rwsem: check counter to avoid cmpxchg calls
Davidlohr Bueso [Tue, 7 May 2013 22:39:03 +0000 (15:39 -0700)]
This patch tries to reduce the amount of cmpxchg calls in the writer
failed path by checking the counter value first before issuing the
instruction.  If ->count is not set to RWSEM_WAITING_BIAS then there is
no point wasting a cmpxchg call.

Furthermore, Michel states "I suppose it helps due to the case where
someone else steals the lock while we're trying to acquire
sem->wait_lock."

Two very different workloads and machines were used to see how this
patch improves throughput: pgbench on a quad-core laptop and aim7 on a
large 8 socket box with 80 cores.

Some results comparing Michel's fast-path write lock stealing
(tps-rwsem) on a quad-core laptop running pgbench:

  | db_size | clients  |  tps-rwsem     |   tps-patch  |
  +---------+----------+----------------+--------------+
  | 160 MB   |       1 |           6906 |         9153 | + 32.5
  | 160 MB   |       2 |          15931 |        22487 | + 41.1%
  | 160 MB   |       4 |          33021 |        32503 |
  | 160 MB   |       8 |          34626 |        34695 |
  | 160 MB   |      16 |          33098 |        34003 |
  | 160 MB   |      20 |          31343 |        31440 |
  | 160 MB   |      30 |          28961 |        28987 |
  | 160 MB   |      40 |          26902 |        26970 |
  | 160 MB   |      50 |          25760 |        25810 |
  ------------------------------------------------------
  | 1.6 GB   |       1 |           7729 |         7537 |
  | 1.6 GB   |       2 |          19009 |        23508 | + 23.7%
  | 1.6 GB   |       4 |          33185 |        32666 |
  | 1.6 GB   |       8 |          34550 |        34318 |
  | 1.6 GB   |      16 |          33079 |        32689 |
  | 1.6 GB   |      20 |          31494 |        31702 |
  | 1.6 GB   |      30 |          28535 |        28755 |
  | 1.6 GB   |      40 |          27054 |        27017 |
  | 1.6 GB   |      50 |          25591 |        25560 |
  ------------------------------------------------------
  | 7.6 GB   |       1 |           6224 |         7469 | + 20.0%
  | 7.6 GB   |       2 |          13611 |        12778 |
  | 7.6 GB   |       4 |          33108 |        32927 |
  | 7.6 GB   |       8 |          34712 |        34878 |
  | 7.6 GB   |      16 |          32895 |        33003 |
  | 7.6 GB   |      20 |          31689 |        31974 |
  | 7.6 GB   |      30 |          29003 |        28806 |
  | 7.6 GB   |      40 |          26683 |        26976 |
  | 7.6 GB   |      50 |          25925 |        25652 |
  ------------------------------------------------------

For the aim7 worloads, they overall improved on top of Michel's
patchset.  For full graphs on how the rwsem series plus this patch
behaves on a large 8 socket machine against a vanilla kernel:

  http://stgolabs.net/rwsem-aim7-results.tar.gz

Signed-off-by: Davidlohr Bueso <davidlohr.bueso@hp.com>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

lib/rwsem.c

index cf0ad2a..19c5fa9 100644 (file)
@@ -223,7 +223,9 @@ struct rw_semaphore __sched *rwsem_down_write_failed(struct rw_semaphore *sem)
                        count = RWSEM_ACTIVE_WRITE_BIAS;
                        if (!list_is_singular(&sem->wait_list))
                                count += RWSEM_WAITING_BIAS;
-                       if (cmpxchg(&sem->count, RWSEM_WAITING_BIAS, count) ==
+
+                       if (sem->count == RWSEM_WAITING_BIAS &&
+                           cmpxchg(&sem->count, RWSEM_WAITING_BIAS, count) ==
                                                        RWSEM_WAITING_BIAS)
                                break;
                }