6 years agocrypto: aesni_intel - fix Kconfig problem with CRYPTO_GLUE_HELPER_X86
Jussi Kivilinna [Wed, 10 Apr 2013 15:39:20 +0000]
crypto: aesni_intel - fix Kconfig problem with CRYPTO_GLUE_HELPER_X86

The Kconfig setting for glue helper module is CRYPTO_GLUE_HELPER_X86, but
recent change for aesni_intel used CRYPTO_GLUE_HELPER instead. Patch corrects
this issue.

Cc: kbuild-all@01.org
Reported-by: kbuild test robot <fengguang.wu@intel.com>
Signed-off-by: Jussi Kivilinna <jussi.kivilinna@iki.fi>
Signed-off-by: Herbert Xu <herbert@gondor.apana.org.au>

6 years agocrypto: aesni_intel - add more optimized XTS mode for x86-64
Jussi Kivilinna [Mon, 8 Apr 2013 18:51:16 +0000]
crypto: aesni_intel - add more optimized XTS mode for x86-64

Add more optimized XTS code for aesni_intel in 64-bit mode, for smaller stack
usage and boost for speed.

tcrypt results, with Intel i5-2450M:
256-bit key
        enc     dec
16B     0.98x   0.99x
64B     0.64x   0.63x
256B    1.29x   1.32x
1024B   1.54x   1.58x
8192B   1.57x   1.60x

512-bit key
        enc     dec
16B     0.98x   0.99x
64B     0.60x   0.59x
256B    1.24x   1.25x
1024B   1.39x   1.42x
8192B   1.38x   1.42x

I chose not to optimize smaller than block size of 256 bytes, since XTS is
practically always used with data blocks of size 512 bytes. This is why
performance is reduced in tcrypt for 64 byte long blocks.

Cc: Huang Ying <ying.huang@intel.com>
Signed-off-by: Jussi Kivilinna <jussi.kivilinna@iki.fi>
Signed-off-by: Herbert Xu <herbert@gondor.apana.org.au>

6 years agocrypto: x86/camellia-aesni-avx - add more optimized XTS code
Jussi Kivilinna [Mon, 8 Apr 2013 18:51:11 +0000]
crypto: x86/camellia-aesni-avx - add more optimized XTS code

Add more optimized XTS code for camellia-aesni-avx, for smaller stack usage
and small boost for speed.

tcrypt results, with Intel i5-2450M:
        enc     dec
16B     1.10x   1.01x
64B     0.82x   0.77x
256B    1.14x   1.10x
1024B   1.17x   1.16x
8192B   1.10x   1.11x

Since XTS is practically always used with data blocks of size 512 bytes or
more, I chose to not make use of camellia-2way for block sized smaller than
256 bytes. This causes slower result in tcrypt for 64 bytes.

Signed-off-by: Jussi Kivilinna <jussi.kivilinna@iki.fi>
Signed-off-by: Herbert Xu <herbert@gondor.apana.org.au>

6 years agocrypto: cast6-avx: use new optimized XTS code
Jussi Kivilinna [Mon, 8 Apr 2013 18:51:05 +0000]
crypto: cast6-avx: use new optimized XTS code

Change cast6-avx to use the new XTS code, for smaller stack usage and small
boost to performance.

tcrypt results, with Intel i5-2450M:
        enc     dec
16B     1.01x   1.01x
64B     1.01x   1.00x
256B    1.09x   1.02x
1024B   1.08x   1.06x
8192B   1.08x   1.07x

Signed-off-by: Jussi Kivilinna <jussi.kivilinna@iki.fi>
Signed-off-by: Herbert Xu <herbert@gondor.apana.org.au>

6 years agocrypto: x86/twofish-avx - use optimized XTS code
Jussi Kivilinna [Mon, 8 Apr 2013 18:51:00 +0000]
crypto: x86/twofish-avx - use optimized XTS code

Change twofish-avx to use the new XTS code, for smaller stack usage and small
boost to performance.

tcrypt results, with Intel i5-2450M:
        enc     dec
16B     1.03x   1.02x
64B     0.91x   0.91x
256B    1.10x   1.09x
1024B   1.12x   1.11x
8192B   1.12x   1.11x

Since XTS is practically always used with data blocks of size 512 bytes or
more, I chose to not make use of twofish-3way for block sized smaller than
128 bytes. This causes slower result in tcrypt for 64 bytes.

Signed-off-by: Jussi Kivilinna <jussi.kivilinna@iki.fi>
Signed-off-by: Herbert Xu <herbert@gondor.apana.org.au>

6 years agocrypto: x86 - add more optimized XTS-mode for serpent-avx
Jussi Kivilinna [Mon, 8 Apr 2013 18:50:55 +0000]
crypto: x86 - add more optimized XTS-mode for serpent-avx

This patch adds AVX optimized XTS-mode helper functions/macros and converts
serpent-avx to use the new facilities. Benefits are slightly improved speed
and reduced stack usage as use of temporary IV-array is avoided.

tcrypt results, with Intel i5-2450M:
        enc     dec
16B     1.00x   1.00x
64B     1.00x   1.00x
256B    1.04x   1.06x
1024B   1.09x   1.09x
8192B   1.10x   1.09x

Signed-off-by: Jussi Kivilinna <jussi.kivilinna@iki.fi>
Signed-off-by: Herbert Xu <herbert@gondor.apana.org.au>

6 years agoxfrm: add rfc4494 AES-CMAC-96 support
Jussi Kivilinna [Mon, 8 Apr 2013 07:48:49 +0000]
xfrm: add rfc4494 AES-CMAC-96 support

Now that CryptoAPI has support for CMAC, we can add support for AES-CMAC-96
(rfc4494).

Cc: Tom St Denis <tstdenis@elliptictech.com>
Signed-off-by: Jussi Kivilinna <jussi.kivilinna@iki.fi>
Acked-by: David S. Miller <davem@davemloft.net>
Signed-off-by: Herbert Xu <herbert@gondor.apana.org.au>

6 years agocrypto: add CMAC support to CryptoAPI
Jussi Kivilinna [Mon, 8 Apr 2013 07:48:44 +0000]
crypto: add CMAC support to CryptoAPI

Patch adds support for NIST recommended block cipher mode CMAC to CryptoAPI.

This work is based on Tom St Denis' earlier patch,
 http://marc.info/?l=linux-crypto-vger&m=135877306305466&w=2

Cc: Tom St Denis <tstdenis@elliptictech.com>
Signed-off-by: Jussi Kivilinna <jussi.kivilinna@iki.fi>
Acked-by: David S. Miller <davem@davemloft.net>
Signed-off-by: Herbert Xu <herbert@gondor.apana.org.au>

6 years agocrypto: testmgr - add empty test vectors for null ciphers
Jussi Kivilinna [Sun, 7 Apr 2013 13:43:56 +0000]
crypto: testmgr - add empty test vectors for null ciphers

Without these, kernel log shows:
[    5.984881] alg: No test for cipher_null (cipher_null-generic)
[    5.985096] alg: No test for ecb(cipher_null) (ecb-cipher_null)
[    5.985170] alg: No test for compress_null (compress_null-generic)
[    5.985297] alg: No test for digest_null (digest_null-generic)

Signed-off-by: Jussi Kivilinna <jussi.kivilinna@iki.fi>
Signed-off-by: Herbert Xu <herbert@gondor.apana.org.au>

6 years agocrypto: testmgr - add AES GMAC test vectors
Jussi Kivilinna [Sun, 7 Apr 2013 13:43:51 +0000]
crypto: testmgr - add AES GMAC test vectors

Signed-off-by: Jussi Kivilinna <jussi.kivilinna@iki.fi>
Signed-off-by: Herbert Xu <herbert@gondor.apana.org.au>

6 years agocrypto: gcm - fix rfc4543 to handle async crypto correctly
Jussi Kivilinna [Sun, 7 Apr 2013 13:43:46 +0000]
crypto: gcm - fix rfc4543 to handle async crypto correctly

If the gcm cipher used by rfc4543 does not complete request immediately,
the authentication tag is not copied to destination buffer. Patch adds
correct async logic for this case.

Signed-off-by: Jussi Kivilinna <jussi.kivilinna@iki.fi>
Signed-off-by: Herbert Xu <herbert@gondor.apana.org.au>

6 years agocrypto: gcm - make GMAC work when dst and src are different
Jussi Kivilinna [Sun, 7 Apr 2013 13:43:41 +0000]
crypto: gcm - make GMAC work when dst and src are different

The GMAC code assumes that dst==src, which causes problems when trying to add
rfc4543(gcm(aes)) test vectors.

So fix this code to work when source and destination buffer are different.

Signed-off-by: Jussi Kivilinna <jussi.kivilinna@iki.fi>
Signed-off-by: Herbert Xu <herbert@gondor.apana.org.au>

6 years agohwrng: timeriomem - added devicetree hooks
Alexander Clouter [Sun, 31 Mar 2013 16:34:51 +0000]
hwrng: timeriomem - added devicetree hooks

This patch allows timeriomem_rng to be used via devicetree.

Signed-off-by: Alexander Clouter <alex@digriz.org.uk>
Signed-off-by: Herbert Xu <herbert@gondor.apana.org.au>

6 years agohwrng: timeriomem - update to support more than one device
Alexander Clouter [Sun, 31 Mar 2013 16:34:50 +0000]
hwrng: timeriomem - update to support more than one device

timeriomem_rng only supports a single device instance.  This patch
enables multiple timeriomem_rng devices to coexist as well as adds
some additional error checking.

Signed-off-by: Alexander Clouter <alex@digriz.org.uk>
Signed-off-by: Herbert Xu <herbert@gondor.apana.org.au>

6 years agocrypto: crc32-pclmul - Use gas macro for pclmulqdq
Sandy Wu [Fri, 29 Mar 2013 00:05:44 +0000]
crypto: crc32-pclmul - Use gas macro for pclmulqdq

Occurs when CONFIG_CRYPTO_CRC32C_INTEL=y and CONFIG_CRYPTO_CRC32C_INTEL=y.
Older versions of bintuils do not support the pclmulqdq instruction. The
PCLMULQDQ gas macro is used instead.

Signed-off-by: Sandy Wu <sandyw@twitter.com>
Cc: stable@vger.kernel.org # 3.8+
Signed-off-by: Herbert Xu <herbert@gondor.apana.org.au>

6 years agohwrng: bcm2835 - Add Broadcom BCM2835 RNG driver
Lubomir Rintel [Thu, 28 Mar 2013 06:19:38 +0000]
hwrng: bcm2835 - Add Broadcom BCM2835 RNG driver

This adds a driver for random number generator present on Broadcom BCM2835 SoC,
used in Raspberry Pi and Roku 2 devices.

Signed-off-by: Dom Cobley <popcornmix@gmail.com>
Signed-off-by: Lubomir Rintel <lkundrak@v3.sk>
Tested-by: Stephen Warren <swarren@wwwdotorg.org>
Cc: Herbert Xu <herbert@gondor.apana.org.au>
Cc: Stephen Warren <swarren@wwwdotorg.org>
Cc: Matt Mackall <mpm@selenic.com>
Cc: linux-rpi-kernel@lists.infradead.org
Signed-off-by: Herbert Xu <herbert@gondor.apana.org.au>

6 years agocrypto: caam - static constify error data
Kim Phillips [Tue, 26 Mar 2013 23:10:15 +0000]
crypto: caam - static constify error data

checkstack reports report_deco_status(), report_ccb_status() as
particularly excessive stack users.  Move their lookup tables
off the stack and put them in .rodata.

Signed-off-by: Kim Phillips <kim.phillips@freescale.com>
Signed-off-by: Herbert Xu <herbert@gondor.apana.org.au>

6 years agocrypto: caam - change key gen functions to return signed int
Kim Phillips [Tue, 26 Mar 2013 23:10:14 +0000]
crypto: caam - change key gen functions to return signed int

commit 2af8f4a "crypto: caam - coccicheck fixes" added error
return values yet neglected to change the type from unsigned.

Signed-off-by: Kim Phillips <kim.phillips@freescale.com>
Signed-off-by: Herbert Xu <herbert@gondor.apana.org.au>

6 years agocrypto: sha512 - Create module providing optimized SHA512 routines using SSSE3, AVX...
Tim Chen [Tue, 26 Mar 2013 21:00:02 +0000]
crypto: sha512 - Create module providing optimized SHA512 routines using SSSE3, AVX or AVX2 instructions.

We added glue code and config options to create crypto
module that uses SSE/AVX/AVX2 optimized SHA512 x86_64 assembly routines.

Signed-off-by: Tim Chen <tim.c.chen@linux.intel.com>
Signed-off-by: Herbert Xu <herbert@gondor.apana.org.au>

6 years agocrypto: sha512 - Optimized SHA512 x86_64 assembly routine using AVX2 RORX instruction.
Tim Chen [Tue, 26 Mar 2013 20:59:55 +0000]
crypto: sha512 - Optimized SHA512 x86_64 assembly routine using AVX2 RORX instruction.

Provides SHA512 x86_64 assembly routine optimized with SSE, AVX and
AVX2's RORX instructions.  Speedup of 70% or more has been
measured over the generic implementation.

Signed-off-by: Tim Chen <tim.c.chen@linux.intel.com>
Signed-off-by: Herbert Xu <herbert@gondor.apana.org.au>

6 years agocrypto: sha512 - Optimized SHA512 x86_64 assembly routine using AVX instructions.
Tim Chen [Tue, 26 Mar 2013 20:59:46 +0000]
crypto: sha512 - Optimized SHA512 x86_64 assembly routine using AVX instructions.

Provides SHA512 x86_64 assembly routine optimized with SSE and AVX instructions.
Speedup of 60% or more has been measured over the generic implementation.

Signed-off-by: Tim Chen <tim.c.chen@linux.intel.com>
Signed-off-by: Herbert Xu <herbert@gondor.apana.org.au>

6 years agocrypto: sha512 - Optimized SHA512 x86_64 assembly routine using Supplemental SSE3...
Tim Chen [Tue, 26 Mar 2013 20:59:37 +0000]
crypto: sha512 - Optimized SHA512 x86_64 assembly routine using Supplemental SSE3 instructions.

Provides SHA512 x86_64 assembly routine optimized with SSSE3 instructions.
Speedup of 40% or more has been measured over the generic implementation.

Signed-off-by: Tim Chen <tim.c.chen@linux.intel.com>
Signed-off-by: Herbert Xu <herbert@gondor.apana.org.au>

6 years agocrypto: sha512 - Expose generic sha512 routine to be callable from other modules
Tim Chen [Tue, 26 Mar 2013 20:59:25 +0000]
crypto: sha512 - Expose generic sha512 routine to be callable from other modules

Other SHA512 routines may need to use the generic routine when
FPU is not available.

Signed-off-by: Tim Chen <tim.c.chen@linux.intel.com>
Signed-off-by: Herbert Xu <herbert@gondor.apana.org.au>

6 years agocrypto: sha256 - Create module providing optimized SHA256 routines using SSSE3, AVX...
Tim Chen [Tue, 26 Mar 2013 20:59:17 +0000]
crypto: sha256 - Create module providing optimized SHA256 routines using SSSE3, AVX or AVX2 instructions.

We added glue code and config options to create crypto
module that uses SSE/AVX/AVX2 optimized SHA256 x86_64 assembly routines.

Signed-off-by: Tim Chen <tim.c.chen@linux.intel.com>
Signed-off-by: Herbert Xu <herbert@gondor.apana.org.au>

6 years agocrypto: sha256 - Optimized sha256 x86_64 routine using AVX2's RORX instructions
Tim Chen [Tue, 26 Mar 2013 20:59:10 +0000]
crypto: sha256 - Optimized sha256 x86_64 routine using AVX2's RORX instructions

Provides SHA256 x86_64 assembly routine optimized with SSE, AVX and
AVX2's RORX instructions.  Speedup of 70% or more has been
measured over the generic implementation.

Signed-off-by: Tim Chen <tim.c.chen@linux.intel.com>
Signed-off-by: Herbert Xu <herbert@gondor.apana.org.au>

6 years agocrypto: sha256 - Optimized sha256 x86_64 assembly routine with AVX instructions.
Tim Chen [Tue, 26 Mar 2013 20:59:05 +0000]
crypto: sha256 - Optimized sha256 x86_64 assembly routine with AVX instructions.

Provides SHA256 x86_64 assembly routine optimized with SSE and AVX instructions.
Speedup of 60% or more has been measured over the generic implementation.

Signed-off-by: Tim Chen <tim.c.chen@linux.intel.com>
Signed-off-by: Herbert Xu <herbert@gondor.apana.org.au>

6 years agocrypto: sha256 - Optimized sha256 x86_64 assembly routine using Supplemental SSE3...
Tim Chen [Tue, 26 Mar 2013 20:58:58 +0000]
crypto: sha256 - Optimized sha256 x86_64 assembly routine using Supplemental SSE3 instructions.

Provides SHA256 x86_64 assembly routine optimized with SSSE3 instructions.
Speedup of 40% or more has been measured over the generic implementation.

Signed-off-by: Tim Chen <tim.c.chen@linux.intel.com>
Signed-off-by: Herbert Xu <herbert@gondor.apana.org.au>

6 years agocrypto: sha256 - Expose SHA256 generic routine to be callable externally.
Tim Chen [Tue, 26 Mar 2013 20:58:49 +0000]
crypto: sha256 - Expose SHA256 generic routine to be callable externally.

Other SHA256 routine may need to use the generic routine when
FPU is not available.

Signed-off-by: Tim Chen <tim.c.chen@linux.intel.com>
Signed-off-by: Herbert Xu <herbert@gondor.apana.org.au>

6 years agocrypto: x86 - build AVX block cipher implementations only if assembler supports AVX...
Jussi Kivilinna [Sun, 24 Mar 2013 13:34:07 +0000]
crypto: x86 - build AVX block cipher implementations only if assembler supports AVX instructions

These modules require AVX support in assembler, so add new check to Makefile
for this.

Other option would be to use CONFIG_AS_AVX inside source files, but that would
result dummy/empty/no-fuctionality modules being created.

Signed-off-by: Jussi Kivilinna <jussi.kivilinna@iki.fi>
Signed-off-by: Herbert Xu <herbert@gondor.apana.org.au>

6 years agocrypto: x86/crc32-pclmul - assembly clean-ups: use ENTRY/ENDPROC
Jussi Kivilinna [Sun, 24 Mar 2013 12:32:01 +0000]
crypto: x86/crc32-pclmul - assembly clean-ups: use ENTRY/ENDPROC

Signed-off-by: Jussi Kivilinna <jussi.kivilinna@iki.fi>
Signed-off-by: Herbert Xu <herbert@gondor.apana.org.au>

6 years agocrypto: ux500 - fix error return code in hash_dma_final()
Wei Yongjun [Fri, 22 Mar 2013 13:18:44 +0000]
crypto: ux500 - fix error return code in hash_dma_final()

Fix to return a negative error code from the error handling
case instead of 0, as returned elsewhere in this function.

Signed-off-by: Wei Yongjun <yongjun_wei@trendmicro.com.cn>
Acked-by: Linus Walleij <linus.walleij@linaro.org>
Signed-off-by: Herbert Xu <herbert@gondor.apana.org.au>

6 years agocrypto: picoxcell - Use of_match_ptr() macro
Sachin Kamat [Thu, 14 Mar 2013 10:16:58 +0000]
crypto: picoxcell - Use of_match_ptr() macro

This eliminates having an #ifdef returning NULL for the case
when OF is disabled.

Signed-off-by: Sachin Kamat <sachin.kamat@linaro.org>
Acked-by: Jamie Iles <jamie@jamieiles.com>
Signed-off-by: Herbert Xu <herbert@gondor.apana.org.au>

6 years agohwrng: mxc-rnga - Use devm_ioremap_resource()
Fabio Estevam [Wed, 13 Mar 2013 03:57:27 +0000]
hwrng: mxc-rnga - Use devm_ioremap_resource()

Using devm_ioremap_resource() can make the code cleaner and simpler.

Signed-off-by: Fabio Estevam <fabio.estevam@freescale.com>
Signed-off-by: Herbert Xu <herbert@gondor.apana.org.au>

6 years agocrypto: caam - Fix missing init of '.type' in AEAD algos.
Vakul Garg [Tue, 12 Mar 2013 08:39:24 +0000]
crypto: caam - Fix missing init of '.type' in AEAD algos.

Following AEAD algo templates are updated for '.type' initialization.
(a) authenc(hmac(sha224),cbc(aes))
(b) authenc(hmac(sha384),cbc(aes))
(c) authenc(hmac(sha224),cbc(des3_ede))
(d) authenc(hmac(sha384),cbc(des3_ede))
(e) authenc(hmac(sha224),cbc(des))
(f) authenc(hmac(sha384),cbc(des))

Signed-off-by: Vakul Garg <vakul@freescale.com>
Reviewed-by: Kim Phillips <kim.phillips@freescale.com>
Signed-off-by: Andy Fleming <afleming@freescale.com>
Signed-off-by: Herbert Xu <herbert@gondor.apana.org.au>

6 years agocrypto: caam - set RDB bit in security configuration register
Vakul Garg [Tue, 12 Mar 2013 08:25:21 +0000]
crypto: caam - set RDB bit in security configuration register

This change is required for post SEC-5.0 devices which have RNG4.
Setting RDB in security configuration register allows CAAM to use the
"Random Data Buffer" to be filled by a single request. The Random Data
Buffer is large enough for ten packets to get their IVs from a single
request. If the Random Data Buffer is not enabled, then each IV causes a
separate request, and RNG4 hardware cannot keep up resulting in lower
IPSEC throughput if random IVs are used.

Signed-off-by: Vakul Garg <vakul@freescale.com>
Signed-off-by: Herbert Xu <herbert@gondor.apana.org.au>

6 years agohwrng: exynos - add CONFIG_PM_SLEEP/CONFIG_PM_RUNTIME to suspend/resume
Jingoo Han [Tue, 12 Mar 2013 05:46:22 +0000]
hwrng: exynos - add CONFIG_PM_SLEEP/CONFIG_PM_RUNTIME to suspend/resume

This patch adds CONFIG_PM_SLEEP to suspend/resume functions to fix
the following build warning when CONFIG_PM_SLEEP is not selected.

drivers/char/hw_random/exynos-rng.c:147:12: warning: 'exynos_rng_runtime_suspend' defined but not used [-Wunused-function]
drivers/char/hw_random/exynos-rng.c:157:12: warning: 'exynos_rng_runtime_resume' defined but not used [-Wunused-function]

Add CONFIG_PM_RUNTIME to suspend/resume functions to fix the build
error. It is because UNIVERSAL_DEV_PM_OPS macro is related to both
CONFIG_PM_SLEEP and CONFIG_PM_RUNTIME.

drivers/char/hw_random/exynos-rng.c:167:8: error: 'exynos_rng_runtime_suspend' undeclared here (not in a function)
drivers/char/hw_random/exynos-rng.c:167:8: error: 'exynos_rng_runtime_resume' undeclared here (not in a function)

Signed-off-by: Jingoo Han <jg1.han@samsung.com>
Reported-by: David Rientjes <rientjes@google.com>
Signed-off-by: Herbert Xu <herbert@gondor.apana.org.au>

6 years agocrypto: ux500 - replace kmalloc and then memcpy with kmemdup
Mihnea Dobrescu-Balaur [Mon, 11 Mar 2013 10:48:10 +0000]
crypto: ux500 - replace kmalloc and then memcpy with kmemdup

Signed-off-by: Mihnea Dobrescu-Balaur <mihneadb@gmail.com>
Signed-off-by: Herbert Xu <herbert@gondor.apana.org.au>

6 years agocrypto: sahara - Add driver for SAHARA2 accelerator.
Javier Martin [Fri, 1 Mar 2013 11:37:53 +0000]
crypto: sahara - Add driver for SAHARA2 accelerator.

SAHARA2 HW module is included in the i.MX27 SoC from
Freescale. It is capable of performing cipher algorithms
such as AES, 3DES..., hashing and RNG too.

This driver provides support for AES-CBC and AES-ECB
by now.

Reviewed-by: Arnd Bergmann <arnd@arndb.de>
Signed-off-by: Javier Martin <javier.martin@vista-silicon.com>
Signed-off-by: Herbert Xu <herbert@gondor.apana.org.au>

6 years agohwrng: Fix a wrong comment in Documentation/hw_random.txt
Tang Chen [Thu, 7 Mar 2013 10:38:17 +0000]
hwrng: Fix a wrong comment in Documentation/hw_random.txt

Seeing from the comment, there should be three reasons for removing request_mem_region.
Change the comment "two" to "three".

Signed-off-by: Tang Chen <tangchen@cn.fujitsu.com>
Acked-by: Rob Landley <rob@landley.net>
Signed-off-by: Herbert Xu <herbert@gondor.apana.org.au>

6 years agocrypto: caam - fix typo "CRYPTO_AHASH"
Paul Bolle [Tue, 5 Mar 2013 13:33:16 +0000]
crypto: caam - fix typo "CRYPTO_AHASH"

The Kconfig entry for CAAM's hash algorithm implementations has always
selected CRYPTO_AHASH. But there's no corresponding Kconfig symbol.

It seems it was intended to select CRYPTO_HASH, like other crypto
drivers do. That would apparently (indirectly) select CRYPTO_HASH2,
which would enable the ahash functionality this driver uses.

Signed-off-by: Paul Bolle <pebolle@tiscali.nl>
Reviewed-by: Kim Phillips <kim.phillips@freescale.com>
Signed-off-by: Herbert Xu <herbert@gondor.apana.org.au>

6 years agocrypto: omap-sham - Use module_platform_driver macro
Sachin Kamat [Mon, 4 Mar 2013 09:39:43 +0000]
crypto: omap-sham - Use module_platform_driver macro

module_platform_driver() makes the code simpler by eliminating boilerplate
code.

Signed-off-by: Sachin Kamat <sachin.kamat@linaro.org>
Signed-off-by: Herbert Xu <herbert@gondor.apana.org.au>

6 years agocrypto: omap-aes - Use module_platform_driver macro
Sachin Kamat [Mon, 4 Mar 2013 09:39:42 +0000]
crypto: omap-aes - Use module_platform_driver macro

module_platform_driver() makes the code simpler by eliminating boilerplate
code.

Signed-off-by: Sachin Kamat <sachin.kamat@linaro.org>
Signed-off-by: Herbert Xu <herbert@gondor.apana.org.au>

6 years agocrypto: omap-aes - Use pm_runtime_put instead of pm_runtime_put_sync in tasklet
Joel A Fernandes [Tue, 26 Feb 2013 16:04:32 +0000]
crypto: omap-aes - Use pm_runtime_put instead of pm_runtime_put_sync in tasklet

After DMA is complete, the omap_aes_finish_req function is called as
a part of the done_task tasklet. During this its atomic and any calls
to pm functions should not assume they wont sleep.

The patch replaces a call to pm_runtime_put_sync (which can sleep) with
pm_runtime_put thus fixing a kernel panic observed on AM33xx SoC during
AES operation.

Tested on an AM33xx SoC device (beaglebone board).
To reproduce the problem, I used the tcrypt kernel module as:
modprobe tcrypt sec=2 mode=500

Signed-off-by: Joel A Fernandes <joelagnel@ti.com>
Cc: David S. Miller <davem@davemloft.net>
Acked-by: Mark A. Greer <mgreer@animalcreek.com>
Signed-off-by: Herbert Xu <herbert@gondor.apana.org.au>

6 years agocrypto: omap-sham - Use pm_runtime_put instead of pm_runtime_put_sync in tasklet
Joel A Fernandes [Tue, 26 Feb 2013 16:04:31 +0000]
crypto: omap-sham - Use pm_runtime_put instead of pm_runtime_put_sync in tasklet

After DMA is complete, the omap_sham_finish_req function is called as
a part of the done_task tasklet. During this its atomic and any calls
to pm functions should not assume they wont sleep.

The patch replaces a call to pm_runtime_put_sync (which can sleep) with
pm_runtime_put thus fixing a kernel panic observed on AM33xx SoC during
SHA operation.

Tested on an AM33xx SoC device (beaglebone board).
To reproduce the problem, used the tcrypt kernel module as:
modprobe tcrypt sec=2 mode=403

Signed-off-by: Joel A Fernandes <joelagnel@ti.com>
Cc: David S. Miller <davem@davemloft.net>
Acked-by: Mark A. Greer <mgreer@animalcreek.com>
Signed-off-by: Herbert Xu <herbert@gondor.apana.org.au>

6 years agocrypto: bfin_crc - Fix possible NULL pointer dereference
Syam Sidhardhan [Sun, 24 Feb 2013 22:27:39 +0000]
crypto: bfin_crc - Fix possible NULL pointer dereference

If we define dev_dbg(), then there is a possible NULL pointer
dereference.

Signed-off-by: Syam Sidhardhan <s.syam@samsung.com>
Signed-off-by: Herbert Xu <herbert@gondor.apana.org.au>

6 years agocrypto: user - constify netlink dispatch table
Mathias Krause [Sun, 24 Feb 2013 13:09:12 +0000]
crypto: user - constify netlink dispatch table

There is no need to modify the netlink dispatch table at runtime and
making it const even makes the resulting object file slightly smaller.

Cc: Steffen Klassert <steffen.klassert@secunet.com>
Signed-off-by: Mathias Krause <minipli@googlemail.com>
Signed-off-by: Herbert Xu <herbert@gondor.apana.org.au>

6 years agocrypto: crc32c - Update the links to the white papers on CRC32C calculations with...
Tim Chen [Thu, 21 Feb 2013 19:04:22 +0000]
crypto: crc32c - Update the links to the white papers on CRC32C calculations with PCLMULQDQ instructions.

Herbert,

The following patch update the stale link to the CRC32C white paper
that was referenced.

Tim

Signed-off-by: Tim Chen <tim.c.chen@linux.intel.com>
Signed-off-by: Herbert Xu <herbert@gondor.apana.org.au>

6 years agocrypto: atmel-sha - add support for latest release of the IP (0x410)
Nicolas Royer [Wed, 20 Feb 2013 16:10:26 +0000]
crypto: atmel-sha - add support for latest release of the IP (0x410)

Updates from IP release 0x320 to 0x400:
 - add DMA support (previous IP revision use PDC)
 - add DMA double input buffer support
 - add SHA224 support

Update from IP release 0x400 to 0x410:
 - add SHA384 and SHA512 support

Signed-off-by: Nicolas Royer <nicolas@eukrea.com>
Acked-by: Nicolas Ferre <nicolas.ferre@atmel.com>
Acked-by: Eric Bénard <eric@eukrea.com>
Tested-by: Eric Bénard <eric@eukrea.com>
Signed-off-by: Herbert Xu <herbert@gondor.apana.org.au>

6 years agocrypto: atmel-tdes - add support for latest release of the IP (0x700)
Nicolas Royer [Wed, 20 Feb 2013 16:10:25 +0000]
crypto: atmel-tdes - add support for latest release of the IP (0x700)

Update from previous IP release (0x600):
 - add DMA support (previous IP release use PDC)

Signed-off-by: Nicolas Royer <nicolas@eukrea.com>
Acked-by: Nicolas Ferre <nicolas.ferre@atmel.com>
Acked-by: Eric Bénard <eric@eukrea.com>
Tested-by: Eric Bénard <eric@eukrea.com>
Signed-off-by: Herbert Xu <herbert@gondor.apana.org.au>

6 years agocrypto: atmel-aes - add support for latest release of the IP (0x130)
Nicolas Royer [Wed, 20 Feb 2013 16:10:24 +0000]
crypto: atmel-aes - add support for latest release of the IP (0x130)

Updates from previous IP release (0x120):
 - add cfb64 support
 - add DMA double input buffer support

Signed-off-by: Nicolas Royer <nicolas@eukrea.com>
Acked-by: Nicolas Ferre <nicolas.ferre@atmel.com>
Acked-by: Eric Bénard <eric@eukrea.com>
Tested-by: Eric Bénard <eric@eukrea.com>
Signed-off-by: Herbert Xu <herbert@gondor.apana.org.au>

6 years agoARM: AT91SAM9G45: same platform data structure for all crypto peripherals
Nicolas Royer [Wed, 20 Feb 2013 16:10:23 +0000]
ARM: AT91SAM9G45: same platform data structure for all crypto peripherals

Only AES use DMA in AT91SAM9G45 (TDES and SHA use PDC).

However latest Atmel TDES and SHA IP releases use DMA instead of PDC.
  --> Atmel TDES and SHA drivers need DMA platform data for those IP releases.

Goal of this patch is to use the same platform data structure for all Atmel
crypto peripherals. This structure contains information about DMA interface.

Signed-off-by: Nicolas Royer <nicolas@eukrea.com>
Acked-by: Nicolas Ferre <nicolas.ferre@atmel.com>
Acked-by: Eric Bénard <eric@eukrea.com>
Tested-by: Eric Bénard <eric@eukrea.com>
Signed-off-by: Herbert Xu <herbert@gondor.apana.org.au>

6 years agocrypto: crc32c - Kill pointless CRYPTO_CRC32C_X86_64 option
Herbert Xu [Tue, 26 Feb 2013 09:52:15 +0000]
crypto: crc32c - Kill pointless CRYPTO_CRC32C_X86_64 option

This bool option can never be set to anything other than y.  So
let's just kill it.

Signed-off-by: Herbert Xu <herbert@gondor.apana.org.au>

6 years agoMerge git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/herbert/crypto-2.6
Linus Torvalds [Mon, 25 Feb 2013 23:56:15 +0000]
Merge git://git./linux/kernel/git/herbert/crypto-2.6

Pull crypto update from Herbert Xu:
 "Here is the crypto update for 3.9:

   - Added accelerated implementation of crc32 using pclmulqdq.

   - Added test vector for fcrypt.

   - Added support for OMAP4/AM33XX cipher and hash.

   - Fixed loose crypto_user input checks.

   - Misc fixes"

* git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/herbert/crypto-2.6: (43 commits)
  crypto: user - ensure user supplied strings are nul-terminated
  crypto: user - fix empty string test in report API
  crypto: user - fix info leaks in report API
  crypto: caam - Added property fsl,sec-era in SEC4.0 device tree binding.
  crypto: use ERR_CAST
  crypto: atmel-aes - adjust duplicate test
  crypto: crc32-pclmul - Kill warning on x86-32
  crypto: x86/twofish - assembler clean-ups: use ENTRY/ENDPROC, localize jump labels
  crypto: x86/sha1 - assembler clean-ups: use ENTRY/ENDPROC
  crypto: x86/serpent - use ENTRY/ENDPROC for assember functions and localize jump targets
  crypto: x86/salsa20 - assembler cleanup, use ENTRY/ENDPROC for assember functions and rename ECRYPT_* to salsa20_*
  crypto: x86/ghash - assembler clean-up: use ENDPROC at end of assember functions
  crypto: x86/crc32c - assembler clean-up: use ENTRY/ENDPROC
  crypto: cast6-avx: use ENTRY()/ENDPROC() for assembler functions
  crypto: cast5-avx: use ENTRY()/ENDPROC() for assembler functions and localize jump targets
  crypto: camellia-x86_64/aes-ni: use ENTRY()/ENDPROC() for assembler functions and localize jump targets
  crypto: blowfish-x86_64: use ENTRY()/ENDPROC() for assembler functions and localize jump targets
  crypto: aesni-intel - add ENDPROC statements for assembler functions
  crypto: x86/aes - assembler clean-ups: use ENTRY/ENDPROC, localize jump targets
  crypto: testmgr - add test vector for fcrypt
  ...

6 years agoMerge tag 'please-pull-vm_unwrapped' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel...
Linus Torvalds [Mon, 25 Feb 2013 23:47:03 +0000]
Merge tag 'please-pull-vm_unwrapped' of git://git./linux/kernel/git/aegl/linux

Pull ia64 update from Tony Luck:
 "ia64 vm patch series that was cooking in -mm tree"

* tag 'please-pull-vm_unwrapped' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/aegl/linux:
  mm: use vm_unmapped_area() in hugetlbfs on ia64 architecture
  mm: use vm_unmapped_area() on ia64 architecture

6 years agoMerge branch 'for-linus' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/jmorris...
Linus Torvalds [Mon, 25 Feb 2013 23:45:29 +0000]
Merge branch 'for-linus' of git://git./linux/kernel/git/jmorris/linux-security

Pull security subsystem fixes from James Morris:
 "From Mimi:

    Both of these patches are bug fixes for patches, which were
    upstreamed in this open window.  The first patch addresses a merge
    issue.  The second patch addresses a CONFIG_BLOCK dependency."

* 'for-linus' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/jmorris/linux-security:
  block: fix part_pack_uuid() build error
  ima: "remove enforce checking duplication" merge fix

6 years agoMerge tag 'ktest-v3.9' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/rostedt/linux...
Linus Torvalds [Mon, 25 Feb 2013 23:43:21 +0000]
Merge tag 'ktest-v3.9' of git://git./linux/kernel/git/rostedt/linux-ktest

Pull ktest update from Steven Rostedt:
 "Added ability to have all builds test warnings.

  Fixed failing reboot when the reboot produces a non fatal error.

  Config reading fixes and other cleanups"

* tag 'ktest-v3.9' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/rostedt/linux-ktest:
  ktest: Remove indexes from warnings check
  ktest: Ignore warnings during reboot
  ktest: Search for linux banner for successful reboot
  ktest: Add make_warnings_file and process full warnings
  ktest: Allow a test option to use its default option
  ktest: Strip off '\n' when reading which files were modified
  ktest: Do not require CONSOLE for build or install bisects

6 years agoMerge tag 'modules-next-for-linus' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git...
Linus Torvalds [Mon, 25 Feb 2013 23:41:43 +0000]
Merge tag 'modules-next-for-linus' of git://git./linux/kernel/git/rusty/linux

Pull module update from Rusty Russell:
 "The sweeping change is to make add_taint() explicitly indicate whether
  to disable lockdep, but it's a mechanical change."

* tag 'modules-next-for-linus' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/rusty/linux:
  MODSIGN: Add option to not sign modules during modules_install
  MODSIGN: Add -s <signature> option to sign-file
  MODSIGN: Specify the hash algorithm on sign-file command line
  MODSIGN: Simplify Makefile with a Kconfig helper
  module: clean up load_module a little more.
  modpost: Ignore ARC specific non-alloc sections
  module: constify within_module_*
  taint: add explicit flag to show whether lock dep is still OK.
  module: printk message when module signature fail taints kernel.

6 years agoblock: fix part_pack_uuid() build error
Mimi Zohar [Mon, 25 Feb 2013 04:42:37 +0000]
block: fix part_pack_uuid() build error

Commit "85865c1 ima: add policy support for file system uuid"
introduced a CONFIG_BLOCK dependency.  This patch defines a
wrapper called blk_part_pack_uuid(), which returns -EINVAL,
when CONFIG_BLOCK is not defined.

security/integrity/ima/ima_policy.c:538:4: error: implicit declaration
of function 'part_pack_uuid' [-Werror=implicit-function-declaration]

Changelog v2:
- Reference commit number in patch description
Changelog v1:
- rename ima_part_pack_uuid() to blk_part_pack_uuid()
- resolve scripts/checkpatch.pl warnings
Changelog v0:
- fix UUID scripts/Lindent msgs

Reported-by: Randy Dunlap <rdunlap@infradead.org>
Reported-by: David Rientjes <rientjes@google.com>
Signed-off-by: Mimi Zohar <zohar@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
Acked-by: David Rientjes <rientjes@google.com>
Acked-by: Randy Dunlap <rdunlap@infradead.org>
Cc: Jens Axboe <axboe@kernel.dk>
Signed-off-by: James Morris <james.l.morris@oracle.com>

6 years agoima: "remove enforce checking duplication" merge fix
Mimi Zohar [Mon, 25 Feb 2013 04:42:36 +0000]
ima: "remove enforce checking duplication" merge fix

Commit "750943a ima: remove enforce checking duplication" combined
the 'in IMA policy' and 'enforcing file integrity' checks.  For
the non-file, kernel module verification, a specific check for
'enforcing file integrity' was not added.  This patch adds the
check.

Signed-off-by: Mimi Zohar <zohar@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
Signed-off-by: James Morris <james.l.morris@oracle.com>

6 years agoMerge tag 'mfd-3.9-1' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/sameo/mfd-2.6
Linus Torvalds [Mon, 25 Feb 2013 04:00:58 +0000]
Merge tag 'mfd-3.9-1' of git://git./linux/kernel/git/sameo/mfd-2.6

Pull MFS updates from Samuel Ortiz:
 "This is the MFD pull request for the 3.9 merge window.

  No new drivers this time, but a bunch of fairly big cleanups:

   - Roger Quadros worked on a OMAP USBHS and TLL platform data
     consolidation, OMAP5 support and clock management code cleanup.

   - The first step of a major sync for the ab8500 driver from Lee
     Jones.  In particular, the debugfs and the sysct interfaces got
     extended and improved.

   - Peter Ujfalusi sent a nice patchset for cleaning and fixing the
     twl-core driver, with a much needed module id lookup code
     improvement.

   - The regular wm5102 and arizona cleanups and fixes from Mark Brown.

   - Laxman Dewangan extended the palmas APIs in order to implement the
     palmas GPIO and rt drivers.

   - Laxman also added DT support for the tps65090 driver.

   - The Intel SCH and ICH drivers got a couple fixes from Aaron Sierra
     and Darren Hart.

   - Linus Walleij patchset for the ab8500 driver allowed ab8500 and
     ab9540 based devices to switch to the new abx500 pin-ctrl driver.

   - The max8925 now has device tree and irqdomain support thanks to
     Qing Xu.

   - The recently added rtsx driver got a few cleanups and fixes for a
     better card detection code path and now also supports the RTS5227
     chipset, thanks to Wei Wang and Roger Tseng."

* tag 'mfd-3.9-1' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/sameo/mfd-2.6: (109 commits)
  mfd: lpc_ich: Use devres API to allocate private data
  mfd: lpc_ich: Add Device IDs for Intel Wellsburg PCH
  mfd: lpc_sch: Accomodate partial population of the MFD devices
  mfd: da9052-i2c: Staticize da9052_i2c_fix()
  mfd: syscon: Fix sparse warning
  mfd: twl-core: Fix kernel panic on boot
  mfd: rtsx: Fix issue that booting OS with SD card inserted
  mfd: ab8500: Fix compile error
  mfd: Add missing GENERIC_HARDIRQS dependecies
  Documentation: Add docs for max8925 dt
  mfd: max8925: Add dts
  mfd: max8925: Support dt for backlight
  mfd: max8925: Fix onkey driver irq base
  mfd: max8925: Fix mfd device register failure
  mfd: max8925: Add irqdomain for dt
  mfd: vexpress: Allow vexpress-sysreg to self-initialise
  mfd: rtsx: Support RTS5227
  mfd: rtsx: Implement driving adjustment to device-dependent callbacks
  mfd: vexpress: Add pseudo-GPIO based LEDs
  mfd: ab8500: Rename ab8500 to abx500 for hwmon driver
  ...

6 years agoMerge branch 'v4l_for_linus' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/mchehab...
Linus Torvalds [Mon, 25 Feb 2013 01:35:10 +0000]
Merge branch 'v4l_for_linus' of git://git./linux/kernel/git/mchehab/linux-media

Pull media updates from Mauro Carvalho Chehab:

 - Some cleanups at V4L2 documentation

 - new drivers: ts2020 frontend, ov9650 sensor, s5c73m3 sensor,
   sh-mobile veu mem2mem driver, radio-ma901, davinci_vpfe staging
   driver

 - Lots of missing MAINTAINERS entries added

 - several em28xx driver improvements, including its conversion to
   videobuf2

 - several fixups on drivers to make them to better comply with the API

 - DVB core: add support for DVBv5 stats, allowing the implementation of
   statistics for new standards like ISDB

 - mb86a20s: add statistics to the driver

 - lots of new board additions, cleanups, and driver improvements.

* 'v4l_for_linus' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/mchehab/linux-media: (596 commits)
  [media] media: Add 0x3009 USB PID to ttusb2 driver (fixed diff)
  [media] rtl28xxu: Add USB IDs for Compro VideoMate U620F
  [media] em28xx: add usb id for terratec h5 rev. 3
  [media] media: rc: gpio-ir-recv: add support for device tree parsing
  [media] mceusb: move check earlier to make smatch happy
  [media] radio-si470x doc: add info about v4l2-ctl and sox+alsa
  [media] staging: media: Remove unnecessary OOM messages
  [media] sh_vou: Use vou_dev instead of vou_file wherever possible
  [media] sh_vou: Use video_drvdata()
  [media] drivers/media/platform/soc_camera/pxa_camera.c: use devm_ functions
  [media] mt9t112: mt9t111 format set up differs from mt9t112
  [media] sh-mobile-ceu-camera: fix SHARPNESS control default
  Revert "[media] fc0011: Return early, if the frequency is already tuned"
  [media] cx18/ivtv: fix regression: remove __init from a non-init function
  [media] em28xx: fix analog streaming with USB bulk transfers
  [media] stv0900: remove unnecessary null pointer check
  [media] fc0011: Return early, if the frequency is already tuned
  [media] fc0011: Add some sanity checks and cleanups
  [media] fc0011: Fix xin value clamping
  Revert "[media] [PATH,1/2] mxl5007 move reset to attach"
  ...

6 years agoMerge tag 'upstream-linus' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/jgarzik...
Linus Torvalds [Mon, 25 Feb 2013 01:32:15 +0000]
Merge tag 'upstream-linus' of git://git./linux/kernel/git/jgarzik/libata-dev

Pull libata updates from Jeff Garzik:

1) apply, and then revert, the sysfs export of ATA host controller
   number.  Discussion was continuing after patch application, trying to
   figure out how to best mesh exported data with the installers,
   boot-time agents and other parties that want this info.

2) Merge Zero-Power Optical Device Driver (ZPODD) support, bringing the
   wonderfulness of sane power management to your CD/DVD device.

   Includes one SCSI-subsystem patch (with appropriate ACKs), adding
   runtime PM support to 'sr' driver.  That is the ZPODD interaction
   bits.

   Patchset went through some 13 revisions before it got here; kudos to
   Intel for persistence.

3) pata_samsung_cf: use devm_clk_get()

4) more ata_piix, ahci PCI IDs

5) Add SATA driver for R-Car SoC

6) Convert libata to use devm_ioremap_resource (Note: I think Greg sent
   this to you, also)

7) Set proper Sense Key (SK) in the SCSI simulator when ATA passthrough
   indicates check condition.  Google and specification hawks everywhere
   shall rejoice.

* tag 'upstream-linus' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/jgarzik/libata-dev: (22 commits)
  [libata] fix smatch warning for zpodd_wake_dev
  [libata] Set proper SK when CK_COND is set.
  [libata] Convert to devm_ioremap_resource()
  libata: add R-Car SATA driver
  ahci: Add Device IDs for Intel Wellsburg PCH
  ata_piix: Add Device IDs for Intel Wellsburg PCH
  [SCSI] remove can_power_off flag from scsi_device
  [libata] scsi: no poll when ODD is powered off
  [SCSI] sr: support runtime pm
  ahci: AHCI-mode SATA patch for Intel Avoton DeviceIDs
  ata_piix: IDE-mode SATA patch for Intel Avoton DeviceIDs
  [libata] PM code cleanup for ata port
  [libata] pm: differentiate system and runtime pm for ata port
  Revert "libata: export host controller number thru /sys"
  libata: do not suspend port if normal ODD is attached
  libata: expose pm qos flags for ata device
  libata: handle power transition of ODD
  libata: check zero power ready status for ZPODD
  libata: move acpi notification code to zpodd
  libata: identify and init ZPODD devices
  ...

6 years agotty vt: fix character insertion overflow
Nicolas Pitre [Mon, 25 Feb 2013 01:06:09 +0000]
tty vt: fix character insertion overflow

Commit 81732c3b2fed ("tty vt: Fix line garbage in virtual console on
command line edition") broke insert_char() in multiple ways.  Then
commit b1a925f44a3a ("tty vt: Fix a regression in command line edition")
partially fixed it.  However, the buffer being moved is still too large
and overflowing beyond the end of the current line, corrupting existing
characters on the next line.

Example test case:

echo -e "abc\nde\x1b[A\x1b[4h \x1b[4l\x1b[B"

Expected result:

ab c
de

Current result:

ab c
 e

Needless to say that this is very annoying when inserting words in the
middle of paragraphs with certain text editors.

Signed-off-by: Nicolas Pitre <nico@linaro.org>
Cc: Jean-François Moine <moinejf@free.fr>
Cc: Greg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@linuxfoundation.org>
Cc: <stable@vger.kernel.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

6 years agoMerge tag 'stable/for-linus-3.9-rc0-tag' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel...
Linus Torvalds [Mon, 25 Feb 2013 00:06:13 +0000]
Merge tag 'stable/for-linus-3.9-rc0-tag' of git://git./linux/kernel/git/konrad/xen

Pull Xen update from Konrad Rzeszutek Wilk:
 "This has two new ACPI drivers for Xen - a physical CPU offline/online
  and a memory hotplug.  The way this works is that ACPI kicks the
  drivers and they make the appropiate hypercall to the hypervisor to
  tell it that there is a new CPU or memory.  There also some changes to
  the Xen ARM ABIs and couple of fixes.  One particularly nasty bug in
  the Xen PV spinlock code was fixed by Stefan Bader - and has been
  there since the 2.6.32!

  Features:
   - Xen ACPI memory and CPU hotplug drivers - allowing Xen hypervisor
     to be aware of new CPU and new DIMMs
   - Cleanups
  Bug-fixes:
   - Fixes a long-standing bug in the PV spinlock wherein we did not
     kick VCPUs that were in a tight loop.
   - Fixes in the error paths for the event channel machinery"

Fix up a few semantic conflicts with the ACPI interface changes in
drivers/xen/xen-acpi-{cpu,mem}hotplug.c.

* tag 'stable/for-linus-3.9-rc0-tag' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/konrad/xen:
  xen: event channel arrays are xen_ulong_t and not unsigned long
  xen: Send spinlock IPI to all waiters
  xen: introduce xen_remap, use it instead of ioremap
  xen: close evtchn port if binding to irq fails
  xen-evtchn: correct comment and error output
  xen/tmem: Add missing %s in the printk statement.
  xen/acpi: move xen_acpi_get_pxm under CONFIG_XEN_DOM0
  xen/acpi: ACPI cpu hotplug
  xen/acpi: Move xen_acpi_get_pxm to Xen's acpi.h
  xen/stub: driver for CPU hotplug
  xen/acpi: ACPI memory hotplug
  xen/stub: driver for memory hotplug
  xen: implement updated XENMEM_add_to_physmap_range ABI
  xen/smp: Move the common CPU init code a bit to prep for PVH patch.

6 years agoMerge tag 'kvm-3.9-1' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/virt/kvm/kvm
Linus Torvalds [Sun, 24 Feb 2013 21:07:18 +0000]
Merge tag 'kvm-3.9-1' of git://git./virt/kvm/kvm

Pull KVM updates from Marcelo Tosatti:
 "KVM updates for the 3.9 merge window, including x86 real mode
  emulation fixes, stronger memory slot interface restrictions, mmu_lock
  spinlock hold time reduction, improved handling of large page faults
  on shadow, initial APICv HW acceleration support, s390 channel IO
  based virtio, amongst others"

* tag 'kvm-3.9-1' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/virt/kvm/kvm: (143 commits)
  Revert "KVM: MMU: lazily drop large spte"
  x86: pvclock kvm: align allocation size to page size
  KVM: nVMX: Remove redundant get_vmcs12 from nested_vmx_exit_handled_msr
  x86 emulator: fix parity calculation for AAD instruction
  KVM: PPC: BookE: Handle alignment interrupts
  booke: Added DBCR4 SPR number
  KVM: PPC: booke: Allow multiple exception types
  KVM: PPC: booke: use vcpu reference from thread_struct
  KVM: Remove user_alloc from struct kvm_memory_slot
  KVM: VMX: disable apicv by default
  KVM: s390: Fix handling of iscs.
  KVM: MMU: cleanup __direct_map
  KVM: MMU: remove pt_access in mmu_set_spte
  KVM: MMU: cleanup mapping-level
  KVM: MMU: lazily drop large spte
  KVM: VMX: cleanup vmx_set_cr0().
  KVM: VMX: add missing exit names to VMX_EXIT_REASONS array
  KVM: VMX: disable SMEP feature when guest is in non-paging mode
  KVM: Remove duplicate text in api.txt
  Revert "KVM: MMU: split kvm_mmu_free_page"
  ...

6 years agoMerge branch 'for-linus' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/viro/signal
Linus Torvalds [Sun, 24 Feb 2013 02:50:11 +0000]
Merge branch 'for-linus' of git://git./linux/kernel/git/viro/signal

Pull signal handling cleanups from Al Viro:
 "This is the first pile; another one will come a bit later and will
  contain SYSCALL_DEFINE-related patches.

   - a bunch of signal-related syscalls (both native and compat)
     unified.

   - a bunch of compat syscalls switched to COMPAT_SYSCALL_DEFINE
     (fixing several potential problems with missing argument
     validation, while we are at it)

   - a lot of now-pointless wrappers killed

   - a couple of architectures (cris and hexagon) forgot to save
     altstack settings into sigframe, even though they used the
     (uninitialized) values in sigreturn; fixed.

   - microblaze fixes for delivery of multiple signals arriving at once

   - saner set of helpers for signal delivery introduced, several
     architectures switched to using those."

* 'for-linus' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/viro/signal: (143 commits)
  x86: convert to ksignal
  sparc: convert to ksignal
  arm: switch to struct ksignal * passing
  alpha: pass k_sigaction and siginfo_t using ksignal pointer
  burying unused conditionals
  make do_sigaltstack() static
  arm64: switch to generic old sigaction() (compat-only)
  arm64: switch to generic compat rt_sigaction()
  arm64: switch compat to generic old sigsuspend
  arm64: switch to generic compat rt_sigqueueinfo()
  arm64: switch to generic compat rt_sigpending()
  arm64: switch to generic compat rt_sigprocmask()
  arm64: switch to generic sigaltstack
  sparc: switch to generic old sigsuspend
  sparc: COMPAT_SYSCALL_DEFINE does all sign-extension as well as SYSCALL_DEFINE
  sparc: kill sign-extending wrappers for native syscalls
  kill sparc32_open()
  sparc: switch to use of generic old sigaction
  sparc: switch sys_compat_rt_sigaction() to COMPAT_SYSCALL_DEFINE
  mips: switch to generic sys_fork() and sys_clone()
  ...

6 years agoMerge branch 'akpm' (more incoming from Andrew)
Linus Torvalds [Sun, 24 Feb 2013 01:50:35 +0000]
Merge branch 'akpm' (more incoming from Andrew)

Merge second patch-bomb from Andrew Morton:

 - A little DM fix

 - the MM queue

* emailed patches from Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>: (154 commits)
  ksm: allocate roots when needed
  mm: cleanup "swapcache" in do_swap_page
  mm,ksm: swapoff might need to copy
  mm,ksm: FOLL_MIGRATION do migration_entry_wait
  ksm: shrink 32-bit rmap_item back to 32 bytes
  ksm: treat unstable nid like in stable tree
  ksm: add some comments
  tmpfs: fix mempolicy object leaks
  tmpfs: fix use-after-free of mempolicy object
  mm/fadvise.c: drain all pagevecs if POSIX_FADV_DONTNEED fails to discard all pages
  mm: export mmu notifier invalidates
  mm: accelerate mm_populate() treatment of THP pages
  mm: use long type for page counts in mm_populate() and get_user_pages()
  mm: accurately document nr_free_*_pages functions with code comments
  HWPOISON: change order of error_states[]'s elements
  HWPOISON: fix misjudgement of page_action() for errors on mlocked pages
  memcg: stop warning on memcg_propagate_kmem
  net: change type of virtio_chan->p9_max_pages
  vmscan: change type of vm_total_pages to unsigned long
  fs/nfsd: change type of max_delegations, nfsd_drc_max_mem and nfsd_drc_mem_used
  ...

6 years agoksm: allocate roots when needed
Hugh Dickins [Sat, 23 Feb 2013 00:36:12 +0000]
ksm: allocate roots when needed

It is a pity to have MAX_NUMNODES+MAX_NUMNODES tree roots statically
allocated, particularly when very few users will ever actually tune
merge_across_nodes 0 to use more than 1+1 of those trees.  Not a big
deal (only 16kB wasted on each machine with CONFIG_MAXSMP), but a pity.

Start off with 1+1 statically allocated, then if merge_across_nodes is
ever tuned, allocate for nr_node_ids+nr_node_ids.  Do not attempt to
free up the extra if it's tuned back, that would be a waste of effort.

Signed-off-by: Hugh Dickins <hughd@google.com>
Cc: Mel Gorman <mgorman@suse.de>
Cc: Petr Holasek <pholasek@redhat.com>
Cc: Andrea Arcangeli <aarcange@redhat.com>
Cc: Izik Eidus <izik.eidus@ravellosystems.com>
Cc: Johannes Weiner <hannes@cmpxchg.org>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

6 years agomm: cleanup "swapcache" in do_swap_page
Hugh Dickins [Sat, 23 Feb 2013 00:36:10 +0000]
mm: cleanup "swapcache" in do_swap_page

I dislike the way in which "swapcache" gets used in do_swap_page():
there is always a page from swapcache there (even if maybe uncached by
the time we lock it), but tests are made according to "swapcache".
Rework that with "page != swapcache", as has been done in unuse_pte().

Signed-off-by: Hugh Dickins <hughd@google.com>
Cc: Mel Gorman <mgorman@suse.de>
Cc: Petr Holasek <pholasek@redhat.com>
Cc: Andrea Arcangeli <aarcange@redhat.com>
Cc: Izik Eidus <izik.eidus@ravellosystems.com>
Cc: Johannes Weiner <hannes@cmpxchg.org>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

6 years agomm,ksm: swapoff might need to copy
Hugh Dickins [Sat, 23 Feb 2013 00:36:09 +0000]
mm,ksm: swapoff might need to copy

Before establishing that KSM page migration was the cause of my
WARN_ON_ONCE(page_mapped(page))s, I suspected that they came from the
lack of a ksm_might_need_to_copy() in swapoff's unuse_pte() - which in
many respects is equivalent to faulting in a page.

In fact I've never caught that as the cause: but in theory it does at
least need the KSM_RUN_UNMERGE check in ksm_might_need_to_copy(), to
avoid bringing a KSM page back in when it's not supposed to be.

I intended to copy how it's done in do_swap_page(), but have a strong
aversion to how "swapcache" ends up being used there: rework it with
"page != swapcache".

Signed-off-by: Hugh Dickins <hughd@google.com>
Cc: Mel Gorman <mgorman@suse.de>
Cc: Petr Holasek <pholasek@redhat.com>
Cc: Andrea Arcangeli <aarcange@redhat.com>
Cc: Izik Eidus <izik.eidus@ravellosystems.com>
Acked-by: Johannes Weiner <hannes@cmpxchg.org>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

6 years agomm,ksm: FOLL_MIGRATION do migration_entry_wait
Hugh Dickins [Sat, 23 Feb 2013 00:36:07 +0000]
mm,ksm: FOLL_MIGRATION do migration_entry_wait

In "ksm: remove old stable nodes more thoroughly" I said that I'd never
seen its WARN_ON_ONCE(page_mapped(page)).  True at the time of writing,
but it soon appeared once I tried fuller tests on the whole series.

It turned out to be due to the KSM page migration itself: unmerge_and_
remove_all_rmap_items() failed to locate and replace all the KSM pages,
because of that hiatus in page migration when old pte has been replaced
by migration entry, but not yet by new pte.  follow_page() finds no page
at that instant, but a KSM page reappears shortly after, without a
fault.

Add FOLL_MIGRATION flag, so follow_page() can do migration_entry_wait()
for KSM's break_cow().  I'd have preferred to avoid another flag, and do
it every time, in case someone else makes the same easy mistake; but did
not find another transgressor (the common get_user_pages() is of course
safe), and cannot be sure that every follow_page() caller is prepared to
sleep - ia64's xencomm_vtop()? Now, THP's wait_split_huge_page() can
already sleep there, since anon_vma locking was changed to mutex, but
maybe that's somehow excluded.

Signed-off-by: Hugh Dickins <hughd@google.com>
Cc: Mel Gorman <mgorman@suse.de>
Cc: Petr Holasek <pholasek@redhat.com>
Cc: Andrea Arcangeli <aarcange@redhat.com>
Cc: Izik Eidus <izik.eidus@ravellosystems.com>
Cc: Johannes Weiner <hannes@cmpxchg.org>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

6 years agoksm: shrink 32-bit rmap_item back to 32 bytes
Hugh Dickins [Sat, 23 Feb 2013 00:36:06 +0000]
ksm: shrink 32-bit rmap_item back to 32 bytes

Think of struct rmap_item as an extension of struct page (restricted to
MADV_MERGEABLE areas): there may be a lot of them, we need to keep them
small, especially on 32-bit architectures of limited lowmem.

Siting "int nid" after "unsigned int checksum" works nicely on 64-bit,
making no change to its 64-byte struct rmap_item; but bloats the 32-bit
struct rmap_item from (nicely cache-aligned) 32 bytes to 36 bytes, which
rounds up to 40 bytes once allocated from slab.  We'd better avoid that.

Hey, I only just remembered that the anon_vma pointer in struct
rmap_item has no purpose until the rmap_item is hung from a stable tree
node (which has its own nid field); and rmap_item's nid field no purpose
than to say which tree root to tell rb_erase() when unlinking from an
unstable tree.

Double them up in a union.  There's just one place where we set anon_vma
early (when we already hold mmap_sem): now we must remove tree_rmap_item
from its unstable tree there, before overwriting nid.  No need to
spatter BUG()s around: we'd be seeing oopses if this were wrong.

Signed-off-by: Hugh Dickins <hughd@google.com>
Cc: Mel Gorman <mgorman@suse.de>
Cc: Petr Holasek <pholasek@redhat.com>
Cc: Andrea Arcangeli <aarcange@redhat.com>
Cc: Izik Eidus <izik.eidus@ravellosystems.com>
Cc: Johannes Weiner <hannes@cmpxchg.org>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

6 years agoksm: treat unstable nid like in stable tree
Hugh Dickins [Sat, 23 Feb 2013 00:36:05 +0000]
ksm: treat unstable nid like in stable tree

An inconsistency emerged in reviewing the NUMA node changes to KSM: when
meeting a page from the wrong NUMA node in a stable tree, we say that
it's okay for comparisons, but not as a leaf for merging; whereas when
meeting a page from the wrong NUMA node in an unstable tree, we bail out
immediately.

Now, it might be that a wrong NUMA node in an unstable tree is more
likely to correlate with instablility (different content, with rbnode
now misplaced) than page migration; but even so, we are accustomed to
instablility in the unstable tree.

Without strong evidence for which strategy is generally better, I'd
rather be consistent with what's done in the stable tree: accept a page
from the wrong NUMA node for comparison, but not as a leaf for merging.

Signed-off-by: Hugh Dickins <hughd@google.com>
Cc: Mel Gorman <mgorman@suse.de>
Cc: Petr Holasek <pholasek@redhat.com>
Cc: Andrea Arcangeli <aarcange@redhat.com>
Cc: Izik Eidus <izik.eidus@ravellosystems.com>
Cc: Johannes Weiner <hannes@cmpxchg.org>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

6 years agoksm: add some comments
Hugh Dickins [Sat, 23 Feb 2013 00:36:03 +0000]
ksm: add some comments

Added slightly more detail to the Documentation of merge_across_nodes, a
few comments in areas indicated by review, and renamed get_ksm_page()'s
argument from "locked" to "lock_it".  No functional change.

Signed-off-by: Hugh Dickins <hughd@google.com>
Cc: Mel Gorman <mgorman@suse.de>
Cc: Petr Holasek <pholasek@redhat.com>
Cc: Andrea Arcangeli <aarcange@redhat.com>
Cc: Izik Eidus <izik.eidus@ravellosystems.com>
Cc: Johannes Weiner <hannes@cmpxchg.org>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

6 years agotmpfs: fix mempolicy object leaks
Greg Thelen [Sat, 23 Feb 2013 00:36:02 +0000]
tmpfs: fix mempolicy object leaks

Fix several mempolicy leaks in the tmpfs mount logic.  These leaks are
slow - on the order of one object leaked per mount attempt.

Leak 1 (umount doesn't free mpol allocated in mount):
    while true; do
        mount -t tmpfs -o mpol=interleave,size=100M nodev /mnt
        umount /mnt
    done

Leak 2 (errors parsing remount options will leak mpol):
    mount -t tmpfs -o size=100M nodev /mnt
    while true; do
        mount -o remount,mpol=interleave,size=x /mnt 2> /dev/null
    done
    umount /mnt

Leak 3 (multiple mpol per mount leak mpol):
    while true; do
        mount -t tmpfs -o mpol=interleave,mpol=interleave,size=100M nodev /mnt
        umount /mnt
    done

This patch fixes all of the above.  I could have broken the patch into
three pieces but is seemed easier to review as one.

[akpm@linux-foundation.org: fix handling of mpol_parse_str() errors, per Hugh]
Signed-off-by: Greg Thelen <gthelen@google.com>
Acked-by: Hugh Dickins <hughd@google.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

6 years agotmpfs: fix use-after-free of mempolicy object
Greg Thelen [Sat, 23 Feb 2013 00:36:01 +0000]
tmpfs: fix use-after-free of mempolicy object

The tmpfs remount logic preserves filesystem mempolicy if the mpol=M
option is not specified in the remount request.  A new policy can be
specified if mpol=M is given.

Before this patch remounting an mpol bound tmpfs without specifying
mpol= mount option in the remount request would set the filesystem's
mempolicy object to a freed mempolicy object.

To reproduce the problem boot a DEBUG_PAGEALLOC kernel and run:
    # mkdir /tmp/x

    # mount -t tmpfs -o size=100M,mpol=interleave nodev /tmp/x

    # grep /tmp/x /proc/mounts
    nodev /tmp/x tmpfs rw,relatime,size=102400k,mpol=interleave:0-3 0 0

    # mount -o remount,size=200M nodev /tmp/x

    # grep /tmp/x /proc/mounts
    nodev /tmp/x tmpfs rw,relatime,size=204800k,mpol=??? 0 0
        # note ? garbage in mpol=... output above

    # dd if=/dev/zero of=/tmp/x/f count=1
        # panic here

Panic:
    BUG: unable to handle kernel NULL pointer dereference at           (null)
    IP: [<          (null)>]           (null)
    [...]
    Oops: 0010 [#1] SMP DEBUG_PAGEALLOC
    Call Trace:
      mpol_shared_policy_init+0xa5/0x160
      shmem_get_inode+0x209/0x270
      shmem_mknod+0x3e/0xf0
      shmem_create+0x18/0x20
      vfs_create+0xb5/0x130
      do_last+0x9a1/0xea0
      path_openat+0xb3/0x4d0
      do_filp_open+0x42/0xa0
      do_sys_open+0xfe/0x1e0
      compat_sys_open+0x1b/0x20
      cstar_dispatch+0x7/0x1f

Non-debug kernels will not crash immediately because referencing the
dangling mpol will not cause a fault.  Instead the filesystem will
reference a freed mempolicy object, which will cause unpredictable
behavior.

The problem boils down to a dropped mpol reference below if
shmem_parse_options() does not allocate a new mpol:

    config = *sbinfo
    shmem_parse_options(data, &config, true)
    mpol_put(sbinfo->mpol)
    sbinfo->mpol = config.mpol  /* BUG: saves unreferenced mpol */

This patch avoids the crash by not releasing the mempolicy if
shmem_parse_options() doesn't create a new mpol.

How far back does this issue go? I see it in both 2.6.36 and 3.3.  I did
not look back further.

Signed-off-by: Greg Thelen <gthelen@google.com>
Acked-by: Hugh Dickins <hughd@google.com>
Cc: <stable@vger.kernel.org>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

6 years agomm/fadvise.c: drain all pagevecs if POSIX_FADV_DONTNEED fails to discard all pages
Mel Gorman [Sat, 23 Feb 2013 00:35:59 +0000]
mm/fadvise.c: drain all pagevecs if POSIX_FADV_DONTNEED fails to discard all pages

Rob van der Heij reported the following (paraphrased) on private mail.

The scenario is that I want to avoid backups to fill up the page
cache and purge stuff that is more likely to be used again (this is
with s390x Linux on z/VM, so I don't give it as much memory that
we don't care anymore). So I have something with LD_PRELOAD that
intercepts the close() call (from tar, in this case) and issues
a posix_fadvise() just before closing the file.

This mostly works, except for small files (less than 14 pages)
that remains in page cache after the face.

Unfortunately Rob has not had a chance to test this exact patch but the
test program below should be reproducing the problem he described.

The issue is the per-cpu pagevecs for LRU additions.  If the pages are
added by one CPU but fadvise() is called on another then the pages
remain resident as the invalidate_mapping_pages() only drains the local
pagevecs via its call to pagevec_release().  The user-visible effect is
that a program that uses fadvise() properly is not obeyed.

A possible fix for this is to put the necessary smarts into
invalidate_mapping_pages() to globally drain the LRU pagevecs if a
pagevec page could not be discarded.  The downside with this is that an
inode cache shrink would send a global IPI and memory pressure
potentially causing global IPI storms is very undesirable.

Instead, this patch adds a check during fadvise(POSIX_FADV_DONTNEED) to
check if invalidate_mapping_pages() discarded all the requested pages.
If a subset of pages are discarded it drains the LRU pagevecs and tries
again.  If the second attempt fails, it assumes it is due to the pages
being mapped, locked or dirty and does not care.  With this patch, an
application using fadvise() correctly will be obeyed but there is a
downside that a malicious application can force the kernel to send
global IPIs and increase overhead.

If accepted, I would like this to be considered as a -stable candidate.
It's not an urgent issue but it's a system call that is not working as
advertised which is weak.

The following test program demonstrates the problem.  It should never
report that pages are still resident but will without this patch.  It
assumes that CPU 0 and 1 exist.

int main() {
int fd;
int pagesize = getpagesize();
ssize_t written = 0, expected;
char *buf;
unsigned char *vec;
int resident, i;
cpu_set_t set;

/* Prepare a buffer for writing */
expected = FILESIZE_PAGES * pagesize;
buf = malloc(expected + 1);
if (buf == NULL) {
printf("ENOMEM\n");
exit(EXIT_FAILURE);
}
buf[expected] = 0;
memset(buf, 'a', expected);

/* Prepare the mincore vec */
vec = malloc(FILESIZE_PAGES);
if (vec == NULL) {
printf("ENOMEM\n");
exit(EXIT_FAILURE);
}

/* Bind ourselves to CPU 0 */
CPU_ZERO(&set);
CPU_SET(0, &set);
if (sched_setaffinity(getpid(), sizeof(set), &set) == -1) {
perror("sched_setaffinity");
exit(EXIT_FAILURE);
}

/* open file, unlink and write buffer */
fd = open("fadvise-test-file", O_CREAT|O_EXCL|O_RDWR);
if (fd == -1) {
perror("open");
exit(EXIT_FAILURE);
}
unlink("fadvise-test-file");
while (written < expected) {
ssize_t this_write;
this_write = write(fd, buf + written, expected - written);

if (this_write == -1) {
perror("write");
exit(EXIT_FAILURE);
}

written += this_write;
}
free(buf);

/*
 * Force ourselves to another CPU. If fadvise only flushes the local
 * CPUs pagevecs then the fadvise will fail to discard all file pages
 */
CPU_ZERO(&set);
CPU_SET(1, &set);
if (sched_setaffinity(getpid(), sizeof(set), &set) == -1) {
perror("sched_setaffinity");
exit(EXIT_FAILURE);
}

/* sync and fadvise to discard the page cache */
fsync(fd);
if (posix_fadvise(fd, 0, expected, POSIX_FADV_DONTNEED) == -1) {
perror("posix_fadvise");
exit(EXIT_FAILURE);
}

/* map the file and use mincore to see which parts of it are resident */
buf = mmap(NULL, expected, PROT_READ, MAP_SHARED, fd, 0);
if (buf == NULL) {
perror("mmap");
exit(EXIT_FAILURE);
}
if (mincore(buf, expected, vec) == -1) {
perror("mincore");
exit(EXIT_FAILURE);
}

/* Check residency */
for (i = 0, resident = 0; i < FILESIZE_PAGES; i++) {
if (vec[i])
resident++;
}
if (resident != 0) {
printf("Nr unexpected pages resident: %d\n", resident);
exit(EXIT_FAILURE);
}

munmap(buf, expected);
close(fd);
free(vec);
exit(EXIT_SUCCESS);
}

Signed-off-by: Mel Gorman <mgorman@suse.de>
Reported-by: Rob van der Heij <rvdheij@gmail.com>
Tested-by: Rob van der Heij <rvdheij@gmail.com>
Cc: <stable@vger.kernel.org>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

6 years agomm: export mmu notifier invalidates
Cliff Wickman [Sat, 23 Feb 2013 00:35:58 +0000]
mm: export mmu notifier invalidates

We at SGI have a need to address some very high physical address ranges
with our GRU (global reference unit), sometimes across partitioned
machine boundaries and sometimes with larger addresses than the cpu
supports.  We do this with the aid of our own 'extended vma' module
which mimics the vma.  When something (either unmap or exit) frees an
'extended vma' we use the mmu notifiers to clean them up.

We had been able to mimic the functions
__mmu_notifier_invalidate_range_start() and
__mmu_notifier_invalidate_range_end() by locking the per-mm lock and
walking the per-mm notifier list.  But with the change to a global srcu
lock (static in mmu_notifier.c) we can no longer do that.  Our module has
no access to that lock.

So we request that these two functions be exported.

Signed-off-by: Cliff Wickman <cpw@sgi.com>
Acked-by: Robin Holt <holt@sgi.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

6 years agomm: accelerate mm_populate() treatment of THP pages
Michel Lespinasse [Sat, 23 Feb 2013 00:35:56 +0000]
mm: accelerate mm_populate() treatment of THP pages

This change adds a follow_page_mask function which is equivalent to
follow_page, but with an extra page_mask argument.

follow_page_mask sets *page_mask to HPAGE_PMD_NR - 1 when it encounters
a THP page, and to 0 in other cases.

__get_user_pages() makes use of this in order to accelerate populating
THP ranges - that is, when both the pages and vmas arrays are NULL, we
don't need to iterate HPAGE_PMD_NR times to cover a single THP page (and
we also avoid taking mm->page_table_lock that many times).

Signed-off-by: Michel Lespinasse <walken@google.com>
Cc: Andrea Arcangeli <aarcange@redhat.com>
Cc: Rik van Riel <riel@redhat.com>
Cc: Mel Gorman <mgorman@suse.de>
Cc: Hugh Dickins <hughd@google.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

6 years agomm: use long type for page counts in mm_populate() and get_user_pages()
Michel Lespinasse [Sat, 23 Feb 2013 00:35:55 +0000]
mm: use long type for page counts in mm_populate() and get_user_pages()

Use long type for page counts in mm_populate() so as to avoid integer
overflow when running the following test code:

int main(void) {
  void *p = mmap(NULL, 0x100000000000, PROT_READ,
                 MAP_PRIVATE | MAP_ANON, -1, 0);
  printf("p: %p\n", p);
  mlockall(MCL_CURRENT);
  printf("done\n");
  return 0;
}

Signed-off-by: Michel Lespinasse <walken@google.com>
Cc: Andrea Arcangeli <aarcange@redhat.com>
Cc: Rik van Riel <riel@redhat.com>
Cc: Mel Gorman <mgorman@suse.de>
Cc: Hugh Dickins <hughd@google.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

6 years agomm: accurately document nr_free_*_pages functions with code comments
Zhang Yanfei [Sat, 23 Feb 2013 00:35:54 +0000]
mm: accurately document nr_free_*_pages functions with code comments

nr_free_zone_pages(), nr_free_buffer_pages() and nr_free_pagecache_pages()
are horribly badly named, so accurately document them with code comments
in case of the misuse of them.

[akpm@linux-foundation.org: tweak comments]
Reviewed-by: Randy Dunlap <rdunlap@infradead.org>
Signed-off-by: Zhang Yanfei <zhangyanfei@cn.fujitsu.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

6 years agoHWPOISON: change order of error_states[]'s elements
Naoya Horiguchi [Sat, 23 Feb 2013 00:35:53 +0000]
HWPOISON: change order of error_states[]'s elements

error_states[] has two separate states "unevictable LRU page" and
"mlocked LRU page", and the former one has the higher priority now.  But
because of that the latter one is rarely chosen because pages with
PageMlocked highly likely have PG_unevictable set.  On the other hand,
PG_unevictable without PageMlocked is common for ramfs or SHM_LOCKed
shared memory, so reversing the priority of these two states helps us
clearly distinguish them.

Signed-off-by: Naoya Horiguchi <n-horiguchi@ah.jp.nec.com>
Cc: Andi Kleen <andi@firstfloor.org>
Cc: Chen Gong <gong.chen@linux.intel.com>
Cc: Tony Luck <tony.luck@intel.com>
Cc: Wu Fengguang <fengguang.wu@intel.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

6 years agoHWPOISON: fix misjudgement of page_action() for errors on mlocked pages
Naoya Horiguchi [Sat, 23 Feb 2013 00:35:51 +0000]
HWPOISON: fix misjudgement of page_action() for errors on mlocked pages

memory_failure() can't handle memory errors on mlocked pages correctly,
because page_action() judges such errors as ones on "unknown pages"
instead of ones on "unevictable LRU page" or "mlocked LRU page".  In
order to determine page_state page_action() checks page flags at the
timing of the judgement, but such page flags are not the same with those
just after memory_failure() is called, because memory_failure() does
unmapping of the error pages before doing page_action().  This unmapping
changes the page state, especially page_remove_rmap() (called from
try_to_unmap_one()) clears PG_mlocked, so page_action() can't catch
mlocked pages after that.

With this patch, we store the page flag of the error page before doing
unmap, and (only) if the first check with page flags at the time decided
the error page is unknown, we do the second check with the stored page
flag.  This implementation doesn't change error handling for the page
types for which the first check can determine the page state correctly.

[akpm@linux-foundation.org: tweak comments]
Signed-off-by: Naoya Horiguchi <n-horiguchi@ah.jp.nec.com>
Cc: Andi Kleen <andi@firstfloor.org>
Cc: Tony Luck <tony.luck@intel.com>
Cc: Chen Gong <gong.chen@linux.intel.com>
Cc: Wu Fengguang <fengguang.wu@intel.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

6 years agomemcg: stop warning on memcg_propagate_kmem
Hugh Dickins [Sat, 23 Feb 2013 00:35:50 +0000]
memcg: stop warning on memcg_propagate_kmem

Whilst I run the risk of a flogging for disloyalty to the Lord of Sealand,
I do have CONFIG_MEMCG=y CONFIG_MEMCG_KMEM not set, and grow tired of the
"mm/memcontrol.c:4972:12: warning: `memcg_propagate_kmem' defined but not
used [-Wunused-function]" seen in 3.8-rc: move the #ifdef outwards.

Signed-off-by: Hugh Dickins <hughd@google.com>
Acked-by: Michal Hocko <mhocko@suse.cz>
Cc: Glauber Costa <glommer@parallels.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

6 years agonet: change type of virtio_chan->p9_max_pages
Zhang Yanfei [Sat, 23 Feb 2013 00:35:49 +0000]
net: change type of virtio_chan->p9_max_pages

This member of struct virtio_chan is calculated from nr_free_buffer_pages
so change its type to unsigned long in case of overflow.

Signed-off-by: Zhang Yanfei <zhangyanfei@cn.fujitsu.com>
Cc: David Miller <davem@davemloft.net>
Cc: Eric Van Hensbergen <ericvh@gmail.com>
Cc: Ron Minnich <rminnich@sandia.gov>
Cc: Latchesar Ionkov <lucho@ionkov.net>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

6 years agovmscan: change type of vm_total_pages to unsigned long
Zhang Yanfei [Sat, 23 Feb 2013 00:35:48 +0000]
vmscan: change type of vm_total_pages to unsigned long

This variable is calculated from nr_free_pagecache_pages so
change its type to unsigned long.

Signed-off-by: Zhang Yanfei <zhangyanfei@cn.fujitsu.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

6 years agofs/nfsd: change type of max_delegations, nfsd_drc_max_mem and nfsd_drc_mem_used
Zhang Yanfei [Sat, 23 Feb 2013 00:35:47 +0000]
fs/nfsd: change type of max_delegations, nfsd_drc_max_mem and nfsd_drc_mem_used

The three variables are calculated from nr_free_buffer_pages so change
their types to unsigned long in case of overflow.

Signed-off-by: Zhang Yanfei <zhangyanfei@cn.fujitsu.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

6 years agofs/buffer.c: change type of max_buffer_heads to unsigned long
Zhang Yanfei [Sat, 23 Feb 2013 00:35:46 +0000]
fs/buffer.c: change type of max_buffer_heads to unsigned long

max_buffer_heads is calculated from nr_free_buffer_pages(), so change
its type to unsigned long in case of overflow.

Signed-off-by: Zhang Yanfei <zhangyanfei@cn.fujitsu.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

6 years agoia64: use %ld to print pages calculated in nr_free_buffer_pages
Zhang Yanfei [Sat, 23 Feb 2013 00:35:45 +0000]
ia64: use %ld to print pages calculated in nr_free_buffer_pages

Now the function nr_free_buffer_pages returns unsigned long, so use %ld
to print its return value.

Signed-off-by: Zhang Yanfei <zhangyanfei@cn.fujitsu.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

6 years agomm: fix return type for functions nr_free_*_pages
Zhang Yanfei [Sat, 23 Feb 2013 00:35:43 +0000]
mm: fix return type for functions nr_free_*_pages

Currently, the amount of RAM that functions nr_free_*_pages return is
held in unsigned int.  But in machines with big memory (exceeding 16TB),
the amount may be incorrect because of overflow, so fix it.

Signed-off-by: Zhang Yanfei <zhangyanfei@cn.fujitsu.com>
Cc: Simon Horman <horms@verge.net.au>
Cc: Julian Anastasov <ja@ssi.bg>
Cc: David Miller <davem@davemloft.net>
Cc: Eric Van Hensbergen <ericvh@gmail.com>
Cc: Ron Minnich <rminnich@sandia.gov>
Cc: Latchesar Ionkov <lucho@ionkov.net>
Cc: Mel Gorman <mel@csn.ul.ie>
Cc: Minchan Kim <minchan.kim@gmail.com>
Cc: KAMEZAWA Hiroyuki <kamezawa.hiroyu@jp.fujitsu.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

6 years agomemcg: cleanup mem_cgroup_init comment
Michal Hocko [Sat, 23 Feb 2013 00:35:41 +0000]
memcg: cleanup mem_cgroup_init comment

We should encourage all memcg controller initialization independent on a
specific mem_cgroup to be done here rather than exploit css_alloc
callback and assume that nothing happens before root cgroup is created.

Signed-off-by: Michal Hocko <mhocko@suse.cz>
Acked-by: Johannes Weiner <hannes@cmpxchg.org>
Cc: Tejun Heo <htejun@gmail.com>
Cc: KAMEZAWA Hiroyuki <kamezawa.hiroyu@jp.fujitsu.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

6 years agomemcg: move memcg_stock initialization to mem_cgroup_init
Michal Hocko [Sat, 23 Feb 2013 00:35:40 +0000]
memcg: move memcg_stock initialization to mem_cgroup_init

memcg_stock are currently initialized during the root cgroup allocation
which is OK but it pointlessly pollutes memcg allocation code with
something that can be called when the memcg subsystem is initialized by
mem_cgroup_init along with other controller specific parts.

This patch wraps the current memcg_stock initialization code into a
helper calls it from the controller subsystem initialization code.

Signed-off-by: Michal Hocko <mhocko@suse.cz>
Acked-by: Johannes Weiner <hannes@cmpxchg.org>
Cc: Tejun Heo <htejun@gmail.com>
Cc: KAMEZAWA Hiroyuki <kamezawa.hiroyu@jp.fujitsu.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

6 years agomemcg: move mem_cgroup_soft_limit_tree_init to mem_cgroup_init
Michal Hocko [Sat, 23 Feb 2013 00:35:39 +0000]
memcg: move mem_cgroup_soft_limit_tree_init to mem_cgroup_init

Per-node-zone soft limit tree is currently initialized when the root
cgroup is created which is OK but it pointlessly pollutes memcg
allocation code with something that can be called when the memcg
subsystem is initialized by mem_cgroup_init along with other controller
specific parts.

While we are at it let's make mem_cgroup_soft_limit_tree_init void
because it doesn't make much sense to report memory failure because if
we fail to allocate memory that early during the boot then we are
screwed anyway (this saves some code).

Signed-off-by: Michal Hocko <mhocko@suse.cz>
Acked-by: Johannes Weiner <hannes@cmpxchg.org>
Cc: Tejun Heo <htejun@gmail.com>
Cc: KAMEZAWA Hiroyuki <kamezawa.hiroyu@jp.fujitsu.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

6 years agomm: use up free swap space before reaching OOM kill
Minchan Kim [Sat, 23 Feb 2013 00:35:37 +0000]
mm: use up free swap space before reaching OOM kill

Recently, Luigi reported there are lots of free swap space when OOM
happens.  It's easily reproduced on zram-over-swap, where many instance
of memory hogs are running and laptop_mode is enabled.  He said there
was no problem when he disabled laptop_mode.  The problem when I
investigate problem is following as.

Assumption for easy explanation: There are no page cache page in system
because they all are already reclaimed.

1. try_to_free_pages disable may_writepage when laptop_mode is enabled.
2. shrink_inactive_list isolates victim pages from inactive anon lru list.
3. shrink_page_list adds them to swapcache via add_to_swap but it doesn't
   pageout because sc->may_writepage is 0 so the page is rotated back into
   inactive anon lru list. The add_to_swap made the page Dirty by SetPageDirty.
4. 3 couldn't reclaim any pages so do_try_to_free_pages increase priority and
   retry reclaim with higher priority.
5. shrink_inactlive_list try to isolate victim pages from inactive anon lru list
   but got failed because it try to isolate pages with ISOLATE_CLEAN mode but
   inactive anon lru list is full of dirty pages by 3 so it just returns
   without  any reclaim progress.
6. do_try_to_free_pages doesn't set may_writepage due to zero total_scanned.
   Because sc->nr_scanned is increased by shrink_page_list but we don't call
   shrink_page_list in 5 due to short of isolated pages.

Above loop is continued until OOM happens.

The problem didn't happen before [1] was merged because old logic's
isolatation in shrink_inactive_list was successful and tried to call
shrink_page_list to pageout them but it still ends up failed to page out
by may_writepage.  But important point is that sc->nr_scanned was
increased although we couldn't swap out them so do_try_to_free_pages
could set may_writepages.

Since commit f80c0673610e ("mm: zone_reclaim: make isolate_lru_page()
filter-aware") was introduced, it's not a good idea any more to depends
on only the number of scanned pages for setting may_writepage.  So this
patch adds new trigger point of setting may_writepage as below
DEF_PRIOIRTY - 2 which is used to show the significant memory pressure
in VM so it's good fit for our purpose which would be better to lose
power saving or clickety rather than OOM killing.

Signed-off-by: Minchan Kim <minchan@kernel.org>
Reported-by: Luigi Semenzato <semenzato@google.com>
Cc: Rik van Riel <riel@redhat.com>
Cc: Hugh Dickins <hughd@google.com>
Cc: Johannes Weiner <hannes@cmpxchg.org>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

6 years agomm: use NUMA_NO_NODE
David Rientjes [Sat, 23 Feb 2013 00:35:36 +0000]
mm: use NUMA_NO_NODE

Make a sweep through mm/ and convert code that uses -1 directly to using
the more appropriate NUMA_NO_NODE.

Signed-off-by: David Rientjes <rientjes@google.com>
Reviewed-by: Yasuaki Ishimatsu <isimatu.yasuaki@jp.fujitsu.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

6 years agommu_notifier_unregister NULL Pointer deref and multiple ->release() callouts
Robin Holt [Sat, 23 Feb 2013 00:35:34 +0000]
mmu_notifier_unregister NULL Pointer deref and multiple ->release() callouts

There is a race condition between mmu_notifier_unregister() and
__mmu_notifier_release().

Assume two tasks, one calling mmu_notifier_unregister() as a result of a
filp_close() ->flush() callout (task A), and the other calling
mmu_notifier_release() from an mmput() (task B).

                A                               B
t1                                              srcu_read_lock()
t2              if (!hlist_unhashed())
t3                                              srcu_read_unlock()
t4              srcu_read_lock()
t5                                              hlist_del_init_rcu()
t6                                              synchronize_srcu()
t7              srcu_read_unlock()
t8              hlist_del_rcu()  <--- NULL pointer deref.

Additionally, the list traversal in __mmu_notifier_release() is not
protected by the by the mmu_notifier_mm->hlist_lock which can result in
callouts to the ->release() notifier from both mmu_notifier_unregister()
and __mmu_notifier_release().

-stable suggestions:

The stable trees prior to 3.7.y need commits 21a92735f660 and
70400303ce0c cherry-picked in that order prior to cherry-picking this
commit.  The 3.7.y tree already has those two commits.

Signed-off-by: Robin Holt <holt@sgi.com>
Cc: Andrea Arcangeli <aarcange@redhat.com>
Cc: Wanpeng Li <liwanp@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
Cc: Xiao Guangrong <xiaoguangrong@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
Cc: Avi Kivity <avi@redhat.com>
Cc: Hugh Dickins <hughd@google.com>
Cc: Marcelo Tosatti <mtosatti@redhat.com>
Cc: Sagi Grimberg <sagig@mellanox.co.il>
Cc: Haggai Eran <haggaie@mellanox.com>
Cc: <stable@vger.kernel.org>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

6 years agomm/memory_hotplug: use pgdat_end_pfn() instead of open coding the same.
Cody P Schafer [Sat, 23 Feb 2013 00:35:32 +0000]
mm/memory_hotplug: use pgdat_end_pfn() instead of open coding the same.

Replace open coded pgdat_end_pfn() with helper function.

Signed-off-by: Cody P Schafer <cody@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
Cc: David Hansen <dave@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
Cc: Catalin Marinas <catalin.marinas@arm.com>
Cc: Johannes Weiner <hannes@cmpxchg.org>
Cc: Mel Gorman <mel@csn.ul.ie>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

6 years agomm/memory_hotplug: use ensure_zone_is_initialized()
Cody P Schafer [Sat, 23 Feb 2013 00:35:31 +0000]
mm/memory_hotplug: use ensure_zone_is_initialized()

Remove open coding of ensure_zone_is_initialzied().

Signed-off-by: Cody P Schafer <cody@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
Cc: David Hansen <dave@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
Cc: Catalin Marinas <catalin.marinas@arm.com>
Cc: Johannes Weiner <hannes@cmpxchg.org>
Cc: Mel Gorman <mel@csn.ul.ie>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

6 years agomm: add helper ensure_zone_is_initialized()
Cody P Schafer [Sat, 23 Feb 2013 00:35:30 +0000]
mm: add helper ensure_zone_is_initialized()

ensure_zone_is_initialized() checks if a zone is in a empty & not
initialized state (typically occuring after it is created in memory
hotplugging), and, if so, calls init_currently_empty_zone() to
initialize the zone.

Signed-off-by: Cody P Schafer <cody@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
Cc: David Hansen <dave@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
Cc: Catalin Marinas <catalin.marinas@arm.com>
Cc: Johannes Weiner <hannes@cmpxchg.org>
Cc: Mel Gorman <mel@csn.ul.ie>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

6 years agomm/page_alloc: add informative debugging message in page_outside_zone_boundaries()
Cody P Schafer [Sat, 23 Feb 2013 00:35:28 +0000]
mm/page_alloc: add informative debugging message in page_outside_zone_boundaries()

Add a debug message which prints when a page is found outside of the
boundaries of the zone it should belong to. Format is:
"page $pfn outside zone [ $start_pfn - $end_pfn ]"

[akpm@linux-foundation.org: s/pr_debug/pr_err/]
Signed-off-by: Cody P Schafer <cody@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
Cc: David Hansen <dave@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
Cc: Catalin Marinas <catalin.marinas@arm.com>
Cc: Johannes Weiner <hannes@cmpxchg.org>
Cc: Mel Gorman <mel@csn.ul.ie>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>