6 years agocheckpatch: complain about executable files
Joe Perches [Mon, 29 Apr 2013 23:18:14 +0000]
checkpatch: complain about executable files

Complain about files with an executable bit set that are not in a scripts/
directory and are not type .pl, .py, .awk, or .sh

Based on an initial patch from Stephen.

Signed-off-by: Joe Perches <joe@perches.com>
Acked-by: Stephen Boyd <sboyd@codeaurora.org>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

6 years agocheckpatch: Prefer seq_puts to seq_printf
Joe Perches [Mon, 29 Apr 2013 23:18:13 +0000]
checkpatch: Prefer seq_puts to seq_printf

Add a check for seq_printf use with a constant format without additional
arguments.  Suggest seq_puts instead.

Signed-off-by: Joe Perches <joe@perches.com>
Suggested-by: Bjorn Helgaas <bhelgaas@google.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

6 years agocheckpatch: add check for reuse of krealloc arg
Joe Perches [Mon, 29 Apr 2013 23:18:12 +0000]
checkpatch: add check for reuse of krealloc arg

On Thu, 2013-03-14 at 13:30 +0000, David Woodhouse wrote:
> If krealloc() returns NULL, it *doesn't* free the original. So any code
> of the form 'foo = krealloc(foo, …);' is almost certainly a bug.

So add a check for it to checkpatch.

Signed-off-by: Joe Perches <joe@perches.com>
Tested-by: Guenter Roeck <linux@roeck-us.net>
Acked-by: Guenter Roeck <linux@roeck-us.net>
Cc: David Woodhouse <dwmw2@infradead.org>
Cc: Andy Whitcroft <apw@canonical.com>
Cc: Jean Delvare <khali@linux-fr.org>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

6 years agolib, net: make isodigit() public and use it
Andy Shevchenko [Mon, 29 Apr 2013 23:18:11 +0000]
lib, net: make isodigit() public and use it

There are at least two users of isodigit().  Let's make it a public
function of ctype.h.

Signed-off-by: Andy Shevchenko <andriy.shevchenko@linux.intel.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

6 years agoargv_split(): teach it to handle mutable strings
Oleg Nesterov [Mon, 29 Apr 2013 23:18:10 +0000]
argv_split(): teach it to handle mutable strings

argv_split() allocates argv[count_argc(str)] array and assumes that it
will find the same number of arguments later.  This is obviously wrong if
this string can be changed, say, by sysctl.

With this patch argv_split() kstrndup's the whole string and does not
split it, we simply replace the spaces with zeroes and keep the allocated
memory in argv[-1] for argv_free(arg).

We do not use argv[0] because:

- str can be all-spaces or empty. In fact this case is fine,
  we could kfree() it before return, but:

- str can have a space at the start, and we can not rely on
  kstrndup(skip_spaces(str)) because it can equally race if
  this string is mutable.

Also, simplify count_argc() and kill the no longer used skip_arg().

Signed-off-by: Oleg Nesterov <oleg@redhat.com>
Cc: Andi Kleen <andi@firstfloor.org>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

6 years agolib/int_sqrt.c: optimize square root algorithm
Davidlohr Bueso [Mon, 29 Apr 2013 23:18:09 +0000]
lib/int_sqrt.c: optimize square root algorithm

Optimize the current version of the shift-and-subtract (hardware)
algorithm, described by John von Newmann[1] and Guy L Steele.

Iterating 1,000,000 times, perf shows for the current version:

 Performance counter stats for './sqrt-curr' (10 runs):

         27.170996 task-clock                #    0.979 CPUs utilized            ( +-  3.19% )
                 3 context-switches          #    0.103 K/sec                    ( +-  4.76% )
                 0 cpu-migrations            #    0.004 K/sec                    ( +-100.00% )
               104 page-faults               #    0.004 M/sec                    ( +-  0.16% )
        64,921,199 cycles                    #    2.389 GHz                      ( +-  0.03% )
        28,967,789 stalled-cycles-frontend   #   44.62% frontend cycles idle     ( +-  0.18% )
   <not supported> stalled-cycles-backend
       104,502,623 instructions              #    1.61  insns per cycle
                                             #    0.28  stalled cycles per insn  ( +-  0.00% )
        34,088,368 branches                  # 1254.587 M/sec                    ( +-  0.00% )
             4,901 branch-misses             #    0.01% of all branches          ( +-  1.32% )

       0.027763015 seconds time elapsed                                          ( +-  3.22% )

And for the new version:

Performance counter stats for './sqrt-new' (10 runs):

          0.496869 task-clock                #    0.519 CPUs utilized            ( +-  2.38% )
                 0 context-switches          #    0.000 K/sec
                 0 cpu-migrations            #    0.403 K/sec                    ( +-100.00% )
               104 page-faults               #    0.209 M/sec                    ( +-  0.15% )
           590,760 cycles                    #    1.189 GHz                      ( +-  2.35% )
           395,053 stalled-cycles-frontend   #   66.87% frontend cycles idle     ( +-  3.67% )
   <not supported> stalled-cycles-backend
           398,963 instructions              #    0.68  insns per cycle
                                             #    0.99  stalled cycles per insn  ( +-  0.39% )
            70,228 branches                  #  141.341 M/sec                    ( +-  0.36% )
             3,364 branch-misses             #    4.79% of all branches          ( +-  5.45% )

       0.000957440 seconds time elapsed                                          ( +-  2.42% )

Furthermore, this saves space in instruction text:

   text    data     bss     dec     hex filename
    111       0       0     111      6f lib/int_sqrt-baseline.o
     89       0       0      89      59 lib/int_sqrt.o

[1] http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/First_Draft_of_a_Report_on_the_EDVAC

Signed-off-by: Davidlohr Bueso <davidlohr.bueso@hp.com>
Reviewed-by: Jonathan Gonzalez <jgonzlez@linets.cl>
Tested-by: Jonathan Gonzalez <jgonzlez@linets.cl>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

6 years agodrivers/video/backlight/tps65217_bl.c add default brightness value option
Matus Ujhelyi [Mon, 29 Apr 2013 23:18:08 +0000]
drivers/video/backlight/tps65217_bl.c add default brightness value option

Signed-off-by: Matus Ujhelyi <matus.ujhelyi@streamunlimited.com>
Cc: Grant Likely <grant.likely@secretlab.ca>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

6 years agoDocumentation: add missing documentation for tps65217-bl device tree binding
Matus Ujhelyi [Mon, 29 Apr 2013 23:18:07 +0000]
Documentation: add missing documentation for tps65217-bl device tree binding

Signed-off-by: Matus Ujhelyi <matus.ujhelyi@streamunlimited.com>
Cc: Grant Likely <grant.likely@secretlab.ca>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

6 years agobacklight: lp855x: add a device tree structure
Kim, Milo [Mon, 29 Apr 2013 23:18:06 +0000]
backlight: lp855x: add a device tree structure

Enable supporting the DT structure of LP855x family devices.  If the
platform data is NULL, the driver tries to parse a DT structure.  Then,
the platform data is copied from the DT.  Documentation is added as well.

Signed-off-by: Milo(Woogyom) Kim <milo.kim@ti.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

6 years agobacklight: lp855x: remove duplicate platform data
Kim, Milo [Mon, 29 Apr 2013 23:18:05 +0000]
backlight: lp855x: remove duplicate platform data

The 'load_new_rom_data' was used for checking whether new ROM data should
be updated or not.

However, we can decide it with 'size_program' data.  If the size is
greater than 0, it means updating ROM area is required.  Otherwise, the
default ROM data will be used.  Therefore, this duplicate platform data
can be removed.

Signed-off-by: Milo(Woogyom) Kim <milo.kim@ti.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

6 years agobacklight: lp855x: fix initial brightness type
Kim, Milo [Mon, 29 Apr 2013 23:18:04 +0000]
backlight: lp855x: fix initial brightness type

Valid range of the brightness is from 0 to 255, so initial brightness
is changed from integer to u8.

Signed-off-by: Milo(Woogyom) Kim <milo.kim@ti.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

6 years agobacklight: lp855x: move backlight mode platform data
Kim, Milo [Mon, 29 Apr 2013 23:18:03 +0000]
backlight: lp855x: move backlight mode platform data

The brightness of LP855x devices is controlled by I2C register or PWM
input .  This mode was selected through the platform data, but it can be
chosen by the driver internally without platform data configuration.

How to decide the control mode:
  If the PWM period has specific value, the mode is PWM input.
  On the other hand, the mode is register-based.
  This mode selection is done on the _probe().

Move 'mode' from a header file to the driver private data structure,
'lp855 x'.  And correlated code was replaced.

Signed-off-by: Milo(Woogyom) Kim <milo.kim@ti.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

6 years agobacklight: lp855x: convert a type of device name
Kim, Milo [Mon, 29 Apr 2013 23:18:02 +0000]
backlight: lp855x: convert a type of device name

Configurable data, backlight device name is set to constant character type.

Signed-off-by: Milo(Woogyom) Kim <milo.kim@ti.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

6 years agobacklight: vgg2432a4: convert vgg2432a4_driver to dev_pm_ops
Jingoo Han [Mon, 29 Apr 2013 23:18:01 +0000]
backlight: vgg2432a4: convert vgg2432a4_driver to dev_pm_ops

Instead of using legacy suspend/resume methods, using newer dev_pm_ops
structure allows better control over power management. Also, use of
pm_message_t is deprecated. Thus, it is removed.

Signed-off-by: Jingoo Han <jg1.han@samsung.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

6 years agobacklight: tosa: convert tosa to dev_pm_ops
Jingoo Han [Mon, 29 Apr 2013 23:18:00 +0000]
backlight: tosa: convert tosa to dev_pm_ops

Instead of using legacy suspend/resume methods, using newer dev_pm_ops
structure allows better control over power management.

Signed-off-by: Jingoo Han <jg1.han@samsung.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

6 years agobacklight: omap1: convert omapbl to dev_pm_ops
Jingoo Han [Mon, 29 Apr 2013 23:17:59 +0000]
backlight: omap1: convert omapbl to dev_pm_ops

Instead of using legacy suspend/resume methods, using newer dev_pm_ops
structure allows better control over power management.

Signed-off-by: Jingoo Han <jg1.han@samsung.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

6 years agodrivers/video/backlight/platform_lcd.c: introduce probe callback
Andrew Bresticker [Mon, 29 Apr 2013 23:17:58 +0000]
drivers/video/backlight/platform_lcd.c: introduce probe callback

Platform LCD devices may need to do some device-specific initialization
before they can be used (regulator or GPIO setup, for example), but
currently the driver does not support any way of doing this.  This patch
adds a probe() callback to plat_lcd_data which platform LCD devices can
set to indicate that device-specific initialization is needed.

Signed-off-by: Andrew Bresticker <abrestic@chromium.org>
Cc: Richard Purdie <rpurdie@rpsys.net>
Cc: Florian Tobias Schandinat <FlorianSchandinat@gmx.de>
Reviewed-by: Doug Anderson <dianders@chromium.org>
Acked-by: Jingoo Han <jg1.han@samsung.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

6 years agobacklight: ili922x: use spi_set_drvdata()
Jingoo Han [Mon, 29 Apr 2013 23:17:57 +0000]
backlight: ili922x: use spi_set_drvdata()

Use the wrapper functions for getting and setting the driver data using
spi_device instead of using dev_{get|set}_drvdata with &spi->dev, so we
can directly pass a struct spi_device.

Signed-off-by: Jingoo Han <jg1.han@samsung.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

6 years agobacklight: ili9320: use spi_set_drvdata()
Jingoo Han [Mon, 29 Apr 2013 23:17:56 +0000]
backlight: ili9320: use spi_set_drvdata()

Use the wrapper functions for getting and setting the driver data using
spi_device instead of using dev_{get|set}_drvdata with &spi->dev, so we
can directly pass a struct spi_device.

Signed-off-by: Jingoo Han <jg1.han@samsung.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

6 years agodrivers/video/backlight/as3711_bl.c: add OF support
Guennadi Liakhovetski [Mon, 29 Apr 2013 23:17:55 +0000]
drivers/video/backlight/as3711_bl.c: add OF support

Add support for configuring AS3711 backlight driver from DT.

Signed-off-by: Guennadi Liakhovetski <g.liakhovetski+renesas@gmail.com>
Reviewed-by: Mark Brown <broonie@opensource.wolfsonmicro.com>
Cc: Magnus Damm <magnus.damm@gmail.com>
Cc: Simon Horman <horms@verge.net.au>
Cc: Samuel Ortiz <sameo@linux.intel.com>
Acked-by: Jingoo Han <jg1.han@samsung.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

6 years agodrivers/video/backlight/adp8870_bl.c: fix error return code in adp8870_led_probe()
Wei Yongjun [Mon, 29 Apr 2013 23:17:54 +0000]
drivers/video/backlight/adp8870_bl.c: fix error return code in adp8870_led_probe()

Fix to return a negative error code from the error handling case instead
of zero, as returned elsewhere in this function.

Signed-off-by: Wei Yongjun <yongjun_wei@trendmicro.com.cn>
Acked-by: Jingoo Han <jg1.han@samsung.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

6 years agodrivers/video/backlight/adp8860_bl.c: fix error return code in adp8860_led_probe()
Wei Yongjun [Mon, 29 Apr 2013 23:17:53 +0000]
drivers/video/backlight/adp8860_bl.c: fix error return code in adp8860_led_probe()

Fix to return a negative error code from the error handling case instead
of zero, as returned elsewhere in this function.

Signed-off-by: Wei Yongjun <yongjun_wei@trendmicro.com.cn>
Acked-by: Jingoo Han <jg1.han@samsung.com>
Acked-by: Michael Hennerich <michael.hennerich@analog.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

6 years agodrivers/video/backlight/lp855x_bl.c: use PAGE_SIZE for the sysfs read operation
Kim, Milo [Mon, 29 Apr 2013 23:17:52 +0000]
drivers/video/backlight/lp855x_bl.c: use PAGE_SIZE for the sysfs read operation

sysfs allocates PAGE_SIZE.  It is used by each R/W operation method.  Use
it instead of another buffer size.

Signed-off-by: Milo(Woogyom) Kim <milo.kim@ti.com>
Acked-by: Jingoo Han <jg1.han@samsung.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

6 years agobacklight: da903x_bl: use BL_CORE_SUSPENDRESUME option
Jingoo Han [Mon, 29 Apr 2013 23:17:51 +0000]
backlight: da903x_bl: use BL_CORE_SUSPENDRESUME option

Use BL_CORE_SUSPENDRESUME option to support suspend/resume.  It reduces
code size.

Signed-off-by: Jingoo Han <jg1.han@samsung.com>
Cc: Lars-Peter Clausen <lars@metafoo.de>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

6 years agovideo: backlight: add ili922x lcd driver
Stefano Babic [Mon, 29 Apr 2013 23:17:50 +0000]
video: backlight: add ili922x lcd driver

Add LCD driver for Ilitek ILI9221/ILI9222 controller.  The driver uses
SPI interface for controller access and configuration and RGB interface
for graphics data transfer.

Signed-off-by: Stefano Babic <sbabic@denx.de>
Signed-off-by: Anatolij Gustschin <agust@denx.de>
Cc: Richard Purdie <rpurdie@rpsys.net>
Cc: Florian Tobias Schandinat <FlorianSchandinat@gmx.de>
Cc: Jingoo Han <jg1.han@samsung.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

6 years agodrivers/video/backlight/adp5520_bl.c: fix compiler warning in adp5520_show()
Devendra Naga [Mon, 29 Apr 2013 23:17:49 +0000]
drivers/video/backlight/adp5520_bl.c: fix compiler warning in adp5520_show()

While compiling with make W=1 (gcc gcc (GCC) 4.7.2 20121109 (Red Hat
4.7.2-8)) the following warning happens:

  drivers/video/backlight/adp5520_bl.c: In function `adp5520_show':
  drivers/video/backlight/adp5520_bl.c:146:6: warning: variable `error' set but not used [-Wunused-but-set-variable]

fixed by checking the return value of the variable

Signed-off-by: Devendra Naga <devendra.aaru@gmail.com>
Acked-by: Jingoo Han <jg1.han@samsung.com>
Cc: Michael Hennerich <michael.hennerich@analog.com>
Cc: Richard Purdie <rpurdie@rpsys.net>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

6 years agodrivers/video/backlight/Kconfig: fix typo "MACH_SAM9...EK" three times
Paul Bolle [Mon, 29 Apr 2013 23:17:48 +0000]
drivers/video/backlight/Kconfig: fix typo "MACH_SAM9...EK" three times

Fix three typos (originally) introduced by commit a9a84c37d1ee
("atmel_lcdfb: backlight control").

Two of these typos were introduced in v2.6.25.  (The third was
introduced in 915190f7d4f0 ("[ARM] 5614/1: at91: atmel_lcdfb: add
at91sam9g10 support to atmel LCD driver")).  Checking these commits
reveals that the default value of 'y' has never been set automatically
in all releases since v2.6.25! Perhaps this line might as well be
dropped.

Signed-off-by: Paul Bolle <pebolle@tiscali.nl>
Cc: Florian Tobias Schandinat <FlorianSchandinat@gmx.de>
Acked-by: Jingoo Han <jg1.han@samsung.com>
Cc: Nicolas Ferre <nicolas.ferre@atmel.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

6 years agobacklight: tdo24m: convert tdo24m to dev_pm_ops
Jingoo Han [Mon, 29 Apr 2013 23:17:47 +0000]
backlight: tdo24m: convert tdo24m to dev_pm_ops

Instead of using legacy suspend/resume methods, using newer dev_pm_ops
structure allows better control over power management.

Signed-off-by: Jingoo Han <jg1.han@samsung.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

6 years agobacklight: ltv350qv: convert ltv350qv to dev_pm_ops
Jingoo Han [Mon, 29 Apr 2013 23:17:46 +0000]
backlight: ltv350qv: convert ltv350qv to dev_pm_ops

Instead of using legacy suspend/resume methods, using newer dev_pm_ops
structure allows better control over power management.

Signed-off-by: Jingoo Han <jg1.han@samsung.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

6 years agobacklight: locomolcd: convert locomolcd to dev_pm_ops
Jingoo Han [Mon, 29 Apr 2013 23:17:45 +0000]
backlight: locomolcd: convert locomolcd to dev_pm_ops

Instead of using legacy suspend/resume methods, using newer dev_pm_ops
structure allows better control over power management.

Signed-off-by: Jingoo Han <jg1.han@samsung.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

6 years agobacklight: lm3533_bl: convert lm3533_bl to dev_pm_ops
Jingoo Han [Mon, 29 Apr 2013 23:17:44 +0000]
backlight: lm3533_bl: convert lm3533_bl to dev_pm_ops

Instead of using legacy suspend/resume methods, using newer dev_pm_ops
structure allows better control over power management.

Signed-off-by: Jingoo Han <jg1.han@samsung.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

6 years agobacklight: kb3886_bl: convert kb3886bl to dev_pm_ops
Jingoo Han [Mon, 29 Apr 2013 23:17:43 +0000]
backlight: kb3886_bl: convert kb3886bl to dev_pm_ops

Instead of using legacy suspend/resume methods, using newer dev_pm_ops
structure allows better control over power management.

Signed-off-by: Jingoo Han <jg1.han@samsung.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

6 years agobacklight: hp680_bl: convert hp680bl to dev_pm_ops
Jingoo Han [Mon, 29 Apr 2013 23:17:42 +0000]
backlight: hp680_bl: convert hp680bl to dev_pm_ops

Instead of using legacy suspend/resume methods, using newer dev_pm_ops
structure allows better control over power management.

Signed-off-by: Jingoo Han <jg1.han@samsung.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

6 years agobacklight: ep93xx: convert ep93xx to dev_pm_ops
Jingoo Han [Mon, 29 Apr 2013 23:17:42 +0000]
backlight: ep93xx: convert ep93xx to dev_pm_ops

Instead of using legacy suspend/resume methods, using newer dev_pm_ops
structure allows better control over power management.

Signed-off-by: Jingoo Han <jg1.han@samsung.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

6 years agobacklight: corgi_lcd: convert corgi_lcd to dev_pm_ops
Jingoo Han [Mon, 29 Apr 2013 23:17:41 +0000]
backlight: corgi_lcd: convert corgi_lcd to dev_pm_ops

Instead of using legacy suspend/resume methods, using newer dev_pm_ops
structure allows better control over power management.

Signed-off-by: Jingoo Han <jg1.han@samsung.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

6 years agobacklight: adp8870: convert adp8870 to dev_pm_ops
Jingoo Han [Mon, 29 Apr 2013 23:17:40 +0000]
backlight: adp8870: convert adp8870 to dev_pm_ops

Instead of using legacy suspend/resume methods, using newer dev_pm_ops
structure allows better control over power management.

Signed-off-by: Jingoo Han <jg1.han@samsung.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

6 years agobacklight: adp8860: convert adp8860 to dev_pm_ops
Jingoo Han [Mon, 29 Apr 2013 23:17:39 +0000]
backlight: adp8860: convert adp8860 to dev_pm_ops

Instead of using legacy suspend/resume methods, using newer dev_pm_ops
structure allows better control over power management.

Signed-off-by: Jingoo Han <jg1.han@samsung.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

6 years agobacklight: adp5520: convert adp5520_bl to dev_pm_ops
Jingoo Han [Mon, 29 Apr 2013 23:17:38 +0000]
backlight: adp5520: convert adp5520_bl to dev_pm_ops

Instead of using legacy suspend/resume methods, using newer dev_pm_ops
structure allows better control over power management.

Signed-off-by: Jingoo Han <jg1.han@samsung.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

6 years agobacklight: s6e63m0: convert s6e63m0 to dev_pm_ops
Jingoo Han [Mon, 29 Apr 2013 23:17:37 +0000]
backlight: s6e63m0: convert s6e63m0 to dev_pm_ops

Instead of using legacy suspend/resume methods, using newer dev_pm_ops
structure allows better control over power management.

Signed-off-by: Jingoo Han <jg1.han@samsung.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

6 years agobacklight: lms501kf03: convert lms501kf03 to dev_pm_ops
Jingoo Han [Mon, 29 Apr 2013 23:17:36 +0000]
backlight: lms501kf03: convert lms501kf03 to dev_pm_ops

Instead of using legacy suspend/resume methods, using newer dev_pm_ops
structure allows better control over power management.

Signed-off-by: Jingoo Han <jg1.han@samsung.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

6 years agobacklight: ld9040: convert ld9040 to dev_pm_ops
Jingoo Han [Mon, 29 Apr 2013 23:17:35 +0000]
backlight: ld9040: convert ld9040 to dev_pm_ops

Instead of using legacy suspend/resume methods, using newer dev_pm_ops
structure allows better control over power management.

Signed-off-by: Jingoo Han <jg1.han@samsung.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

6 years agodrivers/video/backlight/l4f00242t03.c: check return value of regulator_enable()
Jingoo Han [Mon, 29 Apr 2013 23:17:34 +0000]
drivers/video/backlight/l4f00242t03.c: check return value of regulator_enable()

regulator_enable() is marked as as __must_check.  Therefore the return
value of regulator_enable() should be checked.  Also, this patch checks
return value of regulator_set_voltage().

Signed-off-by: Jingoo Han <jg1.han@samsung.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

6 years agodrivers/video/backlight/adp8870_bl.c: add missing braces
Jingoo Han [Mon, 29 Apr 2013 23:17:33 +0000]
drivers/video/backlight/adp8870_bl.c: add missing braces

Add missing braces to include error message.  The error message is
related to the return value for sysfs_create_group().  However,
sysfs_create_group() is called when pdata->en_ambl_sens is not zero.
Thus, the checking return value should be included in the if statement.

Signed-off-by: Jingoo Han <jg1.han@samsung.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

6 years agodrivers/video/backlight/generic_bl.c: use dev_info() instead of pr_info()
Jingoo Han [Mon, 29 Apr 2013 23:17:33 +0000]
drivers/video/backlight/generic_bl.c: use dev_info() instead of pr_info()

dev_info() is preferred to pr_info().

Signed-off-by: Jingoo Han <jg1.han@samsung.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

6 years agodrivers/video/backlight/omap1_bl.c: use dev_info() instead of pr_info()
Jingoo Han [Mon, 29 Apr 2013 23:17:32 +0000]
drivers/video/backlight/omap1_bl.c: use dev_info() instead of pr_info()

dev_info() is preferred to pr_info().

Signed-off-by: Jingoo Han <jg1.han@samsung.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

6 years agodrivers/video/backlight/jornada720_*.c: use dev_err()/dev_info() instead of pr_err...
Jingoo Han [Mon, 29 Apr 2013 23:17:31 +0000]
drivers/video/backlight/jornada720_*.c: use dev_err()/dev_info() instead of pr_err()/pr_info()

dev_err()/dev_info() are preferred to pr_err()/pr_info().

Signed-off-by: Jingoo Han <jg1.han@samsung.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

6 years agodrivers/video/backlight/lp855x_bl.c: fix compiler warning in lp855x_probe
Devendra Naga [Mon, 29 Apr 2013 23:17:30 +0000]
drivers/video/backlight/lp855x_bl.c: fix compiler warning in lp855x_probe

While doing with make W=1 gcc (gcc (GCC) 4.7.2 20121109 (Red Hat
4.7.2-8)) I found

  drivers/video/backlight/lp855x_bl.c: In function `lp855x_probe':
  drivers/video/backlight/lp855x_bl.c:342:35: warning: variable `mode' set but not used [-Wunused-but-set-variable]

fixed by removing it as since its not used anywhere

Signed-off-by: Devendra Naga <devendra.aaru@gmail.com>
Acked-by: Milo Kim <milo.kim@ti.com>
Cc: Jingoo Han <jg1.han@samsung.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

6 years agodrivers/video/backlight/atmel-pwm-bl.c: add __init annotation
Jingoo Han [Mon, 29 Apr 2013 23:17:29 +0000]
drivers/video/backlight/atmel-pwm-bl.c: add __init annotation

When platform_driver_probe() is used, bind/unbind via sysfs is disabled.
Thus, __init/__exit annotations can be added to probe()/remove().

Signed-off-by: Jingoo Han <jg1.han@samsung.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

6 years agodrivers/video/backlight/atmel-pwm-bl.c: use module_platform_driver_probe()
Jingoo Han [Mon, 29 Apr 2013 23:17:28 +0000]
drivers/video/backlight/atmel-pwm-bl.c: use module_platform_driver_probe()

Use the module_platform_driver_probe() macro which makes the code
smaller and simpler.

Signed-off-by: Jingoo Han <jg1.han@samsung.com>
Cc: Richard Purdie <rpurdie@rpsys.net>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

6 years agodrivers/video/backlight/ep93xx_bl.c: remove incorrect __init annotation
Jingoo Han [Mon, 29 Apr 2013 23:17:27 +0000]
drivers/video/backlight/ep93xx_bl.c: remove incorrect __init annotation

When platform_driver_probe() is not used, bind/unbind via sysfs is
enabled.  Thus, __init/__exit annotations should be removed from
probe()/remove().

Signed-off-by: Jingoo Han <jg1.han@samsung.com>
Acked-by: Ryan Mallon <rmallon@gmail.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

6 years agodrivers/video/backlight/platform_lcd.c: remove unnecessary ifdefs
Jingoo Han [Mon, 29 Apr 2013 23:17:26 +0000]
drivers/video/backlight/platform_lcd.c: remove unnecessary ifdefs

When the macro such as SIMPLE_DEV_PM_OPS is used, there is no need to
use '#ifdef CONFIG_PM' to prevent build error.  Thus, this patch removes
unnecessary ifdefs.

Signed-off-by: Jingoo Han <jg1.han@samsung.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

6 years agodrivers/video/backlight/ams369fg06.c: convert ams369fg06 to dev_pm_ops
Jingoo Han [Mon, 29 Apr 2013 23:17:25 +0000]
drivers/video/backlight/ams369fg06.c: convert ams369fg06 to dev_pm_ops

Instead of using legacy suspend/resume methods, using newer dev_pm_ops
structure allows better control over power management.

Signed-off-by: Jingoo Han <jg1.han@samsung.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

6 years agoMAINTAINERS: Petko has moved
Petko Manolov [Mon, 29 Apr 2013 23:17:25 +0000]
MAINTAINERS: Petko has moved

Signed-off-by: Petko Manolov <petkan@nucleusys.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

6 years agoMAINTAINERS: i8k driver is orphan
Jean Delvare [Mon, 29 Apr 2013 23:17:24 +0000]
MAINTAINERS: i8k driver is orphan

Massimo Dal Zotto stopped maintaining the i8k driver several years ago,
so move his name from MAINTAINERS to CREDITS.

Signed-off-by: Jean Delvare <khali@linux-fr.org>
Cc: Massimo Dal Zotto <dz@debian.org>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

6 years agoget_maintainer: use filename-only regex match for Tegra
Stephen Warren [Mon, 29 Apr 2013 23:17:23 +0000]
get_maintainer: use filename-only regex match for Tegra

Create a new N: entry type in MAINTAINERS which performs a regex match
against filenames; either those extracted from patch +++ or --- lines,
or those specified on the command-line using the -f option.

This provides the same benefits as using a K: regex option to match a
set of filenames (see commit eb90d0855b75 "get_maintainer: allow
keywords to match filenames"), but without the disadvantage that
"random" file content, such as comments, will ever match the regex.
Hence, revert most of that commit.

Switch the Tegra entry from using K: to N:

[akpm@linux-foundation.org: fix typo in docs, per Marcin]
Reported-by: Marcin Slusarz <marcin.slusarz@gmail.com>
Suggested-by: Joe Perches <joe@perches.com>
Signed-off-by: Stephen Warren <swarren@nvidia.com>
Acked-by: Joe Perches <joe@perches.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

6 years agoprintk: fix failure to return error in devkmsg_poll()
Nicolas Kaiser [Mon, 29 Apr 2013 23:17:20 +0000]
printk: fix failure to return error in devkmsg_poll()

Error value got overwritten instantly.

Signed-off-by: Nicolas Kaiser <nikai@nikai.net>
Cc: Kay Sievers <kay.sievers@vrfy.org>
Cc: Greg KH <greg@kroah.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

6 years agoinclude/linux/printk.h: include stdarg.h
Andrew Morton [Mon, 29 Apr 2013 23:17:19 +0000]
include/linux/printk.h: include stdarg.h

printk.h uses va_list but doesn't include stdarg.h.  Hence printk.h is
unusable unless its includer has already included kernel.h (which includes
stdarg.h).

Remove the dependency by including stdarg.h in printk.h

Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

6 years agoearly_printk: consolidate random copies of identical code
Thomas Gleixner [Mon, 29 Apr 2013 23:17:18 +0000]
early_printk: consolidate random copies of identical code

The early console implementations are the same all over the place.  Move
the print function to kernel/printk and get rid of the copies.

[akpm@linux-foundation.org: arch/mips/kernel/early_printk.c needs kernel.h for va_list]
[paul.gortmaker@windriver.com: sh4: make the bios early console support depend on EARLY_PRINTK]
Signed-off-by: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
Signed-off-by: Paul Gortmaker <paul.gortmaker@windriver.com>
Cc: Russell King <linux@arm.linux.org.uk>
Acked-by: Mike Frysinger <vapier@gentoo.org>
Cc: Michal Simek <monstr@monstr.eu>
Cc: Ralf Baechle <ralf@linux-mips.org>
Cc: Benjamin Herrenschmidt <benh@kernel.crashing.org>
Cc: Paul Mundt <lethal@linux-sh.org>
Cc: "David S. Miller" <davem@davemloft.net>
Cc: Chris Metcalf <cmetcalf@tilera.com>
Cc: Richard Weinberger <richard@nod.at>
Reviewed-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@kernel.org>
Tested-by: Paul Gortmaker <paul.gortmaker@windriver.com>
Cc: Geert Uytterhoeven <geert@linux-m68k.org>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

6 years agoprintk/tracing: rework console tracing
zhangwei(Jovi) [Mon, 29 Apr 2013 23:17:16 +0000]
printk/tracing: rework console tracing

Commit 7ff9554bb578 ("printk: convert byte-buffer to variable-length
record buffer") removed start and end parameters from
call_console_drivers, but those parameters still exist in
include/trace/events/printk.h.

Without start and end parameters handling, printk tracing became more
simple as: trace_console(text, len);

Signed-off-by: zhangwei(Jovi) <jovi.zhangwei@huawei.com>
Acked-by: Steven Rostedt <rostedt@goodmis.org>
Acked-by: Frederic Weisbecker <fweisbec@gmail.com>
Cc: Kay Sievers <kay@vrfy.org>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

6 years agogcc4: disable __compiletime_object_size for GCC 4.6+
Guenter Roeck [Mon, 29 Apr 2013 23:17:15 +0000]
gcc4: disable __compiletime_object_size for GCC 4.6+

__builtin_object_size is known to be broken on gcc 4.6+.
See http://gcc.gnu.org/bugzilla/show_bug.cgi?id=48880 for details.

This causes unnecssary build warnings and errors such as

  In function 'copy_from_user', inlined from 'sb16_copy_from_user'
at sound/oss/sb_audio.c:878:22:
  arch/x86/include/asm/uaccess_32.h:211:26: error: call to 'copy_from_user_overflow'
declared with attribute error: copy_from_user() buffer size is not provably correct
  make[3]: [sound/oss/sb_audio.o] Error 1 (ignored)

Disable it where broken.

Signed-off-by: Guenter Roeck <linux@roeck-us.net>
Cc: David Howells <dhowells@redhat.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

6 years agomedia: coda: use genalloc API
Philipp Zabel [Mon, 29 Apr 2013 23:17:14 +0000]
media: coda: use genalloc API

This patch depends on "genalloc: add devres support, allow to find a
managed pool by device", which provides the of_get_named_gen_pool and
dev_get_gen_pool functions.

Signed-off-by: Philipp Zabel <p.zabel@pengutronix.de>
Acked-by: Javier Martin <javier.martin@vista-silicon.com>
Acked-by: Grant Likely <grant.likely@secretlab.ca>
Cc: Michal Simek <monstr@monstr.eu>
Cc: Dong Aisheng <dong.aisheng@linaro.org>
Cc: Fabio Estevam <fabio.estevam@freescale.com>
Cc: Greg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@linuxfoundation.org>
Cc: Huang Shijie <shijie8@gmail.com>
Cc: Matt Porter <mporter@ti.com>
Cc: Paul Gortmaker <paul.gortmaker@windriver.com>
Cc: Rob Herring <rob.herring@calxeda.com>
Cc: Shawn Guo <shawn.guo@linaro.org>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

6 years agomisc: generic on-chip SRAM allocation driver
Philipp Zabel [Mon, 29 Apr 2013 23:17:12 +0000]
misc: generic on-chip SRAM allocation driver

This driver requests and remaps a memory region as configured in the
device tree.  It serves memory from this region via the genalloc API.  It
optionally enables the SRAM clock.

Other drivers can retrieve the genalloc pool from a phandle pointing to
this drivers' device node in the device tree.

The allocation granularity is hard-coded to 32 bytes for now, to make the
SRAM driver useful for the 6502 remoteproc driver.  There is overhead for
bigger SRAMs, where only a much coarser allocation granularity is needed:
At 32 bytes minimum allocation size, a 256 KiB SRAM needs a 1 KiB bitmap
to track allocations.

[akpm@linux-foundation.org: fix Kconfig text, make sram_init static]
Signed-off-by: Philipp Zabel <p.zabel@pengutronix.de>
Reviewed-by: Shawn Guo <shawn.guo@linaro.org>
Acked-by: Grant Likely <grant.likely@secretlab.ca>
Tested-by: Michal Simek <monstr@monstr.eu>
Cc: Dong Aisheng <dong.aisheng@linaro.org>
Cc: Fabio Estevam <fabio.estevam@freescale.com>
Cc: Greg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@linuxfoundation.org>
Cc: Huang Shijie <shijie8@gmail.com>
Cc: Javier Martin <javier.martin@vista-silicon.com>
Cc: Matt Porter <mporter@ti.com>
Cc: Michal Simek <monstr@monstr.eu>
Cc: Paul Gortmaker <paul.gortmaker@windriver.com>
Cc: Rob Herring <rob.herring@calxeda.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

6 years agogenalloc: add devres support, allow to find a managed pool by device
Philipp Zabel [Mon, 29 Apr 2013 23:17:10 +0000]
genalloc: add devres support, allow to find a managed pool by device

This patch adds three exported functions to lib/genalloc.c:
devm_gen_pool_create, dev_get_gen_pool, and of_get_named_gen_pool.

devm_gen_pool_create is a managed version of gen_pool_create that keeps
track of the pool via devres and allows the management code to
automatically destroy it after device removal.

dev_get_gen_pool retrieves the gen_pool for a given device, if it was
created with devm_gen_pool_create, using devres_find.

of_get_named_gen_pool retrieves the gen_pool for a given device node and
property name, where the property must contain a phandle pointing to a
platform device node.  The corresponding platform device is then fed into
dev_get_gen_pool and the resulting gen_pool is returned.

[akpm@linux-foundation.org: make the of_get_named_gen_pool() stub static, fixing a zillion link errors]
[akpm@linux-foundation.org: squish "struct device declared inside parameter list" warning]
Signed-off-by: Philipp Zabel <p.zabel@pengutronix.de>
Acked-by: Grant Likely <grant.likely@secretlab.ca>
Tested-by: Michal Simek <monstr@monstr.eu>
Cc: Fabio Estevam <fabio.estevam@freescale.com>
Cc: Matt Porter <mporter@ti.com>
Cc: Dong Aisheng <dong.aisheng@linaro.org>
Cc: Greg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@linuxfoundation.org>
Cc: Rob Herring <rob.herring@calxeda.com>
Cc: Paul Gortmaker <paul.gortmaker@windriver.com>
Cc: Javier Martin <javier.martin@vista-silicon.com>
Cc: Huang Shijie <shijie8@gmail.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

6 years agodrivers/rpmsg/virtio_rpmsg_bus.c: fix error return code in rpmsg_probe()
Wei Yongjun [Mon, 29 Apr 2013 23:17:09 +0000]
drivers/rpmsg/virtio_rpmsg_bus.c: fix error return code in rpmsg_probe()

Return a negative error code from the error handling case instead of 0, as
returned elsewhere in this function.

Signed-off-by: Wei Yongjun <yongjun_wei@trendmicro.com.cn>
Cc: Ohad Ben-Cohen <ohad@wizery.com>
Cc: Tejun Heo <tj@kernel.org>
Cc: Stephen Boyd <sboyd@codeaurora.org>
Cc: Rusty Russell <rusty@rustcorp.com.au>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

6 years agomemcg: take reference before releasing rcu_read_lock
Li Zefan [Mon, 29 Apr 2013 22:08:57 +0000]
memcg: take reference before releasing rcu_read_lock

The memcg is not referenced, so it can be destroyed at anytime right
after we exit rcu read section, so it's not safe to access it.

To fix this, we call css_tryget() to get a reference while we're still
in rcu read section.

This also removes a bogus comment above __memcg_create_cache_enqueue().

Signed-off-by: Li Zefan <lizefan@huawei.com>
Acked-by: Glauber Costa <glommer@parallels.com>
Acked-by: Michal Hocko <mhocko@suse.cz>
Acked-by: KAMEZAWA Hiroyuki <kamezawa.hiroyu@jp.fujitsu.com>
Cc: Johannes Weiner <hannes@cmpxchg.org>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

6 years agomem hotunplug: fix kfree() of bootmem memory
Yasuaki Ishimatsu [Mon, 29 Apr 2013 22:08:56 +0000]
mem hotunplug: fix kfree() of bootmem memory

When hot removing memory presented at boot time, following messages are shown:

  kernel BUG at mm/slub.c:3409!
  invalid opcode: 0000 [#1] SMP
  Modules linked in: ebtable_nat ebtables xt_CHECKSUM iptable_mangle bridge stp llc ipmi_devintf ipmi_msghandler sunrpc ipt_REJECT nf_conntrack_ipv4 nf_defrag_ipv4 iptable_filter ip_tables ip6t_REJECT nf_conntrack_ipv6 nf_defrag_ipv6 xt_state nf_conntrack ip6table_filter ip6_tables binfmt_misc vfat fat dm_mirror dm_region_hash dm_log dm_mod vhost_net macvtap macvlan tun uinput iTCO_wdt iTCO_vendor_support coretemp kvm_intel kvm crc32c_intel ghash_clmulni_intel microcode pcspkr sg i2c_i801 lpc_ich mfd_core igb i2c_algo_bit i2c_core e1000e ptp pps_core tpm_infineon ioatdma dca sr_mod cdrom sd_mod crc_t10dif usb_storage megaraid_sas lpfc scsi_transport_fc scsi_tgt scsi_mod
  CPU 0
  Pid: 5091, comm: kworker/0:2 Tainted: G        W    3.9.0-rc6+ #15
  RIP: kfree+0x232/0x240
  Process kworker/0:2 (pid: 5091, threadinfo ffff88084678c000, task ffff88083928ca80)
  Call Trace:
    __release_region+0xd4/0xe0
    __remove_pages+0x52/0x110
    arch_remove_memory+0x89/0xd0
    remove_memory+0xc4/0x100
    acpi_memory_device_remove+0x6d/0xb1
    acpi_device_remove+0x89/0xab
    __device_release_driver+0x7c/0xf0
    device_release_driver+0x2f/0x50
    acpi_bus_device_detach+0x6c/0x70
    acpi_ns_walk_namespace+0x11a/0x250
    acpi_walk_namespace+0xee/0x137
    acpi_bus_trim+0x33/0x7a
    acpi_bus_hot_remove_device+0xc4/0x1a1
    acpi_os_execute_deferred+0x27/0x34
    process_one_work+0x1f7/0x590
    worker_thread+0x11a/0x370
    kthread+0xee/0x100
    ret_from_fork+0x7c/0xb0
  RIP  [<ffffffff811c41d2>] kfree+0x232/0x240
   RSP <ffff88084678d968>

The reason why the messages are shown is to release a resource
structure, allocated by bootmem, by kfree().  So when we release a
resource structure, we should check whether it is allocated by bootmem
or not.

But even if we know a resource structure is allocated by bootmem, we
cannot release it since SLxB cannot treat it.  So for reusing a resource
structure, this patch remembers it by using bootmem_resource as follows:

When releasing a resource structure by free_resource(), free_resource()
checks whether the resource structure is allocated by bootmem or not.
If it is allocated by bootmem, free_resource() adds it to
bootmem_resource.  If it is not allocated by bootmem, free_resource()
release it by kfree().

And when getting a new resource structure by get_resource(),
get_resource() checks whether bootmem_resource has released resource
structures or not.  If there is a released resource structure,
get_resource() returns it.  If there is not a releaed resource
structure, get_resource() returns new resource structure allocated by
kzalloc().

[akpm@linux-foundation.org: s/get_resource/alloc_resource/]
Signed-off-by: Yasuaki Ishimatsu <isimatu.yasuaki@jp.fujitsu.com>
Reviewed-by: Toshi Kani <toshi.kani@hp.com>
Cc: Johannes Weiner <hannes@cmpxchg.org>
Cc: Ram Pai <linuxram@us.ibm.com>
Cc: David Rientjes <rientjes@google.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

6 years agommKconfig: add an option to disable bounce
Vinayak Menon [Mon, 29 Apr 2013 22:08:55 +0000]
mmKconfig: add an option to disable bounce

There are times when HIGHMEM is enabled, but we don't prefer
CONFIG_BOUNCE to be enabled.  CONFIG_BOUNCE can reduce the block device
throughput, and this is not ideal for machines where we don't gain much
by enabling it.  So provide an option to deselect CONFIG_BOUNCE.  The
observation was made while measuring eMMC throughput using iozone on an
ARM device with 1GB RAM.

Signed-off-by: Vinayak Menon <vinayakm.list@gmail.com>
Cc: David Rientjes <rientjes@google.com>
Cc: Jens Axboe <axboe@kernel.dk>
Cc: Randy Dunlap <rdunlap@infradead.org>
Cc: Russell King <rmk@arm.linux.org.uk>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

6 years agomm, nobootmem: do memset() after memblock_reserve()
Joonsoo Kim [Mon, 29 Apr 2013 22:08:53 +0000]
mm, nobootmem: do memset() after memblock_reserve()

Currently, we do memset() before reserving the area.  This may not cause
any problem, but it is somewhat weird.  So change execution order.

Signed-off-by: Joonsoo Kim <iamjoonsoo.kim@lge.com>
Cc: Yinghai Lu <yinghai@kernel.org>
Acked-by: Johannes Weiner <hannes@cmpxchg.org>
Cc: Jiang Liu <liuj97@gmail.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

6 years agomm, nobootmem: clean-up of free_low_memory_core_early()
Joonsoo Kim [Mon, 29 Apr 2013 22:08:52 +0000]
mm, nobootmem: clean-up of free_low_memory_core_early()

Remove unused argument and make function static, because there is no user
outside of nobootmem.c

Signed-off-by: Joonsoo Kim <iamjoonsoo.kim@lge.com>
Cc: Yinghai Lu <yinghai@kernel.org>
Acked-by: Johannes Weiner <hannes@cmpxchg.org>
Cc: Jiang Liu <liuj97@gmail.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

6 years agofs/buffer.c: remove unnecessary init operation after allocating buffer_head.
majianpeng [Mon, 29 Apr 2013 22:08:51 +0000]
fs/buffer.c: remove unnecessary init operation after allocating buffer_head.

bh allocation uses kmem_cache_zalloc() so we needn't call
'init_buffer(bh, NULL, NULL)' and perform other set-zero-operations.

Signed-off-by: Jianpeng Ma <majianpeng@gmail.com>
Cc: Jan Kara <jack@suse.cz>
Cc: Theodore Ts'o <tytso@mit.edu>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

6 years agonuma, cpu hotplug: change links of CPU and node when changing node number by onlining CPU
Yasuaki Ishimatsu [Mon, 29 Apr 2013 22:08:50 +0000]
numa, cpu hotplug: change links of CPU and node when changing node number by onlining CPU

When booting x86 system contains memoryless node, node numbers of CPUs
on memoryless node were changed to nearest online node number by
init_cpu_to_node() because the node is not online.

In my system, node numbers of cpu#30-44 and 75-89 were changed from 2 to
0 as follows:

  $ numactl --hardware
  available: 2 nodes (0-1)
  node 0 cpus: 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40
  41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82
  83 84 85 86 87 88 89
  node 0 size: 32394 MB
  node 0 free: 27898 MB
  node 1 cpus: 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 60 61 62 63 64 65 66
  67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74
  node 1 size: 32768 MB
  node 1 free: 30335 MB

If we hot add memory to memoryless node and offine/online all CPUs on
the node, node numbers of these CPUs are changed to correct node numbers
by srat_detect_node() because the node become online.

In this case, node numbers of cpu#30-44 and 75-89 were changed from 0 to
2 in my system as follows:

  $ numactl --hardware
  available: 3 nodes (0-2)
  node 0 cpus: 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55
  56 57 58 59
  node 0 size: 32394 MB
  node 0 free: 27218 MB
  node 1 cpus: 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 60 61 62 63 64 65 66
  67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74
  node 1 size: 32768 MB
  node 1 free: 30014 MB
  node 2 cpus: 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 75 76 77 78 79 80 81
  82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89
  node 2 size: 16384 MB
  node 2 free: 16384 MB

But "cpu to node" and "node to cpu" links were not changed as follows:

  $ ls /sys/devices/system/cpu/cpu30/|grep node
  node0
  $ ls /sys/devices/system/node/node0/|grep cpu30
  cpu30

"numactl --hardware" shows that cpu30 belongs to node 2.  But sysfs
links does not change.

This patch changes "cpu to node" and "node to cpu" links when node
number changed by onlining CPU.

Signed-off-by: Yasuaki Ishimatsu <isimatu.yasuaki@jp.fujitsu.com>
Cc: KOSAKI Motohiro <kosaki.motohiro@gmail.com>
Cc: Ingo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu>
Cc: "H. Peter Anvin" <hpa@zytor.com>
Cc: "Srivatsa S. Bhat" <srivatsa.bhat@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
Cc: Greg KH <greg@kroah.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

6 years agomm: fix memory_hotplug.c printk format warning
Randy Dunlap [Mon, 29 Apr 2013 22:08:49 +0000]
mm: fix memory_hotplug.c printk format warning

PFN_PHYS() is a phys_addr_t, which can be u32 or u64.
Fix the build warning when phys_addr_t is u32.

  mm/memory_hotplug.c: warning: format '%llx' expects argument of type 'long long unsigned int', but argument 2 has type 'unsigned int' [-Wformat]:  => 1685:3
  mm/memory_hotplug.c: warning: format '%llx' expects argument of type 'long long unsigned int', but argument 3 has type 'unsigned int' [-Wformat]:  => 1685:3

Signed-off-by: Randy Dunlap <rdunlap@infradead.org>
Reported-by: Geert Uytterhoeven <geert@linux-m68k.org>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

6 years agomm: swap: mark swap pages writeback before queueing for direct IO
Mel Gorman [Mon, 29 Apr 2013 22:08:48 +0000]
mm: swap: mark swap pages writeback before queueing for direct IO

As pointed out by Andrew Morton, the swap-over-NFS writeback is not
setting PageWriteback before it is queued for direct IO.  While swap
pages do not participate in BDI or process dirty accounting and the IO
is synchronous, the writeback bit is still required and not setting it
in this case was an oversight.  swapoff depends on the page writeback to
synchronoise all pending writes on a swap page before it is reused.
Swapcache freeing and reuse depend on checking the PageWriteback under
lock to ensure the page is safe to reuse.

Direct IO handlers and the direct IO handler for NFS do not deal with
PageWriteback as they are synchronous writes.  In the case of NFS, it
schedules pages (or a page in the case of swap) for IO and then waits
synchronously for IO to complete in nfs_direct_write().  It is
recognised that this is a slowdown from normal swap handling which is
asynchronous and uses a completion handler.  Shoving PageWriteback
handling down into direct IO handlers looks like a bad fit to handle the
swap case although it may have to be dealt with some day if swap is
converted to use direct IO in general and bmap is finally done away
with.  At that point it will be necessary to refit asynchronous direct
IO with completion handlers onto the swap subsystem.

As swapcache currently depends on PageWriteback to protect against
races, this patch sets PageWriteback under the page lock before queueing
it for direct IO.  It is cleared when the direct IO handler returns.  IO
errors are treated similarly to the direct-to-bio case except PageError
is not set as in the case of swap-over-NFS, it is likely to be a
transient error.

It was asked what prevents such a page being reclaimed in parallel.
With this patch applied, such a page will now be skipped (most of the
time) or blocked until the writeback completes.  Reclaim checks
PageWriteback under the page lock before calling try_to_free_swap and
the page lock should prevent the page being requeued for IO before it is
freed.

This and Jerome's related patch should considered for -stable as far
back as 3.6 when swap-over-NFS was introduced.

[akpm@linux-foundation.org: use pr_err_ratelimited()]
[akpm@linux-foundation.org: remove hopefully-unneeded cast in printk]
Signed-off-by: Mel Gorman <mgorman@suse.de>
Cc: Jerome Marchand <jmarchan@redhat.com>
Cc: Hugh Dickins <hughd@google.com>
Cc: <stable@vger.kernel.org> [3.6+]
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

6 years agoswap: redirty page if page write fails on swap file
Jerome Marchand [Mon, 29 Apr 2013 22:08:47 +0000]
swap: redirty page if page write fails on swap file

Since commit 62c230bc1790 ("mm: add support for a filesystem to activate
swap files and use direct_IO for writing swap pages"), swap_writepage()
calls direct_IO on swap files.  However, in that case the page isn't
redirtied if I/O fails, and is therefore handled afterwards as if it has
been successfully written to the swap file, leading to memory corruption
when the page is eventually swapped back in.

This patch sets the page dirty when direct_IO() fails.  It fixes a
memory corruption that happened while using swap-over-NFS.

Signed-off-by: Jerome Marchand <jmarchan@redhat.com>
Acked-by: Johannes Weiner <hannes@cmpxchg.org>
Acked-by: Mel Gorman <mgorman@suse.de>
Cc: Hugh Dickins <hughd@google.com>
Cc: <stable@vger.kernel.org> [3.6+]
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

6 years agomm, memcg: give exiting processes access to memory reserves
David Rientjes [Mon, 29 Apr 2013 22:08:45 +0000]
mm, memcg: give exiting processes access to memory reserves

A memcg may livelock when oom if the process that grabs the hierarchy's
oom lock is never the first process with PF_EXITING set in the memcg's
task iteration.

The oom killer, both global and memcg, will defer if it finds an
eligible process that is in the process of exiting and it is not being
ptraced.  The idea is to allow it to exit without using memory reserves
before needlessly killing another process.

This normally works fine except in the memcg case with a large number of
threads attached to the oom memcg.  In this case, the memcg oom killer
only gets called for the process that grabs the hierarchy's oom lock;
all others end up blocked on the memcg's oom waitqueue.  Thus, if the
process that grabs the hierarchy's oom lock is never the first
PF_EXITING process in the memcg's task iteration, the oom killer is
constantly deferred without anything making progress.

The fix is to give PF_EXITING processes access to memory reserves so
that we've marked them as oom killed without any iteration.  This allows
__mem_cgroup_try_charge() to succeed so that the process may exit.  This
makes the memcg oom killer exemption for TIF_MEMDIE tasks, now
immediately granted for processes with pending SIGKILLs and those in the
exit path, to be equivalent to what is done for the global oom killer.

Signed-off-by: David Rientjes <rientjes@google.com>
Acked-by: Michal Hocko <mhocko@suse.cz>
Acked-by: KAMEZAWA Hiroyuki <kamezawa.hiroyu@jp.fujitsu.com>
Acked-by: Johannes Weiner <hannes@cmpxchg.org>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

6 years agothp: fix huge zero page logic for page with pfn == 0
Kirill A. Shutemov [Mon, 29 Apr 2013 22:08:44 +0000]
thp: fix huge zero page logic for page with pfn == 0

Current implementation of huge zero page uses pfn value 0 to indicate
that the page hasn't allocated yet.  It assumes that buddy page
allocator can't return page with pfn == 0.

Let's rework the code to store 'struct page *' of huge zero page, not
its pfn.  This way we can avoid the weak assumption.

[akpm@linux-foundation.org: fix sparse warning]
Signed-off-by: Kirill A. Shutemov <kirill.shutemov@linux.intel.com>
Reported-by: Minchan Kim <minchan@kernel.org>
Acked-by: Minchan Kim <minchan@kernel.org>
Reviewed-by: Andrea Arcangeli <aarcange@redhat.com>
Acked-by: Johannes Weiner <hannes@cmpxchg.org>
Cc: Wu Fengguang <fengguang.wu@intel.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

6 years agomemcg: avoid accessing memcg after releasing reference
Li Zefan [Mon, 29 Apr 2013 22:08:43 +0000]
memcg: avoid accessing memcg after releasing reference

This might cause a use-after-free bug.

Signed-off-by: Li Zefan <lizefan@huawei.com>
Cc: Glauber Costa <glommer@parallels.com>
Acked-by: Michal Hocko <mhocko@suse.cz>
Acked-by: KAMEZAWA Hiroyuki <kamezawa.hiroyu@jp.fujitsu.com>
Cc: Johannes Weiner <hannes@cmpxchg.org>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

6 years agofs: fix fsync() error reporting
Dmitry Monakhov [Mon, 29 Apr 2013 22:08:42 +0000]
fs: fix fsync() error reporting

There are two convenient ways to report errors to userspace

1) retun error to original syscall for example write(2)
2) mark mapping with error flag and return it on later fsync(2)

Second one is broken if (mapping->nrpages == 0) This is real-life
situation because after error pages are likey to be truncated or
invalidated.

We have to return an error regardless to number of pages in the mapping.

#Original testcase: git@github.com:dmonakhov/xfstests.git
MOUNT_OPTIONS="-b1024"
./check shared/305

Signed-off-by: Dmitry Monakhov <dmonakhov@openvz.org>
Reviewed-by: Jan Kara <jack@suse.cz>
Cc: Al Viro <viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

6 years agomemblock: fix missing comment of memblock_insert_region()
Tang Chen [Mon, 29 Apr 2013 22:08:41 +0000]
memblock: fix missing comment of memblock_insert_region()

There is no comment for parameter nid of memblock_insert_region().
This patch adds comment for it.

Signed-off-by: Tang Chen <tangchen@cn.fujitsu.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

6 years agomm: Remove unused parameter of pages_correctly_reserved()
Tang Chen [Mon, 29 Apr 2013 22:08:40 +0000]
mm: Remove unused parameter of pages_correctly_reserved()

nr_pages is not used in pages_correctly_reserved().
So remove it.

Signed-off-by: Tang Chen <tangchen@cn.fujitsu.com>
Reviewed-by: Wang Shilong <wangsl-fnst@cn.fujitsu.com>
Reviewed-by: Wen Congyang <wency@cn.fujitsu.com>
Acked-by: Greg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@linuxfoundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

6 years agofirmware, memmap: fix firmware_map_entry leak
Yasuaki Ishimatsu [Mon, 29 Apr 2013 22:08:39 +0000]
firmware, memmap: fix firmware_map_entry leak

When hot removing memory, a firmware_map_entry which has memory range of
the memory is released by release_firmware_map_entry().  If the entry is
allocated by bootmem, release_firmware_map_entry() adds the entry to
map_entires_bootmem list when firmware_map_find_entry() finds the entry
from map_entries list.  But firmware_map_find_entry never find the entry
sicne map_entires list does not have the entry.  So the entry just
leaks.

Here are steps of leaking firmware_map_entry:
firmware_map_remove()
-> firmware_map_find_entry()
   Find released entry from map_entries list
-> firmware_map_remove_entry()
   Delete the entry from map_entries list
-> remove_sysfs_fw_map_entry()
   ...
   -> release_firmware_map_entry()
      -> firmware_map_find_entry()
         Find the entry from map_entries list but the entry has been
         deleted from map_entries list. So the entry is not added
         to map_entries_bootmem. Thus the entry leaks

release_firmware_map_entry() should not call firmware_map_find_entry()
since releaed entry has been deleted from map_entries list.  So the
patch delete firmware_map_find_entry() from releae_firmware_map_entry()

Signed-off-by: Yasuaki Ishimatsu <isimatu.yasuaki@jp.fujitsu.com>
Reviewed-by: Wanpeng Li <liwanp@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
Reviewed-by: Tang Chen <tangchen@cn.fujitsu.com>
Acked-by: Toshi Kani <toshi.kani@hp.com>
Cc: Wen Congyang <wency@cn.fujitsu.com>
Cc: Greg KH <greg@kroah.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

6 years agomm/vmstat: add note on safety of drain_zonestat
Cody P Schafer [Mon, 29 Apr 2013 22:08:38 +0000]
mm/vmstat: add note on safety of drain_zonestat

Signed-off-by: Cody P Schafer <cody@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

6 years agomm: thp: add split tail pages to shrink page list in page reclaim
Shaohua Li [Mon, 29 Apr 2013 22:08:36 +0000]
mm: thp: add split tail pages to shrink page list in page reclaim

In page reclaim, huge page is split.  split_huge_page() adds tail pages
to LRU list.  Since we are reclaiming a huge page, it's better we
reclaim all subpages of the huge page instead of just the head page.
This patch adds split tail pages to shrink page list so the tail pages
can be reclaimed soon.

Before this patch, run a swap workload:
  thp_fault_alloc 3492
  thp_fault_fallback 608
  thp_collapse_alloc 6
  thp_collapse_alloc_failed 0
  thp_split 916

With this patch:
  thp_fault_alloc 4085
  thp_fault_fallback 16
  thp_collapse_alloc 90
  thp_collapse_alloc_failed 0
  thp_split 1272

fallback allocation is reduced a lot.

[akpm@linux-foundation.org: fix CONFIG_SWAP=n build]
Signed-off-by: Shaohua Li <shli@fusionio.com>
Acked-by: Rik van Riel <riel@redhat.com>
Acked-by: Minchan Kim <minchan@kernel.org>
Acked-by: Johannes Weiner <hannes@cmpxchg.org>
Reviewed-by: Wanpeng Li <liwanp@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
Cc: Andrea Arcangeli <aarcange@redhat.com>
Cc: Hugh Dickins <hughd@google.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

6 years agomm: allow for outstanding swap writeback accounting
Seth Jennings [Mon, 29 Apr 2013 22:08:35 +0000]
mm: allow for outstanding swap writeback accounting

To prevent flooding the swap device with writebacks, frontswap backends
need to count and limit the number of outstanding writebacks.  The
incrementing of the counter can be done before the call to
__swap_writepage().  However, the caller must receive a notification
when the writeback completes in order to decrement the counter.

To achieve this functionality, this patch modifies __swap_writepage() to
take the bio completion callback function as an argument.

end_swap_bio_write(), the normal bio completion function, is also made
non-static so that code doing the accounting can call it after the
accounting is done.

There should be no behavioural change to existing code.

Signed-off-by: Seth Jennings <sjenning@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
Signed-off-by: Bob Liu <bob.liu@oracle.com>
Acked-by: Minchan Kim <minchan@kernel.org>
Reviewed-by: Dan Magenheimer <dan.magenheimer@oracle.com>
Cc: Konrad Rzeszutek Wilk <konrad.wilk@oracle.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

6 years agomm: break up swap_writepage() for frontswap backends
Seth Jennings [Mon, 29 Apr 2013 22:08:34 +0000]
mm: break up swap_writepage() for frontswap backends

swap_writepage() is currently where frontswap hooks into the swap write
path to capture pages with the frontswap_store() function.  However, if
a frontswap backend wants to "resume" the writeback of a page to the
swap device, it can't call swap_writepage() as the page will simply
reenter the backend.

This patch separates swap_writepage() into a top and bottom half, the
bottom half named __swap_writepage() to allow a frontswap backend, like
zswap, to resume writeback beyond the frontswap_store() hook.

__add_to_swap_cache() is also made non-static so that the page for which
writeback is to be resumed can be added to the swap cache.

Signed-off-by: Seth Jennings <sjenning@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
Signed-off-by: Bob Liu <bob.liu@oracle.com>
Acked-by: Minchan Kim <minchan@kernel.org>
Reviewed-by: Dan Magenheimer <dan.magenheimer@oracle.com>
Cc: Konrad Rzeszutek Wilk <konrad.wilk@oracle.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

6 years agomm/mmap: check for RLIMIT_AS before unmapping
Cyril Hrubis [Mon, 29 Apr 2013 22:08:33 +0000]
mm/mmap: check for RLIMIT_AS before unmapping

Fix a corner case for MAP_FIXED when requested mapping length is larger
than rlimit for virtual memory.  In such case any overlapping mappings
are unmapped before we check for the limit and return ENOMEM.

The check is moved before the loop that unmaps overlapping parts of
existing mappings.  When we are about to hit the limit (currently mapped
pages + len > limit) we scan for overlapping pages and check again
accounting for them.

This fixes situation when userspace program expects that the previous
mappings are preserved after the mmap() syscall has returned with error.
(POSIX clearly states that successfull mapping shall replace any
previous mappings.)

This corner case was found and can be tested with LTP testcase:

testcases/open_posix_testsuite/conformance/interfaces/mmap/24-2.c

In this case the mmap, which is clearly over current limit, unmaps
dynamic libraries and the testcase segfaults right after returning into
userspace.

I've also looked at the second instance of the unmapping loop in the
do_brk().  The do_brk() is called from brk() syscall and from vm_brk().
The brk() syscall checks for overlapping mappings and bails out when
there are any (so it can't be triggered from the brk syscall).  The
vm_brk() is called only from binmft handlers so it shouldn't be
triggered unless binmft handler created overlapping mappings.

Signed-off-by: Cyril Hrubis <chrubis@suse.cz>
Reviewed-by: Mel Gorman <mgorman@suse.de>
Reviewed-by: Wanpeng Li <liwanp@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

6 years agomemcg: add memory.pressure_level events
Anton Vorontsov [Mon, 29 Apr 2013 22:08:31 +0000]
memcg: add memory.pressure_level events

With this patch userland applications that want to maintain the
interactivity/memory allocation cost can use the pressure level
notifications.  The levels are defined like this:

The "low" level means that the system is reclaiming memory for new
allocations.  Monitoring this reclaiming activity might be useful for
maintaining cache level.  Upon notification, the program (typically
"Activity Manager") might analyze vmstat and act in advance (i.e.
prematurely shutdown unimportant services).

The "medium" level means that the system is experiencing medium memory
pressure, the system might be making swap, paging out active file
caches, etc.  Upon this event applications may decide to further analyze
vmstat/zoneinfo/memcg or internal memory usage statistics and free any
resources that can be easily reconstructed or re-read from a disk.

The "critical" level means that the system is actively thrashing, it is
about to out of memory (OOM) or even the in-kernel OOM killer is on its
way to trigger.  Applications should do whatever they can to help the
system.  It might be too late to consult with vmstat or any other
statistics, so it's advisable to take an immediate action.

The events are propagated upward until the event is handled, i.e.  the
events are not pass-through.  Here is what this means: for example you
have three cgroups: A->B->C.  Now you set up an event listener on
cgroups A, B and C, and suppose group C experiences some pressure.  In
this situation, only group C will receive the notification, i.e.  groups
A and B will not receive it.  This is done to avoid excessive
"broadcasting" of messages, which disturbs the system and which is
especially bad if we are low on memory or thrashing.  So, organize the
cgroups wisely, or propagate the events manually (or, ask us to
implement the pass-through events, explaining why would you need them.)

Performance wise, the memory pressure notifications feature itself is
lightweight and does not require much of bookkeeping, in contrast to the
rest of memcg features.  Unfortunately, as of current memcg
implementation, pages accounting is an inseparable part and cannot be
turned off.  The good news is that there are some efforts[1] to improve
the situation; plus, implementing the same, fully API-compatible[2]
interface for CONFIG_MEMCG=n case (e.g.  embedded) is also a viable
option, so it will not require any changes on the userland side.

[1] http://permalink.gmane.org/gmane.linux.kernel.cgroups/6291
[2] http://lkml.org/lkml/2013/2/21/454

[akpm@linux-foundation.org: coding-style fixes]
[akpm@linux-foundation.org: fix CONFIG_CGROPUPS=n warnings]
Signed-off-by: Anton Vorontsov <anton.vorontsov@linaro.org>
Acked-by: Kirill A. Shutemov <kirill@shutemov.name>
Acked-by: KAMEZAWA Hiroyuki <kamezawa.hiroyu@jp.fujitsu.com>
Cc: Tejun Heo <tj@kernel.org>
Cc: David Rientjes <rientjes@google.com>
Cc: Pekka Enberg <penberg@kernel.org>
Cc: Mel Gorman <mgorman@suse.de>
Cc: Glauber Costa <glommer@parallels.com>
Cc: Michal Hocko <mhocko@suse.cz>
Cc: Luiz Capitulino <lcapitulino@redhat.com>
Cc: Greg Thelen <gthelen@google.com>
Cc: Leonid Moiseichuk <leonid.moiseichuk@nokia.com>
Cc: KOSAKI Motohiro <kosaki.motohiro@gmail.com>
Cc: Minchan Kim <minchan@kernel.org>
Cc: Bartlomiej Zolnierkiewicz <b.zolnierkie@samsung.com>
Cc: John Stultz <john.stultz@linaro.org>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

6 years agomm: madvise: complete input validation before taking lock
Rasmus Villemoes [Mon, 29 Apr 2013 22:08:23 +0000]
mm: madvise: complete input validation before taking lock

In madvise(), there doesn't seem to be any reason for taking the
&current->mm->mmap_sem before start and len_in have been validated.
Incidentally, this removes the need for the out: label.

[akpm@linux-foundation.org: s/out_plug/out/, per David]
Signed-off-by: Rasmus Villemoes <linux@rasmusvillemoes.dk>
Acked-by: KOSAKI Motohiro <kosaki.motohiro@jp.fujitsu.com>
Acked-by: David Rientjes <rientjes@google.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

6 years agomm, hotplug: avoid compiling memory hotremove functions when disabled
David Rientjes [Mon, 29 Apr 2013 22:08:22 +0000]
mm, hotplug: avoid compiling memory hotremove functions when disabled

__remove_pages() is only necessary for CONFIG_MEMORY_HOTREMOVE.  PowerPC
pseries will return -EOPNOTSUPP if unsupported.

Adding an #ifdef causes several other functions it depends on to also
become unnecessary, which saves in .text when disabled (it's disabled in
most defconfigs besides powerpc, including x86).  remove_memory_block()
becomes static since it is not referenced outside of
drivers/base/memory.c.

Build tested on x86 and powerpc with CONFIG_MEMORY_HOTREMOVE both enabled
and disabled.

Signed-off-by: David Rientjes <rientjes@google.com>
Acked-by: Toshi Kani <toshi.kani@hp.com>
Cc: Benjamin Herrenschmidt <benh@kernel.crashing.org>
Cc: Paul Mackerras <paulus@samba.org>
Cc: Greg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@linuxfoundation.org>
Cc: Wen Congyang <wency@cn.fujitsu.com>
Cc: Tang Chen <tangchen@cn.fujitsu.com>
Cc: Yasuaki Ishimatsu <isimatu.yasuaki@jp.fujitsu.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

6 years agomm: change __remove_pages() to call release_mem_region_adjustable()
Toshi Kani [Mon, 29 Apr 2013 22:08:20 +0000]
mm: change __remove_pages() to call release_mem_region_adjustable()

Change __remove_pages() to call release_mem_region_adjustable().  This
allows a requested memory range to be released from the iomem_resource
table even if it does not match exactly to an resource entry but still
fits into.  The resource entries initialized at bootup usually cover the
whole contiguous memory ranges and may not necessarily match with the
size of memory hot-delete requests.

If release_mem_region_adjustable() failed, __remove_pages() emits a
warning message and continues to proceed as it was the case with
release_mem_region().  release_mem_region(), which is defined to
__release_region(), emits a warning message and returns no error since a
void function.

Signed-off-by: Toshi Kani <toshi.kani@hp.com>
Reviewed-by : Yasuaki Ishimatsu <isimatu.yasuaki@jp.fujitsu.com>
Acked-by: David Rientjes <rientjes@google.com>
Cc: Ram Pai <linuxram@us.ibm.com>
Cc: T Makphaibulchoke <tmac@hp.com>
Cc: Wen Congyang <wency@cn.fujitsu.com>
Cc: Tang Chen <tangchen@cn.fujitsu.com>
Cc: Jiang Liu <jiang.liu@huawei.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

6 years agoresource: add release_mem_region_adjustable()
Toshi Kani [Mon, 29 Apr 2013 22:08:19 +0000]
resource: add release_mem_region_adjustable()

Add release_mem_region_adjustable(), which releases a requested region
from a currently busy memory resource.  This interface adjusts the
matched memory resource accordingly even if the requested region does
not match exactly but still fits into.

This new interface is intended for memory hot-delete.  During bootup,
memory resources are inserted from the boot descriptor table, such as
EFI Memory Table and e820.  Each memory resource entry usually covers
the whole contigous memory range.  Memory hot-delete request, on the
other hand, may target to a particular range of memory resource, and its
size can be much smaller than the whole contiguous memory.  Since the
existing release interfaces like __release_region() require a requested
region to be exactly matched to a resource entry, they do not allow a
partial resource to be released.

This new interface is restrictive (i.e.  release under certain
conditions), which is consistent with other release interfaces,
__release_region() and __release_resource().  Additional release
conditions, such as an overlapping region to a resource entry, can be
supported after they are confirmed as valid cases.

There is no change to the existing interfaces since their restriction is
valid for I/O resources.

[akpm@linux-foundation.org: use GFP_ATOMIC under write_lock()]
[akpm@linux-foundation.org: switch back to GFP_KERNEL, less buggily]
[akpm@linux-foundation.org: remove unneeded and wrong kfree(), per Toshi]
Signed-off-by: Toshi Kani <toshi.kani@hp.com>
Reviewed-by : Yasuaki Ishimatsu <isimatu.yasuaki@jp.fujitsu.com>
Cc: David Rientjes <rientjes@google.com>
Reviewed-by: Ram Pai <linuxram@us.ibm.com>
Cc: T Makphaibulchoke <tmac@hp.com>
Cc: Wen Congyang <wency@cn.fujitsu.com>
Cc: Tang Chen <tangchen@cn.fujitsu.com>
Cc: Jiang Liu <jiang.liu@huawei.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

6 years agoresource: add __adjust_resource() for internal use
Toshi Kani [Mon, 29 Apr 2013 22:08:17 +0000]
resource: add __adjust_resource() for internal use

Add __adjust_resource(), which is called by adjust_resource() internally
after the resource_lock is held.  There is no interface change to
adjust_resource().  This change allows other functions to call
__adjust_resource() internally while the resource_lock is held.

Signed-off-by: Toshi Kani <toshi.kani@hp.com>
Reviewed-by: Yasuaki Ishimatsu <isimatu.yasuaki@jp.fujitsu.com>
Acked-by: David Rientjes <rientjes@google.com>
Cc: Ram Pai <linuxram@us.ibm.com>
Cc: T Makphaibulchoke <tmac@hp.com>
Cc: Wen Congyang <wency@cn.fujitsu.com>
Cc: Tang Chen <tangchen@cn.fujitsu.com>
Cc: Jiang Liu <jiang.liu@huawei.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

6 years agomm: rewrite the comment over migrate_pages() more comprehensibly
Srivatsa S. Bhat [Mon, 29 Apr 2013 22:08:16 +0000]
mm: rewrite the comment over migrate_pages() more comprehensibly

The comment over migrate_pages() looks quite weird, and makes it hard to
grasp what it is trying to say.  Rewrite it more comprehensibly.

Signed-off-by: Srivatsa S. Bhat <srivatsa.bhat@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
Acked-by: Christoph Lameter <cl@linux.com>
Cc: Mel Gorman <mgorman@suse.de>
Cc: Hugh Dickins <hughd@google.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

6 years agoTHP: fix comment about memory barrier
Minchan Kim [Mon, 29 Apr 2013 22:08:15 +0000]
THP: fix comment about memory barrier

Currently the memory barrier in __do_huge_pmd_anonymous_page doesn't
work.  Because lru_cache_add_lru uses pagevec so it could miss spinlock
easily so above rule was broken so user might see inconsistent data.

I was not first person who pointed out the problem.  Mel and Peter
pointed out a few months ago and Peter pointed out further that even
spin_lock/unlock can't make sure of it:

  http://marc.info/?t=134333512700004

In particular:

         *A = a;
         LOCK
         UNLOCK
         *B = b;

may occur as:

         LOCK, STORE *B, STORE *A, UNLOCK

At last, Hugh pointed out that even we don't need memory barrier in
there because __SetPageUpdate already have done it from Nick's commit
0ed361dec369 ("mm: fix PageUptodate data race") explicitly.

So this patch fixes comment on THP and adds same comment for
do_anonymous_page, too because everybody except Hugh was missing that.
It means we need a comment about that.

Signed-off-by: Minchan Kim <minchan@kernel.org>
Acked-by: Andrea Arcangeli <aarcange@redhat.com>
Acked-by: David Rientjes <rientjes@google.com>
Acked-by: KAMEZAWA Hiroyuki <kamezawa.hiroyu@jp.fujitsu.com>
Cc: Mel Gorman <mgorman@suse.de>
Cc: Hugh Dickins <hughd@google.com>
Cc: Peter Zijlstra <a.p.zijlstra@chello.nl>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

6 years agomm: remove CONFIG_HOTPLUG ifdefs
Yijing Wang [Mon, 29 Apr 2013 22:08:14 +0000]
mm: remove CONFIG_HOTPLUG ifdefs

CONFIG_HOTPLUG is going away as an option, cleanup CONFIG_HOTPLUG
ifdefs in mm files.

Signed-off-by: Yijing Wang <wangyijing@huawei.com>
Acked-by: Greg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@linuxfoundation.org>
Acked-by: Rik van Riel <riel@redhat.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

6 years agomm/memcontrol.c: remove unnecessary ;
Michel Lespinasse [Mon, 29 Apr 2013 22:08:13 +0000]
mm/memcontrol.c: remove unnecessary ;

Just a trivial issue I stumbled on while doing something else...

Signed-off-by: Michel Lespinasse <walken@google.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

6 years agomm: reinititalise user and admin reserves if memory is added or removed
Andrew Shewmaker [Mon, 29 Apr 2013 22:08:12 +0000]
mm: reinititalise user and admin reserves if memory is added or removed

Alter the admin and user reserves of the previous patches in this series
when memory is added or removed.

If memory is added and the reserves have been eliminated or increased
above the default max, then we'll trust the admin.

If memory is removed and there isn't enough free memory, then we need to
reset the reserves.

Otherwise keep the reserve set by the admin.

The reserve reset code is the same as the reserve initialization code.

I tested hot addition and removal by triggering it via sysfs.  The
reserves shrunk when they were set high and memory was removed.  They
were reset higher when memory was added again.

[akpm@linux-foundation.org: use register_hotmemory_notifier()]
[akpm@linux-foundation.org: init_user_reserve() and init_admin_reserve can no longer be __meminit]
[fengguang.wu@intel.com: make init_reserve_notifier() static]
[akpm@linux-foundation.org: coding-style fixes]
Signed-off-by: Andrew Shewmaker <agshew@gmail.com>
Signed-off-by: Fengguang Wu <fengguang.wu@intel.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

6 years agomm: replace hardcoded 3% with admin_reserve_pages knob
Andrew Shewmaker [Mon, 29 Apr 2013 22:08:11 +0000]
mm: replace hardcoded 3% with admin_reserve_pages knob

Add an admin_reserve_kbytes knob to allow admins to change the hardcoded
memory reserve to something other than 3%, which may be multiple
gigabytes on large memory systems.  Only about 8MB is necessary to
enable recovery in the default mode, and only a few hundred MB are
required even when overcommit is disabled.

This affects OVERCOMMIT_GUESS and OVERCOMMIT_NEVER.

admin_reserve_kbytes is initialized to min(3% free pages, 8MB)

I arrived at 8MB by summing the RSS of sshd or login, bash, and top.

Please see first patch in this series for full background, motivation,
testing, and full changelog.

[akpm@linux-foundation.org: coding-style fixes]
[akpm@linux-foundation.org: make init_admin_reserve() static]
Signed-off-by: Andrew Shewmaker <agshew@gmail.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

6 years agomm: limit growth of 3% hardcoded other user reserve
Andrew Shewmaker [Mon, 29 Apr 2013 22:08:10 +0000]
mm: limit growth of 3% hardcoded other user reserve

Add user_reserve_kbytes knob.

Limit the growth of the memory reserved for other user processes to
min(3% current process size, user_reserve_pages).  Only about 8MB is
necessary to enable recovery in the default mode, and only a few hundred
MB are required even when overcommit is disabled.

user_reserve_pages defaults to min(3% free pages, 128MB)

I arrived at 128MB by taking the max VSZ of sshd, login, bash, and top ...
then adding the RSS of each.

This only affects OVERCOMMIT_NEVER mode.

Background

1. user reserve

__vm_enough_memory reserves a hardcoded 3% of the current process size for
other applications when overcommit is disabled.  This was done so that a
user could recover if they launched a memory hogging process.  Without the
reserve, a user would easily run into a message such as:

bash: fork: Cannot allocate memory

2. admin reserve

Additionally, a hardcoded 3% of free memory is reserved for root in both
overcommit 'guess' and 'never' modes.  This was intended to prevent a
scenario where root-cant-log-in and perform recovery operations.

Note that this reserve shrinks, and doesn't guarantee a useful reserve.

Motivation

The two hardcoded memory reserves should be updated to account for current
memory sizes.

Also, the admin reserve would be more useful if it didn't shrink too much.

When the current code was originally written, 1GB was considered
"enterprise".  Now the 3% reserve can grow to multiple GB on large memory
systems, and it only needs to be a few hundred MB at most to enable a user
or admin to recover a system with an unwanted memory hogging process.

I've found that reducing these reserves is especially beneficial for a
specific type of application load:

 * single application system
 * one or few processes (e.g. one per core)
 * allocating all available memory
 * not initializing every page immediately
 * long running

I've run scientific clusters with this sort of load.  A long running job
sometimes failed many hours (weeks of CPU time) into a calculation.  They
weren't initializing all of their memory immediately, and they weren't
using calloc, so I put systems into overcommit 'never' mode.  These
clusters run diskless and have no swap.

However, with the current reserves, a user wishing to allocate as much
memory as possible to one process may be prevented from using, for
example, almost 2GB out of 32GB.

The effect is less, but still significant when a user starts a job with
one process per core.  I have repeatedly seen a set of processes
requesting the same amount of memory fail because one of them could not
allocate the amount of memory a user would expect to be able to allocate.
For example, Message Passing Interfce (MPI) processes, one per core.  And
it is similar for other parallel programming frameworks.

Changing this reserve code will make the overcommit never mode more useful
by allowing applications to allocate nearly all of the available memory.

Also, the new admin_reserve_kbytes will be safer than the current behavior
since the hardcoded 3% of available memory reserve can shrink to something
useless in the case where applications have grabbed all available memory.

Risks

* "bash: fork: Cannot allocate memory"

  The downside of the first patch-- which creates a tunable user reserve
  that is only used in overcommit 'never' mode--is that an admin can set
  it so low that a user may not be able to kill their process, even if
  they already have a shell prompt.

  Of course, a user can get in the same predicament with the current 3%
  reserve--they just have to launch processes until 3% becomes negligible.

* root-cant-log-in problem

  The second patch, adding the tunable rootuser_reserve_pages, allows
  the admin to shoot themselves in the foot by setting it too small.  They
  can easily get the system into a state where root-can't-log-in.

  However, the new admin_reserve_kbytes will be safer than the current
  behavior since the hardcoded 3% of available memory reserve can shrink
  to something useless in the case where applications have grabbed all
  available memory.

Alternatives

 * Memory cgroups provide a more flexible way to limit application memory.

   Not everyone wants to set up cgroups or deal with their overhead.

 * We could create a fourth overcommit mode which provides smaller reserves.

   The size of useful reserves may be drastically different depending
   on the whether the system is embedded or enterprise.

 * Force users to initialize all of their memory or use calloc.

   Some users don't want/expect the system to overcommit when they malloc.
   Overcommit 'never' mode is for this scenario, and it should work well.

The new user and admin reserve tunables are simple to use, with low
overhead compared to cgroups.  The patches preserve current behavior where
3% of memory is less than 128MB, except that the admin reserve doesn't
shrink to an unusable size under pressure.  The code allows admins to tune
for embedded and enterprise usage.

FAQ

 * How is the root-cant-login problem addressed?
   What happens if admin_reserve_pages is set to 0?

   Root is free to shoot themselves in the foot by setting
   admin_reserve_kbytes too low.

   On x86_64, the minimum useful reserve is:
     8MB for overcommit 'guess'
   128MB for overcommit 'never'

   admin_reserve_pages defaults to min(3% free memory, 8MB)

   So, anyone switching to 'never' mode needs to adjust
   admin_reserve_pages.

 * How do you calculate a minimum useful reserve?

   A user or the admin needs enough memory to login and perform
   recovery operations, which includes, at a minimum:

   sshd or login + bash (or some other shell) + top (or ps, kill, etc.)

   For overcommit 'guess', we can sum resident set sizes (RSS)
   because we only need enough memory to handle what the recovery
   programs will typically use. On x86_64 this is about 8MB.

   For overcommit 'never', we can take the max of their virtual sizes (VSZ)
   and add the sum of their RSS. We use VSZ instead of RSS because mode
   forces us to ensure we can fulfill all of the requested memory allocations--
   even if the programs only use a fraction of what they ask for.
   On x86_64 this is about 128MB.

   When swap is enabled, reserves are useful even when they are as
   small as 10MB, regardless of overcommit mode.

   When both swap and overcommit are disabled, then the admin should
   tune the reserves higher to be absolutley safe. Over 230MB each
   was safest in my testing.

 * What happens if user_reserve_pages is set to 0?

   Note, this only affects overcomitt 'never' mode.

   Then a user will be able to allocate all available memory minus
   admin_reserve_kbytes.

   However, they will easily see a message such as:

   "bash: fork: Cannot allocate memory"

   And they won't be able to recover/kill their application.
   The admin should be able to recover the system if
   admin_reserve_kbytes is set appropriately.

 * What's the difference between overcommit 'guess' and 'never'?

   "Guess" allows an allocation if there are enough free + reclaimable
   pages. It has a hardcoded 3% of free pages reserved for root.

   "Never" allows an allocation if there is enough swap + a configurable
   percentage (default is 50) of physical RAM. It has a hardcoded 3% of
   free pages reserved for root, like "Guess" mode. It also has a
   hardcoded 3% of the current process size reserved for additional
   applications.

 * Why is overcommit 'guess' not suitable even when an app eventually
   writes to every page? It takes free pages, file pages, available
   swap pages, reclaimable slab pages into consideration. In other words,
   these are all pages available, then why isn't overcommit suitable?

   Because it only looks at the present state of the system. It
   does not take into account the memory that other applications have
   malloced, but haven't initialized yet. It overcommits the system.

Test Summary

There was little change in behavior in the default overcommit 'guess'
mode with swap enabled before and after the patch. This was expected.

Systems run most predictably (i.e. no oom kills) in overcommit 'never'
mode with swap enabled. This also allowed the most memory to be allocated
to a user application.

Overcommit 'guess' mode without swap is a bad idea. It is easy to
crash the system. None of the other tested combinations crashed.
This matches my experience on the Roadrunner supercomputer.

Without the tunable user reserve, a system in overcommit 'never' mode
and without swap does not allow the admin to recover, although the
admin can.

With the new tunable reserves, a system in overcommit 'never' mode
and without swap can be configured to:

1. maximize user-allocatable memory, running close to the edge of
recoverability

2. maximize recoverability, sacrificing allocatable memory to
ensure that a user cannot take down a system

Test Description

Fedora 18 VM - 4 x86_64 cores, 5725MB RAM, 4GB Swap

System is booted into multiuser console mode, with unnecessary services
turned off. Caches were dropped before each test.

Hogs are user memtester processes that attempt to allocate all free memory
as reported by /proc/meminfo

In overcommit 'never' mode, memory_ratio=100

Test Results

3.9.0-rc1-mm1

Overcommit | Swap | Hogs | MB Got/Wanted | OOMs | User Recovery | Admin Recovery
----------   ----   ----   -------------   ----   -------------   --------------
guess        yes    1      5432/5432       no     yes             yes
guess        yes    4      5444/5444       1      yes             yes
guess        no     1      5302/5449       no     yes             yes
guess        no     4      -               crash  no              no

never        yes    1      5460/5460       1      yes             yes
never        yes    4      5460/5460       1      yes             yes
never        no     1      5218/5432       no     no              yes
never        no     4      5203/5448       no     no              yes

3.9.0-rc1-mm1-tunablereserves

User and Admin Recovery show their respective reserves, if applicable.

Overcommit | Swap | Hogs | MB Got/Wanted | OOMs | User Recovery | Admin Recovery
----------   ----   ----   -------------   ----   -------------   --------------
guess        yes    1      5419/5419       no     - yes           8MB yes
guess        yes    4      5436/5436       1      - yes           8MB yes
guess        no     1      5440/5440       *      - yes           8MB yes
guess        no     4      -               crash  - no            8MB no

* process would successfully mlock, then the oom killer would pick it

never        yes    1      5446/5446       no     10MB yes        20MB yes
never        yes    4      5456/5456       no     10MB yes        20MB yes
never        no     1      5387/5429       no     128MB no        8MB barely
never        no     1      5323/5428       no     226MB barely    8MB barely
never        no     1      5323/5428       no     226MB barely    8MB barely

never        no     1      5359/5448       no     10MB no         10MB barely

never        no     1      5323/5428       no     0MB no          10MB barely
never        no     1      5332/5428       no     0MB no          50MB yes
never        no     1      5293/5429       no     0MB no          90MB yes

never        no     1      5001/5427       no     230MB yes       338MB yes
never        no     4*     4998/5424       no     230MB yes       338MB yes

* more memtesters were launched, able to allocate approximately another 100MB

Future Work

 - Test larger memory systems.

 - Test an embedded image.

 - Test other architectures.

 - Time malloc microbenchmarks.

 - Would it be useful to be able to set overcommit policy for
   each memory cgroup?

 - Some lines are slightly above 80 chars.
   Perhaps define a macro to convert between pages and kb?
   Other places in the kernel do this.

[akpm@linux-foundation.org: coding-style fixes]
[akpm@linux-foundation.org: make init_user_reserve() static]
Signed-off-by: Andrew Shewmaker <agshew@gmail.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

6 years agokernel/cpuset.c: use register_hotmemory_notifier()
Andrew Morton [Mon, 29 Apr 2013 22:08:08 +0000]
kernel/cpuset.c: use register_hotmemory_notifier()

Use the new interface, remove one ifdef.  No code size changes.

We could/should have been using __meminit/__meminitdata here but there's
now no point in doing that because all this code is elided at compile time.

Cc: Li Zefan <lizefan@huawei.com>
Cc: Tejun Heo <tj@kernel.org>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>