ext4: don't try to modify s_flags if the the file system is read-only
[linux-3.10.git] / fs / ext4 / super.c
1 /*
2  *  linux/fs/ext4/super.c
3  *
4  * Copyright (C) 1992, 1993, 1994, 1995
5  * Remy Card (card@masi.ibp.fr)
6  * Laboratoire MASI - Institut Blaise Pascal
7  * Universite Pierre et Marie Curie (Paris VI)
8  *
9  *  from
10  *
11  *  linux/fs/minix/inode.c
12  *
13  *  Copyright (C) 1991, 1992  Linus Torvalds
14  *
15  *  Big-endian to little-endian byte-swapping/bitmaps by
16  *        David S. Miller (davem@caip.rutgers.edu), 1995
17  */
18
19 #include <linux/module.h>
20 #include <linux/string.h>
21 #include <linux/fs.h>
22 #include <linux/time.h>
23 #include <linux/vmalloc.h>
24 #include <linux/jbd2.h>
25 #include <linux/slab.h>
26 #include <linux/init.h>
27 #include <linux/blkdev.h>
28 #include <linux/parser.h>
29 #include <linux/buffer_head.h>
30 #include <linux/exportfs.h>
31 #include <linux/vfs.h>
32 #include <linux/random.h>
33 #include <linux/mount.h>
34 #include <linux/namei.h>
35 #include <linux/quotaops.h>
36 #include <linux/seq_file.h>
37 #include <linux/proc_fs.h>
38 #include <linux/ctype.h>
39 #include <linux/log2.h>
40 #include <linux/crc16.h>
41 #include <linux/cleancache.h>
42 #include <asm/uaccess.h>
43
44 #include <linux/kthread.h>
45 #include <linux/freezer.h>
46
47 #include "ext4.h"
48 #include "ext4_extents.h"       /* Needed for trace points definition */
49 #include "ext4_jbd2.h"
50 #include "xattr.h"
51 #include "acl.h"
52 #include "mballoc.h"
53
54 #define CREATE_TRACE_POINTS
55 #include <trace/events/ext4.h>
56
57 static struct proc_dir_entry *ext4_proc_root;
58 static struct kset *ext4_kset;
59 static struct ext4_lazy_init *ext4_li_info;
60 static struct mutex ext4_li_mtx;
61 static struct ext4_features *ext4_feat;
62
63 static int ext4_load_journal(struct super_block *, struct ext4_super_block *,
64                              unsigned long journal_devnum);
65 static int ext4_show_options(struct seq_file *seq, struct dentry *root);
66 static int ext4_commit_super(struct super_block *sb, int sync);
67 static void ext4_mark_recovery_complete(struct super_block *sb,
68                                         struct ext4_super_block *es);
69 static void ext4_clear_journal_err(struct super_block *sb,
70                                    struct ext4_super_block *es);
71 static int ext4_sync_fs(struct super_block *sb, int wait);
72 static int ext4_remount(struct super_block *sb, int *flags, char *data);
73 static int ext4_statfs(struct dentry *dentry, struct kstatfs *buf);
74 static int ext4_unfreeze(struct super_block *sb);
75 static int ext4_freeze(struct super_block *sb);
76 static struct dentry *ext4_mount(struct file_system_type *fs_type, int flags,
77                        const char *dev_name, void *data);
78 static inline int ext2_feature_set_ok(struct super_block *sb);
79 static inline int ext3_feature_set_ok(struct super_block *sb);
80 static int ext4_feature_set_ok(struct super_block *sb, int readonly);
81 static void ext4_destroy_lazyinit_thread(void);
82 static void ext4_unregister_li_request(struct super_block *sb);
83 static void ext4_clear_request_list(void);
84 static int ext4_reserve_clusters(struct ext4_sb_info *, ext4_fsblk_t);
85
86 #if !defined(CONFIG_EXT2_FS) && !defined(CONFIG_EXT2_FS_MODULE) && defined(CONFIG_EXT4_USE_FOR_EXT23)
87 static struct file_system_type ext2_fs_type = {
88         .owner          = THIS_MODULE,
89         .name           = "ext2",
90         .mount          = ext4_mount,
91         .kill_sb        = kill_block_super,
92         .fs_flags       = FS_REQUIRES_DEV,
93 };
94 MODULE_ALIAS_FS("ext2");
95 MODULE_ALIAS("ext2");
96 #define IS_EXT2_SB(sb) ((sb)->s_bdev->bd_holder == &ext2_fs_type)
97 #else
98 #define IS_EXT2_SB(sb) (0)
99 #endif
100
101
102 #if !defined(CONFIG_EXT3_FS) && !defined(CONFIG_EXT3_FS_MODULE) && defined(CONFIG_EXT4_USE_FOR_EXT23)
103 static struct file_system_type ext3_fs_type = {
104         .owner          = THIS_MODULE,
105         .name           = "ext3",
106         .mount          = ext4_mount,
107         .kill_sb        = kill_block_super,
108         .fs_flags       = FS_REQUIRES_DEV,
109 };
110 MODULE_ALIAS_FS("ext3");
111 MODULE_ALIAS("ext3");
112 #define IS_EXT3_SB(sb) ((sb)->s_bdev->bd_holder == &ext3_fs_type)
113 #else
114 #define IS_EXT3_SB(sb) (0)
115 #endif
116
117 static int ext4_verify_csum_type(struct super_block *sb,
118                                  struct ext4_super_block *es)
119 {
120         if (!EXT4_HAS_RO_COMPAT_FEATURE(sb,
121                                         EXT4_FEATURE_RO_COMPAT_METADATA_CSUM))
122                 return 1;
123
124         return es->s_checksum_type == EXT4_CRC32C_CHKSUM;
125 }
126
127 static __le32 ext4_superblock_csum(struct super_block *sb,
128                                    struct ext4_super_block *es)
129 {
130         struct ext4_sb_info *sbi = EXT4_SB(sb);
131         int offset = offsetof(struct ext4_super_block, s_checksum);
132         __u32 csum;
133
134         csum = ext4_chksum(sbi, ~0, (char *)es, offset);
135
136         return cpu_to_le32(csum);
137 }
138
139 int ext4_superblock_csum_verify(struct super_block *sb,
140                                 struct ext4_super_block *es)
141 {
142         if (!EXT4_HAS_RO_COMPAT_FEATURE(sb,
143                                        EXT4_FEATURE_RO_COMPAT_METADATA_CSUM))
144                 return 1;
145
146         return es->s_checksum == ext4_superblock_csum(sb, es);
147 }
148
149 void ext4_superblock_csum_set(struct super_block *sb)
150 {
151         struct ext4_super_block *es = EXT4_SB(sb)->s_es;
152
153         if (!EXT4_HAS_RO_COMPAT_FEATURE(sb,
154                 EXT4_FEATURE_RO_COMPAT_METADATA_CSUM))
155                 return;
156
157         es->s_checksum = ext4_superblock_csum(sb, es);
158 }
159
160 void *ext4_kvmalloc(size_t size, gfp_t flags)
161 {
162         void *ret;
163
164         ret = kmalloc(size, flags);
165         if (!ret)
166                 ret = __vmalloc(size, flags, PAGE_KERNEL);
167         return ret;
168 }
169
170 void *ext4_kvzalloc(size_t size, gfp_t flags)
171 {
172         void *ret;
173
174         ret = kzalloc(size, flags);
175         if (!ret)
176                 ret = __vmalloc(size, flags | __GFP_ZERO, PAGE_KERNEL);
177         return ret;
178 }
179
180 void ext4_kvfree(void *ptr)
181 {
182         if (is_vmalloc_addr(ptr))
183                 vfree(ptr);
184         else
185                 kfree(ptr);
186
187 }
188
189 ext4_fsblk_t ext4_block_bitmap(struct super_block *sb,
190                                struct ext4_group_desc *bg)
191 {
192         return le32_to_cpu(bg->bg_block_bitmap_lo) |
193                 (EXT4_DESC_SIZE(sb) >= EXT4_MIN_DESC_SIZE_64BIT ?
194                  (ext4_fsblk_t)le32_to_cpu(bg->bg_block_bitmap_hi) << 32 : 0);
195 }
196
197 ext4_fsblk_t ext4_inode_bitmap(struct super_block *sb,
198                                struct ext4_group_desc *bg)
199 {
200         return le32_to_cpu(bg->bg_inode_bitmap_lo) |
201                 (EXT4_DESC_SIZE(sb) >= EXT4_MIN_DESC_SIZE_64BIT ?
202                  (ext4_fsblk_t)le32_to_cpu(bg->bg_inode_bitmap_hi) << 32 : 0);
203 }
204
205 ext4_fsblk_t ext4_inode_table(struct super_block *sb,
206                               struct ext4_group_desc *bg)
207 {
208         return le32_to_cpu(bg->bg_inode_table_lo) |
209                 (EXT4_DESC_SIZE(sb) >= EXT4_MIN_DESC_SIZE_64BIT ?
210                  (ext4_fsblk_t)le32_to_cpu(bg->bg_inode_table_hi) << 32 : 0);
211 }
212
213 __u32 ext4_free_group_clusters(struct super_block *sb,
214                                struct ext4_group_desc *bg)
215 {
216         return le16_to_cpu(bg->bg_free_blocks_count_lo) |
217                 (EXT4_DESC_SIZE(sb) >= EXT4_MIN_DESC_SIZE_64BIT ?
218                  (__u32)le16_to_cpu(bg->bg_free_blocks_count_hi) << 16 : 0);
219 }
220
221 __u32 ext4_free_inodes_count(struct super_block *sb,
222                               struct ext4_group_desc *bg)
223 {
224         return le16_to_cpu(bg->bg_free_inodes_count_lo) |
225                 (EXT4_DESC_SIZE(sb) >= EXT4_MIN_DESC_SIZE_64BIT ?
226                  (__u32)le16_to_cpu(bg->bg_free_inodes_count_hi) << 16 : 0);
227 }
228
229 __u32 ext4_used_dirs_count(struct super_block *sb,
230                               struct ext4_group_desc *bg)
231 {
232         return le16_to_cpu(bg->bg_used_dirs_count_lo) |
233                 (EXT4_DESC_SIZE(sb) >= EXT4_MIN_DESC_SIZE_64BIT ?
234                  (__u32)le16_to_cpu(bg->bg_used_dirs_count_hi) << 16 : 0);
235 }
236
237 __u32 ext4_itable_unused_count(struct super_block *sb,
238                               struct ext4_group_desc *bg)
239 {
240         return le16_to_cpu(bg->bg_itable_unused_lo) |
241                 (EXT4_DESC_SIZE(sb) >= EXT4_MIN_DESC_SIZE_64BIT ?
242                  (__u32)le16_to_cpu(bg->bg_itable_unused_hi) << 16 : 0);
243 }
244
245 void ext4_block_bitmap_set(struct super_block *sb,
246                            struct ext4_group_desc *bg, ext4_fsblk_t blk)
247 {
248         bg->bg_block_bitmap_lo = cpu_to_le32((u32)blk);
249         if (EXT4_DESC_SIZE(sb) >= EXT4_MIN_DESC_SIZE_64BIT)
250                 bg->bg_block_bitmap_hi = cpu_to_le32(blk >> 32);
251 }
252
253 void ext4_inode_bitmap_set(struct super_block *sb,
254                            struct ext4_group_desc *bg, ext4_fsblk_t blk)
255 {
256         bg->bg_inode_bitmap_lo  = cpu_to_le32((u32)blk);
257         if (EXT4_DESC_SIZE(sb) >= EXT4_MIN_DESC_SIZE_64BIT)
258                 bg->bg_inode_bitmap_hi = cpu_to_le32(blk >> 32);
259 }
260
261 void ext4_inode_table_set(struct super_block *sb,
262                           struct ext4_group_desc *bg, ext4_fsblk_t blk)
263 {
264         bg->bg_inode_table_lo = cpu_to_le32((u32)blk);
265         if (EXT4_DESC_SIZE(sb) >= EXT4_MIN_DESC_SIZE_64BIT)
266                 bg->bg_inode_table_hi = cpu_to_le32(blk >> 32);
267 }
268
269 void ext4_free_group_clusters_set(struct super_block *sb,
270                                   struct ext4_group_desc *bg, __u32 count)
271 {
272         bg->bg_free_blocks_count_lo = cpu_to_le16((__u16)count);
273         if (EXT4_DESC_SIZE(sb) >= EXT4_MIN_DESC_SIZE_64BIT)
274                 bg->bg_free_blocks_count_hi = cpu_to_le16(count >> 16);
275 }
276
277 void ext4_free_inodes_set(struct super_block *sb,
278                           struct ext4_group_desc *bg, __u32 count)
279 {
280         bg->bg_free_inodes_count_lo = cpu_to_le16((__u16)count);
281         if (EXT4_DESC_SIZE(sb) >= EXT4_MIN_DESC_SIZE_64BIT)
282                 bg->bg_free_inodes_count_hi = cpu_to_le16(count >> 16);
283 }
284
285 void ext4_used_dirs_set(struct super_block *sb,
286                           struct ext4_group_desc *bg, __u32 count)
287 {
288         bg->bg_used_dirs_count_lo = cpu_to_le16((__u16)count);
289         if (EXT4_DESC_SIZE(sb) >= EXT4_MIN_DESC_SIZE_64BIT)
290                 bg->bg_used_dirs_count_hi = cpu_to_le16(count >> 16);
291 }
292
293 void ext4_itable_unused_set(struct super_block *sb,
294                           struct ext4_group_desc *bg, __u32 count)
295 {
296         bg->bg_itable_unused_lo = cpu_to_le16((__u16)count);
297         if (EXT4_DESC_SIZE(sb) >= EXT4_MIN_DESC_SIZE_64BIT)
298                 bg->bg_itable_unused_hi = cpu_to_le16(count >> 16);
299 }
300
301
302 static void __save_error_info(struct super_block *sb, const char *func,
303                             unsigned int line)
304 {
305         struct ext4_super_block *es = EXT4_SB(sb)->s_es;
306
307         EXT4_SB(sb)->s_mount_state |= EXT4_ERROR_FS;
308         es->s_state |= cpu_to_le16(EXT4_ERROR_FS);
309         es->s_last_error_time = cpu_to_le32(get_seconds());
310         strncpy(es->s_last_error_func, func, sizeof(es->s_last_error_func));
311         es->s_last_error_line = cpu_to_le32(line);
312         if (!es->s_first_error_time) {
313                 es->s_first_error_time = es->s_last_error_time;
314                 strncpy(es->s_first_error_func, func,
315                         sizeof(es->s_first_error_func));
316                 es->s_first_error_line = cpu_to_le32(line);
317                 es->s_first_error_ino = es->s_last_error_ino;
318                 es->s_first_error_block = es->s_last_error_block;
319         }
320         /*
321          * Start the daily error reporting function if it hasn't been
322          * started already
323          */
324         if (!es->s_error_count)
325                 mod_timer(&EXT4_SB(sb)->s_err_report, jiffies + 24*60*60*HZ);
326         le32_add_cpu(&es->s_error_count, 1);
327 }
328
329 static void save_error_info(struct super_block *sb, const char *func,
330                             unsigned int line)
331 {
332         __save_error_info(sb, func, line);
333         ext4_commit_super(sb, 1);
334 }
335
336 /*
337  * The del_gendisk() function uninitializes the disk-specific data
338  * structures, including the bdi structure, without telling anyone
339  * else.  Once this happens, any attempt to call mark_buffer_dirty()
340  * (for example, by ext4_commit_super), will cause a kernel OOPS.
341  * This is a kludge to prevent these oops until we can put in a proper
342  * hook in del_gendisk() to inform the VFS and file system layers.
343  */
344 static int block_device_ejected(struct super_block *sb)
345 {
346         struct inode *bd_inode = sb->s_bdev->bd_inode;
347         struct backing_dev_info *bdi = bd_inode->i_mapping->backing_dev_info;
348
349         return bdi->dev == NULL;
350 }
351
352 static void ext4_journal_commit_callback(journal_t *journal, transaction_t *txn)
353 {
354         struct super_block              *sb = journal->j_private;
355         struct ext4_sb_info             *sbi = EXT4_SB(sb);
356         int                             error = is_journal_aborted(journal);
357         struct ext4_journal_cb_entry    *jce;
358
359         BUG_ON(txn->t_state == T_FINISHED);
360         spin_lock(&sbi->s_md_lock);
361         while (!list_empty(&txn->t_private_list)) {
362                 jce = list_entry(txn->t_private_list.next,
363                                  struct ext4_journal_cb_entry, jce_list);
364                 list_del_init(&jce->jce_list);
365                 spin_unlock(&sbi->s_md_lock);
366                 jce->jce_func(sb, jce, error);
367                 spin_lock(&sbi->s_md_lock);
368         }
369         spin_unlock(&sbi->s_md_lock);
370 }
371
372 /* Deal with the reporting of failure conditions on a filesystem such as
373  * inconsistencies detected or read IO failures.
374  *
375  * On ext2, we can store the error state of the filesystem in the
376  * superblock.  That is not possible on ext4, because we may have other
377  * write ordering constraints on the superblock which prevent us from
378  * writing it out straight away; and given that the journal is about to
379  * be aborted, we can't rely on the current, or future, transactions to
380  * write out the superblock safely.
381  *
382  * We'll just use the jbd2_journal_abort() error code to record an error in
383  * the journal instead.  On recovery, the journal will complain about
384  * that error until we've noted it down and cleared it.
385  */
386
387 static void ext4_handle_error(struct super_block *sb)
388 {
389         if (sb->s_flags & MS_RDONLY)
390                 return;
391
392         if (!test_opt(sb, ERRORS_CONT)) {
393                 journal_t *journal = EXT4_SB(sb)->s_journal;
394
395                 EXT4_SB(sb)->s_mount_flags |= EXT4_MF_FS_ABORTED;
396                 if (journal)
397                         jbd2_journal_abort(journal, -EIO);
398         }
399         if (test_opt(sb, ERRORS_RO)) {
400                 ext4_msg(sb, KERN_CRIT, "Remounting filesystem read-only");
401                 sb->s_flags |= MS_RDONLY;
402         }
403         if (test_opt(sb, ERRORS_PANIC))
404                 panic("EXT4-fs (device %s): panic forced after error\n",
405                         sb->s_id);
406 }
407
408 void __ext4_error(struct super_block *sb, const char *function,
409                   unsigned int line, const char *fmt, ...)
410 {
411         struct va_format vaf;
412         va_list args;
413
414         va_start(args, fmt);
415         vaf.fmt = fmt;
416         vaf.va = &args;
417         printk(KERN_CRIT "EXT4-fs error (device %s): %s:%d: comm %s: %pV\n",
418                sb->s_id, function, line, current->comm, &vaf);
419         va_end(args);
420         save_error_info(sb, function, line);
421
422         ext4_handle_error(sb);
423 }
424
425 void ext4_error_inode(struct inode *inode, const char *function,
426                       unsigned int line, ext4_fsblk_t block,
427                       const char *fmt, ...)
428 {
429         va_list args;
430         struct va_format vaf;
431         struct ext4_super_block *es = EXT4_SB(inode->i_sb)->s_es;
432
433         es->s_last_error_ino = cpu_to_le32(inode->i_ino);
434         es->s_last_error_block = cpu_to_le64(block);
435         save_error_info(inode->i_sb, function, line);
436         va_start(args, fmt);
437         vaf.fmt = fmt;
438         vaf.va = &args;
439         if (block)
440                 printk(KERN_CRIT "EXT4-fs error (device %s): %s:%d: "
441                        "inode #%lu: block %llu: comm %s: %pV\n",
442                        inode->i_sb->s_id, function, line, inode->i_ino,
443                        block, current->comm, &vaf);
444         else
445                 printk(KERN_CRIT "EXT4-fs error (device %s): %s:%d: "
446                        "inode #%lu: comm %s: %pV\n",
447                        inode->i_sb->s_id, function, line, inode->i_ino,
448                        current->comm, &vaf);
449         va_end(args);
450
451         ext4_handle_error(inode->i_sb);
452 }
453
454 void ext4_error_file(struct file *file, const char *function,
455                      unsigned int line, ext4_fsblk_t block,
456                      const char *fmt, ...)
457 {
458         va_list args;
459         struct va_format vaf;
460         struct ext4_super_block *es;
461         struct inode *inode = file_inode(file);
462         char pathname[80], *path;
463
464         es = EXT4_SB(inode->i_sb)->s_es;
465         es->s_last_error_ino = cpu_to_le32(inode->i_ino);
466         save_error_info(inode->i_sb, function, line);
467         path = d_path(&(file->f_path), pathname, sizeof(pathname));
468         if (IS_ERR(path))
469                 path = "(unknown)";
470         va_start(args, fmt);
471         vaf.fmt = fmt;
472         vaf.va = &args;
473         if (block)
474                 printk(KERN_CRIT
475                        "EXT4-fs error (device %s): %s:%d: inode #%lu: "
476                        "block %llu: comm %s: path %s: %pV\n",
477                        inode->i_sb->s_id, function, line, inode->i_ino,
478                        block, current->comm, path, &vaf);
479         else
480                 printk(KERN_CRIT
481                        "EXT4-fs error (device %s): %s:%d: inode #%lu: "
482                        "comm %s: path %s: %pV\n",
483                        inode->i_sb->s_id, function, line, inode->i_ino,
484                        current->comm, path, &vaf);
485         va_end(args);
486
487         ext4_handle_error(inode->i_sb);
488 }
489
490 const char *ext4_decode_error(struct super_block *sb, int errno,
491                               char nbuf[16])
492 {
493         char *errstr = NULL;
494
495         switch (errno) {
496         case -EIO:
497                 errstr = "IO failure";
498                 break;
499         case -ENOMEM:
500                 errstr = "Out of memory";
501                 break;
502         case -EROFS:
503                 if (!sb || (EXT4_SB(sb)->s_journal &&
504                             EXT4_SB(sb)->s_journal->j_flags & JBD2_ABORT))
505                         errstr = "Journal has aborted";
506                 else
507                         errstr = "Readonly filesystem";
508                 break;
509         default:
510                 /* If the caller passed in an extra buffer for unknown
511                  * errors, textualise them now.  Else we just return
512                  * NULL. */
513                 if (nbuf) {
514                         /* Check for truncated error codes... */
515                         if (snprintf(nbuf, 16, "error %d", -errno) >= 0)
516                                 errstr = nbuf;
517                 }
518                 break;
519         }
520
521         return errstr;
522 }
523
524 /* __ext4_std_error decodes expected errors from journaling functions
525  * automatically and invokes the appropriate error response.  */
526
527 void __ext4_std_error(struct super_block *sb, const char *function,
528                       unsigned int line, int errno)
529 {
530         char nbuf[16];
531         const char *errstr;
532
533         /* Special case: if the error is EROFS, and we're not already
534          * inside a transaction, then there's really no point in logging
535          * an error. */
536         if (errno == -EROFS && journal_current_handle() == NULL &&
537             (sb->s_flags & MS_RDONLY))
538                 return;
539
540         errstr = ext4_decode_error(sb, errno, nbuf);
541         printk(KERN_CRIT "EXT4-fs error (device %s) in %s:%d: %s\n",
542                sb->s_id, function, line, errstr);
543         save_error_info(sb, function, line);
544
545         ext4_handle_error(sb);
546 }
547
548 /*
549  * ext4_abort is a much stronger failure handler than ext4_error.  The
550  * abort function may be used to deal with unrecoverable failures such
551  * as journal IO errors or ENOMEM at a critical moment in log management.
552  *
553  * We unconditionally force the filesystem into an ABORT|READONLY state,
554  * unless the error response on the fs has been set to panic in which
555  * case we take the easy way out and panic immediately.
556  */
557
558 void __ext4_abort(struct super_block *sb, const char *function,
559                 unsigned int line, const char *fmt, ...)
560 {
561         va_list args;
562
563         save_error_info(sb, function, line);
564         va_start(args, fmt);
565         printk(KERN_CRIT "EXT4-fs error (device %s): %s:%d: ", sb->s_id,
566                function, line);
567         vprintk(fmt, args);
568         printk("\n");
569         va_end(args);
570
571         if ((sb->s_flags & MS_RDONLY) == 0) {
572                 ext4_msg(sb, KERN_CRIT, "Remounting filesystem read-only");
573                 sb->s_flags |= MS_RDONLY;
574                 EXT4_SB(sb)->s_mount_flags |= EXT4_MF_FS_ABORTED;
575                 if (EXT4_SB(sb)->s_journal)
576                         jbd2_journal_abort(EXT4_SB(sb)->s_journal, -EIO);
577                 save_error_info(sb, function, line);
578         }
579         if (test_opt(sb, ERRORS_PANIC))
580                 panic("EXT4-fs panic from previous error\n");
581 }
582
583 void ext4_msg(struct super_block *sb, const char *prefix, const char *fmt, ...)
584 {
585         struct va_format vaf;
586         va_list args;
587
588         va_start(args, fmt);
589         vaf.fmt = fmt;
590         vaf.va = &args;
591         printk("%sEXT4-fs (%s): %pV\n", prefix, sb->s_id, &vaf);
592         va_end(args);
593 }
594
595 void __ext4_warning(struct super_block *sb, const char *function,
596                     unsigned int line, const char *fmt, ...)
597 {
598         struct va_format vaf;
599         va_list args;
600
601         va_start(args, fmt);
602         vaf.fmt = fmt;
603         vaf.va = &args;
604         printk(KERN_WARNING "EXT4-fs warning (device %s): %s:%d: %pV\n",
605                sb->s_id, function, line, &vaf);
606         va_end(args);
607 }
608
609 void __ext4_grp_locked_error(const char *function, unsigned int line,
610                              struct super_block *sb, ext4_group_t grp,
611                              unsigned long ino, ext4_fsblk_t block,
612                              const char *fmt, ...)
613 __releases(bitlock)
614 __acquires(bitlock)
615 {
616         struct va_format vaf;
617         va_list args;
618         struct ext4_super_block *es = EXT4_SB(sb)->s_es;
619
620         es->s_last_error_ino = cpu_to_le32(ino);
621         es->s_last_error_block = cpu_to_le64(block);
622         __save_error_info(sb, function, line);
623
624         va_start(args, fmt);
625
626         vaf.fmt = fmt;
627         vaf.va = &args;
628         printk(KERN_CRIT "EXT4-fs error (device %s): %s:%d: group %u, ",
629                sb->s_id, function, line, grp);
630         if (ino)
631                 printk(KERN_CONT "inode %lu: ", ino);
632         if (block)
633                 printk(KERN_CONT "block %llu:", (unsigned long long) block);
634         printk(KERN_CONT "%pV\n", &vaf);
635         va_end(args);
636
637         if (test_opt(sb, ERRORS_CONT)) {
638                 ext4_commit_super(sb, 0);
639                 return;
640         }
641
642         ext4_unlock_group(sb, grp);
643         ext4_handle_error(sb);
644         /*
645          * We only get here in the ERRORS_RO case; relocking the group
646          * may be dangerous, but nothing bad will happen since the
647          * filesystem will have already been marked read/only and the
648          * journal has been aborted.  We return 1 as a hint to callers
649          * who might what to use the return value from
650          * ext4_grp_locked_error() to distinguish between the
651          * ERRORS_CONT and ERRORS_RO case, and perhaps return more
652          * aggressively from the ext4 function in question, with a
653          * more appropriate error code.
654          */
655         ext4_lock_group(sb, grp);
656         return;
657 }
658
659 void ext4_update_dynamic_rev(struct super_block *sb)
660 {
661         struct ext4_super_block *es = EXT4_SB(sb)->s_es;
662
663         if (le32_to_cpu(es->s_rev_level) > EXT4_GOOD_OLD_REV)
664                 return;
665
666         ext4_warning(sb,
667                      "updating to rev %d because of new feature flag, "
668                      "running e2fsck is recommended",
669                      EXT4_DYNAMIC_REV);
670
671         es->s_first_ino = cpu_to_le32(EXT4_GOOD_OLD_FIRST_INO);
672         es->s_inode_size = cpu_to_le16(EXT4_GOOD_OLD_INODE_SIZE);
673         es->s_rev_level = cpu_to_le32(EXT4_DYNAMIC_REV);
674         /* leave es->s_feature_*compat flags alone */
675         /* es->s_uuid will be set by e2fsck if empty */
676
677         /*
678          * The rest of the superblock fields should be zero, and if not it
679          * means they are likely already in use, so leave them alone.  We
680          * can leave it up to e2fsck to clean up any inconsistencies there.
681          */
682 }
683
684 /*
685  * Open the external journal device
686  */
687 static struct block_device *ext4_blkdev_get(dev_t dev, struct super_block *sb)
688 {
689         struct block_device *bdev;
690         char b[BDEVNAME_SIZE];
691
692         bdev = blkdev_get_by_dev(dev, FMODE_READ|FMODE_WRITE|FMODE_EXCL, sb);
693         if (IS_ERR(bdev))
694                 goto fail;
695         return bdev;
696
697 fail:
698         ext4_msg(sb, KERN_ERR, "failed to open journal device %s: %ld",
699                         __bdevname(dev, b), PTR_ERR(bdev));
700         return NULL;
701 }
702
703 /*
704  * Release the journal device
705  */
706 static void ext4_blkdev_put(struct block_device *bdev)
707 {
708         blkdev_put(bdev, FMODE_READ|FMODE_WRITE|FMODE_EXCL);
709 }
710
711 static void ext4_blkdev_remove(struct ext4_sb_info *sbi)
712 {
713         struct block_device *bdev;
714         bdev = sbi->journal_bdev;
715         if (bdev) {
716                 ext4_blkdev_put(bdev);
717                 sbi->journal_bdev = NULL;
718         }
719 }
720
721 static inline struct inode *orphan_list_entry(struct list_head *l)
722 {
723         return &list_entry(l, struct ext4_inode_info, i_orphan)->vfs_inode;
724 }
725
726 static void dump_orphan_list(struct super_block *sb, struct ext4_sb_info *sbi)
727 {
728         struct list_head *l;
729
730         ext4_msg(sb, KERN_ERR, "sb orphan head is %d",
731                  le32_to_cpu(sbi->s_es->s_last_orphan));
732
733         printk(KERN_ERR "sb_info orphan list:\n");
734         list_for_each(l, &sbi->s_orphan) {
735                 struct inode *inode = orphan_list_entry(l);
736                 printk(KERN_ERR "  "
737                        "inode %s:%lu at %p: mode %o, nlink %d, next %d\n",
738                        inode->i_sb->s_id, inode->i_ino, inode,
739                        inode->i_mode, inode->i_nlink,
740                        NEXT_ORPHAN(inode));
741         }
742 }
743
744 static void ext4_put_super(struct super_block *sb)
745 {
746         struct ext4_sb_info *sbi = EXT4_SB(sb);
747         struct ext4_super_block *es = sbi->s_es;
748         int i, err;
749
750         ext4_unregister_li_request(sb);
751         dquot_disable(sb, -1, DQUOT_USAGE_ENABLED | DQUOT_LIMITS_ENABLED);
752
753         flush_workqueue(sbi->dio_unwritten_wq);
754         destroy_workqueue(sbi->dio_unwritten_wq);
755
756         if (sbi->s_journal) {
757                 err = jbd2_journal_destroy(sbi->s_journal);
758                 sbi->s_journal = NULL;
759                 if (err < 0)
760                         ext4_abort(sb, "Couldn't clean up the journal");
761         }
762
763         ext4_es_unregister_shrinker(sb);
764         del_timer(&sbi->s_err_report);
765         ext4_release_system_zone(sb);
766         ext4_mb_release(sb);
767         ext4_ext_release(sb);
768         ext4_xattr_put_super(sb);
769
770         if (!(sb->s_flags & MS_RDONLY)) {
771                 EXT4_CLEAR_INCOMPAT_FEATURE(sb, EXT4_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_RECOVER);
772                 es->s_state = cpu_to_le16(sbi->s_mount_state);
773         }
774         if (!(sb->s_flags & MS_RDONLY))
775                 ext4_commit_super(sb, 1);
776
777         if (sbi->s_proc) {
778                 remove_proc_entry("options", sbi->s_proc);
779                 remove_proc_entry(sb->s_id, ext4_proc_root);
780         }
781         kobject_del(&sbi->s_kobj);
782
783         for (i = 0; i < sbi->s_gdb_count; i++)
784                 brelse(sbi->s_group_desc[i]);
785         ext4_kvfree(sbi->s_group_desc);
786         ext4_kvfree(sbi->s_flex_groups);
787         percpu_counter_destroy(&sbi->s_freeclusters_counter);
788         percpu_counter_destroy(&sbi->s_freeinodes_counter);
789         percpu_counter_destroy(&sbi->s_dirs_counter);
790         percpu_counter_destroy(&sbi->s_dirtyclusters_counter);
791         percpu_counter_destroy(&sbi->s_extent_cache_cnt);
792         brelse(sbi->s_sbh);
793 #ifdef CONFIG_QUOTA
794         for (i = 0; i < MAXQUOTAS; i++)
795                 kfree(sbi->s_qf_names[i]);
796 #endif
797
798         /* Debugging code just in case the in-memory inode orphan list
799          * isn't empty.  The on-disk one can be non-empty if we've
800          * detected an error and taken the fs readonly, but the
801          * in-memory list had better be clean by this point. */
802         if (!list_empty(&sbi->s_orphan))
803                 dump_orphan_list(sb, sbi);
804         J_ASSERT(list_empty(&sbi->s_orphan));
805
806         invalidate_bdev(sb->s_bdev);
807         if (sbi->journal_bdev && sbi->journal_bdev != sb->s_bdev) {
808                 /*
809                  * Invalidate the journal device's buffers.  We don't want them
810                  * floating about in memory - the physical journal device may
811                  * hotswapped, and it breaks the `ro-after' testing code.
812                  */
813                 sync_blockdev(sbi->journal_bdev);
814                 invalidate_bdev(sbi->journal_bdev);
815                 ext4_blkdev_remove(sbi);
816         }
817         if (sbi->s_mmp_tsk)
818                 kthread_stop(sbi->s_mmp_tsk);
819         sb->s_fs_info = NULL;
820         /*
821          * Now that we are completely done shutting down the
822          * superblock, we need to actually destroy the kobject.
823          */
824         kobject_put(&sbi->s_kobj);
825         wait_for_completion(&sbi->s_kobj_unregister);
826         if (sbi->s_chksum_driver)
827                 crypto_free_shash(sbi->s_chksum_driver);
828         kfree(sbi->s_blockgroup_lock);
829         kfree(sbi);
830 }
831
832 static struct kmem_cache *ext4_inode_cachep;
833
834 /*
835  * Called inside transaction, so use GFP_NOFS
836  */
837 static struct inode *ext4_alloc_inode(struct super_block *sb)
838 {
839         struct ext4_inode_info *ei;
840
841         ei = kmem_cache_alloc(ext4_inode_cachep, GFP_NOFS);
842         if (!ei)
843                 return NULL;
844
845         ei->vfs_inode.i_version = 1;
846         INIT_LIST_HEAD(&ei->i_prealloc_list);
847         spin_lock_init(&ei->i_prealloc_lock);
848         ext4_es_init_tree(&ei->i_es_tree);
849         rwlock_init(&ei->i_es_lock);
850         INIT_LIST_HEAD(&ei->i_es_lru);
851         ei->i_es_lru_nr = 0;
852         ei->i_reserved_data_blocks = 0;
853         ei->i_reserved_meta_blocks = 0;
854         ei->i_allocated_meta_blocks = 0;
855         ei->i_da_metadata_calc_len = 0;
856         ei->i_da_metadata_calc_last_lblock = 0;
857         spin_lock_init(&(ei->i_block_reservation_lock));
858 #ifdef CONFIG_QUOTA
859         ei->i_reserved_quota = 0;
860 #endif
861         ei->jinode = NULL;
862         INIT_LIST_HEAD(&ei->i_completed_io_list);
863         spin_lock_init(&ei->i_completed_io_lock);
864         ei->i_sync_tid = 0;
865         ei->i_datasync_tid = 0;
866         atomic_set(&ei->i_ioend_count, 0);
867         atomic_set(&ei->i_unwritten, 0);
868         INIT_WORK(&ei->i_unwritten_work, ext4_end_io_work);
869
870         return &ei->vfs_inode;
871 }
872
873 static int ext4_drop_inode(struct inode *inode)
874 {
875         int drop = generic_drop_inode(inode);
876
877         trace_ext4_drop_inode(inode, drop);
878         return drop;
879 }
880
881 static void ext4_i_callback(struct rcu_head *head)
882 {
883         struct inode *inode = container_of(head, struct inode, i_rcu);
884         kmem_cache_free(ext4_inode_cachep, EXT4_I(inode));
885 }
886
887 static void ext4_destroy_inode(struct inode *inode)
888 {
889         if (!list_empty(&(EXT4_I(inode)->i_orphan))) {
890                 ext4_msg(inode->i_sb, KERN_ERR,
891                          "Inode %lu (%p): orphan list check failed!",
892                          inode->i_ino, EXT4_I(inode));
893                 print_hex_dump(KERN_INFO, "", DUMP_PREFIX_ADDRESS, 16, 4,
894                                 EXT4_I(inode), sizeof(struct ext4_inode_info),
895                                 true);
896                 dump_stack();
897         }
898         call_rcu(&inode->i_rcu, ext4_i_callback);
899 }
900
901 static void init_once(void *foo)
902 {
903         struct ext4_inode_info *ei = (struct ext4_inode_info *) foo;
904
905         INIT_LIST_HEAD(&ei->i_orphan);
906         init_rwsem(&ei->xattr_sem);
907         init_rwsem(&ei->i_data_sem);
908         inode_init_once(&ei->vfs_inode);
909 }
910
911 static int init_inodecache(void)
912 {
913         ext4_inode_cachep = kmem_cache_create("ext4_inode_cache",
914                                              sizeof(struct ext4_inode_info),
915                                              0, (SLAB_RECLAIM_ACCOUNT|
916                                                 SLAB_MEM_SPREAD),
917                                              init_once);
918         if (ext4_inode_cachep == NULL)
919                 return -ENOMEM;
920         return 0;
921 }
922
923 static void destroy_inodecache(void)
924 {
925         /*
926          * Make sure all delayed rcu free inodes are flushed before we
927          * destroy cache.
928          */
929         rcu_barrier();
930         kmem_cache_destroy(ext4_inode_cachep);
931 }
932
933 void ext4_clear_inode(struct inode *inode)
934 {
935         invalidate_inode_buffers(inode);
936         clear_inode(inode);
937         dquot_drop(inode);
938         ext4_discard_preallocations(inode);
939         ext4_es_remove_extent(inode, 0, EXT_MAX_BLOCKS);
940         ext4_es_lru_del(inode);
941         if (EXT4_I(inode)->jinode) {
942                 jbd2_journal_release_jbd_inode(EXT4_JOURNAL(inode),
943                                                EXT4_I(inode)->jinode);
944                 jbd2_free_inode(EXT4_I(inode)->jinode);
945                 EXT4_I(inode)->jinode = NULL;
946         }
947 }
948
949 static struct inode *ext4_nfs_get_inode(struct super_block *sb,
950                                         u64 ino, u32 generation)
951 {
952         struct inode *inode;
953
954         if (ino < EXT4_FIRST_INO(sb) && ino != EXT4_ROOT_INO)
955                 return ERR_PTR(-ESTALE);
956         if (ino > le32_to_cpu(EXT4_SB(sb)->s_es->s_inodes_count))
957                 return ERR_PTR(-ESTALE);
958
959         /* iget isn't really right if the inode is currently unallocated!!
960          *
961          * ext4_read_inode will return a bad_inode if the inode had been
962          * deleted, so we should be safe.
963          *
964          * Currently we don't know the generation for parent directory, so
965          * a generation of 0 means "accept any"
966          */
967         inode = ext4_iget(sb, ino);
968         if (IS_ERR(inode))
969                 return ERR_CAST(inode);
970         if (generation && inode->i_generation != generation) {
971                 iput(inode);
972                 return ERR_PTR(-ESTALE);
973         }
974
975         return inode;
976 }
977
978 static struct dentry *ext4_fh_to_dentry(struct super_block *sb, struct fid *fid,
979                                         int fh_len, int fh_type)
980 {
981         return generic_fh_to_dentry(sb, fid, fh_len, fh_type,
982                                     ext4_nfs_get_inode);
983 }
984
985 static struct dentry *ext4_fh_to_parent(struct super_block *sb, struct fid *fid,
986                                         int fh_len, int fh_type)
987 {
988         return generic_fh_to_parent(sb, fid, fh_len, fh_type,
989                                     ext4_nfs_get_inode);
990 }
991
992 /*
993  * Try to release metadata pages (indirect blocks, directories) which are
994  * mapped via the block device.  Since these pages could have journal heads
995  * which would prevent try_to_free_buffers() from freeing them, we must use
996  * jbd2 layer's try_to_free_buffers() function to release them.
997  */
998 static int bdev_try_to_free_page(struct super_block *sb, struct page *page,
999                                  gfp_t wait)
1000 {
1001         journal_t *journal = EXT4_SB(sb)->s_journal;
1002
1003         WARN_ON(PageChecked(page));
1004         if (!page_has_buffers(page))
1005                 return 0;
1006         if (journal)
1007                 return jbd2_journal_try_to_free_buffers(journal, page,
1008                                                         wait & ~__GFP_WAIT);
1009         return try_to_free_buffers(page);
1010 }
1011
1012 #ifdef CONFIG_QUOTA
1013 #define QTYPE2NAME(t) ((t) == USRQUOTA ? "user" : "group")
1014 #define QTYPE2MOPT(on, t) ((t) == USRQUOTA?((on)##USRJQUOTA):((on)##GRPJQUOTA))
1015
1016 static int ext4_write_dquot(struct dquot *dquot);
1017 static int ext4_acquire_dquot(struct dquot *dquot);
1018 static int ext4_release_dquot(struct dquot *dquot);
1019 static int ext4_mark_dquot_dirty(struct dquot *dquot);
1020 static int ext4_write_info(struct super_block *sb, int type);
1021 static int ext4_quota_on(struct super_block *sb, int type, int format_id,
1022                          struct path *path);
1023 static int ext4_quota_on_sysfile(struct super_block *sb, int type,
1024                                  int format_id);
1025 static int ext4_quota_off(struct super_block *sb, int type);
1026 static int ext4_quota_off_sysfile(struct super_block *sb, int type);
1027 static int ext4_quota_on_mount(struct super_block *sb, int type);
1028 static ssize_t ext4_quota_read(struct super_block *sb, int type, char *data,
1029                                size_t len, loff_t off);
1030 static ssize_t ext4_quota_write(struct super_block *sb, int type,
1031                                 const char *data, size_t len, loff_t off);
1032 static int ext4_quota_enable(struct super_block *sb, int type, int format_id,
1033                              unsigned int flags);
1034 static int ext4_enable_quotas(struct super_block *sb);
1035
1036 static const struct dquot_operations ext4_quota_operations = {
1037         .get_reserved_space = ext4_get_reserved_space,
1038         .write_dquot    = ext4_write_dquot,
1039         .acquire_dquot  = ext4_acquire_dquot,
1040         .release_dquot  = ext4_release_dquot,
1041         .mark_dirty     = ext4_mark_dquot_dirty,
1042         .write_info     = ext4_write_info,
1043         .alloc_dquot    = dquot_alloc,
1044         .destroy_dquot  = dquot_destroy,
1045 };
1046
1047 static const struct quotactl_ops ext4_qctl_operations = {
1048         .quota_on       = ext4_quota_on,
1049         .quota_off      = ext4_quota_off,
1050         .quota_sync     = dquot_quota_sync,
1051         .get_info       = dquot_get_dqinfo,
1052         .set_info       = dquot_set_dqinfo,
1053         .get_dqblk      = dquot_get_dqblk,
1054         .set_dqblk      = dquot_set_dqblk
1055 };
1056
1057 static const struct quotactl_ops ext4_qctl_sysfile_operations = {
1058         .quota_on_meta  = ext4_quota_on_sysfile,
1059         .quota_off      = ext4_quota_off_sysfile,
1060         .quota_sync     = dquot_quota_sync,
1061         .get_info       = dquot_get_dqinfo,
1062         .set_info       = dquot_set_dqinfo,
1063         .get_dqblk      = dquot_get_dqblk,
1064         .set_dqblk      = dquot_set_dqblk
1065 };
1066 #endif
1067
1068 static const struct super_operations ext4_sops = {
1069         .alloc_inode    = ext4_alloc_inode,
1070         .destroy_inode  = ext4_destroy_inode,
1071         .write_inode    = ext4_write_inode,
1072         .dirty_inode    = ext4_dirty_inode,
1073         .drop_inode     = ext4_drop_inode,
1074         .evict_inode    = ext4_evict_inode,
1075         .put_super      = ext4_put_super,
1076         .sync_fs        = ext4_sync_fs,
1077         .freeze_fs      = ext4_freeze,
1078         .unfreeze_fs    = ext4_unfreeze,
1079         .statfs         = ext4_statfs,
1080         .remount_fs     = ext4_remount,
1081         .show_options   = ext4_show_options,
1082 #ifdef CONFIG_QUOTA
1083         .quota_read     = ext4_quota_read,
1084         .quota_write    = ext4_quota_write,
1085 #endif
1086         .bdev_try_to_free_page = bdev_try_to_free_page,
1087 };
1088
1089 static const struct super_operations ext4_nojournal_sops = {
1090         .alloc_inode    = ext4_alloc_inode,
1091         .destroy_inode  = ext4_destroy_inode,
1092         .write_inode    = ext4_write_inode,
1093         .dirty_inode    = ext4_dirty_inode,
1094         .drop_inode     = ext4_drop_inode,
1095         .evict_inode    = ext4_evict_inode,
1096         .put_super      = ext4_put_super,
1097         .statfs         = ext4_statfs,
1098         .remount_fs     = ext4_remount,
1099         .show_options   = ext4_show_options,
1100 #ifdef CONFIG_QUOTA
1101         .quota_read     = ext4_quota_read,
1102         .quota_write    = ext4_quota_write,
1103 #endif
1104         .bdev_try_to_free_page = bdev_try_to_free_page,
1105 };
1106
1107 static const struct export_operations ext4_export_ops = {
1108         .fh_to_dentry = ext4_fh_to_dentry,
1109         .fh_to_parent = ext4_fh_to_parent,
1110         .get_parent = ext4_get_parent,
1111 };
1112
1113 enum {
1114         Opt_bsd_df, Opt_minix_df, Opt_grpid, Opt_nogrpid,
1115         Opt_resgid, Opt_resuid, Opt_sb, Opt_err_cont, Opt_err_panic, Opt_err_ro,
1116         Opt_nouid32, Opt_debug, Opt_removed,
1117         Opt_user_xattr, Opt_nouser_xattr, Opt_acl, Opt_noacl,
1118         Opt_auto_da_alloc, Opt_noauto_da_alloc, Opt_noload,
1119         Opt_commit, Opt_min_batch_time, Opt_max_batch_time,
1120         Opt_journal_dev, Opt_journal_checksum, Opt_journal_async_commit,
1121         Opt_abort, Opt_data_journal, Opt_data_ordered, Opt_data_writeback,
1122         Opt_data_err_abort, Opt_data_err_ignore,
1123         Opt_usrjquota, Opt_grpjquota, Opt_offusrjquota, Opt_offgrpjquota,
1124         Opt_jqfmt_vfsold, Opt_jqfmt_vfsv0, Opt_jqfmt_vfsv1, Opt_quota,
1125         Opt_noquota, Opt_barrier, Opt_nobarrier, Opt_err,
1126         Opt_usrquota, Opt_grpquota, Opt_i_version,
1127         Opt_stripe, Opt_delalloc, Opt_nodelalloc, Opt_mblk_io_submit,
1128         Opt_nomblk_io_submit, Opt_block_validity, Opt_noblock_validity,
1129         Opt_inode_readahead_blks, Opt_journal_ioprio,
1130         Opt_dioread_nolock, Opt_dioread_lock,
1131         Opt_discard, Opt_nodiscard, Opt_init_itable, Opt_noinit_itable,
1132         Opt_max_dir_size_kb,
1133 };
1134
1135 static const match_table_t tokens = {
1136         {Opt_bsd_df, "bsddf"},
1137         {Opt_minix_df, "minixdf"},
1138         {Opt_grpid, "grpid"},
1139         {Opt_grpid, "bsdgroups"},
1140         {Opt_nogrpid, "nogrpid"},
1141         {Opt_nogrpid, "sysvgroups"},
1142         {Opt_resgid, "resgid=%u"},
1143         {Opt_resuid, "resuid=%u"},
1144         {Opt_sb, "sb=%u"},
1145         {Opt_err_cont, "errors=continue"},
1146         {Opt_err_panic, "errors=panic"},
1147         {Opt_err_ro, "errors=remount-ro"},
1148         {Opt_nouid32, "nouid32"},
1149         {Opt_debug, "debug"},
1150         {Opt_removed, "oldalloc"},
1151         {Opt_removed, "orlov"},
1152         {Opt_user_xattr, "user_xattr"},
1153         {Opt_nouser_xattr, "nouser_xattr"},
1154         {Opt_acl, "acl"},
1155         {Opt_noacl, "noacl"},
1156         {Opt_noload, "norecovery"},
1157         {Opt_noload, "noload"},
1158         {Opt_removed, "nobh"},
1159         {Opt_removed, "bh"},
1160         {Opt_commit, "commit=%u"},
1161         {Opt_min_batch_time, "min_batch_time=%u"},
1162         {Opt_max_batch_time, "max_batch_time=%u"},
1163         {Opt_journal_dev, "journal_dev=%u"},
1164         {Opt_journal_checksum, "journal_checksum"},
1165         {Opt_journal_async_commit, "journal_async_commit"},
1166         {Opt_abort, "abort"},
1167         {Opt_data_journal, "data=journal"},
1168         {Opt_data_ordered, "data=ordered"},
1169         {Opt_data_writeback, "data=writeback"},
1170         {Opt_data_err_abort, "data_err=abort"},
1171         {Opt_data_err_ignore, "data_err=ignore"},
1172         {Opt_offusrjquota, "usrjquota="},
1173         {Opt_usrjquota, "usrjquota=%s"},
1174         {Opt_offgrpjquota, "grpjquota="},
1175         {Opt_grpjquota, "grpjquota=%s"},
1176         {Opt_jqfmt_vfsold, "jqfmt=vfsold"},
1177         {Opt_jqfmt_vfsv0, "jqfmt=vfsv0"},
1178         {Opt_jqfmt_vfsv1, "jqfmt=vfsv1"},
1179         {Opt_grpquota, "grpquota"},
1180         {Opt_noquota, "noquota"},
1181         {Opt_quota, "quota"},
1182         {Opt_usrquota, "usrquota"},
1183         {Opt_barrier, "barrier=%u"},
1184         {Opt_barrier, "barrier"},
1185         {Opt_nobarrier, "nobarrier"},
1186         {Opt_i_version, "i_version"},
1187         {Opt_stripe, "stripe=%u"},
1188         {Opt_delalloc, "delalloc"},
1189         {Opt_nodelalloc, "nodelalloc"},
1190         {Opt_removed, "mblk_io_submit"},
1191         {Opt_removed, "nomblk_io_submit"},
1192         {Opt_block_validity, "block_validity"},
1193         {Opt_noblock_validity, "noblock_validity"},
1194         {Opt_inode_readahead_blks, "inode_readahead_blks=%u"},
1195         {Opt_journal_ioprio, "journal_ioprio=%u"},
1196         {Opt_auto_da_alloc, "auto_da_alloc=%u"},
1197         {Opt_auto_da_alloc, "auto_da_alloc"},
1198         {Opt_noauto_da_alloc, "noauto_da_alloc"},
1199         {Opt_dioread_nolock, "dioread_nolock"},
1200         {Opt_dioread_lock, "dioread_lock"},
1201         {Opt_discard, "discard"},
1202         {Opt_nodiscard, "nodiscard"},
1203         {Opt_init_itable, "init_itable=%u"},
1204         {Opt_init_itable, "init_itable"},
1205         {Opt_noinit_itable, "noinit_itable"},
1206         {Opt_max_dir_size_kb, "max_dir_size_kb=%u"},
1207         {Opt_removed, "check=none"},    /* mount option from ext2/3 */
1208         {Opt_removed, "nocheck"},       /* mount option from ext2/3 */
1209         {Opt_removed, "reservation"},   /* mount option from ext2/3 */
1210         {Opt_removed, "noreservation"}, /* mount option from ext2/3 */
1211         {Opt_removed, "journal=%u"},    /* mount option from ext2/3 */
1212         {Opt_err, NULL},
1213 };
1214
1215 static ext4_fsblk_t get_sb_block(void **data)
1216 {
1217         ext4_fsblk_t    sb_block;
1218         char            *options = (char *) *data;
1219
1220         if (!options || strncmp(options, "sb=", 3) != 0)
1221                 return 1;       /* Default location */
1222
1223         options += 3;
1224         /* TODO: use simple_strtoll with >32bit ext4 */
1225         sb_block = simple_strtoul(options, &options, 0);
1226         if (*options && *options != ',') {
1227                 printk(KERN_ERR "EXT4-fs: Invalid sb specification: %s\n",
1228                        (char *) *data);
1229                 return 1;
1230         }
1231         if (*options == ',')
1232                 options++;
1233         *data = (void *) options;
1234
1235         return sb_block;
1236 }
1237
1238 #define DEFAULT_JOURNAL_IOPRIO (IOPRIO_PRIO_VALUE(IOPRIO_CLASS_BE, 3))
1239 static char deprecated_msg[] = "Mount option \"%s\" will be removed by %s\n"
1240         "Contact linux-ext4@vger.kernel.org if you think we should keep it.\n";
1241
1242 #ifdef CONFIG_QUOTA
1243 static int set_qf_name(struct super_block *sb, int qtype, substring_t *args)
1244 {
1245         struct ext4_sb_info *sbi = EXT4_SB(sb);
1246         char *qname;
1247         int ret = -1;
1248
1249         if (sb_any_quota_loaded(sb) &&
1250                 !sbi->s_qf_names[qtype]) {
1251                 ext4_msg(sb, KERN_ERR,
1252                         "Cannot change journaled "
1253                         "quota options when quota turned on");
1254                 return -1;
1255         }
1256         if (EXT4_HAS_RO_COMPAT_FEATURE(sb, EXT4_FEATURE_RO_COMPAT_QUOTA)) {
1257                 ext4_msg(sb, KERN_ERR, "Cannot set journaled quota options "
1258                          "when QUOTA feature is enabled");
1259                 return -1;
1260         }
1261         qname = match_strdup(args);
1262         if (!qname) {
1263                 ext4_msg(sb, KERN_ERR,
1264                         "Not enough memory for storing quotafile name");
1265                 return -1;
1266         }
1267         if (sbi->s_qf_names[qtype]) {
1268                 if (strcmp(sbi->s_qf_names[qtype], qname) == 0)
1269                         ret = 1;
1270                 else
1271                         ext4_msg(sb, KERN_ERR,
1272                                  "%s quota file already specified",
1273                                  QTYPE2NAME(qtype));
1274                 goto errout;
1275         }
1276         if (strchr(qname, '/')) {
1277                 ext4_msg(sb, KERN_ERR,
1278                         "quotafile must be on filesystem root");
1279                 goto errout;
1280         }
1281         sbi->s_qf_names[qtype] = qname;
1282         set_opt(sb, QUOTA);
1283         return 1;
1284 errout:
1285         kfree(qname);
1286         return ret;
1287 }
1288
1289 static int clear_qf_name(struct super_block *sb, int qtype)
1290 {
1291
1292         struct ext4_sb_info *sbi = EXT4_SB(sb);
1293
1294         if (sb_any_quota_loaded(sb) &&
1295                 sbi->s_qf_names[qtype]) {
1296                 ext4_msg(sb, KERN_ERR, "Cannot change journaled quota options"
1297                         " when quota turned on");
1298                 return -1;
1299         }
1300         kfree(sbi->s_qf_names[qtype]);
1301         sbi->s_qf_names[qtype] = NULL;
1302         return 1;
1303 }
1304 #endif
1305
1306 #define MOPT_SET        0x0001
1307 #define MOPT_CLEAR      0x0002
1308 #define MOPT_NOSUPPORT  0x0004
1309 #define MOPT_EXPLICIT   0x0008
1310 #define MOPT_CLEAR_ERR  0x0010
1311 #define MOPT_GTE0       0x0020
1312 #ifdef CONFIG_QUOTA
1313 #define MOPT_Q          0
1314 #define MOPT_QFMT       0x0040
1315 #else
1316 #define MOPT_Q          MOPT_NOSUPPORT
1317 #define MOPT_QFMT       MOPT_NOSUPPORT
1318 #endif
1319 #define MOPT_DATAJ      0x0080
1320 #define MOPT_NO_EXT2    0x0100
1321 #define MOPT_NO_EXT3    0x0200
1322 #define MOPT_EXT4_ONLY  (MOPT_NO_EXT2 | MOPT_NO_EXT3)
1323
1324 static const struct mount_opts {
1325         int     token;
1326         int     mount_opt;
1327         int     flags;
1328 } ext4_mount_opts[] = {
1329         {Opt_minix_df, EXT4_MOUNT_MINIX_DF, MOPT_SET},
1330         {Opt_bsd_df, EXT4_MOUNT_MINIX_DF, MOPT_CLEAR},
1331         {Opt_grpid, EXT4_MOUNT_GRPID, MOPT_SET},
1332         {Opt_nogrpid, EXT4_MOUNT_GRPID, MOPT_CLEAR},
1333         {Opt_block_validity, EXT4_MOUNT_BLOCK_VALIDITY, MOPT_SET},
1334         {Opt_noblock_validity, EXT4_MOUNT_BLOCK_VALIDITY, MOPT_CLEAR},
1335         {Opt_dioread_nolock, EXT4_MOUNT_DIOREAD_NOLOCK,
1336          MOPT_EXT4_ONLY | MOPT_SET},
1337         {Opt_dioread_lock, EXT4_MOUNT_DIOREAD_NOLOCK,
1338          MOPT_EXT4_ONLY | MOPT_CLEAR},
1339         {Opt_discard, EXT4_MOUNT_DISCARD, MOPT_SET},
1340         {Opt_nodiscard, EXT4_MOUNT_DISCARD, MOPT_CLEAR},
1341         {Opt_delalloc, EXT4_MOUNT_DELALLOC,
1342          MOPT_EXT4_ONLY | MOPT_SET | MOPT_EXPLICIT},
1343         {Opt_nodelalloc, EXT4_MOUNT_DELALLOC,
1344          MOPT_EXT4_ONLY | MOPT_CLEAR},
1345         {Opt_journal_checksum, EXT4_MOUNT_JOURNAL_CHECKSUM,
1346          MOPT_EXT4_ONLY | MOPT_SET},
1347         {Opt_journal_async_commit, (EXT4_MOUNT_JOURNAL_ASYNC_COMMIT |
1348                                     EXT4_MOUNT_JOURNAL_CHECKSUM),
1349          MOPT_EXT4_ONLY | MOPT_SET},
1350         {Opt_noload, EXT4_MOUNT_NOLOAD, MOPT_NO_EXT2 | MOPT_SET},
1351         {Opt_err_panic, EXT4_MOUNT_ERRORS_PANIC, MOPT_SET | MOPT_CLEAR_ERR},
1352         {Opt_err_ro, EXT4_MOUNT_ERRORS_RO, MOPT_SET | MOPT_CLEAR_ERR},
1353         {Opt_err_cont, EXT4_MOUNT_ERRORS_CONT, MOPT_SET | MOPT_CLEAR_ERR},
1354         {Opt_data_err_abort, EXT4_MOUNT_DATA_ERR_ABORT,
1355          MOPT_NO_EXT2 | MOPT_SET},
1356         {Opt_data_err_ignore, EXT4_MOUNT_DATA_ERR_ABORT,
1357          MOPT_NO_EXT2 | MOPT_CLEAR},
1358         {Opt_barrier, EXT4_MOUNT_BARRIER, MOPT_SET},
1359         {Opt_nobarrier, EXT4_MOUNT_BARRIER, MOPT_CLEAR},
1360         {Opt_noauto_da_alloc, EXT4_MOUNT_NO_AUTO_DA_ALLOC, MOPT_SET},
1361         {Opt_auto_da_alloc, EXT4_MOUNT_NO_AUTO_DA_ALLOC, MOPT_CLEAR},
1362         {Opt_noinit_itable, EXT4_MOUNT_INIT_INODE_TABLE, MOPT_CLEAR},
1363         {Opt_commit, 0, MOPT_GTE0},
1364         {Opt_max_batch_time, 0, MOPT_GTE0},
1365         {Opt_min_batch_time, 0, MOPT_GTE0},
1366         {Opt_inode_readahead_blks, 0, MOPT_GTE0},
1367         {Opt_init_itable, 0, MOPT_GTE0},
1368         {Opt_stripe, 0, MOPT_GTE0},
1369         {Opt_resuid, 0, MOPT_GTE0},
1370         {Opt_resgid, 0, MOPT_GTE0},
1371         {Opt_journal_dev, 0, MOPT_GTE0},
1372         {Opt_journal_ioprio, 0, MOPT_GTE0},
1373         {Opt_data_journal, EXT4_MOUNT_JOURNAL_DATA, MOPT_NO_EXT2 | MOPT_DATAJ},
1374         {Opt_data_ordered, EXT4_MOUNT_ORDERED_DATA, MOPT_NO_EXT2 | MOPT_DATAJ},
1375         {Opt_data_writeback, EXT4_MOUNT_WRITEBACK_DATA,
1376          MOPT_NO_EXT2 | MOPT_DATAJ},
1377         {Opt_user_xattr, EXT4_MOUNT_XATTR_USER, MOPT_SET},
1378         {Opt_nouser_xattr, EXT4_MOUNT_XATTR_USER, MOPT_CLEAR},
1379 #ifdef CONFIG_EXT4_FS_POSIX_ACL
1380         {Opt_acl, EXT4_MOUNT_POSIX_ACL, MOPT_SET},
1381         {Opt_noacl, EXT4_MOUNT_POSIX_ACL, MOPT_CLEAR},
1382 #else
1383         {Opt_acl, 0, MOPT_NOSUPPORT},
1384         {Opt_noacl, 0, MOPT_NOSUPPORT},
1385 #endif
1386         {Opt_nouid32, EXT4_MOUNT_NO_UID32, MOPT_SET},
1387         {Opt_debug, EXT4_MOUNT_DEBUG, MOPT_SET},
1388         {Opt_quota, EXT4_MOUNT_QUOTA | EXT4_MOUNT_USRQUOTA, MOPT_SET | MOPT_Q},
1389         {Opt_usrquota, EXT4_MOUNT_QUOTA | EXT4_MOUNT_USRQUOTA,
1390                                                         MOPT_SET | MOPT_Q},
1391         {Opt_grpquota, EXT4_MOUNT_QUOTA | EXT4_MOUNT_GRPQUOTA,
1392                                                         MOPT_SET | MOPT_Q},
1393         {Opt_noquota, (EXT4_MOUNT_QUOTA | EXT4_MOUNT_USRQUOTA |
1394                        EXT4_MOUNT_GRPQUOTA), MOPT_CLEAR | MOPT_Q},
1395         {Opt_usrjquota, 0, MOPT_Q},
1396         {Opt_grpjquota, 0, MOPT_Q},
1397         {Opt_offusrjquota, 0, MOPT_Q},
1398         {Opt_offgrpjquota, 0, MOPT_Q},
1399         {Opt_jqfmt_vfsold, QFMT_VFS_OLD, MOPT_QFMT},
1400         {Opt_jqfmt_vfsv0, QFMT_VFS_V0, MOPT_QFMT},
1401         {Opt_jqfmt_vfsv1, QFMT_VFS_V1, MOPT_QFMT},
1402         {Opt_max_dir_size_kb, 0, MOPT_GTE0},
1403         {Opt_err, 0, 0}
1404 };
1405
1406 static int handle_mount_opt(struct super_block *sb, char *opt, int token,
1407                             substring_t *args, unsigned long *journal_devnum,
1408                             unsigned int *journal_ioprio, int is_remount)
1409 {
1410         struct ext4_sb_info *sbi = EXT4_SB(sb);
1411         const struct mount_opts *m;
1412         kuid_t uid;
1413         kgid_t gid;
1414         int arg = 0;
1415
1416 #ifdef CONFIG_QUOTA
1417         if (token == Opt_usrjquota)
1418                 return set_qf_name(sb, USRQUOTA, &args[0]);
1419         else if (token == Opt_grpjquota)
1420                 return set_qf_name(sb, GRPQUOTA, &args[0]);
1421         else if (token == Opt_offusrjquota)
1422                 return clear_qf_name(sb, USRQUOTA);
1423         else if (token == Opt_offgrpjquota)
1424                 return clear_qf_name(sb, GRPQUOTA);
1425 #endif
1426         switch (token) {
1427         case Opt_noacl:
1428         case Opt_nouser_xattr:
1429                 ext4_msg(sb, KERN_WARNING, deprecated_msg, opt, "3.5");
1430                 break;
1431         case Opt_sb:
1432                 return 1;       /* handled by get_sb_block() */
1433         case Opt_removed:
1434                 ext4_msg(sb, KERN_WARNING, "Ignoring removed %s option", opt);
1435                 return 1;
1436         case Opt_abort:
1437                 sbi->s_mount_flags |= EXT4_MF_FS_ABORTED;
1438                 return 1;
1439         case Opt_i_version:
1440                 sb->s_flags |= MS_I_VERSION;
1441                 return 1;
1442         }
1443
1444         for (m = ext4_mount_opts; m->token != Opt_err; m++)
1445                 if (token == m->token)
1446                         break;
1447
1448         if (m->token == Opt_err) {
1449                 ext4_msg(sb, KERN_ERR, "Unrecognized mount option \"%s\" "
1450                          "or missing value", opt);
1451                 return -1;
1452         }
1453
1454         if ((m->flags & MOPT_NO_EXT2) && IS_EXT2_SB(sb)) {
1455                 ext4_msg(sb, KERN_ERR,
1456                          "Mount option \"%s\" incompatible with ext2", opt);
1457                 return -1;
1458         }
1459         if ((m->flags & MOPT_NO_EXT3) && IS_EXT3_SB(sb)) {
1460                 ext4_msg(sb, KERN_ERR,
1461                          "Mount option \"%s\" incompatible with ext3", opt);
1462                 return -1;
1463         }
1464
1465         if (args->from && match_int(args, &arg))
1466                 return -1;
1467         if (args->from && (m->flags & MOPT_GTE0) && (arg < 0))
1468                 return -1;
1469         if (m->flags & MOPT_EXPLICIT)
1470                 set_opt2(sb, EXPLICIT_DELALLOC);
1471         if (m->flags & MOPT_CLEAR_ERR)
1472                 clear_opt(sb, ERRORS_MASK);
1473         if (token == Opt_noquota && sb_any_quota_loaded(sb)) {
1474                 ext4_msg(sb, KERN_ERR, "Cannot change quota "
1475                          "options when quota turned on");
1476                 return -1;
1477         }
1478
1479         if (m->flags & MOPT_NOSUPPORT) {
1480                 ext4_msg(sb, KERN_ERR, "%s option not supported", opt);
1481         } else if (token == Opt_commit) {
1482                 if (arg == 0)
1483                         arg = JBD2_DEFAULT_MAX_COMMIT_AGE;
1484                 sbi->s_commit_interval = HZ * arg;
1485         } else if (token == Opt_max_batch_time) {
1486                 if (arg == 0)
1487                         arg = EXT4_DEF_MAX_BATCH_TIME;
1488                 sbi->s_max_batch_time = arg;
1489         } else if (token == Opt_min_batch_time) {
1490                 sbi->s_min_batch_time = arg;
1491         } else if (token == Opt_inode_readahead_blks) {
1492                 if (arg && (arg > (1 << 30) || !is_power_of_2(arg))) {
1493                         ext4_msg(sb, KERN_ERR,
1494                                  "EXT4-fs: inode_readahead_blks must be "
1495                                  "0 or a power of 2 smaller than 2^31");
1496                         return -1;
1497                 }
1498                 sbi->s_inode_readahead_blks = arg;
1499         } else if (token == Opt_init_itable) {
1500                 set_opt(sb, INIT_INODE_TABLE);
1501                 if (!args->from)
1502                         arg = EXT4_DEF_LI_WAIT_MULT;
1503                 sbi->s_li_wait_mult = arg;
1504         } else if (token == Opt_max_dir_size_kb) {
1505                 sbi->s_max_dir_size_kb = arg;
1506         } else if (token == Opt_stripe) {
1507                 sbi->s_stripe = arg;
1508         } else if (token == Opt_resuid) {
1509                 uid = make_kuid(current_user_ns(), arg);
1510                 if (!uid_valid(uid)) {
1511                         ext4_msg(sb, KERN_ERR, "Invalid uid value %d", arg);
1512                         return -1;
1513                 }
1514                 sbi->s_resuid = uid;
1515         } else if (token == Opt_resgid) {
1516                 gid = make_kgid(current_user_ns(), arg);
1517                 if (!gid_valid(gid)) {
1518                         ext4_msg(sb, KERN_ERR, "Invalid gid value %d", arg);
1519                         return -1;
1520                 }
1521                 sbi->s_resgid = gid;
1522         } else if (token == Opt_journal_dev) {
1523                 if (is_remount) {
1524                         ext4_msg(sb, KERN_ERR,
1525                                  "Cannot specify journal on remount");
1526                         return -1;
1527                 }
1528                 *journal_devnum = arg;
1529         } else if (token == Opt_journal_ioprio) {
1530                 if (arg > 7) {
1531                         ext4_msg(sb, KERN_ERR, "Invalid journal IO priority"
1532                                  " (must be 0-7)");
1533                         return -1;
1534                 }
1535                 *journal_ioprio =
1536                         IOPRIO_PRIO_VALUE(IOPRIO_CLASS_BE, arg);
1537         } else if (m->flags & MOPT_DATAJ) {
1538                 if (is_remount) {
1539                         if (!sbi->s_journal)
1540                                 ext4_msg(sb, KERN_WARNING, "Remounting file system with no journal so ignoring journalled data option");
1541                         else if (test_opt(sb, DATA_FLAGS) != m->mount_opt) {
1542                                 ext4_msg(sb, KERN_ERR,
1543                                          "Cannot change data mode on remount");
1544                                 return -1;
1545                         }
1546                 } else {
1547                         clear_opt(sb, DATA_FLAGS);
1548                         sbi->s_mount_opt |= m->mount_opt;
1549                 }
1550 #ifdef CONFIG_QUOTA
1551         } else if (m->flags & MOPT_QFMT) {
1552                 if (sb_any_quota_loaded(sb) &&
1553                     sbi->s_jquota_fmt != m->mount_opt) {
1554                         ext4_msg(sb, KERN_ERR, "Cannot change journaled "
1555                                  "quota options when quota turned on");
1556                         return -1;
1557                 }
1558                 if (EXT4_HAS_RO_COMPAT_FEATURE(sb,
1559                                                EXT4_FEATURE_RO_COMPAT_QUOTA)) {
1560                         ext4_msg(sb, KERN_ERR,
1561                                  "Cannot set journaled quota options "
1562                                  "when QUOTA feature is enabled");
1563                         return -1;
1564                 }
1565                 sbi->s_jquota_fmt = m->mount_opt;
1566 #endif
1567         } else {
1568                 if (!args->from)
1569                         arg = 1;
1570                 if (m->flags & MOPT_CLEAR)
1571                         arg = !arg;
1572                 else if (unlikely(!(m->flags & MOPT_SET))) {
1573                         ext4_msg(sb, KERN_WARNING,
1574                                  "buggy handling of option %s", opt);
1575                         WARN_ON(1);
1576                         return -1;
1577                 }
1578                 if (arg != 0)
1579                         sbi->s_mount_opt |= m->mount_opt;
1580                 else
1581                         sbi->s_mount_opt &= ~m->mount_opt;
1582         }
1583         return 1;
1584 }
1585
1586 static int parse_options(char *options, struct super_block *sb,
1587                          unsigned long *journal_devnum,
1588                          unsigned int *journal_ioprio,
1589                          int is_remount)
1590 {
1591         struct ext4_sb_info *sbi = EXT4_SB(sb);
1592         char *p;
1593         substring_t args[MAX_OPT_ARGS];
1594         int token;
1595
1596         if (!options)
1597                 return 1;
1598
1599         while ((p = strsep(&options, ",")) != NULL) {
1600                 if (!*p)
1601                         continue;
1602                 /*
1603                  * Initialize args struct so we know whether arg was
1604                  * found; some options take optional arguments.
1605                  */
1606                 args[0].to = args[0].from = NULL;
1607                 token = match_token(p, tokens, args);
1608                 if (handle_mount_opt(sb, p, token, args, journal_devnum,
1609                                      journal_ioprio, is_remount) < 0)
1610                         return 0;
1611         }
1612 #ifdef CONFIG_QUOTA
1613         if (EXT4_HAS_RO_COMPAT_FEATURE(sb, EXT4_FEATURE_RO_COMPAT_QUOTA) &&
1614             (test_opt(sb, USRQUOTA) || test_opt(sb, GRPQUOTA))) {
1615                 ext4_msg(sb, KERN_ERR, "Cannot set quota options when QUOTA "
1616                          "feature is enabled");
1617                 return 0;
1618         }
1619         if (sbi->s_qf_names[USRQUOTA] || sbi->s_qf_names[GRPQUOTA]) {
1620                 if (test_opt(sb, USRQUOTA) && sbi->s_qf_names[USRQUOTA])
1621                         clear_opt(sb, USRQUOTA);
1622
1623                 if (test_opt(sb, GRPQUOTA) && sbi->s_qf_names[GRPQUOTA])
1624                         clear_opt(sb, GRPQUOTA);
1625
1626                 if (test_opt(sb, GRPQUOTA) || test_opt(sb, USRQUOTA)) {
1627                         ext4_msg(sb, KERN_ERR, "old and new quota "
1628                                         "format mixing");
1629                         return 0;
1630                 }
1631
1632                 if (!sbi->s_jquota_fmt) {
1633                         ext4_msg(sb, KERN_ERR, "journaled quota format "
1634                                         "not specified");
1635                         return 0;
1636                 }
1637         } else {
1638                 if (sbi->s_jquota_fmt) {
1639                         ext4_msg(sb, KERN_ERR, "journaled quota format "
1640                                         "specified with no journaling "
1641                                         "enabled");
1642                         return 0;
1643                 }
1644         }
1645 #endif
1646         if (test_opt(sb, DIOREAD_NOLOCK)) {
1647                 int blocksize =
1648                         BLOCK_SIZE << le32_to_cpu(sbi->s_es->s_log_block_size);
1649
1650                 if (blocksize < PAGE_CACHE_SIZE) {
1651                         ext4_msg(sb, KERN_ERR, "can't mount with "
1652                                  "dioread_nolock if block size != PAGE_SIZE");
1653                         return 0;
1654                 }
1655         }
1656         return 1;
1657 }
1658
1659 static inline void ext4_show_quota_options(struct seq_file *seq,
1660                                            struct super_block *sb)
1661 {
1662 #if defined(CONFIG_QUOTA)
1663         struct ext4_sb_info *sbi = EXT4_SB(sb);
1664
1665         if (sbi->s_jquota_fmt) {
1666                 char *fmtname = "";
1667
1668                 switch (sbi->s_jquota_fmt) {
1669                 case QFMT_VFS_OLD:
1670                         fmtname = "vfsold";
1671                         break;
1672                 case QFMT_VFS_V0:
1673                         fmtname = "vfsv0";
1674                         break;
1675                 case QFMT_VFS_V1:
1676                         fmtname = "vfsv1";
1677                         break;
1678                 }
1679                 seq_printf(seq, ",jqfmt=%s", fmtname);
1680         }
1681
1682         if (sbi->s_qf_names[USRQUOTA])
1683                 seq_printf(seq, ",usrjquota=%s", sbi->s_qf_names[USRQUOTA]);
1684
1685         if (sbi->s_qf_names[GRPQUOTA])
1686                 seq_printf(seq, ",grpjquota=%s", sbi->s_qf_names[GRPQUOTA]);
1687 #endif
1688 }
1689
1690 static const char *token2str(int token)
1691 {
1692         const struct match_token *t;
1693
1694         for (t = tokens; t->token != Opt_err; t++)
1695                 if (t->token == token && !strchr(t->pattern, '='))
1696                         break;
1697         return t->pattern;
1698 }
1699
1700 /*
1701  * Show an option if
1702  *  - it's set to a non-default value OR
1703  *  - if the per-sb default is different from the global default
1704  */
1705 static int _ext4_show_options(struct seq_file *seq, struct super_block *sb,
1706                               int nodefs)
1707 {
1708         struct ext4_sb_info *sbi = EXT4_SB(sb);
1709         struct ext4_super_block *es = sbi->s_es;
1710         int def_errors, def_mount_opt = nodefs ? 0 : sbi->s_def_mount_opt;
1711         const struct mount_opts *m;
1712         char sep = nodefs ? '\n' : ',';
1713
1714 #define SEQ_OPTS_PUTS(str) seq_printf(seq, "%c" str, sep)
1715 #define SEQ_OPTS_PRINT(str, arg) seq_printf(seq, "%c" str, sep, arg)
1716
1717         if (sbi->s_sb_block != 1)
1718                 SEQ_OPTS_PRINT("sb=%llu", sbi->s_sb_block);
1719
1720         for (m = ext4_mount_opts; m->token != Opt_err; m++) {
1721                 int want_set = m->flags & MOPT_SET;
1722                 if (((m->flags & (MOPT_SET|MOPT_CLEAR)) == 0) ||
1723                     (m->flags & MOPT_CLEAR_ERR))
1724                         continue;
1725                 if (!(m->mount_opt & (sbi->s_mount_opt ^ def_mount_opt)))
1726                         continue; /* skip if same as the default */
1727                 if ((want_set &&
1728                      (sbi->s_mount_opt & m->mount_opt) != m->mount_opt) ||
1729                     (!want_set && (sbi->s_mount_opt & m->mount_opt)))
1730                         continue; /* select Opt_noFoo vs Opt_Foo */
1731                 SEQ_OPTS_PRINT("%s", token2str(m->token));
1732         }
1733
1734         if (nodefs || !uid_eq(sbi->s_resuid, make_kuid(&init_user_ns, EXT4_DEF_RESUID)) ||
1735             le16_to_cpu(es->s_def_resuid) != EXT4_DEF_RESUID)
1736                 SEQ_OPTS_PRINT("resuid=%u",
1737                                 from_kuid_munged(&init_user_ns, sbi->s_resuid));
1738         if (nodefs || !gid_eq(sbi->s_resgid, make_kgid(&init_user_ns, EXT4_DEF_RESGID)) ||
1739             le16_to_cpu(es->s_def_resgid) != EXT4_DEF_RESGID)
1740                 SEQ_OPTS_PRINT("resgid=%u",
1741                                 from_kgid_munged(&init_user_ns, sbi->s_resgid));
1742         def_errors = nodefs ? -1 : le16_to_cpu(es->s_errors);
1743         if (test_opt(sb, ERRORS_RO) && def_errors != EXT4_ERRORS_RO)
1744                 SEQ_OPTS_PUTS("errors=remount-ro");
1745         if (test_opt(sb, ERRORS_CONT) && def_errors != EXT4_ERRORS_CONTINUE)
1746                 SEQ_OPTS_PUTS("errors=continue");
1747         if (test_opt(sb, ERRORS_PANIC) && def_errors != EXT4_ERRORS_PANIC)
1748                 SEQ_OPTS_PUTS("errors=panic");
1749         if (nodefs || sbi->s_commit_interval != JBD2_DEFAULT_MAX_COMMIT_AGE*HZ)
1750                 SEQ_OPTS_PRINT("commit=%lu", sbi->s_commit_interval / HZ);
1751         if (nodefs || sbi->s_min_batch_time != EXT4_DEF_MIN_BATCH_TIME)
1752                 SEQ_OPTS_PRINT("min_batch_time=%u", sbi->s_min_batch_time);
1753         if (nodefs || sbi->s_max_batch_time != EXT4_DEF_MAX_BATCH_TIME)
1754                 SEQ_OPTS_PRINT("max_batch_time=%u", sbi->s_max_batch_time);
1755         if (sb->s_flags & MS_I_VERSION)
1756                 SEQ_OPTS_PUTS("i_version");
1757         if (nodefs || sbi->s_stripe)
1758                 SEQ_OPTS_PRINT("stripe=%lu", sbi->s_stripe);
1759         if (EXT4_MOUNT_DATA_FLAGS & (sbi->s_mount_opt ^ def_mount_opt)) {
1760                 if (test_opt(sb, DATA_FLAGS) == EXT4_MOUNT_JOURNAL_DATA)
1761                         SEQ_OPTS_PUTS("data=journal");
1762                 else if (test_opt(sb, DATA_FLAGS) == EXT4_MOUNT_ORDERED_DATA)
1763                         SEQ_OPTS_PUTS("data=ordered");
1764                 else if (test_opt(sb, DATA_FLAGS) == EXT4_MOUNT_WRITEBACK_DATA)
1765                         SEQ_OPTS_PUTS("data=writeback");
1766         }
1767         if (nodefs ||
1768             sbi->s_inode_readahead_blks != EXT4_DEF_INODE_READAHEAD_BLKS)
1769                 SEQ_OPTS_PRINT("inode_readahead_blks=%u",
1770                                sbi->s_inode_readahead_blks);
1771
1772         if (nodefs || (test_opt(sb, INIT_INODE_TABLE) &&
1773                        (sbi->s_li_wait_mult != EXT4_DEF_LI_WAIT_MULT)))
1774                 SEQ_OPTS_PRINT("init_itable=%u", sbi->s_li_wait_mult);
1775         if (nodefs || sbi->s_max_dir_size_kb)
1776                 SEQ_OPTS_PRINT("max_dir_size_kb=%u", sbi->s_max_dir_size_kb);
1777
1778         ext4_show_quota_options(seq, sb);
1779         return 0;
1780 }
1781
1782 static int ext4_show_options(struct seq_file *seq, struct dentry *root)
1783 {
1784         return _ext4_show_options(seq, root->d_sb, 0);
1785 }
1786
1787 static int options_seq_show(struct seq_file *seq, void *offset)
1788 {
1789         struct super_block *sb = seq->private;
1790         int rc;
1791
1792         seq_puts(seq, (sb->s_flags & MS_RDONLY) ? "ro" : "rw");
1793         rc = _ext4_show_options(seq, sb, 1);
1794         seq_puts(seq, "\n");
1795         return rc;
1796 }
1797
1798 static int options_open_fs(struct inode *inode, struct file *file)
1799 {
1800         return single_open(file, options_seq_show, PDE_DATA(inode));
1801 }
1802
1803 static const struct file_operations ext4_seq_options_fops = {
1804         .owner = THIS_MODULE,
1805         .open = options_open_fs,
1806         .read = seq_read,
1807         .llseek = seq_lseek,
1808         .release = single_release,
1809 };
1810
1811 static int ext4_setup_super(struct super_block *sb, struct ext4_super_block *es,
1812                             int read_only)
1813 {
1814         struct ext4_sb_info *sbi = EXT4_SB(sb);
1815         int res = 0;
1816
1817         if (le32_to_cpu(es->s_rev_level) > EXT4_MAX_SUPP_REV) {
1818                 ext4_msg(sb, KERN_ERR, "revision level too high, "
1819                          "forcing read-only mode");
1820                 res = MS_RDONLY;
1821         }
1822         if (read_only)
1823                 goto done;
1824         if (!(sbi->s_mount_state & EXT4_VALID_FS))
1825                 ext4_msg(sb, KERN_WARNING, "warning: mounting unchecked fs, "
1826                          "running e2fsck is recommended");
1827         else if ((sbi->s_mount_state & EXT4_ERROR_FS))
1828                 ext4_msg(sb, KERN_WARNING,
1829                          "warning: mounting fs with errors, "
1830                          "running e2fsck is recommended");
1831         else if ((__s16) le16_to_cpu(es->s_max_mnt_count) > 0 &&
1832                  le16_to_cpu(es->s_mnt_count) >=
1833                  (unsigned short) (__s16) le16_to_cpu(es->s_max_mnt_count))
1834                 ext4_msg(sb, KERN_WARNING,
1835                          "warning: maximal mount count reached, "
1836                          "running e2fsck is recommended");
1837         else if (le32_to_cpu(es->s_checkinterval) &&
1838                 (le32_to_cpu(es->s_lastcheck) +
1839                         le32_to_cpu(es->s_checkinterval) <= get_seconds()))
1840                 ext4_msg(sb, KERN_WARNING,
1841                          "warning: checktime reached, "
1842                          "running e2fsck is recommended");
1843         if (!sbi->s_journal)
1844                 es->s_state &= cpu_to_le16(~EXT4_VALID_FS);
1845         if (!(__s16) le16_to_cpu(es->s_max_mnt_count))
1846                 es->s_max_mnt_count = cpu_to_le16(EXT4_DFL_MAX_MNT_COUNT);
1847         le16_add_cpu(&es->s_mnt_count, 1);
1848         es->s_mtime = cpu_to_le32(get_seconds());
1849         ext4_update_dynamic_rev(sb);
1850         if (sbi->s_journal)
1851                 EXT4_SET_INCOMPAT_FEATURE(sb, EXT4_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_RECOVER);
1852
1853         ext4_commit_super(sb, 1);
1854 done:
1855         if (test_opt(sb, DEBUG))
1856                 printk(KERN_INFO "[EXT4 FS bs=%lu, gc=%u, "
1857                                 "bpg=%lu, ipg=%lu, mo=%04x, mo2=%04x]\n",
1858                         sb->s_blocksize,
1859                         sbi->s_groups_count,
1860                         EXT4_BLOCKS_PER_GROUP(sb),
1861                         EXT4_INODES_PER_GROUP(sb),
1862                         sbi->s_mount_opt, sbi->s_mount_opt2);
1863
1864         cleancache_init_fs(sb);
1865         return res;
1866 }
1867
1868 int ext4_alloc_flex_bg_array(struct super_block *sb, ext4_group_t ngroup)
1869 {
1870         struct ext4_sb_info *sbi = EXT4_SB(sb);
1871         struct flex_groups *new_groups;
1872         int size;
1873
1874         if (!sbi->s_log_groups_per_flex)
1875                 return 0;
1876
1877         size = ext4_flex_group(sbi, ngroup - 1) + 1;
1878         if (size <= sbi->s_flex_groups_allocated)
1879                 return 0;
1880
1881         size = roundup_pow_of_two(size * sizeof(struct flex_groups));
1882         new_groups = ext4_kvzalloc(size, GFP_KERNEL);
1883         if (!new_groups) {
1884                 ext4_msg(sb, KERN_ERR, "not enough memory for %d flex groups",
1885                          size / (int) sizeof(struct flex_groups));
1886                 return -ENOMEM;
1887         }
1888
1889         if (sbi->s_flex_groups) {
1890                 memcpy(new_groups, sbi->s_flex_groups,
1891                        (sbi->s_flex_groups_allocated *
1892                         sizeof(struct flex_groups)));
1893                 ext4_kvfree(sbi->s_flex_groups);
1894         }
1895         sbi->s_flex_groups = new_groups;
1896         sbi->s_flex_groups_allocated = size / sizeof(struct flex_groups);
1897         return 0;
1898 }
1899
1900 static int ext4_fill_flex_info(struct super_block *sb)
1901 {
1902         struct ext4_sb_info *sbi = EXT4_SB(sb);
1903         struct ext4_group_desc *gdp = NULL;
1904         ext4_group_t flex_group;
1905         unsigned int groups_per_flex = 0;
1906         int i, err;
1907
1908         sbi->s_log_groups_per_flex = sbi->s_es->s_log_groups_per_flex;
1909         if (sbi->s_log_groups_per_flex < 1 || sbi->s_log_groups_per_flex > 31) {
1910                 sbi->s_log_groups_per_flex = 0;
1911                 return 1;
1912         }
1913         groups_per_flex = 1U << sbi->s_log_groups_per_flex;
1914
1915         err = ext4_alloc_flex_bg_array(sb, sbi->s_groups_count);
1916         if (err)
1917                 goto failed;
1918
1919         for (i = 0; i < sbi->s_groups_count; i++) {
1920                 gdp = ext4_get_group_desc(sb, i, NULL);
1921
1922                 flex_group = ext4_flex_group(sbi, i);
1923                 atomic_add(ext4_free_inodes_count(sb, gdp),
1924                            &sbi->s_flex_groups[flex_group].free_inodes);
1925                 atomic64_add(ext4_free_group_clusters(sb, gdp),
1926                              &sbi->s_flex_groups[flex_group].free_clusters);
1927                 atomic_add(ext4_used_dirs_count(sb, gdp),
1928                            &sbi->s_flex_groups[flex_group].used_dirs);
1929         }
1930
1931         return 1;
1932 failed:
1933         return 0;
1934 }
1935
1936 static __le16 ext4_group_desc_csum(struct ext4_sb_info *sbi, __u32 block_group,
1937                                    struct ext4_group_desc *gdp)
1938 {
1939         int offset;
1940         __u16 crc = 0;
1941         __le32 le_group = cpu_to_le32(block_group);
1942
1943         if ((sbi->s_es->s_feature_ro_compat &
1944              cpu_to_le32(EXT4_FEATURE_RO_COMPAT_METADATA_CSUM))) {
1945                 /* Use new metadata_csum algorithm */
1946                 __le16 save_csum;
1947                 __u32 csum32;
1948
1949                 save_csum = gdp->bg_checksum;
1950                 gdp->bg_checksum = 0;
1951                 csum32 = ext4_chksum(sbi, sbi->s_csum_seed, (__u8 *)&le_group,
1952                                      sizeof(le_group));
1953                 csum32 = ext4_chksum(sbi, csum32, (__u8 *)gdp,
1954                                      sbi->s_desc_size);
1955                 gdp->bg_checksum = save_csum;
1956
1957                 crc = csum32 & 0xFFFF;
1958                 goto out;
1959         }
1960
1961         /* old crc16 code */
1962         offset = offsetof(struct ext4_group_desc, bg_checksum);
1963
1964         crc = crc16(~0, sbi->s_es->s_uuid, sizeof(sbi->s_es->s_uuid));
1965         crc = crc16(crc, (__u8 *)&le_group, sizeof(le_group));
1966         crc = crc16(crc, (__u8 *)gdp, offset);
1967         offset += sizeof(gdp->bg_checksum); /* skip checksum */
1968         /* for checksum of struct ext4_group_desc do the rest...*/
1969         if ((sbi->s_es->s_feature_incompat &
1970              cpu_to_le32(EXT4_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_64BIT)) &&
1971             offset < le16_to_cpu(sbi->s_es->s_desc_size))
1972                 crc = crc16(crc, (__u8 *)gdp + offset,
1973                             le16_to_cpu(sbi->s_es->s_desc_size) -
1974                                 offset);
1975
1976 out:
1977         return cpu_to_le16(crc);
1978 }
1979
1980 int ext4_group_desc_csum_verify(struct super_block *sb, __u32 block_group,
1981                                 struct ext4_group_desc *gdp)
1982 {
1983         if (ext4_has_group_desc_csum(sb) &&
1984             (gdp->bg_checksum != ext4_group_desc_csum(EXT4_SB(sb),
1985                                                       block_group, gdp)))
1986                 return 0;
1987
1988         return 1;
1989 }
1990
1991 void ext4_group_desc_csum_set(struct super_block *sb, __u32 block_group,
1992                               struct ext4_group_desc *gdp)
1993 {
1994         if (!ext4_has_group_desc_csum(sb))
1995                 return;
1996         gdp->bg_checksum = ext4_group_desc_csum(EXT4_SB(sb), block_group, gdp);
1997 }
1998
1999 /* Called at mount-time, super-block is locked */
2000 static int ext4_check_descriptors(struct super_block *sb,
2001                                   ext4_group_t *first_not_zeroed)
2002 {
2003         struct ext4_sb_info *sbi = EXT4_SB(sb);
2004         ext4_fsblk_t first_block = le32_to_cpu(sbi->s_es->s_first_data_block);
2005         ext4_fsblk_t last_block;
2006         ext4_fsblk_t block_bitmap;
2007         ext4_fsblk_t inode_bitmap;
2008         ext4_fsblk_t inode_table;
2009         int flexbg_flag = 0;
2010         ext4_group_t i, grp = sbi->s_groups_count;
2011
2012         if (EXT4_HAS_INCOMPAT_FEATURE(sb, EXT4_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_FLEX_BG))
2013                 flexbg_flag = 1;
2014
2015         ext4_debug("Checking group descriptors");
2016
2017         for (i = 0; i < sbi->s_groups_count; i++) {
2018                 struct ext4_group_desc *gdp = ext4_get_group_desc(sb, i, NULL);
2019
2020                 if (i == sbi->s_groups_count - 1 || flexbg_flag)
2021                         last_block = ext4_blocks_count(sbi->s_es) - 1;
2022                 else
2023                         last_block = first_block +
2024                                 (EXT4_BLOCKS_PER_GROUP(sb) - 1);
2025
2026                 if ((grp == sbi->s_groups_count) &&
2027                    !(gdp->bg_flags & cpu_to_le16(EXT4_BG_INODE_ZEROED)))
2028                         grp = i;
2029
2030                 block_bitmap = ext4_block_bitmap(sb, gdp);
2031                 if (block_bitmap < first_block || block_bitmap > last_block) {
2032                         ext4_msg(sb, KERN_ERR, "ext4_check_descriptors: "
2033                                "Block bitmap for group %u not in group "
2034                                "(block %llu)!", i, block_bitmap);
2035                         return 0;
2036                 }
2037                 inode_bitmap = ext4_inode_bitmap(sb, gdp);
2038                 if (inode_bitmap < first_block || inode_bitmap > last_block) {
2039                         ext4_msg(sb, KERN_ERR, "ext4_check_descriptors: "
2040                                "Inode bitmap for group %u not in group "
2041                                "(block %llu)!", i, inode_bitmap);
2042                         return 0;
2043                 }
2044                 inode_table = ext4_inode_table(sb, gdp);
2045                 if (inode_table < first_block ||
2046                     inode_table + sbi->s_itb_per_group - 1 > last_block) {
2047                         ext4_msg(sb, KERN_ERR, "ext4_check_descriptors: "
2048                                "Inode table for group %u not in group "
2049                                "(block %llu)!", i, inode_table);
2050                         return 0;
2051                 }
2052                 ext4_lock_group(sb, i);
2053                 if (!ext4_group_desc_csum_verify(sb, i, gdp)) {
2054                         ext4_msg(sb, KERN_ERR, "ext4_check_descriptors: "
2055                                  "Checksum for group %u failed (%u!=%u)",
2056                                  i, le16_to_cpu(ext4_group_desc_csum(sbi, i,
2057                                      gdp)), le16_to_cpu(gdp->bg_checksum));
2058                         if (!(sb->s_flags & MS_RDONLY)) {
2059                                 ext4_unlock_group(sb, i);
2060                                 return 0;
2061                         }
2062                 }
2063                 ext4_unlock_group(sb, i);
2064                 if (!flexbg_flag)
2065                         first_block += EXT4_BLOCKS_PER_GROUP(sb);
2066         }
2067         if (NULL != first_not_zeroed)
2068                 *first_not_zeroed = grp;
2069
2070         ext4_free_blocks_count_set(sbi->s_es,
2071                                    EXT4_C2B(sbi, ext4_count_free_clusters(sb)));
2072         sbi->s_es->s_free_inodes_count =cpu_to_le32(ext4_count_free_inodes(sb));
2073         return 1;
2074 }
2075
2076 /* ext4_orphan_cleanup() walks a singly-linked list of inodes (starting at
2077  * the superblock) which were deleted from all directories, but held open by
2078  * a process at the time of a crash.  We walk the list and try to delete these
2079  * inodes at recovery time (only with a read-write filesystem).
2080  *
2081  * In order to keep the orphan inode chain consistent during traversal (in
2082  * case of crash during recovery), we link each inode into the superblock
2083  * orphan list_head and handle it the same way as an inode deletion during
2084  * normal operation (which journals the operations for us).
2085  *
2086  * We only do an iget() and an iput() on each inode, which is very safe if we
2087  * accidentally point at an in-use or already deleted inode.  The worst that
2088  * can happen in this case is that we get a "bit already cleared" message from
2089  * ext4_free_inode().  The only reason we would point at a wrong inode is if
2090  * e2fsck was run on this filesystem, and it must have already done the orphan
2091  * inode cleanup for us, so we can safely abort without any further action.
2092  */
2093 static void ext4_orphan_cleanup(struct super_block *sb,
2094                                 struct ext4_super_block *es)
2095 {
2096         unsigned int s_flags = sb->s_flags;
2097         int nr_orphans = 0, nr_truncates = 0;
2098 #ifdef CONFIG_QUOTA
2099         int i;
2100 #endif
2101         if (!es->s_last_orphan) {
2102                 jbd_debug(4, "no orphan inodes to clean up\n");
2103                 return;
2104         }
2105
2106         if (bdev_read_only(sb->s_bdev)) {
2107                 ext4_msg(sb, KERN_ERR, "write access "
2108                         "unavailable, skipping orphan cleanup");
2109                 return;
2110         }
2111
2112         /* Check if feature set would not allow a r/w mount */
2113         if (!ext4_feature_set_ok(sb, 0)) {
2114                 ext4_msg(sb, KERN_INFO, "Skipping orphan cleanup due to "
2115                          "unknown ROCOMPAT features");
2116                 return;
2117         }
2118
2119         if (EXT4_SB(sb)->s_mount_state & EXT4_ERROR_FS) {
2120                 /* don't clear list on RO mount w/ errors */
2121                 if (es->s_last_orphan && !(s_flags & MS_RDONLY)) {
2122                         jbd_debug(1, "Errors on filesystem, "
2123                                   "clearing orphan list.\n");
2124                         es->s_last_orphan = 0;
2125                 }
2126                 jbd_debug(1, "Skipping orphan recovery on fs with errors.\n");
2127                 return;
2128         }
2129
2130         if (s_flags & MS_RDONLY) {
2131                 ext4_msg(sb, KERN_INFO, "orphan cleanup on readonly fs");
2132                 sb->s_flags &= ~MS_RDONLY;
2133         }
2134 #ifdef CONFIG_QUOTA
2135         /* Needed for iput() to work correctly and not trash data */
2136         sb->s_flags |= MS_ACTIVE;
2137         /* Turn on quotas so that they are updated correctly */
2138         for (i = 0; i < MAXQUOTAS; i++) {
2139                 if (EXT4_SB(sb)->s_qf_names[i]) {
2140                         int ret = ext4_quota_on_mount(sb, i);
2141                         if (ret < 0)
2142                                 ext4_msg(sb, KERN_ERR,
2143                                         "Cannot turn on journaled "
2144                                         "quota: error %d", ret);
2145                 }
2146         }
2147 #endif
2148
2149         while (es->s_last_orphan) {
2150                 struct inode *inode;
2151
2152                 inode = ext4_orphan_get(sb, le32_to_cpu(es->s_last_orphan));
2153                 if (IS_ERR(inode)) {
2154                         es->s_last_orphan = 0;
2155                         break;
2156                 }
2157
2158                 list_add(&EXT4_I(inode)->i_orphan, &EXT4_SB(sb)->s_orphan);
2159                 dquot_initialize(inode);
2160                 if (inode->i_nlink) {
2161                         ext4_msg(sb, KERN_DEBUG,
2162                                 "%s: truncating inode %lu to %lld bytes",
2163                                 __func__, inode->i_ino, inode->i_size);
2164                         jbd_debug(2, "truncating inode %lu to %lld bytes\n",
2165                                   inode->i_ino, inode->i_size);
2166                         mutex_lock(&inode->i_mutex);
2167                         ext4_truncate(inode);
2168                         mutex_unlock(&inode->i_mutex);
2169                         nr_truncates++;
2170                 } else {
2171                         ext4_msg(sb, KERN_DEBUG,
2172                                 "%s: deleting unreferenced inode %lu",
2173                                 __func__, inode->i_ino);
2174                         jbd_debug(2, "deleting unreferenced inode %lu\n",
2175                                   inode->i_ino);
2176                         nr_orphans++;
2177                 }
2178                 iput(inode);  /* The delete magic happens here! */
2179         }
2180
2181 #define PLURAL(x) (x), ((x) == 1) ? "" : "s"
2182
2183         if (nr_orphans)
2184                 ext4_msg(sb, KERN_INFO, "%d orphan inode%s deleted",
2185                        PLURAL(nr_orphans));
2186         if (nr_truncates)
2187                 ext4_msg(sb, KERN_INFO, "%d truncate%s cleaned up",
2188                        PLURAL(nr_truncates));
2189 #ifdef CONFIG_QUOTA
2190         /* Turn quotas off */
2191         for (i = 0; i < MAXQUOTAS; i++) {
2192                 if (sb_dqopt(sb)->files[i])
2193                         dquot_quota_off(sb, i);
2194         }
2195 #endif
2196         sb->s_flags = s_flags; /* Restore MS_RDONLY status */
2197 }
2198
2199 /*
2200  * Maximal extent format file size.
2201  * Resulting logical blkno at s_maxbytes must fit in our on-disk
2202  * extent format containers, within a sector_t, and within i_blocks
2203  * in the vfs.  ext4 inode has 48 bits of i_block in fsblock units,
2204  * so that won't be a limiting factor.
2205  *
2206  * However there is other limiting factor. We do store extents in the form
2207  * of starting block and length, hence the resulting length of the extent
2208  * covering maximum file size must fit into on-disk format containers as
2209  * well. Given that length is always by 1 unit bigger than max unit (because
2210  * we count 0 as well) we have to lower the s_maxbytes by one fs block.
2211  *
2212  * Note, this does *not* consider any metadata overhead for vfs i_blocks.
2213  */
2214 static loff_t ext4_max_size(int blkbits, int has_huge_files)
2215 {
2216         loff_t res;
2217         loff_t upper_limit = MAX_LFS_FILESIZE;
2218
2219         /* small i_blocks in vfs inode? */
2220         if (!has_huge_files || sizeof(blkcnt_t) < sizeof(u64)) {
2221                 /*
2222                  * CONFIG_LBDAF is not enabled implies the inode
2223                  * i_block represent total blocks in 512 bytes
2224                  * 32 == size of vfs inode i_blocks * 8
2225                  */
2226                 upper_limit = (1LL << 32) - 1;
2227
2228                 /* total blocks in file system block size */
2229                 upper_limit >>= (blkbits - 9);
2230                 upper_limit <<= blkbits;
2231         }
2232
2233         /*
2234          * 32-bit extent-start container, ee_block. We lower the maxbytes
2235          * by one fs block, so ee_len can cover the extent of maximum file
2236          * size
2237          */
2238         res = (1LL << 32) - 1;
2239         res <<= blkbits;
2240
2241         /* Sanity check against vm- & vfs- imposed limits */
2242         if (res > upper_limit)
2243                 res = upper_limit;
2244
2245         return res;
2246 }
2247
2248 /*
2249  * Maximal bitmap file size.  There is a direct, and {,double-,triple-}indirect
2250  * block limit, and also a limit of (2^48 - 1) 512-byte sectors in i_blocks.
2251  * We need to be 1 filesystem block less than the 2^48 sector limit.
2252  */
2253 static loff_t ext4_max_bitmap_size(int bits, int has_huge_files)
2254 {
2255         loff_t res = EXT4_NDIR_BLOCKS;
2256         int meta_blocks;
2257         loff_t upper_limit;
2258         /* This is calculated to be the largest file size for a dense, block
2259          * mapped file such that the file's total number of 512-byte sectors,
2260          * including data and all indirect blocks, does not exceed (2^48 - 1).
2261          *
2262          * __u32 i_blocks_lo and _u16 i_blocks_high represent the total
2263          * number of 512-byte sectors of the file.
2264          */
2265
2266         if (!has_huge_files || sizeof(blkcnt_t) < sizeof(u64)) {
2267                 /*
2268                  * !has_huge_files or CONFIG_LBDAF not enabled implies that
2269                  * the inode i_block field represents total file blocks in
2270                  * 2^32 512-byte sectors == size of vfs inode i_blocks * 8
2271                  */
2272                 upper_limit = (1LL << 32) - 1;
2273
2274                 /* total blocks in file system block size */
2275                 upper_limit >>= (bits - 9);
2276
2277         } else {
2278                 /*
2279                  * We use 48 bit ext4_inode i_blocks
2280                  * With EXT4_HUGE_FILE_FL set the i_blocks
2281                  * represent total number of blocks in
2282                  * file system block size
2283                  */
2284                 upper_limit = (1LL << 48) - 1;
2285
2286         }
2287
2288         /* indirect blocks */
2289         meta_blocks = 1;
2290         /* double indirect blocks */
2291         meta_blocks += 1 + (1LL << (bits-2));
2292         /* tripple indirect blocks */
2293         meta_blocks += 1 + (1LL << (bits-2)) + (1LL << (2*(bits-2)));
2294
2295         upper_limit -= meta_blocks;
2296         upper_limit <<= bits;
2297
2298         res += 1LL << (bits-2);
2299         res += 1LL << (2*(bits-2));
2300         res += 1LL << (3*(bits-2));
2301         res <<= bits;
2302         if (res > upper_limit)
2303                 res = upper_limit;
2304
2305         if (res > MAX_LFS_FILESIZE)
2306                 res = MAX_LFS_FILESIZE;
2307
2308         return res;
2309 }
2310
2311 static ext4_fsblk_t descriptor_loc(struct super_block *sb,
2312                                    ext4_fsblk_t logical_sb_block, int nr)
2313 {
2314         struct ext4_sb_info *sbi = EXT4_SB(sb);
2315         ext4_group_t bg, first_meta_bg;
2316         int has_super = 0;
2317
2318         first_meta_bg = le32_to_cpu(sbi->s_es->s_first_meta_bg);
2319
2320         if (!EXT4_HAS_INCOMPAT_FEATURE(sb, EXT4_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_META_BG) ||
2321             nr < first_meta_bg)
2322                 return logical_sb_block + nr + 1;
2323         bg = sbi->s_desc_per_block * nr;
2324         if (ext4_bg_has_super(sb, bg))
2325                 has_super = 1;
2326
2327         return (has_super + ext4_group_first_block_no(sb, bg));
2328 }
2329
2330 /**
2331  * ext4_get_stripe_size: Get the stripe size.
2332  * @sbi: In memory super block info
2333  *
2334  * If we have specified it via mount option, then
2335  * use the mount option value. If the value specified at mount time is
2336  * greater than the blocks per group use the super block value.
2337  * If the super block value is greater than blocks per group return 0.
2338  * Allocator needs it be less than blocks per group.
2339  *
2340  */
2341 static unsigned long ext4_get_stripe_size(struct ext4_sb_info *sbi)
2342 {
2343         unsigned long stride = le16_to_cpu(sbi->s_es->s_raid_stride);
2344         unsigned long stripe_width =
2345                         le32_to_cpu(sbi->s_es->s_raid_stripe_width);
2346         int ret;
2347
2348         if (sbi->s_stripe && sbi->s_stripe <= sbi->s_blocks_per_group)
2349                 ret = sbi->s_stripe;
2350         else if (stripe_width <= sbi->s_blocks_per_group)
2351                 ret = stripe_width;
2352         else if (stride <= sbi->s_blocks_per_group)
2353                 ret = stride;
2354         else
2355                 ret = 0;
2356
2357         /*
2358          * If the stripe width is 1, this makes no sense and
2359          * we set it to 0 to turn off stripe handling code.
2360          */
2361         if (ret <= 1)
2362                 ret = 0;
2363
2364         return ret;
2365 }
2366
2367 /* sysfs supprt */
2368
2369 struct ext4_attr {
2370         struct attribute attr;
2371         ssize_t (*show)(struct ext4_attr *, struct ext4_sb_info *, char *);
2372         ssize_t (*store)(struct ext4_attr *, struct ext4_sb_info *,
2373                          const char *, size_t);
2374         int offset;
2375 };
2376
2377 static int parse_strtoull(const char *buf,
2378                 unsigned long long max, unsigned long long *value)
2379 {
2380         int ret;
2381
2382         ret = kstrtoull(skip_spaces(buf), 0, value);
2383         if (!ret && *value > max)
2384                 ret = -EINVAL;
2385         return ret;
2386 }
2387
2388 static ssize_t delayed_allocation_blocks_show(struct ext4_attr *a,
2389                                               struct ext4_sb_info *sbi,
2390                                               char *buf)
2391 {
2392         return snprintf(buf, PAGE_SIZE, "%llu\n",
2393                 (s64) EXT4_C2B(sbi,
2394                         percpu_counter_sum(&sbi->s_dirtyclusters_counter)));
2395 }
2396
2397 static ssize_t session_write_kbytes_show(struct ext4_attr *a,
2398                                          struct ext4_sb_info *sbi, char *buf)
2399 {
2400         struct super_block *sb = sbi->s_buddy_cache->i_sb;
2401
2402         if (!sb->s_bdev->bd_part)
2403                 return snprintf(buf, PAGE_SIZE, "0\n");
2404         return snprintf(buf, PAGE_SIZE, "%lu\n",
2405                         (part_stat_read(sb->s_bdev->bd_part, sectors[1]) -
2406                          sbi->s_sectors_written_start) >> 1);
2407 }
2408
2409 static ssize_t lifetime_write_kbytes_show(struct ext4_attr *a,
2410                                           struct ext4_sb_info *sbi, char *buf)
2411 {
2412         struct super_block *sb = sbi->s_buddy_cache->i_sb;
2413
2414         if (!sb->s_bdev->bd_part)
2415                 return snprintf(buf, PAGE_SIZE, "0\n");
2416         return snprintf(buf, PAGE_SIZE, "%llu\n",
2417                         (unsigned long long)(sbi->s_kbytes_written +
2418                         ((part_stat_read(sb->s_bdev->bd_part, sectors[1]) -
2419                           EXT4_SB(sb)->s_sectors_written_start) >> 1)));
2420 }
2421
2422 static ssize_t inode_readahead_blks_store(struct ext4_attr *a,
2423                                           struct ext4_sb_info *sbi,
2424                                           const char *buf, size_t count)
2425 {
2426         unsigned long t;
2427         int ret;
2428
2429         ret = kstrtoul(skip_spaces(buf), 0, &t);
2430         if (ret)
2431                 return ret;
2432
2433         if (t && (!is_power_of_2(t) || t > 0x40000000))
2434                 return -EINVAL;
2435
2436         sbi->s_inode_readahead_blks = t;
2437         return count;
2438 }
2439
2440 static ssize_t sbi_ui_show(struct ext4_attr *a,
2441                            struct ext4_sb_info *sbi, char *buf)
2442 {
2443         unsigned int *ui = (unsigned int *) (((char *) sbi) + a->offset);
2444
2445         return snprintf(buf, PAGE_SIZE, "%u\n", *ui);
2446 }
2447
2448 static ssize_t sbi_ui_store(struct ext4_attr *a,
2449                             struct ext4_sb_info *sbi,
2450                             const char *buf, size_t count)
2451 {
2452         unsigned int *ui = (unsigned int *) (((char *) sbi) + a->offset);
2453         unsigned long t;
2454         int ret;
2455
2456         ret = kstrtoul(skip_spaces(buf), 0, &t);
2457         if (ret)
2458                 return ret;
2459         *ui = t;
2460         return count;
2461 }
2462
2463 static ssize_t reserved_clusters_show(struct ext4_attr *a,
2464                                   struct ext4_sb_info *sbi, char *buf)
2465 {
2466         return snprintf(buf, PAGE_SIZE, "%llu\n",
2467                 (unsigned long long) atomic64_read(&sbi->s_resv_clusters));
2468 }
2469
2470 static ssize_t reserved_clusters_store(struct ext4_attr *a,
2471                                    struct ext4_sb_info *sbi,
2472                                    const char *buf, size_t count)
2473 {
2474         unsigned long long val;
2475         int ret;
2476
2477         if (parse_strtoull(buf, -1ULL, &val))
2478                 return -EINVAL;
2479         ret = ext4_reserve_clusters(sbi, val);
2480
2481         return ret ? ret : count;
2482 }
2483
2484 static ssize_t trigger_test_error(struct ext4_attr *a,
2485                                   struct ext4_sb_info *sbi,
2486                                   const char *buf, size_t count)
2487 {
2488         int len = count;
2489
2490         if (!capable(CAP_SYS_ADMIN))
2491                 return -EPERM;
2492
2493         if (len && buf[len-1] == '\n')
2494                 len--;
2495
2496         if (len)
2497                 ext4_error(sbi->s_sb, "%.*s", len, buf);
2498         return count;
2499 }
2500
2501 #define EXT4_ATTR_OFFSET(_name,_mode,_show,_store,_elname) \
2502 static struct ext4_attr ext4_attr_##_name = {                   \
2503         .attr = {.name = __stringify(_name), .mode = _mode },   \
2504         .show   = _show,                                        \
2505         .store  = _store,                                       \
2506         .offset = offsetof(struct ext4_sb_info, _elname),       \
2507 }
2508 #define EXT4_ATTR(name, mode, show, store) \
2509 static struct ext4_attr ext4_attr_##name = __ATTR(name, mode, show, store)
2510
2511 #define EXT4_INFO_ATTR(name) EXT4_ATTR(name, 0444, NULL, NULL)
2512 #define EXT4_RO_ATTR(name) EXT4_ATTR(name, 0444, name##_show, NULL)
2513 #define EXT4_RW_ATTR(name) EXT4_ATTR(name, 0644, name##_show, name##_store)
2514 #define EXT4_RW_ATTR_SBI_UI(name, elname)       \
2515         EXT4_ATTR_OFFSET(name, 0644, sbi_ui_show, sbi_ui_store, elname)
2516 #define ATTR_LIST(name) &ext4_attr_##name.attr
2517
2518 EXT4_RO_ATTR(delayed_allocation_blocks);
2519 EXT4_RO_ATTR(session_write_kbytes);
2520 EXT4_RO_ATTR(lifetime_write_kbytes);
2521 EXT4_RW_ATTR(reserved_clusters);
2522 EXT4_ATTR_OFFSET(inode_readahead_blks, 0644, sbi_ui_show,
2523                  inode_readahead_blks_store, s_inode_readahead_blks);
2524 EXT4_RW_ATTR_SBI_UI(inode_goal, s_inode_goal);
2525 EXT4_RW_ATTR_SBI_UI(mb_stats, s_mb_stats);
2526 EXT4_RW_ATTR_SBI_UI(mb_max_to_scan, s_mb_max_to_scan);
2527 EXT4_RW_ATTR_SBI_UI(mb_min_to_scan, s_mb_min_to_scan);
2528 EXT4_RW_ATTR_SBI_UI(mb_order2_req, s_mb_order2_reqs);
2529 EXT4_RW_ATTR_SBI_UI(mb_stream_req, s_mb_stream_request);
2530 EXT4_RW_ATTR_SBI_UI(mb_group_prealloc, s_mb_group_prealloc);
2531 EXT4_RW_ATTR_SBI_UI(max_writeback_mb_bump, s_max_writeback_mb_bump);
2532 EXT4_RW_ATTR_SBI_UI(extent_max_zeroout_kb, s_extent_max_zeroout_kb);
2533 EXT4_ATTR(trigger_fs_error, 0200, NULL, trigger_test_error);
2534
2535 static struct attribute *ext4_attrs[] = {
2536         ATTR_LIST(delayed_allocation_blocks),
2537         ATTR_LIST(session_write_kbytes),
2538         ATTR_LIST(lifetime_write_kbytes),
2539         ATTR_LIST(reserved_clusters),
2540         ATTR_LIST(inode_readahead_blks),
2541         ATTR_LIST(inode_goal),
2542         ATTR_LIST(mb_stats),
2543         ATTR_LIST(mb_max_to_scan),
2544         ATTR_LIST(mb_min_to_scan),
2545         ATTR_LIST(mb_order2_req),
2546         ATTR_LIST(mb_stream_req),
2547         ATTR_LIST(mb_group_prealloc),
2548         ATTR_LIST(max_writeback_mb_bump),
2549         ATTR_LIST(extent_max_zeroout_kb),
2550         ATTR_LIST(trigger_fs_error),
2551         NULL,
2552 };
2553
2554 /* Features this copy of ext4 supports */
2555 EXT4_INFO_ATTR(lazy_itable_init);
2556 EXT4_INFO_ATTR(batched_discard);
2557 EXT4_INFO_ATTR(meta_bg_resize);
2558
2559 static struct attribute *ext4_feat_attrs[] = {
2560         ATTR_LIST(lazy_itable_init),
2561         ATTR_LIST(batched_discard),
2562         ATTR_LIST(meta_bg_resize),
2563         NULL,
2564 };
2565
2566 static ssize_t ext4_attr_show(struct kobject *kobj,
2567                               struct attribute *attr, char *buf)
2568 {
2569         struct ext4_sb_info *sbi = container_of(kobj, struct ext4_sb_info,
2570                                                 s_kobj);
2571         struct ext4_attr *a = container_of(attr, struct ext4_attr, attr);
2572
2573         return a->show ? a->show(a, sbi, buf) : 0;
2574 }
2575
2576 static ssize_t ext4_attr_store(struct kobject *kobj,
2577                                struct attribute *attr,
2578                                const char *buf, size_t len)
2579 {
2580         struct ext4_sb_info *sbi = container_of(kobj, struct ext4_sb_info,
2581                                                 s_kobj);
2582         struct ext4_attr *a = container_of(attr, struct ext4_attr, attr);
2583
2584         return a->store ? a->store(a, sbi, buf, len) : 0;
2585 }
2586
2587 static void ext4_sb_release(struct kobject *kobj)
2588 {
2589         struct ext4_sb_info *sbi = container_of(kobj, struct ext4_sb_info,
2590                                                 s_kobj);
2591         complete(&sbi->s_kobj_unregister);
2592 }
2593
2594 static const struct sysfs_ops ext4_attr_ops = {
2595         .show   = ext4_attr_show,
2596         .store  = ext4_attr_store,
2597 };
2598
2599 static struct kobj_type ext4_ktype = {
2600         .default_attrs  = ext4_attrs,
2601         .sysfs_ops      = &ext4_attr_ops,
2602         .release        = ext4_sb_release,
2603 };
2604
2605 static void ext4_feat_release(struct kobject *kobj)
2606 {
2607         complete(&ext4_feat->f_kobj_unregister);
2608 }
2609
2610 static struct kobj_type ext4_feat_ktype = {
2611         .default_attrs  = ext4_feat_attrs,
2612         .sysfs_ops      = &ext4_attr_ops,
2613         .release        = ext4_feat_release,
2614 };
2615
2616 /*
2617  * Check whether this filesystem can be mounted based on
2618  * the features present and the RDONLY/RDWR mount requested.
2619  * Returns 1 if this filesystem can be mounted as requested,
2620  * 0 if it cannot be.
2621  */
2622 static int ext4_feature_set_ok(struct super_block *sb, int readonly)
2623 {
2624         if (EXT4_HAS_INCOMPAT_FEATURE(sb, ~EXT4_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_SUPP)) {
2625                 ext4_msg(sb, KERN_ERR,
2626                         "Couldn't mount because of "
2627                         "unsupported optional features (%x)",
2628                         (le32_to_cpu(EXT4_SB(sb)->s_es->s_feature_incompat) &
2629                         ~EXT4_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_SUPP));
2630                 return 0;
2631         }
2632
2633         if (readonly)
2634                 return 1;
2635
2636         /* Check that feature set is OK for a read-write mount */
2637         if (EXT4_HAS_RO_COMPAT_FEATURE(sb, ~EXT4_FEATURE_RO_COMPAT_SUPP)) {
2638                 ext4_msg(sb, KERN_ERR, "couldn't mount RDWR because of "
2639                          "unsupported optional features (%x)",
2640                          (le32_to_cpu(EXT4_SB(sb)->s_es->s_feature_ro_compat) &
2641                                 ~EXT4_FEATURE_RO_COMPAT_SUPP));
2642                 return 0;
2643         }
2644         /*
2645          * Large file size enabled file system can only be mounted
2646          * read-write on 32-bit systems if kernel is built with CONFIG_LBDAF
2647          */
2648         if (EXT4_HAS_RO_COMPAT_FEATURE(sb, EXT4_FEATURE_RO_COMPAT_HUGE_FILE)) {
2649                 if (sizeof(blkcnt_t) < sizeof(u64)) {
2650                         ext4_msg(sb, KERN_ERR, "Filesystem with huge files "
2651                                  "cannot be mounted RDWR without "
2652                                  "CONFIG_LBDAF");
2653                         return 0;
2654                 }
2655         }
2656         if (EXT4_HAS_RO_COMPAT_FEATURE(sb, EXT4_FEATURE_RO_COMPAT_BIGALLOC) &&
2657             !EXT4_HAS_INCOMPAT_FEATURE(sb, EXT4_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_EXTENTS)) {
2658                 ext4_msg(sb, KERN_ERR,
2659                          "Can't support bigalloc feature without "
2660                          "extents feature\n");
2661                 return 0;
2662         }
2663
2664 #ifndef CONFIG_QUOTA
2665         if (EXT4_HAS_RO_COMPAT_FEATURE(sb, EXT4_FEATURE_RO_COMPAT_QUOTA) &&
2666             !readonly) {
2667                 ext4_msg(sb, KERN_ERR,
2668                          "Filesystem with quota feature cannot be mounted RDWR "
2669                          "without CONFIG_QUOTA");
2670                 return 0;
2671         }
2672 #endif  /* CONFIG_QUOTA */
2673         return 1;
2674 }
2675
2676 /*
2677  * This function is called once a day if we have errors logged
2678  * on the file system
2679  */
2680 static void print_daily_error_info(unsigned long arg)
2681 {
2682         struct super_block *sb = (struct super_block *) arg;
2683         struct ext4_sb_info *sbi;
2684         struct ext4_super_block *es;
2685
2686         sbi = EXT4_SB(sb);
2687         es = sbi->s_es;
2688
2689         if (es->s_error_count)
2690                 ext4_msg(sb, KERN_NOTICE, "error count: %u",
2691                          le32_to_cpu(es->s_error_count));
2692         if (es->s_first_error_time) {
2693                 printk(KERN_NOTICE "EXT4-fs (%s): initial error at %u: %.*s:%d",
2694                        sb->s_id, le32_to_cpu(es->s_first_error_time),
2695                        (int) sizeof(es->s_first_error_func),
2696                        es->s_first_error_func,
2697                        le32_to_cpu(es->s_first_error_line));
2698                 if (es->s_first_error_ino)
2699                         printk(": inode %u",
2700                                le32_to_cpu(es->s_first_error_ino));
2701                 if (es->s_first_error_block)
2702                         printk(": block %llu", (unsigned long long)
2703                                le64_to_cpu(es->s_first_error_block));
2704                 printk("\n");
2705         }
2706         if (es->s_last_error_time) {
2707                 printk(KERN_NOTICE "EXT4-fs (%s): last error at %u: %.*s:%d",
2708                        sb->s_id, le32_to_cpu(es->s_last_error_time),
2709                        (int) sizeof(es->s_last_error_func),
2710                        es->s_last_error_func,
2711                        le32_to_cpu(es->s_last_error_line));
2712                 if (es->s_last_error_ino)
2713                         printk(": inode %u",
2714                                le32_to_cpu(es->s_last_error_ino));
2715                 if (es->s_last_error_block)
2716                         printk(": block %llu", (unsigned long long)
2717                                le64_to_cpu(es->s_last_error_block));
2718                 printk("\n");
2719         }
2720         mod_timer(&sbi->s_err_report, jiffies + 24*60*60*HZ);  /* Once a day */
2721 }
2722
2723 /* Find next suitable group and run ext4_init_inode_table */
2724 static int ext4_run_li_request(struct ext4_li_request *elr)
2725 {
2726         struct ext4_group_desc *gdp = NULL;
2727         ext4_group_t group, ngroups;
2728         struct super_block *sb;
2729         unsigned long timeout = 0;
2730         int ret = 0;
2731
2732         sb = elr->lr_super;
2733         ngroups = EXT4_SB(sb)->s_groups_count;
2734
2735         sb_start_write(sb);
2736         for (group = elr->lr_next_group; group < ngroups; group++) {
2737                 gdp = ext4_get_group_desc(sb, group, NULL);
2738                 if (!gdp) {
2739                         ret = 1;
2740                         break;
2741                 }
2742
2743                 if (!(gdp->bg_flags & cpu_to_le16(EXT4_BG_INODE_ZEROED)))
2744                         break;
2745         }
2746
2747         if (group >= ngroups)
2748                 ret = 1;
2749
2750         if (!ret) {
2751                 timeout = jiffies;
2752                 ret = ext4_init_inode_table(sb, group,
2753                                             elr->lr_timeout ? 0 : 1);
2754                 if (elr->lr_timeout == 0) {
2755                         timeout = (jiffies - timeout) *
2756                                   elr->lr_sbi->s_li_wait_mult;
2757                         elr->lr_timeout = timeout;
2758                 }
2759                 elr->lr_next_sched = jiffies + elr->lr_timeout;
2760                 elr->lr_next_group = group + 1;
2761         }
2762         sb_end_write(sb);
2763
2764         return ret;
2765 }
2766
2767 /*
2768  * Remove lr_request from the list_request and free the
2769  * request structure. Should be called with li_list_mtx held
2770  */
2771 static void ext4_remove_li_request(struct ext4_li_request *elr)
2772 {
2773         struct ext4_sb_info *sbi;
2774
2775         if (!elr)
2776                 return;
2777
2778         sbi = elr->lr_sbi;
2779
2780         list_del(&elr->lr_request);
2781         sbi->s_li_request = NULL;
2782         kfree(elr);
2783 }
2784
2785 static void ext4_unregister_li_request(struct super_block *sb)
2786 {
2787         mutex_lock(&ext4_li_mtx);
2788         if (!ext4_li_info) {
2789                 mutex_unlock(&ext4_li_mtx);
2790                 return;
2791         }
2792
2793         mutex_lock(&ext4_li_info->li_list_mtx);
2794         ext4_remove_li_request(EXT4_SB(sb)->s_li_request);
2795         mutex_unlock(&ext4_li_info->li_list_mtx);
2796         mutex_unlock(&ext4_li_mtx);
2797 }
2798
2799 static struct task_struct *ext4_lazyinit_task;
2800
2801 /*
2802  * This is the function where ext4lazyinit thread lives. It walks
2803  * through the request list searching for next scheduled filesystem.
2804  * When such a fs is found, run the lazy initialization request
2805  * (ext4_rn_li_request) and keep track of the time spend in this
2806  * function. Based on that time we compute next schedule time of
2807  * the request. When walking through the list is complete, compute
2808  * next waking time and put itself into sleep.
2809  */
2810 static int ext4_lazyinit_thread(void *arg)
2811 {
2812         struct ext4_lazy_init *eli = (struct ext4_lazy_init *)arg;
2813         struct list_head *pos, *n;
2814         struct ext4_li_request *elr;
2815         unsigned long next_wakeup, cur;
2816
2817         BUG_ON(NULL == eli);
2818
2819 cont_thread:
2820         while (true) {
2821                 next_wakeup = MAX_JIFFY_OFFSET;
2822
2823                 mutex_lock(&eli->li_list_mtx);
2824                 if (list_empty(&eli->li_request_list)) {
2825                         mutex_unlock(&eli->li_list_mtx);
2826                         goto exit_thread;
2827                 }
2828
2829                 list_for_each_safe(pos, n, &eli->li_request_list) {
2830                         elr = list_entry(pos, struct ext4_li_request,
2831                                          lr_request);
2832
2833                         if (time_after_eq(jiffies, elr->lr_next_sched)) {
2834                                 if (ext4_run_li_request(elr) != 0) {
2835                                         /* error, remove the lazy_init job */
2836                                         ext4_remove_li_request(elr);
2837                                         continue;
2838                                 }
2839                         }
2840
2841                         if (time_before(elr->lr_next_sched, next_wakeup))
2842                                 next_wakeup = elr->lr_next_sched;
2843                 }
2844                 mutex_unlock(&eli->li_list_mtx);
2845
2846                 try_to_freeze();
2847
2848                 cur = jiffies;
2849                 if ((time_after_eq(cur, next_wakeup)) ||
2850                     (MAX_JIFFY_OFFSET == next_wakeup)) {
2851                         cond_resched();
2852                         continue;
2853                 }
2854
2855                 schedule_timeout_interruptible(next_wakeup - cur);
2856
2857                 if (kthread_should_stop()) {
2858                         ext4_clear_request_list();
2859                         goto exit_thread;
2860                 }
2861         }
2862
2863 exit_thread:
2864         /*
2865          * It looks like the request list is empty, but we need
2866          * to check it under the li_list_mtx lock, to prevent any
2867          * additions into it, and of course we should lock ext4_li_mtx
2868          * to atomically free the list and ext4_li_info, because at
2869          * this point another ext4 filesystem could be registering
2870          * new one.
2871          */
2872         mutex_lock(&ext4_li_mtx);
2873         mutex_lock(&eli->li_list_mtx);
2874         if (!list_empty(&eli->li_request_list)) {
2875                 mutex_unlock(&eli->li_list_mtx);
2876                 mutex_unlock(&ext4_li_mtx);
2877                 goto cont_thread;
2878         }
2879         mutex_unlock(&eli->li_list_mtx);
2880         kfree(ext4_li_info);
2881         ext4_li_info = NULL;
2882         mutex_unlock(&ext4_li_mtx);
2883
2884         return 0;
2885 }
2886
2887 static void ext4_clear_request_list(void)
2888 {
2889         struct list_head *pos, *n;
2890         struct ext4_li_request *elr;
2891
2892         mutex_lock(&ext4_li_info->li_list_mtx);
2893         list_for_each_safe(pos, n, &ext4_li_info->li_request_list) {
2894                 elr = list_entry(pos, struct ext4_li_request,
2895                                  lr_request);
2896                 ext4_remove_li_request(elr);
2897         }
2898         mutex_unlock(&ext4_li_info->li_list_mtx);
2899 }
2900
2901 static int ext4_run_lazyinit_thread(void)
2902 {
2903         ext4_lazyinit_task = kthread_run(ext4_lazyinit_thread,
2904                                          ext4_li_info, "ext4lazyinit");
2905         if (IS_ERR(ext4_lazyinit_task)) {
2906                 int err = PTR_ERR(ext4_lazyinit_task);
2907                 ext4_clear_request_list();
2908                 kfree(ext4_li_info);
2909                 ext4_li_info = NULL;
2910                 printk(KERN_CRIT "EXT4-fs: error %d creating inode table "
2911                                  "initialization thread\n",
2912                                  err);
2913                 return err;
2914         }
2915         ext4_li_info->li_state |= EXT4_LAZYINIT_RUNNING;
2916         return 0;
2917 }
2918
2919 /*
2920  * Check whether it make sense to run itable init. thread or not.
2921  * If there is at least one uninitialized inode table, return
2922  * corresponding group number, else the loop goes through all
2923  * groups and return total number of groups.
2924  */
2925 static ext4_group_t ext4_has_uninit_itable(struct super_block *sb)
2926 {
2927         ext4_group_t group, ngroups = EXT4_SB(sb)->s_groups_count;
2928         struct ext4_group_desc *gdp = NULL;
2929
2930         for (group = 0; group < ngroups; group++) {
2931                 gdp = ext4_get_group_desc(sb, group, NULL);
2932                 if (!gdp)
2933                         continue;
2934
2935                 if (!(gdp->bg_flags & cpu_to_le16(EXT4_BG_INODE_ZEROED)))
2936                         break;
2937         }
2938
2939         return group;
2940 }
2941
2942 static int ext4_li_info_new(void)
2943 {
2944         struct ext4_lazy_init *eli = NULL;
2945
2946         eli = kzalloc(sizeof(*eli), GFP_KERNEL);
2947         if (!eli)
2948                 return -ENOMEM;
2949
2950         INIT_LIST_HEAD(&eli->li_request_list);
2951         mutex_init(&eli->li_list_mtx);
2952
2953         eli->li_state |= EXT4_LAZYINIT_QUIT;
2954
2955         ext4_li_info = eli;
2956
2957         return 0;
2958 }
2959
2960 static struct ext4_li_request *ext4_li_request_new(struct super_block *sb,
2961                                             ext4_group_t start)
2962 {
2963         struct ext4_sb_info *sbi = EXT4_SB(sb);
2964         struct ext4_li_request *elr;
2965         unsigned long rnd;
2966
2967         elr = kzalloc(sizeof(*elr), GFP_KERNEL);
2968         if (!elr)
2969                 return NULL;
2970
2971         elr->lr_super = sb;
2972         elr->lr_sbi = sbi;
2973         elr->lr_next_group = start;
2974
2975         /*
2976          * Randomize first schedule time of the request to
2977          * spread the inode table initialization requests
2978          * better.
2979          */
2980         get_random_bytes(&rnd, sizeof(rnd));
2981         elr->lr_next_sched = jiffies + (unsigned long)rnd %
2982                              (EXT4_DEF_LI_MAX_START_DELAY * HZ);
2983
2984         return elr;
2985 }
2986
2987 int ext4_register_li_request(struct super_block *sb,
2988                              ext4_group_t first_not_zeroed)
2989 {
2990         struct ext4_sb_info *sbi = EXT4_SB(sb);
2991         struct ext4_li_request *elr = NULL;
2992         ext4_group_t ngroups = EXT4_SB(sb)->s_groups_count;
2993         int ret = 0;
2994
2995         mutex_lock(&ext4_li_mtx);
2996         if (sbi->s_li_request != NULL) {
2997                 /*
2998                  * Reset timeout so it can be computed again, because
2999                  * s_li_wait_mult might have changed.
3000                  */
3001                 sbi->s_li_request->lr_timeout = 0;
3002                 goto out;
3003         }
3004
3005         if (first_not_zeroed == ngroups ||
3006             (sb->s_flags & MS_RDONLY) ||
3007             !test_opt(sb, INIT_INODE_TABLE))
3008                 goto out;
3009
3010         elr = ext4_li_request_new(sb, first_not_zeroed);
3011         if (!elr) {
3012                 ret = -ENOMEM;
3013                 goto out;
3014         }
3015
3016         if (NULL == ext4_li_info) {
3017                 ret = ext4_li_info_new();
3018                 if (ret)
3019                         goto out;
3020         }
3021
3022         mutex_lock(&ext4_li_info->li_list_mtx);
3023         list_add(&elr->lr_request, &ext4_li_info->li_request_list);
3024         mutex_unlock(&ext4_li_info->li_list_mtx);
3025
3026         sbi->s_li_request = elr;
3027         /*
3028          * set elr to NULL here since it has been inserted to
3029          * the request_list and the removal and free of it is
3030          * handled by ext4_clear_request_list from now on.
3031          */
3032         elr = NULL;
3033
3034         if (!(ext4_li_info->li_state & EXT4_LAZYINIT_RUNNING)) {
3035                 ret = ext4_run_lazyinit_thread();
3036                 if (ret)
3037                         goto out;
3038         }
3039 out:
3040         mutex_unlock(&ext4_li_mtx);
3041         if (ret)
3042                 kfree(elr);
3043         return ret;
3044 }
3045
3046 /*
3047  * We do not need to lock anything since this is called on
3048  * module unload.
3049  */
3050 static void ext4_destroy_lazyinit_thread(void)
3051 {
3052         /*
3053          * If thread exited earlier
3054          * there's nothing to be done.
3055          */
3056         if (!ext4_li_info || !ext4_lazyinit_task)
3057                 return;
3058
3059         kthread_stop(ext4_lazyinit_task);
3060 }
3061
3062 static int set_journal_csum_feature_set(struct super_block *sb)
3063 {
3064         int ret = 1;
3065         int compat, incompat;
3066         struct ext4_sb_info *sbi = EXT4_SB(sb);
3067
3068         if (EXT4_HAS_RO_COMPAT_FEATURE(sb,
3069                                        EXT4_FEATURE_RO_COMPAT_METADATA_CSUM)) {
3070                 /* journal checksum v2 */
3071                 compat = 0;
3072                 incompat = JBD2_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_CSUM_V2;
3073         } else {
3074                 /* journal checksum v1 */
3075                 compat = JBD2_FEATURE_COMPAT_CHECKSUM;
3076                 incompat = 0;
3077         }
3078
3079         if (test_opt(sb, JOURNAL_ASYNC_COMMIT)) {
3080                 ret = jbd2_journal_set_features(sbi->s_journal,
3081                                 compat, 0,
3082                                 JBD2_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_ASYNC_COMMIT |
3083                                 incompat);
3084         } else if (test_opt(sb, JOURNAL_CHECKSUM)) {
3085                 ret = jbd2_journal_set_features(sbi->s_journal,
3086                                 compat, 0,
3087                                 incompat);
3088                 jbd2_journal_clear_features(sbi->s_journal, 0, 0,
3089                                 JBD2_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_ASYNC_COMMIT);
3090         } else {
3091                 jbd2_journal_clear_features(sbi->s_journal,
3092                                 JBD2_FEATURE_COMPAT_CHECKSUM, 0,
3093                                 JBD2_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_ASYNC_COMMIT |
3094                                 JBD2_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_CSUM_V2);
3095         }
3096
3097         return ret;
3098 }
3099
3100 /*
3101  * Note: calculating the overhead so we can be compatible with
3102  * historical BSD practice is quite difficult in the face of
3103  * clusters/bigalloc.  This is because multiple metadata blocks from
3104  * different block group can end up in the same allocation cluster.
3105  * Calculating the exact overhead in the face of clustered allocation
3106  * requires either O(all block bitmaps) in memory or O(number of block
3107  * groups**2) in time.  We will still calculate the superblock for
3108  * older file systems --- and if we come across with a bigalloc file
3109  * system with zero in s_overhead_clusters the estimate will be close to
3110  * correct especially for very large cluster sizes --- but for newer
3111  * file systems, it's better to calculate this figure once at mkfs
3112  * time, and store it in the superblock.  If the superblock value is
3113  * present (even for non-bigalloc file systems), we will use it.
3114  */
3115 static int count_overhead(struct super_block *sb, ext4_group_t grp,
3116                           char *buf)
3117 {
3118         struct ext4_sb_info     *sbi = EXT4_SB(sb);
3119         struct ext4_group_desc  *gdp;
3120         ext4_fsblk_t            first_block, last_block, b;
3121         ext4_group_t            i, ngroups = ext4_get_groups_count(sb);
3122         int                     s, j, count = 0;
3123
3124         if (!EXT4_HAS_RO_COMPAT_FEATURE(sb, EXT4_FEATURE_RO_COMPAT_BIGALLOC))
3125                 return (ext4_bg_has_super(sb, grp) + ext4_bg_num_gdb(sb, grp) +
3126                         sbi->s_itb_per_group + 2);
3127
3128         first_block = le32_to_cpu(sbi->s_es->s_first_data_block) +
3129                 (grp * EXT4_BLOCKS_PER_GROUP(sb));
3130         last_block = first_block + EXT4_BLOCKS_PER_GROUP(sb) - 1;
3131         for (i = 0; i < ngroups; i++) {
3132                 gdp = ext4_get_group_desc(sb, i, NULL);
3133                 b = ext4_block_bitmap(sb, gdp);
3134                 if (b >= first_block && b <= last_block) {
3135                         ext4_set_bit(EXT4_B2C(sbi, b - first_block), buf);
3136                         count++;
3137                 }
3138                 b = ext4_inode_bitmap(sb, gdp);
3139                 if (b >= first_block && b <= last_block) {
3140                         ext4_set_bit(EXT4_B2C(sbi, b - first_block), buf);
3141                         count++;
3142                 }
3143                 b = ext4_inode_table(sb, gdp);
3144                 if (b >= first_block && b + sbi->s_itb_per_group <= last_block)
3145                         for (j = 0; j < sbi->s_itb_per_group; j++, b++) {
3146                                 int c = EXT4_B2C(sbi, b - first_block);
3147                                 ext4_set_bit(c, buf);
3148                                 count++;
3149                         }
3150                 if (i != grp)
3151                         continue;
3152                 s = 0;
3153                 if (ext4_bg_has_super(sb, grp)) {
3154                         ext4_set_bit(s++, buf);
3155                         count++;
3156                 }
3157                 for (j = ext4_bg_num_gdb(sb, grp); j > 0; j--) {
3158                         ext4_set_bit(EXT4_B2C(sbi, s++), buf);
3159                         count++;
3160                 }
3161         }
3162         if (!count)
3163                 return 0;
3164         return EXT4_CLUSTERS_PER_GROUP(sb) -
3165                 ext4_count_free(buf, EXT4_CLUSTERS_PER_GROUP(sb) / 8);
3166 }
3167
3168 /*
3169  * Compute the overhead and stash it in sbi->s_overhead
3170  */
3171 int ext4_calculate_overhead(struct super_block *sb)
3172 {
3173         struct ext4_sb_info *sbi = EXT4_SB(sb);
3174         struct ext4_super_block *es = sbi->s_es;
3175         ext4_group_t i, ngroups = ext4_get_groups_count(sb);
3176         ext4_fsblk_t overhead = 0;
3177         char *buf = (char *) get_zeroed_page(GFP_KERNEL);
3178
3179         if (!buf)
3180                 return -ENOMEM;
3181
3182         /*
3183          * Compute the overhead (FS structures).  This is constant
3184          * for a given filesystem unless the number of block groups
3185          * changes so we cache the previous value until it does.
3186          */
3187
3188         /*
3189          * All of the blocks before first_data_block are overhead
3190          */
3191         overhead = EXT4_B2C(sbi, le32_to_cpu(es->s_first_data_block));
3192
3193         /*
3194          * Add the overhead found in each block group
3195          */
3196         for (i = 0; i < ngroups; i++) {
3197                 int blks;
3198
3199                 blks = count_overhead(sb, i, buf);
3200                 overhead += blks;
3201                 if (blks)
3202                         memset(buf, 0, PAGE_SIZE);
3203                 cond_resched();
3204         }
3205         /* Add the journal blocks as well */
3206         if (sbi->s_journal)
3207                 overhead += EXT4_NUM_B2C(sbi, sbi->s_journal->j_maxlen);
3208
3209         sbi->s_overhead = overhead;
3210         smp_wmb();
3211         free_page((unsigned long) buf);
3212         return 0;
3213 }
3214
3215
3216 static ext4_fsblk_t ext4_calculate_resv_clusters(struct super_block *sb)
3217 {
3218         ext4_fsblk_t resv_clusters;
3219
3220         /*
3221          * There's no need to reserve anything when we aren't using extents.
3222          * The space estimates are exact, there are no unwritten extents,
3223          * hole punching doesn't need new metadata... This is needed especially
3224          * to keep ext2/3 backward compatibility.
3225          */
3226         if (!EXT4_HAS_INCOMPAT_FEATURE(sb, EXT4_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_EXTENTS))
3227                 return 0;
3228         /*
3229          * By default we reserve 2% or 4096 clusters, whichever is smaller.
3230          * This should cover the situations where we can not afford to run
3231          * out of space like for example punch hole, or converting
3232          * uninitialized extents in delalloc path. In most cases such
3233          * allocation would require 1, or 2 blocks, higher numbers are
3234          * very rare.
3235          */
3236         resv_clusters = ext4_blocks_count(EXT4_SB(sb)->s_es) >>
3237                         EXT4_SB(sb)->s_cluster_bits;
3238
3239         do_div(resv_clusters, 50);
3240         resv_clusters = min_t(ext4_fsblk_t, resv_clusters, 4096);
3241
3242         return resv_clusters;
3243 }
3244
3245
3246 static int ext4_reserve_clusters(struct ext4_sb_info *sbi, ext4_fsblk_t count)
3247 {
3248         ext4_fsblk_t clusters = ext4_blocks_count(sbi->s_es) >>
3249                                 sbi->s_cluster_bits;
3250
3251         if (count >= clusters)
3252                 return -EINVAL;
3253
3254         atomic64_set(&sbi->s_resv_clusters, count);
3255         return 0;
3256 }
3257
3258 static int ext4_fill_super(struct super_block *sb, void *data, int silent)
3259 {
3260         char *orig_data = kstrdup(data, GFP_KERNEL);
3261         struct buffer_head *bh;
3262         struct ext4_super_block *es = NULL;
3263         struct ext4_sb_info *sbi;
3264         ext4_fsblk_t block;
3265         ext4_fsblk_t sb_block = get_sb_block(&data);
3266         ext4_fsblk_t logical_sb_block;
3267         unsigned long offset = 0;
3268         unsigned long journal_devnum = 0;
3269         unsigned long def_mount_opts;
3270         struct inode *root;
3271         char *cp;
3272         const char *descr;
3273         int ret = -ENOMEM;
3274         int blocksize, clustersize;
3275         unsigned int db_count;
3276         unsigned int i;
3277         int needs_recovery, has_huge_files, has_bigalloc;
3278         __u64 blocks_count;
3279         int err = 0;
3280         unsigned int journal_ioprio = DEFAULT_JOURNAL_IOPRIO;
3281         ext4_group_t first_not_zeroed;
3282
3283         sbi = kzalloc(sizeof(*sbi), GFP_KERNEL);
3284         if (!sbi)
3285                 goto out_free_orig;
3286
3287         sbi->s_blockgroup_lock =
3288                 kzalloc(sizeof(struct blockgroup_lock), GFP_KERNEL);
3289         if (!sbi->s_blockgroup_lock) {
3290                 kfree(sbi);
3291                 goto out_free_orig;
3292         }
3293         sb->s_fs_info = sbi;
3294         sbi->s_sb = sb;
3295         sbi->s_inode_readahead_blks = EXT4_DEF_INODE_READAHEAD_BLKS;
3296         sbi->s_sb_block = sb_block;
3297         if (sb->s_bdev->bd_part)
3298                 sbi->s_sectors_written_start =
3299                         part_stat_read(sb->s_bdev->bd_part, sectors[1]);
3300
3301         /* Cleanup superblock name */
3302         for (cp = sb->s_id; (cp = strchr(cp, '/'));)
3303                 *cp = '!';
3304
3305         /* -EINVAL is default */
3306         ret = -EINVAL;
3307         blocksize = sb_min_blocksize(sb, EXT4_MIN_BLOCK_SIZE);
3308         if (!blocksize) {
3309                 ext4_msg(sb, KERN_ERR, "unable to set blocksize");
3310                 goto out_fail;
3311         }
3312
3313         /*
3314          * The ext4 superblock will not be buffer aligned for other than 1kB
3315          * block sizes.  We need to calculate the offset from buffer start.
3316          */
3317         if (blocksize != EXT4_MIN_BLOCK_SIZE) {
3318                 logical_sb_block = sb_block * EXT4_MIN_BLOCK_SIZE;
3319                 offset = do_div(logical_sb_block, blocksize);
3320         } else {
3321                 logical_sb_block = sb_block;
3322         }
3323
3324         if (!(bh = sb_bread(sb, logical_sb_block))) {
3325                 ext4_msg(sb, KERN_ERR, "unable to read superblock");
3326                 goto out_fail;
3327         }
3328         /*
3329          * Note: s_es must be initialized as soon as possible because
3330          *       some ext4 macro-instructions depend on its value
3331          */
3332         es = (struct ext4_super_block *) (bh->b_data + offset);
3333         sbi->s_es = es;
3334         sb->s_magic = le16_to_cpu(es->s_magic);
3335         if (sb->s_magic != EXT4_SUPER_MAGIC)
3336                 goto cantfind_ext4;
3337         sbi->s_kbytes_written = le64_to_cpu(es->s_kbytes_written);
3338
3339         /* Warn if metadata_csum and gdt_csum are both set. */
3340         if (EXT4_HAS_RO_COMPAT_FEATURE(sb,
3341                                        EXT4_FEATURE_RO_COMPAT_METADATA_CSUM) &&
3342             EXT4_HAS_RO_COMPAT_FEATURE(sb, EXT4_FEATURE_RO_COMPAT_GDT_CSUM))
3343                 ext4_warning(sb, KERN_INFO "metadata_csum and uninit_bg are "
3344                              "redundant flags; please run fsck.");
3345
3346         /* Check for a known checksum algorithm */
3347         if (!ext4_verify_csum_type(sb, es)) {
3348                 ext4_msg(sb, KERN_ERR, "VFS: Found ext4 filesystem with "
3349                          "unknown checksum algorithm.");
3350                 silent = 1;
3351                 goto cantfind_ext4;
3352         }
3353
3354         /* Load the checksum driver */
3355         if (EXT4_HAS_RO_COMPAT_FEATURE(sb,
3356                                        EXT4_FEATURE_RO_COMPAT_METADATA_CSUM)) {
3357                 sbi->s_chksum_driver = crypto_alloc_shash("crc32c", 0, 0);
3358                 if (IS_ERR(sbi->s_chksum_driver)) {
3359                         ext4_msg(sb, KERN_ERR, "Cannot load crc32c driver.");
3360                         ret = PTR_ERR(sbi->s_chksum_driver);
3361                         sbi->s_chksum_driver = NULL;
3362                         goto failed_mount;
3363                 }
3364         }
3365
3366         /* Check superblock checksum */
3367         if (!ext4_superblock_csum_verify(sb, es)) {
3368                 ext4_msg(sb, KERN_ERR, "VFS: Found ext4 filesystem with "
3369                          "invalid superblock checksum.  Run e2fsck?");
3370                 silent = 1;
3371                 goto cantfind_ext4;
3372         }
3373
3374         /* Precompute checksum seed for all metadata */
3375         if (EXT4_HAS_RO_COMPAT_FEATURE(sb,
3376                         EXT4_FEATURE_RO_COMPAT_METADATA_CSUM))
3377                 sbi->s_csum_seed = ext4_chksum(sbi, ~0, es->s_uuid,
3378                                                sizeof(es->s_uuid));
3379
3380         /* Set defaults before we parse the mount options */
3381         def_mount_opts = le32_to_cpu(es->s_default_mount_opts);
3382         set_opt(sb, INIT_INODE_TABLE);
3383         if (def_mount_opts & EXT4_DEFM_DEBUG)
3384                 set_opt(sb, DEBUG);
3385         if (def_mount_opts & EXT4_DEFM_BSDGROUPS)
3386                 set_opt(sb, GRPID);
3387         if (def_mount_opts & EXT4_DEFM_UID16)
3388                 set_opt(sb, NO_UID32);
3389         /* xattr user namespace & acls are now defaulted on */
3390         set_opt(sb, XATTR_USER);
3391 #ifdef CONFIG_EXT4_FS_POSIX_ACL
3392         set_opt(sb, POSIX_ACL);
3393 #endif
3394         if ((def_mount_opts & EXT4_DEFM_JMODE) == EXT4_DEFM_JMODE_DATA)
3395                 set_opt(sb, JOURNAL_DATA);
3396         else if ((def_mount_opts & EXT4_DEFM_JMODE) == EXT4_DEFM_JMODE_ORDERED)
3397                 set_opt(sb, ORDERED_DATA);
3398         else if ((def_mount_opts & EXT4_DEFM_JMODE) == EXT4_DEFM_JMODE_WBACK)
3399                 set_opt(sb, WRITEBACK_DATA);
3400
3401         if (le16_to_cpu(sbi->s_es->s_errors) == EXT4_ERRORS_PANIC)
3402                 set_opt(sb, ERRORS_PANIC);
3403         else if (le16_to_cpu(sbi->s_es->s_errors) == EXT4_ERRORS_CONTINUE)
3404                 set_opt(sb, ERRORS_CONT);
3405         else
3406                 set_opt(sb, ERRORS_RO);
3407         if (def_mount_opts & EXT4_DEFM_BLOCK_VALIDITY)
3408                 set_opt(sb, BLOCK_VALIDITY);
3409         if (def_mount_opts & EXT4_DEFM_DISCARD)
3410                 set_opt(sb, DISCARD);
3411
3412         sbi->s_resuid = make_kuid(&init_user_ns, le16_to_cpu(es->s_def_resuid));
3413         sbi->s_resgid = make_kgid(&init_user_ns, le16_to_cpu(es->s_def_resgid));
3414         sbi->s_commit_interval = JBD2_DEFAULT_MAX_COMMIT_AGE * HZ;
3415         sbi->s_min_batch_time = EXT4_DEF_MIN_BATCH_TIME;
3416         sbi->s_max_batch_time = EXT4_DEF_MAX_BATCH_TIME;
3417
3418         if ((def_mount_opts & EXT4_DEFM_NOBARRIER) == 0)
3419                 set_opt(sb, BARRIER);
3420
3421         /*
3422          * enable delayed allocation by default
3423          * Use -o nodelalloc to turn it off
3424          */
3425         if (!IS_EXT3_SB(sb) && !IS_EXT2_SB(sb) &&
3426             ((def_mount_opts & EXT4_DEFM_NODELALLOC) == 0))
3427                 set_opt(sb, DELALLOC);
3428
3429         /*
3430          * set default s_li_wait_mult for lazyinit, for the case there is
3431          * no mount option specified.
3432          */
3433         sbi->s_li_wait_mult = EXT4_DEF_LI_WAIT_MULT;
3434
3435         if (!parse_options((char *) sbi->s_es->s_mount_opts, sb,
3436                            &journal_devnum, &journal_ioprio, 0)) {
3437                 ext4_msg(sb, KERN_WARNING,
3438                          "failed to parse options in superblock: %s",
3439                          sbi->s_es->s_mount_opts);
3440         }
3441         sbi->s_def_mount_opt = sbi->s_mount_opt;
3442         if (!parse_options((char *) data, sb, &journal_devnum,
3443                            &journal_ioprio, 0))
3444                 goto failed_mount;
3445
3446         if (test_opt(sb, DATA_FLAGS) == EXT4_MOUNT_JOURNAL_DATA) {
3447                 printk_once(KERN_WARNING "EXT4-fs: Warning: mounting "
3448                             "with data=journal disables delayed "
3449                             "allocation and O_DIRECT support!\n");
3450                 if (test_opt2(sb, EXPLICIT_DELALLOC)) {
3451                         ext4_msg(sb, KERN_ERR, "can't mount with "
3452                                  "both data=journal and delalloc");
3453                         goto failed_mount;
3454                 }
3455                 if (test_opt(sb, DIOREAD_NOLOCK)) {
3456                         ext4_msg(sb, KERN_ERR, "can't mount with "
3457                                  "both data=journal and dioread_nolock");
3458                         goto failed_mount;
3459                 }
3460                 if (test_opt(sb, DELALLOC))
3461                         clear_opt(sb, DELALLOC);
3462         }
3463
3464         sb->s_flags = (sb->s_flags & ~MS_POSIXACL) |
3465                 (test_opt(sb, POSIX_ACL) ? MS_POSIXACL : 0);
3466
3467         if (le32_to_cpu(es->s_rev_level) == EXT4_GOOD_OLD_REV &&
3468             (EXT4_HAS_COMPAT_FEATURE(sb, ~0U) ||
3469              EXT4_HAS_RO_COMPAT_FEATURE(sb, ~0U) ||
3470              EXT4_HAS_INCOMPAT_FEATURE(sb, ~0U)))
3471                 ext4_msg(sb, KERN_WARNING,
3472                        "feature flags set on rev 0 fs, "
3473                        "running e2fsck is recommended");
3474
3475         if (IS_EXT2_SB(sb)) {
3476                 if (ext2_feature_set_ok(sb))
3477                         ext4_msg(sb, KERN_INFO, "mounting ext2 file system "
3478                                  "using the ext4 subsystem");
3479                 else {
3480                         ext4_msg(sb, KERN_ERR, "couldn't mount as ext2 due "
3481                                  "to feature incompatibilities");
3482                         goto failed_mount;
3483                 }
3484         }
3485
3486         if (IS_EXT3_SB(sb)) {
3487                 if (ext3_feature_set_ok(sb))
3488                         ext4_msg(sb, KERN_INFO, "mounting ext3 file system "
3489                                  "using the ext4 subsystem");
3490                 else {
3491                         ext4_msg(sb, KERN_ERR, "couldn't mount as ext3 due "
3492                                  "to feature incompatibilities");
3493                         goto failed_mount;
3494                 }
3495         }
3496
3497         /*
3498          * Check feature flags regardless of the revision level, since we
3499          * previously didn't change the revision level when setting the flags,
3500          * so there is a chance incompat flags are set on a rev 0 filesystem.
3501          */
3502         if (!ext4_feature_set_ok(sb, (sb->s_flags & MS_RDONLY)))
3503                 goto failed_mount;
3504
3505         blocksize = BLOCK_SIZE << le32_to_cpu(es->s_log_block_size);
3506         if (blocksize < EXT4_MIN_BLOCK_SIZE ||
3507             blocksize > EXT4_MAX_BLOCK_SIZE) {
3508                 ext4_msg(sb, KERN_ERR,
3509                        "Unsupported filesystem blocksize %d", blocksize);
3510                 goto failed_mount;
3511         }
3512
3513         if (sb->s_blocksize != blocksize) {
3514                 /* Validate the filesystem blocksize */
3515                 if (!sb_set_blocksize(sb, blocksize)) {
3516                         ext4_msg(sb, KERN_ERR, "bad block size %d",
3517                                         blocksize);
3518                         goto failed_mount;
3519                 }
3520
3521                 brelse(bh);
3522                 logical_sb_block = sb_block * EXT4_MIN_BLOCK_SIZE;
3523                 offset = do_div(logical_sb_block, blocksize);
3524                 bh = sb_bread(sb, logical_sb_block);
3525                 if (!bh) {
3526                         ext4_msg(sb, KERN_ERR,
3527                                "Can't read superblock on 2nd try");
3528                         goto failed_mount;
3529                 }
3530                 es = (struct ext4_super_block *)(bh->b_data + offset);
3531                 sbi->s_es = es;
3532                 if (es->s_magic != cpu_to_le16(EXT4_SUPER_MAGIC)) {
3533                         ext4_msg(sb, KERN_ERR,
3534                                "Magic mismatch, very weird!");
3535                         goto failed_mount;
3536                 }
3537         }
3538
3539         has_huge_files = EXT4_HAS_RO_COMPAT_FEATURE(sb,
3540                                 EXT4_FEATURE_RO_COMPAT_HUGE_FILE);
3541         sbi->s_bitmap_maxbytes = ext4_max_bitmap_size(sb->s_blocksize_bits,
3542                                                       has_huge_files);
3543         sb->s_maxbytes = ext4_max_size(sb->s_blocksize_bits, has_huge_files);
3544
3545         if (le32_to_cpu(es->s_rev_level) == EXT4_GOOD_OLD_REV) {
3546                 sbi->s_inode_size = EXT4_GOOD_OLD_INODE_SIZE;
3547                 sbi->s_first_ino = EXT4_GOOD_OLD_FIRST_INO;
3548         } else {
3549                 sbi->s_inode_size = le16_to_cpu(es->s_inode_size);
3550                 sbi->s_first_ino = le32_to_cpu(es->s_first_ino);
3551                 if ((sbi->s_inode_size < EXT4_GOOD_OLD_INODE_SIZE) ||
3552                     (!is_power_of_2(sbi->s_inode_size)) ||
3553                     (sbi->s_inode_size > blocksize)) {
3554                         ext4_msg(sb, KERN_ERR,
3555                                "unsupported inode size: %d",
3556                                sbi->s_inode_size);
3557                         goto failed_mount;
3558                 }
3559                 if (sbi->s_inode_size > EXT4_GOOD_OLD_INODE_SIZE)
3560                         sb->s_time_gran = 1 << (EXT4_EPOCH_BITS - 2);
3561         }
3562
3563         sbi->s_desc_size = le16_to_cpu(es->s_desc_size);
3564         if (EXT4_HAS_INCOMPAT_FEATURE(sb, EXT4_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_64BIT)) {
3565                 if (sbi->s_desc_size < EXT4_MIN_DESC_SIZE_64BIT ||
3566                     sbi->s_desc_size > EXT4_MAX_DESC_SIZE ||
3567                     !is_power_of_2(sbi->s_desc_size)) {
3568                         ext4_msg(sb, KERN_ERR,
3569                                "unsupported descriptor size %lu",
3570                                sbi->s_desc_size);
3571                         goto failed_mount;
3572                 }
3573         } else
3574                 sbi->s_desc_size = EXT4_MIN_DESC_SIZE;
3575
3576         sbi->s_blocks_per_group = le32_to_cpu(es->s_blocks_per_group);
3577         sbi->s_inodes_per_group = le32_to_cpu(es->s_inodes_per_group);
3578         if (EXT4_INODE_SIZE(sb) == 0 || EXT4_INODES_PER_GROUP(sb) == 0)
3579                 goto cantfind_ext4;
3580
3581         sbi->s_inodes_per_block = blocksize / EXT4_INODE_SIZE(sb);
3582         if (sbi->s_inodes_per_block == 0)
3583                 goto cantfind_ext4;
3584         sbi->s_itb_per_group = sbi->s_inodes_per_group /
3585                                         sbi->s_inodes_per_block;
3586         sbi->s_desc_per_block = blocksize / EXT4_DESC_SIZE(sb);
3587         sbi->s_sbh = bh;
3588         sbi->s_mount_state = le16_to_cpu(es->s_state);
3589         sbi->s_addr_per_block_bits = ilog2(EXT4_ADDR_PER_BLOCK(sb));
3590         sbi->s_desc_per_block_bits = ilog2(EXT4_DESC_PER_BLOCK(sb));
3591
3592         for (i = 0; i < 4; i++)
3593                 sbi->s_hash_seed[i] = le32_to_cpu(es->s_hash_seed[i]);
3594         sbi->s_def_hash_version = es->s_def_hash_version;
3595         if (EXT4_HAS_COMPAT_FEATURE(sb, EXT4_FEATURE_COMPAT_DIR_INDEX)) {
3596                 i = le32_to_cpu(es->s_flags);
3597                 if (i & EXT2_FLAGS_UNSIGNED_HASH)
3598                         sbi->s_hash_unsigned = 3;
3599                 else if ((i & EXT2_FLAGS_SIGNED_HASH) == 0) {
3600 #ifdef __CHAR_UNSIGNED__
3601                         if (!(sb->s_flags & MS_RDONLY))
3602                                 es->s_flags |=
3603                                         cpu_to_le32(EXT2_FLAGS_UNSIGNED_HASH);
3604                         sbi->s_hash_unsigned = 3;
3605 #else
3606                         if (!(sb->s_flags & MS_RDONLY))
3607                                 es->s_flags |=
3608                                         cpu_to_le32(EXT2_FLAGS_SIGNED_HASH);
3609 #endif
3610                 }
3611         }
3612
3613         /* Handle clustersize */
3614         clustersize = BLOCK_SIZE << le32_to_cpu(es->s_log_cluster_size);
3615         has_bigalloc = EXT4_HAS_RO_COMPAT_FEATURE(sb,
3616                                 EXT4_FEATURE_RO_COMPAT_BIGALLOC);
3617         if (has_bigalloc) {
3618                 if (clustersize < blocksize) {
3619                         ext4_msg(sb, KERN_ERR,
3620                                  "cluster size (%d) smaller than "
3621                                  "block size (%d)", clustersize, blocksize);
3622                         goto failed_mount;
3623                 }
3624                 sbi->s_cluster_bits = le32_to_cpu(es->s_log_cluster_size) -
3625                         le32_to_cpu(es->s_log_block_size);
3626                 sbi->s_clusters_per_group =
3627                         le32_to_cpu(es->s_clusters_per_group);
3628                 if (sbi->s_clusters_per_group > blocksize * 8) {
3629                         ext4_msg(sb, KERN_ERR,
3630                                  "#clusters per group too big: %lu",
3631                                  sbi->s_clusters_per_group);
3632                         goto failed_mount;
3633                 }
3634                 if (sbi->s_blocks_per_group !=
3635                     (sbi->s_clusters_per_group * (clustersize / blocksize))) {
3636                         ext4_msg(sb, KERN_ERR, "blocks per group (%lu) and "
3637                                  "clusters per group (%lu) inconsistent",
3638                                  sbi->s_blocks_per_group,
3639                                  sbi->s_clusters_per_group);
3640                         goto failed_mount;
3641                 }
3642         } else {
3643                 if (clustersize != blocksize) {
3644                         ext4_warning(sb, "fragment/cluster size (%d) != "
3645                                      "block size (%d)", clustersize,
3646                                      blocksize);
3647                         clustersize = blocksize;
3648                 }
3649                 if (sbi->s_blocks_per_group > blocksize * 8) {
3650                         ext4_msg(sb, KERN_ERR,
3651                                  "#blocks per group too big: %lu",
3652                                  sbi->s_blocks_per_group);
3653                         goto failed_mount;
3654                 }
3655                 sbi->s_clusters_per_group = sbi->s_blocks_per_group;
3656                 sbi->s_cluster_bits = 0;
3657         }
3658         sbi->s_cluster_ratio = clustersize / blocksize;
3659
3660         if (sbi->s_inodes_per_group > blocksize * 8) {
3661                 ext4_msg(sb, KERN_ERR,
3662                        "#inodes per group too big: %lu",
3663                        sbi->s_inodes_per_group);
3664                 goto failed_mount;
3665         }
3666
3667         /* Do we have standard group size of clustersize * 8 blocks ? */
3668         if (sbi->s_blocks_per_group == clustersize << 3)
3669                 set_opt2(sb, STD_GROUP_SIZE);
3670
3671         /*
3672          * Test whether we have more sectors than will fit in sector_t,
3673          * and whether the max offset is addressable by the page cache.
3674          */
3675         err = generic_check_addressable(sb->s_blocksize_bits,
3676                                         ext4_blocks_count(es));
3677         if (err) {
3678                 ext4_msg(sb, KERN_ERR, "filesystem"
3679                          " too large to mount safely on this system");
3680                 if (sizeof(sector_t) < 8)
3681                         ext4_msg(sb, KERN_WARNING, "CONFIG_LBDAF not enabled");
3682                 goto failed_mount;
3683         }
3684
3685         if (EXT4_BLOCKS_PER_GROUP(sb) == 0)
3686                 goto cantfind_ext4;
3687
3688         /* check blocks count against device size */
3689         blocks_count = sb->s_bdev->bd_inode->i_size >> sb->s_blocksize_bits;
3690         if (blocks_count && ext4_blocks_count(es) > blocks_count) {
3691                 ext4_msg(sb, KERN_WARNING, "bad geometry: block count %llu "
3692                        "exceeds size of device (%llu blocks)",
3693                        ext4_blocks_count(es), blocks_count);
3694                 goto failed_mount;
3695         }
3696
3697         /*
3698          * It makes no sense for the first data block to be beyond the end
3699          * of the filesystem.
3700          */
3701         if (le32_to_cpu(es->s_first_data_block) >= ext4_blocks_count(es)) {
3702                 ext4_msg(sb, KERN_WARNING, "bad geometry: first data "
3703                          "block %u is beyond end of filesystem (%llu)",
3704                          le32_to_cpu(es->s_first_data_block),
3705                          ext4_blocks_count(es));
3706                 goto failed_mount;
3707         }
3708         blocks_count = (ext4_blocks_count(es) -
3709                         le32_to_cpu(es->s_first_data_block) +
3710                         EXT4_BLOCKS_PER_GROUP(sb) - 1);
3711         do_div(blocks_count, EXT4_BLOCKS_PER_GROUP(sb));
3712         if (blocks_count > ((uint64_t)1<<32) - EXT4_DESC_PER_BLOCK(sb)) {
3713                 ext4_msg(sb, KERN_WARNING, "groups count too large: %u "
3714                        "(block count %llu, first data block %u, "
3715                        "blocks per group %lu)", sbi->s_groups_count,
3716                        ext4_blocks_count(es),
3717                        le32_to_cpu(es->s_first_data_block),
3718                        EXT4_BLOCKS_PER_GROUP(sb));
3719                 goto failed_mount;
3720         }
3721         sbi->s_groups_count = blocks_count;
3722         sbi->s_blockfile_groups = min_t(ext4_group_t, sbi->s_groups_count,
3723                         (EXT4_MAX_BLOCK_FILE_PHYS / EXT4_BLOCKS_PER_GROUP(sb)));
3724         db_count = (sbi->s_groups_count + EXT4_DESC_PER_BLOCK(sb) - 1) /
3725                    EXT4_DESC_PER_BLOCK(sb);
3726         sbi->s_group_desc = ext4_kvmalloc(db_count *
3727                                           sizeof(struct buffer_head *),
3728                                           GFP_KERNEL);
3729         if (sbi->s_group_desc == NULL) {
3730                 ext4_msg(sb, KERN_ERR, "not enough memory");
3731                 ret = -ENOMEM;
3732                 goto failed_mount;
3733         }
3734
3735         if (ext4_proc_root)
3736                 sbi->s_proc = proc_mkdir(sb->s_id, ext4_proc_root);
3737
3738         if (sbi->s_proc)
3739                 proc_create_data("options", S_IRUGO, sbi->s_proc,
3740                                  &ext4_seq_options_fops, sb);
3741
3742         bgl_lock_init(sbi->s_blockgroup_lock);
3743
3744         for (i = 0; i < db_count; i++) {
3745                 block = descriptor_loc(sb, logical_sb_block, i);
3746                 sbi->s_group_desc[i] = sb_bread(sb, block);
3747                 if (!sbi->s_group_desc[i]) {
3748                         ext4_msg(sb, KERN_ERR,
3749                                "can't read group descriptor %d", i);
3750                         db_count = i;
3751                         goto failed_mount2;
3752                 }
3753         }
3754         if (!ext4_check_descriptors(sb, &first_not_zeroed)) {
3755                 ext4_msg(sb, KERN_ERR, "group descriptors corrupted!");
3756                 goto failed_mount2;
3757         }
3758         if (EXT4_HAS_INCOMPAT_FEATURE(sb, EXT4_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_FLEX_BG))
3759                 if (!ext4_fill_flex_info(sb)) {
3760                         ext4_msg(sb, KERN_ERR,
3761                                "unable to initialize "
3762                                "flex_bg meta info!");
3763                         goto failed_mount2;
3764                 }
3765
3766         sbi->s_gdb_count = db_count;
3767         get_random_bytes(&sbi->s_next_generation, sizeof(u32));
3768         spin_lock_init(&sbi->s_next_gen_lock);
3769
3770         init_timer(&sbi->s_err_report);
3771         sbi->s_err_report.function = print_daily_error_info;
3772         sbi->s_err_report.data = (unsigned long) sb;
3773
3774         /* Register extent status tree shrinker */
3775         ext4_es_register_shrinker(sb);
3776
3777         err = percpu_counter_init(&sbi->s_freeclusters_counter,
3778                         ext4_count_free_clusters(sb));
3779         if (!err) {
3780                 err = percpu_counter_init(&sbi->s_freeinodes_counter,
3781                                 ext4_count_free_inodes(sb));
3782         }
3783         if (!err) {
3784                 err = percpu_counter_init(&sbi->s_dirs_counter,
3785                                 ext4_count_dirs(sb));
3786         }
3787         if (!err) {
3788                 err = percpu_counter_init(&sbi->s_dirtyclusters_counter, 0);
3789         }
3790         if (!err) {
3791                 err = percpu_counter_init(&sbi->s_extent_cache_cnt, 0);
3792         }
3793         if (err) {
3794                 ext4_msg(sb, KERN_ERR, "insufficient memory");
3795                 goto failed_mount3;
3796         }
3797
3798         sbi->s_stripe = ext4_get_stripe_size(sbi);
3799         sbi->s_max_writeback_mb_bump = 128;
3800         sbi->s_extent_max_zeroout_kb = 32;
3801
3802         /*
3803          * set up enough so that it can read an inode
3804          */
3805         if (!test_opt(sb, NOLOAD) &&
3806             EXT4_HAS_COMPAT_FEATURE(sb, EXT4_FEATURE_COMPAT_HAS_JOURNAL))
3807                 sb->s_op = &ext4_sops;
3808         else
3809                 sb->s_op = &ext4_nojournal_sops;
3810         sb->s_export_op = &ext4_export_ops;
3811         sb->s_xattr = ext4_xattr_handlers;
3812 #ifdef CONFIG_QUOTA
3813         sb->dq_op = &ext4_quota_operations;
3814         if (EXT4_HAS_RO_COMPAT_FEATURE(sb, EXT4_FEATURE_RO_COMPAT_QUOTA))
3815                 sb->s_qcop = &ext4_qctl_sysfile_operations;
3816         else
3817                 sb->s_qcop = &ext4_qctl_operations;
3818 #endif
3819         memcpy(sb->s_uuid, es->s_uuid, sizeof(es->s_uuid));
3820
3821         INIT_LIST_HEAD(&sbi->s_orphan); /* unlinked but open files */
3822         mutex_init(&sbi->s_orphan_lock);
3823
3824         sb->s_root = NULL;
3825
3826         needs_recovery = (es->s_last_orphan != 0 ||
3827                           EXT4_HAS_INCOMPAT_FEATURE(sb,
3828                                     EXT4_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_RECOVER));
3829
3830         if (EXT4_HAS_INCOMPAT_FEATURE(sb, EXT4_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_MMP) &&
3831             !(sb->s_flags & MS_RDONLY))
3832                 if (ext4_multi_mount_protect(sb, le64_to_cpu(es->s_mmp_block)))
3833                         goto failed_mount3;
3834
3835         /*
3836          * The first inode we look at is the journal inode.  Don't try
3837          * root first: it may be modified in the journal!
3838          */
3839         if (!test_opt(sb, NOLOAD) &&
3840             EXT4_HAS_COMPAT_FEATURE(sb, EXT4_FEATURE_COMPAT_HAS_JOURNAL)) {
3841                 if (ext4_load_journal(sb, es, journal_devnum))
3842                         goto failed_mount3;
3843         } else if (test_opt(sb, NOLOAD) && !(sb->s_flags & MS_RDONLY) &&
3844               EXT4_HAS_INCOMPAT_FEATURE(sb, EXT4_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_RECOVER)) {
3845                 ext4_msg(sb, KERN_ERR, "required journal recovery "
3846                        "suppressed and not mounted read-only");
3847                 goto failed_mount_wq;
3848         } else {
3849                 clear_opt(sb, DATA_FLAGS);
3850                 sbi->s_journal = NULL;
3851                 needs_recovery = 0;
3852                 goto no_journal;
3853         }
3854
3855         if (EXT4_HAS_INCOMPAT_FEATURE(sb, EXT4_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_64BIT) &&
3856             !jbd2_journal_set_features(EXT4_SB(sb)->s_journal, 0, 0,
3857                                        JBD2_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_64BIT)) {
3858                 ext4_msg(sb, KERN_ERR, "Failed to set 64-bit journal feature");
3859                 goto failed_mount_wq;
3860         }
3861
3862         if (!set_journal_csum_feature_set(sb)) {
3863                 ext4_msg(sb, KERN_ERR, "Failed to set journal checksum "
3864                          "feature set");
3865                 goto failed_mount_wq;
3866         }
3867
3868         /* We have now updated the journal if required, so we can
3869          * validate the data journaling mode. */
3870         switch (test_opt(sb, DATA_FLAGS)) {
3871         case 0:
3872                 /* No mode set, assume a default based on the journal
3873                  * capabilities: ORDERED_DATA if the journal can
3874                  * cope, else JOURNAL_DATA
3875                  */
3876                 if (jbd2_journal_check_available_features
3877                     (sbi->s_journal, 0, 0, JBD2_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_REVOKE))
3878                         set_opt(sb, ORDERED_DATA);
3879                 else
3880                         set_opt(sb, JOURNAL_DATA);
3881                 break;
3882
3883         case EXT4_MOUNT_ORDERED_DATA:
3884         case EXT4_MOUNT_WRITEBACK_DATA:
3885                 if (!jbd2_journal_check_available_features
3886                     (sbi->s_journal, 0, 0, JBD2_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_REVOKE)) {
3887                         ext4_msg(sb, KERN_ERR, "Journal does not support "
3888                                "requested data journaling mode");
3889                         goto failed_mount_wq;
3890                 }
3891         default:
3892                 break;
3893         }
3894         set_task_ioprio(sbi->s_journal->j_task, journal_ioprio);
3895
3896         sbi->s_journal->j_commit_callback = ext4_journal_commit_callback;
3897
3898         /*
3899          * The journal may have updated the bg summary counts, so we
3900          * need to update the global counters.
3901          */
3902         percpu_counter_set(&sbi->s_freeclusters_counter,
3903                            ext4_count_free_clusters(sb));
3904         percpu_counter_set(&sbi->s_freeinodes_counter,
3905                            ext4_count_free_inodes(sb));
3906         percpu_counter_set(&sbi->s_dirs_counter,
3907                            ext4_count_dirs(sb));
3908         percpu_counter_set(&sbi->s_dirtyclusters_counter, 0);
3909
3910 no_journal:
3911         /*
3912          * Get the # of file system overhead blocks from the
3913          * superblock if present.
3914          */
3915         if (es->s_overhead_clusters)
3916                 sbi->s_overhead = le32_to_cpu(es->s_overhead_clusters);
3917         else {
3918                 err = ext4_calculate_overhead(sb);
3919                 if (err)
3920                         goto failed_mount_wq;
3921         }
3922
3923         /*
3924          * The maximum number of concurrent works can be high and
3925          * concurrency isn't really necessary.  Limit it to 1.
3926          */
3927         EXT4_SB(sb)->dio_unwritten_wq =
3928                 alloc_workqueue("ext4-dio-unwritten", WQ_MEM_RECLAIM | WQ_UNBOUND, 1);
3929         if (!EXT4_SB(sb)->dio_unwritten_wq) {
3930                 printk(KERN_ERR "EXT4-fs: failed to create DIO workqueue\n");
3931                 ret = -ENOMEM;
3932                 goto failed_mount_wq;
3933         }
3934
3935         /*
3936          * The jbd2_journal_load will have done any necessary log recovery,
3937          * so we can safely mount the rest of the filesystem now.
3938          */
3939
3940         root = ext4_iget(sb, EXT4_ROOT_INO);
3941         if (IS_ERR(root)) {
3942                 ext4_msg(sb, KERN_ERR, "get root inode failed");
3943                 ret = PTR_ERR(root);
3944                 root = NULL;
3945                 goto failed_mount4;
3946         }
3947         if (!S_ISDIR(root->i_mode) || !root->i_blocks || !root->i_size) {
3948                 ext4_msg(sb, KERN_ERR, "corrupt root inode, run e2fsck");
3949                 iput(root);
3950                 goto failed_mount4;
3951         }
3952         sb->s_root = d_make_root(root);
3953         if (!sb->s_root) {
3954                 ext4_msg(sb, KERN_ERR, "get root dentry failed");
3955                 ret = -ENOMEM;
3956                 goto failed_mount4;
3957         }
3958
3959         if (ext4_setup_super(sb, es, sb->s_flags & MS_RDONLY))
3960                 sb->s_flags |= MS_RDONLY;
3961
3962         /* determine the minimum size of new large inodes, if present */
3963         if (sbi->s_inode_size > EXT4_GOOD_OLD_INODE_SIZE) {
3964                 sbi->s_want_extra_isize = sizeof(struct ext4_inode) -
3965                                                      EXT4_GOOD_OLD_INODE_SIZE;
3966                 if (EXT4_HAS_RO_COMPAT_FEATURE(sb,
3967                                        EXT4_FEATURE_RO_COMPAT_EXTRA_ISIZE)) {
3968                         if (sbi->s_want_extra_isize <
3969                             le16_to_cpu(es->s_want_extra_isize))
3970                                 sbi->s_want_extra_isize =
3971                                         le16_to_cpu(es->s_want_extra_isize);
3972                         if (sbi->s_want_extra_isize <
3973                             le16_to_cpu(es->s_min_extra_isize))
3974                                 sbi->s_want_extra_isize =
3975                                         le16_to_cpu(es->s_min_extra_isize);
3976                 }
3977         }
3978         /* Check if enough inode space is available */
3979         if (EXT4_GOOD_OLD_INODE_SIZE + sbi->s_want_extra_isize >
3980                                                         sbi->s_inode_size) {
3981                 sbi->s_want_extra_isize = sizeof(struct ext4_inode) -
3982                                                        EXT4_GOOD_OLD_INODE_SIZE;
3983                 ext4_msg(sb, KERN_INFO, "required extra inode space not"
3984                          "available");
3985         }
3986
3987         err = ext4_reserve_clusters(sbi, ext4_calculate_resv_clusters(sb));
3988         if (err) {
3989                 ext4_msg(sb, KERN_ERR, "failed to reserve %llu clusters for "
3990                          "reserved pool", ext4_calculate_resv_clusters(sb));
3991                 goto failed_mount4a;
3992         }
3993
3994         err = ext4_setup_system_zone(sb);
3995         if (err) {
3996                 ext4_msg(sb, KERN_ERR, "failed to initialize system "
3997                          "zone (%d)", err);
3998                 goto failed_mount4a;
3999         }
4000
4001         ext4_ext_init(sb);
4002         err = ext4_mb_init(sb);
4003         if (err) {
4004                 ext4_msg(sb, KERN_ERR, "failed to initialize mballoc (%d)",
4005                          err);
4006                 goto failed_mount5;
4007         }
4008
4009         err = ext4_register_li_request(sb, first_not_zeroed);
4010         if (err)
4011                 goto failed_mount6;
4012
4013         sbi->s_kobj.kset = ext4_kset;
4014         init_completion(&sbi->s_kobj_unregister);
4015         err = kobject_init_and_add(&sbi->s_kobj, &ext4_ktype, NULL,
4016                                    "%s", sb->s_id);
4017         if (err)
4018                 goto failed_mount7;
4019
4020 #ifdef CONFIG_QUOTA
4021         /* Enable quota usage during mount. */
4022         if (EXT4_HAS_RO_COMPAT_FEATURE(sb, EXT4_FEATURE_RO_COMPAT_QUOTA) &&
4023             !(sb->s_flags & MS_RDONLY)) {
4024                 err = ext4_enable_quotas(sb);
4025                 if (err)
4026                         goto failed_mount8;
4027         }
4028 #endif  /* CONFIG_QUOTA */
4029
4030         EXT4_SB(sb)->s_mount_state |= EXT4_ORPHAN_FS;
4031         ext4_orphan_cleanup(sb, es);
4032         EXT4_SB(sb)->s_mount_state &= ~EXT4_ORPHAN_FS;
4033         if (needs_recovery) {
4034                 ext4_msg(sb, KERN_INFO, "recovery complete");
4035                 ext4_mark_recovery_complete(sb, es);
4036         }
4037         if (EXT4_SB(sb)->s_journal) {
4038                 if (test_opt(sb, DATA_FLAGS) == EXT4_MOUNT_JOURNAL_DATA)
4039                         descr = " journalled data mode";
4040                 else if (test_opt(sb, DATA_FLAGS) == EXT4_MOUNT_ORDERED_DATA)
4041                         descr = " ordered data mode";
4042                 else
4043                         descr = " writeback data mode";
4044         } else
4045                 descr = "out journal";
4046
4047         if (test_opt(sb, DISCARD)) {
4048                 struct request_queue *q = bdev_get_queue(sb->s_bdev);
4049                 if (!blk_queue_discard(q))
4050                         ext4_msg(sb, KERN_WARNING,
4051                                  "mounting with \"discard\" option, but "
4052                                  "the device does not support discard");
4053         }
4054
4055         ext4_msg(sb, KERN_INFO, "mounted filesystem with%s. "
4056                  "Opts: %s%s%s", descr, sbi->s_es->s_mount_opts,
4057                  *sbi->s_es->s_mount_opts ? "; " : "", orig_data);
4058
4059         if (es->s_error_count)
4060                 mod_timer(&sbi->s_err_report, jiffies + 300*HZ); /* 5 minutes */
4061
4062         kfree(orig_data);
4063         return 0;
4064
4065 cantfind_ext4:
4066         if (!silent)
4067                 ext4_msg(sb, KERN_ERR, "VFS: Can't find ext4 filesystem");
4068         goto failed_mount;
4069
4070 #ifdef CONFIG_QUOTA
4071 failed_mount8:
4072         kobject_del(&sbi->s_kobj);
4073 #endif
4074 failed_mount7:
4075         ext4_unregister_li_request(sb);
4076 failed_mount6:
4077         ext4_mb_release(sb);
4078 failed_mount5:
4079         ext4_ext_release(sb);
4080         ext4_release_system_zone(sb);
4081 failed_mount4a:
4082         dput(sb->s_root);
4083         sb->s_root = NULL;
4084 failed_mount4:
4085         ext4_msg(sb, KERN_ERR, "mount failed");
4086         destroy_workqueue(EXT4_SB(sb)->dio_unwritten_wq);
4087 failed_mount_wq:
4088         if (sbi->s_journal) {
4089                 jbd2_journal_destroy(sbi->s_journal);
4090                 sbi->s_journal = NULL;
4091         }
4092 failed_mount3:
4093         ext4_es_unregister_shrinker(sb);
4094         del_timer(&sbi->s_err_report);
4095         if (sbi->s_flex_groups)
4096                 ext4_kvfree(sbi->s_flex_groups);
4097         percpu_counter_destroy(&sbi->s_freeclusters_counter);
4098         percpu_counter_destroy(&sbi->s_freeinodes_counter);
4099         percpu_counter_destroy(&sbi->s_dirs_counter);
4100         percpu_counter_destroy(&sbi->s_dirtyclusters_counter);
4101         percpu_counter_destroy(&sbi->s_extent_cache_cnt);
4102         if (sbi->s_mmp_tsk)
4103                 kthread_stop(sbi->s_mmp_tsk);
4104 failed_mount2:
4105         for (i = 0; i < db_count; i++)
4106                 brelse(sbi->s_group_desc[i]);
4107         ext4_kvfree(sbi->s_group_desc);
4108 failed_mount:
4109         if (sbi->s_chksum_driver)
4110                 crypto_free_shash(sbi->s_chksum_driver);
4111         if (sbi->s_proc) {
4112                 remove_proc_entry("options", sbi->s_proc);
4113                 remove_proc_entry(sb->s_id, ext4_proc_root);
4114         }
4115 #ifdef CONFIG_QUOTA
4116         for (i = 0; i < MAXQUOTAS; i++)
4117                 kfree(sbi->s_qf_names[i]);
4118 #endif
4119         ext4_blkdev_remove(sbi);
4120         brelse(bh);
4121 out_fail:
4122         sb->s_fs_info = NULL;
4123         kfree(sbi->s_blockgroup_lock);
4124         kfree(sbi);
4125 out_free_orig:
4126         kfree(orig_data);
4127         return err ? err : ret;
4128 }
4129
4130 /*
4131  * Setup any per-fs journal parameters now.  We'll do this both on
4132  * initial mount, once the journal has been initialised but before we've
4133  * done any recovery; and again on any subsequent remount.
4134  */
4135 static void ext4_init_journal_params(struct super_block *sb, journal_t *journal)
4136 {
4137         struct ext4_sb_info *sbi = EXT4_SB(sb);
4138
4139         journal->j_commit_interval = sbi->s_commit_interval;
4140         journal->j_min_batch_time = sbi->s_min_batch_time;
4141         journal->j_max_batch_time = sbi->s_max_batch_time;
4142
4143         write_lock(&journal->j_state_lock);
4144         if (test_opt(sb, BARRIER))
4145                 journal->j_flags |= JBD2_BARRIER;
4146         else
4147                 journal->j_flags &= ~JBD2_BARRIER;
4148         if (test_opt(sb, DATA_ERR_ABORT))
4149                 journal->j_flags |= JBD2_ABORT_ON_SYNCDATA_ERR;
4150         else
4151                 journal->j_flags &= ~JBD2_ABORT_ON_SYNCDATA_ERR;
4152         write_unlock(&journal->j_state_lock);
4153 }
4154
4155 static journal_t *ext4_get_journal(struct super_block *sb,
4156                                    unsigned int journal_inum)
4157 {
4158         struct inode *journal_inode;
4159         journal_t *journal;
4160
4161         BUG_ON(!EXT4_HAS_COMPAT_FEATURE(sb, EXT4_FEATURE_COMPAT_HAS_JOURNAL));
4162
4163         /* First, test for the existence of a valid inode on disk.  Bad
4164          * things happen if we iget() an unused inode, as the subsequent
4165          * iput() will try to delete it. */
4166
4167         journal_inode = ext4_iget(sb, journal_inum);
4168         if (IS_ERR(journal_inode)) {
4169                 ext4_msg(sb, KERN_ERR, "no journal found");
4170                 return NULL;
4171         }
4172         if (!journal_inode->i_nlink) {
4173                 make_bad_inode(journal_inode);
4174                 iput(journal_inode);
4175                 ext4_msg(sb, KERN_ERR, "journal inode is deleted");
4176                 return NULL;
4177         }
4178
4179         jbd_debug(2, "Journal inode found at %p: %lld bytes\n",
4180                   journal_inode, journal_inode->i_size);
4181         if (!S_ISREG(journal_inode->i_mode)) {
4182                 ext4_msg(sb, KERN_ERR, "invalid journal inode");
4183                 iput(journal_inode);
4184                 return NULL;
4185         }
4186
4187         journal = jbd2_journal_init_inode(journal_inode);
4188         if (!journal) {
4189                 ext4_msg(sb, KERN_ERR, "Could not load journal inode");
4190                 iput(journal_inode);
4191                 return NULL;
4192         }
4193         journal->j_private = sb;
4194         ext4_init_journal_params(sb, journal);
4195         return journal;
4196 }
4197
4198 static journal_t *ext4_get_dev_journal(struct super_block *sb,
4199                                        dev_t j_dev)
4200 {
4201         struct buffer_head *bh;
4202         journal_t *journal;
4203         ext4_fsblk_t start;
4204         ext4_fsblk_t len;
4205         int hblock, blocksize;
4206         ext4_fsblk_t sb_block;
4207         unsigned long offset;
4208         struct ext4_super_block *es;
4209         struct block_device *bdev;
4210
4211         BUG_ON(!EXT4_HAS_COMPAT_FEATURE(sb, EXT4_FEATURE_COMPAT_HAS_JOURNAL));
4212
4213         bdev = ext4_blkdev_get(j_dev, sb);
4214         if (bdev == NULL)
4215                 return NULL;
4216
4217         blocksize = sb->s_blocksize;
4218         hblock = bdev_logical_block_size(bdev);
4219         if (blocksize < hblock) {
4220                 ext4_msg(sb, KERN_ERR,
4221                         "blocksize too small for journal device");
4222                 goto out_bdev;
4223         }
4224
4225         sb_block = EXT4_MIN_BLOCK_SIZE / blocksize;
4226         offset = EXT4_MIN_BLOCK_SIZE % blocksize;
4227         set_blocksize(bdev, blocksize);
4228         if (!(bh = __bread(bdev, sb_block, blocksize))) {
4229                 ext4_msg(sb, KERN_ERR, "couldn't read superblock of "
4230                        "external journal");
4231                 goto out_bdev;
4232         }
4233
4234         es = (struct ext4_super_block *) (bh->b_data + offset);
4235         if ((le16_to_cpu(es->s_magic) != EXT4_SUPER_MAGIC) ||
4236             !(le32_to_cpu(es->s_feature_incompat) &
4237               EXT4_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_JOURNAL_DEV)) {
4238                 ext4_msg(sb, KERN_ERR, "external journal has "
4239                                         "bad superblock");
4240                 brelse(bh);
4241                 goto out_bdev;
4242         }
4243
4244         if (memcmp(EXT4_SB(sb)->s_es->s_journal_uuid, es->s_uuid, 16)) {
4245                 ext4_msg(sb, KERN_ERR, "journal UUID does not match");
4246                 brelse(bh);
4247                 goto out_bdev;
4248         }
4249
4250         len = ext4_blocks_count(es);
4251         start = sb_block + 1;
4252         brelse(bh);     /* we're done with the superblock */
4253
4254         journal = jbd2_journal_init_dev(bdev, sb->s_bdev,
4255                                         start, len, blocksize);
4256         if (!journal) {
4257                 ext4_msg(sb, KERN_ERR, "failed to create device journal");
4258                 goto out_bdev;
4259         }
4260         journal->j_private = sb;
4261         ll_rw_block(READ | REQ_META | REQ_PRIO, 1, &journal->j_sb_buffer);
4262         wait_on_buffer(journal->j_sb_buffer);
4263         if (!buffer_uptodate(journal->j_sb_buffer)) {
4264                 ext4_msg(sb, KERN_ERR, "I/O error on journal device");
4265                 goto out_journal;
4266         }
4267         if (be32_to_cpu(journal->j_superblock->s_nr_users) != 1) {
4268                 ext4_msg(sb, KERN_ERR, "External journal has more than one "
4269                                         "user (unsupported) - %d",
4270                         be32_to_cpu(journal->j_superblock->s_nr_users));
4271                 goto out_journal;
4272         }
4273         EXT4_SB(sb)->journal_bdev = bdev;
4274         ext4_init_journal_params(sb, journal);
4275         return journal;
4276
4277 out_journal:
4278         jbd2_journal_destroy(journal);
4279 out_bdev:
4280         ext4_blkdev_put(bdev);
4281         return NULL;
4282 }
4283
4284 static int ext4_load_journal(struct super_block *sb,
4285                              struct ext4_super_block *es,
4286                              unsigned long journal_devnum)
4287 {
4288         journal_t *journal;
4289         unsigned int journal_inum = le32_to_cpu(es->s_journal_inum);
4290         dev_t journal_dev;
4291         int err = 0;
4292         int really_read_only;
4293
4294         BUG_ON(!EXT4_HAS_COMPAT_FEATURE(sb, EXT4_FEATURE_COMPAT_HAS_JOURNAL));
4295
4296         if (journal_devnum &&
4297             journal_devnum != le32_to_cpu(es->s_journal_dev)) {
4298                 ext4_msg(sb, KERN_INFO, "external journal device major/minor "
4299                         "numbers have changed");
4300                 journal_dev = new_decode_dev(journal_devnum);
4301         } else
4302                 journal_dev = new_decode_dev(le32_to_cpu(es->s_journal_dev));
4303
4304         really_read_only = bdev_read_only(sb->s_bdev);
4305
4306         /*
4307          * Are we loading a blank journal or performing recovery after a
4308          * crash?  For recovery, we need to check in advance whether we
4309          * can get read-write access to the device.
4310          */
4311         if (EXT4_HAS_INCOMPAT_FEATURE(sb, EXT4_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_RECOVER)) {
4312                 if (sb->s_flags & MS_RDONLY) {
4313                         ext4_msg(sb, KERN_INFO, "INFO: recovery "
4314                                         "required on readonly filesystem");
4315                         if (really_read_only) {
4316                                 ext4_msg(sb, KERN_ERR, "write access "
4317                                         "unavailable, cannot proceed");
4318                                 return -EROFS;
4319                         }
4320                         ext4_msg(sb, KERN_INFO, "write access will "
4321                                "be enabled during recovery");
4322                 }
4323         }
4324
4325         if (journal_inum && journal_dev) {
4326                 ext4_msg(sb, KERN_ERR, "filesystem has both journal "
4327                        "and inode journals!");
4328                 return -EINVAL;
4329         }
4330
4331         if (journal_inum) {
4332                 if (!(journal = ext4_get_journal(sb, journal_inum)))
4333                         return -EINVAL;
4334         } else {
4335                 if (!(journal = ext4_get_dev_journal(sb, journal_dev)))
4336                         return -EINVAL;
4337         }
4338
4339         if (!(journal->j_flags & JBD2_BARRIER))
4340                 ext4_msg(sb, KERN_INFO, "barriers disabled");
4341
4342         if (!EXT4_HAS_INCOMPAT_FEATURE(sb, EXT4_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_RECOVER))
4343                 err = jbd2_journal_wipe(journal, !really_read_only);
4344         if (!err) {
4345                 char *save = kmalloc(EXT4_S_ERR_LEN, GFP_KERNEL);
4346                 if (save)
4347                         memcpy(save, ((char *) es) +
4348                                EXT4_S_ERR_START, EXT4_S_ERR_LEN);
4349                 err = jbd2_journal_load(journal);
4350                 if (save)
4351                         memcpy(((char *) es) + EXT4_S_ERR_START,
4352                                save, EXT4_S_ERR_LEN);
4353                 kfree(save);
4354         }
4355
4356         if (err) {
4357                 ext4_msg(sb, KERN_ERR, "error loading journal");
4358                 jbd2_journal_destroy(journal);
4359                 return err;
4360         }
4361
4362         EXT4_SB(sb)->s_journal = journal;
4363         ext4_clear_journal_err(sb, es);
4364
4365         if (!really_read_only && journal_devnum &&
4366             journal_devnum != le32_to_cpu(es->s_journal_dev)) {
4367                 es->s_journal_dev = cpu_to_le32(journal_devnum);
4368
4369                 /* Make sure we flush the recovery flag to disk. */
4370                 ext4_commit_super(sb, 1);
4371         }
4372
4373         return 0;
4374 }
4375
4376 static int ext4_commit_super(struct super_block *sb, int sync)
4377 {
4378         struct ext4_super_block *es = EXT4_SB(sb)->s_es;
4379         struct buffer_head *sbh = EXT4_SB(sb)->s_sbh;
4380         int error = 0;
4381
4382         if (!sbh || block_device_ejected(sb))
4383                 return error;
4384         if (buffer_write_io_error(sbh)) {
4385                 /*
4386                  * Oh, dear.  A previous attempt to write the
4387                  * superblock failed.  This could happen because the
4388                  * USB device was yanked out.  Or it could happen to
4389                  * be a transient write error and maybe the block will
4390                  * be remapped.  Nothing we can do but to retry the
4391                  * write and hope for the best.
4392                  */
4393                 ext4_msg(sb, KERN_ERR, "previous I/O error to "
4394                        "superblock detected");
4395                 clear_buffer_write_io_error(sbh);
4396                 set_buffer_uptodate(sbh);
4397         }
4398         /*
4399          * If the file system is mounted read-only, don't update the
4400          * superblock write time.  This avoids updating the superblock
4401          * write time when we are mounting the root file system
4402          * read/only but we need to replay the journal; at that point,
4403          * for people who are east of GMT and who make their clock
4404          * tick in localtime for Windows bug-for-bug compatibility,
4405          * the clock is set in the future, and this will cause e2fsck
4406          * to complain and force a full file system check.
4407          */
4408         if (!(sb->s_flags & MS_RDONLY))
4409                 es->s_wtime = cpu_to_le32(get_seconds());
4410         if (sb->s_bdev->bd_part)
4411                 es->s_kbytes_written =
4412                         cpu_to_le64(EXT4_SB(sb)->s_kbytes_written +
4413                             ((part_stat_read(sb->s_bdev->bd_part, sectors[1]) -
4414                               EXT4_SB(sb)->s_sectors_written_start) >> 1));
4415         else
4416                 es->s_kbytes_written =
4417                         cpu_to_le64(EXT4_SB(sb)->s_kbytes_written);
4418         ext4_free_blocks_count_set(es,
4419                         EXT4_C2B(EXT4_SB(sb), percpu_counter_sum_positive(
4420                                 &EXT4_SB(sb)->s_freeclusters_counter)));
4421         es->s_free_inodes_count =
4422                 cpu_to_le32(percpu_counter_sum_positive(
4423                                 &EXT4_SB(sb)->s_freeinodes_counter));
4424         BUFFER_TRACE(sbh, "marking dirty");
4425         ext4_superblock_csum_set(sb);
4426         mark_buffer_dirty(sbh);
4427         if (sync) {
4428                 error = sync_dirty_buffer(sbh);
4429                 if (error)
4430                         return error;
4431
4432                 error = buffer_write_io_error(sbh);
4433                 if (error) {
4434                         ext4_msg(sb, KERN_ERR, "I/O error while writing "
4435                                "superblock");
4436                         clear_buffer_write_io_error(sbh);
4437                         set_buffer_uptodate(sbh);
4438                 }
4439         }
4440         return error;
4441 }
4442
4443 /*
4444  * Have we just finished recovery?  If so, and if we are mounting (or
4445  * remounting) the filesystem readonly, then we will end up with a
4446  * consistent fs on disk.  Record that fact.
4447  */
4448 static void ext4_mark_recovery_complete(struct super_block *sb,
4449                                         struct ext4_super_block *es)
4450 {
4451         journal_t *journal = EXT4_SB(sb)->s_journal;
4452
4453         if (!EXT4_HAS_COMPAT_FEATURE(sb, EXT4_FEATURE_COMPAT_HAS_JOURNAL)) {
4454                 BUG_ON(journal != NULL);
4455                 return;
4456         }
4457         jbd2_journal_lock_updates(journal);
4458         if (jbd2_journal_flush(journal) < 0)
4459                 goto out;
4460
4461         if (EXT4_HAS_INCOMPAT_FEATURE(sb, EXT4_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_RECOVER) &&
4462             sb->s_flags & MS_RDONLY) {
4463                 EXT4_CLEAR_INCOMPAT_FEATURE(sb, EXT4_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_RECOVER);
4464                 ext4_commit_super(sb, 1);
4465         }
4466
4467 out:
4468         jbd2_journal_unlock_updates(journal);
4469 }
4470
4471 /*
4472  * If we are mounting (or read-write remounting) a filesystem whose journal
4473  * has recorded an error from a previous lifetime, move that error to the
4474  * main filesystem now.
4475  */
4476 static void ext4_clear_journal_err(struct super_block *sb,
4477                                    struct ext4_super_block *es)
4478 {
4479         journal_t *journal;
4480         int j_errno;
4481         const char *errstr;
4482
4483         BUG_ON(!EXT4_HAS_COMPAT_FEATURE(sb, EXT4_FEATURE_COMPAT_HAS_JOURNAL));
4484
4485         journal = EXT4_SB(sb)->s_journal;
4486
4487         /*
4488          * Now check for any error status which may have been recorded in the
4489          * journal by a prior ext4_error() or ext4_abort()
4490          */
4491
4492         j_errno = jbd2_journal_errno(journal);
4493         if (j_errno) {
4494                 char nbuf[16];
4495
4496                 errstr = ext4_decode_error(sb, j_errno, nbuf);
4497                 ext4_warning(sb, "Filesystem error recorded "
4498                              "from previous mount: %s", errstr);
4499                 ext4_warning(sb, "Marking fs in need of filesystem check.");
4500
4501                 EXT4_SB(sb)->s_mount_state |= EXT4_ERROR_FS;
4502                 es->s_state |= cpu_to_le16(EXT4_ERROR_FS);
4503                 ext4_commit_super(sb, 1);
4504
4505                 jbd2_journal_clear_err(journal);
4506                 jbd2_journal_update_sb_errno(journal);
4507         }
4508 }
4509
4510 /*
4511  * Force the running and committing transactions to commit,
4512  * and wait on the commit.
4513  */
4514 int ext4_force_commit(struct super_block *sb)
4515 {
4516         journal_t *journal;
4517
4518         if (sb->s_flags & MS_RDONLY)
4519                 return 0;
4520
4521         journal = EXT4_SB(sb)->s_journal;
4522         return ext4_journal_force_commit(journal);
4523 }
4524
4525 static int ext4_sync_fs(struct super_block *sb, int wait)
4526 {
4527         int ret = 0;
4528         tid_t target;
4529         struct ext4_sb_info *sbi = EXT4_SB(sb);
4530
4531         trace_ext4_sync_fs(sb, wait);
4532         flush_workqueue(sbi->dio_unwritten_wq);
4533         /*
4534          * Writeback quota in non-journalled quota case - journalled quota has
4535          * no dirty dquots
4536          */
4537         dquot_writeback_dquots(sb, -1);
4538         if (jbd2_journal_start_commit(sbi->s_journal, &target)) {
4539                 if (wait)
4540                         jbd2_log_wait_commit(sbi->s_journal, target);
4541         }
4542         return ret;
4543 }
4544
4545 /*
4546  * LVM calls this function before a (read-only) snapshot is created.  This
4547  * gives us a chance to flush the journal completely and mark the fs clean.
4548  *
4549  * Note that only this function cannot bring a filesystem to be in a clean
4550  * state independently. It relies on upper layer to stop all data & metadata
4551  * modifications.
4552  */
4553 static int ext4_freeze(struct super_block *sb)
4554 {
4555         int error = 0;
4556         journal_t *journal;
4557
4558         if (sb->s_flags & MS_RDONLY)
4559                 return 0;
4560
4561         journal = EXT4_SB(sb)->s_journal;
4562
4563         /* Now we set up the journal barrier. */
4564         jbd2_journal_lock_updates(journal);
4565
4566         /*
4567          * Don't clear the needs_recovery flag if we failed to flush
4568          * the journal.
4569          */
4570         error = jbd2_journal_flush(journal);
4571         if (error < 0)
4572                 goto out;
4573
4574         /* Journal blocked and flushed, clear needs_recovery flag. */
4575         EXT4_CLEAR_INCOMPAT_FEATURE(sb, EXT4_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_RECOVER);
4576         error = ext4_commit_super(sb, 1);
4577 out:
4578         /* we rely on upper layer to stop further updates */
4579         jbd2_journal_unlock_updates(EXT4_SB(sb)->s_journal);
4580         return error;
4581 }
4582
4583 /*
4584  * Called by LVM after the snapshot is done.  We need to reset the RECOVER
4585  * flag here, even though the filesystem is not technically dirty yet.
4586  */
4587 static int ext4_unfreeze(struct super_block *sb)
4588 {
4589         if (sb->s_flags & MS_RDONLY)
4590                 return 0;
4591
4592         /* Reset the needs_recovery flag before the fs is unlocked. */
4593         EXT4_SET_INCOMPAT_FEATURE(sb, EXT4_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_RECOVER);
4594         ext4_commit_super(sb, 1);
4595         return 0;
4596 }
4597
4598 /*
4599  * Structure to save mount options for ext4_remount's benefit
4600  */
4601 struct ext4_mount_options {
4602         unsigned long s_mount_opt;
4603         unsigned long s_mount_opt2;
4604         kuid_t s_resuid;
4605         kgid_t s_resgid;
4606         unsigned long s_commit_interval;
4607         u32 s_min_batch_time, s_max_batch_time;
4608 #ifdef CONFIG_QUOTA
4609         int s_jquota_fmt;
4610         char *s_qf_names[MAXQUOTAS];
4611 #endif
4612 };
4613
4614 static int ext4_remount(struct super_block *sb, int *flags, char *data)
4615 {
4616         struct ext4_super_block *es;
4617         struct ext4_sb_info *sbi = EXT4_SB(sb);
4618         unsigned long old_sb_flags;
4619         struct ext4_mount_options old_opts;
4620         int enable_quota = 0;
4621         ext4_group_t g;
4622         unsigned int journal_ioprio = DEFAULT_JOURNAL_IOPRIO;
4623         int err = 0;
4624 #ifdef CONFIG_QUOTA
4625         int i, j;
4626 #endif
4627         char *orig_data = kstrdup(data, GFP_KERNEL);
4628
4629         /* Store the original options */
4630         old_sb_flags = sb->s_flags;
4631         old_opts.s_mount_opt = sbi->s_mount_opt;
4632         old_opts.s_mount_opt2 = sbi->s_mount_opt2;
4633         old_opts.s_resuid = sbi->s_resuid;
4634         old_opts.s_resgid = sbi->s_resgid;
4635         old_opts.s_commit_interval = sbi->s_commit_interval;
4636         old_opts.s_min_batch_time = sbi->s_min_batch_time;
4637         old_opts.s_max_batch_time = sbi->s_max_batch_time;
4638 #ifdef CONFIG_QUOTA
4639         old_opts.s_jquota_fmt = sbi->s_jquota_fmt;
4640         for (i = 0; i < MAXQUOTAS; i++)
4641                 if (sbi->s_qf_names[i]) {
4642                         old_opts.s_qf_names[i] = kstrdup(sbi->s_qf_names[i],
4643                                                          GFP_KERNEL);
4644                         if (!old_opts.s_qf_names[i]) {
4645                                 for (j = 0; j < i; j++)
4646                                         kfree(old_opts.s_qf_names[j]);
4647                                 kfree(orig_data);
4648                                 return -ENOMEM;
4649                         }
4650                 } else
4651                         old_opts.s_qf_names[i] = NULL;
4652 #endif
4653         if (sbi->s_journal && sbi->s_journal->j_task->io_context)
4654                 journal_ioprio = sbi->s_journal->j_task->io_context->ioprio;
4655
4656         /*
4657          * Allow the "check" option to be passed as a remount option.
4658          */
4659         if (!parse_options(data, sb, NULL, &journal_ioprio, 1)) {
4660                 err = -EINVAL;
4661                 goto restore_opts;
4662         }
4663
4664         if (test_opt(sb, DATA_FLAGS) == EXT4_MOUNT_JOURNAL_DATA) {
4665                 if (test_opt2(sb, EXPLICIT_DELALLOC)) {
4666                         ext4_msg(sb, KERN_ERR, "can't mount with "
4667                                  "both data=journal and delalloc");
4668                         err = -EINVAL;
4669                         goto restore_opts;
4670                 }
4671                 if (test_opt(sb, DIOREAD_NOLOCK)) {
4672                         ext4_msg(sb, KERN_ERR, "can't mount with "
4673                                  "both data=journal and dioread_nolock");
4674                         err = -EINVAL;
4675                         goto restore_opts;
4676                 }
4677         }
4678
4679         if (sbi->s_mount_flags & EXT4_MF_FS_ABORTED)
4680                 ext4_abort(sb, "Abort forced by user");
4681
4682         sb->s_flags = (sb->s_flags & ~MS_POSIXACL) |
4683                 (test_opt(sb, POSIX_ACL) ? MS_POSIXACL : 0);
4684
4685         es = sbi->s_es;
4686
4687         if (sbi->s_journal) {
4688                 ext4_init_journal_params(sb, sbi->s_journal);
4689                 set_task_ioprio(sbi->s_journal->j_task, journal_ioprio);
4690         }
4691
4692         if ((*flags & MS_RDONLY) != (sb->s_flags & MS_RDONLY)) {
4693                 if (sbi->s_mount_flags & EXT4_MF_FS_ABORTED) {
4694                         err = -EROFS;
4695                         goto restore_opts;
4696                 }
4697
4698                 if (*flags & MS_RDONLY) {
4699                         err = dquot_suspend(sb, -1);
4700                         if (err < 0)
4701                                 goto restore_opts;
4702
4703                         /*
4704                          * First of all, the unconditional stuff we have to do
4705                          * to disable replay of the journal when we next remount
4706                          */
4707                         sb->s_flags |= MS_RDONLY;
4708
4709                         /*
4710                          * OK, test if we are remounting a valid rw partition
4711                          * readonly, and if so set the rdonly flag and then
4712                          * mark the partition as valid again.
4713                          */
4714                         if (!(es->s_state & cpu_to_le16(EXT4_VALID_FS)) &&
4715                             (sbi->s_mount_state & EXT4_VALID_FS))
4716                                 es->s_state = cpu_to_le16(sbi->s_mount_state);
4717
4718                         if (sbi->s_journal)
4719                                 ext4_mark_recovery_complete(sb, es);
4720                 } else {
4721                         /* Make sure we can mount this feature set readwrite */
4722                         if (!ext4_feature_set_ok(sb, 0)) {
4723                                 err = -EROFS;
4724                                 goto restore_opts;
4725                         }
4726                         /*
4727                          * Make sure the group descriptor checksums
4728                          * are sane.  If they aren't, refuse to remount r/w.
4729                          */
4730                         for (g = 0; g < sbi->s_groups_count; g++) {
4731                                 struct ext4_group_desc *gdp =
4732                                         ext4_get_group_desc(sb, g, NULL);
4733
4734                                 if (!ext4_group_desc_csum_verify(sb, g, gdp)) {
4735                                         ext4_msg(sb, KERN_ERR,
4736                "ext4_remount: Checksum for group %u failed (%u!=%u)",
4737                 g, le16_to_cpu(ext4_group_desc_csum(sbi, g, gdp)),
4738                                                le16_to_cpu(gdp->bg_checksum));
4739                                         err = -EINVAL;
4740                                         goto restore_opts;
4741                                 }
4742                         }
4743
4744                         /*
4745                          * If we have an unprocessed orphan list hanging
4746                          * around from a previously readonly bdev mount,
4747                          * require a full umount/remount for now.
4748                          */
4749                         if (es->s_last_orphan) {
4750                                 ext4_msg(sb, KERN_WARNING, "Couldn't "
4751                                        "remount RDWR because of unprocessed "
4752                                        "orphan inode list.  Please "
4753                                        "umount/remount instead");
4754                                 err = -EINVAL;
4755                                 goto restore_opts;
4756                         }
4757
4758                         /*
4759                          * Mounting a RDONLY partition read-write, so reread
4760                          * and store the current valid flag.  (It may have
4761                          * been changed by e2fsck since we originally mounted
4762                          * the partition.)
4763                          */
4764                         if (sbi->s_journal)
4765                                 ext4_clear_journal_err(sb, es);
4766                         sbi->s_mount_state = le16_to_cpu(es->s_state);
4767                         if (!ext4_setup_super(sb, es, 0))
4768                                 sb->s_flags &= ~MS_RDONLY;
4769                         if (EXT4_HAS_INCOMPAT_FEATURE(sb,
4770                                                      EXT4_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_MMP))
4771                                 if (ext4_multi_mount_protect(sb,
4772                                                 le64_to_cpu(es->s_mmp_block))) {
4773                                         err = -EROFS;
4774                                         goto restore_opts;
4775                                 }
4776                         enable_quota = 1;
4777                 }
4778         }
4779
4780         /*
4781          * Reinitialize lazy itable initialization thread based on
4782          * current settings
4783          */
4784         if ((sb->s_flags & MS_RDONLY) || !test_opt(sb, INIT_INODE_TABLE))
4785                 ext4_unregister_li_request(sb);
4786         else {
4787                 ext4_group_t first_not_zeroed;
4788                 first_not_zeroed = ext4_has_uninit_itable(sb);
4789                 ext4_register_li_request(sb, first_not_zeroed);
4790         }
4791
4792         ext4_setup_system_zone(sb);
4793         if (sbi->s_journal == NULL && !(old_sb_flags & MS_RDONLY))
4794                 ext4_commit_super(sb, 1);
4795
4796 #ifdef CONFIG_QUOTA
4797         /* Release old quota file names */
4798         for (i = 0; i < MAXQUOTAS; i++)
4799                 kfree(old_opts.s_qf_names[i]);
4800         if (enable_quota) {
4801                 if (sb_any_quota_suspended(sb))
4802                         dquot_resume(sb, -1);
4803                 else if (EXT4_HAS_RO_COMPAT_FEATURE(sb,
4804                                         EXT4_FEATURE_RO_COMPAT_QUOTA)) {
4805                         err = ext4_enable_quotas(sb);
4806                         if (err)
4807                                 goto restore_opts;
4808                 }
4809         }
4810 #endif
4811
4812         ext4_msg(sb, KERN_INFO, "re-mounted. Opts: %s", orig_data);
4813         kfree(orig_data);
4814         return 0;
4815
4816 restore_opts:
4817         sb->s_flags = old_sb_flags;
4818         sbi->s_mount_opt = old_opts.s_mount_opt;
4819         sbi->s_mount_opt2 = old_opts.s_mount_opt2;
4820         sbi->s_resuid = old_opts.s_resuid;
4821         sbi->s_resgid = old_opts.s_resgid;
4822         sbi->s_commit_interval = old_opts.s_commit_interval;
4823         sbi->s_min_batch_time = old_opts.s_min_batch_time;
4824         sbi->s_max_batch_time = old_opts.s_max_batch_time;
4825 #ifdef CONFIG_QUOTA
4826         sbi->s_jquota_fmt = old_opts.s_jquota_fmt;
4827         for (i = 0; i < MAXQUOTAS; i++) {
4828                 kfree(sbi->s_qf_names[i]);
4829                 sbi->s_qf_names[i] = old_opts.s_qf_names[i];
4830         }
4831 #endif
4832         kfree(orig_data);
4833         return err;
4834 }
4835
4836 static int ext4_statfs(struct dentry *dentry, struct kstatfs *buf)
4837 {
4838         struct super_block *sb = dentry->d_sb;
4839         struct ext4_sb_info *sbi = EXT4_SB(sb);
4840         struct ext4_super_block *es = sbi->s_es;
4841         ext4_fsblk_t overhead = 0, resv_blocks;
4842         u64 fsid;
4843         s64 bfree;
4844         resv_blocks = EXT4_C2B(sbi, atomic64_read(&sbi->s_resv_clusters));
4845
4846         if (!test_opt(sb, MINIX_DF))
4847                 overhead = sbi->s_overhead;
4848
4849         buf->f_type = EXT4_SUPER_MAGIC;
4850         buf->f_bsize = sb->s_blocksize;
4851         buf->f_blocks = ext4_blocks_count(es) - EXT4_C2B(sbi, overhead);
4852         bfree = percpu_counter_sum_positive(&sbi->s_freeclusters_counter) -
4853                 percpu_counter_sum_positive(&sbi->s_dirtyclusters_counter);
4854         /* prevent underflow in case that few free space is available */
4855         buf->f_bfree = EXT4_C2B(sbi, max_t(s64, bfree, 0));
4856         buf->f_bavail = buf->f_bfree -
4857                         (ext4_r_blocks_count(es) + resv_blocks);
4858         if (buf->f_bfree < (ext4_r_blocks_count(es) + resv_blocks))
4859                 buf->f_bavail = 0;
4860         buf->f_files = le32_to_cpu(es->s_inodes_count);
4861         buf->f_ffree = percpu_counter_sum_positive(&sbi->s_freeinodes_counter);
4862         buf->f_namelen = EXT4_NAME_LEN;
4863         fsid = le64_to_cpup((void *)es->s_uuid) ^
4864                le64_to_cpup((void *)es->s_uuid + sizeof(u64));
4865         buf->f_fsid.val[0] = fsid & 0xFFFFFFFFUL;
4866         buf->f_fsid.val[1] = (fsid >> 32) & 0xFFFFFFFFUL;
4867
4868         return 0;
4869 }
4870
4871 /* Helper function for writing quotas on sync - we need to start transaction
4872  * before quota file is locked for write. Otherwise the are possible deadlocks:
4873  * Process 1                         Process 2
4874  * ext4_create()                     quota_sync()
4875  *   jbd2_journal_start()                  write_dquot()
4876  *   dquot_initialize()                         down(dqio_mutex)
4877  *     down(dqio_mutex)                    jbd2_journal_start()
4878  *
4879  */
4880
4881 #ifdef CONFIG_QUOTA
4882
4883 static inline struct inode *dquot_to_inode(struct dquot *dquot)
4884 {
4885         return sb_dqopt(dquot->dq_sb)->files[dquot->dq_id.type];
4886 }
4887
4888 static int ext4_write_dquot(struct dquot *dquot)
4889 {
4890         int ret, err;
4891         handle_t *handle;
4892         struct inode *inode;
4893
4894         inode = dquot_to_inode(dquot);
4895         handle = ext4_journal_start(inode, EXT4_HT_QUOTA,
4896                                     EXT4_QUOTA_TRANS_BLOCKS(dquot->dq_sb));
4897         if (IS_ERR(handle))
4898                 return PTR_ERR(handle);
4899         ret = dquot_commit(dquot);
4900         err = ext4_journal_stop(handle);
4901         if (!ret)
4902                 ret = err;
4903         return ret;
4904 }
4905
4906 static int ext4_acquire_dquot(struct dquot *dquot)
4907 {
4908         int ret, err;
4909         handle_t *handle;
4910
4911         handle = ext4_journal_start(dquot_to_inode(dquot), EXT4_HT_QUOTA,
4912                                     EXT4_QUOTA_INIT_BLOCKS(dquot->dq_sb));
4913         if (IS_ERR(handle))
4914                 return PTR_ERR(handle);
4915         ret = dquot_acquire(dquot);
4916         err = ext4_journal_stop(handle);
4917         if (!ret)
4918                 ret = err;
4919         return ret;
4920 }
4921
4922 static int ext4_release_dquot(struct dquot *dquot)
4923 {
4924         int ret, err;
4925         handle_t *handle;
4926
4927         handle = ext4_journal_start(dquot_to_inode(dquot), EXT4_HT_QUOTA,
4928                                     EXT4_QUOTA_DEL_BLOCKS(dquot->dq_sb));
4929         if (IS_ERR(handle)) {
4930                 /* Release dquot anyway to avoid endless cycle in dqput() */
4931                 dquot_release(dquot);
4932                 return PTR_ERR(handle);
4933         }
4934         ret = dquot_release(dquot);
4935         err = ext4_journal_stop(handle);
4936         if (!ret)
4937                 ret = err;
4938         return ret;
4939 }
4940
4941 static int ext4_mark_dquot_dirty(struct dquot *dquot)
4942 {
4943         struct super_block *sb = dquot->dq_sb;
4944         struct ext4_sb_info *sbi = EXT4_SB(sb);
4945
4946         /* Are we journaling quotas? */
4947         if (EXT4_HAS_RO_COMPAT_FEATURE(sb, EXT4_FEATURE_RO_COMPAT_QUOTA) ||
4948             sbi->s_qf_names[USRQUOTA] || sbi->s_qf_names[GRPQUOTA]) {
4949                 dquot_mark_dquot_dirty(dquot);
4950                 return ext4_write_dquot(dquot);
4951         } else {
4952                 return dquot_mark_dquot_dirty(dquot);
4953         }
4954 }
4955
4956 static int ext4_write_info(struct super_block *sb, int type)
4957 {
4958         int ret, err;
4959         handle_t *handle;
4960
4961         /* Data block + inode block */
4962         handle = ext4_journal_start(sb->s_root->d_inode, EXT4_HT_QUOTA, 2);
4963         if (IS_ERR(handle))
4964                 return PTR_ERR(handle);
4965         ret = dquot_commit_info(sb, type);
4966         err = ext4_journal_stop(handle);
4967         if (!ret)
4968                 ret = err;
4969         return ret;
4970 }
4971
4972 /*
4973  * Turn on quotas during mount time - we need to find
4974  * the quota file and such...
4975  */
4976 static int ext4_quota_on_mount(struct super_block *sb, int type)
4977 {
4978         return dquot_quota_on_mount(sb, EXT4_SB(sb)->s_qf_names[type],
4979                                         EXT4_SB(sb)->s_jquota_fmt, type);
4980 }
4981
4982 /*
4983  * Standard function to be called on quota_on
4984  */
4985 static int ext4_quota_on(struct super_block *sb, int type, int format_id,
4986                          struct path *path)
4987 {
4988         int err;
4989
4990         if (!test_opt(sb, QUOTA))
4991                 return -EINVAL;
4992
4993         /* Quotafile not on the same filesystem? */
4994         if (path->dentry->d_sb != sb)
4995                 return -EXDEV;
4996         /* Journaling quota? */
4997         if (EXT4_SB(sb)->s_qf_names[type]) {
4998                 /* Quotafile not in fs root? */
4999                 if (path->dentry->d_parent != sb->s_root)
5000                         ext4_msg(sb, KERN_WARNING,
5001                                 "Quota file not on filesystem root. "
5002                                 "Journaled quota will not work");
5003         }
5004
5005         /*
5006          * When we journal data on quota file, we have to flush journal to see
5007          * all updates to the file when we bypass pagecache...
5008          */
5009         if (EXT4_SB(sb)->s_journal &&
5010             ext4_should_journal_data(path->dentry->d_inode)) {
5011                 /*
5012                  * We don't need to lock updates but journal_flush() could
5013                  * otherwise be livelocked...
5014                  */
5015                 jbd2_journal_lock_updates(EXT4_SB(sb)->s_journal);
5016                 err = jbd2_journal_flush(EXT4_SB(sb)->s_journal);
5017                 jbd2_journal_unlock_updates(EXT4_SB(sb)->s_journal);
5018                 if (err)
5019                         return err;
5020         }
5021
5022         return dquot_quota_on(sb, type, format_id, path);
5023 }
5024
5025 static int ext4_quota_enable(struct super_block *sb, int type, int format_id,
5026                              unsigned int flags)
5027 {
5028         int err;
5029         struct inode *qf_inode;
5030         unsigned long qf_inums[MAXQUOTAS] = {
5031                 le32_to_cpu(EXT4_SB(sb)->s_es->s_usr_quota_inum),
5032                 le32_to_cpu(EXT4_SB(sb)->s_es->s_grp_quota_inum)
5033         };
5034
5035         BUG_ON(!EXT4_HAS_RO_COMPAT_FEATURE(sb, EXT4_FEATURE_RO_COMPAT_QUOTA));
5036
5037         if (!qf_inums[type])
5038                 return -EPERM;
5039
5040         qf_inode = ext4_iget(sb, qf_inums[type]);
5041         if (IS_ERR(qf_inode)) {
5042                 ext4_error(sb, "Bad quota inode # %lu", qf_inums[type]);
5043                 return PTR_ERR(qf_inode);
5044         }
5045
5046         /* Don't account quota for quota files to avoid recursion */
5047         qf_inode->i_flags |= S_NOQUOTA;
5048         err = dquot_enable(qf_inode, type, format_id, flags);
5049         iput(qf_inode);
5050
5051         return err;
5052 }
5053
5054 /* Enable usage tracking for all quota types. */
5055 static int ext4_enable_quotas(struct super_block *sb)
5056 {
5057         int type, err = 0;
5058         unsigned long qf_inums[MAXQUOTAS] = {
5059                 le32_to_cpu(EXT4_SB(sb)->s_es->s_usr_quota_inum),
5060                 le32_to_cpu(EXT4_SB(sb)->s_es->s_grp_quota_inum)
5061         };
5062
5063         sb_dqopt(sb)->flags |= DQUOT_QUOTA_SYS_FILE;
5064         for (type = 0; type < MAXQUOTAS; type++) {
5065                 if (qf_inums[type]) {
5066                         err = ext4_quota_enable(sb, type, QFMT_VFS_V1,
5067                                                 DQUOT_USAGE_ENABLED);
5068                         if (err) {
5069                                 ext4_warning(sb,
5070                                         "Failed to enable quota tracking "
5071                                         "(type=%d, err=%d). Please run "
5072                                         "e2fsck to fix.", type, err);
5073                                 return err;
5074                         }
5075                 }
5076         }
5077         return 0;
5078 }
5079
5080 /*
5081  * quota_on function that is used when QUOTA feature is set.
5082  */
5083 static int ext4_quota_on_sysfile(struct super_block *sb, int type,
5084                                  int format_id)
5085 {
5086         if (!EXT4_HAS_RO_COMPAT_FEATURE(sb, EXT4_FEATURE_RO_COMPAT_QUOTA))
5087                 return -EINVAL;
5088
5089         /*
5090          * USAGE was enabled at mount time. Only need to enable LIMITS now.
5091          */
5092         return ext4_quota_enable(sb, type, format_id, DQUOT_LIMITS_ENABLED);
5093 }
5094
5095 static int ext4_quota_off(struct super_block *sb, int type)
5096 {
5097         struct inode *inode = sb_dqopt(sb)->files[type];
5098         handle_t *handle;
5099
5100         /* Force all delayed allocation blocks to be allocated.
5101          * Caller already holds s_umount sem */
5102         if (test_opt(sb, DELALLOC))
5103                 sync_filesystem(sb);
5104
5105         if (!inode)
5106                 goto out;
5107
5108         /* Update modification times of quota files when userspace can
5109          * start looking at them */
5110         handle = ext4_journal_start(inode, EXT4_HT_QUOTA, 1);
5111         if (IS_ERR(handle))
5112                 goto out;
5113         inode->i_mtime = inode->i_ctime = CURRENT_TIME;
5114         ext4_mark_inode_dirty(handle, inode);
5115         ext4_journal_stop(handle);
5116
5117 out:
5118         return dquot_quota_off(sb, type);
5119 }
5120
5121 /*
5122  * quota_off function that is used when QUOTA feature is set.
5123  */
5124 static int ext4_quota_off_sysfile(struct super_block *sb, int type)
5125 {
5126         if (!EXT4_HAS_RO_COMPAT_FEATURE(sb, EXT4_FEATURE_RO_COMPAT_QUOTA))
5127                 return -EINVAL;
5128
5129         /* Disable only the limits. */
5130         return dquot_disable(sb, type, DQUOT_LIMITS_ENABLED);
5131 }
5132
5133 /* Read data from quotafile - avoid pagecache and such because we cannot afford
5134  * acquiring the locks... As quota files are never truncated and quota code
5135  * itself serializes the operations (and no one else should touch the files)
5136  * we don't have to be afraid of races */
5137 static ssize_t ext4_quota_read(struct super_block *sb, int type, char *data,
5138                                size_t len, loff_t off)
5139 {
5140         struct inode *inode = sb_dqopt(sb)->files[type];
5141         ext4_lblk_t blk = off >> EXT4_BLOCK_SIZE_BITS(sb);
5142         int err = 0;
5143         int offset = off & (sb->s_blocksize - 1);
5144         int tocopy;
5145         size_t toread;
5146         struct buffer_head *bh;
5147         loff_t i_size = i_size_read(inode);
5148
5149         if (off > i_size)
5150                 return 0;
5151         if (off+len > i_size)
5152                 len = i_size-off;
5153         toread = len;
5154         while (toread > 0) {
5155                 tocopy = sb->s_blocksize - offset < toread ?
5156                                 sb->s_blocksize - offset : toread;
5157                 bh = ext4_bread(NULL, inode, blk, 0, &err);
5158                 if (err)
5159                         return err;
5160                 if (!bh)        /* A hole? */
5161                         memset(data, 0, tocopy);
5162                 else
5163                         memcpy(data, bh->b_data+offset, tocopy);
5164                 brelse(bh);
5165                 offset = 0;
5166                 toread -= tocopy;
5167                 data += tocopy;
5168                 blk++;
5169         }
5170         return len;
5171 }
5172
5173 /* Write to quotafile (we know the transaction is already started and has
5174  * enough credits) */
5175 static ssize_t ext4_quota_write(struct super_block *sb, int type,
5176                                 const char *data, size_t len, loff_t off)
5177 {
5178         struct inode *inode = sb_dqopt(sb)->files[type];
5179         ext4_lblk_t blk = off >> EXT4_BLOCK_SIZE_BITS(sb);
5180         int err = 0;
5181         int offset = off & (sb->s_blocksize - 1);
5182         struct buffer_head *bh;
5183         handle_t *handle = journal_current_handle();
5184
5185         if (EXT4_SB(sb)->s_journal && !handle) {
5186                 ext4_msg(sb, KERN_WARNING, "Quota write (off=%llu, len=%llu)"
5187                         " cancelled because transaction is not started",
5188                         (unsigned long long)off, (unsigned long long)len);
5189                 return -EIO;
5190         }
5191         /*
5192          * Since we account only one data block in transaction credits,
5193          * then it is impossible to cross a block boundary.
5194          */
5195         if (sb->s_blocksize - offset < len) {
5196                 ext4_msg(sb, KERN_WARNING, "Quota write (off=%llu, len=%llu)"
5197                         " cancelled because not block aligned",
5198                         (unsigned long long)off, (unsigned long long)len);
5199                 return -EIO;
5200         }
5201
5202         bh = ext4_bread(handle, inode, blk, 1, &err);
5203         if (!bh)
5204                 goto out;
5205         err = ext4_journal_get_write_access(handle, bh);
5206         if (err) {
5207                 brelse(bh);
5208                 goto out;
5209         }
5210         lock_buffer(bh);
5211         memcpy(bh->b_data+offset, data, len);
5212         flush_dcache_page(bh->b_page);
5213         unlock_buffer(bh);
5214         err = ext4_handle_dirty_metadata(handle, NULL, bh);
5215         brelse(bh);
5216 out:
5217         if (err)
5218                 return err;
5219         if (inode->i_size < off + len) {
5220                 i_size_write(inode, off + len);
5221                 EXT4_I(inode)->i_disksize = inode->i_size;
5222                 ext4_mark_inode_dirty(handle, inode);
5223         }
5224         return len;
5225 }
5226
5227 #endif
5228
5229 static struct dentry *ext4_mount(struct file_system_type *fs_type, int flags,
5230                        const char *dev_name, void *data)
5231 {
5232         return mount_bdev(fs_type, flags, dev_name, data, ext4_fill_super);
5233 }
5234
5235 #if !defined(CONFIG_EXT2_FS) && !defined(CONFIG_EXT2_FS_MODULE) && defined(CONFIG_EXT4_USE_FOR_EXT23)
5236 static inline void register_as_ext2(void)
5237 {
5238         int err = register_filesystem(&ext2_fs_type);
5239         if (err)
5240                 printk(KERN_WARNING
5241                        "EXT4-fs: Unable to register as ext2 (%d)\n", err);
5242 }
5243
5244 static inline void unregister_as_ext2(void)
5245 {
5246         unregister_filesystem(&ext2_fs_type);
5247 }
5248
5249 static inline int ext2_feature_set_ok(struct super_block *sb)
5250 {
5251         if (EXT4_HAS_INCOMPAT_FEATURE(sb, ~EXT2_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_SUPP))
5252                 return 0;
5253         if (sb->s_flags & MS_RDONLY)
5254                 return 1;
5255         if (EXT4_HAS_RO_COMPAT_FEATURE(sb, ~EXT2_FEATURE_RO_COMPAT_SUPP))
5256                 return 0;
5257         return 1;
5258 }
5259 #else
5260 static inline void register_as_ext2(void) { }
5261 static inline void unregister_as_ext2(void) { }
5262 static inline int ext2_feature_set_ok(struct super_block *sb) { return 0; }
5263 #endif
5264
5265 #if !defined(CONFIG_EXT3_FS) && !defined(CONFIG_EXT3_FS_MODULE) && defined(CONFIG_EXT4_USE_FOR_EXT23)
5266 static inline void register_as_ext3(void)
5267 {
5268         int err = register_filesystem(&ext3_fs_type);
5269         if (err)
5270                 printk(KERN_WARNING
5271                        "EXT4-fs: Unable to register as ext3 (%d)\n", err);
5272 }
5273
5274 static inline void unregister_as_ext3(void)
5275 {
5276         unregister_filesystem(&ext3_fs_type);
5277 }
5278
5279 static inline int ext3_feature_set_ok(struct super_block *sb)
5280 {
5281         if (EXT4_HAS_INCOMPAT_FEATURE(sb, ~EXT3_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_SUPP))
5282                 return 0;
5283         if (!EXT4_HAS_COMPAT_FEATURE(sb, EXT4_FEATURE_COMPAT_HAS_JOURNAL))
5284                 return 0;
5285         if (sb->s_flags & MS_RDONLY)
5286                 return 1;
5287         if (EXT4_HAS_RO_COMPAT_FEATURE(sb, ~EXT3_FEATURE_RO_COMPAT_SUPP))
5288                 return 0;
5289         return 1;
5290 }
5291 #else
5292 static inline void register_as_ext3(void) { }
5293 static inline void unregister_as_ext3(void) { }
5294 static inline int ext3_feature_set_ok(struct super_block *sb) { return 0; }
5295 #endif
5296
5297 static struct file_system_type ext4_fs_type = {
5298         .owner          = THIS_MODULE,
5299         .name           = "ext4",
5300         .mount          = ext4_mount,
5301         .kill_sb        = kill_block_super,
5302         .fs_flags       = FS_REQUIRES_DEV,
5303 };
5304 MODULE_ALIAS_FS("ext4");
5305
5306 static int __init ext4_init_feat_adverts(void)
5307 {
5308         struct ext4_features *ef;
5309         int ret = -ENOMEM;
5310
5311         ef = kzalloc(sizeof(struct ext4_features), GFP_KERNEL);
5312         if (!ef)
5313                 goto out;
5314
5315         ef->f_kobj.kset = ext4_kset;
5316         init_completion(&ef->f_kobj_unregister);
5317         ret = kobject_init_and_add(&ef->f_kobj, &ext4_feat_ktype, NULL,
5318                                    "features");
5319         if (ret) {
5320                 kfree(ef);
5321                 goto out;
5322         }
5323
5324         ext4_feat = ef;
5325         ret = 0;
5326 out:
5327         return ret;
5328 }
5329
5330 static void ext4_exit_feat_adverts(void)
5331 {
5332         kobject_put(&ext4_feat->f_kobj);
5333         wait_for_completion(&ext4_feat->f_kobj_unregister);
5334         kfree(ext4_feat);
5335 }
5336
5337 /* Shared across all ext4 file systems */
5338 wait_queue_head_t ext4__ioend_wq[EXT4_WQ_HASH_SZ];
5339 struct mutex ext4__aio_mutex[EXT4_WQ_HASH_SZ];
5340
5341 static int __init ext4_init_fs(void)
5342 {
5343         int i, err;
5344
5345         ext4_li_info = NULL;
5346         mutex_init(&ext4_li_mtx);
5347
5348         /* Build-time check for flags consistency */
5349         ext4_check_flag_values();
5350
5351         for (i = 0; i < EXT4_WQ_HASH_SZ; i++) {
5352                 mutex_init(&ext4__aio_mutex[i]);
5353                 init_waitqueue_head(&ext4__ioend_wq[i]);
5354         }
5355
5356         err = ext4_init_es();
5357         if (err)
5358                 return err;
5359
5360         err = ext4_init_pageio();
5361         if (err)
5362                 goto out7;
5363
5364         err = ext4_init_system_zone();
5365         if (err)
5366                 goto out6;
5367         ext4_kset = kset_create_and_add("ext4", NULL, fs_kobj);
5368         if (!ext4_kset) {
5369                 err = -ENOMEM;
5370                 goto out5;
5371         }
5372         ext4_proc_root = proc_mkdir("fs/ext4", NULL);
5373
5374         err = ext4_init_feat_adverts();
5375         if (err)
5376                 goto out4;
5377
5378         err = ext4_init_mballoc();
5379         if (err)
5380                 goto out3;
5381
5382         err = ext4_init_xattr();
5383         if (err)
5384                 goto out2;
5385         err = init_inodecache();
5386         if (err)
5387                 goto out1;
5388         register_as_ext3();
5389         register_as_ext2();
5390         err = register_filesystem(&ext4_fs_type);
5391         if (err)
5392                 goto out;
5393
5394         return 0;
5395 out:
5396         unregister_as_ext2();
5397         unregister_as_ext3();
5398         destroy_inodecache();
5399 out1:
5400         ext4_exit_xattr();
5401 out2:
5402         ext4_exit_mballoc();
5403 out3:
5404         ext4_exit_feat_adverts();
5405 out4:
5406         if (ext4_proc_root)
5407                 remove_proc_entry("fs/ext4", NULL);
5408         kset_unregister(ext4_kset);
5409 out5:
5410         ext4_exit_system_zone();
5411 out6:
5412         ext4_exit_pageio();
5413 out7:
5414         ext4_exit_es();
5415
5416         return err;
5417 }
5418
5419 static void __exit ext4_exit_fs(void)
5420 {
5421         ext4_destroy_lazyinit_thread();
5422         unregister_as_ext2();
5423         unregister_as_ext3();
5424         unregister_filesystem(&ext4_fs_type);
5425         destroy_inodecache();
5426         ext4_exit_xattr();
5427         ext4_exit_mballoc();
5428         ext4_exit_feat_adverts();
5429         remove_proc_entry("fs/ext4", NULL);
5430         kset_unregister(ext4_kset);
5431         ext4_exit_system_zone();
5432         ext4_exit_pageio();
5433         ext4_exit_es();
5434 }
5435
5436 MODULE_AUTHOR("Remy Card, Stephen Tweedie, Andrew Morton, Andreas Dilger, Theodore Ts'o and others");
5437 MODULE_DESCRIPTION("Fourth Extended Filesystem");
5438 MODULE_LICENSE("GPL");
5439 module_init(ext4_init_fs)
5440 module_exit(ext4_exit_fs)