Linux-2.6.12-rc2
[linux-3.10.git] / arch / i386 / kernel / cpu / amd.c
1 #include <linux/init.h>
2 #include <linux/bitops.h>
3 #include <linux/mm.h>
4 #include <asm/io.h>
5 #include <asm/processor.h>
6
7 #include "cpu.h"
8
9 /*
10  *      B step AMD K6 before B 9730xxxx have hardware bugs that can cause
11  *      misexecution of code under Linux. Owners of such processors should
12  *      contact AMD for precise details and a CPU swap.
13  *
14  *      See     http://www.multimania.com/poulot/k6bug.html
15  *              http://www.amd.com/K6/k6docs/revgd.html
16  *
17  *      The following test is erm.. interesting. AMD neglected to up
18  *      the chip setting when fixing the bug but they also tweaked some
19  *      performance at the same time..
20  */
21  
22 extern void vide(void);
23 __asm__(".align 4\nvide: ret");
24
25 static void __init init_amd(struct cpuinfo_x86 *c)
26 {
27         u32 l, h;
28         int mbytes = num_physpages >> (20-PAGE_SHIFT);
29         int r;
30
31         /*
32          *      FIXME: We should handle the K5 here. Set up the write
33          *      range and also turn on MSR 83 bits 4 and 31 (write alloc,
34          *      no bus pipeline)
35          */
36
37         /* Bit 31 in normal CPUID used for nonstandard 3DNow ID;
38            3DNow is IDd by bit 31 in extended CPUID (1*32+31) anyway */
39         clear_bit(0*32+31, c->x86_capability);
40         
41         r = get_model_name(c);
42
43         switch(c->x86)
44         {
45                 case 4:
46                 /*
47                  * General Systems BIOSen alias the cpu frequency registers
48                  * of the Elan at 0x000df000. Unfortuantly, one of the Linux
49                  * drivers subsequently pokes it, and changes the CPU speed.
50                  * Workaround : Remove the unneeded alias.
51                  */
52 #define CBAR            (0xfffc) /* Configuration Base Address  (32-bit) */
53 #define CBAR_ENB        (0x80000000)
54 #define CBAR_KEY        (0X000000CB)
55                         if (c->x86_model==9 || c->x86_model == 10) {
56                                 if (inl (CBAR) & CBAR_ENB)
57                                         outl (0 | CBAR_KEY, CBAR);
58                         }
59                         break;
60                 case 5:
61                         if( c->x86_model < 6 )
62                         {
63                                 /* Based on AMD doc 20734R - June 2000 */
64                                 if ( c->x86_model == 0 ) {
65                                         clear_bit(X86_FEATURE_APIC, c->x86_capability);
66                                         set_bit(X86_FEATURE_PGE, c->x86_capability);
67                                 }
68                                 break;
69                         }
70                         
71                         if ( c->x86_model == 6 && c->x86_mask == 1 ) {
72                                 const int K6_BUG_LOOP = 1000000;
73                                 int n;
74                                 void (*f_vide)(void);
75                                 unsigned long d, d2;
76                                 
77                                 printk(KERN_INFO "AMD K6 stepping B detected - ");
78                                 
79                                 /*
80                                  * It looks like AMD fixed the 2.6.2 bug and improved indirect 
81                                  * calls at the same time.
82                                  */
83
84                                 n = K6_BUG_LOOP;
85                                 f_vide = vide;
86                                 rdtscl(d);
87                                 while (n--) 
88                                         f_vide();
89                                 rdtscl(d2);
90                                 d = d2-d;
91                                 
92                                 /* Knock these two lines out if it debugs out ok */
93                                 printk(KERN_INFO "AMD K6 stepping B detected - ");
94                                 /* -- cut here -- */
95                                 if (d > 20*K6_BUG_LOOP) 
96                                         printk("system stability may be impaired when more than 32 MB are used.\n");
97                                 else 
98                                         printk("probably OK (after B9730xxxx).\n");
99                                 printk(KERN_INFO "Please see http://membres.lycos.fr/poulot/k6bug.html\n");
100                         }
101
102                         /* K6 with old style WHCR */
103                         if (c->x86_model < 8 ||
104                            (c->x86_model== 8 && c->x86_mask < 8)) {
105                                 /* We can only write allocate on the low 508Mb */
106                                 if(mbytes>508)
107                                         mbytes=508;
108
109                                 rdmsr(MSR_K6_WHCR, l, h);
110                                 if ((l&0x0000FFFF)==0) {
111                                         unsigned long flags;
112                                         l=(1<<0)|((mbytes/4)<<1);
113                                         local_irq_save(flags);
114                                         wbinvd();
115                                         wrmsr(MSR_K6_WHCR, l, h);
116                                         local_irq_restore(flags);
117                                         printk(KERN_INFO "Enabling old style K6 write allocation for %d Mb\n",
118                                                 mbytes);
119                                 }
120                                 break;
121                         }
122
123                         if ((c->x86_model == 8 && c->x86_mask >7) ||
124                              c->x86_model == 9 || c->x86_model == 13) {
125                                 /* The more serious chips .. */
126
127                                 if(mbytes>4092)
128                                         mbytes=4092;
129
130                                 rdmsr(MSR_K6_WHCR, l, h);
131                                 if ((l&0xFFFF0000)==0) {
132                                         unsigned long flags;
133                                         l=((mbytes>>2)<<22)|(1<<16);
134                                         local_irq_save(flags);
135                                         wbinvd();
136                                         wrmsr(MSR_K6_WHCR, l, h);
137                                         local_irq_restore(flags);
138                                         printk(KERN_INFO "Enabling new style K6 write allocation for %d Mb\n",
139                                                 mbytes);
140                                 }
141
142                                 /*  Set MTRR capability flag if appropriate */
143                                 if (c->x86_model == 13 || c->x86_model == 9 ||
144                                    (c->x86_model == 8 && c->x86_mask >= 8))
145                                         set_bit(X86_FEATURE_K6_MTRR, c->x86_capability);
146                                 break;
147                         }
148                         break;
149
150                 case 6: /* An Athlon/Duron */
151  
152                         /* Bit 15 of Athlon specific MSR 15, needs to be 0
153                          * to enable SSE on Palomino/Morgan/Barton CPU's.
154                          * If the BIOS didn't enable it already, enable it here.
155                          */
156                         if (c->x86_model >= 6 && c->x86_model <= 10) {
157                                 if (!cpu_has(c, X86_FEATURE_XMM)) {
158                                         printk(KERN_INFO "Enabling disabled K7/SSE Support.\n");
159                                         rdmsr(MSR_K7_HWCR, l, h);
160                                         l &= ~0x00008000;
161                                         wrmsr(MSR_K7_HWCR, l, h);
162                                         set_bit(X86_FEATURE_XMM, c->x86_capability);
163                                 }
164                         }
165
166                         /* It's been determined by AMD that Athlons since model 8 stepping 1
167                          * are more robust with CLK_CTL set to 200xxxxx instead of 600xxxxx
168                          * As per AMD technical note 27212 0.2
169                          */
170                         if ((c->x86_model == 8 && c->x86_mask>=1) || (c->x86_model > 8)) {
171                                 rdmsr(MSR_K7_CLK_CTL, l, h);
172                                 if ((l & 0xfff00000) != 0x20000000) {
173                                         printk ("CPU: CLK_CTL MSR was %x. Reprogramming to %x\n", l,
174                                                 ((l & 0x000fffff)|0x20000000));
175                                         wrmsr(MSR_K7_CLK_CTL, (l & 0x000fffff)|0x20000000, h);
176                                 }
177                         }
178                         break;
179         }
180
181         switch (c->x86) {
182         case 15:
183                 set_bit(X86_FEATURE_K8, c->x86_capability);
184                 break;
185         case 6:
186                 set_bit(X86_FEATURE_K7, c->x86_capability); 
187                 break;
188         }
189
190         display_cacheinfo(c);
191         detect_ht(c);
192
193 #ifdef CONFIG_X86_HT
194         /* AMD dual core looks like HT but isn't really. Hide it from the
195            scheduler. This works around problems with the domain scheduler.
196            Also probably gives slightly better scheduling and disables
197            SMT nice which is harmful on dual core.
198            TBD tune the domain scheduler for dual core. */
199         if (cpu_has(c, X86_FEATURE_CMP_LEGACY))
200                 smp_num_siblings = 1;
201 #endif
202
203         if (cpuid_eax(0x80000000) >= 0x80000008) {
204                 c->x86_num_cores = (cpuid_ecx(0x80000008) & 0xff) + 1;
205                 if (c->x86_num_cores & (c->x86_num_cores - 1))
206                         c->x86_num_cores = 1;
207         }
208 }
209
210 static unsigned int amd_size_cache(struct cpuinfo_x86 * c, unsigned int size)
211 {
212         /* AMD errata T13 (order #21922) */
213         if ((c->x86 == 6)) {
214                 if (c->x86_model == 3 && c->x86_mask == 0)      /* Duron Rev A0 */
215                         size = 64;
216                 if (c->x86_model == 4 &&
217                     (c->x86_mask==0 || c->x86_mask==1)) /* Tbird rev A1/A2 */
218                         size = 256;
219         }
220         return size;
221 }
222
223 static struct cpu_dev amd_cpu_dev __initdata = {
224         .c_vendor       = "AMD",
225         .c_ident        = { "AuthenticAMD" },
226         .c_models = {
227                 { .vendor = X86_VENDOR_AMD, .family = 4, .model_names =
228                   {
229                           [3] = "486 DX/2",
230                           [7] = "486 DX/2-WB",
231                           [8] = "486 DX/4", 
232                           [9] = "486 DX/4-WB", 
233                           [14] = "Am5x86-WT",
234                           [15] = "Am5x86-WB" 
235                   }
236                 },
237         },
238         .c_init         = init_amd,
239         .c_identify     = generic_identify,
240         .c_size_cache   = amd_size_cache,
241 };
242
243 int __init amd_init_cpu(void)
244 {
245         cpu_devs[X86_VENDOR_AMD] = &amd_cpu_dev;
246         return 0;
247 }
248
249 //early_arch_initcall(amd_init_cpu);