mm: show migration types in show_mem
Rabin Vincent [Wed, 12 Dec 2012 00:00:24 +0000 (16:00 -0800)]
This is useful to diagnose the reason for page allocation failure for
cases where there appear to be several free pages.

Example, with this alloc_pages(GFP_ATOMIC) failure:

 swapper/0: page allocation failure: order:0, mode:0x0
 ...
 Mem-info:
 Normal per-cpu:
 CPU    0: hi:   90, btch:  15 usd:  48
 CPU    1: hi:   90, btch:  15 usd:  21
 active_anon:0 inactive_anon:0 isolated_anon:0
  active_file:0 inactive_file:84 isolated_file:0
  unevictable:0 dirty:0 writeback:0 unstable:0
  free:4026 slab_reclaimable:75 slab_unreclaimable:484
  mapped:0 shmem:0 pagetables:0 bounce:0
 Normal free:16104kB min:2296kB low:2868kB high:3444kB active_anon:0kB
 inactive_anon:0kB active_file:0kB inactive_file:336kB unevictable:0kB
 isolated(anon):0kB isolated(file):0kB present:331776kB mlocked:0kB
 dirty:0kB writeback:0kB mapped:0kB shmem:0kB slab_reclaimable:300kB
 slab_unreclaimable:1936kB kernel_stack:328kB pagetables:0kB unstable:0kB
 bounce:0kB writeback_tmp:0kB pages_scanned:0 all_unreclaimable? no
 lowmem_reserve[]: 0 0

Before the patch, it's hard (for me, at least) to say why all these free
chunks weren't considered for allocation:

 Normal: 0*4kB 0*8kB 0*16kB 0*32kB 0*64kB 0*128kB 1*256kB 1*512kB
 1*1024kB 1*2048kB 3*4096kB = 16128kB

After the patch, it's obvious that the reason is that all of these are
in the MIGRATE_CMA (C) freelist:

 Normal: 0*4kB 0*8kB 0*16kB 0*32kB 0*64kB 0*128kB 1*256kB (C) 1*512kB
 (C) 1*1024kB (C) 1*2048kB (C) 3*4096kB (C) = 16128kB

Signed-off-by: Rabin Vincent <rabin.vincent@stericsson.com>
Cc: Mel Gorman <mel@csn.ul.ie>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

mm/page_alloc.c

index 7e208f0..dc018b4 100644 (file)
@@ -2877,6 +2877,31 @@ out:
 
 #define K(x) ((x) << (PAGE_SHIFT-10))
 
+static void show_migration_types(unsigned char type)
+{
+       static const char types[MIGRATE_TYPES] = {
+               [MIGRATE_UNMOVABLE]     = 'U',
+               [MIGRATE_RECLAIMABLE]   = 'E',
+               [MIGRATE_MOVABLE]       = 'M',
+               [MIGRATE_RESERVE]       = 'R',
+#ifdef CONFIG_CMA
+               [MIGRATE_CMA]           = 'C',
+#endif
+               [MIGRATE_ISOLATE]       = 'I',
+       };
+       char tmp[MIGRATE_TYPES + 1];
+       char *p = tmp;
+       int i;
+
+       for (i = 0; i < MIGRATE_TYPES; i++) {
+               if (type & (1 << i))
+                       *p++ = types[i];
+       }
+
+       *p = '\0';
+       printk("(%s) ", tmp);
+}
+
 /*
  * Show free area list (used inside shift_scroll-lock stuff)
  * We also calculate the percentage fragmentation. We do this by counting the
@@ -3005,6 +3030,7 @@ void show_free_areas(unsigned int filter)
 
        for_each_populated_zone(zone) {
                unsigned long nr[MAX_ORDER], flags, order, total = 0;
+               unsigned char types[MAX_ORDER];
 
                if (skip_free_areas_node(filter, zone_to_nid(zone)))
                        continue;
@@ -3013,12 +3039,24 @@ void show_free_areas(unsigned int filter)
 
                spin_lock_irqsave(&zone->lock, flags);
                for (order = 0; order < MAX_ORDER; order++) {
-                       nr[order] = zone->free_area[order].nr_free;
+                       struct free_area *area = &zone->free_area[order];
+                       int type;
+
+                       nr[order] = area->nr_free;
                        total += nr[order] << order;
+
+                       types[order] = 0;
+                       for (type = 0; type < MIGRATE_TYPES; type++) {
+                               if (!list_empty(&area->free_list[type]))
+                                       types[order] |= 1 << type;
+                       }
                }
                spin_unlock_irqrestore(&zone->lock, flags);
-               for (order = 0; order < MAX_ORDER; order++)
+               for (order = 0; order < MAX_ORDER; order++) {
                        printk("%lu*%lukB ", nr[order], K(1UL) << order);
+                       if (nr[order])
+                               show_migration_types(types[order]);
+               }
                printk("= %lukB\n", K(total));
        }