mm: remove compressed copy from zram in-memory
Minchan Kim [Wed, 3 Jul 2013 22:01:24 +0000 (15:01 -0700)]
Swap subsystem does lazy swap slot free with expecting the page would be
swapped out again so we can avoid unnecessary write.

But the problem in in-memory swap(ex, zram) is that it consumes memory
space until vm_swap_full(ie, used half of all of swap device) condition
meet.  It could be bad if we use multiple swap device, small in-memory
swap and big storage swap or in-memory swap alone.

This patch makes swap subsystem free swap slot as soon as swap-read is
completed and make the swapcache page dirty so the page should be
written out the swap device to reclaim it.  It means we never lose it.

I tested this patch with kernel compile workload.

1. before

   compile time : 9882.42
   zram max wasted space by fragmentation: 13471881 byte
   memory space consumed by zram: 174227456 byte
   the number of slot free notify: 206684

2. after

   compile time : 9653.90
   zram max wasted space by fragmentation: 11805932 byte
   memory space consumed by zram: 154001408 byte
   the number of slot free notify: 426972

[akpm@linux-foundation.org: tweak comment text]
[artem.savkov@gmail.com: fix BUG due to non-swapcache pages in end_swap_bio_read()]
[akpm@linux-foundation.org: invert unlikely() test, augment comment, 80-col cleanup]
Signed-off-by: Dan Magenheimer <dan.magenheimer@oracle.com>
Signed-off-by: Minchan Kim <minchan@kernel.org>
Signed-off-by: Artem Savkov <artem.savkov@gmail.com>
Cc: Hugh Dickins <hughd@google.com>
Cc: Seth Jennings <sjenning@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
Cc: Nitin Gupta <ngupta@vflare.org>
Cc: Konrad Rzeszutek Wilk <konrad@darnok.org>
Cc: Shaohua Li <shli@kernel.org>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

mm/page_io.c

index a8a3ef4..ba05b64 100644 (file)
@@ -21,6 +21,7 @@
 #include <linux/writeback.h>
 #include <linux/frontswap.h>
 #include <linux/aio.h>
+#include <linux/blkdev.h>
 #include <asm/pgtable.h>
 
 static struct bio *get_swap_bio(gfp_t gfp_flags,
@@ -80,9 +81,54 @@ void end_swap_bio_read(struct bio *bio, int err)
                                imajor(bio->bi_bdev->bd_inode),
                                iminor(bio->bi_bdev->bd_inode),
                                (unsigned long long)bio->bi_sector);
-       } else {
-               SetPageUptodate(page);
+               goto out;
        }
+
+       SetPageUptodate(page);
+
+       /*
+        * There is no guarantee that the page is in swap cache - the software
+        * suspend code (at least) uses end_swap_bio_read() against a non-
+        * swapcache page.  So we must check PG_swapcache before proceeding with
+        * this optimization.
+        */
+       if (likely(PageSwapCache(page))) {
+               struct swap_info_struct *sis;
+
+               sis = page_swap_info(page);
+               if (sis->flags & SWP_BLKDEV) {
+                       /*
+                        * The swap subsystem performs lazy swap slot freeing,
+                        * expecting that the page will be swapped out again.
+                        * So we can avoid an unnecessary write if the page
+                        * isn't redirtied.
+                        * This is good for real swap storage because we can
+                        * reduce unnecessary I/O and enhance wear-leveling
+                        * if an SSD is used as the as swap device.
+                        * But if in-memory swap device (eg zram) is used,
+                        * this causes a duplicated copy between uncompressed
+                        * data in VM-owned memory and compressed data in
+                        * zram-owned memory.  So let's free zram-owned memory
+                        * and make the VM-owned decompressed page *dirty*,
+                        * so the page should be swapped out somewhere again if
+                        * we again wish to reclaim it.
+                        */
+                       struct gendisk *disk = sis->bdev->bd_disk;
+                       if (disk->fops->swap_slot_free_notify) {
+                               swp_entry_t entry;
+                               unsigned long offset;
+
+                               entry.val = page_private(page);
+                               offset = swp_offset(entry);
+
+                               SetPageDirty(page);
+                               disk->fops->swap_slot_free_notify(sis->bdev,
+                                               offset);
+                       }
+               }
+       }
+
+out:
        unlock_page(page);
        bio_put(bio);
 }