locking: Rename __RAW_SPIN_LOCK_UNLOCKED to __ARCH_SPIN_LOCK_UNLOCKED
[linux-2.6.git] / sound / usb / usbmidi.c
1 /*
2  * usbmidi.c - ALSA USB MIDI driver
3  *
4  * Copyright (c) 2002-2009 Clemens Ladisch
5  * All rights reserved.
6  *
7  * Based on the OSS usb-midi driver by NAGANO Daisuke,
8  *          NetBSD's umidi driver by Takuya SHIOZAKI,
9  *          the "USB Device Class Definition for MIDI Devices" by Roland
10  *
11  * Redistribution and use in source and binary forms, with or without
12  * modification, are permitted provided that the following conditions
13  * are met:
14  * 1. Redistributions of source code must retain the above copyright
15  *    notice, this list of conditions, and the following disclaimer,
16  *    without modification.
17  * 2. The name of the author may not be used to endorse or promote products
18  *    derived from this software without specific prior written permission.
19  *
20  * Alternatively, this software may be distributed and/or modified under the
21  * terms of the GNU General Public License as published by the Free Software
22  * Foundation; either version 2 of the License, or (at your option) any later
23  * version.
24  *
25  * THIS SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED BY THE AUTHOR AND CONTRIBUTORS ``AS IS'' AND
26  * ANY EXPRESS OR IMPLIED WARRANTIES, INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, THE
27  * IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE
28  * ARE DISCLAIMED. IN NO EVENT SHALL THE AUTHOR OR CONTRIBUTORS BE LIABLE FOR
29  * ANY DIRECT, INDIRECT, INCIDENTAL, SPECIAL, EXEMPLARY, OR CONSEQUENTIAL
30  * DAMAGES (INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, PROCUREMENT OF SUBSTITUTE GOODS
31  * OR SERVICES; LOSS OF USE, DATA, OR PROFITS; OR BUSINESS INTERRUPTION)
32  * HOWEVER CAUSED AND ON ANY THEORY OF LIABILITY, WHETHER IN CONTRACT, STRICT
33  * LIABILITY, OR TORT (INCLUDING NEGLIGENCE OR OTHERWISE) ARISING IN ANY WAY
34  * OUT OF THE USE OF THIS SOFTWARE, EVEN IF ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF
35  * SUCH DAMAGE.
36  */
37
38 #include <linux/kernel.h>
39 #include <linux/types.h>
40 #include <linux/bitops.h>
41 #include <linux/interrupt.h>
42 #include <linux/spinlock.h>
43 #include <linux/string.h>
44 #include <linux/init.h>
45 #include <linux/slab.h>
46 #include <linux/timer.h>
47 #include <linux/usb.h>
48 #include <linux/wait.h>
49 #include <sound/core.h>
50 #include <sound/control.h>
51 #include <sound/rawmidi.h>
52 #include <sound/asequencer.h>
53 #include "usbaudio.h"
54
55
56 /*
57  * define this to log all USB packets
58  */
59 /* #define DUMP_PACKETS */
60
61 /*
62  * how long to wait after some USB errors, so that khubd can disconnect() us
63  * without too many spurious errors
64  */
65 #define ERROR_DELAY_JIFFIES (HZ / 10)
66
67 #define OUTPUT_URBS 7
68 #define INPUT_URBS 7
69
70
71 MODULE_AUTHOR("Clemens Ladisch <clemens@ladisch.de>");
72 MODULE_DESCRIPTION("USB Audio/MIDI helper module");
73 MODULE_LICENSE("Dual BSD/GPL");
74
75
76 struct usb_ms_header_descriptor {
77         __u8  bLength;
78         __u8  bDescriptorType;
79         __u8  bDescriptorSubtype;
80         __u8  bcdMSC[2];
81         __le16 wTotalLength;
82 } __attribute__ ((packed));
83
84 struct usb_ms_endpoint_descriptor {
85         __u8  bLength;
86         __u8  bDescriptorType;
87         __u8  bDescriptorSubtype;
88         __u8  bNumEmbMIDIJack;
89         __u8  baAssocJackID[0];
90 } __attribute__ ((packed));
91
92 struct snd_usb_midi_in_endpoint;
93 struct snd_usb_midi_out_endpoint;
94 struct snd_usb_midi_endpoint;
95
96 struct usb_protocol_ops {
97         void (*input)(struct snd_usb_midi_in_endpoint*, uint8_t*, int);
98         void (*output)(struct snd_usb_midi_out_endpoint *ep, struct urb *urb);
99         void (*output_packet)(struct urb*, uint8_t, uint8_t, uint8_t, uint8_t);
100         void (*init_out_endpoint)(struct snd_usb_midi_out_endpoint*);
101         void (*finish_out_endpoint)(struct snd_usb_midi_out_endpoint*);
102 };
103
104 struct snd_usb_midi {
105         struct usb_device *dev;
106         struct snd_card *card;
107         struct usb_interface *iface;
108         const struct snd_usb_audio_quirk *quirk;
109         struct snd_rawmidi *rmidi;
110         struct usb_protocol_ops* usb_protocol_ops;
111         struct list_head list;
112         struct timer_list error_timer;
113         spinlock_t disc_lock;
114         struct mutex mutex;
115         u32 usb_id;
116         int next_midi_device;
117
118         struct snd_usb_midi_endpoint {
119                 struct snd_usb_midi_out_endpoint *out;
120                 struct snd_usb_midi_in_endpoint *in;
121         } endpoints[MIDI_MAX_ENDPOINTS];
122         unsigned long input_triggered;
123         unsigned int opened;
124         unsigned char disconnected;
125
126         struct snd_kcontrol *roland_load_ctl;
127 };
128
129 struct snd_usb_midi_out_endpoint {
130         struct snd_usb_midi* umidi;
131         struct out_urb_context {
132                 struct urb *urb;
133                 struct snd_usb_midi_out_endpoint *ep;
134         } urbs[OUTPUT_URBS];
135         unsigned int active_urbs;
136         unsigned int drain_urbs;
137         int max_transfer;               /* size of urb buffer */
138         struct tasklet_struct tasklet;
139         unsigned int next_urb;
140         spinlock_t buffer_lock;
141
142         struct usbmidi_out_port {
143                 struct snd_usb_midi_out_endpoint* ep;
144                 struct snd_rawmidi_substream *substream;
145                 int active;
146                 uint8_t cable;          /* cable number << 4 */
147                 uint8_t state;
148 #define STATE_UNKNOWN   0
149 #define STATE_1PARAM    1
150 #define STATE_2PARAM_1  2
151 #define STATE_2PARAM_2  3
152 #define STATE_SYSEX_0   4
153 #define STATE_SYSEX_1   5
154 #define STATE_SYSEX_2   6
155                 uint8_t data[2];
156         } ports[0x10];
157         int current_port;
158
159         wait_queue_head_t drain_wait;
160 };
161
162 struct snd_usb_midi_in_endpoint {
163         struct snd_usb_midi* umidi;
164         struct urb* urbs[INPUT_URBS];
165         struct usbmidi_in_port {
166                 struct snd_rawmidi_substream *substream;
167                 u8 running_status_length;
168         } ports[0x10];
169         u8 seen_f5;
170         u8 error_resubmit;
171         int current_port;
172 };
173
174 static void snd_usbmidi_do_output(struct snd_usb_midi_out_endpoint* ep);
175
176 static const uint8_t snd_usbmidi_cin_length[] = {
177         0, 0, 2, 3, 3, 1, 2, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 2, 2, 3, 1
178 };
179
180 /*
181  * Submits the URB, with error handling.
182  */
183 static int snd_usbmidi_submit_urb(struct urb* urb, gfp_t flags)
184 {
185         int err = usb_submit_urb(urb, flags);
186         if (err < 0 && err != -ENODEV)
187                 snd_printk(KERN_ERR "usb_submit_urb: %d\n", err);
188         return err;
189 }
190
191 /*
192  * Error handling for URB completion functions.
193  */
194 static int snd_usbmidi_urb_error(int status)
195 {
196         switch (status) {
197         /* manually unlinked, or device gone */
198         case -ENOENT:
199         case -ECONNRESET:
200         case -ESHUTDOWN:
201         case -ENODEV:
202                 return -ENODEV;
203         /* errors that might occur during unplugging */
204         case -EPROTO:
205         case -ETIME:
206         case -EILSEQ:
207                 return -EIO;
208         default:
209                 snd_printk(KERN_ERR "urb status %d\n", status);
210                 return 0; /* continue */
211         }
212 }
213
214 /*
215  * Receives a chunk of MIDI data.
216  */
217 static void snd_usbmidi_input_data(struct snd_usb_midi_in_endpoint* ep, int portidx,
218                                    uint8_t* data, int length)
219 {
220         struct usbmidi_in_port* port = &ep->ports[portidx];
221
222         if (!port->substream) {
223                 snd_printd("unexpected port %d!\n", portidx);
224                 return;
225         }
226         if (!test_bit(port->substream->number, &ep->umidi->input_triggered))
227                 return;
228         snd_rawmidi_receive(port->substream, data, length);
229 }
230
231 #ifdef DUMP_PACKETS
232 static void dump_urb(const char *type, const u8 *data, int length)
233 {
234         snd_printk(KERN_DEBUG "%s packet: [", type);
235         for (; length > 0; ++data, --length)
236                 printk(" %02x", *data);
237         printk(" ]\n");
238 }
239 #else
240 #define dump_urb(type, data, length) /* nothing */
241 #endif
242
243 /*
244  * Processes the data read from the device.
245  */
246 static void snd_usbmidi_in_urb_complete(struct urb* urb)
247 {
248         struct snd_usb_midi_in_endpoint* ep = urb->context;
249
250         if (urb->status == 0) {
251                 dump_urb("received", urb->transfer_buffer, urb->actual_length);
252                 ep->umidi->usb_protocol_ops->input(ep, urb->transfer_buffer,
253                                                    urb->actual_length);
254         } else {
255                 int err = snd_usbmidi_urb_error(urb->status);
256                 if (err < 0) {
257                         if (err != -ENODEV) {
258                                 ep->error_resubmit = 1;
259                                 mod_timer(&ep->umidi->error_timer,
260                                           jiffies + ERROR_DELAY_JIFFIES);
261                         }
262                         return;
263                 }
264         }
265
266         urb->dev = ep->umidi->dev;
267         snd_usbmidi_submit_urb(urb, GFP_ATOMIC);
268 }
269
270 static void snd_usbmidi_out_urb_complete(struct urb* urb)
271 {
272         struct out_urb_context *context = urb->context;
273         struct snd_usb_midi_out_endpoint* ep = context->ep;
274         unsigned int urb_index;
275
276         spin_lock(&ep->buffer_lock);
277         urb_index = context - ep->urbs;
278         ep->active_urbs &= ~(1 << urb_index);
279         if (unlikely(ep->drain_urbs)) {
280                 ep->drain_urbs &= ~(1 << urb_index);
281                 wake_up(&ep->drain_wait);
282         }
283         spin_unlock(&ep->buffer_lock);
284         if (urb->status < 0) {
285                 int err = snd_usbmidi_urb_error(urb->status);
286                 if (err < 0) {
287                         if (err != -ENODEV)
288                                 mod_timer(&ep->umidi->error_timer,
289                                           jiffies + ERROR_DELAY_JIFFIES);
290                         return;
291                 }
292         }
293         snd_usbmidi_do_output(ep);
294 }
295
296 /*
297  * This is called when some data should be transferred to the device
298  * (from one or more substreams).
299  */
300 static void snd_usbmidi_do_output(struct snd_usb_midi_out_endpoint* ep)
301 {
302         unsigned int urb_index;
303         struct urb* urb;
304         unsigned long flags;
305
306         spin_lock_irqsave(&ep->buffer_lock, flags);
307         if (ep->umidi->disconnected) {
308                 spin_unlock_irqrestore(&ep->buffer_lock, flags);
309                 return;
310         }
311
312         urb_index = ep->next_urb;
313         for (;;) {
314                 if (!(ep->active_urbs & (1 << urb_index))) {
315                         urb = ep->urbs[urb_index].urb;
316                         urb->transfer_buffer_length = 0;
317                         ep->umidi->usb_protocol_ops->output(ep, urb);
318                         if (urb->transfer_buffer_length == 0)
319                                 break;
320
321                         dump_urb("sending", urb->transfer_buffer,
322                                  urb->transfer_buffer_length);
323                         urb->dev = ep->umidi->dev;
324                         if (snd_usbmidi_submit_urb(urb, GFP_ATOMIC) < 0)
325                                 break;
326                         ep->active_urbs |= 1 << urb_index;
327                 }
328                 if (++urb_index >= OUTPUT_URBS)
329                         urb_index = 0;
330                 if (urb_index == ep->next_urb)
331                         break;
332         }
333         ep->next_urb = urb_index;
334         spin_unlock_irqrestore(&ep->buffer_lock, flags);
335 }
336
337 static void snd_usbmidi_out_tasklet(unsigned long data)
338 {
339         struct snd_usb_midi_out_endpoint* ep = (struct snd_usb_midi_out_endpoint *) data;
340
341         snd_usbmidi_do_output(ep);
342 }
343
344 /* called after transfers had been interrupted due to some USB error */
345 static void snd_usbmidi_error_timer(unsigned long data)
346 {
347         struct snd_usb_midi *umidi = (struct snd_usb_midi *)data;
348         unsigned int i, j;
349
350         spin_lock(&umidi->disc_lock);
351         if (umidi->disconnected) {
352                 spin_unlock(&umidi->disc_lock);
353                 return;
354         }
355         for (i = 0; i < MIDI_MAX_ENDPOINTS; ++i) {
356                 struct snd_usb_midi_in_endpoint *in = umidi->endpoints[i].in;
357                 if (in && in->error_resubmit) {
358                         in->error_resubmit = 0;
359                         for (j = 0; j < INPUT_URBS; ++j) {
360                                 in->urbs[j]->dev = umidi->dev;
361                                 snd_usbmidi_submit_urb(in->urbs[j], GFP_ATOMIC);
362                         }
363                 }
364                 if (umidi->endpoints[i].out)
365                         snd_usbmidi_do_output(umidi->endpoints[i].out);
366         }
367         spin_unlock(&umidi->disc_lock);
368 }
369
370 /* helper function to send static data that may not DMA-able */
371 static int send_bulk_static_data(struct snd_usb_midi_out_endpoint* ep,
372                                  const void *data, int len)
373 {
374         int err = 0;
375         void *buf = kmemdup(data, len, GFP_KERNEL);
376         if (!buf)
377                 return -ENOMEM;
378         dump_urb("sending", buf, len);
379         if (ep->urbs[0].urb)
380                 err = usb_bulk_msg(ep->umidi->dev, ep->urbs[0].urb->pipe,
381                                    buf, len, NULL, 250);
382         kfree(buf);
383         return err;
384 }
385
386 /*
387  * Standard USB MIDI protocol: see the spec.
388  * Midiman protocol: like the standard protocol, but the control byte is the
389  * fourth byte in each packet, and uses length instead of CIN.
390  */
391
392 static void snd_usbmidi_standard_input(struct snd_usb_midi_in_endpoint* ep,
393                                        uint8_t* buffer, int buffer_length)
394 {
395         int i;
396
397         for (i = 0; i + 3 < buffer_length; i += 4)
398                 if (buffer[i] != 0) {
399                         int cable = buffer[i] >> 4;
400                         int length = snd_usbmidi_cin_length[buffer[i] & 0x0f];
401                         snd_usbmidi_input_data(ep, cable, &buffer[i + 1], length);
402                 }
403 }
404
405 static void snd_usbmidi_midiman_input(struct snd_usb_midi_in_endpoint* ep,
406                                       uint8_t* buffer, int buffer_length)
407 {
408         int i;
409
410         for (i = 0; i + 3 < buffer_length; i += 4)
411                 if (buffer[i + 3] != 0) {
412                         int port = buffer[i + 3] >> 4;
413                         int length = buffer[i + 3] & 3;
414                         snd_usbmidi_input_data(ep, port, &buffer[i], length);
415                 }
416 }
417
418 /*
419  * Buggy M-Audio device: running status on input results in a packet that has
420  * the data bytes but not the status byte and that is marked with CIN 4.
421  */
422 static void snd_usbmidi_maudio_broken_running_status_input(
423                                         struct snd_usb_midi_in_endpoint* ep,
424                                         uint8_t* buffer, int buffer_length)
425 {
426         int i;
427
428         for (i = 0; i + 3 < buffer_length; i += 4)
429                 if (buffer[i] != 0) {
430                         int cable = buffer[i] >> 4;
431                         u8 cin = buffer[i] & 0x0f;
432                         struct usbmidi_in_port *port = &ep->ports[cable];
433                         int length;
434                         
435                         length = snd_usbmidi_cin_length[cin];
436                         if (cin == 0xf && buffer[i + 1] >= 0xf8)
437                                 ; /* realtime msg: no running status change */
438                         else if (cin >= 0x8 && cin <= 0xe)
439                                 /* channel msg */
440                                 port->running_status_length = length - 1;
441                         else if (cin == 0x4 &&
442                                  port->running_status_length != 0 &&
443                                  buffer[i + 1] < 0x80)
444                                 /* CIN 4 that is not a SysEx */
445                                 length = port->running_status_length;
446                         else
447                                 /*
448                                  * All other msgs cannot begin running status.
449                                  * (A channel msg sent as two or three CIN 0xF
450                                  * packets could in theory, but this device
451                                  * doesn't use this format.)
452                                  */
453                                 port->running_status_length = 0;
454                         snd_usbmidi_input_data(ep, cable, &buffer[i + 1], length);
455                 }
456 }
457
458 /*
459  * CME protocol: like the standard protocol, but SysEx commands are sent as a
460  * single USB packet preceded by a 0x0F byte.
461  */
462 static void snd_usbmidi_cme_input(struct snd_usb_midi_in_endpoint *ep,
463                                   uint8_t *buffer, int buffer_length)
464 {
465         if (buffer_length < 2 || (buffer[0] & 0x0f) != 0x0f)
466                 snd_usbmidi_standard_input(ep, buffer, buffer_length);
467         else
468                 snd_usbmidi_input_data(ep, buffer[0] >> 4,
469                                        &buffer[1], buffer_length - 1);
470 }
471
472 /*
473  * Adds one USB MIDI packet to the output buffer.
474  */
475 static void snd_usbmidi_output_standard_packet(struct urb* urb, uint8_t p0,
476                                                uint8_t p1, uint8_t p2, uint8_t p3)
477 {
478
479         uint8_t* buf = (uint8_t*)urb->transfer_buffer + urb->transfer_buffer_length;
480         buf[0] = p0;
481         buf[1] = p1;
482         buf[2] = p2;
483         buf[3] = p3;
484         urb->transfer_buffer_length += 4;
485 }
486
487 /*
488  * Adds one Midiman packet to the output buffer.
489  */
490 static void snd_usbmidi_output_midiman_packet(struct urb* urb, uint8_t p0,
491                                               uint8_t p1, uint8_t p2, uint8_t p3)
492 {
493
494         uint8_t* buf = (uint8_t*)urb->transfer_buffer + urb->transfer_buffer_length;
495         buf[0] = p1;
496         buf[1] = p2;
497         buf[2] = p3;
498         buf[3] = (p0 & 0xf0) | snd_usbmidi_cin_length[p0 & 0x0f];
499         urb->transfer_buffer_length += 4;
500 }
501
502 /*
503  * Converts MIDI commands to USB MIDI packets.
504  */
505 static void snd_usbmidi_transmit_byte(struct usbmidi_out_port* port,
506                                       uint8_t b, struct urb* urb)
507 {
508         uint8_t p0 = port->cable;
509         void (*output_packet)(struct urb*, uint8_t, uint8_t, uint8_t, uint8_t) =
510                 port->ep->umidi->usb_protocol_ops->output_packet;
511
512         if (b >= 0xf8) {
513                 output_packet(urb, p0 | 0x0f, b, 0, 0);
514         } else if (b >= 0xf0) {
515                 switch (b) {
516                 case 0xf0:
517                         port->data[0] = b;
518                         port->state = STATE_SYSEX_1;
519                         break;
520                 case 0xf1:
521                 case 0xf3:
522                         port->data[0] = b;
523                         port->state = STATE_1PARAM;
524                         break;
525                 case 0xf2:
526                         port->data[0] = b;
527                         port->state = STATE_2PARAM_1;
528                         break;
529                 case 0xf4:
530                 case 0xf5:
531                         port->state = STATE_UNKNOWN;
532                         break;
533                 case 0xf6:
534                         output_packet(urb, p0 | 0x05, 0xf6, 0, 0);
535                         port->state = STATE_UNKNOWN;
536                         break;
537                 case 0xf7:
538                         switch (port->state) {
539                         case STATE_SYSEX_0:
540                                 output_packet(urb, p0 | 0x05, 0xf7, 0, 0);
541                                 break;
542                         case STATE_SYSEX_1:
543                                 output_packet(urb, p0 | 0x06, port->data[0], 0xf7, 0);
544                                 break;
545                         case STATE_SYSEX_2:
546                                 output_packet(urb, p0 | 0x07, port->data[0], port->data[1], 0xf7);
547                                 break;
548                         }
549                         port->state = STATE_UNKNOWN;
550                         break;
551                 }
552         } else if (b >= 0x80) {
553                 port->data[0] = b;
554                 if (b >= 0xc0 && b <= 0xdf)
555                         port->state = STATE_1PARAM;
556                 else
557                         port->state = STATE_2PARAM_1;
558         } else { /* b < 0x80 */
559                 switch (port->state) {
560                 case STATE_1PARAM:
561                         if (port->data[0] < 0xf0) {
562                                 p0 |= port->data[0] >> 4;
563                         } else {
564                                 p0 |= 0x02;
565                                 port->state = STATE_UNKNOWN;
566                         }
567                         output_packet(urb, p0, port->data[0], b, 0);
568                         break;
569                 case STATE_2PARAM_1:
570                         port->data[1] = b;
571                         port->state = STATE_2PARAM_2;
572                         break;
573                 case STATE_2PARAM_2:
574                         if (port->data[0] < 0xf0) {
575                                 p0 |= port->data[0] >> 4;
576                                 port->state = STATE_2PARAM_1;
577                         } else {
578                                 p0 |= 0x03;
579                                 port->state = STATE_UNKNOWN;
580                         }
581                         output_packet(urb, p0, port->data[0], port->data[1], b);
582                         break;
583                 case STATE_SYSEX_0:
584                         port->data[0] = b;
585                         port->state = STATE_SYSEX_1;
586                         break;
587                 case STATE_SYSEX_1:
588                         port->data[1] = b;
589                         port->state = STATE_SYSEX_2;
590                         break;
591                 case STATE_SYSEX_2:
592                         output_packet(urb, p0 | 0x04, port->data[0], port->data[1], b);
593                         port->state = STATE_SYSEX_0;
594                         break;
595                 }
596         }
597 }
598
599 static void snd_usbmidi_standard_output(struct snd_usb_midi_out_endpoint* ep,
600                                         struct urb *urb)
601 {
602         int p;
603
604         /* FIXME: lower-numbered ports can starve higher-numbered ports */
605         for (p = 0; p < 0x10; ++p) {
606                 struct usbmidi_out_port* port = &ep->ports[p];
607                 if (!port->active)
608                         continue;
609                 while (urb->transfer_buffer_length + 3 < ep->max_transfer) {
610                         uint8_t b;
611                         if (snd_rawmidi_transmit(port->substream, &b, 1) != 1) {
612                                 port->active = 0;
613                                 break;
614                         }
615                         snd_usbmidi_transmit_byte(port, b, urb);
616                 }
617         }
618 }
619
620 static struct usb_protocol_ops snd_usbmidi_standard_ops = {
621         .input = snd_usbmidi_standard_input,
622         .output = snd_usbmidi_standard_output,
623         .output_packet = snd_usbmidi_output_standard_packet,
624 };
625
626 static struct usb_protocol_ops snd_usbmidi_midiman_ops = {
627         .input = snd_usbmidi_midiman_input,
628         .output = snd_usbmidi_standard_output, 
629         .output_packet = snd_usbmidi_output_midiman_packet,
630 };
631
632 static struct usb_protocol_ops snd_usbmidi_maudio_broken_running_status_ops = {
633         .input = snd_usbmidi_maudio_broken_running_status_input,
634         .output = snd_usbmidi_standard_output, 
635         .output_packet = snd_usbmidi_output_standard_packet,
636 };
637
638 static struct usb_protocol_ops snd_usbmidi_cme_ops = {
639         .input = snd_usbmidi_cme_input,
640         .output = snd_usbmidi_standard_output,
641         .output_packet = snd_usbmidi_output_standard_packet,
642 };
643
644 /*
645  * Novation USB MIDI protocol: number of data bytes is in the first byte
646  * (when receiving) (+1!) or in the second byte (when sending); data begins
647  * at the third byte.
648  */
649
650 static void snd_usbmidi_novation_input(struct snd_usb_midi_in_endpoint* ep,
651                                        uint8_t* buffer, int buffer_length)
652 {
653         if (buffer_length < 2 || !buffer[0] || buffer_length < buffer[0] + 1)
654                 return;
655         snd_usbmidi_input_data(ep, 0, &buffer[2], buffer[0] - 1);
656 }
657
658 static void snd_usbmidi_novation_output(struct snd_usb_midi_out_endpoint* ep,
659                                         struct urb *urb)
660 {
661         uint8_t* transfer_buffer;
662         int count;
663
664         if (!ep->ports[0].active)
665                 return;
666         transfer_buffer = urb->transfer_buffer;
667         count = snd_rawmidi_transmit(ep->ports[0].substream,
668                                      &transfer_buffer[2],
669                                      ep->max_transfer - 2);
670         if (count < 1) {
671                 ep->ports[0].active = 0;
672                 return;
673         }
674         transfer_buffer[0] = 0;
675         transfer_buffer[1] = count;
676         urb->transfer_buffer_length = 2 + count;
677 }
678
679 static struct usb_protocol_ops snd_usbmidi_novation_ops = {
680         .input = snd_usbmidi_novation_input,
681         .output = snd_usbmidi_novation_output,
682 };
683
684 /*
685  * "raw" protocol: used by the MOTU FastLane.
686  */
687
688 static void snd_usbmidi_raw_input(struct snd_usb_midi_in_endpoint* ep,
689                                   uint8_t* buffer, int buffer_length)
690 {
691         snd_usbmidi_input_data(ep, 0, buffer, buffer_length);
692 }
693
694 static void snd_usbmidi_raw_output(struct snd_usb_midi_out_endpoint* ep,
695                                    struct urb *urb)
696 {
697         int count;
698
699         if (!ep->ports[0].active)
700                 return;
701         count = snd_rawmidi_transmit(ep->ports[0].substream,
702                                      urb->transfer_buffer,
703                                      ep->max_transfer);
704         if (count < 1) {
705                 ep->ports[0].active = 0;
706                 return;
707         }
708         urb->transfer_buffer_length = count;
709 }
710
711 static struct usb_protocol_ops snd_usbmidi_raw_ops = {
712         .input = snd_usbmidi_raw_input,
713         .output = snd_usbmidi_raw_output,
714 };
715
716 static void snd_usbmidi_us122l_input(struct snd_usb_midi_in_endpoint *ep,
717                                      uint8_t *buffer, int buffer_length)
718 {
719         if (buffer_length != 9)
720                 return;
721         buffer_length = 8;
722         while (buffer_length && buffer[buffer_length - 1] == 0xFD)
723                 buffer_length--;
724         if (buffer_length)
725                 snd_usbmidi_input_data(ep, 0, buffer, buffer_length);
726 }
727
728 static void snd_usbmidi_us122l_output(struct snd_usb_midi_out_endpoint *ep,
729                                       struct urb *urb)
730 {
731         int count;
732
733         if (!ep->ports[0].active)
734                 return;
735         count = snd_usb_get_speed(ep->umidi->dev) == USB_SPEED_HIGH ? 1 : 2;
736         count = snd_rawmidi_transmit(ep->ports[0].substream,
737                                      urb->transfer_buffer,
738                                      count);
739         if (count < 1) {
740                 ep->ports[0].active = 0;
741                 return;
742         }
743
744         memset(urb->transfer_buffer + count, 0xFD, 9 - count);
745         urb->transfer_buffer_length = count;
746 }
747
748 static struct usb_protocol_ops snd_usbmidi_122l_ops = {
749         .input = snd_usbmidi_us122l_input,
750         .output = snd_usbmidi_us122l_output,
751 };
752
753 /*
754  * Emagic USB MIDI protocol: raw MIDI with "F5 xx" port switching.
755  */
756
757 static void snd_usbmidi_emagic_init_out(struct snd_usb_midi_out_endpoint* ep)
758 {
759         static const u8 init_data[] = {
760                 /* initialization magic: "get version" */
761                 0xf0,
762                 0x00, 0x20, 0x31,       /* Emagic */
763                 0x64,                   /* Unitor8 */
764                 0x0b,                   /* version number request */
765                 0x00,                   /* command version */
766                 0x00,                   /* EEPROM, box 0 */
767                 0xf7
768         };
769         send_bulk_static_data(ep, init_data, sizeof(init_data));
770         /* while we're at it, pour on more magic */
771         send_bulk_static_data(ep, init_data, sizeof(init_data));
772 }
773
774 static void snd_usbmidi_emagic_finish_out(struct snd_usb_midi_out_endpoint* ep)
775 {
776         static const u8 finish_data[] = {
777                 /* switch to patch mode with last preset */
778                 0xf0,
779                 0x00, 0x20, 0x31,       /* Emagic */
780                 0x64,                   /* Unitor8 */
781                 0x10,                   /* patch switch command */
782                 0x00,                   /* command version */
783                 0x7f,                   /* to all boxes */
784                 0x40,                   /* last preset in EEPROM */
785                 0xf7
786         };
787         send_bulk_static_data(ep, finish_data, sizeof(finish_data));
788 }
789
790 static void snd_usbmidi_emagic_input(struct snd_usb_midi_in_endpoint* ep,
791                                      uint8_t* buffer, int buffer_length)
792 {
793         int i;
794
795         /* FF indicates end of valid data */
796         for (i = 0; i < buffer_length; ++i)
797                 if (buffer[i] == 0xff) {
798                         buffer_length = i;
799                         break;
800                 }
801
802         /* handle F5 at end of last buffer */
803         if (ep->seen_f5)
804                 goto switch_port;
805
806         while (buffer_length > 0) {
807                 /* determine size of data until next F5 */
808                 for (i = 0; i < buffer_length; ++i)
809                         if (buffer[i] == 0xf5)
810                                 break;
811                 snd_usbmidi_input_data(ep, ep->current_port, buffer, i);
812                 buffer += i;
813                 buffer_length -= i;
814
815                 if (buffer_length <= 0)
816                         break;
817                 /* assert(buffer[0] == 0xf5); */
818                 ep->seen_f5 = 1;
819                 ++buffer;
820                 --buffer_length;
821
822         switch_port:
823                 if (buffer_length <= 0)
824                         break;
825                 if (buffer[0] < 0x80) {
826                         ep->current_port = (buffer[0] - 1) & 15;
827                         ++buffer;
828                         --buffer_length;
829                 }
830                 ep->seen_f5 = 0;
831         }
832 }
833
834 static void snd_usbmidi_emagic_output(struct snd_usb_midi_out_endpoint* ep,
835                                       struct urb *urb)
836 {
837         int port0 = ep->current_port;
838         uint8_t* buf = urb->transfer_buffer;
839         int buf_free = ep->max_transfer;
840         int length, i;
841
842         for (i = 0; i < 0x10; ++i) {
843                 /* round-robin, starting at the last current port */
844                 int portnum = (port0 + i) & 15;
845                 struct usbmidi_out_port* port = &ep->ports[portnum];
846
847                 if (!port->active)
848                         continue;
849                 if (snd_rawmidi_transmit_peek(port->substream, buf, 1) != 1) {
850                         port->active = 0;
851                         continue;
852                 }
853
854                 if (portnum != ep->current_port) {
855                         if (buf_free < 2)
856                                 break;
857                         ep->current_port = portnum;
858                         buf[0] = 0xf5;
859                         buf[1] = (portnum + 1) & 15;
860                         buf += 2;
861                         buf_free -= 2;
862                 }
863
864                 if (buf_free < 1)
865                         break;
866                 length = snd_rawmidi_transmit(port->substream, buf, buf_free);
867                 if (length > 0) {
868                         buf += length;
869                         buf_free -= length;
870                         if (buf_free < 1)
871                                 break;
872                 }
873         }
874         if (buf_free < ep->max_transfer && buf_free > 0) {
875                 *buf = 0xff;
876                 --buf_free;
877         }
878         urb->transfer_buffer_length = ep->max_transfer - buf_free;
879 }
880
881 static struct usb_protocol_ops snd_usbmidi_emagic_ops = {
882         .input = snd_usbmidi_emagic_input,
883         .output = snd_usbmidi_emagic_output,
884         .init_out_endpoint = snd_usbmidi_emagic_init_out,
885         .finish_out_endpoint = snd_usbmidi_emagic_finish_out,
886 };
887
888
889 static void update_roland_altsetting(struct snd_usb_midi* umidi)
890 {
891         struct usb_interface *intf;
892         struct usb_host_interface *hostif;
893         struct usb_interface_descriptor *intfd;
894         int is_light_load;
895
896         intf = umidi->iface;
897         is_light_load = intf->cur_altsetting != intf->altsetting;
898         if (umidi->roland_load_ctl->private_value == is_light_load)
899                 return;
900         hostif = &intf->altsetting[umidi->roland_load_ctl->private_value];
901         intfd = get_iface_desc(hostif);
902         snd_usbmidi_input_stop(&umidi->list);
903         usb_set_interface(umidi->dev, intfd->bInterfaceNumber,
904                           intfd->bAlternateSetting);
905         snd_usbmidi_input_start(&umidi->list);
906 }
907
908 static void substream_open(struct snd_rawmidi_substream *substream, int open)
909 {
910         struct snd_usb_midi* umidi = substream->rmidi->private_data;
911         struct snd_kcontrol *ctl;
912
913         mutex_lock(&umidi->mutex);
914         if (open) {
915                 if (umidi->opened++ == 0 && umidi->roland_load_ctl) {
916                         ctl = umidi->roland_load_ctl;
917                         ctl->vd[0].access |= SNDRV_CTL_ELEM_ACCESS_INACTIVE;
918                         snd_ctl_notify(umidi->card,
919                                        SNDRV_CTL_EVENT_MASK_INFO, &ctl->id);
920                         update_roland_altsetting(umidi);
921                 }
922         } else {
923                 if (--umidi->opened == 0 && umidi->roland_load_ctl) {
924                         ctl = umidi->roland_load_ctl;
925                         ctl->vd[0].access &= ~SNDRV_CTL_ELEM_ACCESS_INACTIVE;
926                         snd_ctl_notify(umidi->card,
927                                        SNDRV_CTL_EVENT_MASK_INFO, &ctl->id);
928                 }
929         }
930         mutex_unlock(&umidi->mutex);
931 }
932
933 static int snd_usbmidi_output_open(struct snd_rawmidi_substream *substream)
934 {
935         struct snd_usb_midi* umidi = substream->rmidi->private_data;
936         struct usbmidi_out_port* port = NULL;
937         int i, j;
938
939         for (i = 0; i < MIDI_MAX_ENDPOINTS; ++i)
940                 if (umidi->endpoints[i].out)
941                         for (j = 0; j < 0x10; ++j)
942                                 if (umidi->endpoints[i].out->ports[j].substream == substream) {
943                                         port = &umidi->endpoints[i].out->ports[j];
944                                         break;
945                                 }
946         if (!port) {
947                 snd_BUG();
948                 return -ENXIO;
949         }
950         substream->runtime->private_data = port;
951         port->state = STATE_UNKNOWN;
952         substream_open(substream, 1);
953         return 0;
954 }
955
956 static int snd_usbmidi_output_close(struct snd_rawmidi_substream *substream)
957 {
958         substream_open(substream, 0);
959         return 0;
960 }
961
962 static void snd_usbmidi_output_trigger(struct snd_rawmidi_substream *substream, int up)
963 {
964         struct usbmidi_out_port* port = (struct usbmidi_out_port*)substream->runtime->private_data;
965
966         port->active = up;
967         if (up) {
968                 if (port->ep->umidi->disconnected) {
969                         /* gobble up remaining bytes to prevent wait in
970                          * snd_rawmidi_drain_output */
971                         while (!snd_rawmidi_transmit_empty(substream))
972                                 snd_rawmidi_transmit_ack(substream, 1);
973                         return;
974                 }
975                 tasklet_schedule(&port->ep->tasklet);
976         }
977 }
978
979 static void snd_usbmidi_output_drain(struct snd_rawmidi_substream *substream)
980 {
981         struct usbmidi_out_port* port = substream->runtime->private_data;
982         struct snd_usb_midi_out_endpoint *ep = port->ep;
983         unsigned int drain_urbs;
984         DEFINE_WAIT(wait);
985         long timeout = msecs_to_jiffies(50);
986
987         /*
988          * The substream buffer is empty, but some data might still be in the
989          * currently active URBs, so we have to wait for those to complete.
990          */
991         spin_lock_irq(&ep->buffer_lock);
992         drain_urbs = ep->active_urbs;
993         if (drain_urbs) {
994                 ep->drain_urbs |= drain_urbs;
995                 do {
996                         prepare_to_wait(&ep->drain_wait, &wait,
997                                         TASK_UNINTERRUPTIBLE);
998                         spin_unlock_irq(&ep->buffer_lock);
999                         timeout = schedule_timeout(timeout);
1000                         spin_lock_irq(&ep->buffer_lock);
1001                         drain_urbs &= ep->drain_urbs;
1002                 } while (drain_urbs && timeout);
1003                 finish_wait(&ep->drain_wait, &wait);
1004         }
1005         spin_unlock_irq(&ep->buffer_lock);
1006 }
1007
1008 static int snd_usbmidi_input_open(struct snd_rawmidi_substream *substream)
1009 {
1010         substream_open(substream, 1);
1011         return 0;
1012 }
1013
1014 static int snd_usbmidi_input_close(struct snd_rawmidi_substream *substream)
1015 {
1016         substream_open(substream, 0);
1017         return 0;
1018 }
1019
1020 static void snd_usbmidi_input_trigger(struct snd_rawmidi_substream *substream, int up)
1021 {
1022         struct snd_usb_midi* umidi = substream->rmidi->private_data;
1023
1024         if (up)
1025                 set_bit(substream->number, &umidi->input_triggered);
1026         else
1027                 clear_bit(substream->number, &umidi->input_triggered);
1028 }
1029
1030 static struct snd_rawmidi_ops snd_usbmidi_output_ops = {
1031         .open = snd_usbmidi_output_open,
1032         .close = snd_usbmidi_output_close,
1033         .trigger = snd_usbmidi_output_trigger,
1034         .drain = snd_usbmidi_output_drain,
1035 };
1036
1037 static struct snd_rawmidi_ops snd_usbmidi_input_ops = {
1038         .open = snd_usbmidi_input_open,
1039         .close = snd_usbmidi_input_close,
1040         .trigger = snd_usbmidi_input_trigger
1041 };
1042
1043 static void free_urb_and_buffer(struct snd_usb_midi *umidi, struct urb *urb,
1044                                 unsigned int buffer_length)
1045 {
1046         usb_buffer_free(umidi->dev, buffer_length,
1047                         urb->transfer_buffer, urb->transfer_dma);
1048         usb_free_urb(urb);
1049 }
1050
1051 /*
1052  * Frees an input endpoint.
1053  * May be called when ep hasn't been initialized completely.
1054  */
1055 static void snd_usbmidi_in_endpoint_delete(struct snd_usb_midi_in_endpoint* ep)
1056 {
1057         unsigned int i;
1058
1059         for (i = 0; i < INPUT_URBS; ++i)
1060                 if (ep->urbs[i])
1061                         free_urb_and_buffer(ep->umidi, ep->urbs[i],
1062                                             ep->urbs[i]->transfer_buffer_length);
1063         kfree(ep);
1064 }
1065
1066 /*
1067  * Creates an input endpoint.
1068  */
1069 static int snd_usbmidi_in_endpoint_create(struct snd_usb_midi* umidi,
1070                                           struct snd_usb_midi_endpoint_info* ep_info,
1071                                           struct snd_usb_midi_endpoint* rep)
1072 {
1073         struct snd_usb_midi_in_endpoint* ep;
1074         void* buffer;
1075         unsigned int pipe;
1076         int length;
1077         unsigned int i;
1078
1079         rep->in = NULL;
1080         ep = kzalloc(sizeof(*ep), GFP_KERNEL);
1081         if (!ep)
1082                 return -ENOMEM;
1083         ep->umidi = umidi;
1084
1085         for (i = 0; i < INPUT_URBS; ++i) {
1086                 ep->urbs[i] = usb_alloc_urb(0, GFP_KERNEL);
1087                 if (!ep->urbs[i]) {
1088                         snd_usbmidi_in_endpoint_delete(ep);
1089                         return -ENOMEM;
1090                 }
1091         }
1092         if (ep_info->in_interval)
1093                 pipe = usb_rcvintpipe(umidi->dev, ep_info->in_ep);
1094         else
1095                 pipe = usb_rcvbulkpipe(umidi->dev, ep_info->in_ep);
1096         length = usb_maxpacket(umidi->dev, pipe, 0);
1097         for (i = 0; i < INPUT_URBS; ++i) {
1098                 buffer = usb_buffer_alloc(umidi->dev, length, GFP_KERNEL,
1099                                           &ep->urbs[i]->transfer_dma);
1100                 if (!buffer) {
1101                         snd_usbmidi_in_endpoint_delete(ep);
1102                         return -ENOMEM;
1103                 }
1104                 if (ep_info->in_interval)
1105                         usb_fill_int_urb(ep->urbs[i], umidi->dev,
1106                                          pipe, buffer, length,
1107                                          snd_usbmidi_in_urb_complete,
1108                                          ep, ep_info->in_interval);
1109                 else
1110                         usb_fill_bulk_urb(ep->urbs[i], umidi->dev,
1111                                           pipe, buffer, length,
1112                                           snd_usbmidi_in_urb_complete, ep);
1113                 ep->urbs[i]->transfer_flags = URB_NO_TRANSFER_DMA_MAP;
1114         }
1115
1116         rep->in = ep;
1117         return 0;
1118 }
1119
1120 /*
1121  * Frees an output endpoint.
1122  * May be called when ep hasn't been initialized completely.
1123  */
1124 static void snd_usbmidi_out_endpoint_delete(struct snd_usb_midi_out_endpoint* ep)
1125 {
1126         unsigned int i;
1127
1128         for (i = 0; i < OUTPUT_URBS; ++i)
1129                 if (ep->urbs[i].urb)
1130                         free_urb_and_buffer(ep->umidi, ep->urbs[i].urb,
1131                                             ep->max_transfer);
1132         kfree(ep);
1133 }
1134
1135 /*
1136  * Creates an output endpoint, and initializes output ports.
1137  */
1138 static int snd_usbmidi_out_endpoint_create(struct snd_usb_midi* umidi,
1139                                            struct snd_usb_midi_endpoint_info* ep_info,
1140                                            struct snd_usb_midi_endpoint* rep)
1141 {
1142         struct snd_usb_midi_out_endpoint* ep;
1143         unsigned int i;
1144         unsigned int pipe;
1145         void* buffer;
1146
1147         rep->out = NULL;
1148         ep = kzalloc(sizeof(*ep), GFP_KERNEL);
1149         if (!ep)
1150                 return -ENOMEM;
1151         ep->umidi = umidi;
1152
1153         for (i = 0; i < OUTPUT_URBS; ++i) {
1154                 ep->urbs[i].urb = usb_alloc_urb(0, GFP_KERNEL);
1155                 if (!ep->urbs[i].urb) {
1156                         snd_usbmidi_out_endpoint_delete(ep);
1157                         return -ENOMEM;
1158                 }
1159                 ep->urbs[i].ep = ep;
1160         }
1161         if (ep_info->out_interval)
1162                 pipe = usb_sndintpipe(umidi->dev, ep_info->out_ep);
1163         else
1164                 pipe = usb_sndbulkpipe(umidi->dev, ep_info->out_ep);
1165         if (umidi->usb_id == USB_ID(0x0a92, 0x1020)) /* ESI M4U */
1166                 ep->max_transfer = 4;
1167         else
1168                 ep->max_transfer = usb_maxpacket(umidi->dev, pipe, 1);
1169         for (i = 0; i < OUTPUT_URBS; ++i) {
1170                 buffer = usb_buffer_alloc(umidi->dev,
1171                                           ep->max_transfer, GFP_KERNEL,
1172                                           &ep->urbs[i].urb->transfer_dma);
1173                 if (!buffer) {
1174                         snd_usbmidi_out_endpoint_delete(ep);
1175                         return -ENOMEM;
1176                 }
1177                 if (ep_info->out_interval)
1178                         usb_fill_int_urb(ep->urbs[i].urb, umidi->dev,
1179                                          pipe, buffer, ep->max_transfer,
1180                                          snd_usbmidi_out_urb_complete,
1181                                          &ep->urbs[i], ep_info->out_interval);
1182                 else
1183                         usb_fill_bulk_urb(ep->urbs[i].urb, umidi->dev,
1184                                           pipe, buffer, ep->max_transfer,
1185                                           snd_usbmidi_out_urb_complete,
1186                                           &ep->urbs[i]);
1187                 ep->urbs[i].urb->transfer_flags = URB_NO_TRANSFER_DMA_MAP;
1188         }
1189
1190         spin_lock_init(&ep->buffer_lock);
1191         tasklet_init(&ep->tasklet, snd_usbmidi_out_tasklet, (unsigned long)ep);
1192         init_waitqueue_head(&ep->drain_wait);
1193
1194         for (i = 0; i < 0x10; ++i)
1195                 if (ep_info->out_cables & (1 << i)) {
1196                         ep->ports[i].ep = ep;
1197                         ep->ports[i].cable = i << 4;
1198                 }
1199
1200         if (umidi->usb_protocol_ops->init_out_endpoint)
1201                 umidi->usb_protocol_ops->init_out_endpoint(ep);
1202
1203         rep->out = ep;
1204         return 0;
1205 }
1206
1207 /*
1208  * Frees everything.
1209  */
1210 static void snd_usbmidi_free(struct snd_usb_midi* umidi)
1211 {
1212         int i;
1213
1214         for (i = 0; i < MIDI_MAX_ENDPOINTS; ++i) {
1215                 struct snd_usb_midi_endpoint* ep = &umidi->endpoints[i];
1216                 if (ep->out)
1217                         snd_usbmidi_out_endpoint_delete(ep->out);
1218                 if (ep->in)
1219                         snd_usbmidi_in_endpoint_delete(ep->in);
1220         }
1221         mutex_destroy(&umidi->mutex);
1222         kfree(umidi);
1223 }
1224
1225 /*
1226  * Unlinks all URBs (must be done before the usb_device is deleted).
1227  */
1228 void snd_usbmidi_disconnect(struct list_head* p)
1229 {
1230         struct snd_usb_midi* umidi;
1231         unsigned int i, j;
1232
1233         umidi = list_entry(p, struct snd_usb_midi, list);
1234         /*
1235          * an URB's completion handler may start the timer and
1236          * a timer may submit an URB. To reliably break the cycle
1237          * a flag under lock must be used
1238          */
1239         spin_lock_irq(&umidi->disc_lock);
1240         umidi->disconnected = 1;
1241         spin_unlock_irq(&umidi->disc_lock);
1242         for (i = 0; i < MIDI_MAX_ENDPOINTS; ++i) {
1243                 struct snd_usb_midi_endpoint* ep = &umidi->endpoints[i];
1244                 if (ep->out)
1245                         tasklet_kill(&ep->out->tasklet);
1246                 if (ep->out) {
1247                         for (j = 0; j < OUTPUT_URBS; ++j)
1248                                 usb_kill_urb(ep->out->urbs[j].urb);
1249                         if (umidi->usb_protocol_ops->finish_out_endpoint)
1250                                 umidi->usb_protocol_ops->finish_out_endpoint(ep->out);
1251                 }
1252                 if (ep->in)
1253                         for (j = 0; j < INPUT_URBS; ++j)
1254                                 usb_kill_urb(ep->in->urbs[j]);
1255                 /* free endpoints here; later call can result in Oops */
1256                 if (ep->out) {
1257                         snd_usbmidi_out_endpoint_delete(ep->out);
1258                         ep->out = NULL;
1259                 }
1260                 if (ep->in) {
1261                         snd_usbmidi_in_endpoint_delete(ep->in);
1262                         ep->in = NULL;
1263                 }
1264         }
1265         del_timer_sync(&umidi->error_timer);
1266 }
1267
1268 static void snd_usbmidi_rawmidi_free(struct snd_rawmidi *rmidi)
1269 {
1270         struct snd_usb_midi* umidi = rmidi->private_data;
1271         snd_usbmidi_free(umidi);
1272 }
1273
1274 static struct snd_rawmidi_substream *snd_usbmidi_find_substream(struct snd_usb_midi* umidi,
1275                                                            int stream, int number)
1276 {
1277         struct list_head* list;
1278
1279         list_for_each(list, &umidi->rmidi->streams[stream].substreams) {
1280                 struct snd_rawmidi_substream *substream = list_entry(list, struct snd_rawmidi_substream, list);
1281                 if (substream->number == number)
1282                         return substream;
1283         }
1284         return NULL;
1285 }
1286
1287 /*
1288  * This list specifies names for ports that do not fit into the standard
1289  * "(product) MIDI (n)" schema because they aren't external MIDI ports,
1290  * such as internal control or synthesizer ports.
1291  */
1292 static struct port_info {
1293         u32 id;
1294         short int port;
1295         short int voices;
1296         const char *name;
1297         unsigned int seq_flags;
1298 } snd_usbmidi_port_info[] = {
1299 #define PORT_INFO(vendor, product, num, name_, voices_, flags) \
1300         { .id = USB_ID(vendor, product), \
1301           .port = num, .voices = voices_, \
1302           .name = name_, .seq_flags = flags }
1303 #define EXTERNAL_PORT(vendor, product, num, name) \
1304         PORT_INFO(vendor, product, num, name, 0, \
1305                   SNDRV_SEQ_PORT_TYPE_MIDI_GENERIC | \
1306                   SNDRV_SEQ_PORT_TYPE_HARDWARE | \
1307                   SNDRV_SEQ_PORT_TYPE_PORT)
1308 #define CONTROL_PORT(vendor, product, num, name) \
1309         PORT_INFO(vendor, product, num, name, 0, \
1310                   SNDRV_SEQ_PORT_TYPE_MIDI_GENERIC | \
1311                   SNDRV_SEQ_PORT_TYPE_HARDWARE)
1312 #define ROLAND_SYNTH_PORT(vendor, product, num, name, voices) \
1313         PORT_INFO(vendor, product, num, name, voices, \
1314                   SNDRV_SEQ_PORT_TYPE_MIDI_GENERIC | \
1315                   SNDRV_SEQ_PORT_TYPE_MIDI_GM | \
1316                   SNDRV_SEQ_PORT_TYPE_MIDI_GM2 | \
1317                   SNDRV_SEQ_PORT_TYPE_MIDI_GS | \
1318                   SNDRV_SEQ_PORT_TYPE_MIDI_XG | \
1319                   SNDRV_SEQ_PORT_TYPE_HARDWARE | \
1320                   SNDRV_SEQ_PORT_TYPE_SYNTHESIZER)
1321 #define SOUNDCANVAS_PORT(vendor, product, num, name, voices) \
1322         PORT_INFO(vendor, product, num, name, voices, \
1323                   SNDRV_SEQ_PORT_TYPE_MIDI_GENERIC | \
1324                   SNDRV_SEQ_PORT_TYPE_MIDI_GM | \
1325                   SNDRV_SEQ_PORT_TYPE_MIDI_GM2 | \
1326                   SNDRV_SEQ_PORT_TYPE_MIDI_GS | \
1327                   SNDRV_SEQ_PORT_TYPE_MIDI_XG | \
1328                   SNDRV_SEQ_PORT_TYPE_MIDI_MT32 | \
1329                   SNDRV_SEQ_PORT_TYPE_HARDWARE | \
1330                   SNDRV_SEQ_PORT_TYPE_SYNTHESIZER)
1331         /* Roland UA-100 */
1332         CONTROL_PORT(0x0582, 0x0000, 2, "%s Control"),
1333         /* Roland SC-8850 */
1334         SOUNDCANVAS_PORT(0x0582, 0x0003, 0, "%s Part A", 128),
1335         SOUNDCANVAS_PORT(0x0582, 0x0003, 1, "%s Part B", 128),
1336         SOUNDCANVAS_PORT(0x0582, 0x0003, 2, "%s Part C", 128),
1337         SOUNDCANVAS_PORT(0x0582, 0x0003, 3, "%s Part D", 128),
1338         EXTERNAL_PORT(0x0582, 0x0003, 4, "%s MIDI 1"),
1339         EXTERNAL_PORT(0x0582, 0x0003, 5, "%s MIDI 2"),
1340         /* Roland U-8 */
1341         EXTERNAL_PORT(0x0582, 0x0004, 0, "%s MIDI"),
1342         CONTROL_PORT(0x0582, 0x0004, 1, "%s Control"),
1343         /* Roland SC-8820 */
1344         SOUNDCANVAS_PORT(0x0582, 0x0007, 0, "%s Part A", 64),
1345         SOUNDCANVAS_PORT(0x0582, 0x0007, 1, "%s Part B", 64),
1346         EXTERNAL_PORT(0x0582, 0x0007, 2, "%s MIDI"),
1347         /* Roland SK-500 */
1348         SOUNDCANVAS_PORT(0x0582, 0x000b, 0, "%s Part A", 64),
1349         SOUNDCANVAS_PORT(0x0582, 0x000b, 1, "%s Part B", 64),
1350         EXTERNAL_PORT(0x0582, 0x000b, 2, "%s MIDI"),
1351         /* Roland SC-D70 */
1352         SOUNDCANVAS_PORT(0x0582, 0x000c, 0, "%s Part A", 64),
1353         SOUNDCANVAS_PORT(0x0582, 0x000c, 1, "%s Part B", 64),
1354         EXTERNAL_PORT(0x0582, 0x000c, 2, "%s MIDI"),
1355         /* Edirol UM-880 */
1356         CONTROL_PORT(0x0582, 0x0014, 8, "%s Control"),
1357         /* Edirol SD-90 */
1358         ROLAND_SYNTH_PORT(0x0582, 0x0016, 0, "%s Part A", 128),
1359         ROLAND_SYNTH_PORT(0x0582, 0x0016, 1, "%s Part B", 128),
1360         EXTERNAL_PORT(0x0582, 0x0016, 2, "%s MIDI 1"),
1361         EXTERNAL_PORT(0x0582, 0x0016, 3, "%s MIDI 2"),
1362         /* Edirol UM-550 */
1363         CONTROL_PORT(0x0582, 0x0023, 5, "%s Control"),
1364         /* Edirol SD-20 */
1365         ROLAND_SYNTH_PORT(0x0582, 0x0027, 0, "%s Part A", 64),
1366         ROLAND_SYNTH_PORT(0x0582, 0x0027, 1, "%s Part B", 64),
1367         EXTERNAL_PORT(0x0582, 0x0027, 2, "%s MIDI"),
1368         /* Edirol SD-80 */
1369         ROLAND_SYNTH_PORT(0x0582, 0x0029, 0, "%s Part A", 128),
1370         ROLAND_SYNTH_PORT(0x0582, 0x0029, 1, "%s Part B", 128),
1371         EXTERNAL_PORT(0x0582, 0x0029, 2, "%s MIDI 1"),
1372         EXTERNAL_PORT(0x0582, 0x0029, 3, "%s MIDI 2"),
1373         /* Edirol UA-700 */
1374         EXTERNAL_PORT(0x0582, 0x002b, 0, "%s MIDI"),
1375         CONTROL_PORT(0x0582, 0x002b, 1, "%s Control"),
1376         /* Roland VariOS */
1377         EXTERNAL_PORT(0x0582, 0x002f, 0, "%s MIDI"),
1378         EXTERNAL_PORT(0x0582, 0x002f, 1, "%s External MIDI"),
1379         EXTERNAL_PORT(0x0582, 0x002f, 2, "%s Sync"),
1380         /* Edirol PCR */
1381         EXTERNAL_PORT(0x0582, 0x0033, 0, "%s MIDI"),
1382         EXTERNAL_PORT(0x0582, 0x0033, 1, "%s 1"),
1383         EXTERNAL_PORT(0x0582, 0x0033, 2, "%s 2"),
1384         /* BOSS GS-10 */
1385         EXTERNAL_PORT(0x0582, 0x003b, 0, "%s MIDI"),
1386         CONTROL_PORT(0x0582, 0x003b, 1, "%s Control"),
1387         /* Edirol UA-1000 */
1388         EXTERNAL_PORT(0x0582, 0x0044, 0, "%s MIDI"),
1389         CONTROL_PORT(0x0582, 0x0044, 1, "%s Control"),
1390         /* Edirol UR-80 */
1391         EXTERNAL_PORT(0x0582, 0x0048, 0, "%s MIDI"),
1392         EXTERNAL_PORT(0x0582, 0x0048, 1, "%s 1"),
1393         EXTERNAL_PORT(0x0582, 0x0048, 2, "%s 2"),
1394         /* Edirol PCR-A */
1395         EXTERNAL_PORT(0x0582, 0x004d, 0, "%s MIDI"),
1396         EXTERNAL_PORT(0x0582, 0x004d, 1, "%s 1"),
1397         EXTERNAL_PORT(0x0582, 0x004d, 2, "%s 2"),
1398         /* Edirol UM-3EX */
1399         CONTROL_PORT(0x0582, 0x009a, 3, "%s Control"),
1400         /* M-Audio MidiSport 8x8 */
1401         CONTROL_PORT(0x0763, 0x1031, 8, "%s Control"),
1402         CONTROL_PORT(0x0763, 0x1033, 8, "%s Control"),
1403         /* MOTU Fastlane */
1404         EXTERNAL_PORT(0x07fd, 0x0001, 0, "%s MIDI A"),
1405         EXTERNAL_PORT(0x07fd, 0x0001, 1, "%s MIDI B"),
1406         /* Emagic Unitor8/AMT8/MT4 */
1407         EXTERNAL_PORT(0x086a, 0x0001, 8, "%s Broadcast"),
1408         EXTERNAL_PORT(0x086a, 0x0002, 8, "%s Broadcast"),
1409         EXTERNAL_PORT(0x086a, 0x0003, 4, "%s Broadcast"),
1410 };
1411
1412 static struct port_info *find_port_info(struct snd_usb_midi* umidi, int number)
1413 {
1414         int i;
1415
1416         for (i = 0; i < ARRAY_SIZE(snd_usbmidi_port_info); ++i) {
1417                 if (snd_usbmidi_port_info[i].id == umidi->usb_id &&
1418                     snd_usbmidi_port_info[i].port == number)
1419                         return &snd_usbmidi_port_info[i];
1420         }
1421         return NULL;
1422 }
1423
1424 static void snd_usbmidi_get_port_info(struct snd_rawmidi *rmidi, int number,
1425                                       struct snd_seq_port_info *seq_port_info)
1426 {
1427         struct snd_usb_midi *umidi = rmidi->private_data;
1428         struct port_info *port_info;
1429
1430         /* TODO: read port flags from descriptors */
1431         port_info = find_port_info(umidi, number);
1432         if (port_info) {
1433                 seq_port_info->type = port_info->seq_flags;
1434                 seq_port_info->midi_voices = port_info->voices;
1435         }
1436 }
1437
1438 static void snd_usbmidi_init_substream(struct snd_usb_midi* umidi,
1439                                        int stream, int number,
1440                                        struct snd_rawmidi_substream ** rsubstream)
1441 {
1442         struct port_info *port_info;
1443         const char *name_format;
1444
1445         struct snd_rawmidi_substream *substream = snd_usbmidi_find_substream(umidi, stream, number);
1446         if (!substream) {
1447                 snd_printd(KERN_ERR "substream %d:%d not found\n", stream, number);
1448                 return;
1449         }
1450
1451         /* TODO: read port name from jack descriptor */
1452         port_info = find_port_info(umidi, number);
1453         name_format = port_info ? port_info->name : "%s MIDI %d";
1454         snprintf(substream->name, sizeof(substream->name),
1455                  name_format, umidi->card->shortname, number + 1);
1456
1457         *rsubstream = substream;
1458 }
1459
1460 /*
1461  * Creates the endpoints and their ports.
1462  */
1463 static int snd_usbmidi_create_endpoints(struct snd_usb_midi* umidi,
1464                                         struct snd_usb_midi_endpoint_info* endpoints)
1465 {
1466         int i, j, err;
1467         int out_ports = 0, in_ports = 0;
1468
1469         for (i = 0; i < MIDI_MAX_ENDPOINTS; ++i) {
1470                 if (endpoints[i].out_cables) {
1471                         err = snd_usbmidi_out_endpoint_create(umidi, &endpoints[i],
1472                                                               &umidi->endpoints[i]);
1473                         if (err < 0)
1474                                 return err;
1475                 }
1476                 if (endpoints[i].in_cables) {
1477                         err = snd_usbmidi_in_endpoint_create(umidi, &endpoints[i],
1478                                                              &umidi->endpoints[i]);
1479                         if (err < 0)
1480                                 return err;
1481                 }
1482
1483                 for (j = 0; j < 0x10; ++j) {
1484                         if (endpoints[i].out_cables & (1 << j)) {
1485                                 snd_usbmidi_init_substream(umidi, SNDRV_RAWMIDI_STREAM_OUTPUT, out_ports,
1486                                                            &umidi->endpoints[i].out->ports[j].substream);
1487                                 ++out_ports;
1488                         }
1489                         if (endpoints[i].in_cables & (1 << j)) {
1490                                 snd_usbmidi_init_substream(umidi, SNDRV_RAWMIDI_STREAM_INPUT, in_ports,
1491                                                            &umidi->endpoints[i].in->ports[j].substream);
1492                                 ++in_ports;
1493                         }
1494                 }
1495         }
1496         snd_printdd(KERN_INFO "created %d output and %d input ports\n",
1497                     out_ports, in_ports);
1498         return 0;
1499 }
1500
1501 /*
1502  * Returns MIDIStreaming device capabilities.
1503  */
1504 static int snd_usbmidi_get_ms_info(struct snd_usb_midi* umidi,
1505                                    struct snd_usb_midi_endpoint_info* endpoints)
1506 {
1507         struct usb_interface* intf;
1508         struct usb_host_interface *hostif;
1509         struct usb_interface_descriptor* intfd;
1510         struct usb_ms_header_descriptor* ms_header;
1511         struct usb_host_endpoint *hostep;
1512         struct usb_endpoint_descriptor* ep;
1513         struct usb_ms_endpoint_descriptor* ms_ep;
1514         int i, epidx;
1515
1516         intf = umidi->iface;
1517         if (!intf)
1518                 return -ENXIO;
1519         hostif = &intf->altsetting[0];
1520         intfd = get_iface_desc(hostif);
1521         ms_header = (struct usb_ms_header_descriptor*)hostif->extra;
1522         if (hostif->extralen >= 7 &&
1523             ms_header->bLength >= 7 &&
1524             ms_header->bDescriptorType == USB_DT_CS_INTERFACE &&
1525             ms_header->bDescriptorSubtype == HEADER)
1526                 snd_printdd(KERN_INFO "MIDIStreaming version %02x.%02x\n",
1527                             ms_header->bcdMSC[1], ms_header->bcdMSC[0]);
1528         else
1529                 snd_printk(KERN_WARNING "MIDIStreaming interface descriptor not found\n");
1530
1531         epidx = 0;
1532         for (i = 0; i < intfd->bNumEndpoints; ++i) {
1533                 hostep = &hostif->endpoint[i];
1534                 ep = get_ep_desc(hostep);
1535                 if (!usb_endpoint_xfer_bulk(ep) && !usb_endpoint_xfer_int(ep))
1536                         continue;
1537                 ms_ep = (struct usb_ms_endpoint_descriptor*)hostep->extra;
1538                 if (hostep->extralen < 4 ||
1539                     ms_ep->bLength < 4 ||
1540                     ms_ep->bDescriptorType != USB_DT_CS_ENDPOINT ||
1541                     ms_ep->bDescriptorSubtype != MS_GENERAL)
1542                         continue;
1543                 if (usb_endpoint_dir_out(ep)) {
1544                         if (endpoints[epidx].out_ep) {
1545                                 if (++epidx >= MIDI_MAX_ENDPOINTS) {
1546                                         snd_printk(KERN_WARNING "too many endpoints\n");
1547                                         break;
1548                                 }
1549                         }
1550                         endpoints[epidx].out_ep = usb_endpoint_num(ep);
1551                         if (usb_endpoint_xfer_int(ep))
1552                                 endpoints[epidx].out_interval = ep->bInterval;
1553                         else if (snd_usb_get_speed(umidi->dev) == USB_SPEED_LOW)
1554                                 /*
1555                                  * Low speed bulk transfers don't exist, so
1556                                  * force interrupt transfers for devices like
1557                                  * ESI MIDI Mate that try to use them anyway.
1558                                  */
1559                                 endpoints[epidx].out_interval = 1;
1560                         endpoints[epidx].out_cables = (1 << ms_ep->bNumEmbMIDIJack) - 1;
1561                         snd_printdd(KERN_INFO "EP %02X: %d jack(s)\n",
1562                                     ep->bEndpointAddress, ms_ep->bNumEmbMIDIJack);
1563                 } else {
1564                         if (endpoints[epidx].in_ep) {
1565                                 if (++epidx >= MIDI_MAX_ENDPOINTS) {
1566                                         snd_printk(KERN_WARNING "too many endpoints\n");
1567                                         break;
1568                                 }
1569                         }
1570                         endpoints[epidx].in_ep = usb_endpoint_num(ep);
1571                         if (usb_endpoint_xfer_int(ep))
1572                                 endpoints[epidx].in_interval = ep->bInterval;
1573                         else if (snd_usb_get_speed(umidi->dev) == USB_SPEED_LOW)
1574                                 endpoints[epidx].in_interval = 1;
1575                         endpoints[epidx].in_cables = (1 << ms_ep->bNumEmbMIDIJack) - 1;
1576                         snd_printdd(KERN_INFO "EP %02X: %d jack(s)\n",
1577                                     ep->bEndpointAddress, ms_ep->bNumEmbMIDIJack);
1578                 }
1579         }
1580         return 0;
1581 }
1582
1583 static int roland_load_info(struct snd_kcontrol *kcontrol,
1584                             struct snd_ctl_elem_info *info)
1585 {
1586         static const char *const names[] = { "High Load", "Light Load" };
1587
1588         info->type = SNDRV_CTL_ELEM_TYPE_ENUMERATED;
1589         info->count = 1;
1590         info->value.enumerated.items = 2;
1591         if (info->value.enumerated.item > 1)
1592                 info->value.enumerated.item = 1;
1593         strcpy(info->value.enumerated.name, names[info->value.enumerated.item]);
1594         return 0;
1595 }
1596
1597 static int roland_load_get(struct snd_kcontrol *kcontrol,
1598                            struct snd_ctl_elem_value *value)
1599 {
1600         value->value.enumerated.item[0] = kcontrol->private_value;
1601         return 0;
1602 }
1603
1604 static int roland_load_put(struct snd_kcontrol *kcontrol,
1605                            struct snd_ctl_elem_value *value)
1606 {
1607         struct snd_usb_midi* umidi = kcontrol->private_data;
1608         int changed;
1609
1610         if (value->value.enumerated.item[0] > 1)
1611                 return -EINVAL;
1612         mutex_lock(&umidi->mutex);
1613         changed = value->value.enumerated.item[0] != kcontrol->private_value;
1614         if (changed)
1615                 kcontrol->private_value = value->value.enumerated.item[0];
1616         mutex_unlock(&umidi->mutex);
1617         return changed;
1618 }
1619
1620 static struct snd_kcontrol_new roland_load_ctl = {
1621         .iface = SNDRV_CTL_ELEM_IFACE_MIXER,
1622         .name = "MIDI Input Mode",
1623         .info = roland_load_info,
1624         .get = roland_load_get,
1625         .put = roland_load_put,
1626         .private_value = 1,
1627 };
1628
1629 /*
1630  * On Roland devices, use the second alternate setting to be able to use
1631  * the interrupt input endpoint.
1632  */
1633 static void snd_usbmidi_switch_roland_altsetting(struct snd_usb_midi* umidi)
1634 {
1635         struct usb_interface* intf;
1636         struct usb_host_interface *hostif;
1637         struct usb_interface_descriptor* intfd;
1638
1639         intf = umidi->iface;
1640         if (!intf || intf->num_altsetting != 2)
1641                 return;
1642
1643         hostif = &intf->altsetting[1];
1644         intfd = get_iface_desc(hostif);
1645         if (intfd->bNumEndpoints != 2 ||
1646             (get_endpoint(hostif, 0)->bmAttributes & USB_ENDPOINT_XFERTYPE_MASK) != USB_ENDPOINT_XFER_BULK ||
1647             (get_endpoint(hostif, 1)->bmAttributes & USB_ENDPOINT_XFERTYPE_MASK) != USB_ENDPOINT_XFER_INT)
1648                 return;
1649
1650         snd_printdd(KERN_INFO "switching to altsetting %d with int ep\n",
1651                     intfd->bAlternateSetting);
1652         usb_set_interface(umidi->dev, intfd->bInterfaceNumber,
1653                           intfd->bAlternateSetting);
1654
1655         umidi->roland_load_ctl = snd_ctl_new1(&roland_load_ctl, umidi);
1656         if (snd_ctl_add(umidi->card, umidi->roland_load_ctl) < 0)
1657                 umidi->roland_load_ctl = NULL;
1658 }
1659
1660 /*
1661  * Try to find any usable endpoints in the interface.
1662  */
1663 static int snd_usbmidi_detect_endpoints(struct snd_usb_midi* umidi,
1664                                         struct snd_usb_midi_endpoint_info* endpoint,
1665                                         int max_endpoints)
1666 {
1667         struct usb_interface* intf;
1668         struct usb_host_interface *hostif;
1669         struct usb_interface_descriptor* intfd;
1670         struct usb_endpoint_descriptor* epd;
1671         int i, out_eps = 0, in_eps = 0;
1672
1673         if (USB_ID_VENDOR(umidi->usb_id) == 0x0582)
1674                 snd_usbmidi_switch_roland_altsetting(umidi);
1675
1676         if (endpoint[0].out_ep || endpoint[0].in_ep)
1677                 return 0;       
1678
1679         intf = umidi->iface;
1680         if (!intf || intf->num_altsetting < 1)
1681                 return -ENOENT;
1682         hostif = intf->cur_altsetting;
1683         intfd = get_iface_desc(hostif);
1684
1685         for (i = 0; i < intfd->bNumEndpoints; ++i) {
1686                 epd = get_endpoint(hostif, i);
1687                 if (!usb_endpoint_xfer_bulk(epd) &&
1688                     !usb_endpoint_xfer_int(epd))
1689                         continue;
1690                 if (out_eps < max_endpoints &&
1691                     usb_endpoint_dir_out(epd)) {
1692                         endpoint[out_eps].out_ep = usb_endpoint_num(epd);
1693                         if (usb_endpoint_xfer_int(epd))
1694                                 endpoint[out_eps].out_interval = epd->bInterval;
1695                         ++out_eps;
1696                 }
1697                 if (in_eps < max_endpoints &&
1698                     usb_endpoint_dir_in(epd)) {
1699                         endpoint[in_eps].in_ep = usb_endpoint_num(epd);
1700                         if (usb_endpoint_xfer_int(epd))
1701                                 endpoint[in_eps].in_interval = epd->bInterval;
1702                         ++in_eps;
1703                 }
1704         }
1705         return (out_eps || in_eps) ? 0 : -ENOENT;
1706 }
1707
1708 /*
1709  * Detects the endpoints for one-port-per-endpoint protocols.
1710  */
1711 static int snd_usbmidi_detect_per_port_endpoints(struct snd_usb_midi* umidi,
1712                                                  struct snd_usb_midi_endpoint_info* endpoints)
1713 {
1714         int err, i;
1715         
1716         err = snd_usbmidi_detect_endpoints(umidi, endpoints, MIDI_MAX_ENDPOINTS);
1717         for (i = 0; i < MIDI_MAX_ENDPOINTS; ++i) {
1718                 if (endpoints[i].out_ep)
1719                         endpoints[i].out_cables = 0x0001;
1720                 if (endpoints[i].in_ep)
1721                         endpoints[i].in_cables = 0x0001;
1722         }
1723         return err;
1724 }
1725
1726 /*
1727  * Detects the endpoints and ports of Yamaha devices.
1728  */
1729 static int snd_usbmidi_detect_yamaha(struct snd_usb_midi* umidi,
1730                                      struct snd_usb_midi_endpoint_info* endpoint)
1731 {
1732         struct usb_interface* intf;
1733         struct usb_host_interface *hostif;
1734         struct usb_interface_descriptor* intfd;
1735         uint8_t* cs_desc;
1736
1737         intf = umidi->iface;
1738         if (!intf)
1739                 return -ENOENT;
1740         hostif = intf->altsetting;
1741         intfd = get_iface_desc(hostif);
1742         if (intfd->bNumEndpoints < 1)
1743                 return -ENOENT;
1744
1745         /*
1746          * For each port there is one MIDI_IN/OUT_JACK descriptor, not
1747          * necessarily with any useful contents.  So simply count 'em.
1748          */
1749         for (cs_desc = hostif->extra;
1750              cs_desc < hostif->extra + hostif->extralen && cs_desc[0] >= 2;
1751              cs_desc += cs_desc[0]) {
1752                 if (cs_desc[1] == USB_DT_CS_INTERFACE) {
1753                         if (cs_desc[2] == MIDI_IN_JACK)
1754                                 endpoint->in_cables = (endpoint->in_cables << 1) | 1;
1755                         else if (cs_desc[2] == MIDI_OUT_JACK)
1756                                 endpoint->out_cables = (endpoint->out_cables << 1) | 1;
1757                 }
1758         }
1759         if (!endpoint->in_cables && !endpoint->out_cables)
1760                 return -ENOENT;
1761
1762         return snd_usbmidi_detect_endpoints(umidi, endpoint, 1);
1763 }
1764
1765 /*
1766  * Creates the endpoints and their ports for Midiman devices.
1767  */
1768 static int snd_usbmidi_create_endpoints_midiman(struct snd_usb_midi* umidi,
1769                                                 struct snd_usb_midi_endpoint_info* endpoint)
1770 {
1771         struct snd_usb_midi_endpoint_info ep_info;
1772         struct usb_interface* intf;
1773         struct usb_host_interface *hostif;
1774         struct usb_interface_descriptor* intfd;
1775         struct usb_endpoint_descriptor* epd;
1776         int cable, err;
1777
1778         intf = umidi->iface;
1779         if (!intf)
1780                 return -ENOENT;
1781         hostif = intf->altsetting;
1782         intfd = get_iface_desc(hostif);
1783         /*
1784          * The various MidiSport devices have more or less random endpoint
1785          * numbers, so we have to identify the endpoints by their index in
1786          * the descriptor array, like the driver for that other OS does.
1787          *
1788          * There is one interrupt input endpoint for all input ports, one
1789          * bulk output endpoint for even-numbered ports, and one for odd-
1790          * numbered ports.  Both bulk output endpoints have corresponding
1791          * input bulk endpoints (at indices 1 and 3) which aren't used.
1792          */
1793         if (intfd->bNumEndpoints < (endpoint->out_cables > 0x0001 ? 5 : 3)) {
1794                 snd_printdd(KERN_ERR "not enough endpoints\n");
1795                 return -ENOENT;
1796         }
1797
1798         epd = get_endpoint(hostif, 0);
1799         if (!usb_endpoint_dir_in(epd) || !usb_endpoint_xfer_int(epd)) {
1800                 snd_printdd(KERN_ERR "endpoint[0] isn't interrupt\n");
1801                 return -ENXIO;
1802         }
1803         epd = get_endpoint(hostif, 2);
1804         if (!usb_endpoint_dir_out(epd) || !usb_endpoint_xfer_bulk(epd)) {
1805                 snd_printdd(KERN_ERR "endpoint[2] isn't bulk output\n");
1806                 return -ENXIO;
1807         }
1808         if (endpoint->out_cables > 0x0001) {
1809                 epd = get_endpoint(hostif, 4);
1810                 if (!usb_endpoint_dir_out(epd) ||
1811                     !usb_endpoint_xfer_bulk(epd)) {
1812                         snd_printdd(KERN_ERR "endpoint[4] isn't bulk output\n");
1813                         return -ENXIO;
1814                 }
1815         }
1816
1817         ep_info.out_ep = get_endpoint(hostif, 2)->bEndpointAddress & USB_ENDPOINT_NUMBER_MASK;
1818         ep_info.out_interval = 0;
1819         ep_info.out_cables = endpoint->out_cables & 0x5555;
1820         err = snd_usbmidi_out_endpoint_create(umidi, &ep_info, &umidi->endpoints[0]);
1821         if (err < 0)
1822                 return err;
1823
1824         ep_info.in_ep = get_endpoint(hostif, 0)->bEndpointAddress & USB_ENDPOINT_NUMBER_MASK;
1825         ep_info.in_interval = get_endpoint(hostif, 0)->bInterval;
1826         ep_info.in_cables = endpoint->in_cables;
1827         err = snd_usbmidi_in_endpoint_create(umidi, &ep_info, &umidi->endpoints[0]);
1828         if (err < 0)
1829                 return err;
1830
1831         if (endpoint->out_cables > 0x0001) {
1832                 ep_info.out_ep = get_endpoint(hostif, 4)->bEndpointAddress & USB_ENDPOINT_NUMBER_MASK;
1833                 ep_info.out_cables = endpoint->out_cables & 0xaaaa;
1834                 err = snd_usbmidi_out_endpoint_create(umidi, &ep_info, &umidi->endpoints[1]);
1835                 if (err < 0)
1836                         return err;
1837         }
1838
1839         for (cable = 0; cable < 0x10; ++cable) {
1840                 if (endpoint->out_cables & (1 << cable))
1841                         snd_usbmidi_init_substream(umidi, SNDRV_RAWMIDI_STREAM_OUTPUT, cable,
1842                                                    &umidi->endpoints[cable & 1].out->ports[cable].substream);
1843                 if (endpoint->in_cables & (1 << cable))
1844                         snd_usbmidi_init_substream(umidi, SNDRV_RAWMIDI_STREAM_INPUT, cable,
1845                                                    &umidi->endpoints[0].in->ports[cable].substream);
1846         }
1847         return 0;
1848 }
1849
1850 static struct snd_rawmidi_global_ops snd_usbmidi_ops = {
1851         .get_port_info = snd_usbmidi_get_port_info,
1852 };
1853
1854 static int snd_usbmidi_create_rawmidi(struct snd_usb_midi* umidi,
1855                                       int out_ports, int in_ports)
1856 {
1857         struct snd_rawmidi *rmidi;
1858         int err;
1859
1860         err = snd_rawmidi_new(umidi->card, "USB MIDI",
1861                               umidi->next_midi_device++,
1862                               out_ports, in_ports, &rmidi);
1863         if (err < 0)
1864                 return err;
1865         strcpy(rmidi->name, umidi->card->shortname);
1866         rmidi->info_flags = SNDRV_RAWMIDI_INFO_OUTPUT |
1867                             SNDRV_RAWMIDI_INFO_INPUT |
1868                             SNDRV_RAWMIDI_INFO_DUPLEX;
1869         rmidi->ops = &snd_usbmidi_ops;
1870         rmidi->private_data = umidi;
1871         rmidi->private_free = snd_usbmidi_rawmidi_free;
1872         snd_rawmidi_set_ops(rmidi, SNDRV_RAWMIDI_STREAM_OUTPUT, &snd_usbmidi_output_ops);
1873         snd_rawmidi_set_ops(rmidi, SNDRV_RAWMIDI_STREAM_INPUT, &snd_usbmidi_input_ops);
1874
1875         umidi->rmidi = rmidi;
1876         return 0;
1877 }
1878
1879 /*
1880  * Temporarily stop input.
1881  */
1882 void snd_usbmidi_input_stop(struct list_head* p)
1883 {
1884         struct snd_usb_midi* umidi;
1885         unsigned int i, j;
1886
1887         umidi = list_entry(p, struct snd_usb_midi, list);
1888         for (i = 0; i < MIDI_MAX_ENDPOINTS; ++i) {
1889                 struct snd_usb_midi_endpoint* ep = &umidi->endpoints[i];
1890                 if (ep->in)
1891                         for (j = 0; j < INPUT_URBS; ++j)
1892                                 usb_kill_urb(ep->in->urbs[j]);
1893         }
1894 }
1895
1896 static void snd_usbmidi_input_start_ep(struct snd_usb_midi_in_endpoint* ep)
1897 {
1898         unsigned int i;
1899
1900         if (!ep)
1901                 return;
1902         for (i = 0; i < INPUT_URBS; ++i) {
1903                 struct urb* urb = ep->urbs[i];
1904                 urb->dev = ep->umidi->dev;
1905                 snd_usbmidi_submit_urb(urb, GFP_KERNEL);
1906         }
1907 }
1908
1909 /*
1910  * Resume input after a call to snd_usbmidi_input_stop().
1911  */
1912 void snd_usbmidi_input_start(struct list_head* p)
1913 {
1914         struct snd_usb_midi* umidi;
1915         int i;
1916
1917         umidi = list_entry(p, struct snd_usb_midi, list);
1918         for (i = 0; i < MIDI_MAX_ENDPOINTS; ++i)
1919                 snd_usbmidi_input_start_ep(umidi->endpoints[i].in);
1920 }
1921
1922 /*
1923  * Creates and registers everything needed for a MIDI streaming interface.
1924  */
1925 int snd_usbmidi_create(struct snd_card *card,
1926                        struct usb_interface* iface,
1927                        struct list_head *midi_list,
1928                        const struct snd_usb_audio_quirk* quirk)
1929 {
1930         struct snd_usb_midi* umidi;
1931         struct snd_usb_midi_endpoint_info endpoints[MIDI_MAX_ENDPOINTS];
1932         int out_ports, in_ports;
1933         int i, err;
1934
1935         umidi = kzalloc(sizeof(*umidi), GFP_KERNEL);
1936         if (!umidi)
1937                 return -ENOMEM;
1938         umidi->dev = interface_to_usbdev(iface);
1939         umidi->card = card;
1940         umidi->iface = iface;
1941         umidi->quirk = quirk;
1942         umidi->usb_protocol_ops = &snd_usbmidi_standard_ops;
1943         init_timer(&umidi->error_timer);
1944         spin_lock_init(&umidi->disc_lock);
1945         mutex_init(&umidi->mutex);
1946         umidi->usb_id = USB_ID(le16_to_cpu(umidi->dev->descriptor.idVendor),
1947                                le16_to_cpu(umidi->dev->descriptor.idProduct));
1948         umidi->error_timer.function = snd_usbmidi_error_timer;
1949         umidi->error_timer.data = (unsigned long)umidi;
1950
1951         /* detect the endpoint(s) to use */
1952         memset(endpoints, 0, sizeof(endpoints));
1953         switch (quirk ? quirk->type : QUIRK_MIDI_STANDARD_INTERFACE) {
1954         case QUIRK_MIDI_STANDARD_INTERFACE:
1955                 err = snd_usbmidi_get_ms_info(umidi, endpoints);
1956                 if (umidi->usb_id == USB_ID(0x0763, 0x0150)) /* M-Audio Uno */
1957                         umidi->usb_protocol_ops =
1958                                 &snd_usbmidi_maudio_broken_running_status_ops;
1959                 break;
1960         case QUIRK_MIDI_US122L:
1961                 umidi->usb_protocol_ops = &snd_usbmidi_122l_ops;
1962                 /* fall through */
1963         case QUIRK_MIDI_FIXED_ENDPOINT:
1964                 memcpy(&endpoints[0], quirk->data,
1965                        sizeof(struct snd_usb_midi_endpoint_info));
1966                 err = snd_usbmidi_detect_endpoints(umidi, &endpoints[0], 1);
1967                 break;
1968         case QUIRK_MIDI_YAMAHA:
1969                 err = snd_usbmidi_detect_yamaha(umidi, &endpoints[0]);
1970                 break;
1971         case QUIRK_MIDI_MIDIMAN:
1972                 umidi->usb_protocol_ops = &snd_usbmidi_midiman_ops;
1973                 memcpy(&endpoints[0], quirk->data,
1974                        sizeof(struct snd_usb_midi_endpoint_info));
1975                 err = 0;
1976                 break;
1977         case QUIRK_MIDI_NOVATION:
1978                 umidi->usb_protocol_ops = &snd_usbmidi_novation_ops;
1979                 err = snd_usbmidi_detect_per_port_endpoints(umidi, endpoints);
1980                 break;
1981         case QUIRK_MIDI_FASTLANE:
1982                 umidi->usb_protocol_ops = &snd_usbmidi_raw_ops;
1983                 /*
1984                  * Interface 1 contains isochronous endpoints, but with the same
1985                  * numbers as in interface 0.  Since it is interface 1 that the
1986                  * USB core has most recently seen, these descriptors are now
1987                  * associated with the endpoint numbers.  This will foul up our
1988                  * attempts to submit bulk/interrupt URBs to the endpoints in
1989                  * interface 0, so we have to make sure that the USB core looks
1990                  * again at interface 0 by calling usb_set_interface() on it.
1991                  */
1992                 usb_set_interface(umidi->dev, 0, 0);
1993                 err = snd_usbmidi_detect_per_port_endpoints(umidi, endpoints);
1994                 break;
1995         case QUIRK_MIDI_EMAGIC:
1996                 umidi->usb_protocol_ops = &snd_usbmidi_emagic_ops;
1997                 memcpy(&endpoints[0], quirk->data,
1998                        sizeof(struct snd_usb_midi_endpoint_info));
1999                 err = snd_usbmidi_detect_endpoints(umidi, &endpoints[0], 1);
2000                 break;
2001         case QUIRK_MIDI_CME:
2002                 umidi->usb_protocol_ops = &snd_usbmidi_cme_ops;
2003                 err = snd_usbmidi_detect_per_port_endpoints(umidi, endpoints);
2004                 break;
2005         default:
2006                 snd_printd(KERN_ERR "invalid quirk type %d\n", quirk->type);
2007                 err = -ENXIO;
2008                 break;
2009         }
2010         if (err < 0) {
2011                 kfree(umidi);
2012                 return err;
2013         }
2014
2015         /* create rawmidi device */
2016         out_ports = 0;
2017         in_ports = 0;
2018         for (i = 0; i < MIDI_MAX_ENDPOINTS; ++i) {
2019                 out_ports += hweight16(endpoints[i].out_cables);
2020                 in_ports += hweight16(endpoints[i].in_cables);
2021         }
2022         err = snd_usbmidi_create_rawmidi(umidi, out_ports, in_ports);
2023         if (err < 0) {
2024                 kfree(umidi);
2025                 return err;
2026         }
2027
2028         /* create endpoint/port structures */
2029         if (quirk && quirk->type == QUIRK_MIDI_MIDIMAN)
2030                 err = snd_usbmidi_create_endpoints_midiman(umidi, &endpoints[0]);
2031         else
2032                 err = snd_usbmidi_create_endpoints(umidi, endpoints);
2033         if (err < 0) {
2034                 snd_usbmidi_free(umidi);
2035                 return err;
2036         }
2037
2038         list_add_tail(&umidi->list, midi_list);
2039
2040         for (i = 0; i < MIDI_MAX_ENDPOINTS; ++i)
2041                 snd_usbmidi_input_start_ep(umidi->endpoints[i].in);
2042         return 0;
2043 }
2044
2045 EXPORT_SYMBOL(snd_usbmidi_create);
2046 EXPORT_SYMBOL(snd_usbmidi_input_stop);
2047 EXPORT_SYMBOL(snd_usbmidi_input_start);
2048 EXPORT_SYMBOL(snd_usbmidi_disconnect);