= subs->freqmax) {
443                         spin_lock_irqsave(&subs->lock, flags);
444                         subs->freqm = f;
445                         spin_unlock_irqrestore(&subs->lock, flags);
446                 }
447         }
448
449         return 0;
450 }
451
452 /*
453  * process after high speed playback sync complete
454  *
455  * retrieve the current 12.13 frequency from pipe, and set it.
456  * the value is referred in prepare_playback_urb().
457  */
458 static int retire_playback_sync_urb_hs(struct snd_usb_substream *subs,
459                                        struct snd_pcm_runtime *runtime,
460                                        struct urb *urb)
461 {
462         unsigned int f;
463         unsigned long flags;
464
465         if (urb->iso_frame_desc[0].status == 0 &&
466             urb->iso_frame_desc[0].actual_length == 4) {
467                 f = combine_quad((u8*)urb->transfer_buffer) & 0x0fffffff;
468                 if (f >= subs->freqn - subs->freqn / 8 && f <= subs->freqmax) {
469                         spin_lock_irqsave(&subs->lock, flags);
470                         subs->freqm = f;
471                         spin_unlock_irqrestore(&subs->lock, flags);
472                 }
473         }
474
475         return 0;
476 }
477
478 /*
479  * Prepare urb for streaming before playback starts.
480  *
481  * We don't yet have data, so we send a frame of silence.
482  */
483 static int prepare_startup_playback_urb(struct snd_usb_substream *subs,
484                                         struct snd_pcm_runtime *runtime,
485                                         struct urb *urb)
486 {
487         unsigned int i, offs, counts;
488         struct snd_urb_ctx *ctx = urb->context;
489         int stride = runtime->frame_bits >> 3;
490
491         offs = 0;
492         urb->dev = ctx->subs->dev;
493         urb->number_of_packets = subs->packs_per_ms;
494         for (i = 0; i < subs->packs_per_ms; ++i) {
495                 /* calculate the size of a packet */
496                 if (subs->fill_max)
497                         counts = subs->maxframesize; /* fixed */
498                 else {
499                         subs->phase = (subs->phase & 0xffff)
500                                 + (subs->freqm << subs->datainterval);
501                         counts = subs->phase >> 16;
502                         if (counts > subs->maxframesize)
503                                 counts = subs->maxframesize;
504                 }
505                 urb->iso_frame_desc[i].offset = offs * stride;
506                 urb->iso_frame_desc[i].length = counts * stride;
507                 offs += counts;
508         }
509         urb->transfer_buffer_length = offs * stride;
510         memset(urb->transfer_buffer,
511                subs->cur_audiofmt->format == SNDRV_PCM_FORMAT_U8 ? 0x80 : 0,
512                offs * stride);
513         return 0;
514 }
515
516 /*
517  * prepare urb for playback data pipe
518  *
519  * Since a URB can handle only a single linear buffer, we must use double
520  * buffering when the data to be transferred overflows the buffer boundary.
521  * To avoid inconsistencies when updating hwptr_done, we use double buffering
522  * for all URBs.
523  */
524 static int prepare_playback_urb(struct snd_usb_substream *subs,
525                                 struct snd_pcm_runtime *runtime,
526                                 struct urb *urb)
527 {
528         int i, stride, offs;
529         unsigned int counts;
530         unsigned long flags;
531         int period_elapsed = 0;
532         struct snd_urb_ctx *ctx = (struct snd_urb_ctx *)urb->context;
533
534         stride = runtime->frame_bits >> 3;
535
536         offs = 0;
537         urb->dev = ctx->subs->dev; /* we need to set this at each time */
538         urb->number_of_packets = 0;
539         spin_lock_irqsave(&subs->lock, flags);
540         for (i = 0; i < ctx->packets; i++) {
541                 /* calculate the size of a packet */
542                 if (subs->fill_max)
543                         counts = subs->maxframesize; /* fixed */
544                 else {
545                         subs->phase = (subs->phase & 0xffff)
546                                 + (subs->freqm << subs->datainterval);
547                         counts = subs->phase >> 16;
548                         if (counts > subs->maxframesize)
549                                 counts = subs->maxframesize;
550                 }
551                 /* set up descriptor */
552                 urb->iso_frame_desc[i].offset = offs * stride;
553                 urb->iso_frame_desc[i].length = counts * stride;
554                 offs += counts;
555                 urb->number_of_packets++;
556                 subs->transfer_done += counts;
557                 if (subs->transfer_done >= runtime->period_size) {
558                         subs->transfer_done -= runtime->period_size;
559                         period_elapsed = 1;
560                         if (subs->fmt_type == USB_FORMAT_TYPE_II) {
561                                 if (subs->transfer_done > 0) {
562                                         /* FIXME: fill-max mode is not
563                                          * supported yet */
564                                         offs -= subs->transfer_done;
565                                         counts -= subs->transfer_done;
566                                         urb->iso_frame_desc[i].length =
567                                                 counts * stride;
568                                         subs->transfer_done = 0;
569                                 }
570                                 i++;
571                                 if (i < ctx->packets) {
572                                         /* add a transfer delimiter */
573                                         urb->iso_frame_desc[i].offset =
574                                                 offs * stride;
575                                         urb->iso_frame_desc[i].length = 0;
576                                         urb->number_of_packets++;
577                                 }
578                                 break;
579                         }
580                 }
581                 /* finish at the frame boundary at/after the period boundary */
582                 if (period_elapsed &&
583                     (i & (subs->packs_per_ms - 1)) == subs->packs_per_ms - 1)
584                         break;
585         }
586         if (subs->hwptr_done + offs > runtime->buffer_size) {
587                 /* err, the transferred area goes over buffer boundary. */
588                 unsigned int len = runtime->buffer_size - subs->hwptr_done;
589                 memcpy(urb->transfer_buffer,
590                        runtime->dma_area + subs->hwptr_done * stride,
591                        len * stride);
592                 memcpy(urb->transfer_buffer + len * stride,
593                        runtime->dma_area,
594                        (offs - len) * stride);
595         } else {
596                 memcpy(urb->transfer_buffer,
597                        runtime->dma_area + subs->hwptr_done * stride,
598                        offs * stride);
599         }
600         subs->hwptr_done += offs;
601         if (subs->hwptr_done >= runtime->buffer_size)
602                 subs->hwptr_done -= runtime->buffer_size;
603         spin_unlock_irqrestore(&subs->lock, flags);
604         urb->transfer_buffer_length = offs * stride;
605         if (period_elapsed)
606                 snd_pcm_period_elapsed(subs->pcm_substream);
607         return 0;
608 }
609
610 /*
611  * process after playback data complete
612  * - nothing to do
613  */
614 static int retire_playback_urb(struct snd_usb_substream *subs,
615                                struct snd_pcm_runtime *runtime,
616                                struct urb *urb)
617 {
618         return 0;
619 }
620
621
622 /*
623  */
624 static struct snd_urb_ops audio_urb_ops[2] = {
625         {
626                 .prepare =      prepare_startup_playback_urb,
627                 .retire =       retire_playback_urb,
628                 .prepare_sync = prepare_playback_sync_urb,
629                 .retire_sync =  retire_playback_sync_urb,
630         },
631         {
632                 .prepare =      prepare_capture_urb,
633                 .retire =       retire_capture_urb,
634                 .prepare_sync = prepare_capture_sync_urb,
635                 .retire_sync =  retire_capture_sync_urb,
636         },
637 };
638
639 static struct snd_urb_ops audio_urb_ops_high_speed[2] = {
640         {
641                 .prepare =      prepare_startup_playback_urb,
642                 .retire =       retire_playback_urb,
643                 .prepare_sync = prepare_playback_sync_urb_hs,
644                 .retire_sync =  retire_playback_sync_urb_hs,
645         },
646         {
647                 .prepare =      prepare_capture_urb,
648                 .retire =       retire_capture_urb,
649                 .prepare_sync = prepare_capture_sync_urb_hs,
650                 .retire_sync =  retire_capture_sync_urb,
651         },
652 };
653
654 /*
655  * complete callback from data urb
656  */
657 static void snd_complete_urb(struct urb *urb, struct pt_regs *regs)
658 {
659         struct snd_urb_ctx *ctx = (struct snd_urb_ctx *)urb->context;
660         struct snd_usb_substream *subs = ctx->subs;
661         struct snd_pcm_substream *substream = ctx->subs->pcm_substream;
662         int err = 0;
663
664         if ((subs->running && subs->ops.retire(subs, substream->runtime, urb)) ||
665             ! subs->running || /* can be stopped during retire callback */
666             (err = subs->ops.prepare(subs, substream->runtime, urb)) < 0 ||
667             (err = usb_submit_urb(urb, GFP_ATOMIC)) < 0) {
668                 clear_bit(ctx->index, &subs->active_mask);
669                 if (err < 0) {
670                         snd_printd(KERN_ERR "cannot submit urb (err = %d)\n", err);
671                         snd_pcm_stop(substream, SNDRV_PCM_STATE_XRUN);
672                 }
673         }
674 }
675
676
677 /*
678  * complete callback from sync urb
679  */
680 static void snd_complete_sync_urb(struct urb *urb, struct pt_regs *regs)
681 {
682         struct snd_urb_ctx *ctx = (struct snd_urb_ctx *)urb->context;
683         struct snd_usb_substream *subs = ctx->subs;
684         struct snd_pcm_substream *substream = ctx->subs->pcm_substream;
685         int err = 0;
686
687         if ((subs->running && subs->ops.retire_sync(subs, substream->runtime, urb)) ||
688             ! subs->running || /* can be stopped during retire callback */
689             (err = subs->ops.prepare_sync(subs, substream->runtime, urb)) < 0 ||
690             (err = usb_submit_urb(urb, GFP_ATOMIC)) < 0) {
691                 clear_bit(ctx->index + 16, &subs->active_mask);
692                 if (err < 0) {
693                         snd_printd(KERN_ERR "cannot submit sync urb (err = %d)\n", err);
694                         snd_pcm_stop(substream, SNDRV_PCM_STATE_XRUN);
695                 }
696         }
697 }
698
699
700 /* get the physical page pointer at the given offset */
701 static struct page *snd_pcm_get_vmalloc_page(struct snd_pcm_substream *subs,
702                                              unsigned long offset)
703 {
704         void *pageptr = subs->runtime->dma_area + offset;
705         return vmalloc_to_page(pageptr);
706 }
707
708 /* allocate virtual buffer; may be called more than once */
709 static int snd_pcm_alloc_vmalloc_buffer(struct snd_pcm_substream *subs, size_t size)
710 {
711         struct snd_pcm_runtime *runtime = subs->runtime;
712         if (runtime->dma_area) {
713                 if (runtime->dma_bytes >= size)
714                         return 0; /* already large enough */
715                 vfree(runtime->dma_area);
716         }
717         runtime->dma_area = vmalloc(size);
718         if (! runtime->dma_area)
719                 return -ENOMEM;
720         runtime->dma_bytes = size;
721         return 0;
722 }
723
724 /* free virtual buffer; may be called more than once */
725 static int snd_pcm_free_vmalloc_buffer(struct snd_pcm_substream *subs)
726 {
727         struct snd_pcm_runtime *runtime = subs->runtime;
728         if (runtime->dma_area) {
729                 vfree(runtime->dma_area);
730                 runtime->dma_area = NULL;
731         }
732         return 0;
733 }
734
735
736 /*
737  * unlink active urbs.
738  */
739 static int deactivate_urbs(struct snd_usb_substream *subs, int force, int can_sleep)
740 {
741         unsigned int i;
742         int async;
743
744         subs->running = 0;
745
746         if (!force && subs->stream->chip->shutdown) /* to be sure... */
747                 return -EBADFD;
748
749         async = !can_sleep && async_unlink;
750
751         if (! async && in_interrupt())
752                 return 0;
753
754         for (i = 0; i < subs->nurbs; i++) {
755                 if (test_bit(i, &subs->active_mask)) {
756                         if (! test_and_set_bit(i, &subs->unlink_mask)) {
757                                 struct urb *u = subs->dataurb[i].urb;
758                                 if (async)
759                                         usb_unlink_urb(u);
760                                 else
761                                         usb_kill_urb(u);
762                         }
763                 }
764         }
765         if (subs->syncpipe) {
766                 for (i = 0; i < SYNC_URBS; i++) {
767                         if (test_bit(i+16, &subs->active_mask)) {
768                                 if (! test_and_set_bit(i+16, &subs->unlink_mask)) {
769                                         struct urb *u = subs->syncurb[i].urb;
770                                         if (async)
771                                                 usb_unlink_urb(u);
772                                         else
773                                                 usb_kill_urb(u);
774                                 }
775                         }
776                 }
777         }
778         return 0;
779 }
780
781
782 /*
783  * set up and start data/sync urbs
784  */
785 static int start_urbs(struct snd_usb_substream *subs, struct snd_pcm_runtime *runtime)
786 {
787         unsigned int i;
788         int err;
789
790         if (subs->stream->chip->shutdown)
791                 return -EBADFD;
792
793         for (i = 0; i < subs->nurbs; i++) {
794                 snd_assert(subs->dataurb[i].urb, return -EINVAL);
795                 if (subs->ops.prepare(subs, runtime, subs->dataurb[i].urb) < 0) {
796                         snd_printk(KERN_ERR "cannot prepare datapipe for urb %d\n", i);
797                         goto __error;
798                 }
799         }
800         if (subs->syncpipe) {
801                 for (i = 0; i < SYNC_URBS; i++) {
802                         snd_assert(subs->syncurb[i].urb, return -EINVAL);
803                         if (subs->ops.prepare_sync(subs, runtime, subs->syncurb[i].urb) < 0) {
804                                 snd_printk(KERN_ERR "cannot prepare syncpipe for urb %d\n", i);
805                                 goto __error;
806                         }
807                 }
808         }
809
810         subs->active_mask = 0;
811         subs->unlink_mask = 0;
812         subs->running = 1;
813         for (i = 0; i < subs->nurbs; i++) {
814                 if ((err = usb_submit_urb(subs->dataurb[i].urb, GFP_ATOMIC)) < 0) {
815                         snd_printk(KERN_ERR "cannot submit datapipe for urb %d, err = %d\n", i, err);
816                         goto __error;
817                 }
818                 set_bit(i, &subs->active_mask);
819         }
820         if (subs->syncpipe) {
821                 for (i = 0; i < SYNC_URBS; i++) {
822                         if ((err = usb_submit_urb(subs->syncurb[i].urb, GFP_ATOMIC)) < 0) {
823                                 snd_printk(KERN_ERR "cannot submit syncpipe for urb %d, err = %d\n", i, err);
824                                 goto __error;
825                         }
826                         set_bit(i + 16, &subs->active_mask);
827                 }
828         }
829         return 0;
830
831  __error:
832         // snd_pcm_stop(subs->pcm_substream, SNDRV_PCM_STATE_XRUN);
833         deactivate_urbs(subs, 0, 0);
834         return -EPIPE;
835 }
836
837
838 /*
839  *  wait until all urbs are processed.
840  */
841 static int wait_clear_urbs(struct snd_usb_substream *subs)
842 {
843         unsigned long end_time = jiffies + msecs_to_jiffies(1000);
844         unsigned int i;
845         int alive;
846
847         do {
848                 alive = 0;
849                 for (i = 0; i < subs->nurbs; i++) {
850                         if (test_bit(i, &subs->active_mask))
851                                 alive++;
852                 }
853                 if (subs->syncpipe) {
854                         for (i = 0; i < SYNC_URBS; i++) {
855                                 if (test_bit(i + 16, &subs->active_mask))
856                                         alive++;
857                         }
858                 }
859                 if (! alive)
860                         break;
861                 schedule_timeout_uninterruptible(1);
862         } while (time_before(jiffies, end_time));
863         if (alive)
864                 snd_printk(KERN_ERR "timeout: still %d active urbs..\n", alive);
865         return 0;
866 }
867
868
869 /*
870  * return the current pcm pointer.  just return the hwptr_done value.
871  */
872 static snd_pcm_uframes_t snd_usb_pcm_pointer(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream)
873 {
874         struct snd_usb_substream *subs;
875         snd_pcm_uframes_t hwptr_done;
876         
877         subs = (struct snd_usb_substream *)substream->runtime->private_data;
878         spin_lock(&subs->lock);
879         hwptr_done = subs->hwptr_done;
880         spin_unlock(&subs->lock);
881         return hwptr_done;
882 }
883
884
885 /*
886  * start/stop playback substream
887  */
888 static int snd_usb_pcm_playback_trigger(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream,
889                                         int cmd)
890 {
891         struct snd_usb_substream *subs = substream->runtime->private_data;
892
893         switch (cmd) {
894         case SNDRV_PCM_TRIGGER_START:
895                 subs->ops.prepare = prepare_playback_urb;
896                 return 0;
897         case SNDRV_PCM_TRIGGER_STOP:
898                 return deactivate_urbs(subs, 0, 0);
899         default:
900                 return -EINVAL;
901         }
902 }
903
904 /*
905  * start/stop capture substream
906  */
907 static int snd_usb_pcm_capture_trigger(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream,
908                                        int cmd)
909 {
910         struct snd_usb_substream *subs = substream->runtime->private_data;
911
912         switch (cmd) {
913         case SNDRV_PCM_TRIGGER_START:
914                 return start_urbs(subs, substream->runtime);
915         case SNDRV_PCM_TRIGGER_STOP:
916                 return deactivate_urbs(subs, 0, 0);
917         default:
918                 return -EINVAL;
919         }
920 }
921
922
923 /*
924  * release a urb data
925  */
926 static void release_urb_ctx(struct snd_urb_ctx *u)
927 {
928         if (u->urb) {
929                 if (u->buffer_size)
930                         usb_buffer_free(u->subs->dev, u->buffer_size,
931                                         u->urb->transfer_buffer,
932                                         u->urb->transfer_dma);
933                 usb_free_urb(u->urb);
934                 u->urb = NULL;
935         }
936 }
937
938 /*
939  * release a substream
940  */
941 static void release_substream_urbs(struct snd_usb_substream *subs, int force)
942 {
943         int i;
944
945         /* stop urbs (to be sure) */
946         deactivate_urbs(subs, force, 1);
947         wait_clear_urbs(subs);
948
949         for (i = 0; i < MAX_URBS; i++)
950                 release_urb_ctx(&subs->dataurb[i]);
951         for (i = 0; i < SYNC_URBS; i++)
952                 release_urb_ctx(&subs->syncurb[i]);
953         usb_buffer_free(subs->dev, SYNC_URBS * 4,
954                         subs->syncbuf, subs->sync_dma);
955         subs->syncbuf = NULL;
956         subs->nurbs = 0;
957 }
958
959 /*
960  * initialize a substream for plaback/capture
961  */
962 static int init_substream_urbs(struct snd_usb_substream *subs, unsigned int period_bytes,
963                                unsigned int rate, unsigned int frame_bits)
964 {
965         unsigned int maxsize, n, i;
966         int is_playback = subs->direction == SNDRV_PCM_STREAM_PLAYBACK;
967         unsigned int npacks[MAX_URBS], urb_packs, total_packs, packs_per_ms;
968
969         /* calculate the frequency in 16.16 format */
970         if (snd_usb_get_speed(subs->dev) == USB_SPEED_FULL)
971                 subs->freqn = get_usb_full_speed_rate(rate);
972         else
973                 subs->freqn = get_usb_high_speed_rate(rate);
974         subs->freqm = subs->freqn;
975         /* calculate max. frequency */
976         if (subs->maxpacksize) {
977                 /* whatever fits into a max. size packet */
978                 maxsize = subs->maxpacksize;
979                 subs->freqmax = (maxsize / (frame_bits >> 3))
980                                 << (16 - subs->datainterval);
981         } else {
982                 /* no max. packet size: just take 25% higher than nominal */
983                 subs->freqmax = subs->freqn + (subs->freqn >> 2);
984                 maxsize = ((subs->freqmax + 0xffff) * (frame_bits >> 3))
985                                 >> (16 - subs->datainterval);
986         }
987         subs->phase = 0;
988
989         if (subs->fill_max)
990                 subs->curpacksize = subs->maxpacksize;
991         else
992                 subs->curpacksize = maxsize;
993
994         if (snd_usb_get_speed(subs->dev) == USB_SPEED_HIGH)
995                 packs_per_ms = 8 >> subs->datainterval;
996         else
997                 packs_per_ms = 1;
998         subs->packs_per_ms = packs_per_ms;
999
1000         if (is_playback) {
1001                 urb_packs = nrpacks;
1002                 urb_packs = max(urb_packs, (unsigned int)MIN_PACKS_URB);
1003                 urb_packs = min(urb_packs, (unsigned int)MAX_PACKS);
1004         } else
1005                 urb_packs = 1;
1006         urb_packs *= packs_per_ms;
1007
1008         /* decide how many packets to be used */
1009         if (is_playback) {
1010                 unsigned int minsize;
1011                 /* determine how small a packet can be */
1012                 minsize = (subs->freqn >> (16 - subs->datainterval))
1013                           * (frame_bits >> 3);
1014                 /* with sync from device, assume it can be 12% lower */
1015                 if (subs->syncpipe)
1016                         minsize -= minsize >> 3;
1017                 minsize = max(minsize, 1u);
1018                 total_packs = (period_bytes + minsize - 1) / minsize;
1019                 /* round up to multiple of packs_per_ms */
1020                 total_packs = (total_packs + packs_per_ms - 1)
1021                                 & ~(packs_per_ms - 1);
1022                 /* we need at least two URBs for queueing */
1023                 if (total_packs < 2 * MIN_PACKS_URB * packs_per_ms)
1024                         total_packs = 2 * MIN_PACKS_URB * packs_per_ms;
1025         } else {
1026                 total_packs = MAX_URBS * urb_packs;
1027         }
1028         subs->nurbs = (total_packs + urb_packs - 1) / urb_packs;
1029         if (subs->nurbs > MAX_URBS) {
1030                 /* too much... */
1031                 subs->nurbs = MAX_URBS;
1032                 total_packs = MAX_URBS * urb_packs;
1033         }
1034         n = total_packs;
1035         for (i = 0; i < subs->nurbs; i++) {
1036                 npacks[i] = n > urb_packs ? urb_packs : n;
1037                 n -= urb_packs;
1038         }
1039         if (subs->nurbs <= 1) {
1040                 /* too little - we need at least two packets
1041                  * to ensure contiguous playback/capture
1042                  */
1043                 subs->nurbs = 2;
1044                 npacks[0] = (total_packs + 1) / 2;
1045                 npacks[1] = total_packs - npacks[0];
1046         } else if (npacks[subs->nurbs-1] < MIN_PACKS_URB * packs_per_ms) {
1047                 /* the last packet is too small.. */
1048                 if (subs->nurbs > 2) {
1049                         /* merge to the first one */
1050                         npacks[0] += npacks[subs->nurbs - 1];
1051                         subs->nurbs--;
1052                 } else {
1053                         /* divide to two */
1054                         subs->nurbs = 2;
1055                         npacks[0] = (total_packs + 1) / 2;
1056                         npacks[1] = total_packs - npacks[0];
1057                 }
1058         }
1059
1060         /* allocate and initialize data urbs */
1061         for (i = 0; i < subs->nurbs; i++) {
1062                 struct snd_urb_ctx *u = &subs->dataurb[i];
1063                 u->index = i;
1064                 u->subs = subs;
1065                 u->packets = npacks[i];
1066                 u->buffer_size = maxsize * u->packets;
1067                 if (subs->fmt_type == USB_FORMAT_TYPE_II)
1068                         u->packets++; /* for transfer delimiter */
1069                 u->urb = usb_alloc_urb(u->packets, GFP_KERNEL);
1070                 if (! u->urb)
1071                         goto out_of_memory;
1072                 u->urb->transfer_buffer =
1073                         usb_buffer_alloc(subs->dev, u->buffer_size, GFP_KERNEL,
1074                                          &u->urb->transfer_dma);
1075                 if (! u->urb->transfer_buffer)
1076                         goto out_of_memory;
1077                 u->urb->pipe = subs->datapipe;
1078                 u->urb->transfer_flags = URB_ISO_ASAP | URB_NO_TRANSFER_DMA_MAP;
1079                 u->urb->interval = 1 << subs->datainterval;
1080                 u->urb->context = u;
1081                 u->urb->complete = snd_complete_urb;
1082         }
1083
1084         if (subs->syncpipe) {
1085                 /* allocate and initialize sync urbs */
1086                 subs->syncbuf = usb_buffer_alloc(subs->dev, SYNC_URBS * 4,
1087                                                  GFP_KERNEL, &subs->sync_dma);
1088                 if (! subs->syncbuf)
1089                         goto out_of_memory;
1090                 for (i = 0; i < SYNC_URBS; i++) {
1091                         struct snd_urb_ctx *u = &subs->syncurb[i];
1092                         u->index = i;
1093                         u->subs = subs;
1094                         u->packets = 1;
1095                         u->urb = usb_alloc_urb(1, GFP_KERNEL);
1096                         if (! u->urb)
1097                                 goto out_of_memory;
1098                         u->urb->transfer_buffer = subs->syncbuf + i * 4;
1099                         u->urb->transfer_dma = subs->sync_dma + i * 4;
1100                         u->urb->transfer_buffer_length = 4;
1101                         u->urb->pipe = subs->syncpipe;
1102                         u->urb->transfer_flags = URB_ISO_ASAP |
1103                                                  URB_NO_TRANSFER_DMA_MAP;
1104                         u->urb->number_of_packets = 1;
1105                         u->urb->interval = 1 << subs->syncinterval;
1106                         u->urb->context = u;
1107                         u->urb->complete = snd_complete_sync_urb;
1108                 }
1109         }
1110         return 0;
1111
1112 out_of_memory:
1113         release_substream_urbs(subs, 0);
1114         return -ENOMEM;
1115 }
1116
1117
1118 /*
1119  * find a matching audio format
1120  */
1121 static struct audioformat *find_format(struct snd_usb_substream *subs, unsigned int format,
1122                                        unsigned int rate, unsigned int channels)
1123 {
1124         struct list_head *p;
1125         struct audioformat *found = NULL;
1126         int cur_attr = 0, attr;
1127
1128         list_for_each(p, &subs->fmt_list) {
1129                 struct audioformat *fp;
1130                 fp = list_entry(p, struct audioformat, list);
1131                 if (fp->format != format || fp->channels != channels)
1132                         continue;
1133                 if (rate < fp->rate_min || rate > fp->rate_max)
1134                         continue;
1135                 if (! (fp->rates & SNDRV_PCM_RATE_CONTINUOUS)) {
1136                         unsigned int i;
1137                         for (i = 0; i < fp->nr_rates; i++)
1138                                 if (fp->rate_table[i] == rate)
1139                                         break;
1140                         if (i >= fp->nr_rates)
1141                                 continue;
1142                 }
1143                 attr = fp->ep_attr & EP_ATTR_MASK;
1144                 if (! found) {
1145                         found = fp;
1146                         cur_attr = attr;
1147                         continue;
1148                 }
1149                 /* avoid async out and adaptive in if the other method
1150                  * supports the same format.
1151                  * this is a workaround for the case like
1152                  * M-audio audiophile USB.
1153                  */
1154                 if (attr != cur_attr) {
1155                         if ((attr == EP_ATTR_ASYNC &&
1156                              subs->direction == SNDRV_PCM_STREAM_PLAYBACK) ||
1157                             (attr == EP_ATTR_ADAPTIVE &&
1158                              subs->direction == SNDRV_PCM_STREAM_CAPTURE))
1159                                 continue;
1160                         if ((cur_attr == EP_ATTR_ASYNC &&
1161                              subs->direction == SNDRV_PCM_STREAM_PLAYBACK) ||
1162                             (cur_attr == EP_ATTR_ADAPTIVE &&
1163                              subs->direction == SNDRV_PCM_STREAM_CAPTURE)) {
1164                                 found = fp;
1165                                 cur_attr = attr;
1166                                 continue;
1167                         }
1168                 }
1169                 /* find the format with the largest max. packet size */
1170                 if (fp->maxpacksize > found->maxpacksize) {
1171                         found = fp;
1172                         cur_attr = attr;
1173                 }
1174         }
1175         return found;
1176 }
1177
1178
1179 /*
1180  * initialize the picth control and sample rate
1181  */
1182 static int init_usb_pitch(struct usb_device *dev, int iface,
1183                           struct usb_host_interface *alts,
1184                           struct audioformat *fmt)
1185 {
1186         unsigned int ep;
1187         unsigned char data[1];
1188         int err;
1189
1190         ep = get_endpoint(alts, 0)->bEndpointAddress;
1191         /* if endpoint has pitch control, enable it */
1192         if (fmt->attributes & EP_CS_ATTR_PITCH_CONTROL) {
1193                 data[0] = 1;
1194                 if ((err = snd_usb_ctl_msg(dev, usb_sndctrlpipe(dev, 0), SET_CUR,
1195                                            USB_TYPE_CLASS|USB_RECIP_ENDPOINT|USB_DIR_OUT,
1196                                            PITCH_CONTROL << 8, ep, data, 1, 1000)) < 0) {
1197                         snd_printk(KERN_ERR "%d:%d:%d: cannot set enable PITCH\n",
1198                                    dev->devnum, iface, ep);
1199                         return err;
1200                 }
1201         }
1202         return 0;
1203 }
1204
1205 static int init_usb_sample_rate(struct usb_device *dev, int iface,
1206                                 struct usb_host_interface *alts,
1207                                 struct audioformat *fmt, int rate)
1208 {
1209         unsigned int ep;
1210         unsigned char data[3];
1211         int err;
1212
1213         ep = get_endpoint(alts, 0)->bEndpointAddress;
1214         /* if endpoint has sampling rate control, set it */
1215         if (fmt->attributes & EP_CS_ATTR_SAMPLE_RATE) {
1216                 int crate;
1217                 data[0] = rate;
1218                 data[1] = rate >> 8;
1219                 data[2] = rate >> 16;
1220                 if ((err = snd_usb_ctl_msg(dev, usb_sndctrlpipe(dev, 0), SET_CUR,
1221                                            USB_TYPE_CLASS|USB_RECIP_ENDPOINT|USB_DIR_OUT,
1222                                            SAMPLING_FREQ_CONTROL << 8, ep, data, 3, 1000)) < 0) {
1223                         snd_printk(KERN_ERR "%d:%d:%d: cannot set freq %d to ep 0x%x\n",
1224                                    dev->devnum, iface, fmt->altsetting, rate, ep);
1225                         return err;
1226                 }
1227                 if ((err = snd_usb_ctl_msg(dev, usb_rcvctrlpipe(dev, 0), GET_CUR,
1228                                            USB_TYPE_CLASS|USB_RECIP_ENDPOINT|USB_DIR_IN,
1229                                            SAMPLING_FREQ_CONTROL << 8, ep, data, 3, 1000)) < 0) {
1230                         snd_printk(KERN_WARNING "%d:%d:%d: cannot get freq at ep 0x%x\n",
1231                                    dev->devnum, iface, fmt->altsetting, ep);
1232                         return 0; /* some devices don't support reading */
1233                 }
1234                 crate = data[0] | (data[1] << 8) | (data[2] << 16);
1235                 if (crate != rate) {
1236                         snd_printd(KERN_WARNING "current rate %d is different from the runtime rate %d\n", crate, rate);
1237                         // runtime->rate = crate;
1238                 }
1239         }
1240         return 0;
1241 }
1242
1243 /*
1244  * find a matching format and set up the interface
1245  */
1246 static int set_format(struct snd_usb_substream *subs, struct audioformat *fmt)
1247 {
1248         struct usb_device *dev = subs->dev;
1249         struct usb_host_interface *alts;
1250         struct usb_interface_descriptor *altsd;
1251         struct usb_interface *iface;
1252         unsigned int ep, attr;
1253         int is_playback = subs->direction == SNDRV_PCM_STREAM_PLAYBACK;
1254         int err;
1255
1256         iface = usb_ifnum_to_if(dev, fmt->iface);
1257         snd_assert(iface, return -EINVAL);
1258         alts = &iface->altsetting[fmt->altset_idx];
1259         altsd = get_iface_desc(alts);
1260         snd_assert(altsd->bAlternateSetting == fmt->altsetting, return -EINVAL);
1261
1262         if (fmt == subs->cur_audiofmt)
1263                 return 0;
1264
1265         /* close the old interface */
1266         if (subs->interface >= 0 && subs->interface != fmt->iface) {
1267                 usb_set_interface(subs->dev, subs->interface, 0);
1268                 subs->interface = -1;
1269                 subs->format = 0;
1270         }
1271
1272         /* set interface */
1273         if (subs->interface != fmt->iface || subs->format != fmt->altset_idx) {
1274                 if (usb_set_interface(dev, fmt->iface, fmt->altsetting) < 0) {
1275                         snd_printk(KERN_ERR "%d:%d:%d: usb_set_interface failed\n",
1276                                    dev->devnum, fmt->iface, fmt->altsetting);
1277                         return -EIO;
1278                 }
1279                 snd_printdd(KERN_INFO "setting usb interface %d:%d\n", fmt->iface, fmt->altsetting);
1280                 subs->interface = fmt->iface;
1281                 subs->format = fmt->altset_idx;
1282         }
1283
1284         /* create a data pipe */
1285         ep = fmt->endpoint & USB_ENDPOINT_NUMBER_MASK;
1286         if (is_playback)
1287                 subs->datapipe = usb_sndisocpipe(dev, ep);
1288         else
1289                 subs->datapipe = usb_rcvisocpipe(dev, ep);
1290         if (snd_usb_get_speed(subs->dev) == USB_SPEED_HIGH &&
1291             get_endpoint(alts, 0)->bInterval >= 1 &&
1292             get_endpoint(alts, 0)->bInterval <= 4)
1293                 subs->datainterval = get_endpoint(alts, 0)->bInterval - 1;
1294         else
1295                 subs->datainterval = 0;
1296         subs->syncpipe = subs->syncinterval = 0;
1297         subs->maxpacksize = fmt->maxpacksize;
1298         subs->fill_max = 0;
1299
1300         /* we need a sync pipe in async OUT or adaptive IN mode */
1301         /* check the number of EP, since some devices have broken
1302          * descriptors which fool us.  if it has only one EP,
1303          * assume it as adaptive-out or sync-in.
1304          */
1305         attr = fmt->ep_attr & EP_ATTR_MASK;
1306         if (((is_playback && attr == EP_ATTR_ASYNC) ||
1307              (! is_playback && attr == EP_ATTR_ADAPTIVE)) &&
1308             altsd->bNumEndpoints >= 2) {
1309                 /* check sync-pipe endpoint */
1310                 /* ... and check descriptor size before accessing bSynchAddress
1311                    because there is a version of the SB Audigy 2 NX firmware lacking
1312                    the audio fields in the endpoint descriptors */
1313                 if ((get_endpoint(alts, 1)->bmAttributes & USB_ENDPOINT_XFERTYPE_MASK) != 0x01 ||
1314                     (get_endpoint(alts, 1)->bLength >= USB_DT_ENDPOINT_AUDIO_SIZE &&
1315                      get_endpoint(alts, 1)->bSynchAddress != 0)) {
1316                         snd_printk(KERN_ERR "%d:%d:%d : invalid synch pipe\n",
1317                                    dev->devnum, fmt->iface, fmt->altsetting);
1318                         return -EINVAL;
1319                 }
1320                 ep = get_endpoint(alts, 1)->bEndpointAddress;
1321                 if (get_endpoint(alts, 0)->bLength >= USB_DT_ENDPOINT_AUDIO_SIZE &&
1322                     (( is_playback && ep != (unsigned int)(get_endpoint(alts, 0)->bSynchAddress | USB_DIR_IN)) ||
1323                      (!is_playback && ep != (unsigned int)(get_endpoint(alts, 0)->bSynchAddress & ~USB_DIR_IN)))) {
1324                         snd_printk(KERN_ERR "%d:%d:%d : invalid synch pipe\n",
1325                                    dev->devnum, fmt->iface, fmt->altsetting);
1326                         return -EINVAL;
1327                 }
1328                 ep &= USB_ENDPOINT_NUMBER_MASK;
1329                 if (is_playback)
1330                         subs->syncpipe = usb_rcvisocpipe(dev, ep);
1331                 else
1332                         subs->syncpipe = usb_sndisocpipe(dev, ep);
1333                 if (get_endpoint(alts, 1)->bLength >= USB_DT_ENDPOINT_AUDIO_SIZE &&
1334                     get_endpoint(alts, 1)->bRefresh >= 1 &&
1335                     get_endpoint(alts, 1)->bRefresh <= 9)
1336                         subs->syncinterval = get_endpoint(alts, 1)->bRefresh;
1337                 else if (snd_usb_get_speed(subs->dev) == USB_SPEED_FULL)
1338                         subs->syncinterval = 1;
1339                 else if (get_endpoint(alts, 1)->bInterval >= 1 &&
1340                          get_endpoint(alts, 1)->bInterval <= 16)
1341                         subs->syncinterval = get_endpoint(alts, 1)->bInterval - 1;
1342                 else
1343                         subs->syncinterval = 3;
1344         }
1345
1346         /* always fill max packet size */
1347         if (fmt->attributes & EP_CS_ATTR_FILL_MAX)
1348                 subs->fill_max = 1;
1349
1350         if ((err = init_usb_pitch(dev, subs->interface, alts, fmt)) < 0)
1351                 return err;
1352
1353         subs->cur_audiofmt = fmt;
1354
1355 #if 0
1356         printk("setting done: format = %d, rate = %d, channels = %d\n",
1357                fmt->format, fmt->rate, fmt->channels);
1358         printk("  datapipe = 0x%0x, syncpipe = 0x%0x\n",
1359                subs->datapipe, subs->syncpipe);
1360 #endif
1361
1362         return 0;
1363 }
1364
1365 /*
1366  * hw_params callback
1367  *
1368  * allocate a buffer and set the given audio format.
1369  *
1370  * so far we use a physically linear buffer although packetize transfer
1371  * doesn't need a continuous area.
1372  * if sg buffer is supported on the later version of alsa, we'll follow
1373  * that.
1374  */
1375 static int snd_usb_hw_params(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream,
1376                              struct snd_pcm_hw_params *hw_params)
1377 {
1378         struct snd_usb_substream *subs = (struct snd_usb_substream *)substream->runtime->private_data;
1379         struct audioformat *fmt;
1380         unsigned int channels, rate, format;
1381         int ret, changed;
1382
1383         ret = snd_pcm_alloc_vmalloc_buffer(substream,
1384                                            params_buffer_bytes(hw_params));
1385         if (ret < 0)
1386                 return ret;
1387
1388         format = params_format(hw_params);
1389         rate = params_rate(hw_params);
1390         channels = params_channels(hw_params);
1391         fmt = find_format(subs, format, rate, channels);
1392         if (! fmt) {
1393                 snd_printd(KERN_DEBUG "cannot set format: format = %s, rate = %d, channels = %d\n",
1394                            snd_pcm_format_name(format), rate, channels);
1395                 return -EINVAL;
1396         }
1397
1398         changed = subs->cur_audiofmt != fmt ||
1399                 subs->period_bytes != params_period_bytes(hw_params) ||
1400                 subs->cur_rate != rate;
1401         if ((ret = set_format(subs, fmt)) < 0)
1402                 return ret;
1403
1404         if (subs->cur_rate != rate) {
1405                 struct usb_host_interface *alts;
1406                 struct usb_interface *iface;
1407                 iface = usb_ifnum_to_if(subs->dev, fmt->iface);
1408                 alts = &iface->altsetting[fmt->altset_idx];
1409                 ret = init_usb_sample_rate(subs->dev, subs->interface, alts, fmt, rate);
1410                 if (ret < 0)
1411                         return ret;
1412                 subs->cur_rate = rate;
1413         }
1414
1415         if (changed) {
1416                 /* format changed */
1417                 release_substream_urbs(subs, 0);
1418                 /* influenced: period_bytes, channels, rate, format, */
1419                 ret = init_substream_urbs(subs, params_period_bytes(hw_params),
1420                                           params_rate(hw_params),
1421                                           snd_pcm_format_physical_width(params_format(hw_params)) * params_channels(hw_params));
1422         }
1423
1424         return ret;
1425 }
1426
1427 /*
1428  * hw_free callback
1429  *
1430  * reset the audio format and release the buffer
1431  */
1432 static int snd_usb_hw_free(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream)
1433 {
1434         struct snd_usb_substream *subs = (struct snd_usb_substream *)substream->runtime->private_data;
1435
1436         subs->cur_audiofmt = NULL;
1437         subs->cur_rate = 0;
1438         subs->period_bytes = 0;
1439         release_substream_urbs(subs, 0);
1440         return snd_pcm_free_vmalloc_buffer(substream);
1441 }
1442
1443 /*
1444  * prepare callback
1445  *
1446  * only a few subtle things...
1447  */
1448 static int snd_usb_pcm_prepare(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream)
1449 {
1450         struct snd_pcm_runtime *runtime = substream->runtime;
1451         struct snd_usb_substream *subs = runtime->private_data;
1452
1453         if (! subs->cur_audiofmt) {
1454                 snd_printk(KERN_ERR "usbaudio: no format is specified!\n");
1455                 return -ENXIO;
1456         }
1457
1458         /* some unit conversions in runtime */
1459         subs->maxframesize = bytes_to_frames(runtime, subs->maxpacksize);
1460         subs->curframesize = bytes_to_frames(runtime, subs->curpacksize);
1461
1462         /* reset the pointer */
1463         subs->hwptr_done = 0;
1464         subs->transfer_done = 0;
1465         subs->phase = 0;
1466
1467         /* clear urbs (to be sure) */
1468         deactivate_urbs(subs, 0, 1);
1469         wait_clear_urbs(subs);
1470
1471         /* for playback, submit the URBs now; otherwise, the first hwptr_done
1472          * updates for all URBs would happen at the same time when starting */
1473         if (subs->direction == SNDRV_PCM_STREAM_PLAYBACK) {
1474                 subs->ops.prepare = prepare_startup_playback_urb;
1475                 return start_urbs(subs, runtime);
1476         } else
1477                 return 0;
1478 }
1479
1480 static struct snd_pcm_hardware snd_usb_playback =
1481 {
1482         .info =                 SNDRV_PCM_INFO_MMAP |
1483                                 SNDRV_PCM_INFO_MMAP_VALID |
1484                                 SNDRV_PCM_INFO_BATCH |
1485                                 SNDRV_PCM_INFO_INTERLEAVED |
1486                                 SNDRV_PCM_INFO_BLOCK_TRANSFER,
1487         .buffer_bytes_max =     1024 * 1024,
1488         .period_bytes_min =     64,
1489         .period_bytes_max =     512 * 1024,
1490         .periods_min =          2,
1491         .periods_max =          1024,
1492 };
1493
1494 static struct snd_pcm_hardware snd_usb_capture =
1495 {
1496         .info =                 SNDRV_PCM_INFO_MMAP |
1497                                 SNDRV_PCM_INFO_MMAP_VALID |
1498                                 SNDRV_PCM_INFO_BATCH |
1499                                 SNDRV_PCM_INFO_INTERLEAVED |
1500                                 SNDRV_PCM_INFO_BLOCK_TRANSFER,
1501         .buffer_bytes_max =     1024 * 1024,
1502         .period_bytes_min =     64,
1503         .period_bytes_max =     512 * 1024,
1504         .periods_min =          2,
1505         .periods_max =          1024,
1506 };
1507
1508 /*
1509  * h/w constraints
1510  */
1511
1512 #ifdef HW_CONST_DEBUG
1513 #define hwc_debug(fmt, args...) printk(KERN_DEBUG fmt, ##args)
1514 #else
1515 #define hwc_debug(fmt, args...) /**/
1516 #endif
1517
1518 static int hw_check_valid_format(struct snd_pcm_hw_params *params, struct audioformat *fp)
1519 {
1520         struct snd_interval *it = hw_param_interval(params, SNDRV_PCM_HW_PARAM_RATE);
1521         struct snd_interval *ct = hw_param_interval(params, SNDRV_PCM_HW_PARAM_CHANNELS);
1522         struct snd_mask *fmts = hw_param_mask(params, SNDRV_PCM_HW_PARAM_FORMAT);
1523
1524         /* check the format */
1525         if (! snd_mask_test(fmts, fp->format)) {
1526                 hwc_debug("   > check: no supported format %d\n", fp->format);
1527                 return 0;
1528         }
1529         /* check the channels */
1530         if (fp->channels < ct->min || fp->channels > ct->max) {
1531                 hwc_debug("   > check: no valid channels %d (%d/%d)\n", fp->channels, ct->min, ct->max);
1532                 return 0;
1533         }
1534         /* check the rate is within the range */
1535         if (fp->rate_min > it->max || (fp->rate_min == it->max && it->openmax)) {
1536                 hwc_debug("   > check: rate_min %d > max %d\n", fp->rate_min, it->max);
1537                 return 0;
1538         }
1539         if (fp->rate_max < it->min || (fp->rate_max == it->min && it->openmin)) {
1540                 hwc_debug("   > check: rate_max %d < min %d\n", fp->rate_max, it->min);
1541                 return 0;
1542         }
1543         return 1;
1544 }
1545
1546 static int hw_rule_rate(struct snd_pcm_hw_params *params,
1547                         struct snd_pcm_hw_rule *rule)
1548 {
1549         struct snd_usb_substream *subs = rule->private;
1550         struct list_head *p;
1551         struct snd_interval *it = hw_param_interval(params, SNDRV_PCM_HW_PARAM_RATE);
1552         unsigned int rmin, rmax;
1553         int changed;
1554
1555         hwc_debug("hw_rule_rate: (%d,%d)\n", it->min, it->max);
1556         changed = 0;
1557         rmin = rmax = 0;
1558         list_for_each(p, &subs->fmt_list) {
1559                 struct audioformat *fp;
1560                 fp = list_entry(p, struct audioformat, list);
1561                 if (! hw_check_valid_format(params, fp))
1562                         continue;
1563                 if (changed++) {
1564                         if (rmin > fp->rate_min)
1565                                 rmin = fp->rate_min;
1566                         if (rmax < fp->rate_max)
1567                                 rmax = fp->rate_max;
1568                 } else {
1569                         rmin = fp->rate_min;
1570                         rmax = fp->rate_max;
1571                 }
1572         }
1573
1574         if (! changed) {
1575                 hwc_debug("  --> get empty\n");
1576                 it->empty = 1;
1577                 return -EINVAL;
1578         }
1579
1580         changed = 0;
1581         if (it->min < rmin) {
1582                 it->min = rmin;
1583                 it->openmin = 0;
1584                 changed = 1;
1585         }
1586         if (it->max > rmax) {
1587                 it->max = rmax;
1588                 it->openmax = 0;
1589                 changed = 1;
1590         }
1591         if (snd_interval_checkempty(it)) {
1592                 it->empty = 1;
1593                 return -EINVAL;
1594         }
1595         hwc_debug("  --> (%d, %d) (changed = %d)\n", it->min, it->max, changed);
1596         return changed;
1597 }
1598
1599
1600 static int hw_rule_channels(struct snd_pcm_hw_params *params,
1601                             struct snd_pcm_hw_rule *rule)
1602 {
1603         struct snd_usb_substream *subs = rule->private;
1604         struct list_head *p;
1605         struct snd_interval *it = hw_param_interval(params, SNDRV_PCM_HW_PARAM_CHANNELS);
1606         unsigned int rmin, rmax;
1607         int changed;
1608
1609         hwc_debug("hw_rule_channels: (%d,%d)\n", it->min, it->max);
1610         changed = 0;
1611         rmin = rmax = 0;
1612         list_for_each(p, &subs->fmt_list) {
1613                 struct audioformat *fp;
1614                 fp = list_entry(p, struct audioformat, list);
1615                 if (! hw_check_valid_format(params, fp))
1616                         continue;
1617                 if (changed++) {
1618                         if (rmin > fp->channels)
1619                                 rmin = fp->channels;
1620                         if (rmax < fp->channels)
1621                                 rmax = fp->channels;
1622                 } else {
1623                         rmin = fp->channels;
1624                         rmax = fp->channels;
1625                 }
1626         }
1627
1628         if (! changed) {
1629                 hwc_debug("  --> get empty\n");
1630                 it->empty = 1;
1631                 return -EINVAL;
1632         }
1633
1634         changed = 0;
1635         if (it->min < rmin) {
1636                 it->min = rmin;
1637                 it->openmin = 0;
1638                 changed = 1;
1639         }
1640         if (it->max > rmax) {
1641                 it->max = rmax;
1642                 it->openmax = 0;
1643                 changed = 1;
1644         }
1645         if (snd_interval_checkempty(it)) {
1646                 it->empty = 1;
1647                 return -EINVAL;
1648         }
1649         hwc_debug("  --> (%d, %d) (changed = %d)\n", it->min, it->max, changed);
1650         return changed;
1651 }
1652
1653 static int hw_rule_format(struct snd_pcm_hw_params *params,
1654                           struct snd_pcm_hw_rule *rule)
1655 {
1656         struct snd_usb_substream *subs = rule->private;
1657         struct list_head *p;
1658         struct snd_mask *fmt = hw_param_mask(params, SNDRV_PCM_HW_PARAM_FORMAT);
1659         u64 fbits;
1660         u32 oldbits[2];
1661         int changed;
1662
1663         hwc_debug("hw_rule_format: %x:%x\n", fmt->bits[0], fmt->bits[1]);
1664         fbits = 0;
1665         list_for_each(p, &subs->fmt_list) {
1666                 struct audioformat *fp;
1667                 fp = list_entry(p, struct audioformat, list);
1668                 if (! hw_check_valid_format(params, fp))
1669                         continue;
1670                 fbits |= (1ULL << fp->format);
1671         }
1672
1673         oldbits[0] = fmt->bits[0];
1674         oldbits[1] = fmt->bits[1];
1675         fmt->bits[0] &= (u32)fbits;
1676         fmt->bits[1] &= (u32)(fbits >> 32);
1677         if (! fmt->bits[0] && ! fmt->bits[1]) {
1678                 hwc_debug("  --> get empty\n");
1679                 return -EINVAL;
1680         }
1681         changed = (oldbits[0] != fmt->bits[0] || oldbits[1] != fmt->bits[1]);
1682         hwc_debug("  --> %x:%x (changed = %d)\n", fmt->bits[0], fmt->bits[1], changed);
1683         return changed;
1684 }
1685
1686 #define MAX_MASK        64
1687
1688 /*
1689  * check whether the registered audio formats need special hw-constraints
1690  */
1691 static int check_hw_params_convention(struct snd_usb_substream *subs)
1692 {
1693         int i;
1694         u32 *channels;
1695         u32 *rates;
1696         u32 cmaster, rmaster;
1697         u32 rate_min = 0, rate_max = 0;
1698         struct list_head *p;
1699         int err = 1;
1700
1701         channels = kcalloc(MAX_MASK, sizeof(u32), GFP_KERNEL);
1702         rates = kcalloc(MAX_MASK, sizeof(u32), GFP_KERNEL);
1703
1704         list_for_each(p, &subs->fmt_list) {
1705                 struct audioformat *f;
1706                 f = list_entry(p, struct audioformat, list);
1707                 /* unconventional channels? */
1708                 if (f->channels > 32)
1709                         goto __out;
1710                 /* continuous rate min/max matches? */
1711                 if (f->rates & SNDRV_PCM_RATE_CONTINUOUS) {
1712                         if (rate_min && f->rate_min != rate_min)
1713                                 goto __out;
1714                         if (rate_max && f->rate_max != rate_max)
1715                                 goto __out;
1716                         rate_min = f->rate_min;
1717                         rate_max = f->rate_max;
1718                 }
1719                 /* combination of continuous rates and fixed rates? */
1720                 if (rates[f->format] & SNDRV_PCM_RATE_CONTINUOUS) {
1721                         if (f->rates != rates[f->format])
1722                                 goto __out;
1723                 }
1724                 if (f->rates & SNDRV_PCM_RATE_CONTINUOUS) {
1725                         if (rates[f->format] && rates[f->format] != f->rates)
1726                                 goto __out;
1727                 }
1728                 channels[f->format] |= (1 << f->channels);
1729                 rates[f->format] |= f->rates;
1730         }
1731         /* check whether channels and rates match for all formats */
1732         cmaster = rmaster = 0;
1733         for (i = 0; i < MAX_MASK; i++) {
1734                 if (cmaster != channels[i] && cmaster && channels[i])
1735                         goto __out;
1736                 if (rmaster != rates[i] && rmaster && rates[i])
1737                         goto __out;
1738                 if (channels[i])
1739                         cmaster = channels[i];
1740                 if (rates[i])
1741                         rmaster = rates[i];
1742         }
1743         /* check whether channels match for all distinct rates */
1744         memset(channels, 0, MAX_MASK * sizeof(u32));
1745         list_for_each(p, &subs->fmt_list) {
1746                 struct audioformat *f;
1747                 f = list_entry(p, struct audioformat, list);
1748                 if (f->rates & SNDRV_PCM_RATE_CONTINUOUS)
1749                         continue;
1750                 for (i = 0; i < 32; i++) {
1751                         if (f->rates & (1 << i))
1752                                 channels[i] |= (1 << f->channels);
1753                 }
1754         }
1755         cmaster = 0;
1756         for (i = 0; i < 32; i++) {
1757                 if (cmaster != channels[i] && cmaster && channels[i])
1758                         goto __out;
1759                 if (channels[i])
1760                         cmaster = channels[i];
1761         }
1762         err = 0;
1763
1764  __out:
1765         kfree(channels);
1766         kfree(rates);
1767         return err;
1768 }
1769
1770
1771 /*
1772  * set up the runtime hardware information.
1773  */
1774
1775 static int setup_hw_info(struct snd_pcm_runtime *runtime, struct snd_usb_substream *subs)
1776 {
1777         struct list_head *p;
1778         int err;
1779
1780         runtime->hw.formats = subs->formats;
1781
1782         runtime->hw.rate_min = 0x7fffffff;
1783         runtime->hw.rate_max = 0;
1784         runtime->hw.channels_min = 256;
1785         runtime->hw.channels_max = 0;
1786         runtime->hw.rates = 0;
1787         /* check min/max rates and channels */
1788         list_for_each(p, &subs->fmt_list) {
1789                 struct audioformat *fp;
1790                 fp = list_entry(p, struct audioformat, list);
1791                 runtime->hw.rates |= fp->rates;
1792                 if (runtime->hw.rate_min > fp->rate_min)
1793                         runtime->hw.rate_min = fp->rate_min;
1794                 if (runtime->hw.rate_max < fp->rate_max)
1795                         runtime->hw.rate_max = fp->rate_max;
1796                 if (runtime->hw.channels_min > fp->channels)
1797                         runtime->hw.channels_min = fp->channels;
1798                 if (runtime->hw.channels_max < fp->channels)
1799                         runtime->hw.channels_max = fp->channels;
1800                 if (fp->fmt_type == USB_FORMAT_TYPE_II && fp->frame_size > 0) {
1801                         /* FIXME: there might be more than one audio formats... */
1802                         runtime->hw.period_bytes_min = runtime->hw.period_bytes_max =
1803                                 fp->frame_size;
1804                 }
1805         }
1806
1807         /* set the period time minimum 1ms */
1808         snd_pcm_hw_constraint_minmax(runtime, SNDRV_PCM_HW_PARAM_PERIOD_TIME,
1809                                      1000 * MIN_PACKS_URB,
1810                                      /*(nrpacks * MAX_URBS) * 1000*/ UINT_MAX);
1811
1812         if (check_hw_params_convention(subs)) {
1813                 hwc_debug("setting extra hw constraints...\n");
1814                 if ((err = snd_pcm_hw_rule_add(runtime, 0, SNDRV_PCM_HW_PARAM_RATE,
1815                                                hw_rule_rate, subs,
1816                                                SNDRV_PCM_HW_PARAM_FORMAT,
1817                                                SNDRV_PCM_HW_PARAM_CHANNELS,
1818                                                -1)) < 0)
1819                         return err;
1820                 if ((err = snd_pcm_hw_rule_add(runtime, 0, SNDRV_PCM_HW_PARAM_CHANNELS,
1821                                                hw_rule_channels, subs,
1822                                                SNDRV_PCM_HW_PARAM_FORMAT,
1823                                                SNDRV_PCM_HW_PARAM_RATE,
1824                                                -1)) < 0)
1825                         return err;
1826                 if ((err = snd_pcm_hw_rule_add(runtime, 0, SNDRV_PCM_HW_PARAM_FORMAT,
1827                                                hw_rule_format, subs,
1828                                                SNDRV_PCM_HW_PARAM_RATE,
1829                                                SNDRV_PCM_HW_PARAM_CHANNELS,
1830                                                -1)) < 0)
1831                         return err;
1832         }
1833         return 0;
1834 }
1835
1836 static int snd_usb_pcm_open(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream, int direction,
1837                             struct snd_pcm_hardware *hw)
1838 {
1839         struct snd_usb_stream *as = snd_pcm_substream_chip(substream);
1840         struct snd_pcm_runtime *runtime = substream->runtime;
1841         struct snd_usb_substream *subs = &as->substream[direction];
1842
1843         subs->interface = -1;
1844         subs->format = 0;
1845         runtime->hw = *hw;
1846         runtime->private_data = subs;
1847         subs->pcm_substream = substream;
1848         return setup_hw_info(runtime, subs);
1849 }
1850
1851 static int snd_usb_pcm_close(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream, int direction)
1852 {
1853         struct snd_usb_stream *as = snd_pcm_substream_chip(substream);
1854         struct snd_usb_substream *subs = &as->substream[direction];
1855
1856         if (subs->interface >= 0) {
1857                 usb_set_interface(subs->dev, subs->interface, 0);
1858                 subs->interface = -1;
1859         }
1860         subs->pcm_substream = NULL;
1861         return 0;
1862 }
1863
1864 static int snd_usb_playback_open(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream)
1865 {
1866         return snd_usb_pcm_open(substream, SNDRV_PCM_STREAM_PLAYBACK, &snd_usb_playback);
1867 }
1868
1869 static int snd_usb_playback_close(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream)
1870 {
1871         return snd_usb_pcm_close(substream, SNDRV_PCM_STREAM_PLAYBACK);
1872 }
1873
1874 static int snd_usb_capture_open(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream)
1875 {
1876         return snd_usb_pcm_open(substream, SNDRV_PCM_STREAM_CAPTURE, &snd_usb_capture);
1877 }
1878
1879 static int snd_usb_capture_close(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream)
1880 {
1881         return snd_usb_pcm_close(substream, SNDRV_PCM_STREAM_CAPTURE);
1882 }
1883
1884 static struct snd_pcm_ops snd_usb_playback_ops = {
1885         .open =         snd_usb_playback_open,
1886         .close =        snd_usb_playback_close,
1887         .ioctl =        snd_pcm_lib_ioctl,
1888         .hw_params =    snd_usb_hw_params,
1889         .hw_free =      snd_usb_hw_free,
1890         .prepare =      snd_usb_pcm_prepare,
1891         .trigger =      snd_usb_pcm_playback_trigger,
1892         .pointer =      snd_usb_pcm_pointer,
1893         .page =         snd_pcm_get_vmalloc_page,
1894 };
1895
1896 static struct snd_pcm_ops snd_usb_capture_ops = {
1897         .open =         snd_usb_capture_open,
1898         .close =        snd_usb_capture_close,
1899         .ioctl =        snd_pcm_lib_ioctl,
1900         .hw_params =    snd_usb_hw_params,
1901         .hw_free =      snd_usb_hw_free,
1902         .prepare =      snd_usb_pcm_prepare,
1903         .trigger =      snd_usb_pcm_capture_trigger,
1904         .pointer =      snd_usb_pcm_pointer,
1905         .page =         snd_pcm_get_vmalloc_page,
1906 };
1907
1908
1909
1910 /*
1911  * helper functions
1912  */
1913
1914 /*
1915  * combine bytes and get an integer value
1916  */
1917 unsigned int snd_usb_combine_bytes(unsigned char *bytes, int size)
1918 {
1919         switch (size) {
1920         case 1:  return *bytes;
1921         case 2:  return combine_word(bytes);
1922         case 3:  return combine_triple(bytes);
1923         case 4:  return combine_quad(bytes);
1924         default: return 0;
1925         }
1926 }
1927
1928 /*
1929  * parse descriptor buffer and return the pointer starting the given
1930  * descriptor type.
1931  */
1932 void *snd_usb_find_desc(void *descstart, int desclen, void *after, u8 dtype)
1933 {
1934         u8 *p, *end, *next;
1935
1936         p = descstart;
1937         end = p + desclen;
1938         for (; p < end;) {
1939                 if (p[0] < 2)
1940                         return NULL;
1941                 next = p + p[0];
1942                 if (next > end)
1943                         return NULL;
1944                 if (p[1] == dtype && (!after || (void *)p > after)) {
1945                         return p;
1946                 }
1947                 p = next;
1948         }
1949         return NULL;
1950 }
1951
1952 /*
1953  * find a class-specified interface descriptor with the given subtype.
1954  */
1955 void *snd_usb_find_csint_desc(void *buffer, int buflen, void *after, u8 dsubtype)
1956 {
1957         unsigned char *p = after;
1958
1959         while ((p = snd_usb_find_desc(buffer, buflen, p,
1960                                       USB_DT_CS_INTERFACE)) != NULL) {
1961                 if (p[0] >= 3 && p[2] == dsubtype)
1962                         return p;
1963         }
1964         return NULL;
1965 }
1966
1967 /*
1968  * Wrapper for usb_control_msg().
1969  * Allocates a temp buffer to prevent dmaing from/to the stack.
1970  */
1971 int snd_usb_ctl_msg(struct usb_device *dev, unsigned int pipe, __u8 request,
1972                     __u8 requesttype, __u16 value, __u16 index, void *data,
1973                     __u16 size, int timeout)
1974 {
1975         int err;
1976         void *buf = NULL;
1977
1978         if (size > 0) {
1979                 buf = kmalloc(size, GFP_KERNEL);
1980                 if (!buf)
1981                         return -ENOMEM;
1982                 memcpy(buf, data, size);
1983         }
1984         err = usb_control_msg(dev, pipe, request, requesttype,
1985                               value, index, buf, size, timeout);
1986         if (size > 0) {
1987                 memcpy(data, buf, size);
1988                 kfree(buf);
1989         }
1990         return err;
1991 }
1992
1993
1994 /*
1995  * entry point for linux usb interface
1996  */
1997
1998 static int usb_audio_probe(struct usb_interface *intf,
1999                            const struct usb_device_id *id);
2000 static void usb_audio_disconnect(struct usb_interface *intf);
2001
2002 static struct usb_device_id usb_audio_ids [] = {
2003 #include "usbquirks.h"
2004     { .match_flags = (USB_DEVICE_ID_MATCH_INT_CLASS | USB_DEVICE_ID_MATCH_INT_SUBCLASS),
2005       .bInterfaceClass = USB_CLASS_AUDIO,
2006       .bInterfaceSubClass = USB_SUBCLASS_AUDIO_CONTROL },
2007     { }                                         /* Terminating entry */
2008 };
2009
2010 MODULE_DEVICE_TABLE (usb, usb_audio_ids);
2011
2012 static struct usb_driver usb_audio_driver = {
2013         .name =         "snd-usb-audio",
2014         .probe =        usb_audio_probe,
2015         .disconnect =   usb_audio_disconnect,
2016         .id_table =     usb_audio_ids,
2017 };
2018
2019
2020 /*
2021  * proc interface for list the supported pcm formats
2022  */
2023 static void proc_dump_substream_formats(struct snd_usb_substream *subs, struct snd_info_buffer *buffer)
2024 {
2025         struct list_head *p;
2026         static char *sync_types[4] = {
2027                 "NONE", "ASYNC", "ADAPTIVE", "SYNC"
2028         };
2029
2030         list_for_each(p, &subs->fmt_list) {
2031                 struct audioformat *fp;
2032                 fp = list_entry(p, struct audioformat, list);
2033                 snd_iprintf(buffer, "  Interface %d\n", fp->iface);
2034                 snd_iprintf(buffer, "    Altset %d\n", fp->altsetting);
2035                 snd_iprintf(buffer, "    Format: %s\n", snd_pcm_format_name(fp->format));
2036                 snd_iprintf(buffer, "    Channels: %d\n", fp->channels);
2037                 snd_iprintf(buffer, "    Endpoint: %d %s (%s)\n",
2038                             fp->endpoint & USB_ENDPOINT_NUMBER_MASK,
2039                             fp->endpoint & USB_DIR_IN ? "IN" : "OUT",
2040                             sync_types[(fp->ep_attr & EP_ATTR_MASK) >> 2]);
2041                 if (fp->rates & SNDRV_PCM_RATE_CONTINUOUS) {
2042                         snd_iprintf(buffer, "    Rates: %d - %d (continuous)\n",
2043                                     fp->rate_min, fp->rate_max);
2044                 } else {
2045                         unsigned int i;
2046                         snd_iprintf(buffer, "    Rates: ");
2047                         for (i = 0; i < fp->nr_rates; i++) {
2048                                 if (i > 0)
2049                                         snd_iprintf(buffer, ", ");
2050                                 snd_iprintf(buffer, "%d", fp->rate_table[i]);
2051                         }
2052                         snd_iprintf(buffer, "\n");
2053                 }
2054                 // snd_iprintf(buffer, "    Max Packet Size = %d\n", fp->maxpacksize);
2055                 // snd_iprintf(buffer, "    EP Attribute = 0x%x\n", fp->attributes);
2056         }
2057 }
2058
2059 static void proc_dump_substream_status(struct snd_usb_substream *subs, struct snd_info_buffer *buffer)
2060 {
2061         if (subs->running) {
2062                 unsigned int i;
2063                 snd_iprintf(buffer, "  Status: Running\n");
2064                 snd_iprintf(buffer, "    Interface = %d\n", subs->interface);
2065                 snd_iprintf(buffer, "    Altset = %d\n", subs->format);
2066                 snd_iprintf(buffer, "    URBs = %d [ ", subs->nurbs);
2067                 for (i = 0; i < subs->nurbs; i++)
2068                         snd_iprintf(buffer, "%d ", subs->dataurb[i].packets);
2069                 snd_iprintf(buffer, "]\n");
2070                 snd_iprintf(buffer, "    Packet Size = %d\n", subs->curpacksize);
2071                 snd_iprintf(buffer, "    Momentary freq = %u Hz (%#x.%04x)\n",
2072                             snd_usb_get_speed(subs->dev) == USB_SPEED_FULL
2073                             ? get_full_speed_hz(subs->freqm)
2074                             : get_high_speed_hz(subs->freqm),
2075                             subs->freqm >> 16, subs->freqm & 0xffff);
2076         } else {
2077                 snd_iprintf(buffer, "  Status: Stop\n");
2078         }
2079 }
2080
2081 static void proc_pcm_format_read(struct snd_info_entry *entry, struct snd_info_buffer *buffer)
2082 {
2083         struct snd_usb_stream *stream = entry->private_data;
2084
2085         snd_iprintf(buffer, "%s : %s\n", stream->chip->card->longname, stream->pcm->name);
2086
2087         if (stream->substream[SNDRV_PCM_STREAM_PLAYBACK].num_formats) {
2088                 snd_iprintf(buffer, "\nPlayback:\n");
2089                 proc_dump_substream_status(&stream->substream[SNDRV_PCM_STREAM_PLAYBACK], buffer);
2090                 proc_dump_substream_formats(&stream->substream[SNDRV_PCM_STREAM_PLAYBACK], buffer);
2091         }
2092         if (stream->substream[SNDRV_PCM_STREAM_CAPTURE].num_formats) {
2093                 snd_iprintf(buffer, "\nCapture:\n");
2094                 proc_dump_substream_status(&stream->substream[SNDRV_PCM_STREAM_CAPTURE], buffer);
2095                 proc_dump_substream_formats(&stream->substream[SNDRV_PCM_STREAM_CAPTURE], buffer);
2096         }
2097 }
2098
2099 static void proc_pcm_format_add(struct snd_usb_stream *stream)
2100 {
2101         struct snd_info_entry *entry;
2102         char name[32];
2103         struct snd_card *card = stream->chip->card;
2104
2105         sprintf(name, "stream%d", stream->pcm_index);
2106         if (! snd_card_proc_new(card, name, &entry))
2107                 snd_info_set_text_ops(entry, stream, 1024, proc_pcm_format_read);
2108 }
2109
2110
2111 /*
2112  * initialize the substream instance.
2113  */
2114
2115 static void init_substream(struct snd_usb_stream *as, int stream, struct audioformat *fp)
2116 {
2117         struct snd_usb_substream *subs = &as->substream[stream];
2118
2119         INIT_LIST_HEAD(&subs->fmt_list);
2120         spin_lock_init(&subs->lock);
2121
2122         subs->stream = as;
2123         subs->direction = stream;
2124         subs->dev = as->chip->dev;
2125         if (snd_usb_get_speed(subs->dev) == USB_SPEED_FULL)
2126                 subs->ops = audio_urb_ops[stream];
2127         else
2128                 subs->ops = audio_urb_ops_high_speed[stream];
2129         snd_pcm_set_ops(as->pcm, stream,
2130                         stream == SNDRV_PCM_STREAM_PLAYBACK ?
2131                         &snd_usb_playback_ops : &snd_usb_capture_ops);
2132
2133         list_add_tail(&fp->list, &subs->fmt_list);
2134         subs->formats |= 1ULL << fp->format;
2135         subs->endpoint = fp->endpoint;
2136         subs->num_formats++;
2137         subs->fmt_type = fp->fmt_type;
2138 }
2139
2140
2141 /*
2142  * free a substream
2143  */
2144 static void free_substream(struct snd_usb_substream *subs)
2145 {
2146         struct list_head *p, *n;
2147
2148         if (! subs->num_formats)
2149                 return; /* not initialized */
2150         list_for_each_safe(p, n, &subs->fmt_list) {
2151                 struct audioformat *fp = list_entry(p, struct audioformat, list);
2152                 kfree(fp->rate_table);
2153                 kfree(fp);
2154         }
2155 }
2156
2157
2158 /*
2159  * free a usb stream instance
2160  */
2161 static void snd_usb_audio_stream_free(struct snd_usb_stream *stream)
2162 {
2163         free_substream(&stream->substream[0]);
2164         free_substream(&stream->substream[1]);
2165         list_del(&stream->list);
2166         kfree(stream);
2167 }
2168
2169 static void snd_usb_audio_pcm_free(struct snd_pcm *pcm)
2170 {
2171         struct snd_usb_stream *stream = pcm->private_data;
2172         if (stream) {
2173                 stream->pcm = NULL;
2174                 snd_usb_audio_stream_free(stream);
2175         }
2176 }
2177
2178
2179 /*
2180  * add this endpoint to the chip instance.
2181  * if a stream with the same endpoint already exists, append to it.
2182  * if not, create a new pcm stream.
2183  */
2184 static int add_audio_endpoint(struct snd_usb_audio *chip, int stream, struct audioformat *fp)
2185 {
2186         struct list_head *p;
2187         struct snd_usb_stream *as;
2188         struct snd_usb_substream *subs;
2189         struct snd_pcm *pcm;
2190         int err;
2191
2192         list_for_each(p, &chip->pcm_list) {
2193                 as = list_entry(p, struct snd_usb_stream, list);
2194                 if (as->fmt_type != fp->fmt_type)
2195                         continue;
2196                 subs = &as->substream[stream];
2197                 if (! subs->endpoint)
2198                         continue;
2199                 if (subs->endpoint == fp->endpoint) {
2200                         list_add_tail(&fp->list, &subs->fmt_list);
2201                         subs->num_formats++;
2202                         subs->formats |= 1ULL << fp->format;
2203                         return 0;
2204                 }
2205         }
2206         /* look for an empty stream */
2207         list_for_each(p, &chip->pcm_list) {
2208                 as = list_entry(p, struct snd_usb_stream, list);
2209                 if (as->fmt_type != fp->fmt_type)
2210                         continue;
2211                 subs = &as->substream[stream];
2212                 if (subs->endpoint)
2213                         continue;
2214                 err = snd_pcm_new_stream(as->pcm, stream, 1);
2215                 if (err < 0)
2216                         return err;
2217                 init_substream(as, stream, fp);
2218                 return 0;
2219         }
2220
2221         /* create a new pcm */
2222         as = kmalloc(sizeof(*as), GFP_KERNEL);
2223         if (! as)
2224                 return -ENOMEM;
2225         memset(as, 0, sizeof(*as));
2226         as->pcm_index = chip->pcm_devs;
2227         as->chip = chip;
2228         as->fmt_type = fp->fmt_type;
2229         err = snd_pcm_new(chip->card, "USB Audio", chip->pcm_devs,
2230                           stream == SNDRV_PCM_STREAM_PLAYBACK ? 1 : 0,
2231                           stream == SNDRV_PCM_STREAM_PLAYBACK ? 0 : 1,
2232                           &pcm);
2233         if (err < 0) {
2234                 kfree(as);
2235                 return err;
2236         }
2237         as->pcm = pcm;
2238         pcm->private_data = as;
2239         pcm->private_free = snd_usb_audio_pcm_free;
2240         pcm->info_flags = 0;
2241         if (chip->pcm_devs > 0)
2242                 sprintf(pcm->name, "USB Audio #%d", chip->pcm_devs);
2243         else
2244                 strcpy(pcm->name, "USB Audio");
2245
2246         init_substream(as, stream, fp);
2247
2248         list_add(&as->list, &chip->pcm_list);
2249         chip->pcm_devs++;
2250
2251         proc_pcm_format_add(as);
2252
2253         return 0;
2254 }
2255
2256
2257 /*
2258  * check if the device uses big-endian samples
2259  */
2260 static int is_big_endian_format(struct snd_usb_audio *chip, struct audioformat *fp)
2261 {
2262         switch (chip->usb_id) {
2263         case USB_ID(0x0763, 0x2001): /* M-Audio Quattro: captured data only */
2264                 if (fp->endpoint & USB_DIR_IN)
2265                         return 1;
2266                 break;
2267         case USB_ID(0x0763, 0x2003): /* M-Audio Audiophile USB */
2268                 return 1;
2269         }
2270         return 0;
2271 }
2272
2273 /*
2274  * parse the audio format type I descriptor
2275  * and returns the corresponding pcm format
2276  *
2277  * @dev: usb device
2278  * @fp: audioformat record
2279  * @format: the format tag (wFormatTag)
2280  * @fmt: the format type descriptor
2281  */
2282 static int parse_audio_format_i_type(struct snd_usb_audio *chip, struct audioformat *fp,
2283                                      int format, unsigned char *fmt)
2284 {
2285         int pcm_format;
2286         int sample_width, sample_bytes;
2287
2288         /* FIXME: correct endianess and sign? */
2289         pcm_format = -1;
2290         sample_width = fmt[6];
2291         sample_bytes = fmt[5];
2292         switch (format) {
2293         case 0: /* some devices don't define this correctly... */
2294                 snd_printdd(KERN_INFO "%d:%u:%d : format type 0 is detected, processed as PCM\n",
2295                             chip->dev->devnum, fp->iface, fp->altsetting);
2296                 /* fall-through */
2297         case USB_AUDIO_FORMAT_PCM:
2298                 if (sample_width > sample_bytes * 8) {
2299                         snd_printk(KERN_INFO "%d:%u:%d : sample bitwidth %d in over sample bytes %d\n",
2300                                    chip->dev->devnum, fp->iface, fp->altsetting,
2301                                    sample_width, sample_bytes);
2302                 }
2303                 /* check the format byte size */
2304                 switch (fmt[5]) {
2305                 case 1:
2306                         pcm_format = SNDRV_PCM_FORMAT_S8;
2307                         break;
2308                 case 2:
2309                         if (is_big_endian_format(chip, fp))
2310                                 pcm_format = SNDRV_PCM_FORMAT_S16_BE; /* grrr, big endian!! */
2311                         else
2312                                 pcm_format = SNDRV_PCM_FORMAT_S16_LE;
2313                         break;
2314                 case 3:
2315                         if (is_big_endian_format(chip, fp))
2316                                 pcm_format = SNDRV_PCM_FORMAT_S24_3BE; /* grrr, big endian!! */
2317                         else
2318                                 pcm_format = SNDRV_PCM_FORMAT_S24_3LE;
2319                         break;
2320                 case 4:
2321                         pcm_format = SNDRV_PCM_FORMAT_S32_LE;
2322                         break;
2323                 default:
2324                         snd_printk(KERN_INFO "%d:%u:%d : unsupported sample bitwidth %d in %d bytes\n",
2325                                    chip->dev->devnum, fp->iface,
2326                                    fp->altsetting, sample_width, sample_bytes);
2327                         break;
2328                 }
2329                 break;
2330         case USB_AUDIO_FORMAT_PCM8:
2331                 /* Dallas DS4201 workaround */
2332                 if (chip->usb_id == USB_ID(0x04fa, 0x4201))
2333                         pcm_format = SNDRV_PCM_FORMAT_S8;
2334                 else
2335                         pcm_format = SNDRV_PCM_FORMAT_U8;
2336                 break;
2337         case USB_AUDIO_FORMAT_IEEE_FLOAT:
2338                 pcm_format = SNDRV_PCM_FORMAT_FLOAT_LE;
2339                 break;
2340         case USB_AUDIO_FORMAT_ALAW:
2341                 pcm_format = SNDRV_PCM_FORMAT_A_LAW;
2342                 break;
2343         case USB_AUDIO_FORMAT_MU_LAW:
2344                 pcm_format = SNDRV_PCM_FORMAT_MU_LAW;
2345                 break;
2346         default:
2347                 snd_printk(KERN_INFO "%d:%u:%d : unsupported format type %d\n",
2348                            chip->dev->devnum, fp->iface, fp->altsetting, format);
2349                 break;
2350         }
2351         return pcm_format;
2352 }
2353
2354
2355 /*
2356  * parse the format descriptor and stores the possible sample rates
2357  * on the audioformat table.
2358  *
2359  * @dev: usb device
2360  * @fp: audioformat record
2361  * @fmt: the format descriptor
2362  * @offset: the start offset of descriptor pointing the rate type
2363  *          (7 for type I and II, 8 for type II)
2364  */
2365 static int parse_audio_format_rates(struct snd_usb_audio *chip, struct audioformat *fp,
2366                                     unsigned char *fmt, int offset)
2367 {
2368         int nr_rates = fmt[offset];
2369         if (fmt[0] < offset + 1 + 3 * (nr_rates ? nr_rates : 2)) {
2370                 snd_printk(KERN_ERR "%d:%u:%d : invalid FORMAT_TYPE desc\n",
2371                                    chip->dev->devnum, fp->iface, fp->altsetting);
2372                 return -1;
2373         }
2374
2375         if (nr_rates) {
2376                 /*
2377                  * build the rate table and bitmap flags
2378                  */
2379                 int r, idx, c;
2380                 /* this table corresponds to the SNDRV_PCM_RATE_XXX bit */
2381                 static unsigned int conv_rates[] = {
2382                         5512, 8000, 11025, 16000, 22050, 32000, 44100, 48000,
2383                         64000, 88200, 96000, 176400, 192000
2384                 };
2385                 fp->rate_table = kmalloc(sizeof(int) * nr_rates, GFP_KERNEL);
2386                 if (fp->rate_table == NULL) {
2387                         snd_printk(KERN_ERR "cannot malloc\n");
2388                         return -1;
2389                 }
2390
2391                 fp->nr_rates = nr_rates;
2392                 fp->rate_min = fp->rate_max = combine_triple(&fmt[8]);
2393                 for (r = 0, idx = offset + 1; r < nr_rates; r++, idx += 3) {
2394                         unsigned int rate = fp->rate_table[r] = combine_triple(&fmt[idx]);
2395                         if (rate < fp->rate_min)
2396                                 fp->rate_min = rate;
2397                         else if (rate > fp->rate_max)
2398                                 fp->rate_max = rate;
2399                         for (c = 0; c < (int)ARRAY_SIZE(conv_rates); c++) {
2400                                 if (rate == conv_rates[c]) {
2401                                         fp->rates |= (1 << c);
2402                                         break;
2403                                 }
2404                         }
2405                 }
2406         } else {
2407                 /* continuous rates */
2408                 fp->rates = SNDRV_PCM_RATE_CONTINUOUS;
2409                 fp->rate_min = combine_triple(&fmt[offset + 1]);
2410                 fp->rate_max = combine_triple(&fmt[offset + 4]);
2411         }
2412         return 0;
2413 }
2414
2415 /*
2416  * parse the format type I and III descriptors
2417  */
2418 static int parse_audio_format_i(struct snd_usb_audio *chip, struct audioformat *fp,
2419                                 int format, unsigned char *fmt)
2420 {
2421         int pcm_format;
2422
2423         if (fmt[3] == USB_FORMAT_TYPE_III) {
2424                 /* FIXME: the format type is really IECxxx
2425                  *        but we give normal PCM format to get the existing
2426                  *        apps working...
2427                  */
2428                 pcm_format = SNDRV_PCM_FORMAT_S16_LE;
2429         } else {
2430                 pcm_format = parse_audio_format_i_type(chip, fp, format, fmt);
2431                 if (pcm_format < 0)
2432                         return -1;
2433         }
2434         fp->format = pcm_format;
2435         fp->channels = fmt[4];
2436         if (fp->channels < 1) {
2437                 snd_printk(KERN_ERR "%d:%u:%d : invalid channels %d\n",
2438                            chip->dev->devnum, fp->iface, fp->altsetting, fp->channels);
2439                 return -1;
2440         }
2441         return parse_audio_format_rates(chip, fp, fmt, 7);
2442 }
2443
2444 /*
2445  * prase the format type II descriptor
2446  */
2447 static int parse_audio_format_ii(struct snd_usb_audio *chip, struct audioformat *fp,
2448                                  int format, unsigned char *fmt)
2449 {
2450         int brate, framesize;
2451         switch (format) {
2452         case USB_AUDIO_FORMAT_AC3:
2453                 /* FIXME: there is no AC3 format defined yet */
2454                 // fp->format = SNDRV_PCM_FORMAT_AC3;
2455                 fp->format = SNDRV_PCM_FORMAT_U8; /* temporarily hack to receive byte streams */
2456                 break;
2457         case USB_AUDIO_FORMAT_MPEG:
2458                 fp->format = SNDRV_PCM_FORMAT_MPEG;
2459                 break;
2460         default:
2461                 snd_printd(KERN_INFO "%d:%u:%d : unknown format tag 0x%x is detected.  processed as MPEG.\n",
2462                            chip->dev->devnum, fp->iface, fp->altsetting, format);
2463                 fp->format = SNDRV_PCM_FORMAT_MPEG;
2464                 break;
2465         }
2466         fp->channels = 1;
2467         brate = combine_word(&fmt[4]);  /* fmt[4,5] : wMaxBitRate (in kbps) */
2468         framesize = combine_word(&fmt[6]); /* fmt[6,7]: wSamplesPerFrame */
2469         snd_printd(KERN_INFO "found format II with max.bitrate = %d, frame size=%d\n", brate, framesize);
2470         fp->frame_size = framesize;
2471         return parse_audio_format_rates(chip, fp, fmt, 8); /* fmt[8..] sample rates */
2472 }
2473
2474 static int parse_audio_format(struct snd_usb_audio *chip, struct audioformat *fp,
2475                               int format, unsigned char *fmt, int stream)
2476 {
2477         int err;
2478
2479         switch (fmt[3]) {
2480         case USB_FORMAT_TYPE_I:
2481         case USB_FORMAT_TYPE_III:
2482                 err = parse_audio_format_i(chip, fp, format, fmt);
2483                 break;
2484         case USB_FORMAT_TYPE_II:
2485                 err = parse_audio_format_ii(chip, fp, format, fmt);
2486                 break;
2487         default:
2488                 snd_printd(KERN_INFO "%d:%u:%d : format type %d is not supported yet\n",
2489                            chip->dev->devnum, fp->iface, fp->altsetting, fmt[3]);
2490                 return -1;
2491         }
2492         fp->fmt_type = fmt[3];
2493         if (err < 0)
2494                 return err;
2495 #if 1
2496         /* FIXME: temporary hack for extigy/audigy 2 nx/zs */
2497         /* extigy apparently supports sample rates other than 48k
2498          * but not in ordinary way.  so we enable only 48k atm.
2499          */
2500         if (chip->usb_id == USB_ID(0x041e, 0x3000) ||
2501             chip->usb_id == USB_ID(0x041e, 0x3020) ||
2502             chip->usb_id == USB_ID(0x041e, 0x3061)) {
2503                 if (fmt[3] == USB_FORMAT_TYPE_I &&
2504                     fp->rates != SNDRV_PCM_RATE_48000 &&
2505                     fp->rates != SNDRV_PCM_RATE_96000)
2506                         return -1;
2507         }
2508 #endif
2509         return 0;
2510 }
2511
2512 static int parse_audio_endpoints(struct snd_usb_audio *chip, int iface_no)
2513 {
2514         struct usb_device *dev;
2515         struct usb_interface *iface;
2516         struct usb_host_interface *alts;
2517         struct usb_interface_descriptor *altsd;
2518         int i, altno, err, stream;
2519         int format;
2520         struct audioformat *fp;
2521         unsigned char *fmt, *csep;
2522
2523         dev = chip->dev;
2524
2525         /* parse the interface's altsettings */
2526         iface = usb_ifnum_to_if(dev, iface_no);
2527         for (i = 0; i < iface->num_altsetting; i++) {
2528                 alts = &iface->altsetting[i];
2529                 altsd = get_iface_desc(alts);
2530                 /* skip invalid one */
2531                 if ((altsd->bInterfaceClass != USB_CLASS_AUDIO &&
2532                      altsd->bInterfaceClass != USB_CLASS_VENDOR_SPEC) ||
2533                     (altsd->bInterfaceSubClass != USB_SUBCLASS_AUDIO_STREAMING &&
2534                      altsd->bInterfaceSubClass != USB_SUBCLASS_VENDOR_SPEC) ||
2535                     altsd->bNumEndpoints < 1 ||
2536                     le16_to_cpu(get_endpoint(alts, 0)->wMaxPacketSize) == 0)
2537                         continue;
2538                 /* must be isochronous */
2539                 if ((get_endpoint(alts, 0)->bmAttributes & USB_ENDPOINT_XFERTYPE_MASK) !=
2540                     USB_ENDPOINT_XFER_ISOC)
2541                         continue;
2542                 /* check direction */
2543                 stream = (get_endpoint(alts, 0)->bEndpointAddress & USB_DIR_IN) ?
2544                         SNDRV_PCM_STREAM_CAPTURE : SNDRV_PCM_STREAM_PLAYBACK;
2545                 altno = altsd->bAlternateSetting;
2546
2547                 /* get audio formats */
2548                 fmt = snd_usb_find_csint_desc(alts->extra, alts->extralen, NULL, AS_GENERAL);
2549                 if (!fmt) {
2550                         snd_printk(KERN_ERR "%d:%u:%d : AS_GENERAL descriptor not found\n",
2551                                    dev->devnum, iface_no, altno);
2552                         continue;
2553                 }
2554
2555                 if (fmt[0] < 7) {
2556                         snd_printk(KERN_ERR "%d:%u:%d : invalid AS_GENERAL desc\n",
2557                                    dev->devnum, iface_no, altno);
2558                         continue;
2559                 }
2560
2561                 format = (fmt[6] << 8) | fmt[5]; /* remember the format value */
2562
2563                 /* get format type */
2564                 fmt = snd_usb_find_csint_desc(alts->extra, alts->extralen, NULL, FORMAT_TYPE);
2565                 if (!fmt) {
2566                         snd_printk(KERN_ERR "%d:%u:%d : no FORMAT_TYPE desc\n",
2567                                    dev->devnum, iface_no, altno);
2568                         continue;
2569                 }
2570                 if (fmt[0] < 8) {
2571                         snd_printk(KERN_ERR "%d:%u:%d : invalid FORMAT_TYPE desc\n",
2572                                    dev->devnum, iface_no, altno);
2573                         continue;
2574                 }
2575
2576                 csep = snd_usb_find_desc(alts->endpoint[0].extra, alts->endpoint[0].extralen, NULL, USB_DT_CS_ENDPOINT);
2577                 /* Creamware Noah has this descriptor after the 2nd endpoint */
2578                 if (!csep && altsd->bNumEndpoints >= 2)
2579                         csep = snd_usb_find_desc(alts->endpoint[1].extra, alts->endpoint[1].extralen, NULL, USB_DT_CS_ENDPOINT);
2580                 if (!csep || csep[0] < 7 || csep[2] != EP_GENERAL) {
2581                         snd_printk(KERN_ERR "%d:%u:%d : no or invalid class specific endpoint descriptor\n",
2582                                    dev->devnum, iface_no, altno);
2583                         continue;
2584                 }
2585
2586                 fp = kmalloc(sizeof(*fp), GFP_KERNEL);
2587                 if (! fp) {
2588                         snd_printk(KERN_ERR "cannot malloc\n");
2589                         return -ENOMEM;
2590                 }
2591
2592                 memset(fp, 0, sizeof(*fp));
2593                 fp->iface = iface_no;
2594                 fp->altsetting = altno;
2595                 fp->altset_idx = i;
2596                 fp->endpoint = get_endpoint(alts, 0)->bEndpointAddress;
2597                 fp->ep_attr = get_endpoint(alts, 0)->bmAttributes;
2598                 fp->maxpacksize = le16_to_cpu(get_endpoint(alts, 0)->wMaxPacketSize);
2599                 if (snd_usb_get_speed(dev) == USB_SPEED_HIGH)
2600                         fp->maxpacksize = (((fp->maxpacksize >> 11) & 3) + 1)
2601                                         * (fp->maxpacksize & 0x7ff);
2602                 fp->attributes = csep[3];
2603
2604                 /* some quirks for attributes here */
2605
2606                 switch (chip->usb_id) {
2607                 case USB_ID(0x0a92, 0x0053): /* AudioTrak Optoplay */
2608                         /* Optoplay sets the sample rate attribute although
2609                          * it seems not supporting it in fact.
2610                          */
2611                         fp->attributes &= ~EP_CS_ATTR_SAMPLE_RATE;
2612                         break;
2613                 case USB_ID(0x041e, 0x3020): /* Creative SB Audigy 2 NX */
2614                 case USB_ID(0x0763, 0x2003): /* M-Audio Audiophile USB */
2615                         /* doesn't set the sample rate attribute, but supports it */
2616                         fp->attributes |= EP_CS_ATTR_SAMPLE_RATE;
2617                         break;
2618                 case USB_ID(0x047f, 0x0ca1): /* plantronics headset */
2619                 case USB_ID(0x077d, 0x07af): /* Griffin iMic (note that there is
2620                                                 an older model 77d:223) */
2621                 /*
2622                  * plantronics headset and Griffin iMic have set adaptive-in
2623                  * although it's really not...
2624                  */
2625                         fp->ep_attr &= ~EP_ATTR_MASK;
2626                         if (stream == SNDRV_PCM_STREAM_PLAYBACK)
2627                                 fp->ep_attr |= EP_ATTR_ADAPTIVE;
2628                         else
2629                                 fp->ep_attr |= EP_ATTR_SYNC;
2630                         break;
2631                 }
2632
2633                 /* ok, let's parse further... */
2634                 if (parse_audio_format(chip, fp, format, fmt, stream) < 0) {
2635                         kfree(fp->rate_table);
2636                         kfree(fp);
2637                         continue;
2638                 }
2639
2640                 snd_printdd(KERN_INFO "%d:%u:%d: add audio endpoint 0x%x\n", dev->devnum, iface_no, i, fp->endpoint);
2641                 err = add_audio_endpoint(chip, stream, fp);
2642                 if (err < 0) {
2643                         kfree(fp->rate_table);
2644                         kfree(fp);
2645                         return err;
2646                 }
2647                 /* try to set the interface... */
2648                 usb_set_interface(chip->dev, iface_no, altno);
2649                 init_usb_pitch(chip->dev, iface_no, alts, fp);
2650                 init_usb_sample_rate(chip->dev, iface_no, alts, fp, fp->rate_max);
2651         }
2652         return 0;
2653 }
2654
2655
2656 /*
2657  * disconnect streams
2658  * called from snd_usb_audio_disconnect()
2659  */
2660 static void snd_usb_stream_disconnect(struct list_head *head)
2661 {
2662         int idx;
2663         struct snd_usb_stream *as;
2664         struct snd_usb_substream *subs;
2665
2666         as = list_entry(head, struct snd_usb_stream, list);
2667         for (idx = 0; idx < 2; idx++) {
2668                 subs = &as->substream[idx];
2669                 if (!subs->num_formats)
2670                         return;
2671                 release_substream_urbs(subs, 1);
2672                 subs->interface = -1;
2673         }
2674 }
2675
2676 /*
2677  * parse audio control descriptor and create pcm/midi streams
2678  */
2679 static int snd_usb_create_streams(struct snd_usb_audio *chip, int ctrlif)
2680 {
2681         struct usb_device *dev = chip->dev;
2682         struct usb_host_interface *host_iface;
2683         struct usb_interface *iface;
2684         unsigned char *p1;
2685         int i, j;
2686
2687         /* find audiocontrol interface */
2688         host_iface = &usb_ifnum_to_if(dev, ctrlif)->altsetting[0];
2689         if (!(p1 = snd_usb_find_csint_desc(host_iface->extra, host_iface->extralen, NULL, HEADER))) {
2690                 snd_printk(KERN_ERR "cannot find HEADER\n");
2691                 return -EINVAL;
2692         }
2693         if (! p1[7] || p1[0] < 8 + p1[7]) {
2694                 snd_printk(KERN_ERR "invalid HEADER\n");
2695                 return -EINVAL;
2696         }
2697
2698         /*
2699          * parse all USB audio streaming interfaces
2700          */
2701         for (i = 0; i < p1[7]; i++) {
2702                 struct usb_host_interface *alts;
2703                 struct usb_interface_descriptor *altsd;
2704                 j = p1[8 + i];
2705                 iface = usb_ifnum_to_if(dev, j);
2706                 if (!iface) {
2707                         snd_printk(KERN_ERR "%d:%u:%d : does not exist\n",
2708                                    dev->devnum, ctrlif, j);
2709                         continue;
2710                 }
2711                 if (usb_interface_claimed(iface)) {
2712                         snd_printdd(KERN_INFO "%d:%d:%d: skipping, already claimed\n", dev->devnum, ctrlif, j);
2713                         continue;
2714                 }
2715                 alts = &iface->altsetting[0];
2716                 altsd = get_iface_desc(alts);
2717                 if ((altsd->bInterfaceClass == USB_CLASS_AUDIO ||
2718                      altsd->bInterfaceClass == USB_CLASS_VENDOR_SPEC) &&
2719                     altsd->bInterfaceSubClass == USB_SUBCLASS_MIDI_STREAMING) {
2720                         if (snd_usb_create_midi_interface(chip, iface, NULL) < 0) {
2721                                 snd_printk(KERN_ERR "%d:%u:%d: cannot create sequencer device\n", dev->devnum, ctrlif, j);
2722                                 continue;
2723                         }
2724                         usb_driver_claim_interface(&usb_audio_driver, iface, (void *)-1L);
2725                         continue;
2726                 }
2727                 if ((altsd->bInterfaceClass != USB_CLASS_AUDIO &&
2728                      altsd->bInterfaceClass != USB_CLASS_VENDOR_SPEC) ||
2729                     altsd->bInterfaceSubClass != USB_SUBCLASS_AUDIO_STREAMING) {
2730                         snd_printdd(KERN_ERR "%d:%u:%d: skipping non-supported interface %d\n", dev->devnum, ctrlif, j, altsd->bInterfaceClass);
2731                         /* skip non-supported classes */
2732                         continue;
2733                 }
2734                 if (! parse_audio_endpoints(chip, j)) {
2735                         usb_set_interface(dev, j, 0); /* reset the current interface */
2736                         usb_driver_claim_interface(&usb_audio_driver, iface, (void *)-1L);
2737                 }
2738         }
2739
2740         return 0;
2741 }
2742
2743 /*
2744  * create a stream for an endpoint/altsetting without proper descriptors
2745  */
2746 static int create_fixed_stream_quirk(struct snd_usb_audio *chip,
2747                                      struct usb_interface *iface,
2748                                      const struct snd_usb_audio_quirk *quirk)
2749 {
2750         struct audioformat *fp;
2751         struct usb_host_interface *alts;
2752         int stream, err;
2753         int *rate_table = NULL;
2754
2755         fp = kmalloc(sizeof(*fp), GFP_KERNEL);
2756         if (! fp) {
2757                 snd_printk(KERN_ERR "cannot malloc\n");
2758                 return -ENOMEM;
2759         }
2760         memcpy(fp, quirk->data, sizeof(*fp));
2761         if (fp->nr_rates > 0) {
2762                 rate_table = kmalloc(sizeof(int) * fp->nr_rates, GFP_KERNEL);
2763                 if (!rate_table) {
2764                         kfree(fp);
2765                         return -ENOMEM;
2766                 }
2767                 memcpy(rate_table, fp->rate_table, sizeof(int) * fp->nr_rates);
2768                 fp->rate_table = rate_table;
2769         }
2770
2771         stream = (fp->endpoint & USB_DIR_IN)
2772                 ? SNDRV_PCM_STREAM_CAPTURE : SNDRV_PCM_STREAM_PLAYBACK;
2773         err = add_audio_endpoint(chip, stream, fp);
2774         if (err < 0) {
2775                 kfree(fp);
2776                 kfree(rate_table);
2777                 return err;
2778         }
2779         if (fp->iface != get_iface_desc(&iface->altsetting[0])->bInterfaceNumber ||
2780             fp->altset_idx >= iface->num_altsetting) {
2781                 kfree(fp);
2782                 kfree(rate_table);
2783                 return -EINVAL;
2784         }
2785         alts = &iface->altsetting[fp->altset_idx];
2786         usb_set_interface(chip->dev, fp->iface, 0);
2787         init_usb_pitch(chip->dev, fp->iface, alts, fp);
2788         init_usb_sample_rate(chip->dev, fp->iface, alts, fp, fp->rate_max);
2789         return 0;
2790 }
2791
2792 /*
2793  * create a stream for an interface with proper descriptors
2794  */
2795 static int create_standard_audio_quirk(struct snd_usb_audio *chip,
2796                                        struct usb_interface *iface,
2797                                        const struct snd_usb_audio_quirk *quirk)
2798 {
2799         struct usb_host_interface *alts;
2800         struct usb_interface_descriptor *altsd;
2801         int err;
2802
2803         alts = &iface->altsetting[0];
2804         altsd = get_iface_desc(alts);
2805         err = parse_audio_endpoints(chip, altsd->bInterfaceNumber);
2806         if (err < 0) {
2807                 snd_printk(KERN_ERR "cannot setup if %d: error %d\n",
2808                            altsd->bInterfaceNumber, err);
2809                 return err;
2810         }
2811         /* reset the current interface */
2812         usb_set_interface(chip->dev, altsd->bInterfaceNumber, 0);
2813         return 0;
2814 }
2815
2816 /*
2817  * Create a stream for an Edirol UA-700/UA-25 interface.  The only way
2818  * to detect the sample rate is by looking at wMaxPacketSize.
2819  */
2820 static int create_ua700_ua25_quirk(struct snd_usb_audio *chip,
2821                                    struct usb_interface *iface,
2822                                    const struct snd_usb_audio_quirk *quirk)
2823 {
2824         static const struct audioformat ua_format = {
2825                 .format = SNDRV_PCM_FORMAT_S24_3LE,
2826                 .channels = 2,
2827                 .fmt_type = USB_FORMAT_TYPE_I,
2828                 .altsetting = 1,
2829                 .altset_idx = 1,
2830                 .rates = SNDRV_PCM_RATE_CONTINUOUS,
2831         };
2832         struct usb_host_interface *alts;
2833         struct usb_interface_descriptor *altsd;
2834         struct audioformat *fp;
2835         int stream, err;
2836
2837         /* both PCM and MIDI interfaces have 2 altsettings */
2838         if (iface->num_altsetting != 2)
2839                 return -ENXIO;
2840         alts = &iface->altsetting[1];
2841         altsd = get_iface_desc(alts);
2842
2843         if (altsd->bNumEndpoints == 2) {
2844                 static const struct snd_usb_midi_endpoint_info ua700_ep = {
2845                         .out_cables = 0x0003,
2846                         .in_cables  = 0x0003
2847                 };
2848                 static const struct snd_usb_audio_quirk ua700_quirk = {
2849                         .type = QUIRK_MIDI_FIXED_ENDPOINT,
2850                         .data = &ua700_ep
2851                 };
2852                 static const struct snd_usb_midi_endpoint_info ua25_ep = {
2853                         .out_cables = 0x0001,
2854                         .in_cables  = 0x0001
2855                 };
2856                 static const struct snd_usb_audio_quirk ua25_quirk = {
2857                         .type = QUIRK_MIDI_FIXED_ENDPOINT,
2858                         .data = &ua25_ep
2859                 };
2860                 if (chip->usb_id == USB_ID(0x0582, 0x002b))
2861                         return snd_usb_create_midi_interface(chip, iface,
2862                                                              &ua700_quirk);
2863                 else
2864                         return snd_usb_create_midi_interface(chip, iface,
2865                                                              &ua25_quirk);
2866         }
2867
2868         if (altsd->bNumEndpoints != 1)
2869                 return -ENXIO;
2870
2871         fp = kmalloc(sizeof(*fp), GFP_KERNEL);
2872         if (!fp)
2873                 return -ENOMEM;
2874         memcpy(fp, &ua_format, sizeof(*fp));
2875
2876         fp->iface = altsd->bInterfaceNumber;
2877         fp->endpoint = get_endpoint(alts, 0)->bEndpointAddress;
2878         fp->ep_attr = get_endpoint(alts, 0)->bmAttributes;
2879         fp->maxpacksize = le16_to_cpu(get_endpoint(alts, 0)->wMaxPacketSize);
2880
2881         switch (fp->maxpacksize) {
2882         case 0x120:
2883                 fp->rate_max = fp->rate_min = 44100;
2884                 break;
2885         case 0x138:
2886         case 0x140:
2887                 fp->rate_max = fp->rate_min = 48000;
2888                 break;
2889         case 0x258:
2890         case 0x260:
2891                 fp->rate_max = fp->rate_min = 96000;
2892                 break;
2893         default:
2894                 snd_printk(KERN_ERR "unknown sample rate\n");
2895                 kfree(fp);
2896                 return -ENXIO;
2897         }
2898
2899         stream = (fp->endpoint & USB_DIR_IN)
2900                 ? SNDRV_PCM_STREAM_CAPTURE : SNDRV_PCM_STREAM_PLAYBACK;
2901         err = add_audio_endpoint(chip, stream, fp);
2902         if (err < 0) {
2903                 kfree(fp);
2904                 return err;
2905         }
2906         usb_set_interface(chip->dev, fp->iface, 0);
2907         return 0;
2908 }
2909
2910 /*
2911  * Create a stream for an Edirol UA-1000 interface.
2912  */
2913 static int create_ua1000_quirk(struct snd_usb_audio *chip,
2914                                struct usb_interface *iface,
2915                                const struct snd_usb_audio_quirk *quirk)
2916 {
2917         static const struct audioformat ua1000_format = {
2918                 .format = SNDRV_PCM_FORMAT_S32_LE,
2919                 .fmt_type = USB_FORMAT_TYPE_I,
2920                 .altsetting = 1,
2921                 .altset_idx = 1,
2922                 .attributes = 0,
2923                 .rates = SNDRV_PCM_RATE_CONTINUOUS,
2924         };
2925         struct usb_host_interface *alts;
2926         struct usb_interface_descriptor *altsd;
2927         struct audioformat *fp;
2928         int stream, err;
2929
2930         if (iface->num_altsetting != 2)
2931                 return -ENXIO;
2932         alts = &iface->altsetting[1];
2933         altsd = get_iface_desc(alts);
2934         if (alts->extralen != 11 || alts->extra[1] != CS_AUDIO_INTERFACE ||
2935             altsd->bNumEndpoints != 1)
2936                 return -ENXIO;
2937
2938         fp = kmalloc(sizeof(*fp), GFP_KERNEL);
2939         if (!fp)
2940                 return -ENOMEM;
2941         memcpy(fp, &ua1000_format, sizeof(*fp));
2942
2943         fp->channels = alts->extra[4];
2944         fp->iface = altsd->bInterfaceNumber;
2945         fp->endpoint = get_endpoint(alts, 0)->bEndpointAddress;
2946         fp->ep_attr = get_endpoint(alts, 0)->bmAttributes;
2947         fp->maxpacksize = le16_to_cpu(get_endpoint(alts, 0)->wMaxPacketSize);
2948         fp->rate_max = fp->rate_min = combine_triple(&alts->extra[8]);
2949
2950         stream = (fp->endpoint & USB_DIR_IN)
2951                 ? SNDRV_PCM_STREAM_CAPTURE : SNDRV_PCM_STREAM_PLAYBACK;
2952         err = add_audio_endpoint(chip, stream, fp);
2953         if (err < 0) {
2954                 kfree(fp);
2955                 return err;
2956         }
2957         /* FIXME: playback must be synchronized to capture */
2958         usb_set_interface(chip->dev, fp->iface, 0);
2959         return 0;
2960 }
2961
2962 static int snd_usb_create_quirk(struct snd_usb_audio *chip,
2963                                 struct usb_interface *iface,
2964                                 const struct snd_usb_audio_quirk *quirk);
2965
2966 /*
2967  * handle the quirks for the contained interfaces
2968  */
2969 static int create_composite_quirk(struct snd_usb_audio *chip,
2970                                   struct usb_interface *iface,
2971                                   const struct snd_usb_audio_quirk *quirk)
2972 {
2973         int probed_ifnum = get_iface_desc(iface->altsetting)->bInterfaceNumber;
2974         int err;
2975
2976         for (quirk = quirk->data; quirk->ifnum >= 0; ++quirk) {
2977                 iface = usb_ifnum_to_if(chip->dev, quirk->ifnum);
2978                 if (!iface)
2979                         continue;
2980                 if (quirk->ifnum != probed_ifnum &&
2981                     usb_interface_claimed(iface))
2982                         continue;
2983                 err = snd_usb_create_quirk(chip, iface, quirk);
2984                 if (err < 0)
2985                         return err;
2986                 if (quirk->ifnum != probed_ifnum)
2987                         usb_driver_claim_interface(&usb_audio_driver, iface, (void *)-1L);
2988         }
2989         return 0;
2990 }
2991
2992 static int ignore_interface_quirk(struct snd_usb_audio *chip,
2993                                   struct usb_interface *iface,
2994                                   const struct snd_usb_audio_quirk *quirk)
2995 {
2996         return 0;
2997 }
2998
2999
3000 /*
3001  * boot quirks
3002  */
3003
3004 #define EXTIGY_FIRMWARE_SIZE_OLD 794
3005 #define EXTIGY_FIRMWARE_SIZE_NEW 483
3006
3007 static int snd_usb_extigy_boot_quirk(struct usb_device *dev, struct usb_interface *intf)
3008 {
3009         struct usb_host_config *config = dev->actconfig;
3010         int err;
3011
3012         if (le16_to_cpu(get_cfg_desc(config)->wTotalLength) == EXTIGY_FIRMWARE_SIZE_OLD ||
3013             le16_to_cpu(get_cfg_desc(config)->wTotalLength) == EXTIGY_FIRMWARE_SIZE_NEW) {
3014                 snd_printdd("sending Extigy boot sequence...\n");
3015                 /* Send message to force it to reconnect with full interface. */
3016                 err = snd_usb_ctl_msg(dev, usb_sndctrlpipe(dev,0),
3017                                       0x10, 0x43, 0x0001, 0x000a, NULL, 0, 1000);
3018                 if (err < 0) snd_printdd("error sending boot message: %d\n", err);
3019                 err = usb_get_descriptor(dev, USB_DT_DEVICE, 0,
3020                                 &dev->descriptor, sizeof(dev->descriptor));
3021                 config = dev->actconfig;
3022                 if (err < 0) snd_printdd("error usb_get_descriptor: %d\n", err);
3023                 err = usb_reset_configuration(dev);
3024                 if (err < 0) snd_printdd("error usb_reset_configuration: %d\n", err);
3025                 snd_printdd("extigy_boot: new boot length = %d\n",
3026                             le16_to_cpu(get_cfg_desc(config)->wTotalLength));
3027                 return -ENODEV; /* quit this anyway */
3028         }
3029         return 0;
3030 }
3031
3032 static int snd_usb_audigy2nx_boot_quirk(struct usb_device *dev)
3033 {
3034         u8 buf = 1;
3035
3036         snd_usb_ctl_msg(dev, usb_rcvctrlpipe(dev, 0), 0x2a,
3037                         USB_DIR_IN | USB_TYPE_VENDOR | USB_RECIP_OTHER,
3038                         0, 0, &buf, 1, 1000);
3039         if (buf == 0) {
3040                 snd_usb_ctl_msg(dev, usb_sndctrlpipe(dev, 0), 0x29,
3041                                 USB_DIR_OUT | USB_TYPE_VENDOR | USB_RECIP_OTHER,
3042                                 1, 2000, NULL, 0, 1000);
3043                 return -ENODEV;
3044         }
3045         return 0;
3046 }
3047
3048
3049 /*
3050  * audio-interface quirks
3051  *
3052  * returns zero if no standard audio/MIDI parsing is needed.
3053  * returns a postive value if standard audio/midi interfaces are parsed
3054  * after this.
3055  * returns a negative value at error.
3056  */
3057 static int snd_usb_create_quirk(struct snd_usb_audio *chip,
3058                                 struct usb_interface *iface,
3059                                 const struct snd_usb_audio_quirk *quirk)
3060 {
3061         typedef int (*quirk_func_t)(struct snd_usb_audio *, struct usb_interface *,
3062                                     const struct snd_usb_audio_quirk *);
3063         static const quirk_func_t quirk_funcs[] = {
3064                 [QUIRK_IGNORE_INTERFACE] = ignore_interface_quirk,
3065                 [QUIRK_COMPOSITE] = create_composite_quirk,
3066                 [QUIRK_MIDI_STANDARD_INTERFACE] = snd_usb_create_midi_interface,
3067                 [QUIRK_MIDI_FIXED_ENDPOINT] = snd_usb_create_midi_interface,
3068                 [QUIRK_MIDI_YAMAHA] = snd_usb_create_midi_interface,
3069                 [QUIRK_MIDI_MIDIMAN] = snd_usb_create_midi_interface,
3070                 [QUIRK_MIDI_NOVATION] = snd_usb_create_midi_interface,
3071                 [QUIRK_MIDI_RAW] = snd_usb_create_midi_interface,
3072                 [QUIRK_MIDI_EMAGIC] = snd_usb_create_midi_interface,
3073                 [QUIRK_MIDI_MIDITECH] = snd_usb_create_midi_interface,
3074                 [QUIRK_AUDIO_STANDARD_INTERFACE] = create_standard_audio_quirk,
3075                 [QUIRK_AUDIO_FIXED_ENDPOINT] = create_fixed_stream_quirk,
3076                 [QUIRK_AUDIO_EDIROL_UA700_UA25] = create_ua700_ua25_quirk,
3077                 [QUIRK_AUDIO_EDIROL_UA1000] = create_ua1000_quirk,
3078         };
3079
3080         if (quirk->type < QUIRK_TYPE_COUNT) {
3081                 return quirk_funcs[quirk->type](chip, iface, quirk);
3082         } else {
3083                 snd_printd(KERN_ERR "invalid quirk type %d\n", quirk->type);
3084                 return -ENXIO;
3085         }
3086 }
3087
3088
3089 /*
3090  * common proc files to show the usb device info
3091  */
3092 static void proc_audio_usbbus_read(struct snd_info_entry *entry, struct snd_info_buffer *buffer)
3093 {
3094         struct snd_usb_audio *chip = entry->private_data;
3095         if (! chip->shutdown)
3096                 snd_iprintf(buffer, "%03d/%03d\n", chip->dev->bus->busnum, chip->dev->devnum);
3097 }
3098
3099 static void proc_audio_usbid_read(struct snd_info_entry *entry, struct snd_info_buffer *buffer)
3100 {
3101         struct snd_usb_audio *chip = entry->private_data;
3102         if (! chip->shutdown)
3103                 snd_iprintf(buffer, "%04x:%04x\n", 
3104                             USB_ID_VENDOR(chip->usb_id),
3105                             USB_ID_PRODUCT(chip->usb_id));
3106 }
3107
3108 static void snd_usb_audio_create_proc(struct snd_usb_audio *chip)
3109 {
3110         struct snd_info_entry *entry;
3111         if (! snd_card_proc_new(chip->card, "usbbus", &entry))
3112                 snd_info_set_text_ops(entry, chip, 1024, proc_audio_usbbus_read);
3113         if (! snd_card_proc_new(chip->card, "usbid", &entry))
3114                 snd_info_set_text_ops(entry, chip, 1024, proc_audio_usbid_read);
3115 }
3116
3117 /*
3118  * free the chip instance
3119  *
3120  * here we have to do not much, since pcm and controls are already freed
3121  *
3122  */
3123
3124 static int snd_usb_audio_free(struct snd_usb_audio *chip)
3125 {
3126         kfree(chip);
3127         return 0;
3128 }
3129
3130 static int snd_usb_audio_dev_free(struct snd_device *device)
3131 {
3132         struct snd_usb_audio *chip = device->device_data;
3133         return snd_usb_audio_free(chip);
3134 }
3135
3136
3137 /*
3138  * create a chip instance and set its names.
3139  */
3140 static int snd_usb_audio_create(struct usb_device *dev, int idx,
3141                                 const struct snd_usb_audio_quirk *quirk,
3142                                 struct snd_usb_audio **rchip)
3143 {
3144         struct snd_card *card;
3145         struct snd_usb_audio *chip;
3146         int err, len;
3147         char component[14];
3148         static struct snd_device_ops ops = {
3149                 .dev_free =     snd_usb_audio_dev_free,
3150         };
3151
3152         *rchip = NULL;
3153
3154         if (snd_usb_get_speed(dev) != USB_SPEED_FULL &&
3155             snd_usb_get_speed(dev) != USB_SPEED_HIGH) {
3156                 snd_printk(KERN_ERR "unknown device speed %d\n", snd_usb_get_speed(dev));
3157                 return -ENXIO;
3158         }
3159
3160         card = snd_card_new(index[idx], id[idx], THIS_MODULE, 0);
3161         if (card == NULL) {
3162                 snd_printk(KERN_ERR "cannot create card instance %d\n", idx);
3163                 return -ENOMEM;
3164         }
3165
3166         chip = kzalloc(sizeof(*chip), GFP_KERNEL);
3167         if (! chip) {
3168                 snd_card_free(card);
3169                 return -ENOMEM;
3170         }
3171
3172         chip->index = idx;
3173         chip->dev = dev;
3174         chip->card = card;
3175         chip->usb_id = USB_ID(le16_to_cpu(dev->descriptor.idVendor),
3176                               le16_to_cpu(dev->descriptor.idProduct));
3177         INIT_LIST_HEAD(&chip->pcm_list);
3178         INIT_LIST_HEAD(&chip->midi_list);
3179         INIT_LIST_HEAD(&chip->mixer_list);
3180
3181         if ((err = snd_device_new(card, SNDRV_DEV_LOWLEVEL, chip, &ops)) < 0) {
3182                 snd_usb_audio_free(chip);
3183                 snd_card_free(card);
3184                 return err;
3185         }
3186
3187         strcpy(card->driver, "USB-Audio");
3188         sprintf(component, "USB%04x:%04x",
3189                 USB_ID_VENDOR(chip->usb_id), USB_ID_PRODUCT(chip->usb_id));
3190         snd_component_add(card, component);
3191
3192         /* retrieve the device string as shortname */
3193         if (quirk && quirk->product_name) {
3194                 strlcpy(card->shortname, quirk->product_name, sizeof(card->shortname));
3195         } else {
3196                 if (!dev->descriptor.iProduct ||
3197                     usb_string(dev, dev->descriptor.iProduct,
3198                                card->shortname, sizeof(card->shortname)) <= 0) {
3199                         /* no name available from anywhere, so use ID */
3200                         sprintf(card->shortname, "USB Device %#04x:%#04x",
3201                                 USB_ID_VENDOR(chip->usb_id),
3202                                 USB_ID_PRODUCT(chip->usb_id));
3203                 }
3204         }
3205
3206         /* retrieve the vendor and device strings as longname */
3207         if (quirk && quirk->vendor_name) {<