6 years agoMerge branch 'for-linus' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/viro/signal
Linus Torvalds [Sun, 24 Feb 2013 02:50:11 +0000]
Merge branch 'for-linus' of git://git./linux/kernel/git/viro/signal

Pull signal handling cleanups from Al Viro:
 "This is the first pile; another one will come a bit later and will
  contain SYSCALL_DEFINE-related patches.

   - a bunch of signal-related syscalls (both native and compat)
     unified.

   - a bunch of compat syscalls switched to COMPAT_SYSCALL_DEFINE
     (fixing several potential problems with missing argument
     validation, while we are at it)

   - a lot of now-pointless wrappers killed

   - a couple of architectures (cris and hexagon) forgot to save
     altstack settings into sigframe, even though they used the
     (uninitialized) values in sigreturn; fixed.

   - microblaze fixes for delivery of multiple signals arriving at once

   - saner set of helpers for signal delivery introduced, several
     architectures switched to using those."

* 'for-linus' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/viro/signal: (143 commits)
  x86: convert to ksignal
  sparc: convert to ksignal
  arm: switch to struct ksignal * passing
  alpha: pass k_sigaction and siginfo_t using ksignal pointer
  burying unused conditionals
  make do_sigaltstack() static
  arm64: switch to generic old sigaction() (compat-only)
  arm64: switch to generic compat rt_sigaction()
  arm64: switch compat to generic old sigsuspend
  arm64: switch to generic compat rt_sigqueueinfo()
  arm64: switch to generic compat rt_sigpending()
  arm64: switch to generic compat rt_sigprocmask()
  arm64: switch to generic sigaltstack
  sparc: switch to generic old sigsuspend
  sparc: COMPAT_SYSCALL_DEFINE does all sign-extension as well as SYSCALL_DEFINE
  sparc: kill sign-extending wrappers for native syscalls
  kill sparc32_open()
  sparc: switch to use of generic old sigaction
  sparc: switch sys_compat_rt_sigaction() to COMPAT_SYSCALL_DEFINE
  mips: switch to generic sys_fork() and sys_clone()
  ...

6 years agoMerge branch 'akpm' (more incoming from Andrew)
Linus Torvalds [Sun, 24 Feb 2013 01:50:35 +0000]
Merge branch 'akpm' (more incoming from Andrew)

Merge second patch-bomb from Andrew Morton:

 - A little DM fix

 - the MM queue

* emailed patches from Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>: (154 commits)
  ksm: allocate roots when needed
  mm: cleanup "swapcache" in do_swap_page
  mm,ksm: swapoff might need to copy
  mm,ksm: FOLL_MIGRATION do migration_entry_wait
  ksm: shrink 32-bit rmap_item back to 32 bytes
  ksm: treat unstable nid like in stable tree
  ksm: add some comments
  tmpfs: fix mempolicy object leaks
  tmpfs: fix use-after-free of mempolicy object
  mm/fadvise.c: drain all pagevecs if POSIX_FADV_DONTNEED fails to discard all pages
  mm: export mmu notifier invalidates
  mm: accelerate mm_populate() treatment of THP pages
  mm: use long type for page counts in mm_populate() and get_user_pages()
  mm: accurately document nr_free_*_pages functions with code comments
  HWPOISON: change order of error_states[]'s elements
  HWPOISON: fix misjudgement of page_action() for errors on mlocked pages
  memcg: stop warning on memcg_propagate_kmem
  net: change type of virtio_chan->p9_max_pages
  vmscan: change type of vm_total_pages to unsigned long
  fs/nfsd: change type of max_delegations, nfsd_drc_max_mem and nfsd_drc_mem_used
  ...

6 years agoksm: allocate roots when needed
Hugh Dickins [Sat, 23 Feb 2013 00:36:12 +0000]
ksm: allocate roots when needed

It is a pity to have MAX_NUMNODES+MAX_NUMNODES tree roots statically
allocated, particularly when very few users will ever actually tune
merge_across_nodes 0 to use more than 1+1 of those trees.  Not a big
deal (only 16kB wasted on each machine with CONFIG_MAXSMP), but a pity.

Start off with 1+1 statically allocated, then if merge_across_nodes is
ever tuned, allocate for nr_node_ids+nr_node_ids.  Do not attempt to
free up the extra if it's tuned back, that would be a waste of effort.

Signed-off-by: Hugh Dickins <hughd@google.com>
Cc: Mel Gorman <mgorman@suse.de>
Cc: Petr Holasek <pholasek@redhat.com>
Cc: Andrea Arcangeli <aarcange@redhat.com>
Cc: Izik Eidus <izik.eidus@ravellosystems.com>
Cc: Johannes Weiner <hannes@cmpxchg.org>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

6 years agomm: cleanup "swapcache" in do_swap_page
Hugh Dickins [Sat, 23 Feb 2013 00:36:10 +0000]
mm: cleanup "swapcache" in do_swap_page

I dislike the way in which "swapcache" gets used in do_swap_page():
there is always a page from swapcache there (even if maybe uncached by
the time we lock it), but tests are made according to "swapcache".
Rework that with "page != swapcache", as has been done in unuse_pte().

Signed-off-by: Hugh Dickins <hughd@google.com>
Cc: Mel Gorman <mgorman@suse.de>
Cc: Petr Holasek <pholasek@redhat.com>
Cc: Andrea Arcangeli <aarcange@redhat.com>
Cc: Izik Eidus <izik.eidus@ravellosystems.com>
Cc: Johannes Weiner <hannes@cmpxchg.org>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

6 years agomm,ksm: swapoff might need to copy
Hugh Dickins [Sat, 23 Feb 2013 00:36:09 +0000]
mm,ksm: swapoff might need to copy

Before establishing that KSM page migration was the cause of my
WARN_ON_ONCE(page_mapped(page))s, I suspected that they came from the
lack of a ksm_might_need_to_copy() in swapoff's unuse_pte() - which in
many respects is equivalent to faulting in a page.

In fact I've never caught that as the cause: but in theory it does at
least need the KSM_RUN_UNMERGE check in ksm_might_need_to_copy(), to
avoid bringing a KSM page back in when it's not supposed to be.

I intended to copy how it's done in do_swap_page(), but have a strong
aversion to how "swapcache" ends up being used there: rework it with
"page != swapcache".

Signed-off-by: Hugh Dickins <hughd@google.com>
Cc: Mel Gorman <mgorman@suse.de>
Cc: Petr Holasek <pholasek@redhat.com>
Cc: Andrea Arcangeli <aarcange@redhat.com>
Cc: Izik Eidus <izik.eidus@ravellosystems.com>
Acked-by: Johannes Weiner <hannes@cmpxchg.org>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

6 years agomm,ksm: FOLL_MIGRATION do migration_entry_wait
Hugh Dickins [Sat, 23 Feb 2013 00:36:07 +0000]
mm,ksm: FOLL_MIGRATION do migration_entry_wait

In "ksm: remove old stable nodes more thoroughly" I said that I'd never
seen its WARN_ON_ONCE(page_mapped(page)).  True at the time of writing,
but it soon appeared once I tried fuller tests on the whole series.

It turned out to be due to the KSM page migration itself: unmerge_and_
remove_all_rmap_items() failed to locate and replace all the KSM pages,
because of that hiatus in page migration when old pte has been replaced
by migration entry, but not yet by new pte.  follow_page() finds no page
at that instant, but a KSM page reappears shortly after, without a
fault.

Add FOLL_MIGRATION flag, so follow_page() can do migration_entry_wait()
for KSM's break_cow().  I'd have preferred to avoid another flag, and do
it every time, in case someone else makes the same easy mistake; but did
not find another transgressor (the common get_user_pages() is of course
safe), and cannot be sure that every follow_page() caller is prepared to
sleep - ia64's xencomm_vtop()? Now, THP's wait_split_huge_page() can
already sleep there, since anon_vma locking was changed to mutex, but
maybe that's somehow excluded.

Signed-off-by: Hugh Dickins <hughd@google.com>
Cc: Mel Gorman <mgorman@suse.de>
Cc: Petr Holasek <pholasek@redhat.com>
Cc: Andrea Arcangeli <aarcange@redhat.com>
Cc: Izik Eidus <izik.eidus@ravellosystems.com>
Cc: Johannes Weiner <hannes@cmpxchg.org>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

6 years agoksm: shrink 32-bit rmap_item back to 32 bytes
Hugh Dickins [Sat, 23 Feb 2013 00:36:06 +0000]
ksm: shrink 32-bit rmap_item back to 32 bytes

Think of struct rmap_item as an extension of struct page (restricted to
MADV_MERGEABLE areas): there may be a lot of them, we need to keep them
small, especially on 32-bit architectures of limited lowmem.

Siting "int nid" after "unsigned int checksum" works nicely on 64-bit,
making no change to its 64-byte struct rmap_item; but bloats the 32-bit
struct rmap_item from (nicely cache-aligned) 32 bytes to 36 bytes, which
rounds up to 40 bytes once allocated from slab.  We'd better avoid that.

Hey, I only just remembered that the anon_vma pointer in struct
rmap_item has no purpose until the rmap_item is hung from a stable tree
node (which has its own nid field); and rmap_item's nid field no purpose
than to say which tree root to tell rb_erase() when unlinking from an
unstable tree.

Double them up in a union.  There's just one place where we set anon_vma
early (when we already hold mmap_sem): now we must remove tree_rmap_item
from its unstable tree there, before overwriting nid.  No need to
spatter BUG()s around: we'd be seeing oopses if this were wrong.

Signed-off-by: Hugh Dickins <hughd@google.com>
Cc: Mel Gorman <mgorman@suse.de>
Cc: Petr Holasek <pholasek@redhat.com>
Cc: Andrea Arcangeli <aarcange@redhat.com>
Cc: Izik Eidus <izik.eidus@ravellosystems.com>
Cc: Johannes Weiner <hannes@cmpxchg.org>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

6 years agoksm: treat unstable nid like in stable tree
Hugh Dickins [Sat, 23 Feb 2013 00:36:05 +0000]
ksm: treat unstable nid like in stable tree

An inconsistency emerged in reviewing the NUMA node changes to KSM: when
meeting a page from the wrong NUMA node in a stable tree, we say that
it's okay for comparisons, but not as a leaf for merging; whereas when
meeting a page from the wrong NUMA node in an unstable tree, we bail out
immediately.

Now, it might be that a wrong NUMA node in an unstable tree is more
likely to correlate with instablility (different content, with rbnode
now misplaced) than page migration; but even so, we are accustomed to
instablility in the unstable tree.

Without strong evidence for which strategy is generally better, I'd
rather be consistent with what's done in the stable tree: accept a page
from the wrong NUMA node for comparison, but not as a leaf for merging.

Signed-off-by: Hugh Dickins <hughd@google.com>
Cc: Mel Gorman <mgorman@suse.de>
Cc: Petr Holasek <pholasek@redhat.com>
Cc: Andrea Arcangeli <aarcange@redhat.com>
Cc: Izik Eidus <izik.eidus@ravellosystems.com>
Cc: Johannes Weiner <hannes@cmpxchg.org>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

6 years agoksm: add some comments
Hugh Dickins [Sat, 23 Feb 2013 00:36:03 +0000]
ksm: add some comments

Added slightly more detail to the Documentation of merge_across_nodes, a
few comments in areas indicated by review, and renamed get_ksm_page()'s
argument from "locked" to "lock_it".  No functional change.

Signed-off-by: Hugh Dickins <hughd@google.com>
Cc: Mel Gorman <mgorman@suse.de>
Cc: Petr Holasek <pholasek@redhat.com>
Cc: Andrea Arcangeli <aarcange@redhat.com>
Cc: Izik Eidus <izik.eidus@ravellosystems.com>
Cc: Johannes Weiner <hannes@cmpxchg.org>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

6 years agotmpfs: fix mempolicy object leaks
Greg Thelen [Sat, 23 Feb 2013 00:36:02 +0000]
tmpfs: fix mempolicy object leaks

Fix several mempolicy leaks in the tmpfs mount logic.  These leaks are
slow - on the order of one object leaked per mount attempt.

Leak 1 (umount doesn't free mpol allocated in mount):
    while true; do
        mount -t tmpfs -o mpol=interleave,size=100M nodev /mnt
        umount /mnt
    done

Leak 2 (errors parsing remount options will leak mpol):
    mount -t tmpfs -o size=100M nodev /mnt
    while true; do
        mount -o remount,mpol=interleave,size=x /mnt 2> /dev/null
    done
    umount /mnt

Leak 3 (multiple mpol per mount leak mpol):
    while true; do
        mount -t tmpfs -o mpol=interleave,mpol=interleave,size=100M nodev /mnt
        umount /mnt
    done

This patch fixes all of the above.  I could have broken the patch into
three pieces but is seemed easier to review as one.

[akpm@linux-foundation.org: fix handling of mpol_parse_str() errors, per Hugh]
Signed-off-by: Greg Thelen <gthelen@google.com>
Acked-by: Hugh Dickins <hughd@google.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

6 years agotmpfs: fix use-after-free of mempolicy object
Greg Thelen [Sat, 23 Feb 2013 00:36:01 +0000]
tmpfs: fix use-after-free of mempolicy object

The tmpfs remount logic preserves filesystem mempolicy if the mpol=M
option is not specified in the remount request.  A new policy can be
specified if mpol=M is given.

Before this patch remounting an mpol bound tmpfs without specifying
mpol= mount option in the remount request would set the filesystem's
mempolicy object to a freed mempolicy object.

To reproduce the problem boot a DEBUG_PAGEALLOC kernel and run:
    # mkdir /tmp/x

    # mount -t tmpfs -o size=100M,mpol=interleave nodev /tmp/x

    # grep /tmp/x /proc/mounts
    nodev /tmp/x tmpfs rw,relatime,size=102400k,mpol=interleave:0-3 0 0

    # mount -o remount,size=200M nodev /tmp/x

    # grep /tmp/x /proc/mounts
    nodev /tmp/x tmpfs rw,relatime,size=204800k,mpol=??? 0 0
        # note ? garbage in mpol=... output above

    # dd if=/dev/zero of=/tmp/x/f count=1
        # panic here

Panic:
    BUG: unable to handle kernel NULL pointer dereference at           (null)
    IP: [<          (null)>]           (null)
    [...]
    Oops: 0010 [#1] SMP DEBUG_PAGEALLOC
    Call Trace:
      mpol_shared_policy_init+0xa5/0x160
      shmem_get_inode+0x209/0x270
      shmem_mknod+0x3e/0xf0
      shmem_create+0x18/0x20
      vfs_create+0xb5/0x130
      do_last+0x9a1/0xea0
      path_openat+0xb3/0x4d0
      do_filp_open+0x42/0xa0
      do_sys_open+0xfe/0x1e0
      compat_sys_open+0x1b/0x20
      cstar_dispatch+0x7/0x1f

Non-debug kernels will not crash immediately because referencing the
dangling mpol will not cause a fault.  Instead the filesystem will
reference a freed mempolicy object, which will cause unpredictable
behavior.

The problem boils down to a dropped mpol reference below if
shmem_parse_options() does not allocate a new mpol:

    config = *sbinfo
    shmem_parse_options(data, &config, true)
    mpol_put(sbinfo->mpol)
    sbinfo->mpol = config.mpol  /* BUG: saves unreferenced mpol */

This patch avoids the crash by not releasing the mempolicy if
shmem_parse_options() doesn't create a new mpol.

How far back does this issue go? I see it in both 2.6.36 and 3.3.  I did
not look back further.

Signed-off-by: Greg Thelen <gthelen@google.com>
Acked-by: Hugh Dickins <hughd@google.com>
Cc: <stable@vger.kernel.org>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

6 years agomm/fadvise.c: drain all pagevecs if POSIX_FADV_DONTNEED fails to discard all pages
Mel Gorman [Sat, 23 Feb 2013 00:35:59 +0000]
mm/fadvise.c: drain all pagevecs if POSIX_FADV_DONTNEED fails to discard all pages

Rob van der Heij reported the following (paraphrased) on private mail.

The scenario is that I want to avoid backups to fill up the page
cache and purge stuff that is more likely to be used again (this is
with s390x Linux on z/VM, so I don't give it as much memory that
we don't care anymore). So I have something with LD_PRELOAD that
intercepts the close() call (from tar, in this case) and issues
a posix_fadvise() just before closing the file.

This mostly works, except for small files (less than 14 pages)
that remains in page cache after the face.

Unfortunately Rob has not had a chance to test this exact patch but the
test program below should be reproducing the problem he described.

The issue is the per-cpu pagevecs for LRU additions.  If the pages are
added by one CPU but fadvise() is called on another then the pages
remain resident as the invalidate_mapping_pages() only drains the local
pagevecs via its call to pagevec_release().  The user-visible effect is
that a program that uses fadvise() properly is not obeyed.

A possible fix for this is to put the necessary smarts into
invalidate_mapping_pages() to globally drain the LRU pagevecs if a
pagevec page could not be discarded.  The downside with this is that an
inode cache shrink would send a global IPI and memory pressure
potentially causing global IPI storms is very undesirable.

Instead, this patch adds a check during fadvise(POSIX_FADV_DONTNEED) to
check if invalidate_mapping_pages() discarded all the requested pages.
If a subset of pages are discarded it drains the LRU pagevecs and tries
again.  If the second attempt fails, it assumes it is due to the pages
being mapped, locked or dirty and does not care.  With this patch, an
application using fadvise() correctly will be obeyed but there is a
downside that a malicious application can force the kernel to send
global IPIs and increase overhead.

If accepted, I would like this to be considered as a -stable candidate.
It's not an urgent issue but it's a system call that is not working as
advertised which is weak.

The following test program demonstrates the problem.  It should never
report that pages are still resident but will without this patch.  It
assumes that CPU 0 and 1 exist.

int main() {
int fd;
int pagesize = getpagesize();
ssize_t written = 0, expected;
char *buf;
unsigned char *vec;
int resident, i;
cpu_set_t set;

/* Prepare a buffer for writing */
expected = FILESIZE_PAGES * pagesize;
buf = malloc(expected + 1);
if (buf == NULL) {
printf("ENOMEM\n");
exit(EXIT_FAILURE);
}
buf[expected] = 0;
memset(buf, 'a', expected);

/* Prepare the mincore vec */
vec = malloc(FILESIZE_PAGES);
if (vec == NULL) {
printf("ENOMEM\n");
exit(EXIT_FAILURE);
}

/* Bind ourselves to CPU 0 */
CPU_ZERO(&set);
CPU_SET(0, &set);
if (sched_setaffinity(getpid(), sizeof(set), &set) == -1) {
perror("sched_setaffinity");
exit(EXIT_FAILURE);
}

/* open file, unlink and write buffer */
fd = open("fadvise-test-file", O_CREAT|O_EXCL|O_RDWR);
if (fd == -1) {
perror("open");
exit(EXIT_FAILURE);
}
unlink("fadvise-test-file");
while (written < expected) {
ssize_t this_write;
this_write = write(fd, buf + written, expected - written);

if (this_write == -1) {
perror("write");
exit(EXIT_FAILURE);
}

written += this_write;
}
free(buf);

/*
 * Force ourselves to another CPU. If fadvise only flushes the local
 * CPUs pagevecs then the fadvise will fail to discard all file pages
 */
CPU_ZERO(&set);
CPU_SET(1, &set);
if (sched_setaffinity(getpid(), sizeof(set), &set) == -1) {
perror("sched_setaffinity");
exit(EXIT_FAILURE);
}

/* sync and fadvise to discard the page cache */
fsync(fd);
if (posix_fadvise(fd, 0, expected, POSIX_FADV_DONTNEED) == -1) {
perror("posix_fadvise");
exit(EXIT_FAILURE);
}

/* map the file and use mincore to see which parts of it are resident */
buf = mmap(NULL, expected, PROT_READ, MAP_SHARED, fd, 0);
if (buf == NULL) {
perror("mmap");
exit(EXIT_FAILURE);
}
if (mincore(buf, expected, vec) == -1) {
perror("mincore");
exit(EXIT_FAILURE);
}

/* Check residency */
for (i = 0, resident = 0; i < FILESIZE_PAGES; i++) {
if (vec[i])
resident++;
}
if (resident != 0) {
printf("Nr unexpected pages resident: %d\n", resident);
exit(EXIT_FAILURE);
}

munmap(buf, expected);
close(fd);
free(vec);
exit(EXIT_SUCCESS);
}

Signed-off-by: Mel Gorman <mgorman@suse.de>
Reported-by: Rob van der Heij <rvdheij@gmail.com>
Tested-by: Rob van der Heij <rvdheij@gmail.com>
Cc: <stable@vger.kernel.org>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

6 years agomm: export mmu notifier invalidates
Cliff Wickman [Sat, 23 Feb 2013 00:35:58 +0000]
mm: export mmu notifier invalidates

We at SGI have a need to address some very high physical address ranges
with our GRU (global reference unit), sometimes across partitioned
machine boundaries and sometimes with larger addresses than the cpu
supports.  We do this with the aid of our own 'extended vma' module
which mimics the vma.  When something (either unmap or exit) frees an
'extended vma' we use the mmu notifiers to clean them up.

We had been able to mimic the functions
__mmu_notifier_invalidate_range_start() and
__mmu_notifier_invalidate_range_end() by locking the per-mm lock and
walking the per-mm notifier list.  But with the change to a global srcu
lock (static in mmu_notifier.c) we can no longer do that.  Our module has
no access to that lock.

So we request that these two functions be exported.

Signed-off-by: Cliff Wickman <cpw@sgi.com>
Acked-by: Robin Holt <holt@sgi.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

6 years agomm: accelerate mm_populate() treatment of THP pages
Michel Lespinasse [Sat, 23 Feb 2013 00:35:56 +0000]
mm: accelerate mm_populate() treatment of THP pages

This change adds a follow_page_mask function which is equivalent to
follow_page, but with an extra page_mask argument.

follow_page_mask sets *page_mask to HPAGE_PMD_NR - 1 when it encounters
a THP page, and to 0 in other cases.

__get_user_pages() makes use of this in order to accelerate populating
THP ranges - that is, when both the pages and vmas arrays are NULL, we
don't need to iterate HPAGE_PMD_NR times to cover a single THP page (and
we also avoid taking mm->page_table_lock that many times).

Signed-off-by: Michel Lespinasse <walken@google.com>
Cc: Andrea Arcangeli <aarcange@redhat.com>
Cc: Rik van Riel <riel@redhat.com>
Cc: Mel Gorman <mgorman@suse.de>
Cc: Hugh Dickins <hughd@google.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

6 years agomm: use long type for page counts in mm_populate() and get_user_pages()
Michel Lespinasse [Sat, 23 Feb 2013 00:35:55 +0000]
mm: use long type for page counts in mm_populate() and get_user_pages()

Use long type for page counts in mm_populate() so as to avoid integer
overflow when running the following test code:

int main(void) {
  void *p = mmap(NULL, 0x100000000000, PROT_READ,
                 MAP_PRIVATE | MAP_ANON, -1, 0);
  printf("p: %p\n", p);
  mlockall(MCL_CURRENT);
  printf("done\n");
  return 0;
}

Signed-off-by: Michel Lespinasse <walken@google.com>
Cc: Andrea Arcangeli <aarcange@redhat.com>
Cc: Rik van Riel <riel@redhat.com>
Cc: Mel Gorman <mgorman@suse.de>
Cc: Hugh Dickins <hughd@google.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

6 years agomm: accurately document nr_free_*_pages functions with code comments
Zhang Yanfei [Sat, 23 Feb 2013 00:35:54 +0000]
mm: accurately document nr_free_*_pages functions with code comments

nr_free_zone_pages(), nr_free_buffer_pages() and nr_free_pagecache_pages()
are horribly badly named, so accurately document them with code comments
in case of the misuse of them.

[akpm@linux-foundation.org: tweak comments]
Reviewed-by: Randy Dunlap <rdunlap@infradead.org>
Signed-off-by: Zhang Yanfei <zhangyanfei@cn.fujitsu.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

6 years agoHWPOISON: change order of error_states[]'s elements
Naoya Horiguchi [Sat, 23 Feb 2013 00:35:53 +0000]
HWPOISON: change order of error_states[]'s elements

error_states[] has two separate states "unevictable LRU page" and
"mlocked LRU page", and the former one has the higher priority now.  But
because of that the latter one is rarely chosen because pages with
PageMlocked highly likely have PG_unevictable set.  On the other hand,
PG_unevictable without PageMlocked is common for ramfs or SHM_LOCKed
shared memory, so reversing the priority of these two states helps us
clearly distinguish them.

Signed-off-by: Naoya Horiguchi <n-horiguchi@ah.jp.nec.com>
Cc: Andi Kleen <andi@firstfloor.org>
Cc: Chen Gong <gong.chen@linux.intel.com>
Cc: Tony Luck <tony.luck@intel.com>
Cc: Wu Fengguang <fengguang.wu@intel.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

6 years agoHWPOISON: fix misjudgement of page_action() for errors on mlocked pages
Naoya Horiguchi [Sat, 23 Feb 2013 00:35:51 +0000]
HWPOISON: fix misjudgement of page_action() for errors on mlocked pages

memory_failure() can't handle memory errors on mlocked pages correctly,
because page_action() judges such errors as ones on "unknown pages"
instead of ones on "unevictable LRU page" or "mlocked LRU page".  In
order to determine page_state page_action() checks page flags at the
timing of the judgement, but such page flags are not the same with those
just after memory_failure() is called, because memory_failure() does
unmapping of the error pages before doing page_action().  This unmapping
changes the page state, especially page_remove_rmap() (called from
try_to_unmap_one()) clears PG_mlocked, so page_action() can't catch
mlocked pages after that.

With this patch, we store the page flag of the error page before doing
unmap, and (only) if the first check with page flags at the time decided
the error page is unknown, we do the second check with the stored page
flag.  This implementation doesn't change error handling for the page
types for which the first check can determine the page state correctly.

[akpm@linux-foundation.org: tweak comments]
Signed-off-by: Naoya Horiguchi <n-horiguchi@ah.jp.nec.com>
Cc: Andi Kleen <andi@firstfloor.org>
Cc: Tony Luck <tony.luck@intel.com>
Cc: Chen Gong <gong.chen@linux.intel.com>
Cc: Wu Fengguang <fengguang.wu@intel.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

6 years agomemcg: stop warning on memcg_propagate_kmem
Hugh Dickins [Sat, 23 Feb 2013 00:35:50 +0000]
memcg: stop warning on memcg_propagate_kmem

Whilst I run the risk of a flogging for disloyalty to the Lord of Sealand,
I do have CONFIG_MEMCG=y CONFIG_MEMCG_KMEM not set, and grow tired of the
"mm/memcontrol.c:4972:12: warning: `memcg_propagate_kmem' defined but not
used [-Wunused-function]" seen in 3.8-rc: move the #ifdef outwards.

Signed-off-by: Hugh Dickins <hughd@google.com>
Acked-by: Michal Hocko <mhocko@suse.cz>
Cc: Glauber Costa <glommer@parallels.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

6 years agonet: change type of virtio_chan->p9_max_pages
Zhang Yanfei [Sat, 23 Feb 2013 00:35:49 +0000]
net: change type of virtio_chan->p9_max_pages

This member of struct virtio_chan is calculated from nr_free_buffer_pages
so change its type to unsigned long in case of overflow.

Signed-off-by: Zhang Yanfei <zhangyanfei@cn.fujitsu.com>
Cc: David Miller <davem@davemloft.net>
Cc: Eric Van Hensbergen <ericvh@gmail.com>
Cc: Ron Minnich <rminnich@sandia.gov>
Cc: Latchesar Ionkov <lucho@ionkov.net>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

6 years agovmscan: change type of vm_total_pages to unsigned long
Zhang Yanfei [Sat, 23 Feb 2013 00:35:48 +0000]
vmscan: change type of vm_total_pages to unsigned long

This variable is calculated from nr_free_pagecache_pages so
change its type to unsigned long.

Signed-off-by: Zhang Yanfei <zhangyanfei@cn.fujitsu.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

6 years agofs/nfsd: change type of max_delegations, nfsd_drc_max_mem and nfsd_drc_mem_used
Zhang Yanfei [Sat, 23 Feb 2013 00:35:47 +0000]
fs/nfsd: change type of max_delegations, nfsd_drc_max_mem and nfsd_drc_mem_used

The three variables are calculated from nr_free_buffer_pages so change
their types to unsigned long in case of overflow.

Signed-off-by: Zhang Yanfei <zhangyanfei@cn.fujitsu.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

6 years agofs/buffer.c: change type of max_buffer_heads to unsigned long
Zhang Yanfei [Sat, 23 Feb 2013 00:35:46 +0000]
fs/buffer.c: change type of max_buffer_heads to unsigned long

max_buffer_heads is calculated from nr_free_buffer_pages(), so change
its type to unsigned long in case of overflow.

Signed-off-by: Zhang Yanfei <zhangyanfei@cn.fujitsu.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

6 years agoia64: use %ld to print pages calculated in nr_free_buffer_pages
Zhang Yanfei [Sat, 23 Feb 2013 00:35:45 +0000]
ia64: use %ld to print pages calculated in nr_free_buffer_pages

Now the function nr_free_buffer_pages returns unsigned long, so use %ld
to print its return value.

Signed-off-by: Zhang Yanfei <zhangyanfei@cn.fujitsu.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

6 years agomm: fix return type for functions nr_free_*_pages
Zhang Yanfei [Sat, 23 Feb 2013 00:35:43 +0000]
mm: fix return type for functions nr_free_*_pages

Currently, the amount of RAM that functions nr_free_*_pages return is
held in unsigned int.  But in machines with big memory (exceeding 16TB),
the amount may be incorrect because of overflow, so fix it.

Signed-off-by: Zhang Yanfei <zhangyanfei@cn.fujitsu.com>
Cc: Simon Horman <horms@verge.net.au>
Cc: Julian Anastasov <ja@ssi.bg>
Cc: David Miller <davem@davemloft.net>
Cc: Eric Van Hensbergen <ericvh@gmail.com>
Cc: Ron Minnich <rminnich@sandia.gov>
Cc: Latchesar Ionkov <lucho@ionkov.net>
Cc: Mel Gorman <mel@csn.ul.ie>
Cc: Minchan Kim <minchan.kim@gmail.com>
Cc: KAMEZAWA Hiroyuki <kamezawa.hiroyu@jp.fujitsu.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

6 years agomemcg: cleanup mem_cgroup_init comment
Michal Hocko [Sat, 23 Feb 2013 00:35:41 +0000]
memcg: cleanup mem_cgroup_init comment

We should encourage all memcg controller initialization independent on a
specific mem_cgroup to be done here rather than exploit css_alloc
callback and assume that nothing happens before root cgroup is created.

Signed-off-by: Michal Hocko <mhocko@suse.cz>
Acked-by: Johannes Weiner <hannes@cmpxchg.org>
Cc: Tejun Heo <htejun@gmail.com>
Cc: KAMEZAWA Hiroyuki <kamezawa.hiroyu@jp.fujitsu.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

6 years agomemcg: move memcg_stock initialization to mem_cgroup_init
Michal Hocko [Sat, 23 Feb 2013 00:35:40 +0000]
memcg: move memcg_stock initialization to mem_cgroup_init

memcg_stock are currently initialized during the root cgroup allocation
which is OK but it pointlessly pollutes memcg allocation code with
something that can be called when the memcg subsystem is initialized by
mem_cgroup_init along with other controller specific parts.

This patch wraps the current memcg_stock initialization code into a
helper calls it from the controller subsystem initialization code.

Signed-off-by: Michal Hocko <mhocko@suse.cz>
Acked-by: Johannes Weiner <hannes@cmpxchg.org>
Cc: Tejun Heo <htejun@gmail.com>
Cc: KAMEZAWA Hiroyuki <kamezawa.hiroyu@jp.fujitsu.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

6 years agomemcg: move mem_cgroup_soft_limit_tree_init to mem_cgroup_init
Michal Hocko [Sat, 23 Feb 2013 00:35:39 +0000]
memcg: move mem_cgroup_soft_limit_tree_init to mem_cgroup_init

Per-node-zone soft limit tree is currently initialized when the root
cgroup is created which is OK but it pointlessly pollutes memcg
allocation code with something that can be called when the memcg
subsystem is initialized by mem_cgroup_init along with other controller
specific parts.

While we are at it let's make mem_cgroup_soft_limit_tree_init void
because it doesn't make much sense to report memory failure because if
we fail to allocate memory that early during the boot then we are
screwed anyway (this saves some code).

Signed-off-by: Michal Hocko <mhocko@suse.cz>
Acked-by: Johannes Weiner <hannes@cmpxchg.org>
Cc: Tejun Heo <htejun@gmail.com>
Cc: KAMEZAWA Hiroyuki <kamezawa.hiroyu@jp.fujitsu.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

6 years agomm: use up free swap space before reaching OOM kill
Minchan Kim [Sat, 23 Feb 2013 00:35:37 +0000]
mm: use up free swap space before reaching OOM kill

Recently, Luigi reported there are lots of free swap space when OOM
happens.  It's easily reproduced on zram-over-swap, where many instance
of memory hogs are running and laptop_mode is enabled.  He said there
was no problem when he disabled laptop_mode.  The problem when I
investigate problem is following as.

Assumption for easy explanation: There are no page cache page in system
because they all are already reclaimed.

1. try_to_free_pages disable may_writepage when laptop_mode is enabled.
2. shrink_inactive_list isolates victim pages from inactive anon lru list.
3. shrink_page_list adds them to swapcache via add_to_swap but it doesn't
   pageout because sc->may_writepage is 0 so the page is rotated back into
   inactive anon lru list. The add_to_swap made the page Dirty by SetPageDirty.
4. 3 couldn't reclaim any pages so do_try_to_free_pages increase priority and
   retry reclaim with higher priority.
5. shrink_inactlive_list try to isolate victim pages from inactive anon lru list
   but got failed because it try to isolate pages with ISOLATE_CLEAN mode but
   inactive anon lru list is full of dirty pages by 3 so it just returns
   without  any reclaim progress.
6. do_try_to_free_pages doesn't set may_writepage due to zero total_scanned.
   Because sc->nr_scanned is increased by shrink_page_list but we don't call
   shrink_page_list in 5 due to short of isolated pages.

Above loop is continued until OOM happens.

The problem didn't happen before [1] was merged because old logic's
isolatation in shrink_inactive_list was successful and tried to call
shrink_page_list to pageout them but it still ends up failed to page out
by may_writepage.  But important point is that sc->nr_scanned was
increased although we couldn't swap out them so do_try_to_free_pages
could set may_writepages.

Since commit f80c0673610e ("mm: zone_reclaim: make isolate_lru_page()
filter-aware") was introduced, it's not a good idea any more to depends
on only the number of scanned pages for setting may_writepage.  So this
patch adds new trigger point of setting may_writepage as below
DEF_PRIOIRTY - 2 which is used to show the significant memory pressure
in VM so it's good fit for our purpose which would be better to lose
power saving or clickety rather than OOM killing.

Signed-off-by: Minchan Kim <minchan@kernel.org>
Reported-by: Luigi Semenzato <semenzato@google.com>
Cc: Rik van Riel <riel@redhat.com>
Cc: Hugh Dickins <hughd@google.com>
Cc: Johannes Weiner <hannes@cmpxchg.org>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

6 years agomm: use NUMA_NO_NODE
David Rientjes [Sat, 23 Feb 2013 00:35:36 +0000]
mm: use NUMA_NO_NODE

Make a sweep through mm/ and convert code that uses -1 directly to using
the more appropriate NUMA_NO_NODE.

Signed-off-by: David Rientjes <rientjes@google.com>
Reviewed-by: Yasuaki Ishimatsu <isimatu.yasuaki@jp.fujitsu.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

6 years agommu_notifier_unregister NULL Pointer deref and multiple ->release() callouts
Robin Holt [Sat, 23 Feb 2013 00:35:34 +0000]
mmu_notifier_unregister NULL Pointer deref and multiple ->release() callouts

There is a race condition between mmu_notifier_unregister() and
__mmu_notifier_release().

Assume two tasks, one calling mmu_notifier_unregister() as a result of a
filp_close() ->flush() callout (task A), and the other calling
mmu_notifier_release() from an mmput() (task B).

                A                               B
t1                                              srcu_read_lock()
t2              if (!hlist_unhashed())
t3                                              srcu_read_unlock()
t4              srcu_read_lock()
t5                                              hlist_del_init_rcu()
t6                                              synchronize_srcu()
t7              srcu_read_unlock()
t8              hlist_del_rcu()  <--- NULL pointer deref.

Additionally, the list traversal in __mmu_notifier_release() is not
protected by the by the mmu_notifier_mm->hlist_lock which can result in
callouts to the ->release() notifier from both mmu_notifier_unregister()
and __mmu_notifier_release().

-stable suggestions:

The stable trees prior to 3.7.y need commits 21a92735f660 and
70400303ce0c cherry-picked in that order prior to cherry-picking this
commit.  The 3.7.y tree already has those two commits.

Signed-off-by: Robin Holt <holt@sgi.com>
Cc: Andrea Arcangeli <aarcange@redhat.com>
Cc: Wanpeng Li <liwanp@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
Cc: Xiao Guangrong <xiaoguangrong@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
Cc: Avi Kivity <avi@redhat.com>
Cc: Hugh Dickins <hughd@google.com>
Cc: Marcelo Tosatti <mtosatti@redhat.com>
Cc: Sagi Grimberg <sagig@mellanox.co.il>
Cc: Haggai Eran <haggaie@mellanox.com>
Cc: <stable@vger.kernel.org>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

6 years agomm/memory_hotplug: use pgdat_end_pfn() instead of open coding the same.
Cody P Schafer [Sat, 23 Feb 2013 00:35:32 +0000]
mm/memory_hotplug: use pgdat_end_pfn() instead of open coding the same.

Replace open coded pgdat_end_pfn() with helper function.

Signed-off-by: Cody P Schafer <cody@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
Cc: David Hansen <dave@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
Cc: Catalin Marinas <catalin.marinas@arm.com>
Cc: Johannes Weiner <hannes@cmpxchg.org>
Cc: Mel Gorman <mel@csn.ul.ie>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

6 years agomm/memory_hotplug: use ensure_zone_is_initialized()
Cody P Schafer [Sat, 23 Feb 2013 00:35:31 +0000]
mm/memory_hotplug: use ensure_zone_is_initialized()

Remove open coding of ensure_zone_is_initialzied().

Signed-off-by: Cody P Schafer <cody@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
Cc: David Hansen <dave@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
Cc: Catalin Marinas <catalin.marinas@arm.com>
Cc: Johannes Weiner <hannes@cmpxchg.org>
Cc: Mel Gorman <mel@csn.ul.ie>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

6 years agomm: add helper ensure_zone_is_initialized()
Cody P Schafer [Sat, 23 Feb 2013 00:35:30 +0000]
mm: add helper ensure_zone_is_initialized()

ensure_zone_is_initialized() checks if a zone is in a empty & not
initialized state (typically occuring after it is created in memory
hotplugging), and, if so, calls init_currently_empty_zone() to
initialize the zone.

Signed-off-by: Cody P Schafer <cody@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
Cc: David Hansen <dave@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
Cc: Catalin Marinas <catalin.marinas@arm.com>
Cc: Johannes Weiner <hannes@cmpxchg.org>
Cc: Mel Gorman <mel@csn.ul.ie>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

6 years agomm/page_alloc: add informative debugging message in page_outside_zone_boundaries()
Cody P Schafer [Sat, 23 Feb 2013 00:35:28 +0000]
mm/page_alloc: add informative debugging message in page_outside_zone_boundaries()

Add a debug message which prints when a page is found outside of the
boundaries of the zone it should belong to. Format is:
"page $pfn outside zone [ $start_pfn - $end_pfn ]"

[akpm@linux-foundation.org: s/pr_debug/pr_err/]
Signed-off-by: Cody P Schafer <cody@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
Cc: David Hansen <dave@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
Cc: Catalin Marinas <catalin.marinas@arm.com>
Cc: Johannes Weiner <hannes@cmpxchg.org>
Cc: Mel Gorman <mel@csn.ul.ie>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

6 years agommzone: add pgdat_{end_pfn,is_empty}() helpers & consolidate.
Cody P Schafer [Sat, 23 Feb 2013 00:35:27 +0000]
mmzone: add pgdat_{end_pfn,is_empty}() helpers & consolidate.

Add pgdat_end_pfn() and pgdat_is_empty() helpers which match the similar
zone_*() functions.

Change node_end_pfn() to be a wrapper of pgdat_end_pfn().

Signed-off-by: Cody P Schafer <cody@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
Cc: David Hansen <dave@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
Cc: Catalin Marinas <catalin.marinas@arm.com>
Cc: Johannes Weiner <hannes@cmpxchg.org>
Cc: Mel Gorman <mel@csn.ul.ie>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

6 years agomm/page_alloc: add a VM_BUG in __free_one_page() if the zone is uninitialized.
Cody P Schafer [Sat, 23 Feb 2013 00:35:25 +0000]
mm/page_alloc: add a VM_BUG in __free_one_page() if the zone is uninitialized.

Freeing pages to uninitialized zones is not handled by
__free_one_page(), and should never happen when the code is correct.

Ran into this while writing some code that dynamically onlines extra
zones.

Signed-off-by: Cody P Schafer <cody@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
Cc: David Hansen <dave@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
Cc: Catalin Marinas <catalin.marinas@arm.com>
Cc: Johannes Weiner <hannes@cmpxchg.org>
Cc: Mel Gorman <mel@csn.ul.ie>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

6 years agomm: add zone_is_empty() and zone_is_initialized()
Cody P Schafer [Sat, 23 Feb 2013 00:35:24 +0000]
mm: add zone_is_empty() and zone_is_initialized()

Factoring out these 2 checks makes it more clear what we are actually
checking for.

Signed-off-by: Cody P Schafer <cody@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
Cc: David Hansen <dave@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
Cc: Catalin Marinas <catalin.marinas@arm.com>
Cc: Johannes Weiner <hannes@cmpxchg.org>
Cc: Mel Gorman <mel@csn.ul.ie>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

6 years agomm: add & use zone_end_pfn() and zone_spans_pfn()
Cody P Schafer [Sat, 23 Feb 2013 00:35:23 +0000]
mm: add & use zone_end_pfn() and zone_spans_pfn()

Add 2 helpers (zone_end_pfn() and zone_spans_pfn()) to reduce code
duplication.

This also switches to using them in compaction (where an additional
variable needed to be renamed), page_alloc, vmstat, memory_hotplug, and
kmemleak.

Note that in compaction.c I avoid calling zone_end_pfn() repeatedly
because I expect at some point the sycronization issues with start_pfn &
spanned_pages will need fixing, either by actually using the seqlock or
clever memory barrier usage.

Signed-off-by: Cody P Schafer <cody@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
Cc: David Hansen <dave@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
Cc: Catalin Marinas <catalin.marinas@arm.com>
Cc: Johannes Weiner <hannes@cmpxchg.org>
Cc: Mel Gorman <mel@csn.ul.ie>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

6 years agomm: add SECTION_IN_PAGE_FLAGS
Cody P Schafer [Sat, 23 Feb 2013 00:35:21 +0000]
mm: add SECTION_IN_PAGE_FLAGS

Instead of directly utilizing a combination of config options to determine
this, add a macro to specifically address it.

Signed-off-by: Cody P Schafer <cody@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
Cc: David Hansen <dave@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
Cc: Catalin Marinas <catalin.marinas@arm.com>
Cc: Johannes Weiner <hannes@cmpxchg.org>
Cc: Mel Gorman <mel@csn.ul.ie>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

6 years agomm/mlock.c: document scary-looking stack expansion mlock chain
Johannes Weiner [Sat, 23 Feb 2013 00:35:20 +0000]
mm/mlock.c: document scary-looking stack expansion mlock chain

The fact that mlock calls get_user_pages, and get_user_pages might call
mlock when expanding a stack looks like a potential recursion.

However, mlock makes sure the requested range is already contained
within a vma, so no stack expansion will actually happen from mlock.

Should this ever change: the stack expansion mlocks only the newly
expanded range and so will not result in recursive expansion.

Signed-off-by: Johannes Weiner <hannes@cmpxchg.org>
Reported-by: Al Viro <viro@ZenIV.linux.org.uk>
Cc: Hugh Dickins <hughd@google.com>
Acked-by: Michel Lespinasse <walken@google.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

6 years agomm: refactor inactive_file_is_low() to use get_lru_size()
Johannes Weiner [Sat, 23 Feb 2013 00:35:19 +0000]
mm: refactor inactive_file_is_low() to use get_lru_size()

An inactive file list is considered low when its active counterpart is
bigger, regardless of whether it is a global zone LRU list or a memcg
zone LRU list.  The only difference is in how the LRU size is assessed.

get_lru_size() does the right thing for both global and memcg reclaim
situations.

Get rid of inactive_file_is_low_global() and
mem_cgroup_inactive_file_is_low() by using get_lru_size() and compare
the numbers in common code.

Signed-off-by: Johannes Weiner <hannes@cmpxchg.org>
Acked-by: Michal Hocko <mhocko@suse.cz>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

6 years agomm: shmem: use new radix tree iterator
Johannes Weiner [Sat, 23 Feb 2013 00:35:17 +0000]
mm: shmem: use new radix tree iterator

In shmem_find_get_pages_and_swap(), use the faster radix tree iterator
construct from commit 78c1d78488a3 ("radix-tree: introduce bit-optimized
iterator").

Signed-off-by: Johannes Weiner <hannes@cmpxchg.org>
Acked-by: Hugh Dickins <hughd@google.com>
Cc: Konstantin Khlebnikov <khlebnikov@openvz.org>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

6 years agoksm: stop hotremove lockdep warning
Hugh Dickins [Sat, 23 Feb 2013 00:35:16 +0000]
ksm: stop hotremove lockdep warning

Complaints are rare, but lockdep still does not understand the way
ksm_memory_callback(MEM_GOING_OFFLINE) takes ksm_thread_mutex, and holds
it until the ksm_memory_callback(MEM_OFFLINE): that appears to be a
problem because notifier callbacks are made under down_read of
blocking_notifier_head->rwsem (so first the mutex is taken while holding
the rwsem, then later the rwsem is taken while still holding the mutex);
but is not in fact a problem because mem_hotplug_mutex is held
throughout the dance.

There was an attempt to fix this with mutex_lock_nested(); but if that
happened to fool lockdep two years ago, apparently it does so no longer.

I had hoped to eradicate this issue in extending KSM page migration not
to need the ksm_thread_mutex.  But then realized that although the page
migration itself is safe, we do still need to lock out ksmd and other
users of get_ksm_page() while offlining memory - at some point between
MEM_GOING_OFFLINE and MEM_OFFLINE, the struct pages themselves may
vanish, and get_ksm_page()'s accesses to them become a violation.

So, give up on holding ksm_thread_mutex itself from MEM_GOING_OFFLINE to
MEM_OFFLINE, and add a KSM_RUN_OFFLINE flag, and wait_while_offlining()
checks, to achieve the same lockout without being caught by lockdep.
This is less elegant for KSM, but it's more important to keep lockdep
useful to other users - and I apologize for how long it took to fix.

Signed-off-by: Hugh Dickins <hughd@google.com>
Reported-by: Gerald Schaefer <gerald.schaefer@de.ibm.com>
Tested-by: Gerald Schaefer <gerald.schaefer@de.ibm.com>
Cc: Rik van Riel <riel@redhat.com>
Cc: Petr Holasek <pholasek@redhat.com>
Cc: Andrea Arcangeli <aarcange@redhat.com>
Cc: Izik Eidus <izik.eidus@ravellosystems.com>
Cc: KOSAKI Motohiro <kosaki.motohiro@gmail.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

6 years agomm: remove offlining arg to migrate_pages
Hugh Dickins [Sat, 23 Feb 2013 00:35:14 +0000]
mm: remove offlining arg to migrate_pages

No functional change, but the only purpose of the offlining argument to
migrate_pages() etc, was to ensure that __unmap_and_move() could migrate a
KSM page for memory hotremove (which took ksm_thread_mutex) but not for
other callers.  Now all cases are safe, remove the arg.

Signed-off-by: Hugh Dickins <hughd@google.com>
Cc: Rik van Riel <riel@redhat.com>
Cc: Petr Holasek <pholasek@redhat.com>
Cc: Andrea Arcangeli <aarcange@redhat.com>
Cc: Izik Eidus <izik.eidus@ravellosystems.com>
Cc: Gerald Schaefer <gerald.schaefer@de.ibm.com>
Cc: KOSAKI Motohiro <kosaki.motohiro@gmail.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

6 years agoksm: enable KSM page migration
Hugh Dickins [Sat, 23 Feb 2013 00:35:13 +0000]
ksm: enable KSM page migration

Migration of KSM pages is now safe: remove the PageKsm restrictions from
mempolicy.c and migrate.c.

But keep PageKsm out of __unmap_and_move()'s anon_vma contortions, which
are irrelevant to KSM: it looks as if that code was preventing hotremove
migration of KSM pages, unless they happened to be in swapcache.

There is some question as to whether enforcing a NUMA mempolicy migration
ought to migrate KSM pages, mapped into entirely unrelated processes; but
moving page_mapcount > 1 is only permitted with MPOL_MF_MOVE_ALL anyway,
and it seems reasonable to assume that you wouldn't set MADV_MERGEABLE on
any area where this is a worry.

Signed-off-by: Hugh Dickins <hughd@google.com>
Cc: Rik van Riel <riel@redhat.com>
Cc: Petr Holasek <pholasek@redhat.com>
Cc: Andrea Arcangeli <aarcange@redhat.com>
Cc: Izik Eidus <izik.eidus@ravellosystems.com>
Cc: Gerald Schaefer <gerald.schaefer@de.ibm.com>
Cc: KOSAKI Motohiro <kosaki.motohiro@gmail.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

6 years agoksm: make !merge_across_nodes migration safe
Hugh Dickins [Sat, 23 Feb 2013 00:35:11 +0000]
ksm: make !merge_across_nodes migration safe

The new KSM NUMA merge_across_nodes knob introduces a problem, when it's
set to non-default 0: if a KSM page is migrated to a different NUMA node,
how do we migrate its stable node to the right tree?  And what if that
collides with an existing stable node?

ksm_migrate_page() can do no more than it's already doing, updating
stable_node->kpfn: the stable tree itself cannot be manipulated without
holding ksm_thread_mutex.  So accept that a stable tree may temporarily
indicate a page belonging to the wrong NUMA node, leave updating until the
next pass of ksmd, just be careful not to merge other pages on to a
misplaced page.  Note nid of holding tree in stable_node, and recognize
that it will not always match nid of kpfn.

A misplaced KSM page is discovered, either when ksm_do_scan() next comes
around to one of its rmap_items (we now have to go to cmp_and_merge_page
even on pages in a stable tree), or when stable_tree_search() arrives at a
matching node for another page, and this node page is found misplaced.

In each case, move the misplaced stable_node to a list of migrate_nodes
(and use the address of migrate_nodes as magic by which to identify them):
we don't need them in a tree.  If stable_tree_search() finds no match for
a page, but it's currently exiled to this list, then slot its stable_node
right there into the tree, bringing all of its mappings with it; otherwise
they get migrated one by one to the original page of the colliding node.
stable_tree_search() is now modelled more like stable_tree_insert(), in
order to handle these insertions of migrated nodes.

remove_node_from_stable_tree(), remove_all_stable_nodes() and
ksm_check_stable_tree() have to handle the migrate_nodes list as well as
the stable tree itself.  Less obviously, we do need to prune the list of
stale entries from time to time (scan_get_next_rmap_item() does it once
each full scan): whereas stale nodes in the stable tree get naturally
pruned as searches try to brush past them, these migrate_nodes may get
forgotten and accumulate.

Signed-off-by: Hugh Dickins <hughd@google.com>
Cc: Rik van Riel <riel@redhat.com>
Cc: Petr Holasek <pholasek@redhat.com>
Cc: Andrea Arcangeli <aarcange@redhat.com>
Cc: Izik Eidus <izik.eidus@ravellosystems.com>
Cc: Gerald Schaefer <gerald.schaefer@de.ibm.com>
Cc: KOSAKI Motohiro <kosaki.motohiro@gmail.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

6 years agoksm: make KSM page migration possible
Hugh Dickins [Sat, 23 Feb 2013 00:35:10 +0000]
ksm: make KSM page migration possible

KSM page migration is already supported in the case of memory hotremove,
which takes the ksm_thread_mutex across all its migrations to keep life
simple.

But the new KSM NUMA merge_across_nodes knob introduces a problem, when
it's set to non-default 0: if a KSM page is migrated to a different NUMA
node, how do we migrate its stable node to the right tree?  And what if
that collides with an existing stable node?

So far there's no provision for that, and this patch does not attempt to
deal with it either.  But how will I test a solution, when I don't know
how to hotremove memory?  The best answer is to enable KSM page migration
in all cases now, and test more common cases.  With THP and compaction
added since KSM came in, page migration is now mainstream, and it's a
shame that a KSM page can frustrate freeing a page block.

Without worrying about merge_across_nodes 0 for now, this patch gets KSM
page migration working reliably for default merge_across_nodes 1 (but
leave the patch enabling it until near the end of the series).

It's much simpler than I'd originally imagined, and does not require an
additional tier of locking: page migration relies on the page lock, KSM
page reclaim relies on the page lock, the page lock is enough for KSM page
migration too.

Almost all the care has to be in get_ksm_page(): that's the function which
worries about when a stable node is stale and should be freed, now it also
has to worry about the KSM page being migrated.

The only new overhead is an additional put/get/lock/unlock_page when
stable_tree_search() arrives at a matching node: to make sure migration
respects the raised page count, and so does not migrate the page while
we're busy with it here.  That's probably avoidable, either by changing
internal interfaces from using kpage to stable_node, or by moving the
ksm_migrate_page() callsite into a page_freeze_refs() section (even if not
swapcache); but this works well, I've no urge to pull it apart now.

(Descents of the stable tree may pass through nodes whose KSM pages are
under migration: being unlocked, the raised page count does not prevent
that, nor need it: it's safe to memcmp against either old or new page.)

You might worry about mremap, and whether page migration's rmap_walk to
remove migration entries will find all the KSM locations where it inserted
earlier: that should already be handled, by the satisfyingly heavy hammer
of move_vma()'s call to ksm_madvise(,,,MADV_UNMERGEABLE,).

Signed-off-by: Hugh Dickins <hughd@google.com>
Cc: Rik van Riel <riel@redhat.com>
Cc: Petr Holasek <pholasek@redhat.com>
Cc: Andrea Arcangeli <aarcange@redhat.com>
Cc: Izik Eidus <izik.eidus@ravellosystems.com>
Cc: Gerald Schaefer <gerald.schaefer@de.ibm.com>
Cc: KOSAKI Motohiro <kosaki.motohiro@gmail.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

6 years agoksm: remove old stable nodes more thoroughly
Hugh Dickins [Sat, 23 Feb 2013 00:35:08 +0000]
ksm: remove old stable nodes more thoroughly

Switching merge_across_nodes after running KSM is liable to oops on stale
nodes still left over from the previous stable tree.  It's not something
that people will often want to do, but it would be lame to demand a reboot
when they're trying to determine which merge_across_nodes setting is best.

How can this happen?  We only permit switching merge_across_nodes when
pages_shared is 0, and usually set run 2 to force that beforehand, which
ought to unmerge everything: yet oopses still occur when you then run 1.

Three causes:

1. The old stable tree (built according to the inverse
   merge_across_nodes) has not been fully torn down.  A stable node
   lingers until get_ksm_page() notices that the page it references no
   longer references it: but the page is not necessarily freed as soon as
   expected, particularly when swapcache.

   Fix this with a pass through the old stable tree, applying
   get_ksm_page() to each of the remaining nodes (most found stale and
   removed immediately), with forced removal of any left over.  Unless the
   page is still mapped: I've not seen that case, it shouldn't occur, but
   better to WARN_ON_ONCE and EBUSY than BUG.

2. __ksm_enter() has a nice little optimization, to insert the new mm
   just behind ksmd's cursor, so there's a full pass for it to stabilize
   (or be removed) before ksmd addresses it.  Nice when ksmd is running,
   but not so nice when we're trying to unmerge all mms: we were missing
   those mms forked and inserted behind the unmerge cursor.  Easily fixed
   by inserting at the end when KSM_RUN_UNMERGE.

3.  It is possible for a KSM page to be faulted back from swapcache
   into an mm, just after unmerge_and_remove_all_rmap_items() scanned past
   it.  Fix this by copying on fault when KSM_RUN_UNMERGE: but that is
   private to ksm.c, so dissolve the distinction between
   ksm_might_need_to_copy() and ksm_does_need_to_copy(), doing it all in
   the one call into ksm.c.

A long outstanding, unrelated bugfix sneaks in with that third fix:
ksm_does_need_to_copy() would copy from a !PageUptodate page (implying I/O
error when read in from swap) to a page which it then marks Uptodate.  Fix
this case by not copying, letting do_swap_page() discover the error.

Signed-off-by: Hugh Dickins <hughd@google.com>
Cc: Rik van Riel <riel@redhat.com>
Cc: Petr Holasek <pholasek@redhat.com>
Cc: Andrea Arcangeli <aarcange@redhat.com>
Cc: Izik Eidus <izik.eidus@ravellosystems.com>
Cc: Gerald Schaefer <gerald.schaefer@de.ibm.com>
Cc: KOSAKI Motohiro <kosaki.motohiro@gmail.com>
Acked-by: Mel Gorman <mgorman@suse.de>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

6 years agoksm: get_ksm_page locked
Hugh Dickins [Sat, 23 Feb 2013 00:35:06 +0000]
ksm: get_ksm_page locked

In some places where get_ksm_page() is used, we need the page to be locked.

When KSM migration is fully enabled, we shall want that to make sure that
the page just acquired cannot be migrated beneath us (raised page count is
only effective when there is serialization to make sure migration
notices).  Whereas when navigating through the stable tree, we certainly
do not want to lock each node (raised page count is enough to guarantee
the memcmps, even if page is migrated to another node).

Since we're about to add another use case, add the locked argument to
get_ksm_page() now.

Hmm, what's that rcu_read_lock() about?  Complete misunderstanding, I
really got the wrong end of the stick on that!  There's a configuration in
which page_cache_get_speculative() can do something cheaper than
get_page_unless_zero(), relying on its caller's rcu_read_lock() to have
disabled preemption for it.  There's no need for rcu_read_lock() around
get_page_unless_zero() (and mapping checks) here.  Cut out that silliness
before making this any harder to understand.

Signed-off-by: Hugh Dickins <hughd@google.com>
Cc: Rik van Riel <riel@redhat.com>
Cc: Petr Holasek <pholasek@redhat.com>
Cc: Andrea Arcangeli <aarcange@redhat.com>
Cc: Izik Eidus <izik.eidus@ravellosystems.com>
Cc: Gerald Schaefer <gerald.schaefer@de.ibm.com>
Cc: KOSAKI Motohiro <kosaki.motohiro@gmail.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

6 years agoksm: reorganize ksm_check_stable_tree
Hugh Dickins [Sat, 23 Feb 2013 00:35:05 +0000]
ksm: reorganize ksm_check_stable_tree

Memory hotremove's ksm_check_stable_tree() is pitifully inefficient
(restarting whenever it finds a stale node to remove), but rearrange so
that at least it does not needlessly restart from nid 0 each time.  And
add a couple of comments: here is why we keep pfn instead of page.

Signed-off-by: Hugh Dickins <hughd@google.com>
Cc: Rik van Riel <riel@redhat.com>
Cc: Petr Holasek <pholasek@redhat.com>
Cc: Andrea Arcangeli <aarcange@redhat.com>
Cc: Izik Eidus <izik.eidus@ravellosystems.com>
Cc: Gerald Schaefer <gerald.schaefer@de.ibm.com>
Cc: KOSAKI Motohiro <kosaki.motohiro@gmail.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

6 years agoksm: trivial tidyups
Hugh Dickins [Sat, 23 Feb 2013 00:35:03 +0000]
ksm: trivial tidyups

Add NUMA() and DO_NUMA() macros to minimize blight of #ifdef
CONFIG_NUMAs (but indeed we don't want to expand struct rmap_item by nid
when not NUMA).  Add comment, remove "unsigned" from rmap_item->nid, as
"int nid" elsewhere.  Define ksm_merge_across_nodes 1U when #ifndef NUMA
to help optimizing out.  Use ?: in get_kpfn_nid().  Adjust a few
comments noticed in ongoing work.

Leave stable_tree_insert()'s rb_linkage until after the node has been
set up, as unstable_tree_search_insert() does: ksm_thread_mutex and page
lock make either way safe, but we're going to copy and I prefer this
precedent.

Signed-off-by: Hugh Dickins <hughd@google.com>
Cc: Rik van Riel <riel@redhat.com>
Cc: Petr Holasek <pholasek@redhat.com>
Cc: Andrea Arcangeli <aarcange@redhat.com>
Cc: Izik Eidus <izik.eidus@ravellosystems.com>
Cc: Gerald Schaefer <gerald.schaefer@de.ibm.com>
Cc: KOSAKI Motohiro <kosaki.motohiro@gmail.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

6 years agoksm: add sysfs ABI Documentation
Petr Holasek [Sat, 23 Feb 2013 00:35:02 +0000]
ksm: add sysfs ABI Documentation

Add sysfs documentation for Kernel Samepage Merging (KSM) including new
merge_across_nodes knob.

Signed-off-by: Petr Holasek <pholasek@redhat.com>
Signed-off-by: Hugh Dickins <hughd@google.com>
Cc: Rik van Riel <riel@redhat.com>
Cc: Andrea Arcangeli <aarcange@redhat.com>
Cc: Izik Eidus <izik.eidus@ravellosystems.com>
Cc: Gerald Schaefer <gerald.schaefer@de.ibm.com>
Cc: KOSAKI Motohiro <kosaki.motohiro@gmail.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

6 years agoksm: allow trees per NUMA node
Petr Holasek [Sat, 23 Feb 2013 00:35:00 +0000]
ksm: allow trees per NUMA node

Here's a KSM series, based on mmotm 2013-01-23-17-04: starting with
Petr's v7 "KSM: numa awareness sysfs knob"; then fixing the two issues
we had with that, fully enabling KSM page migration on the way.

(A different kind of KSM/NUMA issue which I've certainly not begun to
address here: when KSM pages are unmerged, there's usually no sense in
preferring to allocate the new pages local to the caller's node.)

This patch:

Introduces new sysfs boolean knob /sys/kernel/mm/ksm/merge_across_nodes
which control merging pages across different numa nodes.  When it is set
to zero only pages from the same node are merged, otherwise pages from
all nodes can be merged together (default behavior).

Typical use-case could be a lot of KVM guests on NUMA machine and cpus
from more distant nodes would have significant increase of access
latency to the merged ksm page.  Sysfs knob was choosen for higher
variability when some users still prefers higher amount of saved
physical memory regardless of access latency.

Every numa node has its own stable & unstable trees because of faster
searching and inserting.  Changing of merge_across_nodes value is
possible only when there are not any ksm shared pages in system.

I've tested this patch on numa machines with 2, 4 and 8 nodes and
measured speed of memory access inside of KVM guests with memory pinned
to one of nodes with this benchmark:

  http://pholasek.fedorapeople.org/alloc_pg.c

Population standard deviations of access times in percentage of average
were following:

merge_across_nodes=1
2 nodes 1.4%
4 nodes 1.6%
8 nodes 1.7%

merge_across_nodes=0
2 nodes 1%
4 nodes 0.32%
8 nodes 0.018%

RFC: https://lkml.org/lkml/2011/11/30/91
v1: https://lkml.org/lkml/2012/1/23/46
v2: https://lkml.org/lkml/2012/6/29/105
v3: https://lkml.org/lkml/2012/9/14/550
v4: https://lkml.org/lkml/2012/9/23/137
v5: https://lkml.org/lkml/2012/12/10/540
v6: https://lkml.org/lkml/2012/12/23/154
v7: https://lkml.org/lkml/2012/12/27/225

Hugh notes that this patch brings two problems, whose solution needs
further support in mm/ksm.c, which follows in subsequent patches:

1) switching merge_across_nodes after running KSM is liable to oops
   on stale nodes still left over from the previous stable tree;

2) memory hotremove may migrate KSM pages, but there is no provision
   here for !merge_across_nodes to migrate nodes to the proper tree.

Signed-off-by: Petr Holasek <pholasek@redhat.com>
Signed-off-by: Hugh Dickins <hughd@google.com>
Acked-by: Rik van Riel <riel@redhat.com>
Cc: Andrea Arcangeli <aarcange@redhat.com>
Cc: Izik Eidus <izik.eidus@ravellosystems.com>
Cc: Gerald Schaefer <gerald.schaefer@de.ibm.com>
Cc: KOSAKI Motohiro <kosaki.motohiro@gmail.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

6 years agomm: rename page struct field helpers
Mel Gorman [Sat, 23 Feb 2013 00:34:59 +0000]
mm: rename page struct field helpers

The function names page_xchg_last_nid(), page_last_nid() and
reset_page_last_nid() were judged to be inconsistent so rename them to a
struct_field_op style pattern.  As it looked jarring to have
reset_page_mapcount() and page_nid_reset_last() beside each other in
memmap_init_zone(), this patch also renames reset_page_mapcount() to
page_mapcount_reset().  There are others like init_page_count() but as
it is used throughout the arch code a rename would likely cause more
conflicts than it is worth.

[akpm@linux-foundation.org: fix zcache]
Signed-off-by: Mel Gorman <mgorman@suse.de>
Suggested-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

6 years agomemcg: avoid dangling reference count in creation failure.
Glauber Costa [Sat, 23 Feb 2013 00:34:57 +0000]
memcg: avoid dangling reference count in creation failure.

When use_hierarchy is enabled, we acquire an extra reference count in
our parent during cgroup creation.  We don't release it, though, if any
failure exist in the creation process.

Signed-off-by: Glauber Costa <glommer@parallels.com>
Reported-by: Michal Hocko <mhocko@suse.cz>
Acked-by: Michal Hocko <mhocko@suse.cz>
Cc: Tejun Heo <tj@kernel.org>
Cc: Hiroyuki Kamezawa <kamezawa.hiroyuki@gmail.com>
Cc: Johannes Weiner <hannes@cmpxchg.org>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

6 years agomemcg: increment static branch right after limit set
Glauber Costa [Sat, 23 Feb 2013 00:34:56 +0000]
memcg: increment static branch right after limit set

We were deferring the kmemcg static branch increment to a later time,
due to a nasty dependency between the cpu_hotplug lock, taken by the
jump label update, and the cgroup_lock.

Now we no longer take the cgroup lock, and we can save ourselves the
trouble.

Signed-off-by: Glauber Costa <glommer@parallels.com>
Acked-by: Michal Hocko <mhocko@suse.cz>
Cc: Tejun Heo <tj@kernel.org>
Cc: Hiroyuki Kamezawa <kamezawa.hiroyuki@gmail.com>
Cc: Johannes Weiner <hannes@cmpxchg.org>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

6 years agomemcg: replace cgroup_lock with memcg specific memcg_lock
Glauber Costa [Sat, 23 Feb 2013 00:34:55 +0000]
memcg: replace cgroup_lock with memcg specific memcg_lock

After the preparation work done in earlier patches, the cgroup_lock can
be trivially replaced with a memcg-specific lock.  This is an automatic
translation at every site where the values involved were queried.

The sites where values are written, however, used to be naturally called
under cgroup_lock.  This is the case for instance in the css_online
callback.  For those, we now need to explicitly add the memcg lock.

With this, all the calls to cgroup_lock outside cgroup core are gone.

Signed-off-by: Glauber Costa <glommer@parallels.com>
Acked-by: Michal Hocko <mhocko@suse.cz>
Cc: Tejun Heo <tj@kernel.org>
Cc: Hiroyuki Kamezawa <kamezawa.hiroyuki@gmail.com>
Cc: Johannes Weiner <hannes@cmpxchg.org>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

6 years agomemcg: fast hierarchy-aware child test
Glauber Costa [Sat, 23 Feb 2013 00:34:53 +0000]
memcg: fast hierarchy-aware child test

Currently, we use cgroups' provided list of children to verify if it is
safe to proceed with any value change that is dependent on the cgroup
being empty.

This is less than ideal, because it enforces a dependency over cgroup
core that we would be better off without.  The solution proposed here is
to iterate over the child cgroups and if any is found that is already
online, we bounce and return: we don't really care how many children we
have, only if we have any.

This is also made to be hierarchy aware.  IOW, cgroups with hierarchy
disabled, while they still exist, will be considered for the purpose of
this interface as having no children.

[akpm@linux-foundation.org: tweak comments]
Signed-off-by: Glauber Costa <glommer@parallels.com>
Acked-by: Michal Hocko <mhocko@suse.cz>
Cc: Tejun Heo <tj@kernel.org>
Cc: Hiroyuki Kamezawa <kamezawa.hiroyuki@gmail.com>
Cc: Johannes Weiner <hannes@cmpxchg.org>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

6 years agomemcg: split part of memcg creation to css_online
Glauber Costa [Sat, 23 Feb 2013 00:34:52 +0000]
memcg: split part of memcg creation to css_online

This patch is a preparatory work for later locking rework to get rid of
big cgroup lock from memory controller code.

The memory controller uses some tunables to adjust its operation.  Those
tunables are inherited from parent to children upon children
intialization.  For most of them, the value cannot be changed after the
parent has a new children.

cgroup core splits initialization in two phases: css_alloc and css_online.
After css_alloc, the memory allocation and basic initialization are done.
But the new group is not yet visible anywhere, not even for cgroup core
code.  It is only somewhere between css_alloc and css_online that it is
inserted into the internal children lists.  Copying tunable values in
css_alloc will lead to inconsistent values: the children will copy the old
parent values, that can change between the copy and the moment in which
the groups is linked to any data structure that can indicate the presence
of children.

Signed-off-by: Glauber Costa <glommer@parallels.com>
Acked-by: Michal Hocko <mhocko@suse.cz>
Cc: Tejun Heo <tj@kernel.org>
Cc: Hiroyuki Kamezawa <kamezawa.hiroyuki@gmail.com>
Cc: Johannes Weiner <hannes@cmpxchg.org>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

6 years agomemcg: prevent changes to move_charge_at_immigrate during task attach
Glauber Costa [Sat, 23 Feb 2013 00:34:50 +0000]
memcg: prevent changes to move_charge_at_immigrate during task attach

In memcg, we use the cgroup_lock basically to synchronize against
attaching new children to a cgroup.  We do this because we rely on
cgroup core to provide us with this information.

We need to guarantee that upon child creation, our tunables are
consistent.  For those, the calls to cgroup_lock() all live in handlers
like mem_cgroup_hierarchy_write(), where we change a tunable in the
group that is hierarchy-related.  For instance, the use_hierarchy flag
cannot be changed if the cgroup already have children.

Furthermore, those values are propagated from the parent to the child
when a new child is created.  So if we don't lock like this, we can end
up with the following situation:

A                                   B
 memcg_css_alloc()                       mem_cgroup_hierarchy_write()
 copy use hierarchy from parent          change use hierarchy in parent
 finish creation.

This is mainly because during create, we are still not fully connected
to the css tree.  So all iterators and the such that we could use, will
fail to show that the group has children.

My observation is that all of creation can proceed in parallel with
those tasks, except value assignment.  So what this patch series does is
to first move all value assignment that is dependent on parent values
from css_alloc to css_online, where the iterators all work, and then we
lock only the value assignment.  This will guarantee that parent and
children always have consistent values.  Together with an online test,
that can be derived from the observation that the refcount of an online
memcg can be made to be always positive, we should be able to
synchronize our side without the cgroup lock.

This patch:

Currently, we rely on the cgroup_lock() to prevent changes to
move_charge_at_immigrate during task migration.  However, this is only
needed because the current strategy keeps checking this value throughout
the whole process.  Since all we need is serialization, one needs only
to guarantee that whatever decision we made in the beginning of a
specific migration is respected throughout the process.

We can achieve this by just saving it in mc.  By doing this, no kind of
locking is needed.

Signed-off-by: Glauber Costa <glommer@parallels.com>
Acked-by: Michal Hocko <mhocko@suse.cz>
Cc: Tejun Heo <tj@kernel.org>
Cc: Hiroyuki Kamezawa <kamezawa.hiroyuki@gmail.com>
Cc: Johannes Weiner <hannes@cmpxchg.org>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

6 years agomemcg: reduce the size of struct memcg 244-fold.
Glauber Costa [Sat, 23 Feb 2013 00:34:49 +0000]
memcg: reduce the size of struct memcg 244-fold.

In order to maintain all the memcg bookkeeping, we need per-node
descriptors, which will in turn contain a per-zone descriptor.

Because we want to statically allocate those, this array ends up being
very big.  Part of the reason is that we allocate something large enough
to hold MAX_NUMNODES, the compile time constant that holds the maximum
number of nodes we would ever consider.

However, we can do better in some cases if the firmware help us.  This
is true for modern x86 machines; coincidentally one of the architectures
in which MAX_NUMNODES tends to be very big.

By using the firmware-provided maximum number of nodes instead of
MAX_NUMNODES, we can reduce the memory footprint of struct memcg
considerably.  In the extreme case in which we have only one node, this
reduces the size of the structure from ~ 64k to ~2k.  This is
particularly important because it means that we will no longer resort to
the vmalloc area for the struct memcg on defconfigs.  We also have
enough room for an extra node and still be outside vmalloc.

One also has to keep in mind that with the industry's ability to fit
more processors in a die as fast as the FED prints money, a nodes = 2
configuration is already respectably big.

[akpm@linux-foundation.org: add check for invalid nid, remove inline]
Signed-off-by: Glauber Costa <glommer@parallels.com>
Acked-by: Michal Hocko <mhocko@suse.cz>
Cc: Kamezawa Hiroyuki <kamezawa.hiroyu@jp.fujitsu.com>
Cc: Johannes Weiner <hannes@cmpxchg.org>
Reviewed-by: Greg Thelen <gthelen@google.com>
Cc: Hugh Dickins <hughd@google.com>
Cc: Ying Han <yinghan@google.com>
Cc: Mel Gorman <mgorman@suse.de>
Cc: Rik van Riel <riel@redhat.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

6 years agomm: init: report on last-nid information stored in page->flags
Mel Gorman [Sat, 23 Feb 2013 00:34:47 +0000]
mm: init: report on last-nid information stored in page->flags

Answering the question "how much space remains in the page->flags" is
time-consuming.  mminit_loglevel can help answer the question but it
does not take last_nid information into account.  This patch corrects it
and while there it corrects the messages related to page flag usage,
pgshifts and node/zone id.  When applied the relevant output looks
something like this but will depend on the kernel configuration.

  mminit::pageflags_layout_widths Section 0 Node 9 Zone 2 Lastnid 9 Flags 25
  mminit::pageflags_layout_shifts Section 19 Node 9 Zone 2 Lastnid 9
  mminit::pageflags_layout_pgshifts Section 0 Node 55 Zone 53 Lastnid 44
  mminit::pageflags_layout_nodezoneid Node/Zone ID: 64 -> 53
  mminit::pageflags_layout_usage location: 64 -> 44 layout 44 -> 25 unused 25 -> 0 page-flags

Signed-off-by: Mel Gorman <mgorman@suse.de>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

6 years agomm: uninline page_xchg_last_nid()
Mel Gorman [Sat, 23 Feb 2013 00:34:46 +0000]
mm: uninline page_xchg_last_nid()

Andrew Morton pointed out that page_xchg_last_nid() and
reset_page_last_nid() were "getting nuttily large" and asked that it be
investigated.

reset_page_last_nid() is on the page free path and it would be
unfortunate to make that path more expensive than it needs to be.  Due
to the internal use of page_xchg_last_nid() it is already too expensive
but fortunately, it should also be impossible for the page->flags to be
updated in parallel when we call reset_page_last_nid().  Instead of
unlining the function, it uses a simplier implementation that assumes no
parallel updates and should now be sufficiently short for inlining.

page_xchg_last_nid() is called in paths that are already quite expensive
(splitting huge page, fault handling, migration) and it is reasonable to
uninline.  There was not really a good place to place the function but
mm/mmzone.c was the closest fit IMO.

This patch saved 128 bytes of text in the vmlinux file for the kernel
configuration I used for testing automatic NUMA balancing.

Signed-off-by: Mel Gorman <mgorman@suse.de>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

6 years agomemcg: clean up swap accounting initialization code
Michal Hocko [Sat, 23 Feb 2013 00:34:45 +0000]
memcg: clean up swap accounting initialization code

Memcg swap accounting is currently enabled by enable_swap_cgroup when
the root cgroup is created.  mem_cgroup_init acts as a memcg subsystem
initializer which sounds like a much better place for enable_swap_cgroup
as well.  We already register memsw files from there so it makes a lot
of sense to merge those two into a single enable_swap_cgroup function.

This patch doesn't introduce any semantic changes.

Signed-off-by: Michal Hocko <mhocko@suse.cz>
Cc: Zhouping Liu <zliu@redhat.com>
Cc: Kamezawa Hiroyuki <kamezawa.hiroyu@jp.fujitsu.com>
Cc: David Rientjes <rientjes@google.com>
Cc: Li Zefan <lizefan@huawei.com>
Cc: CAI Qian <caiqian@redhat.com>
Cc: Tejun Heo <tj@kernel.org>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

6 years agomemcg: do not create memsw files if swap accounting is disabled
Michal Hocko [Sat, 23 Feb 2013 00:34:43 +0000]
memcg: do not create memsw files if swap accounting is disabled

Zhouping Liu has reported that memsw files are exported even though swap
accounting is runtime disabled if MEMCG_SWAP is enabled.  This behavior
has been introduced by commit af36f906c0f4 ("memcg: always create memsw
files if CGROUP_MEM_RES_CTLR_SWAP") and it causes any attempt to open
the file to return EOPNOTSUPP.  Although EOPNOTSUPP should say be clear
that memsw operations are not supported in the given configuration it is
fair to say that this behavior could be quite confusing.

Let's tear memsw files out of default cgroup files and add them only if
the swap accounting is really enabled (either by MEMCG_SWAP_ENABLED or
swapaccount=1 boot parameter).  We can hook into mem_cgroup_init which
is called when the memcg subsystem is initialized and which happens
after boot command line is processed.

Signed-off-by: Michal Hocko <mhocko@suse.cz>
Reported-by: Zhouping Liu <zliu@redhat.com>
Tested-by: Zhouping Liu <zliu@redhat.com>
Cc: Kamezawa Hiroyuki <kamezawa.hiroyu@jp.fujitsu.com>
Cc: David Rientjes <rientjes@google.com>
Cc: Li Zefan <lizefan@huawei.com>
Cc: CAI Qian <caiqian@redhat.com>
Cc: Tejun Heo <tj@kernel.org>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

6 years agopage-writeback.c: subtract min_free_kbytes from dirtyable memory
Paul Szabo [Sat, 23 Feb 2013 00:34:42 +0000]
page-writeback.c: subtract min_free_kbytes from dirtyable memory

When calculating amount of dirtyable memory, min_free_kbytes should be
subtracted because it is not intended for dirty pages.

Addresses http://bugs.debian.org/695182

[akpm@linux-foundation.org: fix up min_free_kbytes extern declarations]
[akpm@linux-foundation.org: fix min() warning]
Signed-off-by: Paul Szabo <psz@maths.usyd.edu.au>
Acked-by: Rik van Riel <riel@redhat.com>
Cc: Wu Fengguang <fengguang.wu@intel.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

6 years agomm/rmap: rename anon_vma_unlock() => anon_vma_unlock_write()
Konstantin Khlebnikov [Sat, 23 Feb 2013 00:34:40 +0000]
mm/rmap: rename anon_vma_unlock() => anon_vma_unlock_write()

The comment in commit 4fc3f1d66b1e ("mm/rmap, migration: Make
rmap_walk_anon() and try_to_unmap_anon() more scalable") says:

| Rename anon_vma_[un]lock() => anon_vma_[un]lock_write(),
| to make it clearer that it's an exclusive write-lock in
| that case - suggested by Rik van Riel.

But that commit renames only anon_vma_lock()

Signed-off-by: Konstantin Khlebnikov <khlebnikov@openvz.org>
Cc: Ingo Molnar <mingo@kernel.org>
Reviewed-by: Rik van Riel <riel@redhat.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

6 years agoswap: add per-partition lock for swapfile
Shaohua Li [Sat, 23 Feb 2013 00:34:38 +0000]
swap: add per-partition lock for swapfile

swap_lock is heavily contended when I test swap to 3 fast SSD (even
slightly slower than swap to 2 such SSD).  The main contention comes
from swap_info_get().  This patch tries to fix the gap with adding a new
per-partition lock.

Global data like nr_swapfiles, total_swap_pages, least_priority and
swap_list are still protected by swap_lock.

nr_swap_pages is an atomic now, it can be changed without swap_lock.  In
theory, it's possible get_swap_page() finds no swap pages but actually
there are free swap pages.  But sounds not a big problem.

Accessing partition specific data (like scan_swap_map and so on) is only
protected by swap_info_struct.lock.

Changing swap_info_struct.flags need hold swap_lock and
swap_info_struct.lock, because scan_scan_map() will check it.  read the
flags is ok with either the locks hold.

If both swap_lock and swap_info_struct.lock must be hold, we always hold
the former first to avoid deadlock.

swap_entry_free() can change swap_list.  To delete that code, we add a
new highest_priority_index.  Whenever get_swap_page() is called, we
check it.  If it's valid, we use it.

It's a pity get_swap_page() still holds swap_lock().  But in practice,
swap_lock() isn't heavily contended in my test with this patch (or I can
say there are other much more heavier bottlenecks like TLB flush).  And
BTW, looks get_swap_page() doesn't really need the lock.  We never free
swap_info[] and we check SWAP_WRITEOK flag.  The only risk without the
lock is we could swapout to some low priority swap, but we can quickly
recover after several rounds of swap, so sounds not a big deal to me.
But I'd prefer to fix this if it's a real problem.

"swap: make each swap partition have one address_space" improved the
swapout speed from 1.7G/s to 2G/s.  This patch further improves the
speed to 2.3G/s, so around 15% improvement.  It's a multi-process test,
so TLB flush isn't the biggest bottleneck before the patches.

[arnd@arndb.de: fix it for nommu]
[hughd@google.com: add missing unlock]
[minchan@kernel.org: get rid of lockdep whinge on sys_swapon]
Signed-off-by: Shaohua Li <shli@fusionio.com>
Cc: Hugh Dickins <hughd@google.com>
Cc: Rik van Riel <riel@redhat.com>
Cc: Minchan Kim <minchan.kim@gmail.com>
Cc: Greg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@linuxfoundation.org>
Cc: Seth Jennings <sjenning@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
Cc: Konrad Rzeszutek Wilk <konrad.wilk@oracle.com>
Cc: Xiao Guangrong <xiaoguangrong@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
Cc: Dan Magenheimer <dan.magenheimer@oracle.com>
Cc: Stephen Rothwell <sfr@canb.auug.org.au>
Signed-off-by: Arnd Bergmann <arnd@arndb.de>
Signed-off-by: Hugh Dickins <hughd@google.com>
Signed-off-by: Minchan Kim <minchan@kernel.org>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

6 years agoswap: make each swap partition have one address_space
Shaohua Li [Sat, 23 Feb 2013 00:34:37 +0000]
swap: make each swap partition have one address_space

When I use several fast SSD to do swap, swapper_space.tree_lock is
heavily contended.  This makes each swap partition have one
address_space to reduce the lock contention.  There is an array of
address_space for swap.  The swap entry type is the index to the array.

In my test with 3 SSD, this increases the swapout throughput 20%.

[akpm@linux-foundation.org: revert unneeded change to  __add_to_swap_cache]
Signed-off-by: Shaohua Li <shli@fusionio.com>
Cc: Hugh Dickins <hughd@google.com>
Acked-by: Rik van Riel <riel@redhat.com>
Acked-by: Minchan Kim <minchan@kernel.org>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

6 years agomm: don't inline page_mapping()
Shaohua Li [Sat, 23 Feb 2013 00:34:35 +0000]
mm: don't inline page_mapping()

According to akpm, this saves 1/2k text and makes things simple for the
next patch.

Numbers from Minchan:

add/remove: 1/0 grow/shrink: 6/22 up/down: 92/-516 (-424)
function                                     old     new   delta
page_mapping                                   -      48     +48
do_task_stat                                2292    2308     +16
page_remove_rmap                             240     248      +8
load_elf_binary                             4500    4508      +8
update_queue                                 532     536      +4
scsi_probe_and_add_lun                      2892    2896      +4
lookup_fast                                  644     648      +4
vcs_read                                    1040    1036      -4
__ip_route_output_key                       1904    1900      -4
ip_route_input_noref                        2508    2500      -8
shmem_file_aio_read                          784     772     -12
__isolate_lru_page                           272     256     -16
shmem_replace_page                           708     688     -20
mark_buffer_dirty                            228     208     -20
__set_page_dirty_buffers                     240     220     -20
__remove_mapping                             276     256     -20
update_mmu_cache                             500     476     -24
set_page_dirty_balance                        92      68     -24
set_page_dirty                               172     148     -24
page_evictable                                88      64     -24
page_cache_pipe_buf_steal                    248     224     -24
clear_page_dirty_for_io                      340     316     -24
test_set_page_writeback                      400     372     -28
test_clear_page_writeback                    516     488     -28
invalidate_inode_page                        156     128     -28
page_mkclean                                 432     400     -32
flush_dcache_page                            360     328     -32
__set_page_dirty_nobuffers                   324     280     -44
shrink_page_list                            2412    2356     -56

Signed-off-by: Shaohua Li <shli@fusionio.com>
Suggested-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Cc: Hugh Dickins <hughd@google.com>
Acked-by: Rik van Riel <riel@redhat.com>
Cc: Minchan Kim <minchan.kim@gmail.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

6 years agomm: numa: cleanup flow of transhuge page migration
Hugh Dickins [Sat, 23 Feb 2013 00:34:33 +0000]
mm: numa: cleanup flow of transhuge page migration

When correcting commit 04fa5d6a6547 ("mm: migrate: check page_count of
THP before migrating") Hugh Dickins noted that the control flow for
transhuge migration was difficult to follow.  Unconditionally calling
put_page() in numamigrate_isolate_page() made the failure paths of both
migrate_misplaced_transhuge_page() and migrate_misplaced_page() more
complex that they should be.  Further, he was extremely wary that an
unlock_page() should ever happen after a put_page() even if the
put_page() should never be the final put_page.

Hugh implemented the following cleanup to simplify the path by calling
putback_lru_page() inside numamigrate_isolate_page() if it failed to
isolate and always calling unlock_page() within
migrate_misplaced_transhuge_page().

There is no functional change after this patch is applied but the code
is easier to follow and unlock_page() always happens before put_page().

[mgorman@suse.de: changelog only]
Signed-off-by: Mel Gorman <mgorman@suse.de>
Signed-off-by: Hugh Dickins <hughd@google.com>
Cc: Peter Zijlstra <a.p.zijlstra@chello.nl>
Cc: Andrea Arcangeli <aarcange@redhat.com>
Cc: Ingo Molnar <mingo@kernel.org>
Cc: Simon Jeons <simon.jeons@gmail.com>
Cc: Wanpeng Li <liwanp@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

6 years agomm: fold page->_last_nid into page->flags where possible
Peter Zijlstra [Sat, 23 Feb 2013 00:34:32 +0000]
mm: fold page->_last_nid into page->flags where possible

page->_last_nid fits into page->flags on 64-bit.  The unlikely 32-bit
NUMA configuration with NUMA Balancing will still need an extra page
field.  As Peter notes "Completely dropping 32bit support for
CONFIG_NUMA_BALANCING would simplify things, but it would also remove
the warning if we grow enough 64bit only page-flags to push the last-cpu
out."

[mgorman@suse.de: minor modifications]
Signed-off-by: Mel Gorman <mgorman@suse.de>
Cc: Peter Zijlstra <a.p.zijlstra@chello.nl>
Cc: Andrea Arcangeli <aarcange@redhat.com>
Cc: Ingo Molnar <mingo@kernel.org>
Cc: Simon Jeons <simon.jeons@gmail.com>
Cc: Wanpeng Li <liwanp@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
Cc: Hugh Dickins <hughd@google.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

6 years agomm: move page flags layout to separate header
Peter Zijlstra [Sat, 23 Feb 2013 00:34:30 +0000]
mm: move page flags layout to separate header

This is a preparation patch for moving page->_last_nid into page->flags
that moves page flag layout information to a separate header.  This
patch is necessary because otherwise there would be a circular
dependency between mm_types.h and mm.h.

Signed-off-by: Mel Gorman <mgorman@suse.de>
Cc: Peter Zijlstra <a.p.zijlstra@chello.nl>
Cc: Andrea Arcangeli <aarcange@redhat.com>
Cc: Ingo Molnar <mingo@kernel.org>
Cc: Simon Jeons <simon.jeons@gmail.com>
Cc: Wanpeng Li <liwanp@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
Cc: Hugh Dickins <hughd@google.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

6 years agomm: numa: handle side-effects in count_vm_numa_events() for !CONFIG_NUMA_BALANCING
Mel Gorman [Sat, 23 Feb 2013 00:34:29 +0000]
mm: numa: handle side-effects in count_vm_numa_events() for !CONFIG_NUMA_BALANCING

The current definitions for count_vm_numa_events() is wrong for
!CONFIG_NUMA_BALANCING as the following would miss the side-effect.

count_vm_numa_events(NUMA_FOO, bar++);

There are no such users of count_vm_numa_events() but this patch fixes
it as it is a potential pitfall.  Ideally both would be converted to
static inline but NUMA_PTE_UPDATES is not defined if
!CONFIG_NUMA_BALANCING and creating dummy constants just to have a
static inline would be similarly clumsy.

Signed-off-by: Mel Gorman <mgorman@suse.de>
Cc: Peter Zijlstra <a.p.zijlstra@chello.nl>
Cc: Andrea Arcangeli <aarcange@redhat.com>
Cc: Ingo Molnar <mingo@kernel.org>
Cc: Simon Jeons <simon.jeons@gmail.com>
Cc: Wanpeng Li <liwanp@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
Cc: Hugh Dickins <hughd@google.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

6 years agomm: numa: take THP into account when migrating pages for NUMA balancing
Mel Gorman [Sat, 23 Feb 2013 00:34:27 +0000]
mm: numa: take THP into account when migrating pages for NUMA balancing

Wanpeng Li pointed out that numamigrate_isolate_page() assumes that only
one base page is being migrated when in fact it can also be checking
THP.

The consequences are that a migration will be attempted when a target
node is nearly full and fail later.  It's unlikely to be user-visible
but it should be fixed.  While we are there, migrate_balanced_pgdat()
should treat nr_migrate_pages as an unsigned long as it is treated as a
watermark.

Signed-off-by: Mel Gorman <mgorman@suse.de>
Suggested-by: Wanpeng Li <liwanp@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
Cc: Peter Zijlstra <a.p.zijlstra@chello.nl>
Cc: Andrea Arcangeli <aarcange@redhat.com>
Cc: Ingo Molnar <mingo@kernel.org>
Cc: Simon Jeons <simon.jeons@gmail.com>
Cc: Hugh Dickins <hughd@google.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

6 years agomm: numa: fix minor typo in numa_next_scan
Mel Gorman [Sat, 23 Feb 2013 00:34:25 +0000]
mm: numa: fix minor typo in numa_next_scan

s/me/be/ and clarify the comment a bit when we're changing it anyway.

Signed-off-by: Mel Gorman <mgorman@suse.de>
Suggested-by: Simon Jeons <simon.jeons@gmail.com>
Cc: Peter Zijlstra <a.p.zijlstra@chello.nl>
Cc: Andrea Arcangeli <aarcange@redhat.com>
Cc: Ingo Molnar <mingo@kernel.org>
Cc: Wanpeng Li <liwanp@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
Cc: Hugh Dickins <hughd@google.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

6 years agomm: remove unused memclear_highpage_flush()
Kirill A. Shutemov [Sat, 23 Feb 2013 00:34:24 +0000]
mm: remove unused memclear_highpage_flush()

Signed-off-by: Kirill A. Shutemov <kirill.shutemov@linux.intel.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

6 years agousb: forbid memory allocation with I/O during bus reset
Ming Lei [Sat, 23 Feb 2013 00:34:22 +0000]
usb: forbid memory allocation with I/O during bus reset

If one storage interface or usb network interface(iSCSI case) exists in
current configuration, memory allocation with GFP_KERNEL during
usb_device_reset() might trigger I/O transfer on the storage interface
itself and cause deadlock because the 'us->dev_mutex' is held in
.pre_reset() and the storage interface can't do I/O transfer when the
reset is triggered by other interface, or the error handling can't be
completed if the reset is triggered by the storage itself (error
handling path).

Signed-off-by: Ming Lei <ming.lei@canonical.com>
Cc: "David S. Miller" <davem@davemloft.net>
Cc: Eric Dumazet <eric.dumazet@gmail.com>
Cc: David Decotigny <david.decotigny@google.com>
Cc: Tom Herbert <therbert@google.com>
Cc: Ingo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu>
Cc: Jens Axboe <axboe@kernel.dk>
Cc: Minchan Kim <minchan@kernel.org>
Cc: Alan Stern <stern@rowland.harvard.edu>
Cc: Oliver Neukum <oneukum@suse.de>
Reviewed-by: Jiri Kosina <jkosina@suse.cz>
Cc: Mel Gorman <mel@csn.ul.ie>
Cc: KAMEZAWA Hiroyuki <kamezawa.hiroyu@jp.fujitsu.com>
Cc: Michal Hocko <mhocko@suse.cz>
Cc: Ingo Molnar <mingo@redhat.com>
Cc: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org>
Cc: "Rafael J. Wysocki" <rjw@sisk.pl>
Cc: Greg KH <greg@kroah.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

6 years agopm / runtime: force memory allocation with no I/O during Runtime PM callbcack
Ming Lei [Sat, 23 Feb 2013 00:34:19 +0000]
pm / runtime: force memory allocation with no I/O during Runtime PM callbcack

Apply the introduced memalloc_noio_save() and memalloc_noio_restore() to
force memory allocation with no I/O during runtime_resume/runtime_suspend
callback on device with the flag of 'memalloc_noio' set.

Signed-off-by: Ming Lei <ming.lei@canonical.com>
Cc: "David S. Miller" <davem@davemloft.net>
Cc: Eric Dumazet <eric.dumazet@gmail.com>
Cc: David Decotigny <david.decotigny@google.com>
Cc: Tom Herbert <therbert@google.com>
Cc: Ingo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu>
Cc: Jens Axboe <axboe@kernel.dk>
Cc: Minchan Kim <minchan@kernel.org>
Cc: Alan Stern <stern@rowland.harvard.edu>
Cc: Oliver Neukum <oneukum@suse.de>
Cc: Jiri Kosina <jiri.kosina@suse.com>
Cc: Mel Gorman <mel@csn.ul.ie>
Cc: KAMEZAWA Hiroyuki <kamezawa.hiroyu@jp.fujitsu.com>
Cc: Michal Hocko <mhocko@suse.cz>
Cc: Ingo Molnar <mingo@redhat.com>
Cc: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org>
Cc: "Rafael J. Wysocki" <rjw@sisk.pl>
Cc: Greg KH <greg@kroah.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

6 years agonet/core: apply pm_runtime_set_memalloc_noio on network devices
Ming Lei [Sat, 23 Feb 2013 00:34:16 +0000]
net/core: apply pm_runtime_set_memalloc_noio on network devices

Deadlock might be caused by allocating memory with GFP_KERNEL in
runtime_resume and runtime_suspend callback of network devices in iSCSI
situation, so mark network devices and its ancestor as 'memalloc_noio'
with the introduced pm_runtime_set_memalloc_noio().

Signed-off-by: Ming Lei <ming.lei@canonical.com>
Cc: "David S. Miller" <davem@davemloft.net>
Cc: Eric Dumazet <eric.dumazet@gmail.com>
Cc: David Decotigny <david.decotigny@google.com>
Cc: Tom Herbert <therbert@google.com>
Cc: Ingo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu>
Cc: Jens Axboe <axboe@kernel.dk>
Cc: Minchan Kim <minchan@kernel.org>
Cc: Alan Stern <stern@rowland.harvard.edu>
Cc: Oliver Neukum <oneukum@suse.de>
Cc: Jiri Kosina <jiri.kosina@suse.com>
Cc: Mel Gorman <mel@csn.ul.ie>
Cc: KAMEZAWA Hiroyuki <kamezawa.hiroyu@jp.fujitsu.com>
Cc: Michal Hocko <mhocko@suse.cz>
Cc: Ingo Molnar <mingo@redhat.com>
Cc: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org>
Cc: "Rafael J. Wysocki" <rjw@sisk.pl>
Cc: Greg KH <greg@kroah.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

6 years agoblock/genhd.c: apply pm_runtime_set_memalloc_noio on block devices
Ming Lei [Sat, 23 Feb 2013 00:34:13 +0000]
block/genhd.c: apply pm_runtime_set_memalloc_noio on block devices

Apply the introduced pm_runtime_set_memalloc_noio on block device so
that PM core will teach mm to not allocate memory with GFP_IOFS when
calling the runtime_resume and runtime_suspend callback for block
devices and its ancestors.

Signed-off-by: Ming Lei <ming.lei@canonical.com>
Cc: Jens Axboe <axboe@kernel.dk>
Cc: Minchan Kim <minchan@kernel.org>
Cc: Alan Stern <stern@rowland.harvard.edu>
Cc: Oliver Neukum <oneukum@suse.de>
Cc: Jiri Kosina <jiri.kosina@suse.com>
Cc: Mel Gorman <mel@csn.ul.ie>
Cc: KAMEZAWA Hiroyuki <kamezawa.hiroyu@jp.fujitsu.com>
Cc: Michal Hocko <mhocko@suse.cz>
Cc: Ingo Molnar <mingo@redhat.com>
Cc: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org>
Cc: "Rafael J. Wysocki" <rjw@sisk.pl>
Cc: Greg KH <greg@kroah.com>
Cc: "David S. Miller" <davem@davemloft.net>
Cc: Eric Dumazet <eric.dumazet@gmail.com>
Cc: David Decotigny <david.decotigny@google.com>
Cc: Tom Herbert <therbert@google.com>
Cc: Ingo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

6 years agopm / runtime: introduce pm_runtime_set_memalloc_noio()
Ming Lei [Sat, 23 Feb 2013 00:34:11 +0000]
pm / runtime: introduce pm_runtime_set_memalloc_noio()

Introduce the flag memalloc_noio in 'struct dev_pm_info' to help PM core
to teach mm not allocating memory with GFP_KERNEL flag for avoiding
probable deadlock.

As explained in the comment, any GFP_KERNEL allocation inside
runtime_resume() or runtime_suspend() on any one of device in the path
from one block or network device to the root device in the device tree
may cause deadlock, the introduced pm_runtime_set_memalloc_noio() sets
or clears the flag on device in the path recursively.

Signed-off-by: Ming Lei <ming.lei@canonical.com>
Cc: Minchan Kim <minchan@kernel.org>
Cc: Alan Stern <stern@rowland.harvard.edu>
Cc: Oliver Neukum <oneukum@suse.de>
Cc: Jiri Kosina <jiri.kosina@suse.com>
Cc: Mel Gorman <mel@csn.ul.ie>
Cc: KAMEZAWA Hiroyuki <kamezawa.hiroyu@jp.fujitsu.com>
Cc: Michal Hocko <mhocko@suse.cz>
Cc: Ingo Molnar <mingo@redhat.com>
Cc: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org>
Cc: "Rafael J. Wysocki" <rjw@sisk.pl>
Cc: Greg KH <greg@kroah.com>
Cc: Jens Axboe <axboe@kernel.dk>
Cc: "David S. Miller" <davem@davemloft.net>
Cc: Eric Dumazet <eric.dumazet@gmail.com>
Cc: David Decotigny <david.decotigny@google.com>
Cc: Tom Herbert <therbert@google.com>
Cc: Ingo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

6 years agomm: teach mm by current context info to not do I/O during memory allocation
Ming Lei [Sat, 23 Feb 2013 00:34:08 +0000]
mm: teach mm by current context info to not do I/O during memory allocation

This patch introduces PF_MEMALLOC_NOIO on process flag('flags' field of
'struct task_struct'), so that the flag can be set by one task to avoid
doing I/O inside memory allocation in the task's context.

The patch trys to solve one deadlock problem caused by block device, and
the problem may happen at least in the below situations:

- during block device runtime resume, if memory allocation with
  GFP_KERNEL is called inside runtime resume callback of any one of its
  ancestors(or the block device itself), the deadlock may be triggered
  inside the memory allocation since it might not complete until the block
  device becomes active and the involed page I/O finishes.  The situation
  is pointed out first by Alan Stern.  It is not a good approach to
  convert all GFP_KERNEL[1] in the path into GFP_NOIO because several
  subsystems may be involved(for example, PCI, USB and SCSI may be
  involved for usb mass stoarage device, network devices involved too in
  the iSCSI case)

- during block device runtime suspend, because runtime resume need to
  wait for completion of concurrent runtime suspend.

- during error handling of usb mass storage deivce, USB bus reset will
  be put on the device, so there shouldn't have any memory allocation with
  GFP_KERNEL during USB bus reset, otherwise the deadlock similar with
  above may be triggered.  Unfortunately, any usb device may include one
  mass storage interface in theory, so it requires all usb interface
  drivers to handle the situation.  In fact, most usb drivers don't know
  how to handle bus reset on the device and don't provide .pre_set() and
  .post_reset() callback at all, so USB core has to unbind and bind driver
  for these devices.  So it is still not practical to resort to GFP_NOIO
  for solving the problem.

Also the introduced solution can be used by block subsystem or block
drivers too, for example, set the PF_MEMALLOC_NOIO flag before doing
actual I/O transfer.

It is not a good idea to convert all these GFP_KERNEL in the affected
path into GFP_NOIO because these functions doing that may be implemented
as library and will be called in many other contexts.

In fact, memalloc_noio_flags() can convert some of current static
GFP_NOIO allocation into GFP_KERNEL back in other non-affected contexts,
at least almost all GFP_NOIO in USB subsystem can be converted into
GFP_KERNEL after applying the approach and make allocation with GFP_NOIO
only happen in runtime resume/bus reset/block I/O transfer contexts
generally.

[1], several GFP_KERNEL allocation examples in runtime resume path

- pci subsystem
acpi_os_allocate
<-acpi_ut_allocate
<-ACPI_ALLOCATE_ZEROED
<-acpi_evaluate_object
<-__acpi_bus_set_power
<-acpi_bus_set_power
<-acpi_pci_set_power_state
<-platform_pci_set_power_state
<-pci_platform_power_transition
<-__pci_complete_power_transition
<-pci_set_power_state
<-pci_restore_standard_config
<-pci_pm_runtime_resume
- usb subsystem
usb_get_status
<-finish_port_resume
<-usb_port_resume
<-generic_resume
<-usb_resume_device
<-usb_resume_both
<-usb_runtime_resume

- some individual usb drivers
usblp, uvc, gspca, most of dvb-usb-v2 media drivers, cpia2, az6007, ....

That is just what I have found.  Unfortunately, this allocation can only
be found by human being now, and there should be many not found since
any function in the resume path(call tree) may allocate memory with
GFP_KERNEL.

Signed-off-by: Ming Lei <ming.lei@canonical.com>
Signed-off-by: Minchan Kim <minchan@kernel.org>
Cc: Alan Stern <stern@rowland.harvard.edu>
Cc: Oliver Neukum <oneukum@suse.de>
Cc: Jiri Kosina <jiri.kosina@suse.com>
Cc: Mel Gorman <mel@csn.ul.ie>
Cc: KAMEZAWA Hiroyuki <kamezawa.hiroyu@jp.fujitsu.com>
Cc: Michal Hocko <mhocko@suse.cz>
Cc: Ingo Molnar <mingo@redhat.com>
Cc: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org>
Cc: "Rafael J. Wysocki" <rjw@sisk.pl>
Cc: Greg KH <greg@kroah.com>
Cc: Jens Axboe <axboe@kernel.dk>
Cc: "David S. Miller" <davem@davemloft.net>
Cc: Eric Dumazet <eric.dumazet@gmail.com>
Cc: David Decotigny <david.decotigny@google.com>
Cc: Tom Herbert <therbert@google.com>
Cc: Ingo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

6 years agomm: don't wait on congested zones in balance_pgdat()
Zlatko Calusic [Sat, 23 Feb 2013 00:34:06 +0000]
mm: don't wait on congested zones in balance_pgdat()

From: Zlatko Calusic <zlatko.calusic@iskon.hr>

Commit 92df3a723f84 ("mm: vmscan: throttle reclaim if encountering too
many dirty pages under writeback") introduced waiting on congested zones
based on a sane algorithm in shrink_inactive_list().

What this means is that there's no more need for throttling and
additional heuristics in balance_pgdat().  So, let's remove it and tidy
up the code.

Signed-off-by: Zlatko Calusic <zlatko.calusic@iskon.hr>
Cc: Mel Gorman <mgorman@suse.de>
Cc: Minchan Kim <minchan.kim@gmail.com>
Cc: Johannes Weiner <jweiner@redhat.com>
Cc: Rik van Riel <riel@redhat.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

6 years agomm/memory-failure.c: fix wrong num_poisoned_pages in handling memory error on thp
Naoya Horiguchi [Sat, 23 Feb 2013 00:34:05 +0000]
mm/memory-failure.c: fix wrong num_poisoned_pages in handling memory error on thp

num_poisoned_pages counts up the number of pages isolated by memory
errors.  But for thp, only one subpage is isolated because memory error
handler splits it, so it's wrong to add (1 << compound_trans_order).

[akpm@linux-foundation.org: tweak comment]
Signed-off-by: Naoya Horiguchi <n-horiguchi@ah.jp.nec.com>
Cc: Andi Kleen <andi@firstfloor.org>
Cc: Tony Luck <tony.luck@intel.com>
Cc: Wu Fengguang <fengguang.wu@intel.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

6 years agomm/memory-failure.c: clean up soft_offline_page()
Naoya Horiguchi [Sat, 23 Feb 2013 00:34:03 +0000]
mm/memory-failure.c: clean up soft_offline_page()

Currently soft_offline_page() is hard to maintain because it has many
return points and goto statements.  All of this mess come from
get_any_page().

This function should only get page refcount as the name implies, but it
does some page isolating actions like SetPageHWPoison() and dequeuing
hugepage.  This patch corrects it and introduces some internal
subroutines to make soft offlining code more readable and maintainable.

Signed-off-by: Naoya Horiguchi <n-horiguchi@ah.jp.nec.com>
Reviewed-by: Andi Kleen <andi@firstfloor.org>
Cc: Tony Luck <tony.luck@intel.com>
Cc: Wu Fengguang <fengguang.wu@intel.com>
Cc: Xishi Qiu <qiuxishi@huawei.com>
Cc: Jiang Liu <jiang.liu@huawei.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

6 years agomemory-failure: use num_poisoned_pages instead of mce_bad_pages
Xishi Qiu [Sat, 23 Feb 2013 00:34:02 +0000]
memory-failure: use num_poisoned_pages instead of mce_bad_pages

Since MCE is an x86 concept, and this code is in mm/, it would be better
to use the name num_poisoned_pages instead of mce_bad_pages.

[akpm@linux-foundation.org: fix mm/sparse.c]
Signed-off-by: Xishi Qiu <qiuxishi@huawei.com>
Signed-off-by: Jiang Liu <jiang.liu@huawei.com>
Suggested-by: Borislav Petkov <bp@alien8.de>
Reviewed-by: Wanpeng Li <liwanp@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
Cc: Andi Kleen <andi@firstfloor.org>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

6 years agomemory-failure: do code refactor of soft_offline_page()
Xishi Qiu [Sat, 23 Feb 2013 00:34:00 +0000]
memory-failure: do code refactor of soft_offline_page()

There are too many return points randomly intermingled with some "goto
done" return points.  So adjust the function structure, one for the
success path, the other for the failure path.  Use atomic_long_inc
instead of atomic_long_add.

Signed-off-by: Xishi Qiu <qiuxishi@huawei.com>
Signed-off-by: Jiang Liu <jiang.liu@huawei.com>
Suggested-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Cc: Borislav Petkov <bp@alien8.de>
Cc: Wanpeng Li <liwanp@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
Cc: Andi Kleen <andi@firstfloor.org>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

6 years agomemory-failure: fix an error of mce_bad_pages statistics
Xishi Qiu [Sat, 23 Feb 2013 00:33:59 +0000]
memory-failure: fix an error of mce_bad_pages statistics

When doing

    $ echo paddr > /sys/devices/system/memory/soft_offline_page

to offline a *free* page, the value of mce_bad_pages will be added, and
the page is set HWPoison flag, but it is still managed by page buddy
alocator.

   $ cat /proc/meminfo | grep HardwareCorrupted

shows the value.

If we offline the same page, the value of mce_bad_pages will be added
*again*, this means the value is incorrect now.  Assume the page is
still free during this short time.

  soft_offline_page()
    get_any_page()
      "else if (is_free_buddy_page(p))" branch return 0
        "goto done";
           "atomic_long_add(1, &mce_bad_pages);"

This patch:

Move poisoned page check at the beginning of the function in order to
fix the error.

Signed-off-by: Xishi Qiu <qiuxishi@huawei.com>
Signed-off-by: Jiang Liu <jiang.liu@huawei.com>
Tested-by: Naoya Horiguchi <n-horiguchi@ah.jp.nec.com>
Cc: Borislav Petkov <bp@alien8.de>
Cc: Wanpeng Li <liwanp@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
Cc: Andi Kleen <andi@firstfloor.org>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

6 years agomm: remove MIGRATE_ISOLATE check in hotpath
Minchan Kim [Sat, 23 Feb 2013 00:33:58 +0000]
mm: remove MIGRATE_ISOLATE check in hotpath

Several functions test MIGRATE_ISOLATE and some of those are hotpath but
MIGRATE_ISOLATE is used only if we enable CONFIG_MEMORY_ISOLATION(ie,
CMA, memory-hotplug and memory-failure) which are not common config
option.  So let's not add unnecessary overhead and code when we don't
enable CONFIG_MEMORY_ISOLATION.

Signed-off-by: Minchan Kim <minchan@kernel.org>
Cc: KOSAKI Motohiro <kosaki.motohiro@jp.fujitsu.com>
Acked-by: Michal Nazarewicz <mina86@mina86.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

6 years agomm: increase totalram_pages when free pages allocated by bootmem allocator
Jiang Liu [Sat, 23 Feb 2013 00:33:56 +0000]
mm: increase totalram_pages when free pages allocated by bootmem allocator

Function put_page_bootmem() is used to free pages allocated by bootmem
allocator, so it should increase totalram_pages when freeing pages into
the buddy system.

Signed-off-by: Jiang Liu <jiang.liu@huawei.com>
Cc: Wen Congyang <wency@cn.fujitsu.com>
Cc: David Rientjes <rientjes@google.com>
Cc: Jiang Liu <jiang.liu@huawei.com>
Cc: Maciej Rutecki <maciej.rutecki@gmail.com>
Cc: Chris Clayton <chris2553@googlemail.com>
Cc: "Rafael J . Wysocki" <rjw@sisk.pl>
Cc: Mel Gorman <mgorman@suse.de>
Cc: Minchan Kim <minchan@kernel.org>
Cc: KAMEZAWA Hiroyuki <kamezawa.hiroyu@jp.fujitsu.com>
Cc: Michal Hocko <mhocko@suse.cz>
Cc: Jianguo Wu <wujianguo@huawei.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

6 years agomm: set zone->present_pages to number of existing pages in the zone
Jiang Liu [Sat, 23 Feb 2013 00:33:54 +0000]
mm: set zone->present_pages to number of existing pages in the zone

Now all users of "number of pages managed by the buddy system" have been
converted to use zone->managed_pages, so set zone->present_pages to what
it should be:

present_pages = spanned_pages - absent_pages;

Signed-off-by: Jiang Liu <jiang.liu@huawei.com>
Cc: Wen Congyang <wency@cn.fujitsu.com>
Cc: David Rientjes <rientjes@google.com>
Cc: Jiang Liu <jiang.liu@huawei.com>
Cc: Maciej Rutecki <maciej.rutecki@gmail.com>
Cc: Chris Clayton <chris2553@googlemail.com>
Cc: "Rafael J . Wysocki" <rjw@sisk.pl>
Cc: Mel Gorman <mgorman@suse.de>
Cc: Minchan Kim <minchan@kernel.org>
Cc: KAMEZAWA Hiroyuki <kamezawa.hiroyu@jp.fujitsu.com>
Cc: Michal Hocko <mhocko@suse.cz>
Cc: Jianguo Wu <wujianguo@huawei.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

6 years agomm: use zone->present_pages instead of zone->managed_pages where appropriate
Jiang Liu [Sat, 23 Feb 2013 00:33:52 +0000]
mm: use zone->present_pages instead of zone->managed_pages where appropriate

Now we have zone->managed_pages for "pages managed by the buddy system
in the zone", so replace zone->present_pages with zone->managed_pages if
what the user really wants is number of allocatable pages.

Signed-off-by: Jiang Liu <jiang.liu@huawei.com>
Cc: Wen Congyang <wency@cn.fujitsu.com>
Cc: David Rientjes <rientjes@google.com>
Cc: Jiang Liu <jiang.liu@huawei.com>
Cc: Maciej Rutecki <maciej.rutecki@gmail.com>
Cc: Chris Clayton <chris2553@googlemail.com>
Cc: "Rafael J . Wysocki" <rjw@sisk.pl>
Cc: Mel Gorman <mgorman@suse.de>
Cc: Minchan Kim <minchan@kernel.org>
Cc: KAMEZAWA Hiroyuki <kamezawa.hiroyu@jp.fujitsu.com>
Cc: Michal Hocko <mhocko@suse.cz>
Cc: Jianguo Wu <wujianguo@huawei.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

6 years agomm/memblock.c: use CONFIG_HAVE_MEMBLOCK_NODE_MAP to protect movablecore_map in memblo...
Tang Chen [Sat, 23 Feb 2013 00:33:51 +0000]
mm/memblock.c: use CONFIG_HAVE_MEMBLOCK_NODE_MAP to protect movablecore_map in memblock_overlaps_region().

The definition of struct movablecore_map is protected by
CONFIG_HAVE_MEMBLOCK_NODE_MAP but its use in memblock_overlaps_region()
is not.  So add CONFIG_HAVE_MEMBLOCK_NODE_MAP to protect the use of
movablecore_map in memblock_overlaps_region().

Signed-off-by: Tang Chen <tangchen@cn.fujitsu.com>
Reported-by: Stephen Rothwell <sfr@canb.auug.org.au>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

6 years agoacpi, memory-hotplug: support getting hotplug info from SRAT
Tang Chen [Sat, 23 Feb 2013 00:33:49 +0000]
acpi, memory-hotplug: support getting hotplug info from SRAT

We now provide an option for users who don't want to specify physical
memory address in kernel commandline.

         /*
          * For movablemem_map=acpi:
          *
          * SRAT:                |_____| |_____| |_________| |_________| ......
          * node id:                0       1         1           2
          * hotpluggable:           n       y         y           n
          * movablemem_map:              |_____| |_________|
          *
          * Using movablemem_map, we can prevent memblock from allocating memory
          * on ZONE_MOVABLE at boot time.
          */

So user just specify movablemem_map=acpi, and the kernel will use
hotpluggable info in SRAT to determine which memory ranges should be set
as ZONE_MOVABLE.

If all the memory ranges in SRAT is hotpluggable, then no memory can be
used by kernel.  But before parsing SRAT, memblock has already reserve
some memory ranges for other purposes, such as for kernel image, and so
on.  We cannot prevent kernel from using these memory.  So we need to
exclude these ranges even if these memory is hotpluggable.

Furthermore, there could be several memory ranges in the single node
which the kernel resides in.  We may skip one range that have memory
reserved by memblock, but if the rest of memory is too small, then the
kernel will fail to boot.  So, make the whole node which the kernel
resides in un-hotpluggable.  Then the kernel has enough memory to use.

NOTE: Using this way will cause NUMA performance down because the
      whole node will be set as ZONE_MOVABLE, and kernel cannot use memory
      on it.  If users don't want to lose NUMA performance, just don't use
      it.

[akpm@linux-foundation.org: fix warning]
[akpm@linux-foundation.org: use strcmp()]
Signed-off-by: Tang Chen <tangchen@cn.fujitsu.com>
Cc: KOSAKI Motohiro <kosaki.motohiro@jp.fujitsu.com>
Cc: Jiang Liu <jiang.liu@huawei.com>
Cc: Jianguo Wu <wujianguo@huawei.com>
Cc: Kamezawa Hiroyuki <kamezawa.hiroyu@jp.fujitsu.com>
Cc: Lai Jiangshan <laijs@cn.fujitsu.com>
Cc: Wu Jianguo <wujianguo@huawei.com>
Cc: Yasuaki Ishimatsu <isimatu.yasuaki@jp.fujitsu.com>
Cc: Ingo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu>
Cc: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
Cc: "H. Peter Anvin" <hpa@zytor.com>
Cc: Len Brown <lenb@kernel.org>
Cc: "Brown, Len" <len.brown@intel.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

6 years agoacpi, memory-hotplug: extend movablemem_map ranges to the end of node
Tang Chen [Sat, 23 Feb 2013 00:33:46 +0000]
acpi, memory-hotplug: extend movablemem_map ranges to the end of node

When implementing movablemem_map boot option, we introduced an array
movablemem_map.map[] to store the memory ranges to be set as
ZONE_MOVABLE.

Since ZONE_MOVABLE is the latst zone of a node, if user didn't specify
the whole node memory range, we need to extend it to the node end so
that we can use it to prevent memblock from allocating memory in the
ranges user didn't specify.

We now implement movablemem_map boot option like this:

        /*
         * For movablemem_map=nn[KMG]@ss[KMG]:
         *
         * SRAT:                |_____| |_____| |_________| |_________| ......
         * node id:                0       1         1           2
         * user specified:                |__|                 |___|
         * movablemem_map:                |___| |_________|    |______| ......
         *
         * Using movablemem_map, we can prevent memblock from allocating memory
         * on ZONE_MOVABLE at boot time.
         *
         * NOTE: In this case, SRAT info will be ingored.
         */

[akpm@linux-foundation.org: clean up code, fix build warning]
Signed-off-by: Tang Chen <tangchen@cn.fujitsu.com>
Cc: KOSAKI Motohiro <kosaki.motohiro@jp.fujitsu.com>
Cc: Jiang Liu <jiang.liu@huawei.com>
Cc: Jianguo Wu <wujianguo@huawei.com>
Cc: Kamezawa Hiroyuki <kamezawa.hiroyu@jp.fujitsu.com>
Cc: Lai Jiangshan <laijs@cn.fujitsu.com>
Cc: Wu Jianguo <wujianguo@huawei.com>
Cc: Yasuaki Ishimatsu <isimatu.yasuaki@jp.fujitsu.com>
Cc: Ingo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu>
Cc: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
Cc: "H. Peter Anvin" <hpa@zytor.com>
Cc: Len Brown <lenb@kernel.org>
Cc: "Brown, Len" <len.brown@intel.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

6 years agoacpi, memory-hotplug: parse SRAT before memblock is ready
Tang Chen [Sat, 23 Feb 2013 00:33:44 +0000]
acpi, memory-hotplug: parse SRAT before memblock is ready

On linux, the pages used by kernel could not be migrated.  As a result,
if a memory range is used by kernel, it cannot be hot-removed.  So if we
want to hot-remove memory, we should prevent kernel from using it.

The way now used to prevent this is specify a memory range by
movablemem_map boot option and set it as ZONE_MOVABLE.

But when the system is booting, memblock will allocate memory, and
reserve the memory for kernel.  And before we parse SRAT, and know the
node memory ranges, memblock is working.  And it may allocate memory in
ranges to be set as ZONE_MOVABLE.  This memory can be used by kernel,
and never be freed.

So, let's parse SRAT before memblock is called first.  And it is early
enough.

The first call of memblock_find_in_range_node() is in:

  setup_arch()
    |-->setup_real_mode()

so, this patch add a function early_parse_srat() to parse SRAT, and call
it before setup_real_mode() is called.

NOTE:

1) early_parse_srat() is called before numa_init(), and has initialized
   numa_meminfo.  So DO NOT clear numa_nodes_parsed in numa_init() and DO
   NOT zero numa_meminfo in numa_init(), otherwise we will lose memory
   numa info.

2) I don't know why using count of memory affinities parsed from SRAT
   as a return value in original acpi_numa_init().  So I add a static
   variable srat_mem_cnt to remember this count and use it as the return
   value of the new acpi_numa_init()

[mhocko@suse.cz: parse SRAT before memblock is ready fix]
Signed-off-by: Tang Chen <tangchen@cn.fujitsu.com>
Reviewed-by: Wen Congyang <wency@cn.fujitsu.com>
Cc: KOSAKI Motohiro <kosaki.motohiro@jp.fujitsu.com>
Cc: Jiang Liu <jiang.liu@huawei.com>
Cc: Jianguo Wu <wujianguo@huawei.com>
Cc: Kamezawa Hiroyuki <kamezawa.hiroyu@jp.fujitsu.com>
Cc: Lai Jiangshan <laijs@cn.fujitsu.com>
Cc: Wu Jianguo <wujianguo@huawei.com>
Cc: Yasuaki Ishimatsu <isimatu.yasuaki@jp.fujitsu.com>
Cc: Ingo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu>
Cc: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
Cc: "H. Peter Anvin" <hpa@zytor.com>
Cc: Len Brown <lenb@kernel.org>
Cc: "Brown, Len" <len.brown@intel.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

6 years agopage_alloc: bootmem limit with movablecore_map
Tang Chen [Sat, 23 Feb 2013 00:33:42 +0000]
page_alloc: bootmem limit with movablecore_map

Ensure the bootmem will not allocate memory from areas that may be
ZONE_MOVABLE.  The map info is from movablecore_map boot option.

Signed-off-by: Tang Chen <tangchen@cn.fujitsu.com>
Reviewed-by: Wen Congyang <wency@cn.fujitsu.com>
Reviewed-by: Lai Jiangshan <laijs@cn.fujitsu.com>
Tested-by: Lin Feng <linfeng@cn.fujitsu.com>
Cc: Wu Jianguo <wujianguo@huawei.com>
Cc: Mel Gorman <mel@csn.ul.ie>
Cc: Ingo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu>
Cc: "H. Peter Anvin" <hpa@zytor.com>
Cc: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

6 years agopage_alloc: make movablemem_map have higher priority
Tang Chen [Sat, 23 Feb 2013 00:33:40 +0000]
page_alloc: make movablemem_map have higher priority

If kernelcore or movablecore is specified at the same time with
movablemem_map, movablemem_map will have higher priority to be
satisfied.  This patch will make find_zone_movable_pfns_for_nodes()
calculate zone_movable_pfn[] with the limit from zone_movable_limit[].

Signed-off-by: Tang Chen <tangchen@cn.fujitsu.com>
Reviewed-by: Wen Congyang <wency@cn.fujitsu.com>
Cc: Wu Jianguo <wujianguo@huawei.com>
Reviewed-by: Lai Jiangshan <laijs@cn.fujitsu.com>
Tested-by: Lin Feng <linfeng@cn.fujitsu.com>
Cc: Mel Gorman <mel@csn.ul.ie>
Cc: Ingo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu>
Cc: "H. Peter Anvin" <hpa@zytor.com>
Cc: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>