USB: serial: reimplement generic fifo-based writes
Johan Hovold [Wed, 5 May 2010 21:57:37 +0000 (23:57 +0200)]
Reimplement fifo-based writes in the generic driver using a multiple
pre-allocated urb scheme.

In contrast to multi-urb writes, no allocations (of urbs or buffers) are
made during run-time and there is less pressure on the host stack
queues as currently only two urbs are used (implementation is generic
and can handle more than two urbs as well, though).

Initial tests using ftdi_sio show that the implementation achieves the
same (maximum) throughput at high baudrates as multi-urb writes. The CPU
usage is much lower than for multi-urb writes for small write requests
and only slightly higher for large (e.g. 2k) requests (due to extra copy
via fifo?).

Also outperforms multi-urb writes for small write requests on an
embedded arm-9 system, where multi-urb writes are CPU-bound at high
baudrates (perf reveals that a lot of time is spent in the host stack
enqueue function -- could perhaps be a bug as well).

Keeping the original write_urb, buffer and flag for now as there are
other drivers depending on them.

Signed-off-by: Johan Hovold <jhovold@gmail.com>
Signed-off-by: Greg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@suse.de>

drivers/usb/serial/generic.c
drivers/usb/serial/usb-serial.c
include/linux/usb/serial.h

index 1a134f9..3ae1784 100644 (file)
@@ -1,6 +1,7 @@
 /*
  * USB Serial Converter Generic functions
  *
+ * Copyright (C) 2010 Johan Hovold (jhovold@gmail.com)
  * Copyright (C) 1999 - 2002 Greg Kroah-Hartman (greg@kroah.com)
  *
  *     This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or
@@ -143,6 +144,7 @@ static void generic_cleanup(struct usb_serial_port *port)
 {
        struct usb_serial *serial = port->serial;
        unsigned long flags;
+       int i;
 
        dbg("%s - port %d", __func__, port->number);
 
@@ -150,6 +152,8 @@ static void generic_cleanup(struct usb_serial_port *port)
                /* shutdown any bulk transfers that might be going on */
                if (port->bulk_out_size) {
                        usb_kill_urb(port->write_urb);
+                       for (i = 0; i < ARRAY_SIZE(port->write_urbs); ++i)
+                               usb_kill_urb(port->write_urbs[i]);
 
                        spin_lock_irqsave(&port->lock, flags);
                        kfifo_reset_out(&port->write_fifo);
@@ -258,46 +262,56 @@ err_urb:
  * usb_serial_generic_write_start - kick off an URB write
  * @port:      Pointer to the &struct usb_serial_port data
  *
- * Returns the number of bytes queued on success. This will be zero if there
- * was nothing to send. Otherwise, it returns a negative errno value
+ * Returns zero on success, or a negative errno value
  */
 static int usb_serial_generic_write_start(struct usb_serial_port *port)
 {
-       int result;
-       int count;
+       struct urb *urb;
+       int count, result;
        unsigned long flags;
+       int i;
 
+       if (test_and_set_bit_lock(USB_SERIAL_WRITE_BUSY, &port->flags))
+               return 0;
+retry:
        spin_lock_irqsave(&port->lock, flags);
-       if (port->write_urb_busy || !kfifo_len(&port->write_fifo)) {
+       if (!port->write_urbs_free || !kfifo_len(&port->write_fifo)) {
+               clear_bit_unlock(USB_SERIAL_WRITE_BUSY, &port->flags);
                spin_unlock_irqrestore(&port->lock, flags);
                return 0;
        }
-       port->write_urb_busy = 1;
+       i = (int)find_first_bit(&port->write_urbs_free,
+                                               ARRAY_SIZE(port->write_urbs));
        spin_unlock_irqrestore(&port->lock, flags);
 
+       urb = port->write_urbs[i];
        count = port->serial->type->prepare_write_buffer(port,
-                                       &port->write_urb->transfer_buffer,
-                                       port->bulk_out_size, NULL, 0);
-       usb_serial_debug_data(debug, &port->dev, __func__,
-                               count, port->write_urb->transfer_buffer);
-       port->write_urb->transfer_buffer_length = count;
-
-       /* send the data out the bulk port */
-       result = usb_submit_urb(port->write_urb, GFP_ATOMIC);
+                                               &urb->transfer_buffer,
+                                               port->bulk_out_size, NULL, 0);
+       urb->transfer_buffer_length = count;
+       usb_serial_debug_data(debug, &port->dev, __func__, count,
+                                               urb->transfer_buffer);
+       result = usb_submit_urb(urb, GFP_ATOMIC);
        if (result) {
                dev_err(&port->dev, "%s - error submitting urb: %d\n",
                                                __func__, result);
-               /* don't have to grab the lock here, as we will
-                  retry if != 0 */
-               port->write_urb_busy = 0;
+               clear_bit_unlock(USB_SERIAL_WRITE_BUSY, &port->flags);
                return result;
        }
+       clear_bit(i, &port->write_urbs_free);
 
        spin_lock_irqsave(&port->lock, flags);
        port->tx_bytes += count;
        spin_unlock_irqrestore(&port->lock, flags);
 
-       return count;
+       /* Try sending off another urb, unless in irq context (in which case
+        * there will be no free urb). */
+       if (!in_irq())
+               goto retry;
+
+       clear_bit_unlock(USB_SERIAL_WRITE_BUSY, &port->flags);
+
+       return 0;
 }
 
 /**
@@ -461,6 +475,7 @@ void usb_serial_generic_write_bulk_callback(struct urb *urb)
        unsigned long flags;
        struct usb_serial_port *port = urb->context;
        int status = urb->status;
+       int i;
 
        dbg("%s - port %d", __func__, port->number);
 
@@ -472,9 +487,13 @@ void usb_serial_generic_write_bulk_callback(struct urb *urb)
                port->tx_urbs--;
                spin_unlock_irqrestore(&port->lock, flags);
        } else {
+               for (i = 0; i < ARRAY_SIZE(port->write_urbs); ++i)
+                       if (port->write_urbs[i] == urb)
+                               break;
+
                spin_lock_irqsave(&port->lock, flags);
                port->tx_bytes -= urb->transfer_buffer_length;
-               port->write_urb_busy = 0;
+               set_bit(i, &port->write_urbs_free);
                spin_unlock_irqrestore(&port->lock, flags);
 
                if (status) {
@@ -576,7 +595,7 @@ int usb_serial_generic_resume(struct usb_serial *serial)
                                c++;
                }
 
-               if (port->write_urb) {
+               if (port->bulk_out_size) {
                        r = usb_serial_generic_write_start(port);
                        if (r < 0)
                                c++;
index 8249fd8..941c2d4 100644 (file)
@@ -548,8 +548,12 @@ static void usb_serial_port_work(struct work_struct *work)
 
 static void kill_traffic(struct usb_serial_port *port)
 {
+       int i;
+
        usb_kill_urb(port->read_urb);
        usb_kill_urb(port->write_urb);
+       for (i = 0; i < ARRAY_SIZE(port->write_urbs); ++i)
+               usb_kill_urb(port->write_urbs[i]);
        /*
         * This is tricky.
         * Some drivers submit the read_urb in the
@@ -568,6 +572,7 @@ static void kill_traffic(struct usb_serial_port *port)
 static void port_release(struct device *dev)
 {
        struct usb_serial_port *port = to_usb_serial_port(dev);
+       int i;
 
        dbg ("%s - %s", __func__, dev_name(dev));
 
@@ -582,6 +587,10 @@ static void port_release(struct device *dev)
        usb_free_urb(port->write_urb);
        usb_free_urb(port->interrupt_in_urb);
        usb_free_urb(port->interrupt_out_urb);
+       for (i = 0; i < ARRAY_SIZE(port->write_urbs); ++i) {
+               usb_free_urb(port->write_urbs[i]);
+               kfree(port->bulk_out_buffers[i]);
+       }
        kfifo_free(&port->write_fifo);
        kfree(port->bulk_in_buffer);
        kfree(port->bulk_out_buffer);
@@ -920,6 +929,8 @@ int usb_serial_probe(struct usb_interface *interface,
        }
 
        for (i = 0; i < num_bulk_out; ++i) {
+               int j;
+
                endpoint = bulk_out_endpoint[i];
                port = serial->port[i];
                port->write_urb = usb_alloc_urb(0, GFP_KERNEL);
@@ -945,6 +956,28 @@ int usb_serial_probe(struct usb_interface *interface,
                                        endpoint->bEndpointAddress),
                                port->bulk_out_buffer, buffer_size,
                                serial->type->write_bulk_callback, port);
+               for (j = 0; j < ARRAY_SIZE(port->write_urbs); ++j) {
+                       set_bit(j, &port->write_urbs_free);
+                       port->write_urbs[j] = usb_alloc_urb(0, GFP_KERNEL);
+                       if (!port->write_urbs[j]) {
+                               dev_err(&interface->dev,
+                                               "No free urbs available\n");
+                               goto probe_error;
+                       }
+                       port->bulk_out_buffers[j] = kmalloc(buffer_size,
+                                                               GFP_KERNEL);
+                       if (!port->bulk_out_buffers[j]) {
+                               dev_err(&interface->dev,
+                                       "Couldn't allocate bulk_out_buffer\n");
+                               goto probe_error;
+                       }
+                       usb_fill_bulk_urb(port->write_urbs[j], dev,
+                                       usb_sndbulkpipe(dev,
+                                               endpoint->bEndpointAddress),
+                                       port->bulk_out_buffers[j], buffer_size,
+                                       serial->type->write_bulk_callback,
+                                       port);
+               }
        }
 
        if (serial->type->read_int_callback) {
index a4c99ea..70b6d6b 100644 (file)
@@ -35,6 +35,9 @@ enum port_dev_state {
        PORT_UNREGISTERING,
 };
 
+/* USB serial flags */
+#define USB_SERIAL_WRITE_BUSY  0
+
 /**
  * usb_serial_port: structure for the specific ports of a device.
  * @serial: pointer back to the struct usb_serial owner of this port.
@@ -60,10 +63,14 @@ enum port_dev_state {
  * @write_urb: pointer to the bulk out struct urb for this port.
  * @write_fifo: kfifo used to buffer outgoing data
  * @write_urb_busy: port`s writing status
+ * @bulk_out_buffers: pointers to the bulk out buffers for this port
+ * @write_urbs: pointers to the bulk out urbs for this port
+ * @write_urbs_free: status bitmap the for bulk out urbs
  * @tx_bytes: number of bytes currently in host stack queues
  * @tx_urbs: number of urbs currently in host stack queues
  * @bulk_out_endpointAddress: endpoint address for the bulk out pipe for this
  *     port.
+ * @flags: usb serial port flags
  * @write_wait: a wait_queue_head_t used by the port.
  * @work: work queue entry for the line discipline waking up.
  * @throttled: nonzero if the read urb is inactive to throttle the device
@@ -98,11 +105,16 @@ struct usb_serial_port {
        struct urb              *write_urb;
        struct kfifo            write_fifo;
        int                     write_urb_busy;
+
+       unsigned char           *bulk_out_buffers[2];
+       struct urb              *write_urbs[2];
+       unsigned long           write_urbs_free;
        __u8                    bulk_out_endpointAddress;
 
        int                     tx_bytes;
        int                     tx_urbs;
 
+       unsigned long           flags;
        wait_queue_head_t       write_wait;
        struct work_struct      work;
        char                    throttled;