6 years agoblock/genhd.c: apply pm_runtime_set_memalloc_noio on block devices
Ming Lei [Sat, 23 Feb 2013 00:34:13 +0000]
block/genhd.c: apply pm_runtime_set_memalloc_noio on block devices

Apply the introduced pm_runtime_set_memalloc_noio on block device so
that PM core will teach mm to not allocate memory with GFP_IOFS when
calling the runtime_resume and runtime_suspend callback for block
devices and its ancestors.

Signed-off-by: Ming Lei <ming.lei@canonical.com>
Cc: Jens Axboe <axboe@kernel.dk>
Cc: Minchan Kim <minchan@kernel.org>
Cc: Alan Stern <stern@rowland.harvard.edu>
Cc: Oliver Neukum <oneukum@suse.de>
Cc: Jiri Kosina <jiri.kosina@suse.com>
Cc: Mel Gorman <mel@csn.ul.ie>
Cc: KAMEZAWA Hiroyuki <kamezawa.hiroyu@jp.fujitsu.com>
Cc: Michal Hocko <mhocko@suse.cz>
Cc: Ingo Molnar <mingo@redhat.com>
Cc: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org>
Cc: "Rafael J. Wysocki" <rjw@sisk.pl>
Cc: Greg KH <greg@kroah.com>
Cc: "David S. Miller" <davem@davemloft.net>
Cc: Eric Dumazet <eric.dumazet@gmail.com>
Cc: David Decotigny <david.decotigny@google.com>
Cc: Tom Herbert <therbert@google.com>
Cc: Ingo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

6 years agopm / runtime: introduce pm_runtime_set_memalloc_noio()
Ming Lei [Sat, 23 Feb 2013 00:34:11 +0000]
pm / runtime: introduce pm_runtime_set_memalloc_noio()

Introduce the flag memalloc_noio in 'struct dev_pm_info' to help PM core
to teach mm not allocating memory with GFP_KERNEL flag for avoiding
probable deadlock.

As explained in the comment, any GFP_KERNEL allocation inside
runtime_resume() or runtime_suspend() on any one of device in the path
from one block or network device to the root device in the device tree
may cause deadlock, the introduced pm_runtime_set_memalloc_noio() sets
or clears the flag on device in the path recursively.

Signed-off-by: Ming Lei <ming.lei@canonical.com>
Cc: Minchan Kim <minchan@kernel.org>
Cc: Alan Stern <stern@rowland.harvard.edu>
Cc: Oliver Neukum <oneukum@suse.de>
Cc: Jiri Kosina <jiri.kosina@suse.com>
Cc: Mel Gorman <mel@csn.ul.ie>
Cc: KAMEZAWA Hiroyuki <kamezawa.hiroyu@jp.fujitsu.com>
Cc: Michal Hocko <mhocko@suse.cz>
Cc: Ingo Molnar <mingo@redhat.com>
Cc: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org>
Cc: "Rafael J. Wysocki" <rjw@sisk.pl>
Cc: Greg KH <greg@kroah.com>
Cc: Jens Axboe <axboe@kernel.dk>
Cc: "David S. Miller" <davem@davemloft.net>
Cc: Eric Dumazet <eric.dumazet@gmail.com>
Cc: David Decotigny <david.decotigny@google.com>
Cc: Tom Herbert <therbert@google.com>
Cc: Ingo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

6 years agomm: teach mm by current context info to not do I/O during memory allocation
Ming Lei [Sat, 23 Feb 2013 00:34:08 +0000]
mm: teach mm by current context info to not do I/O during memory allocation

This patch introduces PF_MEMALLOC_NOIO on process flag('flags' field of
'struct task_struct'), so that the flag can be set by one task to avoid
doing I/O inside memory allocation in the task's context.

The patch trys to solve one deadlock problem caused by block device, and
the problem may happen at least in the below situations:

- during block device runtime resume, if memory allocation with
  GFP_KERNEL is called inside runtime resume callback of any one of its
  ancestors(or the block device itself), the deadlock may be triggered
  inside the memory allocation since it might not complete until the block
  device becomes active and the involed page I/O finishes.  The situation
  is pointed out first by Alan Stern.  It is not a good approach to
  convert all GFP_KERNEL[1] in the path into GFP_NOIO because several
  subsystems may be involved(for example, PCI, USB and SCSI may be
  involved for usb mass stoarage device, network devices involved too in
  the iSCSI case)

- during block device runtime suspend, because runtime resume need to
  wait for completion of concurrent runtime suspend.

- during error handling of usb mass storage deivce, USB bus reset will
  be put on the device, so there shouldn't have any memory allocation with
  GFP_KERNEL during USB bus reset, otherwise the deadlock similar with
  above may be triggered.  Unfortunately, any usb device may include one
  mass storage interface in theory, so it requires all usb interface
  drivers to handle the situation.  In fact, most usb drivers don't know
  how to handle bus reset on the device and don't provide .pre_set() and
  .post_reset() callback at all, so USB core has to unbind and bind driver
  for these devices.  So it is still not practical to resort to GFP_NOIO
  for solving the problem.

Also the introduced solution can be used by block subsystem or block
drivers too, for example, set the PF_MEMALLOC_NOIO flag before doing
actual I/O transfer.

It is not a good idea to convert all these GFP_KERNEL in the affected
path into GFP_NOIO because these functions doing that may be implemented
as library and will be called in many other contexts.

In fact, memalloc_noio_flags() can convert some of current static
GFP_NOIO allocation into GFP_KERNEL back in other non-affected contexts,
at least almost all GFP_NOIO in USB subsystem can be converted into
GFP_KERNEL after applying the approach and make allocation with GFP_NOIO
only happen in runtime resume/bus reset/block I/O transfer contexts
generally.

[1], several GFP_KERNEL allocation examples in runtime resume path

- pci subsystem
acpi_os_allocate
<-acpi_ut_allocate
<-ACPI_ALLOCATE_ZEROED
<-acpi_evaluate_object
<-__acpi_bus_set_power
<-acpi_bus_set_power
<-acpi_pci_set_power_state
<-platform_pci_set_power_state
<-pci_platform_power_transition
<-__pci_complete_power_transition
<-pci_set_power_state
<-pci_restore_standard_config
<-pci_pm_runtime_resume
- usb subsystem
usb_get_status
<-finish_port_resume
<-usb_port_resume
<-generic_resume
<-usb_resume_device
<-usb_resume_both
<-usb_runtime_resume

- some individual usb drivers
usblp, uvc, gspca, most of dvb-usb-v2 media drivers, cpia2, az6007, ....

That is just what I have found.  Unfortunately, this allocation can only
be found by human being now, and there should be many not found since
any function in the resume path(call tree) may allocate memory with
GFP_KERNEL.

Signed-off-by: Ming Lei <ming.lei@canonical.com>
Signed-off-by: Minchan Kim <minchan@kernel.org>
Cc: Alan Stern <stern@rowland.harvard.edu>
Cc: Oliver Neukum <oneukum@suse.de>
Cc: Jiri Kosina <jiri.kosina@suse.com>
Cc: Mel Gorman <mel@csn.ul.ie>
Cc: KAMEZAWA Hiroyuki <kamezawa.hiroyu@jp.fujitsu.com>
Cc: Michal Hocko <mhocko@suse.cz>
Cc: Ingo Molnar <mingo@redhat.com>
Cc: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org>
Cc: "Rafael J. Wysocki" <rjw@sisk.pl>
Cc: Greg KH <greg@kroah.com>
Cc: Jens Axboe <axboe@kernel.dk>
Cc: "David S. Miller" <davem@davemloft.net>
Cc: Eric Dumazet <eric.dumazet@gmail.com>
Cc: David Decotigny <david.decotigny@google.com>
Cc: Tom Herbert <therbert@google.com>
Cc: Ingo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

6 years agomm: don't wait on congested zones in balance_pgdat()
Zlatko Calusic [Sat, 23 Feb 2013 00:34:06 +0000]
mm: don't wait on congested zones in balance_pgdat()

From: Zlatko Calusic <zlatko.calusic@iskon.hr>

Commit 92df3a723f84 ("mm: vmscan: throttle reclaim if encountering too
many dirty pages under writeback") introduced waiting on congested zones
based on a sane algorithm in shrink_inactive_list().

What this means is that there's no more need for throttling and
additional heuristics in balance_pgdat().  So, let's remove it and tidy
up the code.

Signed-off-by: Zlatko Calusic <zlatko.calusic@iskon.hr>
Cc: Mel Gorman <mgorman@suse.de>
Cc: Minchan Kim <minchan.kim@gmail.com>
Cc: Johannes Weiner <jweiner@redhat.com>
Cc: Rik van Riel <riel@redhat.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

6 years agomm/memory-failure.c: fix wrong num_poisoned_pages in handling memory error on thp
Naoya Horiguchi [Sat, 23 Feb 2013 00:34:05 +0000]
mm/memory-failure.c: fix wrong num_poisoned_pages in handling memory error on thp

num_poisoned_pages counts up the number of pages isolated by memory
errors.  But for thp, only one subpage is isolated because memory error
handler splits it, so it's wrong to add (1 << compound_trans_order).

[akpm@linux-foundation.org: tweak comment]
Signed-off-by: Naoya Horiguchi <n-horiguchi@ah.jp.nec.com>
Cc: Andi Kleen <andi@firstfloor.org>
Cc: Tony Luck <tony.luck@intel.com>
Cc: Wu Fengguang <fengguang.wu@intel.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

6 years agomm/memory-failure.c: clean up soft_offline_page()
Naoya Horiguchi [Sat, 23 Feb 2013 00:34:03 +0000]
mm/memory-failure.c: clean up soft_offline_page()

Currently soft_offline_page() is hard to maintain because it has many
return points and goto statements.  All of this mess come from
get_any_page().

This function should only get page refcount as the name implies, but it
does some page isolating actions like SetPageHWPoison() and dequeuing
hugepage.  This patch corrects it and introduces some internal
subroutines to make soft offlining code more readable and maintainable.

Signed-off-by: Naoya Horiguchi <n-horiguchi@ah.jp.nec.com>
Reviewed-by: Andi Kleen <andi@firstfloor.org>
Cc: Tony Luck <tony.luck@intel.com>
Cc: Wu Fengguang <fengguang.wu@intel.com>
Cc: Xishi Qiu <qiuxishi@huawei.com>
Cc: Jiang Liu <jiang.liu@huawei.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

6 years agomemory-failure: use num_poisoned_pages instead of mce_bad_pages
Xishi Qiu [Sat, 23 Feb 2013 00:34:02 +0000]
memory-failure: use num_poisoned_pages instead of mce_bad_pages

Since MCE is an x86 concept, and this code is in mm/, it would be better
to use the name num_poisoned_pages instead of mce_bad_pages.

[akpm@linux-foundation.org: fix mm/sparse.c]
Signed-off-by: Xishi Qiu <qiuxishi@huawei.com>
Signed-off-by: Jiang Liu <jiang.liu@huawei.com>
Suggested-by: Borislav Petkov <bp@alien8.de>
Reviewed-by: Wanpeng Li <liwanp@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
Cc: Andi Kleen <andi@firstfloor.org>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

6 years agomemory-failure: do code refactor of soft_offline_page()
Xishi Qiu [Sat, 23 Feb 2013 00:34:00 +0000]
memory-failure: do code refactor of soft_offline_page()

There are too many return points randomly intermingled with some "goto
done" return points.  So adjust the function structure, one for the
success path, the other for the failure path.  Use atomic_long_inc
instead of atomic_long_add.

Signed-off-by: Xishi Qiu <qiuxishi@huawei.com>
Signed-off-by: Jiang Liu <jiang.liu@huawei.com>
Suggested-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Cc: Borislav Petkov <bp@alien8.de>
Cc: Wanpeng Li <liwanp@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
Cc: Andi Kleen <andi@firstfloor.org>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

6 years agomemory-failure: fix an error of mce_bad_pages statistics
Xishi Qiu [Sat, 23 Feb 2013 00:33:59 +0000]
memory-failure: fix an error of mce_bad_pages statistics

When doing

    $ echo paddr > /sys/devices/system/memory/soft_offline_page

to offline a *free* page, the value of mce_bad_pages will be added, and
the page is set HWPoison flag, but it is still managed by page buddy
alocator.

   $ cat /proc/meminfo | grep HardwareCorrupted

shows the value.

If we offline the same page, the value of mce_bad_pages will be added
*again*, this means the value is incorrect now.  Assume the page is
still free during this short time.

  soft_offline_page()
    get_any_page()
      "else if (is_free_buddy_page(p))" branch return 0
        "goto done";
           "atomic_long_add(1, &mce_bad_pages);"

This patch:

Move poisoned page check at the beginning of the function in order to
fix the error.

Signed-off-by: Xishi Qiu <qiuxishi@huawei.com>
Signed-off-by: Jiang Liu <jiang.liu@huawei.com>
Tested-by: Naoya Horiguchi <n-horiguchi@ah.jp.nec.com>
Cc: Borislav Petkov <bp@alien8.de>
Cc: Wanpeng Li <liwanp@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
Cc: Andi Kleen <andi@firstfloor.org>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

6 years agomm: remove MIGRATE_ISOLATE check in hotpath
Minchan Kim [Sat, 23 Feb 2013 00:33:58 +0000]
mm: remove MIGRATE_ISOLATE check in hotpath

Several functions test MIGRATE_ISOLATE and some of those are hotpath but
MIGRATE_ISOLATE is used only if we enable CONFIG_MEMORY_ISOLATION(ie,
CMA, memory-hotplug and memory-failure) which are not common config
option.  So let's not add unnecessary overhead and code when we don't
enable CONFIG_MEMORY_ISOLATION.

Signed-off-by: Minchan Kim <minchan@kernel.org>
Cc: KOSAKI Motohiro <kosaki.motohiro@jp.fujitsu.com>
Acked-by: Michal Nazarewicz <mina86@mina86.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

6 years agomm: increase totalram_pages when free pages allocated by bootmem allocator
Jiang Liu [Sat, 23 Feb 2013 00:33:56 +0000]
mm: increase totalram_pages when free pages allocated by bootmem allocator

Function put_page_bootmem() is used to free pages allocated by bootmem
allocator, so it should increase totalram_pages when freeing pages into
the buddy system.

Signed-off-by: Jiang Liu <jiang.liu@huawei.com>
Cc: Wen Congyang <wency@cn.fujitsu.com>
Cc: David Rientjes <rientjes@google.com>
Cc: Jiang Liu <jiang.liu@huawei.com>
Cc: Maciej Rutecki <maciej.rutecki@gmail.com>
Cc: Chris Clayton <chris2553@googlemail.com>
Cc: "Rafael J . Wysocki" <rjw@sisk.pl>
Cc: Mel Gorman <mgorman@suse.de>
Cc: Minchan Kim <minchan@kernel.org>
Cc: KAMEZAWA Hiroyuki <kamezawa.hiroyu@jp.fujitsu.com>
Cc: Michal Hocko <mhocko@suse.cz>
Cc: Jianguo Wu <wujianguo@huawei.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

6 years agomm: set zone->present_pages to number of existing pages in the zone
Jiang Liu [Sat, 23 Feb 2013 00:33:54 +0000]
mm: set zone->present_pages to number of existing pages in the zone

Now all users of "number of pages managed by the buddy system" have been
converted to use zone->managed_pages, so set zone->present_pages to what
it should be:

present_pages = spanned_pages - absent_pages;

Signed-off-by: Jiang Liu <jiang.liu@huawei.com>
Cc: Wen Congyang <wency@cn.fujitsu.com>
Cc: David Rientjes <rientjes@google.com>
Cc: Jiang Liu <jiang.liu@huawei.com>
Cc: Maciej Rutecki <maciej.rutecki@gmail.com>
Cc: Chris Clayton <chris2553@googlemail.com>
Cc: "Rafael J . Wysocki" <rjw@sisk.pl>
Cc: Mel Gorman <mgorman@suse.de>
Cc: Minchan Kim <minchan@kernel.org>
Cc: KAMEZAWA Hiroyuki <kamezawa.hiroyu@jp.fujitsu.com>
Cc: Michal Hocko <mhocko@suse.cz>
Cc: Jianguo Wu <wujianguo@huawei.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

6 years agomm: use zone->present_pages instead of zone->managed_pages where appropriate
Jiang Liu [Sat, 23 Feb 2013 00:33:52 +0000]
mm: use zone->present_pages instead of zone->managed_pages where appropriate

Now we have zone->managed_pages for "pages managed by the buddy system
in the zone", so replace zone->present_pages with zone->managed_pages if
what the user really wants is number of allocatable pages.

Signed-off-by: Jiang Liu <jiang.liu@huawei.com>
Cc: Wen Congyang <wency@cn.fujitsu.com>
Cc: David Rientjes <rientjes@google.com>
Cc: Jiang Liu <jiang.liu@huawei.com>
Cc: Maciej Rutecki <maciej.rutecki@gmail.com>
Cc: Chris Clayton <chris2553@googlemail.com>
Cc: "Rafael J . Wysocki" <rjw@sisk.pl>
Cc: Mel Gorman <mgorman@suse.de>
Cc: Minchan Kim <minchan@kernel.org>
Cc: KAMEZAWA Hiroyuki <kamezawa.hiroyu@jp.fujitsu.com>
Cc: Michal Hocko <mhocko@suse.cz>
Cc: Jianguo Wu <wujianguo@huawei.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

6 years agomm/memblock.c: use CONFIG_HAVE_MEMBLOCK_NODE_MAP to protect movablecore_map in memblo...
Tang Chen [Sat, 23 Feb 2013 00:33:51 +0000]
mm/memblock.c: use CONFIG_HAVE_MEMBLOCK_NODE_MAP to protect movablecore_map in memblock_overlaps_region().

The definition of struct movablecore_map is protected by
CONFIG_HAVE_MEMBLOCK_NODE_MAP but its use in memblock_overlaps_region()
is not.  So add CONFIG_HAVE_MEMBLOCK_NODE_MAP to protect the use of
movablecore_map in memblock_overlaps_region().

Signed-off-by: Tang Chen <tangchen@cn.fujitsu.com>
Reported-by: Stephen Rothwell <sfr@canb.auug.org.au>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

6 years agoacpi, memory-hotplug: support getting hotplug info from SRAT
Tang Chen [Sat, 23 Feb 2013 00:33:49 +0000]
acpi, memory-hotplug: support getting hotplug info from SRAT

We now provide an option for users who don't want to specify physical
memory address in kernel commandline.

         /*
          * For movablemem_map=acpi:
          *
          * SRAT:                |_____| |_____| |_________| |_________| ......
          * node id:                0       1         1           2
          * hotpluggable:           n       y         y           n
          * movablemem_map:              |_____| |_________|
          *
          * Using movablemem_map, we can prevent memblock from allocating memory
          * on ZONE_MOVABLE at boot time.
          */

So user just specify movablemem_map=acpi, and the kernel will use
hotpluggable info in SRAT to determine which memory ranges should be set
as ZONE_MOVABLE.

If all the memory ranges in SRAT is hotpluggable, then no memory can be
used by kernel.  But before parsing SRAT, memblock has already reserve
some memory ranges for other purposes, such as for kernel image, and so
on.  We cannot prevent kernel from using these memory.  So we need to
exclude these ranges even if these memory is hotpluggable.

Furthermore, there could be several memory ranges in the single node
which the kernel resides in.  We may skip one range that have memory
reserved by memblock, but if the rest of memory is too small, then the
kernel will fail to boot.  So, make the whole node which the kernel
resides in un-hotpluggable.  Then the kernel has enough memory to use.

NOTE: Using this way will cause NUMA performance down because the
      whole node will be set as ZONE_MOVABLE, and kernel cannot use memory
      on it.  If users don't want to lose NUMA performance, just don't use
      it.

[akpm@linux-foundation.org: fix warning]
[akpm@linux-foundation.org: use strcmp()]
Signed-off-by: Tang Chen <tangchen@cn.fujitsu.com>
Cc: KOSAKI Motohiro <kosaki.motohiro@jp.fujitsu.com>
Cc: Jiang Liu <jiang.liu@huawei.com>
Cc: Jianguo Wu <wujianguo@huawei.com>
Cc: Kamezawa Hiroyuki <kamezawa.hiroyu@jp.fujitsu.com>
Cc: Lai Jiangshan <laijs@cn.fujitsu.com>
Cc: Wu Jianguo <wujianguo@huawei.com>
Cc: Yasuaki Ishimatsu <isimatu.yasuaki@jp.fujitsu.com>
Cc: Ingo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu>
Cc: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
Cc: "H. Peter Anvin" <hpa@zytor.com>
Cc: Len Brown <lenb@kernel.org>
Cc: "Brown, Len" <len.brown@intel.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

6 years agoacpi, memory-hotplug: extend movablemem_map ranges to the end of node
Tang Chen [Sat, 23 Feb 2013 00:33:46 +0000]
acpi, memory-hotplug: extend movablemem_map ranges to the end of node

When implementing movablemem_map boot option, we introduced an array
movablemem_map.map[] to store the memory ranges to be set as
ZONE_MOVABLE.

Since ZONE_MOVABLE is the latst zone of a node, if user didn't specify
the whole node memory range, we need to extend it to the node end so
that we can use it to prevent memblock from allocating memory in the
ranges user didn't specify.

We now implement movablemem_map boot option like this:

        /*
         * For movablemem_map=nn[KMG]@ss[KMG]:
         *
         * SRAT:                |_____| |_____| |_________| |_________| ......
         * node id:                0       1         1           2
         * user specified:                |__|                 |___|
         * movablemem_map:                |___| |_________|    |______| ......
         *
         * Using movablemem_map, we can prevent memblock from allocating memory
         * on ZONE_MOVABLE at boot time.
         *
         * NOTE: In this case, SRAT info will be ingored.
         */

[akpm@linux-foundation.org: clean up code, fix build warning]
Signed-off-by: Tang Chen <tangchen@cn.fujitsu.com>
Cc: KOSAKI Motohiro <kosaki.motohiro@jp.fujitsu.com>
Cc: Jiang Liu <jiang.liu@huawei.com>
Cc: Jianguo Wu <wujianguo@huawei.com>
Cc: Kamezawa Hiroyuki <kamezawa.hiroyu@jp.fujitsu.com>
Cc: Lai Jiangshan <laijs@cn.fujitsu.com>
Cc: Wu Jianguo <wujianguo@huawei.com>
Cc: Yasuaki Ishimatsu <isimatu.yasuaki@jp.fujitsu.com>
Cc: Ingo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu>
Cc: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
Cc: "H. Peter Anvin" <hpa@zytor.com>
Cc: Len Brown <lenb@kernel.org>
Cc: "Brown, Len" <len.brown@intel.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

6 years agoacpi, memory-hotplug: parse SRAT before memblock is ready
Tang Chen [Sat, 23 Feb 2013 00:33:44 +0000]
acpi, memory-hotplug: parse SRAT before memblock is ready

On linux, the pages used by kernel could not be migrated.  As a result,
if a memory range is used by kernel, it cannot be hot-removed.  So if we
want to hot-remove memory, we should prevent kernel from using it.

The way now used to prevent this is specify a memory range by
movablemem_map boot option and set it as ZONE_MOVABLE.

But when the system is booting, memblock will allocate memory, and
reserve the memory for kernel.  And before we parse SRAT, and know the
node memory ranges, memblock is working.  And it may allocate memory in
ranges to be set as ZONE_MOVABLE.  This memory can be used by kernel,
and never be freed.

So, let's parse SRAT before memblock is called first.  And it is early
enough.

The first call of memblock_find_in_range_node() is in:

  setup_arch()
    |-->setup_real_mode()

so, this patch add a function early_parse_srat() to parse SRAT, and call
it before setup_real_mode() is called.

NOTE:

1) early_parse_srat() is called before numa_init(), and has initialized
   numa_meminfo.  So DO NOT clear numa_nodes_parsed in numa_init() and DO
   NOT zero numa_meminfo in numa_init(), otherwise we will lose memory
   numa info.

2) I don't know why using count of memory affinities parsed from SRAT
   as a return value in original acpi_numa_init().  So I add a static
   variable srat_mem_cnt to remember this count and use it as the return
   value of the new acpi_numa_init()

[mhocko@suse.cz: parse SRAT before memblock is ready fix]
Signed-off-by: Tang Chen <tangchen@cn.fujitsu.com>
Reviewed-by: Wen Congyang <wency@cn.fujitsu.com>
Cc: KOSAKI Motohiro <kosaki.motohiro@jp.fujitsu.com>
Cc: Jiang Liu <jiang.liu@huawei.com>
Cc: Jianguo Wu <wujianguo@huawei.com>
Cc: Kamezawa Hiroyuki <kamezawa.hiroyu@jp.fujitsu.com>
Cc: Lai Jiangshan <laijs@cn.fujitsu.com>
Cc: Wu Jianguo <wujianguo@huawei.com>
Cc: Yasuaki Ishimatsu <isimatu.yasuaki@jp.fujitsu.com>
Cc: Ingo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu>
Cc: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
Cc: "H. Peter Anvin" <hpa@zytor.com>
Cc: Len Brown <lenb@kernel.org>
Cc: "Brown, Len" <len.brown@intel.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

6 years agopage_alloc: bootmem limit with movablecore_map
Tang Chen [Sat, 23 Feb 2013 00:33:42 +0000]
page_alloc: bootmem limit with movablecore_map

Ensure the bootmem will not allocate memory from areas that may be
ZONE_MOVABLE.  The map info is from movablecore_map boot option.

Signed-off-by: Tang Chen <tangchen@cn.fujitsu.com>
Reviewed-by: Wen Congyang <wency@cn.fujitsu.com>
Reviewed-by: Lai Jiangshan <laijs@cn.fujitsu.com>
Tested-by: Lin Feng <linfeng@cn.fujitsu.com>
Cc: Wu Jianguo <wujianguo@huawei.com>
Cc: Mel Gorman <mel@csn.ul.ie>
Cc: Ingo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu>
Cc: "H. Peter Anvin" <hpa@zytor.com>
Cc: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

6 years agopage_alloc: make movablemem_map have higher priority
Tang Chen [Sat, 23 Feb 2013 00:33:40 +0000]
page_alloc: make movablemem_map have higher priority

If kernelcore or movablecore is specified at the same time with
movablemem_map, movablemem_map will have higher priority to be
satisfied.  This patch will make find_zone_movable_pfns_for_nodes()
calculate zone_movable_pfn[] with the limit from zone_movable_limit[].

Signed-off-by: Tang Chen <tangchen@cn.fujitsu.com>
Reviewed-by: Wen Congyang <wency@cn.fujitsu.com>
Cc: Wu Jianguo <wujianguo@huawei.com>
Reviewed-by: Lai Jiangshan <laijs@cn.fujitsu.com>
Tested-by: Lin Feng <linfeng@cn.fujitsu.com>
Cc: Mel Gorman <mel@csn.ul.ie>
Cc: Ingo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu>
Cc: "H. Peter Anvin" <hpa@zytor.com>
Cc: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

6 years agopage_alloc: introduce zone_movable_limit[] to keep movable limit for nodes
Tang Chen [Sat, 23 Feb 2013 00:33:39 +0000]
page_alloc: introduce zone_movable_limit[] to keep movable limit for nodes

Introduce a new array zone_movable_limit[] to store the ZONE_MOVABLE
limit from movablemem_map boot option for all nodes.  The function
sanitize_zone_movable_limit() will find out to which node the ranges in
movable_map.map[] belongs, and calculates the low boundary of
ZONE_MOVABLE for each node.

Signed-off-by: Tang Chen <tangchen@cn.fujitsu.com>
Signed-off-by: Liu Jiang <jiang.liu@huawei.com>
Reviewed-by: Wen Congyang <wency@cn.fujitsu.com>
Cc: Wu Jianguo <wujianguo@huawei.com>
Reviewed-by: Lai Jiangshan <laijs@cn.fujitsu.com>
Tested-by: Lin Feng <linfeng@cn.fujitsu.com>
Cc: Mel Gorman <mel@csn.ul.ie>
Cc: Ingo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu>
Cc: "H. Peter Anvin" <hpa@zytor.com>
Cc: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

6 years agopage_alloc: add movable_memmap kernel parameter
Tang Chen [Sat, 23 Feb 2013 00:33:37 +0000]
page_alloc: add movable_memmap kernel parameter

Add functions to parse movablemem_map boot option.  Since the option
could be specified more then once, all the maps will be stored in the
global variable movablemem_map.map array.

And also, we keep the array in monotonic increasing order by start_pfn.
And merge all overlapped ranges.

[akpm@linux-foundation.org: improve comment]
[akpm@linux-foundation.org: checkpatch fixes]
[akpm@linux-foundation.org: remove unneeded parens]
Signed-off-by: Tang Chen <tangchen@cn.fujitsu.com>
Signed-off-by: Lai Jiangshan <laijs@cn.fujitsu.com>
Reviewed-by: Wen Congyang <wency@cn.fujitsu.com>
Tested-by: Lin Feng <linfeng@cn.fujitsu.com>
Cc: Wu Jianguo <wujianguo@huawei.com>
Cc: Mel Gorman <mel@csn.ul.ie>
Cc: Ingo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu>
Cc: "H. Peter Anvin" <hpa@zytor.com>
Cc: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

6 years agox86: get pg_data_t's memory from other node
Yasuaki Ishimatsu [Sat, 23 Feb 2013 00:33:35 +0000]
x86: get pg_data_t's memory from other node

During the implementation of SRAT support, we met a problem.  In
setup_arch(), we have the following call series:

 1) memblock is ready;
 2) some functions use memblock to allocate memory;
 3) parse ACPI tables, such as SRAT.

Before 3), we don't know which memory is hotpluggable, and as a result,
we cannot prevent memblock from allocating hotpluggable memory.  So, in
2), there could be some hotpluggable memory allocated by memblock.

Now, we are trying to parse SRAT earlier, before memblock is ready.  But
I think we need more investigation on this topic.  So in this v5, I
dropped all the SRAT support, and v5 is just the same as v3, and it is
based on 3.8-rc3.

As we planned, we will support getting info from SRAT without users'
participation at last.  And we will post another patch-set to do so.

And also, I think for now, we can add this boot option as the first step
of supporting movable node.  Since Linux cannot migrate the direct
mapped pages, the only way for now is to limit the whole node containing
only movable memory.

Using SRAT is one way.  But even if we can use SRAT, users still need an
interface to enable/disable this functionality if they don't want to
loose their NUMA performance.  So I think, a user interface is always
needed.

For now, users can disable this functionality by not specifying the boot
option.  Later, we will post SRAT support, and add another option value
"movablecore_map=acpi" to using SRAT.

This patch:

If system can create movable node which all memory of the node is
allocated as ZONE_MOVABLE, setup_node_data() cannot allocate memory for
the node's pg_data_t.  So, use memblock_alloc_try_nid() instead of
memblock_alloc_nid() to retry when the first allocation fails.

Signed-off-by: Yasuaki Ishimatsu <isimatu.yasuaki@jp.fujitsu.com>
Signed-off-by: Lai Jiangshan <laijs@cn.fujitsu.com>
Signed-off-by: Tang Chen <tangchen@cn.fujitsu.com>
Signed-off-by: Jiang Liu <jiang.liu@huawei.com>
Cc: Wu Jianguo <wujianguo@huawei.com>
Cc: Wen Congyang <wency@cn.fujitsu.com>
Cc: Mel Gorman <mel@csn.ul.ie>
Cc: Ingo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu>
Cc: "H. Peter Anvin" <hpa@zytor.com>
Cc: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

6 years agosched: do not use cpu_to_node() to find an offlined cpu's node.
Tang Chen [Sat, 23 Feb 2013 00:33:33 +0000]
sched: do not use cpu_to_node() to find an offlined cpu's node.

If a cpu is offline, its nid will be set to -1, and cpu_to_node(cpu)
will return -1.  As a result, cpumask_of_node(nid) will return NULL.  In
this case, find_next_bit() in for_each_cpu will get a NULL pointer and
cause panic.

Here is a call trace:
  Call Trace:
   <IRQ>
    select_fallback_rq+0x71/0x190
    try_to_wake_up+0x2cb/0x2f0
    wake_up_process+0x15/0x20
    hrtimer_wakeup+0x22/0x30
    __run_hrtimer+0x83/0x320
    hrtimer_interrupt+0x106/0x280
    smp_apic_timer_interrupt+0x69/0x99
    apic_timer_interrupt+0x6f/0x80

There is a hrtimer process sleeping, whose cpu has already been
offlined.  When it is waken up, it tries to find another cpu to run, and
get a -1 nid.  As a result, cpumask_of_node(-1) returns NULL, and causes
ernel panic.

This patch fixes this problem by judging if the nid is -1.  If nid is
not -1, a cpu on the same node will be picked.  Else, a online cpu on
another node will be picked.

Signed-off-by: Tang Chen <tangchen@cn.fujitsu.com>
Signed-off-by: Wen Congyang <wency@cn.fujitsu.com>
Cc: Yasuaki Ishimatsu <isimatu.yasuaki@jp.fujitsu.com>
Cc: David Rientjes <rientjes@google.com>
Cc: Jiang Liu <liuj97@gmail.com>
Cc: Minchan Kim <minchan.kim@gmail.com>
Cc: KOSAKI Motohiro <kosaki.motohiro@jp.fujitsu.com>
Cc: Mel Gorman <mel@csn.ul.ie>
Cc: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
Cc: Ingo Molnar <mingo@redhat.com>
Cc: "H. Peter Anvin" <hpa@zytor.com>
Cc: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

6 years agocpu-hotplug,memory-hotplug: clear cpu_to_node() when offlining the node
Wen Congyang [Sat, 23 Feb 2013 00:33:31 +0000]
cpu-hotplug,memory-hotplug: clear cpu_to_node() when offlining the node

When the node is offlined, there is no memory/cpu on the node.  If a
sleep task runs on a cpu of this node, it will be migrated to the cpu on
the other node.  So we can clear cpu-to-node mapping.

[akpm@linux-foundation.org: numa_clear_node() and numa_set_node() can no longer be __cpuinit]
Signed-off-by: Wen Congyang <wency@cn.fujitsu.com>
Signed-off-by: Tang Chen <tangchen@cn.fujitsu.com>
Cc: Yasuaki Ishimatsu <isimatu.yasuaki@jp.fujitsu.com>
Cc: David Rientjes <rientjes@google.com>
Cc: Jiang Liu <liuj97@gmail.com>
Cc: Minchan Kim <minchan.kim@gmail.com>
Cc: KOSAKI Motohiro <kosaki.motohiro@jp.fujitsu.com>
Cc: Mel Gorman <mel@csn.ul.ie>
Cc: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
Cc: Ingo Molnar <mingo@redhat.com>
Cc: "H. Peter Anvin" <hpa@zytor.com>
Cc: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

6 years agocpu-hotplug, memory-hotplug: try offlining the node when hotremoving a cpu
Wen Congyang [Sat, 23 Feb 2013 00:33:29 +0000]
cpu-hotplug, memory-hotplug: try offlining the node when hotremoving a cpu

The node will be offlined when all memory/cpu on the node is hotremoved.
So we should try offline the node when hotremoving a cpu on the node.

Signed-off-by: Wen Congyang <wency@cn.fujitsu.com>
Signed-off-by: Tang Chen <tangchen@cn.fujitsu.com>
Cc: Yasuaki Ishimatsu <isimatu.yasuaki@jp.fujitsu.com>
Cc: David Rientjes <rientjes@google.com>
Cc: Jiang Liu <liuj97@gmail.com>
Cc: Minchan Kim <minchan.kim@gmail.com>
Cc: KOSAKI Motohiro <kosaki.motohiro@jp.fujitsu.com>
Cc: Mel Gorman <mel@csn.ul.ie>
Cc: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
Cc: Ingo Molnar <mingo@redhat.com>
Cc: "H. Peter Anvin" <hpa@zytor.com>
Cc: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org>
Cc: Len Brown <lenb@kernel.org>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

6 years agomemory-hotplug: export the function try_offline_node()
Wen Congyang [Sat, 23 Feb 2013 00:33:27 +0000]
memory-hotplug: export the function try_offline_node()

try_offline_node() will be needed in the tristate
drivers/acpi/processor_driver.c.

The node will be offlined when all memory/cpu on the node have been
hotremoved.  So we need the function try_offline_node() in cpu-hotplug
path.

If the memory-hotplug is disabled, and cpu-hotplug is enabled

1. no memory no the node
   we don't online the node, and cpu's node is the nearest node.

2. the node contains some memory
   the node has been onlined, and cpu's node is still needed
   to migrate the sleep task on the cpu to the same node.

So we do nothing in try_offline_node() in this case.

[rientjes@google.com: export the function try_offline_node() fix]
Signed-off-by: Wen Congyang <wency@cn.fujitsu.com>
Signed-off-by: Tang Chen <tangchen@cn.fujitsu.com>
Cc: Yasuaki Ishimatsu <isimatu.yasuaki@jp.fujitsu.com>
Cc: David Rientjes <rientjes@google.com>
Cc: Jiang Liu <liuj97@gmail.com>
Cc: Minchan Kim <minchan.kim@gmail.com>
Cc: KOSAKI Motohiro <kosaki.motohiro@jp.fujitsu.com>
Cc: Mel Gorman <mel@csn.ul.ie>
Cc: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
Cc: Ingo Molnar <mingo@redhat.com>
Cc: "H. Peter Anvin" <hpa@zytor.com>
Cc: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org>
Cc: Len Brown <lenb@kernel.org>
Signed-off-by: David Rientjes <rientjes@google.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

6 years agocpu_hotplug: clear apicid to node when the cpu is hotremoved
Wen Congyang [Sat, 23 Feb 2013 00:33:24 +0000]
cpu_hotplug: clear apicid to node when the cpu is hotremoved

When a cpu is hotpluged, we call acpi_map_cpu2node() in
_acpi_map_lsapic() to store the cpu's node and apicid's node.  But we
don't clear the cpu's node in acpi_unmap_lsapic() when this cpu is
hotremoved.  If the node is also hotremoved, we will get the following
messages:

  kernel BUG at include/linux/gfp.h:329!
  invalid opcode: 0000 [#1] SMP
  Modules linked in: ebtable_nat ebtables ipt_MASQUERADE iptable_nat nf_nat xt_CHECKSUM iptable_mangle bridge stp llc sunrpc ipt_REJECT nf_conntrack_ipv4 nf_defrag_ipv4 iptable_filter ip_tables ip6t_REJECT nf_conntrack_ipv6 nf_defrag_ipv6 xt_state nf_conntrack ip6table_filter ip6_tables binfmt_misc dm_mirror dm_region_hash dm_log dm_mod vhost_net macvtap macvlan tun uinput iTCO_wdt iTCO_vendor_support coretemp kvm_intel kvm crc32c_intel microcode pcspkr i2c_i801 i2c_core lpc_ich mfd_core ioatdma e1000e i7core_edac edac_core sg acpi_memhotplug igb dca sd_mod crc_t10dif megaraid_sas mptsas mptscsih mptbase scsi_transport_sas scsi_mod
  Pid: 3126, comm: init Not tainted 3.6.0-rc3-tangchen-hostbridge+ #13 FUJITSU-SV PRIMEQUEST 1800E/SB
  RIP: 0010:[<ffffffff811bc3fd>]  [<ffffffff811bc3fd>] allocate_slab+0x28d/0x300
  RSP: 0018:ffff88078a049cf8  EFLAGS: 00010246
  RAX: 0000000000000000 RBX: 0000000000000001 RCX: 0000000000000000
  RDX: 0000000000000001 RSI: 0000000000000001 RDI: 0000000000000246
  RBP: ffff88078a049d38 R08: 00000000000040d0 R09: 0000000000000001
  R10: 0000000000000000 R11: 0000000000000b5f R12: 00000000000052d0
  R13: ffff8807c1417300 R14: 0000000000030038 R15: 0000000000000003
  FS:  00007fa9b1b44700(0000) GS:ffff8807c3800000(0000) knlGS:0000000000000000
  CS:  0010 DS: 0000 ES: 0000 CR0: 000000008005003b
  CR2: 00007fa9b09acca0 CR3: 000000078b855000 CR4: 00000000000007e0
  DR0: 0000000000000000 DR1: 0000000000000000 DR2: 0000000000000000
  DR3: 0000000000000000 DR6: 00000000ffff0ff0 DR7: 0000000000000400
  Process init (pid: 3126, threadinfo ffff88078a048000, task ffff8807bb6f2650)
  Call Trace:
    new_slab+0x30/0x1b0
    __slab_alloc+0x358/0x4c0
    kmem_cache_alloc_node_trace+0xb4/0x1e0
    alloc_fair_sched_group+0xd0/0x1b0
    sched_create_group+0x3e/0x110
    sched_autogroup_create_attach+0x4d/0x180
    sys_setsid+0xd4/0xf0
    system_call_fastpath+0x16/0x1b
  Code: 89 c4 e9 73 fe ff ff 31 c0 89 de 48 c7 c7 45 de 9e 81 44 89 45 c8 e8 22 05 4b 00 85 db 44 8b 45 c8 0f 89 4f ff ff ff 0f 0b eb fe <0f> 0b 90 eb fd 0f 0b eb fe 89 de 48 c7 c7 45 de 9e 81 31 c0 44
  RIP  [<ffffffff811bc3fd>] allocate_slab+0x28d/0x300
   RSP <ffff88078a049cf8>
  ---[ end trace adf84c90f3fea3e5 ]---

The reason is that the cpu's node is not NUMA_NO_NODE, we will call
alloc_pages_exact_node() to alloc memory on the node, but the node is
offlined.

If the node is onlined, we still need cpu's node.  For example: a task
on the cpu is sleeped when the cpu is hotremoved.  We will choose
another cpu to run this task when it is waked up.  If we know the cpu's
node, we will choose the cpu on the same node first.  So we should clear
cpu-to-node mapping when the node is offlined.

This patch only clears apicid-to-node mapping when the cpu is
hotremoved.

[akpm@linux-foundation.org: fix section error]
Signed-off-by: Wen Congyang <wency@cn.fujitsu.com>
Signed-off-by: Tang Chen <tangchen@cn.fujitsu.com>
Cc: Yasuaki Ishimatsu <isimatu.yasuaki@jp.fujitsu.com>
Cc: David Rientjes <rientjes@google.com>
Cc: Jiang Liu <liuj97@gmail.com>
Cc: Minchan Kim <minchan.kim@gmail.com>
Cc: KOSAKI Motohiro <kosaki.motohiro@jp.fujitsu.com>
Cc: Mel Gorman <mel@csn.ul.ie>
Cc: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
Cc: Ingo Molnar <mingo@redhat.com>
Cc: "H. Peter Anvin" <hpa@zytor.com>
Cc: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

6 years agomempolicy: fix is_valid_nodemask()
Lai Jiangshan [Sat, 23 Feb 2013 00:33:22 +0000]
mempolicy: fix is_valid_nodemask()

is_valid_nodemask() was introduced by commit 19770b32609b ("mm: filter
based on a nodemask as well as a gfp_mask").  but it does not match its
comments, because it does not check the zone which > policy_zone.

Also in commit b377fd3982ad ("Apply memory policies to top two highest
zones when highest zone is ZONE_MOVABLE"), this commits told us, if
highest zone is ZONE_MOVABLE, we should also apply memory policies to
it.  so ZONE_MOVABLE should be valid zone for policies.
is_valid_nodemask() need to be changed to match it.

Fix: check all zones, even its zoneid > policy_zone.  Use
nodes_intersects() instead open code to check it.

Reported-by: Wen Congyang <wency@cn.fujitsu.com>
Signed-off-by: Lai Jiangshan <laijs@cn.fujitsu.com>
Signed-off-by: Tang Chen <tangchen@cn.fujitsu.com>
Cc: Mel Gorman <mel@csn.ul.ie>
Cc: Lee Schermerhorn <lee.schermerhorn@hp.com>
Cc: Jiang Liu <jiang.liu@huawei.com>
Cc: Jianguo Wu <wujianguo@huawei.com>
Cc: Kamezawa Hiroyuki <kamezawa.hiroyu@jp.fujitsu.com>
Cc: Lai Jiangshan <laijs@cn.fujitsu.com>
Cc: Yasuaki Ishimatsu <isimatu.yasuaki@jp.fujitsu.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

6 years agomemory-hotplug: consider compound pages when free memmap
Wen Congyang [Sat, 23 Feb 2013 00:33:21 +0000]
memory-hotplug: consider compound pages when free memmap

usemap could also be allocated as compound pages.  Should also consider
compound pages when freeing memmap.

If we don't fix it, there could be problems when we free vmemmap
pagetables which are stored in compound pages.  The old pagetables will
not be freed properly, and when we add the memory again, no new
pagetable will be created.  And the old pagetable entry is used, than
the kernel will panic.

The call trace is like the following:

  BUG: unable to handle kernel paging request at ffffea0040000000
  IP: [<ffffffff816a483f>] sparse_add_one_section+0xef/0x166
  PGD 7ff7d4067 PUD 78e035067 PMD 78e11d067 PTE 0
  Oops: 0002 [#1] SMP
  Modules linked in: ip6table_filter ip6_tables ebtable_nat ebtables nf_conntrack_ipv4 nf_defrag_ipv4 xt_state nf_conntrack ipt_REJECT xt_CHECKSUM iptable_mangle iptable_filter ip_tables bridge stp llc sunrpc binfmt_misc dm_mirror dm_region_hash dm_log dm_mod vhost_net macvtap macvlan tun uinput iTCO_wdt iTCO_vendor_support coretemp kvm_intel kvm crc32c_intel microcode pcspkr sg lpc_ich mfd_core i2c_i801 i2c_core i7core_edac edac_core ioatdma e1000e igb dca ptp pps_core sd_mod crc_t10dif megaraid_sas mptsas mptscsih mptbase scsi_transport_sas scsi_mod
  CPU 0
  Pid: 4, comm: kworker/0:0 Tainted: G        W 3.8.0-rc3-phy-hot-remove+ #3 FUJITSU-SV PRIMEQUEST 1800E/SB
  RIP: 0010:[<ffffffff816a483f>]  [<ffffffff816a483f>] sparse_add_one_section+0xef/0x166
  RSP: 0018:ffff8807bdcb35d8  EFLAGS: 00010006
  RAX: 0000000000000000 RBX: 0000000000000200 RCX: 0000000000200000
  RDX: ffff88078df01148 RSI: 0000000000000282 RDI: ffffea0040000000
  RBP: ffff8807bdcb3618 R08: 4cf05005b019467a R09: 0cd98fa09631467a
  R10: 0000000000000000 R11: 0000000000030e20 R12: 0000000000008000
  R13: ffffea0040000000 R14: ffff88078df66248 R15: ffff88078ea13b10
  FS:  0000000000000000(0000) GS:ffff8807c1a00000(0000) knlGS:0000000000000000
  CS:  0010 DS: 0000 ES: 0000 CR0: 000000008005003b
  CR2: ffffea0040000000 CR3: 0000000001c0c000 CR4: 00000000000007f0
  DR0: 0000000000000000 DR1: 0000000000000000 DR2: 0000000000000000
  DR3: 0000000000000000 DR6: 00000000ffff0ff0 DR7: 0000000000000400
  Process kworker/0:0 (pid: 4, threadinfo ffff8807bdcb2000, task ffff8807bde18000)
  Call Trace:
    __add_pages+0x85/0x120
    arch_add_memory+0x71/0xf0
    add_memory+0xd6/0x1f0
    acpi_memory_device_add+0x170/0x20c
    acpi_device_probe+0x50/0x18a
    really_probe+0x6c/0x320
    driver_probe_device+0x47/0xa0
    __device_attach+0x53/0x60
    bus_for_each_drv+0x6c/0xa0
    device_attach+0xa8/0xc0
    bus_probe_device+0xb0/0xe0
    device_add+0x301/0x570
    device_register+0x1e/0x30
    acpi_device_register+0x1d8/0x27c
    acpi_add_single_object+0x1df/0x2b9
    acpi_bus_check_add+0x112/0x18f
    acpi_ns_walk_namespace+0x105/0x255
    acpi_walk_namespace+0xcf/0x118
    acpi_bus_scan+0x5b/0x7c
    acpi_bus_add+0x2a/0x2c
    container_notify_cb+0x112/0x1a9
    acpi_ev_notify_dispatch+0x46/0x61
    acpi_os_execute_deferred+0x27/0x34
    process_one_work+0x20e/0x5c0
    worker_thread+0x12e/0x370
    kthread+0xee/0x100
    ret_from_fork+0x7c/0xb0
  Code: 00 00 48 89 df 48 89 45 c8 e8 3e 71 b1 ff 48 89 c2 48 8b 75 c8 b8 ef ff ff ff f6 02 01 75 4b 49 63 cc 31 c0 4c 89 ef 48 c1 e1 06 <f3> aa 48 8b 02 48 83 c8 01 48 85 d2 48 89 02 74 29 a8 01 74 25
  RIP  [<ffffffff816a483f>] sparse_add_one_section+0xef/0x166
   RSP <ffff8807bdcb35d8>
  CR2: ffffea0040000000
  ---[ end trace e7f94e3a34c442d4 ]---
  Kernel panic - not syncing: Fatal exception

Signed-off-by: Wen Congyang <wency@cn.fujitsu.com>
Signed-off-by: Tang Chen <tangchen@cn.fujitsu.com>
Cc: Jiang Liu <jiang.liu@huawei.com>
Cc: Jianguo Wu <wujianguo@huawei.com>
Cc: Kamezawa Hiroyuki <kamezawa.hiroyu@jp.fujitsu.com>
Cc: Lai Jiangshan <laijs@cn.fujitsu.com>
Cc: Yasuaki Ishimatsu <isimatu.yasuaki@jp.fujitsu.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

6 years agomemory-hotplug: do not allocate pgdat if it was not freed when offline.
Tang Chen [Sat, 23 Feb 2013 00:33:18 +0000]
memory-hotplug: do not allocate pgdat if it was not freed when offline.

Since there is no way to guarentee the address of pgdat/zone is not on
stack of any kernel threads or used by other kernel objects without
reference counting or other symchronizing method, we cannot reset
node_data and free pgdat when offlining a node.  Just reset pgdat to 0
and reuse the memory when the node is online again.

The problem is suggested by Kamezawa Hiroyuki.  The idea is from Wen
Congyang.

NOTE: If we don't reset pgdat to 0, the WARN_ON in free_area_init_node()
      will be triggered.

[akpm@linux-foundation.org: fix warning when CONFIG_NEED_MULTIPLE_NODES=n]
[akpm@linux-foundation.org: fix the warning again again]
Signed-off-by: Tang Chen <tangchen@cn.fujitsu.com>
Reviewed-by: Wen Congyang <wency@cn.fujitsu.com>
Cc: KOSAKI Motohiro <kosaki.motohiro@jp.fujitsu.com>
Cc: Jiang Liu <jiang.liu@huawei.com>
Cc: Jianguo Wu <wujianguo@huawei.com>
Cc: Kamezawa Hiroyuki <kamezawa.hiroyu@jp.fujitsu.com>
Cc: Lai Jiangshan <laijs@cn.fujitsu.com>
Cc: Wu Jianguo <wujianguo@huawei.com>
Cc: Yasuaki Ishimatsu <isimatu.yasuaki@jp.fujitsu.com>
Cc: Ingo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu>
Cc: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
Cc: "H. Peter Anvin" <hpa@zytor.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

6 years agomemory-hotplug: free node_data when a node is offlined
Wen Congyang [Sat, 23 Feb 2013 00:33:16 +0000]
memory-hotplug: free node_data when a node is offlined

We call hotadd_new_pgdat() to allocate memory to store node_data.  So we
should free it when removing a node.

Signed-off-by: Wen Congyang <wency@cn.fujitsu.com>
Signed-off-by: Tang Chen <tangchen@cn.fujitsu.com>
Reviewed-by: Kamezawa Hiroyuki <kamezawa.hiroyu@jp.fujitsu.com>
Cc: KOSAKI Motohiro <kosaki.motohiro@jp.fujitsu.com>
Cc: Jiang Liu <jiang.liu@huawei.com>
Cc: Jianguo Wu <wujianguo@huawei.com>
Cc: Lai Jiangshan <laijs@cn.fujitsu.com>
Cc: Wu Jianguo <wujianguo@huawei.com>
Cc: Yasuaki Ishimatsu <isimatu.yasuaki@jp.fujitsu.com>
Cc: Ingo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu>
Cc: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
Cc: "H. Peter Anvin" <hpa@zytor.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

6 years agomemory-hotplug: remove sysfs file of node
Tang Chen [Sat, 23 Feb 2013 00:33:14 +0000]
memory-hotplug: remove sysfs file of node

Introduce a new function try_offline_node() to remove sysfs file of node
when all memory sections of this node are removed.  If some memory
sections of this node are not removed, this function does nothing.

Signed-off-by: Wen Congyang <wency@cn.fujitsu.com>
Signed-off-by: Tang Chen <tangchen@cn.fujitsu.com>
Cc: KOSAKI Motohiro <kosaki.motohiro@jp.fujitsu.com>
Cc: Jiang Liu <jiang.liu@huawei.com>
Cc: Jianguo Wu <wujianguo@huawei.com>
Cc: Kamezawa Hiroyuki <kamezawa.hiroyu@jp.fujitsu.com>
Cc: Lai Jiangshan <laijs@cn.fujitsu.com>
Cc: Wu Jianguo <wujianguo@huawei.com>
Cc: Yasuaki Ishimatsu <isimatu.yasuaki@jp.fujitsu.com>
Cc: Ingo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu>
Cc: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
Cc: "H. Peter Anvin" <hpa@zytor.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

6 years agomemory_hotplug: clear zone when removing the memory
Yasuaki Ishimatsu [Sat, 23 Feb 2013 00:33:12 +0000]
memory_hotplug: clear zone when removing the memory

When memory is added, we update zone's and pgdat's start_pfn and
spanned_pages in __add_zone().  So we should revert them when the memory
is removed.

The patch adds a new function __remove_zone() to do this.

Signed-off-by: Yasuaki Ishimatsu <isimatu.yasuaki@jp.fujitsu.com>
Signed-off-by: Wen Congyang <wency@cn.fujitsu.com>
Signed-off-by: Tang Chen <tangchen@cn.fujitsu.com>
Cc: KOSAKI Motohiro <kosaki.motohiro@jp.fujitsu.com>
Cc: Jiang Liu <jiang.liu@huawei.com>
Cc: Jianguo Wu <wujianguo@huawei.com>
Cc: Kamezawa Hiroyuki <kamezawa.hiroyu@jp.fujitsu.com>
Cc: Lai Jiangshan <laijs@cn.fujitsu.com>
Cc: Wu Jianguo <wujianguo@huawei.com>
Cc: Ingo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu>
Cc: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
Cc: "H. Peter Anvin" <hpa@zytor.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

6 years agomemory-hotplug: integrated __remove_section() of CONFIG_SPARSEMEM_VMEMMAP.
Tang Chen [Sat, 23 Feb 2013 00:33:10 +0000]
memory-hotplug: integrated __remove_section() of CONFIG_SPARSEMEM_VMEMMAP.

Currently __remove_section for SPARSEMEM_VMEMMAP does nothing.  But even
if we use SPARSEMEM_VMEMMAP, we can unregister the memory_section.

Signed-off-by: Yasuaki Ishimatsu <isimatu.yasuaki@jp.fujitsu.com>
Signed-off-by: Wen Congyang <wency@cn.fujitsu.com>
Signed-off-by: Tang Chen <tangchen@cn.fujitsu.com>
Cc: KOSAKI Motohiro <kosaki.motohiro@jp.fujitsu.com>
Cc: Jiang Liu <jiang.liu@huawei.com>
Cc: Jianguo Wu <wujianguo@huawei.com>
Cc: Kamezawa Hiroyuki <kamezawa.hiroyu@jp.fujitsu.com>
Cc: Lai Jiangshan <laijs@cn.fujitsu.com>
Cc: Wu Jianguo <wujianguo@huawei.com>
Cc: Ingo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu>
Cc: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
Cc: "H. Peter Anvin" <hpa@zytor.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

6 years agomemory-hotplug: remove memmap of sparse-vmemmap
Tang Chen [Sat, 23 Feb 2013 00:33:08 +0000]
memory-hotplug: remove memmap of sparse-vmemmap

Introduce a new API vmemmap_free() to free and remove vmemmap
pagetables.  Since pagetable implements are different, each architecture
has to provide its own version of vmemmap_free(), just like
vmemmap_populate().

Note: vmemmap_free() is not implemented for ia64, ppc, s390, and sparc.

[mhocko@suse.cz: fix implicit declaration of remove_pagetable]
Signed-off-by: Yasuaki Ishimatsu <isimatu.yasuaki@jp.fujitsu.com>
Signed-off-by: Jianguo Wu <wujianguo@huawei.com>
Signed-off-by: Wen Congyang <wency@cn.fujitsu.com>
Signed-off-by: Tang Chen <tangchen@cn.fujitsu.com>
Cc: KOSAKI Motohiro <kosaki.motohiro@jp.fujitsu.com>
Cc: Jiang Liu <jiang.liu@huawei.com>
Cc: Kamezawa Hiroyuki <kamezawa.hiroyu@jp.fujitsu.com>
Cc: Lai Jiangshan <laijs@cn.fujitsu.com>
Cc: Wu Jianguo <wujianguo@huawei.com>
Cc: Ingo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu>
Cc: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
Cc: "H. Peter Anvin" <hpa@zytor.com>
Signed-off-by: Michal Hocko <mhocko@suse.cz>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

6 years agomemory-hotplug: remove page table of x86_64 architecture
Tang Chen [Sat, 23 Feb 2013 00:33:06 +0000]
memory-hotplug: remove page table of x86_64 architecture

Search a page table about the removed memory, and clear page table for
x86_64 architecture.

[akpm@linux-foundation.org: make kernel_physical_mapping_remove() static]
Signed-off-by: Wen Congyang <wency@cn.fujitsu.com>
Signed-off-by: Jianguo Wu <wujianguo@huawei.com>
Signed-off-by: Jiang Liu <jiang.liu@huawei.com>
Signed-off-by: Tang Chen <tangchen@cn.fujitsu.com>
Cc: KOSAKI Motohiro <kosaki.motohiro@jp.fujitsu.com>
Cc: Kamezawa Hiroyuki <kamezawa.hiroyu@jp.fujitsu.com>
Cc: Lai Jiangshan <laijs@cn.fujitsu.com>
Cc: Wu Jianguo <wujianguo@huawei.com>
Cc: Yasuaki Ishimatsu <isimatu.yasuaki@jp.fujitsu.com>
Cc: Ingo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu>
Cc: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
Cc: "H. Peter Anvin" <hpa@zytor.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

6 years agomemory-hotplug: common APIs to support page tables hot-remove
Wen Congyang [Sat, 23 Feb 2013 00:33:04 +0000]
memory-hotplug: common APIs to support page tables hot-remove

When memory is removed, the corresponding pagetables should alse be
removed.  This patch introduces some common APIs to support vmemmap
pagetable and x86_64 architecture direct mapping pagetable removing.

All pages of virtual mapping in removed memory cannot be freed if some
pages used as PGD/PUD include not only removed memory but also other
memory.  So this patch uses the following way to check whether a page
can be freed or not.

1) When removing memory, the page structs of the removed memory are
   filled with 0FD.

2) All page structs are filled with 0xFD on PT/PMD, PT/PMD can be
   cleared.  In this case, the page used as PT/PMD can be freed.

For direct mapping pages, update direct_pages_count[level] when we freed
their pagetables.  And do not free the pages again because they were
freed when offlining.

For vmemmap pages, free the pages and their pagetables.

For larger pages, do not split them into smaller ones because there is
no way to know if the larger page has been split.  As a result, there is
no way to decide when to split.  We deal the larger pages in the
following way:

1) For direct mapped pages, all the pages were freed when they were
   offlined.  And since menmory offline is done section by section, all
   the memory ranges being removed are aligned to PAGE_SIZE.  So only need
   to deal with unaligned pages when freeing vmemmap pages.

2) For vmemmap pages being used to store page_struct, if part of the
   larger page is still in use, just fill the unused part with 0xFD.  And
   when the whole page is fulfilled with 0xFD, then free the larger page.

[akpm@linux-foundation.org: fix typo in comment]
[tangchen@cn.fujitsu.com: do not calculate direct mapping pages when freeing vmemmap pagetables]
[tangchen@cn.fujitsu.com: do not free direct mapping pages twice]
[tangchen@cn.fujitsu.com: do not free page split from hugepage one by one]
[tangchen@cn.fujitsu.com: do not split pages when freeing pagetable pages]
[akpm@linux-foundation.org: use pmd_page_vaddr()]
[akpm@linux-foundation.org: fix used-uninitialised bug]
Signed-off-by: Yasuaki Ishimatsu <isimatu.yasuaki@jp.fujitsu.com>
Signed-off-by: Jianguo Wu <wujianguo@huawei.com>
Signed-off-by: Wen Congyang <wency@cn.fujitsu.com>
Signed-off-by: Tang Chen <tangchen@cn.fujitsu.com>
Cc: KOSAKI Motohiro <kosaki.motohiro@jp.fujitsu.com>
Cc: Jiang Liu <jiang.liu@huawei.com>
Cc: Kamezawa Hiroyuki <kamezawa.hiroyu@jp.fujitsu.com>
Cc: Lai Jiangshan <laijs@cn.fujitsu.com>
Cc: Wu Jianguo <wujianguo@huawei.com>
Cc: Ingo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu>
Cc: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
Cc: "H. Peter Anvin" <hpa@zytor.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

6 years agomemory-hotplug: move pgdat_resize_lock into sparse_remove_one_section()
Tang Chen [Sat, 23 Feb 2013 00:33:02 +0000]
memory-hotplug: move pgdat_resize_lock into sparse_remove_one_section()

In __remove_section(), we locked pgdat_resize_lock when calling
sparse_remove_one_section().  This lock will disable irq.  But we don't
need to lock the whole function.  If we do some work to free pagetables
in free_section_usemap(), we need to call flush_tlb_all(), which need
irq enabled.  Otherwise the WARN_ON_ONCE() in smp_call_function_many()
will be triggered.

If we lock the whole sparse_remove_one_section(), then we come to this call trace:

  ------------[ cut here ]------------
  WARNING: at kernel/smp.c:461 smp_call_function_many+0xbd/0x260()
  Hardware name: PRIMEQUEST 1800E
  ......
  Call Trace:
    smp_call_function_many+0xbd/0x260
    smp_call_function+0x3b/0x50
    on_each_cpu+0x3b/0xc0
    flush_tlb_all+0x1c/0x20
    remove_pagetable+0x14e/0x1d0
    vmemmap_free+0x18/0x20
    sparse_remove_one_section+0xf7/0x100
    __remove_section+0xa2/0xb0
    __remove_pages+0xa0/0xd0
    arch_remove_memory+0x6b/0xc0
    remove_memory+0xb8/0xf0
    acpi_memory_device_remove+0x53/0x96
    acpi_device_remove+0x90/0xb2
    __device_release_driver+0x7c/0xf0
    device_release_driver+0x2f/0x50
    acpi_bus_remove+0x32/0x6d
    acpi_bus_trim+0x91/0x102
    acpi_bus_hot_remove_device+0x88/0x16b
    acpi_os_execute_deferred+0x27/0x34
    process_one_work+0x20e/0x5c0
    worker_thread+0x12e/0x370
    kthread+0xee/0x100
    ret_from_fork+0x7c/0xb0
  ---[ end trace 25e85300f542aa01 ]---

Signed-off-by: Tang Chen <tangchen@cn.fujitsu.com>
Signed-off-by: Lai Jiangshan <laijs@cn.fujitsu.com>
Signed-off-by: Wen Congyang <wency@cn.fujitsu.com>
Acked-by: KAMEZAWA Hiroyuki <kamezawa.hiroyu@jp.fujitsu.com>
Cc: KOSAKI Motohiro <kosaki.motohiro@jp.fujitsu.com>
Cc: Jiang Liu <jiang.liu@huawei.com>
Cc: Jianguo Wu <wujianguo@huawei.com>
Cc: Wu Jianguo <wujianguo@huawei.com>
Cc: Yasuaki Ishimatsu <isimatu.yasuaki@jp.fujitsu.com>
Cc: Ingo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu>
Cc: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
Cc: "H. Peter Anvin" <hpa@zytor.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

6 years agomemory-hotplug: implement register_page_bootmem_info_section of sparse-vmemmap
Yasuaki Ishimatsu [Sat, 23 Feb 2013 00:33:00 +0000]
memory-hotplug: implement register_page_bootmem_info_section of sparse-vmemmap

For removing memmap region of sparse-vmemmap which is allocated bootmem,
memmap region of sparse-vmemmap needs to be registered by
get_page_bootmem().  So the patch searches pages of virtual mapping and
registers the pages by get_page_bootmem().

NOTE: register_page_bootmem_memmap() is not implemented for ia64,
      ppc, s390, and sparc.  So introduce CONFIG_HAVE_BOOTMEM_INFO_NODE
      and revert register_page_bootmem_info_node() when platform doesn't
      support it.

      It's implemented by adding a new Kconfig option named
      CONFIG_HAVE_BOOTMEM_INFO_NODE, which will be automatically selected
      by memory-hotplug feature fully supported archs(currently only on
      x86_64).

      Since we have 2 config options called MEMORY_HOTPLUG and
      MEMORY_HOTREMOVE used for memory hot-add and hot-remove separately,
      and codes in function register_page_bootmem_info_node() are only
      used for collecting infomation for hot-remove, so reside it under
      MEMORY_HOTREMOVE.

      Besides page_isolation.c selected by MEMORY_ISOLATION under
      MEMORY_HOTPLUG is also such case, move it too.

[mhocko@suse.cz: put register_page_bootmem_memmap inside CONFIG_MEMORY_HOTPLUG_SPARSE]
[linfeng@cn.fujitsu.com: introduce CONFIG_HAVE_BOOTMEM_INFO_NODE and revert register_page_bootmem_info_node()]
[mhocko@suse.cz: remove the arch specific functions without any implementation]
[linfeng@cn.fujitsu.com: mm/Kconfig: move auto selects from MEMORY_HOTPLUG to MEMORY_HOTREMOVE as needed]
[rientjes@google.com: fix defined but not used warning]
Signed-off-by: Wen Congyang <wency@cn.fujitsu.com>
Signed-off-by: Yasuaki Ishimatsu <isimatu.yasuaki@jp.fujitsu.com>
Signed-off-by: Tang Chen <tangchen@cn.fujitsu.com>
Reviewed-by: Wu Jianguo <wujianguo@huawei.com>
Cc: KOSAKI Motohiro <kosaki.motohiro@jp.fujitsu.com>
Cc: Jiang Liu <jiang.liu@huawei.com>
Cc: Jianguo Wu <wujianguo@huawei.com>
Cc: Kamezawa Hiroyuki <kamezawa.hiroyu@jp.fujitsu.com>
Cc: Lai Jiangshan <laijs@cn.fujitsu.com>
Cc: Ingo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu>
Cc: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
Cc: "H. Peter Anvin" <hpa@zytor.com>
Signed-off-by: Michal Hocko <mhocko@suse.cz>
Signed-off-by: Lin Feng <linfeng@cn.fujitsu.com>
Signed-off-by: David Rientjes <rientjes@google.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

6 years agomemory-hotplug: introduce new arch_remove_memory() for removing page table
Wen Congyang [Sat, 23 Feb 2013 00:32:58 +0000]
memory-hotplug: introduce new arch_remove_memory() for removing page table

For removing memory, we need to remove page tables.  But it depends on
architecture.  So the patch introduce arch_remove_memory() for removing
page table.  Now it only calls __remove_pages().

Note: __remove_pages() for some archtecuture is not implemented
      (I don't know how to implement it for s390).

Signed-off-by: Wen Congyang <wency@cn.fujitsu.com>
Signed-off-by: Tang Chen <tangchen@cn.fujitsu.com>
Acked-by: KAMEZAWA Hiroyuki <kamezawa.hiroyu@jp.fujitsu.com>
Cc: KOSAKI Motohiro <kosaki.motohiro@jp.fujitsu.com>
Cc: Jiang Liu <jiang.liu@huawei.com>
Cc: Jianguo Wu <wujianguo@huawei.com>
Cc: Kamezawa Hiroyuki <kamezawa.hiroyu@jp.fujitsu.com>
Cc: Lai Jiangshan <laijs@cn.fujitsu.com>
Cc: Wu Jianguo <wujianguo@huawei.com>
Cc: Yasuaki Ishimatsu <isimatu.yasuaki@jp.fujitsu.com>
Cc: Ingo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu>
Cc: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
Cc: "H. Peter Anvin" <hpa@zytor.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

6 years agomemory-hotplug: remove /sys/firmware/memmap/X sysfs
Yasuaki Ishimatsu [Sat, 23 Feb 2013 00:32:56 +0000]
memory-hotplug: remove /sys/firmware/memmap/X sysfs

When (hot)adding memory into system, /sys/firmware/memmap/X/{end, start,
type} sysfs files are created.  But there is no code to remove these
files.  This patch implements the function to remove them.

We cannot free firmware_map_entry which is allocated by bootmem because
there is no way to do so when the system is up.  But we can at least
remember the address of that memory and reuse the storage when the
memory is added next time.

This patch also introduces a new list map_entries_bootmem to link the
map entries allocated by bootmem when they are removed, and a lock to
protect it.  And these entries will be reused when the memory is
hot-added again.

The idea is suggestted by Andrew Morton.

NOTE: It is unsafe to return an entry pointer and release the
      map_entries_lock.  So we should not hold the map_entries_lock
      separately in firmware_map_find_entry() and
      firmware_map_remove_entry().  Hold the map_entries_lock across find
      and remove /sys/firmware/memmap/X operation.

       And also, users of these two functions need to be careful to
      hold the lock when using these two functions.

[tangchen@cn.fujitsu.com: Hold spinlock across find|remove /sys operation]
[tangchen@cn.fujitsu.com: fix the wrong comments of map_entries]
[tangchen@cn.fujitsu.com: reuse the storage of /sys/firmware/memmap/X/ allocated by bootmem]
[tangchen@cn.fujitsu.com: fix section mismatch problem]
[tangchen@cn.fujitsu.com: fix the doc format in drivers/firmware/memmap.c]
Signed-off-by: Wen Congyang <wency@cn.fujitsu.com>
Signed-off-by: Yasuaki Ishimatsu <isimatu.yasuaki@jp.fujitsu.com>
Signed-off-by: Tang Chen <tangchen@cn.fujitsu.com>
Reviewed-by: Kamezawa Hiroyuki <kamezawa.hiroyu@jp.fujitsu.com>
Cc: KOSAKI Motohiro <kosaki.motohiro@jp.fujitsu.com>
Cc: Jiang Liu <jiang.liu@huawei.com>
Cc: Jianguo Wu <wujianguo@huawei.com>
Cc: Lai Jiangshan <laijs@cn.fujitsu.com>
Cc: Tang Chen <tangchen@cn.fujitsu.com>
Cc: Ingo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu>
Cc: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
Cc: "H. Peter Anvin" <hpa@zytor.com>
Cc: Julian Calaby <julian.calaby@gmail.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

6 years agomemory-hotplug: remove redundant codes
Wen Congyang [Sat, 23 Feb 2013 00:32:54 +0000]
memory-hotplug: remove redundant codes

offlining memory blocks and checking whether memory blocks are offlined
are very similar.  This patch introduces a new function to remove
redundant codes.

Signed-off-by: Wen Congyang <wency@cn.fujitsu.com>
Signed-off-by: Tang Chen <tangchen@cn.fujitsu.com>
Reviewed-by: Kamezawa Hiroyuki <kamezawa.hiroyu@jp.fujitsu.com>
Cc: KOSAKI Motohiro <kosaki.motohiro@jp.fujitsu.com>
Cc: Jiang Liu <jiang.liu@huawei.com>
Cc: Jianguo Wu <wujianguo@huawei.com>
Cc: Lai Jiangshan <laijs@cn.fujitsu.com>
Cc: Wu Jianguo <wujianguo@huawei.com>
Cc: Yasuaki Ishimatsu <isimatu.yasuaki@jp.fujitsu.com>
Cc: Ingo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu>
Cc: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
Cc: "H. Peter Anvin" <hpa@zytor.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

6 years agomemory-hotplug: check whether all memory blocks are offlined or not when removing...
Yasuaki Ishimatsu [Sat, 23 Feb 2013 00:32:52 +0000]
memory-hotplug: check whether all memory blocks are offlined or not when removing memory

We remove the memory like this:

 1. lock memory hotplug
 2. offline a memory block
 3. unlock memory hotplug
 4. repeat 1-3 to offline all memory blocks
 5. lock memory hotplug
 6. remove memory(TODO)
 7. unlock memory hotplug

All memory blocks must be offlined before removing memory.  But we don't
hold the lock in the whole operation.  So we should check whether all
memory blocks are offlined before step6.  Otherwise, kernel maybe
panicked.

Offlining a memory block and removing a memory device can be two
different operations.  Users can just offline some memory blocks without
removing the memory device.  For this purpose, the kernel has held
lock_memory_hotplug() in __offline_pages().  To reuse the code for
memory hot-remove, we repeat step 1-3 to offline all the memory blocks,
repeatedly lock and unlock memory hotplug, but not hold the memory
hotplug lock in the whole operation.

Signed-off-by: Wen Congyang <wency@cn.fujitsu.com>
Signed-off-by: Yasuaki Ishimatsu <isimatu.yasuaki@jp.fujitsu.com>
Signed-off-by: Tang Chen <tangchen@cn.fujitsu.com>
Acked-by: KAMEZAWA Hiroyuki <kamezawa.hiroyu@jp.fujitsu.com>
Cc: KOSAKI Motohiro <kosaki.motohiro@jp.fujitsu.com>
Cc: Jiang Liu <jiang.liu@huawei.com>
Cc: Jianguo Wu <wujianguo@huawei.com>
Cc: Kamezawa Hiroyuki <kamezawa.hiroyu@jp.fujitsu.com>
Cc: Lai Jiangshan <laijs@cn.fujitsu.com>
Cc: Wu Jianguo <wujianguo@huawei.com>
Cc: Ingo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu>
Cc: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
Cc: "H. Peter Anvin" <hpa@zytor.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

6 years agomemory-hotplug: try to offline the memory twice to avoid dependence
Wen Congyang [Sat, 23 Feb 2013 00:32:50 +0000]
memory-hotplug: try to offline the memory twice to avoid dependence

memory can't be offlined when CONFIG_MEMCG is selected.  For example:
there is a memory device on node 1.  The address range is [1G, 1.5G).
You will find 4 new directories memory8, memory9, memory10, and memory11
under the directory /sys/devices/system/memory/.

If CONFIG_MEMCG is selected, we will allocate memory to store page
cgroup when we online pages.  When we online memory8, the memory stored
page cgroup is not provided by this memory device.  But when we online
memory9, the memory stored page cgroup may be provided by memory8.  So
we can't offline memory8 now.  We should offline the memory in the
reversed order.

When the memory device is hotremoved, we will auto offline memory
provided by this memory device.  But we don't know which memory is
onlined first, so offlining memory may fail.  In such case, iterate
twice to offline the memory.  1st iterate: offline every non primary
memory block.  2nd iterate: offline primary (i.e.  first added) memory
block.

This idea is suggested by KOSAKI Motohiro.

Signed-off-by: Wen Congyang <wency@cn.fujitsu.com>
Signed-off-by: Tang Chen <tangchen@cn.fujitsu.com>
Cc: KOSAKI Motohiro <kosaki.motohiro@jp.fujitsu.com>
Cc: Jiang Liu <jiang.liu@huawei.com>
Cc: Jianguo Wu <wujianguo@huawei.com>
Cc: Kamezawa Hiroyuki <kamezawa.hiroyu@jp.fujitsu.com>
Cc: Lai Jiangshan <laijs@cn.fujitsu.com>
Cc: Wu Jianguo <wujianguo@huawei.com>
Cc: Yasuaki Ishimatsu <isimatu.yasuaki@jp.fujitsu.com>
Cc: Ingo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu>
Cc: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
Cc: "H. Peter Anvin" <hpa@zytor.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

6 years agomm: memory_hotplug: no need to check res twice in add_memory
Sasha Levin [Sat, 23 Feb 2013 00:32:48 +0000]
mm: memory_hotplug: no need to check res twice in add_memory

Remove one redundant check of res.

Signed-off-by: Sasha Levin <sasha.levin@oracle.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

6 years agomm: make do_mmap_pgoff return populate as a size in bytes, not as a bool
Michel Lespinasse [Sat, 23 Feb 2013 00:32:47 +0000]
mm: make do_mmap_pgoff return populate as a size in bytes, not as a bool

do_mmap_pgoff() rounds up the desired size to the next PAGE_SIZE
multiple, however there was no equivalent code in mm_populate(), which
caused issues.

This could be fixed by introduced the same rounding in mm_populate(),
however I think it's preferable to make do_mmap_pgoff() return populate
as a size rather than as a boolean, so we don't have to duplicate the
size rounding logic in mm_populate().

Signed-off-by: Michel Lespinasse <walken@google.com>
Acked-by: Rik van Riel <riel@redhat.com>
Tested-by: Andy Lutomirski <luto@amacapital.net>
Cc: Greg Ungerer <gregungerer@westnet.com.au>
Cc: David Howells <dhowells@redhat.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

6 years agomm: introduce VM_POPULATE flag to better deal with racy userspace programs
Michel Lespinasse [Sat, 23 Feb 2013 00:32:46 +0000]
mm: introduce VM_POPULATE flag to better deal with racy userspace programs

The vm_populate() code populates user mappings without constantly
holding the mmap_sem.  This makes it susceptible to racy userspace
programs: the user mappings may change while vm_populate() is running,
and in this case vm_populate() may end up populating the new mapping
instead of the old one.

In order to reduce the possibility of userspace getting surprised by
this behavior, this change introduces the VM_POPULATE vma flag which
gets set on vmas we want vm_populate() to work on.  This way
vm_populate() may still end up populating the new mapping after such a
race, but only if the new mapping is also one that the user has
requested (using MAP_SHARED, MAP_LOCKED or mlock) to be populated.

Signed-off-by: Michel Lespinasse <walken@google.com>
Acked-by: Rik van Riel <riel@redhat.com>
Tested-by: Andy Lutomirski <luto@amacapital.net>
Cc: Greg Ungerer <gregungerer@westnet.com.au>
Cc: David Howells <dhowells@redhat.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

6 years agomm: directly use __mlock_vma_pages_range() in find_extend_vma()
Michel Lespinasse [Sat, 23 Feb 2013 00:32:44 +0000]
mm: directly use __mlock_vma_pages_range() in find_extend_vma()

In find_extend_vma(), we don't need mlock_vma_pages_range() to verify
the vma type - we know we're working with a stack.  So, we can call
directly into __mlock_vma_pages_range(), and remove the last
make_pages_present() call site.

Note that we don't use mm_populate() here, so we can't release the
mmap_sem while allocating new stack pages.  This is deemed acceptable,
because the stack vmas grow by a bounded number of pages at a time, and
these are anon pages so we don't have to read from disk to populate
them.

Signed-off-by: Michel Lespinasse <walken@google.com>
Acked-by: Rik van Riel <riel@redhat.com>
Tested-by: Andy Lutomirski <luto@amacapital.net>
Cc: Greg Ungerer <gregungerer@westnet.com.au>
Cc: David Howells <dhowells@redhat.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

6 years agomm: remove flags argument to mmap_region
Michel Lespinasse [Sat, 23 Feb 2013 00:32:43 +0000]
mm: remove flags argument to mmap_region

After the MAP_POPULATE handling has been moved to mmap_region() call
sites, the only remaining use of the flags argument is to pass the
MAP_NORESERVE flag.  This can be just as easily handled by
do_mmap_pgoff(), so do that and remove the mmap_region() flags
parameter.

[akpm@linux-foundation.org: remove double parens]
Signed-off-by: Michel Lespinasse <walken@google.com>
Acked-by: Rik van Riel <riel@redhat.com>
Tested-by: Andy Lutomirski <luto@amacapital.net>
Cc: Greg Ungerer <gregungerer@westnet.com.au>
Cc: David Howells <dhowells@redhat.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

6 years agomm: use mm_populate() for mremap() of VM_LOCKED vmas
Michel Lespinasse [Sat, 23 Feb 2013 00:32:41 +0000]
mm: use mm_populate() for mremap() of VM_LOCKED vmas

Signed-off-by: Michel Lespinasse <walken@google.com>
Acked-by: Rik van Riel <riel@redhat.com>
Tested-by: Andy Lutomirski <luto@amacapital.net>
Cc: Greg Ungerer <gregungerer@westnet.com.au>
Cc: David Howells <dhowells@redhat.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

6 years agomm: use mm_populate() when adjusting brk with MCL_FUTURE in effect
Michel Lespinasse [Sat, 23 Feb 2013 00:32:40 +0000]
mm: use mm_populate() when adjusting brk with MCL_FUTURE in effect

Signed-off-by: Michel Lespinasse <walken@google.com>
Acked-by: Rik van Riel <riel@redhat.com>
Tested-by: Andy Lutomirski <luto@amacapital.net>
Cc: Greg Ungerer <gregungerer@westnet.com.au>
Cc: David Howells <dhowells@redhat.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

6 years agomm: use mm_populate() for blocking remap_file_pages()
Michel Lespinasse [Sat, 23 Feb 2013 00:32:38 +0000]
mm: use mm_populate() for blocking remap_file_pages()

Signed-off-by: Michel Lespinasse <walken@google.com>
Reviewed-by: Rik van Riel <riel@redhat.com>
Tested-by: Andy Lutomirski <luto@amacapital.net>
Cc: Greg Ungerer <gregungerer@westnet.com.au>
Cc: David Howells <dhowells@redhat.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

6 years agomm: introduce mm_populate() for populating new vmas
Michel Lespinasse [Sat, 23 Feb 2013 00:32:37 +0000]
mm: introduce mm_populate() for populating new vmas

When creating new mappings using the MAP_POPULATE / MAP_LOCKED flags (or
with MCL_FUTURE in effect), we want to populate the pages within the
newly created vmas.  This may take a while as we may have to read pages
from disk, so ideally we want to do this outside of the write-locked
mmap_sem region.

This change introduces mm_populate(), which is used to defer populating
such mappings until after the mmap_sem write lock has been released.
This is implemented as a generalization of the former do_mlock_pages(),
which accomplished the same task but was using during mlock() /
mlockall().

Signed-off-by: Michel Lespinasse <walken@google.com>
Reported-by: Andy Lutomirski <luto@amacapital.net>
Acked-by: Rik van Riel <riel@redhat.com>
Tested-by: Andy Lutomirski <luto@amacapital.net>
Cc: Greg Ungerer <gregungerer@westnet.com.au>
Cc: David Howells <dhowells@redhat.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

6 years agomm: remap_file_pages() fixes
Michel Lespinasse [Sat, 23 Feb 2013 00:32:36 +0000]
mm: remap_file_pages() fixes

We have many vma manipulation functions that are fast in the typical
case, but can optionally be instructed to populate an unbounded number
of ptes within the region they work on:

 - mmap with MAP_POPULATE or MAP_LOCKED flags;
 - remap_file_pages() with MAP_NONBLOCK not set or when working on a
   VM_LOCKED vma;
 - mmap_region() and all its wrappers when mlock(MCL_FUTURE) is in
   effect;
 - brk() when mlock(MCL_FUTURE) is in effect.

Current code handles these pte operations locally, while the
sourrounding code has to hold the mmap_sem write side since it's
manipulating vmas.  This means we're doing an unbounded amount of pte
population work with mmap_sem held, and this causes problems as Andy
Lutomirski reported (we've hit this at Google as well, though it's not
entirely clear why people keep trying to use mlock(MCL_FUTURE) in the
first place).

I propose introducing a new mm_populate() function to do this pte
population work after the mmap_sem has been released.  mm_populate()
does need to acquire the mmap_sem read side, but critically, it doesn't
need to hold it continuously for the entire duration of the operation -
it can drop it whenever things take too long (such as when hitting disk
for a file read) and re-acquire it later on.

The following patches are included

- Patches 1 fixes some issues I noticed while working on the existing code.
  If needed, they could potentially go in before the rest of the patches.

- Patch 2 introduces the new mm_populate() function and changes
  mmap_region() call sites to use it after they drop mmap_sem. This is
  inspired from Andy Lutomirski's proposal and is built as an extension
  of the work I had previously done for mlock() and mlockall() around
  v2.6.38-rc1. I had tried doing something similar at the time but had
  given up as there were so many do_mmap() call sites; the recent cleanups
  by Linus and Viro are a tremendous help here.

- Patches 3-5 convert some of the less-obvious places doing unbounded
  pte populates to the new mm_populate() mechanism.

- Patches 6-7 are code cleanups that are made possible by the
  mm_populate() work. In particular, they remove more code than the
  entire patch series added, which should be a good thing :)

- Patch 8 is optional to this entire series. It only helps to deal more
  nicely with racy userspace programs that might modify their mappings
  while we're trying to populate them. It adds a new VM_POPULATE flag
  on the mappings we do want to populate, so that if userspace replaces
  them with mappings it doesn't want populated, mm_populate() won't
  populate those replacement mappings.

This patch:

Assorted small fixes. The first two are quite small:

- Move check for vma->vm_private_data && !(vma->vm_flags & VM_NONLINEAR)
  within existing if (!(vma->vm_flags & VM_NONLINEAR)) block.
  Purely cosmetic.

- In the VM_LOCKED case, when dropping PG_Mlocked for the over-mapped
  range, make sure we own the mmap_sem write lock around the
  munlock_vma_pages_range call as this manipulates the vma's vm_flags.

Last fix requires a longer explanation. remap_file_pages() can do its work
either through VM_NONLINEAR manipulation or by creating extra vmas.
These two cases were inconsistent with each other (and ultimately, both wrong)
as to exactly when did they fault in the newly mapped file pages:

- In the VM_NONLINEAR case, new file pages would be populated if
  the MAP_NONBLOCK flag wasn't passed. If MAP_NONBLOCK was passed,
  new file pages wouldn't be populated even if the vma is already
  marked as VM_LOCKED.

- In the linear (emulated) case, the work is passed to the mmap_region()
  function which would populate the pages if the vma is marked as
  VM_LOCKED, and would not otherwise - regardless of the value of the
  MAP_NONBLOCK flag, because MAP_POPULATE wasn't being passed to
  mmap_region().

The desired behavior is that we want the pages to be populated and locked
if the vma is marked as VM_LOCKED, or to be populated if the MAP_NONBLOCK
flag is not passed to remap_file_pages().

Signed-off-by: Michel Lespinasse <walken@google.com>
Acked-by: Rik van Riel <riel@redhat.com>
Tested-by: Andy Lutomirski <luto@amacapital.net>
Cc: Greg Ungerer <gregungerer@westnet.com.au>
Cc: David Howells <dhowells@redhat.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

6 years agomm: avoid calling pgdat_balanced() needlessly
Zlatko Calusic [Sat, 23 Feb 2013 00:32:34 +0000]
mm: avoid calling pgdat_balanced() needlessly

Now that balance_pgdat() is slightly tidied up, thanks to more capable
pgdat_balanced(), it's become obvious that pgdat_balanced() is called to
check the status, then break the loop if pgdat is balanced, just to be
immediately called again.  The second call is completely unnecessary, of
course.

The patch introduces pgdat_is_balanced boolean, which helps resolve the
above suboptimal behavior, with the added benefit of slightly better
documenting one other place in the function where we jump and skip lots
of code.

Signed-off-by: Zlatko Calusic <zlatko.calusic@iskon.hr>
Cc: Mel Gorman <mgorman@suse.de>
Cc: Hugh Dickins <hughd@google.com>
Cc: Minchan Kim <minchan.kim@gmail.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

6 years agomm: compaction: make __compact_pgdat() and compact_pgdat() return void
Andrew Morton [Sat, 23 Feb 2013 00:32:33 +0000]
mm: compaction: make __compact_pgdat() and compact_pgdat() return void

These functions always return 0.  Formalise this.

Cc: Jason Liu <r64343@freescale.com>
Cc: KAMEZAWA Hiroyuki <kamezawa.hiroyu@jp.fujitsu.com>
Cc: Mel Gorman <mgorman@suse.de>
Cc: Minchan Kim <minchan@kernel.org>
Cc: Rik van Riel <riel@redhat.com>
Acked-by: David Rientjes <rientjes@google.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

6 years agomm: make madvise(MADV_WILLNEED) support swap file prefetch
Shaohua Li [Sat, 23 Feb 2013 00:32:31 +0000]
mm: make madvise(MADV_WILLNEED) support swap file prefetch

Make madvise(MADV_WILLNEED) support swap file prefetch.  If memory is
swapout, this syscall can do swapin prefetch.  It has no impact if the
memory isn't swapout.

[akpm@linux-foundation.org: fix CONFIG_SWAP=n build]
[sasha.levin@oracle.com: fix BUG on madvise early failure]
Signed-off-by: Shaohua Li <shli@fusionio.com>
Cc: Hugh Dickins <hughd@google.com>
Cc: Rik van Riel <riel@redhat.com>
Signed-off-by: Sasha Levin <sasha.levin@oracle.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

6 years agomemcg,vmscan: do not break out targeted reclaim without reclaimed pages
Michal Hocko [Sat, 23 Feb 2013 00:32:30 +0000]
memcg,vmscan: do not break out targeted reclaim without reclaimed pages

Targeted (hard resp soft) reclaim has traditionally tried to scan one
group with decreasing priority until nr_to_reclaim (SWAP_CLUSTER_MAX
pages) is reclaimed or all priorities are exhausted.  The reclaim is
then retried until the limit is met.

This approach, however, doesn't work well with deeper hierarchies where
groups higher in the hierarchy do not have any or only very few pages
(this usually happens if those groups do not have any tasks and they
have only re-parented pages after some of their children is removed).
Those groups are reclaimed with decreasing priority pointlessly as there
is nothing to reclaim from them.

An easiest fix is to break out of the memcg iteration loop in
shrink_zone only if the whole hierarchy has been visited or sufficient
pages have been reclaimed.  This is also more natural because the
reclaimer expects that the hierarchy under the given root is reclaimed.
As a result we can simplify the soft limit reclaim which does its own
iteration.

[yinghan@google.com: break out of the hierarchy loop only if nr_reclaimed exceeded nr_to_reclaim]
[akpm@linux-foundation.org: use conventional comparison order]
Signed-off-by: Michal Hocko <mhocko@suse.cz>
Reported-by: Ying Han <yinghan@google.com>
Cc: KAMEZAWA Hiroyuki <kamezawa.hiroyu@jp.fujitsu.com>
Cc: Johannes Weiner <hannes@cmpxchg.org>
Cc: Tejun Heo <htejun@gmail.com>
Cc: Glauber Costa <glommer@parallels.com>
Cc: Li Zefan <lizefan@huawei.com>
Signed-off-by: Ying Han <yinghan@google.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

6 years agomm/ksm.c: use new hashtable implementation
Sasha Levin [Sat, 23 Feb 2013 00:32:28 +0000]
mm/ksm.c: use new hashtable implementation

Switch ksm to use the new hashtable implementation.  This reduces the
amount of generic unrelated code in the ksm module.

Signed-off-by: Sasha Levin <levinsasha928@gmail.com>
Acked-by: Hugh Dickins <hughd@google.com>
Cc: Michal Hocko <mhocko@suse.cz>
Cc: Konstantin Khlebnikov <khlebnikov@openvz.org>
Cc: Mel Gorman <mgorman@suse.de>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

6 years agomm/huge_memory.c: use new hashtable implementation
Sasha Levin [Sat, 23 Feb 2013 00:32:27 +0000]
mm/huge_memory.c: use new hashtable implementation

Switch hugemem to use the new hashtable implementation.  This reduces
the amount of generic unrelated code in the hugemem.

This also removes the dymanic allocation of the hash table.  The upside
is that we save a pointer dereference when accessing the hashtable, but
we lose 8KB if CONFIG_TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE is enabled but the processor
doesn't support hugepages.

Signed-off-by: Sasha Levin <sasha.levin@oracle.com>
Cc: David Rientjes <rientjes@google.com>
Cc: "Kirill A. Shutemov" <kirill.shutemov@linux.intel.com>
Cc: Xiao Guangrong <xiaoguangrong@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
Cc: Andrea Arcangeli <aarcange@redhat.com>
Cc: Mel Gorman <mgorman@suse.de>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

6 years agomm: compaction: do not accidentally skip pageblocks in the migrate scanner
Mel Gorman [Sat, 23 Feb 2013 00:32:25 +0000]
mm: compaction: do not accidentally skip pageblocks in the migrate scanner

Compaction uses the ALIGN macro incorrectly with the migrate scanner by
adding pageblock_nr_pages to a PFN.  It happened to work when initially
implemented as the starting PFN was also aligned but with caching
restarts and isolating in smaller chunks this is no longer always true.

The impact is that the migrate scanner scans outside its current
pageblock.  As pfn_valid() is still checked properly it does not cause
any failure and the impact of the bug is that in some cases it will scan
more than necessary when it crosses a page boundary but by no more than
COMPACT_CLUSTER_MAX.  It is highly unlikely this is even measurable but
it's still wrong so this patch addresses the problem.

Signed-off-by: Mel Gorman <mgorman@suse.de>
Reviewed-by: Rik van Riel <riel@redhat.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

6 years agomm/vmscan.c:__zone_reclaim(): replace max_t() with max()
Andrew Morton [Sat, 23 Feb 2013 00:32:24 +0000]
mm/vmscan.c:__zone_reclaim(): replace max_t() with max()

"mm: vmscan: save work scanning (almost) empty LRU lists" made
SWAP_CLUSTER_MAX an unsigned long.

Cc: Johannes Weiner <hannes@cmpxchg.org>
Cc: Rik van Riel <riel@redhat.com>
Cc: Mel Gorman <mgorman@suse.de>
Cc: Michal Hocko <mhocko@suse.cz>
Cc: Hugh Dickins <hughd@google.com>
Cc: Satoru Moriya <satoru.moriya@hds.com>
Cc: Simon Jeons <simon.jeons@gmail.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

6 years agomm/page_alloc.c:__setup_per_zone_wmarks: make min_pages unsigned long
Andrew Morton [Sat, 23 Feb 2013 00:32:22 +0000]
mm/page_alloc.c:__setup_per_zone_wmarks: make min_pages unsigned long

`int' is an inappropriate type for a number-of-pages counter.

While we're there, use the clamp() macro.

Acked-by: Johannes Weiner <hannes@cmpxchg.org>
Cc: Rik van Riel <riel@redhat.com>
Cc: Mel Gorman <mgorman@suse.de>
Reviewed-by: Michal Hocko <mhocko@suse.cz>
Cc: Hugh Dickins <hughd@google.com>
Cc: Satoru Moriya <satoru.moriya@hds.com>
Cc: Simon Jeons <simon.jeons@gmail.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

6 years agomm: reduce rmap overhead for ex-KSM page copies created on swap faults
Johannes Weiner [Sat, 23 Feb 2013 00:32:20 +0000]
mm: reduce rmap overhead for ex-KSM page copies created on swap faults

When ex-KSM pages are faulted from swap cache, the fault handler is not
capable of re-establishing anon_vma-spanning KSM pages.  In this case, a
copy of the page is created instead, just like during a COW break.

These freshly made copies are known to be exclusive to the faulting VMA
and there is no reason to go look for this page in parent and sibling
processes during rmap operations.

Use page_add_new_anon_rmap() for these copies.  This also puts them on
the proper LRU lists and marks them SwapBacked, so we can get rid of
doing this ad-hoc in the KSM copy code.

Signed-off-by: Johannes Weiner <hannes@cmpxchg.org>
Reviewed-by: Rik van Riel <riel@redhat.com>
Acked-by: Hugh Dickins <hughd@google.com>
Cc: Simon Jeons <simon.jeons@gmail.com>
Cc: Mel Gorman <mgorman@suse.de>
Cc: Michal Hocko <mhocko@suse.cz>
Cc: Satoru Moriya <satoru.moriya@hds.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

6 years agomm: vmscan: compaction works against zones, not lruvecs
Johannes Weiner [Sat, 23 Feb 2013 00:32:19 +0000]
mm: vmscan: compaction works against zones, not lruvecs

The restart logic for when reclaim operates back to back with compaction
is currently applied on the lruvec level.  But this does not make sense,
because the container of interest for compaction is a zone as a whole,
not the zone pages that are part of a certain memory cgroup.

Negative impact is bounded.  For one, the code checks that the lruvec
has enough reclaim candidates, so it does not risk getting stuck on a
condition that can not be fulfilled.  And the unfairness of hammering on
one particular memory cgroup to make progress in a zone will be
amortized by the round robin manner in which reclaim goes through the
memory cgroups.  Still, this can lead to unnecessary allocation
latencies when the code elects to restart on a hard to reclaim or small
group when there are other, more reclaimable groups in the zone.

Move this logic to the zone level and restart reclaim for all memory
cgroups in a zone when compaction requires more free pages from it.

[akpm@linux-foundation.org: no need for min_t]
Signed-off-by: Johannes Weiner <hannes@cmpxchg.org>
Reviewed-by: Rik van Riel <riel@redhat.com>
Acked-by: Mel Gorman <mgorman@suse.de>
Reviewed-by: Michal Hocko <mhocko@suse.cz>
Cc: Hugh Dickins <hughd@google.com>
Cc: Satoru Moriya <satoru.moriya@hds.com>
Cc: Simon Jeons <simon.jeons@gmail.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

6 years agomm: vmscan: clean up get_scan_count()
Johannes Weiner [Sat, 23 Feb 2013 00:32:17 +0000]
mm: vmscan: clean up get_scan_count()

Reclaim pressure balance between anon and file pages is calculated
through a tuple of numerators and a shared denominator.

Exceptional cases that want to force-scan anon or file pages configure
the numerators and denominator such that one list is preferred, which is
not necessarily the most obvious way:

    fraction[0] = 1;
    fraction[1] = 0;
    denominator = 1;
    goto out;

Make this easier by making the force-scan cases explicit and use the
fractionals only in case they are calculated from reclaim history.

[akpm@linux-foundation.org: avoid using unintialized_var()]
Signed-off-by: Johannes Weiner <hannes@cmpxchg.org>
Reviewed-by: Rik van Riel <riel@redhat.com>
Acked-by: Mel Gorman <mgorman@suse.de>
Reviewed-by: Michal Hocko <mhocko@suse.cz>
Cc: Hugh Dickins <hughd@google.com>
Cc: Satoru Moriya <satoru.moriya@hds.com>
Cc: Simon Jeons <simon.jeons@gmail.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

6 years agomm: vmscan: improve comment on low-page cache handling
Johannes Weiner [Sat, 23 Feb 2013 00:32:15 +0000]
mm: vmscan: improve comment on low-page cache handling

Fix comment style and elaborate on why anonymous memory is force-scanned
when file cache runs low.

Signed-off-by: Johannes Weiner <hannes@cmpxchg.org>
Reviewed-by: Rik van Riel <riel@redhat.com>
Acked-by: Mel Gorman <mgorman@suse.de>
Reviewed-by: Michal Hocko <mhocko@suse.cz>
Cc: Hugh Dickins <hughd@google.com>
Cc: Satoru Moriya <satoru.moriya@hds.com>
Cc: Simon Jeons <simon.jeons@gmail.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

6 years agomm: vmscan: clarify how swappiness, highest priority, memcg interact
Johannes Weiner [Sat, 23 Feb 2013 00:32:14 +0000]
mm: vmscan: clarify how swappiness, highest priority, memcg interact

A swappiness of 0 has a slightly different meaning for global reclaim
(may swap if file cache really low) and memory cgroup reclaim (never
swap, ever).

In addition, global reclaim at highest priority will scan all LRU lists
equal to their size and ignore other balancing heuristics.  UNLESS
swappiness forbids swapping, then the lists are balanced based on recent
reclaim effectiveness.  UNLESS file cache is running low, then anonymous
pages are force-scanned.

This (total mess of a) behaviour is implicit and not obvious from the
way the code is organized.  At least make it apparent in the code flow
and document the conditions.  It will be it easier to come up with sane
semantics later.

Signed-off-by: Johannes Weiner <hannes@cmpxchg.org>
Reviewed-by: Rik van Riel <riel@redhat.com>
Reviewed-by: Satoru Moriya <satoru.moriya@hds.com>
Reviewed-by: Michal Hocko <mhocko@suse.cz>
Acked-by: Mel Gorman <mgorman@suse.de>
Cc: Hugh Dickins <hughd@google.com>
Cc: Simon Jeons <simon.jeons@gmail.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

6 years agomm: vmscan: save work scanning (almost) empty LRU lists
Johannes Weiner [Sat, 23 Feb 2013 00:32:12 +0000]
mm: vmscan: save work scanning (almost) empty LRU lists

In certain cases (kswapd reclaim, memcg target reclaim), a fixed minimum
amount of pages is scanned from the LRU lists on each iteration, to make
progress.

Do not make this minimum bigger than the respective LRU list size,
however, and save some busy work trying to isolate and reclaim pages
that are not there.

Empty LRU lists are quite common with memory cgroups in NUMA
environments because there exists a set of LRU lists for each zone for
each memory cgroup, while the memory of a single cgroup is expected to
stay on just one node.  The number of expected empty LRU lists is thus

  memcgs * (nodes - 1) * lru types

Each attempt to reclaim from an empty LRU list does expensive size
comparisons between lists, acquires the zone's lru lock etc.  Avoid
that.

Signed-off-by: Johannes Weiner <hannes@cmpxchg.org>
Reviewed-by: Rik van Riel <riel@redhat.com>
Acked-by: Mel Gorman <mgorman@suse.de>
Reviewed-by: Michal Hocko <mhocko@suse.cz>
Cc: Hugh Dickins <hughd@google.com>
Cc: Satoru Moriya <satoru.moriya@hds.com>
Cc: Simon Jeons <simon.jeons@gmail.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

6 years agomm: memcg: only evict file pages when we have plenty
Johannes Weiner [Sat, 23 Feb 2013 00:32:10 +0000]
mm: memcg: only evict file pages when we have plenty

Commit e9868505987a ("mm, vmscan: only evict file pages when we have
plenty") makes a point of not going for anonymous memory while there is
still enough inactive cache around.

The check was added only for global reclaim, but it is just as useful to
reduce swapping in memory cgroup reclaim:

    200M-memcg-defconfig-j2

                                     vanilla                   patched
    Real time              454.06 (  +0.00%)         453.71 (  -0.08%)
    User time              668.57 (  +0.00%)         668.73 (  +0.02%)
    System time            128.92 (  +0.00%)         129.53 (  +0.46%)
    Swap in               1246.80 (  +0.00%)         814.40 ( -34.65%)
    Swap out              1198.90 (  +0.00%)         827.00 ( -30.99%)
    Pages allocated   16431288.10 (  +0.00%)    16434035.30 (  +0.02%)
    Major faults           681.50 (  +0.00%)         593.70 ( -12.86%)
    THP faults             237.20 (  +0.00%)         242.40 (  +2.18%)
    THP collapse           241.20 (  +0.00%)         248.50 (  +3.01%)
    THP splits             157.30 (  +0.00%)         161.40 (  +2.59%)

Signed-off-by: Johannes Weiner <hannes@cmpxchg.org>
Acked-by: Michal Hocko <mhocko@suse.cz>
Acked-by: Rik van Riel <riel@redhat.com>
Acked-by: Mel Gorman <mgorman@suse.de>
Cc: Hugh Dickins <hughd@google.com>
Cc: Satoru Moriya <satoru.moriya@hds.com>
Cc: Simon Jeons <simon.jeons@gmail.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

6 years agoCMA: make putback_lru_pages() call conditional
Srinivas Pandruvada [Sat, 23 Feb 2013 00:32:09 +0000]
CMA: make putback_lru_pages() call conditional

As per documentation and other places calling putback_lru_pages(),
putback_lru_pages() is called on error only.  Make the CMA code behave
consistently.

[akpm@linux-foundation.org: remove a test-n-branch in the wrapup code]
Signed-off-by: Srinivas Pandruvada <srinivas.pandruvada@linux.intel.com>
Acked-by: Michal Nazarewicz <mina86@mina86.com>
Cc: Marek Szyprowski <m.szyprowski@samsung.com>
Cc: Bartlomiej Zolnierkiewicz <b.zolnierkie@samsung.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

6 years agomm/hugetlb.c: convert to pr_foo()
Andrew Morton [Sat, 23 Feb 2013 00:32:08 +0000]
mm/hugetlb.c: convert to pr_foo()

Cc: Michal Hocko <mhocko@suse.cz>
Cc: KAMEZAWA Hiroyuki <kamezawa.hiroyu@jp.fujitsu.com>
Acked-by: Hillf Danton <dhillf@gmail.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

6 years agomm/memcontrol.c: convert printk(KERN_FOO) to pr_foo()
Andrew Morton [Sat, 23 Feb 2013 00:32:06 +0000]
mm/memcontrol.c: convert printk(KERN_FOO) to pr_foo()

Acked-by: Sha Zhengju <handai.szj@taobao.com>
Acked-by: Michal Hocko <mhocko@suse.cz>
Cc: KAMEZAWA Hiroyuki <kamezawa.hiroyu@jp.fujitsu.com>
Cc: David Rientjes <rientjes@google.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

6 years agomemcg, oom: provide more precise dump info while memcg oom happening
Sha Zhengju [Sat, 23 Feb 2013 00:32:05 +0000]
memcg, oom: provide more precise dump info while memcg oom happening

Currently when a memcg oom is happening the oom dump messages is still
global state and provides few useful info for users.  This patch prints
more pointed memcg page statistics for memcg-oom and take hierarchy into
consideration:

Based on Michal's advice, we take hierarchy into consideration: supppose
we trigger an OOM on A's limit

        root_memcg
            |
            A (use_hierachy=1)
           / \
          B   C
          |
          D
then the printed info will be:

  Memory cgroup stats for /A:...
  Memory cgroup stats for /A/B:...
  Memory cgroup stats for /A/C:...
  Memory cgroup stats for /A/B/D:...

Following are samples of oom output:

(1) Before change:

    mal-80 invoked oom-killer:gfp_mask=0xd0, order=0, oom_score_adj=0
    mal-80 cpuset=/ mems_allowed=0
    Pid: 2976, comm: mal-80 Not tainted 3.7.0+ #10
    Call Trace:
     [<ffffffff8167fbfb>] dump_header+0x83/0x1ca
     ..... (call trace)
     [<ffffffff8168a818>] page_fault+0x28/0x30
                             <<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<< memcg specific information
    Task in /A/B/D killed as a result of limit of /A
    memory: usage 101376kB, limit 101376kB, failcnt 57
    memory+swap: usage 101376kB, limit 101376kB, failcnt 0
    kmem: usage 0kB, limit 9007199254740991kB, failcnt 0
                             <<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<< print per cpu pageset stat
    Mem-Info:
    Node 0 DMA per-cpu:
    CPU    0: hi:    0, btch:   1 usd:   0
    ......
    CPU    3: hi:    0, btch:   1 usd:   0
    Node 0 DMA32 per-cpu:
    CPU    0: hi:  186, btch:  31 usd: 173
    ......
    CPU    3: hi:  186, btch:  31 usd: 130
                             <<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<< print global page state
    active_anon:92963 inactive_anon:40777 isolated_anon:0
     active_file:33027 inactive_file:51718 isolated_file:0
     unevictable:0 dirty:3 writeback:0 unstable:0
     free:729995 slab_reclaimable:6897 slab_unreclaimable:6263
     mapped:20278 shmem:35971 pagetables:5885 bounce:0
     free_cma:0
                             <<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<< print per zone page state
    Node 0 DMA free:15836kB ... all_unreclaimable? no
    lowmem_reserve[]: 0 3175 3899 3899
    Node 0 DMA32 free:2888564kB ... all_unrelaimable? no
    lowmem_reserve[]: 0 0 724 724
    lowmem_reserve[]: 0 0 0 0
    Node 0 DMA: 1*4kB (U) ... 3*4096kB (M) = 15836kB
    Node 0 DMA32: 41*4kB (UM) ... 702*4096kB (MR) = 2888316kB
    120710 total pagecache pages
    0 pages in swap cache
                             <<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<< print global swap cache stat
    Swap cache stats: add 0, delete 0, find 0/0
    Free swap  = 499708kB
    Total swap = 499708kB
    1040368 pages RAM
    58678 pages reserved
    169065 pages shared
    173632 pages non-shared
    [ pid ]   uid  tgid total_vm      rss nr_ptes swapents oom_score_adj name
    [ 2693]     0  2693     6005     1324      17        0             0 god
    [ 2754]     0  2754     6003     1320      16        0             0 god
    [ 2811]     0  2811     5992     1304      18        0             0 god
    [ 2874]     0  2874     6005     1323      18        0             0 god
    [ 2935]     0  2935     8720     7742      21        0             0 mal-30
    [ 2976]     0  2976    21520    17577      42        0             0 mal-80
    Memory cgroup out of memory: Kill process 2976 (mal-80) score 665 or sacrifice child
    Killed process 2976 (mal-80) total-vm:86080kB, anon-rss:69964kB, file-rss:344kB

We can see that messages dumped by show_free_areas() are longsome and can
provide so limited info for memcg that just happen oom.

(2) After change
    mal-80 invoked oom-killer: gfp_mask=0xd0, order=0, oom_score_adj=0
    mal-80 cpuset=/ mems_allowed=0
    Pid: 2704, comm: mal-80 Not tainted 3.7.0+ #10
    Call Trace:
     [<ffffffff8167fd0b>] dump_header+0x83/0x1d1
     .......(call trace)
     [<ffffffff8168a918>] page_fault+0x28/0x30
    Task in /A/B/D killed as a result of limit of /A
                             <<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<< memcg specific information
    memory: usage 102400kB, limit 102400kB, failcnt 140
    memory+swap: usage 102400kB, limit 102400kB, failcnt 0
    kmem: usage 0kB, limit 9007199254740991kB, failcnt 0
    Memory cgroup stats for /A: cache:32KB rss:30984KB mapped_file:0KB swap:0KB inactive_anon:6912KB active_anon:24072KB inactive_file:32KB active_file:0KB unevictable:0KB
    Memory cgroup stats for /A/B: cache:0KB rss:0KB mapped_file:0KB swap:0KB inactive_anon:0KB active_anon:0KB inactive_file:0KB active_file:0KB unevictable:0KB
    Memory cgroup stats for /A/C: cache:0KB rss:0KB mapped_file:0KB swap:0KB inactive_anon:0KB active_anon:0KB inactive_file:0KB active_file:0KB unevictable:0KB
    Memory cgroup stats for /A/B/D: cache:32KB rss:71352KB mapped_file:0KB swap:0KB inactive_anon:6656KB active_anon:64696KB inactive_file:16KB active_file:16KB unevictable:0KB
    [ pid ]   uid  tgid total_vm      rss nr_ptes swapents oom_score_adj name
    [ 2260]     0  2260     6006     1325      18        0             0 god
    [ 2383]     0  2383     6003     1319      17        0             0 god
    [ 2503]     0  2503     6004     1321      18        0             0 god
    [ 2622]     0  2622     6004     1321      16        0             0 god
    [ 2695]     0  2695     8720     7741      22        0             0 mal-30
    [ 2704]     0  2704    21520    17839      43        0             0 mal-80
    Memory cgroup out of memory: Kill process 2704 (mal-80) score 669 or sacrifice child
    Killed process 2704 (mal-80) total-vm:86080kB, anon-rss:71016kB, file-rss:340kB

This version provides more pointed info for memcg in "Memory cgroup stats
for XXX" section.

Signed-off-by: Sha Zhengju <handai.szj@taobao.com>
Acked-by: Michal Hocko <mhocko@suse.cz>
Cc: KAMEZAWA Hiroyuki <kamezawa.hiroyu@jp.fujitsu.com>
Acked-by: David Rientjes <rientjes@google.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

6 years agodrivers/md/persistent-data/dm-transaction-manager.c: rename HASH_SIZE
Andrew Morton [Sat, 23 Feb 2013 00:32:03 +0000]
drivers/md/persistent-data/dm-transaction-manager.c: rename HASH_SIZE

Fix the warning:

  drivers/md/persistent-data/dm-transaction-manager.c:28:1: warning: "HASH_SIZE" redefined
  In file included from include/linux/elevator.h:5,
                   from include/linux/blkdev.h:216,
                   from drivers/md/persistent-data/dm-block-manager.h:11,
                   from drivers/md/persistent-data/dm-transaction-manager.h:10,
                   from drivers/md/persistent-data/dm-transaction-manager.c:6:
  include/linux/hashtable.h:22:1: warning: this is the location of the previous definition

Cc: Alasdair Kergon <agk@redhat.com>
Cc: Neil Brown <neilb@suse.de>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

6 years agoMerge branch 'x86-mm-for-linus' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git...
Linus Torvalds [Fri, 22 Feb 2013 02:06:55 +0000]
Merge branch 'x86-mm-for-linus' of git://git./linux/kernel/git/tip/tip

Pull x86 mm changes from Peter Anvin:
 "This is a huge set of several partly interrelated (and concurrently
  developed) changes, which is why the branch history is messier than
  one would like.

  The *really* big items are two humonguous patchsets mostly developed
  by Yinghai Lu at my request, which completely revamps the way we
  create initial page tables.  In particular, rather than estimating how
  much memory we will need for page tables and then build them into that
  memory -- a calculation that has shown to be incredibly fragile -- we
  now build them (on 64 bits) with the aid of a "pseudo-linear mode" --
  a #PF handler which creates temporary page tables on demand.

  This has several advantages:

  1. It makes it much easier to support things that need access to data
     very early (a followon patchset uses this to load microcode way
     early in the kernel startup).

  2. It allows the kernel and all the kernel data objects to be invoked
     from above the 4 GB limit.  This allows kdump to work on very large
     systems.

  3. It greatly reduces the difference between Xen and native (Xen's
     equivalent of the #PF handler are the temporary page tables created
     by the domain builder), eliminating a bunch of fragile hooks.

  The patch series also gets us a bit closer to W^X.

  Additional work in this pull is the 64-bit get_user() work which you
  were also involved with, and a bunch of cleanups/speedups to
  __phys_addr()/__pa()."

* 'x86-mm-for-linus' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/tip/tip: (105 commits)
  x86, mm: Move reserving low memory later in initialization
  x86, doc: Clarify the use of asm("%edx") in uaccess.h
  x86, mm: Redesign get_user with a __builtin_choose_expr hack
  x86: Be consistent with data size in getuser.S
  x86, mm: Use a bitfield to mask nuisance get_user() warnings
  x86/kvm: Fix compile warning in kvm_register_steal_time()
  x86-32: Add support for 64bit get_user()
  x86-32, mm: Remove reference to alloc_remap()
  x86-32, mm: Remove reference to resume_map_numa_kva()
  x86-32, mm: Rip out x86_32 NUMA remapping code
  x86/numa: Use __pa_nodebug() instead
  x86: Don't panic if can not alloc buffer for swiotlb
  mm: Add alloc_bootmem_low_pages_nopanic()
  x86, 64bit, mm: hibernate use generic mapping_init
  x86, 64bit, mm: Mark data/bss/brk to nx
  x86: Merge early kernel reserve for 32bit and 64bit
  x86: Add Crash kernel low reservation
  x86, kdump: Remove crashkernel range find limit for 64bit
  memblock: Add memblock_mem_size()
  x86, boot: Not need to check setup_header version for setup_data
  ...

6 years agoMerge branch 'x86-cpu-for-linus' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git...
Linus Torvalds [Fri, 22 Feb 2013 02:03:39 +0000]
Merge branch 'x86-cpu-for-linus' of git://git./linux/kernel/git/tip/tip

Pull x86 cpu updates from Peter Anvin:
 "This is a corrected attempt at the x86/cpu branch, this time with the
  fixes in that makes it not break on KVM (current or past), or any
  other virtualizer which traps on this configuration.

  Again, the biggest change here is enabling the WC+ memory type on AMD
  processors, if the BIOS doesn't."

* 'x86-cpu-for-linus' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/tip/tip:
  x86, kvm: Add MSR_AMD64_BU_CFG2 to the list of ignored MSRs
  x86, cpu, amd: Fix WC+ workaround for older virtual hosts
  x86, AMD: Enable WC+ memory type on family 10 processors
  x86, AMD: Clean up init_amd()
  x86/process: Change %8s to %s for pr_warn() in release_thread()
  x86/cpu/hotplug: Remove CONFIG_EXPERIMENTAL dependency

6 years agoMerge tag 'please-pull-misc-3.9' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git...
Linus Torvalds [Fri, 22 Feb 2013 01:55:48 +0000]
Merge tag 'please-pull-misc-3.9' of git://git./linux/kernel/git/aegl/linux

Pull misc ia64 bits from Tony Luck.

* tag 'please-pull-misc-3.9' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/aegl/linux:
  MAINTAINERS: update SGI & ia64 Altix stuff
  sysctl: Enable IA64 "ignore-unaligned-usertrap" to be used cross-arch

6 years agoMerge branch 'for-linus' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/s390/linux
Linus Torvalds [Fri, 22 Feb 2013 01:54:03 +0000]
Merge branch 'for-linus' of git://git./linux/kernel/git/s390/linux

Pull s390 update from Martin Schwidefsky:
 "The most prominent change in this patch set is the software dirty bit
  patch for s390.  It removes __HAVE_ARCH_PAGE_TEST_AND_CLEAR_DIRTY and
  the page_test_and_clear_dirty primitive which makes the common memory
  management code a bit less obscure.

  Heiko fixed most of the PCI related fallout, more often than not
  missing GENERIC_HARDIRQS dependencies.  Notable is one of the 3270
  patches which adds an export to tty_io to be able to resize a tty.

  The rest is the usual bunch of cleanups and bug fixes."

* 'for-linus' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/s390/linux: (42 commits)
  s390/module: Add missing R_390_NONE relocation type
  drivers/gpio: add missing GENERIC_HARDIRQ dependency
  drivers/input: add couple of missing GENERIC_HARDIRQS dependencies
  s390/cleanup: rename SPP to LPP
  s390/mm: implement software dirty bits
  s390/mm: Fix crst upgrade of mmap with MAP_FIXED
  s390/linker skript: discard exit.data at runtime
  drivers/media: add missing GENERIC_HARDIRQS dependency
  s390/bpf,jit: add vlan tag support
  drivers/net,AT91RM9200: add missing GENERIC_HARDIRQS dependency
  iucv: fix kernel panic at reboot
  s390/Kconfig: sort list of arch selected config options
  phylib: remove !S390 dependeny from Kconfig
  uio: remove !S390 dependency from Kconfig
  dasd: fix sysfs cleanup in dasd_generic_remove
  s390/pci: fix hotplug module init
  s390/pci: cleanup clp page allocation
  s390/pci: cleanup clp inline assembly
  s390/perf: cpum_cf: fallback to software sampling events
  s390/mm: provide PAGE_SHARED define
  ...

6 years agoMerge branch 'for-linus' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/jikos/hid
Linus Torvalds [Fri, 22 Feb 2013 01:41:38 +0000]
Merge branch 'for-linus' of git://git./linux/kernel/git/jikos/hid

Pull HID subsystem updates from Jiri Kosina:
 "HID subsystem and drivers update. Highlights:

   - new support of a group of Win7/Win8 multitouch devices, from
     Benjamin Tissoires

   - fix for compat interface brokenness in uhid, from Dmitry Torokhov

   - conversion of drivers to use hid_driver helper, by H Hartley
     Sweeten

   - HID over I2C transport received ACPI enumeration support, written
     by Mika Westerberg

   - there is an ongoing effort to make HID sensor hubs independent of
     USB transport.  The first self-contained part of this work is
     provided here, done by Mika Westerberg

   - a few smaller fixes here and there, support for a couple new
     devices added"

* 'for-linus' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/jikos/hid: (43 commits)
  HID: Correct Logitech order in hid-ids.h
  HID: LG4FF: Remove unnecessary deadzone code
  HID: LG: Prevent the Logitech Gaming Wheels deadzone
  HID: LG: Fix detection of Logitech Speed Force Wireless (WiiWheel)
  HID: LG: Add support for Logitech Momo Force (Red) Wheel
  HID: hidraw: print message when succesfully initialized
  HID: logitech: split accel, brake for Driving Force wheel
  HID: logitech: add report descriptor for Driving Force wheel
  HID: add ThingM blink(1) USB RGB LED support
  HID: uhid: make creating devices work on 64/32 systems
  HID: wiimote: fix nunchuck button parser
  HID: blacklist Velleman data acquisition boards
  HID: sensor-hub: don't limit the driver only to USB bus
  HID: sensor-hub: get rid of unused sensor_hub_grabbed_usages[] table
  HID: extend autodetect to handle I2C sensors as well
  HID: ntrig: use input_configured() callback to set the name
  HID: multitouch: do not use pointers towards hid-core
  HID: add missing GENERIC_HARDIRQ dependency
  HID: multitouch: make MT_CLS_ALWAYS_TRUE the new default class
  HID: multitouch: fix protocol for Elo panels
  ...

6 years agoMerge branch 'for-linus' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/jikos/trivial
Linus Torvalds [Fri, 22 Feb 2013 01:40:58 +0000]
Merge branch 'for-linus' of git://git./linux/kernel/git/jikos/trivial

Pull trivial tree from Jiri Kosina:
 "Assorted tiny fixes queued in trivial tree"

* 'for-linus' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/jikos/trivial: (22 commits)
  DocBook: update EXPORT_SYMBOL entry to point at export.h
  Documentation: update top level 00-INDEX file with new additions
  ARM: at91/ide: remove unsused at91-ide Kconfig entry
  percpu_counter.h: comment code for better readability
  x86, efi: fix comment typo in head_32.S
  IB: cxgb3: delay freeing mem untill entirely done with it
  net: mvneta: remove unneeded version.h include
  time: x86: report_lost_ticks doesn't exist any more
  pcmcia: avoid static analysis complaint about use-after-free
  fs/jfs: Fix typo in comment : 'how may' -> 'how many'
  of: add missing documentation for of_platform_populate()
  btrfs: remove unnecessary cur_trans set before goto loop in join_transaction
  sound: soc: Fix typo in sound/codecs
  treewide: Fix typo in various drivers
  btrfs: fix comment typos
  Update ibmvscsi module name in Kconfig.
  powerpc: fix typo (utilties -> utilities)
  of: fix spelling mistake in comment
  h8300: Fix home page URL in h8300/README
  xtensa: Fix home page URL in Kconfig
  ...

6 years agoMerge branch 'akpm' (incoming from Andrew)
Linus Torvalds [Fri, 22 Feb 2013 01:38:49 +0000]
Merge branch 'akpm' (incoming from Andrew)

Merge misc patches from Andrew Morton:

 - Florian has vanished so I appear to have become fbdev maintainer
   again :(

 - Joel and Mark are distracted to welcome to the new OCFS2 maintainer

 - The backlight queue

 - Small core kernel changes

 - lib/ updates

 - The rtc queue

 - Various random bits

* akpm: (164 commits)
  rtc: rtc-davinci: use devm_*() functions
  rtc: rtc-max8997: use devm_request_threaded_irq()
  rtc: rtc-max8907: use devm_request_threaded_irq()
  rtc: rtc-da9052: use devm_request_threaded_irq()
  rtc: rtc-wm831x: use devm_request_threaded_irq()
  rtc: rtc-tps80031: use devm_request_threaded_irq()
  rtc: rtc-lp8788: use devm_request_threaded_irq()
  rtc: rtc-coh901331: use devm_clk_get()
  rtc: rtc-vt8500: use devm_*() functions
  rtc: rtc-tps6586x: use devm_request_threaded_irq()
  rtc: rtc-imxdi: use devm_clk_get()
  rtc: rtc-cmos: use dev_warn()/dev_dbg() instead of printk()/pr_debug()
  rtc: rtc-pcf8583: use dev_warn() instead of printk()
  rtc: rtc-sun4v: use pr_warn() instead of printk()
  rtc: rtc-vr41xx: use dev_info() instead of printk()
  rtc: rtc-rs5c313: use pr_err() instead of printk()
  rtc: rtc-at91rm9200: use dev_dbg()/dev_err() instead of printk()/pr_debug()
  rtc: rtc-rs5c372: use dev_dbg()/dev_warn() instead of printk()/pr_debug()
  rtc: rtc-ds2404: use dev_err() instead of printk()
  rtc: rtc-efi: use dev_err()/dev_warn()/pr_err() instead of printk()
  ...

6 years agortc: rtc-davinci: use devm_*() functions
Jingoo Han [Fri, 22 Feb 2013 00:45:45 +0000]
rtc: rtc-davinci: use devm_*() functions

Use devm_*() functions to make cleanup paths more simple.

Signed-off-by: Jingoo Han <jg1.han@samsung.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

6 years agortc: rtc-max8997: use devm_request_threaded_irq()
Jingoo Han [Fri, 22 Feb 2013 00:45:44 +0000]
rtc: rtc-max8997: use devm_request_threaded_irq()

Use devm_request_threaded_irq() to make cleanup paths more simple.

Signed-off-by: Jingoo Han <jg1.han@samsung.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

6 years agortc: rtc-max8907: use devm_request_threaded_irq()
Jingoo Han [Fri, 22 Feb 2013 00:45:43 +0000]
rtc: rtc-max8907: use devm_request_threaded_irq()

Use devm_request_threaded_irq() to make cleanup paths more simple.

Signed-off-by: Jingoo Han <jg1.han@samsung.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

6 years agortc: rtc-da9052: use devm_request_threaded_irq()
Jingoo Han [Fri, 22 Feb 2013 00:45:42 +0000]
rtc: rtc-da9052: use devm_request_threaded_irq()

Use devm_request_threaded_irq() to make cleanup paths more simple.

Signed-off-by: Jingoo Han <jg1.han@samsung.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

6 years agortc: rtc-wm831x: use devm_request_threaded_irq()
Jingoo Han [Fri, 22 Feb 2013 00:45:41 +0000]
rtc: rtc-wm831x: use devm_request_threaded_irq()

Use devm_request_threaded_irq() to make cleanup paths more simple.

Signed-off-by: Jingoo Han <jg1.han@samsung.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

6 years agortc: rtc-tps80031: use devm_request_threaded_irq()
Jingoo Han [Fri, 22 Feb 2013 00:45:40 +0000]
rtc: rtc-tps80031: use devm_request_threaded_irq()

Use devm_request_threaded_irq() to make cleanup paths more simple.

Signed-off-by: Jingoo Han <jg1.han@samsung.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

6 years agortc: rtc-lp8788: use devm_request_threaded_irq()
Jingoo Han [Fri, 22 Feb 2013 00:45:39 +0000]
rtc: rtc-lp8788: use devm_request_threaded_irq()

Use devm_request_threaded_irq() to make cleanup paths more simple.

Signed-off-by: Jingoo Han <jg1.han@samsung.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

6 years agortc: rtc-coh901331: use devm_clk_get()
Jingoo Han [Fri, 22 Feb 2013 00:45:38 +0000]
rtc: rtc-coh901331: use devm_clk_get()

Use devm_clk_get() to make cleanup paths more simple.

Signed-off-by: Jingoo Han <jg1.han@samsung.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

6 years agortc: rtc-vt8500: use devm_*() functions
Jingoo Han [Fri, 22 Feb 2013 00:45:37 +0000]
rtc: rtc-vt8500: use devm_*() functions

Use devm_*() functions to make cleanup paths more simple.

Signed-off-by: Jingoo Han <jg1.han@samsung.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

6 years agortc: rtc-tps6586x: use devm_request_threaded_irq()
Jingoo Han [Fri, 22 Feb 2013 00:45:36 +0000]
rtc: rtc-tps6586x: use devm_request_threaded_irq()

Use devm_request_threaded_irq() to make cleanup paths more simple.

Signed-off-by: Jingoo Han <jg1.han@samsung.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

6 years agortc: rtc-imxdi: use devm_clk_get()
Jingoo Han [Fri, 22 Feb 2013 00:45:35 +0000]
rtc: rtc-imxdi: use devm_clk_get()

Use devm_clk_get() to make cleanup paths more simple.

Signed-off-by: Jingoo Han <jg1.han@samsung.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

6 years agortc: rtc-cmos: use dev_warn()/dev_dbg() instead of printk()/pr_debug()
Jingoo Han [Fri, 22 Feb 2013 00:45:34 +0000]
rtc: rtc-cmos: use dev_warn()/dev_dbg() instead of printk()/pr_debug()

Fix the checkpatch warning as below:

  WARNING: Prefer netdev_err(netdev, ... then dev_err(dev, ... then pr_err(...  to printk(KERN_ERR ...

Signed-off-by: Jingoo Han <jg1.han@samsung.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

6 years agortc: rtc-pcf8583: use dev_warn() instead of printk()
Jingoo Han [Fri, 22 Feb 2013 00:45:33 +0000]
rtc: rtc-pcf8583: use dev_warn() instead of printk()

Fix the checkpatch warning as below:

  WARNING: Prefer netdev_err(netdev, ... then dev_err(dev, ... then pr_err(...  to printk(KERN_ERR ...

Signed-off-by: Jingoo Han <jg1.han@samsung.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

6 years agortc: rtc-sun4v: use pr_warn() instead of printk()
Jingoo Han [Fri, 22 Feb 2013 00:45:32 +0000]
rtc: rtc-sun4v: use pr_warn() instead of printk()

Fix the checkpatch warning as below:

  WARNING: Prefer netdev_err(netdev, ... then dev_err(dev, ... then pr_err(...  to printk(KERN_ERR ...

Signed-off-by: Jingoo Han <jg1.han@samsung.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

6 years agortc: rtc-vr41xx: use dev_info() instead of printk()
Jingoo Han [Fri, 22 Feb 2013 00:45:30 +0000]
rtc: rtc-vr41xx: use dev_info() instead of printk()

Fix the checkpatch warning as below:

  WARNING: Prefer netdev_err(netdev, ... then dev_err(dev, ... then pr_err(...  to printk(KERN_ERR ...

Signed-off-by: Jingoo Han <jg1.han@samsung.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

6 years agortc: rtc-rs5c313: use pr_err() instead of printk()
Jingoo Han [Fri, 22 Feb 2013 00:45:29 +0000]
rtc: rtc-rs5c313: use pr_err() instead of printk()

Fix the checkpatch warning as below:

  WARNING: Prefer netdev_err(netdev, ... then dev_err(dev, ... then pr_err(...  to printk(KERN_ERR ...

Signed-off-by: Jingoo Han <jg1.han@samsung.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

6 years agortc: rtc-at91rm9200: use dev_dbg()/dev_err() instead of printk()/pr_debug()
Jingoo Han [Fri, 22 Feb 2013 00:45:28 +0000]
rtc: rtc-at91rm9200: use dev_dbg()/dev_err() instead of printk()/pr_debug()

Fix the checkpatch warning as below:

  WARNING: Prefer netdev_err(netdev, ... then dev_err(dev, ... then pr_err(...  to printk(KERN_ERR ...

Signed-off-by: Jingoo Han <jg1.han@samsung.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

6 years agortc: rtc-rs5c372: use dev_dbg()/dev_warn() instead of printk()/pr_debug()
Jingoo Han [Fri, 22 Feb 2013 00:45:27 +0000]
rtc: rtc-rs5c372: use dev_dbg()/dev_warn() instead of printk()/pr_debug()

Fix the checkpatch warning as below:

  WARNING: Prefer netdev_err(netdev, ... then dev_err(dev, ... then pr_err(...  to printk(KERN_ERR ...

Signed-off-by: Jingoo Han <jg1.han@samsung.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>