KVM: VMX: Implement PCID/INVPCID for guests with EPT
Mao, Junjie [Mon, 2 Jul 2012 01:18:48 +0000 (01:18 +0000)]
This patch handles PCID/INVPCID for guests.

Process-context identifiers (PCIDs) are a facility by which a logical processor
may cache information for multiple linear-address spaces so that the processor
may retain cached information when software switches to a different linear
address space. Refer to section 4.10.1 in IA32 Intel Software Developer's Manual
Volume 3A for details.

For guests with EPT, the PCID feature is enabled and INVPCID behaves as running
natively.
For guests without EPT, the PCID feature is disabled and INVPCID triggers #UD.

Signed-off-by: Junjie Mao <junjie.mao@intel.com>
Signed-off-by: Avi Kivity <avi@redhat.com>

arch/x86/include/asm/kvm_host.h
arch/x86/include/asm/processor-flags.h
arch/x86/include/asm/vmx.h
arch/x86/kvm/cpuid.c
arch/x86/kvm/cpuid.h
arch/x86/kvm/svm.c
arch/x86/kvm/vmx.c
arch/x86/kvm/x86.c

index 24b7647..a3e9409 100644 (file)
 
 #define CR3_PAE_RESERVED_BITS ((X86_CR3_PWT | X86_CR3_PCD) - 1)
 #define CR3_NONPAE_RESERVED_BITS ((PAGE_SIZE-1) & ~(X86_CR3_PWT | X86_CR3_PCD))
+#define CR3_PCID_ENABLED_RESERVED_BITS 0xFFFFFF0000000000ULL
 #define CR3_L_MODE_RESERVED_BITS (CR3_NONPAE_RESERVED_BITS |   \
                                  0xFFFFFF0000000000ULL)
 #define CR4_RESERVED_BITS                                               \
        (~(unsigned long)(X86_CR4_VME | X86_CR4_PVI | X86_CR4_TSD | X86_CR4_DE\
                          | X86_CR4_PSE | X86_CR4_PAE | X86_CR4_MCE     \
-                         | X86_CR4_PGE | X86_CR4_PCE | X86_CR4_OSFXSR  \
+                         | X86_CR4_PGE | X86_CR4_PCE | X86_CR4_OSFXSR | X86_CR4_PCIDE \
                          | X86_CR4_OSXSAVE | X86_CR4_SMEP | X86_CR4_RDWRGSFS \
                          | X86_CR4_OSXMMEXCPT | X86_CR4_VMXE))
 
@@ -673,6 +674,7 @@ struct kvm_x86_ops {
        u64 (*get_mt_mask)(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu, gfn_t gfn, bool is_mmio);
        int (*get_lpage_level)(void);
        bool (*rdtscp_supported)(void);
+       bool (*invpcid_supported)(void);
        void (*adjust_tsc_offset)(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu, s64 adjustment, bool host);
 
        void (*set_tdp_cr3)(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu, unsigned long cr3);
index f8ab3ea..aea1d1d 100644 (file)
@@ -44,6 +44,7 @@
  */
 #define X86_CR3_PWT    0x00000008 /* Page Write Through */
 #define X86_CR3_PCD    0x00000010 /* Page Cache Disable */
+#define X86_CR3_PCID_MASK 0x00000fff /* PCID Mask */
 
 /*
  * Intel CPU features in CR4
@@ -61,6 +62,7 @@
 #define X86_CR4_OSXMMEXCPT 0x00000400 /* enable unmasked SSE exceptions */
 #define X86_CR4_VMXE   0x00002000 /* enable VMX virtualization */
 #define X86_CR4_RDWRGSFS 0x00010000 /* enable RDWRGSFS support */
+#define X86_CR4_PCIDE  0x00020000 /* enable PCID support */
 #define X86_CR4_OSXSAVE 0x00040000 /* enable xsave and xrestore */
 #define X86_CR4_SMEP   0x00100000 /* enable SMEP support */
 
index de007c2..74fcb96 100644 (file)
@@ -60,6 +60,7 @@
 #define SECONDARY_EXEC_WBINVD_EXITING          0x00000040
 #define SECONDARY_EXEC_UNRESTRICTED_GUEST      0x00000080
 #define SECONDARY_EXEC_PAUSE_LOOP_EXITING      0x00000400
+#define SECONDARY_EXEC_ENABLE_INVPCID          0x00001000
 
 
 #define PIN_BASED_EXT_INTR_MASK                 0x00000001
@@ -281,6 +282,7 @@ enum vmcs_field {
 #define EXIT_REASON_EPT_MISCONFIG       49
 #define EXIT_REASON_WBINVD             54
 #define EXIT_REASON_XSETBV             55
+#define EXIT_REASON_INVPCID            58
 
 /*
  * Interruption-information format
index 197afd5..0595f13 100644 (file)
@@ -201,6 +201,7 @@ static int do_cpuid_ent(struct kvm_cpuid_entry2 *entry, u32 function,
        unsigned f_lm = 0;
 #endif
        unsigned f_rdtscp = kvm_x86_ops->rdtscp_supported() ? F(RDTSCP) : 0;
+       unsigned f_invpcid = kvm_x86_ops->invpcid_supported() ? F(INVPCID) : 0;
 
        /* cpuid 1.edx */
        const u32 kvm_supported_word0_x86_features =
@@ -228,7 +229,7 @@ static int do_cpuid_ent(struct kvm_cpuid_entry2 *entry, u32 function,
                0 /* DS-CPL, VMX, SMX, EST */ |
                0 /* TM2 */ | F(SSSE3) | 0 /* CNXT-ID */ | 0 /* Reserved */ |
                F(FMA) | F(CX16) | 0 /* xTPR Update, PDCM */ |
-               0 /* Reserved, DCA */ | F(XMM4_1) |
+               F(PCID) | 0 /* Reserved, DCA */ | F(XMM4_1) |
                F(XMM4_2) | F(X2APIC) | F(MOVBE) | F(POPCNT) |
                0 /* Reserved*/ | F(AES) | F(XSAVE) | 0 /* OSXSAVE */ | F(AVX) |
                F(F16C) | F(RDRAND);
@@ -248,7 +249,7 @@ static int do_cpuid_ent(struct kvm_cpuid_entry2 *entry, u32 function,
        /* cpuid 7.0.ebx */
        const u32 kvm_supported_word9_x86_features =
                F(FSGSBASE) | F(BMI1) | F(HLE) | F(AVX2) | F(SMEP) |
-               F(BMI2) | F(ERMS) | F(RTM);
+               F(BMI2) | F(ERMS) | f_invpcid | F(RTM);
 
        /* all calls to cpuid_count() should be made on the same cpu */
        get_cpu();
index f449edc..a10e460 100644 (file)
@@ -52,4 +52,12 @@ static inline bool guest_cpuid_has_osvw(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu)
        return best && (best->ecx & bit(X86_FEATURE_OSVW));
 }
 
+static inline bool guest_cpuid_has_pcid(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu)
+{
+       struct kvm_cpuid_entry2 *best;
+
+       best = kvm_find_cpuid_entry(vcpu, 1, 0);
+       return best && (best->ecx & bit(X86_FEATURE_PCID));
+}
+
 #endif
index 7a41878..baead95 100644 (file)
@@ -4044,6 +4044,11 @@ static bool svm_rdtscp_supported(void)
        return false;
 }
 
+static bool svm_invpcid_supported(void)
+{
+       return false;
+}
+
 static bool svm_has_wbinvd_exit(void)
 {
        return true;
@@ -4312,6 +4317,7 @@ static struct kvm_x86_ops svm_x86_ops = {
        .cpuid_update = svm_cpuid_update,
 
        .rdtscp_supported = svm_rdtscp_supported,
+       .invpcid_supported = svm_invpcid_supported,
 
        .set_supported_cpuid = svm_set_supported_cpuid,
 
index 5c52a6d..c39b607 100644 (file)
@@ -861,6 +861,12 @@ static inline bool cpu_has_vmx_rdtscp(void)
                SECONDARY_EXEC_RDTSCP;
 }
 
+static inline bool cpu_has_vmx_invpcid(void)
+{
+       return vmcs_config.cpu_based_2nd_exec_ctrl &
+               SECONDARY_EXEC_ENABLE_INVPCID;
+}
+
 static inline bool cpu_has_virtual_nmis(void)
 {
        return vmcs_config.pin_based_exec_ctrl & PIN_BASED_VIRTUAL_NMIS;
@@ -1751,6 +1757,11 @@ static bool vmx_rdtscp_supported(void)
        return cpu_has_vmx_rdtscp();
 }
 
+static bool vmx_invpcid_supported(void)
+{
+       return cpu_has_vmx_invpcid() && enable_ept;
+}
+
 /*
  * Swap MSR entry in host/guest MSR entry array.
  */
@@ -2470,7 +2481,8 @@ static __init int setup_vmcs_config(struct vmcs_config *vmcs_conf)
                        SECONDARY_EXEC_ENABLE_EPT |
                        SECONDARY_EXEC_UNRESTRICTED_GUEST |
                        SECONDARY_EXEC_PAUSE_LOOP_EXITING |
-                       SECONDARY_EXEC_RDTSCP;
+                       SECONDARY_EXEC_RDTSCP |
+                       SECONDARY_EXEC_ENABLE_INVPCID;
                if (adjust_vmx_controls(min2, opt2,
                                        MSR_IA32_VMX_PROCBASED_CTLS2,
                                        &_cpu_based_2nd_exec_control) < 0)
@@ -3800,6 +3812,8 @@ static u32 vmx_secondary_exec_control(struct vcpu_vmx *vmx)
        if (!enable_ept) {
                exec_control &= ~SECONDARY_EXEC_ENABLE_EPT;
                enable_unrestricted_guest = 0;
+               /* Enable INVPCID for non-ept guests may cause performance regression. */
+               exec_control &= ~SECONDARY_EXEC_ENABLE_INVPCID;
        }
        if (!enable_unrestricted_guest)
                exec_control &= ~SECONDARY_EXEC_UNRESTRICTED_GUEST;
@@ -6550,6 +6564,23 @@ static void vmx_cpuid_update(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu)
                        }
                }
        }
+
+       exec_control = vmcs_read32(SECONDARY_VM_EXEC_CONTROL);
+       /* Exposing INVPCID only when PCID is exposed */
+       best = kvm_find_cpuid_entry(vcpu, 0x7, 0);
+       if (vmx_invpcid_supported() &&
+           best && (best->ecx & bit(X86_FEATURE_INVPCID)) &&
+           guest_cpuid_has_pcid(vcpu)) {
+               exec_control |= SECONDARY_EXEC_ENABLE_INVPCID;
+               vmcs_write32(SECONDARY_VM_EXEC_CONTROL,
+                            exec_control);
+       } else {
+               exec_control &= ~SECONDARY_EXEC_ENABLE_INVPCID;
+               vmcs_write32(SECONDARY_VM_EXEC_CONTROL,
+                            exec_control);
+               if (best)
+                       best->ecx &= ~bit(X86_FEATURE_INVPCID);
+       }
 }
 
 static void vmx_set_supported_cpuid(u32 func, struct kvm_cpuid_entry2 *entry)
@@ -7284,6 +7315,7 @@ static struct kvm_x86_ops vmx_x86_ops = {
        .cpuid_update = vmx_cpuid_update,
 
        .rdtscp_supported = vmx_rdtscp_supported,
+       .invpcid_supported = vmx_invpcid_supported,
 
        .set_supported_cpuid = vmx_set_supported_cpuid,
 
index ff0b487..59b5950 100644 (file)
@@ -528,6 +528,9 @@ int kvm_set_cr0(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu, unsigned long cr0)
                        return 1;
        }
 
+       if (!(cr0 & X86_CR0_PG) && kvm_read_cr4_bits(vcpu, X86_CR4_PCIDE))
+               return 1;
+
        kvm_x86_ops->set_cr0(vcpu, cr0);
 
        if ((cr0 ^ old_cr0) & X86_CR0_PG) {
@@ -604,10 +607,20 @@ int kvm_set_cr4(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu, unsigned long cr4)
                                   kvm_read_cr3(vcpu)))
                return 1;
 
+       if ((cr4 & X86_CR4_PCIDE) && !(old_cr4 & X86_CR4_PCIDE)) {
+               if (!guest_cpuid_has_pcid(vcpu))
+                       return 1;
+
+               /* PCID can not be enabled when cr3[11:0]!=000H or EFER.LMA=0 */
+               if ((kvm_read_cr3(vcpu) & X86_CR3_PCID_MASK) || !is_long_mode(vcpu))
+                       return 1;
+       }
+
        if (kvm_x86_ops->set_cr4(vcpu, cr4))
                return 1;
 
-       if ((cr4 ^ old_cr4) & pdptr_bits)
+       if (((cr4 ^ old_cr4) & pdptr_bits) ||
+           (!(cr4 & X86_CR4_PCIDE) && (old_cr4 & X86_CR4_PCIDE)))
                kvm_mmu_reset_context(vcpu);
 
        if ((cr4 ^ old_cr4) & X86_CR4_OSXSAVE)
@@ -626,8 +639,12 @@ int kvm_set_cr3(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu, unsigned long cr3)
        }
 
        if (is_long_mode(vcpu)) {
-               if (cr3 & CR3_L_MODE_RESERVED_BITS)
-                       return 1;
+               if (kvm_read_cr4(vcpu) & X86_CR4_PCIDE) {
+                       if (cr3 & CR3_PCID_ENABLED_RESERVED_BITS)
+                               return 1;
+               } else
+                       if (cr3 & CR3_L_MODE_RESERVED_BITS)
+                               return 1;
        } else {
                if (is_pae(vcpu)) {
                        if (cr3 & CR3_PAE_RESERVED_BITS)