Merge branch 'for-next' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/jikos/trivial
[linux-3.10.git] / kernel / trace / trace_kprobe.c
1 /*
2  * Kprobes-based tracing events
3  *
4  * Created by Masami Hiramatsu <mhiramat@redhat.com>
5  *
6  * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
7  * it under the terms of the GNU General Public License version 2 as
8  * published by the Free Software Foundation.
9  *
10  * This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
11  * but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
12  * MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the
13  * GNU General Public License for more details.
14  *
15  * You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
16  * along with this program; if not, write to the Free Software
17  * Foundation, Inc., 59 Temple Place, Suite 330, Boston, MA  02111-1307  USA
18  */
19
20 #include <linux/module.h>
21 #include <linux/uaccess.h>
22 #include <linux/kprobes.h>
23 #include <linux/seq_file.h>
24 #include <linux/slab.h>
25 #include <linux/smp.h>
26 #include <linux/debugfs.h>
27 #include <linux/types.h>
28 #include <linux/string.h>
29 #include <linux/ctype.h>
30 #include <linux/ptrace.h>
31 #include <linux/perf_event.h>
32 #include <linux/stringify.h>
33 #include <linux/limits.h>
34 #include <linux/uaccess.h>
35 #include <asm/bitsperlong.h>
36
37 #include "trace.h"
38 #include "trace_output.h"
39
40 #define MAX_TRACE_ARGS 128
41 #define MAX_ARGSTR_LEN 63
42 #define MAX_EVENT_NAME_LEN 64
43 #define MAX_STRING_SIZE PATH_MAX
44 #define KPROBE_EVENT_SYSTEM "kprobes"
45
46 /* Reserved field names */
47 #define FIELD_STRING_IP "__probe_ip"
48 #define FIELD_STRING_RETIP "__probe_ret_ip"
49 #define FIELD_STRING_FUNC "__probe_func"
50
51 const char *reserved_field_names[] = {
52         "common_type",
53         "common_flags",
54         "common_preempt_count",
55         "common_pid",
56         "common_tgid",
57         "common_lock_depth",
58         FIELD_STRING_IP,
59         FIELD_STRING_RETIP,
60         FIELD_STRING_FUNC,
61 };
62
63 /* Printing function type */
64 typedef int (*print_type_func_t)(struct trace_seq *, const char *, void *,
65                                  void *);
66 #define PRINT_TYPE_FUNC_NAME(type)      print_type_##type
67 #define PRINT_TYPE_FMT_NAME(type)       print_type_format_##type
68
69 /* Printing  in basic type function template */
70 #define DEFINE_BASIC_PRINT_TYPE_FUNC(type, fmt, cast)                   \
71 static __kprobes int PRINT_TYPE_FUNC_NAME(type)(struct trace_seq *s,    \
72                                                 const char *name,       \
73                                                 void *data, void *ent)\
74 {                                                                       \
75         return trace_seq_printf(s, " %s=" fmt, name, (cast)*(type *)data);\
76 }                                                                       \
77 static const char PRINT_TYPE_FMT_NAME(type)[] = fmt;
78
79 DEFINE_BASIC_PRINT_TYPE_FUNC(u8, "%x", unsigned int)
80 DEFINE_BASIC_PRINT_TYPE_FUNC(u16, "%x", unsigned int)
81 DEFINE_BASIC_PRINT_TYPE_FUNC(u32, "%lx", unsigned long)
82 DEFINE_BASIC_PRINT_TYPE_FUNC(u64, "%llx", unsigned long long)
83 DEFINE_BASIC_PRINT_TYPE_FUNC(s8, "%d", int)
84 DEFINE_BASIC_PRINT_TYPE_FUNC(s16, "%d", int)
85 DEFINE_BASIC_PRINT_TYPE_FUNC(s32, "%ld", long)
86 DEFINE_BASIC_PRINT_TYPE_FUNC(s64, "%lld", long long)
87
88 /* data_rloc: data relative location, compatible with u32 */
89 #define make_data_rloc(len, roffs)      \
90         (((u32)(len) << 16) | ((u32)(roffs) & 0xffff))
91 #define get_rloc_len(dl)        ((u32)(dl) >> 16)
92 #define get_rloc_offs(dl)       ((u32)(dl) & 0xffff)
93
94 static inline void *get_rloc_data(u32 *dl)
95 {
96         return (u8 *)dl + get_rloc_offs(*dl);
97 }
98
99 /* For data_loc conversion */
100 static inline void *get_loc_data(u32 *dl, void *ent)
101 {
102         return (u8 *)ent + get_rloc_offs(*dl);
103 }
104
105 /*
106  * Convert data_rloc to data_loc:
107  *  data_rloc stores the offset from data_rloc itself, but data_loc
108  *  stores the offset from event entry.
109  */
110 #define convert_rloc_to_loc(dl, offs)   ((u32)(dl) + (offs))
111
112 /* For defining macros, define string/string_size types */
113 typedef u32 string;
114 typedef u32 string_size;
115
116 /* Print type function for string type */
117 static __kprobes int PRINT_TYPE_FUNC_NAME(string)(struct trace_seq *s,
118                                                   const char *name,
119                                                   void *data, void *ent)
120 {
121         int len = *(u32 *)data >> 16;
122
123         if (!len)
124                 return trace_seq_printf(s, " %s=(fault)", name);
125         else
126                 return trace_seq_printf(s, " %s=\"%s\"", name,
127                                         (const char *)get_loc_data(data, ent));
128 }
129 static const char PRINT_TYPE_FMT_NAME(string)[] = "\\\"%s\\\"";
130
131 /* Data fetch function type */
132 typedef void (*fetch_func_t)(struct pt_regs *, void *, void *);
133
134 struct fetch_param {
135         fetch_func_t    fn;
136         void *data;
137 };
138
139 static __kprobes void call_fetch(struct fetch_param *fprm,
140                                  struct pt_regs *regs, void *dest)
141 {
142         return fprm->fn(regs, fprm->data, dest);
143 }
144
145 #define FETCH_FUNC_NAME(method, type)   fetch_##method##_##type
146 /*
147  * Define macro for basic types - we don't need to define s* types, because
148  * we have to care only about bitwidth at recording time.
149  */
150 #define DEFINE_BASIC_FETCH_FUNCS(method) \
151 DEFINE_FETCH_##method(u8)               \
152 DEFINE_FETCH_##method(u16)              \
153 DEFINE_FETCH_##method(u32)              \
154 DEFINE_FETCH_##method(u64)
155
156 #define CHECK_FETCH_FUNCS(method, fn)                   \
157         (((FETCH_FUNC_NAME(method, u8) == fn) ||        \
158           (FETCH_FUNC_NAME(method, u16) == fn) ||       \
159           (FETCH_FUNC_NAME(method, u32) == fn) ||       \
160           (FETCH_FUNC_NAME(method, u64) == fn) ||       \
161           (FETCH_FUNC_NAME(method, string) == fn) ||    \
162           (FETCH_FUNC_NAME(method, string_size) == fn)) \
163          && (fn != NULL))
164
165 /* Data fetch function templates */
166 #define DEFINE_FETCH_reg(type)                                          \
167 static __kprobes void FETCH_FUNC_NAME(reg, type)(struct pt_regs *regs,  \
168                                         void *offset, void *dest)       \
169 {                                                                       \
170         *(type *)dest = (type)regs_get_register(regs,                   \
171                                 (unsigned int)((unsigned long)offset)); \
172 }
173 DEFINE_BASIC_FETCH_FUNCS(reg)
174 /* No string on the register */
175 #define fetch_reg_string NULL
176 #define fetch_reg_string_size NULL
177
178 #define DEFINE_FETCH_stack(type)                                        \
179 static __kprobes void FETCH_FUNC_NAME(stack, type)(struct pt_regs *regs,\
180                                           void *offset, void *dest)     \
181 {                                                                       \
182         *(type *)dest = (type)regs_get_kernel_stack_nth(regs,           \
183                                 (unsigned int)((unsigned long)offset)); \
184 }
185 DEFINE_BASIC_FETCH_FUNCS(stack)
186 /* No string on the stack entry */
187 #define fetch_stack_string NULL
188 #define fetch_stack_string_size NULL
189
190 #define DEFINE_FETCH_retval(type)                                       \
191 static __kprobes void FETCH_FUNC_NAME(retval, type)(struct pt_regs *regs,\
192                                           void *dummy, void *dest)      \
193 {                                                                       \
194         *(type *)dest = (type)regs_return_value(regs);                  \
195 }
196 DEFINE_BASIC_FETCH_FUNCS(retval)
197 /* No string on the retval */
198 #define fetch_retval_string NULL
199 #define fetch_retval_string_size NULL
200
201 #define DEFINE_FETCH_memory(type)                                       \
202 static __kprobes void FETCH_FUNC_NAME(memory, type)(struct pt_regs *regs,\
203                                           void *addr, void *dest)       \
204 {                                                                       \
205         type retval;                                                    \
206         if (probe_kernel_address(addr, retval))                         \
207                 *(type *)dest = 0;                                      \
208         else                                                            \
209                 *(type *)dest = retval;                                 \
210 }
211 DEFINE_BASIC_FETCH_FUNCS(memory)
212 /*
213  * Fetch a null-terminated string. Caller MUST set *(u32 *)dest with max
214  * length and relative data location.
215  */
216 static __kprobes void FETCH_FUNC_NAME(memory, string)(struct pt_regs *regs,
217                                                       void *addr, void *dest)
218 {
219         long ret;
220         int maxlen = get_rloc_len(*(u32 *)dest);
221         u8 *dst = get_rloc_data(dest);
222         u8 *src = addr;
223         mm_segment_t old_fs = get_fs();
224         if (!maxlen)
225                 return;
226         /*
227          * Try to get string again, since the string can be changed while
228          * probing.
229          */
230         set_fs(KERNEL_DS);
231         pagefault_disable();
232         do
233                 ret = __copy_from_user_inatomic(dst++, src++, 1);
234         while (dst[-1] && ret == 0 && src - (u8 *)addr < maxlen);
235         dst[-1] = '\0';
236         pagefault_enable();
237         set_fs(old_fs);
238
239         if (ret < 0) {  /* Failed to fetch string */
240                 ((u8 *)get_rloc_data(dest))[0] = '\0';
241                 *(u32 *)dest = make_data_rloc(0, get_rloc_offs(*(u32 *)dest));
242         } else
243                 *(u32 *)dest = make_data_rloc(src - (u8 *)addr,
244                                               get_rloc_offs(*(u32 *)dest));
245 }
246 /* Return the length of string -- including null terminal byte */
247 static __kprobes void FETCH_FUNC_NAME(memory, string_size)(struct pt_regs *regs,
248                                                         void *addr, void *dest)
249 {
250         int ret, len = 0;
251         u8 c;
252         mm_segment_t old_fs = get_fs();
253
254         set_fs(KERNEL_DS);
255         pagefault_disable();
256         do {
257                 ret = __copy_from_user_inatomic(&c, (u8 *)addr + len, 1);
258                 len++;
259         } while (c && ret == 0 && len < MAX_STRING_SIZE);
260         pagefault_enable();
261         set_fs(old_fs);
262
263         if (ret < 0)    /* Failed to check the length */
264                 *(u32 *)dest = 0;
265         else
266                 *(u32 *)dest = len;
267 }
268
269 /* Memory fetching by symbol */
270 struct symbol_cache {
271         char *symbol;
272         long offset;
273         unsigned long addr;
274 };
275
276 static unsigned long update_symbol_cache(struct symbol_cache *sc)
277 {
278         sc->addr = (unsigned long)kallsyms_lookup_name(sc->symbol);
279         if (sc->addr)
280                 sc->addr += sc->offset;
281         return sc->addr;
282 }
283
284 static void free_symbol_cache(struct symbol_cache *sc)
285 {
286         kfree(sc->symbol);
287         kfree(sc);
288 }
289
290 static struct symbol_cache *alloc_symbol_cache(const char *sym, long offset)
291 {
292         struct symbol_cache *sc;
293
294         if (!sym || strlen(sym) == 0)
295                 return NULL;
296         sc = kzalloc(sizeof(struct symbol_cache), GFP_KERNEL);
297         if (!sc)
298                 return NULL;
299
300         sc->symbol = kstrdup(sym, GFP_KERNEL);
301         if (!sc->symbol) {
302                 kfree(sc);
303                 return NULL;
304         }
305         sc->offset = offset;
306
307         update_symbol_cache(sc);
308         return sc;
309 }
310
311 #define DEFINE_FETCH_symbol(type)                                       \
312 static __kprobes void FETCH_FUNC_NAME(symbol, type)(struct pt_regs *regs,\
313                                           void *data, void *dest)       \
314 {                                                                       \
315         struct symbol_cache *sc = data;                                 \
316         if (sc->addr)                                                   \
317                 fetch_memory_##type(regs, (void *)sc->addr, dest);      \
318         else                                                            \
319                 *(type *)dest = 0;                                      \
320 }
321 DEFINE_BASIC_FETCH_FUNCS(symbol)
322 DEFINE_FETCH_symbol(string)
323 DEFINE_FETCH_symbol(string_size)
324
325 /* Dereference memory access function */
326 struct deref_fetch_param {
327         struct fetch_param orig;
328         long offset;
329 };
330
331 #define DEFINE_FETCH_deref(type)                                        \
332 static __kprobes void FETCH_FUNC_NAME(deref, type)(struct pt_regs *regs,\
333                                             void *data, void *dest)     \
334 {                                                                       \
335         struct deref_fetch_param *dprm = data;                          \
336         unsigned long addr;                                             \
337         call_fetch(&dprm->orig, regs, &addr);                           \
338         if (addr) {                                                     \
339                 addr += dprm->offset;                                   \
340                 fetch_memory_##type(regs, (void *)addr, dest);          \
341         } else                                                          \
342                 *(type *)dest = 0;                                      \
343 }
344 DEFINE_BASIC_FETCH_FUNCS(deref)
345 DEFINE_FETCH_deref(string)
346 DEFINE_FETCH_deref(string_size)
347
348 static __kprobes void free_deref_fetch_param(struct deref_fetch_param *data)
349 {
350         if (CHECK_FETCH_FUNCS(deref, data->orig.fn))
351                 free_deref_fetch_param(data->orig.data);
352         else if (CHECK_FETCH_FUNCS(symbol, data->orig.fn))
353                 free_symbol_cache(data->orig.data);
354         kfree(data);
355 }
356
357 /* Default (unsigned long) fetch type */
358 #define __DEFAULT_FETCH_TYPE(t) u##t
359 #define _DEFAULT_FETCH_TYPE(t) __DEFAULT_FETCH_TYPE(t)
360 #define DEFAULT_FETCH_TYPE _DEFAULT_FETCH_TYPE(BITS_PER_LONG)
361 #define DEFAULT_FETCH_TYPE_STR __stringify(DEFAULT_FETCH_TYPE)
362
363 /* Fetch types */
364 enum {
365         FETCH_MTD_reg = 0,
366         FETCH_MTD_stack,
367         FETCH_MTD_retval,
368         FETCH_MTD_memory,
369         FETCH_MTD_symbol,
370         FETCH_MTD_deref,
371         FETCH_MTD_END,
372 };
373
374 #define ASSIGN_FETCH_FUNC(method, type) \
375         [FETCH_MTD_##method] = FETCH_FUNC_NAME(method, type)
376
377 #define __ASSIGN_FETCH_TYPE(_name, ptype, ftype, _size, sign, _fmttype) \
378         {.name = _name,                         \
379          .size = _size,                                 \
380          .is_signed = sign,                             \
381          .print = PRINT_TYPE_FUNC_NAME(ptype),          \
382          .fmt = PRINT_TYPE_FMT_NAME(ptype),             \
383          .fmttype = _fmttype,                           \
384          .fetch = {                                     \
385 ASSIGN_FETCH_FUNC(reg, ftype),                          \
386 ASSIGN_FETCH_FUNC(stack, ftype),                        \
387 ASSIGN_FETCH_FUNC(retval, ftype),                       \
388 ASSIGN_FETCH_FUNC(memory, ftype),                       \
389 ASSIGN_FETCH_FUNC(symbol, ftype),                       \
390 ASSIGN_FETCH_FUNC(deref, ftype),                        \
391           }                                             \
392         }
393
394 #define ASSIGN_FETCH_TYPE(ptype, ftype, sign)                   \
395         __ASSIGN_FETCH_TYPE(#ptype, ptype, ftype, sizeof(ftype), sign, #ptype)
396
397 #define FETCH_TYPE_STRING 0
398 #define FETCH_TYPE_STRSIZE 1
399
400 /* Fetch type information table */
401 static const struct fetch_type {
402         const char      *name;          /* Name of type */
403         size_t          size;           /* Byte size of type */
404         int             is_signed;      /* Signed flag */
405         print_type_func_t       print;  /* Print functions */
406         const char      *fmt;           /* Fromat string */
407         const char      *fmttype;       /* Name in format file */
408         /* Fetch functions */
409         fetch_func_t    fetch[FETCH_MTD_END];
410 } fetch_type_table[] = {
411         /* Special types */
412         [FETCH_TYPE_STRING] = __ASSIGN_FETCH_TYPE("string", string, string,
413                                         sizeof(u32), 1, "__data_loc char[]"),
414         [FETCH_TYPE_STRSIZE] = __ASSIGN_FETCH_TYPE("string_size", u32,
415                                         string_size, sizeof(u32), 0, "u32"),
416         /* Basic types */
417         ASSIGN_FETCH_TYPE(u8,  u8,  0),
418         ASSIGN_FETCH_TYPE(u16, u16, 0),
419         ASSIGN_FETCH_TYPE(u32, u32, 0),
420         ASSIGN_FETCH_TYPE(u64, u64, 0),
421         ASSIGN_FETCH_TYPE(s8,  u8,  1),
422         ASSIGN_FETCH_TYPE(s16, u16, 1),
423         ASSIGN_FETCH_TYPE(s32, u32, 1),
424         ASSIGN_FETCH_TYPE(s64, u64, 1),
425 };
426
427 static const struct fetch_type *find_fetch_type(const char *type)
428 {
429         int i;
430
431         if (!type)
432                 type = DEFAULT_FETCH_TYPE_STR;
433
434         for (i = 0; i < ARRAY_SIZE(fetch_type_table); i++)
435                 if (strcmp(type, fetch_type_table[i].name) == 0)
436                         return &fetch_type_table[i];
437         return NULL;
438 }
439
440 /* Special function : only accept unsigned long */
441 static __kprobes void fetch_stack_address(struct pt_regs *regs,
442                                           void *dummy, void *dest)
443 {
444         *(unsigned long *)dest = kernel_stack_pointer(regs);
445 }
446
447 static fetch_func_t get_fetch_size_function(const struct fetch_type *type,
448                                             fetch_func_t orig_fn)
449 {
450         int i;
451
452         if (type != &fetch_type_table[FETCH_TYPE_STRING])
453                 return NULL;    /* Only string type needs size function */
454         for (i = 0; i < FETCH_MTD_END; i++)
455                 if (type->fetch[i] == orig_fn)
456                         return fetch_type_table[FETCH_TYPE_STRSIZE].fetch[i];
457
458         WARN_ON(1);     /* This should not happen */
459         return NULL;
460 }
461
462 /**
463  * Kprobe event core functions
464  */
465
466 struct probe_arg {
467         struct fetch_param      fetch;
468         struct fetch_param      fetch_size;
469         unsigned int            offset; /* Offset from argument entry */
470         const char              *name;  /* Name of this argument */
471         const char              *comm;  /* Command of this argument */
472         const struct fetch_type *type;  /* Type of this argument */
473 };
474
475 /* Flags for trace_probe */
476 #define TP_FLAG_TRACE   1
477 #define TP_FLAG_PROFILE 2
478
479 struct trace_probe {
480         struct list_head        list;
481         struct kretprobe        rp;     /* Use rp.kp for kprobe use */
482         unsigned long           nhit;
483         unsigned int            flags;  /* For TP_FLAG_* */
484         const char              *symbol;        /* symbol name */
485         struct ftrace_event_class       class;
486         struct ftrace_event_call        call;
487         ssize_t                 size;           /* trace entry size */
488         unsigned int            nr_args;
489         struct probe_arg        args[];
490 };
491
492 #define SIZEOF_TRACE_PROBE(n)                   \
493         (offsetof(struct trace_probe, args) +   \
494         (sizeof(struct probe_arg) * (n)))
495
496
497 static __kprobes int probe_is_return(struct trace_probe *tp)
498 {
499         return tp->rp.handler != NULL;
500 }
501
502 static __kprobes const char *probe_symbol(struct trace_probe *tp)
503 {
504         return tp->symbol ? tp->symbol : "unknown";
505 }
506
507 static int register_probe_event(struct trace_probe *tp);
508 static void unregister_probe_event(struct trace_probe *tp);
509
510 static DEFINE_MUTEX(probe_lock);
511 static LIST_HEAD(probe_list);
512
513 static int kprobe_dispatcher(struct kprobe *kp, struct pt_regs *regs);
514 static int kretprobe_dispatcher(struct kretprobe_instance *ri,
515                                 struct pt_regs *regs);
516
517 /* Check the name is good for event/group/fields */
518 static int is_good_name(const char *name)
519 {
520         if (!isalpha(*name) && *name != '_')
521                 return 0;
522         while (*++name != '\0') {
523                 if (!isalpha(*name) && !isdigit(*name) && *name != '_')
524                         return 0;
525         }
526         return 1;
527 }
528
529 /*
530  * Allocate new trace_probe and initialize it (including kprobes).
531  */
532 static struct trace_probe *alloc_trace_probe(const char *group,
533                                              const char *event,
534                                              void *addr,
535                                              const char *symbol,
536                                              unsigned long offs,
537                                              int nargs, int is_return)
538 {
539         struct trace_probe *tp;
540         int ret = -ENOMEM;
541
542         tp = kzalloc(SIZEOF_TRACE_PROBE(nargs), GFP_KERNEL);
543         if (!tp)
544                 return ERR_PTR(ret);
545
546         if (symbol) {
547                 tp->symbol = kstrdup(symbol, GFP_KERNEL);
548                 if (!tp->symbol)
549                         goto error;
550                 tp->rp.kp.symbol_name = tp->symbol;
551                 tp->rp.kp.offset = offs;
552         } else
553                 tp->rp.kp.addr = addr;
554
555         if (is_return)
556                 tp->rp.handler = kretprobe_dispatcher;
557         else
558                 tp->rp.kp.pre_handler = kprobe_dispatcher;
559
560         if (!event || !is_good_name(event)) {
561                 ret = -EINVAL;
562                 goto error;
563         }
564
565         tp->call.class = &tp->class;
566         tp->call.name = kstrdup(event, GFP_KERNEL);
567         if (!tp->call.name)
568                 goto error;
569
570         if (!group || !is_good_name(group)) {
571                 ret = -EINVAL;
572                 goto error;
573         }
574
575         tp->class.system = kstrdup(group, GFP_KERNEL);
576         if (!tp->class.system)
577                 goto error;
578
579         INIT_LIST_HEAD(&tp->list);
580         return tp;
581 error:
582         kfree(tp->call.name);
583         kfree(tp->symbol);
584         kfree(tp);
585         return ERR_PTR(ret);
586 }
587
588 static void free_probe_arg(struct probe_arg *arg)
589 {
590         if (CHECK_FETCH_FUNCS(deref, arg->fetch.fn))
591                 free_deref_fetch_param(arg->fetch.data);
592         else if (CHECK_FETCH_FUNCS(symbol, arg->fetch.fn))
593                 free_symbol_cache(arg->fetch.data);
594         kfree(arg->name);
595         kfree(arg->comm);
596 }
597
598 static void free_trace_probe(struct trace_probe *tp)
599 {
600         int i;
601
602         for (i = 0; i < tp->nr_args; i++)
603                 free_probe_arg(&tp->args[i]);
604
605         kfree(tp->call.class->system);
606         kfree(tp->call.name);
607         kfree(tp->symbol);
608         kfree(tp);
609 }
610
611 static struct trace_probe *find_probe_event(const char *event,
612                                             const char *group)
613 {
614         struct trace_probe *tp;
615
616         list_for_each_entry(tp, &probe_list, list)
617                 if (strcmp(tp->call.name, event) == 0 &&
618                     strcmp(tp->call.class->system, group) == 0)
619                         return tp;
620         return NULL;
621 }
622
623 /* Unregister a trace_probe and probe_event: call with locking probe_lock */
624 static void unregister_trace_probe(struct trace_probe *tp)
625 {
626         if (probe_is_return(tp))
627                 unregister_kretprobe(&tp->rp);
628         else
629                 unregister_kprobe(&tp->rp.kp);
630         list_del(&tp->list);
631         unregister_probe_event(tp);
632 }
633
634 /* Register a trace_probe and probe_event */
635 static int register_trace_probe(struct trace_probe *tp)
636 {
637         struct trace_probe *old_tp;
638         int ret;
639
640         mutex_lock(&probe_lock);
641
642         /* register as an event */
643         old_tp = find_probe_event(tp->call.name, tp->call.class->system);
644         if (old_tp) {
645                 /* delete old event */
646                 unregister_trace_probe(old_tp);
647                 free_trace_probe(old_tp);
648         }
649         ret = register_probe_event(tp);
650         if (ret) {
651                 pr_warning("Failed to register probe event(%d)\n", ret);
652                 goto end;
653         }
654
655         tp->rp.kp.flags |= KPROBE_FLAG_DISABLED;
656         if (probe_is_return(tp))
657                 ret = register_kretprobe(&tp->rp);
658         else
659                 ret = register_kprobe(&tp->rp.kp);
660
661         if (ret) {
662                 pr_warning("Could not insert probe(%d)\n", ret);
663                 if (ret == -EILSEQ) {
664                         pr_warning("Probing address(0x%p) is not an "
665                                    "instruction boundary.\n",
666                                    tp->rp.kp.addr);
667                         ret = -EINVAL;
668                 }
669                 unregister_probe_event(tp);
670         } else
671                 list_add_tail(&tp->list, &probe_list);
672 end:
673         mutex_unlock(&probe_lock);
674         return ret;
675 }
676
677 /* Split symbol and offset. */
678 static int split_symbol_offset(char *symbol, unsigned long *offset)
679 {
680         char *tmp;
681         int ret;
682
683         if (!offset)
684                 return -EINVAL;
685
686         tmp = strchr(symbol, '+');
687         if (tmp) {
688                 /* skip sign because strict_strtol doesn't accept '+' */
689                 ret = strict_strtoul(tmp + 1, 0, offset);
690                 if (ret)
691                         return ret;
692                 *tmp = '\0';
693         } else
694                 *offset = 0;
695         return 0;
696 }
697
698 #define PARAM_MAX_ARGS 16
699 #define PARAM_MAX_STACK (THREAD_SIZE / sizeof(unsigned long))
700
701 static int parse_probe_vars(char *arg, const struct fetch_type *t,
702                             struct fetch_param *f, int is_return)
703 {
704         int ret = 0;
705         unsigned long param;
706
707         if (strcmp(arg, "retval") == 0) {
708                 if (is_return)
709                         f->fn = t->fetch[FETCH_MTD_retval];
710                 else
711                         ret = -EINVAL;
712         } else if (strncmp(arg, "stack", 5) == 0) {
713                 if (arg[5] == '\0') {
714                         if (strcmp(t->name, DEFAULT_FETCH_TYPE_STR) == 0)
715                                 f->fn = fetch_stack_address;
716                         else
717                                 ret = -EINVAL;
718                 } else if (isdigit(arg[5])) {
719                         ret = strict_strtoul(arg + 5, 10, &param);
720                         if (ret || param > PARAM_MAX_STACK)
721                                 ret = -EINVAL;
722                         else {
723                                 f->fn = t->fetch[FETCH_MTD_stack];
724                                 f->data = (void *)param;
725                         }
726                 } else
727                         ret = -EINVAL;
728         } else
729                 ret = -EINVAL;
730         return ret;
731 }
732
733 /* Recursive argument parser */
734 static int __parse_probe_arg(char *arg, const struct fetch_type *t,
735                              struct fetch_param *f, int is_return)
736 {
737         int ret = 0;
738         unsigned long param;
739         long offset;
740         char *tmp;
741
742         switch (arg[0]) {
743         case '$':
744                 ret = parse_probe_vars(arg + 1, t, f, is_return);
745                 break;
746         case '%':       /* named register */
747                 ret = regs_query_register_offset(arg + 1);
748                 if (ret >= 0) {
749                         f->fn = t->fetch[FETCH_MTD_reg];
750                         f->data = (void *)(unsigned long)ret;
751                         ret = 0;
752                 }
753                 break;
754         case '@':       /* memory or symbol */
755                 if (isdigit(arg[1])) {
756                         ret = strict_strtoul(arg + 1, 0, &param);
757                         if (ret)
758                                 break;
759                         f->fn = t->fetch[FETCH_MTD_memory];
760                         f->data = (void *)param;
761                 } else {
762                         ret = split_symbol_offset(arg + 1, &offset);
763                         if (ret)
764                                 break;
765                         f->data = alloc_symbol_cache(arg + 1, offset);
766                         if (f->data)
767                                 f->fn = t->fetch[FETCH_MTD_symbol];
768                 }
769                 break;
770         case '+':       /* deref memory */
771         case '-':
772                 tmp = strchr(arg, '(');
773                 if (!tmp)
774                         break;
775                 *tmp = '\0';
776                 ret = strict_strtol(arg + 1, 0, &offset);
777                 if (ret)
778                         break;
779                 if (arg[0] == '-')
780                         offset = -offset;
781                 arg = tmp + 1;
782                 tmp = strrchr(arg, ')');
783                 if (tmp) {
784                         struct deref_fetch_param *dprm;
785                         const struct fetch_type *t2 = find_fetch_type(NULL);
786                         *tmp = '\0';
787                         dprm = kzalloc(sizeof(struct deref_fetch_param),
788                                        GFP_KERNEL);
789                         if (!dprm)
790                                 return -ENOMEM;
791                         dprm->offset = offset;
792                         ret = __parse_probe_arg(arg, t2, &dprm->orig,
793                                                 is_return);
794                         if (ret)
795                                 kfree(dprm);
796                         else {
797                                 f->fn = t->fetch[FETCH_MTD_deref];
798                                 f->data = (void *)dprm;
799                         }
800                 }
801                 break;
802         }
803         if (!ret && !f->fn) {   /* Parsed, but do not find fetch method */
804                 pr_info("%s type has no corresponding fetch method.\n",
805                         t->name);
806                 ret = -EINVAL;
807         }
808         return ret;
809 }
810
811 /* String length checking wrapper */
812 static int parse_probe_arg(char *arg, struct trace_probe *tp,
813                            struct probe_arg *parg, int is_return)
814 {
815         const char *t;
816         int ret;
817
818         if (strlen(arg) > MAX_ARGSTR_LEN) {
819                 pr_info("Argument is too long.: %s\n",  arg);
820                 return -ENOSPC;
821         }
822         parg->comm = kstrdup(arg, GFP_KERNEL);
823         if (!parg->comm) {
824                 pr_info("Failed to allocate memory for command '%s'.\n", arg);
825                 return -ENOMEM;
826         }
827         t = strchr(parg->comm, ':');
828         if (t) {
829                 arg[t - parg->comm] = '\0';
830                 t++;
831         }
832         parg->type = find_fetch_type(t);
833         if (!parg->type) {
834                 pr_info("Unsupported type: %s\n", t);
835                 return -EINVAL;
836         }
837         parg->offset = tp->size;
838         tp->size += parg->type->size;
839         ret = __parse_probe_arg(arg, parg->type, &parg->fetch, is_return);
840         if (ret >= 0) {
841                 parg->fetch_size.fn = get_fetch_size_function(parg->type,
842                                                               parg->fetch.fn);
843                 parg->fetch_size.data = parg->fetch.data;
844         }
845         return ret;
846 }
847
848 /* Return 1 if name is reserved or already used by another argument */
849 static int conflict_field_name(const char *name,
850                                struct probe_arg *args, int narg)
851 {
852         int i;
853         for (i = 0; i < ARRAY_SIZE(reserved_field_names); i++)
854                 if (strcmp(reserved_field_names[i], name) == 0)
855                         return 1;
856         for (i = 0; i < narg; i++)
857                 if (strcmp(args[i].name, name) == 0)
858                         return 1;
859         return 0;
860 }
861
862 static int create_trace_probe(int argc, char **argv)
863 {
864         /*
865          * Argument syntax:
866          *  - Add kprobe: p[:[GRP/]EVENT] KSYM[+OFFS]|KADDR [FETCHARGS]
867          *  - Add kretprobe: r[:[GRP/]EVENT] KSYM[+0] [FETCHARGS]
868          * Fetch args:
869          *  $retval     : fetch return value
870          *  $stack      : fetch stack address
871          *  $stackN     : fetch Nth of stack (N:0-)
872          *  @ADDR       : fetch memory at ADDR (ADDR should be in kernel)
873          *  @SYM[+|-offs] : fetch memory at SYM +|- offs (SYM is a data symbol)
874          *  %REG        : fetch register REG
875          * Dereferencing memory fetch:
876          *  +|-offs(ARG) : fetch memory at ARG +|- offs address.
877          * Alias name of args:
878          *  NAME=FETCHARG : set NAME as alias of FETCHARG.
879          * Type of args:
880          *  FETCHARG:TYPE : use TYPE instead of unsigned long.
881          */
882         struct trace_probe *tp;
883         int i, ret = 0;
884         int is_return = 0, is_delete = 0;
885         char *symbol = NULL, *event = NULL, *group = NULL;
886         char *arg;
887         unsigned long offset = 0;
888         void *addr = NULL;
889         char buf[MAX_EVENT_NAME_LEN];
890
891         /* argc must be >= 1 */
892         if (argv[0][0] == 'p')
893                 is_return = 0;
894         else if (argv[0][0] == 'r')
895                 is_return = 1;
896         else if (argv[0][0] == '-')
897                 is_delete = 1;
898         else {
899                 pr_info("Probe definition must be started with 'p', 'r' or"
900                         " '-'.\n");
901                 return -EINVAL;
902         }
903
904         if (argv[0][1] == ':') {
905                 event = &argv[0][2];
906                 if (strchr(event, '/')) {
907                         group = event;
908                         event = strchr(group, '/') + 1;
909                         event[-1] = '\0';
910                         if (strlen(group) == 0) {
911                                 pr_info("Group name is not specified\n");
912                                 return -EINVAL;
913                         }
914                 }
915                 if (strlen(event) == 0) {
916                         pr_info("Event name is not specified\n");
917                         return -EINVAL;
918                 }
919         }
920         if (!group)
921                 group = KPROBE_EVENT_SYSTEM;
922
923         if (is_delete) {
924                 if (!event) {
925                         pr_info("Delete command needs an event name.\n");
926                         return -EINVAL;
927                 }
928                 mutex_lock(&probe_lock);
929                 tp = find_probe_event(event, group);
930                 if (!tp) {
931                         mutex_unlock(&probe_lock);
932                         pr_info("Event %s/%s doesn't exist.\n", group, event);
933                         return -ENOENT;
934                 }
935                 /* delete an event */
936                 unregister_trace_probe(tp);
937                 free_trace_probe(tp);
938                 mutex_unlock(&probe_lock);
939                 return 0;
940         }
941
942         if (argc < 2) {
943                 pr_info("Probe point is not specified.\n");
944                 return -EINVAL;
945         }
946         if (isdigit(argv[1][0])) {
947                 if (is_return) {
948                         pr_info("Return probe point must be a symbol.\n");
949                         return -EINVAL;
950                 }
951                 /* an address specified */
952                 ret = strict_strtoul(&argv[1][0], 0, (unsigned long *)&addr);
953                 if (ret) {
954                         pr_info("Failed to parse address.\n");
955                         return ret;
956                 }
957         } else {
958                 /* a symbol specified */
959                 symbol = argv[1];
960                 /* TODO: support .init module functions */
961                 ret = split_symbol_offset(symbol, &offset);
962                 if (ret) {
963                         pr_info("Failed to parse symbol.\n");
964                         return ret;
965                 }
966                 if (offset && is_return) {
967                         pr_info("Return probe must be used without offset.\n");
968                         return -EINVAL;
969                 }
970         }
971         argc -= 2; argv += 2;
972
973         /* setup a probe */
974         if (!event) {
975                 /* Make a new event name */
976                 if (symbol)
977                         snprintf(buf, MAX_EVENT_NAME_LEN, "%c_%s_%ld",
978                                  is_return ? 'r' : 'p', symbol, offset);
979                 else
980                         snprintf(buf, MAX_EVENT_NAME_LEN, "%c_0x%p",
981                                  is_return ? 'r' : 'p', addr);
982                 event = buf;
983         }
984         tp = alloc_trace_probe(group, event, addr, symbol, offset, argc,
985                                is_return);
986         if (IS_ERR(tp)) {
987                 pr_info("Failed to allocate trace_probe.(%d)\n",
988                         (int)PTR_ERR(tp));
989                 return PTR_ERR(tp);
990         }
991
992         /* parse arguments */
993         ret = 0;
994         for (i = 0; i < argc && i < MAX_TRACE_ARGS; i++) {
995                 /* Increment count for freeing args in error case */
996                 tp->nr_args++;
997
998                 /* Parse argument name */
999                 arg = strchr(argv[i], '=');
1000                 if (arg) {
1001                         *arg++ = '\0';
1002                         tp->args[i].name = kstrdup(argv[i], GFP_KERNEL);
1003                 } else {
1004                         arg = argv[i];
1005                         /* If argument name is omitted, set "argN" */
1006                         snprintf(buf, MAX_EVENT_NAME_LEN, "arg%d", i + 1);
1007                         tp->args[i].name = kstrdup(buf, GFP_KERNEL);
1008                 }
1009
1010                 if (!tp->args[i].name) {
1011                         pr_info("Failed to allocate argument[%d] name.\n", i);
1012                         ret = -ENOMEM;
1013                         goto error;
1014                 }
1015
1016                 if (!is_good_name(tp->args[i].name)) {
1017                         pr_info("Invalid argument[%d] name: %s\n",
1018                                 i, tp->args[i].name);
1019                         ret = -EINVAL;
1020                         goto error;
1021                 }
1022
1023                 if (conflict_field_name(tp->args[i].name, tp->args, i)) {
1024                         pr_info("Argument[%d] name '%s' conflicts with "
1025                                 "another field.\n", i, argv[i]);
1026                         ret = -EINVAL;
1027                         goto error;
1028                 }
1029
1030                 /* Parse fetch argument */
1031                 ret = parse_probe_arg(arg, tp, &tp->args[i], is_return);
1032                 if (ret) {
1033                         pr_info("Parse error at argument[%d]. (%d)\n", i, ret);
1034                         goto error;
1035                 }
1036         }
1037
1038         ret = register_trace_probe(tp);
1039         if (ret)
1040                 goto error;
1041         return 0;
1042
1043 error:
1044         free_trace_probe(tp);
1045         return ret;
1046 }
1047
1048 static void cleanup_all_probes(void)
1049 {
1050         struct trace_probe *tp;
1051
1052         mutex_lock(&probe_lock);
1053         /* TODO: Use batch unregistration */
1054         while (!list_empty(&probe_list)) {
1055                 tp = list_entry(probe_list.next, struct trace_probe, list);
1056                 unregister_trace_probe(tp);
1057                 free_trace_probe(tp);
1058         }
1059         mutex_unlock(&probe_lock);
1060 }
1061
1062
1063 /* Probes listing interfaces */
1064 static void *probes_seq_start(struct seq_file *m, loff_t *pos)
1065 {
1066         mutex_lock(&probe_lock);
1067         return seq_list_start(&probe_list, *pos);
1068 }
1069
1070 static void *probes_seq_next(struct seq_file *m, void *v, loff_t *pos)
1071 {
1072         return seq_list_next(v, &probe_list, pos);
1073 }
1074
1075 static void probes_seq_stop(struct seq_file *m, void *v)
1076 {
1077         mutex_unlock(&probe_lock);
1078 }
1079
1080 static int probes_seq_show(struct seq_file *m, void *v)
1081 {
1082         struct trace_probe *tp = v;
1083         int i;
1084
1085         seq_printf(m, "%c", probe_is_return(tp) ? 'r' : 'p');
1086         seq_printf(m, ":%s/%s", tp->call.class->system, tp->call.name);
1087
1088         if (!tp->symbol)
1089                 seq_printf(m, " 0x%p", tp->rp.kp.addr);
1090         else if (tp->rp.kp.offset)
1091                 seq_printf(m, " %s+%u", probe_symbol(tp), tp->rp.kp.offset);
1092         else
1093                 seq_printf(m, " %s", probe_symbol(tp));
1094
1095         for (i = 0; i < tp->nr_args; i++)
1096                 seq_printf(m, " %s=%s", tp->args[i].name, tp->args[i].comm);
1097         seq_printf(m, "\n");
1098
1099         return 0;
1100 }
1101
1102 static const struct seq_operations probes_seq_op = {
1103         .start  = probes_seq_start,
1104         .next   = probes_seq_next,
1105         .stop   = probes_seq_stop,
1106         .show   = probes_seq_show
1107 };
1108
1109 static int probes_open(struct inode *inode, struct file *file)
1110 {
1111         if ((file->f_mode & FMODE_WRITE) &&
1112             (file->f_flags & O_TRUNC))
1113                 cleanup_all_probes();
1114
1115         return seq_open(file, &probes_seq_op);
1116 }
1117
1118 static int command_trace_probe(const char *buf)
1119 {
1120         char **argv;
1121         int argc = 0, ret = 0;
1122
1123         argv = argv_split(GFP_KERNEL, buf, &argc);
1124         if (!argv)
1125                 return -ENOMEM;
1126
1127         if (argc)
1128                 ret = create_trace_probe(argc, argv);
1129
1130         argv_free(argv);
1131         return ret;
1132 }
1133
1134 #define WRITE_BUFSIZE 128
1135
1136 static ssize_t probes_write(struct file *file, const char __user *buffer,
1137                             size_t count, loff_t *ppos)
1138 {
1139         char *kbuf, *tmp;
1140         int ret;
1141         size_t done;
1142         size_t size;
1143
1144         kbuf = kmalloc(WRITE_BUFSIZE, GFP_KERNEL);
1145         if (!kbuf)
1146                 return -ENOMEM;
1147
1148         ret = done = 0;
1149         while (done < count) {
1150                 size = count - done;
1151                 if (size >= WRITE_BUFSIZE)
1152                         size = WRITE_BUFSIZE - 1;
1153                 if (copy_from_user(kbuf, buffer + done, size)) {
1154                         ret = -EFAULT;
1155                         goto out;
1156                 }
1157                 kbuf[size] = '\0';
1158                 tmp = strchr(kbuf, '\n');
1159                 if (tmp) {
1160                         *tmp = '\0';
1161                         size = tmp - kbuf + 1;
1162                 } else if (done + size < count) {
1163                         pr_warning("Line length is too long: "
1164                                    "Should be less than %d.", WRITE_BUFSIZE);
1165                         ret = -EINVAL;
1166                         goto out;
1167                 }
1168                 done += size;
1169                 /* Remove comments */
1170                 tmp = strchr(kbuf, '#');
1171                 if (tmp)
1172                         *tmp = '\0';
1173
1174                 ret = command_trace_probe(kbuf);
1175                 if (ret)
1176                         goto out;
1177         }
1178         ret = done;
1179 out:
1180         kfree(kbuf);
1181         return ret;
1182 }
1183
1184 static const struct file_operations kprobe_events_ops = {
1185         .owner          = THIS_MODULE,
1186         .open           = probes_open,
1187         .read           = seq_read,
1188         .llseek         = seq_lseek,
1189         .release        = seq_release,
1190         .write          = probes_write,
1191 };
1192
1193 /* Probes profiling interfaces */
1194 static int probes_profile_seq_show(struct seq_file *m, void *v)
1195 {
1196         struct trace_probe *tp = v;
1197
1198         seq_printf(m, "  %-44s %15lu %15lu\n", tp->call.name, tp->nhit,
1199                    tp->rp.kp.nmissed);
1200
1201         return 0;
1202 }
1203
1204 static const struct seq_operations profile_seq_op = {
1205         .start  = probes_seq_start,
1206         .next   = probes_seq_next,
1207         .stop   = probes_seq_stop,
1208         .show   = probes_profile_seq_show
1209 };
1210
1211 static int profile_open(struct inode *inode, struct file *file)
1212 {
1213         return seq_open(file, &profile_seq_op);
1214 }
1215
1216 static const struct file_operations kprobe_profile_ops = {
1217         .owner          = THIS_MODULE,
1218         .open           = profile_open,
1219         .read           = seq_read,
1220         .llseek         = seq_lseek,
1221         .release        = seq_release,
1222 };
1223
1224 /* Sum up total data length for dynamic arraies (strings) */
1225 static __kprobes int __get_data_size(struct trace_probe *tp,
1226                                      struct pt_regs *regs)
1227 {
1228         int i, ret = 0;
1229         u32 len;
1230
1231         for (i = 0; i < tp->nr_args; i++)
1232                 if (unlikely(tp->args[i].fetch_size.fn)) {
1233                         call_fetch(&tp->args[i].fetch_size, regs, &len);
1234                         ret += len;
1235                 }
1236
1237         return ret;
1238 }
1239
1240 /* Store the value of each argument */
1241 static __kprobes void store_trace_args(int ent_size, struct trace_probe *tp,
1242                                        struct pt_regs *regs,
1243                                        u8 *data, int maxlen)
1244 {
1245         int i;
1246         u32 end = tp->size;
1247         u32 *dl;        /* Data (relative) location */
1248
1249         for (i = 0; i < tp->nr_args; i++) {
1250                 if (unlikely(tp->args[i].fetch_size.fn)) {
1251                         /*
1252                          * First, we set the relative location and
1253                          * maximum data length to *dl
1254                          */
1255                         dl = (u32 *)(data + tp->args[i].offset);
1256                         *dl = make_data_rloc(maxlen, end - tp->args[i].offset);
1257                         /* Then try to fetch string or dynamic array data */
1258                         call_fetch(&tp->args[i].fetch, regs, dl);
1259                         /* Reduce maximum length */
1260                         end += get_rloc_len(*dl);
1261                         maxlen -= get_rloc_len(*dl);
1262                         /* Trick here, convert data_rloc to data_loc */
1263                         *dl = convert_rloc_to_loc(*dl,
1264                                  ent_size + tp->args[i].offset);
1265                 } else
1266                         /* Just fetching data normally */
1267                         call_fetch(&tp->args[i].fetch, regs,
1268                                    data + tp->args[i].offset);
1269         }
1270 }
1271
1272 /* Kprobe handler */
1273 static __kprobes void kprobe_trace_func(struct kprobe *kp, struct pt_regs *regs)
1274 {
1275         struct trace_probe *tp = container_of(kp, struct trace_probe, rp.kp);
1276         struct kprobe_trace_entry_head *entry;
1277         struct ring_buffer_event *event;
1278         struct ring_buffer *buffer;
1279         int size, dsize, pc;
1280         unsigned long irq_flags;
1281         struct ftrace_event_call *call = &tp->call;
1282
1283         tp->nhit++;
1284
1285         local_save_flags(irq_flags);
1286         pc = preempt_count();
1287
1288         dsize = __get_data_size(tp, regs);
1289         size = sizeof(*entry) + tp->size + dsize;
1290
1291         event = trace_current_buffer_lock_reserve(&buffer, call->event.type,
1292                                                   size, irq_flags, pc);
1293         if (!event)
1294                 return;
1295
1296         entry = ring_buffer_event_data(event);
1297         entry->ip = (unsigned long)kp->addr;
1298         store_trace_args(sizeof(*entry), tp, regs, (u8 *)&entry[1], dsize);
1299
1300         if (!filter_current_check_discard(buffer, call, entry, event))
1301                 trace_nowake_buffer_unlock_commit(buffer, event, irq_flags, pc);
1302 }
1303
1304 /* Kretprobe handler */
1305 static __kprobes void kretprobe_trace_func(struct kretprobe_instance *ri,
1306                                           struct pt_regs *regs)
1307 {
1308         struct trace_probe *tp = container_of(ri->rp, struct trace_probe, rp);
1309         struct kretprobe_trace_entry_head *entry;
1310         struct ring_buffer_event *event;
1311         struct ring_buffer *buffer;
1312         int size, pc, dsize;
1313         unsigned long irq_flags;
1314         struct ftrace_event_call *call = &tp->call;
1315
1316         local_save_flags(irq_flags);
1317         pc = preempt_count();
1318
1319         dsize = __get_data_size(tp, regs);
1320         size = sizeof(*entry) + tp->size + dsize;
1321
1322         event = trace_current_buffer_lock_reserve(&buffer, call->event.type,
1323                                                   size, irq_flags, pc);
1324         if (!event)
1325                 return;
1326
1327         entry = ring_buffer_event_data(event);
1328         entry->func = (unsigned long)tp->rp.kp.addr;
1329         entry->ret_ip = (unsigned long)ri->ret_addr;
1330         store_trace_args(sizeof(*entry), tp, regs, (u8 *)&entry[1], dsize);
1331
1332         if (!filter_current_check_discard(buffer, call, entry, event))
1333                 trace_nowake_buffer_unlock_commit(buffer, event, irq_flags, pc);
1334 }
1335
1336 /* Event entry printers */
1337 enum print_line_t
1338 print_kprobe_event(struct trace_iterator *iter, int flags,
1339                    struct trace_event *event)
1340 {
1341         struct kprobe_trace_entry_head *field;
1342         struct trace_seq *s = &iter->seq;
1343         struct trace_probe *tp;
1344         u8 *data;
1345         int i;
1346
1347         field = (struct kprobe_trace_entry_head *)iter->ent;
1348         tp = container_of(event, struct trace_probe, call.event);
1349
1350         if (!trace_seq_printf(s, "%s: (", tp->call.name))
1351                 goto partial;
1352
1353         if (!seq_print_ip_sym(s, field->ip, flags | TRACE_ITER_SYM_OFFSET))
1354                 goto partial;
1355
1356         if (!trace_seq_puts(s, ")"))
1357                 goto partial;
1358
1359         data = (u8 *)&field[1];
1360         for (i = 0; i < tp->nr_args; i++)
1361                 if (!tp->args[i].type->print(s, tp->args[i].name,
1362                                              data + tp->args[i].offset, field))
1363                         goto partial;
1364
1365         if (!trace_seq_puts(s, "\n"))
1366                 goto partial;
1367
1368         return TRACE_TYPE_HANDLED;
1369 partial:
1370         return TRACE_TYPE_PARTIAL_LINE;
1371 }
1372
1373 enum print_line_t
1374 print_kretprobe_event(struct trace_iterator *iter, int flags,
1375                       struct trace_event *event)
1376 {
1377         struct kretprobe_trace_entry_head *field;
1378         struct trace_seq *s = &iter->seq;
1379         struct trace_probe *tp;
1380         u8 *data;
1381         int i;
1382
1383         field = (struct kretprobe_trace_entry_head *)iter->ent;
1384         tp = container_of(event, struct trace_probe, call.event);
1385
1386         if (!trace_seq_printf(s, "%s: (", tp->call.name))
1387                 goto partial;
1388
1389         if (!seq_print_ip_sym(s, field->ret_ip, flags | TRACE_ITER_SYM_OFFSET))
1390                 goto partial;
1391
1392         if (!trace_seq_puts(s, " <- "))
1393                 goto partial;
1394
1395         if (!seq_print_ip_sym(s, field->func, flags & ~TRACE_ITER_SYM_OFFSET))
1396                 goto partial;
1397
1398         if (!trace_seq_puts(s, ")"))
1399                 goto partial;
1400
1401         data = (u8 *)&field[1];
1402         for (i = 0; i < tp->nr_args; i++)
1403                 if (!tp->args[i].type->print(s, tp->args[i].name,
1404                                              data + tp->args[i].offset, field))
1405                         goto partial;
1406
1407         if (!trace_seq_puts(s, "\n"))
1408                 goto partial;
1409
1410         return TRACE_TYPE_HANDLED;
1411 partial:
1412         return TRACE_TYPE_PARTIAL_LINE;
1413 }
1414
1415 static int probe_event_enable(struct ftrace_event_call *call)
1416 {
1417         struct trace_probe *tp = (struct trace_probe *)call->data;
1418
1419         tp->flags |= TP_FLAG_TRACE;
1420         if (probe_is_return(tp))
1421                 return enable_kretprobe(&tp->rp);
1422         else
1423                 return enable_kprobe(&tp->rp.kp);
1424 }
1425
1426 static void probe_event_disable(struct ftrace_event_call *call)
1427 {
1428         struct trace_probe *tp = (struct trace_probe *)call->data;
1429
1430         tp->flags &= ~TP_FLAG_TRACE;
1431         if (!(tp->flags & (TP_FLAG_TRACE | TP_FLAG_PROFILE))) {
1432                 if (probe_is_return(tp))
1433                         disable_kretprobe(&tp->rp);
1434                 else
1435                         disable_kprobe(&tp->rp.kp);
1436         }
1437 }
1438
1439 #undef DEFINE_FIELD
1440 #define DEFINE_FIELD(type, item, name, is_signed)                       \
1441         do {                                                            \
1442                 ret = trace_define_field(event_call, #type, name,       \
1443                                          offsetof(typeof(field), item), \
1444                                          sizeof(field.item), is_signed, \
1445                                          FILTER_OTHER);                 \
1446                 if (ret)                                                \
1447                         return ret;                                     \
1448         } while (0)
1449
1450 static int kprobe_event_define_fields(struct ftrace_event_call *event_call)
1451 {
1452         int ret, i;
1453         struct kprobe_trace_entry_head field;
1454         struct trace_probe *tp = (struct trace_probe *)event_call->data;
1455
1456         DEFINE_FIELD(unsigned long, ip, FIELD_STRING_IP, 0);
1457         /* Set argument names as fields */
1458         for (i = 0; i < tp->nr_args; i++) {
1459                 ret = trace_define_field(event_call, tp->args[i].type->fmttype,
1460                                          tp->args[i].name,
1461                                          sizeof(field) + tp->args[i].offset,
1462                                          tp->args[i].type->size,
1463                                          tp->args[i].type->is_signed,
1464                                          FILTER_OTHER);
1465                 if (ret)
1466                         return ret;
1467         }
1468         return 0;
1469 }
1470
1471 static int kretprobe_event_define_fields(struct ftrace_event_call *event_call)
1472 {
1473         int ret, i;
1474         struct kretprobe_trace_entry_head field;
1475         struct trace_probe *tp = (struct trace_probe *)event_call->data;
1476
1477         DEFINE_FIELD(unsigned long, func, FIELD_STRING_FUNC, 0);
1478         DEFINE_FIELD(unsigned long, ret_ip, FIELD_STRING_RETIP, 0);
1479         /* Set argument names as fields */
1480         for (i = 0; i < tp->nr_args; i++) {
1481                 ret = trace_define_field(event_call, tp->args[i].type->fmttype,
1482                                          tp->args[i].name,
1483                                          sizeof(field) + tp->args[i].offset,
1484                                          tp->args[i].type->size,
1485                                          tp->args[i].type->is_signed,
1486                                          FILTER_OTHER);
1487                 if (ret)
1488                         return ret;
1489         }
1490         return 0;
1491 }
1492
1493 static int __set_print_fmt(struct trace_probe *tp, char *buf, int len)
1494 {
1495         int i;
1496         int pos = 0;
1497
1498         const char *fmt, *arg;
1499
1500         if (!probe_is_return(tp)) {
1501                 fmt = "(%lx)";
1502                 arg = "REC->" FIELD_STRING_IP;
1503         } else {
1504                 fmt = "(%lx <- %lx)";
1505                 arg = "REC->" FIELD_STRING_FUNC ", REC->" FIELD_STRING_RETIP;
1506         }
1507
1508         /* When len=0, we just calculate the needed length */
1509 #define LEN_OR_ZERO (len ? len - pos : 0)
1510
1511         pos += snprintf(buf + pos, LEN_OR_ZERO, "\"%s", fmt);
1512
1513         for (i = 0; i < tp->nr_args; i++) {
1514                 pos += snprintf(buf + pos, LEN_OR_ZERO, " %s=%s",
1515                                 tp->args[i].name, tp->args[i].type->fmt);
1516         }
1517
1518         pos += snprintf(buf + pos, LEN_OR_ZERO, "\", %s", arg);
1519
1520         for (i = 0; i < tp->nr_args; i++) {
1521                 if (strcmp(tp->args[i].type->name, "string") == 0)
1522                         pos += snprintf(buf + pos, LEN_OR_ZERO,
1523                                         ", __get_str(%s)",
1524                                         tp->args[i].name);
1525                 else
1526                         pos += snprintf(buf + pos, LEN_OR_ZERO, ", REC->%s",
1527                                         tp->args[i].name);
1528         }
1529
1530 #undef LEN_OR_ZERO
1531
1532         /* return the length of print_fmt */
1533         return pos;
1534 }
1535
1536 static int set_print_fmt(struct trace_probe *tp)
1537 {
1538         int len;
1539         char *print_fmt;
1540
1541         /* First: called with 0 length to calculate the needed length */
1542         len = __set_print_fmt(tp, NULL, 0);
1543         print_fmt = kmalloc(len + 1, GFP_KERNEL);
1544         if (!print_fmt)
1545                 return -ENOMEM;
1546
1547         /* Second: actually write the @print_fmt */
1548         __set_print_fmt(tp, print_fmt, len + 1);
1549         tp->call.print_fmt = print_fmt;
1550
1551         return 0;
1552 }
1553
1554 #ifdef CONFIG_PERF_EVENTS
1555
1556 /* Kprobe profile handler */
1557 static __kprobes void kprobe_perf_func(struct kprobe *kp,
1558                                          struct pt_regs *regs)
1559 {
1560         struct trace_probe *tp = container_of(kp, struct trace_probe, rp.kp);
1561         struct ftrace_event_call *call = &tp->call;
1562         struct kprobe_trace_entry_head *entry;
1563         struct hlist_head *head;
1564         int size, __size, dsize;
1565         int rctx;
1566
1567         dsize = __get_data_size(tp, regs);
1568         __size = sizeof(*entry) + tp->size + dsize;
1569         size = ALIGN(__size + sizeof(u32), sizeof(u64));
1570         size -= sizeof(u32);
1571         if (WARN_ONCE(size > PERF_MAX_TRACE_SIZE,
1572                      "profile buffer not large enough"))
1573                 return;
1574
1575         entry = perf_trace_buf_prepare(size, call->event.type, regs, &rctx);
1576         if (!entry)
1577                 return;
1578
1579         entry->ip = (unsigned long)kp->addr;
1580         memset(&entry[1], 0, dsize);
1581         store_trace_args(sizeof(*entry), tp, regs, (u8 *)&entry[1], dsize);
1582
1583         head = this_cpu_ptr(call->perf_events);
1584         perf_trace_buf_submit(entry, size, rctx, entry->ip, 1, regs, head);
1585 }
1586
1587 /* Kretprobe profile handler */
1588 static __kprobes void kretprobe_perf_func(struct kretprobe_instance *ri,
1589                                             struct pt_regs *regs)
1590 {
1591         struct trace_probe *tp = container_of(ri->rp, struct trace_probe, rp);
1592         struct ftrace_event_call *call = &tp->call;
1593         struct kretprobe_trace_entry_head *entry;
1594         struct hlist_head *head;
1595         int size, __size, dsize;
1596         int rctx;
1597
1598         dsize = __get_data_size(tp, regs);
1599         __size = sizeof(*entry) + tp->size + dsize;
1600         size = ALIGN(__size + sizeof(u32), sizeof(u64));
1601         size -= sizeof(u32);
1602         if (WARN_ONCE(size > PERF_MAX_TRACE_SIZE,
1603                      "profile buffer not large enough"))
1604                 return;
1605
1606         entry = perf_trace_buf_prepare(size, call->event.type, regs, &rctx);
1607         if (!entry)
1608                 return;
1609
1610         entry->func = (unsigned long)tp->rp.kp.addr;
1611         entry->ret_ip = (unsigned long)ri->ret_addr;
1612         store_trace_args(sizeof(*entry), tp, regs, (u8 *)&entry[1], dsize);
1613
1614         head = this_cpu_ptr(call->perf_events);
1615         perf_trace_buf_submit(entry, size, rctx, entry->ret_ip, 1, regs, head);
1616 }
1617
1618 static int probe_perf_enable(struct ftrace_event_call *call)
1619 {
1620         struct trace_probe *tp = (struct trace_probe *)call->data;
1621
1622         tp->flags |= TP_FLAG_PROFILE;
1623
1624         if (probe_is_return(tp))
1625                 return enable_kretprobe(&tp->rp);
1626         else
1627                 return enable_kprobe(&tp->rp.kp);
1628 }
1629
1630 static void probe_perf_disable(struct ftrace_event_call *call)
1631 {
1632         struct trace_probe *tp = (struct trace_probe *)call->data;
1633
1634         tp->flags &= ~TP_FLAG_PROFILE;
1635
1636         if (!(tp->flags & TP_FLAG_TRACE)) {
1637                 if (probe_is_return(tp))
1638                         disable_kretprobe(&tp->rp);
1639                 else
1640                         disable_kprobe(&tp->rp.kp);
1641         }
1642 }
1643 #endif  /* CONFIG_PERF_EVENTS */
1644
1645 static __kprobes
1646 int kprobe_register(struct ftrace_event_call *event, enum trace_reg type)
1647 {
1648         switch (type) {
1649         case TRACE_REG_REGISTER:
1650                 return probe_event_enable(event);
1651         case TRACE_REG_UNREGISTER:
1652                 probe_event_disable(event);
1653                 return 0;
1654
1655 #ifdef CONFIG_PERF_EVENTS
1656         case TRACE_REG_PERF_REGISTER:
1657                 return probe_perf_enable(event);
1658         case TRACE_REG_PERF_UNREGISTER:
1659                 probe_perf_disable(event);
1660                 return 0;
1661 #endif
1662         }
1663         return 0;
1664 }
1665
1666 static __kprobes
1667 int kprobe_dispatcher(struct kprobe *kp, struct pt_regs *regs)
1668 {
1669         struct trace_probe *tp = container_of(kp, struct trace_probe, rp.kp);
1670
1671         if (tp->flags & TP_FLAG_TRACE)
1672                 kprobe_trace_func(kp, regs);
1673 #ifdef CONFIG_PERF_EVENTS
1674         if (tp->flags & TP_FLAG_PROFILE)
1675                 kprobe_perf_func(kp, regs);
1676 #endif
1677         return 0;       /* We don't tweek kernel, so just return 0 */
1678 }
1679
1680 static __kprobes
1681 int kretprobe_dispatcher(struct kretprobe_instance *ri, struct pt_regs *regs)
1682 {
1683         struct trace_probe *tp = container_of(ri->rp, struct trace_probe, rp);
1684
1685         if (tp->flags & TP_FLAG_TRACE)
1686                 kretprobe_trace_func(ri, regs);
1687 #ifdef CONFIG_PERF_EVENTS
1688         if (tp->flags & TP_FLAG_PROFILE)
1689                 kretprobe_perf_func(ri, regs);
1690 #endif
1691         return 0;       /* We don't tweek kernel, so just return 0 */
1692 }
1693
1694 static struct trace_event_functions kretprobe_funcs = {
1695         .trace          = print_kretprobe_event
1696 };
1697
1698 static struct trace_event_functions kprobe_funcs = {
1699         .trace          = print_kprobe_event
1700 };
1701
1702 static int register_probe_event(struct trace_probe *tp)
1703 {
1704         struct ftrace_event_call *call = &tp->call;
1705         int ret;
1706
1707         /* Initialize ftrace_event_call */
1708         INIT_LIST_HEAD(&call->class->fields);
1709         if (probe_is_return(tp)) {
1710                 call->event.funcs = &kretprobe_funcs;
1711                 call->class->define_fields = kretprobe_event_define_fields;
1712         } else {
1713                 call->event.funcs = &kprobe_funcs;
1714                 call->class->define_fields = kprobe_event_define_fields;
1715         }
1716         if (set_print_fmt(tp) < 0)
1717                 return -ENOMEM;
1718         ret = register_ftrace_event(&call->event);
1719         if (!ret) {
1720                 kfree(call->print_fmt);
1721                 return -ENODEV;
1722         }
1723         call->flags = 0;
1724         call->class->reg = kprobe_register;
1725         call->data = tp;
1726         ret = trace_add_event_call(call);
1727         if (ret) {
1728                 pr_info("Failed to register kprobe event: %s\n", call->name);
1729                 kfree(call->print_fmt);
1730                 unregister_ftrace_event(&call->event);
1731         }
1732         return ret;
1733 }
1734
1735 static void unregister_probe_event(struct trace_probe *tp)
1736 {
1737         /* tp->event is unregistered in trace_remove_event_call() */
1738         trace_remove_event_call(&tp->call);
1739         kfree(tp->call.print_fmt);
1740 }
1741
1742 /* Make a debugfs interface for controling probe points */
1743 static __init int init_kprobe_trace(void)
1744 {
1745         struct dentry *d_tracer;
1746         struct dentry *entry;
1747
1748         d_tracer = tracing_init_dentry();
1749         if (!d_tracer)
1750                 return 0;
1751
1752         entry = debugfs_create_file("kprobe_events", 0644, d_tracer,
1753                                     NULL, &kprobe_events_ops);
1754
1755         /* Event list interface */
1756         if (!entry)
1757                 pr_warning("Could not create debugfs "
1758                            "'kprobe_events' entry\n");
1759
1760         /* Profile interface */
1761         entry = debugfs_create_file("kprobe_profile", 0444, d_tracer,
1762                                     NULL, &kprobe_profile_ops);
1763
1764         if (!entry)
1765                 pr_warning("Could not create debugfs "
1766                            "'kprobe_profile' entry\n");
1767         return 0;
1768 }
1769 fs_initcall(init_kprobe_trace);
1770
1771
1772 #ifdef CONFIG_FTRACE_STARTUP_TEST
1773
1774 static int kprobe_trace_selftest_target(int a1, int a2, int a3,
1775                                         int a4, int a5, int a6)
1776 {
1777         return a1 + a2 + a3 + a4 + a5 + a6;
1778 }
1779
1780 static __init int kprobe_trace_self_tests_init(void)
1781 {
1782         int ret, warn = 0;
1783         int (*target)(int, int, int, int, int, int);
1784         struct trace_probe *tp;
1785
1786         target = kprobe_trace_selftest_target;
1787
1788         pr_info("Testing kprobe tracing: ");
1789
1790         ret = command_trace_probe("p:testprobe kprobe_trace_selftest_target "
1791                                   "$stack $stack0 +0($stack)");
1792         if (WARN_ON_ONCE(ret)) {
1793                 pr_warning("error on probing function entry.\n");
1794                 warn++;
1795         } else {
1796                 /* Enable trace point */
1797                 tp = find_probe_event("testprobe", KPROBE_EVENT_SYSTEM);
1798                 if (WARN_ON_ONCE(tp == NULL)) {
1799                         pr_warning("error on getting new probe.\n");
1800                         warn++;
1801                 } else
1802                         probe_event_enable(&tp->call);
1803         }
1804
1805         ret = command_trace_probe("r:testprobe2 kprobe_trace_selftest_target "
1806                                   "$retval");
1807         if (WARN_ON_ONCE(ret)) {
1808                 pr_warning("error on probing function return.\n");
1809                 warn++;
1810         } else {
1811                 /* Enable trace point */
1812                 tp = find_probe_event("testprobe2", KPROBE_EVENT_SYSTEM);
1813                 if (WARN_ON_ONCE(tp == NULL)) {
1814                         pr_warning("error on getting new probe.\n");
1815                         warn++;
1816                 } else
1817                         probe_event_enable(&tp->call);
1818         }
1819
1820         if (warn)
1821                 goto end;
1822
1823         ret = target(1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6);
1824
1825         ret = command_trace_probe("-:testprobe");
1826         if (WARN_ON_ONCE(ret)) {
1827                 pr_warning("error on deleting a probe.\n");
1828                 warn++;
1829         }
1830
1831         ret = command_trace_probe("-:testprobe2");
1832         if (WARN_ON_ONCE(ret)) {
1833                 pr_warning("error on deleting a probe.\n");
1834                 warn++;
1835         }
1836
1837 end:
1838         cleanup_all_probes();
1839         if (warn)
1840                 pr_cont("NG: Some tests are failed. Please check them.\n");
1841         else
1842                 pr_cont("OK\n");
1843         return 0;
1844 }
1845
1846 late_initcall(kprobe_trace_self_tests_init);
1847
1848 #endif