[ALSA] dynamic minors (3/6): store device-specific object pointers dynamically
[linux-3.10.git] / sound / core / pcm_native.c
1 /*
2  *  Digital Audio (PCM) abstract layer
3  *  Copyright (c) by Jaroslav Kysela <perex@suse.cz>
4  *
5  *
6  *   This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
7  *   it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
8  *   the Free Software Foundation; either version 2 of the License, or
9  *   (at your option) any later version.
10  *
11  *   This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
12  *   but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
13  *   MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the
14  *   GNU General Public License for more details.
15  *
16  *   You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
17  *   along with this program; if not, write to the Free Software
18  *   Foundation, Inc., 59 Temple Place, Suite 330, Boston, MA  02111-1307 USA
19  *
20  */
21
22 #include <sound/driver.h>
23 #include <linux/mm.h>
24 #include <linux/smp_lock.h>
25 #include <linux/file.h>
26 #include <linux/slab.h>
27 #include <linux/time.h>
28 #include <linux/uio.h>
29 #include <sound/core.h>
30 #include <sound/control.h>
31 #include <sound/info.h>
32 #include <sound/pcm.h>
33 #include <sound/pcm_params.h>
34 #include <sound/timer.h>
35 #include <sound/minors.h>
36 #include <asm/io.h>
37
38 /*
39  *  Compatibility
40  */
41
42 struct snd_pcm_hw_params_old {
43         unsigned int flags;
44         unsigned int masks[SNDRV_PCM_HW_PARAM_SUBFORMAT -
45                            SNDRV_PCM_HW_PARAM_ACCESS + 1];
46         struct snd_interval intervals[SNDRV_PCM_HW_PARAM_TICK_TIME -
47                                         SNDRV_PCM_HW_PARAM_SAMPLE_BITS + 1];
48         unsigned int rmask;
49         unsigned int cmask;
50         unsigned int info;
51         unsigned int msbits;
52         unsigned int rate_num;
53         unsigned int rate_den;
54         snd_pcm_uframes_t fifo_size;
55         unsigned char reserved[64];
56 };
57
58 #define SNDRV_PCM_IOCTL_HW_REFINE_OLD _IOWR('A', 0x10, struct snd_pcm_hw_params_old)
59 #define SNDRV_PCM_IOCTL_HW_PARAMS_OLD _IOWR('A', 0x11, struct snd_pcm_hw_params_old)
60
61 static int snd_pcm_hw_refine_old_user(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream,
62                                       struct snd_pcm_hw_params_old __user * _oparams);
63 static int snd_pcm_hw_params_old_user(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream,
64                                       struct snd_pcm_hw_params_old __user * _oparams);
65 static int snd_pcm_open(struct file *file, struct snd_pcm *pcm, int stream);
66
67 /*
68  *
69  */
70
71 DEFINE_RWLOCK(snd_pcm_link_rwlock);
72 static DECLARE_RWSEM(snd_pcm_link_rwsem);
73
74
75 static inline mm_segment_t snd_enter_user(void)
76 {
77         mm_segment_t fs = get_fs();
78         set_fs(get_ds());
79         return fs;
80 }
81
82 static inline void snd_leave_user(mm_segment_t fs)
83 {
84         set_fs(fs);
85 }
86
87
88
89 int snd_pcm_info(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream, struct snd_pcm_info *info)
90 {
91         struct snd_pcm_runtime *runtime;
92         struct snd_pcm *pcm = substream->pcm;
93         struct snd_pcm_str *pstr = substream->pstr;
94
95         snd_assert(substream != NULL, return -ENXIO);
96         memset(info, 0, sizeof(*info));
97         info->card = pcm->card->number;
98         info->device = pcm->device;
99         info->stream = substream->stream;
100         info->subdevice = substream->number;
101         strlcpy(info->id, pcm->id, sizeof(info->id));
102         strlcpy(info->name, pcm->name, sizeof(info->name));
103         info->dev_class = pcm->dev_class;
104         info->dev_subclass = pcm->dev_subclass;
105         info->subdevices_count = pstr->substream_count;
106         info->subdevices_avail = pstr->substream_count - pstr->substream_opened;
107         strlcpy(info->subname, substream->name, sizeof(info->subname));
108         runtime = substream->runtime;
109         /* AB: FIXME!!! This is definitely nonsense */
110         if (runtime) {
111                 info->sync = runtime->sync;
112                 substream->ops->ioctl(substream, SNDRV_PCM_IOCTL1_INFO, info);
113         }
114         return 0;
115 }
116
117 int snd_pcm_info_user(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream,
118                       struct snd_pcm_info __user * _info)
119 {
120         struct snd_pcm_info *info;
121         int err;
122
123         info = kmalloc(sizeof(*info), GFP_KERNEL);
124         if (! info)
125                 return -ENOMEM;
126         err = snd_pcm_info(substream, info);
127         if (err >= 0) {
128                 if (copy_to_user(_info, info, sizeof(*info)))
129                         err = -EFAULT;
130         }
131         kfree(info);
132         return err;
133 }
134
135 #undef RULES_DEBUG
136
137 #ifdef RULES_DEBUG
138 #define HW_PARAM(v) [SNDRV_PCM_HW_PARAM_##v] = #v
139 char *snd_pcm_hw_param_names[] = {
140         HW_PARAM(ACCESS),
141         HW_PARAM(FORMAT),
142         HW_PARAM(SUBFORMAT),
143         HW_PARAM(SAMPLE_BITS),
144         HW_PARAM(FRAME_BITS),
145         HW_PARAM(CHANNELS),
146         HW_PARAM(RATE),
147         HW_PARAM(PERIOD_TIME),
148         HW_PARAM(PERIOD_SIZE),
149         HW_PARAM(PERIOD_BYTES),
150         HW_PARAM(PERIODS),
151         HW_PARAM(BUFFER_TIME),
152         HW_PARAM(BUFFER_SIZE),
153         HW_PARAM(BUFFER_BYTES),
154         HW_PARAM(TICK_TIME),
155 };
156 #endif
157
158 int snd_pcm_hw_refine(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream, 
159                       struct snd_pcm_hw_params *params)
160 {
161         unsigned int k;
162         struct snd_pcm_hardware *hw;
163         struct snd_interval *i = NULL;
164         struct snd_mask *m = NULL;
165         struct snd_pcm_hw_constraints *constrs = &substream->runtime->hw_constraints;
166         unsigned int rstamps[constrs->rules_num];
167         unsigned int vstamps[SNDRV_PCM_HW_PARAM_LAST_INTERVAL + 1];
168         unsigned int stamp = 2;
169         int changed, again;
170
171         params->info = 0;
172         params->fifo_size = 0;
173         if (params->rmask & (1 << SNDRV_PCM_HW_PARAM_SAMPLE_BITS))
174                 params->msbits = 0;
175         if (params->rmask & (1 << SNDRV_PCM_HW_PARAM_RATE)) {
176                 params->rate_num = 0;
177                 params->rate_den = 0;
178         }
179
180         for (k = SNDRV_PCM_HW_PARAM_FIRST_MASK; k <= SNDRV_PCM_HW_PARAM_LAST_MASK; k++) {
181                 m = hw_param_mask(params, k);
182                 if (snd_mask_empty(m))
183                         return -EINVAL;
184                 if (!(params->rmask & (1 << k)))
185                         continue;
186 #ifdef RULES_DEBUG
187                 printk("%s = ", snd_pcm_hw_param_names[k]);
188                 printk("%04x%04x%04x%04x -> ", m->bits[3], m->bits[2], m->bits[1], m->bits[0]);
189 #endif
190                 changed = snd_mask_refine(m, constrs_mask(constrs, k));
191 #ifdef RULES_DEBUG
192                 printk("%04x%04x%04x%04x\n", m->bits[3], m->bits[2], m->bits[1], m->bits[0]);
193 #endif
194                 if (changed)
195                         params->cmask |= 1 << k;
196                 if (changed < 0)
197                         return changed;
198         }
199
200         for (k = SNDRV_PCM_HW_PARAM_FIRST_INTERVAL; k <= SNDRV_PCM_HW_PARAM_LAST_INTERVAL; k++) {
201                 i = hw_param_interval(params, k);
202                 if (snd_interval_empty(i))
203                         return -EINVAL;
204                 if (!(params->rmask & (1 << k)))
205                         continue;
206 #ifdef RULES_DEBUG
207                 printk("%s = ", snd_pcm_hw_param_names[k]);
208                 if (i->empty)
209                         printk("empty");
210                 else
211                         printk("%c%u %u%c", 
212                                i->openmin ? '(' : '[', i->min,
213                                i->max, i->openmax ? ')' : ']');
214                 printk(" -> ");
215 #endif
216                 changed = snd_interval_refine(i, constrs_interval(constrs, k));
217 #ifdef RULES_DEBUG
218                 if (i->empty)
219                         printk("empty\n");
220                 else 
221                         printk("%c%u %u%c\n", 
222                                i->openmin ? '(' : '[', i->min,
223                                i->max, i->openmax ? ')' : ']');
224 #endif
225                 if (changed)
226                         params->cmask |= 1 << k;
227                 if (changed < 0)
228                         return changed;
229         }
230
231         for (k = 0; k < constrs->rules_num; k++)
232                 rstamps[k] = 0;
233         for (k = 0; k <= SNDRV_PCM_HW_PARAM_LAST_INTERVAL; k++) 
234                 vstamps[k] = (params->rmask & (1 << k)) ? 1 : 0;
235         do {
236                 again = 0;
237                 for (k = 0; k < constrs->rules_num; k++) {
238                         struct snd_pcm_hw_rule *r = &constrs->rules[k];
239                         unsigned int d;
240                         int doit = 0;
241                         if (r->cond && !(r->cond & params->flags))
242                                 continue;
243                         for (d = 0; r->deps[d] >= 0; d++) {
244                                 if (vstamps[r->deps[d]] > rstamps[k]) {
245                                         doit = 1;
246                                         break;
247                                 }
248                         }
249                         if (!doit)
250                                 continue;
251 #ifdef RULES_DEBUG
252                         printk("Rule %d [%p]: ", k, r->func);
253                         if (r->var >= 0) {
254                                 printk("%s = ", snd_pcm_hw_param_names[r->var]);
255                                 if (hw_is_mask(r->var)) {
256                                         m = hw_param_mask(params, r->var);
257                                         printk("%x", *m->bits);
258                                 } else {
259                                         i = hw_param_interval(params, r->var);
260                                         if (i->empty)
261                                                 printk("empty");
262                                         else
263                                                 printk("%c%u %u%c", 
264                                                        i->openmin ? '(' : '[', i->min,
265                                                        i->max, i->openmax ? ')' : ']');
266                                 }
267                         }
268 #endif
269                         changed = r->func(params, r);
270 #ifdef RULES_DEBUG
271                         if (r->var >= 0) {
272                                 printk(" -> ");
273                                 if (hw_is_mask(r->var))
274                                         printk("%x", *m->bits);
275                                 else {
276                                         if (i->empty)
277                                                 printk("empty");
278                                         else
279                                                 printk("%c%u %u%c", 
280                                                        i->openmin ? '(' : '[', i->min,
281                                                        i->max, i->openmax ? ')' : ']');
282                                 }
283                         }
284                         printk("\n");
285 #endif
286                         rstamps[k] = stamp;
287                         if (changed && r->var >= 0) {
288                                 params->cmask |= (1 << r->var);
289                                 vstamps[r->var] = stamp;
290                                 again = 1;
291                         }
292                         if (changed < 0)
293                                 return changed;
294                         stamp++;
295                 }
296         } while (again);
297         if (!params->msbits) {
298                 i = hw_param_interval(params, SNDRV_PCM_HW_PARAM_SAMPLE_BITS);
299                 if (snd_interval_single(i))
300                         params->msbits = snd_interval_value(i);
301         }
302
303         if (!params->rate_den) {
304                 i = hw_param_interval(params, SNDRV_PCM_HW_PARAM_RATE);
305                 if (snd_interval_single(i)) {
306                         params->rate_num = snd_interval_value(i);
307                         params->rate_den = 1;
308                 }
309         }
310
311         hw = &substream->runtime->hw;
312         if (!params->info)
313                 params->info = hw->info;
314         if (!params->fifo_size)
315                 params->fifo_size = hw->fifo_size;
316         params->rmask = 0;
317         return 0;
318 }
319
320 static int snd_pcm_hw_refine_user(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream,
321                                   struct snd_pcm_hw_params __user * _params)
322 {
323         struct snd_pcm_hw_params *params;
324         int err;
325
326         params = kmalloc(sizeof(*params), GFP_KERNEL);
327         if (!params) {
328                 err = -ENOMEM;
329                 goto out;
330         }
331         if (copy_from_user(params, _params, sizeof(*params))) {
332                 err = -EFAULT;
333                 goto out;
334         }
335         err = snd_pcm_hw_refine(substream, params);
336         if (copy_to_user(_params, params, sizeof(*params))) {
337                 if (!err)
338                         err = -EFAULT;
339         }
340 out:
341         kfree(params);
342         return err;
343 }
344
345 static int snd_pcm_hw_params(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream,
346                              struct snd_pcm_hw_params *params)
347 {
348         struct snd_pcm_runtime *runtime;
349         int err;
350         unsigned int bits;
351         snd_pcm_uframes_t frames;
352
353         snd_assert(substream != NULL, return -ENXIO);
354         runtime = substream->runtime;
355         snd_assert(runtime != NULL, return -ENXIO);
356         snd_pcm_stream_lock_irq(substream);
357         switch (runtime->status->state) {
358         case SNDRV_PCM_STATE_OPEN:
359         case SNDRV_PCM_STATE_SETUP:
360         case SNDRV_PCM_STATE_PREPARED:
361                 break;
362         default:
363                 snd_pcm_stream_unlock_irq(substream);
364                 return -EBADFD;
365         }
366         snd_pcm_stream_unlock_irq(substream);
367 #if defined(CONFIG_SND_PCM_OSS) || defined(CONFIG_SND_PCM_OSS_MODULE)
368         if (!substream->oss.oss)
369 #endif
370                 if (atomic_read(&runtime->mmap_count))
371                         return -EBADFD;
372
373         params->rmask = ~0U;
374         err = snd_pcm_hw_refine(substream, params);
375         if (err < 0)
376                 goto _error;
377
378         err = snd_pcm_hw_params_choose(substream, params);
379         if (err < 0)
380                 goto _error;
381
382         if (substream->ops->hw_params != NULL) {
383                 err = substream->ops->hw_params(substream, params);
384                 if (err < 0)
385                         goto _error;
386         }
387
388         runtime->access = params_access(params);
389         runtime->format = params_format(params);
390         runtime->subformat = params_subformat(params);
391         runtime->channels = params_channels(params);
392         runtime->rate = params_rate(params);
393         runtime->period_size = params_period_size(params);
394         runtime->periods = params_periods(params);
395         runtime->buffer_size = params_buffer_size(params);
396         runtime->tick_time = params_tick_time(params);
397         runtime->info = params->info;
398         runtime->rate_num = params->rate_num;
399         runtime->rate_den = params->rate_den;
400
401         bits = snd_pcm_format_physical_width(runtime->format);
402         runtime->sample_bits = bits;
403         bits *= runtime->channels;
404         runtime->frame_bits = bits;
405         frames = 1;
406         while (bits % 8 != 0) {
407                 bits *= 2;
408                 frames *= 2;
409         }
410         runtime->byte_align = bits / 8;
411         runtime->min_align = frames;
412
413         /* Default sw params */
414         runtime->tstamp_mode = SNDRV_PCM_TSTAMP_NONE;
415         runtime->period_step = 1;
416         runtime->sleep_min = 0;
417         runtime->control->avail_min = runtime->period_size;
418         runtime->xfer_align = runtime->period_size;
419         runtime->start_threshold = 1;
420         runtime->stop_threshold = runtime->buffer_size;
421         runtime->silence_threshold = 0;
422         runtime->silence_size = 0;
423         runtime->boundary = runtime->buffer_size;
424         while (runtime->boundary * 2 <= LONG_MAX - runtime->buffer_size)
425                 runtime->boundary *= 2;
426
427         snd_pcm_timer_resolution_change(substream);
428         runtime->status->state = SNDRV_PCM_STATE_SETUP;
429         return 0;
430  _error:
431         /* hardware might be unuseable from this time,
432            so we force application to retry to set
433            the correct hardware parameter settings */
434         runtime->status->state = SNDRV_PCM_STATE_OPEN;
435         if (substream->ops->hw_free != NULL)
436                 substream->ops->hw_free(substream);
437         return err;
438 }
439
440 static int snd_pcm_hw_params_user(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream,
441                                   struct snd_pcm_hw_params __user * _params)
442 {
443         struct snd_pcm_hw_params *params;
444         int err;
445
446         params = kmalloc(sizeof(*params), GFP_KERNEL);
447         if (!params) {
448                 err = -ENOMEM;
449                 goto out;
450         }
451         if (copy_from_user(params, _params, sizeof(*params))) {
452                 err = -EFAULT;
453                 goto out;
454         }
455         err = snd_pcm_hw_params(substream, params);
456         if (copy_to_user(_params, params, sizeof(*params))) {
457                 if (!err)
458                         err = -EFAULT;
459         }
460 out:
461         kfree(params);
462         return err;
463 }
464
465 static int snd_pcm_hw_free(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream)
466 {
467         struct snd_pcm_runtime *runtime;
468         int result = 0;
469
470         snd_assert(substream != NULL, return -ENXIO);
471         runtime = substream->runtime;
472         snd_assert(runtime != NULL, return -ENXIO);
473         snd_pcm_stream_lock_irq(substream);
474         switch (runtime->status->state) {
475         case SNDRV_PCM_STATE_SETUP:
476         case SNDRV_PCM_STATE_PREPARED:
477                 break;
478         default:
479                 snd_pcm_stream_unlock_irq(substream);
480                 return -EBADFD;
481         }
482         snd_pcm_stream_unlock_irq(substream);
483         if (atomic_read(&runtime->mmap_count))
484                 return -EBADFD;
485         if (substream->ops->hw_free)
486                 result = substream->ops->hw_free(substream);
487         runtime->status->state = SNDRV_PCM_STATE_OPEN;
488         return result;
489 }
490
491 static int snd_pcm_sw_params(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream,
492                              struct snd_pcm_sw_params *params)
493 {
494         struct snd_pcm_runtime *runtime;
495
496         snd_assert(substream != NULL, return -ENXIO);
497         runtime = substream->runtime;
498         snd_assert(runtime != NULL, return -ENXIO);
499         snd_pcm_stream_lock_irq(substream);
500         if (runtime->status->state == SNDRV_PCM_STATE_OPEN) {
501                 snd_pcm_stream_unlock_irq(substream);
502                 return -EBADFD;
503         }
504         snd_pcm_stream_unlock_irq(substream);
505
506         if (params->tstamp_mode > SNDRV_PCM_TSTAMP_LAST)
507                 return -EINVAL;
508         if (params->avail_min == 0)
509                 return -EINVAL;
510         if (params->xfer_align == 0 ||
511             params->xfer_align % runtime->min_align != 0)
512                 return -EINVAL;
513         if (params->silence_size >= runtime->boundary) {
514                 if (params->silence_threshold != 0)
515                         return -EINVAL;
516         } else {
517                 if (params->silence_size > params->silence_threshold)
518                         return -EINVAL;
519                 if (params->silence_threshold > runtime->buffer_size)
520                         return -EINVAL;
521         }
522         snd_pcm_stream_lock_irq(substream);
523         runtime->tstamp_mode = params->tstamp_mode;
524         runtime->sleep_min = params->sleep_min;
525         runtime->period_step = params->period_step;
526         runtime->control->avail_min = params->avail_min;
527         runtime->start_threshold = params->start_threshold;
528         runtime->stop_threshold = params->stop_threshold;
529         runtime->silence_threshold = params->silence_threshold;
530         runtime->silence_size = params->silence_size;
531         runtime->xfer_align = params->xfer_align;
532         params->boundary = runtime->boundary;
533         if (snd_pcm_running(substream)) {
534                 if (runtime->sleep_min)
535                         snd_pcm_tick_prepare(substream);
536                 else
537                         snd_pcm_tick_set(substream, 0);
538                 if (substream->stream == SNDRV_PCM_STREAM_PLAYBACK &&
539                     runtime->silence_size > 0)
540                         snd_pcm_playback_silence(substream, ULONG_MAX);
541                 wake_up(&runtime->sleep);
542         }
543         snd_pcm_stream_unlock_irq(substream);
544         return 0;
545 }
546
547 static int snd_pcm_sw_params_user(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream,
548                                   struct snd_pcm_sw_params __user * _params)
549 {
550         struct snd_pcm_sw_params params;
551         int err;
552         if (copy_from_user(&params, _params, sizeof(params)))
553                 return -EFAULT;
554         err = snd_pcm_sw_params(substream, &params);
555         if (copy_to_user(_params, &params, sizeof(params)))
556                 return -EFAULT;
557         return err;
558 }
559
560 int snd_pcm_status(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream,
561                    struct snd_pcm_status *status)
562 {
563         struct snd_pcm_runtime *runtime = substream->runtime;
564
565         snd_pcm_stream_lock_irq(substream);
566         status->state = runtime->status->state;
567         status->suspended_state = runtime->status->suspended_state;
568         if (status->state == SNDRV_PCM_STATE_OPEN)
569                 goto _end;
570         status->trigger_tstamp = runtime->trigger_tstamp;
571         if (snd_pcm_running(substream)) {
572                 snd_pcm_update_hw_ptr(substream);
573                 if (runtime->tstamp_mode & SNDRV_PCM_TSTAMP_MMAP)
574                         status->tstamp = runtime->status->tstamp;
575                 else
576                         getnstimeofday(&status->tstamp);
577         } else
578                 getnstimeofday(&status->tstamp);
579         status->appl_ptr = runtime->control->appl_ptr;
580         status->hw_ptr = runtime->status->hw_ptr;
581         if (substream->stream == SNDRV_PCM_STREAM_PLAYBACK) {
582                 status->avail = snd_pcm_playback_avail(runtime);
583                 if (runtime->status->state == SNDRV_PCM_STATE_RUNNING ||
584                     runtime->status->state == SNDRV_PCM_STATE_DRAINING)
585                         status->delay = runtime->buffer_size - status->avail;
586                 else
587                         status->delay = 0;
588         } else {
589                 status->avail = snd_pcm_capture_avail(runtime);
590                 if (runtime->status->state == SNDRV_PCM_STATE_RUNNING)
591                         status->delay = status->avail;
592                 else
593                         status->delay = 0;
594         }
595         status->avail_max = runtime->avail_max;
596         status->overrange = runtime->overrange;
597         runtime->avail_max = 0;
598         runtime->overrange = 0;
599  _end:
600         snd_pcm_stream_unlock_irq(substream);
601         return 0;
602 }
603
604 static int snd_pcm_status_user(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream,
605                                struct snd_pcm_status __user * _status)
606 {
607         struct snd_pcm_status status;
608         struct snd_pcm_runtime *runtime;
609         int res;
610         
611         snd_assert(substream != NULL, return -ENXIO);
612         runtime = substream->runtime;
613         memset(&status, 0, sizeof(status));
614         res = snd_pcm_status(substream, &status);
615         if (res < 0)
616                 return res;
617         if (copy_to_user(_status, &status, sizeof(status)))
618                 return -EFAULT;
619         return 0;
620 }
621
622 static int snd_pcm_channel_info(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream,
623                                 struct snd_pcm_channel_info * info)
624 {
625         struct snd_pcm_runtime *runtime;
626         unsigned int channel;
627         
628         snd_assert(substream != NULL, return -ENXIO);
629         channel = info->channel;
630         runtime = substream->runtime;
631         snd_pcm_stream_lock_irq(substream);
632         if (runtime->status->state == SNDRV_PCM_STATE_OPEN) {
633                 snd_pcm_stream_unlock_irq(substream);
634                 return -EBADFD;
635         }
636         snd_pcm_stream_unlock_irq(substream);
637         if (channel >= runtime->channels)
638                 return -EINVAL;
639         memset(info, 0, sizeof(*info));
640         info->channel = channel;
641         return substream->ops->ioctl(substream, SNDRV_PCM_IOCTL1_CHANNEL_INFO, info);
642 }
643
644 static int snd_pcm_channel_info_user(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream,
645                                      struct snd_pcm_channel_info __user * _info)
646 {
647         struct snd_pcm_channel_info info;
648         int res;
649         
650         if (copy_from_user(&info, _info, sizeof(info)))
651                 return -EFAULT;
652         res = snd_pcm_channel_info(substream, &info);
653         if (res < 0)
654                 return res;
655         if (copy_to_user(_info, &info, sizeof(info)))
656                 return -EFAULT;
657         return 0;
658 }
659
660 static void snd_pcm_trigger_tstamp(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream)
661 {
662         struct snd_pcm_runtime *runtime = substream->runtime;
663         if (runtime->trigger_master == NULL)
664                 return;
665         if (runtime->trigger_master == substream) {
666                 getnstimeofday(&runtime->trigger_tstamp);
667         } else {
668                 snd_pcm_trigger_tstamp(runtime->trigger_master);
669                 runtime->trigger_tstamp = runtime->trigger_master->runtime->trigger_tstamp;
670         }
671         runtime->trigger_master = NULL;
672 }
673
674 struct action_ops {
675         int (*pre_action)(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream, int state);
676         int (*do_action)(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream, int state);
677         void (*undo_action)(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream, int state);
678         void (*post_action)(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream, int state);
679 };
680
681 /*
682  *  this functions is core for handling of linked stream
683  *  Note: the stream state might be changed also on failure
684  *  Note2: call with calling stream lock + link lock
685  */
686 static int snd_pcm_action_group(struct action_ops *ops,
687                                 struct snd_pcm_substream *substream,
688                                 int state, int do_lock)
689 {
690         struct list_head *pos;
691         struct snd_pcm_substream *s = NULL;
692         struct snd_pcm_substream *s1;
693         int res = 0;
694
695         snd_pcm_group_for_each(pos, substream) {
696                 s = snd_pcm_group_substream_entry(pos);
697                 if (do_lock && s != substream)
698                         spin_lock(&s->self_group.lock);
699                 res = ops->pre_action(s, state);
700                 if (res < 0)
701                         goto _unlock;
702         }
703         snd_pcm_group_for_each(pos, substream) {
704                 s = snd_pcm_group_substream_entry(pos);
705                 res = ops->do_action(s, state);
706                 if (res < 0) {
707                         if (ops->undo_action) {
708                                 snd_pcm_group_for_each(pos, substream) {
709                                         s1 = snd_pcm_group_substream_entry(pos);
710                                         if (s1 == s) /* failed stream */
711                                                 break;
712                                         ops->undo_action(s1, state);
713                                 }
714                         }
715                         s = NULL; /* unlock all */
716                         goto _unlock;
717                 }
718         }
719         snd_pcm_group_for_each(pos, substream) {
720                 s = snd_pcm_group_substream_entry(pos);
721                 ops->post_action(s, state);
722         }
723  _unlock:
724         if (do_lock) {
725                 /* unlock streams */
726                 snd_pcm_group_for_each(pos, substream) {
727                         s1 = snd_pcm_group_substream_entry(pos);
728                         if (s1 != substream)
729                                 spin_unlock(&s1->self_group.lock);
730                         if (s1 == s)    /* end */
731                                 break;
732                 }
733         }
734         return res;
735 }
736
737 /*
738  *  Note: call with stream lock
739  */
740 static int snd_pcm_action_single(struct action_ops *ops,
741                                  struct snd_pcm_substream *substream,
742                                  int state)
743 {
744         int res;
745         
746         res = ops->pre_action(substream, state);
747         if (res < 0)
748                 return res;
749         res = ops->do_action(substream, state);
750         if (res == 0)
751                 ops->post_action(substream, state);
752         else if (ops->undo_action)
753                 ops->undo_action(substream, state);
754         return res;
755 }
756
757 /*
758  *  Note: call with stream lock
759  */
760 static int snd_pcm_action(struct action_ops *ops,
761                           struct snd_pcm_substream *substream,
762                           int state)
763 {
764         int res;
765
766         if (snd_pcm_stream_linked(substream)) {
767                 if (!spin_trylock(&substream->group->lock)) {
768                         spin_unlock(&substream->self_group.lock);
769                         spin_lock(&substream->group->lock);
770                         spin_lock(&substream->self_group.lock);
771                 }
772                 res = snd_pcm_action_group(ops, substream, state, 1);
773                 spin_unlock(&substream->group->lock);
774         } else {
775                 res = snd_pcm_action_single(ops, substream, state);
776         }
777         return res;
778 }
779
780 /*
781  *  Note: don't use any locks before
782  */
783 static int snd_pcm_action_lock_irq(struct action_ops *ops,
784                                    struct snd_pcm_substream *substream,
785                                    int state)
786 {
787         int res;
788
789         read_lock_irq(&snd_pcm_link_rwlock);
790         if (snd_pcm_stream_linked(substream)) {
791                 spin_lock(&substream->group->lock);
792                 spin_lock(&substream->self_group.lock);
793                 res = snd_pcm_action_group(ops, substream, state, 1);
794                 spin_unlock(&substream->self_group.lock);
795                 spin_unlock(&substream->group->lock);
796         } else {
797                 spin_lock(&substream->self_group.lock);
798                 res = snd_pcm_action_single(ops, substream, state);
799                 spin_unlock(&substream->self_group.lock);
800         }
801         read_unlock_irq(&snd_pcm_link_rwlock);
802         return res;
803 }
804
805 /*
806  */
807 static int snd_pcm_action_nonatomic(struct action_ops *ops,
808                                     struct snd_pcm_substream *substream,
809                                     int state)
810 {
811         int res;
812
813         down_read(&snd_pcm_link_rwsem);
814         if (snd_pcm_stream_linked(substream))
815                 res = snd_pcm_action_group(ops, substream, state, 0);
816         else
817                 res = snd_pcm_action_single(ops, substream, state);
818         up_read(&snd_pcm_link_rwsem);
819         return res;
820 }
821
822 /*
823  * start callbacks
824  */
825 static int snd_pcm_pre_start(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream, int state)
826 {
827         struct snd_pcm_runtime *runtime = substream->runtime;
828         if (runtime->status->state != SNDRV_PCM_STATE_PREPARED)
829                 return -EBADFD;
830         if (substream->stream == SNDRV_PCM_STREAM_PLAYBACK &&
831             !snd_pcm_playback_data(substream))
832                 return -EPIPE;
833         runtime->trigger_master = substream;
834         return 0;
835 }
836
837 static int snd_pcm_do_start(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream, int state)
838 {
839         if (substream->runtime->trigger_master != substream)
840                 return 0;
841         return substream->ops->trigger(substream, SNDRV_PCM_TRIGGER_START);
842 }
843
844 static void snd_pcm_undo_start(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream, int state)
845 {
846         if (substream->runtime->trigger_master == substream)
847                 substream->ops->trigger(substream, SNDRV_PCM_TRIGGER_STOP);
848 }
849
850 static void snd_pcm_post_start(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream, int state)
851 {
852         struct snd_pcm_runtime *runtime = substream->runtime;
853         snd_pcm_trigger_tstamp(substream);
854         runtime->status->state = state;
855         if (substream->stream == SNDRV_PCM_STREAM_PLAYBACK &&
856             runtime->silence_size > 0)
857                 snd_pcm_playback_silence(substream, ULONG_MAX);
858         if (runtime->sleep_min)
859                 snd_pcm_tick_prepare(substream);
860         if (substream->timer)
861                 snd_timer_notify(substream->timer, SNDRV_TIMER_EVENT_MSTART,
862                                  &runtime->trigger_tstamp);
863 }
864
865 static struct action_ops snd_pcm_action_start = {
866         .pre_action = snd_pcm_pre_start,
867         .do_action = snd_pcm_do_start,
868         .undo_action = snd_pcm_undo_start,
869         .post_action = snd_pcm_post_start
870 };
871
872 /**
873  * snd_pcm_start
874  * @substream: the PCM substream instance
875  *
876  * Start all linked streams.
877  */
878 int snd_pcm_start(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream)
879 {
880         return snd_pcm_action(&snd_pcm_action_start, substream,
881                               SNDRV_PCM_STATE_RUNNING);
882 }
883
884 /*
885  * stop callbacks
886  */
887 static int snd_pcm_pre_stop(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream, int state)
888 {
889         struct snd_pcm_runtime *runtime = substream->runtime;
890         if (runtime->status->state == SNDRV_PCM_STATE_OPEN)
891                 return -EBADFD;
892         runtime->trigger_master = substream;
893         return 0;
894 }
895
896 static int snd_pcm_do_stop(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream, int state)
897 {
898         if (substream->runtime->trigger_master == substream &&
899             snd_pcm_running(substream))
900                 substream->ops->trigger(substream, SNDRV_PCM_TRIGGER_STOP);
901         return 0; /* unconditonally stop all substreams */
902 }
903
904 static void snd_pcm_post_stop(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream, int state)
905 {
906         struct snd_pcm_runtime *runtime = substream->runtime;
907         if (runtime->status->state != state) {
908                 snd_pcm_trigger_tstamp(substream);
909                 if (substream->timer)
910                         snd_timer_notify(substream->timer, SNDRV_TIMER_EVENT_MSTOP,
911                                          &runtime->trigger_tstamp);
912                 runtime->status->state = state;
913                 snd_pcm_tick_set(substream, 0);
914         }
915         wake_up(&runtime->sleep);
916 }
917
918 static struct action_ops snd_pcm_action_stop = {
919         .pre_action = snd_pcm_pre_stop,
920         .do_action = snd_pcm_do_stop,
921         .post_action = snd_pcm_post_stop
922 };
923
924 /**
925  * snd_pcm_stop
926  * @substream: the PCM substream instance
927  * @state: PCM state after stopping the stream
928  *
929  * Try to stop all running streams in the substream group.
930  * The state of each stream is changed to the given value after that unconditionally.
931  */
932 int snd_pcm_stop(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream, int state)
933 {
934         return snd_pcm_action(&snd_pcm_action_stop, substream, state);
935 }
936
937 /**
938  * snd_pcm_drain_done
939  * @substream: the PCM substream
940  *
941  * Stop the DMA only when the given stream is playback.
942  * The state is changed to SETUP.
943  * Unlike snd_pcm_stop(), this affects only the given stream.
944  */
945 int snd_pcm_drain_done(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream)
946 {
947         return snd_pcm_action_single(&snd_pcm_action_stop, substream,
948                                      SNDRV_PCM_STATE_SETUP);
949 }
950
951 /*
952  * pause callbacks
953  */
954 static int snd_pcm_pre_pause(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream, int push)
955 {
956         struct snd_pcm_runtime *runtime = substream->runtime;
957         if (!(runtime->info & SNDRV_PCM_INFO_PAUSE))
958                 return -ENOSYS;
959         if (push) {
960                 if (runtime->status->state != SNDRV_PCM_STATE_RUNNING)
961                         return -EBADFD;
962         } else if (runtime->status->state != SNDRV_PCM_STATE_PAUSED)
963                 return -EBADFD;
964         runtime->trigger_master = substream;
965         return 0;
966 }
967
968 static int snd_pcm_do_pause(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream, int push)
969 {
970         if (substream->runtime->trigger_master != substream)
971                 return 0;
972         return substream->ops->trigger(substream,
973                                        push ? SNDRV_PCM_TRIGGER_PAUSE_PUSH :
974                                               SNDRV_PCM_TRIGGER_PAUSE_RELEASE);
975 }
976
977 static void snd_pcm_undo_pause(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream, int push)
978 {
979         if (substream->runtime->trigger_master == substream)
980                 substream->ops->trigger(substream,
981                                         push ? SNDRV_PCM_TRIGGER_PAUSE_RELEASE :
982                                         SNDRV_PCM_TRIGGER_PAUSE_PUSH);
983 }
984
985 static void snd_pcm_post_pause(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream, int push)
986 {
987         struct snd_pcm_runtime *runtime = substream->runtime;
988         snd_pcm_trigger_tstamp(substream);
989         if (push) {
990                 runtime->status->state = SNDRV_PCM_STATE_PAUSED;
991                 if (substream->timer)
992                         snd_timer_notify(substream->timer,
993                                          SNDRV_TIMER_EVENT_MPAUSE,
994                                          &runtime->trigger_tstamp);
995                 snd_pcm_tick_set(substream, 0);
996                 wake_up(&runtime->sleep);
997         } else {
998                 runtime->status->state = SNDRV_PCM_STATE_RUNNING;
999                 if (runtime->sleep_min)
1000                         snd_pcm_tick_prepare(substream);
1001                 if (substream->timer)
1002                         snd_timer_notify(substream->timer,
1003                                          SNDRV_TIMER_EVENT_MCONTINUE,
1004                                          &runtime->trigger_tstamp);
1005         }
1006 }
1007
1008 static struct action_ops snd_pcm_action_pause = {
1009         .pre_action = snd_pcm_pre_pause,
1010         .do_action = snd_pcm_do_pause,
1011         .undo_action = snd_pcm_undo_pause,
1012         .post_action = snd_pcm_post_pause
1013 };
1014
1015 /*
1016  * Push/release the pause for all linked streams.
1017  */
1018 static int snd_pcm_pause(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream, int push)
1019 {
1020         return snd_pcm_action(&snd_pcm_action_pause, substream, push);
1021 }
1022
1023 #ifdef CONFIG_PM
1024 /* suspend */
1025
1026 static int snd_pcm_pre_suspend(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream, int state)
1027 {
1028         struct snd_pcm_runtime *runtime = substream->runtime;
1029         if (runtime->status->state == SNDRV_PCM_STATE_SUSPENDED)
1030                 return -EBUSY;
1031         runtime->trigger_master = substream;
1032         return 0;
1033 }
1034
1035 static int snd_pcm_do_suspend(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream, int state)
1036 {
1037         struct snd_pcm_runtime *runtime = substream->runtime;
1038         if (runtime->trigger_master != substream)
1039                 return 0;
1040         if (! snd_pcm_running(substream))
1041                 return 0;
1042         substream->ops->trigger(substream, SNDRV_PCM_TRIGGER_SUSPEND);
1043         return 0; /* suspend unconditionally */
1044 }
1045
1046 static void snd_pcm_post_suspend(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream, int state)
1047 {
1048         struct snd_pcm_runtime *runtime = substream->runtime;
1049         snd_pcm_trigger_tstamp(substream);
1050         if (substream->timer)
1051                 snd_timer_notify(substream->timer, SNDRV_TIMER_EVENT_MSUSPEND,
1052                                  &runtime->trigger_tstamp);
1053         runtime->status->suspended_state = runtime->status->state;
1054         runtime->status->state = SNDRV_PCM_STATE_SUSPENDED;
1055         snd_pcm_tick_set(substream, 0);
1056         wake_up(&runtime->sleep);
1057 }
1058
1059 static struct action_ops snd_pcm_action_suspend = {
1060         .pre_action = snd_pcm_pre_suspend,
1061         .do_action = snd_pcm_do_suspend,
1062         .post_action = snd_pcm_post_suspend
1063 };
1064
1065 /**
1066  * snd_pcm_suspend
1067  * @substream: the PCM substream
1068  *
1069  * Trigger SUSPEND to all linked streams.
1070  * After this call, all streams are changed to SUSPENDED state.
1071  */
1072 int snd_pcm_suspend(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream)
1073 {
1074         int err;
1075         unsigned long flags;
1076
1077         if (! substream)
1078                 return 0;
1079
1080         snd_pcm_stream_lock_irqsave(substream, flags);
1081         err = snd_pcm_action(&snd_pcm_action_suspend, substream, 0);
1082         snd_pcm_stream_unlock_irqrestore(substream, flags);
1083         return err;
1084 }
1085
1086 /**
1087  * snd_pcm_suspend_all
1088  * @pcm: the PCM instance
1089  *
1090  * Trigger SUSPEND to all substreams in the given pcm.
1091  * After this call, all streams are changed to SUSPENDED state.
1092  */
1093 int snd_pcm_suspend_all(struct snd_pcm *pcm)
1094 {
1095         struct snd_pcm_substream *substream;
1096         int stream, err = 0;
1097
1098         if (! pcm)
1099                 return 0;
1100
1101         for (stream = 0; stream < 2; stream++) {
1102                 for (substream = pcm->streams[stream].substream;
1103                      substream; substream = substream->next) {
1104                         /* FIXME: the open/close code should lock this as well */
1105                         if (substream->runtime == NULL)
1106                                 continue;
1107                         err = snd_pcm_suspend(substream);
1108                         if (err < 0 && err != -EBUSY)
1109                                 return err;
1110                 }
1111         }
1112         return 0;
1113 }
1114
1115 /* resume */
1116
1117 static int snd_pcm_pre_resume(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream, int state)
1118 {
1119         struct snd_pcm_runtime *runtime = substream->runtime;
1120         if (!(runtime->info & SNDRV_PCM_INFO_RESUME))
1121                 return -ENOSYS;
1122         runtime->trigger_master = substream;
1123         return 0;
1124 }
1125
1126 static int snd_pcm_do_resume(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream, int state)
1127 {
1128         struct snd_pcm_runtime *runtime = substream->runtime;
1129         if (runtime->trigger_master != substream)
1130                 return 0;
1131         /* DMA not running previously? */
1132         if (runtime->status->suspended_state != SNDRV_PCM_STATE_RUNNING &&
1133             (runtime->status->suspended_state != SNDRV_PCM_STATE_DRAINING ||
1134              substream->stream != SNDRV_PCM_STREAM_PLAYBACK))
1135                 return 0;
1136         return substream->ops->trigger(substream, SNDRV_PCM_TRIGGER_RESUME);
1137 }
1138
1139 static void snd_pcm_undo_resume(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream, int state)
1140 {
1141         if (substream->runtime->trigger_master == substream &&
1142             snd_pcm_running(substream))
1143                 substream->ops->trigger(substream, SNDRV_PCM_TRIGGER_SUSPEND);
1144 }
1145
1146 static void snd_pcm_post_resume(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream, int state)
1147 {
1148         struct snd_pcm_runtime *runtime = substream->runtime;
1149         snd_pcm_trigger_tstamp(substream);
1150         if (substream->timer)
1151                 snd_timer_notify(substream->timer, SNDRV_TIMER_EVENT_MRESUME,
1152                                  &runtime->trigger_tstamp);
1153         runtime->status->state = runtime->status->suspended_state;
1154         if (runtime->sleep_min)
1155                 snd_pcm_tick_prepare(substream);
1156 }
1157
1158 static struct action_ops snd_pcm_action_resume = {
1159         .pre_action = snd_pcm_pre_resume,
1160         .do_action = snd_pcm_do_resume,
1161         .undo_action = snd_pcm_undo_resume,
1162         .post_action = snd_pcm_post_resume
1163 };
1164
1165 static int snd_pcm_resume(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream)
1166 {
1167         struct snd_card *card = substream->pcm->card;
1168         int res;
1169
1170         snd_power_lock(card);
1171         if ((res = snd_power_wait(card, SNDRV_CTL_POWER_D0, substream->ffile)) >= 0)
1172                 res = snd_pcm_action_lock_irq(&snd_pcm_action_resume, substream, 0);
1173         snd_power_unlock(card);
1174         return res;
1175 }
1176
1177 #else
1178
1179 static int snd_pcm_resume(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream)
1180 {
1181         return -ENOSYS;
1182 }
1183
1184 #endif /* CONFIG_PM */
1185
1186 /*
1187  * xrun ioctl
1188  *
1189  * Change the RUNNING stream(s) to XRUN state.
1190  */
1191 static int snd_pcm_xrun(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream)
1192 {
1193         struct snd_card *card = substream->pcm->card;
1194         struct snd_pcm_runtime *runtime = substream->runtime;
1195         int result;
1196
1197         snd_power_lock(card);
1198         if (runtime->status->state == SNDRV_PCM_STATE_SUSPENDED) {
1199                 result = snd_power_wait(card, SNDRV_CTL_POWER_D0, substream->ffile);
1200                 if (result < 0)
1201                         goto _unlock;
1202         }
1203
1204         snd_pcm_stream_lock_irq(substream);
1205         switch (runtime->status->state) {
1206         case SNDRV_PCM_STATE_XRUN:
1207                 result = 0;     /* already there */
1208                 break;
1209         case SNDRV_PCM_STATE_RUNNING:
1210                 result = snd_pcm_stop(substream, SNDRV_PCM_STATE_XRUN);
1211                 break;
1212         default:
1213                 result = -EBADFD;
1214         }
1215         snd_pcm_stream_unlock_irq(substream);
1216  _unlock:
1217         snd_power_unlock(card);
1218         return result;
1219 }
1220
1221 /*
1222  * reset ioctl
1223  */
1224 static int snd_pcm_pre_reset(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream, int state)
1225 {
1226         struct snd_pcm_runtime *runtime = substream->runtime;
1227         switch (runtime->status->state) {
1228         case SNDRV_PCM_STATE_RUNNING:
1229         case SNDRV_PCM_STATE_PREPARED:
1230         case SNDRV_PCM_STATE_PAUSED:
1231         case SNDRV_PCM_STATE_SUSPENDED:
1232                 return 0;
1233         default:
1234                 return -EBADFD;
1235         }
1236 }
1237
1238 static int snd_pcm_do_reset(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream, int state)
1239 {
1240         struct snd_pcm_runtime *runtime = substream->runtime;
1241         int err = substream->ops->ioctl(substream, SNDRV_PCM_IOCTL1_RESET, NULL);
1242         if (err < 0)
1243                 return err;
1244         // snd_assert(runtime->status->hw_ptr < runtime->buffer_size, );
1245         runtime->hw_ptr_base = 0;
1246         runtime->hw_ptr_interrupt = runtime->status->hw_ptr -
1247                 runtime->status->hw_ptr % runtime->period_size;
1248         runtime->silence_start = runtime->status->hw_ptr;
1249         runtime->silence_filled = 0;
1250         return 0;
1251 }
1252
1253 static void snd_pcm_post_reset(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream, int state)
1254 {
1255         struct snd_pcm_runtime *runtime = substream->runtime;
1256         runtime->control->appl_ptr = runtime->status->hw_ptr;
1257         if (substream->stream == SNDRV_PCM_STREAM_PLAYBACK &&
1258             runtime->silence_size > 0)
1259                 snd_pcm_playback_silence(substream, ULONG_MAX);
1260 }
1261
1262 static struct action_ops snd_pcm_action_reset = {
1263         .pre_action = snd_pcm_pre_reset,
1264         .do_action = snd_pcm_do_reset,
1265         .post_action = snd_pcm_post_reset
1266 };
1267
1268 static int snd_pcm_reset(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream)
1269 {
1270         return snd_pcm_action_nonatomic(&snd_pcm_action_reset, substream, 0);
1271 }
1272
1273 /*
1274  * prepare ioctl
1275  */
1276 static int snd_pcm_pre_prepare(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream, int state)
1277 {
1278         struct snd_pcm_runtime *runtime = substream->runtime;
1279         if (runtime->status->state == SNDRV_PCM_STATE_OPEN)
1280                 return -EBADFD;
1281         if (snd_pcm_running(substream))
1282                 return -EBUSY;
1283         return 0;
1284 }
1285
1286 static int snd_pcm_do_prepare(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream, int state)
1287 {
1288         int err;
1289         err = substream->ops->prepare(substream);
1290         if (err < 0)
1291                 return err;
1292         return snd_pcm_do_reset(substream, 0);
1293 }
1294
1295 static void snd_pcm_post_prepare(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream, int state)
1296 {
1297         struct snd_pcm_runtime *runtime = substream->runtime;
1298         runtime->control->appl_ptr = runtime->status->hw_ptr;
1299         runtime->status->state = SNDRV_PCM_STATE_PREPARED;
1300 }
1301
1302 static struct action_ops snd_pcm_action_prepare = {
1303         .pre_action = snd_pcm_pre_prepare,
1304         .do_action = snd_pcm_do_prepare,
1305         .post_action = snd_pcm_post_prepare
1306 };
1307
1308 /**
1309  * snd_pcm_prepare
1310  * @substream: the PCM substream instance
1311  *
1312  * Prepare the PCM substream to be triggerable.
1313  */
1314 int snd_pcm_prepare(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream)
1315 {
1316         int res;
1317         struct snd_card *card = substream->pcm->card;
1318
1319         snd_power_lock(card);
1320         if ((res = snd_power_wait(card, SNDRV_CTL_POWER_D0, substream->ffile)) >= 0)
1321                 res = snd_pcm_action_nonatomic(&snd_pcm_action_prepare, substream, 0);
1322         snd_power_unlock(card);
1323         return res;
1324 }
1325
1326 /*
1327  * drain ioctl
1328  */
1329
1330 static int snd_pcm_pre_drain_init(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream, int state)
1331 {
1332         if (substream->ffile->f_flags & O_NONBLOCK)
1333                 return -EAGAIN;
1334         substream->runtime->trigger_master = substream;
1335         return 0;
1336 }
1337
1338 static int snd_pcm_do_drain_init(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream, int state)
1339 {
1340         struct snd_pcm_runtime *runtime = substream->runtime;
1341         if (substream->stream == SNDRV_PCM_STREAM_PLAYBACK) {
1342                 switch (runtime->status->state) {
1343                 case SNDRV_PCM_STATE_PREPARED:
1344                         /* start playback stream if possible */
1345                         if (! snd_pcm_playback_empty(substream)) {
1346                                 snd_pcm_do_start(substream, SNDRV_PCM_STATE_DRAINING);
1347                                 snd_pcm_post_start(substream, SNDRV_PCM_STATE_DRAINING);
1348                         }
1349                         break;
1350                 case SNDRV_PCM_STATE_RUNNING:
1351                         runtime->status->state = SNDRV_PCM_STATE_DRAINING;
1352                         break;
1353                 default:
1354                         break;
1355                 }
1356         } else {
1357                 /* stop running stream */
1358                 if (runtime->status->state == SNDRV_PCM_STATE_RUNNING) {
1359                         int state = snd_pcm_capture_avail(runtime) > 0 ?
1360                                 SNDRV_PCM_STATE_DRAINING : SNDRV_PCM_STATE_SETUP;
1361                         snd_pcm_do_stop(substream, state);
1362                         snd_pcm_post_stop(substream, state);
1363                 }
1364         }
1365         return 0;
1366 }
1367
1368 static void snd_pcm_post_drain_init(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream, int state)
1369 {
1370 }
1371
1372 static struct action_ops snd_pcm_action_drain_init = {
1373         .pre_action = snd_pcm_pre_drain_init,
1374         .do_action = snd_pcm_do_drain_init,
1375         .post_action = snd_pcm_post_drain_init
1376 };
1377
1378 struct drain_rec {
1379         struct snd_pcm_substream *substream;
1380         wait_queue_t wait;
1381         snd_pcm_uframes_t stop_threshold;
1382 };
1383
1384 static int snd_pcm_drop(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream);
1385
1386 /*
1387  * Drain the stream(s).
1388  * When the substream is linked, sync until the draining of all playback streams
1389  * is finished.
1390  * After this call, all streams are supposed to be either SETUP or DRAINING
1391  * (capture only) state.
1392  */
1393 static int snd_pcm_drain(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream)
1394 {
1395         struct snd_card *card;
1396         struct snd_pcm_runtime *runtime;
1397         struct list_head *pos;
1398         int result = 0;
1399         int i, num_drecs;
1400         struct drain_rec *drec, drec_tmp, *d;
1401
1402         snd_assert(substream != NULL, return -ENXIO);
1403         card = substream->pcm->card;
1404         runtime = substream->runtime;
1405
1406         if (runtime->status->state == SNDRV_PCM_STATE_OPEN)
1407                 return -EBADFD;
1408
1409         snd_power_lock(card);
1410         if (runtime->status->state == SNDRV_PCM_STATE_SUSPENDED) {
1411                 result = snd_power_wait(card, SNDRV_CTL_POWER_D0, substream->ffile);
1412                 if (result < 0) {
1413                         snd_power_unlock(card);
1414                         return result;
1415                 }
1416         }
1417
1418         /* allocate temporary record for drain sync */
1419         down_read(&snd_pcm_link_rwsem);
1420         if (snd_pcm_stream_linked(substream)) {
1421                 drec = kmalloc(substream->group->count * sizeof(*drec), GFP_KERNEL);
1422                 if (! drec) {
1423                         up_read(&snd_pcm_link_rwsem);
1424                         snd_power_unlock(card);
1425                         return -ENOMEM;
1426                 }
1427         } else
1428                 drec = &drec_tmp;
1429
1430         /* count only playback streams */
1431         num_drecs = 0;
1432         snd_pcm_group_for_each(pos, substream) {
1433                 struct snd_pcm_substream *s = snd_pcm_group_substream_entry(pos);
1434                 runtime = s->runtime;
1435                 if (s->stream == SNDRV_PCM_STREAM_PLAYBACK) {
1436                         d = &drec[num_drecs++];
1437                         d->substream = s;
1438                         init_waitqueue_entry(&d->wait, current);
1439                         add_wait_queue(&runtime->sleep, &d->wait);
1440                         /* stop_threshold fixup to avoid endless loop when
1441                          * stop_threshold > buffer_size
1442                          */
1443                         d->stop_threshold = runtime->stop_threshold;
1444                         if (runtime->stop_threshold > runtime->buffer_size)
1445                                 runtime->stop_threshold = runtime->buffer_size;
1446                 }
1447         }
1448         up_read(&snd_pcm_link_rwsem);
1449         if (! num_drecs)
1450                 goto _error;
1451
1452         snd_pcm_stream_lock_irq(substream);
1453         /* resume pause */
1454         if (runtime->status->state == SNDRV_PCM_STATE_PAUSED)
1455                 snd_pcm_pause(substream, 0);
1456
1457         /* pre-start/stop - all running streams are changed to DRAINING state */
1458         result = snd_pcm_action(&snd_pcm_action_drain_init, substream, 0);
1459         if (result < 0) {
1460                 snd_pcm_stream_unlock_irq(substream);
1461                 goto _error;
1462         }
1463
1464         for (;;) {
1465                 long tout;
1466                 if (signal_pending(current)) {
1467                         result = -ERESTARTSYS;
1468                         break;
1469                 }
1470                 /* all finished? */
1471                 for (i = 0; i < num_drecs; i++) {
1472                         runtime = drec[i].substream->runtime;
1473                         if (runtime->status->state == SNDRV_PCM_STATE_DRAINING)
1474                                 break;
1475                 }
1476                 if (i == num_drecs)
1477                         break; /* yes, all drained */
1478
1479                 set_current_state(TASK_INTERRUPTIBLE);
1480                 snd_pcm_stream_unlock_irq(substream);
1481                 snd_power_unlock(card);
1482                 tout = schedule_timeout(10 * HZ);
1483                 snd_power_lock(card);
1484                 snd_pcm_stream_lock_irq(substream);
1485                 if (tout == 0) {
1486                         if (substream->runtime->status->state == SNDRV_PCM_STATE_SUSPENDED)
1487                                 result = -ESTRPIPE;
1488                         else {
1489                                 snd_printd("playback drain error (DMA or IRQ trouble?)\n");
1490                                 snd_pcm_stop(substream, SNDRV_PCM_STATE_SETUP);
1491                                 result = -EIO;
1492                         }
1493                         break;
1494                 }
1495         }
1496
1497         snd_pcm_stream_unlock_irq(substream);
1498
1499  _error:
1500         for (i = 0; i < num_drecs; i++) {
1501                 d = &drec[i];
1502                 runtime = d->substream->runtime;
1503                 remove_wait_queue(&runtime->sleep, &d->wait);
1504                 runtime->stop_threshold = d->stop_threshold;
1505         }
1506
1507         if (drec != &drec_tmp)
1508                 kfree(drec);
1509         snd_power_unlock(card);
1510
1511         return result;
1512 }
1513
1514 /*
1515  * drop ioctl
1516  *
1517  * Immediately put all linked substreams into SETUP state.
1518  */
1519 static int snd_pcm_drop(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream)
1520 {
1521         struct snd_pcm_runtime *runtime;
1522         struct snd_card *card;
1523         int result = 0;
1524         
1525         snd_assert(substream != NULL, return -ENXIO);
1526         runtime = substream->runtime;
1527         card = substream->pcm->card;
1528
1529         if (runtime->status->state == SNDRV_PCM_STATE_OPEN)
1530                 return -EBADFD;
1531
1532         snd_power_lock(card);
1533         if (runtime->status->state == SNDRV_PCM_STATE_SUSPENDED) {
1534                 result = snd_power_wait(card, SNDRV_CTL_POWER_D0, substream->ffile);
1535                 if (result < 0)
1536                         goto _unlock;
1537         }
1538
1539         snd_pcm_stream_lock_irq(substream);
1540         /* resume pause */
1541         if (runtime->status->state == SNDRV_PCM_STATE_PAUSED)
1542                 snd_pcm_pause(substream, 0);
1543
1544         snd_pcm_stop(substream, SNDRV_PCM_STATE_SETUP);
1545         /* runtime->control->appl_ptr = runtime->status->hw_ptr; */
1546         snd_pcm_stream_unlock_irq(substream);
1547  _unlock:
1548         snd_power_unlock(card);
1549         return result;
1550 }
1551
1552
1553 /* WARNING: Don't forget to fput back the file */
1554 static struct file *snd_pcm_file_fd(int fd)
1555 {
1556         struct file *file;
1557         struct inode *inode;
1558         unsigned int minor;
1559
1560         file = fget(fd);
1561         if (!file)
1562                 return NULL;
1563         inode = file->f_dentry->d_inode;
1564         if (!S_ISCHR(inode->i_mode) ||
1565             imajor(inode) != snd_major) {
1566                 fput(file);
1567                 return NULL;
1568         }
1569         minor = iminor(inode);
1570         if (!snd_lookup_minor_data(minor, SNDRV_DEVICE_TYPE_PCM_PLAYBACK) &&
1571             !snd_lookup_minor_data(minor, SNDRV_DEVICE_TYPE_PCM_CAPTURE)) {
1572                 fput(file);
1573                 return NULL;
1574         }
1575         return file;
1576 }
1577
1578 /*
1579  * PCM link handling
1580  */
1581 static int snd_pcm_link(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream, int fd)
1582 {
1583         int res = 0;
1584         struct file *file;
1585         struct snd_pcm_file *pcm_file;
1586         struct snd_pcm_substream *substream1;
1587
1588         file = snd_pcm_file_fd(fd);
1589         if (!file)
1590                 return -EBADFD;
1591         pcm_file = file->private_data;
1592         substream1 = pcm_file->substream;
1593         down_write(&snd_pcm_link_rwsem);
1594         write_lock_irq(&snd_pcm_link_rwlock);
1595         if (substream->runtime->status->state == SNDRV_PCM_STATE_OPEN ||
1596             substream->runtime->status->state != substream1->runtime->status->state) {
1597                 res = -EBADFD;
1598                 goto _end;
1599         }
1600         if (snd_pcm_stream_linked(substream1)) {
1601                 res = -EALREADY;
1602                 goto _end;
1603         }
1604         if (!snd_pcm_stream_linked(substream)) {
1605                 substream->group = kmalloc(sizeof(struct snd_pcm_group), GFP_ATOMIC);
1606                 if (substream->group == NULL) {
1607                         res = -ENOMEM;
1608                         goto _end;
1609                 }
1610                 spin_lock_init(&substream->group->lock);
1611                 INIT_LIST_HEAD(&substream->group->substreams);
1612                 list_add_tail(&substream->link_list, &substream->group->substreams);
1613                 substream->group->count = 1;
1614         }
1615         list_add_tail(&substream1->link_list, &substream->group->substreams);
1616         substream->group->count++;
1617         substream1->group = substream->group;
1618  _end:
1619         write_unlock_irq(&snd_pcm_link_rwlock);
1620         up_write(&snd_pcm_link_rwsem);
1621         fput(file);
1622         return res;
1623 }
1624
1625 static void relink_to_local(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream)
1626 {
1627         substream->group = &substream->self_group;
1628         INIT_LIST_HEAD(&substream->self_group.substreams);
1629         list_add_tail(&substream->link_list, &substream->self_group.substreams);
1630 }
1631
1632 static int snd_pcm_unlink(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream)
1633 {
1634         struct list_head *pos;
1635         int res = 0;
1636
1637         down_write(&snd_pcm_link_rwsem);
1638         write_lock_irq(&snd_pcm_link_rwlock);
1639         if (!snd_pcm_stream_linked(substream)) {
1640                 res = -EALREADY;
1641                 goto _end;
1642         }
1643         list_del(&substream->link_list);
1644         substream->group->count--;
1645         if (substream->group->count == 1) {     /* detach the last stream, too */
1646                 snd_pcm_group_for_each(pos, substream) {
1647                         relink_to_local(snd_pcm_group_substream_entry(pos));
1648                         break;
1649                 }
1650                 kfree(substream->group);
1651         }
1652         relink_to_local(substream);
1653        _end:
1654         write_unlock_irq(&snd_pcm_link_rwlock);
1655         up_write(&snd_pcm_link_rwsem);
1656         return res;
1657 }
1658
1659 /*
1660  * hw configurator
1661  */
1662 static int snd_pcm_hw_rule_mul(struct snd_pcm_hw_params *params,
1663                                struct snd_pcm_hw_rule *rule)
1664 {
1665         struct snd_interval t;
1666         snd_interval_mul(hw_param_interval_c(params, rule->deps[0]),
1667                      hw_param_interval_c(params, rule->deps[1]), &t);
1668         return snd_interval_refine(hw_param_interval(params, rule->var), &t);
1669 }
1670
1671 static int snd_pcm_hw_rule_div(struct snd_pcm_hw_params *params,
1672                                struct snd_pcm_hw_rule *rule)
1673 {
1674         struct snd_interval t;
1675         snd_interval_div(hw_param_interval_c(params, rule->deps[0]),
1676                      hw_param_interval_c(params, rule->deps[1]), &t);
1677         return snd_interval_refine(hw_param_interval(params, rule->var), &t);
1678 }
1679
1680 static int snd_pcm_hw_rule_muldivk(struct snd_pcm_hw_params *params,
1681                                    struct snd_pcm_hw_rule *rule)
1682 {
1683         struct snd_interval t;
1684         snd_interval_muldivk(hw_param_interval_c(params, rule->deps[0]),
1685                          hw_param_interval_c(params, rule->deps[1]),
1686                          (unsigned long) rule->private, &t);
1687         return snd_interval_refine(hw_param_interval(params, rule->var), &t);
1688 }
1689
1690 static int snd_pcm_hw_rule_mulkdiv(struct snd_pcm_hw_params *params,
1691                                    struct snd_pcm_hw_rule *rule)
1692 {
1693         struct snd_interval t;
1694         snd_interval_mulkdiv(hw_param_interval_c(params, rule->deps[0]),
1695                          (unsigned long) rule->private,
1696                          hw_param_interval_c(params, rule->deps[1]), &t);
1697         return snd_interval_refine(hw_param_interval(params, rule->var), &t);
1698 }
1699
1700 static int snd_pcm_hw_rule_format(struct snd_pcm_hw_params *params,
1701                                   struct snd_pcm_hw_rule *rule)
1702 {
1703         unsigned int k;
1704         struct snd_interval *i = hw_param_interval(params, rule->deps[0]);
1705         struct snd_mask m;
1706         struct snd_mask *mask = hw_param_mask(params, SNDRV_PCM_HW_PARAM_FORMAT);
1707         snd_mask_any(&m);
1708         for (k = 0; k <= SNDRV_PCM_FORMAT_LAST; ++k) {
1709                 int bits;
1710                 if (! snd_mask_test(mask, k))
1711                         continue;
1712                 bits = snd_pcm_format_physical_width(k);
1713                 if (bits <= 0)
1714                         continue; /* ignore invalid formats */
1715                 if ((unsigned)bits < i->min || (unsigned)bits > i->max)
1716                         snd_mask_reset(&m, k);
1717         }
1718         return snd_mask_refine(mask, &m);
1719 }
1720
1721 static int snd_pcm_hw_rule_sample_bits(struct snd_pcm_hw_params *params,
1722                                        struct snd_pcm_hw_rule *rule)
1723 {
1724         struct snd_interval t;
1725         unsigned int k;
1726         t.min = UINT_MAX;
1727         t.max = 0;
1728         t.openmin = 0;
1729         t.openmax = 0;
1730         for (k = 0; k <= SNDRV_PCM_FORMAT_LAST; ++k) {
1731                 int bits;
1732                 if (! snd_mask_test(hw_param_mask(params, SNDRV_PCM_HW_PARAM_FORMAT), k))
1733                         continue;
1734                 bits = snd_pcm_format_physical_width(k);
1735                 if (bits <= 0)
1736                         continue; /* ignore invalid formats */
1737                 if (t.min > (unsigned)bits)
1738                         t.min = bits;
1739                 if (t.max < (unsigned)bits)
1740                         t.max = bits;
1741         }
1742         t.integer = 1;
1743         return snd_interval_refine(hw_param_interval(params, rule->var), &t);
1744 }
1745
1746 #if SNDRV_PCM_RATE_5512 != 1 << 0 || SNDRV_PCM_RATE_192000 != 1 << 12
1747 #error "Change this table"
1748 #endif
1749
1750 static unsigned int rates[] = { 5512, 8000, 11025, 16000, 22050, 32000, 44100,
1751                                  48000, 64000, 88200, 96000, 176400, 192000 };
1752
1753 static int snd_pcm_hw_rule_rate(struct snd_pcm_hw_params *params,
1754                                 struct snd_pcm_hw_rule *rule)
1755 {
1756         struct snd_pcm_hardware *hw = rule->private;
1757         return snd_interval_list(hw_param_interval(params, rule->var),
1758                                  ARRAY_SIZE(rates), rates, hw->rates);
1759 }               
1760
1761 static int snd_pcm_hw_rule_buffer_bytes_max(struct snd_pcm_hw_params *params,
1762                                             struct snd_pcm_hw_rule *rule)
1763 {
1764         struct snd_interval t;
1765         struct snd_pcm_substream *substream = rule->private;
1766         t.min = 0;
1767         t.max = substream->buffer_bytes_max;
1768         t.openmin = 0;
1769         t.openmax = 0;
1770         t.integer = 1;
1771         return snd_interval_refine(hw_param_interval(params, rule->var), &t);
1772 }               
1773
1774 int snd_pcm_hw_constraints_init(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream)
1775 {
1776         struct snd_pcm_runtime *runtime = substream->runtime;
1777         struct snd_pcm_hw_constraints *constrs = &runtime->hw_constraints;
1778         int k, err;
1779
1780         for (k = SNDRV_PCM_HW_PARAM_FIRST_MASK; k <= SNDRV_PCM_HW_PARAM_LAST_MASK; k++) {
1781                 snd_mask_any(constrs_mask(constrs, k));
1782         }
1783
1784         for (k = SNDRV_PCM_HW_PARAM_FIRST_INTERVAL; k <= SNDRV_PCM_HW_PARAM_LAST_INTERVAL; k++) {
1785                 snd_interval_any(constrs_interval(constrs, k));
1786         }
1787
1788         snd_interval_setinteger(constrs_interval(constrs, SNDRV_PCM_HW_PARAM_CHANNELS));
1789         snd_interval_setinteger(constrs_interval(constrs, SNDRV_PCM_HW_PARAM_BUFFER_SIZE));
1790         snd_interval_setinteger(constrs_interval(constrs, SNDRV_PCM_HW_PARAM_BUFFER_BYTES));
1791         snd_interval_setinteger(constrs_interval(constrs, SNDRV_PCM_HW_PARAM_SAMPLE_BITS));
1792         snd_interval_setinteger(constrs_interval(constrs, SNDRV_PCM_HW_PARAM_FRAME_BITS));
1793
1794         err = snd_pcm_hw_rule_add(runtime, 0, SNDRV_PCM_HW_PARAM_FORMAT,
1795                                    snd_pcm_hw_rule_format, NULL,
1796                                    SNDRV_PCM_HW_PARAM_SAMPLE_BITS, -1);
1797         if (err < 0)
1798                 return err;
1799         err = snd_pcm_hw_rule_add(runtime, 0, SNDRV_PCM_HW_PARAM_SAMPLE_BITS, 
1800                                   snd_pcm_hw_rule_sample_bits, NULL,
1801                                   SNDRV_PCM_HW_PARAM_FORMAT, 
1802                                   SNDRV_PCM_HW_PARAM_SAMPLE_BITS, -1);
1803         if (err < 0)
1804                 return err;
1805         err = snd_pcm_hw_rule_add(runtime, 0, SNDRV_PCM_HW_PARAM_SAMPLE_BITS, 
1806                                   snd_pcm_hw_rule_div, NULL,
1807                                   SNDRV_PCM_HW_PARAM_FRAME_BITS, SNDRV_PCM_HW_PARAM_CHANNELS, -1);
1808         if (err < 0)
1809                 return err;
1810         err = snd_pcm_hw_rule_add(runtime, 0, SNDRV_PCM_HW_PARAM_FRAME_BITS, 
1811                                   snd_pcm_hw_rule_mul, NULL,
1812                                   SNDRV_PCM_HW_PARAM_SAMPLE_BITS, SNDRV_PCM_HW_PARAM_CHANNELS, -1);
1813         if (err < 0)
1814                 return err;
1815         err = snd_pcm_hw_rule_add(runtime, 0, SNDRV_PCM_HW_PARAM_FRAME_BITS, 
1816                                   snd_pcm_hw_rule_mulkdiv, (void*) 8,
1817                                   SNDRV_PCM_HW_PARAM_PERIOD_BYTES, SNDRV_PCM_HW_PARAM_PERIOD_SIZE, -1);
1818         if (err < 0)
1819                 return err;
1820         err = snd_pcm_hw_rule_add(runtime, 0, SNDRV_PCM_HW_PARAM_FRAME_BITS, 
1821                                   snd_pcm_hw_rule_mulkdiv, (void*) 8,
1822                                   SNDRV_PCM_HW_PARAM_BUFFER_BYTES, SNDRV_PCM_HW_PARAM_BUFFER_SIZE, -1);
1823         if (err < 0)
1824                 return err;
1825         err = snd_pcm_hw_rule_add(runtime, 0, SNDRV_PCM_HW_PARAM_CHANNELS, 
1826                                   snd_pcm_hw_rule_div, NULL,
1827                                   SNDRV_PCM_HW_PARAM_FRAME_BITS, SNDRV_PCM_HW_PARAM_SAMPLE_BITS, -1);
1828         if (err < 0)
1829                 return err;
1830         err = snd_pcm_hw_rule_add(runtime, 0, SNDRV_PCM_HW_PARAM_RATE, 
1831                                   snd_pcm_hw_rule_mulkdiv, (void*) 1000000,
1832                                   SNDRV_PCM_HW_PARAM_PERIOD_SIZE, SNDRV_PCM_HW_PARAM_PERIOD_TIME, -1);
1833         if (err < 0)
1834                 return err;
1835         err = snd_pcm_hw_rule_add(runtime, 0, SNDRV_PCM_HW_PARAM_RATE, 
1836                                   snd_pcm_hw_rule_mulkdiv, (void*) 1000000,
1837                                   SNDRV_PCM_HW_PARAM_BUFFER_SIZE, SNDRV_PCM_HW_PARAM_BUFFER_TIME, -1);
1838         if (err < 0)
1839                 return err;
1840         err = snd_pcm_hw_rule_add(runtime, 0, SNDRV_PCM_HW_PARAM_PERIODS, 
1841                                   snd_pcm_hw_rule_div, NULL,
1842                                   SNDRV_PCM_HW_PARAM_BUFFER_SIZE, SNDRV_PCM_HW_PARAM_PERIOD_SIZE, -1);
1843         if (err < 0)
1844                 return err;
1845         err = snd_pcm_hw_rule_add(runtime, 0, SNDRV_PCM_HW_PARAM_PERIOD_SIZE, 
1846                                   snd_pcm_hw_rule_div, NULL,
1847                                   SNDRV_PCM_HW_PARAM_BUFFER_SIZE, SNDRV_PCM_HW_PARAM_PERIODS, -1);
1848         if (err < 0)
1849                 return err;
1850         err = snd_pcm_hw_rule_add(runtime, 0, SNDRV_PCM_HW_PARAM_PERIOD_SIZE, 
1851                                   snd_pcm_hw_rule_mulkdiv, (void*) 8,
1852                                   SNDRV_PCM_HW_PARAM_PERIOD_BYTES, SNDRV_PCM_HW_PARAM_FRAME_BITS, -1);
1853         if (err < 0)
1854                 return err;
1855         err = snd_pcm_hw_rule_add(runtime, 0, SNDRV_PCM_HW_PARAM_PERIOD_SIZE, 
1856                                   snd_pcm_hw_rule_muldivk, (void*) 1000000,
1857                                   SNDRV_PCM_HW_PARAM_PERIOD_TIME, SNDRV_PCM_HW_PARAM_RATE, -1);
1858         if (err < 0)
1859                 return err;
1860         err = snd_pcm_hw_rule_add(runtime, 0, SNDRV_PCM_HW_PARAM_BUFFER_SIZE, 
1861                                   snd_pcm_hw_rule_mul, NULL,
1862                                   SNDRV_PCM_HW_PARAM_PERIOD_SIZE, SNDRV_PCM_HW_PARAM_PERIODS, -1);
1863         if (err < 0)
1864                 return err;
1865         err = snd_pcm_hw_rule_add(runtime, 0, SNDRV_PCM_HW_PARAM_BUFFER_SIZE, 
1866                                   snd_pcm_hw_rule_mulkdiv, (void*) 8,
1867                                   SNDRV_PCM_HW_PARAM_BUFFER_BYTES, SNDRV_PCM_HW_PARAM_FRAME_BITS, -1);
1868         if (err < 0)
1869                 return err;
1870         err = snd_pcm_hw_rule_add(runtime, 0, SNDRV_PCM_HW_PARAM_BUFFER_SIZE, 
1871                                   snd_pcm_hw_rule_muldivk, (void*) 1000000,
1872                                   SNDRV_PCM_HW_PARAM_BUFFER_TIME, SNDRV_PCM_HW_PARAM_RATE, -1);
1873         if (err < 0)
1874                 return err;
1875         err = snd_pcm_hw_rule_add(runtime, 0, SNDRV_PCM_HW_PARAM_PERIOD_BYTES, 
1876                                   snd_pcm_hw_rule_muldivk, (void*) 8,
1877                                   SNDRV_PCM_HW_PARAM_PERIOD_SIZE, SNDRV_PCM_HW_PARAM_FRAME_BITS, -1);
1878         if (err < 0)
1879                 return err;
1880         err = snd_pcm_hw_rule_add(runtime, 0, SNDRV_PCM_HW_PARAM_BUFFER_BYTES, 
1881                                   snd_pcm_hw_rule_muldivk, (void*) 8,
1882                                   SNDRV_PCM_HW_PARAM_BUFFER_SIZE, SNDRV_PCM_HW_PARAM_FRAME_BITS, -1);
1883         if (err < 0)
1884                 return err;
1885         err = snd_pcm_hw_rule_add(runtime, 0, SNDRV_PCM_HW_PARAM_PERIOD_TIME, 
1886                                   snd_pcm_hw_rule_mulkdiv, (void*) 1000000,
1887                                   SNDRV_PCM_HW_PARAM_PERIOD_SIZE, SNDRV_PCM_HW_PARAM_RATE, -1);
1888         if (err < 0)
1889                 return err;
1890         err = snd_pcm_hw_rule_add(runtime, 0, SNDRV_PCM_HW_PARAM_BUFFER_TIME, 
1891                                   snd_pcm_hw_rule_mulkdiv, (void*) 1000000,
1892                                   SNDRV_PCM_HW_PARAM_BUFFER_SIZE, SNDRV_PCM_HW_PARAM_RATE, -1);
1893         if (err < 0)
1894                 return err;
1895         return 0;
1896 }
1897
1898 int snd_pcm_hw_constraints_complete(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream)
1899 {
1900         struct snd_pcm_runtime *runtime = substream->runtime;
1901         struct snd_pcm_hardware *hw = &runtime->hw;
1902         int err;
1903         unsigned int mask = 0;
1904
1905         if (hw->info & SNDRV_PCM_INFO_INTERLEAVED)
1906                 mask |= 1 << SNDRV_PCM_ACCESS_RW_INTERLEAVED;
1907         if (hw->info & SNDRV_PCM_INFO_NONINTERLEAVED)
1908                 mask |= 1 << SNDRV_PCM_ACCESS_RW_NONINTERLEAVED;
1909         if (hw->info & SNDRV_PCM_INFO_MMAP) {
1910                 if (hw->info & SNDRV_PCM_INFO_INTERLEAVED)
1911                         mask |= 1 << SNDRV_PCM_ACCESS_MMAP_INTERLEAVED;
1912                 if (hw->info & SNDRV_PCM_INFO_NONINTERLEAVED)
1913                         mask |= 1 << SNDRV_PCM_ACCESS_MMAP_NONINTERLEAVED;
1914                 if (hw->info & SNDRV_PCM_INFO_COMPLEX)
1915                         mask |= 1 << SNDRV_PCM_ACCESS_MMAP_COMPLEX;
1916         }
1917         err = snd_pcm_hw_constraint_mask(runtime, SNDRV_PCM_HW_PARAM_ACCESS, mask);
1918         snd_assert(err >= 0, return -EINVAL);
1919
1920         err = snd_pcm_hw_constraint_mask64(runtime, SNDRV_PCM_HW_PARAM_FORMAT, hw->formats);
1921         snd_assert(err >= 0, return -EINVAL);
1922
1923         err = snd_pcm_hw_constraint_mask(runtime, SNDRV_PCM_HW_PARAM_SUBFORMAT, 1 << SNDRV_PCM_SUBFORMAT_STD);
1924         snd_assert(err >= 0, return -EINVAL);
1925
1926         err = snd_pcm_hw_constraint_minmax(runtime, SNDRV_PCM_HW_PARAM_CHANNELS,
1927                                            hw->channels_min, hw->channels_max);
1928         snd_assert(err >= 0, return -EINVAL);
1929
1930         err = snd_pcm_hw_constraint_minmax(runtime, SNDRV_PCM_HW_PARAM_RATE,
1931                                            hw->rate_min, hw->rate_max);
1932         snd_assert(err >= 0, return -EINVAL);
1933
1934         err = snd_pcm_hw_constraint_minmax(runtime, SNDRV_PCM_HW_PARAM_PERIOD_BYTES,
1935                                            hw->period_bytes_min, hw->period_bytes_max);
1936         snd_assert(err >= 0, return -EINVAL);
1937
1938         err = snd_pcm_hw_constraint_minmax(runtime, SNDRV_PCM_HW_PARAM_PERIODS,
1939                                            hw->periods_min, hw->periods_max);
1940         snd_assert(err >= 0, return -EINVAL);
1941
1942         err = snd_pcm_hw_constraint_minmax(runtime, SNDRV_PCM_HW_PARAM_BUFFER_BYTES,
1943                                            hw->period_bytes_min, hw->buffer_bytes_max);
1944         snd_assert(err >= 0, return -EINVAL);
1945
1946         err = snd_pcm_hw_rule_add(runtime, 0, SNDRV_PCM_HW_PARAM_BUFFER_BYTES, 
1947                                   snd_pcm_hw_rule_buffer_bytes_max, substream,
1948                                   SNDRV_PCM_HW_PARAM_BUFFER_BYTES, -1);
1949         if (err < 0)
1950                 return err;
1951
1952         /* FIXME: remove */
1953         if (runtime->dma_bytes) {
1954                 err = snd_pcm_hw_constraint_minmax(runtime, SNDRV_PCM_HW_PARAM_BUFFER_BYTES, 0, runtime->dma_bytes);
1955                 snd_assert(err >= 0, return -EINVAL);
1956         }
1957
1958         if (!(hw->rates & (SNDRV_PCM_RATE_KNOT | SNDRV_PCM_RATE_CONTINUOUS))) {
1959                 err = snd_pcm_hw_rule_add(runtime, 0, SNDRV_PCM_HW_PARAM_RATE, 
1960                                           snd_pcm_hw_rule_rate, hw,
1961                                           SNDRV_PCM_HW_PARAM_RATE, -1);
1962                 if (err < 0)
1963                         return err;
1964         }
1965
1966         /* FIXME: this belong to lowlevel */
1967         snd_pcm_hw_constraint_minmax(runtime, SNDRV_PCM_HW_PARAM_TICK_TIME,
1968                                      1000000 / HZ, 1000000 / HZ);
1969         snd_pcm_hw_constraint_integer(runtime, SNDRV_PCM_HW_PARAM_PERIOD_SIZE);
1970
1971         return 0;
1972 }
1973
1974 static void snd_pcm_add_file(struct snd_pcm_str *str,
1975                              struct snd_pcm_file *pcm_file)
1976 {
1977         pcm_file->next = str->files;
1978         str->files = pcm_file;
1979 }
1980
1981 static void snd_pcm_remove_file(struct snd_pcm_str *str,
1982                                 struct snd_pcm_file *pcm_file)
1983 {
1984         struct snd_pcm_file * pcm_file1;
1985         if (str->files == pcm_file) {
1986                 str->files = pcm_file->next;
1987         } else {
1988                 pcm_file1 = str->files;
1989                 while (pcm_file1 && pcm_file1->next != pcm_file)
1990                         pcm_file1 = pcm_file1->next;
1991                 if (pcm_file1 != NULL)
1992                         pcm_file1->next = pcm_file->next;
1993         }
1994 }
1995
1996 static int snd_pcm_release_file(struct snd_pcm_file * pcm_file)
1997 {
1998         struct snd_pcm_substream *substream;
1999         struct snd_pcm_runtime *runtime;
2000         struct snd_pcm_str * str;
2001
2002         snd_assert(pcm_file != NULL, return -ENXIO);
2003         substream = pcm_file->substream;
2004         snd_assert(substream != NULL, return -ENXIO);
2005         runtime = substream->runtime;
2006         str = substream->pstr;
2007         snd_pcm_unlink(substream);
2008         if (substream->ffile != NULL) {
2009                 if (substream->ops->hw_free != NULL)
2010                         substream->ops->hw_free(substream);
2011                 substream->ops->close(substream);
2012                 substream->ffile = NULL;
2013         }
2014         snd_pcm_remove_file(str, pcm_file);
2015         snd_pcm_release_substream(substream);
2016         kfree(pcm_file);
2017         return 0;
2018 }
2019
2020 static int snd_pcm_open_file(struct file *file,
2021                              struct snd_pcm *pcm,
2022                              int stream,
2023                              struct snd_pcm_file **rpcm_file)
2024 {
2025         int err = 0;
2026         struct snd_pcm_file *pcm_file;
2027         struct snd_pcm_substream *substream;
2028         struct snd_pcm_str *str;
2029
2030         snd_assert(rpcm_file != NULL, return -EINVAL);
2031         *rpcm_file = NULL;
2032
2033         pcm_file = kzalloc(sizeof(*pcm_file), GFP_KERNEL);
2034         if (pcm_file == NULL) {
2035                 return -ENOMEM;
2036         }
2037
2038         if ((err = snd_pcm_open_substream(pcm, stream, &substream)) < 0) {
2039                 kfree(pcm_file);
2040                 return err;
2041         }
2042
2043         str = substream->pstr;
2044         substream->file = pcm_file;
2045         substream->no_mmap_ctrl = 0;
2046
2047         pcm_file->substream = substream;
2048
2049         snd_pcm_add_file(str, pcm_file);
2050
2051         err = snd_pcm_hw_constraints_init(substream);
2052         if (err < 0) {
2053                 snd_printd("snd_pcm_hw_constraints_init failed\n");
2054                 snd_pcm_release_file(pcm_file);
2055                 return err;
2056         }
2057
2058         if ((err = substream->ops->open(substream)) < 0) {
2059                 snd_pcm_release_file(pcm_file);
2060                 return err;
2061         }
2062         substream->ffile = file;
2063
2064         err = snd_pcm_hw_constraints_complete(substream);
2065         if (err < 0) {
2066                 snd_printd("snd_pcm_hw_constraints_complete failed\n");
2067                 snd_pcm_release_file(pcm_file);
2068                 return err;
2069         }
2070
2071         file->private_data = pcm_file;
2072         *rpcm_file = pcm_file;
2073         return 0;
2074 }
2075
2076 static int snd_pcm_playback_open(struct inode *inode, struct file *file)
2077 {
2078         struct snd_pcm *pcm;
2079
2080         pcm = snd_lookup_minor_data(iminor(inode),
2081                                     SNDRV_DEVICE_TYPE_PCM_PLAYBACK);
2082         return snd_pcm_open(file, pcm, SNDRV_PCM_STREAM_PLAYBACK);
2083 }
2084
2085 static int snd_pcm_capture_open(struct inode *inode, struct file *file)
2086 {
2087         struct snd_pcm *pcm;
2088
2089         pcm = snd_lookup_minor_data(iminor(inode),
2090                                     SNDRV_DEVICE_TYPE_PCM_CAPTURE);
2091         return snd_pcm_open(file, pcm, SNDRV_PCM_STREAM_CAPTURE);
2092 }
2093
2094 static int snd_pcm_open(struct file *file, struct snd_pcm *pcm, int stream)
2095 {
2096         int err;
2097         struct snd_pcm_file *pcm_file;
2098         wait_queue_t wait;
2099
2100         if (pcm == NULL) {
2101                 err = -ENODEV;
2102                 goto __error1;
2103         }
2104         err = snd_card_file_add(pcm->card, file);
2105         if (err < 0)
2106                 goto __error1;
2107         if (!try_module_get(pcm->card->module)) {
2108                 err = -EFAULT;
2109                 goto __error2;
2110         }
2111         init_waitqueue_entry(&wait, current);
2112         add_wait_queue(&pcm->open_wait, &wait);
2113         down(&pcm->open_mutex);
2114         while (1) {
2115                 err = snd_pcm_open_file(file, pcm, stream, &pcm_file);
2116                 if (err >= 0)
2117                         break;
2118                 if (err == -EAGAIN) {
2119                         if (file->f_flags & O_NONBLOCK) {
2120                                 err = -EBUSY;
2121                                 break;
2122                         }
2123                 } else
2124                         break;
2125                 set_current_state(TASK_INTERRUPTIBLE);
2126                 up(&pcm->open_mutex);
2127                 schedule();
2128                 down(&pcm->open_mutex);
2129                 if (signal_pending(current)) {
2130                         err = -ERESTARTSYS;
2131                         break;
2132                 }
2133         }
2134         remove_wait_queue(&pcm->open_wait, &wait);
2135         up(&pcm->open_mutex);
2136         if (err < 0)
2137                 goto __error;
2138         return err;
2139
2140       __error:
2141         module_put(pcm->card->module);
2142       __error2:
2143         snd_card_file_remove(pcm->card, file);
2144       __error1:
2145         return err;
2146 }
2147
2148 static int snd_pcm_release(struct inode *inode, struct file *file)
2149 {
2150         struct snd_pcm *pcm;
2151         struct snd_pcm_substream *substream;
2152         struct snd_pcm_file *pcm_file;
2153
2154         pcm_file = file->private_data;
2155         substream = pcm_file->substream;
2156         snd_assert(substream != NULL, return -ENXIO);
2157         snd_assert(!atomic_read(&substream->runtime->mmap_count), );
2158         pcm = substream->pcm;
2159         snd_pcm_drop(substream);
2160         fasync_helper(-1, file, 0, &substream->runtime->fasync);
2161         down(&pcm->open_mutex);
2162         snd_pcm_release_file(pcm_file);
2163         up(&pcm->open_mutex);
2164         wake_up(&pcm->open_wait);
2165         module_put(pcm->card->module);
2166         snd_card_file_remove(pcm->card, file);
2167         return 0;
2168 }
2169
2170 static snd_pcm_sframes_t snd_pcm_playback_rewind(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream,
2171                                                  snd_pcm_uframes_t frames)
2172 {
2173         struct snd_pcm_runtime *runtime = substream->runtime;
2174         snd_pcm_sframes_t appl_ptr;
2175         snd_pcm_sframes_t ret;
2176         snd_pcm_sframes_t hw_avail;
2177
2178         if (frames == 0)
2179                 return 0;
2180
2181         snd_pcm_stream_lock_irq(substream);
2182         switch (runtime->status->state) {
2183         case SNDRV_PCM_STATE_PREPARED:
2184                 break;
2185         case SNDRV_PCM_STATE_DRAINING:
2186         case SNDRV_PCM_STATE_RUNNING:
2187                 if (snd_pcm_update_hw_ptr(substream) >= 0)
2188                         break;
2189                 /* Fall through */
2190         case SNDRV_PCM_STATE_XRUN:
2191                 ret = -EPIPE;
2192                 goto __end;
2193         default:
2194                 ret = -EBADFD;
2195                 goto __end;
2196         }
2197
2198         hw_avail = snd_pcm_playback_hw_avail(runtime);
2199         if (hw_avail <= 0) {
2200                 ret = 0;
2201                 goto __end;
2202         }
2203         if (frames > (snd_pcm_uframes_t)hw_avail)
2204                 frames = hw_avail;
2205         else
2206                 frames -= frames % runtime->xfer_align;
2207         appl_ptr = runtime->control->appl_ptr - frames;
2208         if (appl_ptr < 0)
2209                 appl_ptr += runtime->boundary;
2210         runtime->control->appl_ptr = appl_ptr;
2211         if (runtime->status->state == SNDRV_PCM_STATE_RUNNING &&
2212             runtime->sleep_min)
2213                 snd_pcm_tick_prepare(substream);
2214         ret = frames;
2215  __end:
2216         snd_pcm_stream_unlock_irq(substream);
2217         return ret;
2218 }
2219
2220 static snd_pcm_sframes_t snd_pcm_capture_rewind(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream,
2221                                                 snd_pcm_uframes_t frames)
2222 {
2223         struct snd_pcm_runtime *runtime = substream->runtime;
2224         snd_pcm_sframes_t appl_ptr;
2225         snd_pcm_sframes_t ret;
2226         snd_pcm_sframes_t hw_avail;
2227
2228         if (frames == 0)
2229                 return 0;
2230
2231         snd_pcm_stream_lock_irq(substream);
2232         switch (runtime->status->state) {
2233         case SNDRV_PCM_STATE_PREPARED:
2234         case SNDRV_PCM_STATE_DRAINING:
2235                 break;
2236         case SNDRV_PCM_STATE_RUNNING:
2237                 if (snd_pcm_update_hw_ptr(substream) >= 0)
2238                         break;
2239                 /* Fall through */
2240         case SNDRV_PCM_STATE_XRUN:
2241                 ret = -EPIPE;
2242                 goto __end;
2243         default:
2244                 ret = -EBADFD;
2245                 goto __end;
2246         }
2247
2248         hw_avail = snd_pcm_capture_hw_avail(runtime);
2249         if (hw_avail <= 0) {
2250                 ret = 0;
2251                 goto __end;
2252         }
2253         if (frames > (snd_pcm_uframes_t)hw_avail)
2254                 frames = hw_avail;
2255         else
2256                 frames -= frames % runtime->xfer_align;
2257         appl_ptr = runtime->control->appl_ptr - frames;
2258         if (appl_ptr < 0)
2259                 appl_ptr += runtime->boundary;
2260         runtime->control->appl_ptr = appl_ptr;
2261         if (runtime->status->state == SNDRV_PCM_STATE_RUNNING &&
2262             runtime->sleep_min)
2263                 snd_pcm_tick_prepare(substream);
2264         ret = frames;
2265  __end:
2266         snd_pcm_stream_unlock_irq(substream);
2267         return ret;
2268 }
2269
2270 static snd_pcm_sframes_t snd_pcm_playback_forward(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream,
2271                                                   snd_pcm_uframes_t frames)
2272 {
2273         struct snd_pcm_runtime *runtime = substream->runtime;
2274         snd_pcm_sframes_t appl_ptr;
2275         snd_pcm_sframes_t ret;
2276         snd_pcm_sframes_t avail;
2277
2278         if (frames == 0)
2279                 return 0;
2280
2281         snd_pcm_stream_lock_irq(substream);
2282         switch (runtime->status->state) {
2283         case SNDRV_PCM_STATE_PREPARED:
2284         case SNDRV_PCM_STATE_PAUSED:
2285                 break;
2286         case SNDRV_PCM_STATE_DRAINING:
2287         case SNDRV_PCM_STATE_RUNNING:
2288                 if (snd_pcm_update_hw_ptr(substream) >= 0)
2289                         break;
2290                 /* Fall through */
2291         case SNDRV_PCM_STATE_XRUN:
2292                 ret = -EPIPE;
2293                 goto __end;
2294         default:
2295                 ret = -EBADFD;
2296                 goto __end;
2297         }
2298
2299         avail = snd_pcm_playback_avail(runtime);
2300         if (avail <= 0) {
2301                 ret = 0;
2302                 goto __end;
2303         }
2304         if (frames > (snd_pcm_uframes_t)avail)
2305                 frames = avail;
2306         else
2307                 frames -= frames % runtime->xfer_align;
2308         appl_ptr = runtime->control->appl_ptr + frames;
2309         if (appl_ptr >= (snd_pcm_sframes_t)runtime->boundary)
2310                 appl_ptr -= runtime->boundary;
2311         runtime->control->appl_ptr = appl_ptr;
2312         if (runtime->status->state == SNDRV_PCM_STATE_RUNNING &&
2313             runtime->sleep_min)
2314                 snd_pcm_tick_prepare(substream);
2315         ret = frames;
2316  __end:
2317         snd_pcm_stream_unlock_irq(substream);
2318         return ret;
2319 }
2320
2321 static snd_pcm_sframes_t snd_pcm_capture_forward(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream,
2322                                                  snd_pcm_uframes_t frames)
2323 {
2324         struct snd_pcm_runtime *runtime = substream->runtime;
2325         snd_pcm_sframes_t appl_ptr;
2326         snd_pcm_sframes_t ret;
2327         snd_pcm_sframes_t avail;
2328
2329         if (frames == 0)
2330                 return 0;
2331
2332         snd_pcm_stream_lock_irq(substream);
2333         switch (runtime->status->state) {
2334         case SNDRV_PCM_STATE_PREPARED:
2335         case SNDRV_PCM_STATE_DRAINING:
2336         case SNDRV_PCM_STATE_PAUSED:
2337                 break;
2338         case SNDRV_PCM_STATE_RUNNING:
2339                 if (snd_pcm_update_hw_ptr(substream) >= 0)
2340                         break;
2341                 /* Fall through */
2342         case SNDRV_PCM_STATE_XRUN:
2343                 ret = -EPIPE;
2344                 goto __end;
2345         default:
2346                 ret = -EBADFD;
2347                 goto __end;
2348         }
2349
2350         avail = snd_pcm_capture_avail(runtime);
2351         if (avail <= 0) {
2352                 ret = 0;
2353                 goto __end;
2354         }
2355         if (frames > (snd_pcm_uframes_t)avail)
2356                 frames = avail;
2357         else
2358                 frames -= frames % runtime->xfer_align;
2359         appl_ptr = runtime->control->appl_ptr + frames;
2360         if (appl_ptr >= (snd_pcm_sframes_t)runtime->boundary)
2361                 appl_ptr -= runtime->boundary;
2362         runtime->control->appl_ptr = appl_ptr;
2363         if (runtime->status->state == SNDRV_PCM_STATE_RUNNING &&
2364             runtime->sleep_min)
2365                 snd_pcm_tick_prepare(substream);
2366         ret = frames;
2367  __end:
2368         snd_pcm_stream_unlock_irq(substream);
2369         return ret;
2370 }
2371
2372 static int snd_pcm_hwsync(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream)
2373 {
2374         struct snd_pcm_runtime *runtime = substream->runtime;
2375         int err;
2376
2377         snd_pcm_stream_lock_irq(substream);
2378         switch (runtime->status->state) {
2379         case SNDRV_PCM_STATE_DRAINING:
2380                 if (substream->stream == SNDRV_PCM_STREAM_CAPTURE)
2381                         goto __badfd;
2382         case SNDRV_PCM_STATE_RUNNING:
2383                 if ((err = snd_pcm_update_hw_ptr(substream)) < 0)
2384                         break;
2385                 /* Fall through */
2386         case SNDRV_PCM_STATE_PREPARED:
2387         case SNDRV_PCM_STATE_SUSPENDED:
2388                 err = 0;
2389                 break;
2390         case SNDRV_PCM_STATE_XRUN:
2391                 err = -EPIPE;
2392                 break;
2393         default:
2394               __badfd:
2395                 err = -EBADFD;
2396                 break;
2397         }
2398         snd_pcm_stream_unlock_irq(substream);
2399         return err;
2400 }
2401                 
2402 static int snd_pcm_delay(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream,
2403                          snd_pcm_sframes_t __user *res)
2404 {
2405         struct snd_pcm_runtime *runtime = substream->runtime;
2406         int err;
2407         snd_pcm_sframes_t n = 0;
2408
2409         snd_pcm_stream_lock_irq(substream);
2410         switch (runtime->status->state) {
2411         case SNDRV_PCM_STATE_DRAINING:
2412                 if (substream->stream == SNDRV_PCM_STREAM_CAPTURE)
2413                         goto __badfd;
2414         case SNDRV_PCM_STATE_RUNNING:
2415                 if ((err = snd_pcm_update_hw_ptr(substream)) < 0)
2416                         break;
2417                 /* Fall through */
2418         case SNDRV_PCM_STATE_PREPARED:
2419         case SNDRV_PCM_STATE_SUSPENDED:
2420                 err = 0;
2421                 if (substream->stream == SNDRV_PCM_STREAM_PLAYBACK)
2422                         n = snd_pcm_playback_hw_avail(runtime);
2423                 else
2424                         n = snd_pcm_capture_avail(runtime);
2425                 break;
2426         case SNDRV_PCM_STATE_XRUN:
2427                 err = -EPIPE;
2428                 break;
2429         default:
2430               __badfd:
2431                 err = -EBADFD;
2432                 break;
2433         }
2434         snd_pcm_stream_unlock_irq(substream);
2435         if (!err)
2436                 if (put_user(n, res))
2437                         err = -EFAULT;
2438         return err;
2439 }
2440                 
2441 static int snd_pcm_sync_ptr(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream,
2442                             struct snd_pcm_sync_ptr __user *_sync_ptr)
2443 {
2444         struct snd_pcm_runtime *runtime = substream->runtime;
2445         struct snd_pcm_sync_ptr sync_ptr;
2446         volatile struct snd_pcm_mmap_status *status;
2447         volatile struct snd_pcm_mmap_control *control;
2448         int err;
2449
2450         memset(&sync_ptr, 0, sizeof(sync_ptr));
2451         if (get_user(sync_ptr.flags, (unsigned __user *)&(_sync_ptr->flags)))
2452                 return -EFAULT;
2453         if (copy_from_user(&sync_ptr.c.control, &(_sync_ptr->c.control), sizeof(struct snd_pcm_mmap_control)))
2454                 return -EFAULT; 
2455         status = runtime->status;
2456         control = runtime->control;
2457         if (sync_ptr.flags & SNDRV_PCM_SYNC_PTR_HWSYNC) {
2458                 err = snd_pcm_hwsync(substream);
2459                 if (err < 0)
2460                         return err;
2461         }
2462         snd_pcm_stream_lock_irq(substream);
2463         if (!(sync_ptr.flags & SNDRV_PCM_SYNC_PTR_APPL))
2464                 control->appl_ptr = sync_ptr.c.control.appl_ptr;
2465         else
2466                 sync_ptr.c.control.appl_ptr = control->appl_ptr;
2467         if (!(sync_ptr.flags & SNDRV_PCM_SYNC_PTR_AVAIL_MIN))
2468                 control->avail_min = sync_ptr.c.control.avail_min;
2469         else
2470                 sync_ptr.c.control.avail_min = control->avail_min;
2471         sync_ptr.s.status.state = status->state;
2472         sync_ptr.s.status.hw_ptr = status->hw_ptr;
2473         sync_ptr.s.status.tstamp = status->tstamp;
2474         sync_ptr.s.status.suspended_state = status->suspended_state;
2475         snd_pcm_stream_unlock_irq(substream);
2476         if (copy_to_user(_sync_ptr, &sync_ptr, sizeof(sync_ptr)))
2477                 return -EFAULT;
2478         return 0;
2479 }
2480                 
2481 static int snd_pcm_playback_ioctl1(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream,
2482                                    unsigned int cmd, void __user *arg);
2483 static int snd_pcm_capture_ioctl1(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream,
2484                                   unsigned int cmd, void __user *arg);
2485
2486 static int snd_pcm_common_ioctl1(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream,
2487                                  unsigned int cmd, void __user *arg)
2488 {
2489         snd_assert(substream != NULL, return -ENXIO);
2490
2491         switch (cmd) {
2492         case SNDRV_PCM_IOCTL_PVERSION:
2493                 return put_user(SNDRV_PCM_VERSION, (int __user *)arg) ? -EFAULT : 0;
2494         case SNDRV_PCM_IOCTL_INFO:
2495                 return snd_pcm_info_user(substream, arg);
2496         case SNDRV_PCM_IOCTL_TSTAMP: /* just for compatibility */
2497                 return 0;
2498         case SNDRV_PCM_IOCTL_HW_REFINE:
2499                 return snd_pcm_hw_refine_user(substream, arg);
2500         case SNDRV_PCM_IOCTL_HW_PARAMS:
2501                 return snd_pcm_hw_params_user(substream, arg);
2502         case SNDRV_PCM_IOCTL_HW_FREE:
2503                 return snd_pcm_hw_free(substream);
2504         case SNDRV_PCM_IOCTL_SW_PARAMS:
2505                 return snd_pcm_sw_params_user(substream, arg);
2506         case SNDRV_PCM_IOCTL_STATUS:
2507                 return snd_pcm_status_user(substream, arg);
2508         case SNDRV_PCM_IOCTL_CHANNEL_INFO:
2509                 return snd_pcm_channel_info_user(substream, arg);
2510         case SNDRV_PCM_IOCTL_PREPARE:
2511                 return snd_pcm_prepare(substream);
2512         case SNDRV_PCM_IOCTL_RESET:
2513                 return snd_pcm_reset(substream);
2514         case SNDRV_PCM_IOCTL_START:
2515                 return snd_pcm_action_lock_irq(&snd_pcm_action_start, substream, SNDRV_PCM_STATE_RUNNING);
2516         case SNDRV_PCM_IOCTL_LINK:
2517                 return snd_pcm_link(substream, (int)(unsigned long) arg);
2518         case SNDRV_PCM_IOCTL_UNLINK:
2519                 return snd_pcm_unlink(substream);
2520         case SNDRV_PCM_IOCTL_RESUME:
2521                 return snd_pcm_resume(substream);
2522         case SNDRV_PCM_IOCTL_XRUN:
2523                 return snd_pcm_xrun(substream);
2524         case SNDRV_PCM_IOCTL_HWSYNC:
2525                 return snd_pcm_hwsync(substream);
2526         case SNDRV_PCM_IOCTL_DELAY:
2527                 return snd_pcm_delay(substream, arg);
2528         case SNDRV_PCM_IOCTL_SYNC_PTR:
2529                 return snd_pcm_sync_ptr(substream, arg);
2530         case SNDRV_PCM_IOCTL_HW_REFINE_OLD:
2531                 return snd_pcm_hw_refine_old_user(substream, arg);
2532         case SNDRV_PCM_IOCTL_HW_PARAMS_OLD:
2533                 return snd_pcm_hw_params_old_user(substream, arg);
2534         case SNDRV_PCM_IOCTL_DRAIN:
2535                 return snd_pcm_drain(substream);
2536         case SNDRV_PCM_IOCTL_DROP:
2537                 return snd_pcm_drop(substream);
2538         }
2539         snd_printd("unknown ioctl = 0x%x\n", cmd);
2540         return -ENOTTY;
2541 }
2542
2543 static int snd_pcm_playback_ioctl1(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream,
2544                                    unsigned int cmd, void __user *arg)
2545 {
2546         snd_assert(substream != NULL, return -ENXIO);
2547         snd_assert(substream->stream == SNDRV_PCM_STREAM_PLAYBACK, return -EINVAL);
2548         switch (cmd) {
2549         case SNDRV_PCM_IOCTL_WRITEI_FRAMES:
2550         {
2551                 struct snd_xferi xferi;
2552                 struct snd_xferi __user *_xferi = arg;
2553                 struct snd_pcm_runtime *runtime = substream->runtime;
2554                 snd_pcm_sframes_t result;
2555                 if (runtime->status->state == SNDRV_PCM_STATE_OPEN)
2556                         return -EBADFD;
2557                 if (put_user(0, &_xferi->result))
2558                         return -EFAULT;
2559                 if (copy_from_user(&xferi, _xferi, sizeof(xferi)))
2560                         return -EFAULT;
2561                 result = snd_pcm_lib_write(substream, xferi.buf, xferi.frames);
2562                 __put_user(result, &_xferi->result);
2563                 return result < 0 ? result : 0;
2564         }
2565         case SNDRV_PCM_IOCTL_WRITEN_FRAMES:
2566         {
2567                 struct snd_xfern xfern;
2568                 struct snd_xfern __user *_xfern = arg;
2569                 struct snd_pcm_runtime *runtime = substream->runtime;
2570                 void __user **bufs;
2571                 snd_pcm_sframes_t result;
2572                 if (runtime->status->state == SNDRV_PCM_STATE_OPEN)
2573                         return -EBADFD;
2574                 if (runtime->channels > 128)
2575                         return -EINVAL;
2576                 if (put_user(0, &_xfern->result))
2577                         return -EFAULT;
2578                 if (copy_from_user(&xfern, _xfern, sizeof(xfern)))
2579                         return -EFAULT;
2580                 bufs = kmalloc(sizeof(void *) * runtime->channels, GFP_KERNEL);
2581                 if (bufs == NULL)
2582                         return -ENOMEM;
2583                 if (copy_from_user(bufs, xfern.bufs, sizeof(void *) * runtime->channels)) {
2584                         kfree(bufs);
2585                         return -EFAULT;
2586                 }
2587                 result = snd_pcm_lib_writev(substream, bufs, xfern.frames);
2588                 kfree(bufs);
2589                 __put_user(result, &_xfern->result);
2590                 return result < 0 ? result : 0;
2591         }
2592         case SNDRV_PCM_IOCTL_REWIND:
2593         {
2594                 snd_pcm_uframes_t frames;
2595                 snd_pcm_uframes_t __user *_frames = arg;
2596                 snd_pcm_sframes_t result;
2597                 if (get_user(frames, _frames))
2598                         return -EFAULT;
2599                 if (put_user(0, _frames))
2600                         return -EFAULT;
2601                 result = snd_pcm_playback_rewind(substream, frames);
2602                 __put_user(result, _frames);
2603                 return result < 0 ? result : 0;
2604         }
2605         case SNDRV_PCM_IOCTL_FORWARD:
2606         {
2607                 snd_pcm_uframes_t frames;
2608                 snd_pcm_uframes_t __user *_frames = arg;
2609                 snd_pcm_sframes_t result;
2610                 if (get_user(frames, _frames))
2611                         return -EFAULT;
2612                 if (put_user(0, _frames))
2613                         return -EFAULT;
2614                 result = snd_pcm_playback_forward(substream, frames);
2615                 __put_user(result, _frames);
2616                 return result < 0 ? result : 0;
2617         }
2618         case SNDRV_PCM_IOCTL_PAUSE:
2619         {
2620                 int res;
2621                 snd_pcm_stream_lock_irq(substream);
2622                 res = snd_pcm_pause(substream, (int)(unsigned long)arg);
2623                 snd_pcm_stream_unlock_irq(substream);
2624                 return res;
2625         }
2626         }
2627         return snd_pcm_common_ioctl1(substream, cmd, arg);
2628 }
2629
2630 static int snd_pcm_capture_ioctl1(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream,
2631                                   unsigned int cmd, void __user *arg)
2632 {
2633         snd_assert(substream != NULL, return -ENXIO);
2634         snd_assert(substream->stream == SNDRV_PCM_STREAM_CAPTURE, return -EINVAL);
2635         switch (cmd) {
2636         case SNDRV_PCM_IOCTL_READI_FRAMES:
2637         {
2638                 struct snd_xferi xferi;
2639                 struct snd_xferi __user *_xferi = arg;
2640                 struct snd_pcm_runtime *runtime = substream->runtime;
2641                 snd_pcm_sframes_t result;
2642                 if (runtime->status->state == SNDRV_PCM_STATE_OPEN)
2643                         return -EBADFD;
2644                 if (put_user(0, &_xferi->result))
2645                         return -EFAULT;
2646                 if (copy_from_user(&xferi, _xferi, sizeof(xferi)))
2647                         return -EFAULT;
2648                 result = snd_pcm_lib_read(substream, xferi.buf, xferi.frames);
2649                 __put_user(result, &_xferi->result);
2650                 return result < 0 ? result : 0;
2651         }
2652         case SNDRV_PCM_IOCTL_READN_FRAMES:
2653         {
2654                 struct snd_xfern xfern;
2655                 struct snd_xfern __user *_xfern = arg;
2656                 struct snd_pcm_runtime *runtime = substream->runtime;
2657                 void *bufs;
2658                 snd_pcm_sframes_t result;
2659                 if (runtime->status->state == SNDRV_PCM_STATE_OPEN)
2660                         return -EBADFD;
2661                 if (runtime->channels > 128)
2662                         return -EINVAL;
2663                 if (put_user(0, &_xfern->result))
2664                         return -EFAULT;
2665                 if (copy_from_user(&xfern, _xfern, sizeof(xfern)))
2666                         return -EFAULT;
2667                 bufs = kmalloc(sizeof(void *) * runtime->channels, GFP_KERNEL);
2668                 if (bufs == NULL)
2669                         return -ENOMEM;
2670                 if (copy_from_user(bufs, xfern.bufs, sizeof(void *) * runtime->channels)) {
2671                         kfree(bufs);
2672                         return -EFAULT;
2673                 }
2674                 result = snd_pcm_lib_readv(substream, bufs, xfern.frames);
2675                 kfree(bufs);
2676                 __put_user(result, &_xfern->result);
2677                 return result < 0 ? result : 0;
2678         }
2679         case SNDRV_PCM_IOCTL_REWIND:
2680         {
2681                 snd_pcm_uframes_t frames;
2682                 snd_pcm_uframes_t __user *_frames = arg;
2683                 snd_pcm_sframes_t result;
2684                 if (get_user(frames, _frames))
2685                         return -EFAULT;
2686                 if (put_user(0, _frames))
2687                         return -EFAULT;
2688                 result = snd_pcm_capture_rewind(substream, frames);
2689                 __put_user(result, _frames);
2690                 return result < 0 ? result : 0;
2691         }
2692         case SNDRV_PCM_IOCTL_FORWARD:
2693         {
2694                 snd_pcm_uframes_t frames;
2695                 snd_pcm_uframes_t __user *_frames = arg;
2696                 snd_pcm_sframes_t result;
2697                 if (get_user(frames, _frames))
2698                         return -EFAULT;
2699                 if (put_user(0, _frames))
2700                         return -EFAULT;
2701                 result = snd_pcm_capture_forward(substream, frames);
2702                 __put_user(result, _frames);
2703                 return result < 0 ? result : 0;
2704         }
2705         }
2706         return snd_pcm_common_ioctl1(substream, cmd, arg);
2707 }
2708
2709 static long snd_pcm_playback_ioctl(struct file *file, unsigned int cmd,
2710                                    unsigned long arg)
2711 {
2712         struct snd_pcm_file *pcm_file;
2713
2714         pcm_file = file->private_data;
2715
2716         if (((cmd >> 8) & 0xff) != 'A')
2717                 return -ENOTTY;
2718
2719         return snd_pcm_playback_ioctl1(pcm_file->substream, cmd, (void __user *)arg);
2720 }
2721
2722 static long snd_pcm_capture_ioctl(struct file *file, unsigned int cmd,
2723                                   unsigned long arg)
2724 {
2725         struct snd_pcm_file *pcm_file;
2726
2727         pcm_file = file->private_data;
2728
2729         if (((cmd >> 8) & 0xff) != 'A')
2730                 return -ENOTTY;
2731
2732         return snd_pcm_capture_ioctl1(pcm_file->substream, cmd, (void __user *)arg);
2733 }
2734
2735 int snd_pcm_kernel_playback_ioctl(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream,
2736                                   unsigned int cmd, void *arg)
2737 {
2738         mm_segment_t fs;
2739         int result;
2740         
2741         fs = snd_enter_user();
2742         result = snd_pcm_playback_ioctl1(substream, cmd, (void __user *)arg);
2743         snd_leave_user(fs);
2744         return result;
2745 }
2746
2747 int snd_pcm_kernel_capture_ioctl(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream,
2748                                  unsigned int cmd, void *arg)
2749 {
2750         mm_segment_t fs;
2751         int result;
2752         
2753         fs = snd_enter_user();
2754         result = snd_pcm_capture_ioctl1(substream, cmd, (void __user *)arg);
2755         snd_leave_user(fs);
2756         return result;
2757 }
2758
2759 int snd_pcm_kernel_ioctl(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream,
2760                          unsigned int cmd, void *arg)
2761 {
2762         switch (substream->stream) {
2763         case SNDRV_PCM_STREAM_PLAYBACK:
2764                 return snd_pcm_kernel_playback_ioctl(substream, cmd, arg);
2765         case SNDRV_PCM_STREAM_CAPTURE:
2766                 return snd_pcm_kernel_capture_ioctl(substream, cmd, arg);
2767         default:
2768                 return -EINVAL;
2769         }
2770 }
2771
2772 static ssize_t snd_pcm_read(struct file *file, char __user *buf, size_t count,
2773                             loff_t * offset)
2774 {
2775         struct snd_pcm_file *pcm_file;
2776         struct snd_pcm_substream *substream;
2777         struct snd_pcm_runtime *runtime;
2778         snd_pcm_sframes_t result;
2779
2780         pcm_file = file->private_data;
2781         substream = pcm_file->substream;
2782         snd_assert(substream != NULL, return -ENXIO);
2783         runtime = substream->runtime;
2784         if (runtime->status->state == SNDRV_PCM_STATE_OPEN)
2785                 return -EBADFD;
2786         if (!frame_aligned(runtime, count))
2787                 return -EINVAL;
2788         count = bytes_to_frames(runtime, count);
2789         result = snd_pcm_lib_read(substream, buf, count);
2790         if (result > 0)
2791                 result = frames_to_bytes(runtime, result);
2792         return result;
2793 }
2794
2795 static ssize_t snd_pcm_write(struct file *file, const char __user *buf,
2796                              size_t count, loff_t * offset)
2797 {
2798         struct snd_pcm_file *pcm_file;
2799         struct snd_pcm_substream *substream;
2800         struct snd_pcm_runtime *runtime;
2801         snd_pcm_sframes_t result;
2802
2803         pcm_file = file->private_data;
2804         substream = pcm_file->substream;
2805         snd_assert(substream != NULL, result = -ENXIO; goto end);
2806         runtime = substream->runtime;
2807         if (runtime->status->state == SNDRV_PCM_STATE_OPEN) {
2808                 result = -EBADFD;
2809                 goto end;
2810         }
2811         if (!frame_aligned(runtime, count)) {
2812                 result = -EINVAL;
2813                 goto end;
2814         }
2815         count = bytes_to_frames(runtime, count);
2816         result = snd_pcm_lib_write(substream, buf, count);
2817         if (result > 0)
2818                 result = frames_to_bytes(runtime, result);
2819  end:
2820         return result;
2821 }
2822
2823 static ssize_t snd_pcm_readv(struct file *file, const struct iovec *_vector,
2824                              unsigned long count, loff_t * offset)
2825
2826 {
2827         struct snd_pcm_file *pcm_file;
2828         struct snd_pcm_substream *substream;
2829         struct snd_pcm_runtime *runtime;
2830         snd_pcm_sframes_t result;
2831         unsigned long i;
2832         void __user **bufs;
2833         snd_pcm_uframes_t frames;
2834
2835         pcm_file = file->private_data;
2836         substream = pcm_file->substream;
2837         snd_assert(substream != NULL, return -ENXIO);
2838         runtime = substream->runtime;
2839         if (runtime->status->state == SNDRV_PCM_STATE_OPEN)
2840                 return -EBADFD;
2841         if (count > 1024 || count != runtime->channels)
2842                 return -EINVAL;
2843         if (!frame_aligned(runtime, _vector->iov_len))
2844                 return -EINVAL;
2845         frames = bytes_to_samples(runtime, _vector->iov_len);
2846         bufs = kmalloc(sizeof(void *) * count, GFP_KERNEL);
2847         if (bufs == NULL)
2848                 return -ENOMEM;
2849         for (i = 0; i < count; ++i)
2850                 bufs[i] = _vector[i].iov_base;
2851         result = snd_pcm_lib_readv(substream, bufs, frames);
2852         if (result > 0)
2853                 result = frames_to_bytes(runtime, result);
2854         kfree(bufs);
2855         return result;
2856 }
2857
2858 static ssize_t snd_pcm_writev(struct file *file, const struct iovec *_vector,
2859                               unsigned long count, loff_t * offset)
2860 {
2861         struct snd_pcm_file *pcm_file;
2862         struct snd_pcm_substream *substream;
2863         struct snd_pcm_runtime *runtime;
2864         snd_pcm_sframes_t result;
2865         unsigned long i;
2866         void __user **bufs;
2867         snd_pcm_uframes_t frames;
2868
2869         pcm_file = file->private_data;
2870         substream = pcm_file->substream;
2871         snd_assert(substream != NULL, result = -ENXIO; goto end);
2872         runtime = substream->runtime;
2873         if (runtime->status->state == SNDRV_PCM_STATE_OPEN) {
2874                 result = -EBADFD;
2875                 goto end;
2876         }
2877         if (count > 128 || count != runtime->channels ||
2878             !frame_aligned(runtime, _vector->iov_len)) {
2879                 result = -EINVAL;
2880                 goto end;
2881         }
2882         frames = bytes_to_samples(runtime, _vector->iov_len);
2883         bufs = kmalloc(sizeof(void *) * count, GFP_KERNEL);
2884         if (bufs == NULL)
2885                 return -ENOMEM;
2886         for (i = 0; i < count; ++i)
2887                 bufs[i] = _vector[i].iov_base;
2888         result = snd_pcm_lib_writev(substream, bufs, frames);
2889         if (result > 0)
2890                 result = frames_to_bytes(runtime, result);
2891         kfree(bufs);
2892  end:
2893         return result;
2894 }
2895
2896 static unsigned int snd_pcm_playback_poll(struct file *file, poll_table * wait)
2897 {
2898         struct snd_pcm_file *pcm_file;
2899         struct snd_pcm_substream *substream;
2900         struct snd_pcm_runtime *runtime;
2901         unsigned int mask;
2902         snd_pcm_uframes_t avail;
2903
2904         pcm_file = file->private_data;
2905
2906         substream = pcm_file->substream;
2907         snd_assert(substream != NULL, return -ENXIO);
2908         runtime = substream->runtime;
2909
2910         poll_wait(file, &runtime->sleep, wait);
2911
2912         snd_pcm_stream_lock_irq(substream);
2913         avail = snd_pcm_playback_avail(runtime);
2914         switch (runtime->status->state) {
2915         case SNDRV_PCM_STATE_RUNNING:
2916         case SNDRV_PCM_STATE_PREPARED:
2917         case SNDRV_PCM_STATE_PAUSED:
2918                 if (avail >= runtime->control->avail_min) {
2919                         mask = POLLOUT | POLLWRNORM;
2920                         break;
2921                 }
2922                 /* Fall through */
2923         case SNDRV_PCM_STATE_DRAINING:
2924                 mask = 0;
2925                 break;
2926         default:
2927                 mask = POLLOUT | POLLWRNORM | POLLERR;
2928                 break;
2929         }
2930         snd_pcm_stream_unlock_irq(substream);
2931         return mask;
2932 }
2933
2934 static unsigned int snd_pcm_capture_poll(struct file *file, poll_table * wait)
2935 {
2936         struct snd_pcm_file *pcm_file;
2937         struct snd_pcm_substream *substream;
2938         struct snd_pcm_runtime *runtime;
2939         unsigned int mask;
2940         snd_pcm_uframes_t avail;
2941
2942         pcm_file = file->private_data;
2943
2944         substream = pcm_file->substream;
2945         snd_assert(substream != NULL, return -ENXIO);
2946         runtime = substream->runtime;
2947
2948         poll_wait(file, &runtime->sleep, wait);
2949
2950         snd_pcm_stream_lock_irq(substream);
2951         avail = snd_pcm_capture_avail(runtime);
2952         switch (runtime->status->state) {
2953         case SNDRV_PCM_STATE_RUNNING:
2954         case SNDRV_PCM_STATE_PREPARED:
2955         case SNDRV_PCM_STATE_PAUSED:
2956                 if (avail >= runtime->control->avail_min) {
2957                         mask = POLLIN | POLLRDNORM;
2958                         break;
2959                 }
2960                 mask = 0;
2961                 break;
2962         case SNDRV_PCM_STATE_DRAINING:
2963                 if (avail > 0) {
2964                         mask = POLLIN | POLLRDNORM;
2965                         break;
2966                 }
2967                 /* Fall through */
2968         default:
2969                 mask = POLLIN | POLLRDNORM | POLLERR;
2970                 break;
2971         }
2972         snd_pcm_stream_unlock_irq(substream);
2973         return mask;
2974 }
2975
2976 /*
2977  * mmap support
2978  */
2979
2980 /*
2981  * Only on coherent architectures, we can mmap the status and the control records
2982  * for effcient data transfer.  On others, we have to use HWSYNC ioctl...
2983  */
2984 #if defined(CONFIG_X86) || defined(CONFIG_PPC) || defined(CONFIG_ALPHA)
2985 /*
2986  * mmap status record
2987  */
2988 static struct page * snd_pcm_mmap_status_nopage(struct vm_area_struct *area,
2989                                                 unsigned long address, int *type)
2990 {
2991         struct snd_pcm_substream *substream = area->vm_private_data;
2992         struct snd_pcm_runtime *runtime;
2993         struct page * page;
2994         
2995         if (substream == NULL)
2996                 return NOPAGE_OOM;
2997         runtime = substream->runtime;
2998         page = virt_to_page(runtime->status);
2999         get_page(page);
3000         if (type)
3001                 *type = VM_FAULT_MINOR;
3002         return page;
3003 }
3004
3005 static struct vm_operations_struct snd_pcm_vm_ops_status =
3006 {
3007         .nopage =       snd_pcm_mmap_status_nopage,
3008 };
3009
3010 static int snd_pcm_mmap_status(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream, struct file *file,
3011                                struct vm_area_struct *area)
3012 {
3013         struct snd_pcm_runtime *runtime;
3014         long size;
3015         if (!(area->vm_flags & VM_READ))
3016                 return -EINVAL;
3017         runtime = substream->runtime;
3018         snd_assert(runtime != NULL, return -EAGAIN);
3019         size = area->vm_end - area->vm_start;
3020         if (size != PAGE_ALIGN(sizeof(struct snd_pcm_mmap_status)))
3021                 return -EINVAL;
3022         area->vm_ops = &snd_pcm_vm_ops_status;
3023         area->vm_private_data = substream;
3024         area->vm_flags |= VM_RESERVED;
3025         return 0;
3026 }
3027
3028 /*
3029  * mmap control record
3030  */
3031 static struct page * snd_pcm_mmap_control_nopage(struct vm_area_struct *area,
3032                                                  unsigned long address, int *type)
3033 {
3034         struct snd_pcm_substream *substream = area->vm_private_data;
3035         struct snd_pcm_runtime *runtime;
3036         struct page * page;
3037         
3038         if (substream == NULL)
3039                 return NOPAGE_OOM;
3040         runtime = substream->runtime;
3041         page = virt_to_page(runtime->control);
3042         get_page(page);
3043         if (type)
3044                 *type = VM_FAULT_MINOR;
3045         return page;
3046 }
3047
3048 static struct vm_operations_struct snd_pcm_vm_ops_control =
3049 {
3050         .nopage =       snd_pcm_mmap_control_nopage,
3051 };
3052
3053 static int snd_pcm_mmap_control(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream, struct file *file,
3054                                 struct vm_area_struct *area)
3055 {
3056         struct snd_pcm_runtime *runtime;
3057         long size;
3058         if (!(area->vm_flags & VM_READ))
3059                 return -EINVAL;
3060         runtime = substream->runtime;
3061         snd_assert(runtime != NULL, return -EAGAIN);
3062         size = area->vm_end - area->vm_start;
3063         if (size != PAGE_ALIGN(sizeof(struct snd_pcm_mmap_control)))
3064                 return -EINVAL;
3065         area->vm_ops = &snd_pcm_vm_ops_control;
3066         area->vm_private_data = substream;
3067         area->vm_flags |= VM_RESERVED;
3068         return 0;
3069 }
3070 #else /* ! coherent mmap */
3071 /*
3072  * don't support mmap for status and control records.
3073  */
3074 static int snd_pcm_mmap_status(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream, struct file *file,
3075                                struct vm_area_struct *area)
3076 {
3077         return -ENXIO;
3078 }
3079 static int snd_pcm_mmap_control(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream, struct file *file,
3080                                 struct vm_area_struct *area)
3081 {
3082         return -ENXIO;
3083 }
3084 #endif /* coherent mmap */
3085
3086 /*
3087  * nopage callback for mmapping a RAM page
3088  */
3089 static struct page *snd_pcm_mmap_data_nopage(struct vm_area_struct *area,
3090                                              unsigned long address, int *type)
3091 {
3092         struct snd_pcm_substream *substream = area->vm_private_data;
3093         struct snd_pcm_runtime *runtime;
3094         unsigned long offset;
3095         struct page * page;
3096         void *vaddr;
3097         size_t dma_bytes;
3098         
3099         if (substream == NULL)
3100                 return NOPAGE_OOM;
3101         runtime = substream->runtime;
3102         offset = area->vm_pgoff << PAGE_SHIFT;
3103         offset += address - area->vm_start;
3104         snd_assert((offset % PAGE_SIZE) == 0, return NOPAGE_OOM);
3105         dma_bytes = PAGE_ALIGN(runtime->dma_bytes);
3106         if (offset > dma_bytes - PAGE_SIZE)
3107                 return NOPAGE_SIGBUS;
3108         if (substream->ops->page) {
3109                 page = substream->ops->page(substream, offset);
3110                 if (! page)
3111                         return NOPAGE_OOM;
3112         } else {
3113                 vaddr = runtime->dma_area + offset;
3114                 page = virt_to_page(vaddr);
3115         }
3116         get_page(page);
3117         if (type)
3118                 *type = VM_FAULT_MINOR;
3119         return page;
3120 }
3121
3122 static struct vm_operations_struct snd_pcm_vm_ops_data =
3123 {
3124         .open =         snd_pcm_mmap_data_open,
3125         .close =        snd_pcm_mmap_data_close,
3126         .nopage =       snd_pcm_mmap_data_nopage,
3127 };
3128
3129 /*
3130  * mmap the DMA buffer on RAM
3131  */
3132 static int snd_pcm_default_mmap(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream,
3133                                 struct vm_area_struct *area)
3134 {
3135         area->vm_ops = &snd_pcm_vm_ops_data;
3136         area->vm_private_data = substream;
3137         area->vm_flags |= VM_RESERVED;
3138         atomic_inc(&substream->runtime->mmap_count);
3139         return 0;
3140 }
3141
3142 /*
3143  * mmap the DMA buffer on I/O memory area
3144  */
3145 #if SNDRV_PCM_INFO_MMAP_IOMEM
3146 static struct vm_operations_struct snd_pcm_vm_ops_data_mmio =
3147 {
3148         .open =         snd_pcm_mmap_data_open,
3149         .close =        snd_pcm_mmap_data_close,
3150 };
3151
3152 int snd_pcm_lib_mmap_iomem(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream,
3153                            struct vm_area_struct *area)
3154 {
3155         long size;
3156         unsigned long offset;
3157
3158 #ifdef pgprot_noncached
3159         area->vm_page_prot = pgprot_noncached(area->vm_page_prot);
3160 #endif
3161         area->vm_ops = &snd_pcm_vm_ops_data_mmio;
3162         area->vm_private_data = substream;
3163         area->vm_flags |= VM_IO;
3164         size = area->vm_end - area->vm_start;
3165         offset = area->vm_pgoff << PAGE_SHIFT;
3166         if (io_remap_pfn_range(area, area->vm_start,
3167                                 (substream->runtime->dma_addr + offset) >> PAGE_SHIFT,
3168                                 size, area->vm_page_prot))
3169                 return -EAGAIN;
3170         atomic_inc(&substream->runtime->mmap_count);
3171         return 0;
3172 }
3173 #endif /* SNDRV_PCM_INFO_MMAP */
3174
3175 /*
3176  * mmap DMA buffer
3177  */
3178 int snd_pcm_mmap_data(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream, struct file *file,
3179                       struct vm_area_struct *area)
3180 {
3181         struct snd_pcm_runtime *runtime;
3182         long size;
3183         unsigned long offset;
3184         size_t dma_bytes;
3185
3186         if (substream->stream == SNDRV_PCM_STREAM_PLAYBACK) {
3187                 if (!(area->vm_flags & (VM_WRITE|VM_READ)))
3188                         return -EINVAL;
3189         } else {
3190                 if (!(area->vm_flags & VM_READ))
3191                         return -EINVAL;
3192         }
3193         runtime = substream->runtime;
3194         snd_assert(runtime != NULL, return -EAGAIN);
3195         if (runtime->status->state == SNDRV_PCM_STATE_OPEN)
3196                 return -EBADFD;
3197         if (!(runtime->info & SNDRV_PCM_INFO_MMAP))
3198                 return -ENXIO;
3199         if (runtime->access == SNDRV_PCM_ACCESS_RW_INTERLEAVED ||
3200             runtime->access == SNDRV_PCM_ACCESS_RW_NONINTERLEAVED)
3201                 return -EINVAL;
3202         size = area->vm_end - area->vm_start;
3203         offset = area->vm_pgoff << PAGE_SHIFT;
3204         dma_bytes = PAGE_ALIGN(runtime->dma_bytes);
3205         if ((size_t)size > dma_bytes)
3206                 return -EINVAL;
3207         if (offset > dma_bytes - size)
3208                 return -EINVAL;
3209
3210         if (substream->ops->mmap)
3211                 return substream->ops->mmap(substream, area);
3212         else
3213                 return snd_pcm_default_mmap(substream, area);
3214 }
3215
3216 static int snd_pcm_mmap(struct file *file, struct vm_area_struct *area)
3217 {
3218         struct snd_pcm_file * pcm_file;
3219         struct snd_pcm_substream *substream;    
3220         unsigned long offset;
3221         
3222         pcm_file = file->private_data;
3223         substream = pcm_file->substream;
3224         snd_assert(substream != NULL, return -ENXIO);
3225
3226         offset = area->vm_pgoff << PAGE_SHIFT;
3227         switch (offset) {
3228         case SNDRV_PCM_MMAP_OFFSET_STATUS:
3229                 if (substream->no_mmap_ctrl)
3230                         return -ENXIO;
3231                 return snd_pcm_mmap_status(substream, file, area);
3232         case SNDRV_PCM_MMAP_OFFSET_CONTROL:
3233                 if (substream->no_mmap_ctrl)
3234                         return -ENXIO;
3235                 return snd_pcm_mmap_control(substream, file, area);
3236         default:
3237                 return snd_pcm_mmap_data(substream, file, area);
3238         }
3239         return 0;
3240 }
3241
3242 static int snd_pcm_fasync(int fd, struct file * file, int on)
3243 {
3244         struct snd_pcm_file * pcm_file;
3245         struct snd_pcm_substream *substream;
3246         struct snd_pcm_runtime *runtime;
3247         int err;
3248
3249         pcm_file = file->private_data;
3250         substream = pcm_file->substream;
3251         snd_assert(substream != NULL, return -ENXIO);
3252         runtime = substream->runtime;
3253
3254         err = fasync_helper(fd, file, on, &runtime->fasync);
3255         if (err < 0)
3256                 return err;
3257         return 0;
3258 }
3259
3260 /*
3261  * ioctl32 compat
3262  */
3263 #ifdef CONFIG_COMPAT
3264 #include "pcm_compat.c"
3265 #else
3266 #define snd_pcm_ioctl_compat    NULL
3267 #endif
3268
3269 /*
3270  *  To be removed helpers to keep binary compatibility
3271  */
3272
3273 #define __OLD_TO_NEW_MASK(x) ((x&7)|((x&0x07fffff8)<<5))
3274 #define __NEW_TO_OLD_MASK(x) ((x&7)|((x&0xffffff00)>>5))
3275
3276 static void snd_pcm_hw_convert_from_old_params(struct snd_pcm_hw_params *params,
3277                                                struct snd_pcm_hw_params_old *oparams)
3278 {
3279         unsigned int i;
3280
3281         memset(params, 0, sizeof(*params));
3282         params->flags = oparams->flags;
3283         for (i = 0; i < ARRAY_SIZE(oparams->masks); i++)
3284                 params->masks[i].bits[0] = oparams->masks[i];
3285         memcpy(params->intervals, oparams->intervals, sizeof(oparams->intervals));
3286         params->rmask = __OLD_TO_NEW_MASK(oparams->rmask);
3287         params->cmask = __OLD_TO_NEW_MASK(oparams->cmask);
3288         params->info = oparams->info;
3289         params->msbits = oparams->msbits;
3290         params->rate_num = oparams->rate_num;
3291         params->rate_den = oparams->rate_den;
3292         params->fifo_size = oparams->fifo_size;
3293 }
3294
3295 static void snd_pcm_hw_convert_to_old_params(struct snd_pcm_hw_params_old *oparams,
3296                                              struct snd_pcm_hw_params *params)
3297 {
3298         unsigned int i;
3299
3300         memset(oparams, 0, sizeof(*oparams));
3301         oparams->flags = params->flags;
3302         for (i = 0; i < ARRAY_SIZE(oparams->masks); i++)
3303                 oparams->masks[i] = params->masks[i].bits[0];
3304         memcpy(oparams->intervals, params->intervals, sizeof(oparams->intervals));
3305         oparams->rmask = __NEW_TO_OLD_MASK(params->rmask);
3306         oparams->cmask = __NEW_TO_OLD_MASK(params->cmask);
3307         oparams->info = params->info;
3308         oparams->msbits = params->msbits;
3309         oparams->rate_num = params->rate_num;
3310         oparams->rate_den = params->rate_den;
3311         oparams->fifo_size = params->fifo_size;
3312 }
3313
3314 static int snd_pcm_hw_refine_old_user(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream,
3315                                       struct snd_pcm_hw_params_old __user * _oparams)
3316 {
3317         struct snd_pcm_hw_params *params;
3318         struct snd_pcm_hw_params_old *oparams = NULL;
3319         int err;
3320
3321         params = kmalloc(sizeof(*params), GFP_KERNEL);
3322         if (!params) {
3323                 err = -ENOMEM;
3324                 goto out;
3325         }
3326         oparams = kmalloc(sizeof(*oparams), GFP_KERNEL);
3327         if (!oparams) {
3328                 err = -ENOMEM;
3329                 goto out;
3330         }
3331
3332         if (copy_from_user(oparams, _oparams, sizeof(*oparams))) {
3333                 err = -EFAULT;
3334                 goto out;
3335         }
3336         snd_pcm_hw_convert_from_old_params(params, oparams);
3337         err = snd_pcm_hw_refine(substream, params);
3338         snd_pcm_hw_convert_to_old_params(oparams, params);
3339         if (copy_to_user(_oparams, oparams, sizeof(*oparams))) {
3340                 if (!err)
3341                         err = -EFAULT;
3342         }
3343 out:
3344         kfree(params);
3345         kfree(oparams);
3346         return err;
3347 }
3348
3349 static int snd_pcm_hw_params_old_user(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream,
3350                                       struct snd_pcm_hw_params_old __user * _oparams)
3351 {
3352         struct snd_pcm_hw_params *params;
3353         struct snd_pcm_hw_params_old *oparams = NULL;
3354         int err;
3355
3356         params = kmalloc(sizeof(*params), GFP_KERNEL);
3357         if (!params) {
3358                 err = -ENOMEM;
3359                 goto out;
3360         }
3361         oparams = kmalloc(sizeof(*oparams), GFP_KERNEL);
3362         if (!oparams) {
3363                 err = -ENOMEM;
3364                 goto out;
3365         }
3366         if (copy_from_user(oparams, _oparams, sizeof(*oparams))) {
3367                 err = -EFAULT;
3368                 goto out;
3369         }
3370         snd_pcm_hw_convert_from_old_params(params, oparams);
3371         err = snd_pcm_hw_params(substream, params);
3372         snd_pcm_hw_convert_to_old_params(oparams, params);
3373         if (copy_to_user(_oparams, oparams, sizeof(*oparams))) {
3374                 if (!err)
3375                         err = -EFAULT;
3376         }
3377 out:
3378         kfree(params);
3379         kfree(oparams);
3380         return err;
3381 }
3382
3383 /*
3384  *  Register section
3385  */
3386
3387 struct file_operations snd_pcm_f_ops[2] = {
3388         {
3389                 .owner =                THIS_MODULE,
3390                 .write =                snd_pcm_write,
3391                 .writev =               snd_pcm_writev,
3392                 .open =                 snd_pcm_playback_open,
3393                 .release =              snd_pcm_release,
3394                 .poll =                 snd_pcm_playback_poll,
3395                 .unlocked_ioctl =       snd_pcm_playback_ioctl,
3396                 .compat_ioctl =         snd_pcm_ioctl_compat,
3397                 .mmap =                 snd_pcm_mmap,
3398                 .fasync =               snd_pcm_fasync,
3399         },
3400         {
3401                 .owner =                THIS_MODULE,
3402                 .read =                 snd_pcm_read,
3403                 .readv =                snd_pcm_readv,
3404                 .open =                 snd_pcm_capture_open,
3405                 .release =              snd_pcm_release,
3406                 .poll =                 snd_pcm_capture_poll,
3407                 .unlocked_ioctl =       snd_pcm_capture_ioctl,
3408                 .compat_ioctl =         snd_pcm_ioctl_compat,
3409                 .mmap =                 snd_pcm_mmap,
3410                 .fasync =               snd_pcm_fasync,
3411         }
3412 };