[ALSA] usb-audio: make nrpacks parameter writeable
[linux-2.6.git] / sound / usb / usbaudio.c
1 /*
2  *   (Tentative) USB Audio Driver for ALSA
3  *
4  *   Main and PCM part
5  *
6  *   Copyright (c) 2002 by Takashi Iwai <tiwai@suse.de>
7  *
8  *   Many codes borrowed from audio.c by
9  *          Alan Cox (alan@lxorguk.ukuu.org.uk)
10  *          Thomas Sailer (sailer@ife.ee.ethz.ch)
11  *
12  *
13  *   This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
14  *   it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
15  *   the Free Software Foundation; either version 2 of the License, or
16  *   (at your option) any later version.
17  *
18  *   This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
19  *   but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
20  *   MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the
21  *   GNU General Public License for more details.
22  *
23  *   You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
24  *   along with this program; if not, write to the Free Software
25  *   Foundation, Inc., 59 Temple Place, Suite 330, Boston, MA  02111-1307 USA
26  *
27  *
28  *  NOTES:
29  *
30  *   - async unlink should be used for avoiding the sleep inside lock.
31  *     2.4.22 usb-uhci seems buggy for async unlinking and results in
32  *     oops.  in such a cse, pass async_unlink=0 option.
33  *   - the linked URBs would be preferred but not used so far because of
34  *     the instability of unlinking.
35  *   - type II is not supported properly.  there is no device which supports
36  *     this type *correctly*.  SB extigy looks as if it supports, but it's
37  *     indeed an AC3 stream packed in SPDIF frames (i.e. no real AC3 stream).
38  */
39
40
41 #include <sound/driver.h>
42 #include <linux/bitops.h>
43 #include <linux/init.h>
44 #include <linux/list.h>
45 #include <linux/slab.h>
46 #include <linux/string.h>
47 #include <linux/usb.h>
48 #include <linux/moduleparam.h>
49 #include <sound/core.h>
50 #include <sound/info.h>
51 #include <sound/pcm.h>
52 #include <sound/pcm_params.h>
53 #include <sound/initval.h>
54
55 #include "usbaudio.h"
56
57
58 MODULE_AUTHOR("Takashi Iwai <tiwai@suse.de>");
59 MODULE_DESCRIPTION("USB Audio");
60 MODULE_LICENSE("GPL");
61 MODULE_SUPPORTED_DEVICE("{{Generic,USB Audio}}");
62
63
64 static int index[SNDRV_CARDS] = SNDRV_DEFAULT_IDX;      /* Index 0-MAX */
65 static char *id[SNDRV_CARDS] = SNDRV_DEFAULT_STR;       /* ID for this card */
66 static int enable[SNDRV_CARDS] = SNDRV_DEFAULT_ENABLE_PNP;      /* Enable this card */
67 static int vid[SNDRV_CARDS] = { [0 ... (SNDRV_CARDS-1)] = -1 }; /* Vendor ID for this card */
68 static int pid[SNDRV_CARDS] = { [0 ... (SNDRV_CARDS-1)] = -1 }; /* Product ID for this card */
69 static int nrpacks = 4;         /* max. number of packets per urb */
70 static int async_unlink = 1;
71
72 module_param_array(index, int, NULL, 0444);
73 MODULE_PARM_DESC(index, "Index value for the USB audio adapter.");
74 module_param_array(id, charp, NULL, 0444);
75 MODULE_PARM_DESC(id, "ID string for the USB audio adapter.");
76 module_param_array(enable, bool, NULL, 0444);
77 MODULE_PARM_DESC(enable, "Enable USB audio adapter.");
78 module_param_array(vid, int, NULL, 0444);
79 MODULE_PARM_DESC(vid, "Vendor ID for the USB audio device.");
80 module_param_array(pid, int, NULL, 0444);
81 MODULE_PARM_DESC(pid, "Product ID for the USB audio device.");
82 module_param(nrpacks, int, 0644);
83 MODULE_PARM_DESC(nrpacks, "Max. number of packets per URB.");
84 module_param(async_unlink, bool, 0444);
85 MODULE_PARM_DESC(async_unlink, "Use async unlink mode.");
86
87
88 /*
89  * debug the h/w constraints
90  */
91 /* #define HW_CONST_DEBUG */
92
93
94 /*
95  *
96  */
97
98 #define MAX_PACKS       10
99 #define MAX_PACKS_HS    (MAX_PACKS * 8) /* in high speed mode */
100 #define MAX_URBS        8
101 #define SYNC_URBS       4       /* always four urbs for sync */
102 #define MIN_PACKS_URB   1       /* minimum 1 packet per urb */
103
104 typedef struct snd_usb_substream snd_usb_substream_t;
105 typedef struct snd_usb_stream snd_usb_stream_t;
106 typedef struct snd_urb_ctx snd_urb_ctx_t;
107
108 struct audioformat {
109         struct list_head list;
110         snd_pcm_format_t format;        /* format type */
111         unsigned int channels;          /* # channels */
112         unsigned int fmt_type;          /* USB audio format type (1-3) */
113         unsigned int frame_size;        /* samples per frame for non-audio */
114         int iface;                      /* interface number */
115         unsigned char altsetting;       /* corresponding alternate setting */
116         unsigned char altset_idx;       /* array index of altenate setting */
117         unsigned char attributes;       /* corresponding attributes of cs endpoint */
118         unsigned char endpoint;         /* endpoint */
119         unsigned char ep_attr;          /* endpoint attributes */
120         unsigned int maxpacksize;       /* max. packet size */
121         unsigned int rates;             /* rate bitmasks */
122         unsigned int rate_min, rate_max;        /* min/max rates */
123         unsigned int nr_rates;          /* number of rate table entries */
124         unsigned int *rate_table;       /* rate table */
125 };
126
127 struct snd_urb_ctx {
128         struct urb *urb;
129         snd_usb_substream_t *subs;
130         int index;      /* index for urb array */
131         int packets;    /* number of packets per urb */
132         int transfer;   /* transferred size */
133         char *buf;      /* buffer for capture */
134 };
135
136 struct snd_urb_ops {
137         int (*prepare)(snd_usb_substream_t *subs, snd_pcm_runtime_t *runtime, struct urb *u);
138         int (*retire)(snd_usb_substream_t *subs, snd_pcm_runtime_t *runtime, struct urb *u);
139         int (*prepare_sync)(snd_usb_substream_t *subs, snd_pcm_runtime_t *runtime, struct urb *u);
140         int (*retire_sync)(snd_usb_substream_t *subs, snd_pcm_runtime_t *runtime, struct urb *u);
141 };
142
143 struct snd_usb_substream {
144         snd_usb_stream_t *stream;
145         struct usb_device *dev;
146         snd_pcm_substream_t *pcm_substream;
147         int direction;  /* playback or capture */
148         int interface;  /* current interface */
149         int endpoint;   /* assigned endpoint */
150         struct audioformat *cur_audiofmt;       /* current audioformat pointer (for hw_params callback) */
151         unsigned int cur_rate;          /* current rate (for hw_params callback) */
152         unsigned int period_bytes;      /* current period bytes (for hw_params callback) */
153         unsigned int format;     /* USB data format */
154         unsigned int datapipe;   /* the data i/o pipe */
155         unsigned int syncpipe;   /* 1 - async out or adaptive in */
156         unsigned int datainterval;      /* log_2 of data packet interval */
157         unsigned int syncinterval;  /* P for adaptive mode, 0 otherwise */
158         unsigned int freqn;      /* nominal sampling rate in fs/fps in Q16.16 format */
159         unsigned int freqm;      /* momentary sampling rate in fs/fps in Q16.16 format */
160         unsigned int freqmax;    /* maximum sampling rate, used for buffer management */
161         unsigned int phase;      /* phase accumulator */
162         unsigned int maxpacksize;       /* max packet size in bytes */
163         unsigned int maxframesize;      /* max packet size in frames */
164         unsigned int curpacksize;       /* current packet size in bytes (for capture) */
165         unsigned int curframesize;      /* current packet size in frames (for capture) */
166         unsigned int fill_max: 1;       /* fill max packet size always */
167         unsigned int fmt_type;          /* USB audio format type (1-3) */
168
169         unsigned int running: 1;        /* running status */
170
171         unsigned int hwptr;                     /* free frame position in the buffer (only for playback) */
172         unsigned int hwptr_done;                        /* processed frame position in the buffer */
173         unsigned int transfer_sched;            /* scheduled frames since last period (for playback) */
174         unsigned int transfer_done;             /* processed frames since last period update */
175         unsigned long active_mask;      /* bitmask of active urbs */
176         unsigned long unlink_mask;      /* bitmask of unlinked urbs */
177
178         unsigned int nurbs;                     /* # urbs */
179         snd_urb_ctx_t dataurb[MAX_URBS];        /* data urb table */
180         snd_urb_ctx_t syncurb[SYNC_URBS];       /* sync urb table */
181         char syncbuf[SYNC_URBS * 4];    /* sync buffer; it's so small - let's get static */
182         char *tmpbuf;                   /* temporary buffer for playback */
183
184         u64 formats;                    /* format bitmasks (all or'ed) */
185         unsigned int num_formats;               /* number of supported audio formats (list) */
186         struct list_head fmt_list;      /* format list */
187         spinlock_t lock;
188
189         struct snd_urb_ops ops;         /* callbacks (must be filled at init) */
190 };
191
192
193 struct snd_usb_stream {
194         snd_usb_audio_t *chip;
195         snd_pcm_t *pcm;
196         int pcm_index;
197         unsigned int fmt_type;          /* USB audio format type (1-3) */
198         snd_usb_substream_t substream[2];
199         struct list_head list;
200 };
201
202
203 /*
204  * we keep the snd_usb_audio_t instances by ourselves for merging
205  * the all interfaces on the same card as one sound device.
206  */
207
208 static DECLARE_MUTEX(register_mutex);
209 static snd_usb_audio_t *usb_chip[SNDRV_CARDS];
210
211
212 /*
213  * convert a sampling rate into our full speed format (fs/1000 in Q16.16)
214  * this will overflow at approx 524 kHz
215  */
216 static inline unsigned get_usb_full_speed_rate(unsigned int rate)
217 {
218         return ((rate << 13) + 62) / 125;
219 }
220
221 /*
222  * convert a sampling rate into USB high speed format (fs/8000 in Q16.16)
223  * this will overflow at approx 4 MHz
224  */
225 static inline unsigned get_usb_high_speed_rate(unsigned int rate)
226 {
227         return ((rate << 10) + 62) / 125;
228 }
229
230 /* convert our full speed USB rate into sampling rate in Hz */
231 static inline unsigned get_full_speed_hz(unsigned int usb_rate)
232 {
233         return (usb_rate * 125 + (1 << 12)) >> 13;
234 }
235
236 /* convert our high speed USB rate into sampling rate in Hz */
237 static inline unsigned get_high_speed_hz(unsigned int usb_rate)
238 {
239         return (usb_rate * 125 + (1 << 9)) >> 10;
240 }
241
242
243 /*
244  * prepare urb for full speed capture sync pipe
245  *
246  * fill the length and offset of each urb descriptor.
247  * the fixed 10.14 frequency is passed through the pipe.
248  */
249 static int prepare_capture_sync_urb(snd_usb_substream_t *subs,
250                                     snd_pcm_runtime_t *runtime,
251                                     struct urb *urb)
252 {
253         unsigned char *cp = urb->transfer_buffer;
254         snd_urb_ctx_t *ctx = (snd_urb_ctx_t *)urb->context;
255
256         urb->dev = ctx->subs->dev; /* we need to set this at each time */
257         urb->iso_frame_desc[0].length = 3;
258         urb->iso_frame_desc[0].offset = 0;
259         cp[0] = subs->freqn >> 2;
260         cp[1] = subs->freqn >> 10;
261         cp[2] = subs->freqn >> 18;
262         return 0;
263 }
264
265 /*
266  * prepare urb for high speed capture sync pipe
267  *
268  * fill the length and offset of each urb descriptor.
269  * the fixed 12.13 frequency is passed as 16.16 through the pipe.
270  */
271 static int prepare_capture_sync_urb_hs(snd_usb_substream_t *subs,
272                                        snd_pcm_runtime_t *runtime,
273                                        struct urb *urb)
274 {
275         unsigned char *cp = urb->transfer_buffer;
276         snd_urb_ctx_t *ctx = (snd_urb_ctx_t *)urb->context;
277
278         urb->dev = ctx->subs->dev; /* we need to set this at each time */
279         urb->iso_frame_desc[0].length = 4;
280         urb->iso_frame_desc[0].offset = 0;
281         cp[0] = subs->freqn;
282         cp[1] = subs->freqn >> 8;
283         cp[2] = subs->freqn >> 16;
284         cp[3] = subs->freqn >> 24;
285         return 0;
286 }
287
288 /*
289  * process after capture sync complete
290  * - nothing to do
291  */
292 static int retire_capture_sync_urb(snd_usb_substream_t *subs,
293                                    snd_pcm_runtime_t *runtime,
294                                    struct urb *urb)
295 {
296         return 0;
297 }
298
299 /*
300  * prepare urb for capture data pipe
301  *
302  * fill the offset and length of each descriptor.
303  *
304  * we use a temporary buffer to write the captured data.
305  * since the length of written data is determined by host, we cannot
306  * write onto the pcm buffer directly...  the data is thus copied
307  * later at complete callback to the global buffer.
308  */
309 static int prepare_capture_urb(snd_usb_substream_t *subs,
310                                snd_pcm_runtime_t *runtime,
311                                struct urb *urb)
312 {
313         int i, offs;
314         unsigned long flags;
315         snd_urb_ctx_t *ctx = (snd_urb_ctx_t *)urb->context;
316
317         offs = 0;
318         urb->dev = ctx->subs->dev; /* we need to set this at each time */
319         urb->number_of_packets = 0;
320         spin_lock_irqsave(&subs->lock, flags);
321         for (i = 0; i < ctx->packets; i++) {
322                 urb->iso_frame_desc[i].offset = offs;
323                 urb->iso_frame_desc[i].length = subs->curpacksize;
324                 offs += subs->curpacksize;
325                 urb->number_of_packets++;
326                 subs->transfer_sched += subs->curframesize;
327                 if (subs->transfer_sched >= runtime->period_size) {
328                         subs->transfer_sched -= runtime->period_size;
329                         break;
330                 }
331         }
332         spin_unlock_irqrestore(&subs->lock, flags);
333         urb->transfer_buffer = ctx->buf;
334         urb->transfer_buffer_length = offs;
335 #if 0 // for check
336         if (! urb->bandwidth) {
337                 int bustime;
338                 bustime = usb_check_bandwidth(urb->dev, urb);
339                 if (bustime < 0)
340                         return bustime;
341                 printk("urb %d: bandwidth = %d (packets = %d)\n", ctx->index, bustime, urb->number_of_packets);
342                 usb_claim_bandwidth(urb->dev, urb, bustime, 1);
343         }
344 #endif // for check
345         return 0;
346 }
347
348 /*
349  * process after capture complete
350  *
351  * copy the data from each desctiptor to the pcm buffer, and
352  * update the current position.
353  */
354 static int retire_capture_urb(snd_usb_substream_t *subs,
355                               snd_pcm_runtime_t *runtime,
356                               struct urb *urb)
357 {
358         unsigned long flags;
359         unsigned char *cp;
360         int i;
361         unsigned int stride, len, oldptr;
362
363         stride = runtime->frame_bits >> 3;
364
365         for (i = 0; i < urb->number_of_packets; i++) {
366                 cp = (unsigned char *)urb->transfer_buffer + urb->iso_frame_desc[i].offset;
367                 if (urb->iso_frame_desc[i].status) {
368                         snd_printd(KERN_ERR "frame %d active: %d\n", i, urb->iso_frame_desc[i].status);
369                         // continue;
370                 }
371                 len = urb->iso_frame_desc[i].actual_length / stride;
372                 if (! len)
373                         continue;
374                 /* update the current pointer */
375                 spin_lock_irqsave(&subs->lock, flags);
376                 oldptr = subs->hwptr_done;
377                 subs->hwptr_done += len;
378                 if (subs->hwptr_done >= runtime->buffer_size)
379                         subs->hwptr_done -= runtime->buffer_size;
380                 subs->transfer_done += len;
381                 spin_unlock_irqrestore(&subs->lock, flags);
382                 /* copy a data chunk */
383                 if (oldptr + len > runtime->buffer_size) {
384                         unsigned int cnt = runtime->buffer_size - oldptr;
385                         unsigned int blen = cnt * stride;
386                         memcpy(runtime->dma_area + oldptr * stride, cp, blen);
387                         memcpy(runtime->dma_area, cp + blen, len * stride - blen);
388                 } else {
389                         memcpy(runtime->dma_area + oldptr * stride, cp, len * stride);
390                 }
391                 /* update the pointer, call callback if necessary */
392                 spin_lock_irqsave(&subs->lock, flags);
393                 if (subs->transfer_done >= runtime->period_size) {
394                         subs->transfer_done -= runtime->period_size;
395                         spin_unlock_irqrestore(&subs->lock, flags);
396                         snd_pcm_period_elapsed(subs->pcm_substream);
397                 } else
398                         spin_unlock_irqrestore(&subs->lock, flags);
399         }
400         return 0;
401 }
402
403
404 /*
405  * prepare urb for full speed playback sync pipe
406  *
407  * set up the offset and length to receive the current frequency.
408  */
409
410 static int prepare_playback_sync_urb(snd_usb_substream_t *subs,
411                                      snd_pcm_runtime_t *runtime,
412                                      struct urb *urb)
413 {
414         snd_urb_ctx_t *ctx = (snd_urb_ctx_t *)urb->context;
415
416         urb->dev = ctx->subs->dev; /* we need to set this at each time */
417         urb->iso_frame_desc[0].length = 3;
418         urb->iso_frame_desc[0].offset = 0;
419         return 0;
420 }
421
422 /*
423  * prepare urb for high speed playback sync pipe
424  *
425  * set up the offset and length to receive the current frequency.
426  */
427
428 static int prepare_playback_sync_urb_hs(snd_usb_substream_t *subs,
429                                         snd_pcm_runtime_t *runtime,
430                                         struct urb *urb)
431 {
432         snd_urb_ctx_t *ctx = (snd_urb_ctx_t *)urb->context;
433
434         urb->dev = ctx->subs->dev; /* we need to set this at each time */
435         urb->iso_frame_desc[0].length = 4;
436         urb->iso_frame_desc[0].offset = 0;
437         return 0;
438 }
439
440 /*
441  * process after full speed playback sync complete
442  *
443  * retrieve the current 10.14 frequency from pipe, and set it.
444  * the value is referred in prepare_playback_urb().
445  */
446 static int retire_playback_sync_urb(snd_usb_substream_t *subs,
447                                     snd_pcm_runtime_t *runtime,
448                                     struct urb *urb)
449 {
450         unsigned int f;
451         unsigned long flags;
452
453         if (urb->iso_frame_desc[0].status == 0 &&
454             urb->iso_frame_desc[0].actual_length == 3) {
455                 f = combine_triple((u8*)urb->transfer_buffer) << 2;
456                 if (f >= subs->freqn - subs->freqn / 8 && f <= subs->freqmax) {
457                         spin_lock_irqsave(&subs->lock, flags);
458                         subs->freqm = f;
459                         spin_unlock_irqrestore(&subs->lock, flags);
460                 }
461         }
462
463         return 0;
464 }
465
466 /*
467  * process after high speed playback sync complete
468  *
469  * retrieve the current 12.13 frequency from pipe, and set it.
470  * the value is referred in prepare_playback_urb().
471  */
472 static int retire_playback_sync_urb_hs(snd_usb_substream_t *subs,
473                                        snd_pcm_runtime_t *runtime,
474                                        struct urb *urb)
475 {
476         unsigned int f;
477         unsigned long flags;
478
479         if (urb->iso_frame_desc[0].status == 0 &&
480             urb->iso_frame_desc[0].actual_length == 4) {
481                 f = combine_quad((u8*)urb->transfer_buffer) & 0x0fffffff;
482                 if (f >= subs->freqn - subs->freqn / 8 && f <= subs->freqmax) {
483                         spin_lock_irqsave(&subs->lock, flags);
484                         subs->freqm = f;
485                         spin_unlock_irqrestore(&subs->lock, flags);
486                 }
487         }
488
489         return 0;
490 }
491
492 /*
493  * prepare urb for playback data pipe
494  *
495  * we copy the data directly from the pcm buffer.
496  * the current position to be copied is held in hwptr field.
497  * since a urb can handle only a single linear buffer, if the total
498  * transferred area overflows the buffer boundary, we cannot send
499  * it directly from the buffer.  thus the data is once copied to
500  * a temporary buffer and urb points to that.
501  */
502 static int prepare_playback_urb(snd_usb_substream_t *subs,
503                                 snd_pcm_runtime_t *runtime,
504                                 struct urb *urb)
505 {
506         int i, stride, offs;
507         unsigned int counts;
508         unsigned long flags;
509         snd_urb_ctx_t *ctx = (snd_urb_ctx_t *)urb->context;
510
511         stride = runtime->frame_bits >> 3;
512
513         offs = 0;
514         urb->dev = ctx->subs->dev; /* we need to set this at each time */
515         urb->number_of_packets = 0;
516         spin_lock_irqsave(&subs->lock, flags);
517         for (i = 0; i < ctx->packets; i++) {
518                 /* calculate the size of a packet */
519                 if (subs->fill_max)
520                         counts = subs->maxframesize; /* fixed */
521                 else {
522                         subs->phase = (subs->phase & 0xffff)
523                                 + (subs->freqm << subs->datainterval);
524                         counts = subs->phase >> 16;
525                         if (counts > subs->maxframesize)
526                                 counts = subs->maxframesize;
527                 }
528                 /* set up descriptor */
529                 urb->iso_frame_desc[i].offset = offs * stride;
530                 urb->iso_frame_desc[i].length = counts * stride;
531                 offs += counts;
532                 urb->number_of_packets++;
533                 subs->transfer_sched += counts;
534                 if (subs->transfer_sched >= runtime->period_size) {
535                         subs->transfer_sched -= runtime->period_size;
536                         if (subs->fmt_type == USB_FORMAT_TYPE_II) {
537                                 if (subs->transfer_sched > 0) {
538                                         /* FIXME: fill-max mode is not supported yet */
539                                         offs -= subs->transfer_sched;
540                                         counts -= subs->transfer_sched;
541                                         urb->iso_frame_desc[i].length = counts * stride;
542                                         subs->transfer_sched = 0;
543                                 }
544                                 i++;
545                                 if (i < ctx->packets) {
546                                         /* add a transfer delimiter */
547                                         urb->iso_frame_desc[i].offset = offs * stride;
548                                         urb->iso_frame_desc[i].length = 0;
549                                         urb->number_of_packets++;
550                                 }
551                         }
552                         break;
553                 }
554         }
555         if (subs->hwptr + offs > runtime->buffer_size) {
556                 /* err, the transferred area goes over buffer boundary.
557                  * copy the data to the temp buffer.
558                  */
559                 int len;
560                 len = runtime->buffer_size - subs->hwptr;
561                 urb->transfer_buffer = subs->tmpbuf;
562                 memcpy(subs->tmpbuf, runtime->dma_area + subs->hwptr * stride, len * stride);
563                 memcpy(subs->tmpbuf + len * stride, runtime->dma_area, (offs - len) * stride);
564                 subs->hwptr += offs;
565                 subs->hwptr -= runtime->buffer_size;
566         } else {
567                 /* set the buffer pointer */
568                 urb->transfer_buffer = runtime->dma_area + subs->hwptr * stride;
569                 subs->hwptr += offs;
570                 if (subs->hwptr == runtime->buffer_size)
571                         subs->hwptr = 0;
572         }
573         spin_unlock_irqrestore(&subs->lock, flags);
574         urb->transfer_buffer_length = offs * stride;
575         ctx->transfer = offs;
576
577         return 0;
578 }
579
580 /*
581  * process after playback data complete
582  *
583  * update the current position and call callback if a period is processed.
584  */
585 static int retire_playback_urb(snd_usb_substream_t *subs,
586                                snd_pcm_runtime_t *runtime,
587                                struct urb *urb)
588 {
589         unsigned long flags;
590         snd_urb_ctx_t *ctx = (snd_urb_ctx_t *)urb->context;
591
592         spin_lock_irqsave(&subs->lock, flags);
593         subs->transfer_done += ctx->transfer;
594         subs->hwptr_done += ctx->transfer;
595         ctx->transfer = 0;
596         if (subs->hwptr_done >= runtime->buffer_size)
597                 subs->hwptr_done -= runtime->buffer_size;
598         if (subs->transfer_done >= runtime->period_size) {
599                 subs->transfer_done -= runtime->period_size;
600                 spin_unlock_irqrestore(&subs->lock, flags);
601                 snd_pcm_period_elapsed(subs->pcm_substream);
602         } else
603                 spin_unlock_irqrestore(&subs->lock, flags);
604         return 0;
605 }
606
607
608 /*
609  */
610 static struct snd_urb_ops audio_urb_ops[2] = {
611         {
612                 .prepare =      prepare_playback_urb,
613                 .retire =       retire_playback_urb,
614                 .prepare_sync = prepare_playback_sync_urb,
615                 .retire_sync =  retire_playback_sync_urb,
616         },
617         {
618                 .prepare =      prepare_capture_urb,
619                 .retire =       retire_capture_urb,
620                 .prepare_sync = prepare_capture_sync_urb,
621                 .retire_sync =  retire_capture_sync_urb,
622         },
623 };
624
625 static struct snd_urb_ops audio_urb_ops_high_speed[2] = {
626         {
627                 .prepare =      prepare_playback_urb,
628                 .retire =       retire_playback_urb,
629                 .prepare_sync = prepare_playback_sync_urb_hs,
630                 .retire_sync =  retire_playback_sync_urb_hs,
631         },
632         {
633                 .prepare =      prepare_capture_urb,
634                 .retire =       retire_capture_urb,
635                 .prepare_sync = prepare_capture_sync_urb_hs,
636                 .retire_sync =  retire_capture_sync_urb,
637         },
638 };
639
640 /*
641  * complete callback from data urb
642  */
643 static void snd_complete_urb(struct urb *urb, struct pt_regs *regs)
644 {
645         snd_urb_ctx_t *ctx = (snd_urb_ctx_t *)urb->context;
646         snd_usb_substream_t *subs = ctx->subs;
647         snd_pcm_substream_t *substream = ctx->subs->pcm_substream;
648         int err = 0;
649
650         if ((subs->running && subs->ops.retire(subs, substream->runtime, urb)) ||
651             ! subs->running || /* can be stopped during retire callback */
652             (err = subs->ops.prepare(subs, substream->runtime, urb)) < 0 ||
653             (err = usb_submit_urb(urb, GFP_ATOMIC)) < 0) {
654                 clear_bit(ctx->index, &subs->active_mask);
655                 if (err < 0) {
656                         snd_printd(KERN_ERR "cannot submit urb (err = %d)\n", err);
657                         snd_pcm_stop(substream, SNDRV_PCM_STATE_XRUN);
658                 }
659         }
660 }
661
662
663 /*
664  * complete callback from sync urb
665  */
666 static void snd_complete_sync_urb(struct urb *urb, struct pt_regs *regs)
667 {
668         snd_urb_ctx_t *ctx = (snd_urb_ctx_t *)urb->context;
669         snd_usb_substream_t *subs = ctx->subs;
670         snd_pcm_substream_t *substream = ctx->subs->pcm_substream;
671         int err = 0;
672
673         if ((subs->running && subs->ops.retire_sync(subs, substream->runtime, urb)) ||
674             ! subs->running || /* can be stopped during retire callback */
675             (err = subs->ops.prepare_sync(subs, substream->runtime, urb)) < 0 ||
676             (err = usb_submit_urb(urb, GFP_ATOMIC)) < 0) {
677                 clear_bit(ctx->index + 16, &subs->active_mask);
678                 if (err < 0) {
679                         snd_printd(KERN_ERR "cannot submit sync urb (err = %d)\n", err);
680                         snd_pcm_stop(substream, SNDRV_PCM_STATE_XRUN);
681                 }
682         }
683 }
684
685
686 /*
687  * unlink active urbs.
688  */
689 static int deactivate_urbs(snd_usb_substream_t *subs, int force, int can_sleep)
690 {
691         unsigned int i;
692         int async;
693
694         subs->running = 0;
695
696         if (!force && subs->stream->chip->shutdown) /* to be sure... */
697                 return -EBADFD;
698
699         async = !can_sleep && async_unlink;
700
701         if (! async && in_interrupt())
702                 return 0;
703
704         for (i = 0; i < subs->nurbs; i++) {
705                 if (test_bit(i, &subs->active_mask)) {
706                         if (! test_and_set_bit(i, &subs->unlink_mask)) {
707                                 struct urb *u = subs->dataurb[i].urb;
708                                 if (async) {
709                                         u->transfer_flags |= URB_ASYNC_UNLINK;
710                                         usb_unlink_urb(u);
711                                 } else
712                                         usb_kill_urb(u);
713                         }
714                 }
715         }
716         if (subs->syncpipe) {
717                 for (i = 0; i < SYNC_URBS; i++) {
718                         if (test_bit(i+16, &subs->active_mask)) {
719                                 if (! test_and_set_bit(i+16, &subs->unlink_mask)) {
720                                         struct urb *u = subs->syncurb[i].urb;
721                                         if (async) {
722                                                 u->transfer_flags |= URB_ASYNC_UNLINK;
723                                                 usb_unlink_urb(u);
724                                         } else
725                                                 usb_kill_urb(u);
726                                 }
727                         }
728                 }
729         }
730         return 0;
731 }
732
733
734 /*
735  * set up and start data/sync urbs
736  */
737 static int start_urbs(snd_usb_substream_t *subs, snd_pcm_runtime_t *runtime)
738 {
739         unsigned int i;
740         int err;
741
742         if (subs->stream->chip->shutdown)
743                 return -EBADFD;
744
745         for (i = 0; i < subs->nurbs; i++) {
746                 snd_assert(subs->dataurb[i].urb, return -EINVAL);
747                 if (subs->ops.prepare(subs, runtime, subs->dataurb[i].urb) < 0) {
748                         snd_printk(KERN_ERR "cannot prepare datapipe for urb %d\n", i);
749                         goto __error;
750                 }
751         }
752         if (subs->syncpipe) {
753                 for (i = 0; i < SYNC_URBS; i++) {
754                         snd_assert(subs->syncurb[i].urb, return -EINVAL);
755                         if (subs->ops.prepare_sync(subs, runtime, subs->syncurb[i].urb) < 0) {
756                                 snd_printk(KERN_ERR "cannot prepare syncpipe for urb %d\n", i);
757                                 goto __error;
758                         }
759                 }
760         }
761
762         subs->active_mask = 0;
763         subs->unlink_mask = 0;
764         subs->running = 1;
765         for (i = 0; i < subs->nurbs; i++) {
766                 if ((err = usb_submit_urb(subs->dataurb[i].urb, GFP_ATOMIC)) < 0) {
767                         snd_printk(KERN_ERR "cannot submit datapipe for urb %d, err = %d\n", i, err);
768                         goto __error;
769                 }
770                 set_bit(i, &subs->active_mask);
771         }
772         if (subs->syncpipe) {
773                 for (i = 0; i < SYNC_URBS; i++) {
774                         if ((err = usb_submit_urb(subs->syncurb[i].urb, GFP_ATOMIC)) < 0) {
775                                 snd_printk(KERN_ERR "cannot submit syncpipe for urb %d, err = %d\n", i, err);
776                                 goto __error;
777                         }
778                         set_bit(i + 16, &subs->active_mask);
779                 }
780         }
781         return 0;
782
783  __error:
784         // snd_pcm_stop(subs->pcm_substream, SNDRV_PCM_STATE_XRUN);
785         deactivate_urbs(subs, 0, 0);
786         return -EPIPE;
787 }
788
789
790 /*
791  *  wait until all urbs are processed.
792  */
793 static int wait_clear_urbs(snd_usb_substream_t *subs)
794 {
795         unsigned long end_time = jiffies + msecs_to_jiffies(1000);
796         unsigned int i;
797         int alive;
798
799         do {
800                 alive = 0;
801                 for (i = 0; i < subs->nurbs; i++) {
802                         if (test_bit(i, &subs->active_mask))
803                                 alive++;
804                 }
805                 if (subs->syncpipe) {
806                         for (i = 0; i < SYNC_URBS; i++) {
807                                 if (test_bit(i + 16, &subs->active_mask))
808                                         alive++;
809                         }
810                 }
811                 if (! alive)
812                         break;
813                 set_current_state(TASK_UNINTERRUPTIBLE);
814                 schedule_timeout(1);
815         } while (time_before(jiffies, end_time));
816         if (alive)
817                 snd_printk(KERN_ERR "timeout: still %d active urbs..\n", alive);
818         return 0;
819 }
820
821
822 /*
823  * return the current pcm pointer.  just return the hwptr_done value.
824  */
825 static snd_pcm_uframes_t snd_usb_pcm_pointer(snd_pcm_substream_t *substream)
826 {
827         snd_usb_substream_t *subs = (snd_usb_substream_t *)substream->runtime->private_data;
828         return subs->hwptr_done;
829 }
830
831
832 /*
833  * start/stop substream
834  */
835 static int snd_usb_pcm_trigger(snd_pcm_substream_t *substream, int cmd)
836 {
837         snd_usb_substream_t *subs = (snd_usb_substream_t *)substream->runtime->private_data;
838         int err;
839
840         switch (cmd) {
841         case SNDRV_PCM_TRIGGER_START:
842                 err = start_urbs(subs, substream->runtime);
843                 break;
844         case SNDRV_PCM_TRIGGER_STOP:
845                 err = deactivate_urbs(subs, 0, 0);
846                 break;
847         default:
848                 err = -EINVAL;
849                 break;
850         }
851         return err < 0 ? err : 0;
852 }
853
854
855 /*
856  * release a urb data
857  */
858 static void release_urb_ctx(snd_urb_ctx_t *u)
859 {
860         if (u->urb) {
861                 usb_free_urb(u->urb);
862                 u->urb = NULL;
863         }
864         kfree(u->buf);
865         u->buf = NULL;
866 }
867
868 /*
869  * release a substream
870  */
871 static void release_substream_urbs(snd_usb_substream_t *subs, int force)
872 {
873         int i;
874
875         /* stop urbs (to be sure) */
876         deactivate_urbs(subs, force, 1);
877         wait_clear_urbs(subs);
878
879         for (i = 0; i < MAX_URBS; i++)
880                 release_urb_ctx(&subs->dataurb[i]);
881         for (i = 0; i < SYNC_URBS; i++)
882                 release_urb_ctx(&subs->syncurb[i]);
883         kfree(subs->tmpbuf);
884         subs->tmpbuf = NULL;
885         subs->nurbs = 0;
886 }
887
888 /*
889  * initialize a substream for plaback/capture
890  */
891 static int init_substream_urbs(snd_usb_substream_t *subs, unsigned int period_bytes,
892                                unsigned int rate, unsigned int frame_bits)
893 {
894         unsigned int maxsize, n, i;
895         int is_playback = subs->direction == SNDRV_PCM_STREAM_PLAYBACK;
896         unsigned int npacks[MAX_URBS], urb_packs, total_packs;
897
898         /* calculate the frequency in 16.16 format */
899         if (snd_usb_get_speed(subs->dev) == USB_SPEED_FULL)
900                 subs->freqn = get_usb_full_speed_rate(rate);
901         else
902                 subs->freqn = get_usb_high_speed_rate(rate);
903         subs->freqm = subs->freqn;
904         /* calculate max. frequency */
905         if (subs->maxpacksize) {
906                 /* whatever fits into a max. size packet */
907                 maxsize = subs->maxpacksize;
908                 subs->freqmax = (maxsize / (frame_bits >> 3))
909                                 << (16 - subs->datainterval);
910         } else {
911                 /* no max. packet size: just take 25% higher than nominal */
912                 subs->freqmax = subs->freqn + (subs->freqn >> 2);
913                 maxsize = ((subs->freqmax + 0xffff) * (frame_bits >> 3))
914                                 >> (16 - subs->datainterval);
915         }
916         subs->phase = 0;
917
918         if (subs->fill_max)
919                 subs->curpacksize = subs->maxpacksize;
920         else
921                 subs->curpacksize = maxsize;
922
923         if (is_playback) {
924                 urb_packs = nrpacks;
925                 urb_packs = max(urb_packs, (unsigned int)MIN_PACKS_URB);
926                 urb_packs = min(urb_packs, (unsigned int)MAX_PACKS);
927         } else
928                 urb_packs = 1;
929         if (snd_usb_get_speed(subs->dev) == USB_SPEED_HIGH)
930                 urb_packs = (urb_packs * 8) >> subs->datainterval;
931
932         /* allocate a temporary buffer for playback */
933         if (is_playback) {
934                 subs->tmpbuf = kmalloc(maxsize * urb_packs, GFP_KERNEL);
935                 if (! subs->tmpbuf) {
936                         snd_printk(KERN_ERR "cannot malloc tmpbuf\n");
937                         return -ENOMEM;
938                 }
939         }
940
941         /* decide how many packets to be used */
942         if (is_playback) {
943                 unsigned int minsize;
944                 /* determine how small a packet can be */
945                 minsize = (subs->freqn >> (16 - subs->datainterval))
946                           * (frame_bits >> 3);
947                 /* with sync from device, assume it can be 25% lower */
948                 if (subs->syncpipe)
949                         minsize -= minsize >> 2;
950                 minsize = max(minsize, 1u);
951                 total_packs = (period_bytes + minsize - 1) / minsize;
952                 if (total_packs < 2 * MIN_PACKS_URB)
953                         total_packs = 2 * MIN_PACKS_URB;
954         } else {
955                 total_packs = MAX_URBS * urb_packs;
956         }
957         subs->nurbs = (total_packs + urb_packs - 1) / urb_packs;
958         if (subs->nurbs > MAX_URBS) {
959                 /* too much... */
960                 subs->nurbs = MAX_URBS;
961                 total_packs = MAX_URBS * urb_packs;
962         }
963         n = total_packs;
964         for (i = 0; i < subs->nurbs; i++) {
965                 npacks[i] = n > urb_packs ? urb_packs : n;
966                 n -= urb_packs;
967         }
968         if (subs->nurbs <= 1) {
969                 /* too little - we need at least two packets
970                  * to ensure contiguous playback/capture
971                  */
972                 subs->nurbs = 2;
973                 npacks[0] = (total_packs + 1) / 2;
974                 npacks[1] = total_packs - npacks[0];
975         } else if (npacks[subs->nurbs-1] < MIN_PACKS_URB) {
976                 /* the last packet is too small.. */
977                 if (subs->nurbs > 2) {
978                         /* merge to the first one */
979                         npacks[0] += npacks[subs->nurbs - 1];
980                         subs->nurbs--;
981                 } else {
982                         /* divide to two */
983                         subs->nurbs = 2;
984                         npacks[0] = (total_packs + 1) / 2;
985                         npacks[1] = total_packs - npacks[0];
986                 }
987         }
988
989         /* allocate and initialize data urbs */
990         for (i = 0; i < subs->nurbs; i++) {
991                 snd_urb_ctx_t *u = &subs->dataurb[i];
992                 u->index = i;
993                 u->subs = subs;
994                 u->transfer = 0;
995                 u->packets = npacks[i];
996                 if (subs->fmt_type == USB_FORMAT_TYPE_II)
997                         u->packets++; /* for transfer delimiter */
998                 if (! is_playback) {
999                         /* allocate a capture buffer per urb */
1000                         u->buf = kmalloc(maxsize * u->packets, GFP_KERNEL);
1001                         if (! u->buf) {
1002                                 release_substream_urbs(subs, 0);
1003                                 return -ENOMEM;
1004                         }
1005                 }
1006                 u->urb = usb_alloc_urb(u->packets, GFP_KERNEL);
1007                 if (! u->urb) {
1008                         release_substream_urbs(subs, 0);
1009                         return -ENOMEM;
1010                 }
1011                 u->urb->dev = subs->dev;
1012                 u->urb->pipe = subs->datapipe;
1013                 u->urb->transfer_flags = URB_ISO_ASAP;
1014                 u->urb->number_of_packets = u->packets;
1015                 u->urb->interval = 1 << subs->datainterval;
1016                 u->urb->context = u;
1017                 u->urb->complete = snd_usb_complete_callback(snd_complete_urb);
1018         }
1019
1020         if (subs->syncpipe) {
1021                 /* allocate and initialize sync urbs */
1022                 for (i = 0; i < SYNC_URBS; i++) {
1023                         snd_urb_ctx_t *u = &subs->syncurb[i];
1024                         u->index = i;
1025                         u->subs = subs;
1026                         u->packets = 1;
1027                         u->urb = usb_alloc_urb(1, GFP_KERNEL);
1028                         if (! u->urb) {
1029                                 release_substream_urbs(subs, 0);
1030                                 return -ENOMEM;
1031                         }
1032                         u->urb->transfer_buffer = subs->syncbuf + i * 4;
1033                         u->urb->transfer_buffer_length = 4;
1034                         u->urb->dev = subs->dev;
1035                         u->urb->pipe = subs->syncpipe;
1036                         u->urb->transfer_flags = URB_ISO_ASAP;
1037                         u->urb->number_of_packets = 1;
1038                         u->urb->interval = 1 << subs->syncinterval;
1039                         u->urb->context = u;
1040                         u->urb->complete = snd_usb_complete_callback(snd_complete_sync_urb);
1041                 }
1042         }
1043         return 0;
1044 }
1045
1046
1047 /*
1048  * find a matching audio format
1049  */
1050 static struct audioformat *find_format(snd_usb_substream_t *subs, unsigned int format,
1051                                        unsigned int rate, unsigned int channels)
1052 {
1053         struct list_head *p;
1054         struct audioformat *found = NULL;
1055         int cur_attr = 0, attr;
1056
1057         list_for_each(p, &subs->fmt_list) {
1058                 struct audioformat *fp;
1059                 fp = list_entry(p, struct audioformat, list);
1060                 if (fp->format != format || fp->channels != channels)
1061                         continue;
1062                 if (rate < fp->rate_min || rate > fp->rate_max)
1063                         continue;
1064                 if (! (fp->rates & SNDRV_PCM_RATE_CONTINUOUS)) {
1065                         unsigned int i;
1066                         for (i = 0; i < fp->nr_rates; i++)
1067                                 if (fp->rate_table[i] == rate)
1068                                         break;
1069                         if (i >= fp->nr_rates)
1070                                 continue;
1071                 }
1072                 attr = fp->ep_attr & EP_ATTR_MASK;
1073                 if (! found) {
1074                         found = fp;
1075                         cur_attr = attr;
1076                         continue;
1077                 }
1078                 /* avoid async out and adaptive in if the other method
1079                  * supports the same format.
1080                  * this is a workaround for the case like
1081                  * M-audio audiophile USB.
1082                  */
1083                 if (attr != cur_attr) {
1084                         if ((attr == EP_ATTR_ASYNC &&
1085                              subs->direction == SNDRV_PCM_STREAM_PLAYBACK) ||
1086                             (attr == EP_ATTR_ADAPTIVE &&
1087                              subs->direction == SNDRV_PCM_STREAM_CAPTURE))
1088                                 continue;
1089                         if ((cur_attr == EP_ATTR_ASYNC &&
1090                              subs->direction == SNDRV_PCM_STREAM_PLAYBACK) ||
1091                             (cur_attr == EP_ATTR_ADAPTIVE &&
1092                              subs->direction == SNDRV_PCM_STREAM_CAPTURE)) {
1093                                 found = fp;
1094                                 cur_attr = attr;
1095                                 continue;
1096                         }
1097                 }
1098                 /* find the format with the largest max. packet size */
1099                 if (fp->maxpacksize > found->maxpacksize) {
1100                         found = fp;
1101                         cur_attr = attr;
1102                 }
1103         }
1104         return found;
1105 }
1106
1107
1108 /*
1109  * initialize the picth control and sample rate
1110  */
1111 static int init_usb_pitch(struct usb_device *dev, int iface,
1112                           struct usb_host_interface *alts,
1113                           struct audioformat *fmt)
1114 {
1115         unsigned int ep;
1116         unsigned char data[1];
1117         int err;
1118
1119         ep = get_endpoint(alts, 0)->bEndpointAddress;
1120         /* if endpoint has pitch control, enable it */
1121         if (fmt->attributes & EP_CS_ATTR_PITCH_CONTROL) {
1122                 data[0] = 1;
1123                 if ((err = snd_usb_ctl_msg(dev, usb_sndctrlpipe(dev, 0), SET_CUR,
1124                                            USB_TYPE_CLASS|USB_RECIP_ENDPOINT|USB_DIR_OUT,
1125                                            PITCH_CONTROL << 8, ep, data, 1, 1000)) < 0) {
1126                         snd_printk(KERN_ERR "%d:%d:%d: cannot set enable PITCH\n",
1127                                    dev->devnum, iface, ep);
1128                         return err;
1129                 }
1130         }
1131         return 0;
1132 }
1133
1134 static int init_usb_sample_rate(struct usb_device *dev, int iface,
1135                                 struct usb_host_interface *alts,
1136                                 struct audioformat *fmt, int rate)
1137 {
1138         unsigned int ep;
1139         unsigned char data[3];
1140         int err;
1141
1142         ep = get_endpoint(alts, 0)->bEndpointAddress;
1143         /* if endpoint has sampling rate control, set it */
1144         if (fmt->attributes & EP_CS_ATTR_SAMPLE_RATE) {
1145                 int crate;
1146                 data[0] = rate;
1147                 data[1] = rate >> 8;
1148                 data[2] = rate >> 16;
1149                 if ((err = snd_usb_ctl_msg(dev, usb_sndctrlpipe(dev, 0), SET_CUR,
1150                                            USB_TYPE_CLASS|USB_RECIP_ENDPOINT|USB_DIR_OUT,
1151                                            SAMPLING_FREQ_CONTROL << 8, ep, data, 3, 1000)) < 0) {
1152                         snd_printk(KERN_ERR "%d:%d:%d: cannot set freq %d to ep 0x%x\n",
1153                                    dev->devnum, iface, fmt->altsetting, rate, ep);
1154                         return err;
1155                 }
1156                 if ((err = snd_usb_ctl_msg(dev, usb_rcvctrlpipe(dev, 0), GET_CUR,
1157                                            USB_TYPE_CLASS|USB_RECIP_ENDPOINT|USB_DIR_IN,
1158                                            SAMPLING_FREQ_CONTROL << 8, ep, data, 3, 1000)) < 0) {
1159                         snd_printk(KERN_WARNING "%d:%d:%d: cannot get freq at ep 0x%x\n",
1160                                    dev->devnum, iface, fmt->altsetting, ep);
1161                         return 0; /* some devices don't support reading */
1162                 }
1163                 crate = data[0] | (data[1] << 8) | (data[2] << 16);
1164                 if (crate != rate) {
1165                         snd_printd(KERN_WARNING "current rate %d is different from the runtime rate %d\n", crate, rate);
1166                         // runtime->rate = crate;
1167                 }
1168         }
1169         return 0;
1170 }
1171
1172 /*
1173  * find a matching format and set up the interface
1174  */
1175 static int set_format(snd_usb_substream_t *subs, struct audioformat *fmt)
1176 {
1177         struct usb_device *dev = subs->dev;
1178         struct usb_host_interface *alts;
1179         struct usb_interface_descriptor *altsd;
1180         struct usb_interface *iface;
1181         unsigned int ep, attr;
1182         int is_playback = subs->direction == SNDRV_PCM_STREAM_PLAYBACK;
1183         int err;
1184
1185         iface = usb_ifnum_to_if(dev, fmt->iface);
1186         snd_assert(iface, return -EINVAL);
1187         alts = &iface->altsetting[fmt->altset_idx];
1188         altsd = get_iface_desc(alts);
1189         snd_assert(altsd->bAlternateSetting == fmt->altsetting, return -EINVAL);
1190
1191         if (fmt == subs->cur_audiofmt)
1192                 return 0;
1193
1194         /* close the old interface */
1195         if (subs->interface >= 0 && subs->interface != fmt->iface) {
1196                 usb_set_interface(subs->dev, subs->interface, 0);
1197                 subs->interface = -1;
1198                 subs->format = 0;
1199         }
1200
1201         /* set interface */
1202         if (subs->interface != fmt->iface || subs->format != fmt->altset_idx) {
1203                 if (usb_set_interface(dev, fmt->iface, fmt->altsetting) < 0) {
1204                         snd_printk(KERN_ERR "%d:%d:%d: usb_set_interface failed\n",
1205                                    dev->devnum, fmt->iface, fmt->altsetting);
1206                         return -EIO;
1207                 }
1208                 snd_printdd(KERN_INFO "setting usb interface %d:%d\n", fmt->iface, fmt->altsetting);
1209                 subs->interface = fmt->iface;
1210                 subs->format = fmt->altset_idx;
1211         }
1212
1213         /* create a data pipe */
1214         ep = fmt->endpoint & USB_ENDPOINT_NUMBER_MASK;
1215         if (is_playback)
1216                 subs->datapipe = usb_sndisocpipe(dev, ep);
1217         else
1218                 subs->datapipe = usb_rcvisocpipe(dev, ep);
1219         if (snd_usb_get_speed(subs->dev) == USB_SPEED_HIGH &&
1220             get_endpoint(alts, 0)->bInterval >= 1 &&
1221             get_endpoint(alts, 0)->bInterval <= 4)
1222                 subs->datainterval = get_endpoint(alts, 0)->bInterval - 1;
1223         else
1224                 subs->datainterval = 0;
1225         subs->syncpipe = subs->syncinterval = 0;
1226         subs->maxpacksize = fmt->maxpacksize;
1227         subs->fill_max = 0;
1228
1229         /* we need a sync pipe in async OUT or adaptive IN mode */
1230         /* check the number of EP, since some devices have broken
1231          * descriptors which fool us.  if it has only one EP,
1232          * assume it as adaptive-out or sync-in.
1233          */
1234         attr = fmt->ep_attr & EP_ATTR_MASK;
1235         if (((is_playback && attr == EP_ATTR_ASYNC) ||
1236              (! is_playback && attr == EP_ATTR_ADAPTIVE)) &&
1237             altsd->bNumEndpoints >= 2) {
1238                 /* check sync-pipe endpoint */
1239                 /* ... and check descriptor size before accessing bSynchAddress
1240                    because there is a version of the SB Audigy 2 NX firmware lacking
1241                    the audio fields in the endpoint descriptors */
1242                 if ((get_endpoint(alts, 1)->bmAttributes & USB_ENDPOINT_XFERTYPE_MASK) != 0x01 ||
1243                     (get_endpoint(alts, 1)->bLength >= USB_DT_ENDPOINT_AUDIO_SIZE &&
1244                      get_endpoint(alts, 1)->bSynchAddress != 0)) {
1245                         snd_printk(KERN_ERR "%d:%d:%d : invalid synch pipe\n",
1246                                    dev->devnum, fmt->iface, fmt->altsetting);
1247                         return -EINVAL;
1248                 }
1249                 ep = get_endpoint(alts, 1)->bEndpointAddress;
1250                 if (get_endpoint(alts, 0)->bLength >= USB_DT_ENDPOINT_AUDIO_SIZE &&
1251                     (( is_playback && ep != (unsigned int)(get_endpoint(alts, 0)->bSynchAddress | USB_DIR_IN)) ||
1252                      (!is_playback && ep != (unsigned int)(get_endpoint(alts, 0)->bSynchAddress & ~USB_DIR_IN)))) {
1253                         snd_printk(KERN_ERR "%d:%d:%d : invalid synch pipe\n",
1254                                    dev->devnum, fmt->iface, fmt->altsetting);
1255                         return -EINVAL;
1256                 }
1257                 ep &= USB_ENDPOINT_NUMBER_MASK;
1258                 if (is_playback)
1259                         subs->syncpipe = usb_rcvisocpipe(dev, ep);
1260                 else
1261                         subs->syncpipe = usb_sndisocpipe(dev, ep);
1262                 if (get_endpoint(alts, 1)->bLength >= USB_DT_ENDPOINT_AUDIO_SIZE &&
1263                     get_endpoint(alts, 1)->bRefresh >= 1 &&
1264                     get_endpoint(alts, 1)->bRefresh <= 9)
1265                         subs->syncinterval = get_endpoint(alts, 1)->bRefresh;
1266                 else if (snd_usb_get_speed(subs->dev) == USB_SPEED_FULL)
1267                         subs->syncinterval = 1;
1268                 else if (get_endpoint(alts, 1)->bInterval >= 1 &&
1269                          get_endpoint(alts, 1)->bInterval <= 16)
1270                         subs->syncinterval = get_endpoint(alts, 1)->bInterval - 1;
1271                 else
1272                         subs->syncinterval = 3;
1273         }
1274
1275         /* always fill max packet size */
1276         if (fmt->attributes & EP_CS_ATTR_FILL_MAX)
1277                 subs->fill_max = 1;
1278
1279         if ((err = init_usb_pitch(dev, subs->interface, alts, fmt)) < 0)
1280                 return err;
1281
1282         subs->cur_audiofmt = fmt;
1283
1284 #if 0
1285         printk("setting done: format = %d, rate = %d, channels = %d\n",
1286                fmt->format, fmt->rate, fmt->channels);
1287         printk("  datapipe = 0x%0x, syncpipe = 0x%0x\n",
1288                subs->datapipe, subs->syncpipe);
1289 #endif
1290
1291         return 0;
1292 }
1293
1294 /*
1295  * hw_params callback
1296  *
1297  * allocate a buffer and set the given audio format.
1298  *
1299  * so far we use a physically linear buffer although packetize transfer
1300  * doesn't need a continuous area.
1301  * if sg buffer is supported on the later version of alsa, we'll follow
1302  * that.
1303  */
1304 static int snd_usb_hw_params(snd_pcm_substream_t *substream,
1305                              snd_pcm_hw_params_t *hw_params)
1306 {
1307         snd_usb_substream_t *subs = (snd_usb_substream_t *)substream->runtime->private_data;
1308         struct audioformat *fmt;
1309         unsigned int channels, rate, format;
1310         int ret, changed;
1311
1312         ret = snd_pcm_lib_malloc_pages(substream, params_buffer_bytes(hw_params));
1313         if (ret < 0)
1314                 return ret;
1315
1316         format = params_format(hw_params);
1317         rate = params_rate(hw_params);
1318         channels = params_channels(hw_params);
1319         fmt = find_format(subs, format, rate, channels);
1320         if (! fmt) {
1321                 snd_printd(KERN_DEBUG "cannot set format: format = %s, rate = %d, channels = %d\n",
1322                            snd_pcm_format_name(format), rate, channels);
1323                 return -EINVAL;
1324         }
1325
1326         changed = subs->cur_audiofmt != fmt ||
1327                 subs->period_bytes != params_period_bytes(hw_params) ||
1328                 subs->cur_rate != rate;
1329         if ((ret = set_format(subs, fmt)) < 0)
1330                 return ret;
1331
1332         if (subs->cur_rate != rate) {
1333                 struct usb_host_interface *alts;
1334                 struct usb_interface *iface;
1335                 iface = usb_ifnum_to_if(subs->dev, fmt->iface);
1336                 alts = &iface->altsetting[fmt->altset_idx];
1337                 ret = init_usb_sample_rate(subs->dev, subs->interface, alts, fmt, rate);
1338                 if (ret < 0)
1339                         return ret;
1340                 subs->cur_rate = rate;
1341         }
1342
1343         if (changed) {
1344                 /* format changed */
1345                 release_substream_urbs(subs, 0);
1346                 /* influenced: period_bytes, channels, rate, format, */
1347                 ret = init_substream_urbs(subs, params_period_bytes(hw_params),
1348                                           params_rate(hw_params),
1349                                           snd_pcm_format_physical_width(params_format(hw_params)) * params_channels(hw_params));
1350         }
1351
1352         return ret;
1353 }
1354
1355 /*
1356  * hw_free callback
1357  *
1358  * reset the audio format and release the buffer
1359  */
1360 static int snd_usb_hw_free(snd_pcm_substream_t *substream)
1361 {
1362         snd_usb_substream_t *subs = (snd_usb_substream_t *)substream->runtime->private_data;
1363
1364         subs->cur_audiofmt = NULL;
1365         subs->cur_rate = 0;
1366         subs->period_bytes = 0;
1367         release_substream_urbs(subs, 0);
1368         return snd_pcm_lib_free_pages(substream);
1369 }
1370
1371 /*
1372  * prepare callback
1373  *
1374  * only a few subtle things...
1375  */
1376 static int snd_usb_pcm_prepare(snd_pcm_substream_t *substream)
1377 {
1378         snd_pcm_runtime_t *runtime = substream->runtime;
1379         snd_usb_substream_t *subs = (snd_usb_substream_t *)runtime->private_data;
1380
1381         if (! subs->cur_audiofmt) {
1382                 snd_printk(KERN_ERR "usbaudio: no format is specified!\n");
1383                 return -ENXIO;
1384         }
1385
1386         /* some unit conversions in runtime */
1387         subs->maxframesize = bytes_to_frames(runtime, subs->maxpacksize);
1388         subs->curframesize = bytes_to_frames(runtime, subs->curpacksize);
1389
1390         /* reset the pointer */
1391         subs->hwptr = 0;
1392         subs->hwptr_done = 0;
1393         subs->transfer_sched = 0;
1394         subs->transfer_done = 0;
1395         subs->phase = 0;
1396
1397         /* clear urbs (to be sure) */
1398         deactivate_urbs(subs, 0, 1);
1399         wait_clear_urbs(subs);
1400
1401         return 0;
1402 }
1403
1404 static snd_pcm_hardware_t snd_usb_playback =
1405 {
1406         .info =                 (SNDRV_PCM_INFO_MMAP | SNDRV_PCM_INFO_INTERLEAVED |
1407                                  SNDRV_PCM_INFO_BLOCK_TRANSFER |
1408                                  SNDRV_PCM_INFO_MMAP_VALID),
1409         .buffer_bytes_max =     (128*1024),
1410         .period_bytes_min =     64,
1411         .period_bytes_max =     (128*1024),
1412         .periods_min =          2,
1413         .periods_max =          1024,
1414 };
1415
1416 static snd_pcm_hardware_t snd_usb_capture =
1417 {
1418         .info =                 (SNDRV_PCM_INFO_MMAP | SNDRV_PCM_INFO_INTERLEAVED |
1419                                  SNDRV_PCM_INFO_BLOCK_TRANSFER |
1420                                  SNDRV_PCM_INFO_MMAP_VALID),
1421         .buffer_bytes_max =     (128*1024),
1422         .period_bytes_min =     64,
1423         .period_bytes_max =     (128*1024),
1424         .periods_min =          2,
1425         .periods_max =          1024,
1426 };
1427
1428 /*
1429  * h/w constraints
1430  */
1431
1432 #ifdef HW_CONST_DEBUG
1433 #define hwc_debug(fmt, args...) printk(KERN_DEBUG fmt, ##args)
1434 #else
1435 #define hwc_debug(fmt, args...) /**/
1436 #endif
1437
1438 static int hw_check_valid_format(snd_pcm_hw_params_t *params, struct audioformat *fp)
1439 {
1440         snd_interval_t *it = hw_param_interval(params, SNDRV_PCM_HW_PARAM_RATE);
1441         snd_interval_t *ct = hw_param_interval(params, SNDRV_PCM_HW_PARAM_CHANNELS);
1442         snd_mask_t *fmts = hw_param_mask(params, SNDRV_PCM_HW_PARAM_FORMAT);
1443
1444         /* check the format */
1445         if (! snd_mask_test(fmts, fp->format)) {
1446                 hwc_debug("   > check: no supported format %d\n", fp->format);
1447                 return 0;
1448         }
1449         /* check the channels */
1450         if (fp->channels < ct->min || fp->channels > ct->max) {
1451                 hwc_debug("   > check: no valid channels %d (%d/%d)\n", fp->channels, ct->min, ct->max);
1452                 return 0;
1453         }
1454         /* check the rate is within the range */
1455         if (fp->rate_min > it->max || (fp->rate_min == it->max && it->openmax)) {
1456                 hwc_debug("   > check: rate_min %d > max %d\n", fp->rate_min, it->max);
1457                 return 0;
1458         }
1459         if (fp->rate_max < it->min || (fp->rate_max == it->min && it->openmin)) {
1460                 hwc_debug("   > check: rate_max %d < min %d\n", fp->rate_max, it->min);
1461                 return 0;
1462         }
1463         return 1;
1464 }
1465
1466 static int hw_rule_rate(snd_pcm_hw_params_t *params,
1467                         snd_pcm_hw_rule_t *rule)
1468 {
1469         snd_usb_substream_t *subs = rule->private;
1470         struct list_head *p;
1471         snd_interval_t *it = hw_param_interval(params, SNDRV_PCM_HW_PARAM_RATE);
1472         unsigned int rmin, rmax;
1473         int changed;
1474
1475         hwc_debug("hw_rule_rate: (%d,%d)\n", it->min, it->max);
1476         changed = 0;
1477         rmin = rmax = 0;
1478         list_for_each(p, &subs->fmt_list) {
1479                 struct audioformat *fp;
1480                 fp = list_entry(p, struct audioformat, list);
1481                 if (! hw_check_valid_format(params, fp))
1482                         continue;
1483                 if (changed++) {
1484                         if (rmin > fp->rate_min)
1485                                 rmin = fp->rate_min;
1486                         if (rmax < fp->rate_max)
1487                                 rmax = fp->rate_max;
1488                 } else {
1489                         rmin = fp->rate_min;
1490                         rmax = fp->rate_max;
1491                 }
1492         }
1493
1494         if (! changed) {
1495                 hwc_debug("  --> get empty\n");
1496                 it->empty = 1;
1497                 return -EINVAL;
1498         }
1499
1500         changed = 0;
1501         if (it->min < rmin) {
1502                 it->min = rmin;
1503                 it->openmin = 0;
1504                 changed = 1;
1505         }
1506         if (it->max > rmax) {
1507                 it->max = rmax;
1508                 it->openmax = 0;
1509                 changed = 1;
1510         }
1511         if (snd_interval_checkempty(it)) {
1512                 it->empty = 1;
1513                 return -EINVAL;
1514         }
1515         hwc_debug("  --> (%d, %d) (changed = %d)\n", it->min, it->max, changed);
1516         return changed;
1517 }
1518
1519
1520 static int hw_rule_channels(snd_pcm_hw_params_t *params,
1521                             snd_pcm_hw_rule_t *rule)
1522 {
1523         snd_usb_substream_t *subs = rule->private;
1524         struct list_head *p;
1525         snd_interval_t *it = hw_param_interval(params, SNDRV_PCM_HW_PARAM_CHANNELS);
1526         unsigned int rmin, rmax;
1527         int changed;
1528
1529         hwc_debug("hw_rule_channels: (%d,%d)\n", it->min, it->max);
1530         changed = 0;
1531         rmin = rmax = 0;
1532         list_for_each(p, &subs->fmt_list) {
1533                 struct audioformat *fp;
1534                 fp = list_entry(p, struct audioformat, list);
1535                 if (! hw_check_valid_format(params, fp))
1536                         continue;
1537                 if (changed++) {
1538                         if (rmin > fp->channels)
1539                                 rmin = fp->channels;
1540                         if (rmax < fp->channels)
1541                                 rmax = fp->channels;
1542                 } else {
1543                         rmin = fp->channels;
1544                         rmax = fp->channels;
1545                 }
1546         }
1547
1548         if (! changed) {
1549                 hwc_debug("  --> get empty\n");
1550                 it->empty = 1;
1551                 return -EINVAL;
1552         }
1553
1554         changed = 0;
1555         if (it->min < rmin) {
1556                 it->min = rmin;
1557                 it->openmin = 0;
1558                 changed = 1;
1559         }
1560         if (it->max > rmax) {
1561                 it->max = rmax;
1562                 it->openmax = 0;
1563                 changed = 1;
1564         }
1565         if (snd_interval_checkempty(it)) {
1566                 it->empty = 1;
1567                 return -EINVAL;
1568         }
1569         hwc_debug("  --> (%d, %d) (changed = %d)\n", it->min, it->max, changed);
1570         return changed;
1571 }
1572
1573 static int hw_rule_format(snd_pcm_hw_params_t *params,
1574                           snd_pcm_hw_rule_t *rule)
1575 {
1576         snd_usb_substream_t *subs = rule->private;
1577         struct list_head *p;
1578         snd_mask_t *fmt = hw_param_mask(params, SNDRV_PCM_HW_PARAM_FORMAT);
1579         u64 fbits;
1580         u32 oldbits[2];
1581         int changed;
1582
1583         hwc_debug("hw_rule_format: %x:%x\n", fmt->bits[0], fmt->bits[1]);
1584         fbits = 0;
1585         list_for_each(p, &subs->fmt_list) {
1586                 struct audioformat *fp;
1587                 fp = list_entry(p, struct audioformat, list);
1588                 if (! hw_check_valid_format(params, fp))
1589                         continue;
1590                 fbits |= (1ULL << fp->format);
1591         }
1592
1593         oldbits[0] = fmt->bits[0];
1594         oldbits[1] = fmt->bits[1];
1595         fmt->bits[0] &= (u32)fbits;
1596         fmt->bits[1] &= (u32)(fbits >> 32);
1597         if (! fmt->bits[0] && ! fmt->bits[1]) {
1598                 hwc_debug("  --> get empty\n");
1599                 return -EINVAL;
1600         }
1601         changed = (oldbits[0] != fmt->bits[0] || oldbits[1] != fmt->bits[1]);
1602         hwc_debug("  --> %x:%x (changed = %d)\n", fmt->bits[0], fmt->bits[1], changed);
1603         return changed;
1604 }
1605
1606 #define MAX_MASK        64
1607
1608 /*
1609  * check whether the registered audio formats need special hw-constraints
1610  */
1611 static int check_hw_params_convention(snd_usb_substream_t *subs)
1612 {
1613         int i;
1614         u32 *channels;
1615         u32 *rates;
1616         u32 cmaster, rmaster;
1617         u32 rate_min = 0, rate_max = 0;
1618         struct list_head *p;
1619         int err = 1;
1620
1621         channels = kcalloc(MAX_MASK, sizeof(u32), GFP_KERNEL);
1622         rates = kcalloc(MAX_MASK, sizeof(u32), GFP_KERNEL);
1623
1624         list_for_each(p, &subs->fmt_list) {
1625                 struct audioformat *f;
1626                 f = list_entry(p, struct audioformat, list);
1627                 /* unconventional channels? */
1628                 if (f->channels > 32)
1629                         goto __out;
1630                 /* continuous rate min/max matches? */
1631                 if (f->rates & SNDRV_PCM_RATE_CONTINUOUS) {
1632                         if (rate_min && f->rate_min != rate_min)
1633                                 goto __out;
1634                         if (rate_max && f->rate_max != rate_max)
1635                                 goto __out;
1636                         rate_min = f->rate_min;
1637                         rate_max = f->rate_max;
1638                 }
1639                 /* combination of continuous rates and fixed rates? */
1640                 if (rates[f->format] & SNDRV_PCM_RATE_CONTINUOUS) {
1641                         if (f->rates != rates[f->format])
1642                                 goto __out;
1643                 }
1644                 if (f->rates & SNDRV_PCM_RATE_CONTINUOUS) {
1645                         if (rates[f->format] && rates[f->format] != f->rates)
1646                                 goto __out;
1647                 }
1648                 channels[f->format] |= (1 << f->channels);
1649                 rates[f->format] |= f->rates;
1650         }
1651         /* check whether channels and rates match for all formats */
1652         cmaster = rmaster = 0;
1653         for (i = 0; i < MAX_MASK; i++) {
1654                 if (cmaster != channels[i] && cmaster && channels[i])
1655                         goto __out;
1656                 if (rmaster != rates[i] && rmaster && rates[i])
1657                         goto __out;
1658                 if (channels[i])
1659                         cmaster = channels[i];
1660                 if (rates[i])
1661                         rmaster = rates[i];
1662         }
1663         /* check whether channels match for all distinct rates */
1664         memset(channels, 0, MAX_MASK * sizeof(u32));
1665         list_for_each(p, &subs->fmt_list) {
1666                 struct audioformat *f;
1667                 f = list_entry(p, struct audioformat, list);
1668                 if (f->rates & SNDRV_PCM_RATE_CONTINUOUS)
1669                         continue;
1670                 for (i = 0; i < 32; i++) {
1671                         if (f->rates & (1 << i))
1672                                 channels[i] |= (1 << f->channels);
1673                 }
1674         }
1675         cmaster = 0;
1676         for (i = 0; i < 32; i++) {
1677                 if (cmaster != channels[i] && cmaster && channels[i])
1678                         goto __out;
1679                 if (channels[i])
1680                         cmaster = channels[i];
1681         }
1682         err = 0;
1683
1684  __out:
1685         kfree(channels);
1686         kfree(rates);
1687         return err;
1688 }
1689
1690
1691 /*
1692  * set up the runtime hardware information.
1693  */
1694
1695 static int setup_hw_info(snd_pcm_runtime_t *runtime, snd_usb_substream_t *subs)
1696 {
1697         struct list_head *p;
1698         int err;
1699
1700         runtime->hw.formats = subs->formats;
1701
1702         runtime->hw.rate_min = 0x7fffffff;
1703         runtime->hw.rate_max = 0;
1704         runtime->hw.channels_min = 256;
1705         runtime->hw.channels_max = 0;
1706         runtime->hw.rates = 0;
1707         /* check min/max rates and channels */
1708         list_for_each(p, &subs->fmt_list) {
1709                 struct audioformat *fp;
1710                 fp = list_entry(p, struct audioformat, list);
1711                 runtime->hw.rates |= fp->rates;
1712                 if (runtime->hw.rate_min > fp->rate_min)
1713                         runtime->hw.rate_min = fp->rate_min;
1714                 if (runtime->hw.rate_max < fp->rate_max)
1715                         runtime->hw.rate_max = fp->rate_max;
1716                 if (runtime->hw.channels_min > fp->channels)
1717                         runtime->hw.channels_min = fp->channels;
1718                 if (runtime->hw.channels_max < fp->channels)
1719                         runtime->hw.channels_max = fp->channels;
1720                 if (fp->fmt_type == USB_FORMAT_TYPE_II && fp->frame_size > 0) {
1721                         /* FIXME: there might be more than one audio formats... */
1722                         runtime->hw.period_bytes_min = runtime->hw.period_bytes_max =
1723                                 fp->frame_size;
1724                 }
1725         }
1726
1727         /* set the period time minimum 1ms */
1728         snd_pcm_hw_constraint_minmax(runtime, SNDRV_PCM_HW_PARAM_PERIOD_TIME,
1729                                      1000 * MIN_PACKS_URB,
1730                                      /*(nrpacks * MAX_URBS) * 1000*/ UINT_MAX);
1731
1732         if (check_hw_params_convention(subs)) {
1733                 hwc_debug("setting extra hw constraints...\n");
1734                 if ((err = snd_pcm_hw_rule_add(runtime, 0, SNDRV_PCM_HW_PARAM_RATE,
1735                                                hw_rule_rate, subs,
1736                                                SNDRV_PCM_HW_PARAM_FORMAT,
1737                                                SNDRV_PCM_HW_PARAM_CHANNELS,
1738                                                -1)) < 0)
1739                         return err;
1740                 if ((err = snd_pcm_hw_rule_add(runtime, 0, SNDRV_PCM_HW_PARAM_CHANNELS,
1741                                                hw_rule_channels, subs,
1742                                                SNDRV_PCM_HW_PARAM_FORMAT,
1743                                                SNDRV_PCM_HW_PARAM_RATE,
1744                                                -1)) < 0)
1745                         return err;
1746                 if ((err = snd_pcm_hw_rule_add(runtime, 0, SNDRV_PCM_HW_PARAM_FORMAT,
1747                                                hw_rule_format, subs,
1748                                                SNDRV_PCM_HW_PARAM_RATE,
1749                                                SNDRV_PCM_HW_PARAM_CHANNELS,
1750                                                -1)) < 0)
1751                         return err;
1752         }
1753         return 0;
1754 }
1755
1756 static int snd_usb_pcm_open(snd_pcm_substream_t *substream, int direction,
1757                             snd_pcm_hardware_t *hw)
1758 {
1759         snd_usb_stream_t *as = snd_pcm_substream_chip(substream);
1760         snd_pcm_runtime_t *runtime = substream->runtime;
1761         snd_usb_substream_t *subs = &as->substream[direction];
1762
1763         subs->interface = -1;
1764         subs->format = 0;
1765         runtime->hw = *hw;
1766         runtime->private_data = subs;
1767         subs->pcm_substream = substream;
1768         return setup_hw_info(runtime, subs);
1769 }
1770
1771 static int snd_usb_pcm_close(snd_pcm_substream_t *substream, int direction)
1772 {
1773         snd_usb_stream_t *as = snd_pcm_substream_chip(substream);
1774         snd_usb_substream_t *subs = &as->substream[direction];
1775
1776         if (subs->interface >= 0) {
1777                 usb_set_interface(subs->dev, subs->interface, 0);
1778                 subs->interface = -1;
1779         }
1780         subs->pcm_substream = NULL;
1781         return 0;
1782 }
1783
1784 static int snd_usb_playback_open(snd_pcm_substream_t *substream)
1785 {
1786         return snd_usb_pcm_open(substream, SNDRV_PCM_STREAM_PLAYBACK, &snd_usb_playback);
1787 }
1788
1789 static int snd_usb_playback_close(snd_pcm_substream_t *substream)
1790 {
1791         return snd_usb_pcm_close(substream, SNDRV_PCM_STREAM_PLAYBACK);
1792 }
1793
1794 static int snd_usb_capture_open(snd_pcm_substream_t *substream)
1795 {
1796         return snd_usb_pcm_open(substream, SNDRV_PCM_STREAM_CAPTURE, &snd_usb_capture);
1797 }
1798
1799 static int snd_usb_capture_close(snd_pcm_substream_t *substream)
1800 {
1801         return snd_usb_pcm_close(substream, SNDRV_PCM_STREAM_CAPTURE);
1802 }
1803
1804 static snd_pcm_ops_t snd_usb_playback_ops = {
1805         .open =         snd_usb_playback_open,
1806         .close =        snd_usb_playback_close,
1807         .ioctl =        snd_pcm_lib_ioctl,
1808         .hw_params =    snd_usb_hw_params,
1809         .hw_free =      snd_usb_hw_free,
1810         .prepare =      snd_usb_pcm_prepare,
1811         .trigger =      snd_usb_pcm_trigger,
1812         .pointer =      snd_usb_pcm_pointer,
1813 };
1814
1815 static snd_pcm_ops_t snd_usb_capture_ops = {
1816         .open =         snd_usb_capture_open,
1817         .close =        snd_usb_capture_close,
1818         .ioctl =        snd_pcm_lib_ioctl,
1819         .hw_params =    snd_usb_hw_params,
1820         .hw_free =      snd_usb_hw_free,
1821         .prepare =      snd_usb_pcm_prepare,
1822         .trigger =      snd_usb_pcm_trigger,
1823         .pointer =      snd_usb_pcm_pointer,
1824 };
1825
1826
1827
1828 /*
1829  * helper functions
1830  */
1831
1832 /*
1833  * combine bytes and get an integer value
1834  */
1835 unsigned int snd_usb_combine_bytes(unsigned char *bytes, int size)
1836 {
1837         switch (size) {
1838         case 1:  return *bytes;
1839         case 2:  return combine_word(bytes);
1840         case 3:  return combine_triple(bytes);
1841         case 4:  return combine_quad(bytes);
1842         default: return 0;
1843         }
1844 }
1845
1846 /*
1847  * parse descriptor buffer and return the pointer starting the given
1848  * descriptor type.
1849  */
1850 void *snd_usb_find_desc(void *descstart, int desclen, void *after, u8 dtype)
1851 {
1852         u8 *p, *end, *next;
1853
1854         p = descstart;
1855         end = p + desclen;
1856         for (; p < end;) {
1857                 if (p[0] < 2)
1858                         return NULL;
1859                 next = p + p[0];
1860                 if (next > end)
1861                         return NULL;
1862                 if (p[1] == dtype && (!after || (void *)p > after)) {
1863                         return p;
1864                 }
1865                 p = next;
1866         }
1867         return NULL;
1868 }
1869
1870 /*
1871  * find a class-specified interface descriptor with the given subtype.
1872  */
1873 void *snd_usb_find_csint_desc(void *buffer, int buflen, void *after, u8 dsubtype)
1874 {
1875         unsigned char *p = after;
1876
1877         while ((p = snd_usb_find_desc(buffer, buflen, p,
1878                                       USB_DT_CS_INTERFACE)) != NULL) {
1879                 if (p[0] >= 3 && p[2] == dsubtype)
1880                         return p;
1881         }
1882         return NULL;
1883 }
1884
1885 /*
1886  * Wrapper for usb_control_msg().
1887  * Allocates a temp buffer to prevent dmaing from/to the stack.
1888  */
1889 int snd_usb_ctl_msg(struct usb_device *dev, unsigned int pipe, __u8 request,
1890                     __u8 requesttype, __u16 value, __u16 index, void *data,
1891                     __u16 size, int timeout)
1892 {
1893         int err;
1894         void *buf = NULL;
1895
1896         if (size > 0) {
1897                 buf = kmalloc(size, GFP_KERNEL);
1898                 if (!buf)
1899                         return -ENOMEM;
1900                 memcpy(buf, data, size);
1901         }
1902         err = usb_control_msg(dev, pipe, request, requesttype,
1903                               value, index, buf, size, timeout);
1904         if (size > 0) {
1905                 memcpy(data, buf, size);
1906                 kfree(buf);
1907         }
1908         return err;
1909 }
1910
1911
1912 /*
1913  * entry point for linux usb interface
1914  */
1915
1916 static int usb_audio_probe(struct usb_interface *intf,
1917                            const struct usb_device_id *id);
1918 static void usb_audio_disconnect(struct usb_interface *intf);
1919
1920 static struct usb_device_id usb_audio_ids [] = {
1921 #include "usbquirks.h"
1922     { .match_flags = (USB_DEVICE_ID_MATCH_INT_CLASS | USB_DEVICE_ID_MATCH_INT_SUBCLASS),
1923       .bInterfaceClass = USB_CLASS_AUDIO,
1924       .bInterfaceSubClass = USB_SUBCLASS_AUDIO_CONTROL },
1925     { }                                         /* Terminating entry */
1926 };
1927
1928 MODULE_DEVICE_TABLE (usb, usb_audio_ids);
1929
1930 static struct usb_driver usb_audio_driver = {
1931         .owner =        THIS_MODULE,
1932         .name =         "snd-usb-audio",
1933         .probe =        usb_audio_probe,
1934         .disconnect =   usb_audio_disconnect,
1935         .id_table =     usb_audio_ids,
1936 };
1937
1938
1939 /*
1940  * proc interface for list the supported pcm formats
1941  */
1942 static void proc_dump_substream_formats(snd_usb_substream_t *subs, snd_info_buffer_t *buffer)
1943 {
1944         struct list_head *p;
1945         static char *sync_types[4] = {
1946                 "NONE", "ASYNC", "ADAPTIVE", "SYNC"
1947         };
1948
1949         list_for_each(p, &subs->fmt_list) {
1950                 struct audioformat *fp;
1951                 fp = list_entry(p, struct audioformat, list);
1952                 snd_iprintf(buffer, "  Interface %d\n", fp->iface);
1953                 snd_iprintf(buffer, "    Altset %d\n", fp->altsetting);
1954                 snd_iprintf(buffer, "    Format: %s\n", snd_pcm_format_name(fp->format));
1955                 snd_iprintf(buffer, "    Channels: %d\n", fp->channels);
1956                 snd_iprintf(buffer, "    Endpoint: %d %s (%s)\n",
1957                             fp->endpoint & USB_ENDPOINT_NUMBER_MASK,
1958                             fp->endpoint & USB_DIR_IN ? "IN" : "OUT",
1959                             sync_types[(fp->ep_attr & EP_ATTR_MASK) >> 2]);
1960                 if (fp->rates & SNDRV_PCM_RATE_CONTINUOUS) {
1961                         snd_iprintf(buffer, "    Rates: %d - %d (continuous)\n",
1962                                     fp->rate_min, fp->rate_max);
1963                 } else {
1964                         unsigned int i;
1965                         snd_iprintf(buffer, "    Rates: ");
1966                         for (i = 0; i < fp->nr_rates; i++) {
1967                                 if (i > 0)
1968                                         snd_iprintf(buffer, ", ");
1969                                 snd_iprintf(buffer, "%d", fp->rate_table[i]);
1970                         }
1971                         snd_iprintf(buffer, "\n");
1972                 }
1973                 // snd_iprintf(buffer, "    Max Packet Size = %d\n", fp->maxpacksize);
1974                 // snd_iprintf(buffer, "    EP Attribute = 0x%x\n", fp->attributes);
1975         }
1976 }
1977
1978 static void proc_dump_substream_status(snd_usb_substream_t *subs, snd_info_buffer_t *buffer)
1979 {
1980         if (subs->running) {
1981                 unsigned int i;
1982                 snd_iprintf(buffer, "  Status: Running\n");
1983                 snd_iprintf(buffer, "    Interface = %d\n", subs->interface);
1984                 snd_iprintf(buffer, "    Altset = %d\n", subs->format);
1985                 snd_iprintf(buffer, "    URBs = %d [ ", subs->nurbs);
1986                 for (i = 0; i < subs->nurbs; i++)
1987                         snd_iprintf(buffer, "%d ", subs->dataurb[i].packets);
1988                 snd_iprintf(buffer, "]\n");
1989                 snd_iprintf(buffer, "    Packet Size = %d\n", subs->curpacksize);
1990                 snd_iprintf(buffer, "    Momentary freq = %u Hz (%#x.%04x)\n",
1991                             snd_usb_get_speed(subs->dev) == USB_SPEED_FULL
1992                             ? get_full_speed_hz(subs->freqm)
1993                             : get_high_speed_hz(subs->freqm),
1994                             subs->freqm >> 16, subs->freqm & 0xffff);
1995         } else {
1996                 snd_iprintf(buffer, "  Status: Stop\n");
1997         }
1998 }
1999
2000 static void proc_pcm_format_read(snd_info_entry_t *entry, snd_info_buffer_t *buffer)
2001 {
2002         snd_usb_stream_t *stream = entry->private_data;
2003
2004         snd_iprintf(buffer, "%s : %s\n", stream->chip->card->longname, stream->pcm->name);
2005
2006         if (stream->substream[SNDRV_PCM_STREAM_PLAYBACK].num_formats) {
2007                 snd_iprintf(buffer, "\nPlayback:\n");
2008                 proc_dump_substream_status(&stream->substream[SNDRV_PCM_STREAM_PLAYBACK], buffer);
2009                 proc_dump_substream_formats(&stream->substream[SNDRV_PCM_STREAM_PLAYBACK], buffer);
2010         }
2011         if (stream->substream[SNDRV_PCM_STREAM_CAPTURE].num_formats) {
2012                 snd_iprintf(buffer, "\nCapture:\n");
2013                 proc_dump_substream_status(&stream->substream[SNDRV_PCM_STREAM_CAPTURE], buffer);
2014                 proc_dump_substream_formats(&stream->substream[SNDRV_PCM_STREAM_CAPTURE], buffer);
2015         }
2016 }
2017
2018 static void proc_pcm_format_add(snd_usb_stream_t *stream)
2019 {
2020         snd_info_entry_t *entry;
2021         char name[32];
2022         snd_card_t *card = stream->chip->card;
2023
2024         sprintf(name, "stream%d", stream->pcm_index);
2025         if (! snd_card_proc_new(card, name, &entry))
2026                 snd_info_set_text_ops(entry, stream, 1024, proc_pcm_format_read);
2027 }
2028
2029
2030 /*
2031  * initialize the substream instance.
2032  */
2033
2034 static void init_substream(snd_usb_stream_t *as, int stream, struct audioformat *fp)
2035 {
2036         snd_usb_substream_t *subs = &as->substream[stream];
2037
2038         INIT_LIST_HEAD(&subs->fmt_list);
2039         spin_lock_init(&subs->lock);
2040
2041         subs->stream = as;
2042         subs->direction = stream;
2043         subs->dev = as->chip->dev;
2044         if (snd_usb_get_speed(subs->dev) == USB_SPEED_FULL)
2045                 subs->ops = audio_urb_ops[stream];
2046         else
2047                 subs->ops = audio_urb_ops_high_speed[stream];
2048         snd_pcm_lib_preallocate_pages(as->pcm->streams[stream].substream,
2049                                       SNDRV_DMA_TYPE_CONTINUOUS,
2050                                       snd_dma_continuous_data(GFP_KERNEL),
2051                                       64 * 1024, 128 * 1024);
2052         snd_pcm_set_ops(as->pcm, stream,
2053                         stream == SNDRV_PCM_STREAM_PLAYBACK ?
2054                         &snd_usb_playback_ops : &snd_usb_capture_ops);
2055
2056         list_add_tail(&fp->list, &subs->fmt_list);
2057         subs->formats |= 1ULL << fp->format;
2058         subs->endpoint = fp->endpoint;
2059         subs->num_formats++;
2060         subs->fmt_type = fp->fmt_type;
2061 }
2062
2063
2064 /*
2065  * free a substream
2066  */
2067 static void free_substream(snd_usb_substream_t *subs)
2068 {
2069         struct list_head *p, *n;
2070
2071         if (! subs->num_formats)
2072                 return; /* not initialized */
2073         list_for_each_safe(p, n, &subs->fmt_list) {
2074                 struct audioformat *fp = list_entry(p, struct audioformat, list);
2075                 kfree(fp->rate_table);
2076                 kfree(fp);
2077         }
2078 }
2079
2080
2081 /*
2082  * free a usb stream instance
2083  */
2084 static void snd_usb_audio_stream_free(snd_usb_stream_t *stream)
2085 {
2086         free_substream(&stream->substream[0]);
2087         free_substream(&stream->substream[1]);
2088         list_del(&stream->list);
2089         kfree(stream);
2090 }
2091
2092 static void snd_usb_audio_pcm_free(snd_pcm_t *pcm)
2093 {
2094         snd_usb_stream_t *stream = pcm->private_data;
2095         if (stream) {
2096                 stream->pcm = NULL;
2097                 snd_pcm_lib_preallocate_free_for_all(pcm);
2098                 snd_usb_audio_stream_free(stream);
2099         }
2100 }
2101
2102
2103 /*
2104  * add this endpoint to the chip instance.
2105  * if a stream with the same endpoint already exists, append to it.
2106  * if not, create a new pcm stream.
2107  */
2108 static int add_audio_endpoint(snd_usb_audio_t *chip, int stream, struct audioformat *fp)
2109 {
2110         struct list_head *p;
2111         snd_usb_stream_t *as;
2112         snd_usb_substream_t *subs;
2113         snd_pcm_t *pcm;
2114         int err;
2115
2116         list_for_each(p, &chip->pcm_list) {
2117                 as = list_entry(p, snd_usb_stream_t, list);
2118                 if (as->fmt_type != fp->fmt_type)
2119                         continue;
2120                 subs = &as->substream[stream];
2121                 if (! subs->endpoint)
2122                         continue;
2123                 if (subs->endpoint == fp->endpoint) {
2124                         list_add_tail(&fp->list, &subs->fmt_list);
2125                         subs->num_formats++;
2126                         subs->formats |= 1ULL << fp->format;
2127                         return 0;
2128                 }
2129         }
2130         /* look for an empty stream */
2131         list_for_each(p, &chip->pcm_list) {
2132                 as = list_entry(p, snd_usb_stream_t, list);
2133                 if (as->fmt_type != fp->fmt_type)
2134                         continue;
2135                 subs = &as->substream[stream];
2136                 if (subs->endpoint)
2137                         continue;
2138                 err = snd_pcm_new_stream(as->pcm, stream, 1);
2139                 if (err < 0)
2140                         return err;
2141                 init_substream(as, stream, fp);
2142                 return 0;
2143         }
2144
2145         /* create a new pcm */
2146         as = kmalloc(sizeof(*as), GFP_KERNEL);
2147         if (! as)
2148                 return -ENOMEM;
2149         memset(as, 0, sizeof(*as));
2150         as->pcm_index = chip->pcm_devs;
2151         as->chip = chip;
2152         as->fmt_type = fp->fmt_type;
2153         err = snd_pcm_new(chip->card, "USB Audio", chip->pcm_devs,
2154                           stream == SNDRV_PCM_STREAM_PLAYBACK ? 1 : 0,
2155                           stream == SNDRV_PCM_STREAM_PLAYBACK ? 0 : 1,
2156                           &pcm);
2157         if (err < 0) {
2158                 kfree(as);
2159                 return err;
2160         }
2161         as->pcm = pcm;
2162         pcm->private_data = as;
2163         pcm->private_free = snd_usb_audio_pcm_free;
2164         pcm->info_flags = 0;
2165         if (chip->pcm_devs > 0)
2166                 sprintf(pcm->name, "USB Audio #%d", chip->pcm_devs);
2167         else
2168                 strcpy(pcm->name, "USB Audio");
2169
2170         init_substream(as, stream, fp);
2171
2172         list_add(&as->list, &chip->pcm_list);
2173         chip->pcm_devs++;
2174
2175         proc_pcm_format_add(as);
2176
2177         return 0;
2178 }
2179
2180
2181 /*
2182  * check if the device uses big-endian samples
2183  */
2184 static int is_big_endian_format(snd_usb_audio_t *chip, struct audioformat *fp)
2185 {
2186         switch (chip->usb_id) {
2187         case USB_ID(0x0763, 0x2001): /* M-Audio Quattro: captured data only */
2188                 if (fp->endpoint & USB_DIR_IN)
2189                         return 1;
2190                 break;
2191         case USB_ID(0x0763, 0x2003): /* M-Audio Audiophile USB */
2192                 return 1;
2193         }
2194         return 0;
2195 }
2196
2197 /*
2198  * parse the audio format type I descriptor
2199  * and returns the corresponding pcm format
2200  *
2201  * @dev: usb device
2202  * @fp: audioformat record
2203  * @format: the format tag (wFormatTag)
2204  * @fmt: the format type descriptor
2205  */
2206 static int parse_audio_format_i_type(snd_usb_audio_t *chip, struct audioformat *fp,
2207                                      int format, unsigned char *fmt)
2208 {
2209         int pcm_format;
2210         int sample_width, sample_bytes;
2211
2212         /* FIXME: correct endianess and sign? */
2213         pcm_format = -1;
2214         sample_width = fmt[6];
2215         sample_bytes = fmt[5];
2216         switch (format) {
2217         case 0: /* some devices don't define this correctly... */
2218                 snd_printdd(KERN_INFO "%d:%u:%d : format type 0 is detected, processed as PCM\n",
2219                             chip->dev->devnum, fp->iface, fp->altsetting);
2220                 /* fall-through */
2221         case USB_AUDIO_FORMAT_PCM:
2222                 if (sample_width > sample_bytes * 8) {
2223                         snd_printk(KERN_INFO "%d:%u:%d : sample bitwidth %d in over sample bytes %d\n",
2224                                    chip->dev->devnum, fp->iface, fp->altsetting,
2225                                    sample_width, sample_bytes);
2226                 }
2227                 /* check the format byte size */
2228                 switch (fmt[5]) {
2229                 case 1:
2230                         pcm_format = SNDRV_PCM_FORMAT_S8;
2231                         break;
2232                 case 2:
2233                         if (is_big_endian_format(chip, fp))
2234                                 pcm_format = SNDRV_PCM_FORMAT_S16_BE; /* grrr, big endian!! */
2235                         else
2236                                 pcm_format = SNDRV_PCM_FORMAT_S16_LE;
2237                         break;
2238                 case 3:
2239                         if (is_big_endian_format(chip, fp))
2240                                 pcm_format = SNDRV_PCM_FORMAT_S24_3BE; /* grrr, big endian!! */
2241                         else
2242                                 pcm_format = SNDRV_PCM_FORMAT_S24_3LE;
2243                         break;
2244                 case 4:
2245                         pcm_format = SNDRV_PCM_FORMAT_S32_LE;
2246                         break;
2247                 default:
2248                         snd_printk(KERN_INFO "%d:%u:%d : unsupported sample bitwidth %d in %d bytes\n",
2249                                    chip->dev->devnum, fp->iface,
2250                                    fp->altsetting, sample_width, sample_bytes);
2251                         break;
2252                 }
2253                 break;
2254         case USB_AUDIO_FORMAT_PCM8:
2255                 /* Dallas DS4201 workaround */
2256                 if (chip->usb_id == USB_ID(0x04fa, 0x4201))
2257                         pcm_format = SNDRV_PCM_FORMAT_S8;
2258                 else
2259                         pcm_format = SNDRV_PCM_FORMAT_U8;
2260                 break;
2261         case USB_AUDIO_FORMAT_IEEE_FLOAT:
2262                 pcm_format = SNDRV_PCM_FORMAT_FLOAT_LE;
2263                 break;
2264         case USB_AUDIO_FORMAT_ALAW:
2265                 pcm_format = SNDRV_PCM_FORMAT_A_LAW;
2266                 break;
2267         case USB_AUDIO_FORMAT_MU_LAW:
2268                 pcm_format = SNDRV_PCM_FORMAT_MU_LAW;
2269                 break;
2270         default:
2271                 snd_printk(KERN_INFO "%d:%u:%d : unsupported format type %d\n",
2272                            chip->dev->devnum, fp->iface, fp->altsetting, format);
2273                 break;
2274         }
2275         return pcm_format;
2276 }
2277
2278
2279 /*
2280  * parse the format descriptor and stores the possible sample rates
2281  * on the audioformat table.
2282  *
2283  * @dev: usb device
2284  * @fp: audioformat record
2285  * @fmt: the format descriptor
2286  * @offset: the start offset of descriptor pointing the rate type
2287  *          (7 for type I and II, 8 for type II)
2288  */
2289 static int parse_audio_format_rates(snd_usb_audio_t *chip, struct audioformat *fp,
2290                                     unsigned char *fmt, int offset)
2291 {
2292         int nr_rates = fmt[offset];
2293         if (fmt[0] < offset + 1 + 3 * (nr_rates ? nr_rates : 2)) {
2294                 snd_printk(KERN_ERR "%d:%u:%d : invalid FORMAT_TYPE desc\n",
2295                                    chip->dev->devnum, fp->iface, fp->altsetting);
2296                 return -1;
2297         }
2298
2299         if (nr_rates) {
2300                 /*
2301                  * build the rate table and bitmap flags
2302                  */
2303                 int r, idx, c;
2304                 /* this table corresponds to the SNDRV_PCM_RATE_XXX bit */
2305                 static unsigned int conv_rates[] = {
2306                         5512, 8000, 11025, 16000, 22050, 32000, 44100, 48000,
2307                         64000, 88200, 96000, 176400, 192000
2308                 };
2309                 fp->rate_table = kmalloc(sizeof(int) * nr_rates, GFP_KERNEL);
2310                 if (fp->rate_table == NULL) {
2311                         snd_printk(KERN_ERR "cannot malloc\n");
2312                         return -1;
2313                 }
2314
2315                 fp->nr_rates = nr_rates;
2316                 fp->rate_min = fp->rate_max = combine_triple(&fmt[8]);
2317                 for (r = 0, idx = offset + 1; r < nr_rates; r++, idx += 3) {
2318                         unsigned int rate = fp->rate_table[r] = combine_triple(&fmt[idx]);
2319                         if (rate < fp->rate_min)
2320                                 fp->rate_min = rate;
2321                         else if (rate > fp->rate_max)
2322                                 fp->rate_max = rate;
2323                         for (c = 0; c < (int)ARRAY_SIZE(conv_rates); c++) {
2324                                 if (rate == conv_rates[c]) {
2325                                         fp->rates |= (1 << c);
2326                                         break;
2327                                 }
2328                         }
2329                 }
2330         } else {
2331                 /* continuous rates */
2332                 fp->rates = SNDRV_PCM_RATE_CONTINUOUS;
2333                 fp->rate_min = combine_triple(&fmt[offset + 1]);
2334                 fp->rate_max = combine_triple(&fmt[offset + 4]);
2335         }
2336         return 0;
2337 }
2338
2339 /*
2340  * parse the format type I and III descriptors
2341  */
2342 static int parse_audio_format_i(snd_usb_audio_t *chip, struct audioformat *fp,
2343                                 int format, unsigned char *fmt)
2344 {
2345         int pcm_format;
2346
2347         if (fmt[3] == USB_FORMAT_TYPE_III) {
2348                 /* FIXME: the format type is really IECxxx
2349                  *        but we give normal PCM format to get the existing
2350                  *        apps working...
2351                  */
2352                 pcm_format = SNDRV_PCM_FORMAT_S16_LE;
2353         } else {
2354                 pcm_format = parse_audio_format_i_type(chip, fp, format, fmt);
2355                 if (pcm_format < 0)
2356                         return -1;
2357         }
2358         fp->format = pcm_format;
2359         fp->channels = fmt[4];
2360         if (fp->channels < 1) {
2361                 snd_printk(KERN_ERR "%d:%u:%d : invalid channels %d\n",
2362                            chip->dev->devnum, fp->iface, fp->altsetting, fp->channels);
2363                 return -1;
2364         }
2365         return parse_audio_format_rates(chip, fp, fmt, 7);
2366 }
2367
2368 /*
2369  * prase the format type II descriptor
2370  */
2371 static int parse_audio_format_ii(snd_usb_audio_t *chip, struct audioformat *fp,
2372                                  int format, unsigned char *fmt)
2373 {
2374         int brate, framesize;
2375         switch (format) {
2376         case USB_AUDIO_FORMAT_AC3:
2377                 /* FIXME: there is no AC3 format defined yet */
2378                 // fp->format = SNDRV_PCM_FORMAT_AC3;
2379                 fp->format = SNDRV_PCM_FORMAT_U8; /* temporarily hack to receive byte streams */
2380                 break;
2381         case USB_AUDIO_FORMAT_MPEG:
2382                 fp->format = SNDRV_PCM_FORMAT_MPEG;
2383                 break;
2384         default:
2385                 snd_printd(KERN_INFO "%d:%u:%d : unknown format tag 0x%x is detected.  processed as MPEG.\n",
2386                            chip->dev->devnum, fp->iface, fp->altsetting, format);
2387                 fp->format = SNDRV_PCM_FORMAT_MPEG;
2388                 break;
2389         }
2390         fp->channels = 1;
2391         brate = combine_word(&fmt[4]);  /* fmt[4,5] : wMaxBitRate (in kbps) */
2392         framesize = combine_word(&fmt[6]); /* fmt[6,7]: wSamplesPerFrame */
2393         snd_printd(KERN_INFO "found format II with max.bitrate = %d, frame size=%d\n", brate, framesize);
2394         fp->frame_size = framesize;
2395         return parse_audio_format_rates(chip, fp, fmt, 8); /* fmt[8..] sample rates */
2396 }
2397
2398 static int parse_audio_format(snd_usb_audio_t *chip, struct audioformat *fp,
2399                               int format, unsigned char *fmt, int stream)
2400 {
2401         int err;
2402
2403         switch (fmt[3]) {
2404         case USB_FORMAT_TYPE_I:
2405         case USB_FORMAT_TYPE_III:
2406                 err = parse_audio_format_i(chip, fp, format, fmt);
2407                 break;
2408         case USB_FORMAT_TYPE_II:
2409                 err = parse_audio_format_ii(chip, fp, format, fmt);
2410                 break;
2411         default:
2412                 snd_printd(KERN_INFO "%d:%u:%d : format type %d is not supported yet\n",
2413                            chip->dev->devnum, fp->iface, fp->altsetting, fmt[3]);
2414                 return -1;
2415         }
2416         fp->fmt_type = fmt[3];
2417         if (err < 0)
2418                 return err;
2419 #if 1
2420         /* FIXME: temporary hack for extigy/audigy 2 nx */
2421         /* extigy apparently supports sample rates other than 48k
2422          * but not in ordinary way.  so we enable only 48k atm.
2423          */
2424         if (chip->usb_id == USB_ID(0x041e, 0x3000) ||
2425             chip->usb_id == USB_ID(0x041e, 0x3020)) {
2426                 if (fmt[3] == USB_FORMAT_TYPE_I &&
2427                     fp->rates != SNDRV_PCM_RATE_48000 &&
2428                     fp->rates != SNDRV_PCM_RATE_96000)
2429                         return -1;
2430         }
2431 #endif
2432         return 0;
2433 }
2434
2435 static int parse_audio_endpoints(snd_usb_audio_t *chip, int iface_no)
2436 {
2437         struct usb_device *dev;
2438         struct usb_interface *iface;
2439         struct usb_host_interface *alts;
2440         struct usb_interface_descriptor *altsd;
2441         int i, altno, err, stream;
2442         int format;
2443         struct audioformat *fp;
2444         unsigned char *fmt, *csep;
2445
2446         dev = chip->dev;
2447
2448         /* parse the interface's altsettings */
2449         iface = usb_ifnum_to_if(dev, iface_no);
2450         for (i = 0; i < iface->num_altsetting; i++) {
2451                 alts = &iface->altsetting[i];
2452                 altsd = get_iface_desc(alts);
2453                 /* skip invalid one */
2454                 if ((altsd->bInterfaceClass != USB_CLASS_AUDIO &&
2455                      altsd->bInterfaceClass != USB_CLASS_VENDOR_SPEC) ||
2456                     (altsd->bInterfaceSubClass != USB_SUBCLASS_AUDIO_STREAMING &&
2457                      altsd->bInterfaceSubClass != USB_SUBCLASS_VENDOR_SPEC) ||
2458                     altsd->bNumEndpoints < 1 ||
2459                     le16_to_cpu(get_endpoint(alts, 0)->wMaxPacketSize) == 0)
2460                         continue;
2461                 /* must be isochronous */
2462                 if ((get_endpoint(alts, 0)->bmAttributes & USB_ENDPOINT_XFERTYPE_MASK) !=
2463                     USB_ENDPOINT_XFER_ISOC)
2464                         continue;
2465                 /* check direction */
2466                 stream = (get_endpoint(alts, 0)->bEndpointAddress & USB_DIR_IN) ?
2467                         SNDRV_PCM_STREAM_CAPTURE : SNDRV_PCM_STREAM_PLAYBACK;
2468                 altno = altsd->bAlternateSetting;
2469
2470                 /* get audio formats */
2471                 fmt = snd_usb_find_csint_desc(alts->extra, alts->extralen, NULL, AS_GENERAL);
2472                 if (!fmt) {
2473                         snd_printk(KERN_ERR "%d:%u:%d : AS_GENERAL descriptor not found\n",
2474                                    dev->devnum, iface_no, altno);
2475                         continue;
2476                 }
2477
2478                 if (fmt[0] < 7) {
2479                         snd_printk(KERN_ERR "%d:%u:%d : invalid AS_GENERAL desc\n",
2480                                    dev->devnum, iface_no, altno);
2481                         continue;
2482                 }
2483
2484                 format = (fmt[6] << 8) | fmt[5]; /* remember the format value */
2485
2486                 /* get format type */
2487                 fmt = snd_usb_find_csint_desc(alts->extra, alts->extralen, NULL, FORMAT_TYPE);
2488                 if (!fmt) {
2489                         snd_printk(KERN_ERR "%d:%u:%d : no FORMAT_TYPE desc\n",
2490                                    dev->devnum, iface_no, altno);
2491                         continue;
2492                 }
2493                 if (fmt[0] < 8) {
2494                         snd_printk(KERN_ERR "%d:%u:%d : invalid FORMAT_TYPE desc\n",
2495                                    dev->devnum, iface_no, altno);
2496                         continue;
2497                 }
2498
2499                 csep = snd_usb_find_desc(alts->endpoint[0].extra, alts->endpoint[0].extralen, NULL, USB_DT_CS_ENDPOINT);
2500                 /* Creamware Noah has this descriptor after the 2nd endpoint */
2501                 if (!csep && altsd->bNumEndpoints >= 2)
2502                         csep = snd_usb_find_desc(alts->endpoint[1].extra, alts->endpoint[1].extralen, NULL, USB_DT_CS_ENDPOINT);
2503                 if (!csep || csep[0] < 7 || csep[2] != EP_GENERAL) {
2504                         snd_printk(KERN_ERR "%d:%u:%d : no or invalid class specific endpoint descriptor\n",
2505                                    dev->devnum, iface_no, altno);
2506                         continue;
2507                 }
2508
2509                 fp = kmalloc(sizeof(*fp), GFP_KERNEL);
2510                 if (! fp) {
2511                         snd_printk(KERN_ERR "cannot malloc\n");
2512                         return -ENOMEM;
2513                 }
2514
2515                 memset(fp, 0, sizeof(*fp));
2516                 fp->iface = iface_no;
2517                 fp->altsetting = altno;
2518                 fp->altset_idx = i;
2519                 fp->endpoint = get_endpoint(alts, 0)->bEndpointAddress;
2520                 fp->ep_attr = get_endpoint(alts, 0)->bmAttributes;
2521                 fp->maxpacksize = le16_to_cpu(get_endpoint(alts, 0)->wMaxPacketSize);
2522                 if (snd_usb_get_speed(dev) == USB_SPEED_HIGH)
2523                         fp->maxpacksize = (((fp->maxpacksize >> 11) & 3) + 1)
2524                                         * (fp->maxpacksize & 0x7ff);
2525                 fp->attributes = csep[3];
2526
2527                 /* some quirks for attributes here */
2528
2529                 switch (chip->usb_id) {
2530                 case USB_ID(0x0a92, 0x0053): /* AudioTrak Optoplay */
2531                         /* Optoplay sets the sample rate attribute although
2532                          * it seems not supporting it in fact.
2533                          */
2534                         fp->attributes &= ~EP_CS_ATTR_SAMPLE_RATE;
2535                         break;
2536                 case USB_ID(0x041e, 0x3020): /* Creative SB Audigy 2 NX */
2537                 case USB_ID(0x0763, 0x2003): /* M-Audio Audiophile USB */
2538                         /* doesn't set the sample rate attribute, but supports it */
2539                         fp->attributes |= EP_CS_ATTR_SAMPLE_RATE;
2540                         break;
2541                 case USB_ID(0x047f, 0x0ca1): /* plantronics headset */
2542                 case USB_ID(0x077d, 0x07af): /* Griffin iMic (note that there is
2543                                                 an older model 77d:223) */
2544                 /*
2545                  * plantronics headset and Griffin iMic have set adaptive-in
2546                  * although it's really not...
2547                  */
2548                         fp->ep_attr &= ~EP_ATTR_MASK;
2549                         if (stream == SNDRV_PCM_STREAM_PLAYBACK)
2550                                 fp->ep_attr |= EP_ATTR_ADAPTIVE;
2551                         else
2552                                 fp->ep_attr |= EP_ATTR_SYNC;
2553                         break;
2554                 }
2555
2556                 /* ok, let's parse further... */
2557                 if (parse_audio_format(chip, fp, format, fmt, stream) < 0) {
2558                         kfree(fp->rate_table);
2559                         kfree(fp);
2560                         continue;
2561                 }
2562
2563                 snd_printdd(KERN_INFO "%d:%u:%d: add audio endpoint 0x%x\n", dev->devnum, iface_no, i, fp->endpoint);
2564                 err = add_audio_endpoint(chip, stream, fp);
2565                 if (err < 0) {
2566                         kfree(fp->rate_table);
2567                         kfree(fp);
2568                         return err;
2569                 }
2570                 /* try to set the interface... */
2571                 usb_set_interface(chip->dev, iface_no, altno);
2572                 init_usb_pitch(chip->dev, iface_no, alts, fp);
2573                 init_usb_sample_rate(chip->dev, iface_no, alts, fp, fp->rate_max);
2574         }
2575         return 0;
2576 }
2577
2578
2579 /*
2580  * disconnect streams
2581  * called from snd_usb_audio_disconnect()
2582  */
2583 static void snd_usb_stream_disconnect(struct list_head *head)
2584 {
2585         int idx;
2586         snd_usb_stream_t *as;
2587         snd_usb_substream_t *subs;
2588
2589         as = list_entry(head, snd_usb_stream_t, list);
2590         for (idx = 0; idx < 2; idx++) {
2591                 subs = &as->substream[idx];
2592                 if (!subs->num_formats)
2593                         return;
2594                 release_substream_urbs(subs, 1);
2595                 subs->interface = -1;
2596         }
2597 }
2598
2599 /*
2600  * parse audio control descriptor and create pcm/midi streams
2601  */
2602 static int snd_usb_create_streams(snd_usb_audio_t *chip, int ctrlif)
2603 {
2604         struct usb_device *dev = chip->dev;
2605         struct usb_host_interface *host_iface;
2606         struct usb_interface *iface;
2607         unsigned char *p1;
2608         int i, j;
2609
2610         /* find audiocontrol interface */
2611         host_iface = &usb_ifnum_to_if(dev, ctrlif)->altsetting[0];
2612         if (!(p1 = snd_usb_find_csint_desc(host_iface->extra, host_iface->extralen, NULL, HEADER))) {
2613                 snd_printk(KERN_ERR "cannot find HEADER\n");
2614                 return -EINVAL;
2615         }
2616         if (! p1[7] || p1[0] < 8 + p1[7]) {
2617                 snd_printk(KERN_ERR "invalid HEADER\n");
2618                 return -EINVAL;
2619         }
2620
2621         /*
2622          * parse all USB audio streaming interfaces
2623          */
2624         for (i = 0; i < p1[7]; i++) {
2625                 struct usb_host_interface *alts;
2626                 struct usb_interface_descriptor *altsd;
2627                 j = p1[8 + i];
2628                 iface = usb_ifnum_to_if(dev, j);
2629                 if (!iface) {
2630                         snd_printk(KERN_ERR "%d:%u:%d : does not exist\n",
2631                                    dev->devnum, ctrlif, j);
2632                         continue;
2633                 }
2634                 if (usb_interface_claimed(iface)) {
2635                         snd_printdd(KERN_INFO "%d:%d:%d: skipping, already claimed\n", dev->devnum, ctrlif, j);
2636                         continue;
2637                 }
2638                 alts = &iface->altsetting[0];
2639                 altsd = get_iface_desc(alts);
2640                 if ((altsd->bInterfaceClass == USB_CLASS_AUDIO ||
2641                      altsd->bInterfaceClass == USB_CLASS_VENDOR_SPEC) &&
2642                     altsd->bInterfaceSubClass == USB_SUBCLASS_MIDI_STREAMING) {
2643                         if (snd_usb_create_midi_interface(chip, iface, NULL) < 0) {
2644                                 snd_printk(KERN_ERR "%d:%u:%d: cannot create sequencer device\n", dev->devnum, ctrlif, j);
2645                                 continue;
2646                         }
2647                         usb_driver_claim_interface(&usb_audio_driver, iface, (void *)-1L);
2648                         continue;
2649                 }
2650                 if ((altsd->bInterfaceClass != USB_CLASS_AUDIO &&
2651                      altsd->bInterfaceClass != USB_CLASS_VENDOR_SPEC) ||
2652                     altsd->bInterfaceSubClass != USB_SUBCLASS_AUDIO_STREAMING) {
2653                         snd_printdd(KERN_ERR "%d:%u:%d: skipping non-supported interface %d\n", dev->devnum, ctrlif, j, altsd->bInterfaceClass);
2654                         /* skip non-supported classes */
2655                         continue;
2656                 }
2657                 if (! parse_audio_endpoints(chip, j)) {
2658                         usb_set_interface(dev, j, 0); /* reset the current interface */
2659                         usb_driver_claim_interface(&usb_audio_driver, iface, (void *)-1L);
2660                 }
2661         }
2662
2663         return 0;
2664 }
2665
2666 /*
2667  * create a stream for an endpoint/altsetting without proper descriptors
2668  */
2669 static int create_fixed_stream_quirk(snd_usb_audio_t *chip,
2670                                      struct usb_interface *iface,
2671                                      const snd_usb_audio_quirk_t *quirk)
2672 {
2673         struct audioformat *fp;
2674         struct usb_host_interface *alts;
2675         int stream, err;
2676         int *rate_table = NULL;
2677
2678         fp = kmalloc(sizeof(*fp), GFP_KERNEL);
2679         if (! fp) {
2680                 snd_printk(KERN_ERR "cannot malloc\n");
2681                 return -ENOMEM;
2682         }
2683         memcpy(fp, quirk->data, sizeof(*fp));
2684         if (fp->nr_rates > 0) {
2685                 rate_table = kmalloc(sizeof(int) * fp->nr_rates, GFP_KERNEL);
2686                 if (!rate_table) {
2687                         kfree(fp);
2688                         return -ENOMEM;
2689                 }
2690                 memcpy(rate_table, fp->rate_table, sizeof(int) * fp->nr_rates);
2691                 fp->rate_table = rate_table;
2692         }
2693
2694         stream = (fp->endpoint & USB_DIR_IN)
2695                 ? SNDRV_PCM_STREAM_CAPTURE : SNDRV_PCM_STREAM_PLAYBACK;
2696         err = add_audio_endpoint(chip, stream, fp);
2697         if (err < 0) {
2698                 kfree(fp);
2699                 kfree(rate_table);
2700                 return err;
2701         }
2702         if (fp->iface != get_iface_desc(&iface->altsetting[0])->bInterfaceNumber ||
2703             fp->altset_idx >= iface->num_altsetting) {
2704                 kfree(fp);
2705                 kfree(rate_table);
2706                 return -EINVAL;
2707         }
2708         alts = &iface->altsetting[fp->altset_idx];
2709         usb_set_interface(chip->dev, fp->iface, 0);
2710         init_usb_pitch(chip->dev, fp->iface, alts, fp);
2711         init_usb_sample_rate(chip->dev, fp->iface, alts, fp, fp->rate_max);
2712         return 0;
2713 }
2714
2715 /*
2716  * create a stream for an interface with proper descriptors
2717  */
2718 static int create_standard_interface_quirk(snd_usb_audio_t *chip,
2719                                            struct usb_interface *iface,
2720                                            const snd_usb_audio_quirk_t *quirk)
2721 {
2722         struct usb_host_interface *alts;
2723         struct usb_interface_descriptor *altsd;
2724         int err;
2725
2726         alts = &iface->altsetting[0];
2727         altsd = get_iface_desc(alts);
2728         switch (quirk->type) {
2729         case QUIRK_AUDIO_STANDARD_INTERFACE:
2730                 err = parse_audio_endpoints(chip, altsd->bInterfaceNumber);
2731                 if (!err)
2732                         usb_set_interface(chip->dev, altsd->bInterfaceNumber, 0); /* reset the current interface */
2733                 break;
2734         case QUIRK_MIDI_STANDARD_INTERFACE:
2735                 err = snd_usb_create_midi_interface(chip, iface, NULL);
2736                 break;
2737         default:
2738                 snd_printd(KERN_ERR "invalid quirk type %d\n", quirk->type);
2739                 return -ENXIO;
2740         }
2741         if (err < 0) {
2742                 snd_printk(KERN_ERR "cannot setup if %d: error %d\n",
2743                            altsd->bInterfaceNumber, err);
2744                 return err;
2745         }
2746         return 0;
2747 }
2748
2749 /*
2750  * Create a stream for an Edirol UA-700/UA-25 interface.  The only way
2751  * to detect the sample rate is by looking at wMaxPacketSize.
2752  */
2753 static int create_ua700_ua25_quirk(snd_usb_audio_t *chip,
2754                                    struct usb_interface *iface,
2755                                    const snd_usb_audio_quirk_t *quirk)
2756 {
2757         static const struct audioformat ua_format = {
2758                 .format = SNDRV_PCM_FORMAT_S24_3LE,
2759                 .channels = 2,
2760                 .fmt_type = USB_FORMAT_TYPE_I,
2761                 .altsetting = 1,
2762                 .altset_idx = 1,
2763                 .rates = SNDRV_PCM_RATE_CONTINUOUS,
2764         };
2765         struct usb_host_interface *alts;
2766         struct usb_interface_descriptor *altsd;
2767         struct audioformat *fp;
2768         int stream, err;
2769
2770         /* both PCM and MIDI interfaces have 2 altsettings */
2771         if (iface->num_altsetting != 2)
2772                 return -ENXIO;
2773         alts = &iface->altsetting[1];
2774         altsd = get_iface_desc(alts);
2775
2776         if (altsd->bNumEndpoints == 2) {
2777                 static const snd_usb_midi_endpoint_info_t ua700_ep = {
2778                         .out_cables = 0x0003,
2779                         .in_cables  = 0x0003
2780                 };
2781                 static const snd_usb_audio_quirk_t ua700_quirk = {
2782                         .type = QUIRK_MIDI_FIXED_ENDPOINT,
2783                         .data = &ua700_ep
2784                 };
2785                 static const snd_usb_midi_endpoint_info_t ua25_ep = {
2786                         .out_cables = 0x0001,
2787                         .in_cables  = 0x0001
2788                 };
2789                 static const snd_usb_audio_quirk_t ua25_quirk = {
2790                         .type = QUIRK_MIDI_FIXED_ENDPOINT,
2791                         .data = &ua25_ep
2792                 };
2793                 if (chip->usb_id == USB_ID(0x0582, 0x002b))
2794                         return snd_usb_create_midi_interface(chip, iface,
2795                                                              &ua700_quirk);
2796                 else
2797                         return snd_usb_create_midi_interface(chip, iface,
2798                                                              &ua25_quirk);
2799         }
2800
2801         if (altsd->bNumEndpoints != 1)
2802                 return -ENXIO;
2803
2804         fp = kmalloc(sizeof(*fp), GFP_KERNEL);
2805         if (!fp)
2806                 return -ENOMEM;
2807         memcpy(fp, &ua_format, sizeof(*fp));
2808
2809         fp->iface = altsd->bInterfaceNumber;
2810         fp->endpoint = get_endpoint(alts, 0)->bEndpointAddress;
2811         fp->ep_attr = get_endpoint(alts, 0)->bmAttributes;
2812         fp->maxpacksize = le16_to_cpu(get_endpoint(alts, 0)->wMaxPacketSize);
2813
2814         switch (fp->maxpacksize) {
2815         case 0x120:
2816                 fp->rate_max = fp->rate_min = 44100;
2817                 break;
2818         case 0x138:
2819         case 0x140:
2820                 fp->rate_max = fp->rate_min = 48000;
2821                 break;
2822         case 0x258:
2823         case 0x260:
2824                 fp->rate_max = fp->rate_min = 96000;
2825                 break;
2826         default:
2827                 snd_printk(KERN_ERR "unknown sample rate\n");
2828                 kfree(fp);
2829                 return -ENXIO;
2830         }
2831
2832         stream = (fp->endpoint & USB_DIR_IN)
2833                 ? SNDRV_PCM_STREAM_CAPTURE : SNDRV_PCM_STREAM_PLAYBACK;
2834         err = add_audio_endpoint(chip, stream, fp);
2835         if (err < 0) {
2836                 kfree(fp);
2837                 return err;
2838         }
2839         usb_set_interface(chip->dev, fp->iface, 0);
2840         return 0;
2841 }
2842
2843 /*
2844  * Create a stream for an Edirol UA-1000 interface.
2845  */
2846 static int create_ua1000_quirk(snd_usb_audio_t *chip,
2847                                struct usb_interface *iface,
2848                                const snd_usb_audio_quirk_t *quirk)
2849 {
2850         static const struct audioformat ua1000_format = {
2851                 .format = SNDRV_PCM_FORMAT_S32_LE,
2852                 .fmt_type = USB_FORMAT_TYPE_I,
2853                 .altsetting = 1,
2854                 .altset_idx = 1,
2855                 .attributes = 0,
2856                 .rates = SNDRV_PCM_RATE_CONTINUOUS,
2857         };
2858         struct usb_host_interface *alts;
2859         struct usb_interface_descriptor *altsd;
2860         struct audioformat *fp;
2861         int stream, err;
2862
2863         if (iface->num_altsetting != 2)
2864                 return -ENXIO;
2865         alts = &iface->altsetting[1];
2866         altsd = get_iface_desc(alts);
2867         if (alts->extralen != 11 || alts->extra[1] != CS_AUDIO_INTERFACE ||
2868             altsd->bNumEndpoints != 1)
2869                 return -ENXIO;
2870
2871         fp = kmalloc(sizeof(*fp), GFP_KERNEL);
2872         if (!fp)
2873                 return -ENOMEM;
2874         memcpy(fp, &ua1000_format, sizeof(*fp));
2875
2876         fp->channels = alts->extra[4];
2877         fp->iface = altsd->bInterfaceNumber;
2878         fp->endpoint = get_endpoint(alts, 0)->bEndpointAddress;
2879         fp->ep_attr = get_endpoint(alts, 0)->bmAttributes;
2880         fp->maxpacksize = le16_to_cpu(get_endpoint(alts, 0)->wMaxPacketSize);
2881         fp->rate_max = fp->rate_min = combine_triple(&alts->extra[8]);
2882
2883         stream = (fp->endpoint & USB_DIR_IN)
2884                 ? SNDRV_PCM_STREAM_CAPTURE : SNDRV_PCM_STREAM_PLAYBACK;
2885         err = add_audio_endpoint(chip, stream, fp);
2886         if (err < 0) {
2887                 kfree(fp);
2888                 return err;
2889         }
2890         /* FIXME: playback must be synchronized to capture */
2891         usb_set_interface(chip->dev, fp->iface, 0);
2892         return 0;
2893 }
2894
2895 static int snd_usb_create_quirk(snd_usb_audio_t *chip,
2896                                 struct usb_interface *iface,
2897                                 const snd_usb_audio_quirk_t *quirk);
2898
2899 /*
2900  * handle the quirks for the contained interfaces
2901  */
2902 static int create_composite_quirk(snd_usb_audio_t *chip,
2903                                   struct usb_interface *iface,
2904                                   const snd_usb_audio_quirk_t *quirk)
2905 {
2906         int probed_ifnum = get_iface_desc(iface->altsetting)->bInterfaceNumber;
2907         int err;
2908
2909         for (quirk = quirk->data; quirk->ifnum >= 0; ++quirk) {
2910                 iface = usb_ifnum_to_if(chip->dev, quirk->ifnum);
2911                 if (!iface)
2912                         continue;
2913                 if (quirk->ifnum != probed_ifnum &&
2914                     usb_interface_claimed(iface))
2915                         continue;
2916                 err = snd_usb_create_quirk(chip, iface, quirk);
2917                 if (err < 0)
2918                         return err;
2919                 if (quirk->ifnum != probed_ifnum)
2920                         usb_driver_claim_interface(&usb_audio_driver, iface, (void *)-1L);
2921         }
2922         return 0;
2923 }
2924
2925 static int ignore_interface_quirk(snd_usb_audio_t *chip,
2926                                   struct usb_interface *iface,
2927                                   const snd_usb_audio_quirk_t *quirk)
2928 {
2929         return 0;
2930 }
2931
2932
2933 /*
2934  * boot quirks
2935  */
2936
2937 #define EXTIGY_FIRMWARE_SIZE_OLD 794
2938 #define EXTIGY_FIRMWARE_SIZE_NEW 483
2939
2940 static int snd_usb_extigy_boot_quirk(struct usb_device *dev, struct usb_interface *intf)
2941 {
2942         struct usb_host_config *config = dev->actconfig;
2943         int err;
2944
2945         if (le16_to_cpu(get_cfg_desc(config)->wTotalLength) == EXTIGY_FIRMWARE_SIZE_OLD ||
2946             le16_to_cpu(get_cfg_desc(config)->wTotalLength) == EXTIGY_FIRMWARE_SIZE_NEW) {
2947                 snd_printdd("sending Extigy boot sequence...\n");
2948                 /* Send message to force it to reconnect with full interface. */
2949                 err = snd_usb_ctl_msg(dev, usb_sndctrlpipe(dev,0),
2950                                       0x10, 0x43, 0x0001, 0x000a, NULL, 0, 1000);
2951                 if (err < 0) snd_printdd("error sending boot message: %d\n", err);
2952                 err = usb_get_descriptor(dev, USB_DT_DEVICE, 0,
2953                                 &dev->descriptor, sizeof(dev->descriptor));
2954                 config = dev->actconfig;
2955                 if (err < 0) snd_printdd("error usb_get_descriptor: %d\n", err);
2956                 err = usb_reset_configuration(dev);
2957                 if (err < 0) snd_printdd("error usb_reset_configuration: %d\n", err);
2958                 snd_printdd("extigy_boot: new boot length = %d\n",
2959                             le16_to_cpu(get_cfg_desc(config)->wTotalLength));
2960                 return -ENODEV; /* quit this anyway */
2961         }
2962         return 0;
2963 }
2964
2965 static int snd_usb_audigy2nx_boot_quirk(struct usb_device *dev)
2966 {
2967         u8 buf = 1;
2968
2969         snd_usb_ctl_msg(dev, usb_rcvctrlpipe(dev, 0), 0x2a,
2970                         USB_DIR_IN | USB_TYPE_VENDOR | USB_RECIP_OTHER,
2971                         0, 0, &buf, 1, 1000);
2972         if (buf == 0) {
2973                 snd_usb_ctl_msg(dev, usb_sndctrlpipe(dev, 0), 0x29,
2974                                 USB_DIR_OUT | USB_TYPE_VENDOR | USB_RECIP_OTHER,
2975                                 1, 2000, NULL, 0, 1000);
2976                 return -ENODEV;
2977         }
2978         return 0;
2979 }
2980
2981
2982 /*
2983  * audio-interface quirks
2984  *
2985  * returns zero if no standard audio/MIDI parsing is needed.
2986  * returns a postive value if standard audio/midi interfaces are parsed
2987  * after this.
2988  * returns a negative value at error.
2989  */
2990 static int snd_usb_create_quirk(snd_usb_audio_t *chip,
2991                                 struct usb_interface *iface,
2992                                 const snd_usb_audio_quirk_t *quirk)
2993 {
2994         typedef int (*quirk_func_t)(snd_usb_audio_t *, struct usb_interface *,
2995                                     const snd_usb_audio_quirk_t *);
2996         static const quirk_func_t quirk_funcs[] = {
2997                 [QUIRK_IGNORE_INTERFACE] = ignore_interface_quirk,
2998                 [QUIRK_COMPOSITE] = create_composite_quirk,
2999                 [QUIRK_MIDI_STANDARD_INTERFACE] = snd_usb_create_midi_interface,
3000                 [QUIRK_MIDI_FIXED_ENDPOINT] = snd_usb_create_midi_interface,
3001                 [QUIRK_MIDI_YAMAHA] = snd_usb_create_midi_interface,
3002                 [QUIRK_MIDI_MIDIMAN] = snd_usb_create_midi_interface,
3003                 [QUIRK_MIDI_NOVATION] = snd_usb_create_midi_interface,
3004                 [QUIRK_MIDI_RAW] = snd_usb_create_midi_interface,
3005                 [QUIRK_MIDI_EMAGIC] = snd_usb_create_midi_interface,
3006                 [QUIRK_MIDI_MIDITECH] = snd_usb_create_midi_interface,
3007                 [QUIRK_AUDIO_STANDARD_INTERFACE] = create_standard_interface_quirk,
3008                 [QUIRK_AUDIO_FIXED_ENDPOINT] = create_fixed_stream_quirk,
3009                 [QUIRK_AUDIO_EDIROL_UA700_UA25] = create_ua700_ua25_quirk,
3010                 [QUIRK_AUDIO_EDIROL_UA1000] = create_ua1000_quirk,
3011         };
3012
3013         if (quirk->type < QUIRK_TYPE_COUNT) {
3014                 return quirk_funcs[quirk->type](chip, iface, quirk);
3015         } else {
3016                 snd_printd(KERN_ERR "invalid quirk type %d\n", quirk->type);
3017                 return -ENXIO;
3018         }
3019 }
3020
3021
3022 /*
3023  * common proc files to show the usb device info
3024  */
3025 static void proc_audio_usbbus_read(snd_info_entry_t *entry, snd_info_buffer_t *buffer)
3026 {
3027         snd_usb_audio_t *chip = entry->private_data;
3028         if (! chip->shutdown)
3029                 snd_iprintf(buffer, "%03d/%03d\n", chip->dev->bus->busnum, chip->dev->devnum);
3030 }
3031
3032 static void proc_audio_usbid_read(snd_info_entry_t *entry, snd_info_buffer_t *buffer)
3033 {
3034         snd_usb_audio_t *chip = entry->private_data;
3035         if (! chip->shutdown)
3036                 snd_iprintf(buffer, "%04x:%04x\n", 
3037                             USB_ID_VENDOR(chip->usb_id),
3038                             USB_ID_PRODUCT(chip->usb_id));
3039 }
3040
3041 static void snd_usb_audio_create_proc(snd_usb_audio_t *chip)
3042 {
3043         snd_info_entry_t *entry;
3044         if (! snd_card_proc_new(chip->card, "usbbus", &entry))
3045                 snd_info_set_text_ops(entry, chip, 1024, proc_audio_usbbus_read);
3046         if (! snd_card_proc_new(chip->card, "usbid", &entry))
3047                 snd_info_set_text_ops(entry, chip, 1024, proc_audio_usbid_read);
3048 }
3049
3050 /*
3051  * free the chip instance
3052  *
3053  * here we have to do not much, since pcm and controls are already freed
3054  *
3055  */
3056
3057 static int snd_usb_audio_free(snd_usb_audio_t *chip)
3058 {
3059         kfree(chip);
3060         return 0;
3061 }
3062
3063 static int snd_usb_audio_dev_free(snd_device_t *device)
3064 {
3065         snd_usb_audio_t *chip = device->device_data;
3066         return snd_usb_audio_free(chip);
3067 }
3068
3069
3070 /*
3071  * create a chip instance and set its names.
3072  */
3073 static int snd_usb_audio_create(struct usb_device *dev, int idx,
3074                                 const snd_usb_audio_quirk_t *quirk,
3075                                 snd_usb_audio_t **rchip)
3076 {
3077         snd_card_t *card;
3078         snd_usb_audio_t *chip;
3079         int err, len;
3080         char component[14];
3081         static snd_device_ops_t ops = {
3082                 .dev_free =     snd_usb_audio_dev_free,
3083         };
3084
3085         *rchip = NULL;
3086
3087         if (snd_usb_get_speed(dev) != USB_SPEED_FULL &&
3088             snd_usb_get_speed(dev) != USB_SPEED_HIGH) {
3089                 snd_printk(KERN_ERR "unknown device speed %d\n", snd_usb_get_speed(dev));
3090                 return -ENXIO;
3091         }
3092
3093         card = snd_card_new(index[idx], id[idx], THIS_MODULE, 0);
3094         if (card == NULL) {
3095                 snd_printk(KERN_ERR "cannot create card instance %d\n", idx);
3096                 return -ENOMEM;
3097         }
3098
3099         chip = kcalloc(1, sizeof(*chip), GFP_KERNEL);
3100         if (! chip) {
3101                 snd_card_free(card);
3102                 return -ENOMEM;
3103         }
3104
3105         chip->index = idx;
3106         chip->dev = dev;
3107         chip->card = card;
3108         chip->usb_id = USB_ID(le16_to_cpu(dev->descriptor.idVendor),
3109                               le16_to_cpu(dev->descriptor.idProduct));
3110         INIT_LIST_HEAD(&chip->pcm_list);
3111         INIT_LIST_HEAD(&chip->midi_list);
3112         INIT_LIST_HEAD(&chip->mixer_list);
3113
3114         if ((err = snd_device_new(card, SNDRV_DEV_LOWLEVEL, chip, &ops)) < 0) {
3115                 snd_usb_audio_free(chip);
3116                 snd_card_free(card);
3117                 return err;
3118         }
3119
3120         strcpy(card->driver, "USB-Audio");
3121         sprintf(component, "USB%04x:%04x",
3122                 USB_ID_VENDOR(chip->usb_id), USB_ID_PRODUCT(chip->usb_id));
3123         snd_component_add(card, component);
3124
3125         /* retrieve the device string as shortname */
3126         if (quirk && quirk->product_name) {
3127                 strlcpy(card->shortname, quirk->product_name, sizeof(card->shortname));
3128         } else {
3129                 if (!dev->descriptor.iProduct ||
3130                     usb_string(dev, dev->descriptor.iProduct,
3131                                card->shortname, sizeof(card->shortname)) <= 0) {
3132                         /* no name available from anywhere, so use ID */
3133                         sprintf(card->shortname, "USB Device %#04x:%#04x",
3134                                 USB_ID_VENDOR(chip->usb_id),
3135                                 USB_ID_PRODUCT(chip->usb_id));
3136                 }
3137         }
3138
3139         /* retrieve the vendor and device strings as longname */
3140         if (quirk && quirk->vendor_name) {
3141                 len = strlcpy(card->longname, quirk->vendor_name, sizeof(card->longname));
3142         } else {
3143                 if (dev->descriptor.iManufacturer)
3144                         len = usb_string(dev, dev->descriptor.iManufacturer,
3145                                          card->longname, sizeof(card->longname));
3146                 else
3147                         len = 0;
3148                 /* we don't really care if there isn't any vendor string */
3149         }
3150         if (len > 0)
3151                 strlcat(card->longname, " ", sizeof(card->longname));
3152
3153         strlcat(card->longname, card->shortname, sizeof(card->longname));
3154
3155         len = strlcat(card->longname, " at ", sizeof(card->longname));
3156
3157         if (len < sizeof(card->longname))
3158                 usb_make_path(dev, card->longname + len, sizeof(card->longname) - len);
3159
3160         strlcat(card->longname,
3161                 snd_usb_get_speed(dev) == USB_SPEED_FULL ? ", full speed" : ", high speed",
3162                 sizeof(card->longname));
3163
3164         snd_usb_audio_create_proc(chip);
3165
3166         *rchip = chip;
3167         return 0;
3168 }
3169
3170
3171 /*
3172  * probe the active usb device
3173  *
3174  * note that this can be called multiple times per a device, when it
3175  * includes multiple audio control interfaces.
3176  *
3177  * thus we check the usb device pointer and creates the card instance
3178  * only at the first time.  the successive calls of this function will
3179  * append the pcm interface to the corresponding card.
3180  */
3181 static void *snd_usb_audio_probe(struct usb_device *dev,
3182                                  struct usb_interface *intf,
3183                                  const struct usb_device_id *usb_id)
3184 {
3185         struct usb_host_config *config = dev->actconfig;
3186         const snd_usb_audio_quirk_t *quirk = (const snd_usb_audio_quirk_t *)usb_id->driver_info;
3187         int i, err;
3188         snd_usb_audio_t *chip;
3189         struct usb_host_interface *alts;
3190         int ifnum;
3191         u32 id;
3192
3193         alts = &intf->altsetting[0];
3194         ifnum = get_iface_desc(alts)->bInterfaceNumber;
3195         id = USB_ID(le16_to_cpu(dev->descriptor.idVendor),
3196                     le16_to_cpu(dev->descriptor.idProduct));
3197
3198         if (quirk && quirk->ifnum >= 0 && ifnum != quirk->ifnum)
3199                 goto __err_val;
3200
3201         /* SB Extigy needs special boot-up sequence */
3202         /* if more models come, this will go to the quirk list. */
3203         if (id == USB_ID(0x041e, 0x3000)) {
3204                 if (snd_usb_extigy_boot_quirk(dev, intf) < 0)
3205                         goto __err_val;
3206                 config = dev->actconfig;
3207         }
3208         /* SB Audigy 2 NX needs its own boot-up magic, too */
3209         if (id == USB_ID(0x041e, 0x3020)) {
3210                 if (snd_usb_audigy2nx_boot_quirk(dev) < 0)
3211                         goto __err_val;
3212         }