12 years agosecurity: filesystem capabilities no longer experimental
Andrew G. Morgan [Thu, 24 Jul 2008 04:28:25 +0000]
security: filesystem capabilities no longer experimental

Filesystem capabilities have come of age.  Remove the experimental tag for
configuring filesystem capabilities.

Signed-off-by: Andrew G. Morgan <morgan@kernel.org>
Acked-by: Serge Hallyn <serue@us.ibm.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

12 years agosecurity: filesystem capabilities refactor kernel code
Andrew G. Morgan [Thu, 24 Jul 2008 04:28:25 +0000]
security: filesystem capabilities refactor kernel code

To date, we've tried hard to confine filesystem support for capabilities
to the security modules.  This has left a lot of the code in
kernel/capability.c in a state where it looks like it supports something
that filesystem support for capabilities actually suppresses when the LSM
security/commmoncap.c code runs.  What is left is a lot of code that uses
sub-optimal locking in the main kernel

With this change we refactor the main kernel code and make it explicit
which locks are needed and that the only remaining kernel races in this
area are associated with non-filesystem capability code.

Signed-off-by: Andrew G. Morgan <morgan@kernel.org>
Acked-by: Serge Hallyn <serue@us.ibm.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

12 years agosecurity: protect legacy applications from executing with insufficient privilege
Andrew G. Morgan [Thu, 24 Jul 2008 04:28:24 +0000]
security: protect legacy applications from executing with insufficient privilege

When cap_bset suppresses some of the forced (fP) capabilities of a file,
it is generally only safe to execute the program if it understands how to
recognize it doesn't have enough privilege to work correctly.  For legacy
applications (fE!=0), which have no non-destructive way to determine that
they are missing privilege, we fail to execute (EPERM) any executable that
requires fP capabilities, but would otherwise get pP' < fP.  This is a
fail-safe permission check.

For some discussion of why it is problematic for (legacy) privileged
applications to run with less than the set of capabilities requested for
them, see:

 http://userweb.kernel.org/~morgan/sendmail-capabilities-war-story.html

With this iteration of this support, we do not include setuid-0 based
privilege protection from the bounding set.  That is, the admin can still
(ab)use the bounding set to suppress the privileges of a setuid-0 program.

[akpm@linux-foundation.org: coding-style fixes]
[akpm@linux-foundation.org: cleanup]
Signed-off-by: Andrew G. Morgan <morgan@kernel.org>
Acked-by: Serge Hallyn <serue@us.ibm.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

12 years agomm: fix ever-decreasing swap priority
Hugh Dickins [Thu, 24 Jul 2008 04:28:23 +0000]
mm: fix ever-decreasing swap priority

Vegard Nossum has noticed the ever-decreasing negative priority in a
swapon /swapoff loop, which eventually would misprioritize when int wraps
positive.  Not worth spending much code on, but probably better fixed.

It's easy to handle the swapping on and off of just one area, but there's
not much point if a pair or more still misbehave.  To handle the general
case, swapoff should compact negative priorities, keeping them always from
-1 to -MAX_SWAPFILES.  That's a change, but should cause no regression,
since these negative (unspecified) priorities are disjoint from the the
positive specified priorities 0 to 32767.

One small functional difference, which seems appropriate: when swapoff
fails to free all swap from a negative priority area, that area is now
reinserted at lowest priority, rather than at its original priority.

In moving down swapon's setting of priority, I notice that an area is
visible to /proc/swaps when it has swap_map set, yet that was being set
before all the visible fields were properly filled in: corrected.

Signed-off-by: Hugh Dickins <hugh@veritas.com>
Reviewed-by: KOSAKI Motohiro <kosaki.motohiro@jp.fujitsu.com>
Reported-by: Vegard Nossum <vegard.nossum@gmail.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

12 years agomm: make CONFIG_MIGRATION available w/o CONFIG_NUMA
Gerald Schaefer [Thu, 24 Jul 2008 04:28:22 +0000]
mm: make CONFIG_MIGRATION available w/o CONFIG_NUMA

We'd like to support CONFIG_MEMORY_HOTREMOVE on s390, which depends on
CONFIG_MIGRATION.  So far, CONFIG_MIGRATION is only available with NUMA
support.

This patch makes CONFIG_MIGRATION selectable for architectures that define
ARCH_ENABLE_MEMORY_HOTREMOVE.  When MIGRATION is enabled w/o NUMA, the
kernel won't compile because migrate_vmas() does not know about
vm_ops->migrate() and vma_migratable() does not know about policy_zone.
To fix this, those two functions can be restricted to '#ifdef CONFIG_NUMA'
because they are not being used w/o NUMA.  vma_migratable() is moved over
from migrate.h to mempolicy.h.

[kosaki.motohiro@jp.fujitsu.com: build fix]
Acked-by: Christoph Lameter <cl@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Gerald Schaefer <gerald.schaefer@de.ibm.com>
Cc: Martin Schwidefsky <schwidefsky@de.ibm.com>
Cc: Heiko Carstens <heiko.carstens@de.ibm.com>
Signed-off-by: KOSAKI Motorhiro <kosaki.motohiro@jp.fujitsu.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

12 years agokcalloc: remove runtime division
Milton Miller [Thu, 24 Jul 2008 04:28:20 +0000]
kcalloc: remove runtime division

While in all cases in the kernel we know the size of the elements to be
created, we don't always know the count of elements.  By commuting the size
and count in the overflow check, the compiler can reduce the runtime division
of size_t with a compare to a (unique) constant in these cases.

Signed-off-by: Milton Miller <miltonm@bga.com>
Cc: Takashi Iwai <tiwai@suse.de>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

12 years agomemory-hotplug: add sysfs removable attribute for hotplug memory remove
Badari Pulavarty [Thu, 24 Jul 2008 04:28:19 +0000]
memory-hotplug: add sysfs removable attribute for hotplug memory remove

Memory may be hot-removed on a per-memory-block basis, particularly on
POWER where the SPARSEMEM section size often matches the memory-block
size.  A user-level agent must be able to identify which sections of
memory are likely to be removable before attempting the potentially
expensive operation.  This patch adds a file called "removable" to the
memory directory in sysfs to help such an agent.  In this patch, a memory
block is considered removable if;

o It contains only MOVABLE pageblocks
o It contains only pageblocks with free pages regardless of pageblock type

On the other hand, a memory block starting with a PageReserved() page will
never be considered removable.  Without this patch, the user-agent is
forced to choose a memory block to remove randomly.

Sample output of the sysfs files:

./memory/memory0/removable: 0
./memory/memory1/removable: 0
./memory/memory2/removable: 0
./memory/memory3/removable: 0
./memory/memory4/removable: 0
./memory/memory5/removable: 0
./memory/memory6/removable: 0
./memory/memory7/removable: 1
./memory/memory8/removable: 0
./memory/memory9/removable: 0
./memory/memory10/removable: 0
./memory/memory11/removable: 0
./memory/memory12/removable: 0
./memory/memory13/removable: 0
./memory/memory14/removable: 0
./memory/memory15/removable: 0
./memory/memory16/removable: 0
./memory/memory17/removable: 1
./memory/memory18/removable: 1
./memory/memory19/removable: 1
./memory/memory20/removable: 1
./memory/memory21/removable: 1
./memory/memory22/removable: 1

Signed-off-by: Badari Pulavarty <pbadari@us.ibm.com>
Signed-off-by: Mel Gorman <mel@csn.ul.ie>
Acked-by: KAMEZAWA Hiroyuki <kamezawa.hiroyu@jp.fujitsu.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

12 years agomemory-hotplug: don't calculate vm_total_pages twice when rebuilding zonelists in...
Kent Liu [Thu, 24 Jul 2008 04:28:18 +0000]
memory-hotplug: don't calculate vm_total_pages twice when rebuilding zonelists in online_pages()

If zonelist is required to be rebuilt in online_pages(), there is no need
to recalculate vm_total_pages in that function, as it has been updated in
the call build_all_zonelists().

Signed-off-by: Kent Liu <kent.liu@linux.intel.com>
Acked-by: KAMEZAWA Hiroyuki <kamezawa.hiroyu@jp.fujitsu.com>
Cc: Yasunori Goto <y-goto@jp.fujitsu.com>
Cc: Andy Whitcroft <apw@shadowen.org>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

12 years agomemory hotplug: small fixes to bootmem freeing for memory hotremove
Yasunori Goto [Thu, 24 Jul 2008 04:28:17 +0000]
memory hotplug: small fixes to bootmem freeing for memory hotremove

- Change some naming
  * Magic -> types
  * MIX_INFO -> MIX_SECTION_INFO
  * Change definition of bootmem type from direct hex value

- __free_pages_bootmem() becomes __meminit.

Signed-off-by: Yasunori Goto <y-goto@jp.fujitsu.com>
Cc: Andy Whitcroft <apw@shadowen.org>
Cc: Badari Pulavarty <pbadari@us.ibm.com>
Cc: Yinghai Lu <yhlu.kernel@gmail.com>
Cc: Johannes Weiner <hannes@saeurebad.de>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

12 years agomemory hotplug: allocate usemap on the section with pgdat
Yasunori Goto [Thu, 24 Jul 2008 04:28:15 +0000]
memory hotplug: allocate usemap on the section with pgdat

Usemaps are allocated on the section which has pgdat by this.

Because usemap size is very small, many other sections usemaps are
allocated on only one page.  If a section has usemap, it can't be removed
until removing other sections.  This dependency is not desirable for
memory removing.

Pgdat has similar feature.  When a section has pgdat area, it must be the
last section for removing on the node.  So, if section A has pgdat and
section B has usemap for section A, Both sections can't be removed due to
dependency each other.

To solve this issue, this patch collects usemap on same section with pgdat
as much as possible.  If other sections doesn't have any dependency, this
section will be able to be removed finally.

Signed-off-by: Yasunori Goto <y-goto@jp.fujitsu.com>
Cc: Mel Gorman <mel@csn.ul.ie>
Cc: Andy Whitcroft <apw@shadowen.org>
Cc: David Miller <davem@davemloft.net>
Cc: Badari Pulavarty <pbadari@us.ibm.com>
Cc: Heiko Carstens <heiko.carstens@de.ibm.com>
Cc: Hiroyuki KAMEZAWA <kamezawa.hiroyu@jp.fujitsu.com>
Cc: Tony Breeds <tony@bakeyournoodle.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

12 years agomm: remove initialization of static per-cpu variables
Vegard Nossum [Thu, 24 Jul 2008 04:28:14 +0000]
mm: remove initialization of static per-cpu variables

This was required by some old, no-longer-used gcc on sparc.

Signed-off-by: Vegard Nossum <vegard.nossum@gmail.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

12 years agoPAGE_ALIGN(): correctly handle 64-bit values on 32-bit architectures
Andrea Righi [Thu, 24 Jul 2008 04:28:13 +0000]
PAGE_ALIGN(): correctly handle 64-bit values on 32-bit architectures

On 32-bit architectures PAGE_ALIGN() truncates 64-bit values to the 32-bit
boundary. For example:

u64 val = PAGE_ALIGN(size);

always returns a value < 4GB even if size is greater than 4GB.

The problem resides in PAGE_MASK definition (from include/asm-x86/page.h for
example):

#define PAGE_SHIFT      12
#define PAGE_SIZE       (_AC(1,UL) << PAGE_SHIFT)
#define PAGE_MASK       (~(PAGE_SIZE-1))
...
#define PAGE_ALIGN(addr)       (((addr)+PAGE_SIZE-1)&PAGE_MASK)

The "~" is performed on a 32-bit value, so everything in "and" with
PAGE_MASK greater than 4GB will be truncated to the 32-bit boundary.
Using the ALIGN() macro seems to be the right way, because it uses
typeof(addr) for the mask.

Also move the PAGE_ALIGN() definitions out of include/asm-*/page.h in
include/linux/mm.h.

See also lkml discussion: http://lkml.org/lkml/2008/6/11/237

[akpm@linux-foundation.org: fix drivers/media/video/uvc/uvc_queue.c]
[akpm@linux-foundation.org: fix v850]
[akpm@linux-foundation.org: fix powerpc]
[akpm@linux-foundation.org: fix arm]
[akpm@linux-foundation.org: fix mips]
[akpm@linux-foundation.org: fix drivers/media/video/pvrusb2/pvrusb2-dvb.c]
[akpm@linux-foundation.org: fix drivers/mtd/maps/uclinux.c]
[akpm@linux-foundation.org: fix powerpc]
Signed-off-by: Andrea Righi <righi.andrea@gmail.com>
Cc: <linux-arch@vger.kernel.org>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

12 years agomm: make register_page_bootmem_info_section() static
Adrian Bunk [Thu, 24 Jul 2008 04:28:12 +0000]
mm: make register_page_bootmem_info_section() static

Make the needlessly global register_page_bootmem_info_section() static.

Signed-off-by: Adrian Bunk <bunk@kernel.org>
Acked-by: Yasunori Goto <y-goto@jp.fujitsu.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

12 years agomm/page_alloc.c: cleanups
Adrian Bunk [Thu, 24 Jul 2008 04:28:12 +0000]
mm/page_alloc.c: cleanups

This patch contains the following cleanups:
- make the following needlessly global variables static:
  - required_kernelcore
  - zone_movable_pfn[]
- make the following needlessly global functions static:
  - move_freepages()
  - move_freepages_block()
  - setup_pageset()
  - find_usable_zone_for_movable()
  - adjust_zone_range_for_zone_movable()
  - __absent_pages_in_range()
  - find_min_pfn_for_node()
  - find_zone_movable_pfns_for_nodes()

Signed-off-by: Adrian Bunk <bunk@kernel.org>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

12 years agomm: add alloc_pages_exact() and free_pages_exact()
Timur Tabi [Thu, 24 Jul 2008 04:28:11 +0000]
mm: add alloc_pages_exact() and free_pages_exact()

alloc_pages_exact() is similar to alloc_pages(), except that it allocates
the minimum number of pages to fulfill the request.  This is useful if you
want to allocate a very large buffer that is slightly larger than an even
power-of-two number of pages.  In that case, alloc_pages() will waste a
lot of memory.

I have a video driver that wants to allocate a 5MB buffer.  alloc_pages()
wiill waste 3MB of physically-contiguous memory.

Signed-off-by: Timur Tabi <timur@freescale.com>
Cc: Andi Kleen <andi@firstfloor.org>
Acked-by: Mel Gorman <mel@csn.ul.ie>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

12 years agobootmem: replace node_boot_start in struct bootmem_data
Johannes Weiner [Thu, 24 Jul 2008 04:28:09 +0000]
bootmem: replace node_boot_start in struct bootmem_data

Almost all users of this field need a PFN instead of a physical address,
so replace node_boot_start with node_min_pfn.

[Lee.Schermerhorn@hp.com: fix spurious BUG_ON() in mark_bootmem()]
Signed-off-by: Johannes Weiner <hannes@saeureba.de>
Cc: <linux-arch@vger.kernel.org>
Signed-off-by: Lee Schermerhorn <lee.schermerhorn@hp.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

12 years agobootmem: revisit alloc_bootmem_section
Johannes Weiner [Thu, 24 Jul 2008 04:28:09 +0000]
bootmem: revisit alloc_bootmem_section

Since alloc_bootmem_core does no goal-fallback anymore and just returns
NULL if the allocation fails, we might now use it in alloc_bootmem_section
without all the fixup code for a misplaced allocation.

Also, the limit can be the first PFN of the next section as the semantics
is that the limit is _above_ the allocated region, not within.

Signed-off-by: Johannes Weiner <hannes@saeurebad.de>
Cc: Yasunori Goto <y-goto@jp.fujitsu.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

12 years agobootmem: Make __alloc_bootmem_low_node fall back to other nodes
Johannes Weiner [Thu, 24 Jul 2008 04:28:08 +0000]
bootmem: Make __alloc_bootmem_low_node fall back to other nodes

__alloc_bootmem_node already does this, make the interface consistent.

Signed-off-by: Johannes Weiner <hannes@saeurebad.de>
Cc: Ingo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu>
Cc: Yinghai Lu <yhlu.kernel@gmail.com>
Cc: Andi Kleen <andi@firstfloor.org>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

12 years agobootmem: respect goal more likely
Johannes Weiner [Thu, 24 Jul 2008 04:28:07 +0000]
bootmem: respect goal more likely

The old node-agnostic code tried allocating on all nodes starting from the
one with the lowest range.  alloc_bootmem_core retried without the goal if
it could not satisfy it and so the goal was only respected at all when it
happened to be on the first (lowest page numbers) node (or theoretically
if allocations failed on all nodes before to the one holding the goal).

Introduce a non-panicking helper that starts allocating from the node
holding the goal and falls back only after all thes tries failed, thus
moving the goal fallback code out of alloc_bootmem_core.

Make all other allocation functions benefit from this new helper.

Signed-off-by: Johannes Weiner <hannes@saeurebad.de>
Cc: Ingo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu>
Cc: Yinghai Lu <yhlu.kernel@gmail.com>
Cc: Andi Kleen <andi@firstfloor.org>
Cc: Yasunori Goto <y-goto@jp.fujitsu.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

12 years agobootmem: factor out the marking of a PFN range
Johannes Weiner [Thu, 24 Jul 2008 04:28:06 +0000]
bootmem: factor out the marking of a PFN range

Introduce new helpers that mark a range that resides completely on a node
or node-agnostic ranges that might also span node boundaries.

The free/reserve API functions will then directly use these helpers.

Note that the free/reserve semantics become more strict: while the prior
code took basically arbitrary range arguments and marked the PFNs that
happen to fall into that range, the new code requires node-specific ranges
to be completely on the node.  The node-agnostic requests might span node
boundaries as long as the nodes are contiguous.

Passing ranges that do not satisfy these criteria is a bug.

[akpm@linux-foundation.org: fix printk warnings]
Signed-off-by: Johannes Weiner <hannes@saeurebad.de>
Cc: Ingo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu>
Cc: Yinghai Lu <yhlu.kernel@gmail.com>
Cc: Andi Kleen <andi@firstfloor.org>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

12 years agobootmem: free/reserve helpers
Johannes Weiner [Thu, 24 Jul 2008 04:28:05 +0000]
bootmem: free/reserve helpers

Factor out the common operation of marking a range on the bitmap.

[akpm@linux-foundation.org: fix various warnings]
Signed-off-by: Johannes Weiner <hannes@saeurebad.de>
Cc: Ingo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu>
Cc: Yinghai Lu <yhlu.kernel@gmail.com>
Cc: Andi Kleen <andi@firstfloor.org>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

12 years agobootmem: clean up alloc_bootmem_core
Johannes Weiner [Thu, 24 Jul 2008 04:28:05 +0000]
bootmem: clean up alloc_bootmem_core

alloc_bootmem_core has become quite nasty to read over time.  This is a
clean rewrite that keeps the semantics.

bdata->last_pos has been dropped.

bdata->last_success has been renamed to hint_idx and it is now an index
relative to the node's range.  Since further block searching might start
at this index, it is now set to the end of a succeeded allocation rather
than its beginning.

bdata->last_offset has been renamed to last_end_off to be more clear that
it represents the ending address of the last allocation relative to the
node.

[y-goto@jp.fujitsu.com: fix new alloc_bootmem_core()]
Signed-off-by: Johannes Weiner <hannes@saeurebad.de>
Signed-off-by: Yasunori Goto <y-goto@jp.fujitsu.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

12 years agobootmem: clean up free_all_bootmem_core
Johannes Weiner [Thu, 24 Jul 2008 04:28:03 +0000]
bootmem: clean up free_all_bootmem_core

Rewrite the code in a more concise way using less variables.

[akpm@linux-foundation.org: fix printk warnings]
Signed-off-by: Johannes Weiner <hannes@saeurebad.de>
Cc: Ingo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu>
Cc: Yinghai Lu <yhlu.kernel@gmail.com>
Cc: Andi Kleen <andi@firstfloor.org>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

12 years agobootmem: revisit bootmem descriptor list handling
Johannes Weiner [Thu, 24 Jul 2008 04:28:03 +0000]
bootmem: revisit bootmem descriptor list handling

link_bootmem handles an insertion of a new descriptor into the sorted list
in more or less three explicit branches; empty list, insert in between and
append.  These cases can be expressed implicite.

Also mark the sorted list as initdata as it can be thrown away after boot
as well.

Signed-off-by: Johannes Weiner <hannes@saeurebad.de>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

12 years agobootmem: revisit bitmap size calculations
Johannes Weiner [Thu, 24 Jul 2008 04:28:02 +0000]
bootmem: revisit bitmap size calculations

Reincarnate get_mapsize as bootmap_bytes and implement
bootmem_bootmap_pages on top of it.

Adjust users of these helpers and make free_all_bootmem_core use
bootmem_bootmap_pages instead of open-coding it.

Signed-off-by: Johannes Weiner <hannes@saeurebad.de>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

12 years agobootmem: add debugging framework
Johannes Weiner [Thu, 24 Jul 2008 04:28:02 +0000]
bootmem: add debugging framework

Introduce the bootmem_debug kernel parameter that enables very verbose
diagnostics regarding all range operations of bootmem as well as the
initialization and release of nodes.

[akpm@linux-foundation.org: fix printk warnings]
Signed-off-by: Johannes Weiner <hannes@saeurebad.de>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

12 years agobootmem: add documentation to API functions
Johannes Weiner [Thu, 24 Jul 2008 04:28:01 +0000]
bootmem: add documentation to API functions

Signed-off-by: Johannes Weiner <hannes@saeurebad.de>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

12 years agobootmem: clean up bootmem.c file header
Johannes Weiner [Thu, 24 Jul 2008 04:28:00 +0000]
bootmem: clean up bootmem.c file header

Change the description, move a misplaced comment about the allocator
itself and add me to the list of copyright holders.

Signed-off-by: Johannes Weiner <hannes@saeurebad.de>
Cc: Ingo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

12 years agobootmem: reorder code to match new bootmem structure
Johannes Weiner [Thu, 24 Jul 2008 04:28:00 +0000]
bootmem: reorder code to match new bootmem structure

This only reorders functions so that further patches will be easier to
read.  No code changed.

Signed-off-by: Johannes Weiner <hannes@saeurebad.de>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

12 years agohugetlb: quota is not freed for unused reserved private huge pages
Adam Litke [Thu, 24 Jul 2008 04:27:59 +0000]
hugetlb: quota is not freed for unused reserved private huge pages

With shared reservations (and now also with private reservations), we reserve
huge pages at mmap time.  We also account for the mapping against fs quota to
prevent a reservation from being preempted by quota exhaustion.

When testing with the libhugetlbfs test suite, I found a problem with quota
accounting.  FS quota for allocated pages is handled correctly but we are not
releasing quota for private pages that were reserved but never allocated.  Do
this in hugetlb_vm_op_close() at the same time as unused page reservations are
released.

Signed-off-by: Adam Litke <agl@us.ibm.com>
Cc: Mel Gorman <mel@csn.ul.ie>
Cc: Johannes Weiner <hannes@saeurebad.de>
Cc: William Lee Irwin III <wli@holomorphy.com>
Cc: Hugh Dickins <hugh@veritas.com>
Acked-by: Andy Whitcroft <apw@shadowen.org>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

12 years agohugetlb: fix a hugepage reservation check for MAP_SHARED
Mel Gorman [Thu, 24 Jul 2008 04:27:58 +0000]
hugetlb: fix a hugepage reservation check for MAP_SHARED

When removing a huge page from the hugepage pool for a fault the system checks
to see if the mapping requires additional pages to be reserved, and if it does
whether there are any unreserved pages remaining.  If not, the allocation
fails without even attempting to get a page.  In order to determine whether to
apply this check we call vma_has_private_reserves() which tells us if this vma
is MAP_PRIVATE and is the owner.  This incorrectly triggers the remaining
reservation test for MAP_SHARED mappings which prevents allocation of the
final page in the pool even though it is reserved for this mapping.

In reality we only want to check this for MAP_PRIVATE mappings where the
process is not the original mapper.  Replace vma_has_private_reserves() with
vma_has_reserves() which indicates whether further reserves are required, and
update the caller.

Signed-off-by: Mel Gorman <mel@csn.ul.ie>
Acked-by: Adam Litke <agl@us.ibm.com>
Acked-by: Andy Whitcroft <apw@shadowen.org>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

12 years agopowerpc: support multiple hugepage sizes
Jon Tollefson [Thu, 24 Jul 2008 04:27:56 +0000]
powerpc: support multiple hugepage sizes

Instead of using the variable mmu_huge_psize to keep track of the huge
page size we use an array of MMU_PAGE_* values.  For each supported huge
page size we need to know the hugepte_shift value and have a
pgtable_cache.  The hstate or an mmu_huge_psizes index is passed to
functions so that they know which huge page size they should use.

The hugepage sizes 16M and 64K are setup(if available on the hardware) so
that they don't have to be set on the boot cmd line in order to use them.
The number of 16G pages have to be specified at boot-time though (e.g.
hugepagesz=16G hugepages=5).

Signed-off-by: Jon Tollefson <kniht@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
Signed-off-by: Nick Piggin <npiggin@suse.de>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

12 years agofs: check for statfs overflow
Jon Tollefson [Thu, 24 Jul 2008 04:27:55 +0000]
fs: check for statfs overflow

Adds a check for an overflow in the filesystem size so if someone is
checking with statfs() on a 16G blocksize hugetlbfs in a 32bit binary that
it will report back EOVERFLOW instead of a size of 0.

Acked-by: Nishanth Aravamudan <nacc@us.ibm.com>
Signed-off-by: Jon Tollefson <kniht@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
Signed-off-by: Nick Piggin <npiggin@suse.de>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

12 years agopowerpc: define support for 16G hugepages
Jon Tollefson [Thu, 24 Jul 2008 04:27:55 +0000]
powerpc: define support for 16G hugepages

The huge page size is defined for 16G pages.  If a hugepagesz of 16G is
specified at boot-time then it becomes the huge page size instead of the
default 16M.

The change in pgtable-64K.h is to the macro pte_iterate_hashed_subpages to
make the increment to va (the 1 being shifted) be a long so that it is not
shifted to 0.  Otherwise it would create an infinite loop when the shift
value is for a 16G page (when base page size is 64K).

Signed-off-by: Jon Tollefson <kniht@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
Signed-off-by: Nick Piggin <npiggin@suse.de>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

12 years agopowerpc: scan device tree for gigantic pages
Jon Tollefson [Thu, 24 Jul 2008 04:27:54 +0000]
powerpc: scan device tree for gigantic pages

The 16G huge pages have to be reserved in the HMC prior to boot.  The
location of the pages are placed in the device tree.  This patch adds code
to scan the device tree during very early boot and save these page
locations until hugetlbfs is ready for them.

Acked-by: Adam Litke <agl@us.ibm.com>
Signed-off-by: Jon Tollefson <kniht@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
Signed-off-by: Nick Piggin <npiggin@suse.de>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

12 years agopowerpc: function to allocate gigantic hugepages
Jon Tollefson [Thu, 24 Jul 2008 04:27:53 +0000]
powerpc: function to allocate gigantic hugepages

The 16G page locations have been saved during early boot in an array.  The
alloc_bootmem_huge_page() function adds a page from here to the
huge_boot_pages list.

Acked-by: Adam Litke <agl@us.ibm.com>
Signed-off-by: Jon Tollefson <kniht@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
Signed-off-by: Nick Piggin <npiggin@suse.de>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

12 years agohugetlb: allow arch overridden hugepage allocation
Jon Tollefson [Thu, 24 Jul 2008 04:27:52 +0000]
hugetlb: allow arch overridden hugepage allocation

Allow alloc_bootmem_huge_page() to be overridden by architectures that
can't always use bootmem.  This requires huge_boot_pages to be available
for use by this function.

This is required for powerpc 16G pages, which have to be reserved prior to
boot-time.  The location of these pages are indicated in the device tree.

Acked-by: Adam Litke <agl@us.ibm.com>
Signed-off-by: Jon Tollefson <kniht@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
Signed-off-by: Nick Piggin <npiggin@suse.de>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

12 years agohugetlb: override default huge page size
Nick Piggin [Thu, 24 Jul 2008 04:27:52 +0000]
hugetlb: override default huge page size

Allow configurations with the default huge page size which is different to
the traditional HPAGE_SIZE size.  The default huge page size is the one
represented in the legacy /proc ABIs, SHM, and which is defaulted to when
mounting hugetlbfs filesystems.

This is implemented with a new kernel option default_hugepagesz=, which
defaults to HPAGE_SIZE if not specified.

Signed-off-by: Nick Piggin <npiggin@suse.de>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

12 years agox86: add hugepagesz option on 64-bit
Andi Kleen [Thu, 24 Jul 2008 04:27:51 +0000]
x86: add hugepagesz option on 64-bit

Add an hugepagesz=...  option similar to IA64, PPC etc.  to x86-64.

This finally allows to select GB pages for hugetlbfs in x86 now that all
the infrastructure is in place.

Signed-off-by: Andi Kleen <ak@suse.de>
Signed-off-by: Nick Piggin <npiggin@suse.de>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

12 years agox86: support GB hugepages on 64-bit
Andi Kleen [Thu, 24 Jul 2008 04:27:50 +0000]
x86: support GB hugepages on 64-bit

Acked-by: Adam Litke <agl@us.ibm.com>
Signed-off-by: Andi Kleen <ak@suse.de>
Signed-off-by: Nick Piggin <npiggin@suse.de>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

12 years agohugetlb: introduce pud_huge
Andi Kleen [Thu, 24 Jul 2008 04:27:50 +0000]
hugetlb: introduce pud_huge

Straight forward extensions for huge pages located in the PUD instead of
PMDs.

Signed-off-by: Andi Kleen <ak@suse.de>
Signed-off-by: Nick Piggin <npiggin@suse.de>
Cc: Martin Schwidefsky <schwidefsky@de.ibm.com>
Cc: Heiko Carstens <heiko.carstens@de.ibm.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

12 years agohugetlb: printk cleanup
Andi Kleen [Thu, 24 Jul 2008 04:27:49 +0000]
hugetlb: printk cleanup

- Reword sentence to clarify meaning with multiple options
- Add support for using GB prefixes for the page size
- Add extra printk to delayed > MAX_ORDER allocation code

Acked-by: Adam Litke <agl@us.ibm.com>
Acked-by: Nishanth Aravamudan <nacc@us.ibm.com>
Signed-off-by: Andi Kleen <ak@suse.de>
Signed-off-by: Nick Piggin <npiggin@suse.de>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

12 years agohugetlb: support boot allocate different sizes
Andi Kleen [Thu, 24 Jul 2008 04:27:48 +0000]
hugetlb: support boot allocate different sizes

Make some infrastructure changes to allow boot-time allocation of
different hugepage page sizes.

- move all basic hstate initialisation into hugetlb_add_hstate
- create a new function hugetlb_hstate_alloc_pages() to do the
  actual initial page allocations. Call this function early in
  order to allocate giant pages from bootmem.
- Check for multiple hugepages= parameters

Acked-by: Adam Litke <agl@us.ibm.com>
Acked-by: Nishanth Aravamudan <nacc@us.ibm.com>
Acked-by: Andrew Hastings <abh@cray.com>
Signed-off-by: Andi Kleen <ak@suse.de>
Signed-off-by: Nick Piggin <npiggin@suse.de>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

12 years agohugetlb: support larger than MAX_ORDER
Andi Kleen [Thu, 24 Jul 2008 04:27:47 +0000]
hugetlb: support larger than MAX_ORDER

This is needed on x86-64 to handle GB pages in hugetlbfs, because it is
not practical to enlarge MAX_ORDER to 1GB.

Instead the 1GB pages are only allocated at boot using the bootmem
allocator using the hugepages=...  option.

These 1G bootmem pages are never freed.  In theory it would be possible to
implement that with some complications, but since it would be a one-way
street (>= MAX_ORDER pages cannot be allocated later) I decided not to
currently.

The >= MAX_ORDER code is not ifdef'ed per architecture.  It is not very
big and the ifdef uglyness seemed not be worth it.

Known problems: /proc/meminfo and "free" do not display the memory
allocated for gb pages in "Total".  This is a little confusing for the
user.

Acked-by: Andrew Hastings <abh@cray.com>
Signed-off-by: Andi Kleen <ak@suse.de>
Signed-off-by: Nick Piggin <npiggin@suse.de>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

12 years agomm: export prep_compound_page to mm
Andi Kleen [Thu, 24 Jul 2008 04:27:46 +0000]
mm: export prep_compound_page to mm

hugetlb will need to get compound pages from bootmem to handle the case of
them being greater than or equal to MAX_ORDER.  Export the constructor
function needed for this.

Acked-by: Adam Litke <agl@us.ibm.com>
Signed-off-by: Andi Kleen <ak@suse.de>
Signed-off-by: Nick Piggin <npiggin@suse.de>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

12 years agomm: introduce non panic alloc_bootmem
Andi Kleen [Thu, 24 Jul 2008 04:27:45 +0000]
mm: introduce non panic alloc_bootmem

Straight forward variant of the existing __alloc_bootmem_node, only
subsequent patch when allocating giant hugepages at boot -- don't want to
panic if we can't allocate as many as the user asked for.

Signed-off-by: Andi Kleen <ak@suse.de>
Signed-off-by: Nick Piggin <npiggin@suse.de>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

12 years agohugetlb: abstract numa round robin selection
Andi Kleen [Thu, 24 Jul 2008 04:27:45 +0000]
hugetlb: abstract numa round robin selection

Need this as a separate function for a future patch.

No behaviour change.

Acked-by: Adam Litke <agl@us.ibm.com>
Acked-by: Nishanth Aravamudan <nacc@us.ibm.com>
Signed-off-by: Andi Kleen <ak@suse.de>
Signed-off-by: Nick Piggin <npiggin@suse.de>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

12 years agohugetlb: new sysfs interface
Nishanth Aravamudan [Thu, 24 Jul 2008 04:27:44 +0000]
hugetlb: new sysfs interface

Provide new hugepages user APIs that are more suited to multiple hstates
in sysfs.  There is a new directory, /sys/kernel/hugepages.  Underneath
that directory there will be a directory per-supported hugepage size,
e.g.:

/sys/kernel/hugepages/hugepages-64kB
/sys/kernel/hugepages/hugepages-16384kB
/sys/kernel/hugepages/hugepages-16777216kB

corresponding to 64k, 16m and 16g respectively.  Within each
hugepages-size directory there are a number of files, corresponding to the
tracked counters in the hstate, e.g.:

/sys/kernel/hugepages/hugepages-64/nr_hugepages
/sys/kernel/hugepages/hugepages-64/nr_overcommit_hugepages
/sys/kernel/hugepages/hugepages-64/free_hugepages
/sys/kernel/hugepages/hugepages-64/resv_hugepages
/sys/kernel/hugepages/hugepages-64/surplus_hugepages

Of these files, the first two are read-write and the latter three are
read-only.  The size of the hugepage being manipulated is trivially
deducible from the enclosing directory and is always expressed in kB (to
match meminfo).

[dave@linux.vnet.ibm.com: fix build]
[nacc@us.ibm.com: hugetlb: hang off of /sys/kernel/mm rather than /sys/kernel]
[nacc@us.ibm.com: hugetlb: remove CONFIG_SYSFS dependency]
Acked-by: Greg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@suse.de>
Signed-off-by: Nishanth Aravamudan <nacc@us.ibm.com>
Signed-off-by: Nick Piggin <npiggin@suse.de>
Cc: Dave Hansen <dave@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
Signed-off-by: Nishanth Aravamudan <nacc@us.ibm.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

12 years agohugetlbfs: per mount huge page sizes
Andi Kleen [Thu, 24 Jul 2008 04:27:43 +0000]
hugetlbfs: per mount huge page sizes

Add the ability to configure the hugetlb hstate used on a per mount basis.

- Add a new pagesize= option to the hugetlbfs mount that allows setting
  the page size
- This option causes the mount code to find the hstate corresponding to the
  specified size, and sets up a pointer to the hstate in the mount's
  superblock.
- Change the hstate accessors to use this information rather than the
  global_hstate they were using (requires a slight change in mm/memory.c
  so we don't NULL deref in the error-unmap path -- see comments).

[np: take hstate out of hugetlbfs inode and vma->vm_private_data]

Acked-by: Adam Litke <agl@us.ibm.com>
Acked-by: Nishanth Aravamudan <nacc@us.ibm.com>
Signed-off-by: Andi Kleen <ak@suse.de>
Signed-off-by: Nick Piggin <npiggin@suse.de>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

12 years agohugetlb: multiple hstates for multiple page sizes
Andi Kleen [Thu, 24 Jul 2008 04:27:42 +0000]
hugetlb: multiple hstates for multiple page sizes

Add basic support for more than one hstate in hugetlbfs.  This is the key
to supporting multiple hugetlbfs page sizes at once.

- Rather than a single hstate, we now have an array, with an iterator
- default_hstate continues to be the struct hstate which we use by default
- Add functions for architectures to register new hstates

[akpm@linux-foundation.org: coding-style fixes]
Acked-by: Adam Litke <agl@us.ibm.com>
Acked-by: Nishanth Aravamudan <nacc@us.ibm.com>
Signed-off-by: Andi Kleen <ak@suse.de>
Signed-off-by: Nick Piggin <npiggin@suse.de>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

12 years agohugetlb: modular state for hugetlb page size
Andi Kleen [Thu, 24 Jul 2008 04:27:41 +0000]
hugetlb: modular state for hugetlb page size

The goal of this patchset is to support multiple hugetlb page sizes.  This
is achieved by introducing a new struct hstate structure, which
encapsulates the important hugetlb state and constants (eg.  huge page
size, number of huge pages currently allocated, etc).

The hstate structure is then passed around the code which requires these
fields, they will do the right thing regardless of the exact hstate they
are operating on.

This patch adds the hstate structure, with a single global instance of it
(default_hstate), and does the basic work of converting hugetlb to use the
hstate.

Future patches will add more hstate structures to allow for different
hugetlbfs mounts to have different page sizes.

[akpm@linux-foundation.org: coding-style fixes]
Acked-by: Adam Litke <agl@us.ibm.com>
Acked-by: Nishanth Aravamudan <nacc@us.ibm.com>
Signed-off-by: Andi Kleen <ak@suse.de>
Signed-off-by: Nick Piggin <npiggin@suse.de>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

12 years agohugetlb: factor out prep_new_huge_page
Andi Kleen [Thu, 24 Jul 2008 04:27:40 +0000]
hugetlb: factor out prep_new_huge_page

Needed to avoid code duplication in follow up patches.

Acked-by: Adam Litke <agl@us.ibm.com>
Acked-by: Nishanth Aravamudan <nacc@us.ibm.com>
Signed-off-by: Andi Kleen <ak@suse.de>
Signed-off-by: Nick Piggin <npiggin@suse.de>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

12 years agomm: create /sys/kernel/mm
Nishanth Aravamudan [Thu, 24 Jul 2008 04:27:39 +0000]
mm: create /sys/kernel/mm

Add a kobject to create /sys/kernel/mm when sysfs is mounted.  The kobject
will exist regardless.  This will allow for the hugepage related sysfs
directories to exist under the mm "subsystem" directory.  Add an ABI file
appropriately.

[kosaki.motohiro@jp.fujitsu.com: fix build]
Signed-off-by: Nishanth Aravamudan <nacc@us.ibm.com>
Cc: Nick Piggin <nickpiggin@yahoo.com.au>
Cc: Mel Gorman <mel@csn.ul.ie>
Signed-off-by: KOSAKI Motohiro <kosaki.motohiro@jp.fujitsu.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

12 years agomm: remove mm_init compilation dependency on CONFIG_DEBUG_MEMORY_INIT
Nishanth Aravamudan [Thu, 24 Jul 2008 04:27:39 +0000]
mm: remove mm_init compilation dependency on CONFIG_DEBUG_MEMORY_INIT

Towards the end of putting all core mm initialization in mm_init.c, I
plan on putting the creation of a mm kobject in a function in that file.
However, the file is currently only compiled if CONFIG_DEBUG_MEMORY_INIT
is set. Remove this dependency, but put the code under an #ifdef on the
same config option. This should result in no functional changes.

Signed-off-by: Nishanth Aravamudan <nacc@us.ibm.com>
Cc: Nick Piggin <nickpiggin@yahoo.com.au>
Cc: Mel Gorman <mel@csn.ul.ie>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

12 years agovmallocinfo: add NUMA information
Eric Dumazet [Thu, 24 Jul 2008 04:27:38 +0000]
vmallocinfo: add NUMA information

Christoph recently added /proc/vmallocinfo file to get information about
vmalloc allocations.

This patch adds NUMA specific information, giving number of pages
allocated on each memory node.

This should help to check that vmalloc() is able to respect NUMA policies.

Example of output on a four nodes machine (one cpu per node)

1) network hash tables are evenly spreaded on four nodes (OK) (Same
   point for inodes and dentries hash tables)

2) iptables tables (x_tables) are correctly allocated on each cpu node
   (OK).

3) sys_swapon() allocates its memory from one node only.

4) each loaded module is using memory on one node.

Sysadmins could tune their setup to change points 3) and 4) if necessary.

grep "pages="  /proc/vmallocinfo
0xffffc20000000000-0xffffc20000201000 2101248 alloc_large_system_hash+0x204/0x2c0 pages=512 vmalloc N0=128 N1=128 N2=128 N3=128
0xffffc20000201000-0xffffc20000302000 1052672 alloc_large_system_hash+0x204/0x2c0 pages=256 vmalloc N0=64 N1=64 N2=64 N3=64
0xffffc2000031a000-0xffffc2000031d000   12288 alloc_large_system_hash+0x204/0x2c0 pages=2 vmalloc N1=1 N2=1
0xffffc2000031f000-0xffffc2000032b000   49152 cramfs_uncompress_init+0x2e/0x80 pages=11 vmalloc N0=3 N1=3 N2=2 N3=3
0xffffc2000033e000-0xffffc20000341000   12288 sys_swapon+0x640/0xac0 pages=2 vmalloc N0=2
0xffffc20000341000-0xffffc20000344000   12288 xt_alloc_table_info+0xfe/0x130 [x_tables] pages=2 vmalloc N0=2
0xffffc20000344000-0xffffc20000347000   12288 xt_alloc_table_info+0xfe/0x130 [x_tables] pages=2 vmalloc N1=2
0xffffc20000347000-0xffffc2000034a000   12288 xt_alloc_table_info+0xfe/0x130 [x_tables] pages=2 vmalloc N2=2
0xffffc2000034a000-0xffffc2000034d000   12288 xt_alloc_table_info+0xfe/0x130 [x_tables] pages=2 vmalloc N3=2
0xffffc20004381000-0xffffc20004402000  528384 alloc_large_system_hash+0x204/0x2c0 pages=128 vmalloc N0=32 N1=32 N2=32 N3=32
0xffffc20004402000-0xffffc20004803000 4198400 alloc_large_system_hash+0x204/0x2c0 pages=1024 vmalloc vpages N0=256 N1=256 N2=256 N3=256
0xffffc20004803000-0xffffc20004904000 1052672 alloc_large_system_hash+0x204/0x2c0 pages=256 vmalloc N0=64 N1=64 N2=64 N3=64
0xffffc20004904000-0xffffc20004bec000 3047424 sys_swapon+0x640/0xac0 pages=743 vmalloc vpages N0=743
0xffffffffa0000000-0xffffffffa000f000   61440 sys_init_module+0xc27/0x1d00 pages=14 vmalloc N1=14
0xffffffffa000f000-0xffffffffa0014000   20480 sys_init_module+0xc27/0x1d00 pages=4 vmalloc N0=4
0xffffffffa0014000-0xffffffffa0017000   12288 sys_init_module+0xc27/0x1d00 pages=2 vmalloc N0=2
0xffffffffa0017000-0xffffffffa0022000   45056 sys_init_module+0xc27/0x1d00 pages=10 vmalloc N1=10
0xffffffffa0022000-0xffffffffa0028000   24576 sys_init_module+0xc27/0x1d00 pages=5 vmalloc N3=5
0xffffffffa0028000-0xffffffffa0050000  163840 sys_init_module+0xc27/0x1d00 pages=39 vmalloc N1=39
0xffffffffa0050000-0xffffffffa0052000    8192 sys_init_module+0xc27/0x1d00 pages=1 vmalloc N1=1
0xffffffffa0052000-0xffffffffa0056000   16384 sys_init_module+0xc27/0x1d00 pages=3 vmalloc N1=3
0xffffffffa0056000-0xffffffffa0081000  176128 sys_init_module+0xc27/0x1d00 pages=42 vmalloc N3=42
0xffffffffa0081000-0xffffffffa00ae000  184320 sys_init_module+0xc27/0x1d00 pages=44 vmalloc N3=44
0xffffffffa00ae000-0xffffffffa00b1000   12288 sys_init_module+0xc27/0x1d00 pages=2 vmalloc N3=2
0xffffffffa00b1000-0xffffffffa00b9000   32768 sys_init_module+0xc27/0x1d00 pages=7 vmalloc N0=7
0xffffffffa00b9000-0xffffffffa00c4000   45056 sys_init_module+0xc27/0x1d00 pages=10 vmalloc N3=10
0xffffffffa00c6000-0xffffffffa00e0000  106496 sys_init_module+0xc27/0x1d00 pages=25 vmalloc N2=25
0xffffffffa00e0000-0xffffffffa00f1000   69632 sys_init_module+0xc27/0x1d00 pages=16 vmalloc N2=16
0xffffffffa00f1000-0xffffffffa00f4000   12288 sys_init_module+0xc27/0x1d00 pages=2 vmalloc N3=2
0xffffffffa00f4000-0xffffffffa00f7000   12288 sys_init_module+0xc27/0x1d00 pages=2 vmalloc N3=2

[akpm@linux-foundation.org: fix comment]
Signed-off-by: Eric Dumazet <dada1@cosmosbay.com>
Cc: Christoph Lameter <cl@linux-foundation.org>
Cc: Randy Dunlap <randy.dunlap@oracle.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

12 years agoSYNC_FILE_RANGE_WRITE may and will block. Document that.
Pavel Machek [Thu, 24 Jul 2008 04:27:36 +0000]
SYNC_FILE_RANGE_WRITE may and will block. Document that.

[akpm@linux-foundation.org: fix comment text]
Signed-off-by: Pavel Machek <pavel@suse.cz>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

12 years agotmpfs: support aio
Hugh Dickins [Thu, 24 Jul 2008 04:27:35 +0000]
tmpfs: support aio

We have a request for tmpfs to support the AIO interface: easily done, no
more than replacing the old shmem_file_read by shmem_file_aio_read,
cribbed from generic_file_aio_read.  (In 2.6.25 its write side was already
changed to use generic_file_aio_write.)

Incorporate cleanups from Andrew Morton and Harvey Harrison.

Tests out fine with LTP's ltp-aiodio.sh, given hacks (not included) to
support O_DIRECT.  tmpfs cannot honestly support O_DIRECT: its
cache-avoiding-IO nature is at odds with direct IO-avoiding-cache.

Signed-off-by: Hugh Dickins <hugh@veritas.com>
Tested-by: Lawrence Greenfield <leg@google.com>
Cc: Christoph Rohland <hans-christoph.rohland@sap.com>
Cc: Badari Pulavarty <pbadari@us.ibm.com>
Cc: Zach Brown <zach.brown@oracle.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

12 years agogeneric_file_aio_read() cleanups
Hugh Dickins [Thu, 24 Jul 2008 04:27:34 +0000]
generic_file_aio_read() cleanups

As akpm points out, there's really no need for generic_file_aio_read to
make a special case of count 0: just loop through nr_segs doing nothing.
And as Harvey Harrison points out, there's no need to reset retval to 0
where it's already 0.

Setting count (or ocount) to 0 before calling generic_segment_checks is
unnecessary too; but reluctantly I'll leave that removal to someone with a
wider range of gcc versions to hand - 4.1.2 and 4.2.1 don't warn about it,
but perhaps others do - I forget which are the warniest versions.

Signed-off-by: Hugh Dickins <hugh@veritas.com>
Tested-by: Lawrence Greenfield <leg@google.com>
Cc: Christoph Rohland <hans-christoph.rohland@sap.com>
Cc: Badari Pulavarty <pbadari@us.ibm.com>
Cc: Zach Brown <zach.brown@oracle.com>
Cc: Nick Piggin <nickpiggin@yahoo.com.au>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

12 years agovma_page_offset() has no callees: drop it
Johannes Weiner [Thu, 24 Jul 2008 04:27:33 +0000]
vma_page_offset() has no callees: drop it

Hugh adds: vma_pagecache_offset() has a dangerously misleading name, since
it's using hugepage units: rename it to vma_hugecache_offset().

[apw@shadowen.org: restack onto fixed MAP_PRIVATE reservations]
[akpm@linux-foundation.org: vma_split conversion]
Signed-off-by: Johannes Weiner <hannes@saeurebad.de>
Signed-off-by: Hugh Dickins <hugh@veritas.com>
Cc: Adam Litke <agl@us.ibm.com>
Cc: Nishanth Aravamudan <nacc@us.ibm.com>
Cc: Andi Kleen <ak@suse.de>
Cc: Nick Piggin <npiggin@suse.de>
Signed-off-by: Andy Whitcroft <apw@shadowen.org>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

12 years agohugetlb reservations: fix hugetlb MAP_PRIVATE reservations across vma splits
Andy Whitcroft [Thu, 24 Jul 2008 04:27:32 +0000]
hugetlb reservations: fix hugetlb MAP_PRIVATE reservations across vma splits

When a hugetlb mapping with a reservation is split, a new VMA is cloned
from the original.  This new VMA is a direct copy of the original
including the reservation count.  When this pair of VMAs are unmapped we
will incorrect double account the unused reservation and the overall
reservation count will be incorrect, in extreme cases it will wrap.

The problem occurs when we split an existing VMA say to unmap a page in
the middle.  split_vma() will create a new VMA copying all fields from the
original.  As we are storing our reservation count in vm_private_data this
is also copies, endowing the new VMA with a duplicate of the original
VMA's reservation.  Neither of the new VMAs can exhaust these reservations
as they are too small, but when we unmap and close these VMAs we will
incorrect credit the remainder twice and resv_huge_pages will become out
of sync.  This can lead to allocation failures on mappings with
reservations and even to resv_huge_pages wrapping which prevents all
subsequent hugepage allocations.

The simple fix would be to correctly apportion the remaining reservation
count when the split is made.  However the only hook we have vm_ops->open
only has the new VMA we do not know the identity of the preceeding VMA.
Also even if we did have that VMA to hand we do not know how much of the
reservation was consumed each side of the split.

This patch therefore takes a different tack.  We know that the whole of
any private mapping (which has a reservation) has a reservation over its
whole size.  Any present pages represent consumed reservation.  Therefore
if we track the instantiated pages we can calculate the remaining
reservation.

This patch reuses the existing regions code to track the regions for which
we have consumed reservation (ie.  the instantiated pages), as each page
is faulted in we record the consumption of reservation for the new page.
When we need to return unused reservations at unmap time we simply count
the consumed reservation region subtracting that from the whole of the
map.  During a VMA split the newly opened VMA will point to the same
region map, as this map is offset oriented it remains valid for both of
the split VMAs.  This map is referenced counted so that it is removed when
all VMAs which are part of the mmap are gone.

Thanks to Adam Litke and Mel Gorman for their review feedback.

Signed-off-by: Andy Whitcroft <apw@shadowen.org>
Acked-by: Mel Gorman <mel@csn.ul.ie>
Cc: Adam Litke <agl@us.ibm.com>
Cc: Johannes Weiner <hannes@saeurebad.de>
Cc: Andy Whitcroft <apw@shadowen.org>
Cc: William Lee Irwin III <wli@holomorphy.com>
Cc: Hugh Dickins <hugh@veritas.com>
Cc: Michael Kerrisk <mtk.manpages@googlemail.com>
Cc: Jon Tollefson <kniht@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

12 years agohugetlb: allow huge page mappings to be created without reservations
Andy Whitcroft [Thu, 24 Jul 2008 04:27:30 +0000]
hugetlb: allow huge page mappings to be created without reservations

By default all shared mappings and most private mappings now have
reservations associated with them.  This improves semantics by providing
allocation guarentees to the mapper.  However a small number of
applications may attempt to make very large sparse mappings, with these
strict reservations the system will never be able to honour the mapping.

This patch set brings MAP_NORESERVE support to hugetlb files.  This allows
new mappings to be made to hugetlbfs files without an associated
reservation, for both shared and private mappings.  This allows
applications which want to create very sparse mappings to opt-out of the
reservation system.  Obviously as there is no reservation they are liable
to fault at runtime if the huge page pool becomes exhausted; buyer beware.

Signed-off-by: Andy Whitcroft <apw@shadowen.org>
Cc: Mel Gorman <mel@csn.ul.ie>
Cc: Adam Litke <agl@us.ibm.com>
Cc: Johannes Weiner <hannes@saeurebad.de>
Cc: Andy Whitcroft <apw@shadowen.org>
Cc: William Lee Irwin III <wli@holomorphy.com>
Cc: Hugh Dickins <hugh@veritas.com>
Cc: Michael Kerrisk <mtk.manpages@googlemail.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

12 years agohugetlb: move reservation region support earlier
Andy Whitcroft [Thu, 24 Jul 2008 04:27:29 +0000]
hugetlb: move reservation region support earlier

The following patch will require use of the reservation regions support.
Move this earlier in the file.  No changes have been made to this code.

Signed-off-by: Andy Whitcroft <apw@shadowen.org>
Cc: Mel Gorman <mel@csn.ul.ie>
Acked-by: Adam Litke <agl@us.ibm.com>
Cc: Johannes Weiner <hannes@saeurebad.de>
Cc: Andy Whitcroft <apw@shadowen.org>
Cc: William Lee Irwin III <wli@holomorphy.com>
Cc: Hugh Dickins <hugh@veritas.com>
Cc: Michael Kerrisk <mtk.manpages@googlemail.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

12 years agomm: record MAP_NORESERVE status on vmas and fix small page mprotect reservations
Andy Whitcroft [Thu, 24 Jul 2008 04:27:28 +0000]
mm: record MAP_NORESERVE status on vmas and fix small page mprotect reservations

With Mel's hugetlb private reservation support patches applied, strict
overcommit semantics are applied to both shared and private huge page
mappings.  This can be a problem if an application relied on unlimited
overcommit semantics for private mappings.  An example of this would be an
application which maps a huge area with the intention of using it very
sparsely.  These application would benefit from being able to opt-out of
the strict overcommit.  It should be noted that prior to hugetlb
supporting demand faulting all mappings were fully populated and so
applications of this type should be rare.

This patch stack implements the MAP_NORESERVE mmap() flag for huge page
mappings.  This flag has the same meaning as for small page mappings,
suppressing reservations for that mapping.

Thanks to Mel Gorman for reviewing a number of early versions of these
patches.

This patch:

When a small page mapping is created with mmap() reservations are created
by default for any memory pages required.  When the region is read/write
the reservation is increased for every page, no reservation is needed for
read-only regions (as they implicitly share the zero page).  Reservations
are tracked via the VM_ACCOUNT vma flag which is present when the region
has reservation backing it.  When we convert a region from read-only to
read-write new reservations are aquired and VM_ACCOUNT is set.  However,
when a read-only map is created with MAP_NORESERVE it is indistinguishable
from a normal mapping.  When we then convert that to read/write we are
forced to incorrectly create reservations for it as we have no record of
the original MAP_NORESERVE.

This patch introduces a new vma flag VM_NORESERVE which records the
presence of the original MAP_NORESERVE flag.  This allows us to
distinguish these two circumstances and correctly account the reserve.

As well as fixing this FIXME in the code, this makes it much easier to
introduce MAP_NORESERVE support for huge pages as this flag is available
consistantly for the life of the mapping.  VM_ACCOUNT on the other hand is
heavily used at the generic level in association with small pages.

Signed-off-by: Andy Whitcroft <apw@shadowen.org>
Cc: Mel Gorman <mel@csn.ul.ie>
Cc: Adam Litke <agl@us.ibm.com>
Cc: Johannes Weiner <hannes@saeurebad.de>
Cc: Andy Whitcroft <apw@shadowen.org>
Cc: William Lee Irwin III <wli@holomorphy.com>
Cc: Hugh Dickins <hugh@veritas.com>
Cc: Michael Kerrisk <mtk.manpages@googlemail.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

12 years agohuge page private reservation review cleanups
Andy Whitcroft [Thu, 24 Jul 2008 04:27:26 +0000]
huge page private reservation review cleanups

Create some new accessors for vma private data to cut down on and contain
the casts.  Encapsulates the huge and small page offset calculations.
Also adds a couple of VM_BUG_ONs for consistency.

[akpm@linux-foundation.org: Make things static]
Signed-off-by: Andy Whitcroft <apw@shadowen.org>
Acked-by: Mel Gorman <mel@csn.ul.ie>
Cc: Adam Litke <agl@us.ibm.com>
Cc: Johannes Weiner <hannes@saeurebad.de>
Cc: Andy Whitcroft <apw@shadowen.org>
Cc: William Lee Irwin III <wli@holomorphy.com>
Cc: Hugh Dickins <hugh@veritas.com>
Cc: Michael Kerrisk <mtk.manpages@googlemail.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

12 years agohugetlb: guarantee that COW faults for a process that called mmap(MAP_PRIVATE) on...
Mel Gorman [Thu, 24 Jul 2008 04:27:25 +0000]
hugetlb: guarantee that COW faults for a process that called mmap(MAP_PRIVATE) on hugetlbfs will succeed

After patch 2 in this series, a process that successfully calls mmap() for
a MAP_PRIVATE mapping will be guaranteed to successfully fault until a
process calls fork().  At that point, the next write fault from the parent
could fail due to COW if the child still has a reference.

We only reserve pages for the parent but a copy must be made to avoid
leaking data from the parent to the child after fork().  Reserves could be
taken for both parent and child at fork time to guarantee faults but if
the mapping is large it is highly likely we will not have sufficient pages
for the reservation, and it is common to fork only to exec() immediatly
after.  A failure here would be very undesirable.

Note that the current behaviour of mainline with MAP_PRIVATE pages is
pretty bad.  The following situation is allowed to occur today.

1. Process calls mmap(MAP_PRIVATE)
2. Process calls mlock() to fault all pages and makes sure it succeeds
3. Process forks()
4. Process writes to MAP_PRIVATE mapping while child still exists
5. If the COW fails at this point, the process gets SIGKILLed even though it
   had taken care to ensure the pages existed

This patch improves the situation by guaranteeing the reliability of the
process that successfully calls mmap().  When the parent performs COW, it
will try to satisfy the allocation without using reserves.  If that fails
the parent will steal the page leaving any children without a page.
Faults from the child after that point will result in failure.  If the
child COW happens first, an attempt will be made to allocate the page
without reserves and the child will get SIGKILLed on failure.

To summarise the new behaviour:

1. If the original mapper performs COW on a private mapping with multiple
   references, it will attempt to allocate a hugepage from the pool or
   the buddy allocator without using the existing reserves. On fail, VMAs
   mapping the same area are traversed and the page being COW'd is unmapped
   where found. It will then steal the original page as the last mapper in
   the normal way.

2. The VMAs the pages were unmapped from are flagged to note that pages
   with data no longer exist. Future no-page faults on those VMAs will
   terminate the process as otherwise it would appear that data was corrupted.
   A warning is printed to the console that this situation occured.

2. If the child performs COW first, it will attempt to satisfy the COW
   from the pool if there are enough pages or via the buddy allocator if
   overcommit is allowed and the buddy allocator can satisfy the request. If
   it fails, the child will be killed.

If the pool is large enough, existing applications will not notice that
the reserves were a factor.  Existing applications depending on the
no-reserves been set are unlikely to exist as for much of the history of
hugetlbfs, pages were prefaulted at mmap(), allocating the pages at that
point or failing the mmap().

[npiggin@suse.de: fix CONFIG_HUGETLB=n build]
Signed-off-by: Mel Gorman <mel@csn.ul.ie>
Acked-by: Adam Litke <agl@us.ibm.com>
Cc: Andy Whitcroft <apw@shadowen.org>
Cc: William Lee Irwin III <wli@holomorphy.com>
Cc: Hugh Dickins <hugh@veritas.com>
Cc: Nick Piggin <npiggin@suse.de>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

12 years agohugetlb: reserve huge pages for reliable MAP_PRIVATE hugetlbfs mappings until fork()
Mel Gorman [Thu, 24 Jul 2008 04:27:23 +0000]
hugetlb: reserve huge pages for reliable MAP_PRIVATE hugetlbfs mappings until fork()

This patch reserves huge pages at mmap() time for MAP_PRIVATE mappings in
a similar manner to the reservations taken for MAP_SHARED mappings.  The
reserve count is accounted both globally and on a per-VMA basis for
private mappings.  This guarantees that a process that successfully calls
mmap() will successfully fault all pages in the future unless fork() is
called.

The characteristics of private mappings of hugetlbfs files behaviour after
this patch are;

1. The process calling mmap() is guaranteed to succeed all future faults until
   it forks().
2. On fork(), the parent may die due to SIGKILL on writes to the private
   mapping if enough pages are not available for the COW. For reasonably
   reliable behaviour in the face of a small huge page pool, children of
   hugepage-aware processes should not reference the mappings; such as
   might occur when fork()ing to exec().
3. On fork(), the child VMAs inherit no reserves. Reads on pages already
   faulted by the parent will succeed. Successful writes will depend on enough
   huge pages being free in the pool.
4. Quotas of the hugetlbfs mount are checked at reserve time for the mapper
   and at fault time otherwise.

Before this patch, all reads or writes in the child potentially needs page
allocations that can later lead to the death of the parent.  This applies
to reads and writes of uninstantiated pages as well as COW.  After the
patch it is only a write to an instantiated page that causes problems.

Signed-off-by: Mel Gorman <mel@csn.ul.ie>
Acked-by: Adam Litke <agl@us.ibm.com>
Cc: Andy Whitcroft <apw@shadowen.org>
Cc: William Lee Irwin III <wli@holomorphy.com>
Cc: Hugh Dickins <hugh@veritas.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

12 years agohugetlb: move hugetlb_acct_memory()
Mel Gorman [Thu, 24 Jul 2008 04:27:22 +0000]
hugetlb: move hugetlb_acct_memory()

This is a patchset to give reliable behaviour to a process that
successfully calls mmap(MAP_PRIVATE) on a hugetlbfs file.  Currently, it
is possible for the process to be killed due to a small hugepage pool size
even if it calls mlock().

MAP_SHARED mappings on hugetlbfs reserve huge pages at mmap() time.  This
guarantees all future faults against the mapping will succeed.  This
allows local allocations at first use improving NUMA locality whilst
retaining reliability.

MAP_PRIVATE mappings do not reserve pages.  This can result in an
application being SIGKILLed later if a huge page is not available at fault
time.  This makes huge pages usage very ill-advised in some cases as the
unexpected application failure cannot be detected and handled as it is
immediately fatal.  Although an application may force instantiation of the
pages using mlock(), this may lead to poor memory placement and the
process may still be killed when performing COW.

This patchset introduces a reliability guarantee for the process which
creates a private mapping, i.e.  the process that calls mmap() on a
hugetlbfs file successfully.  The first patch of the set is purely
mechanical code move to make later diffs easier to read.  The second patch
will guarantee faults up until the process calls fork().  After patch two,
as long as the child keeps the mappings, the parent is no longer
guaranteed to be reliable.  Patch 3 guarantees that the parent will always
successfully COW by unmapping the pages from the child in the event there
are insufficient pages in the hugepage pool in allocate a new page, be it
via a static or dynamic pool.

Existing hugepage-aware applications are unlikely to be affected by this
change.  For much of hugetlbfs's history, pages were pre-faulted at mmap()
time or mmap() failed which acts in a reserve-like manner.  If the pool is
sized correctly already so that parent and child can fault reliably, the
application will not even notice the reserves.  It's only when the pool is
too small for the application to function perfectly reliably that the
reserves come into play.

Credit goes to Andy Whitcroft for cleaning up a number of mistakes during
review before the patches were released.

This patch:

A later patch in this set needs to call hugetlb_acct_memory() before it is
defined.  This patch moves the function without modification.  This makes
later diffs easier to read.

Signed-off-by: Mel Gorman <mel@csn.ul.ie>
Acked-by: Adam Litke <agl@us.ibm.com>
Cc: Andy Whitcroft <apw@shadowen.org>
Cc: William Lee Irwin III <wli@holomorphy.com>
Cc: Hugh Dickins <hugh@veritas.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

12 years agomm: drop unneeded pgdat argument from free_area_init_node()
Johannes Weiner [Thu, 24 Jul 2008 04:27:20 +0000]
mm: drop unneeded pgdat argument from free_area_init_node()

free_area_init_node() gets passed in the node id as well as the node
descriptor.  This is redundant as the function can trivially get the node
descriptor itself by means of NODE_DATA() and the node's id.

I checked all the users and NODE_DATA() seems to be usable everywhere
from where this function is called.

Signed-off-by: Johannes Weiner <hannes@saeurebad.de>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

12 years agomapping_set_error: add unlikely()
Andrew Morton [Thu, 24 Jul 2008 04:27:19 +0000]
mapping_set_error: add unlikely()

This is called on a per-page basis and in the vast majority of cases
`error' is zero.

Cc: Guillaume Chazarain <guichaz@gmail.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

12 years agoslob: record page flag overlays explicitly
Andy Whitcroft [Thu, 24 Jul 2008 04:27:19 +0000]
slob: record page flag overlays explicitly

SLOB reuses two page bits for internal purposes, it overlays PG_active and
PG_private.  This is hidden away in slob.c.  Document these overlays
explicitly in the main page-flags enum along with all the others.

Signed-off-by: Andy Whitcroft <apw@shadowen.org>
Cc: Pekka Enberg <penberg@cs.helsinki.fi>
Cc: Christoph Lameter <cl@linux-foundation.org>
Cc: Matt Mackall <mpm@selenic.com>
Cc: Nick Piggin <nickpiggin@yahoo.com.au>
Reviewed-by: KOSAKI Motohiro <kosaki.motohiro@jp.fujitsu.com>
Cc: KOSAKI Motohiro <kosaki.motohiro@jp.fujitsu.com>
Cc: Rik van Riel <riel@redhat.com>
Cc: Jeremy Fitzhardinge <jeremy@goop.org>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

12 years agoslub: record page flag overlays explicitly
Andy Whitcroft [Thu, 24 Jul 2008 04:27:18 +0000]
slub: record page flag overlays explicitly

SLUB reuses two page bits for internal purposes, it overlays PG_active and
PG_error.  This is hidden away in slub.c.  Document these overlays
explicitly in the main page-flags enum along with all the others.

Signed-off-by: Andy Whitcroft <apw@shadowen.org>
Cc: Pekka Enberg <penberg@cs.helsinki.fi>
Cc: Christoph Lameter <cl@linux-foundation.org>
Cc: Matt Mackall <mpm@selenic.com>
Cc: Nick Piggin <nickpiggin@yahoo.com.au>
Tested-by: KOSAKI Motohiro <kosaki.motohiro@jp.fujitsu.com>
Cc: KOSAKI Motohiro <kosaki.motohiro@jp.fujitsu.com>
Cc: Rik van Riel <riel@redhat.com>
Cc: Jeremy Fitzhardinge <jeremy@goop.org>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

12 years agopage-flags: record page flag overlays explicitly
Andy Whitcroft [Thu, 24 Jul 2008 04:27:16 +0000]
page-flags: record page flag overlays explicitly

With the recent page flag reorganisation we have a single enum which
defines the valid page flags and their values, nice and clear.  However
there are a number of bits which are overloaded by different subsystems.
Firstly there is PG_owner_priv_1 which is used by filesystems and by XEN.
Secondly both SLOB and SLUB use a couple of extra page bits to manage
internal state for pages they own; both overlay other bits.  All of these
"aliases" are scattered about the source making it very hard for a reader
to know if the bits are safe to rely on in all contexts; confusion here is
bad.

As we now have a single place where the bits are clearly assigned it makes
sense to clarify the reuse of bits by making the aliases explicit and
visible with the original bit assignments.  This patch creates explicit
aliases within the enum itself for the overloaded bits, creates standard
bit accessors PageFoo etc.  and uses those throughout.

This version pulls the bit manipulation out to standard named page bit
accessors as suggested by Christoph, it retains the explicit mapping to
the overlayed bits.  A fusion of both ideas.  This has been SLUB and SLOB
have been compile tested on x86_64 only, and SLUB boot tested.  If people
feel this is worth doing then I can run a fuller set of testing.

This patch:

Some page flags are used for more than one purpose, for example
PG_owner_priv_1.  Currently there are individual accessors for each user,
each built using the common flag name far away from the bit definitions.
This makes it hard to see all possible uses of these bits.

Now that we have a single enum to generate the bit orders it makes sense
to express overlays in the same place.  So create per use aliases for this
bit in the main page-flags enum and use those in the accessors.

[akpm@linux-foundation.org: fix xen]
Signed-off-by: Andy Whitcroft <apw@shadowen.org>
Cc: Pekka Enberg <penberg@cs.helsinki.fi>
Cc: Christoph Lameter <cl@linux-foundation.org>
Cc: Matt Mackall <mpm@selenic.com>
Cc: Nick Piggin <nickpiggin@yahoo.com.au>
Cc: KAMEZAWA Hiroyuki <kamezawa.hiroyu@jp.fujitsu.com>
Reviewed-by: KOSAKI Motohiro <kosaki.motohiro@jp.fujitsu.com>
Cc: Rik van Riel <riel@redhat.com>
Cc: Jeremy Fitzhardinge <jeremy@goop.org>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

12 years agofix soft lock up at NFS mount via per-SB LRU-list of unused dentries
Kentaro Makita [Thu, 24 Jul 2008 04:27:13 +0000]
fix soft lock up at NFS mount via per-SB LRU-list of unused dentries

[Summary]

 Split LRU-list of unused dentries to one per superblock to avoid soft
 lock up during NFS mounts and remounting of any filesystem.

 Previously I posted here:
 http://lkml.org/lkml/2008/3/5/590

[Descriptions]

- background

  dentry_unused is a list of dentries which are not referenced.
  dentry_unused grows up when references on directories or files are
  released.  This list can be very long if there is huge free memory.

- the problem

  When shrink_dcache_sb() is called, it scans all dentry_unused linearly
  under spin_lock(), and if dentry->d_sb is differnt from given
  superblock, scan next dentry.  This scan costs very much if there are
  many entries, and very ineffective if there are many superblocks.

  IOW, When we need to shrink unused dentries on one dentry, but scans
  unused dentries on all superblocks in the system.  For example, we scan
  500 dentries to unmount a filesystem, but scans 1,000,000 or more unused
  dentries on other superblocks.

  In our case , At mounting NFS*, shrink_dcache_sb() is called to shrink
  unused dentries on NFS, but scans 100,000,000 unused dentries on
  superblocks in the system such as local ext3 filesystems.  I hear NFS
  mounting took 1 min on some system in use.

* : NFS uses virtual filesystem in rpc layer, so NFS is affected by
  this problem.

  100,000,000 is possible number on large systems.

  Per-superblock LRU of unused dentried can reduce the cost in
  reasonable manner.

- How to fix

  I found this problem is solved by David Chinner's "Per-superblock
  unused dentry LRU lists V3"(1), so I rebase it and add some fix to
  reclaim with fairness, which is in Andrew Morton's comments(2).

  1) http://lkml.org/lkml/2006/5/25/318
  2) http://lkml.org/lkml/2006/5/25/320

  Split LRU-list of unused dentries to each superblocks.  Then, NFS
  mounting will check dentries under a superblock instead of all.  But
  this spliting will break LRU of dentry-unused.  So, I've attempted to
  make reclaim unused dentrins with fairness by calculate number of
  dentries to scan on this sb based on following way

  number of dentries to scan on this sb =
  count * (number of dentries on this sb / number of dentries in the machine)

- ToDo
 - I have to measuring performance number and do stress tests.

 - When unmount occurs during prune_dcache(), scanning on same
  superblock, It is unable to reach next superblock because it is gone
  away.  We restart scannig superblock from first one, it causes
  unfairness of reclaim unused dentries on first superblock.  But I think
  this happens very rarely.

- Test Results

  Result on 6GB boxes with excessive unused dentries.

Without patch:

$ cat /proc/sys/fs/dentry-state
10181835        10180203        45      0       0       0
# mount -t nfs 10.124.60.70:/work/kernel-src nfs
real    0m1.830s
user    0m0.001s
sys     0m1.653s

 With this patch:
$ cat /proc/sys/fs/dentry-state
10236610        10234751        45      0       0       0
# mount -t nfs 10.124.60.70:/work/kernel-src nfs
real    0m0.106s
user    0m0.002s
sys     0m0.032s

[akpm@linux-foundation.org: fix comments]
Signed-off-by: Kentaro Makita <k-makita@np.css.fujitsu.com>
Cc: Neil Brown <neilb@suse.de>
Cc: Trond Myklebust <trond.myklebust@fys.uio.no>
Cc: David Chinner <dgc@sgi.com>
Cc: "J. Bruce Fields" <bfields@fieldses.org>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

12 years agobuddy: clarify comments describing buddy merge
Andy Whitcroft [Thu, 24 Jul 2008 04:27:11 +0000]
buddy: clarify comments describing buddy merge

In __free_one_page(), the comment "Move the buddy up one level" appears
attached to the break and by implication when the break is taken we are
moving it up one level:

if (!page_is_buddy(page, buddy, order))
break;          /* Move the buddy up one level. */

In reality the inverse is true, we break out when we can no longer merge
this page with its buddy.  Looking back into pre-history (into the full
git history) it appears that these two lines accidentally got joined as
part of another change.

Move the comment down where it belongs below the if and clarify its
language.

Signed-off-by: Andy Whitcroft <apw@shadowen.org>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

12 years agomm: remove double indirection on tlb parameter to free_pgd_range() & Co
Jan Beulich [Thu, 24 Jul 2008 04:27:10 +0000]
mm: remove double indirection on tlb parameter to free_pgd_range() & Co

The double indirection here is not needed anywhere and hence (at least)
confusing.

Signed-off-by: Jan Beulich <jbeulich@novell.com>
Cc: Hugh Dickins <hugh@veritas.com>
Cc: Nick Piggin <npiggin@suse.de>
Cc: Christoph Lameter <cl@linux-foundation.org>
Cc: Benjamin Herrenschmidt <benh@kernel.crashing.org>
Cc: Paul Mackerras <paulus@samba.org>
Cc: "Luck, Tony" <tony.luck@intel.com>
Cc: Paul Mundt <lethal@linux-sh.org>
Cc: "David S. Miller" <davem@davemloft.net>
Acked-by: Jeremy Fitzhardinge <jeremy@goop.org>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

12 years agospufs: use new vm_ops->access to allow local state access from gdb
Benjamin Herrenschmidt [Thu, 24 Jul 2008 04:27:09 +0000]
spufs: use new vm_ops->access to allow local state access from gdb

This uses the new vm_ops->access to allow gdb to access the SPU local
store.  We currently prevent access to problem state registers, this can
be done later if really needed but it's safer not to.

[akpm@linux-foundation.org: fix typo]
Signed-off-by: Benjamin Herrenschmidt <benh@kernel.crashing.org>
Signed-off-by: Rik van Riel <riel@redhat.com>
Cc: Dave Airlie <airlied@linux.ie>
Cc: Hugh Dickins <hugh@veritas.com>
Cc: Paul Mackerras <paulus@samba.org>
Cc: Arnd Bergmann <arnd@arndb.de>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

12 years agopowerpc ioremap_prot
Benjamin Herrenschmidt [Thu, 24 Jul 2008 04:27:08 +0000]
powerpc ioremap_prot

This adds ioremap_prot and pte_pgprot() so that one can extract protection
bits from a PTE and use them to ioremap_prot() (in order to support ptrace
of VM_IO | VM_PFNMAP as per Rik's patch).

This moves a couple of flag checks around in the ioremap implementations
of arch/powerpc.  There's a side effect of allowing non-cacheable and
non-guarded mappings on ppc32 which before would always have _PAGE_GUARDED
set whenever _PAGE_NO_CACHE is.

(standard ioremap will still set _PAGE_GUARDED, but ioremap_prot will be
capable of setting such a non guarded mapping).

Signed-off-by: Benjamin Herrenschmidt <benh@kernel.crashing.org>
Signed-off-by: Rik van Riel <riel@redhat.com>
Cc: Dave Airlie <airlied@linux.ie>
Cc: Hugh Dickins <hugh@veritas.com>
Cc: Paul Mackerras <paulus@samba.org>
Cc: Arnd Bergmann <arnd@arndb.de>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

12 years agouse generic_access_phys for /dev/mem mappings
Rik van Riel [Thu, 24 Jul 2008 04:27:07 +0000]
use generic_access_phys for /dev/mem mappings

Use generic_access_phys as the access_process_vm access function for
/dev/mem mappings.  This makes it possible to debug the X server.

[akpm@linux-foundation.org: repair all the architectures which broke]
Signed-off-by: Rik van Riel <riel@redhat.com>
Cc: Benjamin Herrensmidt <benh@kernel.crashing.org>
Cc: Dave Airlie <airlied@linux.ie>
Cc: Hugh Dickins <hugh@veritas.com>
Cc: Paul Mackerras <paulus@samba.org>
Cc: Arnd Bergmann <arnd@arndb.de>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

12 years agoaccess_process_vm device memory infrastructure
Rik van Riel [Thu, 24 Jul 2008 04:27:05 +0000]
access_process_vm device memory infrastructure

In order to be able to debug things like the X server and programs using
the PPC Cell SPUs, the debugger needs to be able to access device memory
through ptrace and /proc/pid/mem.

This patch:

Add the generic_access_phys access function and put the hooks in place
to allow access_process_vm to access device or PPC Cell SPU memory.

[riel@redhat.com: Add documentation for the vm_ops->access function]
Signed-off-by: Rik van Riel <riel@redhat.com>
Signed-off-by: Benjamin Herrensmidt <benh@kernel.crashing.org>
Cc: Dave Airlie <airlied@linux.ie>
Cc: Hugh Dickins <hugh@veritas.com>
Cc: Paul Mackerras <paulus@samba.org>
Cc: Arnd Bergmann <arnd@arndb.de>
Acked-by: Peter Zijlstra <a.p.zijlstra@chello.nl>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

12 years agomm: remove nopfn
Nick Piggin [Thu, 24 Jul 2008 04:27:05 +0000]
mm: remove nopfn

There are no users of nopfn in the tree. Remove it.

[hugh@veritas.com: fix build error]
Signed-off-by: Nick Piggin <npiggin@suse.de>
Signed-off-by: Hugh Dickins <hugh@veritas.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

12 years agokill generic_file_direct_IO()
Christoph Hellwig [Thu, 24 Jul 2008 04:27:04 +0000]
kill generic_file_direct_IO()

generic_file_direct_IO is a common helper around the invocation of
->direct_IO.  But there's almost nothing shared between the read and write
side, so we're better off without this helper.

[akpm@linux-foundation.org: coding-style fixes]
Signed-off-by: Christoph Hellwig <hch@lst.de>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

12 years agomm/hugetlb.c: fix duplicate variable
Adrian Bunk [Thu, 24 Jul 2008 04:27:03 +0000]
mm/hugetlb.c: fix duplicate variable

It's confusing that set_max_huge_pages() contained two different
variables named "ret", and although the code works correctly this should
be fixed.

The inner of the two variables can simply be removed.

Spotted by sparse.

Signed-off-by: Adrian Bunk <bunk@kernel.org>
Cc: "KOSAKI Motohiro" <kosaki.motohiro@jp.fujitsu.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

12 years agomm/vmstat.c: proper externs
Adrian Bunk [Thu, 24 Jul 2008 04:27:03 +0000]
mm/vmstat.c: proper externs

This patch adds proper extern declarations for five variables in
include/linux/vmstat.h

Signed-off-by: Adrian Bunk <bunk@kernel.org>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

12 years agomm/migrate.c should #include <linux/syscalls.h>
Adrian Bunk [Thu, 24 Jul 2008 04:27:02 +0000]
mm/migrate.c should #include <linux/syscalls.h>

Every file should include the headers containing the externs for its
global functions (in this case for sys_move_pages()).

Signed-off-by: Adrian Bunk <bunk@kernel.org>
Acked-by: Christoph Lameter <cl@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

12 years agopage allocator: inline some __alloc_pages() wrappers
KOSAKI Motohiro [Thu, 24 Jul 2008 04:27:01 +0000]
page allocator: inline some __alloc_pages() wrappers

Two zonelist patch series rewrote __page_alloc() largely.  Now, it is just
a wrapper function.  Inlining them will save a function call.

[akpm@linux-foundation.org: export __alloc_pages_internal]
Cc: Lee Schermerhorn <lee.schermerhorn@hp.com>
Cc: Mel Gorman <mel@csn.ul.ie>
Signed-off-by: KOSAKI Motohiro <kosaki.motohiro@jp.fujitsu.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

12 years agomspec: convert nopfn to fault
Nick Piggin [Thu, 24 Jul 2008 04:27:00 +0000]
mspec: convert nopfn to fault

[akpm@linux-foundation.org: remove unused variable]
Signed-off-by: Nick Piggin <npiggin@suse.de>
Acked-by: Jes Sorensen <jes@sgi.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

12 years agomm: unexport __alloc_bootmem_core()
Johannes Weiner [Thu, 24 Jul 2008 04:26:59 +0000]
mm: unexport __alloc_bootmem_core()

This function has no external callers, so unexport it.  Also fix its naming
inconsistency.

Signed-off-by: Johannes Weiner <hannes@saeurebad.de>
Cc: Ingo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu>
Cc: Yinghai Lu <yhlu.kernel@gmail.com>
Cc: Christoph Lameter <cl@linux-foundation.org>
Cc: Mel Gorman <mel@csn.ul.ie>
Cc: Andy Whitcroft <apw@shadowen.org>
Cc: Mel Gorman <mel@csn.ul.ie>
Cc: Andy Whitcroft <apw@shadowen.org>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

12 years agomm: normalize internal argument passing of bootmem data
Johannes Weiner [Thu, 24 Jul 2008 04:26:59 +0000]
mm: normalize internal argument passing of bootmem data

All _core functions only need the bootmem data, not the whole node descriptor.
Adjust the two functions that take the node descriptor unneededly.

Signed-off-by: Johannes Weiner <hannes@saeurebad.de>
Cc: Ingo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu>
Cc: Yinghai Lu <yhlu.kernel@gmail.com>
Cc: Christoph Lameter <cl@linux-foundation.org>
Cc: Mel Gorman <mel@csn.ul.ie>
Cc: Andy Whitcroft <apw@shadowen.org>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

12 years agomm: fix free_all_bootmem_core alignment check
Johannes Weiner [Thu, 24 Jul 2008 04:26:58 +0000]
mm: fix free_all_bootmem_core alignment check

The check for node_boot_start is bogus because we start freeing at the
corresponding pfn.  So check if the pfn is properly aligned instead in a more
readable way and adjust the documentation.

Also remove an unneeded accounting variable.

Signed-off-by: Johannes Weiner <hannes@saeurebad.de>
Cc: Ingo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu>
Cc: Yinghai Lu <yhlu.kernel@gmail.com>
Cc: Christoph Lameter <cl@linux-foundation.org>
Cc: Mel Gorman <mel@csn.ul.ie>
Cc: Andy Whitcroft <apw@shadowen.org>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

12 years agomm: move bootmem descriptors definition to a single place
Johannes Weiner [Thu, 24 Jul 2008 04:26:55 +0000]
mm: move bootmem descriptors definition to a single place

There are a lot of places that define either a single bootmem descriptor or an
array of them.  Use only one central array with MAX_NUMNODES items instead.

Signed-off-by: Johannes Weiner <hannes@saeurebad.de>
Acked-by: Ralf Baechle <ralf@linux-mips.org>
Cc: Ingo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu>
Cc: Richard Henderson <rth@twiddle.net>
Cc: Russell King <rmk@arm.linux.org.uk>
Cc: Tony Luck <tony.luck@intel.com>
Cc: Hirokazu Takata <takata@linux-m32r.org>
Cc: Geert Uytterhoeven <geert@linux-m68k.org>
Cc: Kyle McMartin <kyle@parisc-linux.org>
Cc: Paul Mackerras <paulus@samba.org>
Cc: Paul Mundt <lethal@linux-sh.org>
Cc: David S. Miller <davem@davemloft.net>
Cc: Yinghai Lu <yhlu.kernel@gmail.com>
Cc: Christoph Lameter <cl@linux-foundation.org>
Cc: Mel Gorman <mel@csn.ul.ie>
Cc: Andy Whitcroft <apw@shadowen.org>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

12 years agoadd a helper function to test if an object is on the stack
FUJITA Tomonori [Thu, 24 Jul 2008 04:26:53 +0000]
add a helper function to test if an object is on the stack

lib/debugobjects.c has a function to test if an object is on the stack.
The block layer and ide needs it (they need to avoid DMA from/to stack
buffers).  This patch moves the function to include/linux/sched.h so that
everyone can use it.

lib/debugobjects.c uses current->stack but this patch uses a
task_stack_page() accessor, which is a preferable way to access the stack.

Signed-off-by: FUJITA Tomonori <fujita.tomonori@lab.ntt.co.jp>
Cc: Christoph Lameter <cl@linux-foundation.org>
Cc: Andy Whitcroft <apw@shadowen.org>
Cc: Ingo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu>
Cc: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

12 years agomm: print out the zonelists on request for manual verification
Mel Gorman [Thu, 24 Jul 2008 04:26:52 +0000]
mm: print out the zonelists on request for manual verification

This patch prints out the zonelists during boot for manual verification by the
user if the mminit_loglevel is MMINIT_VERIFY or higher.

Signed-off-by: Mel Gorman <mel@csn.ul.ie>
Cc: Christoph Lameter <cl@linux-foundation.org>
Cc: Andy Whitcroft <apw@shadowen.org>
Cc: Ingo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

12 years agomm: make defensive checks around PFN values registered for memory usage
Mel Gorman [Thu, 24 Jul 2008 04:26:52 +0000]
mm: make defensive checks around PFN values registered for memory usage

There are a number of different views to how much memory is currently active.
There is the arch-independent zone-sizing view, the bootmem allocator and
memory models view.

Architectures register this information at different times and is not
necessarily in sync particularly with respect to some SPARSEMEM limitations.

This patch introduces mminit_validate_memmodel_limits() which is able to
validate and correct PFN ranges with respect to the memory model.  It is only
SPARSEMEM that currently validates itself.

Signed-off-by: Mel Gorman <mel@csn.ul.ie>
Cc: Christoph Lameter <cl@linux-foundation.org>
Cc: Andy Whitcroft <apw@shadowen.org>
Cc: Ingo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

12 years agomm: verify the page links and memory model
Mel Gorman [Thu, 24 Jul 2008 04:26:51 +0000]
mm: verify the page links and memory model

Print out information on how the page flags are being used if mminit_loglevel
is MMINIT_VERIFY or higher and unconditionally performs sanity checks on the
flags regardless of loglevel.

When the page flags are updated with section, node and zone information, a
check are made to ensure the values can be retrieved correctly.  Finally we
confirm that pfn_to_page and page_to_pfn are the correct inverse functions.

[akpm@linux-foundation.org: fix printk warnings]
Signed-off-by: Mel Gorman <mel@csn.ul.ie>
Cc: Christoph Lameter <cl@linux-foundation.org>
Cc: Andy Whitcroft <apw@shadowen.org>
Cc: Ingo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

12 years agomm: add a basic debugging framework for memory initialisation
Mel Gorman [Thu, 24 Jul 2008 04:26:49 +0000]
mm: add a basic debugging framework for memory initialisation

Boot initialisation is very complex, with significant numbers of
architecture-specific routines, hooks and code ordering.  While significant
amounts of the initialisation is architecture-independent, it trusts the data
received from the architecture layer.  This is a mistake, and has resulted in
a number of difficult-to-diagnose bugs.

This patchset adds some validation and tracing to memory initialisation.  It
also introduces a few basic defensive measures.  The validation code can be
explicitly disabled for embedded systems.

This patch:

Add additional debugging and verification code for memory initialisation.

Once enabled, the verification checks are always run and when required
additional debugging information may be outputted via a mminit_loglevel=
command-line parameter.

The verification code is placed in a new file mm/mm_init.c.  Ideally other mm
initialisation code will be moved here over time.

Signed-off-by: Mel Gorman <mel@csn.ul.ie>
Cc: Christoph Lameter <cl@linux-foundation.org>
Cc: Andy Whitcroft <apw@shadowen.org>
Cc: Ingo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

12 years agoadd HAVE_CLK to Kconfig, for driver dependencies
David Brownell [Thu, 24 Jul 2008 04:26:48 +0000]
add HAVE_CLK to Kconfig, for driver dependencies

Flag platforms as HAVE_CLK (or not) in Kconfig, based on whether they
support <linux/clk.h> calls, so that otherwise portable drivers which need
those calls can list that dependency.

Something like this is a prerequisite for merging the musb_hdrc driver,
currently used on platforms including Davinci, OMAP2430, OMAP3xx ...  and
the discrete TUSB6010 chip, which doesn't have a natural platform
dependency.  (Used with OMAP 2420 in current Nokia N8x0 tablets.)

Signed-off-by: David Brownell <dbrownell@users.sourceforge.net>
Cc: Russell King <rmk@arm.linux.org.uk>
Acked-by: Haavard Skinnemoen <hskinnemoen@atmel.com>
Cc: Benjamin Herrenschmidt <benh@kernel.crashing.org>
Cc: Paul Mackerras <paulus@samba.org>
Cc: Paul Mundt <lethal@linux-sh.org>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

12 years agoremove is_tty()
Adrian Bunk [Thu, 24 Jul 2008 04:26:47 +0000]
remove is_tty()

This patch removes the no longer used is_tty().

Signed-off-by: Adrian Bunk <bunk@kernel.org>
Acked-by: Alan Cox <alan@redhat.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

12 years agohpet: clarify maintainer entry
Clemens Ladisch [Thu, 24 Jul 2008 04:26:46 +0000]
hpet: clarify maintainer entry

The existing HPET maintainer entries are somewhat unclear about which one
applies to what part of the kernel.

Signed-off-by: Clemens Ladisch <clemens@ladisch.de>
Cc: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
Cc: Ingo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

12 years agomove memory_read_from_buffer() from fs.h to string.h
Akinobu Mita [Thu, 24 Jul 2008 04:26:44 +0000]
move memory_read_from_buffer() from fs.h to string.h

James Bottomley warns that inclusion of linux/fs.h in a low level
driver was always a danger signal.  This patch moves
memory_read_from_buffer() from fs.h to string.h and fixes includes in
existing memory_read_from_buffer() users.

Signed-off-by: Akinobu Mita <akinobu.mita@gmail.com>
Cc: James Bottomley <James.Bottomley@hansenpartnership.com>
Cc: Geert Uytterhoeven <geert@linux-m68k.org>
Cc: Zhang Rui <rui.zhang@intel.com>
Cc: Bob Moore <robert.moore@intel.com>
Cc: Thomas Renninger <trenn@suse.de>
Cc: Len Brown <lenb@kernel.org>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

12 years agoMerge branch 'x86/auditsc' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/frob...
Linus Torvalds [Thu, 24 Jul 2008 03:39:21 +0000]
Merge branch 'x86/auditsc' of git://git./linux/kernel/git/frob/linux-2.6-roland

* 'x86/auditsc' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/frob/linux-2.6-roland:
  i386 syscall audit fast-path
  x86_64 ia32 syscall audit fast-path
  x86_64 syscall audit fast-path
  x86_64: remove bogus optimization in sysret_signal