tty: bfin_jtag_comm: emulate a TTY over the Blackfin EMUDAT/JTAG interface
Mike Frysinger [Thu, 11 Jun 2009 13:01:45 +0000 (14:01 +0100)]
The Blackfin JTAG interface has a 4 byte generic data field (EMUDAT).  With
a little creative thinking, we can turn this into a TTY device.

Signed-off-by: Mike Frysinger <vapier@gentoo.org>
Signed-off-by: Bryan Wu <cooloney@kernel.org>
Signed-off-by: Alan Cox <alan@linux.intel.com>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

drivers/char/Kconfig
drivers/char/Makefile
drivers/char/bfin_jtag_comm.c [new file with mode: 0644]

index 735bbe2..02ecfd5 100644 (file)
@@ -97,6 +97,19 @@ config DEVKMEM
          kind of kernel debugging operations.
          When in doubt, say "N".
 
+config BFIN_JTAG_COMM
+       tristate "Blackfin JTAG Communication"
+       depends on BLACKFIN
+       help
+         Add support for emulating a TTY device over the Blackfin JTAG.
+
+         To compile this driver as a module, choose M here: the
+         module will be called bfin_jtag_comm.
+
+config BFIN_JTAG_COMM_CONSOLE
+       bool "Console on Blackfin JTAG"
+       depends on BFIN_JTAG_COMM=y
+
 config SERIAL_NONSTANDARD
        bool "Non-standard serial port support"
        depends on HAS_IOMEM
index 9caf5b5..189efcf 100644 (file)
@@ -13,6 +13,7 @@ obj-$(CONFIG_LEGACY_PTYS)     += pty.o
 obj-$(CONFIG_UNIX98_PTYS)      += pty.o
 obj-y                          += misc.o
 obj-$(CONFIG_VT)               += vt_ioctl.o vc_screen.o selection.o keyboard.o
+obj-$(CONFIG_BFIN_JTAG_COMM)   += bfin_jtag_comm.o
 obj-$(CONFIG_CONSOLE_TRANSLATIONS) += consolemap.o consolemap_deftbl.o
 obj-$(CONFIG_HW_CONSOLE)       += vt.o defkeymap.o
 obj-$(CONFIG_AUDIT)            += tty_audit.o
diff --git a/drivers/char/bfin_jtag_comm.c b/drivers/char/bfin_jtag_comm.c
new file mode 100644 (file)
index 0000000..44c113d
--- /dev/null
@@ -0,0 +1,365 @@
+/*
+ * TTY over Blackfin JTAG Communication
+ *
+ * Copyright 2008-2009 Analog Devices Inc.
+ *
+ * Enter bugs at http://blackfin.uclinux.org/
+ *
+ * Licensed under the GPL-2 or later.
+ */
+
+#include <linux/circ_buf.h>
+#include <linux/console.h>
+#include <linux/delay.h>
+#include <linux/err.h>
+#include <linux/kernel.h>
+#include <linux/kthread.h>
+#include <linux/module.h>
+#include <linux/mutex.h>
+#include <linux/sched.h>
+#include <linux/tty.h>
+#include <linux/tty_driver.h>
+#include <linux/tty_flip.h>
+#include <asm/atomic.h>
+
+/* See the Debug/Emulation chapter in the HRM */
+#define EMUDOF   0x00000001    /* EMUDAT_OUT full & valid */
+#define EMUDIF   0x00000002    /* EMUDAT_IN full & valid */
+#define EMUDOOVF 0x00000004    /* EMUDAT_OUT overflow */
+#define EMUDIOVF 0x00000008    /* EMUDAT_IN overflow */
+
+#define DRV_NAME "bfin-jtag-comm"
+#define DEV_NAME "ttyBFJC"
+
+#define pr_init(fmt, args...) ({ static const __initdata char __fmt[] = fmt; printk(__fmt, ## args); })
+#define debug(fmt, args...) pr_debug(DRV_NAME ": " fmt, ## args)
+
+static inline uint32_t bfin_write_emudat(uint32_t emudat)
+{
+       __asm__ __volatile__("emudat = %0;" : : "d"(emudat));
+       return emudat;
+}
+
+static inline uint32_t bfin_read_emudat(void)
+{
+       uint32_t emudat;
+       __asm__ __volatile__("%0 = emudat;" : "=d"(emudat));
+       return emudat;
+}
+
+static inline uint32_t bfin_write_emudat_chars(char a, char b, char c, char d)
+{
+       return bfin_write_emudat((a << 0) | (b << 8) | (c << 16) | (d << 24));
+}
+
+#define CIRC_SIZE 2048 /* see comment in tty_io.c:do_tty_write() */
+#define CIRC_MASK (CIRC_SIZE - 1)
+#define circ_empty(circ)     ((circ)->head == (circ)->tail)
+#define circ_free(circ)      CIRC_SPACE((circ)->head, (circ)->tail, CIRC_SIZE)
+#define circ_cnt(circ)       CIRC_CNT((circ)->head, (circ)->tail, CIRC_SIZE)
+#define circ_byte(circ, idx) ((circ)->buf[(idx) & CIRC_MASK])
+
+static struct tty_driver *bfin_jc_driver;
+static struct task_struct *bfin_jc_kthread;
+static struct tty_struct * volatile bfin_jc_tty;
+static unsigned long bfin_jc_count;
+static DEFINE_MUTEX(bfin_jc_tty_mutex);
+static volatile struct circ_buf bfin_jc_write_buf;
+
+static int
+bfin_jc_emudat_manager(void *arg)
+{
+       uint32_t inbound_len = 0, outbound_len = 0;
+
+       while (!kthread_should_stop()) {
+               /* no one left to give data to, so sleep */
+               if (bfin_jc_tty == NULL && circ_empty(&bfin_jc_write_buf)) {
+                       debug("waiting for readers\n");
+                       __set_current_state(TASK_UNINTERRUPTIBLE);
+                       schedule();
+                       __set_current_state(TASK_RUNNING);
+               }
+
+               /* no data available, so just chill */
+               if (!(bfin_read_DBGSTAT() & EMUDIF) && circ_empty(&bfin_jc_write_buf)) {
+                       debug("waiting for data (in_len = %i) (circ: %i %i)\n",
+                               inbound_len, bfin_jc_write_buf.tail, bfin_jc_write_buf.head);
+                       if (inbound_len)
+                               schedule();
+                       else
+                               schedule_timeout_interruptible(HZ);
+                       continue;
+               }
+
+               /* if incoming data is ready, eat it */
+               if (bfin_read_DBGSTAT() & EMUDIF) {
+                       struct tty_struct *tty;
+                       mutex_lock(&bfin_jc_tty_mutex);
+                       tty = (struct tty_struct *)bfin_jc_tty;
+                       if (tty != NULL) {
+                               uint32_t emudat = bfin_read_emudat();
+                               if (inbound_len == 0) {
+                                       debug("incoming length: 0x%08x\n", emudat);
+                                       inbound_len = emudat;
+                               } else {
+                                       size_t num_chars = (4 <= inbound_len ? 4 : inbound_len);
+                                       debug("  incoming data: 0x%08x (pushing %zu)\n", emudat, num_chars);
+                                       inbound_len -= num_chars;
+                                       tty_insert_flip_string(tty, (unsigned char *)&emudat, num_chars);
+                                       tty_flip_buffer_push(tty);
+                               }
+                       }
+                       mutex_unlock(&bfin_jc_tty_mutex);
+               }
+
+               /* if outgoing data is ready, post it */
+               if (!(bfin_read_DBGSTAT() & EMUDOF) && !circ_empty(&bfin_jc_write_buf)) {
+                       if (outbound_len == 0) {
+                               outbound_len = circ_cnt(&bfin_jc_write_buf);
+                               bfin_write_emudat(outbound_len);
+                               debug("outgoing length: 0x%08x\n", outbound_len);
+                       } else {
+                               struct tty_struct *tty;
+                               int tail = bfin_jc_write_buf.tail;
+                               size_t ate = (4 <= outbound_len ? 4 : outbound_len);
+                               uint32_t emudat =
+                               bfin_write_emudat_chars(
+                                       circ_byte(&bfin_jc_write_buf, tail + 0),
+                                       circ_byte(&bfin_jc_write_buf, tail + 1),
+                                       circ_byte(&bfin_jc_write_buf, tail + 2),
+                                       circ_byte(&bfin_jc_write_buf, tail + 3)
+                               );
+                               bfin_jc_write_buf.tail += ate;
+                               outbound_len -= ate;
+                               mutex_lock(&bfin_jc_tty_mutex);
+                               tty = (struct tty_struct *)bfin_jc_tty;
+                               if (tty)
+                                       tty_wakeup(tty);
+                               mutex_unlock(&bfin_jc_tty_mutex);
+                               debug("  outgoing data: 0x%08x (pushing %zu)\n", emudat, ate);
+                       }
+               }
+       }
+
+       __set_current_state(TASK_RUNNING);
+       return 0;
+}
+
+static int
+bfin_jc_open(struct tty_struct *tty, struct file *filp)
+{
+       mutex_lock(&bfin_jc_tty_mutex);
+       debug("open %lu\n", bfin_jc_count);
+       ++bfin_jc_count;
+       bfin_jc_tty = tty;
+       wake_up_process(bfin_jc_kthread);
+       mutex_unlock(&bfin_jc_tty_mutex);
+       return 0;
+}
+
+static void
+bfin_jc_close(struct tty_struct *tty, struct file *filp)
+{
+       mutex_lock(&bfin_jc_tty_mutex);
+       debug("close %lu\n", bfin_jc_count);
+       if (--bfin_jc_count == 0)
+               bfin_jc_tty = NULL;
+       wake_up_process(bfin_jc_kthread);
+       mutex_unlock(&bfin_jc_tty_mutex);
+}
+
+/* XXX: we dont handle the put_char() case where we must handle count = 1 */
+static int
+bfin_jc_circ_write(const unsigned char *buf, int count)
+{
+       int i;
+       count = min(count, circ_free(&bfin_jc_write_buf));
+       debug("going to write chunk of %i bytes\n", count);
+       for (i = 0; i < count; ++i)
+               circ_byte(&bfin_jc_write_buf, bfin_jc_write_buf.head + i) = buf[i];
+       bfin_jc_write_buf.head += i;
+       return i;
+}
+
+#ifndef CONFIG_BFIN_JTAG_COMM_CONSOLE
+# define acquire_console_sem()
+# define release_console_sem()
+#endif
+static int
+bfin_jc_write(struct tty_struct *tty, const unsigned char *buf, int count)
+{
+       int i;
+       acquire_console_sem();
+       i = bfin_jc_circ_write(buf, count);
+       release_console_sem();
+       wake_up_process(bfin_jc_kthread);
+       return i;
+}
+
+static void
+bfin_jc_flush_chars(struct tty_struct *tty)
+{
+       wake_up_process(bfin_jc_kthread);
+}
+
+static int
+bfin_jc_write_room(struct tty_struct *tty)
+{
+       return circ_free(&bfin_jc_write_buf);
+}
+
+static int
+bfin_jc_chars_in_buffer(struct tty_struct *tty)
+{
+       return circ_cnt(&bfin_jc_write_buf);
+}
+
+static void
+bfin_jc_wait_until_sent(struct tty_struct *tty, int timeout)
+{
+       unsigned long expire = jiffies + timeout;
+       while (!circ_empty(&bfin_jc_write_buf)) {
+               if (signal_pending(current))
+                       break;
+               if (time_after(jiffies, expire))
+                       break;
+       }
+}
+
+static struct tty_operations bfin_jc_ops = {
+       .open            = bfin_jc_open,
+       .close           = bfin_jc_close,
+       .write           = bfin_jc_write,
+       /*.put_char        = bfin_jc_put_char,*/
+       .flush_chars     = bfin_jc_flush_chars,
+       .write_room      = bfin_jc_write_room,
+       .chars_in_buffer = bfin_jc_chars_in_buffer,
+       .wait_until_sent = bfin_jc_wait_until_sent,
+};
+
+static int __init bfin_jc_init(void)
+{
+       int ret;
+
+       bfin_jc_kthread = kthread_create(bfin_jc_emudat_manager, NULL, DRV_NAME);
+       if (IS_ERR(bfin_jc_kthread))
+               return PTR_ERR(bfin_jc_kthread);
+
+       ret = -ENOMEM;
+
+       bfin_jc_write_buf.head = bfin_jc_write_buf.tail = 0;
+       bfin_jc_write_buf.buf = kmalloc(CIRC_SIZE, GFP_KERNEL);
+       if (!bfin_jc_write_buf.buf)
+               goto err;
+
+       bfin_jc_driver = alloc_tty_driver(1);
+       if (!bfin_jc_driver)
+               goto err;
+
+       bfin_jc_driver->owner        = THIS_MODULE;
+       bfin_jc_driver->driver_name  = DRV_NAME;
+       bfin_jc_driver->name         = DEV_NAME;
+       bfin_jc_driver->type         = TTY_DRIVER_TYPE_SERIAL;
+       bfin_jc_driver->subtype      = SERIAL_TYPE_NORMAL;
+       bfin_jc_driver->init_termios = tty_std_termios;
+       tty_set_operations(bfin_jc_driver, &bfin_jc_ops);
+
+       ret = tty_register_driver(bfin_jc_driver);
+       if (ret)
+               goto err;
+
+       pr_init(KERN_INFO DRV_NAME ": initialized\n");
+
+       return 0;
+
+ err:
+       put_tty_driver(bfin_jc_driver);
+       kfree(bfin_jc_write_buf.buf);
+       kthread_stop(bfin_jc_kthread);
+       return ret;
+}
+module_init(bfin_jc_init);
+
+static void __exit bfin_jc_exit(void)
+{
+       kthread_stop(bfin_jc_kthread);
+       kfree(bfin_jc_write_buf.buf);
+       tty_unregister_driver(bfin_jc_driver);
+       put_tty_driver(bfin_jc_driver);
+}
+module_exit(bfin_jc_exit);
+
+#if defined(CONFIG_BFIN_JTAG_COMM_CONSOLE) || defined(CONFIG_EARLY_PRINTK)
+static void
+bfin_jc_straight_buffer_write(const char *buf, unsigned count)
+{
+       unsigned ate = 0;
+       while (bfin_read_DBGSTAT() & EMUDOF)
+               continue;
+       bfin_write_emudat(count);
+       while (ate < count) {
+               while (bfin_read_DBGSTAT() & EMUDOF)
+                       continue;
+               bfin_write_emudat_chars(buf[ate], buf[ate+1], buf[ate+2], buf[ate+3]);
+               ate += 4;
+       }
+}
+#endif
+
+#ifdef CONFIG_BFIN_JTAG_COMM_CONSOLE
+static void
+bfin_jc_console_write(struct console *co, const char *buf, unsigned count)
+{
+       if (bfin_jc_kthread == NULL)
+               bfin_jc_straight_buffer_write(buf, count);
+       else
+               bfin_jc_circ_write(buf, count);
+}
+
+static struct tty_driver *
+bfin_jc_console_device(struct console *co, int *index)
+{
+       *index = co->index;
+       return bfin_jc_driver;
+}
+
+static struct console bfin_jc_console = {
+       .name    = DEV_NAME,
+       .write   = bfin_jc_console_write,
+       .device  = bfin_jc_console_device,
+       .flags   = CON_ANYTIME | CON_PRINTBUFFER,
+       .index   = -1,
+};
+
+static int __init bfin_jc_console_init(void)
+{
+       register_console(&bfin_jc_console);
+       return 0;
+}
+console_initcall(bfin_jc_console_init);
+#endif
+
+#ifdef CONFIG_EARLY_PRINTK
+static void __init
+bfin_jc_early_write(struct console *co, const char *buf, unsigned int count)
+{
+       bfin_jc_straight_buffer_write(buf, count);
+}
+
+static struct __initdata console bfin_jc_early_console = {
+       .name   = "early_BFJC",
+       .write   = bfin_jc_early_write,
+       .flags   = CON_ANYTIME | CON_PRINTBUFFER,
+       .index   = -1,
+};
+
+struct console * __init
+bfin_jc_early_init(unsigned int port, unsigned int cflag)
+{
+       return &bfin_jc_early_console;
+}
+#endif
+
+MODULE_AUTHOR("Mike Frysinger <vapier@gentoo.org>");
+MODULE_DESCRIPTION("TTY over Blackfin JTAG Communication");
+MODULE_LICENSE("GPL");