9fd473a6dbf51c53e5f1dd3e5cf9c7e0654b547e
[linux-2.6.git] / drivers / md / raid1.c
1 /*
2  * raid1.c : Multiple Devices driver for Linux
3  *
4  * Copyright (C) 1999, 2000, 2001 Ingo Molnar, Red Hat
5  *
6  * Copyright (C) 1996, 1997, 1998 Ingo Molnar, Miguel de Icaza, Gadi Oxman
7  *
8  * RAID-1 management functions.
9  *
10  * Better read-balancing code written by Mika Kuoppala <miku@iki.fi>, 2000
11  *
12  * Fixes to reconstruction by Jakob Ć˜stergaard" <jakob@ostenfeld.dk>
13  * Various fixes by Neil Brown <neilb@cse.unsw.edu.au>
14  *
15  * Changes by Peter T. Breuer <ptb@it.uc3m.es> 31/1/2003 to support
16  * bitmapped intelligence in resync:
17  *
18  *      - bitmap marked during normal i/o
19  *      - bitmap used to skip nondirty blocks during sync
20  *
21  * Additions to bitmap code, (C) 2003-2004 Paul Clements, SteelEye Technology:
22  * - persistent bitmap code
23  *
24  * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
25  * it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
26  * the Free Software Foundation; either version 2, or (at your option)
27  * any later version.
28  *
29  * You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
30  * (for example /usr/src/linux/COPYING); if not, write to the Free
31  * Software Foundation, Inc., 675 Mass Ave, Cambridge, MA 02139, USA.
32  */
33
34 #include "dm-bio-list.h"
35 #include <linux/raid/raid1.h>
36 #include <linux/raid/bitmap.h>
37
38 #define DEBUG 0
39 #if DEBUG
40 #define PRINTK(x...) printk(x)
41 #else
42 #define PRINTK(x...)
43 #endif
44
45 /*
46  * Number of guaranteed r1bios in case of extreme VM load:
47  */
48 #define NR_RAID1_BIOS 256
49
50
51 static void unplug_slaves(mddev_t *mddev);
52
53 static void allow_barrier(conf_t *conf);
54 static void lower_barrier(conf_t *conf);
55
56 static void * r1bio_pool_alloc(gfp_t gfp_flags, void *data)
57 {
58         struct pool_info *pi = data;
59         r1bio_t *r1_bio;
60         int size = offsetof(r1bio_t, bios[pi->raid_disks]);
61
62         /* allocate a r1bio with room for raid_disks entries in the bios array */
63         r1_bio = kzalloc(size, gfp_flags);
64         if (!r1_bio)
65                 unplug_slaves(pi->mddev);
66
67         return r1_bio;
68 }
69
70 static void r1bio_pool_free(void *r1_bio, void *data)
71 {
72         kfree(r1_bio);
73 }
74
75 #define RESYNC_BLOCK_SIZE (64*1024)
76 //#define RESYNC_BLOCK_SIZE PAGE_SIZE
77 #define RESYNC_SECTORS (RESYNC_BLOCK_SIZE >> 9)
78 #define RESYNC_PAGES ((RESYNC_BLOCK_SIZE + PAGE_SIZE-1) / PAGE_SIZE)
79 #define RESYNC_WINDOW (2048*1024)
80
81 static void * r1buf_pool_alloc(gfp_t gfp_flags, void *data)
82 {
83         struct pool_info *pi = data;
84         struct page *page;
85         r1bio_t *r1_bio;
86         struct bio *bio;
87         int i, j;
88
89         r1_bio = r1bio_pool_alloc(gfp_flags, pi);
90         if (!r1_bio) {
91                 unplug_slaves(pi->mddev);
92                 return NULL;
93         }
94
95         /*
96          * Allocate bios : 1 for reading, n-1 for writing
97          */
98         for (j = pi->raid_disks ; j-- ; ) {
99                 bio = bio_alloc(gfp_flags, RESYNC_PAGES);
100                 if (!bio)
101                         goto out_free_bio;
102                 r1_bio->bios[j] = bio;
103         }
104         /*
105          * Allocate RESYNC_PAGES data pages and attach them to
106          * the first bio.
107          * If this is a user-requested check/repair, allocate
108          * RESYNC_PAGES for each bio.
109          */
110         if (test_bit(MD_RECOVERY_REQUESTED, &pi->mddev->recovery))
111                 j = pi->raid_disks;
112         else
113                 j = 1;
114         while(j--) {
115                 bio = r1_bio->bios[j];
116                 for (i = 0; i < RESYNC_PAGES; i++) {
117                         page = alloc_page(gfp_flags);
118                         if (unlikely(!page))
119                                 goto out_free_pages;
120
121                         bio->bi_io_vec[i].bv_page = page;
122                 }
123         }
124         /* If not user-requests, copy the page pointers to all bios */
125         if (!test_bit(MD_RECOVERY_REQUESTED, &pi->mddev->recovery)) {
126                 for (i=0; i<RESYNC_PAGES ; i++)
127                         for (j=1; j<pi->raid_disks; j++)
128                                 r1_bio->bios[j]->bi_io_vec[i].bv_page =
129                                         r1_bio->bios[0]->bi_io_vec[i].bv_page;
130         }
131
132         r1_bio->master_bio = NULL;
133
134         return r1_bio;
135
136 out_free_pages:
137         for (i=0; i < RESYNC_PAGES ; i++)
138                 for (j=0 ; j < pi->raid_disks; j++)
139                         safe_put_page(r1_bio->bios[j]->bi_io_vec[i].bv_page);
140         j = -1;
141 out_free_bio:
142         while ( ++j < pi->raid_disks )
143                 bio_put(r1_bio->bios[j]);
144         r1bio_pool_free(r1_bio, data);
145         return NULL;
146 }
147
148 static void r1buf_pool_free(void *__r1_bio, void *data)
149 {
150         struct pool_info *pi = data;
151         int i,j;
152         r1bio_t *r1bio = __r1_bio;
153
154         for (i = 0; i < RESYNC_PAGES; i++)
155                 for (j = pi->raid_disks; j-- ;) {
156                         if (j == 0 ||
157                             r1bio->bios[j]->bi_io_vec[i].bv_page !=
158                             r1bio->bios[0]->bi_io_vec[i].bv_page)
159                                 safe_put_page(r1bio->bios[j]->bi_io_vec[i].bv_page);
160                 }
161         for (i=0 ; i < pi->raid_disks; i++)
162                 bio_put(r1bio->bios[i]);
163
164         r1bio_pool_free(r1bio, data);
165 }
166
167 static void put_all_bios(conf_t *conf, r1bio_t *r1_bio)
168 {
169         int i;
170
171         for (i = 0; i < conf->raid_disks; i++) {
172                 struct bio **bio = r1_bio->bios + i;
173                 if (*bio && *bio != IO_BLOCKED)
174                         bio_put(*bio);
175                 *bio = NULL;
176         }
177 }
178
179 static void free_r1bio(r1bio_t *r1_bio)
180 {
181         conf_t *conf = mddev_to_conf(r1_bio->mddev);
182
183         /*
184          * Wake up any possible resync thread that waits for the device
185          * to go idle.
186          */
187         allow_barrier(conf);
188
189         put_all_bios(conf, r1_bio);
190         mempool_free(r1_bio, conf->r1bio_pool);
191 }
192
193 static void put_buf(r1bio_t *r1_bio)
194 {
195         conf_t *conf = mddev_to_conf(r1_bio->mddev);
196         int i;
197
198         for (i=0; i<conf->raid_disks; i++) {
199                 struct bio *bio = r1_bio->bios[i];
200                 if (bio->bi_end_io)
201                         rdev_dec_pending(conf->mirrors[i].rdev, r1_bio->mddev);
202         }
203
204         mempool_free(r1_bio, conf->r1buf_pool);
205
206         lower_barrier(conf);
207 }
208
209 static void reschedule_retry(r1bio_t *r1_bio)
210 {
211         unsigned long flags;
212         mddev_t *mddev = r1_bio->mddev;
213         conf_t *conf = mddev_to_conf(mddev);
214
215         spin_lock_irqsave(&conf->device_lock, flags);
216         list_add(&r1_bio->retry_list, &conf->retry_list);
217         conf->nr_queued ++;
218         spin_unlock_irqrestore(&conf->device_lock, flags);
219
220         wake_up(&conf->wait_barrier);
221         md_wakeup_thread(mddev->thread);
222 }
223
224 /*
225  * raid_end_bio_io() is called when we have finished servicing a mirrored
226  * operation and are ready to return a success/failure code to the buffer
227  * cache layer.
228  */
229 static void raid_end_bio_io(r1bio_t *r1_bio)
230 {
231         struct bio *bio = r1_bio->master_bio;
232
233         /* if nobody has done the final endio yet, do it now */
234         if (!test_and_set_bit(R1BIO_Returned, &r1_bio->state)) {
235                 PRINTK(KERN_DEBUG "raid1: sync end %s on sectors %llu-%llu\n",
236                         (bio_data_dir(bio) == WRITE) ? "write" : "read",
237                         (unsigned long long) bio->bi_sector,
238                         (unsigned long long) bio->bi_sector +
239                                 (bio->bi_size >> 9) - 1);
240
241                 bio_endio(bio,
242                         test_bit(R1BIO_Uptodate, &r1_bio->state) ? 0 : -EIO);
243         }
244         free_r1bio(r1_bio);
245 }
246
247 /*
248  * Update disk head position estimator based on IRQ completion info.
249  */
250 static inline void update_head_pos(int disk, r1bio_t *r1_bio)
251 {
252         conf_t *conf = mddev_to_conf(r1_bio->mddev);
253
254         conf->mirrors[disk].head_position =
255                 r1_bio->sector + (r1_bio->sectors);
256 }
257
258 static void raid1_end_read_request(struct bio *bio, int error)
259 {
260         int uptodate = test_bit(BIO_UPTODATE, &bio->bi_flags);
261         r1bio_t * r1_bio = (r1bio_t *)(bio->bi_private);
262         int mirror;
263         conf_t *conf = mddev_to_conf(r1_bio->mddev);
264
265         mirror = r1_bio->read_disk;
266         /*
267          * this branch is our 'one mirror IO has finished' event handler:
268          */
269         update_head_pos(mirror, r1_bio);
270
271         if (uptodate)
272                 set_bit(R1BIO_Uptodate, &r1_bio->state);
273         else {
274                 /* If all other devices have failed, we want to return
275                  * the error upwards rather than fail the last device.
276                  * Here we redefine "uptodate" to mean "Don't want to retry"
277                  */
278                 unsigned long flags;
279                 spin_lock_irqsave(&conf->device_lock, flags);
280                 if (r1_bio->mddev->degraded == conf->raid_disks ||
281                     (r1_bio->mddev->degraded == conf->raid_disks-1 &&
282                      !test_bit(Faulty, &conf->mirrors[mirror].rdev->flags)))
283                         uptodate = 1;
284                 spin_unlock_irqrestore(&conf->device_lock, flags);
285         }
286
287         if (uptodate)
288                 raid_end_bio_io(r1_bio);
289         else {
290                 /*
291                  * oops, read error:
292                  */
293                 char b[BDEVNAME_SIZE];
294                 if (printk_ratelimit())
295                         printk(KERN_ERR "raid1: %s: rescheduling sector %llu\n",
296                                bdevname(conf->mirrors[mirror].rdev->bdev,b), (unsigned long long)r1_bio->sector);
297                 reschedule_retry(r1_bio);
298         }
299
300         rdev_dec_pending(conf->mirrors[mirror].rdev, conf->mddev);
301 }
302
303 static void raid1_end_write_request(struct bio *bio, int error)
304 {
305         int uptodate = test_bit(BIO_UPTODATE, &bio->bi_flags);
306         r1bio_t * r1_bio = (r1bio_t *)(bio->bi_private);
307         int mirror, behind = test_bit(R1BIO_BehindIO, &r1_bio->state);
308         conf_t *conf = mddev_to_conf(r1_bio->mddev);
309         struct bio *to_put = NULL;
310
311
312         for (mirror = 0; mirror < conf->raid_disks; mirror++)
313                 if (r1_bio->bios[mirror] == bio)
314                         break;
315
316         if (error == -EOPNOTSUPP && test_bit(R1BIO_Barrier, &r1_bio->state)) {
317                 set_bit(BarriersNotsupp, &conf->mirrors[mirror].rdev->flags);
318                 set_bit(R1BIO_BarrierRetry, &r1_bio->state);
319                 r1_bio->mddev->barriers_work = 0;
320                 /* Don't rdev_dec_pending in this branch - keep it for the retry */
321         } else {
322                 /*
323                  * this branch is our 'one mirror IO has finished' event handler:
324                  */
325                 r1_bio->bios[mirror] = NULL;
326                 to_put = bio;
327                 if (!uptodate) {
328                         md_error(r1_bio->mddev, conf->mirrors[mirror].rdev);
329                         /* an I/O failed, we can't clear the bitmap */
330                         set_bit(R1BIO_Degraded, &r1_bio->state);
331                 } else
332                         /*
333                          * Set R1BIO_Uptodate in our master bio, so that
334                          * we will return a good error code for to the higher
335                          * levels even if IO on some other mirrored buffer fails.
336                          *
337                          * The 'master' represents the composite IO operation to
338                          * user-side. So if something waits for IO, then it will
339                          * wait for the 'master' bio.
340                          */
341                         set_bit(R1BIO_Uptodate, &r1_bio->state);
342
343                 update_head_pos(mirror, r1_bio);
344
345                 if (behind) {
346                         if (test_bit(WriteMostly, &conf->mirrors[mirror].rdev->flags))
347                                 atomic_dec(&r1_bio->behind_remaining);
348
349                         /* In behind mode, we ACK the master bio once the I/O has safely
350                          * reached all non-writemostly disks. Setting the Returned bit
351                          * ensures that this gets done only once -- we don't ever want to
352                          * return -EIO here, instead we'll wait */
353
354                         if (atomic_read(&r1_bio->behind_remaining) >= (atomic_read(&r1_bio->remaining)-1) &&
355                             test_bit(R1BIO_Uptodate, &r1_bio->state)) {
356                                 /* Maybe we can return now */
357                                 if (!test_and_set_bit(R1BIO_Returned, &r1_bio->state)) {
358                                         struct bio *mbio = r1_bio->master_bio;
359                                         PRINTK(KERN_DEBUG "raid1: behind end write sectors %llu-%llu\n",
360                                                (unsigned long long) mbio->bi_sector,
361                                                (unsigned long long) mbio->bi_sector +
362                                                (mbio->bi_size >> 9) - 1);
363                                         bio_endio(mbio, 0);
364                                 }
365                         }
366                 }
367                 rdev_dec_pending(conf->mirrors[mirror].rdev, conf->mddev);
368         }
369         /*
370          *
371          * Let's see if all mirrored write operations have finished
372          * already.
373          */
374         if (atomic_dec_and_test(&r1_bio->remaining)) {
375                 if (test_bit(R1BIO_BarrierRetry, &r1_bio->state))
376                         reschedule_retry(r1_bio);
377                 else {
378                         /* it really is the end of this request */
379                         if (test_bit(R1BIO_BehindIO, &r1_bio->state)) {
380                                 /* free extra copy of the data pages */
381                                 int i = bio->bi_vcnt;
382                                 while (i--)
383                                         safe_put_page(bio->bi_io_vec[i].bv_page);
384                         }
385                         /* clear the bitmap if all writes complete successfully */
386                         bitmap_endwrite(r1_bio->mddev->bitmap, r1_bio->sector,
387                                         r1_bio->sectors,
388                                         !test_bit(R1BIO_Degraded, &r1_bio->state),
389                                         behind);
390                         md_write_end(r1_bio->mddev);
391                         raid_end_bio_io(r1_bio);
392                 }
393         }
394
395         if (to_put)
396                 bio_put(to_put);
397 }
398
399
400 /*
401  * This routine returns the disk from which the requested read should
402  * be done. There is a per-array 'next expected sequential IO' sector
403  * number - if this matches on the next IO then we use the last disk.
404  * There is also a per-disk 'last know head position' sector that is
405  * maintained from IRQ contexts, both the normal and the resync IO
406  * completion handlers update this position correctly. If there is no
407  * perfect sequential match then we pick the disk whose head is closest.
408  *
409  * If there are 2 mirrors in the same 2 devices, performance degrades
410  * because position is mirror, not device based.
411  *
412  * The rdev for the device selected will have nr_pending incremented.
413  */
414 static int read_balance(conf_t *conf, r1bio_t *r1_bio)
415 {
416         const unsigned long this_sector = r1_bio->sector;
417         int new_disk = conf->last_used, disk = new_disk;
418         int wonly_disk = -1;
419         const int sectors = r1_bio->sectors;
420         sector_t new_distance, current_distance;
421         mdk_rdev_t *rdev;
422
423         rcu_read_lock();
424         /*
425          * Check if we can balance. We can balance on the whole
426          * device if no resync is going on, or below the resync window.
427          * We take the first readable disk when above the resync window.
428          */
429  retry:
430         if (conf->mddev->recovery_cp < MaxSector &&
431             (this_sector + sectors >= conf->next_resync)) {
432                 /* Choose the first operation device, for consistancy */
433                 new_disk = 0;
434
435                 for (rdev = rcu_dereference(conf->mirrors[new_disk].rdev);
436                      r1_bio->bios[new_disk] == IO_BLOCKED ||
437                      !rdev || !test_bit(In_sync, &rdev->flags)
438                              || test_bit(WriteMostly, &rdev->flags);
439                      rdev = rcu_dereference(conf->mirrors[++new_disk].rdev)) {
440
441                         if (rdev && test_bit(In_sync, &rdev->flags) &&
442                                 r1_bio->bios[new_disk] != IO_BLOCKED)
443                                 wonly_disk = new_disk;
444
445                         if (new_disk == conf->raid_disks - 1) {
446                                 new_disk = wonly_disk;
447                                 break;
448                         }
449                 }
450                 goto rb_out;
451         }
452
453
454         /* make sure the disk is operational */
455         for (rdev = rcu_dereference(conf->mirrors[new_disk].rdev);
456              r1_bio->bios[new_disk] == IO_BLOCKED ||
457              !rdev || !test_bit(In_sync, &rdev->flags) ||
458                      test_bit(WriteMostly, &rdev->flags);
459              rdev = rcu_dereference(conf->mirrors[new_disk].rdev)) {
460
461                 if (rdev && test_bit(In_sync, &rdev->flags) &&
462                     r1_bio->bios[new_disk] != IO_BLOCKED)
463                         wonly_disk = new_disk;
464
465                 if (new_disk <= 0)
466                         new_disk = conf->raid_disks;
467                 new_disk--;
468                 if (new_disk == disk) {
469                         new_disk = wonly_disk;
470                         break;
471                 }
472         }
473
474         if (new_disk < 0)
475                 goto rb_out;
476
477         disk = new_disk;
478         /* now disk == new_disk == starting point for search */
479
480         /*
481          * Don't change to another disk for sequential reads:
482          */
483         if (conf->next_seq_sect == this_sector)
484                 goto rb_out;
485         if (this_sector == conf->mirrors[new_disk].head_position)
486                 goto rb_out;
487
488         current_distance = abs(this_sector - conf->mirrors[disk].head_position);
489
490         /* Find the disk whose head is closest */
491
492         do {
493                 if (disk <= 0)
494                         disk = conf->raid_disks;
495                 disk--;
496
497                 rdev = rcu_dereference(conf->mirrors[disk].rdev);
498
499                 if (!rdev || r1_bio->bios[disk] == IO_BLOCKED ||
500                     !test_bit(In_sync, &rdev->flags) ||
501                     test_bit(WriteMostly, &rdev->flags))
502                         continue;
503
504                 if (!atomic_read(&rdev->nr_pending)) {
505                         new_disk = disk;
506                         break;
507                 }
508                 new_distance = abs(this_sector - conf->mirrors[disk].head_position);
509                 if (new_distance < current_distance) {
510                         current_distance = new_distance;
511                         new_disk = disk;
512                 }
513         } while (disk != conf->last_used);
514
515  rb_out:
516
517
518         if (new_disk >= 0) {
519                 rdev = rcu_dereference(conf->mirrors[new_disk].rdev);
520                 if (!rdev)
521                         goto retry;
522                 atomic_inc(&rdev->nr_pending);
523                 if (!test_bit(In_sync, &rdev->flags)) {
524                         /* cannot risk returning a device that failed
525                          * before we inc'ed nr_pending
526                          */
527                         rdev_dec_pending(rdev, conf->mddev);
528                         goto retry;
529                 }
530                 conf->next_seq_sect = this_sector + sectors;
531                 conf->last_used = new_disk;
532         }
533         rcu_read_unlock();
534
535         return new_disk;
536 }
537
538 static void unplug_slaves(mddev_t *mddev)
539 {
540         conf_t *conf = mddev_to_conf(mddev);
541         int i;
542
543         rcu_read_lock();
544         for (i=0; i<mddev->raid_disks; i++) {
545                 mdk_rdev_t *rdev = rcu_dereference(conf->mirrors[i].rdev);
546                 if (rdev && !test_bit(Faulty, &rdev->flags) && atomic_read(&rdev->nr_pending)) {
547                         struct request_queue *r_queue = bdev_get_queue(rdev->bdev);
548
549                         atomic_inc(&rdev->nr_pending);
550                         rcu_read_unlock();
551
552                         blk_unplug(r_queue);
553
554                         rdev_dec_pending(rdev, mddev);
555                         rcu_read_lock();
556                 }
557         }
558         rcu_read_unlock();
559 }
560
561 static void raid1_unplug(struct request_queue *q)
562 {
563         mddev_t *mddev = q->queuedata;
564
565         unplug_slaves(mddev);
566         md_wakeup_thread(mddev->thread);
567 }
568
569 static int raid1_congested(void *data, int bits)
570 {
571         mddev_t *mddev = data;
572         conf_t *conf = mddev_to_conf(mddev);
573         int i, ret = 0;
574
575         rcu_read_lock();
576         for (i = 0; i < mddev->raid_disks; i++) {
577                 mdk_rdev_t *rdev = rcu_dereference(conf->mirrors[i].rdev);
578                 if (rdev && !test_bit(Faulty, &rdev->flags)) {
579                         struct request_queue *q = bdev_get_queue(rdev->bdev);
580
581                         /* Note the '|| 1' - when read_balance prefers
582                          * non-congested targets, it can be removed
583                          */
584                         if ((bits & (1<<BDI_write_congested)) || 1)
585                                 ret |= bdi_congested(&q->backing_dev_info, bits);
586                         else
587                                 ret &= bdi_congested(&q->backing_dev_info, bits);
588                 }
589         }
590         rcu_read_unlock();
591         return ret;
592 }
593
594
595 static int flush_pending_writes(conf_t *conf)
596 {
597         /* Any writes that have been queued but are awaiting
598          * bitmap updates get flushed here.
599          * We return 1 if any requests were actually submitted.
600          */
601         int rv = 0;
602
603         spin_lock_irq(&conf->device_lock);
604
605         if (conf->pending_bio_list.head) {
606                 struct bio *bio;
607                 bio = bio_list_get(&conf->pending_bio_list);
608                 blk_remove_plug(conf->mddev->queue);
609                 spin_unlock_irq(&conf->device_lock);
610                 /* flush any pending bitmap writes to
611                  * disk before proceeding w/ I/O */
612                 bitmap_unplug(conf->mddev->bitmap);
613
614                 while (bio) { /* submit pending writes */
615                         struct bio *next = bio->bi_next;
616                         bio->bi_next = NULL;
617                         generic_make_request(bio);
618                         bio = next;
619                 }
620                 rv = 1;
621         } else
622                 spin_unlock_irq(&conf->device_lock);
623         return rv;
624 }
625
626 /* Barriers....
627  * Sometimes we need to suspend IO while we do something else,
628  * either some resync/recovery, or reconfigure the array.
629  * To do this we raise a 'barrier'.
630  * The 'barrier' is a counter that can be raised multiple times
631  * to count how many activities are happening which preclude
632  * normal IO.
633  * We can only raise the barrier if there is no pending IO.
634  * i.e. if nr_pending == 0.
635  * We choose only to raise the barrier if no-one is waiting for the
636  * barrier to go down.  This means that as soon as an IO request
637  * is ready, no other operations which require a barrier will start
638  * until the IO request has had a chance.
639  *
640  * So: regular IO calls 'wait_barrier'.  When that returns there
641  *    is no backgroup IO happening,  It must arrange to call
642  *    allow_barrier when it has finished its IO.
643  * backgroup IO calls must call raise_barrier.  Once that returns
644  *    there is no normal IO happeing.  It must arrange to call
645  *    lower_barrier when the particular background IO completes.
646  */
647 #define RESYNC_DEPTH 32
648
649 static void raise_barrier(conf_t *conf)
650 {
651         spin_lock_irq(&conf->resync_lock);
652
653         /* Wait until no block IO is waiting */
654         wait_event_lock_irq(conf->wait_barrier, !conf->nr_waiting,
655                             conf->resync_lock,
656                             raid1_unplug(conf->mddev->queue));
657
658         /* block any new IO from starting */
659         conf->barrier++;
660
661         /* No wait for all pending IO to complete */
662         wait_event_lock_irq(conf->wait_barrier,
663                             !conf->nr_pending && conf->barrier < RESYNC_DEPTH,
664                             conf->resync_lock,
665                             raid1_unplug(conf->mddev->queue));
666
667         spin_unlock_irq(&conf->resync_lock);
668 }
669
670 static void lower_barrier(conf_t *conf)
671 {
672         unsigned long flags;
673         spin_lock_irqsave(&conf->resync_lock, flags);
674         conf->barrier--;
675         spin_unlock_irqrestore(&conf->resync_lock, flags);
676         wake_up(&conf->wait_barrier);
677 }
678
679 static void wait_barrier(conf_t *conf)
680 {
681         spin_lock_irq(&conf->resync_lock);
682         if (conf->barrier) {
683                 conf->nr_waiting++;
684                 wait_event_lock_irq(conf->wait_barrier, !conf->barrier,
685                                     conf->resync_lock,
686                                     raid1_unplug(conf->mddev->queue));
687                 conf->nr_waiting--;
688         }
689         conf->nr_pending++;
690         spin_unlock_irq(&conf->resync_lock);
691 }
692
693 static void allow_barrier(conf_t *conf)
694 {
695         unsigned long flags;
696         spin_lock_irqsave(&conf->resync_lock, flags);
697         conf->nr_pending--;
698         spin_unlock_irqrestore(&conf->resync_lock, flags);
699         wake_up(&conf->wait_barrier);
700 }
701
702 static void freeze_array(conf_t *conf)
703 {
704         /* stop syncio and normal IO and wait for everything to
705          * go quite.
706          * We increment barrier and nr_waiting, and then
707          * wait until nr_pending match nr_queued+1
708          * This is called in the context of one normal IO request
709          * that has failed. Thus any sync request that might be pending
710          * will be blocked by nr_pending, and we need to wait for
711          * pending IO requests to complete or be queued for re-try.
712          * Thus the number queued (nr_queued) plus this request (1)
713          * must match the number of pending IOs (nr_pending) before
714          * we continue.
715          */
716         spin_lock_irq(&conf->resync_lock);
717         conf->barrier++;
718         conf->nr_waiting++;
719         wait_event_lock_irq(conf->wait_barrier,
720                             conf->nr_pending == conf->nr_queued+1,
721                             conf->resync_lock,
722                             ({ flush_pending_writes(conf);
723                                raid1_unplug(conf->mddev->queue); }));
724         spin_unlock_irq(&conf->resync_lock);
725 }
726 static void unfreeze_array(conf_t *conf)
727 {
728         /* reverse the effect of the freeze */
729         spin_lock_irq(&conf->resync_lock);
730         conf->barrier--;
731         conf->nr_waiting--;
732         wake_up(&conf->wait_barrier);
733         spin_unlock_irq(&conf->resync_lock);
734 }
735
736
737 /* duplicate the data pages for behind I/O */
738 static struct page **alloc_behind_pages(struct bio *bio)
739 {
740         int i;
741         struct bio_vec *bvec;
742         struct page **pages = kzalloc(bio->bi_vcnt * sizeof(struct page *),
743                                         GFP_NOIO);
744         if (unlikely(!pages))
745                 goto do_sync_io;
746
747         bio_for_each_segment(bvec, bio, i) {
748                 pages[i] = alloc_page(GFP_NOIO);
749                 if (unlikely(!pages[i]))
750                         goto do_sync_io;
751                 memcpy(kmap(pages[i]) + bvec->bv_offset,
752                         kmap(bvec->bv_page) + bvec->bv_offset, bvec->bv_len);
753                 kunmap(pages[i]);
754                 kunmap(bvec->bv_page);
755         }
756
757         return pages;
758
759 do_sync_io:
760         if (pages)
761                 for (i = 0; i < bio->bi_vcnt && pages[i]; i++)
762                         put_page(pages[i]);
763         kfree(pages);
764         PRINTK("%dB behind alloc failed, doing sync I/O\n", bio->bi_size);
765         return NULL;
766 }
767
768 static int make_request(struct request_queue *q, struct bio * bio)
769 {
770         mddev_t *mddev = q->queuedata;
771         conf_t *conf = mddev_to_conf(mddev);
772         mirror_info_t *mirror;
773         r1bio_t *r1_bio;
774         struct bio *read_bio;
775         int i, targets = 0, disks;
776         mdk_rdev_t *rdev;
777         struct bitmap *bitmap = mddev->bitmap;
778         unsigned long flags;
779         struct bio_list bl;
780         struct page **behind_pages = NULL;
781         const int rw = bio_data_dir(bio);
782         const int do_sync = bio_sync(bio);
783         int do_barriers;
784
785         /*
786          * Register the new request and wait if the reconstruction
787          * thread has put up a bar for new requests.
788          * Continue immediately if no resync is active currently.
789          * We test barriers_work *after* md_write_start as md_write_start
790          * may cause the first superblock write, and that will check out
791          * if barriers work.
792          */
793
794         md_write_start(mddev, bio); /* wait on superblock update early */
795
796         if (unlikely(!mddev->barriers_work && bio_barrier(bio))) {
797                 if (rw == WRITE)
798                         md_write_end(mddev);
799                 bio_endio(bio, -EOPNOTSUPP);
800                 return 0;
801         }
802
803         wait_barrier(conf);
804
805         disk_stat_inc(mddev->gendisk, ios[rw]);
806         disk_stat_add(mddev->gendisk, sectors[rw], bio_sectors(bio));
807
808         /*
809          * make_request() can abort the operation when READA is being
810          * used and no empty request is available.
811          *
812          */
813         r1_bio = mempool_alloc(conf->r1bio_pool, GFP_NOIO);
814
815         r1_bio->master_bio = bio;
816         r1_bio->sectors = bio->bi_size >> 9;
817         r1_bio->state = 0;
818         r1_bio->mddev = mddev;
819         r1_bio->sector = bio->bi_sector;
820
821         if (rw == READ) {
822                 /*
823                  * read balancing logic:
824                  */
825                 int rdisk = read_balance(conf, r1_bio);
826
827                 if (rdisk < 0) {
828                         /* couldn't find anywhere to read from */
829                         raid_end_bio_io(r1_bio);
830                         return 0;
831                 }
832                 mirror = conf->mirrors + rdisk;
833
834                 r1_bio->read_disk = rdisk;
835
836                 read_bio = bio_clone(bio, GFP_NOIO);
837
838                 r1_bio->bios[rdisk] = read_bio;
839
840                 read_bio->bi_sector = r1_bio->sector + mirror->rdev->data_offset;
841                 read_bio->bi_bdev = mirror->rdev->bdev;
842                 read_bio->bi_end_io = raid1_end_read_request;
843                 read_bio->bi_rw = READ | do_sync;
844                 read_bio->bi_private = r1_bio;
845
846                 generic_make_request(read_bio);
847                 return 0;
848         }
849
850         /*
851          * WRITE:
852          */
853         /* first select target devices under spinlock and
854          * inc refcount on their rdev.  Record them by setting
855          * bios[x] to bio
856          */
857         disks = conf->raid_disks;
858 #if 0
859         { static int first=1;
860         if (first) printk("First Write sector %llu disks %d\n",
861                           (unsigned long long)r1_bio->sector, disks);
862         first = 0;
863         }
864 #endif
865         rcu_read_lock();
866         for (i = 0;  i < disks; i++) {
867                 if ((rdev=rcu_dereference(conf->mirrors[i].rdev)) != NULL &&
868                     !test_bit(Faulty, &rdev->flags)) {
869                         atomic_inc(&rdev->nr_pending);
870                         if (test_bit(Faulty, &rdev->flags)) {
871                                 rdev_dec_pending(rdev, mddev);
872                                 r1_bio->bios[i] = NULL;
873                         } else
874                                 r1_bio->bios[i] = bio;
875                         targets++;
876                 } else
877                         r1_bio->bios[i] = NULL;
878         }
879         rcu_read_unlock();
880
881         BUG_ON(targets == 0); /* we never fail the last device */
882
883         if (targets < conf->raid_disks) {
884                 /* array is degraded, we will not clear the bitmap
885                  * on I/O completion (see raid1_end_write_request) */
886                 set_bit(R1BIO_Degraded, &r1_bio->state);
887         }
888
889         /* do behind I/O ? */
890         if (bitmap &&
891             atomic_read(&bitmap->behind_writes) < bitmap->max_write_behind &&
892             (behind_pages = alloc_behind_pages(bio)) != NULL)
893                 set_bit(R1BIO_BehindIO, &r1_bio->state);
894
895         atomic_set(&r1_bio->remaining, 0);
896         atomic_set(&r1_bio->behind_remaining, 0);
897
898         do_barriers = bio_barrier(bio);
899         if (do_barriers)
900                 set_bit(R1BIO_Barrier, &r1_bio->state);
901
902         bio_list_init(&bl);
903         for (i = 0; i < disks; i++) {
904                 struct bio *mbio;
905                 if (!r1_bio->bios[i])
906                         continue;
907
908                 mbio = bio_clone(bio, GFP_NOIO);
909                 r1_bio->bios[i] = mbio;
910
911                 mbio->bi_sector = r1_bio->sector + conf->mirrors[i].rdev->data_offset;
912                 mbio->bi_bdev = conf->mirrors[i].rdev->bdev;
913                 mbio->bi_end_io = raid1_end_write_request;
914                 mbio->bi_rw = WRITE | do_barriers | do_sync;
915                 mbio->bi_private = r1_bio;
916
917                 if (behind_pages) {
918                         struct bio_vec *bvec;
919                         int j;
920
921                         /* Yes, I really want the '__' version so that
922                          * we clear any unused pointer in the io_vec, rather
923                          * than leave them unchanged.  This is important
924                          * because when we come to free the pages, we won't
925                          * know the originial bi_idx, so we just free
926                          * them all
927                          */
928                         __bio_for_each_segment(bvec, mbio, j, 0)
929                                 bvec->bv_page = behind_pages[j];
930                         if (test_bit(WriteMostly, &conf->mirrors[i].rdev->flags))
931                                 atomic_inc(&r1_bio->behind_remaining);
932                 }
933
934                 atomic_inc(&r1_bio->remaining);
935
936                 bio_list_add(&bl, mbio);
937         }
938         kfree(behind_pages); /* the behind pages are attached to the bios now */
939
940         bitmap_startwrite(bitmap, bio->bi_sector, r1_bio->sectors,
941                                 test_bit(R1BIO_BehindIO, &r1_bio->state));
942         spin_lock_irqsave(&conf->device_lock, flags);
943         bio_list_merge(&conf->pending_bio_list, &bl);
944         bio_list_init(&bl);
945
946         blk_plug_device(mddev->queue);
947         spin_unlock_irqrestore(&conf->device_lock, flags);
948
949         /* In case raid1d snuck into freeze_array */
950         wake_up(&conf->wait_barrier);
951
952         if (do_sync)
953                 md_wakeup_thread(mddev->thread);
954 #if 0
955         while ((bio = bio_list_pop(&bl)) != NULL)
956                 generic_make_request(bio);
957 #endif
958
959         return 0;
960 }
961
962 static void status(struct seq_file *seq, mddev_t *mddev)
963 {
964         conf_t *conf = mddev_to_conf(mddev);
965         int i;
966
967         seq_printf(seq, " [%d/%d] [", conf->raid_disks,
968                    conf->raid_disks - mddev->degraded);
969         rcu_read_lock();
970         for (i = 0; i < conf->raid_disks; i++) {
971                 mdk_rdev_t *rdev = rcu_dereference(conf->mirrors[i].rdev);
972                 seq_printf(seq, "%s",
973                            rdev && test_bit(In_sync, &rdev->flags) ? "U" : "_");
974         }
975         rcu_read_unlock();
976         seq_printf(seq, "]");
977 }
978
979
980 static void error(mddev_t *mddev, mdk_rdev_t *rdev)
981 {
982         char b[BDEVNAME_SIZE];
983         conf_t *conf = mddev_to_conf(mddev);
984
985         /*
986          * If it is not operational, then we have already marked it as dead
987          * else if it is the last working disks, ignore the error, let the
988          * next level up know.
989          * else mark the drive as failed
990          */
991         if (test_bit(In_sync, &rdev->flags)
992             && (conf->raid_disks - mddev->degraded) == 1)
993                 /*
994                  * Don't fail the drive, act as though we were just a
995                  * normal single drive
996                  */
997                 return;
998         if (test_and_clear_bit(In_sync, &rdev->flags)) {
999                 unsigned long flags;
1000                 spin_lock_irqsave(&conf->device_lock, flags);
1001                 mddev->degraded++;
1002                 set_bit(Faulty, &rdev->flags);
1003                 spin_unlock_irqrestore(&conf->device_lock, flags);
1004                 /*
1005                  * if recovery is running, make sure it aborts.
1006                  */
1007                 set_bit(MD_RECOVERY_ERR, &mddev->recovery);
1008         } else
1009                 set_bit(Faulty, &rdev->flags);
1010         set_bit(MD_CHANGE_DEVS, &mddev->flags);
1011         printk(KERN_ALERT "raid1: Disk failure on %s, disabling device.\n"
1012                 "raid1: Operation continuing on %d devices.\n",
1013                 bdevname(rdev->bdev,b), conf->raid_disks - mddev->degraded);
1014 }
1015
1016 static void print_conf(conf_t *conf)
1017 {
1018         int i;
1019
1020         printk("RAID1 conf printout:\n");
1021         if (!conf) {
1022                 printk("(!conf)\n");
1023                 return;
1024         }
1025         printk(" --- wd:%d rd:%d\n", conf->raid_disks - conf->mddev->degraded,
1026                 conf->raid_disks);
1027
1028         rcu_read_lock();
1029         for (i = 0; i < conf->raid_disks; i++) {
1030                 char b[BDEVNAME_SIZE];
1031                 mdk_rdev_t *rdev = rcu_dereference(conf->mirrors[i].rdev);
1032                 if (rdev)
1033                         printk(" disk %d, wo:%d, o:%d, dev:%s\n",
1034                                i, !test_bit(In_sync, &rdev->flags),
1035                                !test_bit(Faulty, &rdev->flags),
1036                                bdevname(rdev->bdev,b));
1037         }
1038         rcu_read_unlock();
1039 }
1040
1041 static void close_sync(conf_t *conf)
1042 {
1043         wait_barrier(conf);
1044         allow_barrier(conf);
1045
1046         mempool_destroy(conf->r1buf_pool);
1047         conf->r1buf_pool = NULL;
1048 }
1049
1050 static int raid1_spare_active(mddev_t *mddev)
1051 {
1052         int i;
1053         conf_t *conf = mddev->private;
1054
1055         /*
1056          * Find all failed disks within the RAID1 configuration 
1057          * and mark them readable.
1058          * Called under mddev lock, so rcu protection not needed.
1059          */
1060         for (i = 0; i < conf->raid_disks; i++) {
1061                 mdk_rdev_t *rdev = conf->mirrors[i].rdev;
1062                 if (rdev
1063                     && !test_bit(Faulty, &rdev->flags)
1064                     && !test_and_set_bit(In_sync, &rdev->flags)) {
1065                         unsigned long flags;
1066                         spin_lock_irqsave(&conf->device_lock, flags);
1067                         mddev->degraded--;
1068                         spin_unlock_irqrestore(&conf->device_lock, flags);
1069                 }
1070         }
1071
1072         print_conf(conf);
1073         return 0;
1074 }
1075
1076
1077 static int raid1_add_disk(mddev_t *mddev, mdk_rdev_t *rdev)
1078 {
1079         conf_t *conf = mddev->private;
1080         int found = 0;
1081         int mirror = 0;
1082         mirror_info_t *p;
1083
1084         for (mirror=0; mirror < mddev->raid_disks; mirror++)
1085                 if ( !(p=conf->mirrors+mirror)->rdev) {
1086
1087                         blk_queue_stack_limits(mddev->queue,
1088                                                rdev->bdev->bd_disk->queue);
1089                         /* as we don't honour merge_bvec_fn, we must never risk
1090                          * violating it, so limit ->max_sector to one PAGE, as
1091                          * a one page request is never in violation.
1092                          */
1093                         if (rdev->bdev->bd_disk->queue->merge_bvec_fn &&
1094                             mddev->queue->max_sectors > (PAGE_SIZE>>9))
1095                                 blk_queue_max_sectors(mddev->queue, PAGE_SIZE>>9);
1096
1097                         p->head_position = 0;
1098                         rdev->raid_disk = mirror;
1099                         found = 1;
1100                         /* As all devices are equivalent, we don't need a full recovery
1101                          * if this was recently any drive of the array
1102                          */
1103                         if (rdev->saved_raid_disk < 0)
1104                                 conf->fullsync = 1;
1105                         rcu_assign_pointer(p->rdev, rdev);
1106                         break;
1107                 }
1108
1109         print_conf(conf);
1110         return found;
1111 }
1112
1113 static int raid1_remove_disk(mddev_t *mddev, int number)
1114 {
1115         conf_t *conf = mddev->private;
1116         int err = 0;
1117         mdk_rdev_t *rdev;
1118         mirror_info_t *p = conf->mirrors+ number;
1119
1120         print_conf(conf);
1121         rdev = p->rdev;
1122         if (rdev) {
1123                 if (test_bit(In_sync, &rdev->flags) ||
1124                     atomic_read(&rdev->nr_pending)) {
1125                         err = -EBUSY;
1126                         goto abort;
1127                 }
1128                 p->rdev = NULL;
1129                 synchronize_rcu();
1130                 if (atomic_read(&rdev->nr_pending)) {
1131                         /* lost the race, try later */
1132                         err = -EBUSY;
1133                         p->rdev = rdev;
1134                 }
1135         }
1136 abort:
1137
1138         print_conf(conf);
1139         return err;
1140 }
1141
1142
1143 static void end_sync_read(struct bio *bio, int error)
1144 {
1145         r1bio_t * r1_bio = (r1bio_t *)(bio->bi_private);
1146         int i;
1147
1148         for (i=r1_bio->mddev->raid_disks; i--; )
1149                 if (r1_bio->bios[i] == bio)
1150                         break;
1151         BUG_ON(i < 0);
1152         update_head_pos(i, r1_bio);
1153         /*
1154          * we have read a block, now it needs to be re-written,
1155          * or re-read if the read failed.
1156          * We don't do much here, just schedule handling by raid1d
1157          */
1158         if (test_bit(BIO_UPTODATE, &bio->bi_flags))
1159                 set_bit(R1BIO_Uptodate, &r1_bio->state);
1160
1161         if (atomic_dec_and_test(&r1_bio->remaining))
1162                 reschedule_retry(r1_bio);
1163 }
1164
1165 static void end_sync_write(struct bio *bio, int error)
1166 {
1167         int uptodate = test_bit(BIO_UPTODATE, &bio->bi_flags);
1168         r1bio_t * r1_bio = (r1bio_t *)(bio->bi_private);
1169         mddev_t *mddev = r1_bio->mddev;
1170         conf_t *conf = mddev_to_conf(mddev);
1171         int i;
1172         int mirror=0;
1173
1174         for (i = 0; i < conf->raid_disks; i++)
1175                 if (r1_bio->bios[i] == bio) {
1176                         mirror = i;
1177                         break;
1178                 }
1179         if (!uptodate) {
1180                 int sync_blocks = 0;
1181                 sector_t s = r1_bio->sector;
1182                 long sectors_to_go = r1_bio->sectors;
1183                 /* make sure these bits doesn't get cleared. */
1184                 do {
1185                         bitmap_end_sync(mddev->bitmap, s,
1186                                         &sync_blocks, 1);
1187                         s += sync_blocks;
1188                         sectors_to_go -= sync_blocks;
1189                 } while (sectors_to_go > 0);
1190                 md_error(mddev, conf->mirrors[mirror].rdev);
1191         }
1192
1193         update_head_pos(mirror, r1_bio);
1194
1195         if (atomic_dec_and_test(&r1_bio->remaining)) {
1196                 md_done_sync(mddev, r1_bio->sectors, uptodate);
1197                 put_buf(r1_bio);
1198         }
1199 }
1200
1201 static void sync_request_write(mddev_t *mddev, r1bio_t *r1_bio)
1202 {
1203         conf_t *conf = mddev_to_conf(mddev);
1204         int i;
1205         int disks = conf->raid_disks;
1206         struct bio *bio, *wbio;
1207
1208         bio = r1_bio->bios[r1_bio->read_disk];
1209
1210
1211         if (test_bit(MD_RECOVERY_REQUESTED, &mddev->recovery)) {
1212                 /* We have read all readable devices.  If we haven't
1213                  * got the block, then there is no hope left.
1214                  * If we have, then we want to do a comparison
1215                  * and skip the write if everything is the same.
1216                  * If any blocks failed to read, then we need to
1217                  * attempt an over-write
1218                  */
1219                 int primary;
1220                 if (!test_bit(R1BIO_Uptodate, &r1_bio->state)) {
1221                         for (i=0; i<mddev->raid_disks; i++)
1222                                 if (r1_bio->bios[i]->bi_end_io == end_sync_read)
1223                                         md_error(mddev, conf->mirrors[i].rdev);
1224
1225                         md_done_sync(mddev, r1_bio->sectors, 1);
1226                         put_buf(r1_bio);
1227                         return;
1228                 }
1229                 for (primary=0; primary<mddev->raid_disks; primary++)
1230                         if (r1_bio->bios[primary]->bi_end_io == end_sync_read &&
1231                             test_bit(BIO_UPTODATE, &r1_bio->bios[primary]->bi_flags)) {
1232                                 r1_bio->bios[primary]->bi_end_io = NULL;
1233                                 rdev_dec_pending(conf->mirrors[primary].rdev, mddev);
1234                                 break;
1235                         }
1236                 r1_bio->read_disk = primary;
1237                 for (i=0; i<mddev->raid_disks; i++)
1238                         if (r1_bio->bios[i]->bi_end_io == end_sync_read) {
1239                                 int j;
1240                                 int vcnt = r1_bio->sectors >> (PAGE_SHIFT- 9);
1241                                 struct bio *pbio = r1_bio->bios[primary];
1242                                 struct bio *sbio = r1_bio->bios[i];
1243
1244                                 if (test_bit(BIO_UPTODATE, &sbio->bi_flags)) {
1245                                         for (j = vcnt; j-- ; ) {
1246                                                 struct page *p, *s;
1247                                                 p = pbio->bi_io_vec[j].bv_page;
1248                                                 s = sbio->bi_io_vec[j].bv_page;
1249                                                 if (memcmp(page_address(p),
1250                                                            page_address(s),
1251                                                            PAGE_SIZE))
1252                                                         break;
1253                                         }
1254                                 } else
1255                                         j = 0;
1256                                 if (j >= 0)
1257                                         mddev->resync_mismatches += r1_bio->sectors;
1258                                 if (j < 0 || (test_bit(MD_RECOVERY_CHECK, &mddev->recovery)
1259                                               && test_bit(BIO_UPTODATE, &sbio->bi_flags))) {
1260                                         sbio->bi_end_io = NULL;
1261                                         rdev_dec_pending(conf->mirrors[i].rdev, mddev);
1262                                 } else {
1263                                         /* fixup the bio for reuse */
1264                                         sbio->bi_vcnt = vcnt;
1265                                         sbio->bi_size = r1_bio->sectors << 9;
1266                                         sbio->bi_idx = 0;
1267                                         sbio->bi_phys_segments = 0;
1268                                         sbio->bi_hw_segments = 0;
1269                                         sbio->bi_hw_front_size = 0;
1270                                         sbio->bi_hw_back_size = 0;
1271                                         sbio->bi_flags &= ~(BIO_POOL_MASK - 1);
1272                                         sbio->bi_flags |= 1 << BIO_UPTODATE;
1273                                         sbio->bi_next = NULL;
1274                                         sbio->bi_sector = r1_bio->sector +
1275                                                 conf->mirrors[i].rdev->data_offset;
1276                                         sbio->bi_bdev = conf->mirrors[i].rdev->bdev;
1277                                         for (j = 0; j < vcnt ; j++)
1278                                                 memcpy(page_address(sbio->bi_io_vec[j].bv_page),
1279                                                        page_address(pbio->bi_io_vec[j].bv_page),
1280                                                        PAGE_SIZE);
1281
1282                                 }
1283                         }
1284         }
1285         if (!test_bit(R1BIO_Uptodate, &r1_bio->state)) {
1286                 /* ouch - failed to read all of that.
1287                  * Try some synchronous reads of other devices to get
1288                  * good data, much like with normal read errors.  Only
1289                  * read into the pages we already have so we don't
1290                  * need to re-issue the read request.
1291                  * We don't need to freeze the array, because being in an
1292                  * active sync request, there is no normal IO, and
1293                  * no overlapping syncs.
1294                  */
1295                 sector_t sect = r1_bio->sector;
1296                 int sectors = r1_bio->sectors;
1297                 int idx = 0;
1298
1299                 while(sectors) {
1300                         int s = sectors;
1301                         int d = r1_bio->read_disk;
1302                         int success = 0;
1303                         mdk_rdev_t *rdev;
1304
1305                         if (s > (PAGE_SIZE>>9))
1306                                 s = PAGE_SIZE >> 9;
1307                         do {
1308                                 if (r1_bio->bios[d]->bi_end_io == end_sync_read) {
1309                                         /* No rcu protection needed here devices
1310                                          * can only be removed when no resync is
1311                                          * active, and resync is currently active
1312                                          */
1313                                         rdev = conf->mirrors[d].rdev;
1314                                         if (sync_page_io(rdev->bdev,
1315                                                          sect + rdev->data_offset,
1316                                                          s<<9,
1317                                                          bio->bi_io_vec[idx].bv_page,
1318                                                          READ)) {
1319                                                 success = 1;
1320                                                 break;
1321                                         }
1322                                 }
1323                                 d++;
1324                                 if (d == conf->raid_disks)
1325                                         d = 0;
1326                         } while (!success && d != r1_bio->read_disk);
1327
1328                         if (success) {
1329                                 int start = d;
1330                                 /* write it back and re-read */
1331                                 set_bit(R1BIO_Uptodate, &r1_bio->state);
1332                                 while (d != r1_bio->read_disk) {
1333                                         if (d == 0)
1334                                                 d = conf->raid_disks;
1335                                         d--;
1336                                         if (r1_bio->bios[d]->bi_end_io != end_sync_read)
1337                                                 continue;
1338                                         rdev = conf->mirrors[d].rdev;
1339                                         atomic_add(s, &rdev->corrected_errors);
1340                                         if (sync_page_io(rdev->bdev,
1341                                                          sect + rdev->data_offset,
1342                                                          s<<9,
1343                                                          bio->bi_io_vec[idx].bv_page,
1344                                                          WRITE) == 0)
1345                                                 md_error(mddev, rdev);
1346                                 }
1347                                 d = start;
1348                                 while (d != r1_bio->read_disk) {
1349                                         if (d == 0)
1350                                                 d = conf->raid_disks;
1351                                         d--;
1352                                         if (r1_bio->bios[d]->bi_end_io != end_sync_read)
1353                                                 continue;
1354                                         rdev = conf->mirrors[d].rdev;
1355                                         if (sync_page_io(rdev->bdev,
1356                                                          sect + rdev->data_offset,
1357                                                          s<<9,
1358                                                          bio->bi_io_vec[idx].bv_page,
1359                                                          READ) == 0)
1360                                                 md_error(mddev, rdev);
1361                                 }
1362                         } else {
1363                                 char b[BDEVNAME_SIZE];
1364                                 /* Cannot read from anywhere, array is toast */
1365                                 md_error(mddev, conf->mirrors[r1_bio->read_disk].rdev);
1366                                 printk(KERN_ALERT "raid1: %s: unrecoverable I/O read error"
1367                                        " for block %llu\n",
1368                                        bdevname(bio->bi_bdev,b),
1369                                        (unsigned long long)r1_bio->sector);
1370                                 md_done_sync(mddev, r1_bio->sectors, 0);
1371                                 put_buf(r1_bio);
1372                                 return;
1373                         }
1374                         sectors -= s;
1375                         sect += s;
1376                         idx ++;
1377                 }
1378         }
1379
1380         /*
1381          * schedule writes
1382          */
1383         atomic_set(&r1_bio->remaining, 1);
1384         for (i = 0; i < disks ; i++) {
1385                 wbio = r1_bio->bios[i];
1386                 if (wbio->bi_end_io == NULL ||
1387                     (wbio->bi_end_io == end_sync_read &&
1388                      (i == r1_bio->read_disk ||
1389                       !test_bit(MD_RECOVERY_SYNC, &mddev->recovery))))
1390                         continue;
1391
1392                 wbio->bi_rw = WRITE;
1393                 wbio->bi_end_io = end_sync_write;
1394                 atomic_inc(&r1_bio->remaining);
1395                 md_sync_acct(conf->mirrors[i].rdev->bdev, wbio->bi_size >> 9);
1396
1397                 generic_make_request(wbio);
1398         }
1399
1400         if (atomic_dec_and_test(&r1_bio->remaining)) {
1401                 /* if we're here, all write(s) have completed, so clean up */
1402                 md_done_sync(mddev, r1_bio->sectors, 1);
1403                 put_buf(r1_bio);
1404         }
1405 }
1406
1407 /*
1408  * This is a kernel thread which:
1409  *
1410  *      1.      Retries failed read operations on working mirrors.
1411  *      2.      Updates the raid superblock when problems encounter.
1412  *      3.      Performs writes following reads for array syncronising.
1413  */
1414
1415 static void fix_read_error(conf_t *conf, int read_disk,
1416                            sector_t sect, int sectors)
1417 {
1418         mddev_t *mddev = conf->mddev;
1419         while(sectors) {
1420                 int s = sectors;
1421                 int d = read_disk;
1422                 int success = 0;
1423                 int start;
1424                 mdk_rdev_t *rdev;
1425
1426                 if (s > (PAGE_SIZE>>9))
1427                         s = PAGE_SIZE >> 9;
1428
1429                 do {
1430                         /* Note: no rcu protection needed here
1431                          * as this is synchronous in the raid1d thread
1432                          * which is the thread that might remove
1433                          * a device.  If raid1d ever becomes multi-threaded....
1434                          */
1435                         rdev = conf->mirrors[d].rdev;
1436                         if (rdev &&
1437                             test_bit(In_sync, &rdev->flags) &&
1438                             sync_page_io(rdev->bdev,
1439                                          sect + rdev->data_offset,
1440                                          s<<9,
1441                                          conf->tmppage, READ))
1442                                 success = 1;
1443                         else {
1444                                 d++;
1445                                 if (d == conf->raid_disks)
1446                                         d = 0;
1447                         }
1448                 } while (!success && d != read_disk);
1449
1450                 if (!success) {
1451                         /* Cannot read from anywhere -- bye bye array */
1452                         md_error(mddev, conf->mirrors[read_disk].rdev);
1453                         break;
1454                 }
1455                 /* write it back and re-read */
1456                 start = d;
1457                 while (d != read_disk) {
1458                         if (d==0)
1459                                 d = conf->raid_disks;
1460                         d--;
1461                         rdev = conf->mirrors[d].rdev;
1462                         if (rdev &&
1463                             test_bit(In_sync, &rdev->flags)) {
1464                                 if (sync_page_io(rdev->bdev,
1465                                                  sect + rdev->data_offset,
1466                                                  s<<9, conf->tmppage, WRITE)
1467                                     == 0)
1468                                         /* Well, this device is dead */
1469                                         md_error(mddev, rdev);
1470                         }
1471                 }
1472                 d = start;
1473                 while (d != read_disk) {
1474                         char b[BDEVNAME_SIZE];
1475                         if (d==0)
1476                                 d = conf->raid_disks;
1477                         d--;
1478                         rdev = conf->mirrors[d].rdev;
1479                         if (rdev &&
1480                             test_bit(In_sync, &rdev->flags)) {
1481                                 if (sync_page_io(rdev->bdev,
1482                                                  sect + rdev->data_offset,
1483                                                  s<<9, conf->tmppage, READ)
1484                                     == 0)
1485                                         /* Well, this device is dead */
1486                                         md_error(mddev, rdev);
1487                                 else {
1488                                         atomic_add(s, &rdev->corrected_errors);
1489                                         printk(KERN_INFO
1490                                                "raid1:%s: read error corrected "
1491                                                "(%d sectors at %llu on %s)\n",
1492                                                mdname(mddev), s,
1493                                                (unsigned long long)(sect +
1494                                                    rdev->data_offset),
1495                                                bdevname(rdev->bdev, b));
1496                                 }
1497                         }
1498                 }
1499                 sectors -= s;
1500                 sect += s;
1501         }
1502 }
1503
1504 static void raid1d(mddev_t *mddev)
1505 {
1506         r1bio_t *r1_bio;
1507         struct bio *bio;
1508         unsigned long flags;
1509         conf_t *conf = mddev_to_conf(mddev);
1510         struct list_head *head = &conf->retry_list;
1511         int unplug=0;
1512         mdk_rdev_t *rdev;
1513
1514         md_check_recovery(mddev);
1515         
1516         for (;;) {
1517                 char b[BDEVNAME_SIZE];
1518
1519                 unplug += flush_pending_writes(conf);
1520
1521                 spin_lock_irqsave(&conf->device_lock, flags);
1522                 if (list_empty(head)) {
1523                         spin_unlock_irqrestore(&conf->device_lock, flags);
1524                         break;
1525                 }
1526                 r1_bio = list_entry(head->prev, r1bio_t, retry_list);
1527                 list_del(head->prev);
1528                 conf->nr_queued--;
1529                 spin_unlock_irqrestore(&conf->device_lock, flags);
1530
1531                 mddev = r1_bio->mddev;
1532                 conf = mddev_to_conf(mddev);
1533                 if (test_bit(R1BIO_IsSync, &r1_bio->state)) {
1534                         sync_request_write(mddev, r1_bio);
1535                         unplug = 1;
1536                 } else if (test_bit(R1BIO_BarrierRetry, &r1_bio->state)) {
1537                         /* some requests in the r1bio were BIO_RW_BARRIER
1538                          * requests which failed with -EOPNOTSUPP.  Hohumm..
1539                          * Better resubmit without the barrier.
1540                          * We know which devices to resubmit for, because
1541                          * all others have had their bios[] entry cleared.
1542                          * We already have a nr_pending reference on these rdevs.
1543                          */
1544                         int i;
1545                         const int do_sync = bio_sync(r1_bio->master_bio);
1546                         clear_bit(R1BIO_BarrierRetry, &r1_bio->state);
1547                         clear_bit(R1BIO_Barrier, &r1_bio->state);
1548                         for (i=0; i < conf->raid_disks; i++)
1549                                 if (r1_bio->bios[i])
1550                                         atomic_inc(&r1_bio->remaining);
1551                         for (i=0; i < conf->raid_disks; i++)
1552                                 if (r1_bio->bios[i]) {
1553                                         struct bio_vec *bvec;
1554                                         int j;
1555
1556                                         bio = bio_clone(r1_bio->master_bio, GFP_NOIO);
1557                                         /* copy pages from the failed bio, as
1558                                          * this might be a write-behind device */
1559                                         __bio_for_each_segment(bvec, bio, j, 0)
1560                                                 bvec->bv_page = bio_iovec_idx(r1_bio->bios[i], j)->bv_page;
1561                                         bio_put(r1_bio->bios[i]);
1562                                         bio->bi_sector = r1_bio->sector +
1563                                                 conf->mirrors[i].rdev->data_offset;
1564                                         bio->bi_bdev = conf->mirrors[i].rdev->bdev;
1565                                         bio->bi_end_io = raid1_end_write_request;
1566                                         bio->bi_rw = WRITE | do_sync;
1567                                         bio->bi_private = r1_bio;
1568                                         r1_bio->bios[i] = bio;
1569                                         generic_make_request(bio);
1570                                 }
1571                 } else {
1572                         int disk;
1573
1574                         /* we got a read error. Maybe the drive is bad.  Maybe just
1575                          * the block and we can fix it.
1576                          * We freeze all other IO, and try reading the block from
1577                          * other devices.  When we find one, we re-write
1578                          * and check it that fixes the read error.
1579                          * This is all done synchronously while the array is
1580                          * frozen
1581                          */
1582                         if (mddev->ro == 0) {
1583                                 freeze_array(conf);
1584                                 fix_read_error(conf, r1_bio->read_disk,
1585                                                r1_bio->sector,
1586                                                r1_bio->sectors);
1587                                 unfreeze_array(conf);
1588                         }
1589
1590                         bio = r1_bio->bios[r1_bio->read_disk];
1591                         if ((disk=read_balance(conf, r1_bio)) == -1) {
1592                                 printk(KERN_ALERT "raid1: %s: unrecoverable I/O"
1593                                        " read error for block %llu\n",
1594                                        bdevname(bio->bi_bdev,b),
1595                                        (unsigned long long)r1_bio->sector);
1596                                 raid_end_bio_io(r1_bio);
1597                         } else {
1598                                 const int do_sync = bio_sync(r1_bio->master_bio);
1599                                 r1_bio->bios[r1_bio->read_disk] =
1600                                         mddev->ro ? IO_BLOCKED : NULL;
1601                                 r1_bio->read_disk = disk;
1602                                 bio_put(bio);
1603                                 bio = bio_clone(r1_bio->master_bio, GFP_NOIO);
1604                                 r1_bio->bios[r1_bio->read_disk] = bio;
1605                                 rdev = conf->mirrors[disk].rdev;
1606                                 if (printk_ratelimit())
1607                                         printk(KERN_ERR "raid1: %s: redirecting sector %llu to"
1608                                                " another mirror\n",
1609                                                bdevname(rdev->bdev,b),
1610                                                (unsigned long long)r1_bio->sector);
1611                                 bio->bi_sector = r1_bio->sector + rdev->data_offset;
1612                                 bio->bi_bdev = rdev->bdev;
1613                                 bio->bi_end_io = raid1_end_read_request;
1614                                 bio->bi_rw = READ | do_sync;
1615                                 bio->bi_private = r1_bio;
1616                                 unplug = 1;
1617                                 generic_make_request(bio);
1618                         }
1619                 }
1620         }
1621         if (unplug)
1622                 unplug_slaves(mddev);
1623 }
1624
1625
1626 static int init_resync(conf_t *conf)
1627 {
1628         int buffs;
1629
1630         buffs = RESYNC_WINDOW / RESYNC_BLOCK_SIZE;
1631         BUG_ON(conf->r1buf_pool);
1632         conf->r1buf_pool = mempool_create(buffs, r1buf_pool_alloc, r1buf_pool_free,
1633                                           conf->poolinfo);
1634         if (!conf->r1buf_pool)
1635                 return -ENOMEM;
1636         conf->next_resync = 0;
1637         return 0;
1638 }
1639
1640 /*
1641  * perform a "sync" on one "block"
1642  *
1643  * We need to make sure that no normal I/O request - particularly write
1644  * requests - conflict with active sync requests.
1645  *
1646  * This is achieved by tracking pending requests and a 'barrier' concept
1647  * that can be installed to exclude normal IO requests.
1648  */
1649
1650 static sector_t sync_request(mddev_t *mddev, sector_t sector_nr, int *skipped, int go_faster)
1651 {
1652         conf_t *conf = mddev_to_conf(mddev);
1653         r1bio_t *r1_bio;
1654         struct bio *bio;
1655         sector_t max_sector, nr_sectors;
1656         int disk = -1;
1657         int i;
1658         int wonly = -1;
1659         int write_targets = 0, read_targets = 0;
1660         int sync_blocks;
1661         int still_degraded = 0;
1662
1663         if (!conf->r1buf_pool)
1664         {
1665 /*
1666                 printk("sync start - bitmap %p\n", mddev->bitmap);
1667 */
1668                 if (init_resync(conf))
1669                         return 0;
1670         }
1671
1672         max_sector = mddev->size << 1;
1673         if (sector_nr >= max_sector) {
1674                 /* If we aborted, we need to abort the
1675                  * sync on the 'current' bitmap chunk (there will
1676                  * only be one in raid1 resync.
1677                  * We can find the current addess in mddev->curr_resync
1678                  */
1679                 if (mddev->curr_resync < max_sector) /* aborted */
1680                         bitmap_end_sync(mddev->bitmap, mddev->curr_resync,
1681                                                 &sync_blocks, 1);
1682                 else /* completed sync */
1683                         conf->fullsync = 0;
1684
1685                 bitmap_close_sync(mddev->bitmap);
1686                 close_sync(conf);
1687                 return 0;
1688         }
1689
1690         if (mddev->bitmap == NULL &&
1691             mddev->recovery_cp == MaxSector &&
1692             !test_bit(MD_RECOVERY_REQUESTED, &mddev->recovery) &&
1693             conf->fullsync == 0) {
1694                 *skipped = 1;
1695                 return max_sector - sector_nr;
1696         }
1697         /* before building a request, check if we can skip these blocks..
1698          * This call the bitmap_start_sync doesn't actually record anything
1699          */
1700         if (!bitmap_start_sync(mddev->bitmap, sector_nr, &sync_blocks, 1) &&
1701             !conf->fullsync && !test_bit(MD_RECOVERY_REQUESTED, &mddev->recovery)) {
1702                 /* We can skip this block, and probably several more */
1703                 *skipped = 1;
1704                 return sync_blocks;
1705         }
1706         /*
1707          * If there is non-resync activity waiting for a turn,
1708          * and resync is going fast enough,
1709          * then let it though before starting on this new sync request.
1710          */
1711         if (!go_faster && conf->nr_waiting)
1712                 msleep_interruptible(1000);
1713
1714         bitmap_cond_end_sync(mddev->bitmap, sector_nr);
1715         raise_barrier(conf);
1716
1717         conf->next_resync = sector_nr;
1718
1719         r1_bio = mempool_alloc(conf->r1buf_pool, GFP_NOIO);
1720         rcu_read_lock();
1721         /*
1722          * If we get a correctably read error during resync or recovery,
1723          * we might want to read from a different device.  So we
1724          * flag all drives that could conceivably be read from for READ,
1725          * and any others (which will be non-In_sync devices) for WRITE.
1726          * If a read fails, we try reading from something else for which READ
1727          * is OK.
1728          */
1729
1730         r1_bio->mddev = mddev;
1731         r1_bio->sector = sector_nr;
1732         r1_bio->state = 0;
1733         set_bit(R1BIO_IsSync, &r1_bio->state);
1734
1735         for (i=0; i < conf->raid_disks; i++) {
1736                 mdk_rdev_t *rdev;
1737                 bio = r1_bio->bios[i];
1738
1739                 /* take from bio_init */
1740                 bio->bi_next = NULL;
1741                 bio->bi_flags |= 1 << BIO_UPTODATE;
1742                 bio->bi_rw = READ;
1743                 bio->bi_vcnt = 0;
1744                 bio->bi_idx = 0;
1745                 bio->bi_phys_segments = 0;
1746                 bio->bi_hw_segments = 0;
1747                 bio->bi_size = 0;
1748                 bio->bi_end_io = NULL;
1749                 bio->bi_private = NULL;
1750
1751                 rdev = rcu_dereference(conf->mirrors[i].rdev);
1752                 if (rdev == NULL ||
1753                            test_bit(Faulty, &rdev->flags)) {
1754                         still_degraded = 1;
1755                         continue;
1756                 } else if (!test_bit(In_sync, &rdev->flags)) {
1757                         bio->bi_rw = WRITE;
1758                         bio->bi_end_io = end_sync_write;
1759                         write_targets ++;
1760                 } else {
1761                         /* may need to read from here */
1762                         bio->bi_rw = READ;
1763                         bio->bi_end_io = end_sync_read;
1764                         if (test_bit(WriteMostly, &rdev->flags)) {
1765                                 if (wonly < 0)
1766                                         wonly = i;
1767                         } else {
1768                                 if (disk < 0)
1769                                         disk = i;
1770                         }
1771                         read_targets++;
1772                 }
1773                 atomic_inc(&rdev->nr_pending);
1774                 bio->bi_sector = sector_nr + rdev->data_offset;
1775                 bio->bi_bdev = rdev->bdev;
1776                 bio->bi_private = r1_bio;
1777         }
1778         rcu_read_unlock();
1779         if (disk < 0)
1780                 disk = wonly;
1781         r1_bio->read_disk = disk;
1782
1783         if (test_bit(MD_RECOVERY_SYNC, &mddev->recovery) && read_targets > 0)
1784                 /* extra read targets are also write targets */
1785                 write_targets += read_targets-1;
1786
1787         if (write_targets == 0 || read_targets == 0) {
1788                 /* There is nowhere to write, so all non-sync
1789                  * drives must be failed - so we are finished
1790                  */
1791                 sector_t rv = max_sector - sector_nr;
1792                 *skipped = 1;
1793                 put_buf(r1_bio);
1794                 return rv;
1795         }
1796
1797         if (max_sector > mddev->resync_max)
1798                 max_sector = mddev->resync_max; /* Don't do IO beyond here */
1799         nr_sectors = 0;
1800         sync_blocks = 0;
1801         do {
1802                 struct page *page;
1803                 int len = PAGE_SIZE;
1804                 if (sector_nr + (len>>9) > max_sector)
1805                         len = (max_sector - sector_nr) << 9;
1806                 if (len == 0)
1807                         break;
1808                 if (sync_blocks == 0) {
1809                         if (!bitmap_start_sync(mddev->bitmap, sector_nr,
1810                                                &sync_blocks, still_degraded) &&
1811                             !conf->fullsync &&
1812                             !test_bit(MD_RECOVERY_REQUESTED, &mddev->recovery))
1813                                 break;
1814                         BUG_ON(sync_blocks < (PAGE_SIZE>>9));
1815                         if (len > (sync_blocks<<9))
1816                                 len = sync_blocks<<9;
1817                 }
1818
1819                 for (i=0 ; i < conf->raid_disks; i++) {
1820                         bio = r1_bio->bios[i];
1821                         if (bio->bi_end_io) {
1822                                 page = bio->bi_io_vec[bio->bi_vcnt].bv_page;
1823                                 if (bio_add_page(bio, page, len, 0) == 0) {
1824                                         /* stop here */
1825                                         bio->bi_io_vec[bio->bi_vcnt].bv_page = page;
1826                                         while (i > 0) {
1827                                                 i--;
1828                                                 bio = r1_bio->bios[i];
1829                                                 if (bio->bi_end_io==NULL)
1830                                                         continue;
1831                                                 /* remove last page from this bio */
1832                                                 bio->bi_vcnt--;
1833                                                 bio->bi_size -= len;
1834                                                 bio->bi_flags &= ~(1<< BIO_SEG_VALID);
1835                                         }
1836                                         goto bio_full;
1837                                 }
1838                         }
1839                 }
1840                 nr_sectors += len>>9;
1841                 sector_nr += len>>9;
1842                 sync_blocks -= (len>>9);
1843         } while (r1_bio->bios[disk]->bi_vcnt < RESYNC_PAGES);
1844  bio_full:
1845         r1_bio->sectors = nr_sectors;
1846
1847         /* For a user-requested sync, we read all readable devices and do a
1848          * compare
1849          */
1850         if (test_bit(MD_RECOVERY_REQUESTED, &mddev->recovery)) {
1851                 atomic_set(&r1_bio->remaining, read_targets);
1852                 for (i=0; i<conf->raid_disks; i++) {
1853                         bio = r1_bio->bios[i];
1854                         if (bio->bi_end_io == end_sync_read) {
1855                                 md_sync_acct(bio->bi_bdev, nr_sectors);
1856                                 generic_make_request(bio);
1857                         }
1858                 }
1859         } else {
1860                 atomic_set(&r1_bio->remaining, 1);
1861                 bio = r1_bio->bios[r1_bio->read_disk];
1862                 md_sync_acct(bio->bi_bdev, nr_sectors);
1863                 generic_make_request(bio);
1864
1865         }
1866         return nr_sectors;
1867 }
1868
1869 static int run(mddev_t *mddev)
1870 {
1871         conf_t *conf;
1872         int i, j, disk_idx;
1873         mirror_info_t *disk;
1874         mdk_rdev_t *rdev;
1875         struct list_head *tmp;
1876
1877         if (mddev->level != 1) {
1878                 printk("raid1: %s: raid level not set to mirroring (%d)\n",
1879                        mdname(mddev), mddev->level);
1880                 goto out;
1881         }
1882         if (mddev->reshape_position != MaxSector) {
1883                 printk("raid1: %s: reshape_position set but not supported\n",
1884                        mdname(mddev));
1885                 goto out;
1886         }
1887         /*
1888          * copy the already verified devices into our private RAID1
1889          * bookkeeping area. [whatever we allocate in run(),
1890          * should be freed in stop()]
1891          */
1892         conf = kzalloc(sizeof(conf_t), GFP_KERNEL);
1893         mddev->private = conf;
1894         if (!conf)
1895                 goto out_no_mem;
1896
1897         conf->mirrors = kzalloc(sizeof(struct mirror_info)*mddev->raid_disks,
1898                                  GFP_KERNEL);
1899         if (!conf->mirrors)
1900                 goto out_no_mem;
1901
1902         conf->tmppage = alloc_page(GFP_KERNEL);
1903         if (!conf->tmppage)
1904                 goto out_no_mem;
1905
1906         conf->poolinfo = kmalloc(sizeof(*conf->poolinfo), GFP_KERNEL);
1907         if (!conf->poolinfo)
1908                 goto out_no_mem;
1909         conf->poolinfo->mddev = mddev;
1910         conf->poolinfo->raid_disks = mddev->raid_disks;
1911         conf->r1bio_pool = mempool_create(NR_RAID1_BIOS, r1bio_pool_alloc,
1912                                           r1bio_pool_free,
1913                                           conf->poolinfo);
1914         if (!conf->r1bio_pool)
1915                 goto out_no_mem;
1916
1917         rdev_for_each(rdev, tmp, mddev) {
1918                 disk_idx = rdev->raid_disk;
1919                 if (disk_idx >= mddev->raid_disks
1920                     || disk_idx < 0)
1921                         continue;
1922                 disk = conf->mirrors + disk_idx;
1923
1924                 disk->rdev = rdev;
1925
1926                 blk_queue_stack_limits(mddev->queue,
1927                                        rdev->bdev->bd_disk->queue);
1928                 /* as we don't honour merge_bvec_fn, we must never risk
1929                  * violating it, so limit ->max_sector to one PAGE, as
1930                  * a one page request is never in violation.
1931                  */
1932                 if (rdev->bdev->bd_disk->queue->merge_bvec_fn &&
1933                     mddev->queue->max_sectors > (PAGE_SIZE>>9))
1934                         blk_queue_max_sectors(mddev->queue, PAGE_SIZE>>9);
1935
1936                 disk->head_position = 0;
1937         }
1938         conf->raid_disks = mddev->raid_disks;
1939         conf->mddev = mddev;
1940         spin_lock_init(&conf->device_lock);
1941         INIT_LIST_HEAD(&conf->retry_list);
1942
1943         spin_lock_init(&conf->resync_lock);
1944         init_waitqueue_head(&conf->wait_barrier);
1945
1946         bio_list_init(&conf->pending_bio_list);
1947         bio_list_init(&conf->flushing_bio_list);
1948
1949
1950         mddev->degraded = 0;
1951         for (i = 0; i < conf->raid_disks; i++) {
1952
1953                 disk = conf->mirrors + i;
1954
1955                 if (!disk->rdev ||
1956                     !test_bit(In_sync, &disk->rdev->flags)) {
1957                         disk->head_position = 0;
1958                         mddev->degraded++;
1959                         if (disk->rdev)
1960                                 conf->fullsync = 1;
1961                 }
1962         }
1963         if (mddev->degraded == conf->raid_disks) {
1964                 printk(KERN_ERR "raid1: no operational mirrors for %s\n",
1965                         mdname(mddev));
1966                 goto out_free_conf;
1967         }
1968         if (conf->raid_disks - mddev->degraded == 1)
1969                 mddev->recovery_cp = MaxSector;
1970
1971         /*
1972          * find the first working one and use it as a starting point
1973          * to read balancing.
1974          */
1975         for (j = 0; j < conf->raid_disks &&
1976                      (!conf->mirrors[j].rdev ||
1977                       !test_bit(In_sync, &conf->mirrors[j].rdev->flags)) ; j++)
1978                 /* nothing */;
1979         conf->last_used = j;
1980
1981
1982         mddev->thread = md_register_thread(raid1d, mddev, "%s_raid1");
1983         if (!mddev->thread) {
1984                 printk(KERN_ERR
1985                        "raid1: couldn't allocate thread for %s\n",
1986                        mdname(mddev));
1987                 goto out_free_conf;
1988         }
1989
1990         printk(KERN_INFO 
1991                 "raid1: raid set %s active with %d out of %d mirrors\n",
1992                 mdname(mddev), mddev->raid_disks - mddev->degraded, 
1993                 mddev->raid_disks);
1994         /*
1995          * Ok, everything is just fine now
1996          */
1997         mddev->array_size = mddev->size;
1998
1999         mddev->queue->unplug_fn = raid1_unplug;
2000         mddev->queue->backing_dev_info.congested_fn = raid1_congested;
2001         mddev->queue->backing_dev_info.congested_data = mddev;
2002
2003         return 0;
2004
2005 out_no_mem:
2006         printk(KERN_ERR "raid1: couldn't allocate memory for %s\n",
2007                mdname(mddev));
2008
2009 out_free_conf:
2010         if (conf) {
2011                 if (conf->r1bio_pool)
2012                         mempool_destroy(conf->r1bio_pool);
2013                 kfree(conf->mirrors);
2014                 safe_put_page(conf->tmppage);
2015                 kfree(conf->poolinfo);
2016                 kfree(conf);
2017                 mddev->private = NULL;
2018         }
2019 out:
2020         return -EIO;
2021 }
2022
2023 static int stop(mddev_t *mddev)
2024 {
2025         conf_t *conf = mddev_to_conf(mddev);
2026         struct bitmap *bitmap = mddev->bitmap;
2027         int behind_wait = 0;
2028
2029         /* wait for behind writes to complete */
2030         while (bitmap && atomic_read(&bitmap->behind_writes) > 0) {
2031                 behind_wait++;
2032                 printk(KERN_INFO "raid1: behind writes in progress on device %s, waiting to stop (%d)\n", mdname(mddev), behind_wait);
2033                 set_current_state(TASK_UNINTERRUPTIBLE);
2034                 schedule_timeout(HZ); /* wait a second */
2035                 /* need to kick something here to make sure I/O goes? */
2036         }
2037
2038         md_unregister_thread(mddev->thread);
2039         mddev->thread = NULL;
2040         blk_sync_queue(mddev->queue); /* the unplug fn references 'conf'*/
2041         if (conf->r1bio_pool)
2042                 mempool_destroy(conf->r1bio_pool);
2043         kfree(conf->mirrors);
2044         kfree(conf->poolinfo);
2045         kfree(conf);
2046         mddev->private = NULL;
2047         return 0;
2048 }
2049
2050 static int raid1_resize(mddev_t *mddev, sector_t sectors)
2051 {
2052         /* no resync is happening, and there is enough space
2053          * on all devices, so we can resize.
2054          * We need to make sure resync covers any new space.
2055          * If the array is shrinking we should possibly wait until
2056          * any io in the removed space completes, but it hardly seems
2057          * worth it.
2058          */
2059         mddev->array_size = sectors>>1;
2060         set_capacity(mddev->gendisk, mddev->array_size << 1);
2061         mddev->changed = 1;
2062         if (mddev->array_size > mddev->size && mddev->recovery_cp == MaxSector) {
2063                 mddev->recovery_cp = mddev->size << 1;
2064                 set_bit(MD_RECOVERY_NEEDED, &mddev->recovery);
2065         }
2066         mddev->size = mddev->array_size;
2067         mddev->resync_max_sectors = sectors;
2068         return 0;
2069 }
2070
2071 static int raid1_reshape(mddev_t *mddev)
2072 {
2073         /* We need to:
2074          * 1/ resize the r1bio_pool
2075          * 2/ resize conf->mirrors
2076          *
2077          * We allocate a new r1bio_pool if we can.
2078          * Then raise a device barrier and wait until all IO stops.
2079          * Then resize conf->mirrors and swap in the new r1bio pool.
2080          *
2081          * At the same time, we "pack" the devices so that all the missing
2082          * devices have the higher raid_disk numbers.
2083          */
2084         mempool_t *newpool, *oldpool;
2085         struct pool_info *newpoolinfo;
2086         mirror_info_t *newmirrors;
2087         conf_t *conf = mddev_to_conf(mddev);
2088         int cnt, raid_disks;
2089         unsigned long flags;
2090         int d, d2;
2091
2092         /* Cannot change chunk_size, layout, or level */
2093         if (mddev->chunk_size != mddev->new_chunk ||
2094             mddev->layout != mddev->new_layout ||
2095             mddev->level != mddev->new_level) {
2096                 mddev->new_chunk = mddev->chunk_size;
2097                 mddev->new_layout = mddev->layout;
2098                 mddev->new_level = mddev->level;
2099                 return -EINVAL;
2100         }
2101
2102         md_allow_write(mddev);
2103
2104         raid_disks = mddev->raid_disks + mddev->delta_disks;
2105
2106         if (raid_disks < conf->raid_disks) {
2107                 cnt=0;
2108                 for (d= 0; d < conf->raid_disks; d++)
2109                         if (conf->mirrors[d].rdev)
2110                                 cnt++;
2111                 if (cnt > raid_disks)
2112                         return -EBUSY;
2113         }
2114
2115         newpoolinfo = kmalloc(sizeof(*newpoolinfo), GFP_KERNEL);
2116         if (!newpoolinfo)
2117                 return -ENOMEM;
2118         newpoolinfo->mddev = mddev;
2119         newpoolinfo->raid_disks = raid_disks;
2120
2121         newpool = mempool_create(NR_RAID1_BIOS, r1bio_pool_alloc,
2122                                  r1bio_pool_free, newpoolinfo);
2123         if (!newpool) {
2124                 kfree(newpoolinfo);
2125                 return -ENOMEM;
2126         }
2127         newmirrors = kzalloc(sizeof(struct mirror_info) * raid_disks, GFP_KERNEL);
2128         if (!newmirrors) {
2129                 kfree(newpoolinfo);
2130                 mempool_destroy(newpool);
2131                 return -ENOMEM;
2132         }
2133
2134         raise_barrier(conf);
2135
2136         /* ok, everything is stopped */
2137         oldpool = conf->r1bio_pool;
2138         conf->r1bio_pool = newpool;
2139
2140         for (d = d2 = 0; d < conf->raid_disks; d++) {
2141                 mdk_rdev_t *rdev = conf->mirrors[d].rdev;
2142                 if (rdev && rdev->raid_disk != d2) {
2143                         char nm[20];
2144                         sprintf(nm, "rd%d", rdev->raid_disk);
2145                         sysfs_remove_link(&mddev->kobj, nm);
2146                         rdev->raid_disk = d2;
2147                         sprintf(nm, "rd%d", rdev->raid_disk);
2148                         sysfs_remove_link(&mddev->kobj, nm);
2149                         if (sysfs_create_link(&mddev->kobj,
2150                                               &rdev->kobj, nm))
2151                                 printk(KERN_WARNING
2152                                        "md/raid1: cannot register "
2153                                        "%s for %s\n",
2154                                        nm, mdname(mddev));
2155                 }
2156                 if (rdev)
2157                         newmirrors[d2++].rdev = rdev;
2158         }
2159         kfree(conf->mirrors);
2160         conf->mirrors = newmirrors;
2161         kfree(conf->poolinfo);
2162         conf->poolinfo = newpoolinfo;
2163
2164         spin_lock_irqsave(&conf->device_lock, flags);
2165         mddev->degraded += (raid_disks - conf->raid_disks);
2166         spin_unlock_irqrestore(&conf->device_lock, flags);
2167         conf->raid_disks = mddev->raid_disks = raid_disks;
2168         mddev->delta_disks = 0;
2169
2170         conf->last_used = 0; /* just make sure it is in-range */
2171         lower_barrier(conf);
2172
2173         set_bit(MD_RECOVERY_NEEDED, &mddev->recovery);
2174         md_wakeup_thread(mddev->thread);
2175
2176         mempool_destroy(oldpool);
2177         return 0;
2178 }
2179
2180 static void raid1_quiesce(mddev_t *mddev, int state)
2181 {
2182         conf_t *conf = mddev_to_conf(mddev);
2183
2184         switch(state) {
2185         case 1:
2186                 raise_barrier(conf);
2187                 break;
2188         case 0:
2189                 lower_barrier(conf);
2190                 break;
2191         }
2192 }
2193
2194
2195 static struct mdk_personality raid1_personality =
2196 {
2197         .name           = "raid1",
2198         .level          = 1,
2199         .owner          = THIS_MODULE,
2200         .make_request   = make_request,
2201         .run            = run,
2202         .stop           = stop,
2203         .status         = status,
2204         .error_handler  = error,
2205         .hot_add_disk   = raid1_add_disk,
2206         .hot_remove_disk= raid1_remove_disk,
2207         .spare_active   = raid1_spare_active,
2208         .sync_request   = sync_request,
2209         .resize         = raid1_resize,
2210         .check_reshape  = raid1_reshape,
2211         .quiesce        = raid1_quiesce,
2212 };
2213
2214 static int __init raid_init(void)
2215 {
2216         return register_md_personality(&raid1_personality);
2217 }
2218
2219 static void raid_exit(void)
2220 {
2221         unregister_md_personality(&raid1_personality);
2222 }
2223
2224 module_init(raid_init);
2225 module_exit(raid_exit);
2226 MODULE_LICENSE("GPL");
2227 MODULE_ALIAS("md-personality-3"); /* RAID1 */
2228 MODULE_ALIAS("md-raid1");
2229 MODULE_ALIAS("md-level-1");