Linux-2.6.12-rc2
[linux-3.10.git] / arch / alpha / kernel / traps.c
1 /*
2  * arch/alpha/kernel/traps.c
3  *
4  * (C) Copyright 1994 Linus Torvalds
5  */
6
7 /*
8  * This file initializes the trap entry points
9  */
10
11 #include <linux/config.h>
12 #include <linux/mm.h>
13 #include <linux/sched.h>
14 #include <linux/tty.h>
15 #include <linux/delay.h>
16 #include <linux/smp_lock.h>
17 #include <linux/module.h>
18 #include <linux/init.h>
19 #include <linux/kallsyms.h>
20
21 #include <asm/gentrap.h>
22 #include <asm/uaccess.h>
23 #include <asm/unaligned.h>
24 #include <asm/sysinfo.h>
25 #include <asm/hwrpb.h>
26 #include <asm/mmu_context.h>
27
28 #include "proto.h"
29
30 /* Work-around for some SRMs which mishandle opDEC faults.  */
31
32 static int opDEC_fix;
33
34 static void __init
35 opDEC_check(void)
36 {
37         __asm__ __volatile__ (
38         /* Load the address of... */
39         "       br      $16, 1f\n"
40         /* A stub instruction fault handler.  Just add 4 to the
41            pc and continue.  */
42         "       ldq     $16, 8($sp)\n"
43         "       addq    $16, 4, $16\n"
44         "       stq     $16, 8($sp)\n"
45         "       call_pal %[rti]\n"
46         /* Install the instruction fault handler.  */
47         "1:     lda     $17, 3\n"
48         "       call_pal %[wrent]\n"
49         /* With that in place, the fault from the round-to-minf fp
50            insn will arrive either at the "lda 4" insn (bad) or one
51            past that (good).  This places the correct fixup in %0.  */
52         "       lda %[fix], 0\n"
53         "       cvttq/svm $f31,$f31\n"
54         "       lda %[fix], 4"
55         : [fix] "=r" (opDEC_fix)
56         : [rti] "n" (PAL_rti), [wrent] "n" (PAL_wrent)
57         : "$0", "$1", "$16", "$17", "$22", "$23", "$24", "$25");
58
59         if (opDEC_fix)
60                 printk("opDEC fixup enabled.\n");
61 }
62
63 void
64 dik_show_regs(struct pt_regs *regs, unsigned long *r9_15)
65 {
66         printk("pc = [<%016lx>]  ra = [<%016lx>]  ps = %04lx    %s\n",
67                regs->pc, regs->r26, regs->ps, print_tainted());
68         print_symbol("pc is at %s\n", regs->pc);
69         print_symbol("ra is at %s\n", regs->r26 );
70         printk("v0 = %016lx  t0 = %016lx  t1 = %016lx\n",
71                regs->r0, regs->r1, regs->r2);
72         printk("t2 = %016lx  t3 = %016lx  t4 = %016lx\n",
73                regs->r3, regs->r4, regs->r5);
74         printk("t5 = %016lx  t6 = %016lx  t7 = %016lx\n",
75                regs->r6, regs->r7, regs->r8);
76
77         if (r9_15) {
78                 printk("s0 = %016lx  s1 = %016lx  s2 = %016lx\n",
79                        r9_15[9], r9_15[10], r9_15[11]);
80                 printk("s3 = %016lx  s4 = %016lx  s5 = %016lx\n",
81                        r9_15[12], r9_15[13], r9_15[14]);
82                 printk("s6 = %016lx\n", r9_15[15]);
83         }
84
85         printk("a0 = %016lx  a1 = %016lx  a2 = %016lx\n",
86                regs->r16, regs->r17, regs->r18);
87         printk("a3 = %016lx  a4 = %016lx  a5 = %016lx\n",
88                regs->r19, regs->r20, regs->r21);
89         printk("t8 = %016lx  t9 = %016lx  t10= %016lx\n",
90                regs->r22, regs->r23, regs->r24);
91         printk("t11= %016lx  pv = %016lx  at = %016lx\n",
92                regs->r25, regs->r27, regs->r28);
93         printk("gp = %016lx  sp = %p\n", regs->gp, regs+1);
94 #if 0
95 __halt();
96 #endif
97 }
98
99 #if 0
100 static char * ireg_name[] = {"v0", "t0", "t1", "t2", "t3", "t4", "t5", "t6",
101                            "t7", "s0", "s1", "s2", "s3", "s4", "s5", "s6",
102                            "a0", "a1", "a2", "a3", "a4", "a5", "t8", "t9",
103                            "t10", "t11", "ra", "pv", "at", "gp", "sp", "zero"};
104 #endif
105
106 static void
107 dik_show_code(unsigned int *pc)
108 {
109         long i;
110
111         printk("Code:");
112         for (i = -6; i < 2; i++) {
113                 unsigned int insn;
114                 if (__get_user(insn, (unsigned int __user *)pc + i))
115                         break;
116                 printk("%c%08x%c", i ? ' ' : '<', insn, i ? ' ' : '>');
117         }
118         printk("\n");
119 }
120
121 static void
122 dik_show_trace(unsigned long *sp)
123 {
124         long i = 0;
125         printk("Trace:\n");
126         while (0x1ff8 & (unsigned long) sp) {
127                 extern char _stext[], _etext[];
128                 unsigned long tmp = *sp;
129                 sp++;
130                 if (tmp < (unsigned long) &_stext)
131                         continue;
132                 if (tmp >= (unsigned long) &_etext)
133                         continue;
134                 printk("[<%lx>]", tmp);
135                 print_symbol(" %s", tmp);
136                 printk("\n");
137                 if (i > 40) {
138                         printk(" ...");
139                         break;
140                 }
141         }
142         printk("\n");
143 }
144
145 static int kstack_depth_to_print = 24;
146
147 void show_stack(struct task_struct *task, unsigned long *sp)
148 {
149         unsigned long *stack;
150         int i;
151
152         /*
153          * debugging aid: "show_stack(NULL);" prints the
154          * back trace for this cpu.
155          */
156         if(sp==NULL)
157                 sp=(unsigned long*)&sp;
158
159         stack = sp;
160         for(i=0; i < kstack_depth_to_print; i++) {
161                 if (((long) stack & (THREAD_SIZE-1)) == 0)
162                         break;
163                 if (i && ((i % 4) == 0))
164                         printk("\n       ");
165                 printk("%016lx ", *stack++);
166         }
167         printk("\n");
168         dik_show_trace(sp);
169 }
170
171 void dump_stack(void)
172 {
173         show_stack(NULL, NULL);
174 }
175
176 EXPORT_SYMBOL(dump_stack);
177
178 void
179 die_if_kernel(char * str, struct pt_regs *regs, long err, unsigned long *r9_15)
180 {
181         if (regs->ps & 8)
182                 return;
183 #ifdef CONFIG_SMP
184         printk("CPU %d ", hard_smp_processor_id());
185 #endif
186         printk("%s(%d): %s %ld\n", current->comm, current->pid, str, err);
187         dik_show_regs(regs, r9_15);
188         dik_show_trace((unsigned long *)(regs+1));
189         dik_show_code((unsigned int *)regs->pc);
190
191         if (test_and_set_thread_flag (TIF_DIE_IF_KERNEL)) {
192                 printk("die_if_kernel recursion detected.\n");
193                 local_irq_enable();
194                 while (1);
195         }
196         do_exit(SIGSEGV);
197 }
198
199 #ifndef CONFIG_MATHEMU
200 static long dummy_emul(void) { return 0; }
201 long (*alpha_fp_emul_imprecise)(struct pt_regs *regs, unsigned long writemask)
202   = (void *)dummy_emul;
203 long (*alpha_fp_emul) (unsigned long pc)
204   = (void *)dummy_emul;
205 #else
206 long alpha_fp_emul_imprecise(struct pt_regs *regs, unsigned long writemask);
207 long alpha_fp_emul (unsigned long pc);
208 #endif
209
210 asmlinkage void
211 do_entArith(unsigned long summary, unsigned long write_mask,
212             struct pt_regs *regs)
213 {
214         long si_code = FPE_FLTINV;
215         siginfo_t info;
216
217         if (summary & 1) {
218                 /* Software-completion summary bit is set, so try to
219                    emulate the instruction.  If the processor supports
220                    precise exceptions, we don't have to search.  */
221                 if (!amask(AMASK_PRECISE_TRAP))
222                         si_code = alpha_fp_emul(regs->pc - 4);
223                 else
224                         si_code = alpha_fp_emul_imprecise(regs, write_mask);
225                 if (si_code == 0)
226                         return;
227         }
228         die_if_kernel("Arithmetic fault", regs, 0, NULL);
229
230         info.si_signo = SIGFPE;
231         info.si_errno = 0;
232         info.si_code = si_code;
233         info.si_addr = (void __user *) regs->pc;
234         send_sig_info(SIGFPE, &info, current);
235 }
236
237 asmlinkage void
238 do_entIF(unsigned long type, struct pt_regs *regs)
239 {
240         siginfo_t info;
241         int signo, code;
242
243         if (regs->ps == 0) {
244                 if (type == 1) {
245                         const unsigned int *data
246                           = (const unsigned int *) regs->pc;
247                         printk("Kernel bug at %s:%d\n",
248                                (const char *)(data[1] | (long)data[2] << 32), 
249                                data[0]);
250                 }
251                 die_if_kernel((type == 1 ? "Kernel Bug" : "Instruction fault"),
252                               regs, type, NULL);
253         }
254
255         switch (type) {
256               case 0: /* breakpoint */
257                 info.si_signo = SIGTRAP;
258                 info.si_errno = 0;
259                 info.si_code = TRAP_BRKPT;
260                 info.si_trapno = 0;
261                 info.si_addr = (void __user *) regs->pc;
262
263                 if (ptrace_cancel_bpt(current)) {
264                         regs->pc -= 4;  /* make pc point to former bpt */
265                 }
266
267                 send_sig_info(SIGTRAP, &info, current);
268                 return;
269
270               case 1: /* bugcheck */
271                 info.si_signo = SIGTRAP;
272                 info.si_errno = 0;
273                 info.si_code = __SI_FAULT;
274                 info.si_addr = (void __user *) regs->pc;
275                 info.si_trapno = 0;
276                 send_sig_info(SIGTRAP, &info, current);
277                 return;
278                 
279               case 2: /* gentrap */
280                 info.si_addr = (void __user *) regs->pc;
281                 info.si_trapno = regs->r16;
282                 switch ((long) regs->r16) {
283                 case GEN_INTOVF:
284                         signo = SIGFPE;
285                         code = FPE_INTOVF;
286                         break;
287                 case GEN_INTDIV:
288                         signo = SIGFPE;
289                         code = FPE_INTDIV;
290                         break;
291                 case GEN_FLTOVF:
292                         signo = SIGFPE;
293                         code = FPE_FLTOVF;
294                         break;
295                 case GEN_FLTDIV:
296                         signo = SIGFPE;
297                         code = FPE_FLTDIV;
298                         break;
299                 case GEN_FLTUND:
300                         signo = SIGFPE;
301                         code = FPE_FLTUND;
302                         break;
303                 case GEN_FLTINV:
304                         signo = SIGFPE;
305                         code = FPE_FLTINV;
306                         break;
307                 case GEN_FLTINE:
308                         signo = SIGFPE;
309                         code = FPE_FLTRES;
310                         break;
311                 case GEN_ROPRAND:
312                         signo = SIGFPE;
313                         code = __SI_FAULT;
314                         break;
315
316                 case GEN_DECOVF:
317                 case GEN_DECDIV:
318                 case GEN_DECINV:
319                 case GEN_ASSERTERR:
320                 case GEN_NULPTRERR:
321                 case GEN_STKOVF:
322                 case GEN_STRLENERR:
323                 case GEN_SUBSTRERR:
324                 case GEN_RANGERR:
325                 case GEN_SUBRNG:
326                 case GEN_SUBRNG1:
327                 case GEN_SUBRNG2:
328                 case GEN_SUBRNG3:
329                 case GEN_SUBRNG4:
330                 case GEN_SUBRNG5:
331                 case GEN_SUBRNG6:
332                 case GEN_SUBRNG7:
333                 default:
334                         signo = SIGTRAP;
335                         code = __SI_FAULT;
336                         break;
337                 }
338
339                 info.si_signo = signo;
340                 info.si_errno = 0;
341                 info.si_code = code;
342                 info.si_addr = (void __user *) regs->pc;
343                 send_sig_info(signo, &info, current);
344                 return;
345
346               case 4: /* opDEC */
347                 if (implver() == IMPLVER_EV4) {
348                         long si_code;
349
350                         /* The some versions of SRM do not handle
351                            the opDEC properly - they return the PC of the
352                            opDEC fault, not the instruction after as the
353                            Alpha architecture requires.  Here we fix it up.
354                            We do this by intentionally causing an opDEC
355                            fault during the boot sequence and testing if
356                            we get the correct PC.  If not, we set a flag
357                            to correct it every time through.  */
358                         regs->pc += opDEC_fix; 
359                         
360                         /* EV4 does not implement anything except normal
361                            rounding.  Everything else will come here as
362                            an illegal instruction.  Emulate them.  */
363                         si_code = alpha_fp_emul(regs->pc - 4);
364                         if (si_code == 0)
365                                 return;
366                         if (si_code > 0) {
367                                 info.si_signo = SIGFPE;
368                                 info.si_errno = 0;
369                                 info.si_code = si_code;
370                                 info.si_addr = (void __user *) regs->pc;
371                                 send_sig_info(SIGFPE, &info, current);
372                                 return;
373                         }
374                 }
375                 break;
376
377               case 3: /* FEN fault */
378                 /* Irritating users can call PAL_clrfen to disable the
379                    FPU for the process.  The kernel will then trap in
380                    do_switch_stack and undo_switch_stack when we try
381                    to save and restore the FP registers.
382
383                    Given that GCC by default generates code that uses the
384                    FP registers, PAL_clrfen is not useful except for DoS
385                    attacks.  So turn the bleeding FPU back on and be done
386                    with it.  */
387                 current_thread_info()->pcb.flags |= 1;
388                 __reload_thread(&current_thread_info()->pcb);
389                 return;
390
391               case 5: /* illoc */
392               default: /* unexpected instruction-fault type */
393                       ;
394         }
395
396         info.si_signo = SIGILL;
397         info.si_errno = 0;
398         info.si_code = ILL_ILLOPC;
399         info.si_addr = (void __user *) regs->pc;
400         send_sig_info(SIGILL, &info, current);
401 }
402
403 /* There is an ifdef in the PALcode in MILO that enables a 
404    "kernel debugging entry point" as an unprivileged call_pal.
405
406    We don't want to have anything to do with it, but unfortunately
407    several versions of MILO included in distributions have it enabled,
408    and if we don't put something on the entry point we'll oops.  */
409
410 asmlinkage void
411 do_entDbg(struct pt_regs *regs)
412 {
413         siginfo_t info;
414
415         die_if_kernel("Instruction fault", regs, 0, NULL);
416
417         info.si_signo = SIGILL;
418         info.si_errno = 0;
419         info.si_code = ILL_ILLOPC;
420         info.si_addr = (void __user *) regs->pc;
421         force_sig_info(SIGILL, &info, current);
422 }
423
424
425 /*
426  * entUna has a different register layout to be reasonably simple. It
427  * needs access to all the integer registers (the kernel doesn't use
428  * fp-regs), and it needs to have them in order for simpler access.
429  *
430  * Due to the non-standard register layout (and because we don't want
431  * to handle floating-point regs), user-mode unaligned accesses are
432  * handled separately by do_entUnaUser below.
433  *
434  * Oh, btw, we don't handle the "gp" register correctly, but if we fault
435  * on a gp-register unaligned load/store, something is _very_ wrong
436  * in the kernel anyway..
437  */
438 struct allregs {
439         unsigned long regs[32];
440         unsigned long ps, pc, gp, a0, a1, a2;
441 };
442
443 struct unaligned_stat {
444         unsigned long count, va, pc;
445 } unaligned[2];
446
447
448 /* Macro for exception fixup code to access integer registers.  */
449 #define una_reg(r)  (regs.regs[(r) >= 16 && (r) <= 18 ? (r)+19 : (r)])
450
451
452 asmlinkage void
453 do_entUna(void * va, unsigned long opcode, unsigned long reg,
454           unsigned long a3, unsigned long a4, unsigned long a5,
455           struct allregs regs)
456 {
457         long error, tmp1, tmp2, tmp3, tmp4;
458         unsigned long pc = regs.pc - 4;
459         const struct exception_table_entry *fixup;
460
461         unaligned[0].count++;
462         unaligned[0].va = (unsigned long) va;
463         unaligned[0].pc = pc;
464
465         /* We don't want to use the generic get/put unaligned macros as
466            we want to trap exceptions.  Only if we actually get an
467            exception will we decide whether we should have caught it.  */
468
469         switch (opcode) {
470         case 0x0c: /* ldwu */
471                 __asm__ __volatile__(
472                 "1:     ldq_u %1,0(%3)\n"
473                 "2:     ldq_u %2,1(%3)\n"
474                 "       extwl %1,%3,%1\n"
475                 "       extwh %2,%3,%2\n"
476                 "3:\n"
477                 ".section __ex_table,\"a\"\n"
478                 "       .long 1b - .\n"
479                 "       lda %1,3b-1b(%0)\n"
480                 "       .long 2b - .\n"
481                 "       lda %2,3b-2b(%0)\n"
482                 ".previous"
483                         : "=r"(error), "=&r"(tmp1), "=&r"(tmp2)
484                         : "r"(va), "0"(0));
485                 if (error)
486                         goto got_exception;
487                 una_reg(reg) = tmp1|tmp2;
488                 return;
489
490         case 0x28: /* ldl */
491                 __asm__ __volatile__(
492                 "1:     ldq_u %1,0(%3)\n"
493                 "2:     ldq_u %2,3(%3)\n"
494                 "       extll %1,%3,%1\n"
495                 "       extlh %2,%3,%2\n"
496                 "3:\n"
497                 ".section __ex_table,\"a\"\n"
498                 "       .long 1b - .\n"
499                 "       lda %1,3b-1b(%0)\n"
500                 "       .long 2b - .\n"
501                 "       lda %2,3b-2b(%0)\n"
502                 ".previous"
503                         : "=r"(error), "=&r"(tmp1), "=&r"(tmp2)
504                         : "r"(va), "0"(0));
505                 if (error)
506                         goto got_exception;
507                 una_reg(reg) = (int)(tmp1|tmp2);
508                 return;
509
510         case 0x29: /* ldq */
511                 __asm__ __volatile__(
512                 "1:     ldq_u %1,0(%3)\n"
513                 "2:     ldq_u %2,7(%3)\n"
514                 "       extql %1,%3,%1\n"
515                 "       extqh %2,%3,%2\n"
516                 "3:\n"
517                 ".section __ex_table,\"a\"\n"
518                 "       .long 1b - .\n"
519                 "       lda %1,3b-1b(%0)\n"
520                 "       .long 2b - .\n"
521                 "       lda %2,3b-2b(%0)\n"
522                 ".previous"
523                         : "=r"(error), "=&r"(tmp1), "=&r"(tmp2)
524                         : "r"(va), "0"(0));
525                 if (error)
526                         goto got_exception;
527                 una_reg(reg) = tmp1|tmp2;
528                 return;
529
530         /* Note that the store sequences do not indicate that they change
531            memory because it _should_ be affecting nothing in this context.
532            (Otherwise we have other, much larger, problems.)  */
533         case 0x0d: /* stw */
534                 __asm__ __volatile__(
535                 "1:     ldq_u %2,1(%5)\n"
536                 "2:     ldq_u %1,0(%5)\n"
537                 "       inswh %6,%5,%4\n"
538                 "       inswl %6,%5,%3\n"
539                 "       mskwh %2,%5,%2\n"
540                 "       mskwl %1,%5,%1\n"
541                 "       or %2,%4,%2\n"
542                 "       or %1,%3,%1\n"
543                 "3:     stq_u %2,1(%5)\n"
544                 "4:     stq_u %1,0(%5)\n"
545                 "5:\n"
546                 ".section __ex_table,\"a\"\n"
547                 "       .long 1b - .\n"
548                 "       lda %2,5b-1b(%0)\n"
549                 "       .long 2b - .\n"
550                 "       lda %1,5b-2b(%0)\n"
551                 "       .long 3b - .\n"
552                 "       lda $31,5b-3b(%0)\n"
553                 "       .long 4b - .\n"
554                 "       lda $31,5b-4b(%0)\n"
555                 ".previous"
556                         : "=r"(error), "=&r"(tmp1), "=&r"(tmp2),
557                           "=&r"(tmp3), "=&r"(tmp4)
558                         : "r"(va), "r"(una_reg(reg)), "0"(0));
559                 if (error)
560                         goto got_exception;
561                 return;
562
563         case 0x2c: /* stl */
564                 __asm__ __volatile__(
565                 "1:     ldq_u %2,3(%5)\n"
566                 "2:     ldq_u %1,0(%5)\n"
567                 "       inslh %6,%5,%4\n"
568                 "       insll %6,%5,%3\n"
569                 "       msklh %2,%5,%2\n"
570                 "       mskll %1,%5,%1\n"
571                 "       or %2,%4,%2\n"
572                 "       or %1,%3,%1\n"
573                 "3:     stq_u %2,3(%5)\n"
574                 "4:     stq_u %1,0(%5)\n"
575                 "5:\n"
576                 ".section __ex_table,\"a\"\n"
577                 "       .long 1b - .\n"
578                 "       lda %2,5b-1b(%0)\n"
579                 "       .long 2b - .\n"
580                 "       lda %1,5b-2b(%0)\n"
581                 "       .long 3b - .\n"
582                 "       lda $31,5b-3b(%0)\n"
583                 "       .long 4b - .\n"
584                 "       lda $31,5b-4b(%0)\n"
585                 ".previous"
586                         : "=r"(error), "=&r"(tmp1), "=&r"(tmp2),
587                           "=&r"(tmp3), "=&r"(tmp4)
588                         : "r"(va), "r"(una_reg(reg)), "0"(0));
589                 if (error)
590                         goto got_exception;
591                 return;
592
593         case 0x2d: /* stq */
594                 __asm__ __volatile__(
595                 "1:     ldq_u %2,7(%5)\n"
596                 "2:     ldq_u %1,0(%5)\n"
597                 "       insqh %6,%5,%4\n"
598                 "       insql %6,%5,%3\n"
599                 "       mskqh %2,%5,%2\n"
600                 "       mskql %1,%5,%1\n"
601                 "       or %2,%4,%2\n"
602                 "       or %1,%3,%1\n"
603                 "3:     stq_u %2,7(%5)\n"
604                 "4:     stq_u %1,0(%5)\n"
605                 "5:\n"
606                 ".section __ex_table,\"a\"\n\t"
607                 "       .long 1b - .\n"
608                 "       lda %2,5b-1b(%0)\n"
609                 "       .long 2b - .\n"
610                 "       lda %1,5b-2b(%0)\n"
611                 "       .long 3b - .\n"
612                 "       lda $31,5b-3b(%0)\n"
613                 "       .long 4b - .\n"
614                 "       lda $31,5b-4b(%0)\n"
615                 ".previous"
616                         : "=r"(error), "=&r"(tmp1), "=&r"(tmp2),
617                           "=&r"(tmp3), "=&r"(tmp4)
618                         : "r"(va), "r"(una_reg(reg)), "0"(0));
619                 if (error)
620                         goto got_exception;
621                 return;
622         }
623
624         lock_kernel();
625         printk("Bad unaligned kernel access at %016lx: %p %lx %ld\n",
626                 pc, va, opcode, reg);
627         do_exit(SIGSEGV);
628
629 got_exception:
630         /* Ok, we caught the exception, but we don't want it.  Is there
631            someone to pass it along to?  */
632         if ((fixup = search_exception_tables(pc)) != 0) {
633                 unsigned long newpc;
634                 newpc = fixup_exception(una_reg, fixup, pc);
635
636                 printk("Forwarding unaligned exception at %lx (%lx)\n",
637                        pc, newpc);
638
639                 (&regs)->pc = newpc;
640                 return;
641         }
642
643         /*
644          * Yikes!  No one to forward the exception to.
645          * Since the registers are in a weird format, dump them ourselves.
646          */
647         lock_kernel();
648
649         printk("%s(%d): unhandled unaligned exception\n",
650                current->comm, current->pid);
651
652         printk("pc = [<%016lx>]  ra = [<%016lx>]  ps = %04lx\n",
653                pc, una_reg(26), regs.ps);
654         printk("r0 = %016lx  r1 = %016lx  r2 = %016lx\n",
655                una_reg(0), una_reg(1), una_reg(2));
656         printk("r3 = %016lx  r4 = %016lx  r5 = %016lx\n",
657                una_reg(3), una_reg(4), una_reg(5));
658         printk("r6 = %016lx  r7 = %016lx  r8 = %016lx\n",
659                una_reg(6), una_reg(7), una_reg(8));
660         printk("r9 = %016lx  r10= %016lx  r11= %016lx\n",
661                una_reg(9), una_reg(10), una_reg(11));
662         printk("r12= %016lx  r13= %016lx  r14= %016lx\n",
663                una_reg(12), una_reg(13), una_reg(14));
664         printk("r15= %016lx\n", una_reg(15));
665         printk("r16= %016lx  r17= %016lx  r18= %016lx\n",
666                una_reg(16), una_reg(17), una_reg(18));
667         printk("r19= %016lx  r20= %016lx  r21= %016lx\n",
668                una_reg(19), una_reg(20), una_reg(21));
669         printk("r22= %016lx  r23= %016lx  r24= %016lx\n",
670                una_reg(22), una_reg(23), una_reg(24));
671         printk("r25= %016lx  r27= %016lx  r28= %016lx\n",
672                una_reg(25), una_reg(27), una_reg(28));
673         printk("gp = %016lx  sp = %p\n", regs.gp, &regs+1);
674
675         dik_show_code((unsigned int *)pc);
676         dik_show_trace((unsigned long *)(&regs+1));
677
678         if (test_and_set_thread_flag (TIF_DIE_IF_KERNEL)) {
679                 printk("die_if_kernel recursion detected.\n");
680                 local_irq_enable();
681                 while (1);
682         }
683         do_exit(SIGSEGV);
684 }
685
686 /*
687  * Convert an s-floating point value in memory format to the
688  * corresponding value in register format.  The exponent
689  * needs to be remapped to preserve non-finite values
690  * (infinities, not-a-numbers, denormals).
691  */
692 static inline unsigned long
693 s_mem_to_reg (unsigned long s_mem)
694 {
695         unsigned long frac    = (s_mem >>  0) & 0x7fffff;
696         unsigned long sign    = (s_mem >> 31) & 0x1;
697         unsigned long exp_msb = (s_mem >> 30) & 0x1;
698         unsigned long exp_low = (s_mem >> 23) & 0x7f;
699         unsigned long exp;
700
701         exp = (exp_msb << 10) | exp_low;        /* common case */
702         if (exp_msb) {
703                 if (exp_low == 0x7f) {
704                         exp = 0x7ff;
705                 }
706         } else {
707                 if (exp_low == 0x00) {
708                         exp = 0x000;
709                 } else {
710                         exp |= (0x7 << 7);
711                 }
712         }
713         return (sign << 63) | (exp << 52) | (frac << 29);
714 }
715
716 /*
717  * Convert an s-floating point value in register format to the
718  * corresponding value in memory format.
719  */
720 static inline unsigned long
721 s_reg_to_mem (unsigned long s_reg)
722 {
723         return ((s_reg >> 62) << 30) | ((s_reg << 5) >> 34);
724 }
725
726 /*
727  * Handle user-level unaligned fault.  Handling user-level unaligned
728  * faults is *extremely* slow and produces nasty messages.  A user
729  * program *should* fix unaligned faults ASAP.
730  *
731  * Notice that we have (almost) the regular kernel stack layout here,
732  * so finding the appropriate registers is a little more difficult
733  * than in the kernel case.
734  *
735  * Finally, we handle regular integer load/stores only.  In
736  * particular, load-linked/store-conditionally and floating point
737  * load/stores are not supported.  The former make no sense with
738  * unaligned faults (they are guaranteed to fail) and I don't think
739  * the latter will occur in any decent program.
740  *
741  * Sigh. We *do* have to handle some FP operations, because GCC will
742  * uses them as temporary storage for integer memory to memory copies.
743  * However, we need to deal with stt/ldt and sts/lds only.
744  */
745
746 #define OP_INT_MASK     ( 1L << 0x28 | 1L << 0x2c   /* ldl stl */       \
747                         | 1L << 0x29 | 1L << 0x2d   /* ldq stq */       \
748                         | 1L << 0x0c | 1L << 0x0d   /* ldwu stw */      \
749                         | 1L << 0x0a | 1L << 0x0e ) /* ldbu stb */
750
751 #define OP_WRITE_MASK   ( 1L << 0x26 | 1L << 0x27   /* sts stt */       \
752                         | 1L << 0x2c | 1L << 0x2d   /* stl stq */       \
753                         | 1L << 0x0d | 1L << 0x0e ) /* stw stb */
754
755 #define R(x)    ((size_t) &((struct pt_regs *)0)->x)
756
757 static int unauser_reg_offsets[32] = {
758         R(r0), R(r1), R(r2), R(r3), R(r4), R(r5), R(r6), R(r7), R(r8),
759         /* r9 ... r15 are stored in front of regs.  */
760         -56, -48, -40, -32, -24, -16, -8,
761         R(r16), R(r17), R(r18),
762         R(r19), R(r20), R(r21), R(r22), R(r23), R(r24), R(r25), R(r26),
763         R(r27), R(r28), R(gp),
764         0, 0
765 };
766
767 #undef R
768
769 asmlinkage void
770 do_entUnaUser(void __user * va, unsigned long opcode,
771               unsigned long reg, struct pt_regs *regs)
772 {
773         static int cnt = 0;
774         static long last_time = 0;
775
776         unsigned long tmp1, tmp2, tmp3, tmp4;
777         unsigned long fake_reg, *reg_addr = &fake_reg;
778         siginfo_t info;
779         long error;
780
781         /* Check the UAC bits to decide what the user wants us to do
782            with the unaliged access.  */
783
784         if (!test_thread_flag (TIF_UAC_NOPRINT)) {
785                 if (cnt >= 5 && jiffies - last_time > 5*HZ) {
786                         cnt = 0;
787                 }
788                 if (++cnt < 5) {
789                         printk("%s(%d): unaligned trap at %016lx: %p %lx %ld\n",
790                                current->comm, current->pid,
791                                regs->pc - 4, va, opcode, reg);
792                 }
793                 last_time = jiffies;
794         }
795         if (test_thread_flag (TIF_UAC_SIGBUS))
796                 goto give_sigbus;
797         /* Not sure why you'd want to use this, but... */
798         if (test_thread_flag (TIF_UAC_NOFIX))
799                 return;
800
801         /* Don't bother reading ds in the access check since we already
802            know that this came from the user.  Also rely on the fact that
803            the page at TASK_SIZE is unmapped and so can't be touched anyway. */
804         if (!__access_ok((unsigned long)va, 0, USER_DS))
805                 goto give_sigsegv;
806
807         ++unaligned[1].count;
808         unaligned[1].va = (unsigned long)va;
809         unaligned[1].pc = regs->pc - 4;
810
811         if ((1L << opcode) & OP_INT_MASK) {
812                 /* it's an integer load/store */
813                 if (reg < 30) {
814                         reg_addr = (unsigned long *)
815                           ((char *)regs + unauser_reg_offsets[reg]);
816                 } else if (reg == 30) {
817                         /* usp in PAL regs */
818                         fake_reg = rdusp();
819                 } else {
820                         /* zero "register" */
821                         fake_reg = 0;
822                 }
823         }
824
825         /* We don't want to use the generic get/put unaligned macros as
826            we want to trap exceptions.  Only if we actually get an
827            exception will we decide whether we should have caught it.  */
828
829         switch (opcode) {
830         case 0x0c: /* ldwu */
831                 __asm__ __volatile__(
832                 "1:     ldq_u %1,0(%3)\n"
833                 "2:     ldq_u %2,1(%3)\n"
834                 "       extwl %1,%3,%1\n"
835                 "       extwh %2,%3,%2\n"
836                 "3:\n"
837                 ".section __ex_table,\"a\"\n"
838                 "       .long 1b - .\n"
839                 "       lda %1,3b-1b(%0)\n"
840                 "       .long 2b - .\n"
841                 "       lda %2,3b-2b(%0)\n"
842                 ".previous"
843                         : "=r"(error), "=&r"(tmp1), "=&r"(tmp2)
844                         : "r"(va), "0"(0));
845                 if (error)
846                         goto give_sigsegv;
847                 *reg_addr = tmp1|tmp2;
848                 break;
849
850         case 0x22: /* lds */
851                 __asm__ __volatile__(
852                 "1:     ldq_u %1,0(%3)\n"
853                 "2:     ldq_u %2,3(%3)\n"
854                 "       extll %1,%3,%1\n"
855                 "       extlh %2,%3,%2\n"
856                 "3:\n"
857                 ".section __ex_table,\"a\"\n"
858                 "       .long 1b - .\n"
859                 "       lda %1,3b-1b(%0)\n"
860                 "       .long 2b - .\n"
861                 "       lda %2,3b-2b(%0)\n"
862                 ".previous"
863                         : "=r"(error), "=&r"(tmp1), "=&r"(tmp2)
864                         : "r"(va), "0"(0));
865                 if (error)
866                         goto give_sigsegv;
867                 alpha_write_fp_reg(reg, s_mem_to_reg((int)(tmp1|tmp2)));
868                 return;
869
870         case 0x23: /* ldt */
871                 __asm__ __volatile__(
872                 "1:     ldq_u %1,0(%3)\n"
873                 "2:     ldq_u %2,7(%3)\n"
874                 "       extql %1,%3,%1\n"
875                 "       extqh %2,%3,%2\n"
876                 "3:\n"
877                 ".section __ex_table,\"a\"\n"
878                 "       .long 1b - .\n"
879                 "       lda %1,3b-1b(%0)\n"
880                 "       .long 2b - .\n"
881                 "       lda %2,3b-2b(%0)\n"
882                 ".previous"
883                         : "=r"(error), "=&r"(tmp1), "=&r"(tmp2)
884                         : "r"(va), "0"(0));
885                 if (error)
886                         goto give_sigsegv;
887                 alpha_write_fp_reg(reg, tmp1|tmp2);
888                 return;
889
890         case 0x28: /* ldl */
891                 __asm__ __volatile__(
892                 "1:     ldq_u %1,0(%3)\n"
893                 "2:     ldq_u %2,3(%3)\n"
894                 "       extll %1,%3,%1\n"
895                 "       extlh %2,%3,%2\n"
896                 "3:\n"
897                 ".section __ex_table,\"a\"\n"
898                 "       .long 1b - .\n"
899                 "       lda %1,3b-1b(%0)\n"
900                 "       .long 2b - .\n"
901                 "       lda %2,3b-2b(%0)\n"
902                 ".previous"
903                         : "=r"(error), "=&r"(tmp1), "=&r"(tmp2)
904                         : "r"(va), "0"(0));
905                 if (error)
906                         goto give_sigsegv;
907                 *reg_addr = (int)(tmp1|tmp2);
908                 break;
909
910         case 0x29: /* ldq */
911                 __asm__ __volatile__(
912                 "1:     ldq_u %1,0(%3)\n"
913                 "2:     ldq_u %2,7(%3)\n"
914                 "       extql %1,%3,%1\n"
915                 "       extqh %2,%3,%2\n"
916                 "3:\n"
917                 ".section __ex_table,\"a\"\n"
918                 "       .long 1b - .\n"
919                 "       lda %1,3b-1b(%0)\n"
920                 "       .long 2b - .\n"
921                 "       lda %2,3b-2b(%0)\n"
922                 ".previous"
923                         : "=r"(error), "=&r"(tmp1), "=&r"(tmp2)
924                         : "r"(va), "0"(0));
925                 if (error)
926                         goto give_sigsegv;
927                 *reg_addr = tmp1|tmp2;
928                 break;
929
930         /* Note that the store sequences do not indicate that they change
931            memory because it _should_ be affecting nothing in this context.
932            (Otherwise we have other, much larger, problems.)  */
933         case 0x0d: /* stw */
934                 __asm__ __volatile__(
935                 "1:     ldq_u %2,1(%5)\n"
936                 "2:     ldq_u %1,0(%5)\n"
937                 "       inswh %6,%5,%4\n"
938                 "       inswl %6,%5,%3\n"
939                 "       mskwh %2,%5,%2\n"
940                 "       mskwl %1,%5,%1\n"
941                 "       or %2,%4,%2\n"
942                 "       or %1,%3,%1\n"
943                 "3:     stq_u %2,1(%5)\n"
944                 "4:     stq_u %1,0(%5)\n"
945                 "5:\n"
946                 ".section __ex_table,\"a\"\n"
947                 "       .long 1b - .\n"
948                 "       lda %2,5b-1b(%0)\n"
949                 "       .long 2b - .\n"
950                 "       lda %1,5b-2b(%0)\n"
951                 "       .long 3b - .\n"
952                 "       lda $31,5b-3b(%0)\n"
953                 "       .long 4b - .\n"
954                 "       lda $31,5b-4b(%0)\n"
955                 ".previous"
956                         : "=r"(error), "=&r"(tmp1), "=&r"(tmp2),
957                           "=&r"(tmp3), "=&r"(tmp4)
958                         : "r"(va), "r"(*reg_addr), "0"(0));
959                 if (error)
960                         goto give_sigsegv;
961                 return;
962
963         case 0x26: /* sts */
964                 fake_reg = s_reg_to_mem(alpha_read_fp_reg(reg));
965                 /* FALLTHRU */
966
967         case 0x2c: /* stl */
968                 __asm__ __volatile__(
969                 "1:     ldq_u %2,3(%5)\n"
970                 "2:     ldq_u %1,0(%5)\n"
971                 "       inslh %6,%5,%4\n"
972                 "       insll %6,%5,%3\n"
973                 "       msklh %2,%5,%2\n"
974                 "       mskll %1,%5,%1\n"
975                 "       or %2,%4,%2\n"
976                 "       or %1,%3,%1\n"
977                 "3:     stq_u %2,3(%5)\n"
978                 "4:     stq_u %1,0(%5)\n"
979                 "5:\n"
980                 ".section __ex_table,\"a\"\n"
981                 "       .long 1b - .\n"
982                 "       lda %2,5b-1b(%0)\n"
983                 "       .long 2b - .\n"
984                 "       lda %1,5b-2b(%0)\n"
985                 "       .long 3b - .\n"
986                 "       lda $31,5b-3b(%0)\n"
987                 "       .long 4b - .\n"
988                 "       lda $31,5b-4b(%0)\n"
989                 ".previous"
990                         : "=r"(error), "=&r"(tmp1), "=&r"(tmp2),
991                           "=&r"(tmp3), "=&r"(tmp4)
992                         : "r"(va), "r"(*reg_addr), "0"(0));
993                 if (error)
994                         goto give_sigsegv;
995                 return;
996
997         case 0x27: /* stt */
998                 fake_reg = alpha_read_fp_reg(reg);
999                 /* FALLTHRU */
1000
1001         case 0x2d: /* stq */
1002                 __asm__ __volatile__(
1003                 "1:     ldq_u %2,7(%5)\n"
1004                 "2:     ldq_u %1,0(%5)\n"
1005                 "       insqh %6,%5,%4\n"
1006                 "       insql %6,%5,%3\n"
1007                 "       mskqh %2,%5,%2\n"
1008                 "       mskql %1,%5,%1\n"
1009                 "       or %2,%4,%2\n"
1010                 "       or %1,%3,%1\n"
1011                 "3:     stq_u %2,7(%5)\n"
1012                 "4:     stq_u %1,0(%5)\n"
1013                 "5:\n"
1014                 ".section __ex_table,\"a\"\n\t"
1015                 "       .long 1b - .\n"
1016                 "       lda %2,5b-1b(%0)\n"
1017                 "       .long 2b - .\n"
1018                 "       lda %1,5b-2b(%0)\n"
1019                 "       .long 3b - .\n"
1020                 "       lda $31,5b-3b(%0)\n"
1021                 "       .long 4b - .\n"
1022                 "       lda $31,5b-4b(%0)\n"
1023                 ".previous"
1024                         : "=r"(error), "=&r"(tmp1), "=&r"(tmp2),
1025                           "=&r"(tmp3), "=&r"(tmp4)
1026                         : "r"(va), "r"(*reg_addr), "0"(0));
1027                 if (error)
1028                         goto give_sigsegv;
1029                 return;
1030
1031         default:
1032                 /* What instruction were you trying to use, exactly?  */
1033                 goto give_sigbus;
1034         }
1035
1036         /* Only integer loads should get here; everyone else returns early. */
1037         if (reg == 30)
1038                 wrusp(fake_reg);
1039         return;
1040
1041 give_sigsegv:
1042         regs->pc -= 4;  /* make pc point to faulting insn */
1043         info.si_signo = SIGSEGV;
1044         info.si_errno = 0;
1045
1046         /* We need to replicate some of the logic in mm/fault.c,
1047            since we don't have access to the fault code in the
1048            exception handling return path.  */
1049         if (!__access_ok((unsigned long)va, 0, USER_DS))
1050                 info.si_code = SEGV_ACCERR;
1051         else {
1052                 struct mm_struct *mm = current->mm;
1053                 down_read(&mm->mmap_sem);
1054                 if (find_vma(mm, (unsigned long)va))
1055                         info.si_code = SEGV_ACCERR;
1056                 else
1057                         info.si_code = SEGV_MAPERR;
1058                 up_read(&mm->mmap_sem);
1059         }
1060         info.si_addr = va;
1061         send_sig_info(SIGSEGV, &info, current);
1062         return;
1063
1064 give_sigbus:
1065         regs->pc -= 4;
1066         info.si_signo = SIGBUS;
1067         info.si_errno = 0;
1068         info.si_code = BUS_ADRALN;
1069         info.si_addr = va;
1070         send_sig_info(SIGBUS, &info, current);
1071         return;
1072 }
1073
1074 void __init
1075 trap_init(void)
1076 {
1077         /* Tell PAL-code what global pointer we want in the kernel.  */
1078         register unsigned long gptr __asm__("$29");
1079         wrkgp(gptr);
1080
1081         /* Hack for Multia (UDB) and JENSEN: some of their SRMs have
1082            a bug in the handling of the opDEC fault.  Fix it up if so.  */
1083         if (implver() == IMPLVER_EV4)
1084                 opDEC_check();
1085
1086         wrent(entArith, 1);
1087         wrent(entMM, 2);
1088         wrent(entIF, 3);
1089         wrent(entUna, 4);
1090         wrent(entSys, 5);
1091         wrent(entDbg, 6);
1092 }