11 years agomempolicy: use MPOL_PREFERRED for system-wide default policy
Lee Schermerhorn [Mon, 28 Apr 2008 09:13:18 +0000]
mempolicy: use MPOL_PREFERRED for system-wide default policy

Currently, when one specifies MPOL_DEFAULT via a NUMA memory policy API
[set_mempolicy(), mbind() and internal versions], the kernel simply installs a
NULL struct mempolicy pointer in the appropriate context: task policy, vma
policy, or shared policy.  This causes any use of that policy to "fall back"
to the next most specific policy scope.

The only use of MPOL_DEFAULT to mean "local allocation" is in the system
default policy.  This requires extra checks/cases for MPOL_DEFAULT in many
mempolicy.c functions.

There is another, "preferred" way to specify local allocation via the APIs.
That is using the MPOL_PREFERRED policy mode with an empty nodemask.
Internally, the empty nodemask gets converted to a preferred_node id of '-1'.
All internal usage of MPOL_PREFERRED will convert the '-1' to the id of the
node local to the cpu where the allocation occurs.

System default policy, except during boot, is hard-coded to "local
allocation".  By using the MPOL_PREFERRED mode with a negative value of
preferred node for system default policy, MPOL_DEFAULT will never occur in the
'policy' member of a struct mempolicy.  Thus, we can remove all checks for
MPOL_DEFAULT when converting policy to a node id/zonelist in the allocation
paths.

In slab_node() return local node id when policy pointer is NULL.  No need to
set a pol value to take the switch default.  Replace switch default with
BUG()--i.e., shouldn't happen.

With this patch MPOL_DEFAULT is only used in the APIs, including internal
calls to do_set_mempolicy() and in the display of policy in
/proc/<pid>/numa_maps.  It always means "fall back" to the the next most
specific policy scope.  This simplifies the description of memory policies
quite a bit, with no visible change in behavior.

get_mempolicy() continues to return MPOL_DEFAULT and an empty nodemask when
the requested policy [task or vma/shared] is NULL.  These are the values one
would supply via set_mempolicy() or mbind() to achieve that condition--default
behavior.

This patch updates Documentation to reflect this change.

Signed-off-by: Lee Schermerhorn <lee.schermerhorn@hp.com>
Cc: Christoph Lameter <clameter@sgi.com>
Cc: David Rientjes <rientjes@google.com>
Cc: Mel Gorman <mel@csn.ul.ie>
Cc: Andi Kleen <ak@suse.de>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

11 years agomempolicy: rework mempolicy Reference Counting [yet again]
Lee Schermerhorn [Mon, 28 Apr 2008 09:13:16 +0000]
mempolicy: rework mempolicy Reference Counting [yet again]

After further discussion with Christoph Lameter, it has become clear that my
earlier attempts to clean up the mempolicy reference counting were a bit of
overkill in some areas, resulting in superflous ref/unref in what are usually
fast paths.  In other areas, further inspection reveals that I botched the
unref for interleave policies.

A separate patch, suitable for upstream/stable trees, fixes up the known
errors in the previous attempt to fix reference counting.

This patch reworks the memory policy referencing counting and, one hopes,
simplifies the code.  Maybe I'll get it right this time.

See the update to the numa_memory_policy.txt document for a discussion of
memory policy reference counting that motivates this patch.

Summary:

Lookup of mempolicy, based on (vma, address) need only add a reference for
shared policy, and we need only unref the policy when finished for shared
policies.  So, this patch backs out all of the unneeded extra reference
counting added by my previous attempt.  It then unrefs only shared policies
when we're finished with them, using the mpol_cond_put() [conditional put]
helper function introduced by this patch.

Note that shmem_swapin() calls read_swap_cache_async() with a dummy vma
containing just the policy.  read_swap_cache_async() can call alloc_page_vma()
multiple times, so we can't let alloc_page_vma() unref the shared policy in
this case.  To avoid this, we make a copy of any non-null shared policy and
remove the MPOL_F_SHARED flag from the copy.  This copy occurs before reading
a page [or multiple pages] from swap, so the overhead should not be an issue
here.

I introduced a new static inline function "mpol_cond_copy()" to copy the
shared policy to an on-stack policy and remove the flags that would require a
conditional free.  The current implementation of mpol_cond_copy() assumes that
the struct mempolicy contains no pointers to dynamically allocated structures
that must be duplicated or reference counted during copy.

Signed-off-by: Lee Schermerhorn <lee.schermerhorn@hp.com>
Cc: Christoph Lameter <clameter@sgi.com>
Cc: David Rientjes <rientjes@google.com>
Cc: Mel Gorman <mel@csn.ul.ie>
Cc: Andi Kleen <ak@suse.de>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

11 years agomempolicy: document {set|get}_policy() vm_ops APIs
Lee Schermerhorn [Mon, 28 Apr 2008 09:13:14 +0000]
mempolicy: document {set|get}_policy() vm_ops APIs

Document mempolicy return value reference semantics assumed by the rest of the
mempolicy code for the set_ and get_policy vm_ops in <linux/mm.h>--where the
prototypes are defined--to inform any future mempolicy vm_op writers what the
rest of the subsystem expects of them.

Signed-off-by: Lee Schermerhorn <lee.schermerhorn@hp.com>
Cc: Christoph Lameter <clameter@sgi.com>
Cc: David Rientjes <rientjes@google.com>
Cc: Mel Gorman <mel@csn.ul.ie>
Cc: Andi Kleen <ak@suse.de>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

11 years agomempolicy: mark shared policies for unref
Lee Schermerhorn [Mon, 28 Apr 2008 09:13:13 +0000]
mempolicy: mark shared policies for unref

As part of yet another rework of mempolicy reference counting, we want to be
able to identify shared policies efficiently, because they have an extra ref
taken on lookup that needs to be removed when we're finished using the policy.

  Note:  the extra ref is required because the policies are
  shared between tasks/processes and can be changed/freed
  by one task while another task is using them--e.g., for
  page allocation.

Building on David Rientjes mempolicy "mode flags" enhancement, this patch
indicates a "shared" policy by setting a new MPOL_F_SHARED flag in the flags
member of the struct mempolicy added by David.  MPOL_F_SHARED, and any future
"internal mode flags" are reserved from bit zero up, as they will never be
passed in the upper bits of the mode argument of a mempolicy API.

I set the MPOL_F_SHARED flag when the policy is installed in the shared policy
rb-tree.  Don't need/want to clear the flag when removing from the tree as the
mempolicy is freed [unref'd] internally to the sp_delete() function.  However,
a task could hold another reference on this mempolicy from a prior lookup.  We
need the MPOL_F_SHARED flag to stay put so that any tasks holding a ref will
unref, eventually freeing, the mempolicy.

A later patch in this series will introduce a function to conditionally unref
[mpol_free] a policy.  The MPOL_F_SHARED flag is one reason [currently the
only reason] to unref/free a policy via the conditional free.

Signed-off-by: Lee Schermerhorn <lee.schermerhorn@hp.com>
Cc: Christoph Lameter <clameter@sgi.com>
Cc: David Rientjes <rientjes@google.com>
Cc: Mel Gorman <mel@csn.ul.ie>
Cc: Andi Kleen <ak@suse.de>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

11 years agomempolicy: rename struct mempolicy 'policy' member to 'mode'
Lee Schermerhorn [Mon, 28 Apr 2008 09:13:12 +0000]
mempolicy: rename struct mempolicy 'policy' member to 'mode'

The terms 'policy' and 'mode' are both used in various places to describe the
semantics of the value stored in the 'policy' member of struct mempolicy.
Furthermore, the term 'policy' is used to refer to that member, to the entire
struct mempolicy and to the more abstract concept of the tuple consisting of a
"mode" and an optional node or set of nodes.  Recently, we have added "mode
flags" that are passed in the upper bits of the 'mode' [or sometimes,
'policy'] member of the numa APIs.

I'd like to resolve this confusion, which perhaps only exists in my mind, by
renaming the 'policy' member to 'mode' throughout, and fixing up the
Documentation.  Man pages will be updated separately.

Signed-off-by: Lee Schermerhorn <lee.schermerhorn@hp.com>
Cc: Christoph Lameter <clameter@sgi.com>
Cc: David Rientjes <rientjes@google.com>
Cc: Mel Gorman <mel@csn.ul.ie>
Cc: Andi Kleen <ak@suse.de>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

11 years agomempolicy: fixup Fallback for Default Shmem Policy
Lee Schermerhorn [Mon, 28 Apr 2008 09:13:11 +0000]
mempolicy: fixup Fallback for Default Shmem Policy

get_vma_policy() is not handling fallback to task policy correctly when the
get_policy() vm_op returns NULL.  The NULL overwrites the 'pol' variable that
was holding the fallback task mempolicy.  So, it was falling back directly to
system default policy.

Fix get_vma_policy() to use only non-NULL policy returned from the vma
get_policy op.

shm_get_policy() was falling back to current task's mempolicy if the "backing
file system" [tmpfs vs hugetlbfs] does not support the get_policy vm_op and
the vma policy is null.  This is incorrect for show_numa_maps() which is
likely querying the numa_maps of some task other than current.  Remove this
fallback.

Signed-off-by: Lee Schermerhorn <lee.schermerhorn@hp.com>
Cc: Christoph Lameter <clameter@sgi.com>
Cc: David Rientjes <rientjes@google.com>
Cc: Mel Gorman <mel@csn.ul.ie>
Cc: Andi Kleen <ak@suse.de>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

11 years agomempolicy: write lock mmap_sem while changing task mempolicy
Lee Schermerhorn [Mon, 28 Apr 2008 09:13:10 +0000]
mempolicy: write lock mmap_sem while changing task mempolicy

A read of /proc/<pid>/numa_maps holds the target task's mmap_sem for read
while examining each vma's mempolicy.  A vma's mempolicy can fall back to the
task's policy.  However, the task could be changing it's task policy and free
the one that the show_numa_maps() is examining.

To prevent this, grab the mmap_sem for write when updating task mempolicy.
Pointed out to me by Christoph Lameter and extracted and reworked from
Christoph's alternative mempol reference counting patch.

This is analogous to the way that do_mbind() and do_get_mempolicy() prevent
races between task's sharing an mm_struct [a.k.a.  threads] setting and
querying a mempolicy for a particular address.

Note: this is necessary, but not sufficient, to allow us to stop taking an
extra reference on "other task's mempolicy" in get_vma_policy.  Subsequent
patches will complete this update, allowing us to simplify the tests for
whether we need to unref a mempolicy at various points in the code.

Signed-off-by: Lee Schermerhorn <lee.schermerhorn@hp.com>
Cc: Christoph Lameter <clameter@sgi.com>
Cc: David Rientjes <rientjes@google.com>
Cc: Mel Gorman <mel@csn.ul.ie>
Cc: Andi Kleen <ak@suse.de>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

11 years agomempolicy: rename mpol_copy to mpol_dup
Lee Schermerhorn [Mon, 28 Apr 2008 09:13:09 +0000]
mempolicy: rename mpol_copy to mpol_dup

This patch renames mpol_copy() to mpol_dup() because, well, that's what it
does.  Like, e.g., strdup() for strings, mpol_dup() takes a pointer to an
existing mempolicy, allocates a new one and copies the contents.

In a later patch, I want to use the name mpol_copy() to copy the contents from
one mempolicy to another like, e.g., strcpy() does for strings.

Signed-off-by: Lee Schermerhorn <lee.schermerhorn@hp.com>
Cc: Christoph Lameter <clameter@sgi.com>
Cc: David Rientjes <rientjes@google.com>
Cc: Mel Gorman <mel@csn.ul.ie>
Cc: Andi Kleen <ak@suse.de>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

11 years agomempolicy: rename mpol_free to mpol_put
Lee Schermerhorn [Mon, 28 Apr 2008 09:13:08 +0000]
mempolicy: rename mpol_free to mpol_put

This is a change that was requested some time ago by Mel Gorman.  Makes sense
to me, so here it is.

Note: I retain the name "mpol_free_shared_policy()" because it actually does
free the shared_policy, which is NOT a reference counted object.  However, ...

The mempolicy object[s] referenced by the shared_policy are reference counted,
so mpol_put() is used to release the reference held by the shared_policy.  The
mempolicy might not be freed at this time, because some task attached to the
shared object associated with the shared policy may be in the process of
allocating a page based on the mempolicy.  In that case, the task performing
the allocation will hold a reference on the mempolicy, obtained via
mpol_shared_policy_lookup().  The mempolicy will be freed when all tasks
holding such a reference have called mpol_put() for the mempolicy.

Signed-off-by: Lee Schermerhorn <lee.schermerhorn@hp.com>
Cc: Christoph Lameter <clameter@sgi.com>
Cc: David Rientjes <rientjes@google.com>
Cc: Mel Gorman <mel@csn.ul.ie>
Cc: Andi Kleen <ak@suse.de>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

11 years agoSubject: [PATCH] hugetlb: vmstat events for huge page allocations
Adam Litke [Mon, 28 Apr 2008 09:13:06 +0000]
Subject: [PATCH] hugetlb: vmstat events for huge page allocations

Allocating huge pages directly from the buddy allocator is not guaranteed to
succeed.  Success depends on several factors (such as the amount of physical
memory available and the level of fragmentation).  With the addition of
dynamic hugetlb pool resizing, allocations can occur much more frequently.
For these reasons it is desirable to keep track of huge page allocation
successes and failures.

Add two new vmstat entries to track huge page allocations that succeed and
fail.  The presence of the two entries is contingent upon CONFIG_HUGETLB_PAGE
being enabled.

[akpm@linux-foundation.org: reduced ifdeffery]
Signed-off-by: Adam Litke <agl@us.ibm.com>
Signed-off-by: Eric Munson <ebmunson@us.ibm.com>
Tested-by: Mel Gorman <mel@csn.ul.ie>
Reviewed-by: Andy Whitcroft <apw@shadowen.org>
Cc: KOSAKI Motohiro <kosaki.motohiro@jp.fujitsu.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

11 years agovmcoreinfo: add page flags values
Ken'ichi Ohmichi [Mon, 28 Apr 2008 09:13:04 +0000]
vmcoreinfo: add page flags values

Add some values of page flags to the vmcoreinfo data.

The vmcoreinfo data has the minimum debugging information only for dump
filtering.  makedumpfile (dump filtering command) gets it to distinguish
unnecessary pages, and makedumpfile creates a small dumpfile.

An old makedumpfile (v1.2.4 or before) had assumed some values of page flags
internally, and this implementation could not follow the change of these
values.  For example, Christoph Lameter is changing these values by the
follwing patch: http://lkml.org/lkml/2008/2/29/463

So a new makedumpfile (v1.2.5) came to need these values and I created this
patch to let the kernel output them.

Signed-off-by: Ken'ichi Ohmichi <oomichi@mxs.nes.nec.co.jp>
Cc: Christoph Lameter <clameter@sgi.com>
Cc: "Eric W. Biederman" <ebiederm@xmission.com>
Acked-by: Vivek Goyal <vgoyal@redhat.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

11 years agos390: implement pte special bit
Nick Piggin [Mon, 28 Apr 2008 09:13:03 +0000]
s390: implement pte special bit

Convert XIP to support non-struct page backed memory, using VM_MIXEDMAP for
the user mappings.

This requires the get_xip_page API to be changed to an address based one.
Improve the API layering a little bit too, while we're here.

This is required in order to support XIP filesystems on memory that isn't
backed with struct page (but memory with struct page is still supported too).

Signed-off-by: Nick Piggin <npiggin@suse.de>
Acked-by: Carsten Otte <cotte@de.ibm.com>
Cc: Jared Hulbert <jaredeh@gmail.com>
Cc: Martin Schwidefsky <schwidefsky@de.ibm.com>
Cc: Heiko Carstens <heiko.carstens@de.ibm.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

11 years agoxip: support non-struct page backed memory
Nick Piggin [Mon, 28 Apr 2008 09:13:02 +0000]
xip: support non-struct page backed memory

Convert XIP to support non-struct page backed memory, using VM_MIXEDMAP for
the user mappings.

This requires the get_xip_page API to be changed to an address based one.
Improve the API layering a little bit too, while we're here.

This is required in order to support XIP filesystems on memory that isn't
backed with struct page (but memory with struct page is still supported too).

Signed-off-by: Nick Piggin <npiggin@suse.de>
Acked-by: Carsten Otte <cotte@de.ibm.com>
Cc: Jared Hulbert <jaredeh@gmail.com>
Cc: Martin Schwidefsky <schwidefsky@de.ibm.com>
Cc: Heiko Carstens <heiko.carstens@de.ibm.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

11 years agoreturn pfn from direct_access, for XIP
Jared Hulbert [Mon, 28 Apr 2008 09:13:02 +0000]
return pfn from direct_access, for XIP

Alter the block device ->direct_access() API to work with the new
get_xip_mem() API (that requires both kaddr and pfn are returned).

Some architectures will not do the right thing in their virt_to_page() for use
by XIP (to translate from the kernel virtual address returned by
direct_access(), to a user mappable pfn in XIP's page fault handler.

However, we can't switch it to just return the pfn and not the kaddr, because
we have no good way to get a kva from a pfn, and XIP requires the kva for its
read(2) and write(2) handlers.  So we have to return both.

Signed-off-by: Jared Hulbert <jaredeh@gmail.com>
Signed-off-by: Nick Piggin <npiggin@suse.de>
Cc: Carsten Otte <cotte@de.ibm.com>
Cc: Heiko Carstens <heiko.carstens@de.ibm.com>
Cc: linux-mm@kvack.org
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

11 years agomm: add vm_insert_mixed
Nick Piggin [Mon, 28 Apr 2008 09:13:01 +0000]
mm: add vm_insert_mixed

vm_insert_mixed will insert either a raw pfn or a refcounted struct page into
the page tables, depending on whether vm_normal_page() will return the page or
not.  With the introduction of the new pte bit, this is now a too tricky for
drivers to be doing themselves.

filemap_xip uses this in a subsequent patch.

Signed-off-by: Nick Piggin <npiggin@suse.de>
Cc: Jared Hulbert <jaredeh@gmail.com>
Cc: Carsten Otte <cotte@de.ibm.com>
Cc: Martin Schwidefsky <schwidefsky@de.ibm.com>
Cc: Heiko Carstens <heiko.carstens@de.ibm.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

11 years agomm: introduce pte_special pte bit
Nick Piggin [Mon, 28 Apr 2008 09:13:00 +0000]
mm: introduce pte_special pte bit

s390 for one, cannot implement VM_MIXEDMAP with pfn_valid, due to their memory
model (which is more dynamic than most).  Instead, they had proposed to
implement it with an additional path through vm_normal_page(), using a bit in
the pte to determine whether or not the page should be refcounted:

vm_normal_page()
{
...
        if (unlikely(vma->vm_flags & (VM_PFNMAP|VM_MIXEDMAP))) {
                if (vma->vm_flags & VM_MIXEDMAP) {
#ifdef s390
if (!mixedmap_refcount_pte(pte))
return NULL;
#else
                        if (!pfn_valid(pfn))
                                return NULL;
#endif
                        goto out;
                }
...
}

This is fine, however if we are allowed to use a bit in the pte to determine
refcountedness, we can use that to _completely_ replace all the vma based
schemes.  So instead of adding more cases to the already complex vma-based
scheme, we can have a clearly seperate and simple pte-based scheme (and get
slightly better code generation in the process):

vm_normal_page()
{
#ifdef s390
if (!mixedmap_refcount_pte(pte))
return NULL;
return pte_page(pte);
#else
...
#endif
}

And finally, we may rather make this concept usable by any architecture rather
than making it s390 only, so implement a new type of pte state for this.
Unfortunately the old vma based code must stay, because some architectures may
not be able to spare pte bits.  This makes vm_normal_page a little bit more
ugly than we would like, but the 2 cases are clearly seperate.

So introduce a pte_special pte state, and use it in mm/memory.c.  It is
currently a noop for all architectures, so this doesn't actually result in any
compiled code changes to mm/memory.o.

BTW:
I haven't put vm_normal_page() into arch code as-per an earlier suggestion.
The reason is that, regardless of where vm_normal_page is actually
implemented, the *abstraction* is still exactly the same. Also, while it
depends on whether the architecture has pte_special or not, that is the
only two possible cases, and it really isn't an arch specific function --
the role of the arch code should be to provide primitive functions and
accessors with which to build the core code; pte_special does that. We do
not want architectures to know or care about vm_normal_page itself, and
we definitely don't want them being able to invent something new there
out of sight of mm/ code. If we made vm_normal_page an arch function, then
we have to make vm_insert_mixed (next patch) an arch function too. So I
don't think moving it to arch code fundamentally improves any abstractions,
while it does practically make the code more difficult to follow, for both
mm and arch developers, and easier to misuse.

[akpm@linux-foundation.org: build fix]
Signed-off-by: Nick Piggin <npiggin@suse.de>
Acked-by: Carsten Otte <cotte@de.ibm.com>
Cc: Jared Hulbert <jaredeh@gmail.com>
Cc: Martin Schwidefsky <schwidefsky@de.ibm.com>
Cc: Heiko Carstens <heiko.carstens@de.ibm.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

11 years agomm: introduce VM_MIXEDMAP
Jared Hulbert [Mon, 28 Apr 2008 09:12:58 +0000]
mm: introduce VM_MIXEDMAP

This series introduces some important infrastructure work.  The overall result
is that:

1. We now support XIP backed filesystems using memory that have no
   struct page allocated to them. And patches 6 and 7 actually implement
   this for s390.

   This is pretty important in a number of cases. As far as I understand,
   in the case of virtualisation (eg. s390), each guest may mount a
   readonly copy of the same filesystem (eg. the distro). Currently,
   guests need to allocate struct pages for this image. So if you have
   100 guests, you already need to allocate more memory for the struct
   pages than the size of the image. I think. (Carsten?)

   For other (eg. embedded) systems, you may have a very large non-
   volatile filesystem. If you have to have struct pages for this, then
   your RAM consumption will go up proportionally to fs size. Even
   though it is just a small proportion, the RAM can be much more costly
   eg in terms of power, so every KB less that Linux uses makes it more
   attractive to a lot of these guys.

2. VM_MIXEDMAP allows us to support mappings where you actually do want
   to refcount _some_ pages in the mapping, but not others, and support
   COW on arbitrary (non-linear) mappings. Jared needs this for his NVRAM
   filesystem in progress. Future iterations of this filesystem will
   most likely want to migrate pages between pagecache and XIP backing,
   which is where the requirement for mixed (some refcounted, some not)
   comes from.

3. pte_special also has a peripheral usage that I need for my lockless
   get_user_pages patch. That was shown to speed up "oltp" on db2 by
   10% on a 2 socket system, which is kind of significant because they
   scrounge for months to try to find 0.1% improvement on these
   workloads. I'm hoping we might finally be faster than AIX on
   pSeries with this :). My reference to lockless get_user_pages is not
   meant to justify this patchset (which doesn't include lockless gup),
   but just to show that pte_special is not some s390 specific thing that
   should be hidden in arch code or xip code: I definitely want to use it
   on at least x86 and powerpc as well.

This patch:

Introduce a new type of mapping, VM_MIXEDMAP.  This is unlike VM_PFNMAP in
that it can support COW mappings of arbitrary ranges including ranges without
struct page *and* ranges with a struct page that we actually want to refcount
(PFNMAP can only support COW in those cases where the un-COW-ed translations
are mapped linearly in the virtual address, and can only support non
refcounted ranges).

VM_MIXEDMAP achieves this by refcounting all pfn_valid pages, and not
refcounting !pfn_valid pages (which is not an option for VM_PFNMAP, because it
needs to avoid refcounting pfn_valid pages eg.  for /dev/mem mappings).

Signed-off-by: Jared Hulbert <jaredeh@gmail.com>
Signed-off-by: Nick Piggin <npiggin@suse.de>
Acked-by: Carsten Otte <cotte@de.ibm.com>
Cc: Jared Hulbert <jaredeh@gmail.com>
Cc: Martin Schwidefsky <schwidefsky@de.ibm.com>
Cc: Heiko Carstens <heiko.carstens@de.ibm.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

11 years agosmaps: account swap entries
Peter Zijlstra [Mon, 28 Apr 2008 09:12:55 +0000]
smaps: account swap entries

Show the amount of swap for each vma.  This can be used to see where all the
swap goes.

[akpm@linux-foundation.org: coding-style fixes]
Signed-off-by: Peter Zijlstra <a.p.zijlstra@chello.nl>
Acked-by: Matt Mackall <mpm@selenic.com>
Acked-by: KOSAKI Motohiro <kosaki.motohiro@jp.fujitsu.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

11 years agoPAGEFLAGS_EXTENDED and separate page flags for Head and Tail
Christoph Lameter [Mon, 28 Apr 2008 09:12:55 +0000]
PAGEFLAGS_EXTENDED and separate page flags for Head and Tail

Having separate page flags for the head and the tail of a compound page allows
the compiler to use bitops instead of operations on a word to check for a tail
page.  That is f.e.  important for virt_to_head_page() which is used in
various critical code paths (kfree for example):

Code for PageTail(page)

Before:

 mov    (%rdi),%rdx page->flags
 mov    %rdx,%rax 3 bytes
 and    $0x12000,%eax 5 bytes
 cmp    $0x12000,%rax 6 bytes
 je     897 <kfree+0xa7>

After:

 mov    (%rdi),%rax
 test   $0x40,%ah (3 bytes)
 jne    887 <kfree+0x97>

So we go from 14 bytes to 3 bytes and from 3 instructions to one.  From the
use of 2 registers we go to none.

We can only use page flags for this if we have page flags available.  This
patch introduces CONFIG_PAGEFLAGS_EXTENDED that is set if pageflags are not
scarce due to SPARSEMEM using page flags for its sectionid on 32 bit NUMA
platforms.

Additional page flag definitions can be added to the CONFIG_PAGEFLAGS_EXTENDED
section in page-flags.h if the functionality depends on PAGEFLAGS_EXTENDED or
if more page flag overlapping tricks are used for the !PAGEFLAGS_EXTENDED
fallback (the upcoming virtual compound patch may hook in here and Rik's/Lee's
additional page flags to solve the reclaim issues could also be added there
[hint...  hint...  where are these patchsets?]).

Avoiding the overlaying of Pg_reclaim also clears the way for possible use of
compound pages for the pagecache or on the LRU.

Signed-off-by: Christoph Lameter <clameter@sgi.com>
Cc: Nick Piggin <nickpiggin@yahoo.com.au>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

11 years agomm: Get rid of __ZONE_COUNT
Christoph Lameter [Mon, 28 Apr 2008 09:12:54 +0000]
mm: Get rid of __ZONE_COUNT

It was used to compensate because MAX_NR_ZONES was not available to the
#ifdefs.  Export MAX_NR_ZONES via the new mechanism and get rid of
__ZONE_COUNT.

Signed-off-by: Christoph Lameter <clameter@sgi.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

11 years agopage flags: add PAGEFLAGS_FALSE for flags that are always false
Christoph Lameter [Mon, 28 Apr 2008 09:12:53 +0000]
page flags: add PAGEFLAGS_FALSE for flags that are always false

Turns out that there are a number of times that a flag is simply always
returning 0.  Define a macro for that.

Signed-off-by: Christoph Lameter <clameter@sgi.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

11 years agopage flags: handle PG_uncached like all other flags
Christoph Lameter [Mon, 28 Apr 2008 09:12:52 +0000]
page flags: handle PG_uncached like all other flags

Remove the special setup for PG_uncached and simply make it part of the enum.
The page flag will only be allocated when the kernel build includes the
uncached allocator.

Acked-by: Dean Nelson <dcn@sgi.com>
Cc: Jes Sorensen <jes@trained-monkey.org>
Signed-off-by: Christoph Lameter <clameter@sgi.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

11 years agopageflags: eliminate PG_xxx aliases
Christoph Lameter [Mon, 28 Apr 2008 09:12:52 +0000]
pageflags: eliminate PG_xxx aliases

Remove aliases of PG_xxx.  We can easily drop those now and alias by
specifying the PG_xxx flag in the macro that generates the functions.

Signed-off-by: Christoph Lameter <clameter@sgi.com>
Cc: Andy Whitcroft <apw@shadowen.org>
Cc: KAMEZAWA Hiroyuki <kamezawa.hiroyu@jp.fujitsu.com>
Cc: KOSAKI Motohiro <kosaki.motohiro@jp.fujitsu.com>
Cc: Rik van Riel <riel@redhat.com>
Cc: Mel Gorman <mel@csn.ul.ie>
Cc: Jeremy Fitzhardinge <jeremy@goop.org>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

11 years agopageflags: use proper page flag functions in Xen
Christoph Lameter [Mon, 28 Apr 2008 09:12:51 +0000]
pageflags: use proper page flag functions in Xen

Xen uses bitops to manipulate page flags.  Make it use proper page flag
functions.

Signed-off-by: Christoph Lameter <clameter@sgi.com>
Cc: Andy Whitcroft <apw@shadowen.org>
Cc: KAMEZAWA Hiroyuki <kamezawa.hiroyu@jp.fujitsu.com>
Cc: KOSAKI Motohiro <kosaki.motohiro@jp.fujitsu.com>
Cc: Rik van Riel <riel@redhat.com>
Cc: Mel Gorman <mel@csn.ul.ie>
Cc: Jeremy Fitzhardinge <jeremy@goop.org>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

11 years agopageflags: convert to the use of new macros
Christoph Lameter [Mon, 28 Apr 2008 09:12:50 +0000]
pageflags: convert to the use of new macros

Replace explicit definitions of page flags through the use of macros.
Significantly reduces the size of the definitions and removes a lot of
opportunity for errors.  Additonal page flags can typically be generated with
a single line.

Signed-off-by: Christoph Lameter <clameter@sgi.com>
Cc: Andy Whitcroft <apw@shadowen.org>
Cc: KAMEZAWA Hiroyuki <kamezawa.hiroyu@jp.fujitsu.com>
Cc: KOSAKI Motohiro <kosaki.motohiro@jp.fujitsu.com>
Cc: Rik van Riel <riel@redhat.com>
Cc: Mel Gorman <mel@csn.ul.ie>
Cc: Jeremy Fitzhardinge <jeremy@goop.org>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

11 years agopageflags: introduce macros to generate page flag functions
Christoph Lameter [Mon, 28 Apr 2008 09:12:49 +0000]
pageflags: introduce macros to generate page flag functions

Introduce a set of macros that generate functions to handle page flags.

A page flag function group typically starts with either

SETPAGEFLAG(<part of function name>,<part of PG_ flagname>)

to create a set of page flag operations that are atomic. Or

__SETPAGEFLAG(<part of function name>,<part of PG_ flagname)

to create a set of page flag operations that are not atomic.

Then additional operations can be added using the following macros

TESTSCFLAG Create additional atomic test-and-set and
test-and-clear functions

TESTSETFLAG Create additional test and set function
TESTCLEARFLAG Create additional test and clear function
SETPAGEFLAG Create additional atomic set function
CLEARPAGEFLAG Create additional atomic clear function
__TESTPAGEFLAG Create additional non atomic set function
__SETPAGEFLAG Create additional non atomic clear function

Signed-off-by: Christoph Lameter <clameter@sgi.com>
Cc: Andy Whitcroft <apw@shadowen.org>
Cc: KAMEZAWA Hiroyuki <kamezawa.hiroyu@jp.fujitsu.com>
Cc: KOSAKI Motohiro <kosaki.motohiro@jp.fujitsu.com>
Cc: Rik van Riel <riel@redhat.com>
Cc: Mel Gorman <mel@csn.ul.ie>
Cc: Jeremy Fitzhardinge <jeremy@goop.org>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

11 years agopageflags: get rid of FLAGS_RESERVED
Christoph Lameter [Mon, 28 Apr 2008 09:12:48 +0000]
pageflags: get rid of FLAGS_RESERVED

NR_PAGEFLAGS specifies the number of page flags we are using.  From that we
can calculate the number of bits leftover that can be used for zone, node (and
maybe the sections id).  There is no need anymore for FLAGS_RESERVED if we use
NR_PAGEFLAGS.

Use the new methods to make NR_PAGEFLAGS available via the preprocessor.
NR_PAGEFLAGS is used to calculate field boundaries in the page flags fields.
These field widths have to be available to the preprocessor.

Signed-off-by: Christoph Lameter <clameter@sgi.com>
Cc: David Miller <davem@davemloft.net>
Cc: Andy Whitcroft <apw@shadowen.org>
Cc: KAMEZAWA Hiroyuki <kamezawa.hiroyu@jp.fujitsu.com>
Cc: KOSAKI Motohiro <kosaki.motohiro@jp.fujitsu.com>
Cc: Rik van Riel <riel@redhat.com>
Cc: Mel Gorman <mel@csn.ul.ie>
Cc: Jeremy Fitzhardinge <jeremy@goop.org>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

11 years agopageflags: use an enum for the flags
Christoph Lameter [Mon, 28 Apr 2008 09:12:47 +0000]
pageflags: use an enum for the flags

Use an enum to ease the maintenance of page flags.  This is going to change
the numbering from 0 to 18.

Signed-off-by: Christoph Lameter <clameter@sgi.com>
Cc: Andy Whitcroft <apw@shadowen.org>
Cc: KAMEZAWA Hiroyuki <kamezawa.hiroyu@jp.fujitsu.com>
Cc: KOSAKI Motohiro <kosaki.motohiro@jp.fujitsu.com>
Cc: Rik van Riel <riel@redhat.com>
Cc: Mel Gorman <mel@csn.ul.ie>
Cc: Jeremy Fitzhardinge <jeremy@goop.org>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

11 years agopageflags: standardize comment inclusion in asm-offsets.h and fix MIPS
Christoph Lameter [Mon, 28 Apr 2008 09:12:45 +0000]
pageflags: standardize comment inclusion in asm-offsets.h and fix MIPS

Add the ability to pass comments into asm-offsets.h by generating asm
output like

-># comment line

Mips needs this feature to preserve the comments that are in
asm-mips/asm-offsets.h right now.

Then remove the special handling for mips from Kbuild and convert mips to use
the new string to include the comments.

Cc: Ralf Baechle <ralf@linux-mips.org>
Signed-off-by: Christoph Lameter <clameter@sgi.com>
Cc: Sam Ravnborg <sam@ravnborg.org>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

11 years agopage_mapping(): add ifdef around reference to swapper_space
Andrew Morton [Mon, 28 Apr 2008 09:12:44 +0000]
page_mapping(): add ifdef around reference to swapper_space

This fixes the superh build when the pageflags patches are applied.

But it shouldn't unless it's a gcc bug.

Cc: Christoph Lameter <clameter@sgi.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

11 years agokbuild: create a way to create preprocessor constants from C expressions
Christoph Lameter [Mon, 28 Apr 2008 09:12:44 +0000]
kbuild: create a way to create preprocessor constants from C expressions

The use of enums create constants that are not available to the preprocessor
when building the kernel (f.e.  MAX_NR_ZONES).

Arch code already has a way to export constants calculated to the preprocessor
through the asm-offsets.c file.  Generate something similar for the core
kernel through kbuild.

Signed-off-by: Sam Ravnborg <sam@ravnborg.org>
Signed-off-by: Christoph Lameter <clameter@sgi.com>
Cc: Andy Whitcroft <apw@shadowen.org>
Cc: KAMEZAWA Hiroyuki <kamezawa.hiroyu@jp.fujitsu.com>
Cc: KOSAKI Motohiro <kosaki.motohiro@jp.fujitsu.com>
Cc: Rik van Riel <riel@redhat.com>
Cc: Mel Gorman <mel@csn.ul.ie>
Cc: Jeremy Fitzhardinge <jeremy@goop.org>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

11 years agosparsemem: vmemmap does not need section bits
Christoph Lameter [Mon, 28 Apr 2008 09:12:43 +0000]
sparsemem: vmemmap does not need section bits

A set of patches that attempts to improve page flag handling.  First of all a
method is introduced to generate the page flag functions using macros.  Then
the number of page flags used by sparsemem is reduced.  All page flag
operations will no longer be macros.  All flags will use inline function.

Then we add a way to export enum constants to the preprocessor which allows us
to get rid of __ZONE_COUNT and use the NR_PAGEFLAGS for the dynamic
calculation of actually available page flags for fields.

This patch:

Sparsemem vmemmap does not need any section bits.  This patch has the effect
of reducing the number of bits used in page->flags by at least 6.

Signed-off-by: Christoph Lameter <clameter@sgi.com>
Cc: Andy Whitcroft <apw@shadowen.org>
Cc: KAMEZAWA Hiroyuki <kamezawa.hiroyu@jp.fujitsu.com>
Cc: KOSAKI Motohiro <kosaki.motohiro@jp.fujitsu.com>
Cc: Rik van Riel <riel@redhat.com>
Cc: Mel Gorman <mel@csn.ul.ie>
Cc: Jeremy Fitzhardinge <jeremy@goop.org>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

11 years agovmallocinfo: add caller information
Christoph Lameter [Mon, 28 Apr 2008 09:12:42 +0000]
vmallocinfo: add caller information

Add caller information so that /proc/vmallocinfo shows where the allocation
request for a slice of vmalloc memory originated.

Results in output like this:

0xffffc20000000000-0xffffc20000801000 8392704 alloc_large_system_hash+0x127/0x246 pages=2048 vmalloc vpages
0xffffc20000801000-0xffffc20000806000   20480 alloc_large_system_hash+0x127/0x246 pages=4 vmalloc
0xffffc20000806000-0xffffc20000c07000 4198400 alloc_large_system_hash+0x127/0x246 pages=1024 vmalloc vpages
0xffffc20000c07000-0xffffc20000c0a000   12288 alloc_large_system_hash+0x127/0x246 pages=2 vmalloc
0xffffc20000c0a000-0xffffc20000c0c000    8192 acpi_os_map_memory+0x13/0x1c phys=cff68000 ioremap
0xffffc20000c0c000-0xffffc20000c0f000   12288 acpi_os_map_memory+0x13/0x1c phys=cff64000 ioremap
0xffffc20000c10000-0xffffc20000c15000   20480 acpi_os_map_memory+0x13/0x1c phys=cff65000 ioremap
0xffffc20000c16000-0xffffc20000c18000    8192 acpi_os_map_memory+0x13/0x1c phys=cff69000 ioremap
0xffffc20000c18000-0xffffc20000c1a000    8192 acpi_os_map_memory+0x13/0x1c phys=fed1f000 ioremap
0xffffc20000c1a000-0xffffc20000c1c000    8192 acpi_os_map_memory+0x13/0x1c phys=cff68000 ioremap
0xffffc20000c1c000-0xffffc20000c1e000    8192 acpi_os_map_memory+0x13/0x1c phys=cff68000 ioremap
0xffffc20000c1e000-0xffffc20000c20000    8192 acpi_os_map_memory+0x13/0x1c phys=cff68000 ioremap
0xffffc20000c20000-0xffffc20000c22000    8192 acpi_os_map_memory+0x13/0x1c phys=cff68000 ioremap
0xffffc20000c22000-0xffffc20000c24000    8192 acpi_os_map_memory+0x13/0x1c phys=cff68000 ioremap
0xffffc20000c24000-0xffffc20000c26000    8192 acpi_os_map_memory+0x13/0x1c phys=e0081000 ioremap
0xffffc20000c26000-0xffffc20000c28000    8192 acpi_os_map_memory+0x13/0x1c phys=e0080000 ioremap
0xffffc20000c28000-0xffffc20000c2d000   20480 alloc_large_system_hash+0x127/0x246 pages=4 vmalloc
0xffffc20000c2d000-0xffffc20000c31000   16384 tcp_init+0xd5/0x31c pages=3 vmalloc
0xffffc20000c31000-0xffffc20000c34000   12288 alloc_large_system_hash+0x127/0x246 pages=2 vmalloc
0xffffc20000c34000-0xffffc20000c36000    8192 init_vdso_vars+0xde/0x1f1
0xffffc20000c36000-0xffffc20000c38000    8192 pci_iomap+0x8a/0xb4 phys=d8e00000 ioremap
0xffffc20000c38000-0xffffc20000c3a000    8192 usb_hcd_pci_probe+0x139/0x295 [usbcore] phys=d8e00000 ioremap
0xffffc20000c3a000-0xffffc20000c3e000   16384 sys_swapon+0x509/0xa15 pages=3 vmalloc
0xffffc20000c40000-0xffffc20000c61000  135168 e1000_probe+0x1c4/0xa32 phys=d8a20000 ioremap
0xffffc20000c61000-0xffffc20000c6a000   36864 _xfs_buf_map_pages+0x8e/0xc0 vmap
0xffffc20000c6a000-0xffffc20000c73000   36864 _xfs_buf_map_pages+0x8e/0xc0 vmap
0xffffc20000c73000-0xffffc20000c7c000   36864 _xfs_buf_map_pages+0x8e/0xc0 vmap
0xffffc20000c7c000-0xffffc20000c7f000   12288 e1000e_setup_tx_resources+0x29/0xbe pages=2 vmalloc
0xffffc20000c80000-0xffffc20001481000 8392704 pci_mmcfg_arch_init+0x90/0x118 phys=e0000000 ioremap
0xffffc20001481000-0xffffc20001682000 2101248 alloc_large_system_hash+0x127/0x246 pages=512 vmalloc
0xffffc20001682000-0xffffc20001e83000 8392704 alloc_large_system_hash+0x127/0x246 pages=2048 vmalloc vpages
0xffffc20001e83000-0xffffc20002204000 3674112 alloc_large_system_hash+0x127/0x246 pages=896 vmalloc vpages
0xffffc20002204000-0xffffc2000220d000   36864 _xfs_buf_map_pages+0x8e/0xc0 vmap
0xffffc2000220d000-0xffffc20002216000   36864 _xfs_buf_map_pages+0x8e/0xc0 vmap
0xffffc20002216000-0xffffc2000221f000   36864 _xfs_buf_map_pages+0x8e/0xc0 vmap
0xffffc2000221f000-0xffffc20002228000   36864 _xfs_buf_map_pages+0x8e/0xc0 vmap
0xffffc20002228000-0xffffc20002231000   36864 _xfs_buf_map_pages+0x8e/0xc0 vmap
0xffffc20002231000-0xffffc20002234000   12288 e1000e_setup_rx_resources+0x35/0x122 pages=2 vmalloc
0xffffc20002240000-0xffffc20002261000  135168 e1000_probe+0x1c4/0xa32 phys=d8a60000 ioremap
0xffffc20002261000-0xffffc2000270c000 4894720 sys_swapon+0x509/0xa15 pages=1194 vmalloc vpages
0xffffffffa0000000-0xffffffffa0022000  139264 module_alloc+0x4f/0x55 pages=33 vmalloc
0xffffffffa0022000-0xffffffffa0029000   28672 module_alloc+0x4f/0x55 pages=6 vmalloc
0xffffffffa002b000-0xffffffffa0034000   36864 module_alloc+0x4f/0x55 pages=8 vmalloc
0xffffffffa0034000-0xffffffffa003d000   36864 module_alloc+0x4f/0x55 pages=8 vmalloc
0xffffffffa003d000-0xffffffffa0049000   49152 module_alloc+0x4f/0x55 pages=11 vmalloc
0xffffffffa0049000-0xffffffffa0050000   28672 module_alloc+0x4f/0x55 pages=6 vmalloc

[akpm@linux-foundation.org: coding-style fixes]
Signed-off-by: Christoph Lameter <clameter@sgi.com>
Reviewed-by: KOSAKI Motohiro <kosaki.motohiro@jp.fujitsu.com>
Cc: Hugh Dickins <hugh@veritas.com>
Cc: Nick Piggin <nickpiggin@yahoo.com.au>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

11 years agovmalloc: show vmalloced areas via /proc/vmallocinfo
Christoph Lameter [Mon, 28 Apr 2008 09:12:40 +0000]
vmalloc: show vmalloced areas via /proc/vmallocinfo

Implement a new proc file that allows the display of the currently allocated
vmalloc memory.

It allows to see the users of vmalloc.  That is important if vmalloc space is
scarce (i386 for example).

And it's going to be important for the compound page fallback to vmalloc.
Many of the current users can be switched to use compound pages with fallback.
 This means that the number of users of vmalloc is reduced and page tables no
longer necessary to access the memory.  /proc/vmallocinfo allows to review how
that reduction occurs.

If memory becomes fragmented and larger order allocations are no longer
possible then /proc/vmallocinfo allows to see which compound page allocations
fell back to virtual compound pages.  That is important for new users of
virtual compound pages.  Such as order 1 stack allocation etc that may
fallback to virtual compound pages in the future.

/proc/vmallocinfo permissions are made readable-only-by-root to avoid possible
information leakage.

[akpm@linux-foundation.org: coding-style fixes]
[akpm@linux-foundation.org: CONFIG_MMU=n build fix]
Signed-off-by: Christoph Lameter <clameter@sgi.com>
Reviewed-by: KOSAKI Motohiro <kosaki.motohiro@jp.fujitsu.com>
Cc: Hugh Dickins <hugh@veritas.com>
Cc: Nick Piggin <nickpiggin@yahoo.com.au>
Cc: Arjan van de Ven <arjan@infradead.org>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

11 years agomm: make early_pfn_to_nid() a C function
Andrew Morton [Mon, 28 Apr 2008 09:12:39 +0000]
mm: make early_pfn_to_nid() a C function

Fix this (sparc64)

mm/sparse-vmemmap.c: In function `vmemmap_verify':
mm/sparse-vmemmap.c:64: warning: unused variable `pfn'

by switching to a C function which touches its arg.

(reason 3,555 why macros are bad)

Also, the `nid' arg was misnamed.

Reviewed-by: Christoph Lameter <clameter@sgi.com>
Acked-by: Andy Whitcroft <apw@shadowen.org>
Cc: Mel Gorman <mel@csn.ul.ie>
Cc: Andi Kleen <ak@suse.de>
Cc: KAMEZAWA Hiroyuki <kamezawa.hiroyu@jp.fujitsu.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

11 years agomm: rotate_reclaimable_page() cleanup
Miklos Szeredi [Mon, 28 Apr 2008 09:12:38 +0000]
mm: rotate_reclaimable_page() cleanup

Clean up messy conditional calling of test_clear_page_writeback() from both
rotate_reclaimable_page() and end_page_writeback().

The only user of rotate_reclaimable_page() is end_page_writeback() so this is
OK.

Signed-off-by: Miklos Szeredi <mszeredi@suse.cz>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

11 years agomm/page_alloc.c: fix indentation
S.Caglar Onur [Mon, 28 Apr 2008 09:12:38 +0000]
mm/page_alloc.c: fix indentation

zlc_setup(): handle jiffies wraparound
(10ed273f5016c582413dfbc468dd084957d847e1) changes tab with spaces

Signed-off-by: S.Caglar Onur <caglar@pardus.org.tr>
Cc: Lee Schermerhorn <Lee.Schermerhorn@hp.com>
Cc: Paul Jackson <pj@sgi.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

11 years agomm: save some bytes in mm_struct by filling holes on 64bit
Andi Kleen [Mon, 28 Apr 2008 09:12:37 +0000]
mm: save some bytes in mm_struct by filling holes on 64bit

Save some bytes in mm_struct by filling holes

Putting int values together for better packing on 64bit shrinks sizeof(struct
mm_struct) from 776 bytes to 764 bytes.

Signed-off-by: Andi Kleen <ak@suse.de>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

11 years agodmapool: enable debugging for CONFIG_SLUB_DEBUG_ON too
Andi Kleen [Mon, 28 Apr 2008 09:12:37 +0000]
dmapool: enable debugging for CONFIG_SLUB_DEBUG_ON too

Previously it was only enabled for CONFIG_DEBUG_SLAB.

Not hooked into the slub runtime debug configuration, so you currently only
get it with CONFIG_SLUB_DEBUG_ON, not plain CONFIG_SLUB_DEBUG

Acked-by: Matthew Wilcox <willy@linux.intel.com>
Signed-off-by: Andi Kleen <ak@suse.de>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

11 years agomempolicy: fix parsing of tmpfs mpol mount option
Lee Schermerhorn [Mon, 28 Apr 2008 09:12:36 +0000]
mempolicy: fix parsing of tmpfs mpol mount option

Parsing of new mode flags in the tmpfs mpol mount option is slightly broken:

Setting a valid flag works OK:
#mount -o remount,mpol=bind=static:1-2 /dev/shm
#mount
...
tmpfs on /dev/shm type tmpfs (rw,mpol=bind=static:1-2)
...

However, we can't remove them or change them, once we've
set a valid flag:

#mount -o remount,mpol=bind:1-2 /dev/shm
#mount
...
tmpfs on /dev/shm type tmpfs (rw,mpol=bind:1-2)
...

It SAYS it removed it, but that's just a copy of the input
string.  If we now try to set it to a different flag, we
get:

#mount -o remount,mpol=bind=relative:1-2 /dev/shm
mount: /dev/shm not mounted already, or bad option

And on the console, we see:
tmpfs: Bad value 'bind' for mount option 'mpol'
                      ^ lost remainder of string

Furthermore, bogus flags are accepted with out error.
Granted, they are a no-op:

#mount -o remount,mpol=interleave=foo:0-3 /dev/shm
#mount
...
tmpfs on /dev/shm type tmpfs (rw,mpol=interleave=foo:0-3)

Again, that's just a copy of the input string shown by the mount command.

This patch fixes the behavior by pre-zeroing the flags so that only one of the
mutually exclusive flags can be set at one time.  It also reports an error
when an unrecognized flag is specified.

The check for both flags being set is removed because it can't happen with
this implementation.  If we ever want to support multiple non-exclusive flags,
this area will need rework and we will need to check that any mutually
exclusive flags aren't specified.

Signed-off-by: Lee Schermerhorn <lee.schermerhorn@hp.com>
Cc: David Rientjes <rientjes@google.com>
Cc: Paul Jackson <pj@sgi.com>
Cc: Christoph Lameter <clameter@sgi.com>
Cc: Andi Kleen <ak@suse.de>
Cc: Eric Whitney <eric.whitney@hp.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

11 years agomempolicy: disallow static or relative flags for local preferred mode
David Rientjes [Mon, 28 Apr 2008 09:12:34 +0000]
mempolicy: disallow static or relative flags for local preferred mode

MPOL_F_STATIC_NODES and MPOL_F_RELATIVE_NODES don't mean anything for
MPOL_PREFERRED policies that were created with an empty nodemask (for purely
local allocations).  They'll never be invalidated because the allowed mems of
a task changes or need to be rebound relative to a cpuset's placement.

Also fixes a bug identified by Lee Schermerhorn that disallowed empty
nodemasks to be passed to MPOL_PREFERRED to specify local allocations.  [A
different, somewhat incomplete, patch already existed in 25-rc5-mm1.]

Cc: Paul Jackson <pj@sgi.com>
Cc: Christoph Lameter <clameter@sgi.com>
Cc: Lee Schermerhorn <Lee.Schermerhorn@hp.com>
Cc: Andi Kleen <ak@suse.de>
Cc: Randy Dunlap <randy.dunlap@oracle.com>
Signed-off-by: Lee Schermerhorn <lee.schermerhorn@hp.com>
Signed-off-by: David Rientjes <rientjes@google.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

11 years agomempolicy: small header file cleanup
David Rientjes [Mon, 28 Apr 2008 09:12:34 +0000]
mempolicy: small header file cleanup

Removes forward definition of vm_area_struct in linux/mempolicy.h.  We already
get it from the linux/slab.h -> linux/gfp.h include.

Removes the unused mpol_set_vma_default() macro from linux/mempolicy.h.

Removes the extern definition of default_policy since it is only referenced,
as it should be, in mm/mempolicy.c.

Cc: Paul Jackson <pj@sgi.com>
Cc: Christoph Lameter <clameter@sgi.com>
Cc: Lee Schermerhorn <Lee.Schermerhorn@hp.com>
Cc: Andi Kleen <ak@suse.de>
Signed-off-by: David Rientjes <rientjes@google.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

11 years agomempolicy: create mempolicy_operations structure
David Rientjes [Mon, 28 Apr 2008 09:12:33 +0000]
mempolicy: create mempolicy_operations structure

Create a mempolicy_operations structure that currently points to two
functions[*] for the various modes:

int (*create)(struct mempolicy *, const nodemask_t *);
void (*rebind)(struct mempolicy *, const nodemask_t *);

This splits the implementation for the various modes out of two large
functions, mpol_new() and mpol_rebind_policy().  Eventually it may be
beneficial to add additional functions to accomodate the existing switch()
statements in mm/mempolicy.c.

 [*] The ->create() function for MPOL_DEFAULT is currently NULL since no
     struct mempolicy is dynamically allocated.

[Lee.Schermerhorn@hp.com: fix regression in the package mempolicy regression tests]
Signed-off-by: David Rientjes <rientjes@google.com>
Cc: Paul Jackson <pj@sgi.com>
Cc: Christoph Lameter <clameter@sgi.com>
Cc: Andi Kleen <ak@suse.de>
Signed-off-by: Lee Schermerhorn <lee.schermerhorn@hp.com>
Cc: Eric Whitney <eric.whitney@hp.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

11 years agomempolicy: move rebind functions
David Rientjes [Mon, 28 Apr 2008 09:12:32 +0000]
mempolicy: move rebind functions

Move the mpol_rebind_{policy,task,mm}() functions after mpol_new() to avoid
having to declare function prototypes.

Cc: Paul Jackson <pj@sgi.com>
Cc: Christoph Lameter <clameter@sgi.com>
Cc: Lee Schermerhorn <Lee.Schermerhorn@hp.com>
Cc: Andi Kleen <ak@suse.de>
Signed-off-by: David Rientjes <rientjes@google.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

11 years agomempolicy: update NUMA memory policy documentation
David Rientjes [Mon, 28 Apr 2008 09:12:31 +0000]
mempolicy: update NUMA memory policy documentation

Updates Documentation/vm/numa_memory_policy.txt and
Documentation/filesystems/tmpfs.txt to describe optional mempolicy mode flags.

Cc: Christoph Lameter <clameter@sgi.com>
Cc: Lee Schermerhorn <Lee.Schermerhorn@hp.com>
Cc: Andi Kleen <ak@suse.de>
Cc: Randy Dunlap <randy.dunlap@oracle.com>
Signed-off-by: David Rientjes <rientjes@google.com>
Signed-off-by: Paul Jackson <pj@sgi.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

11 years agomempolicy: add MPOL_F_RELATIVE_NODES flag
David Rientjes [Mon, 28 Apr 2008 09:12:30 +0000]
mempolicy: add MPOL_F_RELATIVE_NODES flag

Adds another optional mode flag, MPOL_F_RELATIVE_NODES, that specifies
nodemasks passed via set_mempolicy() or mbind() should be considered relative
to the current task's mems_allowed.

When the mempolicy is created, the passed nodemask is folded and mapped onto
the current task's mems_allowed.  For example, consider a task using
set_mempolicy() to pass MPOL_INTERLEAVE | MPOL_F_RELATIVE_NODES with a
nodemask of 1-3.  If current's mems_allowed is 4-7, the effected nodemask is
5-7 (the second, third, and fourth node of mems_allowed).

If the same task is attached to a cpuset, the mempolicy nodemask is rebound
each time the mems are changed.  Some possible rebinds and results are:

mems result
1-3 1-3
1-7 2-4
1,5-6 1,5-6
1,5-7 5-7

Likewise, the zonelist built for MPOL_BIND acts on the set of zones assigned
to the resultant nodemask from the relative remap.

In the MPOL_PREFERRED case, the preferred node is remapped from the currently
effected nodemask to the relative nodemask.

This mempolicy mode flag was conceived of by Paul Jackson <pj@sgi.com>.

Cc: Paul Jackson <pj@sgi.com>
Cc: Christoph Lameter <clameter@sgi.com>
Cc: Lee Schermerhorn <Lee.Schermerhorn@hp.com>
Cc: Andi Kleen <ak@suse.de>
Signed-off-by: David Rientjes <rientjes@google.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

11 years agomempolicy: add bitmap_onto() and bitmap_fold() operations
Paul Jackson [Mon, 28 Apr 2008 09:12:29 +0000]
mempolicy: add bitmap_onto() and bitmap_fold() operations

The following adds two more bitmap operators, bitmap_onto() and bitmap_fold(),
with the usual cpumask and nodemask wrappers.

The bitmap_onto() operator computes one bitmap relative to another.  If the
n-th bit in the origin mask is set, then the m-th bit of the destination mask
will be set, where m is the position of the n-th set bit in the relative mask.

The bitmap_fold() operator folds a bitmap into a second that has bit m set iff
the input bitmap has some bit n set, where m == n mod sz, for the specified sz
value.

There are two substantive changes between this patch and its
predecessor bitmap_relative:
 1) Renamed bitmap_relative() to be bitmap_onto().
 2) Added bitmap_fold().

The essential motivation for bitmap_onto() is to provide a mechanism for
converting a cpuset-relative CPU or Node mask to an absolute mask.  Cpuset
relative masks are written as if the current task were in a cpuset whose CPUs
or Nodes were just the consecutive ones numbered 0..N-1, for some N.  The
bitmap_onto() operator is provided in anticipation of adding support for the
first such cpuset relative mask, by the mbind() and set_mempolicy() system
calls, using a planned flag of MPOL_F_RELATIVE_NODES.  These bitmap operators
(and their nodemask wrappers, in particular) will be used in code that
converts the user specified cpuset relative memory policy to a specific system
node numbered policy, given the current mems_allowed of the tasks cpuset.

Such cpuset relative mempolicies will address two deficiencies
of the existing interface between cpusets and mempolicies:
 1) A task cannot at present reliably establish a cpuset
    relative mempolicy because there is an essential race
    condition, in that the tasks cpuset may be changed in
    between the time the task can query its cpuset placement,
    and the time the task can issue the applicable mbind or
    set_memplicy system call.
 2) A task cannot at present establish what cpuset relative
    mempolicy it would like to have, if it is in a smaller
    cpuset than it might have mempolicy preferences for,
    because the existing interface only allows specifying
    mempolicies for nodes currently allowed by the cpuset.

Cpuset relative mempolicies are useful for tasks that don't distinguish
particularly between one CPU or Node and another, but only between how many of
each are allowed, and the proper placement of threads and memory pages on the
various CPUs and Nodes available.

The motivation for the added bitmap_fold() can be seen in the following
example.

Let's say an application has specified some mempolicies that presume 16 memory
nodes, including say a mempolicy that specified MPOL_F_RELATIVE_NODES (cpuset
relative) nodes 12-15.  Then lets say that application is crammed into a
cpuset that only has 8 memory nodes, 0-7.  If one just uses bitmap_onto(),
this mempolicy, mapped to that cpuset, would ignore the requested relative
nodes above 7, leaving it empty of nodes.  That's not good; better to fold the
higher nodes down, so that some nodes are included in the resulting mapped
mempolicy.  In this case, the mempolicy nodes 12-15 are taken modulo 8 (the
weight of the mems_allowed of the confining cpuset), resulting in a mempolicy
specifying nodes 4-7.

Signed-off-by: Paul Jackson <pj@sgi.com>
Signed-off-by: David Rientjes <rientjes@google.com>
Cc: Christoph Lameter <clameter@sgi.com>
Cc: Andi Kleen <ak@suse.de>
Cc: Mel Gorman <mel@csn.ul.ie>
Cc: Lee Schermerhorn <lee.schermerhorn@hp.com>
Cc: <kosaki.motohiro@jp.fujitsu.com>
Cc: <ray-lk@madrabbit.org>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

11 years agomempolicy: add MPOL_F_STATIC_NODES flag
David Rientjes [Mon, 28 Apr 2008 09:12:27 +0000]
mempolicy: add MPOL_F_STATIC_NODES flag

Add an optional mempolicy mode flag, MPOL_F_STATIC_NODES, that suppresses the
node remap when the policy is rebound.

Adds another member to struct mempolicy, nodemask_t user_nodemask, as part of
a union with cpuset_mems_allowed:

struct mempolicy {
...
union {
nodemask_t cpuset_mems_allowed;
nodemask_t user_nodemask;
} w;
}

that stores the the nodemask that the user passed when he or she created the
mempolicy via set_mempolicy() or mbind().  When using MPOL_F_STATIC_NODES,
which is passed with any mempolicy mode, the user's passed nodemask
intersected with the VMA or task's allowed nodes is always used when
determining the preferred node, setting the MPOL_BIND zonelist, or creating
the interleave nodemask.  This happens whenever the policy is rebound,
including when a task's cpuset assignment changes or the cpuset's mems are
changed.

This creates an interesting side-effect in that it allows the mempolicy
"intent" to lie dormant and uneffected until it has access to the node(s) that
it desires.  For example, if you currently ask for an interleaved policy over
a set of nodes that you do not have access to, the mempolicy is not created
and the task continues to use the previous policy.  With this change, however,
it is possible to create the same mempolicy; it is only effected when access
to nodes in the nodemask is acquired.

It is also possible to mount tmpfs with the static nodemask behavior when
specifying a node or nodemask.  To do this, simply add "=static" immediately
following the mempolicy mode at mount time:

mount -o remount mpol=interleave=static:1-3

Also removes mpol_check_policy() and folds its logic into mpol_new() since it
is now obsoleted.  The unused vma_mpol_equal() is also removed.

Cc: Paul Jackson <pj@sgi.com>
Cc: Christoph Lameter <clameter@sgi.com>
Cc: Lee Schermerhorn <Lee.Schermerhorn@hp.com>
Cc: Andi Kleen <ak@suse.de>
Signed-off-by: David Rientjes <rientjes@google.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

11 years agomempolicy: support optional mode flags
David Rientjes [Mon, 28 Apr 2008 09:12:25 +0000]
mempolicy: support optional mode flags

With the evolution of mempolicies, it is necessary to support mempolicy mode
flags that specify how the policy shall behave in certain circumstances.  The
most immediate need for mode flag support is to suppress remapping the
nodemask of a policy at the time of rebind.

Both the mempolicy mode and flags are passed by the user in the 'int policy'
formal of either the set_mempolicy() or mbind() syscall.  A new constant,
MPOL_MODE_FLAGS, represents the union of legal optional flags that may be
passed as part of this int.  Mempolicies that include illegal flags as part of
their policy are rejected as invalid.

An additional member to struct mempolicy is added to support the mode flags:

struct mempolicy {
...
unsigned short policy;
unsigned short flags;
}

The splitting of the 'int' actual passed by the user is done in
sys_set_mempolicy() and sys_mbind() for their respective syscalls.  This is
done by intersecting the actual with MPOL_MODE_FLAGS, rejecting the syscall of
there are additional flags, and storing it in the new 'flags' member of struct
mempolicy.  The intersection of the actual with ~MPOL_MODE_FLAGS is stored in
the 'policy' member of the struct and all current users of pol->policy remain
unchanged.

The union of the policy mode and optional mode flags is passed back to the
user in get_mempolicy().

This combination of mode and flags within the same actual does not break
userspace code that relies on get_mempolicy(&policy, ...) and either

switch (policy) {
case MPOL_BIND:
...
case MPOL_INTERLEAVE:
...
};

statements or

if (policy == MPOL_INTERLEAVE) {
...
}

statements.  Such applications would need to use optional mode flags when
calling set_mempolicy() or mbind() for these previously implemented statements
to stop working.  If an application does start using optional mode flags, it
will need to mask the optional flags off the policy in switch and conditional
statements that only test mode.

An additional member is also added to struct shmem_sb_info to store the
optional mode flags.

[hugh@veritas.com: shmem mpol: fix build warning]
Cc: Paul Jackson <pj@sgi.com>
Cc: Christoph Lameter <clameter@sgi.com>
Cc: Lee Schermerhorn <Lee.Schermerhorn@hp.com>
Cc: Andi Kleen <ak@suse.de>
Signed-off-by: David Rientjes <rientjes@google.com>
Signed-off-by: Hugh Dickins <hugh@veritas.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

11 years agomempolicy: convert MPOL constants to enum
David Rientjes [Mon, 28 Apr 2008 09:12:23 +0000]
mempolicy: convert MPOL constants to enum

The mempolicy mode constants, MPOL_DEFAULT, MPOL_PREFERRED, MPOL_BIND, and
MPOL_INTERLEAVE, are better declared as part of an enum since they are
sequentially numbered and cannot be combined.

The policy member of struct mempolicy is also converted from type short to
type unsigned short.  A negative policy does not have any legitimate meaning,
so it is possible to change its type in preparation for adding optional mode
flags later.

The equivalent member of struct shmem_sb_info is also changed from int to
unsigned short.

For compatibility, the policy formal to get_mempolicy() remains as a pointer
to an int:

int get_mempolicy(int *policy, unsigned long *nmask,
  unsigned long maxnode, unsigned long addr,
  unsigned long flags);

although the only possible values is the range of type unsigned short.

Cc: Paul Jackson <pj@sgi.com>
Cc: Christoph Lameter <clameter@sgi.com>
Cc: Lee Schermerhorn <Lee.Schermerhorn@hp.com>
Cc: Andi Kleen <ak@suse.de>
Signed-off-by: David Rientjes <rientjes@google.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

11 years agomm: move cache_line_size() to <linux/cache.h>
Pekka Enberg [Mon, 28 Apr 2008 09:12:22 +0000]
mm: move cache_line_size() to <linux/cache.h>

Not all architectures define cache_line_size() so as suggested by Andrew move
the private implementations in mm/slab.c and mm/slob.c to <linux/cache.h>.

Cc: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
Cc: Ingo Molnar <mingo@redhat.com>
Cc: H. Peter Anvin <hpa@zytor.com>
Reviewed-by: Christoph Lameter <clameter@sgi.com>
Signed-off-by: Pekka Enberg <penberg@cs.helsinki.fi>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

11 years agohugetlb: decrease hugetlb_lock cycling in gather_surplus_huge_pages
Adam Litke [Mon, 28 Apr 2008 09:12:20 +0000]
hugetlb: decrease hugetlb_lock cycling in gather_surplus_huge_pages

To reduce hugetlb_lock acquisitions and releases when freeing excess surplus
pages, scan the page list in two parts.  First, transfer the needed pages to
the hugetlb pool.  Then drop the lock and free the remaining pages back to the
buddy allocator.

In the common case there are zero excess pages and no lock operations are
required.

Thanks Mel Gorman for this improvement.

Signed-off-by: Adam Litke <agl@us.ibm.com>
Cc: Mel Gorman <mel@csn.ul.ie>
Cc: Dave Hansen <haveblue@us.ibm.com>
Cc: William Lee Irwin III <wli@holomorphy.com>
Cc: Andy Whitcroft <apw@shadowen.org>
Cc: Mel Gorman <mel@csn.ul.ie>
Cc: David Gibson <david@gibson.dropbear.id.au>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

11 years agomm: try both endianess when checking for endianess
Chris Dearman [Mon, 28 Apr 2008 09:12:19 +0000]
mm: try both endianess when checking for endianess

When checking for the swap header try byteswapping the endianess dependent
fields to allow the swap partition to be shared between big & little endian
systems.

Signed-off-by: Chris Dearman <chris@mips.com>
Signed-off-by: Ralf Baechle <ralf@linux-mips.org>
Acked-by: Hugh Dickins <hugh@veritas.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

11 years agomm: filter based on a nodemask as well as a gfp_mask
Mel Gorman [Mon, 28 Apr 2008 09:12:18 +0000]
mm: filter based on a nodemask as well as a gfp_mask

The MPOL_BIND policy creates a zonelist that is used for allocations
controlled by that mempolicy.  As the per-node zonelist is already being
filtered based on a zone id, this patch adds a version of __alloc_pages() that
takes a nodemask for further filtering.  This eliminates the need for
MPOL_BIND to create a custom zonelist.

A positive benefit of this is that allocations using MPOL_BIND now use the
local node's distance-ordered zonelist instead of a custom node-id-ordered
zonelist.  I.e., pages will be allocated from the closest allowed node with
available memory.

[Lee.Schermerhorn@hp.com: Mempolicy: update stale documentation and comments]
[Lee.Schermerhorn@hp.com: Mempolicy: make dequeue_huge_page_vma() obey MPOL_BIND nodemask]
[Lee.Schermerhorn@hp.com: Mempolicy: make dequeue_huge_page_vma() obey MPOL_BIND nodemask rework]
Signed-off-by: Mel Gorman <mel@csn.ul.ie>
Acked-by: Christoph Lameter <clameter@sgi.com>
Signed-off-by: Lee Schermerhorn <lee.schermerhorn@hp.com>
Cc: KAMEZAWA Hiroyuki <kamezawa.hiroyu@jp.fujitsu.com>
Cc: Mel Gorman <mel@csn.ul.ie>
Cc: Hugh Dickins <hugh@veritas.com>
Cc: Nick Piggin <nickpiggin@yahoo.com.au>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

11 years agomm: have zonelist contains structs with both a zone pointer and zone_idx
Mel Gorman [Mon, 28 Apr 2008 09:12:17 +0000]
mm: have zonelist contains structs with both a zone pointer and zone_idx

Filtering zonelists requires very frequent use of zone_idx().  This is costly
as it involves a lookup of another structure and a substraction operation.  As
the zone_idx is often required, it should be quickly accessible.  The node idx
could also be stored here if it was found that accessing zone->node is
significant which may be the case on workloads where nodemasks are heavily
used.

This patch introduces a struct zoneref to store a zone pointer and a zone
index.  The zonelist then consists of an array of these struct zonerefs which
are looked up as necessary.  Helpers are given for accessing the zone index as
well as the node index.

[kamezawa.hiroyu@jp.fujitsu.com: Suggested struct zoneref instead of embedding information in pointers]
[hugh@veritas.com: mm-have-zonelist: fix memcg ooms]
[hugh@veritas.com: just return do_try_to_free_pages]
[hugh@veritas.com: do_try_to_free_pages gfp_mask redundant]
Signed-off-by: Mel Gorman <mel@csn.ul.ie>
Acked-by: Christoph Lameter <clameter@sgi.com>
Acked-by: David Rientjes <rientjes@google.com>
Signed-off-by: Lee Schermerhorn <lee.schermerhorn@hp.com>
Cc: KAMEZAWA Hiroyuki <kamezawa.hiroyu@jp.fujitsu.com>
Cc: Mel Gorman <mel@csn.ul.ie>
Cc: Christoph Lameter <clameter@sgi.com>
Cc: Nick Piggin <nickpiggin@yahoo.com.au>
Signed-off-by: Hugh Dickins <hugh@veritas.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

11 years agomm: use two zonelist that are filtered by GFP mask
Mel Gorman [Mon, 28 Apr 2008 09:12:16 +0000]
mm: use two zonelist that are filtered by GFP mask

Currently a node has two sets of zonelists, one for each zone type in the
system and a second set for GFP_THISNODE allocations.  Based on the zones
allowed by a gfp mask, one of these zonelists is selected.  All of these
zonelists consume memory and occupy cache lines.

This patch replaces the multiple zonelists per-node with two zonelists.  The
first contains all populated zones in the system, ordered by distance, for
fallback allocations when the target/preferred node has no free pages.  The
second contains all populated zones in the node suitable for GFP_THISNODE
allocations.

An iterator macro is introduced called for_each_zone_zonelist() that interates
through each zone allowed by the GFP flags in the selected zonelist.

Signed-off-by: Mel Gorman <mel@csn.ul.ie>
Acked-by: Christoph Lameter <clameter@sgi.com>
Signed-off-by: Lee Schermerhorn <lee.schermerhorn@hp.com>
Cc: KAMEZAWA Hiroyuki <kamezawa.hiroyu@jp.fujitsu.com>
Cc: Mel Gorman <mel@csn.ul.ie>
Cc: Christoph Lameter <clameter@sgi.com>
Cc: Hugh Dickins <hugh@veritas.com>
Cc: Nick Piggin <nickpiggin@yahoo.com.au>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

11 years agomm: remember what the preferred zone is for zone_statistics
Mel Gorman [Mon, 28 Apr 2008 09:12:14 +0000]
mm: remember what the preferred zone is for zone_statistics

On NUMA, zone_statistics() is used to record events like numa hit, miss and
foreign.  It assumes that the first zone in a zonelist is the preferred zone.
When multiple zonelists are replaced by one that is filtered, this is no
longer the case.

This patch records what the preferred zone is rather than assuming the first
zone in the zonelist is it.  This simplifies the reading of later patches in
this set.

Signed-off-by: Mel Gorman <mel@csn.ul.ie>
Signed-off-by: Lee Schermerhorn <lee.schermerhorn@hp.com>
Cc: KAMEZAWA Hiroyuki <kamezawa.hiroyu@jp.fujitsu.com>
Cc: Mel Gorman <mel@csn.ul.ie>
Reviewed-by: Christoph Lameter <clameter@sgi.com>
Cc: Hugh Dickins <hugh@veritas.com>
Cc: Nick Piggin <nickpiggin@yahoo.com.au>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

11 years agomm: introduce node_zonelist() for accessing the zonelist for a GFP mask
Mel Gorman [Mon, 28 Apr 2008 09:12:14 +0000]
mm: introduce node_zonelist() for accessing the zonelist for a GFP mask

Introduce a node_zonelist() helper function.  It is used to lookup the
appropriate zonelist given a node and a GFP mask.  The patch on its own is a
cleanup but it helps clarify parts of the two-zonelist-per-node patchset.  If
necessary, it can be merged with the next patch in this set without problems.

Reviewed-by: Christoph Lameter <clameter@sgi.com>
Signed-off-by: Mel Gorman <mel@csn.ul.ie>
Signed-off-by: Lee Schermerhorn <lee.schermerhorn@hp.com>
Cc: KAMEZAWA Hiroyuki <kamezawa.hiroyu@jp.fujitsu.com>
Cc: Mel Gorman <mel@csn.ul.ie>
Cc: Christoph Lameter <clameter@sgi.com>
Cc: Hugh Dickins <hugh@veritas.com>
Cc: Nick Piggin <nickpiggin@yahoo.com.au>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

11 years agomm: use zonelists instead of zones when direct reclaiming pages
Mel Gorman [Mon, 28 Apr 2008 09:12:12 +0000]
mm: use zonelists instead of zones when direct reclaiming pages

The following patches replace multiple zonelists per node with two zonelists
that are filtered based on the GFP flags.  The patches as a set fix a bug with
regard to the use of MPOL_BIND and ZONE_MOVABLE.  With this patchset, the
MPOL_BIND will apply to the two highest zones when the highest zone is
ZONE_MOVABLE.  This should be considered as an alternative fix for the
MPOL_BIND+ZONE_MOVABLE in 2.6.23 to the previously discussed hack that filters
only custom zonelists.

The first patch cleans up an inconsistency where direct reclaim uses
zonelist->zones where other places use zonelist.

The second patch introduces a helper function node_zonelist() for looking up
the appropriate zonelist for a GFP mask which simplifies patches later in the
set.

The third patch defines/remembers the "preferred zone" for numa statistics, as
it is no longer always the first zone in a zonelist.

The forth patch replaces multiple zonelists with two zonelists that are
filtered.  The two zonelists are due to the fact that the memoryless patchset
introduces a second set of zonelists for __GFP_THISNODE.

The fifth patch introduces helper macros for retrieving the zone and node
indices of entries in a zonelist.

The final patch introduces filtering of the zonelists based on a nodemask.
Two zonelists exist per node, one for normal allocations and one for
__GFP_THISNODE.

Performance results varied depending on the machine configuration.  In real
workloads the gain/loss will depend on how much the userspace portion of the
benchmark benefits from having more cache available due to reduced referencing
of zonelists.

These are the range of performance losses/gains when running against
2.6.24-rc4-mm1.  The set and these machines are a mix of i386, x86_64 and
ppc64 both NUMA and non-NUMA.
     loss   to  gain
Total CPU time on Kernbench: -0.86% to  1.13%
Elapsed   time on Kernbench: -0.79% to  0.76%
page_test from aim9:         -4.37% to  0.79%
brk_test  from aim9:         -0.71% to  4.07%
fork_test from aim9:         -1.84% to  4.60%
exec_test from aim9:         -0.71% to  1.08%

This patch:

The allocator deals with zonelists which indicate the order in which zones
should be targeted for an allocation.  Similarly, direct reclaim of pages
iterates over an array of zones.  For consistency, this patch converts direct
reclaim to use a zonelist.  No functionality is changed by this patch.  This
simplifies zonelist iterators in the next patch.

Signed-off-by: Mel Gorman <mel@csn.ul.ie>
Acked-by: Christoph Lameter <clameter@sgi.com>
Signed-off-by: Lee Schermerhorn <lee.schermerhorn@hp.com>
Cc: KAMEZAWA Hiroyuki <kamezawa.hiroyu@jp.fujitsu.com>
Cc: Mel Gorman <mel@csn.ul.ie>
Cc: Christoph Lameter <clameter@sgi.com>
Cc: Hugh Dickins <hugh@veritas.com>
Cc: Nick Piggin <nickpiggin@yahoo.com.au>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

11 years agomake swap_pte_to_pagemap_entry() static
Adrian Bunk [Mon, 28 Apr 2008 09:12:11 +0000]
make swap_pte_to_pagemap_entry() static

Make the needlessly global swap_pte_to_pagemap_entry() static.

Signed-off-by: Adrian Bunk <bunk@kernel.org>
Acked-by: Matt Mackall <mpm@selenic.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

11 years agomm: remove nopage
Nick Piggin [Mon, 28 Apr 2008 09:12:10 +0000]
mm: remove nopage

Nothing in the tree uses nopage any more.  Remove support for it in the
core mm code and documentation (and a few stray references to it in
comments).

Signed-off-by: Nick Piggin <npiggin@suse.de>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

11 years agommap_region: cleanup the final vma_merge() related code
Oleg Nesterov [Mon, 28 Apr 2008 09:12:10 +0000]
mmap_region: cleanup the final vma_merge() related code

It is not easy to actually understand the "if (!file || !vma_merge())"
code, turn it into "if (file && vma_merge())".  This makes immediately
obvious that the subsequent "if (file)" is superfluous.

As Hugh Dickins pointed out, we can also factor out the ->i_writecount
corrections, and add a small comment about that.

Signed-off-by: Oleg Nesterov <oleg@tv-sign.ru>
Cc: Miklos Szeredi <miklos@szeredi.hu>
Cc: Hugh Dickins <hugh@veritas.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

11 years agofix invalidate_inode_pages2_range() to not clear ret
Hisashi Hifumi [Mon, 28 Apr 2008 09:12:08 +0000]
fix invalidate_inode_pages2_range() to not clear ret

DIO invalidates page cache through invalidate_inode_pages2_range().
invalidate_inode_pages2_range() sets ret=-EIO when
invalidate_complete_page2() fails, but this ret is cleared if
do_launder_page() succeed on a page of next index.

In this case, dio is carried out even if invalidate_complete_page2() fails
on some pages.

This can cause inconsistency between memory and blocks on HDD because the
page cache still exists.

[akpm@linux-foundation.org: coding-style fixes]
Signed-off-by: Hisashi Hifumi <hifumi.hisashi@oss.ntt.co.jp>
Cc: Badari Pulavarty <pbadari@us.ibm.com>
Cc: Ken Chen <kenchen@google.com>
Cc: Zach Brown <zach.brown@oracle.com>
Cc: Nick Piggin <nickpiggin@yahoo.com.au>
Cc: Trond Myklebust <trond.myklebust@fys.uio.no>
Cc: "J. Bruce Fields" <bfields@fieldses.org>
Cc: Chuck Lever <cel@citi.umich.edu>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

11 years agoremove sparse warning for mmzone.h
Harvey Harrison [Mon, 28 Apr 2008 09:12:07 +0000]
remove sparse warning for mmzone.h

include/linux/mmzone.h:640:22: warning: potentially expensive pointer subtraction

Calculate the offset into the node_zones array rather than the index
using casts to (char *) and comparing against the index * sizeof(struct zone).

On X86_32 this saves a sar, but code size increases by one byte per
is_highmem() use due to 32-bit cmps rather than 16 bit cmps.

Before:
 207:   2b 80 8c 07 00 00       sub    0x78c(%eax),%eax
 20d:   c1 f8 0b                sar    $0xb,%eax
 210:   83 f8 02                cmp    $0x2,%eax
 213:   74 16                   je     22b <kmap_atomic_prot+0x144>
 215:   83 f8 03                cmp    $0x3,%eax
 218:   0f 85 8f 00 00 00       jne    2ad <kmap_atomic_prot+0x1c6>
 21e:   83 3d 00 00 00 00 02    cmpl   $0x2,0x0
 225:   0f 85 82 00 00 00       jne    2ad <kmap_atomic_prot+0x1c6>
 22b:   64 a1 00 00 00 00       mov    %fs:0x0,%eax

After:
 207:   2b 80 8c 07 00 00       sub    0x78c(%eax),%eax
 20d:   3d 00 10 00 00          cmp    $0x1000,%eax
 212:   74 18                   je     22c <kmap_atomic_prot+0x145>
 214:   3d 00 18 00 00          cmp    $0x1800,%eax
 219:   0f 85 8f 00 00 00       jne    2ae <kmap_atomic_prot+0x1c7>
 21f:   83 3d 00 00 00 00 02    cmpl   $0x2,0x0
 226:   0f 85 82 00 00 00       jne    2ae <kmap_atomic_prot+0x1c7>
 22c:   64 a1 00 00 00 00       mov    %fs:0x0,%eax

[akpm@linux-foundation.org: coding-style fixes]
Signed-off-by: Harvey Harrison <harvey.harrison@gmail.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

11 years agoRemove set_migrateflags()
Christoph Lameter [Mon, 28 Apr 2008 09:12:05 +0000]
Remove set_migrateflags()

Migrate flags must be set on slab creation as agreed upon when the antifrag
logic was reviewed.  Otherwise some slabs of a slabcache will end up in the
unmovable and others in the reclaimable section depending on which flag was
active when a new slab page was allocated.

This likely slid in somehow when antifrag was merged. Remove it.

The buffer_heads are always allocated with __GFP_RECLAIMABLE because the
SLAB_RECLAIM_ACCOUNT option is set.  The set_migrateflags() never had any
effect there.

Radix tree allocations are not directly reclaimable but they are allocated
with __GFP_RECLAIMABLE set on each allocation.  We now set
SLAB_RECLAIM_ACCOUNT on radix tree slab creation making sure that radix
tree slabs are consistently placed in the reclaimable section.  Radix tree
slabs will also be accounted as such.

There is then no user left of set_migratepages. So remove it.

Signed-off-by: Christoph Lameter <clameter@sgi.com>
Cc: Mel Gorman <mel@csn.ul.ie>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

11 years agoaio: io_getevents() should return if io_destroy() is invoked
Jeff Moyer [Mon, 28 Apr 2008 09:12:04 +0000]
aio: io_getevents() should return if io_destroy() is invoked

This patch wakes up a thread waiting in io_getevents if another thread
destroys the context.  This was tested using a small program that spawns a
thread to wait in io_getevents while the parent thread destroys the io context
and then waits for the getevents thread to exit.  Without this patch, the
program hangs indefinitely.  With the patch, the program exits as expected.

Signed-off-by: Jeff Moyer <jmoyer@redhat.com>
Cc: Zach Brown <zach.brown@oracle.com>
Cc: Christopher Smith <x@xman.org>
Cc: Benjamin LaHaise <bcrl@kvack.org>
Cc: <stable@kernel.org>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

11 years agohotplug-memory: make online_page() common
Jeremy Fitzhardinge [Mon, 28 Apr 2008 09:12:03 +0000]
hotplug-memory: make online_page() common

All architectures use an effectively identical definition of online_page(), so
just make it common code.  x86-64, ia64, powerpc and sh are actually
identical; x86-32 is slightly different.

x86-32's differences arise because it puts its hotplug pages in the highmem
zone.  We can handle this in the generic code by inspecting the page to see if
its in highmem, and update the totalhigh_pages count appropriately.  This
leaves init_32.c:free_new_highpage with a single caller, so I folded it into
add_one_highpage_init.

I also removed an incorrect comment referring to the NUMA case; any NUMA
details have already been dealt with by the time online_page() is called.

[akpm@linux-foundation.org: fix indenting]
Signed-off-by: Jeremy Fitzhardinge <jeremy.fitzhardinge@citrix.com>
Acked-by: Dave Hansen <dave@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
Reviewed-by: KAMEZAWA Hiroyuki <kamez.hiroyu@jp.fujitsu.com>
Tested-by: KAMEZAWA Hiroyuki <kamez.hiroyu@jp.fujitsu.com>
Cc: Yasunori Goto <y-goto@jp.fujitsu.com>
Cc: Christoph Lameter <clameter@sgi.com>
Acked-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu>
Acked-by: Yasunori Goto <y-goto@jp.fujitsu.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

11 years agohotplug memory remove: generic __remove_pages() support
Badari Pulavarty [Mon, 28 Apr 2008 09:12:01 +0000]
hotplug memory remove: generic __remove_pages() support

Generic helper function to remove section mappings and sysfs entries for the
section of the memory we are removing.  offline_pages() correctly adjusted
zone and marked the pages reserved.

TODO: Yasunori Goto is working on patches to free up allocations from bootmem.

Signed-off-by: Badari Pulavarty <pbadari@us.ibm.com>
Acked-by: Yasunori Goto <y-goto@jp.fujitsu.com>
Cc: Benjamin Herrenschmidt <benh@kernel.crashing.org>
Cc: Paul Mackerras <paulus@samba.org>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

11 years agortc: replace remaining __FUNCTION__ occurrences
Harvey Harrison [Mon, 28 Apr 2008 09:12:00 +0000]
rtc: replace remaining __FUNCTION__ occurrences

__FUNCTION__ is gcc-specific, use __func__

Signed-off-by: Harvey Harrison <harvey.harrison@gmail.com>
Cc: David Brownell <david-b@pacbell.net>
Cc: Alessandro Zummo <a.zummo@towertech.it>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

11 years agodrivers/char/rtc.c: use time_before, time_before_eq, etc
Julia Lawall [Mon, 28 Apr 2008 09:11:59 +0000]
drivers/char/rtc.c: use time_before, time_before_eq, etc

The functions time_before, time_before_eq, time_after, and time_after_eq
are more robust for comparing jiffies against other values.

A simplified version of the semantic patch making this change is as follows:
(http://www.emn.fr/x-info/coccinelle/)

// <smpl>
@ change_compare_np @
expression E;
@@

(
- jiffies <= E
+ time_before_eq(jiffies,E)
|
- jiffies >= E
+ time_after_eq(jiffies,E)
|
- jiffies < E
+ time_before(jiffies,E)
|
- jiffies > E
+ time_after(jiffies,E)
)

@ include depends on change_compare_np @
@@

#include <linux/jiffies.h>

@ no_include depends on !include && change_compare_np @
@@

  #include <linux/...>
+ #include <linux/jiffies.h>
// </smpl>

Signed-off-by: Julia Lawall <julia@diku.dk>
Cc: Ingo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu>
Cc: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
Cc: Alessandro Zummo <a.zummo@towertech.it>
Cc: David Brownell <david-b@pacbell.net>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

11 years agortc: add the support for alarm time relative to current time in sysfs
Zhao Yakui [Mon, 28 Apr 2008 09:11:58 +0000]
rtc: add the support for alarm time relative to current time in sysfs

In current kernel if we want to set the alarm time, the absolute time the
seconds relative to 1970-01-01 00:00:00) should be written into
/sys/class/rtc/rtc0/wakealarm.  It is not convenient.

It is more reasonable to add the support for the alarm time relative to
current RTC time.(the unit is second)

For example:
If the RTC is required to generate alarm after 2 minutes, the following
will be OK.
echo +120 > /sys/class/rtc/rtc0/wakealarm
or      echo +0x78 > /sys/class/rtc/rtc0/wakealarm

Signed-off-by: Zhao Yakui <yakui.zhao@intel.com>
Signed-off-by: Zhang Rui <rui.zhang@intel.com>
Signed-off-by: David Brownell <dbrownell@users.sourceforge.net>
Cc: Alessandro Zummo <a.zummo@towertech.it>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

11 years agortc: rtc-rs5c372: fix up NULL name in transfer error path
Paul Mundt [Mon, 28 Apr 2008 09:11:57 +0000]
rtc: rtc-rs5c372: fix up NULL name in transfer error path

rs5c_get_regs() currently uses rs5c->rtc->name for its debug printk when
i2c_transfer() fails, though it is used several times before the rtc dev
has been registered. The earliest we can get at the symbolic name is via
the i2c client's struct device, which can be handled by moving the first
rs5c_get_regs() until after the client pointer is assigned.

Signed-off-by: Paul Mundt <lethal@linux-sh.org>
Cc: David Brownell <david-b@pacbell.net>
Cc: Alessandro Zummo <a.zummo@towertech.it>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

11 years agokerneldoc for <linux/clk.h>
David Brownell [Mon, 28 Apr 2008 09:11:56 +0000]
kerneldoc for <linux/clk.h>

Add <linux/clk.h> to the generated kerneldoc, with some overview
to go along with those per-function descriptions.

Signed-off-by: David Brownell <dbrownell@users.sourceforge.net>
Cc: Russell King <rmk@arm.linux.org.uk>
Cc: Alessandro Zummo <a.zummo@towertech.it>
Cc: "Randy.Dunlap" <rdunlap@xenotime.net>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

11 years agomake ds1511_rtc_{read,set}_time() static
Adrian Bunk [Mon, 28 Apr 2008 09:11:55 +0000]
make ds1511_rtc_{read,set}_time() static

Make the needlessly global ds1511_rtc_{read,set}_time() static.

Signed-off-by: Adrian Bunk <bunk@kernel.org>
Cc: David Brownell <david-b@pacbell.net>
Cc: Alessandro Zummo <a.zummo@towertech.it>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

11 years agortc: silence section mismatch warning in rtc-test
Sam Ravnborg [Mon, 28 Apr 2008 09:11:55 +0000]
rtc: silence section mismatch warning in rtc-test

Fix following warning:
WARNING: vmlinux.o(.data+0x253e28): Section mismatch in reference from the variable test_drv to the function .devexit.text:test_remove()

Fix by renaming the platfrom_driver variable from *_drv to *_driver
so modpost ignore the reference to an __devexit section.

Signed-off-by: Sam Ravnborg <sam@ravnborg.org>
Cc: Alessandro Zummo <a.zummo@towertech.it>
Cc: David Brownell <david-b@pacbell.net>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

11 years agortc-x1205: new style conversion
Alessandro Zummo [Mon, 28 Apr 2008 09:11:54 +0000]
rtc-x1205: new style conversion

[akpm@linux-foundation.org: coding-style fixes]
Signed-off-by: Alessandro Zummo <a.zummo@towertech.it>
Cc: David Brownell <david-b@pacbell.net>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

11 years agortc-pcf8563: new style conversion
Alessandro Zummo [Mon, 28 Apr 2008 09:11:54 +0000]
rtc-pcf8563: new style conversion

[akpm@linux-foundation.org: coding-style fixes]
Signed-off-by: Alessandro Zummo <a.zummo@towertech.it>
Cc: David Brownell <david-b@pacbell.net>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

11 years agortc-isl1208: new style conversion and minor bug fixes
Alessandro Zummo [Mon, 28 Apr 2008 09:11:53 +0000]
rtc-isl1208: new style conversion and minor bug fixes

[akpm@linux-foundation.org: coding-style fixes]
Signed-off-by: Alessandro Zummo <a.zummo@towertech.it>
Cc: Herbert Valerio Riedel <hvr@gnu.org>
Cc: David Brownell <david-b@pacbell.net>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

11 years agortc: avoid legacy drivers with generic framework
David Brownell [Mon, 28 Apr 2008 09:11:52 +0000]
rtc: avoid legacy drivers with generic framework

Kconfig tweaks to help reduce RTC configuration bugs, by avoiding
legacy RTC drivers when the generic RTC framework is enabled:

 - If rtc-cmos is selected, disable the legacy rtc driver;

 - When using generic RTC on x86, enable rtc-cmos by default;

 - In the old "chardev RTC" section of Kconfig, add a comment
   warning people off these (seven) legacy RTC drivers when
   the generic framework is in use.

People can still use the legacy drivers if they want (or need) to.

This doesn't fix the broken dependencies for the legacy "CMOS" RTC driver.
Ideally it would be a full list of platforms where it works, not a partial
list of ones where it won't.  Or better yet, it would depend on a
"HAVE_CMOS_RTC" flag defined by various platforms ...  surely there's a
Kconfig style guideline lurking there.

Signed-off-by: David Brownell <dbrownell@users.sourceforge.net>
Acked-by: Alessandro Zummo <a.zummo@towertech.it>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

11 years agortc-pcf8583 build fix
David Brownell [Mon, 28 Apr 2008 09:11:51 +0000]
rtc-pcf8583 build fix

Fix bogus #include in rtc-pcf8583, so it compiles on platforms that
don't support PC clone RTCs.  (Original issue noted by Adrian Bunk.)

Signed-off-by: David Brownell <dbrownell@users.sourceforge.net>
Cc: Adrian Bunk <bunk@kernel.org>
Acked-by: Alessandro Zummo <a.zummo@towertech.it>
Cc: <stable@kernel.org>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

11 years agodz: test after postfix decrement fails in dz_console_putchar()
Roel Kluin [Mon, 28 Apr 2008 09:11:50 +0000]
dz: test after postfix decrement fails in dz_console_putchar()

When loops reaches 0 the postfix decrement still subtracts, so the subsequent
test fails.

Signed-off-by: Roel Kluin <12o3l@tiscali.nl>
Acked-by: Maciej W. Rozycki <macro@linux-mips.org>
Cc: Johannes Weiner <hannes@saeurebad.de>
Cc: <stable@kernel.org>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

11 years agomm: fix possible off-by-one in walk_pte_range()
Johannes Weiner [Mon, 28 Apr 2008 09:11:47 +0000]
mm: fix possible off-by-one in walk_pte_range()

After the loop in walk_pte_range() pte might point to the first address after
the pmd it walks.  The pte_unmap() is then applied to something bad.

Spotted by Roel Kluin and Andreas Schwab.

Signed-off-by: Johannes Weiner <hannes@saeurebad.de>
Cc: Roel Kluin <12o3l@tiscali.nl>
Cc: Andreas Schwab <schwab@suse.de>
Acked-by: Matt Mackall <mpm@selenic.com>
Acked-by: Mikael Pettersson <mikpe@it.uu.se>
Cc: <stable@kernel.org>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

11 years agox86: PAT fix
Ingo Molnar [Fri, 21 Mar 2008 14:42:28 +0000]
x86: PAT fix

Adrian Bunk noticed the following Coverity report:

> Commit e7f260a276f2c9184fe753732d834b1f6fbe9f17
> (x86: PAT use reserve free memtype in mmap of /dev/mem)
> added the following gem to arch/x86/mm/pat.c:
>
> <--  snip  -->
>
> ...
> int phys_mem_access_prot_allowed(struct file *file, unsigned long pfn,
>                                 unsigned long size, pgprot_t *vma_prot)
> {
>         u64 offset = ((u64) pfn) << PAGE_SHIFT;
>         unsigned long flags = _PAGE_CACHE_UC_MINUS;
>         unsigned long ret_flags;
> ...
> ...  (nothing that touches ret_flags)
> ...
>         if (flags != _PAGE_CACHE_UC_MINUS) {
>                 retval = reserve_memtype(offset, offset + size, flags, NULL);
>         } else {
>                 retval = reserve_memtype(offset, offset + size, -1, &ret_flags);
>         }
>
>         if (retval < 0)
>                 return 0;
>
>         flags = ret_flags;
>
>         if (pfn <= max_pfn_mapped &&
>             ioremap_change_attr((unsigned long)__va(offset), size, flags) < 0) {
>                 free_memtype(offset, offset + size);
>                 printk(KERN_INFO
>                 "%s:%d /dev/mem ioremap_change_attr failed %s for %Lx-%Lx\n",
>                         current->comm, current->pid,
>                         cattr_name(flags),
>                         offset, offset + size);
>                 return 0;
>         }
>
>         *vma_prot = __pgprot((pgprot_val(*vma_prot) & ~_PAGE_CACHE_MASK) |
>                              flags);
>         return 1;
> }
>
> <--  snip  -->
>
> If (flags != _PAGE_CACHE_UC_MINUS) we pass garbage from the stack to
> ioremap_change_attr() and/or __pgprot().
>
> Spotted by the Coverity checker.

the fix simplifies the code as we get rid of the 'ret_flags'
complication.

Signed-off-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

11 years agox86 PAT: tone down debugging messages some more
Linus Torvalds [Sun, 27 Apr 2008 18:59:30 +0000]
x86 PAT: tone down debugging messages some more

Ingo already fixed one of these at my request (in "x86 PAT: tone down
debugging messages", commit 1ebcc654f010d4a63f3ebf8ddd2cab5a709b1824),
but there was another one he missed.

Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

11 years agoMerge git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/jejb/scsi-misc-2.6
Linus Torvalds [Sun, 27 Apr 2008 18:25:00 +0000]
Merge git://git./linux/kernel/git/jejb/scsi-misc-2.6

* git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/jejb/scsi-misc-2.6: (40 commits)
  [SCSI] jazz_esp, sgiwd93, sni_53c710, sun3x_esp: fix platform driver hotplug/coldplug
  [SCSI] aic7xxx: add const
  [SCSI] aic7xxx: add static
  [SCSI] aic7xxx: Update _shipped files
  [SCSI] aic7xxx: teach aicasm to not emit unused debug code/data
  [SCSI] qla2xxx: Update version number to 8.02.01-k2.
  [SCSI] qla2xxx: Correct regression in relogin code.
  [SCSI] qla2xxx: Correct misc. endian and byte-ordering issues.
  [SCSI] qla2xxx: make qla2x00_issue_iocb_timeout() static
  [SCSI] qla2xxx: qla_os.c, make 2 functions static
  [SCSI] qla2xxx: Re-register FDMI information after a LIP.
  [SCSI] qla2xxx: Correct SRB usage-after-completion/free issues.
  [SCSI] qla2xxx: Correct ISP84XX verify-chip response handling.
  [SCSI] qla2xxx: Wakeup DPC thread to process any deferred-work requests.
  [SCSI] qla2xxx: Collapse RISC-RAM retrieval code during a firmware-dump.
  [SCSI] m68k: new mac_esp scsi driver
  [SCSI] zfcp: Add some statistics provided by the FCP adapter to the sysfs
  [SCSI] zfcp: Print some messages only during ERP
  [SCSI] zfcp: Wait for free SBAL during exchange config
  [SCSI] scsi_transport_fc: fc_user_scan correction
  ...

11 years ago[SCSI] jazz_esp, sgiwd93, sni_53c710, sun3x_esp: fix platform driver hotplug/coldplug
Kay Sievers [Fri, 18 Apr 2008 20:57:19 +0000]
[SCSI] jazz_esp, sgiwd93, sni_53c710, sun3x_esp: fix platform driver hotplug/coldplug

Since

commit 43cc71eed1250755986da4c0f9898f9a635cb3bf
Author: Kay Sievers <kay.sievers@vrfy.org>
Date:   Sat Aug 18 04:40:39 2007 +0200

    platform: prefix MODALIAS with "platform:"

the platform modalias is prefixed with "platform:". Add MODULE_ALIAS()
to the hotpluggable SCSI platform drivers, to re-enable auto loading.

[dbrownell@users.sourceforge.net: more drivers, registration fixes]
[akpm@linux-foundation.org: fix sgiwd93.c]
Signed-off-by: Kay Sievers <kay.sievers@vrfy.org>
Signed-off-by: David Brownell <dbrownell@users.sourceforge.net>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: James Bottomley <James.Bottomley@HansenPartnership.com>

11 years ago[SCSI] aic7xxx: add const
Denys Vlasenko [Fri, 25 Apr 2008 02:36:01 +0000]
[SCSI] aic7xxx: add const

This patch adds more const keywords where appropriate.

Signed-off-by: Denys Vlasenko <vda.linux@googlemail.com>
Acked-by: Hannes Reinecke <hare@suse.de>
Signed-off-by: James Bottomley <James.Bottomley@HansenPartnership.com>

11 years ago[SCSI] aic7xxx: add static
Denys Vlasenko [Fri, 25 Apr 2008 02:34:49 +0000]
[SCSI] aic7xxx: add static

This patch adds static (and sometimes const) keywords where appropriate.

Signed-off-by: Denys Vlasenko <vda.linux@googlemail.com>
Acked-by: Hannes Reinecke <hare@suse.de>
Signed-off-by: James Bottomley <James.Bottomley@HansenPartnership.com>

11 years ago[SCSI] aic7xxx: Update _shipped files
Hannes Reinecke [Fri, 25 Apr 2008 13:03:05 +0000]
[SCSI] aic7xxx: Update _shipped files

Update the precompiled sequencer code to match the latest
aicasm changes.

Signed-off-by: Hannes Reinecke <hare@suse.de>
Signed-off-by: James Bottomley <James.Bottomley@HansenPartnership.com>

11 years ago[SCSI] aic7xxx: teach aicasm to not emit unused debug code/data
Hannes Reinecke [Fri, 25 Apr 2008 13:01:41 +0000]
[SCSI] aic7xxx: teach aicasm to not emit unused debug code/data

Add a 'count' variable to each symbol which gets increased every time
the symbol is referenced.  And then modify the register definition to
include counts for symbols which are referenced from the source code
only and not from the sequencer code.

This will give us an automatic usage count for the symbols with only
minimal hand-crafting.

Signed-off-by: James Bottomley <James.Bottomley@HansenPartnership.com>

11 years ago[SCSI] qla2xxx: Update version number to 8.02.01-k2.
Andrew Vasquez [Thu, 24 Apr 2008 22:21:31 +0000]
[SCSI] qla2xxx: Update version number to 8.02.01-k2.

Signed-off-by: Andrew Vasquez <andrew.vasquez@qlogic.com>
Signed-off-by: James Bottomley <James.Bottomley@HansenPartnership.com>

11 years ago[SCSI] qla2xxx: Correct regression in relogin code.
Andrew Vasquez [Thu, 24 Apr 2008 22:21:30 +0000]
[SCSI] qla2xxx: Correct regression in relogin code.

Commit 63a8651f2548c6bb5132c0b4e7dad4f57a9274db ([SCSI] qla2xxx:
Correct infinite-login-retry issue.) introduced a small
regression where a successful relogin would result in an fcport's
loop_id to be incorrectly reset to FC_NO_LOOP_ID.  Only clear-out
loopid, if retries have been 'truly' exhausted.

Signed-off-by: Andrew Vasquez <andrew.vasquez@qlogic.com>
Cc: Stable Tree <stable@kernel.org>
Signed-off-by: James Bottomley <James.Bottomley@HansenPartnership.com>

11 years ago[SCSI] qla2xxx: Correct misc. endian and byte-ordering issues.
Seokmann Ju [Thu, 24 Apr 2008 22:21:29 +0000]
[SCSI] qla2xxx: Correct misc. endian and byte-ordering issues.

There were several places in the driver which could cause byte
ordering problem as provided by Al Viro
<viro@ZenIV.linux.org.uk>.

Signed-off-by: Seokmann Ju <seokmann.ju@qlogic.com>
Signed-off-by: James Bottomley <James.Bottomley@HansenPartnership.com>

11 years ago[SCSI] qla2xxx: make qla2x00_issue_iocb_timeout() static
Adrian Bunk [Thu, 24 Apr 2008 22:21:28 +0000]
[SCSI] qla2xxx: make qla2x00_issue_iocb_timeout() static

This patch makes the needlessly global qla2x00_issue_iocb_timeout()
static.

Signed-off-by: Adrian Bunk <bunk@kernel.org>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Vasquez <andrew.vasquez@qlogic.com>
Signed-off-by: James Bottomley <James.Bottomley@HansenPartnership.com>

11 years ago[SCSI] qla2xxx: qla_os.c, make 2 functions static
Adrian Bunk [Thu, 24 Apr 2008 22:21:27 +0000]
[SCSI] qla2xxx: qla_os.c, make 2 functions static

This patch makes the following needlessly global functions static:
- qla2x00_alloc_work()
- qla2x00_post_work()

Signed-off-by: Adrian Bunk <bunk@kernel.org>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Vasquez <andrew.vasquez@qlogic.com>
Signed-off-by: James Bottomley <James.Bottomley@HansenPartnership.com>

11 years ago[SCSI] qla2xxx: Re-register FDMI information after a LIP.
Andrew Vasquez [Thu, 24 Apr 2008 22:21:26 +0000]
[SCSI] qla2xxx: Re-register FDMI information after a LIP.

Original code would (incorrectly) only re-register after a
loop-down condition.  Also, FDMI registration should be enabled
by default.

Signed-off-by: Andrew Vasquez <andrew.vasquez@qlogic.com>
Signed-off-by: James Bottomley <James.Bottomley@HansenPartnership.com>

11 years ago[SCSI] qla2xxx: Correct SRB usage-after-completion/free issues.
Andrew Vasquez [Thu, 24 Apr 2008 22:21:25 +0000]
[SCSI] qla2xxx: Correct SRB usage-after-completion/free issues.

The driver is incorrectly assuming that the 'sp' reference held
in qla2[x00|4xx]_abort_command() is valid after the mailbox
command is issued to abort the exchange.  It is *not*, as the
command may be completed during interrupt context before control
is returned to the mailbox caller.

Signed-off-by: Andrew Vasquez <andrew.vasquez@qlogic.com>
Signed-off-by: James Bottomley <James.Bottomley@HansenPartnership.com>

11 years ago[SCSI] qla2xxx: Correct ISP84XX verify-chip response handling.
Andrew Vasquez [Thu, 24 Apr 2008 22:21:24 +0000]
[SCSI] qla2xxx: Correct ISP84XX verify-chip response handling.

Earlier code could trigger an infinite-retry if 1st invocation
returned a non-CS_COMPLETE status.

Signed-off-by: Andrew Vasquez <andrew.vasquez@qlogic.com>
Signed-off-by: James Bottomley <James.Bottomley@HansenPartnership.com>

11 years ago[SCSI] qla2xxx: Wakeup DPC thread to process any deferred-work requests.
Andrew Vasquez [Thu, 24 Apr 2008 22:21:23 +0000]
[SCSI] qla2xxx: Wakeup DPC thread to process any deferred-work requests.

Signed-off-by: Andrew Vasquez <andrew.vasquez@qlogic.com>
Signed-off-by: James Bottomley <James.Bottomley@HansenPartnership.com>

11 years ago[SCSI] qla2xxx: Collapse RISC-RAM retrieval code during a firmware-dump.
Andrew Vasquez [Thu, 24 Apr 2008 22:21:22 +0000]
[SCSI] qla2xxx: Collapse RISC-RAM retrieval code during a firmware-dump.

Use the more efficient read-DMA'ble-buffer mailbox commands
rather than reading a single word/dword at a time.  We also
remove a bulk of the duplicate mailbox command-handling codes in
favor of more generic read-memory() routines (qla2xxx_dump_ram()
and qla24xx_dump_ram()).

Signed-off-by: Andrew Vasquez <andrew.vasquez@qlogic.com>
Signed-off-by: James Bottomley <James.Bottomley@HansenPartnership.com>