Intel IOMMU: DMAR detection and parsing logic
Keshavamurthy, Anil S [Sun, 21 Oct 2007 23:41:41 +0000 (16:41 -0700)]
This patch supports the upcomming Intel IOMMU hardware a.k.a.  Intel(R)
Virtualization Technology for Directed I/O Architecture and the hardware spec
for the same can be found here
http://www.intel.com/technology/virtualization/index.htm

FAQ! (questions from akpm, answers from ak)

> So...  what's all this code for?
>
> I assume that the intent here is to speed things up under Xen, etc?

Yes in some cases, but not this code.  That would be the Xen version of this
code that could potentially assign whole devices to guests.  I expect this to
be only useful in some special cases though because most hardware is not
virtualizable and you typically want an own instance for each guest.

Ok at some point KVM might implement this too; i likely would use this code
for this.

> Do we
> have any benchmark results to help us to decide whether a merge would be
> justified?

The main advantage for doing it in the normal kernel is not performance, but
more safety.  Broken devices won't be able to corrupt memory by doing random
DMA.

Unfortunately that doesn't work for graphics yet, for that need user space
interfaces for the X server are needed.

There are some potential performance benefits too:

- When you have a device that cannot address the complete address range an
  IOMMU can remap its memory instead of bounce buffering.  Remapping is likely
  cheaper than copying.

- The IOMMU can merge sg lists into a single virtual block.  This could
  potentially speed up SG IO when the device is slow walking SG lists.  [I
  long ago benchmarked 5% on some block benchmark with an old MPT Fusion; but
  it probably depends a lot on the HBA]

And you get better driver debugging because unexpected memory accesses from
the devices will cause a trappable event.

>
> Does it slow anything down?

It adds more overhead to each IO so yes.

This patch:

Add support for early detection and parsing of DMAR's (DMA Remapping) reported
to OS via ACPI tables.

DMA remapping(DMAR) devices support enables independent address translations
for Direct Memory Access(DMA) from Devices.  These DMA remapping devices are
reported via ACPI tables and includes pci device scope covered by these DMA
remapping device.

For detailed info on the specification of "Intel(R) Virtualization Technology
for Directed I/O Architecture" please see
http://www.intel.com/technology/virtualization/index.htm

Signed-off-by: Anil S Keshavamurthy <anil.s.keshavamurthy@intel.com>
Cc: Andi Kleen <ak@suse.de>
Cc: Peter Zijlstra <a.p.zijlstra@chello.nl>
Cc: Muli Ben-Yehuda <muli@il.ibm.com>
Cc: "Siddha, Suresh B" <suresh.b.siddha@intel.com>
Cc: Arjan van de Ven <arjan@infradead.org>
Cc: Ashok Raj <ashok.raj@intel.com>
Cc: "David S. Miller" <davem@davemloft.net>
Cc: Christoph Lameter <clameter@sgi.com>
Cc: Greg KH <greg@kroah.com>
Cc: Len Brown <lenb@kernel.org>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

arch/x86_64/Kconfig
drivers/pci/Makefile
drivers/pci/dmar.c [new file with mode: 0644]
include/acpi/actbl1.h
include/linux/dmar.h [new file with mode: 0644]

index aab25f3..5c9aaed 100644 (file)
@@ -750,6 +750,17 @@ config PCI_DOMAINS
        depends on PCI
        default y
 
+config DMAR
+       bool "Support for DMA Remapping Devices (EXPERIMENTAL)"
+       depends on PCI_MSI && ACPI && EXPERIMENTAL
+       default y
+       help
+         DMA remapping(DMAR) devices support enables independent address
+         translations for Direct Memory Access(DMA) from Devices.
+         These DMA remapping devices are reported via ACPI tables
+         and includes pci device scope covered by these DMA
+         remapping device.
+
 source "drivers/pci/pcie/Kconfig"
 
 source "drivers/pci/Kconfig"
index 006054a..836ab2f 100644 (file)
@@ -20,6 +20,9 @@ obj-$(CONFIG_PCI_MSI) += msi.o
 # Build the Hypertransport interrupt support
 obj-$(CONFIG_HT_IRQ) += htirq.o
 
+# Build Intel IOMMU support
+obj-$(CONFIG_DMAR) += dmar.o
+
 #
 # Some architectures use the generic PCI setup functions
 #
diff --git a/drivers/pci/dmar.c b/drivers/pci/dmar.c
new file mode 100644 (file)
index 0000000..5dfdfda
--- /dev/null
@@ -0,0 +1,329 @@
+/*
+ * Copyright (c) 2006, Intel Corporation.
+ *
+ * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it
+ * under the terms and conditions of the GNU General Public License,
+ * version 2, as published by the Free Software Foundation.
+ *
+ * This program is distributed in the hope it will be useful, but WITHOUT
+ * ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of MERCHANTABILITY or
+ * FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the GNU General Public License for
+ * more details.
+ *
+ * You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License along with
+ * this program; if not, write to the Free Software Foundation, Inc., 59 Temple
+ * Place - Suite 330, Boston, MA 02111-1307 USA.
+ *
+ *     Copyright (C) Ashok Raj <ashok.raj@intel.com>
+ *     Copyright (C) Shaohua Li <shaohua.li@intel.com>
+ *     Copyright (C) Anil S Keshavamurthy <anil.s.keshavamurthy@intel.com>
+ *
+ *     This file implements early detection/parsing of DMA Remapping Devices
+ * reported to OS through BIOS via DMA remapping reporting (DMAR) ACPI
+ * tables.
+ */
+
+#include <linux/pci.h>
+#include <linux/dmar.h>
+
+#undef PREFIX
+#define PREFIX "DMAR:"
+
+/* No locks are needed as DMA remapping hardware unit
+ * list is constructed at boot time and hotplug of
+ * these units are not supported by the architecture.
+ */
+LIST_HEAD(dmar_drhd_units);
+LIST_HEAD(dmar_rmrr_units);
+
+static struct acpi_table_header * __initdata dmar_tbl;
+
+static void __init dmar_register_drhd_unit(struct dmar_drhd_unit *drhd)
+{
+       /*
+        * add INCLUDE_ALL at the tail, so scan the list will find it at
+        * the very end.
+        */
+       if (drhd->include_all)
+               list_add_tail(&drhd->list, &dmar_drhd_units);
+       else
+               list_add(&drhd->list, &dmar_drhd_units);
+}
+
+static void __init dmar_register_rmrr_unit(struct dmar_rmrr_unit *rmrr)
+{
+       list_add(&rmrr->list, &dmar_rmrr_units);
+}
+
+static int __init dmar_parse_one_dev_scope(struct acpi_dmar_device_scope *scope,
+                                          struct pci_dev **dev, u16 segment)
+{
+       struct pci_bus *bus;
+       struct pci_dev *pdev = NULL;
+       struct acpi_dmar_pci_path *path;
+       int count;
+
+       bus = pci_find_bus(segment, scope->bus);
+       path = (struct acpi_dmar_pci_path *)(scope + 1);
+       count = (scope->length - sizeof(struct acpi_dmar_device_scope))
+               / sizeof(struct acpi_dmar_pci_path);
+
+       while (count) {
+               if (pdev)
+                       pci_dev_put(pdev);
+               /*
+                * Some BIOSes list non-exist devices in DMAR table, just
+                * ignore it
+                */
+               if (!bus) {
+                       printk(KERN_WARNING
+                       PREFIX "Device scope bus [%d] not found\n",
+                       scope->bus);
+                       break;
+               }
+               pdev = pci_get_slot(bus, PCI_DEVFN(path->dev, path->fn));
+               if (!pdev) {
+                       printk(KERN_WARNING PREFIX
+                       "Device scope device [%04x:%02x:%02x.%02x] not found\n",
+                               segment, bus->number, path->dev, path->fn);
+                       break;
+               }
+               path ++;
+               count --;
+               bus = pdev->subordinate;
+       }
+       if (!pdev) {
+               printk(KERN_WARNING PREFIX
+               "Device scope device [%04x:%02x:%02x.%02x] not found\n",
+               segment, scope->bus, path->dev, path->fn);
+               *dev = NULL;
+               return 0;
+       }
+       if ((scope->entry_type == ACPI_DMAR_SCOPE_TYPE_ENDPOINT && \
+                       pdev->subordinate) || (scope->entry_type == \
+                       ACPI_DMAR_SCOPE_TYPE_BRIDGE && !pdev->subordinate)) {
+               pci_dev_put(pdev);
+               printk(KERN_WARNING PREFIX
+                       "Device scope type does not match for %s\n",
+                        pci_name(pdev));
+               return -EINVAL;
+       }
+       *dev = pdev;
+       return 0;
+}
+
+static int __init dmar_parse_dev_scope(void *start, void *end, int *cnt,
+                                      struct pci_dev ***devices, u16 segment)
+{
+       struct acpi_dmar_device_scope *scope;
+       void * tmp = start;
+       int index;
+       int ret;
+
+       *cnt = 0;
+       while (start < end) {
+               scope = start;
+               if (scope->entry_type == ACPI_DMAR_SCOPE_TYPE_ENDPOINT ||
+                   scope->entry_type == ACPI_DMAR_SCOPE_TYPE_BRIDGE)
+                       (*cnt)++;
+               else
+                       printk(KERN_WARNING PREFIX
+                               "Unsupported device scope\n");
+               start += scope->length;
+       }
+       if (*cnt == 0)
+               return 0;
+
+       *devices = kcalloc(*cnt, sizeof(struct pci_dev *), GFP_KERNEL);
+       if (!*devices)
+               return -ENOMEM;
+
+       start = tmp;
+       index = 0;
+       while (start < end) {
+               scope = start;
+               if (scope->entry_type == ACPI_DMAR_SCOPE_TYPE_ENDPOINT ||
+                   scope->entry_type == ACPI_DMAR_SCOPE_TYPE_BRIDGE) {
+                       ret = dmar_parse_one_dev_scope(scope,
+                               &(*devices)[index], segment);
+                       if (ret) {
+                               kfree(*devices);
+                               return ret;
+                       }
+                       index ++;
+               }
+               start += scope->length;
+       }
+
+       return 0;
+}
+
+/**
+ * dmar_parse_one_drhd - parses exactly one DMA remapping hardware definition
+ * structure which uniquely represent one DMA remapping hardware unit
+ * present in the platform
+ */
+static int __init
+dmar_parse_one_drhd(struct acpi_dmar_header *header)
+{
+       struct acpi_dmar_hardware_unit *drhd;
+       struct dmar_drhd_unit *dmaru;
+       int ret = 0;
+       static int include_all;
+
+       dmaru = kzalloc(sizeof(*dmaru), GFP_KERNEL);
+       if (!dmaru)
+               return -ENOMEM;
+
+       drhd = (struct acpi_dmar_hardware_unit *)header;
+       dmaru->reg_base_addr = drhd->address;
+       dmaru->include_all = drhd->flags & 0x1; /* BIT0: INCLUDE_ALL */
+
+       if (!dmaru->include_all)
+               ret = dmar_parse_dev_scope((void *)(drhd + 1),
+                               ((void *)drhd) + header->length,
+                               &dmaru->devices_cnt, &dmaru->devices,
+                               drhd->segment);
+       else {
+               /* Only allow one INCLUDE_ALL */
+               if (include_all) {
+                       printk(KERN_WARNING PREFIX "Only one INCLUDE_ALL "
+                               "device scope is allowed\n");
+                       ret = -EINVAL;
+               }
+               include_all = 1;
+       }
+
+       if (ret || (dmaru->devices_cnt == 0 && !dmaru->include_all))
+               kfree(dmaru);
+       else
+               dmar_register_drhd_unit(dmaru);
+       return ret;
+}
+
+static int __init
+dmar_parse_one_rmrr(struct acpi_dmar_header *header)
+{
+       struct acpi_dmar_reserved_memory *rmrr;
+       struct dmar_rmrr_unit *rmrru;
+       int ret = 0;
+
+       rmrru = kzalloc(sizeof(*rmrru), GFP_KERNEL);
+       if (!rmrru)
+               return -ENOMEM;
+
+       rmrr = (struct acpi_dmar_reserved_memory *)header;
+       rmrru->base_address = rmrr->base_address;
+       rmrru->end_address = rmrr->end_address;
+       ret = dmar_parse_dev_scope((void *)(rmrr + 1),
+               ((void *)rmrr) + header->length,
+               &rmrru->devices_cnt, &rmrru->devices, rmrr->segment);
+
+       if (ret || (rmrru->devices_cnt == 0))
+               kfree(rmrru);
+       else
+               dmar_register_rmrr_unit(rmrru);
+       return ret;
+}
+
+static void __init
+dmar_table_print_dmar_entry(struct acpi_dmar_header *header)
+{
+       struct acpi_dmar_hardware_unit *drhd;
+       struct acpi_dmar_reserved_memory *rmrr;
+
+       switch (header->type) {
+       case ACPI_DMAR_TYPE_HARDWARE_UNIT:
+               drhd = (struct acpi_dmar_hardware_unit *)header;
+               printk (KERN_INFO PREFIX
+                       "DRHD (flags: 0x%08x)base: 0x%016Lx\n",
+                       drhd->flags, drhd->address);
+               break;
+       case ACPI_DMAR_TYPE_RESERVED_MEMORY:
+               rmrr = (struct acpi_dmar_reserved_memory *)header;
+
+               printk (KERN_INFO PREFIX
+                       "RMRR base: 0x%016Lx end: 0x%016Lx\n",
+                       rmrr->base_address, rmrr->end_address);
+               break;
+       }
+}
+
+/**
+ * parse_dmar_table - parses the DMA reporting table
+ */
+static int __init
+parse_dmar_table(void)
+{
+       struct acpi_table_dmar *dmar;
+       struct acpi_dmar_header *entry_header;
+       int ret = 0;
+
+       dmar = (struct acpi_table_dmar *)dmar_tbl;
+       if (!dmar)
+               return -ENODEV;
+
+       if (!dmar->width) {
+               printk (KERN_WARNING PREFIX "Zero: Invalid DMAR haw\n");
+               return -EINVAL;
+       }
+
+       printk (KERN_INFO PREFIX "Host address width %d\n",
+               dmar->width + 1);
+
+       entry_header = (struct acpi_dmar_header *)(dmar + 1);
+       while (((unsigned long)entry_header) <
+                       (((unsigned long)dmar) + dmar_tbl->length)) {
+               dmar_table_print_dmar_entry(entry_header);
+
+               switch (entry_header->type) {
+               case ACPI_DMAR_TYPE_HARDWARE_UNIT:
+                       ret = dmar_parse_one_drhd(entry_header);
+                       break;
+               case ACPI_DMAR_TYPE_RESERVED_MEMORY:
+                       ret = dmar_parse_one_rmrr(entry_header);
+                       break;
+               default:
+                       printk(KERN_WARNING PREFIX
+                               "Unknown DMAR structure type\n");
+                       ret = 0; /* for forward compatibility */
+                       break;
+               }
+               if (ret)
+                       break;
+
+               entry_header = ((void *)entry_header + entry_header->length);
+       }
+       return ret;
+}
+
+
+int __init dmar_table_init(void)
+{
+
+       parse_dmar_table();
+       if (list_empty(&dmar_drhd_units)) {
+               printk(KERN_INFO PREFIX "No DMAR devices found\n");
+               return -ENODEV;
+       }
+       return 0;
+}
+
+/**
+ * early_dmar_detect - checks to see if the platform supports DMAR devices
+ */
+int __init early_dmar_detect(void)
+{
+       acpi_status status = AE_OK;
+
+       /* if we could find DMAR table, then there are DMAR devices */
+       status = acpi_get_table(ACPI_SIG_DMAR, 0,
+                               (struct acpi_table_header **)&dmar_tbl);
+
+       if (ACPI_SUCCESS(status) && !dmar_tbl) {
+               printk (KERN_WARNING PREFIX "Unable to map DMAR\n");
+               status = AE_NOT_FOUND;
+       }
+
+       return (ACPI_SUCCESS(status) ? 1 : 0);
+}
index 4e5d3ca..a1b1b2e 100644 (file)
@@ -257,7 +257,8 @@ struct acpi_table_dbgp {
 struct acpi_table_dmar {
        struct acpi_table_header header;        /* Common ACPI table header */
        u8 width;               /* Host Address Width */
-       u8 reserved[11];
+       u8 flags;
+       u8 reserved[10];
 };
 
 /* DMAR subtable header */
@@ -265,8 +266,6 @@ struct acpi_table_dmar {
 struct acpi_dmar_header {
        u16 type;
        u16 length;
-       u8 flags;
-       u8 reserved[3];
 };
 
 /* Values for subtable type in struct acpi_dmar_header */
@@ -274,13 +273,15 @@ struct acpi_dmar_header {
 enum acpi_dmar_type {
        ACPI_DMAR_TYPE_HARDWARE_UNIT = 0,
        ACPI_DMAR_TYPE_RESERVED_MEMORY = 1,
-       ACPI_DMAR_TYPE_RESERVED = 2     /* 2 and greater are reserved */
+       ACPI_DMAR_TYPE_ATSR = 2,
+       ACPI_DMAR_TYPE_RESERVED = 3     /* 3 and greater are reserved */
 };
 
 struct acpi_dmar_device_scope {
        u8 entry_type;
        u8 length;
-       u8 segment;
+       u16 reserved;
+       u8 enumeration_id;
        u8 bus;
 };
 
@@ -290,7 +291,14 @@ enum acpi_dmar_scope_type {
        ACPI_DMAR_SCOPE_TYPE_NOT_USED = 0,
        ACPI_DMAR_SCOPE_TYPE_ENDPOINT = 1,
        ACPI_DMAR_SCOPE_TYPE_BRIDGE = 2,
-       ACPI_DMAR_SCOPE_TYPE_RESERVED = 3       /* 3 and greater are reserved */
+       ACPI_DMAR_SCOPE_TYPE_IOAPIC = 3,
+       ACPI_DMAR_SCOPE_TYPE_HPET = 4,
+       ACPI_DMAR_SCOPE_TYPE_RESERVED = 5       /* 5 and greater are reserved */
+};
+
+struct acpi_dmar_pci_path {
+       u8 dev;
+       u8 fn;
 };
 
 /*
@@ -301,6 +309,9 @@ enum acpi_dmar_scope_type {
 
 struct acpi_dmar_hardware_unit {
        struct acpi_dmar_header header;
+       u8 flags;
+       u8 reserved;
+       u16 segment;
        u64 address;            /* Register Base Address */
 };
 
@@ -312,7 +323,9 @@ struct acpi_dmar_hardware_unit {
 
 struct acpi_dmar_reserved_memory {
        struct acpi_dmar_header header;
-       u64 address;            /* 4_k aligned base address */
+       u16 reserved;
+       u16 segment;
+       u64 base_address;               /* 4_k aligned base address */
        u64 end_address;        /* 4_k aligned limit address */
 };
 
diff --git a/include/linux/dmar.h b/include/linux/dmar.h
new file mode 100644 (file)
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+/*
+ * Copyright (c) 2006, Intel Corporation.
+ *
+ * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it
+ * under the terms and conditions of the GNU General Public License,
+ * version 2, as published by the Free Software Foundation.
+ *
+ * This program is distributed in the hope it will be useful, but WITHOUT
+ * ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of MERCHANTABILITY or
+ * FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the GNU General Public License for
+ * more details.
+ *
+ * You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License along with
+ * this program; if not, write to the Free Software Foundation, Inc., 59 Temple
+ * Place - Suite 330, Boston, MA 02111-1307 USA.
+ *
+ * Copyright (C) Ashok Raj <ashok.raj@intel.com>
+ * Copyright (C) Shaohua Li <shaohua.li@intel.com>
+ */
+
+#ifndef __DMAR_H__
+#define __DMAR_H__
+
+#include <linux/acpi.h>
+#include <linux/types.h>
+
+
+extern int dmar_table_init(void);
+extern int early_dmar_detect(void);
+
+extern struct list_head dmar_drhd_units;
+extern struct list_head dmar_rmrr_units;
+
+struct dmar_drhd_unit {
+       struct list_head list;          /* list of drhd units   */
+       u64     reg_base_addr;          /* register base address*/
+       struct  pci_dev **devices;      /* target device array  */
+       int     devices_cnt;            /* target device count  */
+       u8      ignored:1;              /* ignore drhd          */
+       u8      include_all:1;
+       struct intel_iommu *iommu;
+};
+
+struct dmar_rmrr_unit {
+       struct list_head list;          /* list of rmrr units   */
+       u64     base_address;           /* reserved base address*/
+       u64     end_address;            /* reserved end address */
+       struct pci_dev **devices;       /* target devices */
+       int     devices_cnt;            /* target device count */
+};
+
+#endif /* __DMAR_H__ */