13 years agouml: GENERIC_CLOCKEVENTS support
Jeff Dike [Tue, 16 Oct 2007 08:27:24 +0000]
uml: GENERIC_CLOCKEVENTS support

Enable CONFIG_GENERIC_CLOCKEVENTS.

timer_irq gets its name changed to timer_handler, and becomes the recipient of
timer signals.

The clock_event_device is set up to imitate the current ticking clock, i.e.
CLOCK_EVT_FEAT_ONESHOT is not enabled yet.

disable_timer now doesn't ignore SIGALRM and SIGVTALRM because that breaks
delay calibration.

Signed-off-by: Jeff Dike <jdike@linux.intel.com>
Cc: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

13 years agouml: GENERIC_TIME support
Jeff Dike [Tue, 16 Oct 2007 08:27:23 +0000]
uml: GENERIC_TIME support

Enable CONFIG_GENERIC_TIME.

As a side-effect of this, the UML implementations of do_gettimeofday and
do_settimeofday go away, as these are provided by generic code.  set_time also
goes away since it was only used by do_settimeofday.

Signed-off-by: Jeff Dike <jdike@linux.intel.com>
Cc: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

13 years agouml: separate timer initialization
Jeff Dike [Tue, 16 Oct 2007 08:27:23 +0000]
uml: separate timer initialization

Move timer signal initialization from init_irq_signals to a new function,
timer_init.

Signed-off-by: Jeff Dike <jdike@linux.intel.com>
Cc: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

13 years agouml: simplify interval setting
Jeff Dike [Tue, 16 Oct 2007 08:27:22 +0000]
uml: simplify interval setting

set_interval took a timer type as an argument, but it always specified a
virtual timer.  So, it is not needed, and it is gone, and set_interval is
simplified appropriately.

Signed-off-by: Jeff Dike <jdike@linux.intel.com>
Cc: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

13 years agouml: fix timer switching
Jeff Dike [Tue, 16 Oct 2007 08:27:22 +0000]
uml: fix timer switching

Fix up the switching between virtual and real timers.  The idle loop sleeps,
so the timer at that point must be real time.  At all other times, the timer
must be virtual.  Even when userspace is running, and the kernel is asleep,
the virtual timer is correct because the process timer will be running and the
process timer will be firing.

The timer switch used to be in the context switch and timer handler code.
This is moved to the idle loop and the signal handler, making it much more
clear why it is happening.

switch_timers now returns the old timer type so that it may be restored.  The
signal handler uses this in order to restore the previous timer type when it
returns.

Signed-off-by: Jeff Dike <jdike@linux.intel.com>
Cc: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

13 years agouml: eliminate hz()
Jeff Dike [Tue, 16 Oct 2007 08:27:21 +0000]
uml: eliminate hz()

Eliminate hz() since its only purpose was to provide a kernel-space constant
to userspace code.  This can be done instead by providing the constant
directly through kernel_constants.h.

Signed-off-by: Jeff Dike <jdike@linux.intel.com>
Cc: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

13 years agouml: more idiomatic parameter parsing
Jeff Dike [Tue, 16 Oct 2007 08:27:20 +0000]
uml: more idiomatic parameter parsing

Make mconsole parameter parsing slightly more idiomatic.

Signed-off-by: Jeff Dike <jdike@linux.intel.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

13 years agouml: remove unused file
Jeff Dike [Tue, 16 Oct 2007 08:27:20 +0000]
uml: remove unused file

arch/um/os-Linux/tt.c is no longer used.

Signed-off-by: Jeff Dike <jdike@linux.intel.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

13 years agouml: remove unneeded void * cast
Jesper Juhl [Tue, 16 Oct 2007 08:27:19 +0000]
uml: remove unneeded void * cast

vmalloc() returns a void pointer, so casting to (void *) is pretty pointless.

Signed-off-by: Jesper Juhl <jesper.juhl@gmail.com>
Signed-off-by: Jeff Dike <jdike@linux.intel.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

13 years agouml: eliminate floating point state from register file
Jeff Dike [Tue, 16 Oct 2007 08:27:19 +0000]
uml: eliminate floating point state from register file

The floating point fields in the pt_regs register file aren't used, so they
are deleted.

Signed-off-by: Jeff Dike <jdike@linux.intel.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

13 years agouml: style fixes in FP code
Jeff Dike [Tue, 16 Oct 2007 08:27:18 +0000]
uml: style fixes in FP code

Tidy the code affected by the floating point fixes.

A bunch of unused stuff is gone, including two sigcontext.c files,
which turned out to be entirely unneeded.

There are the usual fixes -
whitespace and style cleanups
copyright updates
emacs formatting comments gone
include cleanups
adding severities to printks

Signed-off-by: Jeff Dike <jdike@linux.intel.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

13 years agouml: sysrq and mconsole fixes
Jeff Dike [Tue, 16 Oct 2007 08:27:17 +0000]
uml: sysrq and mconsole fixes

Fix the passing of printk output back to the mconsole client.  The existing
code was somewhat confused, accumulating output in a buffer, but writing it
out entirely whenever a new chunk was added.  This is fixed.

The earlier include cleanups caused linux/sysrq.h to not be included - this is
fixed by adding the include back, under CONFIG_MAGIC_SYSRQ.

CONFIG_MAGIC_SYSRQ is also defaulted to on in defconfig.

Signed-off-by: Jeff Dike <jdike@linux.intel.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

13 years agouml: coredumping floating point fixes
Jeff Dike [Tue, 16 Oct 2007 08:27:17 +0000]
uml: coredumping floating point fixes

Fix core dumping of floating point state.  ELF_CORE_COPY_FPREGS gets a
definitions, and as a result, dump_fpu no longer needs to exist.  Also,
elf_fpregset_t needed a real definition.

Signed-off-by: Jeff Dike <jdike@linux.intel.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

13 years agouml: ptrace floating point fixes
Jeff Dike [Tue, 16 Oct 2007 08:27:16 +0000]
uml: ptrace floating point fixes

Handle floating point state better in ptrace.  The code now correctly
distinguishes between PTRACE_[GS]ETFPREGS and PTRACE_[GS]ETFPXREGS.  The FPX
requests get handed off to arch-specific code because that's not generic.

get_fpregs, set_fpregs, set_fpregs, and set_fpxregs needed real
implementations.

Something here exposed a missing include in asm/page.h, which needed
linux/types.h in order to get gfp_t, so that's fixed here.

Signed-off-by: Jeff Dike <jdike@linux.intel.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

13 years agouml: floating point signal delivery fixes
Jeff Dike [Tue, 16 Oct 2007 08:27:15 +0000]
uml: floating point signal delivery fixes

Handle floating point state in across signals correctly.  UML/i386 needs to
know whether the host does PTRACE_[GS]ETFPXREGS, so an arch_init_registers
hook is added, which on x86_64 does nothing.

UML doesn't save and restore floating point registers on kernel entry and
exit, so they need to be copied between the host process and the sigcontext.
save_fpx_registers and restore_fpx_registers are added for this purpose.
save_fp_registers and restore_fp_registers already exist.

There was a bunch of floating point state conversion code in
arch/um/sys-i386/ptrace.c which isn't needed there, but is needed in signal.c,
so it is moved over.

The i386 code now distinguishes between fp and fpx state and handles them
correctly.  The x86_64 code just needs to copy state as-is between the host
process and the stack.  There are also some fixes there to pass the correct
address of the floating point state around.

Signed-off-by: Jeff Dike <jdike@linux.intel.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

13 years agouml: don't use glibc asm/user.h
Jeff Dike [Tue, 16 Oct 2007 08:27:14 +0000]
uml: don't use glibc asm/user.h

Stop including asm/user.h from libc - it seems to be disappearing from
distros.  It's replaced with sys/user.h which defines user_fpregs_struct and
user_fpxregs_struct instead of user_i387_struct and struct user_fxsr_struct on
i386.

As a bonus, on x86_64, I get to dump some stupid typedefs which were needed in
order to get asm/user.h to compile.

Signed-off-by: Jeff Dike <jdike@linux.intel.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

13 years agouml: fix hostfs style
Jeff Dike [Tue, 16 Oct 2007 08:27:13 +0000]
uml: fix hostfs style

Style fixes in hostfs.

Signed-off-by: Jeff Dike <jdike@linux.intel.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

13 years agouml: remove unneeded if from hostfs
Jeff Dike [Tue, 16 Oct 2007 08:27:13 +0000]
uml: remove unneeded if from hostfs

Get rid of an empty if statement which might look like a bug to a
casual reader.

Signed-off-by: Jeff Dike <jdike@linux.intel.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

13 years agouml: clean up tlb flush path
Jeff Dike [Tue, 16 Oct 2007 08:27:12 +0000]
uml: clean up tlb flush path

Tidy the tlb flushing code.

With tt mode gone, there is no reason to have the capability to have
called directly from do_mmap, do_mprotect, and do_munmap, rather than
calling a function pointer that it is given.

There was a large amount of data that was passed from function to
function, being used at the lowest level, without being changed.  This
stuff is now encapsulated in a structure which is initialized at the
top layer and passed down.  This simplifies the code, reduces the
amount of code needed to pass the parameters around, and saves on
stack space.

A somewhat more subtle change is the meaning of the current operation
index.  It used to start at -1, being pre-incremented when adding an
operation.  It now starts at 0, being post-incremented, with
associated adjustments of +/- 1 on comparisons.

In addition, tlb.h contained a couple of declarations which had no
users outside of tlb.c, so they could be moved or deleted.

Signed-off-by: Jeff Dike <jdike@linux.intel.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

13 years agouml: userspace files should call libc directly
Jeff Dike [Tue, 16 Oct 2007 08:27:11 +0000]
uml: userspace files should call libc directly

A number of files that were changed in the recent removal of tt mode
are userspace files which call the os_* wrappers instead of calling
libc directly.  A few other files were affected by this, through

This patch makes these call glibc directly.

There are also style fixes in the affected areas.

os_print_error has no remaining callers, so it is deleted.

There is a interface change to os_set_exec_close, eliminating a
parameter which was always the same.  The callers are fixed as well.

os_process_pc got its error path cleaned up.

Signed-off-by: Jeff Dike <jdike@linux.intel.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

13 years agouml: fix inlines
Jeff Dike [Tue, 16 Oct 2007 08:27:10 +0000]
uml: fix inlines

"extern inline" will have different semantics with gcc 4.3.

Signed-off-by: Adrian Bunk <bunk@kernel.org>
Signed-off-by: Jeff Dike <jdike@linux.intel.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

13 years agouml: replace clone with fork
Jeff Dike [Tue, 16 Oct 2007 08:27:09 +0000]
uml: replace clone with fork

Convert the boot-time host ptrace testing from clone to fork.  They were
essentially doing fork anyway.  This cleans up the code a bit, and makes
valgrind a bit happier about grinding it.

Signed-off-by: Jeff Dike <jdike@linux.intel.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

13 years agouml: remove os_* usage from userspace files
Jeff Dike [Tue, 16 Oct 2007 08:27:08 +0000]
uml: remove os_* usage from userspace files

This patch fixes some userspace files which were calling libc through the os_*
wrappers.

It turns out that there was only one user of os_new_tty_pgrp, so it can be
deleted.

There are also some style and whitespace fixes in here.

Signed-off-by: Jeff Dike <jdike@linux.intel.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

13 years agouml: free LDT state on process exit
Jeff Dike [Tue, 16 Oct 2007 08:27:08 +0000]
uml: free LDT state on process exit

The space allocated for a process LDT wasn't being freed when the process
exited.

Signed-off-by: Jeff Dike <jdike@linux.intel.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

13 years agouml: rename pt_regs general-purpose register file
Jeff Dike [Tue, 16 Oct 2007 08:27:07 +0000]
uml: rename pt_regs general-purpose register file

Before the removal of tt mode, access to a register on the skas-mode side of a
pt_regs struct looked like pt_regs.regs.skas.regs.regs[FOO].  This was bad
enough, but it became pt_regs.regs.regs.regs[FOO] with the removal of the
union from the middle.  To get rid of the run of three "regs", the last field
is renamed to "gp".

Signed-off-by: Jeff Dike <jdike@linux.intel.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

13 years agouml: fold mmu_context_skas into mm_context
Jeff Dike [Tue, 16 Oct 2007 08:27:06 +0000]
uml: fold mmu_context_skas into mm_context

This patch folds mmu_context_skas into struct mm_context, changing all users
of these structures as needed.

Signed-off-by: Jeff Dike <jdike@linux.intel.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

13 years agouml: get rid of do_longjmp
Jeff Dike [Tue, 16 Oct 2007 08:27:05 +0000]
uml: get rid of do_longjmp

do_longjmp used to be needed when UML didn't have its own implementation of
setjmp and longjmp.  They came from libc, and couldn't be called directly from
kernel code, as the libc jmp_buf couldn't be imported there.  do_longjmp was a
userspace function which served to provide longjmp access to kernel code.

This is gone, and a number of void * pointers can now be jmp_buf *.

Signed-off-by: Jeff Dike <jdike@linux.intel.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

13 years agouml: remove __u64 usage from physical memory subsystem
Jeff Dike [Tue, 16 Oct 2007 08:27:05 +0000]
uml: remove __u64 usage from physical memory subsystem

Eliminate some uses of __u64 in the physical memory support.  It's hard to get
a definition of __u64 in both kernel and userspace code on x86_64, so this
changes them to unsigned long long.

There are also a copyright update and formatting comment removal from the
affected header.

Signed-off-by: Jeff Dike <jdike@linux.intel.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

13 years agouml: style fixes pass 3
Jeff Dike [Tue, 16 Oct 2007 08:27:00 +0000]
uml: style fixes pass 3

Formatting changes in the files which have been changed in the course
of folding foo_skas functions into their callers.  These include:
copyright updates
header file trimming
style fixes
adding severity to printks

These changes should be entirely non-functional.

Signed-off-by: Jeff Dike <jdike@linux.intel.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

13 years agouml: remove code made redundant by CHOOSE_MODE removal
Jeff Dike [Tue, 16 Oct 2007 08:26:58 +0000]
uml: remove code made redundant by CHOOSE_MODE removal

This patch makes a number of simplifications enabled by the removal of
CHOOSE_MODE.  There were lots of functions that looked like

int foo(args){
foo_skas(args);
}

The bodies of foo_skas are now folded into foo, and their declarations (and
sometimes entire header files) are deleted.

In addition, the union uml_pt_regs, which was a union between the tt and skas
register formats, is now a struct, with the tt-mode arm of the union being
removed.

It turns out that usr2_handler was unused, so it is gone.

Signed-off-by: Jeff Dike <jdike@linux.intel.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

13 years agouml: style fixes pass 2
Jeff Dike [Tue, 16 Oct 2007 08:26:57 +0000]
uml: style fixes pass 2

Formatting changes in the files which have been changed in the course
of removing CHOOSE_MODE.  These include:
copyright updates
header file trimming
style fixes
adding severity to printks

These changes should be entirely non-functional.

Signed-off-by: Jeff Dike <jdike@linux.intel.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

13 years agouml: throw out CHOOSE_MODE
Jeff Dike [Tue, 16 Oct 2007 08:26:56 +0000]
uml: throw out CHOOSE_MODE

The next stage after removing code which depends on CONFIG_MODE_TT is removing
the CHOOSE_MODE abstraction, which provided both compile-time and run-time
branching to either tt-mode or skas-mode code.

This patch removes choose-mode.h and all inclusions of it, and replaces all
CHOOSE_MODE invocations with the skas branch.  This leaves a number of trivial
functions which will be dealt with in a later patch.

There are some changes in the uaccess and tls support which go somewhat beyond
this and eliminate some of the now-redundant functions.

Signed-off-by: Jeff Dike <jdike@linux.intel.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

13 years agouml: style fixes pass 1
Jeff Dike [Tue, 16 Oct 2007 08:26:54 +0000]
uml: style fixes pass 1

Formatting changes in the files which have been changed in the
tt-removal patchset so far.  These include:
copyright updates
header file trimming
style fixes
adding severity to printks
indenting Kconfig help according to the predominant kernel style

These changes should be entirely non-functional.

Signed-off-by: Jeff Dike <jdike@linux.intel.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

13 years agouml: remove sysdep/thread.h
Jeff Dike [Tue, 16 Oct 2007 08:26:54 +0000]
uml: remove sysdep/thread.h

This patch removes thread.h, which turns out not to be needed any more.

Signed-off-by: Jeff Dike <jdike@linux.intel.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

13 years agouml: throw out CONFIG_MODE_TT
Jeff Dike [Tue, 16 Oct 2007 08:26:50 +0000]
uml: throw out CONFIG_MODE_TT

This patchset throws out tt mode, which has been non-functional for a while.

This is done in phases, interspersed with code cleanups on the affected files.

The removal is done as follows:
remove all code, config options, and files which depend on
CONFIG_MODE_TT
get rid of the CHOOSE_MODE macro, which decided whether to
call tt-mode or skas-mode code, and replace invocations with their
skas portions
replace all now-trivial procedures with their skas equivalents

There are now a bunch of now-redundant pieces of data structures, including
mode-specific pieces of the thread structure, pt_regs, and mm_context.  These
are all replaced with their skas-specific contents.

As part of the ongoing style compliance project, I made a style pass over all
files that were changed.  There are three such patches, one for each phase,
covering the files affected by that phase but no later ones.

I noticed that we weren't freeing the LDT state associated with a process when
it exited, so that's fixed in one of the later patches.

The last patch is a tidying patch which I've had for a while, but which caused
inexplicable crashes under tt mode.  Since that is no longer a problem, this
can now go in.

This patch:

Start getting rid of tt mode support.

This patch throws out CONFIG_MODE_TT and all config options, code, and files
which depend on it.

CONFIG_MODE_SKAS is gone and everything that depends on it is included
unconditionally.

The few changed lines are in re-written Kconfig help, lines which needed
something skas-related removed from them, and a few more which weren't
strictly deletions.

Signed-off-by: Jeff Dike <jdike@linux.intel.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

13 years agoUML: remove unnecessary hostfs_getattr()
Miklos Szeredi [Tue, 16 Oct 2007 08:26:49 +0000]
UML: remove unnecessary hostfs_getattr()

Currently hostfs_getattr() just defines the default behavior.

Signed-off-by: Miklos Szeredi <mszeredi@suse.cz>
Cc: Jeff Dike <jdike@addtoit.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

13 years agouml: add VDE networking support
Jeff Dike [Tue, 16 Oct 2007 08:26:48 +0000]
uml: add VDE networking support

Added vde network backend in uml to introduce native Virtual Distributed
Ethernet support (using libvdeplug).

Signed-off-by: Luca Bigliardi <shammash@artha.org>
Signed-off-by: Jeff Dike <jdike@linux.intel.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

13 years agouml: physmem code tidying
Jeff Dike [Tue, 16 Oct 2007 08:26:47 +0000]
uml: physmem code tidying

Tidying of the UML physical memory system.  These are mostly style fixes,
however the includes were cleaned as well.  This uncovered a need for
mem_user.h to be included in mode_kern_skas.h.

Signed-off-by: Jeff Dike <jdike@linux.intel.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

13 years agouml: stop saving process FP state
Jeff Dike [Tue, 16 Oct 2007 08:26:47 +0000]
uml: stop saving process FP state

Throw out a lot of code dealing with saving and restoring floating-point
state.  In skas mode, where processes run in a restoring floating-point state
on kernel entry and exit is pointless.

This eliminates most of arch/um/os-Linux/sys-{i386,x86_64}/registers.c.  Most
of what remained is now arch-indpendent, and can be moved up to
arch/um/os-Linux/registers.c.  Both arches need the jmp_buf accessor
get_thread_reg, and i386 needs {save,restore}_fp_regs because it cheats during
sigreturn by getting the fp state using ptrace rather than copying it out of
the process sigcontext.

After this, it turns out that arch/um/include/skas/mode-skas.h is almost
completely unneeded.  The declarations in it are variables which either don't
exist or which don't have global scope.  The one exception is
kill_off_processes_skas.  If that's removed, this header can be deleted.

This uncovered a bug in user.h, which wasn't correctly making sure that a
size_t definition was available to both userspace and kernelspace files.

Signed-off-by: Jeff Dike <jdike@linux.intel.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

13 years agouml: stop specially protecting kernel stacks
Jeff Dike [Tue, 16 Oct 2007 08:26:46 +0000]
uml: stop specially protecting kernel stacks

Map all of physical memory as executable to avoid having to change stack
protections during fork and exit.

unprotect_stack is now called only from MODE_TT code, so it is marked as such.

Signed-off-by: Jeff Dike <jdike@linux.intel.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

13 years agouml: fix nonremovability of watchdog
Jeff Dike [Tue, 16 Oct 2007 08:26:45 +0000]
uml: fix nonremovability of watchdog

The UML watchdog driver was using the wrong config variable to control whether
it can be unloaded once active.

Signed-off-by: Jeff Dike <jdike@linux.intel.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

13 years agouml: fix an IPV6 libc vs kernel symbol clash
Jeff Dike [Tue, 16 Oct 2007 08:26:45 +0000]
uml: fix an IPV6 libc vs kernel symbol clash

On some systems, with IPV6 configured, there is a clash between the kernel's
in6addr_any and the one in libc.

This is handled in the usual (gross) way of defining the kernel symbol out of
the way on the gcc command line.

Signed-off-by: Jeff Dike <jdike@linux.intel.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

13 years agouml: stop using libc asm/page.h
Jeff Dike [Tue, 16 Oct 2007 08:26:44 +0000]
uml: stop using libc asm/page.h

Remove includes of asm/page.h from libc code.  This header seems to be
disappearing, and UML doesn't make much use of it anyway.

The one use, PAGE_SHIFT in stub.h, is handled by copying the constant from the
kernel side of the house in common_offsets.h.

Signed-off-by: Jeff Dike <jdike@linux.intel.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

13 years agouml: console tidying
Jeff Dike [Tue, 16 Oct 2007 08:26:43 +0000]
uml: console tidying

Tidy line.c:
The includes are more minimal
Lots of style fixes
All the printks have severities
Removed some commented-out code
Deleted a useless printk when ioctl is called
Fixed some whitespace damage

Signed-off-by: Jeff Dike <jdike@linux.intel.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

13 years agouml: fix console writing bugs
Jeff Dike [Tue, 16 Oct 2007 08:26:42 +0000]
uml: fix console writing bugs

The previous console cleanup patch switched generic_read and generic_write
from calling os_{read,write}_file to calling read and write directly.  Because
the calling convention is different, they now need to get any error from errno
rather than the return value.  I did this for generic_read, but forgot about
generic_write.

While chasing some output corruption, I noticed that line_write was
unnecessarily calling flush_buffer, and deleted it.  I don't understand why,
but the corruption disappeared.  This is unneeded because there already is a
perfectly good mechanism for finding out when the host output device has some
room to write data - there is an interrupt that comes in when writes can
happen again.  line_write calling flush_buffer seemed to just be an attempt to
opportunistically get some data out to the host.

I also made write_chan short-circuit calling into the host-level code for
zero-length writes.  Calling libc write with a length of zero conflated write
not being able to write anything with asking it not to write anything.  Better
to just cut it off as soon as possible.

Signed-off-by: Jeff Dike <jdike@linux.intel.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

13 years agouml: console subsystem tidying
Jeff Dike [Tue, 16 Oct 2007 08:26:41 +0000]
uml: console subsystem tidying

This does a lot of cleanup on the UML console system.  This patch should be
entirely non-functional.

The tidying is as follows:
header cleanups - the includes should be closer to minimal and complete
all printks now have a severity
lots of style fixes
fd_close is restructured a little in order to reduce the nesting
some functions were calling the os_* wrappers when they can
call libc directly
port_accept had a unnecessary variable
it also tested a pid unecessarily before killing it
some functions were made static
xterm_free is gone, as it was identical to generic_free

Signed-off-by: Jeff Dike <jdike@linux.intel.com>
Cc: Paolo 'Blaisorblade' Giarrusso <blaisorblade@yahoo.it>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

13 years agouml: fix error cleanup ordering
Jeff Dike [Tue, 16 Oct 2007 08:26:40 +0000]
uml: fix error cleanup ordering

I messed up the error cleanup ordering in the console port driver.

Signed-off-by: Jeff Dike <jdike@linux.intel.com>
Cc: Paolo 'Blaisorblade' Giarrusso <blaisorblade@yahoo.it>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

13 years agouml: tidy recently-moved code
Jeff Dike [Tue, 16 Oct 2007 08:26:40 +0000]
uml: tidy recently-moved code

Now that the generic console operations are in a userspace file, we
can do the following:
directly call into libc instead of through the os_* wrappers
eliminate os_window_size since it has only one user

Signed-off-by: Jeff Dike <jdike@linux.intel.com>
Cc: Paolo 'Blaisorblade' Giarrusso <blaisorblade@yahoo.it>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

13 years agouml: move userspace code to userspace file
Jeff Dike [Tue, 16 Oct 2007 08:26:39 +0000]
uml: move userspace code to userspace file

Move some code from a kernelspace file to a userspace file where it fits
better.  This enables some tidying which is the subject of a later patch.

Signed-off-by: Jeff Dike <jdike@linux.intel.com>
Cc: Paolo 'Blaisorblade' Giarrusso <blaisorblade@yahoo.it>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

13 years agotty: bring the old cris driver back somewhere into the realm of new tty buffering
Alan Cox [Tue, 16 Oct 2007 08:26:38 +0000]
tty: bring the old cris driver back somewhere into the realm of new tty buffering

Signed-off-by: Alan Cox <alan@redhat.com>
Cc: Mikael Starvik <starvik@axis.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

13 years agoCRIS: cleanup struct irqaction initializers
Thomas Gleixner [Tue, 16 Oct 2007 08:26:38 +0000]
CRIS: cleanup struct irqaction initializers

Signed-off-by: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
Cc: Mikael Starvik <starvik@axis.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

13 years agom32r: convert to generic sys_ptrace
Christoph Hellwig [Tue, 16 Oct 2007 08:26:37 +0000]
m32r: convert to generic sys_ptrace

Convert m32r to the generic sys_ptrace.  The conversion requires an
architecture hook after ptrace_attach which this patch adds.  The hook
will also be needed for a conersion of ia64 to the generic ptrace code.

Thanks to Hirokazu Takata for fixing a bug in the first version of this
code.

Signed-off-by: Christoph Hellwig <hch@lst.de>
Cc: Hirokazu Takata <takata@linux-m32r.org>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

13 years agom32r: serial: remove M32R_SIO_SHARE_IRQS
Hirokazu Takata [Tue, 16 Oct 2007 08:26:36 +0000]
m32r: serial: remove M32R_SIO_SHARE_IRQS

Remove an unused symbol M32R_SIO_SHARE_IRQS from drivers/serial/m32r_sio.h.

Signed-off-by: Hirokazu Takata <takata@linux-m32r.org>
Cc: "Robert P. J. Day" <rpjday@mindspring.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

13 years agoM32R: cleanup struct irqaction initializers
Thomas Gleixner [Tue, 16 Oct 2007 08:26:36 +0000]
M32R: cleanup struct irqaction initializers

Signed-off-by: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
Cc: Hirokazu Takata <takata@linux-m32r.org>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

13 years agoinclude/asm-m32r/thread_info.h: kmalloc + memset conversion to kzalloc
Mariusz Kozlowski [Tue, 16 Oct 2007 08:26:35 +0000]
include/asm-m32r/thread_info.h: kmalloc + memset conversion to kzalloc

Signed-off-by: Mariusz Kozlowski <m.kozlowski@tuxland.pl>
Cc: Hirokazu Takata <takata@linux-m32r.org>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

13 years agoalpha: beautify vmlinux.lds
Sam Ravnborg [Tue, 16 Oct 2007 08:26:35 +0000]
alpha: beautify vmlinux.lds

Introduced a consistent style in vmlinux.lds and it now matches the
soon-to-be common style for all arch's vmlinux.lds files.

In addition:
- Replaced hardcoded constant with PAGE_SIZE
- Fix page.h so PAGE_SIZE can be used from assembler and in lds files
- Move a few labels inside brackets so linker alignment will not
  make label point ot a too low address
- Replaced DWARF and STABS sections with definitions from asm-generic

Signed-off-by: Sam Ravnborg <sam@ravnborg.org>
Cc: Ivan Kokshaysky <ink@jurassic.park.msu.ru>
Cc: Richard Henderson <rth@twiddle.net>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

13 years agoalpha: convert to generic sys_ptrace
Christoph Hellwig [Tue, 16 Oct 2007 08:26:34 +0000]
alpha: convert to generic sys_ptrace

This patch converts alpha to the generic sys_ptrace.  We use
force_successful_syscall_return to avoid having to pass the pt_regs pointer
down to the function.  I think the removal of the assemly stub is correct,
but I could only compile-test this patch, so please give it a spin before
commiting :)

Signed-off-by: Christoph Hellwig <hch@lst.de>
Cc: Richard Henderson <rth@twiddle.net>
Cc: Ivan Kokshaysky <ink@jurassic.park.msu.ru>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

13 years agocleanup arch/alpha/Makefile
Adrian Bunk [Tue, 16 Oct 2007 08:26:33 +0000]
cleanup arch/alpha/Makefile

- binutils 2.7 is far below the current minimum supported version,
  and there's therefore no longer a need for an extra test

- since even gcc 3.2 already supports all options used we can use them
  unconditionally

Signed-off-by: Adrian Bunk <bunk@stusta.de>
Cc: Richard Henderson <rth@twiddle.net>
Cc: Ivan Kokshaysky <ink@jurassic.park.msu.ru>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

13 years agoM68KNOMMU: remove unused config symbol CONFIG_DISKtel
Greg Ungerer [Tue, 16 Oct 2007 08:26:30 +0000]
M68KNOMMU: remove unused config symbol CONFIG_DISKtel

Remove unused config symbol CONFIG_DISKtel.
Pointed out by Robert P. J. Day <rpjday@mindspring.com>.

Signed-off-by: Greg Ungerer <gerg@uclinux.org>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

13 years agoFRV: cleanup struct irqaction initializers
Thomas Gleixner [Tue, 16 Oct 2007 08:26:29 +0000]
FRV: cleanup struct irqaction initializers

Signed-off-by: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
Cc: David Howells <dhowells@redhat.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

13 years agoinclude/asm-frv/thread_info.h: kmalloc + memset conversion to kzalloc
Mariusz Kozlowski [Tue, 16 Oct 2007 08:26:29 +0000]
include/asm-frv/thread_info.h: kmalloc + memset conversion to kzalloc

Signed-off-by: Mariusz Kozlowski <m.kozlowski@tuxland.pl>
Acked-By: David Howells <dhowells@redhat.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

13 years agoremove frv usage of flush_tlb_pgtables()
Benjamin Herrenschmidt [Tue, 16 Oct 2007 08:26:28 +0000]
remove frv usage of flush_tlb_pgtables()

frv is the last user in the tree of that dubious hook, and it's my
understanding that it's not even needed.  It's only called by memory.c
free_pgd_range() which is always called within an mmu_gather, and
tlb_flush() on frv will do a flush_tlb_mm(), which from my reading of the
code, seems to do what flush_tlb_ptables() does, which is to clear the
cached PGE.

Signed-off-by: Benjamin Herrenschmidt <benh@kernel.crashing.org>
Acked-By: David Howells <dhowells@redhat.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

13 years agomm: add node states sysfs class attributeS
Lee Schermerhorn [Tue, 16 Oct 2007 08:26:27 +0000]
mm: add node states sysfs class attributeS

Add a per node state sysfs class attribute file to /sys/devices/system/node
to display node state masks.

E.g., on a 4-cell HP ia64 NUMA platform, we have 5 nodes: 4 representing
the actual hardware cells and one memory-only pseudo-node representing a
small amount [512MB] of "hardware interleaved" memory.  With this patch, in
/sys/devices/system/node we see:

#ls -1F /sys/devices/system/node
has_cpu
has_normal_memory
node0/
node1/
node2/
node3/
node4/
online
possible
#cat /sys/devices/system/node/possible
0-255
#cat /sys/devices/system/node/online
0-4
#cat /sys/devices/system/node/has_normal_memory
0-4
#cat /sys/devices/system/node/has_cpu
0-3

Signed-off-by: Lee Schermerhorn <lee.schermerhorn@hp.com>
Acked-by: Christoph Lameter <clameter@sgi.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

13 years agomm/vmstat.c: cleanups
Adrian Bunk [Tue, 16 Oct 2007 08:26:27 +0000]
mm/vmstat.c: cleanups

This patch contains the following cleanups:
- make the needlessly global setup_vmstat() static
- remove the unused refresh_vm_stats()

Signed-off-by: Adrian Bunk <bunk@stusta.de>
Acked-by: Christoph Lameter <clameter@sgi.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

13 years agomm/mempolicy.c: cleanups
Adrian Bunk [Tue, 16 Oct 2007 08:26:26 +0000]
mm/mempolicy.c: cleanups

This patch contains the following cleanups:
- every file should include the headers containing the prototypes for
  its global functions
- make the follosing needlessly global functions static:
  - migrate_to_node()
  - do_mbind()
  - sp_alloc()
  - mpol_rebind_policy()

[akpm@linux-foundation.org: fix uninitialised var warning]
Signed-off-by: Adrian Bunk <bunk@stusta.de>
Acked-by: Christoph Lameter <clameter@sgi.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

13 years agomm/shmem.c: make 3 functions static
Adrian Bunk [Tue, 16 Oct 2007 08:26:26 +0000]
mm/shmem.c: make 3 functions static

This patch makes three needlessly global functions static.

Signed-off-by: Adrian Bunk <bunk@stusta.de>
Cc: Hugh Dickins <hugh@veritas.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

13 years agohugetlb: fix dynamic pool resize failure case
Adam Litke [Tue, 16 Oct 2007 08:26:25 +0000]
hugetlb: fix dynamic pool resize failure case

When gather_surplus_pages() fails to allocate enough huge pages to satisfy
the requested reservation, it frees what it did allocate back to the buddy
allocator.  put_page() should be called instead of update_and_free_page()
to ensure that pool counters are updated as appropriate and the page's
refcount is decremented.

Signed-off-by: Adam Litke <agl@us.ibm.com>
Acked-by: Dave Hansen <haveblue@us.ibm.com>
Cc: David Gibson <hermes@gibson.dropbear.id.au>
Cc: William Lee Irwin III <wli@holomorphy.com>
Cc: Badari Pulavarty <pbadari@us.ibm.com>
Cc: Ken Chen <kenchen@google.com>
Cc: Lee Schermerhorn <lee.schermerhorn@hp.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

13 years agohugetlb: fix hugepage allocation with memoryless nodes
Nishanth Aravamudan [Tue, 16 Oct 2007 08:26:24 +0000]
hugetlb: fix hugepage allocation with memoryless nodes

Anton found a problem with the hugetlb pool allocation when some nodes have
no memory (http://marc.info/?l=linux-mm&m=118133042025995&w=2).  Lee worked
on versions that tried to fix it, but none were accepted.  Christoph has
created a set of patches which allow for GFP_THISNODE allocations to fail
if the node has no memory.

Currently, alloc_fresh_huge_page() returns NULL when it is not able to
allocate a huge page on the current node, as specified by its custom
interleave variable.  The callers of this function, though, assume that a
failure in alloc_fresh_huge_page() indicates no hugepages can be allocated
on the system period.  This might not be the case, for instance, if we have
an uneven NUMA system, and we happen to try to allocate a hugepage on a
node with less memory and fail, while there is still plenty of free memory
on the other nodes.

To correct this, make alloc_fresh_huge_page() search through all online
nodes before deciding no hugepages can be allocated.  Add a helper function
for actually allocating the hugepage.  Use a new global nid iterator to
control which nid to allocate on.

Note: we expect particular semantics for __GFP_THISNODE, which are now
enforced even for memoryless nodes.  That is, there is should be no
fallback to other nodes.  Therefore, we rely on the nid passed into
alloc_pages_node() to be the nid the page comes from.  If this is
incorrect, accounting will break.

Tested on x86 !NUMA, x86 NUMA, x86_64 NUMA and ppc64 NUMA (with 2
memoryless nodes).

Before on the ppc64 box:
Trying to clear the hugetlb pool
Done.       0 free
Trying to resize the pool to 100
Node 0 HugePages_Free:     25
Node 1 HugePages_Free:     75
Node 2 HugePages_Free:      0
Node 3 HugePages_Free:      0
Done. Initially     100 free
Trying to resize the pool to 200
Node 0 HugePages_Free:     50
Node 1 HugePages_Free:    150
Node 2 HugePages_Free:      0
Node 3 HugePages_Free:      0
Done.     200 free

After:
Trying to clear the hugetlb pool
Done.       0 free
Trying to resize the pool to 100
Node 0 HugePages_Free:     50
Node 1 HugePages_Free:     50
Node 2 HugePages_Free:      0
Node 3 HugePages_Free:      0
Done. Initially     100 free
Trying to resize the pool to 200
Node 0 HugePages_Free:    100
Node 1 HugePages_Free:    100
Node 2 HugePages_Free:      0
Node 3 HugePages_Free:      0
Done.     200 free

Signed-off-by: Nishanth Aravamudan <nacc@us.ibm.com>
Acked-by: Christoph Lameter <clameter@sgi.com>
Cc: Adam Litke <agl@us.ibm.com>
Cc: David Gibson <hermes@gibson.dropbear.id.au>
Cc: Badari Pulavarty <pbadari@us.ibm.com>
Cc: Ken Chen <kenchen@google.com>
Cc: William Lee Irwin III <wli@holomorphy.com>
Cc: Lee Schermerhorn <lee.schermerhorn@hp.com>
Cc: KAMEZAWA Hiroyuki <kamezawa.hiroyu@jp.fujitsu.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

13 years agohugetlb: fix pool resizing corner case
Adam Litke [Tue, 16 Oct 2007 08:26:23 +0000]
hugetlb: fix pool resizing corner case

When shrinking the size of the hugetlb pool via the nr_hugepages sysctl, we
are careful to keep enough pages around to satisfy reservations.  But the
calculation is flawed for the following scenario:

Action                          Pool Counters (Total, Free, Resv)
======                          =============
Set pool to 1 page              1 1 0
Map 1 page MAP_PRIVATE          1 1 0
Touch the page to fault it in   1 0 0
Set pool to 3 pages             3 2 0
Map 2 pages MAP_SHARED          3 2 2
Set pool to 2 pages             2 1 2 <-- Mistake, should be 3 2 2
Touch the 2 shared pages        2 0 1 <-- Program crashes here

The last touch above will terminate the process due to lack of huge pages.

This patch corrects the calculation so that it factors in pages being used
for private mappings.  Andrew, this is a standalone fix suitable for
mainline.  It is also now corrected in my latest dynamic pool resizing
patchset which I will send out soon.

Signed-off-by: Adam Litke <agl@us.ibm.com>
Acked-by: Ken Chen <kenchen@google.com>
Cc: David Gibson <david@gibson.dropbear.id.au>
Cc: Badari Pulavarty <pbadari@us.ibm.com>
Cc: William Lee Irwin III <wli@holomorphy.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

13 years agohugetlbfs read() support
Badari Pulavarty [Tue, 16 Oct 2007 08:26:22 +0000]
hugetlbfs read() support

Support for reading from hugetlbfs files.  libhugetlbfs lets application
text/data to be placed in large pages.  When we do that, oprofile doesn't
work - since libbfd tries to read from it.

This code is very similar to what do_generic_mapping_read() does, but I
can't use it since it has PAGE_CACHE_SIZE assumptions.

[akpm@linux-foundation.org: cleanups, fix leak]
[bunk@stusta.de: make hugetlbfs_read() static]
Signed-off-by: Badari Pulavarty <pbadari@us.ibm.com>
Acked-by: William Irwin <bill.irwin@oracle.com>
Tested-by: Nishanth Aravamudan <nacc@us.ibm.com>
Cc: Nick Piggin <nickpiggin@yahoo.com.au>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

13 years agohugetlb: allow extending ftruncate on hugetlbfs
Ken Chen [Tue, 16 Oct 2007 08:26:21 +0000]
hugetlb: allow extending ftruncate on hugetlbfs

For historical reason, expanding ftruncate that increases file size on
hugetlbfs is not allowed due to pages were pre-faulted and lack of fault
handler.  Now that we have demand faulting on hugetlb since 2.6.15, there
is no reason to hold back that limitation.

This will make hugetlbfs behave more like a normal fs.  I'm writing a user
level code that uses hugetlbfs but will fall back to tmpfs if there are no
hugetlb page available in the system.  Having hugetlbfs specific ftruncate
behavior is a bit quirky and I would like to remove that artificial
limitation.

Signed-off-by: <kenchen@google.com>
Acked-by: Wiliam Irwin <wli@holomorphy.com>
Cc: Adam Litke <agl@us.ibm.com>
Cc: David Gibson <david@gibson.dropbear.id.au>
Cc: Nishanth Aravamudan <nacc@us.ibm.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

13 years agohugetlb: Add hugetlb_dynamic_pool sysctl
Adam Litke [Tue, 16 Oct 2007 08:26:20 +0000]
hugetlb: Add hugetlb_dynamic_pool sysctl

The maximum size of the huge page pool can be controlled using the overall
size of the hugetlb filesystem (via its 'size' mount option).  However in the
common case the this will not be set as the pool is traditionally fixed in
size at boot time.  In order to maintain the expected semantics, we need to
prevent the pool expanding by default.

This patch introduces a new sysctl controlling dynamic pool resizing.  When
this is enabled the pool will expand beyond its base size up to the size of
the hugetlb filesystem.  It is disabled by default.

Signed-off-by: Adam Litke <agl@us.ibm.com>
Acked-by: Andy Whitcroft <apw@shadowen.org>
Acked-by: Dave McCracken <dave.mccracken@oracle.com>
Cc: William Irwin <bill.irwin@oracle.com>
Cc: David Gibson <david@gibson.dropbear.id.au>
Cc: Ken Chen <kenchen@google.com>
Cc: Badari Pulavarty <pbadari@us.ibm.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

13 years agohugetlb: Try to grow hugetlb pool for MAP_SHARED mappings
Adam Litke [Tue, 16 Oct 2007 08:26:19 +0000]
hugetlb: Try to grow hugetlb pool for MAP_SHARED mappings

Shared mappings require special handling because the huge pages needed to
fully populate the VMA must be reserved at mmap time.  If not enough pages are
available when making the reservation, allocate all of the shortfall at once
from the buddy allocator and add the pages directly to the hugetlb pool.  If
they cannot be allocated, then fail the mapping.  The page surplus is
accounted for in the same way as for private mappings; faulted surplus pages
will be freed at unmap time.  Reserved, surplus pages that have not been used
must be freed separately when their reservation has been released.

Signed-off-by: Adam Litke <agl@us.ibm.com>
Acked-by: Andy Whitcroft <apw@shadowen.org>
Acked-by: Dave McCracken <dave.mccracken@oracle.com>
Cc: William Irwin <bill.irwin@oracle.com>
Cc: David Gibson <david@gibson.dropbear.id.au>
Cc: Ken Chen <kenchen@google.com>
Cc: Badari Pulavarty <pbadari@us.ibm.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

13 years agohugetlb: Try to grow hugetlb pool for MAP_PRIVATE mappings
Adam Litke [Tue, 16 Oct 2007 08:26:18 +0000]
hugetlb: Try to grow hugetlb pool for MAP_PRIVATE mappings

Because we overcommit hugepages for MAP_PRIVATE mappings, it is possible that
the hugetlb pool will be exhausted or completely reserved when a hugepage is
needed to satisfy a page fault.  Before killing the process in this situation,
try to allocate a hugepage directly from the buddy allocator.

The explicitly configured pool size becomes a low watermark.  When dynamically
grown, the allocated huge pages are accounted as a surplus over the watermark.
 As huge pages are freed on a node, surplus pages are released to the buddy
allocator so that the pool will shrink back to the watermark.

Surplus accounting also allows for friendlier explicit pool resizing.  When
shrinking a pool that is fully in-use, increase the surplus so pages will be
returned to the buddy allocator as soon as they are freed.  When growing a
pool that has a surplus, consume the surplus first and then allocate new
pages.

Signed-off-by: Adam Litke <agl@us.ibm.com>
Signed-off-by: Mel Gorman <mel@csn.ul.ie>
Acked-by: Andy Whitcroft <apw@shadowen.org>
Acked-by: Dave McCracken <dave.mccracken@oracle.com>
Cc: William Irwin <bill.irwin@oracle.com>
Cc: David Gibson <david@gibson.dropbear.id.au>
Cc: Ken Chen <kenchen@google.com>
Cc: Badari Pulavarty <pbadari@us.ibm.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

13 years agohugetlb: Move update_and_free_page
Adam Litke [Tue, 16 Oct 2007 08:26:16 +0000]
hugetlb: Move update_and_free_page

Dynamic huge page pool resizing.

In most real-world scenarios, configuring the size of the hugetlb pool
correctly is a difficult task.  If too few pages are allocated to the pool,
applications using MAP_SHARED may fail to mmap() a hugepage region and
applications using MAP_PRIVATE may receive SIGBUS.  Isolating too much memory
in the hugetlb pool means it is not available for other uses, especially those
programs not using huge pages.

The obvious answer is to let the hugetlb pool grow and shrink in response to
the runtime demand for huge pages.  The work Mel Gorman has been doing to
establish a memory zone for movable memory allocations makes dynamically
resizing the hugetlb pool reliable within the limits of that zone.  This patch
series implements dynamic pool resizing for private and shared mappings while
being careful to maintain existing semantics.  Please reply with your comments
and feedback; even just to say whether it would be a useful feature to you.
Thanks.

How it works
============

Upon depletion of the hugetlb pool, rather than reporting an error immediately,
first try and allocate the needed huge pages directly from the buddy allocator.
Care must be taken to avoid unbounded growth of the hugetlb pool, so the
hugetlb filesystem quota is used to limit overall pool size.

The real work begins when we decide there is a shortage of huge pages.  What
happens next depends on whether the pages are for a private or shared mapping.
Private mappings are straightforward.  At fault time, if alloc_huge_page()
fails, we allocate a page from the buddy allocator and increment the source
node's surplus_huge_pages counter.  When free_huge_page() is called for a page
on a node with a surplus, the page is freed directly to the buddy allocator
instead of the hugetlb pool.

Because shared mappings require all of the pages to be reserved up front, some
additional work must be done at mmap() to support them.  We determine the
reservation shortage and allocate the required number of pages all at once.
These pages are then added to the hugetlb pool and marked reserved.  Where that
is not possible the mmap() will fail.  As with private mappings, the
appropriate surplus counters are updated.  Since reserved huge pages won't
necessarily be used by the process, we can't be sure that free_huge_page() will
always be called to return surplus pages to the buddy allocator.  To prevent
the huge page pool from bloating, we must free unused surplus pages when their
reservation has ended.

Controlling it
==============

With the entire patch series applied, pool resizing is off by default so unless
specific action is taken, the semantics are unchanged.

To take advantage of the flexibility afforded by this patch series one must
tolerate a change in semantics.  To control hugetlb pool growth, the following
techniques can be employed:

 * A sysctl tunable to enable/disable the feature entirely
 * The size= mount option for hugetlbfs filesystems to limit pool size

Performance
===========

When contiguous memory is readily available, it is expected that the cost of
dynamicly resizing the pool will be small.  This series has been performance
tested with 'stream' to measure this cost.

Stream (http://www.cs.virginia.edu/stream/) was linked with libhugetlbfs to
enable remapping of the text and data/bss segments into huge pages.

Stream with small array
-----------------------
Baseline:  nr_hugepages = 0, No libhugetlbfs segment remapping
Preallocated: nr_hugepages = 5, Text and data/bss remapping
Dynamic: nr_hugepages = 0, Text and data/bss remapping

Rate (MB/s)
Function Baseline Preallocated Dynamic
Copy: 4695.6266 5942.8371 5982.2287
Scale: 4451.5776 5017.1419 5658.7843
Add: 5815.8849 7927.7827 8119.3552
Triad: 5949.4144 8527.6492 8110.6903

Stream with large array
-----------------------
Baseline:  nr_hugepages =  0, No libhugetlbfs segment remapping
Preallocated: nr_hugepages = 67, Text and data/bss remapping
Dynamic: nr_hugepages =  0, Text and data/bss remapping

Rate (MB/s)
Function Baseline Preallocated Dynamic
Copy: 2227.8281 2544.2732 2546.4947
Scale: 2136.3208 2430.7294 2421.2074
Add: 2773.1449 4004.0021 3999.4331
Triad: 2748.4502 3777.0109 3773.4970

* All numbers are averages taken from 10 consecutive runs with a maximum
  standard deviation of 1.3 percent noted.

This patch:

Simply move update_and_free_page() so that it can be reused later in this
patch series.  The implementation is not changed.

Signed-off-by: Adam Litke <agl@us.ibm.com>
Acked-by: Andy Whitcroft <apw@shadowen.org>
Acked-by: Dave McCracken <dave.mccracken@oracle.com>
Acked-by: William Irwin <bill.irwin@oracle.com>
Cc: David Gibson <david@gibson.dropbear.id.au>
Cc: Ken Chen <kenchen@google.com>
Cc: Badari Pulavarty <pbadari@us.ibm.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

13 years agomemory hotplug: Hot-add with sparsemem-vmemmap
Yasunori Goto [Tue, 16 Oct 2007 08:26:14 +0000]
memory hotplug: Hot-add with sparsemem-vmemmap

This patch is to avoid panic when memory hot-add is executed with
sparsemem-vmemmap.  Current vmemmap-sparsemem code doesn't support memory
hot-add.  Vmemmap must be populated when hot-add.  This is for
2.6.23-rc2-mm2.

Todo: # Even if this patch is applied, the message "[xxxx-xxxx] potential
        offnode page_structs" is displayed. To allocate memmap on its node,
        memmap (and pgdat) must be initialized itself like chicken and
        egg relationship.

      # vmemmap_unpopulate will be necessary for followings.
         - For cancel hot-add due to error.
         - For unplug.

Signed-off-by: Yasunori Goto <y-goto@jp.fujitsu.com>
Cc: Andy Whitcroft <apw@shadowen.org>
Cc: Christoph Lameter <clameter@sgi.com>
Cc: Mel Gorman <mel@csn.ul.ie>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

13 years agofix memory hot remove not configured case.
KAMEZAWA Hiroyuki [Tue, 16 Oct 2007 08:26:14 +0000]
fix memory hot remove not configured case.

Now, arch dependent code around CONFIG_MEMORY_HOTREMOVE is a mess.
This patch cleans up them. This is against 2.6.23-rc6-mm1.

 - fix compile failure on ia64/ CONFIG_MEMORY_HOTPLUG && !CONFIG_MEMORY_HOTREMOVE case.
 - For !CONFIG_MEMORY_HOTREMOVE, add generic no-op remove_memory(),
   which returns -EINVAL.
 - removed remove_pages() only used in powerpc.
 - removed no-op remove_memory() in i386, sh, sparc64, x86_64.

 - only powerpc returns -ENOSYS at memory hot remove(no-op). changes it
   to return -EINVAL.

Note:
Currently, only ia64 supports CONFIG_MEMORY_HOTREMOVE. I welcome other
archs if there are requirements and testers.

Signed-off-by: KAMEZAWA Hiroyuki <kamezawa.hiroyu@jp.fujitsu.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

13 years agomemory unplug: ia64 interface
KAMEZAWA Hiroyuki [Tue, 16 Oct 2007 08:26:13 +0000]
memory unplug: ia64 interface

IA64 memory unplug interface.

Signed-off-by: KAMEZAWA Hiroyuki <kamezawa.hiroyu@jp.fujitsu.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

13 years agomemory unplug: page offline
KAMEZAWA Hiroyuki [Tue, 16 Oct 2007 08:26:12 +0000]
memory unplug: page offline

Logic.
 - set all pages in  [start,end)  as isolated migration-type.
   by this, all free pages in the range will be not-for-use.
 - Migrate all LRU pages in the range.
 - Test all pages in the range's refcnt is zero or not.

Todo:
 - allocate migration destination page from better area.
 - confirm page_count(page)== 0 && PageReserved(page) page is safe to be freed..
 (I don't like this kind of page but..
 - Find out pages which cannot be migrated.
 - more running tests.
 - Use reclaim for unplugging other memory type area.

Signed-off-by: KAMEZAWA Hiroyuki <kamezawa.hiroyu@jp.fujitsu.com>
Signed-off-by: Yasunori Goto <y-goto@jp.fujitsu.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

13 years agomemory unplug: page isolation
KAMEZAWA Hiroyuki [Tue, 16 Oct 2007 08:26:11 +0000]
memory unplug: page isolation

Implement generic chunk-of-pages isolation method by using page grouping ops.

This patch add MIGRATE_ISOLATE to MIGRATE_TYPES. By this
 - MIGRATE_TYPES increases.
 - bitmap for migratetype is enlarged.

pages of MIGRATE_ISOLATE migratetype will not be allocated even if it is free.
By this, you can isolated *freed* pages from users. How-to-free pages is not
a purpose of this patch. You may use reclaim and migrate codes to free pages.

If start_isolate_page_range(start,end) is called,
 - migratetype of the range turns to be MIGRATE_ISOLATE  if
   its type is MIGRATE_MOVABLE. (*) this check can be updated if other
   memory reclaiming works make progress.
 - MIGRATE_ISOLATE is not on migratetype fallback list.
 - All free pages and will-be-freed pages are isolated.
To check all pages in the range are isolated or not,  use test_pages_isolated(),
To cancel isolation, use undo_isolate_page_range().

Changes V6 -> V7
 - removed unnecessary #ifdef

There are HOLES_IN_ZONE handling codes...I'm glad if we can remove them..

Signed-off-by: Yasunori Goto <y-goto@jp.fujitsu.com>
Signed-off-by: KAMEZAWA Hiroyuki <kamezawa.hiroyu@jp.fujitsu.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

13 years agomemory unplug: memory hotplug cleanup
KAMEZAWA Hiroyuki [Tue, 16 Oct 2007 08:26:10 +0000]
memory unplug: memory hotplug cleanup

A clean up patch for "scanning memory resource [start, end)" operation.

Now, find_next_system_ram() function is used in memory hotplug, but this
interface is not easy to use and codes are complicated.

This patch adds walk_memory_resouce(start,len,arg,func) function.
The function 'func' is called per valid memory resouce range in [start,pfn).

[pbadari@us.ibm.com: Error handling in walk_memory_resource()]
Signed-off-by: KAMEZAWA Hiroyuki <kamezawa.hiroyu@jp.fujitsu.com>
Signed-off-by: Badari Pulavarty <pbadari@us.ibm.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

13 years agoBreakout page_order() to internal.h to avoid special knowledge of the buddy allocator
Mel Gorman [Tue, 16 Oct 2007 08:26:10 +0000]
Breakout page_order() to internal.h to avoid special knowledge of the buddy allocator

The statistics patch later needs to know what order a free page is on the free
lists.  Rather than having special knowledge of page_private() when
PageBuddy() is set, this patch places out page_order() in internal.h and adds
a VM_BUG_ON to catch using it on non-PageBuddy pages.

Signed-off-by: Mel Gorman <mel@csn.ul.ie>
Signed-off-by: Christoph Lameter <clameter@sgi.com>
Acked-by: Andy Whitcroft <apw@shadowen.org>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

13 years agoslub: list_locations() can use GFP_TEMPORARY
Andrew Morton [Tue, 16 Oct 2007 08:26:09 +0000]
slub: list_locations() can use GFP_TEMPORARY

It's a short-lived allocation.

Cc: Christoph Lameter <clameter@sgi.com>
Cc: Mel Gorman <mel@csn.ul.ie>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

13 years agoSLUB: Optimize cacheline use for zeroing
Christoph Lameter [Tue, 16 Oct 2007 08:26:09 +0000]
SLUB: Optimize cacheline use for zeroing

We touch a cacheline in the kmem_cache structure for zeroing to get the
size. However, the hot paths in slab_alloc and slab_free do not reference
any other fields in kmem_cache, so we may have to just bring in the
cacheline for this one access.

Add a new field to kmem_cache_cpu that contains the object size. That
cacheline must already be used in the hotpaths. So we save one cacheline
on every slab_alloc if we zero.

We need to update the kmem_cache_cpu object size if an aliasing operation
changes the objsize of an non debug slab.

Signed-off-by: Christoph Lameter <clameter@sgi.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

13 years agoSLUB: Place kmem_cache_cpu structures in a NUMA aware way
Christoph Lameter [Tue, 16 Oct 2007 08:26:08 +0000]
SLUB: Place kmem_cache_cpu structures in a NUMA aware way

The kmem_cache_cpu structures introduced are currently an array placed in the
kmem_cache struct. Meaning the kmem_cache_cpu structures are overwhelmingly
on the wrong node for systems with a higher amount of nodes. These are
performance critical structures since the per node information has
to be touched for every alloc and free in a slab.

In order to place the kmem_cache_cpu structure optimally we put an array
of pointers to kmem_cache_cpu structs in kmem_cache (similar to SLAB).

However, the kmem_cache_cpu structures can now be allocated in a more
intelligent way.

We would like to put per cpu structures for the same cpu but different
slab caches in cachelines together to save space and decrease the cache
footprint. However, the slab allocators itself control only allocations
per node. We set up a simple per cpu array for every processor with
100 per cpu structures which is usually enough to get them all set up right.
If we run out then we fall back to kmalloc_node. This also solves the
bootstrap problem since we do not have to use slab allocator functions
early in boot to get memory for the small per cpu structures.

Pro:
- NUMA aware placement improves memory performance
- All global structures in struct kmem_cache become readonly
- Dense packing of per cpu structures reduces cacheline
  footprint in SMP and NUMA.
- Potential avoidance of exclusive cacheline fetches
  on the free and alloc hotpath since multiple kmem_cache_cpu
  structures are in one cacheline. This is particularly important
  for the kmalloc array.

Cons:
- Additional reference to one read only cacheline (per cpu
  array of pointers to kmem_cache_cpu) in both slab_alloc()
  and slab_free().

[akinobu.mita@gmail.com: fix cpu hotplug offline/online path]
Signed-off-by: Christoph Lameter <clameter@sgi.com>
Cc: "Pekka Enberg" <penberg@cs.helsinki.fi>
Cc: Akinobu Mita <akinobu.mita@gmail.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

13 years agoSLUB: Avoid touching page struct when freeing to per cpu slab
Christoph Lameter [Tue, 16 Oct 2007 08:26:07 +0000]
SLUB: Avoid touching page struct when freeing to per cpu slab

Set c->node to -1 if we allocate from a debug slab instead for SlabDebug
which requires access the page struct cacheline.

Signed-off-by: Christoph Lameter <clameter@sgi.com>
Tested-by: Alexey Dobriyan <adobriyan@sw.ru>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

13 years agoSLUB: Move page->offset to kmem_cache_cpu->offset
Christoph Lameter [Tue, 16 Oct 2007 08:26:06 +0000]
SLUB: Move page->offset to kmem_cache_cpu->offset

We need the offset from the page struct during slab_alloc and slab_free. In
both cases we also reference the cacheline of the kmem_cache_cpu structure.
We can therefore move the offset field into the kmem_cache_cpu structure
freeing up 16 bits in the page struct.

Moving the offset allows an allocation from slab_alloc() without touching the
page struct in the hot path.

The only thing left in slab_free() that touches the page struct cacheline for
per cpu freeing is the checking of SlabDebug(page). The next patch deals with
that.

Use the available 16 bits to broaden page->inuse. More than 64k objects per
slab become possible and we can get rid of the checks for that limitation.

No need anymore to shrink the order of slabs if we boot with 2M sized slabs
(slub_min_order=9).

No need anymore to switch off the offset calculation for very large slabs
since the field in the kmem_cache_cpu structure is 32 bits and so the offset
field can now handle slab sizes of up to 8GB.

Signed-off-by: Christoph Lameter <clameter@sgi.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

13 years agoSLUB: Do not use page->mapping
Christoph Lameter [Tue, 16 Oct 2007 08:26:06 +0000]
SLUB: Do not use page->mapping

After moving the lockless_freelist to kmem_cache_cpu we no longer need
page->lockless_freelist. Restructure the use of the struct page fields in
such a way that we never touch the mapping field.

This is turn allows us to remove the special casing of SLUB when determining
the mapping of a page (needed for corner cases of virtual caches machines that
need to flush caches of processors mapping a page).

Signed-off-by: Christoph Lameter <clameter@sgi.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

13 years agoSLUB: Avoid page struct cacheline bouncing due to remote frees to cpu slab
Christoph Lameter [Tue, 16 Oct 2007 08:26:05 +0000]
SLUB: Avoid page struct cacheline bouncing due to remote frees to cpu slab

A remote free may access the same page struct that also contains the lockless
freelist for the cpu slab. If objects have a short lifetime and are freed by
a different processor then remote frees back to the slab from which we are
currently allocating are frequent. The cacheline with the page struct needs
to be repeately acquired in exclusive mode by both the allocating thread and
the freeing thread. If this is frequent enough then performance will suffer
because of cacheline bouncing.

This patchset puts the lockless_freelist pointer in its own cacheline. In
order to make that happen we introduce a per cpu structure called
kmem_cache_cpu.

Instead of keeping an array of pointers to page structs we now keep an array
to a per cpu structure that--among other things--contains the pointer to the
lockless freelist. The freeing thread can then keep possession of exclusive
access to the page struct cacheline while the allocating thread keeps its
exclusive access to the cacheline containing the per cpu structure.

This works as long as the allocating cpu is able to service its request
from the lockless freelist. If the lockless freelist runs empty then the
allocating thread needs to acquire exclusive access to the cacheline with
the page struct lock the slab.

The allocating thread will then check if new objects were freed to the per
cpu slab. If so it will keep the slab as the cpu slab and continue with the
recently remote freed objects. So the allocating thread can take a series
of just freed remote pages and dish them out again. Ideally allocations
could be just recycling objects in the same slab this way which will lead
to an ideal allocation / remote free pattern.

The number of objects that can be handled in this way is limited by the
capacity of one slab. Increasing slab size via slub_min_objects/
slub_max_order may increase the number of objects and therefore performance.

If the allocating thread runs out of objects and finds that no objects were
put back by the remote processor then it will retrieve a new slab (from the
partial lists or from the page allocator) and start with a whole
new set of objects while the remote thread may still be freeing objects to
the old cpu slab. This may then repeat until the new slab is also exhausted.
If remote freeing has freed objects in the earlier slab then that earlier
slab will now be on the partial freelist and the allocating thread will
pick that slab next for allocation. So the loop is extended. However,
both threads need to take the list_lock to make the swizzling via
the partial list happen.

It is likely that this kind of scheme will keep the objects being passed
around to a small set that can be kept in the cpu caches leading to increased
performance.

More code cleanups become possible:

- Instead of passing a cpu we can now pass a kmem_cache_cpu structure around.
  Allows reducing the number of parameters to various functions.
- Can define a new node_match() function for NUMA to encapsulate locality
  checks.

Effect on allocations:

Cachelines touched before this patch:

Write: page cache struct and first cacheline of object

Cachelines touched after this patch:

Write: kmem_cache_cpu cacheline and first cacheline of object
Read: page cache struct (but see later patch that avoids touching
that cacheline)

The handling when the lockless alloc list runs empty gets to be a bit more
complicated since another cacheline has now to be written to. But that is
halfway out of the hot path.

Effect on freeing:

Cachelines touched before this patch:

Write: page_struct and first cacheline of object

Cachelines touched after this patch depending on how we free:

  Write(to cpu_slab): kmem_cache_cpu struct and first cacheline of object
  Write(to other): page struct and first cacheline of object

  Read(to cpu_slab): page struct to id slab etc. (but see later patch that
   avoids touching the page struct on free)
  Read(to other): cpu local kmem_cache_cpu struct to verify its not
   the cpu slab.

Summary:

Pro:
- Distinct cachelines so that concurrent remote frees and local
  allocs on a cpuslab can occur without cacheline bouncing.
- Avoids potential bouncing cachelines because of neighboring
  per cpu pointer updates in kmem_cache's cpu_slab structure since
  it now grows to a cacheline (Therefore remove the comment
  that talks about that concern).

Cons:
- Freeing objects now requires the reading of one additional
  cacheline. That can be mitigated for some cases by the following
  patches but its not possible to completely eliminate these
  references.

- Memory usage grows slightly.

The size of each per cpu object is blown up from one word
(pointing to the page_struct) to one cacheline with various data.
So this is NR_CPUS*NR_SLABS*L1_BYTES more memory use. Lets say
NR_SLABS is 100 and a cache line size of 128 then we have just
increased SLAB metadata requirements by 12.8k per cpu.
(Another later patch reduces these requirements)

Signed-off-by: Christoph Lameter <clameter@sgi.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

13 years agomm/page_alloc.c: make code static
Adrian Bunk [Tue, 16 Oct 2007 08:26:03 +0000]
mm/page_alloc.c: make code static

This patch makes needlessly global code static.

Signed-off-by: Adrian Bunk <bunk@stusta.de>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

13 years agoPrint out statistics in relation to fragmentation avoidance to /proc/pagetypeinfo
Mel Gorman [Tue, 16 Oct 2007 08:26:02 +0000]
Print out statistics in relation to fragmentation avoidance to /proc/pagetypeinfo

This patch provides fragmentation avoidance statistics via /proc/pagetypeinfo.
 The information is collected only on request so there is no runtime overhead.
 The statistics are in three parts:

The first part prints information on the size of blocks that pages are
being grouped on and looks like

Page block order: 10
Pages per block:  1024

The second part is a more detailed version of /proc/buddyinfo and looks like

Free pages count per migrate type at order       0      1      2      3      4      5      6      7      8      9     10
Node    0, zone      DMA, type    Unmovable      0      0      0      0      0      0      0      0      0      0      0
Node    0, zone      DMA, type  Reclaimable      1      0      0      0      0      0      0      0      0      0      0
Node    0, zone      DMA, type      Movable      0      0      0      0      0      0      0      0      0      0      0
Node    0, zone      DMA, type      Reserve      0      4      4      0      0      0      0      1      0      1      0
Node    0, zone   Normal, type    Unmovable    111      8      4      4      2      3      1      0      0      0      0
Node    0, zone   Normal, type  Reclaimable    293     89      8      0      0      0      0      0      0      0      0
Node    0, zone   Normal, type      Movable      1      6     13      9      7      6      3      0      0      0      0
Node    0, zone   Normal, type      Reserve      0      0      0      0      0      0      0      0      0      0      4

The third part looks like

Number of blocks type     Unmovable  Reclaimable      Movable      Reserve
Node 0, zone      DMA            0            1            2            1
Node 0, zone   Normal            3           17           94            4

To walk the zones within a node with interrupts disabled, walk_zones_in_node()
is introduced and shared between /proc/buddyinfo, /proc/zoneinfo and
/proc/pagetypeinfo to reduce code duplication.  It seems specific to what
vmstat.c requires but could be broken out as a general utility function in
mmzone.c if there were other other potential users.

Signed-off-by: Mel Gorman <mel@csn.ul.ie>
Acked-by: Andy Whitcroft <apw@shadowen.org>
Acked-by: Christoph Lameter <clameter@sgi.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

13 years agoDo not depend on MAX_ORDER when grouping pages by mobility
Mel Gorman [Tue, 16 Oct 2007 08:26:01 +0000]
Do not depend on MAX_ORDER when grouping pages by mobility

Currently mobility grouping works at the MAX_ORDER_NR_PAGES level.  This makes
sense for the majority of users where this is also the huge page size.
However, on platforms like ia64 where the huge page size is runtime
configurable it is desirable to group at a lower order.  On x86_64 and
occasionally on x86, the hugepage size may not always be MAX_ORDER_NR_PAGES.

This patch groups pages together based on the value of HUGETLB_PAGE_ORDER.  It
uses a compile-time constant if possible and a variable where the huge page
size is runtime configurable.

It is assumed that grouping should be done at the lowest sensible order and
that the user would not want to override this.  If this is not true,
page_block order could be forced to a variable initialised via a boot-time
kernel parameter.

One potential issue with this patch is that IA64 now parses hugepagesz with
early_param() instead of __setup().  __setup() is called after the memory
allocator has been initialised and the pageblock bitmaps already setup.  In
tests on one IA64 there did not seem to be any problem with using
early_param() and in fact may be more correct as it guarantees the parameter
is handled before the parsing of hugepages=.

Signed-off-by: Mel Gorman <mel@csn.ul.ie>
Acked-by: Andy Whitcroft <apw@shadowen.org>
Acked-by: Christoph Lameter <clameter@sgi.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

13 years agoFix calculation in move_freepages_block for counting pages
Mel Gorman [Tue, 16 Oct 2007 08:26:00 +0000]
Fix calculation in move_freepages_block for counting pages

move_freepages_block() returns the number of blocks moved.  This value is used
to determine if a block of pages should be stolen for the exclusive use of a
migrate type or not.  However, the value returned is being used correctly.
This patch fixes the calculation to return the number of base pages that have
been moved.

This should be considered a fix to the patch
move-free-pages-between-lists-on-steal.patch

Credit to Andy Whitcroft for spotting the problem.

Signed-off-by: Mel Gorman <mel@csn.ul.ie>
Acked-by: Andy Whitcroft <apw@shadowen.org>
Acked-by: Christoph Lameter <clameter@sgi.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

13 years agodon't group high order atomic allocations
Mel Gorman [Tue, 16 Oct 2007 08:25:59 +0000]
don't group high order atomic allocations

Grouping high-order atomic allocations together was intended to allow
bursty users of atomic allocations to work such as e1000 in situations
where their preallocated buffers were depleted.  This did not work in at
least one case with a wireless network adapter needing order-1 allocations
frequently.  To resolve that, the free pages used for min_free_kbytes were
moved to separate contiguous blocks with the patch
bias-the-location-of-pages-freed-for-min_free_kbytes-in-the-same-max_order_nr_pages-blocks.

It is felt that keeping the free pages in the same contiguous blocks should
be sufficient for bursty short-lived high-order atomic allocations to
succeed, maybe even with the e1000.  Even if there is a failure, increasing
the value of min_free_kbytes will free pages as contiguous bloks in
contrast to the standard buddy allocator which makes no attempt to keep the
minimum number of free pages contiguous.

This patch backs out grouping high order atomic allocations together to
determine if it is really needed or not.  If a new report comes in about
high-order atomic allocations failing, the feature can be reintroduced to
determine if it fixes the problem or not.  As a side-effect, this patch
reduces by 1 the number of bits required to track the mobility type of
pages within a MAX_ORDER_NR_PAGES block.

Signed-off-by: Mel Gorman <mel@csn.ul.ie>
Acked-by: Andy Whitcroft <apw@shadowen.org>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

13 years agoremove PAGE_GROUP_BY_MOBILITY
Mel Gorman [Tue, 16 Oct 2007 08:25:58 +0000]
remove PAGE_GROUP_BY_MOBILITY

Grouping pages by mobility can be disabled at compile-time. This was
considered undesirable by a number of people. However, in the current stack of
patches, it is not a simple case of just dropping the configurable patch as it
would cause merge conflicts.  This patch backs out the configuration option.

Signed-off-by: Mel Gorman <mel@csn.ul.ie>
Acked-by: Andy Whitcroft <apw@shadowen.org>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

13 years agoBias the location of pages freed for min_free_kbytes in the same MAX_ORDER_NR_PAGES...
Mel Gorman [Tue, 16 Oct 2007 08:25:58 +0000]
Bias the location of pages freed for min_free_kbytes in the same MAX_ORDER_NR_PAGES blocks

The standard buddy allocator always favours the smallest block of pages.
The effect of this is that the pages free to satisfy min_free_kbytes tends
to be preserved since boot time at the same location of memory ffor a very
long time and as a contiguous block.  When an administrator sets the
reserve at 16384 at boot time, it tends to be the same MAX_ORDER blocks
that remain free.  This allows the occasional high atomic allocation to
succeed up until the point the blocks are split.  In practice, it is
difficult to split these blocks but when they do split, the benefit of
having min_free_kbytes for contiguous blocks disappears.  Additionally,
increasing min_free_kbytes once the system has been running for some time
has no guarantee of creating contiguous blocks.

On the other hand, CONFIG_PAGE_GROUP_BY_MOBILITY favours splitting large
blocks when there are no free pages of the appropriate type available.  A
side-effect of this is that all blocks in memory tends to be used up and
the contiguous free blocks from boot time are not preserved like in the
vanilla allocator.  This can cause a problem if a new caller is unwilling
to reclaim or does not reclaim for long enough.

A failure scenario was found for a wireless network device allocating
order-1 atomic allocations but the allocations were not intense or frequent
enough for a whole block of pages to be preserved for MIGRATE_HIGHALLOC.
This was reproduced on a desktop by booting with mem=256mb, forcing the
driver to allocate at order-1, running a bittorrent client (downloading a
debian ISO) and building a kernel with -j2.

This patch addresses the problem on the desktop machine booted with
mem=256mb.  It works by setting aside a reserve of MAX_ORDER_NR_PAGES
blocks, the number of which depends on the value of min_free_kbytes.  These
blocks are only fallen back to when there is no other free pages.  Then the
smallest possible page is used just like the normal buddy allocator instead
of the largest possible page to preserve contiguous pages The pages in free
lists in the reserve blocks are never taken for another migrate type.  The
results is that even if min_free_kbytes is set to a low value, contiguous
blocks will be preserved in the MIGRATE_RESERVE blocks.

This works better than the vanilla allocator because if min_free_kbytes is
increased, a new reserve block will be chosen based on the location of
reclaimable pages and the block will free up as contiguous pages.  In the
vanilla allocator, no effort is made to target a block of pages to free as
contiguous pages and min_free_kbytes pages are scattered randomly.

This effect has been observed on the test machine.  min_free_kbytes was set
initially low but it was kept as a contiguous free block within
MIGRATE_RESERVE.  min_free_kbytes was then set to a higher value and over a
period of time, the free blocks were within the reserve and coalescing.
How long it takes to free up depends on how quickly LRU is rotating.
Amusingly, this means that more activity will free the blocks faster.

This mechanism potentially replaces MIGRATE_HIGHALLOC as it may be more
effective than grouping contiguous free pages together.  It all depends on
whether the number of active atomic high allocations exceeds
min_free_kbytes or not.  If the number of active allocations exceeds
min_free_kbytes, it's worth it but maybe in that situation, min_free_kbytes
should be set higher.  Once there are no more reports of allocation
failures, a patch will be submitted that backs out MIGRATE_HIGHALLOC and
see if the reports stay missing.

Credit to Mariusz Kozlowski for discovering the problem, describing the
failure scenario and testing patches and scenarios.

[akpm@linux-foundation.org: cleanups]
Signed-off-by: Mel Gorman <mel@csn.ul.ie>
Acked-by: Andy Whitcroft <apw@shadowen.org>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

13 years agoFix corruption of memmap on IA64 SPARSEMEM when mem_section is not a power of 2
Mel Gorman [Tue, 16 Oct 2007 08:25:56 +0000]
Fix corruption of memmap on IA64 SPARSEMEM when mem_section is not a power of 2

There are problems in the use of SPARSEMEM and pageblock flags that causes
problems on ia64.

The first part of the problem is that units are incorrect in
SECTION_BLOCKFLAGS_BITS computation.  This results in a map_section's
section_mem_map being treated as part of a bitmap which isn't good.  This
was evident with an invalid virtual address when mem_init attempted to free
bootmem pages while relinquishing control from the bootmem allocator.

The second part of the problem occurs because the pageblock flags bitmap is
be located with the mem_section.  The SECTIONS_PER_ROOT computation using
sizeof (mem_section) may not be a power of 2 depending on the size of the
bitmap.  This renders masks and other such things not power of 2 base.
This issue was seen with SPARSEMEM_EXTREME on ia64.  This patch moves the
bitmap outside of mem_section and uses a pointer instead in the
mem_section.  The bitmaps are allocated when the section is being
initialised.

Note that sparse_early_usemap_alloc() does not use alloc_remap() like
sparse_early_mem_map_alloc().  The allocation required for the bitmap on
x86, the only architecture that uses alloc_remap is typically smaller than
a cache line.  alloc_remap() pads out allocations to the cache size which
would be a needless waste.

Credit to Bob Picco for identifying the original problem and effecting a
fix for the SECTION_BLOCKFLAGS_BITS calculation.  Credit to Andy Whitcroft
for devising the best way of allocating the bitmaps only when required for
the section.

[wli@holomorphy.com: warning fix]
Signed-off-by: Bob Picco <bob.picco@hp.com>
Signed-off-by: Andy Whitcroft <apw@shadowen.org>
Signed-off-by: Mel Gorman <mel@csn.ul.ie>
Cc: "Luck, Tony" <tony.luck@intel.com>
Signed-off-by: William Irwin <bill.irwin@oracle.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

13 years agoBe more agressive about stealing when MIGRATE_RECLAIMABLE allocations fallback
Mel Gorman [Tue, 16 Oct 2007 08:25:55 +0000]
Be more agressive about stealing when MIGRATE_RECLAIMABLE allocations fallback

MIGRATE_RECLAIMABLE allocations tend to be very bursty in nature like when
updatedb starts.  It is likely this will occur in situations where MAX_ORDER
blocks of pages are not free.  This means that updatedb can scatter
MIGRATE_RECLAIMABLE pages throughout the address space.  This patch is more
agressive about stealing blocks of pages for MIGRATE_RECLAIMABLE.

Signed-off-by: Mel Gorman <mel@csn.ul.ie>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

13 years agoBias the placement of kernel pages at lower PFNs
Mel Gorman [Tue, 16 Oct 2007 08:25:54 +0000]
Bias the placement of kernel pages at lower PFNs

This patch chooses blocks with lower PFNs when placing kernel allocations.
This is particularly important during fallback in low memory situations to
stop unmovable pages being placed throughout the entire address space.

Signed-off-by: Mel Gorman <mel@csn.ul.ie>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

13 years agoDo not group pages by mobility type on low memory systems
Mel Gorman [Tue, 16 Oct 2007 08:25:54 +0000]
Do not group pages by mobility type on low memory systems

Grouping pages by mobility can only successfully operate when there are more
MAX_ORDER_NR_PAGES areas than mobility types.  When there are insufficient
areas, fallbacks cannot be avoided.  This has noticeable performance impacts
on machines with small amounts of memory in comparison to MAX_ORDER_NR_PAGES.
For example, on IA64 with a configuration including huge pages spans 1GiB with
MAX_ORDER_NR_PAGES so would need at least 4GiB of RAM before grouping pages by
mobility would be useful.  In comparison, an x86 would need 16MB.

This patch checks the size of vm_total_pages in build_all_zonelists(). If
there are not enough areas,  mobility is effectivly disabled by considering
all allocations as the same type (UNMOVABLE).  This is achived via a
__read_mostly flag.

With this patch, performance is comparable to disabling grouping pages
by mobility at compile-time on a test machine with insufficient memory.
With this patch, it is reasonable to get rid of grouping pages by mobility
a compile-time option.

Signed-off-by: Mel Gorman <mel@csn.ul.ie>
Acked-by: Andy Whitcroft <apw@shadowen.org>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>