rbtree: performance and correctness test
Michel Lespinasse [Mon, 8 Oct 2012 23:30:39 +0000 (16:30 -0700)]
This small module helps measure the performance of rbtree insert and
erase.

Additionally, we run a few correctness tests to check that the rbtrees
have all desired properties:

- contains the right number of nodes in the order desired,
- never two consecutive red nodes on any path,
- all paths to leaf nodes have the same number of black nodes,
- root node is black

[akpm@linux-foundation.org: fix printk warning: sparc64 cycles_t is unsigned long]
Signed-off-by: Michel Lespinasse <walken@google.com>
Cc: Andrea Arcangeli <aarcange@redhat.com>
Acked-by: David Woodhouse <David.Woodhouse@intel.com>
Cc: Rik van Riel <riel@redhat.com>
Cc: Peter Zijlstra <a.p.zijlstra@chello.nl>
Cc: Daniel Santos <daniel.santos@pobox.com>
Cc: Jens Axboe <axboe@kernel.dk>
Cc: "Eric W. Biederman" <ebiederm@xmission.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

lib/Kconfig.debug
lib/Makefile
lib/rbtree_test.c [new file with mode: 0644]

index b7281e4..a4e5d93 100644 (file)
@@ -1282,6 +1282,13 @@ config LATENCYTOP
 source mm/Kconfig.debug
 source kernel/trace/Kconfig
 
+config RBTREE_TEST
+       tristate "Red-Black tree test"
+       depends on m && DEBUG_KERNEL
+       help
+         A benchmark measuring the performance of the rbtree library.
+         Also includes rbtree invariant checks.
+
 config PROVIDE_OHCI1394_DMA_INIT
        bool "Remote debugging over FireWire early on boot"
        depends on PCI && X86
index 42d283e..f49445d 100644 (file)
@@ -140,6 +140,8 @@ $(foreach file, $(libfdt_files), \
        $(eval CFLAGS_$(file) = -I$(src)/../scripts/dtc/libfdt))
 lib-$(CONFIG_LIBFDT) += $(libfdt_files)
 
+obj-$(CONFIG_RBTREE_TEST) += rbtree_test.o
+
 hostprogs-y    := gen_crc32table
 clean-files    := crc32table.h
 
diff --git a/lib/rbtree_test.c b/lib/rbtree_test.c
new file mode 100644 (file)
index 0000000..19dfca9
--- /dev/null
@@ -0,0 +1,135 @@
+#include <linux/module.h>
+#include <linux/rbtree.h>
+#include <linux/random.h>
+#include <asm/timex.h>
+
+#define NODES       100
+#define PERF_LOOPS  100000
+#define CHECK_LOOPS 100
+
+struct test_node {
+       struct rb_node rb;
+       u32 key;
+};
+
+static struct rb_root root = RB_ROOT;
+static struct test_node nodes[NODES];
+
+static struct rnd_state rnd;
+
+static void insert(struct test_node *node, struct rb_root *root)
+{
+       struct rb_node **new = &root->rb_node, *parent = NULL;
+
+       while (*new) {
+               parent = *new;
+               if (node->key < rb_entry(parent, struct test_node, rb)->key)
+                       new = &parent->rb_left;
+               else
+                       new = &parent->rb_right;
+       }
+
+       rb_link_node(&node->rb, parent, new);
+       rb_insert_color(&node->rb, root);
+}
+
+static inline void erase(struct test_node *node, struct rb_root *root)
+{
+       rb_erase(&node->rb, root);
+}
+
+static void init(void)
+{
+       int i;
+       for (i = 0; i < NODES; i++)
+               nodes[i].key = prandom32(&rnd);
+}
+
+static bool is_red(struct rb_node *rb)
+{
+       return !(rb->__rb_parent_color & 1);
+}
+
+static int black_path_count(struct rb_node *rb)
+{
+       int count;
+       for (count = 0; rb; rb = rb_parent(rb))
+               count += !is_red(rb);
+       return count;
+}
+
+static void check(int nr_nodes)
+{
+       struct rb_node *rb;
+       int count = 0;
+       int blacks;
+       u32 prev_key = 0;
+
+       for (rb = rb_first(&root); rb; rb = rb_next(rb)) {
+               struct test_node *node = rb_entry(rb, struct test_node, rb);
+               WARN_ON_ONCE(node->key < prev_key);
+               WARN_ON_ONCE(is_red(rb) &&
+                            (!rb_parent(rb) || is_red(rb_parent(rb))));
+               if (!count)
+                       blacks = black_path_count(rb);
+               else
+                       WARN_ON_ONCE((!rb->rb_left || !rb->rb_right) &&
+                                    blacks != black_path_count(rb));
+               prev_key = node->key;
+               count++;
+       }
+       WARN_ON_ONCE(count != nr_nodes);
+}
+
+static int rbtree_test_init(void)
+{
+       int i, j;
+       cycles_t time1, time2, time;
+
+       printk(KERN_ALERT "rbtree testing");
+
+       prandom32_seed(&rnd, 3141592653589793238);
+       init();
+
+       time1 = get_cycles();
+
+       for (i = 0; i < PERF_LOOPS; i++) {
+               for (j = 0; j < NODES; j++)
+                       insert(nodes + j, &root);
+               for (j = 0; j < NODES; j++)
+                       erase(nodes + j, &root);
+       }
+
+       time2 = get_cycles();
+       time = time2 - time1;
+
+       time = div_u64(time, PERF_LOOPS);
+       printk(" -> %llu cycles\n", (unsigned long long)time);
+
+       for (i = 0; i < CHECK_LOOPS; i++) {
+               init();
+               for (j = 0; j < NODES; j++) {
+                       check(j);
+                       insert(nodes + j, &root);
+               }
+               for (j = 0; j < NODES; j++) {
+                       check(NODES - j);
+                       erase(nodes + j, &root);
+               }
+               check(0);
+       }
+
+       return -EAGAIN; /* Fail will directly unload the module */
+}
+
+static void rbtree_test_exit(void)
+{
+       printk(KERN_ALERT "test exit\n");
+}
+
+module_init(rbtree_test_init)
+module_exit(rbtree_test_exit)
+
+MODULE_LICENSE("GPL");
+MODULE_AUTHOR("Michel Lespinasse");
+MODULE_DESCRIPTION("Red Black Tree test");