irq: Force hardirq exit's softirq processing on its own stack
authorFrederic Weisbecker <>
Mon, 23 Sep 2013 22:50:25 +0000 (00:50 +0200)
committerGreg Kroah-Hartman <>
Sun, 13 Oct 2013 23:08:34 +0000 (16:08 -0700)
irq: Force hardirq exit's softirq processing on its own stack

commit ded797547548a5b8e7b92383a41e4c0e6b0ecb7f upstream.

The commit facd8b80c67a3cf64a467c4a2ac5fb31f2e6745b
("irq: Sanitize invoke_softirq") converted irq exit
calls of do_softirq() to __do_softirq() on all architectures,
assuming it was only used there for its irq disablement

But as a side effect, the softirqs processed in the end
of the hardirq are always called on the inline current
stack that is used by irq_exit() instead of the softirq
stack provided by the archs that override do_softirq().

The result is mostly safe if the architecture runs irq_exit()
on a separate irq stack because then softirqs are processed
on that same stack that is near empty at this stage (assuming
hardirq aren't nesting).

Otherwise irq_exit() runs in the task stack and so does the softirq
too. The interrupted call stack can be randomly deep already and
the softirq can dig through it even further. To add insult to the
injury, this softirq can be interrupted by a new hardirq, maximizing
the chances for a stack overrun as reported in powerpc for example:

do_IRQ: stack overflow: 1920
CPU: 0 PID: 1602 Comm: qemu-system-ppc Not tainted 3.10.4-300.1.fc19.ppc64p7 #1
Call Trace:
[c0000000050a8740] .show_stack+0x130/0x200 (unreliable)
[c0000000050a8810] .dump_stack+0x28/0x3c
[c0000000050a8880] .do_IRQ+0x2b8/0x2c0
[c0000000050a8930] hardware_interrupt_common+0x154/0x180
--- Exception: 501 at .cp_start_xmit+0x3a4/0x820 [8139cp]
LR = .cp_start_xmit+0x390/0x820 [8139cp]
[c0000000050a8d40] .dev_hard_start_xmit+0x394/0x640
[c0000000050a8e00] .sch_direct_xmit+0x110/0x260
[c0000000050a8ea0] .dev_queue_xmit+0x260/0x630
[c0000000050a8f40] .br_dev_queue_push_xmit+0xc4/0x130 [bridge]
[c0000000050a8fc0] .br_dev_xmit+0x198/0x270 [bridge]
[c0000000050a9070] .dev_hard_start_xmit+0x394/0x640
[c0000000050a9130] .dev_queue_xmit+0x428/0x630
[c0000000050a91d0] .ip_finish_output+0x2a4/0x550
[c0000000050a9290] .ip_local_out+0x50/0x70
[c0000000050a9310] .ip_queue_xmit+0x148/0x420
[c0000000050a93b0] .tcp_transmit_skb+0x4e4/0xaf0
[c0000000050a94a0] .__tcp_ack_snd_check+0x7c/0xf0
[c0000000050a9520] .tcp_rcv_established+0x1e8/0x930
[c0000000050a95f0] .tcp_v4_do_rcv+0x21c/0x570
[c0000000050a96c0] .tcp_v4_rcv+0x734/0x930
[c0000000050a97a0] .ip_local_deliver_finish+0x184/0x360
[c0000000050a9840] .ip_rcv_finish+0x148/0x400
[c0000000050a98d0] .__netif_receive_skb_core+0x4f8/0xb00
[c0000000050a99d0] .netif_receive_skb+0x44/0x110
[c0000000050a9a70] .br_handle_frame_finish+0x2bc/0x3f0 [bridge]
[c0000000050a9b20] .br_nf_pre_routing_finish+0x2ac/0x420 [bridge]
[c0000000050a9bd0] .br_nf_pre_routing+0x4dc/0x7d0 [bridge]
[c0000000050a9c70] .nf_iterate+0x114/0x130
[c0000000050a9d30] .nf_hook_slow+0xb4/0x1e0
[c0000000050a9e00] .br_handle_frame+0x290/0x330 [bridge]
[c0000000050a9ea0] .__netif_receive_skb_core+0x34c/0xb00
[c0000000050a9fa0] .netif_receive_skb+0x44/0x110
[c0000000050aa040] .napi_gro_receive+0xe8/0x120
[c0000000050aa0c0] .cp_rx_poll+0x31c/0x590 [8139cp]
[c0000000050aa1d0] .net_rx_action+0x1dc/0x310
[c0000000050aa2b0] .__do_softirq+0x158/0x330
[c0000000050aa3b0] .irq_exit+0xc8/0x110
[c0000000050aa430] .do_IRQ+0xdc/0x2c0
[c0000000050aa4e0] hardware_interrupt_common+0x154/0x180
 --- Exception: 501 at .bad_range+0x1c/0x110
 LR = .get_page_from_freelist+0x908/0xbb0
[c0000000050aa7d0] .list_del+0x18/0x50 (unreliable)
[c0000000050aa850] .get_page_from_freelist+0x908/0xbb0
[c0000000050aa9e0] .__alloc_pages_nodemask+0x21c/0xae0
[c0000000050aaba0] .alloc_pages_vma+0xd0/0x210
[c0000000050aac60] .handle_pte_fault+0x814/0xb70
[c0000000050aad50] .__get_user_pages+0x1a4/0x640
[c0000000050aae60] .get_user_pages_fast+0xec/0x160
[c0000000050aaf10] .__gfn_to_pfn_memslot+0x3b0/0x430 [kvm]
[c0000000050aafd0] .kvmppc_gfn_to_pfn+0x64/0x130 [kvm]
[c0000000050ab070] .kvmppc_mmu_map_page+0x94/0x530 [kvm]
[c0000000050ab190] .kvmppc_handle_pagefault+0x174/0x610 [kvm]
[c0000000050ab270] .kvmppc_handle_exit_pr+0x464/0x9b0 [kvm]
[c0000000050ab320]  kvm_start_lightweight+0x1ec/0x1fc [kvm]
[c0000000050ab4f0] .kvmppc_vcpu_run_pr+0x168/0x3b0 [kvm]
[c0000000050ab9c0] .kvmppc_vcpu_run+0xc8/0xf0 [kvm]
[c0000000050aba50] .kvm_arch_vcpu_ioctl_run+0x5c/0x1a0 [kvm]
[c0000000050abae0] .kvm_vcpu_ioctl+0x478/0x730 [kvm]
[c0000000050abc90] .do_vfs_ioctl+0x4ec/0x7c0
[c0000000050abd80] .SyS_ioctl+0xd4/0xf0
[c0000000050abe30] syscall_exit+0x0/0x98

Since this is a regression, this patch proposes a minimalistic
and low-risk solution by blindly forcing the hardirq exit processing of
softirqs on the softirq stack. This way we should reduce significantly
the opportunities for task stack overflow dug by softirqs.

Longer term solutions may involve extending the hardirq stack coverage to
irq_exit(), etc...

Reported-by: Benjamin Herrenschmidt <>
Acked-by: Linus Torvalds <>
Signed-off-by: Frederic Weisbecker <>
Cc: Benjamin Herrenschmidt <>
Cc: Paul Mackerras <>
Cc: Ingo Molnar <>
Cc: Thomas Gleixner <>
Cc: Peter Zijlstra <>
Cc: H. Peter Anvin <>
Cc: Linus Torvalds <>
Cc: Paul Mackerras <>
Cc: James Hogan <>
Cc: James E.J. Bottomley <>
Cc: Helge Deller <>
Cc: Martin Schwidefsky <>
Cc: Heiko Carstens <>
Cc: David S. Miller <>
Cc: Andrew Morton <>
Signed-off-by: Greg Kroah-Hartman <>