7 years agoMerge branch 'for-next' of git://neil.brown.name/md
Linus Torvalds [Wed, 1 Aug 2012 16:02:01 +0000]
Merge branch 'for-next' of git://neil.brown.name/md

Pull md updates from NeilBrown.

* 'for-next' of git://neil.brown.name/md:
  DM RAID: Add support for MD RAID10
  md/RAID1: Add missing case for attempting to repair known bad blocks.
  md/raid5: For odirect-write performance, do not set STRIPE_PREREAD_ACTIVE.
  md/raid1: don't abort a resync on the first badblock.
  md: remove duplicated test on ->openers when calling do_md_stop()
  raid5: Add R5_ReadNoMerge flag which prevent bio from merging at block layer
  md/raid1: prevent merging too large request
  md/raid1: read balance chooses idlest disk for SSD
  md/raid1: make sequential read detection per disk based
  MD RAID10: Export md_raid10_congested
  MD: Move macros from raid1*.h to raid1*.c
  MD RAID1: rename mirror_info structure
  MD RAID10: rename mirror_info structure
  MD RAID10: Fix compiler warning.
  raid5: add a per-stripe lock
  raid5: remove unnecessary bitmap write optimization
  raid5: lockless access raid5 overrided bi_phys_segments
  raid5: reduce chance release_stripe() taking device_lock

7 years agolocks: remove unused lm_release_private
J. Bruce Fields [Wed, 1 Aug 2012 11:56:16 +0000]
locks: remove unused lm_release_private

In commit 3b6e2723f32d ("locks: prevent side-effects of
locks_release_private before file_lock is initialized") we removed the
last user of lm_release_private without removing the field itself.

Signed-off-by: J. Bruce Fields <bfields@redhat.com>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

7 years agoDM RAID: Add support for MD RAID10
Jonathan Brassow [Wed, 1 Aug 2012 02:44:26 +0000]
DM RAID: Add support for MD RAID10

Support the MD RAID10 personality through dm-raid.c

Signed-off-by: Jonathan Brassow <jbrassow@redhat.com>
Signed-off-by: NeilBrown <neilb@suse.de>

7 years agoMerge commit 'c039c332f23e794deb6d6f37b9f07ff3b27fb2cf' into md
NeilBrown [Wed, 1 Aug 2012 10:40:02 +0000]
Merge commit 'c039c332f23e794deb6d6f37b9f07ff3b27fb2cf' into md

Pull in pre-requisites for adding raid10 support to dm-raid.

7 years agoMerge tag 'irqdomain-for-linus' of git://git.secretlab.ca/git/linux-2.6
Linus Torvalds [Wed, 1 Aug 2012 03:44:03 +0000]
Merge tag 'irqdomain-for-linus' of git://git.secretlab.ca/git/linux-2.6

Pull irqdomain changes from Grant Likely:
 "Round of refactoring and enhancements to irq_domain infrastructure.
  This series starts the process of simplifying irqdomain.  The ultimate
  goal is to merge LEGACY, LINEAR and TREE mappings into a single
  system, but had to back off from that after some last minute bugs.
  Instead it mainly reorganizes the code and ensures that the reverse
  map gets populated when the irq is mapped instead of the first time it
  is looked up.

  Merging of the irq_domain types is deferred to v3.7

  In other news, this series adds helpers for creating static mappings
  on a linear or tree mapping."

* tag 'irqdomain-for-linus' of git://git.secretlab.ca/git/linux-2.6:
  irqdomain: Improve diagnostics when a domain mapping fails
  irqdomain: eliminate slow-path revmap lookups
  irqdomain: Fix irq_create_direct_mapping() to test irq_domain type.
  irqdomain: Eliminate dedicated radix lookup functions
  irqdomain: Support for static IRQ mapping and association.
  irqdomain: Always update revmap when setting up a virq
  irqdomain: Split disassociating code into separate function
  irq_domain: correct a minor wrong comment for linear revmap
  irq_domain: Standardise legacy/linear domain selection
  irqdomain: Make ops->map hook optional
  irqdomain: Remove unnecessary test for IRQ_DOMAIN_MAP_LEGACY
  irqdomain: Simple NUMA awareness.
  devicetree: add helper inline for retrieving a node's full name

7 years agoMerge branch 'akpm' (Andrew's patch-bomb)
Linus Torvalds [Wed, 1 Aug 2012 02:25:39 +0000]
Merge branch 'akpm' (Andrew's patch-bomb)

Merge Andrew's second set of patches:
 - MM
 - a few random fixes
 - a couple of RTC leftovers

* emailed patches from Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>: (120 commits)
  rtc/rtc-88pm80x: remove unneed devm_kfree
  rtc/rtc-88pm80x: assign ret only when rtc_register_driver fails
  mm: hugetlbfs: close race during teardown of hugetlbfs shared page tables
  tmpfs: distribute interleave better across nodes
  mm: remove redundant initialization
  mm: warn if pg_data_t isn't initialized with zero
  mips: zero out pg_data_t when it's allocated
  memcg: gix memory accounting scalability in shrink_page_list
  mm/sparse: remove index_init_lock
  mm/sparse: more checks on mem_section number
  mm/sparse: optimize sparse_index_alloc
  memcg: add mem_cgroup_from_css() helper
  memcg: further prevent OOM with too many dirty pages
  memcg: prevent OOM with too many dirty pages
  mm: mmu_notifier: fix freed page still mapped in secondary MMU
  mm: memcg: only check anon swapin page charges for swap cache
  mm: memcg: only check swap cache pages for repeated charging
  mm: memcg: split swapin charge function into private and public part
  mm: memcg: remove needless !mm fixup to init_mm when charging
  mm: memcg: remove unneeded shmem charge type
  ...

7 years agoMerge tag 'vfio-for-v3.6' of git://github.com/awilliam/linux-vfio
Linus Torvalds [Wed, 1 Aug 2012 02:17:27 +0000]
Merge tag 'vfio-for-v3.6' of git://github.com/awilliam/linux-vfio

Pull VFIO core from Alex Williamson:
 "This series includes the VFIO userspace driver interface for the 3.6
  kernel merge window.  This driver is intended to provide a secure
  interface for device access using IOMMU protection for applications
  like assignment of physical devices to virtual machines.

  Qemu will be the first user of this interface, enabling assignment of
  PCI devices to Qemu guests.  This interface is intended to eventually
  replace the x86-specific assignment mechanism currently available in
  KVM.

  This interface has the advantage of being more secure, by working with
  IOMMU groups to ensure device isolation and providing it's own
  filtered resource access mechanism, and also more flexible, in not
  being x86 or KVM specific (extensions to enable POWER are already
  working).

  This driver is originally the work of Tom Lyon, but has since been
  handed over to me and gone through a complete overhaul thanks to the
  input from David Gibson, Ben Herrenschmidt, Chris Wright, Joerg
  Roedel, and others.  This driver has been available in linux-next for
  the last month."

Paul Mackerras says:
 "I would be glad to see it go in since we want to use it with KVM on
  PowerPC.  If possible we'd like the PowerPC bits for it to go in as
  well."

* tag 'vfio-for-v3.6' of git://github.com/awilliam/linux-vfio:
  vfio: Add PCI device driver
  vfio: Type1 IOMMU implementation
  vfio: Add documentation
  vfio: VFIO core

7 years agoMerge tag 'random_for_linus' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/tytso...
Linus Torvalds [Wed, 1 Aug 2012 02:07:42 +0000]
Merge tag 'random_for_linus' of git://git./linux/kernel/git/tytso/random

Pull random subsystem patches from Ted Ts'o:
 "This patch series contains a major revamp of how we collect entropy
  from interrupts for /dev/random and /dev/urandom.

  The goal is to addresses weaknesses discussed in the paper "Mining
  your Ps and Qs: Detection of Widespread Weak Keys in Network Devices",
  by Nadia Heninger, Zakir Durumeric, Eric Wustrow, J.  Alex Halderman,
  which will be published in the Proceedings of the 21st Usenix Security
  Symposium, August 2012.  (See https://factorable.net for more
  information and an extended version of the paper.)"

Fix up trivial conflicts due to nearby changes in
drivers/{mfd/ab3100-core.c, usb/gadget/omap_udc.c}

* tag 'random_for_linus' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/tytso/random: (33 commits)
  random: mix in architectural randomness in extract_buf()
  dmi: Feed DMI table to /dev/random driver
  random: Add comment to random_initialize()
  random: final removal of IRQF_SAMPLE_RANDOM
  um: remove IRQF_SAMPLE_RANDOM which is now a no-op
  sparc/ldc: remove IRQF_SAMPLE_RANDOM which is now a no-op
  [ARM] pxa: remove IRQF_SAMPLE_RANDOM which is now a no-op
  board-palmz71: remove IRQF_SAMPLE_RANDOM which is now a no-op
  isp1301_omap: remove IRQF_SAMPLE_RANDOM which is now a no-op
  pxa25x_udc: remove IRQF_SAMPLE_RANDOM which is now a no-op
  omap_udc: remove IRQF_SAMPLE_RANDOM which is now a no-op
  goku_udc: remove IRQF_SAMPLE_RANDOM which was commented out
  uartlite: remove IRQF_SAMPLE_RANDOM which is now a no-op
  drivers: hv: remove IRQF_SAMPLE_RANDOM which is now a no-op
  xen-blkfront: remove IRQF_SAMPLE_RANDOM which is now a no-op
  n2_crypto: remove IRQF_SAMPLE_RANDOM which is now a no-op
  pda_power: remove IRQF_SAMPLE_RANDOM which is now a no-op
  i2c-pmcmsp: remove IRQF_SAMPLE_RANDOM which is now a no-op
  input/serio/hp_sdc.c: remove IRQF_SAMPLE_RANDOM which is now a no-op
  mfd: remove IRQF_SAMPLE_RANDOM which is now a no-op
  ...

7 years agoMerge tag 'rdma-for-linus' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/roland...
Linus Torvalds [Wed, 1 Aug 2012 01:59:55 +0000]
Merge tag 'rdma-for-linus' of git://git./linux/kernel/git/roland/infiniband

Pull final RDMA changes from Roland Dreier:
 - Fix IPoIB to stop using unsafe linkage between networking neighbour
   layer and private path database.
 - Small fixes for bugs found by Fengguang Wu's automated builds.

* tag 'rdma-for-linus' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/roland/infiniband:
  IPoIB: Use a private hash table for path lookup in xmit path
  IB/qib: Fix size of cc_supported_table_entries
  RDMA/ucma: Convert open-coded equivalent to memdup_user()
  RDMA/ocrdma: Fix check of GSI CQs
  RDMA/cma: Use PTR_RET rather than if (IS_ERR(...)) + PTR_ERR

7 years agoMerge branch 'v4l_for_linus' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/mchehab...
Linus Torvalds [Wed, 1 Aug 2012 01:47:44 +0000]
Merge branch 'v4l_for_linus' of git://git./linux/kernel/git/mchehab/linux-media

Pull second set of media updates from Mauro Carvalho Chehab:

 - radio API: add support to work with radio frequency bands

 - new AM/FM radio drivers: radio-shark, radio-shark2

 - new Remote Controller USB driver: iguanair

 - conversion of several drivers to the v4l2 core control framework

 - new board additions at existing drivers

 - the remaining (and vast majority of the patches) are due to
   drivers/DocBook fixes/cleanups.

* 'v4l_for_linus' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/mchehab/linux-media: (154 commits)
  [media] radio-tea5777: use library for 64bits div
  [media] tlg2300: Declare MODULE_FIRMWARE usage
  [media] lgs8gxx: Declare MODULE_FIRMWARE usage
  [media] xc5000: Add MODULE_FIRMWARE statements
  [media] s2255drv: Add MODULE_FIRMWARE statement
  [media] dib8000: move dereference after check for NULL
  [media] Documentation: Update cardlists
  [media] bttv: add support for Aposonic W-DVR
  [media] cx25821: Remove bad strcpy to read-only char*
  [media] pms.c: remove duplicated include
  [media] smiapp-core.c: remove duplicated include
  [media] via-camera: pass correct format settings to sensor
  [media] rtl2832.c: minor cleanup
  [media] Add support for the IguanaWorks USB IR Transceiver
  [media] Minor cleanups for MCE USB
  [media] drivers/media/dvb/siano/smscoreapi.c: use list_for_each_entry
  [media] Use a named union in struct v4l2_ioctl_info
  [media] mceusb: Add Twisted Melon USB IDs
  [media] staging/media/solo6x10: use module_pci_driver macro
  [media] staging/media/dt3155v4l: use module_pci_driver macro
  ...

Conflicts:
Documentation/feature-removal-schedule.txt

7 years agoMerge tag 'nfs-for-3.6-2' of git://git.linux-nfs.org/projects/trondmy/linux-nfs
Linus Torvalds [Wed, 1 Aug 2012 01:45:44 +0000]
Merge tag 'nfs-for-3.6-2' of git://git.linux-nfs.org/projects/trondmy/linux-nfs

Pull second wave of NFS client updates from Trond Myklebust:

 - Patches from Bryan to allow splitting of the NFSv2/v3/v4 code into
   separate modules.

 - Fix Oopses in the NFSv4 idmapper

 - Fix a deadlock whereby rpciod tries to allocate a new socket and ends
   up recursing into the NFS code due to memory reclaim.

 - Increase the number of permitted callback connections.

* tag 'nfs-for-3.6-2' of git://git.linux-nfs.org/projects/trondmy/linux-nfs:
  nfs: explicitly reject LOCK_MAND flock() requests
  nfs: increase number of permitted callback connections.
  SUNRPC: return negative value in case rpcbind client creation error
  NFS: Convert v4 into a module
  NFS: Convert v3 into a module
  NFS: Convert v2 into a module
  NFS: Keep module parameters in the generic NFS client
  NFS: Split out remaining NFS v4 inode functions
  NFS: Pass super operations and xattr handlers in the nfs_subversion
  NFS: Only initialize the ACL client in the v3 case
  NFS: Create a try_mount rpc op
  NFS: Remove the NFS v4 xdev mount function
  NFS: Add version registering framework
  NFS: Fix a number of bugs in the idmapper
  nfs: skip commit in releasepage if we're freeing memory for fs-related reasons
  sunrpc: clarify comments on rpc_make_runnable
  pnfsblock: bail out partial page IO

7 years agoMerge git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/davem/net
Linus Torvalds [Wed, 1 Aug 2012 01:43:13 +0000]
Merge git://git./linux/kernel/git/davem/net

Pull networking update from David S. Miller:
 "I think Eric Dumazet and I have dealt with all of the known routing
  cache removal fallout.  Some other minor fixes all around.

  1) Fix RCU of cached routes, particular of output routes which require
     liberation via call_rcu() instead of call_rcu_bh().  From Eric
     Dumazet.

  2) Make sure we purge net device references in cached routes properly.

  3) TG3 driver bug fixes from Michael Chan.

  4) Fix reported 'expires' value in ipv6 routes, from Li Wei.

  5) TUN driver ioctl leaks kernel bytes to userspace, from Mathias
     Krause."

* git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/davem/net: (22 commits)
  ipv4: Properly purge netdev references on uncached routes.
  ipv4: Cache routes in nexthop exception entries.
  ipv4: percpu nh_rth_output cache
  ipv4: Restore old dst_free() behavior.
  bridge: make port attributes const
  ipv4: remove rt_cache_rebuild_count
  net: ipv4: fix RCU races on dst refcounts
  net: TCP early demux cleanup
  tun: Fix formatting.
  net/tun: fix ioctl() based info leaks
  tg3: Update version to 3.124
  tg3: Fix race condition in tg3_get_stats64()
  tg3: Add New 5719 Read DMA workaround
  tg3: Fix Read DMA workaround for 5719 A0.
  tg3: Request APE_LOCK_PHY before PHY access
  ipv6: fix incorrect route 'expires' value passed to userspace
  mISDN: Bugfix only few bytes are transfered on a connection
  seeq: use PTR_RET at init_module of driver
  bnx2x: remove cast around the kmalloc in bnx2x_prev_mark_path
  ipv4: clean up put_child
  ...

7 years agortc/rtc-88pm80x: remove unneed devm_kfree
Devendra Naga [Tue, 31 Jul 2012 23:46:24 +0000]
rtc/rtc-88pm80x: remove unneed devm_kfree

devm_kzalloc() doesn't need a matching devm_kfree(), the freeing mechanism
will trigger when driver unloads.

Signed-off-by: Devendra Naga <devendra.aaru@gmail.com>
Cc: Alessandro Zummo <a.zummo@towertech.it>
Cc: Ashish Jangam <ashish.jangam@kpitcummins.com>
Cc: David Dajun Chen <dchen@diasemi.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

7 years agortc/rtc-88pm80x: assign ret only when rtc_register_driver fails
Devendra Naga [Tue, 31 Jul 2012 23:46:22 +0000]
rtc/rtc-88pm80x: assign ret only when rtc_register_driver fails

At the probe we are assigning ret to return value of PTR_ERR right after
the rtc_register_drive()r, as we would have done it in the if
(IS_ERR(ptr)) check, since the function fails and goes inside that case

Signed-off-by: Devendra Naga <devendra.aaru@gmail.com>
Cc: Alessandro Zummo <a.zummo@towertech.it>
Cc: Ashish Jangam <ashish.jangam@kpitcummins.com>
Cc: David Dajun Chen <dchen@diasemi.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

7 years agomm: hugetlbfs: close race during teardown of hugetlbfs shared page tables
Mel Gorman [Tue, 31 Jul 2012 23:46:20 +0000]
mm: hugetlbfs: close race during teardown of hugetlbfs shared page tables

If a process creates a large hugetlbfs mapping that is eligible for page
table sharing and forks heavily with children some of whom fault and
others which destroy the mapping then it is possible for page tables to
get corrupted.  Some teardowns of the mapping encounter a "bad pmd" and
output a message to the kernel log.  The final teardown will trigger a
BUG_ON in mm/filemap.c.

This was reproduced in 3.4 but is known to have existed for a long time
and goes back at least as far as 2.6.37.  It was probably was introduced
in 2.6.20 by [39dde65c: shared page table for hugetlb page].  The messages
look like this;

[  ..........] Lots of bad pmd messages followed by this
[  127.164256] mm/memory.c:391: bad pmd ffff880412e04fe8(80000003de4000e7).
[  127.164257] mm/memory.c:391: bad pmd ffff880412e04ff0(80000003de6000e7).
[  127.164258] mm/memory.c:391: bad pmd ffff880412e04ff8(80000003de0000e7).
[  127.186778] ------------[ cut here ]------------
[  127.186781] kernel BUG at mm/filemap.c:134!
[  127.186782] invalid opcode: 0000 [#1] SMP
[  127.186783] CPU 7
[  127.186784] Modules linked in: af_packet cpufreq_conservative cpufreq_userspace cpufreq_powersave acpi_cpufreq mperf ext3 jbd dm_mod coretemp crc32c_intel usb_storage ghash_clmulni_intel aesni_intel i2c_i801 r8169 mii uas sr_mod cdrom sg iTCO_wdt iTCO_vendor_support shpchp serio_raw cryptd aes_x86_64 e1000e pci_hotplug dcdbas aes_generic container microcode ext4 mbcache jbd2 crc16 sd_mod crc_t10dif i915 drm_kms_helper drm i2c_algo_bit ehci_hcd ahci libahci usbcore rtc_cmos usb_common button i2c_core intel_agp video intel_gtt fan processor thermal thermal_sys hwmon ata_generic pata_atiixp libata scsi_mod
[  127.186801]
[  127.186802] Pid: 9017, comm: hugetlbfs-test Not tainted 3.4.0-autobuild #53 Dell Inc. OptiPlex 990/06D7TR
[  127.186804] RIP: 0010:[<ffffffff810ed6ce>]  [<ffffffff810ed6ce>] __delete_from_page_cache+0x15e/0x160
[  127.186809] RSP: 0000:ffff8804144b5c08  EFLAGS: 00010002
[  127.186810] RAX: 0000000000000001 RBX: ffffea000a5c9000 RCX: 00000000ffffffc0
[  127.186811] RDX: 0000000000000000 RSI: 0000000000000009 RDI: ffff88042dfdad00
[  127.186812] RBP: ffff8804144b5c18 R08: 0000000000000009 R09: 0000000000000003
[  127.186813] R10: 0000000000000000 R11: 000000000000002d R12: ffff880412ff83d8
[  127.186814] R13: ffff880412ff83d8 R14: 0000000000000000 R15: ffff880412ff83d8
[  127.186815] FS:  00007fe18ed2c700(0000) GS:ffff88042dce0000(0000) knlGS:0000000000000000
[  127.186816] CS:  0010 DS: 0000 ES: 0000 CR0: 000000008005003b
[  127.186817] CR2: 00007fe340000503 CR3: 0000000417a14000 CR4: 00000000000407e0
[  127.186818] DR0: 0000000000000000 DR1: 0000000000000000 DR2: 0000000000000000
[  127.186819] DR3: 0000000000000000 DR6: 00000000ffff0ff0 DR7: 0000000000000400
[  127.186820] Process hugetlbfs-test (pid: 9017, threadinfo ffff8804144b4000, task ffff880417f803c0)
[  127.186821] Stack:
[  127.186822]  ffffea000a5c9000 0000000000000000 ffff8804144b5c48 ffffffff810ed83b
[  127.186824]  ffff8804144b5c48 000000000000138a 0000000000001387 ffff8804144b5c98
[  127.186825]  ffff8804144b5d48 ffffffff811bc925 ffff8804144b5cb8 0000000000000000
[  127.186827] Call Trace:
[  127.186829]  [<ffffffff810ed83b>] delete_from_page_cache+0x3b/0x80
[  127.186832]  [<ffffffff811bc925>] truncate_hugepages+0x115/0x220
[  127.186834]  [<ffffffff811bca43>] hugetlbfs_evict_inode+0x13/0x30
[  127.186837]  [<ffffffff811655c7>] evict+0xa7/0x1b0
[  127.186839]  [<ffffffff811657a3>] iput_final+0xd3/0x1f0
[  127.186840]  [<ffffffff811658f9>] iput+0x39/0x50
[  127.186842]  [<ffffffff81162708>] d_kill+0xf8/0x130
[  127.186843]  [<ffffffff81162812>] dput+0xd2/0x1a0
[  127.186845]  [<ffffffff8114e2d0>] __fput+0x170/0x230
[  127.186848]  [<ffffffff81236e0e>] ? rb_erase+0xce/0x150
[  127.186849]  [<ffffffff8114e3ad>] fput+0x1d/0x30
[  127.186851]  [<ffffffff81117db7>] remove_vma+0x37/0x80
[  127.186853]  [<ffffffff81119182>] do_munmap+0x2d2/0x360
[  127.186855]  [<ffffffff811cc639>] sys_shmdt+0xc9/0x170
[  127.186857]  [<ffffffff81410a39>] system_call_fastpath+0x16/0x1b
[  127.186858] Code: 0f 1f 44 00 00 48 8b 43 08 48 8b 00 48 8b 40 28 8b b0 40 03 00 00 85 f6 0f 88 df fe ff ff 48 89 df e8 e7 cb 05 00 e9 d2 fe ff ff <0f> 0b 55 83 e2 fd 48 89 e5 48 83 ec 30 48 89 5d d8 4c 89 65 e0
[  127.186868] RIP  [<ffffffff810ed6ce>] __delete_from_page_cache+0x15e/0x160
[  127.186870]  RSP <ffff8804144b5c08>
[  127.186871] ---[ end trace 7cbac5d1db69f426 ]---

The bug is a race and not always easy to reproduce.  To reproduce it I was
doing the following on a single socket I7-based machine with 16G of RAM.

$ hugeadm --pool-pages-max DEFAULT:13G
$ echo $((18*1048576*1024)) > /proc/sys/kernel/shmmax
$ echo $((18*1048576*1024)) > /proc/sys/kernel/shmall
$ for i in `seq 1 9000`; do ./hugetlbfs-test; done

On my particular machine, it usually triggers within 10 minutes but
enabling debug options can change the timing such that it never hits.
Once the bug is triggered, the machine is in trouble and needs to be
rebooted.  The machine will respond but processes accessing proc like "ps
aux" will hang due to the BUG_ON.  shutdown will also hang and needs a
hard reset or a sysrq-b.

The basic problem is a race between page table sharing and teardown.  For
the most part page table sharing depends on i_mmap_mutex.  In some cases,
it is also taking the mm->page_table_lock for the PTE updates but with
shared page tables, it is the i_mmap_mutex that is more important.

Unfortunately it appears to be also insufficient. Consider the following
situation

Process A Process B
--------- ---------
hugetlb_fault shmdt
   LockWrite(mmap_sem)
       do_munmap
    unmap_region
      unmap_vmas
        unmap_single_vma
          unmap_hugepage_range
                   Lock(i_mmap_mutex)
    Lock(mm->page_table_lock)
    huge_pmd_unshare/unmap tables <--- (1)
    Unlock(mm->page_table_lock)
                   Unlock(i_mmap_mutex)
  huge_pte_alloc       ...
    Lock(i_mmap_mutex)       ...
    vma_prio_walk, find svma, spte       ...
    Lock(mm->page_table_lock)       ...
    share spte       ...
    Unlock(mm->page_table_lock)       ...
    Unlock(i_mmap_mutex)       ...
  hugetlb_no_page   <--- (2)
      free_pgtables
        unlink_file_vma
hugetlb_free_pgd_range
    remove_vma_list

In this scenario, it is possible for Process A to share page tables with
Process B that is trying to tear them down.  The i_mmap_mutex on its own
does not prevent Process A walking Process B's page tables.  At (1) above,
the page tables are not shared yet so it unmaps the PMDs.  Process A sets
up page table sharing and at (2) faults a new entry.  Process B then trips
up on it in free_pgtables.

This patch fixes the problem by adding a new function
__unmap_hugepage_range_final that is only called when the VMA is about to
be destroyed.  This function clears VM_MAYSHARE during
unmap_hugepage_range() under the i_mmap_mutex.  This makes the VMA
ineligible for sharing and avoids the race.  Superficially this looks like
it would then be vunerable to truncate and madvise issues but hugetlbfs
has its own truncate handlers so does not use unmap_mapping_range() and
does not support madvise(DONTNEED).

This should be treated as a -stable candidate if it is merged.

Test program is as follows. The test case was mostly written by Michal
Hocko with a few minor changes to reproduce this bug.

==== CUT HERE ====

static size_t huge_page_size = (2UL << 20);
static size_t nr_huge_page_A = 512;
static size_t nr_huge_page_B = 5632;

unsigned int get_random(unsigned int max)
{
struct timeval tv;

gettimeofday(&tv, NULL);
srandom(tv.tv_usec);
return random() % max;
}

static void play(void *addr, size_t size)
{
unsigned char *start = addr,
      *end = start + size,
      *a;
start += get_random(size/2);

/* we could itterate on huge pages but let's give it more time. */
for (a = start; a < end; a += 4096)
*a = 0;
}

int main(int argc, char **argv)
{
key_t key = IPC_PRIVATE;
size_t sizeA = nr_huge_page_A * huge_page_size;
size_t sizeB = nr_huge_page_B * huge_page_size;
int shmidA, shmidB;
void *addrA = NULL, *addrB = NULL;
int nr_children = 300, n = 0;

if ((shmidA = shmget(key, sizeA, IPC_CREAT|SHM_HUGETLB|0660)) == -1) {
perror("shmget:");
return 1;
}

if ((addrA = shmat(shmidA, addrA, SHM_R|SHM_W)) == (void *)-1UL) {
perror("shmat");
return 1;
}
if ((shmidB = shmget(key, sizeB, IPC_CREAT|SHM_HUGETLB|0660)) == -1) {
perror("shmget:");
return 1;
}

if ((addrB = shmat(shmidB, addrB, SHM_R|SHM_W)) == (void *)-1UL) {
perror("shmat");
return 1;
}

fork_child:
switch(fork()) {
case 0:
switch (n%3) {
case 0:
play(addrA, sizeA);
break;
case 1:
play(addrB, sizeB);
break;
case 2:
break;
}
break;
case -1:
perror("fork:");
break;
default:
if (++n < nr_children)
goto fork_child;
play(addrA, sizeA);
break;
}
shmdt(addrA);
shmdt(addrB);
do {
wait(NULL);
} while (--n > 0);
shmctl(shmidA, IPC_RMID, NULL);
shmctl(shmidB, IPC_RMID, NULL);
return 0;
}

[akpm@linux-foundation.org: name the declaration's args, fix CONFIG_HUGETLBFS=n build]
Signed-off-by: Hugh Dickins <hughd@google.com>
Reviewed-by: Michal Hocko <mhocko@suse.cz>
Signed-off-by: Mel Gorman <mgorman@suse.de>
Cc: <stable@vger.kernel.org>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

7 years agotmpfs: distribute interleave better across nodes
Nathan Zimmer [Tue, 31 Jul 2012 23:46:17 +0000]
tmpfs: distribute interleave better across nodes

When tmpfs has the interleave memory policy, it always starts allocating
for each file from node 0 at offset 0.  When there are many small files,
the lower nodes fill up disproportionately.

This patch spreads out node usage by starting files at nodes other than 0,
by using the inode number to bias the starting node for interleave.

Signed-off-by: Nathan Zimmer <nzimmer@sgi.com>
Signed-off-by: Hugh Dickins <hughd@google.com>
Cc: Christoph Lameter <cl@linux.com>
Cc: Nick Piggin <npiggin@gmail.com>
Cc: Lee Schermerhorn <lee.schermerhorn@hp.com>
Cc: KOSAKI Motohiro <kosaki.motohiro@jp.fujitsu.com>
Cc: Rik van Riel <riel@redhat.com>
Cc: Andi Kleen <andi@firstfloor.org>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

7 years agomm: remove redundant initialization
Minchan Kim [Tue, 31 Jul 2012 23:46:16 +0000]
mm: remove redundant initialization

pg_data_t is zeroed before reaching free_area_init_core(), so remove the
now unnecessary initializations.

Signed-off-by: Minchan Kim <minchan@kernel.org>
Cc: Tejun Heo <tj@kernel.org>
Cc: Ralf Baechle <ralf@linux-mips.org>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

7 years agomm: warn if pg_data_t isn't initialized with zero
Minchan Kim [Tue, 31 Jul 2012 23:46:14 +0000]
mm: warn if pg_data_t isn't initialized with zero

Warn if memory-hotplug/boot code doesn't initialize pg_data_t with zero
when it is allocated.  Arch code and memory hotplug already initiailize
pg_data_t.  So this warning should never happen.  I select fields randomly
near the beginning, middle and end of pg_data_t for checking.

This patch isn't for performance but for removing initialization code
which is necessary to add whenever we adds new field to pg_data_t or zone.

Firstly, Andrew suggested clearing out of pg_data_t in MM core part but
Tejun doesn't like it because in the future, some archs can initialize
some fields in arch code and pass them into general MM part so blindly
clearing it out in mm core part would be very annoying.

Signed-off-by: Minchan Kim <minchan@kernel.org>
Cc: Tejun Heo <tj@kernel.org>
Cc: Ralf Baechle <ralf@linux-mips.org>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

7 years agomips: zero out pg_data_t when it's allocated
Minchan Kim [Tue, 31 Jul 2012 23:46:11 +0000]
mips: zero out pg_data_t when it's allocated

This patch is preparation for the next patch which removes the zeroing of
the pg_data_t in core MM.  All archs except MIPS already do this.

Signed-off-by: Minchan Kim <minchan@kernel.org>
Cc: Ralf Baechle <ralf@linux-mips.org>
Cc: Tejun Heo <tj@kernel.org>

Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

7 years agomemcg: gix memory accounting scalability in shrink_page_list
Tim Chen [Tue, 31 Jul 2012 23:46:08 +0000]
memcg: gix memory accounting scalability in shrink_page_list

I noticed in a multi-process parallel files reading benchmark I ran on a 8
socket machine, throughput slowed down by a factor of 8 when I ran the
benchmark within a cgroup container.  I traced the problem to the
following code path (see below) when we are trying to reclaim memory from
file cache.  The res_counter_uncharge function is called on every page
that's reclaimed and created heavy lock contention.  The patch below
allows the reclaimed pages to be uncharged from the resource counter in
batch and recovered the regression.

Tim

     40.67%           usemem  [kernel.kallsyms]                   [k] _raw_spin_lock
                      |
                      --- _raw_spin_lock
                         |
                         |--92.61%-- res_counter_uncharge
                         |          |
                         |          |--100.00%-- __mem_cgroup_uncharge_common
                         |          |          |
                         |          |          |--100.00%-- mem_cgroup_uncharge_cache_page
                         |          |          |          __remove_mapping
                         |          |          |          shrink_page_list
                         |          |          |          shrink_inactive_list
                         |          |          |          shrink_mem_cgroup_zone
                         |          |          |          shrink_zone
                         |          |          |          do_try_to_free_pages
                         |          |          |          try_to_free_pages
                         |          |          |          __alloc_pages_nodemask
                         |          |          |          alloc_pages_current

Signed-off-by: Tim Chen <tim.c.chen@linux.intel.com>
Acked-by: KAMEZAWA Hiroyuki <kamezawa.hiroyu@jp.fujitsu.com>
Acked-by: Johannes Weiner <hannes@cmpxchg.org>
Acked-by: Kirill A. Shutemov <kirill.shutemov@linux.intel.com>
Cc: Michal Hocko <mhocko@suse.cz>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

7 years agomm/sparse: remove index_init_lock
Gavin Shan [Tue, 31 Jul 2012 23:46:06 +0000]
mm/sparse: remove index_init_lock

sparse_index_init() uses the index_init_lock spinlock to protect root
mem_section assignment.  The lock is not necessary anymore because the
function is called only during boot (during paging init which is executed
only from a single CPU) and from the hotplug code (by add_memory() via
arch_add_memory()) which uses mem_hotplug_mutex.

The lock was introduced by 28ae55c9 ("sparsemem extreme: hotplug
preparation") and sparse_index_init() was used only during boot at that
time.

Later when the hotplug code (and add_memory()) was introduced there was no
synchronization so it was possible to online more sections from the same
root probably (though I am not 100% sure about that).  The first
synchronization has been added by 6ad696d2 ("mm: allow memory hotplug and
hibernation in the same kernel") which was later replaced by the
mem_hotplug_mutex - 20d6c96b ("mem-hotplug: introduce
{un}lock_memory_hotplug()").

Let's remove the lock as it is not needed and it makes the code more
confusing.

[mhocko@suse.cz: changelog]
Signed-off-by: Gavin Shan <shangw@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
Reviewed-by: Michal Hocko <mhocko@suse.cz>
Cc: Michal Hocko <mhocko@suse.cz>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

7 years agomm/sparse: more checks on mem_section number
Gavin Shan [Tue, 31 Jul 2012 23:46:04 +0000]
mm/sparse: more checks on mem_section number

__section_nr() was implemented to retrieve the corresponding memory
section number according to its descriptor.  It's possible that the
specified memory section descriptor doesn't exist in the global array.  So
add more checking on that and report an error for a wrong case.

Signed-off-by: Gavin Shan <shangw@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
Acked-by: David Rientjes <rientjes@google.com>
Cc: Michal Hocko <mhocko@suse.cz>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

7 years agomm/sparse: optimize sparse_index_alloc
Gavin Shan [Tue, 31 Jul 2012 23:46:02 +0000]
mm/sparse: optimize sparse_index_alloc

With CONFIG_SPARSEMEM_EXTREME, the two levels of memory section
descriptors are allocated from slab or bootmem.  When allocating from
slab, let slab/bootmem allocator clear the memory chunk.  We needn't clear
it explicitly.

Signed-off-by: Gavin Shan <shangw@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
Reviewed-by: Michal Hocko <mhocko@suse.cz>
Acked-by: David Rientjes <rientjes@google.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

7 years agomemcg: add mem_cgroup_from_css() helper
Wanpeng Li [Tue, 31 Jul 2012 23:46:01 +0000]
memcg: add mem_cgroup_from_css() helper

Add a mem_cgroup_from_css() helper to replace open-coded invokations of
container_of().  To clarify the code and to add a little more type safety.

[akpm@linux-foundation.org: fix extensive breakage]
Signed-off-by: Wanpeng Li <liwanp@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
Acked-by: Michal Hocko <mhocko@suse.cz>
Cc: Johannes Weiner <hannes@cmpxchg.org>
Cc: KAMEZAWA Hiroyuki <kamezawa.hiroyu@jp.fujitsu.com>
Cc: Gavin Shan <shangw@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
Cc: Wanpeng Li <liwanp@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
Cc: Gavin Shan <shangw@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
Cc: Johannes Weiner <hannes@cmpxchg.org>
Cc: KAMEZAWA Hiroyuki <kamezawa.hiroyu@jp.fujitsu.com>
Cc: Michal Hocko <mhocko@suse.cz>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

7 years agomemcg: further prevent OOM with too many dirty pages
Hugh Dickins [Tue, 31 Jul 2012 23:45:59 +0000]
memcg: further prevent OOM with too many dirty pages

The may_enter_fs test turns out to be too restrictive: though I saw no
problem with it when testing on 3.5-rc6, it very soon OOMed when I tested
on 3.5-rc6-mm1.  I don't know what the difference there is, perhaps I just
slightly changed the way I started off the testing: dd if=/dev/zero
of=/mnt/temp bs=1M count=1024; rm -f /mnt/temp; sync repeatedly, in 20M
memory.limit_in_bytes cgroup to ext4 on USB stick.

ext4 (and gfs2 and xfs) turn out to allocate new pages for writing with
AOP_FLAG_NOFS: that seems a little worrying, and it's unclear to me why
the transaction needs to be started even before allocating pagecache
memory.  But it may not be worth worrying about these days: if direct
reclaim avoids FS writeback, does __GFP_FS now mean anything?

Anyway, we insisted on the may_enter_fs test to avoid hangs with the loop
device; but since that also masks off __GFP_IO, we can test for __GFP_IO
directly, ignoring may_enter_fs and __GFP_FS.

But even so, the test still OOMs sometimes: when originally testing on
3.5-rc6, it OOMed about one time in five or ten; when testing just now on
3.5-rc6-mm1, it OOMed on the first iteration.

This residual problem comes from an accumulation of pages under ordinary
writeback, not marked PageReclaim, so rightly not causing the memcg check
to wait on their writeback: these too can prevent shrink_page_list() from
freeing any pages, so many times that memcg reclaim fails and OOMs.

Deal with these in the same way as direct reclaim now deals with dirty FS
pages: mark them PageReclaim.  It is appropriate to rotate these to tail
of list when writepage completes, but more importantly, the PageReclaim
flag makes memcg reclaim wait on them if encountered again.  Increment
NR_VMSCAN_IMMEDIATE?  That's arguable: I chose not.

Setting PageReclaim here may occasionally race with end_page_writeback()
clearing it: lru_deactivate_fn() already faced the same race, and
correctly concluded that the window is small and the issue non-critical.

With these changes, the test runs indefinitely without OOMing on ext4,
ext3 and ext2: I'll move on to test with other filesystems later.

Trivia: invert conditions for a clearer block without an else, and goto
keep_locked to do the unlock_page.

Signed-off-by: Hugh Dickins <hughd@google.com>
Cc: KAMEZAWA Hiroyuki <kamezawa.hiroyu@jp.fujtisu.com>
Cc: Minchan Kim <minchan@kernel.org>
Cc: Rik van Riel <riel@redhat.com>
Cc: Ying Han <yinghan@google.com>
Cc: Greg Thelen <gthelen@google.com>
Cc: Hugh Dickins <hughd@google.com>
Cc: Mel Gorman <mgorman@suse.de>
Cc: Johannes Weiner <hannes@cmpxchg.org>
Cc: Fengguang Wu <fengguang.wu@intel.com>
Acked-by: Michal Hocko <mhocko@suse.cz>
Cc: Dave Chinner <david@fromorbit.com>
Cc: Theodore Ts'o <tytso@mit.edu>
Cc: <stable@vger.kernel.org>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

7 years agomemcg: prevent OOM with too many dirty pages
Michal Hocko [Tue, 31 Jul 2012 23:45:55 +0000]
memcg: prevent OOM with too many dirty pages

The current implementation of dirty pages throttling is not memcg aware
which makes it easy to have memcg LRUs full of dirty pages.  Without
throttling, these LRUs can be scanned faster than the rate of writeback,
leading to memcg OOM conditions when the hard limit is small.

This patch fixes the problem by throttling the allocating process
(possibly a writer) during the hard limit reclaim by waiting on
PageReclaim pages.  We are waiting only for PageReclaim pages because
those are the pages that made one full round over LRU and that means that
the writeback is much slower than scanning.

The solution is far from being ideal - long term solution is memcg aware
dirty throttling - but it is meant to be a band aid until we have a real
fix.  We are seeing this happening during nightly backups which are placed
into containers to prevent from eviction of the real working set.

The change affects only memcg reclaim and only when we encounter
PageReclaim pages which is a signal that the reclaim doesn't catch up on
with the writers so somebody should be throttled.  This could be
potentially unfair because it could be somebody else from the group who
gets throttled on behalf of the writer but as writers need to allocate as
well and they allocate in higher rate the probability that only innocent
processes would be penalized is not that high.

I have tested this change by a simple dd copying /dev/zero to tmpfs or
ext3 running under small memcg (1G copy under 5M, 60M, 300M and 2G
containers) and dd got killed by OOM killer every time.  With the patch I
could run the dd with the same size under 5M controller without any OOM.
The issue is more visible with slower devices for output.

* With the patch
================
* tmpfs size=2G
---------------
$ vim cgroup_cache_oom_test.sh
$ ./cgroup_cache_oom_test.sh 5M
using Limit 5M for group
1000+0 records in
1000+0 records out
1048576000 bytes (1.0 GB) copied, 30.4049 s, 34.5 MB/s
$ ./cgroup_cache_oom_test.sh 60M
using Limit 60M for group
1000+0 records in
1000+0 records out
1048576000 bytes (1.0 GB) copied, 31.4561 s, 33.3 MB/s
$ ./cgroup_cache_oom_test.sh 300M
using Limit 300M for group
1000+0 records in
1000+0 records out
1048576000 bytes (1.0 GB) copied, 20.4618 s, 51.2 MB/s
$ ./cgroup_cache_oom_test.sh 2G
using Limit 2G for group
1000+0 records in
1000+0 records out
1048576000 bytes (1.0 GB) copied, 1.42172 s, 738 MB/s

* ext3
------
$ ./cgroup_cache_oom_test.sh 5M
using Limit 5M for group
1000+0 records in
1000+0 records out
1048576000 bytes (1.0 GB) copied, 27.9547 s, 37.5 MB/s
$ ./cgroup_cache_oom_test.sh 60M
using Limit 60M for group
1000+0 records in
1000+0 records out
1048576000 bytes (1.0 GB) copied, 30.3221 s, 34.6 MB/s
$ ./cgroup_cache_oom_test.sh 300M
using Limit 300M for group
1000+0 records in
1000+0 records out
1048576000 bytes (1.0 GB) copied, 24.5764 s, 42.7 MB/s
$ ./cgroup_cache_oom_test.sh 2G
using Limit 2G for group
1000+0 records in
1000+0 records out
1048576000 bytes (1.0 GB) copied, 3.35828 s, 312 MB/s

* Without the patch
===================
* tmpfs size=2G
---------------
$ ./cgroup_cache_oom_test.sh 5M
using Limit 5M for group
./cgroup_cache_oom_test.sh: line 46:  4668 Killed                  dd if=/dev/zero of=$OUT/zero bs=1M count=$count
$ ./cgroup_cache_oom_test.sh 60M
using Limit 60M for group
1000+0 records in
1000+0 records out
1048576000 bytes (1.0 GB) copied, 25.4989 s, 41.1 MB/s
$ ./cgroup_cache_oom_test.sh 300M
using Limit 300M for group
1000+0 records in
1000+0 records out
1048576000 bytes (1.0 GB) copied, 24.3928 s, 43.0 MB/s
$ ./cgroup_cache_oom_test.sh 2G
using Limit 2G for group
1000+0 records in
1000+0 records out
1048576000 bytes (1.0 GB) copied, 1.49797 s, 700 MB/s

* ext3
------
$ ./cgroup_cache_oom_test.sh 5M
using Limit 5M for group
./cgroup_cache_oom_test.sh: line 46:  4689 Killed                  dd if=/dev/zero of=$OUT/zero bs=1M count=$count
$ ./cgroup_cache_oom_test.sh 60M
using Limit 60M for group
./cgroup_cache_oom_test.sh: line 46:  4692 Killed                  dd if=/dev/zero of=$OUT/zero bs=1M count=$count
$ ./cgroup_cache_oom_test.sh 300M
using Limit 300M for group
1000+0 records in
1000+0 records out
1048576000 bytes (1.0 GB) copied, 20.248 s, 51.8 MB/s
$ ./cgroup_cache_oom_test.sh 2G
using Limit 2G for group
1000+0 records in
1000+0 records out
1048576000 bytes (1.0 GB) copied, 2.85201 s, 368 MB/s

[akpm@linux-foundation.org: tweak changelog, reordered the test to optimize for CONFIG_CGROUP_MEM_RES_CTLR=n]
[hughd@google.com: fix deadlock with loop driver]
Cc: KAMEZAWA Hiroyuki <kamezawa.hiroyu@jp.fujtisu.com>
Cc: Minchan Kim <minchan@kernel.org>
Cc: Rik van Riel <riel@redhat.com>
Cc: Ying Han <yinghan@google.com>
Cc: Greg Thelen <gthelen@google.com>
Cc: Hugh Dickins <hughd@google.com>
Reviewed-by: Mel Gorman <mgorman@suse.de>
Acked-by: Johannes Weiner <hannes@cmpxchg.org>
Reviewed-by: Fengguang Wu <fengguang.wu@intel.com>
Signed-off-by: Michal Hocko <mhocko@suse.cz>
Cc: <stable@vger.kernel.org>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

7 years agomm: mmu_notifier: fix freed page still mapped in secondary MMU
Xiao Guangrong [Tue, 31 Jul 2012 23:45:52 +0000]
mm: mmu_notifier: fix freed page still mapped in secondary MMU

mmu_notifier_release() is called when the process is exiting.  It will
delete all the mmu notifiers.  But at this time the page belonging to the
process is still present in page tables and is present on the LRU list, so
this race will happen:

      CPU 0                 CPU 1
mmu_notifier_release:    try_to_unmap:
   hlist_del_init_rcu(&mn->hlist);
                            ptep_clear_flush_notify:
                                  mmu nofifler not found
                            free page  !!!!!!
                            /*
                             * At the point, the page has been
                             * freed, but it is still mapped in
                             * the secondary MMU.
                             */

  mn->ops->release(mn, mm);

Then the box is not stable and sometimes we can get this bug:

[  738.075923] BUG: Bad page state in process migrate-perf  pfn:03bec
[  738.075931] page:ffffea00000efb00 count:0 mapcount:0 mapping:          (null) index:0x8076
[  738.075936] page flags: 0x20000000000014(referenced|dirty)

The same issue is present in mmu_notifier_unregister().

We can call ->release before deleting the notifier to ensure the page has
been unmapped from the secondary MMU before it is freed.

Signed-off-by: Xiao Guangrong <xiaoguangrong@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
Cc: Avi Kivity <avi@redhat.com>
Cc: Marcelo Tosatti <mtosatti@redhat.com>
Cc: Paul Gortmaker <paul.gortmaker@windriver.com>
Cc: Andrea Arcangeli <aarcange@redhat.com>
Cc: <stable@vger.kernel.org>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

7 years agomm: memcg: only check anon swapin page charges for swap cache
Johannes Weiner [Tue, 31 Jul 2012 23:45:50 +0000]
mm: memcg: only check anon swapin page charges for swap cache

shmem knows for sure that the page is in swap cache when attempting to
charge a page, because the cache charge entry function has a check for it.
Only anon pages may be removed from swap cache already when trying to
charge their swapin.

Adjust the comment, though: '4969c11 mm: fix swapin race condition' added
a stable PageSwapCache check under the page lock in the do_swap_page()
before calling the memory controller, so it's unuse_pte()'s pte_same()
that may fail.

Signed-off-by: Johannes Weiner <hannes@cmpxchg.org>
Acked-by: KAMEZAWA Hiroyuki <kamezawa.hiroyu@jp.fujitsu.com>
Acked-by: Michal Hocko <mhocko@suse.cz>
Cc: David Rientjes <rientjes@google.com>
Cc: Hugh Dickins <hughd@google.com>
Cc: Johannes Weiner <hannes@cmpxchg.org>
Cc: Wanpeng Li <liwp.linux@gmail.com>
Cc: Mel Gorman <mel@csn.ul.ie>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

7 years agomm: memcg: only check swap cache pages for repeated charging
Johannes Weiner [Tue, 31 Jul 2012 23:45:47 +0000]
mm: memcg: only check swap cache pages for repeated charging

Only anon and shmem pages in the swap cache are attempted to be charged
multiple times, from every swap pte fault or from shmem_unuse().  No other
pages require checking PageCgroupUsed().

Charging pages in the swap cache is also serialized by the page lock, and
since both the try_charge and commit_charge are called under the same page
lock section, the PageCgroupUsed() check might as well happen before the
counter charging, let alone reclaim.

Signed-off-by: Johannes Weiner <hannes@cmpxchg.org>
Acked-by: KAMEZAWA Hiroyuki <kamezawa.hiroyu@jp.fujitsu.com>
Acked-by: Michal Hocko <mhocko@suse.cz>
Cc: David Rientjes <rientjes@google.com>
Cc: Hugh Dickins <hughd@google.com>
Cc: Johannes Weiner <hannes@cmpxchg.org>
Cc: Wanpeng Li <liwp.linux@gmail.com>
Cc: Mel Gorman <mel@csn.ul.ie>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

7 years agomm: memcg: split swapin charge function into private and public part
Johannes Weiner [Tue, 31 Jul 2012 23:45:43 +0000]
mm: memcg: split swapin charge function into private and public part

When shmem is charged upon swapin, it does not need to check twice whether
the memory controller is enabled.

Also, shmem pages do not have to be checked for everything that regular
anon pages have to be checked for, so let shmem use the internal version
directly and allow future patches to move around checks that are only
required when swapping in anon pages.

Signed-off-by: Johannes Weiner <hannes@cmpxchg.org>
Acked-by: KAMEZAWA Hiroyuki <kamezawa.hiroyu@jp.fujitsu.com>
Acked-by: Michal Hocko <mhocko@suse.cz>
Cc: David Rientjes <rientjes@google.com>
Cc: Hugh Dickins <hughd@google.com>
Cc: Johannes Weiner <hannes@cmpxchg.org>
Cc: Wanpeng Li <liwp.linux@gmail.com>
Cc: Mel Gorman <mel@csn.ul.ie>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

7 years agomm: memcg: remove needless !mm fixup to init_mm when charging
Johannes Weiner [Tue, 31 Jul 2012 23:45:40 +0000]
mm: memcg: remove needless !mm fixup to init_mm when charging

It does not matter to __mem_cgroup_try_charge() if the passed mm is NULL
or init_mm, it will charge the root memcg in either case.

Also fix up the comment in __mem_cgroup_try_charge() that claimed the
init_mm would be charged when no mm was passed.  It's not really
incorrect, but confusing.  Clarify that the root memcg is charged in this
case.

Signed-off-by: Johannes Weiner <hannes@cmpxchg.org>
Acked-by: KAMEZAWA Hiroyuki <kamezawa.hiroyu@jp.fujitsu.com>
Acked-by: Michal Hocko <mhocko@suse.cz>
Cc: David Rientjes <rientjes@google.com>
Cc: Hugh Dickins <hughd@google.com>
Cc: Johannes Weiner <hannes@cmpxchg.org>
Cc: Wanpeng Li <liwp.linux@gmail.com>
Cc: Mel Gorman <mel@csn.ul.ie>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

7 years agomm: memcg: remove unneeded shmem charge type
Johannes Weiner [Tue, 31 Jul 2012 23:45:39 +0000]
mm: memcg: remove unneeded shmem charge type

shmem page charges have not needed a separate charge type to tell them
from regular file pages since 08e552c ("memcg: synchronized LRU").

Signed-off-by: Johannes Weiner <hannes@cmpxchg.org>
Acked-by: KAMEZAWA Hiroyuki <kamezawa.hiroyu@jp.fujitsu.com>
Acked-by: Michal Hocko <mhocko@suse.cz>
Cc: David Rientjes <rientjes@google.com>
Cc: Hugh Dickins <hughd@google.com>
Cc: Johannes Weiner <hannes@cmpxchg.org>
Cc: Wanpeng Li <liwp.linux@gmail.com>
Cc: Mel Gorman <mel@csn.ul.ie>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

7 years agomm: memcg: move swapin charge functions above callsites
Johannes Weiner [Tue, 31 Jul 2012 23:45:36 +0000]
mm: memcg: move swapin charge functions above callsites

Charging cache pages may require swapin in the shmem case.  Save the
forward declaration and just move the swapin functions above the cache
charging functions.

Signed-off-by: Johannes Weiner <hannes@cmpxchg.org>
Acked-by: KAMEZAWA Hiroyuki <kamezawa.hiroyu@jp.fujitsu.com>
Acked-by: Michal Hocko <mhocko@suse.cz>
Cc: David Rientjes <rientjes@google.com>
Cc: Hugh Dickins <hughd@google.com>
Cc: Johannes Weiner <hannes@cmpxchg.org>
Cc: Wanpeng Li <liwp.linux@gmail.com>
Cc: Mel Gorman <mel@csn.ul.ie>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

7 years agomm: memcg: only check for PageSwapCache when uncharging anon
Johannes Weiner [Tue, 31 Jul 2012 23:45:34 +0000]
mm: memcg: only check for PageSwapCache when uncharging anon

Only anon pages that are uncharged at the time of the last page table
mapping vanishing may be in swapcache.

When shmem pages, file pages, swap-freed anon pages, or just migrated
pages are uncharged, they are known for sure to be not in swapcache.

Signed-off-by: Johannes Weiner <hannes@cmpxchg.org>
Acked-by: KAMEZAWA Hiroyuki <kamezawa.hiroyu@jp.fujitsu.com>
Acked-by: Michal Hocko <mhocko@suse.cz>
Cc: David Rientjes <rientjes@google.com>
Cc: Hugh Dickins <hughd@google.com>
Cc: Johannes Weiner <hannes@cmpxchg.org>
Cc: Wanpeng Li <liwp.linux@gmail.com>
Cc: Mel Gorman <mel@csn.ul.ie>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

7 years agomm: memcg: push down PageSwapCache check into uncharge entry functions
Johannes Weiner [Tue, 31 Jul 2012 23:45:31 +0000]
mm: memcg: push down PageSwapCache check into uncharge entry functions

Not all uncharge paths need to check if the page is swapcache, some of
them can know for sure.

Push down the check into all callsites of uncharge_common() so that the
patch that removes some of them is more obvious.

Signed-off-by: Johannes Weiner <hannes@cmpxchg.org>
Acked-by: Michal Hocko <mhocko@suse.cz>
Cc: David Rientjes <rientjes@google.com>
Cc: Hugh Dickins <hughd@google.com>
Cc: Johannes Weiner <hannes@cmpxchg.org>
Acked-by: KAMEZAWA Hiroyuki <kamezawa.hiroyu@jp.fujitsu.com>
Cc: Wanpeng Li <liwp.linux@gmail.com>
Cc: Mel Gorman <mel@csn.ul.ie>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

7 years agomm: swapfile: clean up unuse_pte race handling
Johannes Weiner [Tue, 31 Jul 2012 23:45:28 +0000]
mm: swapfile: clean up unuse_pte race handling

The conditional mem_cgroup_cancel_charge_swapin() is a leftover from when
the function would continue to reestablish the page even after
mem_cgroup_try_charge_swapin() failed.  After 85d9fc8 "memcg: fix refcnt
handling at swapoff", the condition is always true when this code is
reached.

Signed-off-by: Johannes Weiner <hannes@cmpxchg.org>
Acked-by: KAMEZAWA Hiroyuki <kamezawa.hiroyu@jp.fujitsu.com>
Acked-by: Michal Hocko <mhocko@suse.cz>
Cc: Hugh Dickins <hughd@google.com>
Cc: Johannes Weiner <hannes@cmpxchg.org>
Cc: Michal Hocko <mhocko@suse.cz>
Cc: Wanpeng Li <liwp.linux@gmail.com>
Cc: Mel Gorman <mel@csn.ul.ie>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

7 years agomm: memcg: fix compaction/migration failing due to memcg limits
Johannes Weiner [Tue, 31 Jul 2012 23:45:25 +0000]
mm: memcg: fix compaction/migration failing due to memcg limits

Compaction (and page migration in general) can currently be hindered
through pages being owned by memory cgroups that are at their limits and
unreclaimable.

The reason is that the replacement page is being charged against the limit
while the page being replaced is also still charged.  But this seems
unnecessary, given that only one of the two pages will still be in use
after migration finishes.

This patch changes the memcg migration sequence so that the replacement
page is not charged.  Whatever page is still in use after successful or
failed migration gets to keep the charge of the page that was going to be
replaced.

The replacement page will still show up temporarily in the rss/cache
statistics, this can be fixed in a later patch as it's less urgent.

Reported-by: David Rientjes <rientjes@google.com>
Signed-off-by: Johannes Weiner <hannes@cmpxchg.org>
Acked-by: KAMEZAWA Hiroyuki <kamezawa.hiroyu@jp.fujitsu.com>
Acked-by: Michal Hocko <mhocko@suse.cz>
Cc: Hugh Dickins <hughd@google.com>
Cc: David Rientjes <rientjes@google.com>
Cc: Wanpeng Li <liwp.linux@gmail.com>
Cc: Mel Gorman <mel@csn.ul.ie>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

7 years agoswapfile: avoid dereferencing bd_disk during swap_entry_free for network storage
Mel Gorman [Tue, 31 Jul 2012 23:45:20 +0000]
swapfile: avoid dereferencing bd_disk during swap_entry_free for network storage

Commit b3a27d ("swap: Add swap slot free callback to
block_device_operations") dereferences p->bdev->bd_disk but this is a NULL
dereference if using swap-over-NFS.  This patch checks SWP_BLKDEV on the
swap_info_struct before dereferencing.

With reference to this callback, Christoph Hellwig stated "Please just
remove the callback entirely.  It has no user outside the staging tree and
was added clearly against the rules for that staging tree".  This would
also be my preference but there was not an obvious way of keeping zram in
staging/ happy.

Signed-off-by: Xiaotian Feng <dfeng@redhat.com>
Signed-off-by: Mel Gorman <mgorman@suse.de>
Acked-by: Rik van Riel <riel@redhat.com>
Cc: Christoph Hellwig <hch@infradead.org>
Cc: David S. Miller <davem@davemloft.net>
Cc: Eric B Munson <emunson@mgebm.net>
Cc: Eric Paris <eparis@redhat.com>
Cc: James Morris <jmorris@namei.org>
Cc: Mel Gorman <mgorman@suse.de>
Cc: Mike Christie <michaelc@cs.wisc.edu>
Cc: Neil Brown <neilb@suse.de>
Cc: Peter Zijlstra <a.p.zijlstra@chello.nl>
Cc: Sebastian Andrzej Siewior <sebastian@breakpoint.cc>
Cc: Trond Myklebust <Trond.Myklebust@netapp.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

7 years agonfs: prevent page allocator recursions with swap over NFS.
Mel Gorman [Tue, 31 Jul 2012 23:45:16 +0000]
nfs: prevent page allocator recursions with swap over NFS.

GFP_NOFS is _more_ permissive than GFP_NOIO in that it will initiate IO,
just not of any filesystem data.

The problem is that previously NOFS was correct because that avoids
recursion into the NFS code.  With swap-over-NFS, it is no longer correct
as swap IO can lead to this recursion.

Signed-off-by: Peter Zijlstra <a.p.zijlstra@chello.nl>
Signed-off-by: Mel Gorman <mgorman@suse.de>
Acked-by: Rik van Riel <riel@redhat.com>
Cc: Christoph Hellwig <hch@infradead.org>
Cc: David S. Miller <davem@davemloft.net>
Cc: Eric B Munson <emunson@mgebm.net>
Cc: Eric Paris <eparis@redhat.com>
Cc: James Morris <jmorris@namei.org>
Cc: Mel Gorman <mgorman@suse.de>
Cc: Mike Christie <michaelc@cs.wisc.edu>
Cc: Neil Brown <neilb@suse.de>
Cc: Sebastian Andrzej Siewior <sebastian@breakpoint.cc>
Cc: Trond Myklebust <Trond.Myklebust@netapp.com>
Cc: Xiaotian Feng <dfeng@redhat.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

7 years agonfs: enable swap on NFS
Mel Gorman [Tue, 31 Jul 2012 23:45:12 +0000]
nfs: enable swap on NFS

Implement the new swapfile a_ops for NFS and hook up ->direct_IO.  This
will set the NFS socket to SOCK_MEMALLOC and run socket reconnect under
PF_MEMALLOC as well as reset SOCK_MEMALLOC before engaging the protocol
->connect() method.

PF_MEMALLOC should allow the allocation of struct socket and related
objects and the early (re)setting of SOCK_MEMALLOC should allow us to
receive the packets required for the TCP connection buildup.

[jlayton@redhat.com: Restore PF_MEMALLOC task flags in all cases]
[dfeng@redhat.com: Fix handling of multiple swap files]
[a.p.zijlstra@chello.nl: Original patch]
Signed-off-by: Mel Gorman <mgorman@suse.de>
Acked-by: Rik van Riel <riel@redhat.com>
Cc: Christoph Hellwig <hch@infradead.org>
Cc: David S. Miller <davem@davemloft.net>
Cc: Eric B Munson <emunson@mgebm.net>
Cc: Eric Paris <eparis@redhat.com>
Cc: James Morris <jmorris@namei.org>
Cc: Mel Gorman <mgorman@suse.de>
Cc: Mike Christie <michaelc@cs.wisc.edu>
Cc: Neil Brown <neilb@suse.de>
Cc: Sebastian Andrzej Siewior <sebastian@breakpoint.cc>
Cc: Trond Myklebust <Trond.Myklebust@netapp.com>
Cc: Xiaotian Feng <dfeng@redhat.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

7 years agonfs: disable data cache revalidation for swapfiles
Mel Gorman [Tue, 31 Jul 2012 23:45:10 +0000]
nfs: disable data cache revalidation for swapfiles

The VM does not like PG_private set on PG_swapcache pages.  As suggested
by Trond in http://lkml.org/lkml/2006/8/25/348, this patch disables NFS
data cache revalidation on swap files.  as it does not make sense to have
other clients change the file while it is being used as swap.  This avoids
setting PG_private on swap pages, since there ought to be no further races
with invalidate_inode_pages2() to deal with.

Since we cannot set PG_private we cannot use page->private which is
already used by PG_swapcache pages to store the nfs_page.  Thus augment
the new nfs_page_find_request logic.

Signed-off-by: Peter Zijlstra <a.p.zijlstra@chello.nl>
Signed-off-by: Mel Gorman <mgorman@suse.de>
Acked-by: Rik van Riel <riel@redhat.com>
Cc: Christoph Hellwig <hch@infradead.org>
Cc: David S. Miller <davem@davemloft.net>
Cc: Eric B Munson <emunson@mgebm.net>
Cc: Eric Paris <eparis@redhat.com>
Cc: James Morris <jmorris@namei.org>
Cc: Mel Gorman <mgorman@suse.de>
Cc: Mike Christie <michaelc@cs.wisc.edu>
Cc: Neil Brown <neilb@suse.de>
Cc: Sebastian Andrzej Siewior <sebastian@breakpoint.cc>
Cc: Trond Myklebust <Trond.Myklebust@netapp.com>
Cc: Xiaotian Feng <dfeng@redhat.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

7 years agonfs: teach the NFS client how to treat PG_swapcache pages
Mel Gorman [Tue, 31 Jul 2012 23:45:06 +0000]
nfs: teach the NFS client how to treat PG_swapcache pages

Replace all relevant occurences of page->index and page->mapping in the
NFS client with the new page_file_index() and page_file_mapping()
functions.

Signed-off-by: Peter Zijlstra <a.p.zijlstra@chello.nl>
Signed-off-by: Mel Gorman <mgorman@suse.de>
Acked-by: Rik van Riel <riel@redhat.com>
Cc: Christoph Hellwig <hch@infradead.org>
Cc: David S. Miller <davem@davemloft.net>
Cc: Eric B Munson <emunson@mgebm.net>
Cc: Eric Paris <eparis@redhat.com>
Cc: James Morris <jmorris@namei.org>
Cc: Mel Gorman <mgorman@suse.de>
Cc: Mike Christie <michaelc@cs.wisc.edu>
Cc: Neil Brown <neilb@suse.de>
Cc: Sebastian Andrzej Siewior <sebastian@breakpoint.cc>
Cc: Trond Myklebust <Trond.Myklebust@netapp.com>
Cc: Xiaotian Feng <dfeng@redhat.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

7 years agomm: add support for direct_IO to highmem pages
Mel Gorman [Tue, 31 Jul 2012 23:45:02 +0000]
mm: add support for direct_IO to highmem pages

The patch "mm: add support for a filesystem to activate swap files and use
direct_IO for writing swap pages" added support for using direct_IO to
write swap pages but it is insufficient for highmem pages.

To support highmem pages, this patch kmaps() the page before calling the
direct_IO() handler.  As direct_IO deals with virtual addresses an
additional helper is necessary for get_kernel_pages() to lookup the struct
page for a kmap virtual address.

Signed-off-by: Mel Gorman <mgorman@suse.de>
Acked-by: Rik van Riel <riel@redhat.com>
Cc: Christoph Hellwig <hch@infradead.org>
Cc: David S. Miller <davem@davemloft.net>
Cc: Eric B Munson <emunson@mgebm.net>
Cc: Eric Paris <eparis@redhat.com>
Cc: James Morris <jmorris@namei.org>
Cc: Mel Gorman <mgorman@suse.de>
Cc: Mike Christie <michaelc@cs.wisc.edu>
Cc: Neil Brown <neilb@suse.de>
Cc: Peter Zijlstra <a.p.zijlstra@chello.nl>
Cc: Sebastian Andrzej Siewior <sebastian@breakpoint.cc>
Cc: Trond Myklebust <Trond.Myklebust@netapp.com>
Cc: Xiaotian Feng <dfeng@redhat.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

7 years agomm: swap: implement generic handler for swap_activate
Mel Gorman [Tue, 31 Jul 2012 23:44:57 +0000]
mm: swap: implement generic handler for swap_activate

The version of swap_activate introduced is sufficient for swap-over-NFS
but would not provide enough information to implement a generic handler.
This patch shuffles things slightly to ensure the same information is
available for aops->swap_activate() as is available to the core.

No functionality change.

Signed-off-by: Mel Gorman <mgorman@suse.de>
Acked-by: Rik van Riel <riel@redhat.com>
Cc: Christoph Hellwig <hch@infradead.org>
Cc: David S. Miller <davem@davemloft.net>
Cc: Eric B Munson <emunson@mgebm.net>
Cc: Eric Paris <eparis@redhat.com>
Cc: James Morris <jmorris@namei.org>
Cc: Mel Gorman <mgorman@suse.de>
Cc: Mike Christie <michaelc@cs.wisc.edu>
Cc: Neil Brown <neilb@suse.de>
Cc: Peter Zijlstra <a.p.zijlstra@chello.nl>
Cc: Sebastian Andrzej Siewior <sebastian@breakpoint.cc>
Cc: Trond Myklebust <Trond.Myklebust@netapp.com>
Cc: Xiaotian Feng <dfeng@redhat.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

7 years agomm: add support for a filesystem to activate swap files and use direct_IO for writing...
Mel Gorman [Tue, 31 Jul 2012 23:44:55 +0000]
mm: add support for a filesystem to activate swap files and use direct_IO for writing swap pages

Currently swapfiles are managed entirely by the core VM by using ->bmap to
allocate space and write to the blocks directly.  This effectively ensures
that the underlying blocks are allocated and avoids the need for the swap
subsystem to locate what physical blocks store offsets within a file.

If the swap subsystem is to use the filesystem information to locate the
blocks, it is critical that information such as block groups, block
bitmaps and the block descriptor table that map the swap file were
resident in memory.  This patch adds address_space_operations that the VM
can call when activating or deactivating swap backed by a file.

  int swap_activate(struct file *);
  int swap_deactivate(struct file *);

The ->swap_activate() method is used to communicate to the file that the
VM relies on it, and the address_space should take adequate measures such
as reserving space in the underlying device, reserving memory for mempools
and pinning information such as the block descriptor table in memory.  The
->swap_deactivate() method is called on sys_swapoff() if ->swap_activate()
returned success.

After a successful swapfile ->swap_activate, the swapfile is marked
SWP_FILE and swapper_space.a_ops will proxy to
sis->swap_file->f_mappings->a_ops using ->direct_io to write swapcache
pages and ->readpage to read.

It is perfectly possible that direct_IO be used to read the swap pages but
it is an unnecessary complication.  Similarly, it is possible that
->writepage be used instead of direct_io to write the pages but filesystem
developers have stated that calling writepage from the VM is undesirable
for a variety of reasons and using direct_IO opens up the possibility of
writing back batches of swap pages in the future.

[a.p.zijlstra@chello.nl: Original patch]
Signed-off-by: Mel Gorman <mgorman@suse.de>
Acked-by: Rik van Riel <riel@redhat.com>
Cc: Christoph Hellwig <hch@infradead.org>
Cc: David S. Miller <davem@davemloft.net>
Cc: Eric B Munson <emunson@mgebm.net>
Cc: Eric Paris <eparis@redhat.com>
Cc: James Morris <jmorris@namei.org>
Cc: Mel Gorman <mgorman@suse.de>
Cc: Mike Christie <michaelc@cs.wisc.edu>
Cc: Neil Brown <neilb@suse.de>
Cc: Peter Zijlstra <a.p.zijlstra@chello.nl>
Cc: Sebastian Andrzej Siewior <sebastian@breakpoint.cc>
Cc: Trond Myklebust <Trond.Myklebust@netapp.com>
Cc: Xiaotian Feng <dfeng@redhat.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

7 years agomm: add get_kernel_page[s] for pinning of kernel addresses for I/O
Mel Gorman [Tue, 31 Jul 2012 23:44:51 +0000]
mm: add get_kernel_page[s] for pinning of kernel addresses for I/O

This patch adds two new APIs get_kernel_pages() and get_kernel_page() that
may be used to pin a vector of kernel addresses for IO.  The initial user
is expected to be NFS for allowing pages to be written to swap using
aops->direct_IO().  Strictly speaking, swap-over-NFS only needs to pin one
page for IO but it makes sense to express the API in terms of a vector and
add a helper for pinning single pages.

Signed-off-by: Mel Gorman <mgorman@suse.de>
Reviewed-by: Rik van Riel <riel@redhat.com>
Cc: Christoph Hellwig <hch@infradead.org>
Cc: David S. Miller <davem@davemloft.net>
Cc: Eric B Munson <emunson@mgebm.net>
Cc: Eric Paris <eparis@redhat.com>
Cc: James Morris <jmorris@namei.org>
Cc: Mel Gorman <mgorman@suse.de>
Cc: Mike Christie <michaelc@cs.wisc.edu>
Cc: Neil Brown <neilb@suse.de>
Cc: Peter Zijlstra <a.p.zijlstra@chello.nl>
Cc: Sebastian Andrzej Siewior <sebastian@breakpoint.cc>
Cc: Trond Myklebust <Trond.Myklebust@netapp.com>
Cc: Xiaotian Feng <dfeng@redhat.com>
Cc: Mark Salter <msalter@redhat.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

7 years agomm: methods for teaching filesystems about PG_swapcache pages
Mel Gorman [Tue, 31 Jul 2012 23:44:47 +0000]
mm: methods for teaching filesystems about PG_swapcache pages

In order to teach filesystems to handle swap cache pages, three new page
functions are introduced:

  pgoff_t page_file_index(struct page *);
  loff_t page_file_offset(struct page *);
  struct address_space *page_file_mapping(struct page *);

page_file_index() - gives the offset of this page in the file in
PAGE_CACHE_SIZE blocks.  Like page->index is for mapped pages, this
function also gives the correct index for PG_swapcache pages.

page_file_offset() - uses page_file_index(), so that it will give the
expected result, even for PG_swapcache pages.

page_file_mapping() - gives the mapping backing the actual page; that is
for swap cache pages it will give swap_file->f_mapping.

Signed-off-by: Peter Zijlstra <a.p.zijlstra@chello.nl>
Signed-off-by: Mel Gorman <mgorman@suse.de>
Reviewed-by: Rik van Riel <riel@redhat.com>
Cc: Christoph Hellwig <hch@infradead.org>
Cc: David S. Miller <davem@davemloft.net>
Cc: Eric B Munson <emunson@mgebm.net>
Cc: Eric Paris <eparis@redhat.com>
Cc: James Morris <jmorris@namei.org>
Cc: Mel Gorman <mgorman@suse.de>
Cc: Mike Christie <michaelc@cs.wisc.edu>
Cc: Neil Brown <neilb@suse.de>
Cc: Sebastian Andrzej Siewior <sebastian@breakpoint.cc>
Cc: Trond Myklebust <Trond.Myklebust@netapp.com>
Cc: Xiaotian Feng <dfeng@redhat.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

7 years agoselinux: tag avc cache alloc as non-critical
Mel Gorman [Tue, 31 Jul 2012 23:44:44 +0000]
selinux: tag avc cache alloc as non-critical

Failing to allocate a cache entry will only harm performance not
correctness.  Do not consume valuable reserve pages for something like
that.

Signed-off-by: Peter Zijlstra <a.p.zijlstra@chello.nl>
Signed-off-by: Mel Gorman <mgorman@suse.de>
Acked-by: Eric Paris <eparis@redhat.com>
Acked-by: Rik van Riel <riel@redhat.com>
Cc: James Morris <jmorris@namei.org>
Cc: Christoph Hellwig <hch@infradead.org>
Cc: David S. Miller <davem@davemloft.net>
Cc: Eric B Munson <emunson@mgebm.net>
Cc: Mel Gorman <mgorman@suse.de>
Cc: Mike Christie <michaelc@cs.wisc.edu>
Cc: Neil Brown <neilb@suse.de>
Cc: Sebastian Andrzej Siewior <sebastian@breakpoint.cc>
Cc: Trond Myklebust <Trond.Myklebust@netapp.com>
Cc: Xiaotian Feng <dfeng@redhat.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

7 years agonetvm: prevent a stream-specific deadlock
Mel Gorman [Tue, 31 Jul 2012 23:44:41 +0000]
netvm: prevent a stream-specific deadlock

This patch series is based on top of "Swap-over-NBD without deadlocking
v15" as it depends on the same reservation of PF_MEMALLOC reserves logic.

When a user or administrator requires swap for their application, they
create a swap partition and file, format it with mkswap and activate it
with swapon.  In diskless systems this is not an option so if swap if
required then swapping over the network is considered.  The two likely
scenarios are when blade servers are used as part of a cluster where the
form factor or maintenance costs do not allow the use of disks and thin
clients.

The Linux Terminal Server Project recommends the use of the Network Block
Device (NBD) for swap but this is not always an option.  There is no
guarantee that the network attached storage (NAS) device is running Linux
or supports NBD.  However, it is likely that it supports NFS so there are
users that want support for swapping over NFS despite any performance
concern.  Some distributions currently carry patches that support swapping
over NFS but it would be preferable to support it in the mainline kernel.

Patch 1 avoids a stream-specific deadlock that potentially affects TCP.

Patch 2 is a small modification to SELinux to avoid using PFMEMALLOC
reserves.

Patch 3 adds three helpers for filesystems to handle swap cache pages.
For example, page_file_mapping() returns page->mapping for
file-backed pages and the address_space of the underlying
swap file for swap cache pages.

Patch 4 adds two address_space_operations to allow a filesystem
to pin all metadata relevant to a swapfile in memory. Upon
successful activation, the swapfile is marked SWP_FILE and
the address space operation ->direct_IO is used for writing
and ->readpage for reading in swap pages.

Patch 5 notes that patch 3 is bolting
filesystem-specific-swapfile-support onto the side and that
the default handlers have different information to what
is available to the filesystem. This patch refactors the
code so that there are generic handlers for each of the new
address_space operations.

Patch 6 adds an API to allow a vector of kernel addresses to be
translated to struct pages and pinned for IO.

Patch 7 adds support for using highmem pages for swap by kmapping
the pages before calling the direct_IO handler.

Patch 8 updates NFS to use the helpers from patch 3 where necessary.

Patch 9 avoids setting PF_private on PG_swapcache pages within NFS.

Patch 10 implements the new swapfile-related address_space operations
for NFS and teaches the direct IO handler how to manage
kernel addresses.

Patch 11 prevents page allocator recursions in NFS by using GFP_NOIO
where appropriate.

Patch 12 fixes a NULL pointer dereference that occurs when using
swap-over-NFS.

With the patches applied, it is possible to mount a swapfile that is on an
NFS filesystem.  Swap performance is not great with a swap stress test
taking roughly twice as long to complete than if the swap device was
backed by NBD.

This patch: netvm: prevent a stream-specific deadlock

It could happen that all !SOCK_MEMALLOC sockets have buffered so much data
that we're over the global rmem limit.  This will prevent SOCK_MEMALLOC
buffers from receiving data, which will prevent userspace from running,
which is needed to reduce the buffered data.

Fix this by exempting the SOCK_MEMALLOC sockets from the rmem limit.  Once
this change it applied, it is important that sockets that set
SOCK_MEMALLOC do not clear the flag until the socket is being torn down.
If this happens, a warning is generated and the tokens reclaimed to avoid
accounting errors until the bug is fixed.

[davem@davemloft.net: Warning about clearing SOCK_MEMALLOC]
Signed-off-by: Peter Zijlstra <a.p.zijlstra@chello.nl>
Signed-off-by: Mel Gorman <mgorman@suse.de>
Acked-by: David S. Miller <davem@davemloft.net>
Acked-by: Rik van Riel <riel@redhat.com>
Cc: Trond Myklebust <Trond.Myklebust@netapp.com>
Cc: Neil Brown <neilb@suse.de>
Cc: Christoph Hellwig <hch@infradead.org>
Cc: Mike Christie <michaelc@cs.wisc.edu>
Cc: Eric B Munson <emunson@mgebm.net>
Cc: Sebastian Andrzej Siewior <sebastian@breakpoint.cc>
Cc: Mel Gorman <mgorman@suse.de>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

7 years agomm: account for the number of times direct reclaimers get throttled
Mel Gorman [Tue, 31 Jul 2012 23:44:39 +0000]
mm: account for the number of times direct reclaimers get throttled

Under significant pressure when writing back to network-backed storage,
direct reclaimers may get throttled.  This is expected to be a short-lived
event and the processes get woken up again but processes do get stalled.
This patch counts how many times such stalling occurs.  It's up to the
administrator whether to reduce these stalls by increasing
min_free_kbytes.

Signed-off-by: Mel Gorman <mgorman@suse.de>
Cc: David Miller <davem@davemloft.net>
Cc: Neil Brown <neilb@suse.de>
Cc: Peter Zijlstra <a.p.zijlstra@chello.nl>
Cc: Mike Christie <michaelc@cs.wisc.edu>
Cc: Eric B Munson <emunson@mgebm.net>
Cc: Eric Dumazet <eric.dumazet@gmail.com>
Cc: Sebastian Andrzej Siewior <sebastian@breakpoint.cc>
Cc: Mel Gorman <mgorman@suse.de>
Cc: Christoph Lameter <cl@linux.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

7 years agomm: throttle direct reclaimers if PF_MEMALLOC reserves are low and swap is backed...
Mel Gorman [Tue, 31 Jul 2012 23:44:35 +0000]
mm: throttle direct reclaimers if PF_MEMALLOC reserves are low and swap is backed by network storage

If swap is backed by network storage such as NBD, there is a risk that a
large number of reclaimers can hang the system by consuming all
PF_MEMALLOC reserves.  To avoid these hangs, the administrator must tune
min_free_kbytes in advance which is a bit fragile.

This patch throttles direct reclaimers if half the PF_MEMALLOC reserves
are in use.  If the system is routinely getting throttled the system
administrator can increase min_free_kbytes so degradation is smoother but
the system will keep running.

Signed-off-by: Mel Gorman <mgorman@suse.de>
Cc: David Miller <davem@davemloft.net>
Cc: Neil Brown <neilb@suse.de>
Cc: Peter Zijlstra <a.p.zijlstra@chello.nl>
Cc: Mike Christie <michaelc@cs.wisc.edu>
Cc: Eric B Munson <emunson@mgebm.net>
Cc: Eric Dumazet <eric.dumazet@gmail.com>
Cc: Sebastian Andrzej Siewior <sebastian@breakpoint.cc>
Cc: Mel Gorman <mgorman@suse.de>
Cc: Christoph Lameter <cl@linux.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

7 years agonbd: set SOCK_MEMALLOC for access to PFMEMALLOC reserves
Mel Gorman [Tue, 31 Jul 2012 23:44:32 +0000]
nbd: set SOCK_MEMALLOC for access to PFMEMALLOC reserves

Set SOCK_MEMALLOC on the NBD socket to allow access to PFMEMALLOC reserves
so pages backed by NBD, particularly if swap related, can be cleaned to
prevent the machine being deadlocked.  It is still possible that the
PFMEMALLOC reserves get depleted resulting in deadlock but this can be
resolved by the administrator by increasing min_free_kbytes.

Signed-off-by: Mel Gorman <mgorman@suse.de>
Cc: David Miller <davem@davemloft.net>
Cc: Neil Brown <neilb@suse.de>
Cc: Peter Zijlstra <a.p.zijlstra@chello.nl>
Cc: Mike Christie <michaelc@cs.wisc.edu>
Cc: Eric B Munson <emunson@mgebm.net>
Cc: Eric Dumazet <eric.dumazet@gmail.com>
Cc: Sebastian Andrzej Siewior <sebastian@breakpoint.cc>
Cc: Mel Gorman <mgorman@suse.de>
Cc: Christoph Lameter <cl@linux.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

7 years agomm: micro-optimise slab to avoid a function call
Mel Gorman [Tue, 31 Jul 2012 23:44:30 +0000]
mm: micro-optimise slab to avoid a function call

Getting and putting objects in SLAB currently requires a function call but
the bulk of the work is related to PFMEMALLOC reserves which are only
consumed when network-backed storage is critical.  Use an inline function
to determine if the function call is required.

Signed-off-by: Mel Gorman <mgorman@suse.de>
Cc: David Miller <davem@davemloft.net>
Cc: Neil Brown <neilb@suse.de>
Cc: Peter Zijlstra <a.p.zijlstra@chello.nl>
Cc: Mike Christie <michaelc@cs.wisc.edu>
Cc: Eric B Munson <emunson@mgebm.net>
Cc: Eric Dumazet <eric.dumazet@gmail.com>
Cc: Sebastian Andrzej Siewior <sebastian@breakpoint.cc>
Cc: Mel Gorman <mgorman@suse.de>
Cc: Christoph Lameter <cl@linux.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

7 years agonetvm: set PF_MEMALLOC as appropriate during SKB processing
Mel Gorman [Tue, 31 Jul 2012 23:44:26 +0000]
netvm: set PF_MEMALLOC as appropriate during SKB processing

In order to make sure pfmemalloc packets receive all memory needed to
proceed, ensure processing of pfmemalloc SKBs happens under PF_MEMALLOC.
This is limited to a subset of protocols that are expected to be used for
writing to swap.  Taps are not allowed to use PF_MEMALLOC as these are
expected to communicate with userspace processes which could be paged out.

[a.p.zijlstra@chello.nl: Ideas taken from various patches]
[jslaby@suse.cz: Lock imbalance fix]
Signed-off-by: Mel Gorman <mgorman@suse.de>
Acked-by: David S. Miller <davem@davemloft.net>
Cc: Neil Brown <neilb@suse.de>
Cc: Peter Zijlstra <a.p.zijlstra@chello.nl>
Cc: Mike Christie <michaelc@cs.wisc.edu>
Cc: Eric B Munson <emunson@mgebm.net>
Cc: Eric Dumazet <eric.dumazet@gmail.com>
Cc: Sebastian Andrzej Siewior <sebastian@breakpoint.cc>
Cc: Mel Gorman <mgorman@suse.de>
Cc: Christoph Lameter <cl@linux.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

7 years agonetvm: propagate page->pfmemalloc from skb_alloc_page to skb
Mel Gorman [Tue, 31 Jul 2012 23:44:24 +0000]
netvm: propagate page->pfmemalloc from skb_alloc_page to skb

The skb->pfmemalloc flag gets set to true iff during the slab allocation
of data in __alloc_skb that the the PFMEMALLOC reserves were used.  If
page splitting is used, it is possible that pages will be allocated from
the PFMEMALLOC reserve without propagating this information to the skb.
This patch propagates page->pfmemalloc from pages allocated for fragments
to the skb.

It works by reintroducing and expanding the skb_alloc_page() API to take
an skb.  If the page was allocated from pfmemalloc reserves, it is
automatically copied.  If the driver allocates the page before the skb, it
should call skb_propagate_pfmemalloc() after the skb is allocated to
ensure the flag is copied properly.

Failure to do so is not critical.  The resulting driver may perform slower
if it is used for swap-over-NBD or swap-over-NFS but it should not result
in failure.

[davem@davemloft.net: API rename and consistency]
Signed-off-by: Mel Gorman <mgorman@suse.de>
Acked-by: David S. Miller <davem@davemloft.net>
Cc: Neil Brown <neilb@suse.de>
Cc: Peter Zijlstra <a.p.zijlstra@chello.nl>
Cc: Mike Christie <michaelc@cs.wisc.edu>
Cc: Eric B Munson <emunson@mgebm.net>
Cc: Eric Dumazet <eric.dumazet@gmail.com>
Cc: Sebastian Andrzej Siewior <sebastian@breakpoint.cc>
Cc: Mel Gorman <mgorman@suse.de>
Cc: Christoph Lameter <cl@linux.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

7 years agonetvm: propagate page->pfmemalloc to skb
Mel Gorman [Tue, 31 Jul 2012 23:44:23 +0000]
netvm: propagate page->pfmemalloc to skb

The skb->pfmemalloc flag gets set to true iff during the slab allocation
of data in __alloc_skb that the the PFMEMALLOC reserves were used.  If the
packet is fragmented, it is possible that pages will be allocated from the
PFMEMALLOC reserve without propagating this information to the skb.  This
patch propagates page->pfmemalloc from pages allocated for fragments to
the skb.

Signed-off-by: Mel Gorman <mgorman@suse.de>
Acked-by: David S. Miller <davem@davemloft.net>
Cc: Neil Brown <neilb@suse.de>
Cc: Peter Zijlstra <a.p.zijlstra@chello.nl>
Cc: Mike Christie <michaelc@cs.wisc.edu>
Cc: Eric B Munson <emunson@mgebm.net>
Cc: Eric Dumazet <eric.dumazet@gmail.com>
Cc: Sebastian Andrzej Siewior <sebastian@breakpoint.cc>
Cc: Mel Gorman <mgorman@suse.de>
Cc: Christoph Lameter <cl@linux.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

7 years agonetvm: allow skb allocation to use PFMEMALLOC reserves
Mel Gorman [Tue, 31 Jul 2012 23:44:19 +0000]
netvm: allow skb allocation to use PFMEMALLOC reserves

Change the skb allocation API to indicate RX usage and use this to fall
back to the PFMEMALLOC reserve when needed.  SKBs allocated from the
reserve are tagged in skb->pfmemalloc.  If an SKB is allocated from the
reserve and the socket is later found to be unrelated to page reclaim, the
packet is dropped so that the memory remains available for page reclaim.
Network protocols are expected to recover from this packet loss.

[a.p.zijlstra@chello.nl: Ideas taken from various patches]
[davem@davemloft.net: Use static branches, coding style corrections]
[sebastian@breakpoint.cc: Avoid unnecessary cast, fix !CONFIG_NET build]
Signed-off-by: Mel Gorman <mgorman@suse.de>
Acked-by: David S. Miller <davem@davemloft.net>
Cc: Neil Brown <neilb@suse.de>
Cc: Peter Zijlstra <a.p.zijlstra@chello.nl>
Cc: Mike Christie <michaelc@cs.wisc.edu>
Cc: Eric B Munson <emunson@mgebm.net>
Cc: Eric Dumazet <eric.dumazet@gmail.com>
Cc: Sebastian Andrzej Siewior <sebastian@breakpoint.cc>
Cc: Mel Gorman <mgorman@suse.de>
Cc: Christoph Lameter <cl@linux.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

7 years agonetvm: allow the use of __GFP_MEMALLOC by specific sockets
Mel Gorman [Tue, 31 Jul 2012 23:44:16 +0000]
netvm: allow the use of __GFP_MEMALLOC by specific sockets

Allow specific sockets to be tagged SOCK_MEMALLOC and use __GFP_MEMALLOC
for their allocations.  These sockets will be able to go below watermarks
and allocate from the emergency reserve.  Such sockets are to be used to
service the VM (iow.  to swap over).  They must be handled kernel side,
exposing such a socket to user-space is a bug.

There is a risk that the reserves be depleted so for now, the
administrator is responsible for increasing min_free_kbytes as necessary
to prevent deadlock for their workloads.

[a.p.zijlstra@chello.nl: Original patches]
Signed-off-by: Mel Gorman <mgorman@suse.de>
Acked-by: David S. Miller <davem@davemloft.net>
Cc: Neil Brown <neilb@suse.de>
Cc: Peter Zijlstra <a.p.zijlstra@chello.nl>
Cc: Mike Christie <michaelc@cs.wisc.edu>
Cc: Eric B Munson <emunson@mgebm.net>
Cc: Eric Dumazet <eric.dumazet@gmail.com>
Cc: Sebastian Andrzej Siewior <sebastian@breakpoint.cc>
Cc: Mel Gorman <mgorman@suse.de>
Cc: Christoph Lameter <cl@linux.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

7 years agonet: introduce sk_gfp_atomic() to allow addition of GFP flags depending on the indivi...
Mel Gorman [Tue, 31 Jul 2012 23:44:14 +0000]
net: introduce sk_gfp_atomic() to allow addition of GFP flags depending on the individual socket

Introduce sk_gfp_atomic(), this function allows to inject sock specific
flags to each sock related allocation.  It is only used on allocation
paths that may be required for writing pages back to network storage.

[davem@davemloft.net: Use sk_gfp_atomic only when necessary]
Signed-off-by: Peter Zijlstra <a.p.zijlstra@chello.nl>
Signed-off-by: Mel Gorman <mgorman@suse.de>
Acked-by: David S. Miller <davem@davemloft.net>
Cc: Neil Brown <neilb@suse.de>
Cc: Mike Christie <michaelc@cs.wisc.edu>
Cc: Eric B Munson <emunson@mgebm.net>
Cc: Eric Dumazet <eric.dumazet@gmail.com>
Cc: Sebastian Andrzej Siewior <sebastian@breakpoint.cc>
Cc: Mel Gorman <mgorman@suse.de>
Cc: Christoph Lameter <cl@linux.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

7 years agomm: ignore mempolicies when using ALLOC_NO_WATERMARK
Mel Gorman [Tue, 31 Jul 2012 23:44:12 +0000]
mm: ignore mempolicies when using ALLOC_NO_WATERMARK

The reserve is proportionally distributed over all !highmem zones in the
system.  So we need to allow an emergency allocation access to all zones.
In order to do that we need to break out of any mempolicy boundaries we
might have.

In my opinion that does not break mempolicies as those are user oriented
and not system oriented.  That is, system allocations are not guaranteed
to be within mempolicy boundaries.  For instance IRQs do not even have a
mempolicy.

So breaking out of mempolicy boundaries for 'rare' emergency allocations,
which are always system allocations (as opposed to user) is ok.

Signed-off-by: Peter Zijlstra <a.p.zijlstra@chello.nl>
Signed-off-by: Mel Gorman <mgorman@suse.de>
Cc: David Miller <davem@davemloft.net>
Cc: Neil Brown <neilb@suse.de>
Cc: Mike Christie <michaelc@cs.wisc.edu>
Cc: Eric B Munson <emunson@mgebm.net>
Cc: Eric Dumazet <eric.dumazet@gmail.com>
Cc: Sebastian Andrzej Siewior <sebastian@breakpoint.cc>
Cc: Mel Gorman <mgorman@suse.de>
Cc: Christoph Lameter <cl@linux.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

7 years agomm: only set page->pfmemalloc when ALLOC_NO_WATERMARKS was used
Mel Gorman [Tue, 31 Jul 2012 23:44:10 +0000]
mm: only set page->pfmemalloc when ALLOC_NO_WATERMARKS was used

__alloc_pages_slowpath() is called when the number of free pages is below
the low watermark.  If the caller is entitled to use ALLOC_NO_WATERMARKS
then the page will be marked page->pfmemalloc.  This protects more pages
than are strictly necessary as we only need to protect pages allocated
below the min watermark (the pfmemalloc reserves).

This patch only sets page->pfmemalloc when ALLOC_NO_WATERMARKS was
required to allocate the page.

[rientjes@google.com: David noticed the problem during review]
Signed-off-by: Mel Gorman <mgorman@suse.de>
Cc: David Miller <davem@davemloft.net>
Cc: Neil Brown <neilb@suse.de>
Cc: Peter Zijlstra <a.p.zijlstra@chello.nl>
Cc: Mike Christie <michaelc@cs.wisc.edu>
Cc: Eric B Munson <emunson@mgebm.net>
Cc: Eric Dumazet <eric.dumazet@gmail.com>
Cc: Sebastian Andrzej Siewior <sebastian@breakpoint.cc>
Cc: Mel Gorman <mgorman@suse.de>
Cc: Christoph Lameter <cl@linux.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

7 years agomm: allow PF_MEMALLOC from softirq context
Mel Gorman [Tue, 31 Jul 2012 23:44:07 +0000]
mm: allow PF_MEMALLOC from softirq context

This is needed to allow network softirq packet processing to make use of
PF_MEMALLOC.

Currently softirq context cannot use PF_MEMALLOC due to it not being
associated with a task, and therefore not having task flags to fiddle with
- thus the gfp to alloc flag mapping ignores the task flags when in
interrupts (hard or soft) context.

Allowing softirqs to make use of PF_MEMALLOC therefore requires some
trickery.  This patch borrows the task flags from whatever process happens
to be preempted by the softirq.  It then modifies the gfp to alloc flags
mapping to not exclude task flags in softirq context, and modify the
softirq code to save, clear and restore the PF_MEMALLOC flag.

The save and clear, ensures the preempted task's PF_MEMALLOC flag doesn't
leak into the softirq.  The restore ensures a softirq's PF_MEMALLOC flag
cannot leak back into the preempted process.  This should be safe due to
the following reasons

Softirqs can run on multiple CPUs sure but the same task should not be
executing the same softirq code. Neither should the softirq
handler be preempted by any other softirq handler so the flags
should not leak to an unrelated softirq.

Softirqs re-enable hardware interrupts in __do_softirq() so can be
preempted by hardware interrupts so PF_MEMALLOC is inherited
by the hard IRQ. However, this is similar to a process in
reclaim being preempted by a hardirq. While PF_MEMALLOC is
set, gfp_to_alloc_flags() distinguishes between hard and
soft irqs and avoids giving a hardirq the ALLOC_NO_WATERMARKS
flag.

If the softirq is deferred to ksoftirq then its flags may be used
        instead of a normal tasks but as the softirq cannot be preempted,
        the PF_MEMALLOC flag does not leak to other code by accident.

[davem@davemloft.net: Document why PF_MEMALLOC is safe]
Signed-off-by: Peter Zijlstra <a.p.zijlstra@chello.nl>
Signed-off-by: Mel Gorman <mgorman@suse.de>
Cc: David Miller <davem@davemloft.net>
Cc: Neil Brown <neilb@suse.de>
Cc: Mike Christie <michaelc@cs.wisc.edu>
Cc: Eric B Munson <emunson@mgebm.net>
Cc: Eric Dumazet <eric.dumazet@gmail.com>
Cc: Sebastian Andrzej Siewior <sebastian@breakpoint.cc>
Cc: Mel Gorman <mgorman@suse.de>
Cc: Christoph Lameter <cl@linux.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

7 years agomm: introduce __GFP_MEMALLOC to allow access to emergency reserves
Mel Gorman [Tue, 31 Jul 2012 23:44:03 +0000]
mm: introduce __GFP_MEMALLOC to allow access to emergency reserves

__GFP_MEMALLOC will allow the allocation to disregard the watermarks, much
like PF_MEMALLOC.  It allows one to pass along the memalloc state in
object related allocation flags as opposed to task related flags, such as
sk->sk_allocation.  This removes the need for ALLOC_PFMEMALLOC as callers
using __GFP_MEMALLOC can get the ALLOC_NO_WATERMARK flag which is now
enough to identify allocations related to page reclaim.

Signed-off-by: Peter Zijlstra <a.p.zijlstra@chello.nl>
Signed-off-by: Mel Gorman <mgorman@suse.de>
Cc: David Miller <davem@davemloft.net>
Cc: Neil Brown <neilb@suse.de>
Cc: Mike Christie <michaelc@cs.wisc.edu>
Cc: Eric B Munson <emunson@mgebm.net>
Cc: Eric Dumazet <eric.dumazet@gmail.com>
Cc: Sebastian Andrzej Siewior <sebastian@breakpoint.cc>
Cc: Mel Gorman <mgorman@suse.de>
Cc: Christoph Lameter <cl@linux.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

7 years agomm: slub: optimise the SLUB fast path to avoid pfmemalloc checks
Christoph Lameter [Tue, 31 Jul 2012 23:44:00 +0000]
mm: slub: optimise the SLUB fast path to avoid pfmemalloc checks

This patch removes the check for pfmemalloc from the alloc hotpath and
puts the logic after the election of a new per cpu slab.  For a pfmemalloc
page we do not use the fast path but force the use of the slow path which
is also used for the debug case.

This has the side-effect of weakening pfmemalloc processing in the
following way;

1. A process that is allocating for network swap calls __slab_alloc.
   pfmemalloc_match is true so the freelist is loaded and c->freelist is
   now pointing to a pfmemalloc page.

2. A process that is attempting normal allocations calls slab_alloc,
   finds the pfmemalloc page on the freelist and uses it because it did
   not check pfmemalloc_match()

The patch allows non-pfmemalloc allocations to use pfmemalloc pages with
the kmalloc slabs being the most vunerable caches on the grounds they
are most likely to have a mix of pfmemalloc and !pfmemalloc requests. A
later patch will still protect the system as processes will get throttled
if the pfmemalloc reserves get depleted but performance will not degrade
as smoothly.

[mgorman@suse.de: Expanded changelog]
Signed-off-by: Christoph Lameter <cl@linux.com>
Signed-off-by: Mel Gorman <mgorman@suse.de>
Cc: David Miller <davem@davemloft.net>
Cc: Neil Brown <neilb@suse.de>
Cc: Peter Zijlstra <a.p.zijlstra@chello.nl>
Cc: Mike Christie <michaelc@cs.wisc.edu>
Cc: Eric B Munson <emunson@mgebm.net>
Cc: Eric Dumazet <eric.dumazet@gmail.com>
Cc: Sebastian Andrzej Siewior <sebastian@breakpoint.cc>
Cc: Mel Gorman <mgorman@suse.de>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

7 years agomm: sl[au]b: add knowledge of PFMEMALLOC reserve pages
Mel Gorman [Tue, 31 Jul 2012 23:43:58 +0000]
mm: sl[au]b: add knowledge of PFMEMALLOC reserve pages

When a user or administrator requires swap for their application, they
create a swap partition and file, format it with mkswap and activate it
with swapon.  Swap over the network is considered as an option in diskless
systems.  The two likely scenarios are when blade servers are used as part
of a cluster where the form factor or maintenance costs do not allow the
use of disks and thin clients.

The Linux Terminal Server Project recommends the use of the Network Block
Device (NBD) for swap according to the manual at
https://sourceforge.net/projects/ltsp/files/Docs-Admin-Guide/LTSPManual.pdf/download
There is also documentation and tutorials on how to setup swap over NBD at
places like https://help.ubuntu.com/community/UbuntuLTSP/EnableNBDSWAP The
nbd-client also documents the use of NBD as swap.  Despite this, the fact
is that a machine using NBD for swap can deadlock within minutes if swap
is used intensively.  This patch series addresses the problem.

The core issue is that network block devices do not use mempools like
normal block devices do.  As the host cannot control where they receive
packets from, they cannot reliably work out in advance how much memory
they might need.  Some years ago, Peter Zijlstra developed a series of
patches that supported swap over an NFS that at least one distribution is
carrying within their kernels.  This patch series borrows very heavily
from Peter's work to support swapping over NBD as a pre-requisite to
supporting swap-over-NFS.  The bulk of the complexity is concerned with
preserving memory that is allocated from the PFMEMALLOC reserves for use
by the network layer which is needed for both NBD and NFS.

Patch 1 adds knowledge of the PFMEMALLOC reserves to SLAB and SLUB to
preserve access to pages allocated under low memory situations
to callers that are freeing memory.

Patch 2 optimises the SLUB fast path to avoid pfmemalloc checks

Patch 3 introduces __GFP_MEMALLOC to allow access to the PFMEMALLOC
reserves without setting PFMEMALLOC.

Patch 4 opens the possibility for softirqs to use PFMEMALLOC reserves
for later use by network packet processing.

Patch 5 only sets page->pfmemalloc when ALLOC_NO_WATERMARKS was required

Patch 6 ignores memory policies when ALLOC_NO_WATERMARKS is set.

Patches 7-12 allows network processing to use PFMEMALLOC reserves when
the socket has been marked as being used by the VM to clean pages. If
packets are received and stored in pages that were allocated under
low-memory situations and are unrelated to the VM, the packets
are dropped.

Patch 11 reintroduces __skb_alloc_page which the networking
folk may object to but is needed in some cases to propogate
pfmemalloc from a newly allocated page to an skb. If there is a
strong objection, this patch can be dropped with the impact being
that swap-over-network will be slower in some cases but it should
not fail.

Patch 13 is a micro-optimisation to avoid a function call in the
common case.

Patch 14 tags NBD sockets as being SOCK_MEMALLOC so they can use
PFMEMALLOC if necessary.

Patch 15 notes that it is still possible for the PFMEMALLOC reserve
to be depleted. To prevent this, direct reclaimers get throttled on
a waitqueue if 50% of the PFMEMALLOC reserves are depleted.  It is
expected that kswapd and the direct reclaimers already running
will clean enough pages for the low watermark to be reached and
the throttled processes are woken up.

Patch 16 adds a statistic to track how often processes get throttled

Some basic performance testing was run using kernel builds, netperf on
loopback for UDP and TCP, hackbench (pipes and sockets), iozone and
sysbench.  Each of them were expected to use the sl*b allocators
reasonably heavily but there did not appear to be significant performance
variances.

For testing swap-over-NBD, a machine was booted with 2G of RAM with a
swapfile backed by NBD.  8*NUM_CPU processes were started that create
anonymous memory mappings and read them linearly in a loop.  The total
size of the mappings were 4*PHYSICAL_MEMORY to use swap heavily under
memory pressure.

Without the patches and using SLUB, the machine locks up within minutes
and runs to completion with them applied.  With SLAB, the story is
different as an unpatched kernel run to completion.  However, the patched
kernel completed the test 45% faster.

MICRO
                                         3.5.0-rc2 3.5.0-rc2
 vanilla     swapnbd
Unrecognised test vmscan-anon-mmap-write
MMTests Statistics: duration
Sys Time Running Test (seconds)             197.80    173.07
User+Sys Time Running Test (seconds)        206.96    182.03
Total Elapsed Time (seconds)               3240.70   1762.09

This patch: mm: sl[au]b: add knowledge of PFMEMALLOC reserve pages

Allocations of pages below the min watermark run a risk of the machine
hanging due to a lack of memory.  To prevent this, only callers who have
PF_MEMALLOC or TIF_MEMDIE set and are not processing an interrupt are
allowed to allocate with ALLOC_NO_WATERMARKS.  Once they are allocated to
a slab though, nothing prevents other callers consuming free objects
within those slabs.  This patch limits access to slab pages that were
alloced from the PFMEMALLOC reserves.

When this patch is applied, pages allocated from below the low watermark
are returned with page->pfmemalloc set and it is up to the caller to
determine how the page should be protected.  SLAB restricts access to any
page with page->pfmemalloc set to callers which are known to able to
access the PFMEMALLOC reserve.  If one is not available, an attempt is
made to allocate a new page rather than use a reserve.  SLUB is a bit more
relaxed in that it only records if the current per-CPU page was allocated
from PFMEMALLOC reserve and uses another partial slab if the caller does
not have the necessary GFP or process flags.  This was found to be
sufficient in tests to avoid hangs due to SLUB generally maintaining
smaller lists than SLAB.

In low-memory conditions it does mean that !PFMEMALLOC allocators can fail
a slab allocation even though free objects are available because they are
being preserved for callers that are freeing pages.

[a.p.zijlstra@chello.nl: Original implementation]
[sebastian@breakpoint.cc: Correct order of page flag clearing]
Signed-off-by: Mel Gorman <mgorman@suse.de>
Cc: David Miller <davem@davemloft.net>
Cc: Neil Brown <neilb@suse.de>
Cc: Peter Zijlstra <a.p.zijlstra@chello.nl>
Cc: Mike Christie <michaelc@cs.wisc.edu>
Cc: Eric B Munson <emunson@mgebm.net>
Cc: Eric Dumazet <eric.dumazet@gmail.com>
Cc: Sebastian Andrzej Siewior <sebastian@breakpoint.cc>
Cc: Mel Gorman <mgorman@suse.de>
Cc: Christoph Lameter <cl@linux.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

7 years agomemory-hotplug: fix kswapd looping forever problem
Minchan Kim [Tue, 31 Jul 2012 23:43:56 +0000]
memory-hotplug: fix kswapd looping forever problem

When hotplug offlining happens on zone A, it starts to mark freed page as
MIGRATE_ISOLATE type in buddy for preventing further allocation.
(MIGRATE_ISOLATE is very irony type because it's apparently on buddy but
we can't allocate them).

When the memory shortage happens during hotplug offlining, current task
starts to reclaim, then wake up kswapd.  Kswapd checks watermark, then go
sleep because current zone_watermark_ok_safe doesn't consider
MIGRATE_ISOLATE freed page count.  Current task continue to reclaim in
direct reclaim path without kswapd's helping.  The problem is that
zone->all_unreclaimable is set by only kswapd so that current task would
be looping forever like below.

__alloc_pages_slowpath
restart:
wake_all_kswapd
rebalance:
__alloc_pages_direct_reclaim
do_try_to_free_pages
if global_reclaim && !all_unreclaimable
return 1; /* It means we did did_some_progress */
skip __alloc_pages_may_oom
should_alloc_retry
goto rebalance;

If we apply KOSAKI's patch[1] which doesn't depends on kswapd about
setting zone->all_unreclaimable, we can solve this problem by killing some
task in direct reclaim path.  But it doesn't wake up kswapd, still.  It
could be a problem still if other subsystem needs GFP_ATOMIC request.  So
kswapd should consider MIGRATE_ISOLATE when it calculate free pages BEFORE
going sleep.

This patch counts the number of MIGRATE_ISOLATE page block and
zone_watermark_ok_safe will consider it if the system has such blocks
(fortunately, it's very rare so no problem in POV overhead and kswapd is
never hotpath).

Copy/modify from Mel's quote
"
Ideal solution would be "allocating" the pageblock.
It would keep the free space accounting as it is but historically,
memory hotplug didn't allocate pages because it would be difficult to
detect if a pageblock was isolated or if part of some balloon.
Allocating just full pageblocks would work around this, However,
it would play very badly with CMA.
"

[1] http://lkml.org/lkml/2012/6/14/74

[akpm@linux-foundation.org: simplify nr_zone_isolate_freepages(), rework zone_watermark_ok_safe() comment, simplify set_pageblock_isolate() and restore_pageblock_isolate()]
[akpm@linux-foundation.org: fix CONFIG_MEMORY_ISOLATION=n build]
Signed-off-by: Minchan Kim <minchan@kernel.org>
Suggested-by: KOSAKI Motohiro <kosaki.motohiro@jp.fujitsu.com>
Tested-by: Aaditya Kumar <aaditya.kumar.30@gmail.com>
Cc: KAMEZAWA Hiroyuki <kamezawa.hiroyu@jp.fujitsu.com>
Cc: Mel Gorman <mgorman@suse.de>
Cc: Michal Hocko <mhocko@suse.cz>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

7 years agomm: fix free page check in zone_watermark_ok()
Minchan Kim [Tue, 31 Jul 2012 23:43:53 +0000]
mm: fix free page check in zone_watermark_ok()

__zone_watermark_ok currently compares free_pages which is a signed type
with z->lowmem_reserve[classzone_idx] which is unsigned which might lead
to sign overflow if free_pages doesn't satisfy the given order (or it came
as negative already) and then we rely on the following order loop to fix
it (which doesn't work for order-0).  Let's fix the type conversion and do
not rely on the given value of free_pages or follow up fixups.

This patch fixes it because "memory-hotplug: fix kswapd looping forever
problem" depends on this.

As benefit of this patch, it doesn't rely on the loop to exit
__zone_watermark_ok in case of high order check and make the first test
effective.(ie, if (free_pages <= min + lowmem_reserve))

Aaditya reported this problem when he test my hotplug patch.

Reported-off-by: Aaditya Kumar <aaditya.kumar@ap.sony.com>
Tested-by: Aaditya Kumar <aaditya.kumar@ap.sony.com>
Signed-off-by: Aaditya Kumar <aaditya.kumar@ap.sony.com>
Signed-off-by: Minchan Kim <minchan@kernel.org>
Cc: KOSAKI Motohiro <kosaki.motohiro@jp.fujitsu.com>
Cc: KAMEZAWA Hiroyuki <kamezawa.hiroyu@jp.fujitsu.com>
Cc: Mel Gorman <mgorman@suse.de>
Reviewed-by: Michal Hocko <mhocko@suse.cz>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

7 years agomm: factor out memory isolate functions
Minchan Kim [Tue, 31 Jul 2012 23:43:50 +0000]
mm: factor out memory isolate functions

mm/page_alloc.c has some memory isolation functions but they are used only
when we enable CONFIG_{CMA|MEMORY_HOTPLUG|MEMORY_FAILURE}.  So let's make
it configurable by new CONFIG_MEMORY_ISOLATION so that it can reduce
binary size and we can check it simple by CONFIG_MEMORY_ISOLATION, not if
defined CONFIG_{CMA|MEMORY_HOTPLUG|MEMORY_FAILURE}.

Signed-off-by: Minchan Kim <minchan@kernel.org>
Cc: Andi Kleen <andi@firstfloor.org>
Cc: Marek Szyprowski <m.szyprowski@samsung.com>
Acked-by: KAMEZAWA Hiroyuki <kamezawa.hiroyu@jp.fujitsu.com>
Cc: KOSAKI Motohiro <kosaki.motohiro@jp.fujitsu.com>
Cc: Mel Gorman <mgorman@suse.de>
Cc: Michal Hocko <mhocko@suse.cz>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

7 years agomm, memcg: move all oom handling to memcontrol.c
David Rientjes [Tue, 31 Jul 2012 23:43:48 +0000]
mm, memcg: move all oom handling to memcontrol.c

By globally defining check_panic_on_oom(), the memcg oom handler can be
moved entirely to mm/memcontrol.c.  This removes the ugly #ifdef in the
oom killer and cleans up the code.

Signed-off-by: David Rientjes <rientjes@google.com>
Cc: KAMEZAWA Hiroyuki <kamezawa.hiroyu@jp.fujitsu.com>
Acked-by: Michal Hocko <mhocko@suse.cz>
Cc: Oleg Nesterov <oleg@redhat.com>
Cc: KOSAKI Motohiro <kosaki.motohiro@jp.fujitsu.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

7 years agomm, oom: reduce dependency on tasklist_lock
David Rientjes [Tue, 31 Jul 2012 23:43:45 +0000]
mm, oom: reduce dependency on tasklist_lock

Since exiting tasks require write_lock_irq(&tasklist_lock) several times,
try to reduce the amount of time the readside is held for oom kills.  This
makes the interface with the memcg oom handler more consistent since it
now never needs to take tasklist_lock unnecessarily.

The only time the oom killer now takes tasklist_lock is when iterating the
children of the selected task, everything else is protected by
rcu_read_lock().

This requires that a reference to the selected process, p, is grabbed
before calling oom_kill_process().  It may release it and grab a reference
on another one of p's threads if !p->mm, but it also guarantees that it
will release the reference before returning.

[hughd@google.com: fix duplicate put_task_struct()]
Signed-off-by: David Rientjes <rientjes@google.com>
Cc: KAMEZAWA Hiroyuki <kamezawa.hiroyu@jp.fujitsu.com>
Reviewed-by: Michal Hocko <mhocko@suse.cz>
Cc: Oleg Nesterov <oleg@redhat.com>
Cc: KOSAKI Motohiro <kosaki.motohiro@jp.fujitsu.com>
Cc: Johannes Weiner <hannes@cmpxchg.org>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

7 years agomm, memcg: introduce own oom handler to iterate only over its own threads
David Rientjes [Tue, 31 Jul 2012 23:43:44 +0000]
mm, memcg: introduce own oom handler to iterate only over its own threads

The global oom killer is serialized by the per-zonelist
try_set_zonelist_oom() which is used in the page allocator.  Concurrent
oom kills are thus a rare event and only occur in systems using
mempolicies and with a large number of nodes.

Memory controller oom kills, however, can frequently be concurrent since
there is no serialization once the oom killer is called for oom conditions
in several different memcgs in parallel.

This creates a massive contention on tasklist_lock since the oom killer
requires the readside for the tasklist iteration.  If several memcgs are
calling the oom killer, this lock can be held for a substantial amount of
time, especially if threads continue to enter it as other threads are
exiting.

Since the exit path grabs the writeside of the lock with irqs disabled in
a few different places, this can cause a soft lockup on cpus as a result
of tasklist_lock starvation.

The kernel lacks unfair writelocks, and successful calls to the oom killer
usually result in at least one thread entering the exit path, so an
alternative solution is needed.

This patch introduces a seperate oom handler for memcgs so that they do
not require tasklist_lock for as much time.  Instead, it iterates only
over the threads attached to the oom memcg and grabs a reference to the
selected thread before calling oom_kill_process() to ensure it doesn't
prematurely exit.

This still requires tasklist_lock for the tasklist dump, iterating
children of the selected process, and killing all other threads on the
system sharing the same memory as the selected victim.  So while this
isn't a complete solution to tasklist_lock starvation, it significantly
reduces the amount of time that it is held.

Acked-by: KAMEZAWA Hiroyuki <kamezawa.hiroyu@jp.fujitsu.com>
Acked-by: Michal Hocko <mhocko@suse.cz>
Signed-off-by: David Rientjes <rientjes@google.com>
Cc: Oleg Nesterov <oleg@redhat.com>
Cc: KOSAKI Motohiro <kosaki.motohiro@jp.fujitsu.com>
Reviewed-by: Sha Zhengju <handai.szj@taobao.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

7 years agomm, oom: introduce helper function to process threads during scan
David Rientjes [Tue, 31 Jul 2012 23:43:40 +0000]
mm, oom: introduce helper function to process threads during scan

This patch introduces a helper function to process each thread during the
iteration over the tasklist.  A new return type, enum oom_scan_t, is
defined to determine the future behavior of the iteration:

 - OOM_SCAN_OK: continue scanning the thread and find its badness,

 - OOM_SCAN_CONTINUE: do not consider this thread for oom kill, it's
   ineligible,

 - OOM_SCAN_ABORT: abort the iteration and return, or

 - OOM_SCAN_SELECT: always select this thread with the highest badness
   possible.

There is no functional change with this patch.  This new helper function
will be used in the next patch in the memory controller.

Reviewed-by: KAMEZAWA Hiroyuki <kamezawa.hiroyu@jp.fujitsu.com>
Acked-by: KOSAKI Motohiro <kosaki.motohiro@jp.fujitsu.com>
Reviewed-by: Michal Hocko <mhocko@suse.cz>
Signed-off-by: David Rientjes <rientjes@google.com>
Cc: Oleg Nesterov <oleg@redhat.com>
Reviewed-by: Sha Zhengju <handai.szj@taobao.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

7 years agomm, oom: move declaration for mem_cgroup_out_of_memory to oom.h
David Rientjes [Tue, 31 Jul 2012 23:43:39 +0000]
mm, oom: move declaration for mem_cgroup_out_of_memory to oom.h

mem_cgroup_out_of_memory() is defined in mm/oom_kill.c, so declare it in
linux/oom.h rather than linux/memcontrol.h.

Acked-by: KAMEZAWA Hiroyuki <kamezawa.hiroyu@jp.fujitsu.com>
Acked-by: KOSAKI Motohiro <kosaki.motohiro@jp.fujitsu.com>
Acked-by: Michal Hocko <mhocko@suse.cz>
Signed-off-by: David Rientjes <rientjes@google.com>
Cc: Oleg Nesterov <oleg@redhat.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

7 years agomm/hotplug: mark memory hotplug code in page_alloc.c as __meminit
Jiang Liu [Tue, 31 Jul 2012 23:43:35 +0000]
mm/hotplug: mark memory hotplug code in page_alloc.c as __meminit

Mark functions used by both boot and memory hotplug as __meminit to reduce
memory footprint when memory hotplug is disabled.

Alos guard zone_pcp_update() with CONFIG_MEMORY_HOTPLUG because it's only
used by memory hotplug code.

Signed-off-by: Jiang Liu <liuj97@gmail.com>
Cc: Wei Wang <Bessel.Wang@huawei.com>
Cc: Mel Gorman <mgorman@suse.de>
Cc: Michal Hocko <mhocko@suse.cz>
Cc: Minchan Kim <minchan@kernel.org>
Cc: Rusty Russell <rusty@rustcorp.com.au>
Cc: Yinghai Lu <yinghai@kernel.org>
Cc: Tony Luck <tony.luck@intel.com>
Cc: KAMEZAWA Hiroyuki <kamezawa.hiroyu@jp.fujitsu.com>
Cc: KOSAKI Motohiro <kosaki.motohiro@jp.fujitsu.com>
Cc: David Rientjes <rientjes@google.com>
Cc: Keping Chen <chenkeping@huawei.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

7 years agomm/hotplug: free zone->pageset when a zone becomes empty
Jiang Liu [Tue, 31 Jul 2012 23:43:32 +0000]
mm/hotplug: free zone->pageset when a zone becomes empty

When a zone becomes empty after memory offlining, free zone->pageset.
Otherwise it will cause memory leak when adding memory to the empty zone
again because build_all_zonelists() will allocate zone->pageset for an
empty zone.

Signed-off-by: Jiang Liu <liuj97@gmail.com>
Signed-off-by: Wei Wang <Bessel.Wang@huawei.com>
Cc: Mel Gorman <mgorman@suse.de>
Cc: Michal Hocko <mhocko@suse.cz>
Cc: Minchan Kim <minchan@kernel.org>
Cc: Rusty Russell <rusty@rustcorp.com.au>
Cc: Yinghai Lu <yinghai@kernel.org>
Cc: Tony Luck <tony.luck@intel.com>
Cc: KAMEZAWA Hiroyuki <kamezawa.hiroyu@jp.fujitsu.com>
Cc: KOSAKI Motohiro <kosaki.motohiro@jp.fujitsu.com>
Cc: David Rientjes <rientjes@google.com>
Cc: Keping Chen <chenkeping@huawei.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

7 years agomm/hotplug: correctly add new zone to all other nodes' zone lists
Jiang Liu [Tue, 31 Jul 2012 23:43:30 +0000]
mm/hotplug: correctly add new zone to all other nodes' zone lists

When online_pages() is called to add new memory to an empty zone, it
rebuilds all zone lists by calling build_all_zonelists().  But there's a
bug which prevents the new zone to be added to other nodes' zone lists.

online_pages() {
build_all_zonelists()
.....
node_set_state(zone_to_nid(zone), N_HIGH_MEMORY)
}

Here the node of the zone is put into N_HIGH_MEMORY state after calling
build_all_zonelists(), but build_all_zonelists() only adds zones from
nodes in N_HIGH_MEMORY state to the fallback zone lists.
build_all_zonelists()

    ->__build_all_zonelists()
->build_zonelists()
    ->find_next_best_node()
->for_each_node_state(n, N_HIGH_MEMORY)

So memory in the new zone will never be used by other nodes, and it may
cause strange behavor when system is under memory pressure.  So put node
into N_HIGH_MEMORY state before calling build_all_zonelists().

Signed-off-by: Jianguo Wu <wujianguo@huawei.com>
Signed-off-by: Jiang Liu <liuj97@gmail.com>
Cc: Mel Gorman <mgorman@suse.de>
Cc: Michal Hocko <mhocko@suse.cz>
Cc: Minchan Kim <minchan@kernel.org>
Cc: Rusty Russell <rusty@rustcorp.com.au>
Cc: Yinghai Lu <yinghai@kernel.org>
Cc: Tony Luck <tony.luck@intel.com>
Cc: KAMEZAWA Hiroyuki <kamezawa.hiroyu@jp.fujitsu.com>
Cc: KOSAKI Motohiro <kosaki.motohiro@jp.fujitsu.com>
Cc: David Rientjes <rientjes@google.com>
Cc: Keping Chen <chenkeping@huawei.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

7 years agomm/hotplug: correctly setup fallback zonelists when creating new pgdat
Jiang Liu [Tue, 31 Jul 2012 23:43:28 +0000]
mm/hotplug: correctly setup fallback zonelists when creating new pgdat

When hotadd_new_pgdat() is called to create new pgdat for a new node, a
fallback zonelist should be created for the new node.  There's code to try
to achieve that in hotadd_new_pgdat() as below:

/*
 * The node we allocated has no zone fallback lists. For avoiding
 * to access not-initialized zonelist, build here.
 */
mutex_lock(&zonelists_mutex);
build_all_zonelists(pgdat, NULL);
mutex_unlock(&zonelists_mutex);

But it doesn't work as expected.  When hotadd_new_pgdat() is called, the
new node is still in offline state because node_set_online(nid) hasn't
been called yet.  And build_all_zonelists() only builds zonelists for
online nodes as:

        for_each_online_node(nid) {
                pg_data_t *pgdat = NODE_DATA(nid);

                build_zonelists(pgdat);
                build_zonelist_cache(pgdat);
        }

Though we hope to create zonelist for the new pgdat, but it doesn't.  So
add a new parameter "pgdat" the build_all_zonelists() to build pgdat for
the new pgdat too.

Signed-off-by: Jiang Liu <liuj97@gmail.com>
Signed-off-by: Xishi Qiu <qiuxishi@huawei.com>
Cc: Mel Gorman <mgorman@suse.de>
Cc: Michal Hocko <mhocko@suse.cz>
Cc: Minchan Kim <minchan@kernel.org>
Cc: Rusty Russell <rusty@rustcorp.com.au>
Cc: Yinghai Lu <yinghai@kernel.org>
Cc: Tony Luck <tony.luck@intel.com>
Cc: KAMEZAWA Hiroyuki <kamezawa.hiroyu@jp.fujitsu.com>
Cc: KOSAKI Motohiro <kosaki.motohiro@jp.fujitsu.com>
Cc: David Rientjes <rientjes@google.com>
Cc: Keping Chen <chenkeping@huawei.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

7 years agomm/memcg: replace inexistence move_lock_page_cgroup() by move_lock_mem_cgroup() in...
Wanpeng Li [Tue, 31 Jul 2012 23:43:26 +0000]
mm/memcg: replace inexistence move_lock_page_cgroup() by move_lock_mem_cgroup() in comment

Signed-off-by: Wanpeng Li <liwp.linux@gmail.com>
Acked-by: KAMEZAWA Hiroyuki <kamezawa.hiroyu@jp.fujitsu.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

7 years agomm/memcg: mem_cgroup_relize_xxx_limit can guarantee memcg->res.limit <= memcg->memsw...
Wanpeng Li [Tue, 31 Jul 2012 23:43:23 +0000]
mm/memcg: mem_cgroup_relize_xxx_limit can guarantee memcg->res.limit <= memcg->memsw.limit

Signed-off-by: Wanpeng Li <liwp.linux@gmail.com>
Acked-by: KAMEZAWA Hiroyuki <kamezawa.hiroyu@jp.fujitsu.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

7 years agomm/memcg: complete documentation for tcp memcg files
Wanpeng Li [Tue, 31 Jul 2012 23:43:21 +0000]
mm/memcg: complete documentation for tcp memcg files

Signed-off-by: Wanpeng Li <liwp.linux@gmail.com>
Acked-by: KAMEZAWA Hiroyuki <kamezawa.hiroyu@jp.fujitsu.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

7 years agomm: setup pageblock_order before it's used by sparsemem
Xishi Qiu [Tue, 31 Jul 2012 23:43:19 +0000]
mm: setup pageblock_order before it's used by sparsemem

On architectures with CONFIG_HUGETLB_PAGE_SIZE_VARIABLE set, such as
Itanium, pageblock_order is a variable with default value of 0.  It's set
to the right value by set_pageblock_order() in function
free_area_init_core().

But pageblock_order may be used by sparse_init() before free_area_init_core()
is called along path:
sparse_init()
    ->sparse_early_usemaps_alloc_node()
->usemap_size()
    ->SECTION_BLOCKFLAGS_BITS
->((1UL << (PFN_SECTION_SHIFT - pageblock_order)) *
NR_PAGEBLOCK_BITS)

The uninitialized pageblock_size will cause memory wasting because
usemap_size() returns a much bigger value then it's really needed.

For example, on an Itanium platform,
sparse_init() pageblock_order=0 usemap_size=24576
free_area_init_core() before pageblock_order=0, usemap_size=24576
free_area_init_core() after pageblock_order=12, usemap_size=8

That means 24K memory has been wasted for each section, so fix it by calling
set_pageblock_order() from sparse_init().

Signed-off-by: Xishi Qiu <qiuxishi@huawei.com>
Signed-off-by: Jiang Liu <liuj97@gmail.com>
Cc: Tony Luck <tony.luck@intel.com>
Cc: Yinghai Lu <yinghai@kernel.org>
Cc: KAMEZAWA Hiroyuki <kamezawa.hiroyu@jp.fujitsu.com>
Cc: Benjamin Herrenschmidt <benh@kernel.crashing.org>
Cc: KOSAKI Motohiro <kosaki.motohiro@jp.fujitsu.com>
Cc: David Rientjes <rientjes@google.com>
Cc: Keping Chen <chenkeping@huawei.com>
Cc: <stable@vger.kernel.org>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

7 years agomm/memory.c:print_vma_addr(): call up_read(&mm->mmap_sem) directly
Jeff Liu [Tue, 31 Jul 2012 23:43:18 +0000]
mm/memory.c:print_vma_addr(): call up_read(&mm->mmap_sem) directly

Call up_read(&mm->mmap_sem) directly since we have already got mm via
current->mm at the beginning of print_vma_addr().

Signed-off-by: Jie Liu <jeff.liu@oracle.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

7 years agovmscan: remove obsolete shrink_control comment
Minchan Kim [Tue, 31 Jul 2012 23:43:16 +0000]
vmscan: remove obsolete shrink_control comment

09f363c7 ("vmscan: fix shrinker callback bug in fs/super.c") fixed a
shrinker callback which was returning -1 when nr_to_scan is zero, which
caused excessive slab scanning.  But 635697c6 ("vmscan: fix initial
shrinker size handling") fixed the problem, again so we can freely return
-1 although nr_to_scan is zero.  So let's revert 09f363c7 because the
comment added in 09f363c7 made an unnecessary rule.

Signed-off-by: Minchan Kim <minchan@kernel.org>
Cc: Al Viro <viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk>
Cc: Mikulas Patocka <mpatocka@redhat.com>
Cc: Konstantin Khlebnikov <khlebnikov@openvz.org>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

7 years agomm: CONFIG_HAVE_MEMBLOCK_NODE -> CONFIG_HAVE_MEMBLOCK_NODE_MAP
Rabin Vincent [Tue, 31 Jul 2012 23:43:14 +0000]
mm: CONFIG_HAVE_MEMBLOCK_NODE -> CONFIG_HAVE_MEMBLOCK_NODE_MAP

0ee332c14518699 ("memblock: Kill early_node_map[]") wanted to replace
CONFIG_ARCH_POPULATES_NODE_MAP with CONFIG_HAVE_MEMBLOCK_NODE_MAP but
ended up replacing one occurence with a reference to the non-existent
symbol CONFIG_HAVE_MEMBLOCK_NODE.

The resulting omission of code would probably have been causing problems
to 32-bit machines with memory hotplug.

Signed-off-by: Rabin Vincent <rabin@rab.in>
Cc: Tejun Heo <tj@kernel.org>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

7 years agomm: have order > 0 compaction start off where it left
Rik van Riel [Tue, 31 Jul 2012 23:43:12 +0000]
mm: have order > 0 compaction start off where it left

Order > 0 compaction stops when enough free pages of the correct page
order have been coalesced.  When doing subsequent higher order
allocations, it is possible for compaction to be invoked many times.

However, the compaction code always starts out looking for things to
compact at the start of the zone, and for free pages to compact things to
at the end of the zone.

This can cause quadratic behaviour, with isolate_freepages starting at the
end of the zone each time, even though previous invocations of the
compaction code already filled up all free memory on that end of the zone.

This can cause isolate_freepages to take enormous amounts of CPU with
certain workloads on larger memory systems.

The obvious solution is to have isolate_freepages remember where it left
off last time, and continue at that point the next time it gets invoked
for an order > 0 compaction.  This could cause compaction to fail if
cc->free_pfn and cc->migrate_pfn are close together initially, in that
case we restart from the end of the zone and try once more.

Forced full (order == -1) compactions are left alone.

[akpm@linux-foundation.org: checkpatch fixes]
[akpm@linux-foundation.org: s/laste/last/, use 80 cols]
Signed-off-by: Rik van Riel <riel@redhat.com>
Reported-by: Jim Schutt <jaschut@sandia.gov>
Tested-by: Jim Schutt <jaschut@sandia.gov>
Cc: Minchan Kim <minchan.kim@gmail.com>
Reviewed-by: KAMEZAWA Hiroyuki <kamezawa.hiroyu@jp.fujitsu.com>
Acked-by: Mel Gorman <mel@csn.ul.ie>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

7 years agomemcg: rename mem_control_xxx to memcg_xxx
Wanpeng Li [Tue, 31 Jul 2012 23:43:09 +0000]
memcg: rename mem_control_xxx to memcg_xxx

Replace memory_cgroup_xxx() with memcg_xxx()

Signed-off-by: Wanpeng Li <liwp.linux@gmail.com>
Acked-by: Johannes Weiner <hannes@cmpxchg.org>
Acked-by: Michal Hocko <mhocko@suse.cz>
Acked-by: KAMEZAWA Hiroyuki <kamezawa.hiroyu@jp.fujitsu.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

7 years agomemcg: fix bad behavior in use_hierarchy file
Glauber Costa [Tue, 31 Jul 2012 23:43:07 +0000]
memcg: fix bad behavior in use_hierarchy file

I have an application that does the following:

* copy the state of all controllers attached to a hierarchy
* replicate it as a child of the current level.

I would expect writes to the files to mostly succeed, since they are
inheriting sane values from parents.

But that is not the case for use_hierarchy.  If it is set to 0, we succeed
ok.  If we're set to 1, the value of the file is automatically set to 1 in
the children, but if userspace tries to write the very same 1, it will
fail.  That same situation happens if we set use_hierarchy, create a
child, and then try to write 1 again.

Now, there is no reason whatsoever for failing to write a value that is
already there.  It doesn't even match the comments, that states:

 /* If parent's use_hierarchy is set, we can't make any modifications
  * in the child subtrees...

since we are not changing anything.

So test the new value against the one we're storing, and automatically
return 0 if we're not proposing a change.

Signed-off-by: Glauber Costa <glommer@parallels.com>
Cc: Dhaval Giani <dhaval.giani@gmail.com>
Acked-by: Michal Hocko <mhocko@suse.cz>
Cc: Kamezawa Hiroyuki <kamezawa.hiroyu@jp.fujitsu.com>
Acked-by: Johannes Weiner <hannes@cmpxchg.org>
Cc: Ying Han <yinghan@google.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

7 years agomm: remove unused LRU_ALL_EVICTABLE
Wanpeng Li [Tue, 31 Jul 2012 23:43:04 +0000]
mm: remove unused LRU_ALL_EVICTABLE

Signed-off-by: Wanpeng Li <liwp.linux@gmail.com>
Acked-by: KAMEZAWA Hiroyuki <kamezawa.hiroyu@jp.fujitsu.com>
Cc: Rik van Riel <riel@redhat.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

7 years agomemcg: rename config variables
Andrew Morton [Tue, 31 Jul 2012 23:43:02 +0000]
memcg: rename config variables

Sanity:

CONFIG_CGROUP_MEM_RES_CTLR -> CONFIG_MEMCG
CONFIG_CGROUP_MEM_RES_CTLR_SWAP -> CONFIG_MEMCG_SWAP
CONFIG_CGROUP_MEM_RES_CTLR_SWAP_ENABLED -> CONFIG_MEMCG_SWAP_ENABLED
CONFIG_CGROUP_MEM_RES_CTLR_KMEM -> CONFIG_MEMCG_KMEM

[mhocko@suse.cz: fix missed bits]
Cc: Glauber Costa <glommer@parallels.com>
Acked-by: Michal Hocko <mhocko@suse.cz>
Cc: Johannes Weiner <hannes@cmpxchg.org>
Cc: KAMEZAWA Hiroyuki <kamezawa.hiroyu@jp.fujitsu.com>
Cc: Hugh Dickins <hughd@google.com>
Cc: Tejun Heo <tj@kernel.org>
Cc: Aneesh Kumar K.V <aneesh.kumar@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
Cc: David Rientjes <rientjes@google.com>
Cc: KOSAKI Motohiro <kosaki.motohiro@jp.fujitsu.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

7 years agomm: clean up __count_immobile_pages()
Minchan Kim [Tue, 31 Jul 2012 23:43:01 +0000]
mm: clean up __count_immobile_pages()

The __count_immobile_pages() naming is rather awkward.  Choose a more
clear name and add a comment.

Signed-off-by: Minchan Kim <minchan@kernel.org>
Cc: Andrea Arcangeli <aarcange@redhat.com>
Cc: Mel Gorman <mgorman@suse.de>
Cc: Michal Hocko <mhocko@suse.cz>
Acked-by: KAMEZAWA Hiroyuki <kamezawa.hiroyu@jp.fujitsu.com>
Cc: Bartlomiej Zolnierkiewicz <b.zolnierkie@samsung.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

7 years agomm: do not use page_count() without a page pin
Minchan Kim [Tue, 31 Jul 2012 23:42:59 +0000]
mm: do not use page_count() without a page pin

d179e84ba ("mm: vmscan: do not use page_count without a page pin") fixed
this problem in vmscan.c but same problem is in __count_immobile_pages().

I copy and paste d179e84ba's contents for description.

"It is unsafe to run page_count during the physical pfn scan because
compound_head could trip on a dangling pointer when reading
page->first_page if the compound page is being freed by another CPU."

Signed-off-by: Minchan Kim <minchan@kernel.org>
Cc: Andrea Arcangeli <aarcange@redhat.com>
Cc: Mel Gorman <mgorman@suse.de>
Cc: Michal Hocko <mhocko@suse.cz>
Reviewed-by: KAMEZAWA Hiroyuki <kamezawa.hiroyu@jp.fujitsu.com>
Cc: Wanpeng Li <liwp.linux@gmail.com>
Cc: Bartlomiej Zolnierkiewicz <b.zolnierkie@samsung.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

7 years agomm, oom: replace some information in tasklist dump
David Rientjes [Tue, 31 Jul 2012 23:42:56 +0000]
mm, oom: replace some information in tasklist dump

The number of ptes and swap entries are used in the oom killer's badness
heuristic, so they should be shown in the tasklist dump.

This patch adds those fields and replaces cpu and oom_adj values that are
currently emitted.  Cpu isn't interesting and oom_adj is deprecated and
will be removed later this year, the same information is already displayed
as oom_score_adj which is used internally.

At the same time, make the documentation a little more clear to state this
information is helpful to determine why the oom killer chose the task it
did to kill.

Signed-off-by: David Rientjes <rientjes@google.com>
Cc: KAMEZAWA Hiroyuki <kamezawa.hiroyu@jp.fujitsu.com>
Cc: KOSAKI Motohiro <kosaki.motohiro@jp.fujitsu.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

7 years agomm, oom: fix potential killing of thread that is disabled from oom killing
David Rientjes [Tue, 31 Jul 2012 23:42:55 +0000]
mm, oom: fix potential killing of thread that is disabled from oom killing

/proc/sys/vm/oom_kill_allocating_task will immediately kill current when
the oom killer is called to avoid a potentially expensive tasklist scan
for large systems.

Currently, however, it is not checking current's oom_score_adj value which
may be OOM_SCORE_ADJ_MIN, meaning that it has been disabled from oom
killing.

This patch avoids killing current in such a condition and simply falls
back to the tasklist scan since memory still needs to be freed.

Signed-off-by: David Rientjes <rientjes@google.com>
Cc: KAMEZAWA Hiroyuki <kamezawa.hiroyu@jp.fujitsu.com>
Acked-by: KOSAKI Motohiro <kosaki.motohiro@jp.fujitsu.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

7 years agomm: clear pages_scanned only if draining a pcp adds pages to the buddy allocator...
KOSAKI Motohiro [Tue, 31 Jul 2012 23:42:53 +0000]
mm: clear pages_scanned only if draining a pcp adds pages to the buddy allocator again

commit 2ff754fa8f ("mm: clear pages_scanned only if draining a pcp adds
pages to the buddy allocator again") fixed one free_pcppages_bulk()
misuse.  But two another miuse still exist.

This patch fixes it.

Signed-off-by: KOSAKI Motohiro <kosaki.motohiro@jp.fujitsu.com>
Acked-by: David Rientjes <rientjes@google.com>
Acked-by: Mel Gorman <mel@csn.ul.ie>
Acked-by: Johannes Weiner <hannes@cmpxchg.org>
Reviewed-by: Minchan Kim <minchan@kernel.org>
Cc: Wu Fengguang <fengguang.wu@intel.com>
Reviewed-by: KAMEZAWA Hiroyuki <kamezawa.hiroyu@jp.fujitsu.com>
Cc: Rik van Riel <riel@redhat.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

7 years agomm, fadvise: don't return -EINVAL when filesystem cannot implement fadvise()
KOSAKI Motohiro [Tue, 31 Jul 2012 23:42:50 +0000]
mm, fadvise: don't return -EINVAL when filesystem cannot implement fadvise()

Eric Wong reported his test suite failex when /tmp is tmpfs.

https://lkml.org/lkml/2012/2/24/479

Currentlt the input check of POSIX_FADV_WILLNEED has two problems.

- requires a_ops->readpage.  But in fact, force_page_cache_readahead()
  requires that the target filesystem has either ->readpage or ->readpages.

- returns -EINVAL when the filesystem doesn't have ->readpage.  But
  posix says that fadvise is merely a hint.  Thus fadvise() should return
  0 if filesystem has no means of implementing fadvise().  The userland
  application should not know nor care whcih type of filesystem backs the
  TMPDIR directory, as Eric pointed out.  There is nothing which userspace
  can do to solve this error.

So change the return value to 0 when filesytem doesn't support readahead.

[akpm@linux-foundation.org: checkpatch fixes]
Signed-off-by: KOSAKI Motohiro <kosaki.motohiro@jp.fujitsu.com>
Cc: Hugh Dickins <hughd@google.com>
Cc: Hillf Danton <dhillf@gmail.com>
Signed-off-by: Eric Wong <normalperson@yhbt.net>
Tested-by: Eric Wong <normalperson@yhbt.net>
Reviewed-by: Wanlong Gao <gaowanlong@cn.fujitsu.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

7 years agomm/compaction: cleanup on compaction_deferred
Gavin Shan [Tue, 31 Jul 2012 23:42:49 +0000]
mm/compaction: cleanup on compaction_deferred

When CONFIG_COMPACTION is enabled, compaction_deferred() tries to
recalculate the deferred limit again, which isn't necessary.

When CONFIG_COMPACTION is disabled, compaction_deferred() should return
"true" or "false" since it has "bool" for its return value.

Signed-off-by: Gavin Shan <shangw@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
Acked-by: Minchan Kim <minchan@kernel.org>
Acked-by: Johannes Weiner <hannes@cmpxchg.org>
Acked-by: David Rientjes <rientjes@google.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

7 years agomemcg: make mem_cgroup_force_empty_list() return bool
KAMEZAWA Hiroyuki [Tue, 31 Jul 2012 23:42:46 +0000]
memcg: make mem_cgroup_force_empty_list() return bool

mem_cgroup_force_empty_list() just returns 0 or -EBUSY and -EBUSY
indicates 'you need to retry'.  Make mem_cgroup_force_empty_list() return
a bool to simplify the logic.

[akpm@linux-foundation.org: rework mem_cgroup_force_empty_list()'s comment]
Signed-off-by: KAMEZAWA Hiroyuki <kamezawa.hiroyu@jp.fujitsu.com>
Cc: Michal Hocko <mhocko@suse.cz>
Cc: Johannes Weiner <hannes@cmpxchg.org>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

7 years agomemcg: mem_cgroup_move_parent() doesn't need gfp_mask
KAMEZAWA Hiroyuki [Tue, 31 Jul 2012 23:42:45 +0000]
memcg: mem_cgroup_move_parent() doesn't need gfp_mask

Signed-off-by: KAMEZAWA Hiroyuki <kamezawa.hiroyu@jp.fujitsu.com>
Cc: Michal Hocko <mhocko@suse.cz>
Cc: Johannes Weiner <hannes@cmpxchg.org>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

7 years agomemcg: clean up force_empty_list() return value check
Kamezawa Hiroyuki [Tue, 31 Jul 2012 23:42:44 +0000]
memcg: clean up force_empty_list() return value check

After bf544fdc241da8 "memcg: move charges to root cgroup if
use_hierarchy=0 in mem_cgroup_move_hugetlb_parent()"
mem_cgroup_move_parent() returns only -EBUSY or -EINVAL.  So we can remove
the -ENOMEM and -EINTR checks.

Signed-off-by: KAMEZAWA Hiroyuki <kamezawa.hiroyu@jp.fujitsu.com>
Acked-by: Michal Hocko <mhocko@suse.cz>
Cc: Johannes Weiner <hannes@cmpxchg.org>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

7 years agomemcg: remove check for signal_pending() during rmdir()
Kamezawa Hiroyuki [Tue, 31 Jul 2012 23:42:42 +0000]
memcg: remove check for signal_pending() during rmdir()

After bf544fdc241da8 "memcg: move charges to root cgroup if
use_hierarchy=0 in mem_cgroup_move_hugetlb_parent()", no memory reclaim
will occur when removing a memory cgroup.  If -EINTR is returned here,
cgroup will show a warning.

We don't need to handle any user interruption signal.  Remove this.

Signed-off-by: KAMEZAWA Hiroyuki <kamezawa.hiroyu@jp.fujitsu.com>
Cc: Johannes Weiner <hannes@cmpxchg.org>
Acked-by: Michal Hocko <mhocko@suse.cz>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>