rcu: Better explain the condition parameter of rcu_dereference_check()
David Howells [Fri, 9 Apr 2010 22:39:11 +0000 (15:39 -0700)]
Better explain the condition parameter of
rcu_dereference_check() that describes the conditions under
which the dereference is permitted to take place (and
incorporate Yong Zhang's suggestion).  This condition is only
checked under lockdep proving.

Signed-off-by: David Howells <dhowells@redhat.com>
Signed-off-by: Paul E. McKenney <paulmck@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
Cc: laijs@cn.fujitsu.com
Cc: dipankar@in.ibm.com
Cc: mathieu.desnoyers@polymtl.ca
Cc: josh@joshtriplett.org
Cc: dvhltc@us.ibm.com
Cc: niv@us.ibm.com
Cc: peterz@infradead.org
Cc: rostedt@goodmis.org
Cc: Valdis.Kletnieks@vt.edu
Cc: eric.dumazet@gmail.com
LKML-Reference: <1270852752-25278-2-git-send-email-paulmck@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
Signed-off-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu>

include/linux/rcupdate.h

index 8fe8660..9f1ddfe 100644 (file)
@@ -195,12 +195,30 @@ static inline int rcu_read_lock_sched_held(void)
 
 /**
  * rcu_dereference_check - rcu_dereference with debug checking
+ * @p: The pointer to read, prior to dereferencing
+ * @c: The conditions under which the dereference will take place
  *
- * Do an rcu_dereference(), but check that the context is correct.
- * For example, rcu_dereference_check(gp, rcu_read_lock_held()) to
- * ensure that the rcu_dereference_check() executes within an RCU
- * read-side critical section.  It is also possible to check for
- * locks being held, for example, by using lockdep_is_held().
+ * Do an rcu_dereference(), but check that the conditions under which the
+ * dereference will take place are correct.  Typically the conditions indicate
+ * the various locking conditions that should be held at that point.  The check
+ * should return true if the conditions are satisfied.
+ *
+ * For example:
+ *
+ *     bar = rcu_dereference_check(foo->bar, rcu_read_lock_held() ||
+ *                                           lockdep_is_held(&foo->lock));
+ *
+ * could be used to indicate to lockdep that foo->bar may only be dereferenced
+ * if either the RCU read lock is held, or that the lock required to replace
+ * the bar struct at foo->bar is held.
+ *
+ * Note that the list of conditions may also include indications of when a lock
+ * need not be held, for example during initialisation or destruction of the
+ * target struct:
+ *
+ *     bar = rcu_dereference_check(foo->bar, rcu_read_lock_held() ||
+ *                                           lockdep_is_held(&foo->lock) ||
+ *                                           atomic_read(&foo->usage) == 0);
  */
 #define rcu_dereference_check(p, c) \
        ({ \