9 years agovmscan: do not evict inactive pages when skipping an active list scan
Rik van Riel [Tue, 15 Dec 2009 01:59:48 +0000]
vmscan: do not evict inactive pages when skipping an active list scan

In AIM7 runs, recent kernels start swapping out anonymous pages well
before they should.  This is due to shrink_list falling through to
shrink_inactive_list if !inactive_anon_is_low(zone, sc), when all we
really wanted to do is pre-age some anonymous pages to give them extra
time to be referenced while on the inactive list.

The obvious fix is to make sure that shrink_list does not fall through to
scanning/reclaiming inactive pages when we called it to scan one of the
active lists.

This change should be safe because the loop in shrink_zone ensures that we
will still shrink the anon and file inactive lists whenever we should.

[kosaki.motohiro@jp.fujitsu.com: inactive_file_is_low() should be inactive_anon_is_low()]
Reported-by: Larry Woodman <lwoodman@redhat.com>
Signed-off-by: Rik van Riel <riel@redhat.com>
Acked-by: Johannes Weiner <hannes@cmpxchg.org>
Cc: Tomasz Chmielewski <mangoo@wpkg.org>
Signed-off-by: KOSAKI Motohiro <kosaki.motohiro@jp.fujitsu.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

9 years agomm/bootmem.c: properly __init-annotate helper functions
Jan Beulich [Tue, 15 Dec 2009 01:59:46 +0000]
mm/bootmem.c: properly __init-annotate helper functions

Signed-off-by: Jan Beulich <jbeulich@novell.com>
Cc: Johannes Weiner <hannes@cmpxchg.org>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

9 years agomm: slab-allocate memory section nodemask for large systems
David Rientjes [Tue, 15 Dec 2009 01:59:46 +0000]
mm: slab-allocate memory section nodemask for large systems

Nodemasks should not be allocated on the stack for large systems (when it
is larger than 256 bytes) since there is a threat of overflow.

This patch causes the unregister_mem_sect_under_nodes() nodemask to be
allocated on the stack for smaller systems and be allocated by slab for
larger systems.

GFP_KERNEL is used since remove_memory_block() can block.

Cc: Gary Hade <garyhade@us.ibm.com>
Cc: Badari Pulavarty <pbadari@us.ibm.com>
Cc: Alex Chiang <achiang@hp.com>
Signed-off-by: David Rientjes <rientjes@google.com>
Cc: Greg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@suse.de>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

9 years agomm: simplify try_to_unmap_one()
KOSAKI Motohiro [Tue, 15 Dec 2009 01:59:45 +0000]
mm: simplify try_to_unmap_one()

SWAP_MLOCK mean "We marked the page as PG_MLOCK, please move it to
unevictable-lru". So, following code is easy confusable.

        if (vma->vm_flags & VM_LOCKED) {
                ret = SWAP_MLOCK;
                goto out_unmap;
        }

Plus, if the VMA doesn't have VM_LOCKED, We don't need to check
the needed of calling mlock_vma_page().

Also, add some commentary to try_to_unmap_one().

Acked-by: Hugh Dickins <hugh.dickins@tiscali.co.uk>
Signed-off-by: KOSAKI Motohiro <kosaki.motohiro@jp.fujitsu.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

9 years agomm: fix section mismatch in memory_hotplug.c
Rakib Mullick [Tue, 15 Dec 2009 01:59:44 +0000]
mm: fix section mismatch in memory_hotplug.c

__free_pages_bootmem() is a __meminit function - which has been called
from put_pages_bootmem thus causes a section mismatch warning.

 We were warned by the following warning:

  LD      mm/built-in.o
WARNING: mm/built-in.o(.text+0x26b22): Section mismatch in reference
from the function put_page_bootmem() to the function
.meminit.text:__free_pages_bootmem()
The function put_page_bootmem() references
the function __meminit __free_pages_bootmem().
This is often because put_page_bootmem lacks a __meminit
annotation or the annotation of __free_pages_bootmem is wrong.

Signed-off-by: Rakib Mullick <rakib.mullick@gmail.com>
Cc: Yasunori Goto <y-goto@jp.fujitsu.com>
Cc: Badari Pulavarty <pbadari@us.ibm.com>
Cc: Johannes Weiner <hannes@cmpxchg.org>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

9 years agohugetlb: prevent deadlock in __unmap_hugepage_range() when alloc_huge_page() fails
Larry Woodman [Tue, 15 Dec 2009 01:59:37 +0000]
hugetlb: prevent deadlock in __unmap_hugepage_range() when alloc_huge_page() fails

hugetlb_fault() takes the mm->page_table_lock spinlock then calls
hugetlb_cow().  If the alloc_huge_page() in hugetlb_cow() fails due to an
insufficient huge page pool it calls unmap_ref_private() with the
mm->page_table_lock held.  unmap_ref_private() then calls
unmap_hugepage_range() which tries to acquire the mm->page_table_lock.

[<ffffffff810928c3>] print_circular_bug_tail+0x80/0x9f
 [<ffffffff8109280b>] ? check_noncircular+0xb0/0xe8
 [<ffffffff810935e0>] __lock_acquire+0x956/0xc0e
 [<ffffffff81093986>] lock_acquire+0xee/0x12e
 [<ffffffff8111a7a6>] ? unmap_hugepage_range+0x3e/0x84
 [<ffffffff8111a7a6>] ? unmap_hugepage_range+0x3e/0x84
 [<ffffffff814c348d>] _spin_lock+0x40/0x89
 [<ffffffff8111a7a6>] ? unmap_hugepage_range+0x3e/0x84
 [<ffffffff8111afee>] ? alloc_huge_page+0x218/0x318
 [<ffffffff8111a7a6>] unmap_hugepage_range+0x3e/0x84
 [<ffffffff8111b2d0>] hugetlb_cow+0x1e2/0x3f4
 [<ffffffff8111b935>] ? hugetlb_fault+0x453/0x4f6
 [<ffffffff8111b962>] hugetlb_fault+0x480/0x4f6
 [<ffffffff8111baee>] follow_hugetlb_page+0x116/0x2d9
 [<ffffffff814c31a7>] ? _spin_unlock_irq+0x3a/0x5c
 [<ffffffff81107b4d>] __get_user_pages+0x2a3/0x427
 [<ffffffff81107d0f>] get_user_pages+0x3e/0x54
 [<ffffffff81040b8b>] get_user_pages_fast+0x170/0x1b5
 [<ffffffff81160352>] dio_get_page+0x64/0x14a
 [<ffffffff8116112a>] __blockdev_direct_IO+0x4b7/0xb31
 [<ffffffff8115ef91>] blkdev_direct_IO+0x58/0x6e
 [<ffffffff8115e0a4>] ? blkdev_get_blocks+0x0/0xb8
 [<ffffffff810ed2c5>] generic_file_aio_read+0xdd/0x528
 [<ffffffff81219da3>] ? avc_has_perm+0x66/0x8c
 [<ffffffff81132842>] do_sync_read+0xf5/0x146
 [<ffffffff8107da00>] ? autoremove_wake_function+0x0/0x5a
 [<ffffffff81211857>] ? security_file_permission+0x24/0x3a
 [<ffffffff81132fd8>] vfs_read+0xb5/0x126
 [<ffffffff81133f6b>] ? fget_light+0x5e/0xf8
 [<ffffffff81133131>] sys_read+0x54/0x8c
 [<ffffffff81011e42>] system_call_fastpath+0x16/0x1b

This can be fixed by dropping the mm->page_table_lock around the call to
unmap_ref_private() if alloc_huge_page() fails, its dropped right below in
the normal path anyway.  However, earlier in the that function, it's also
possible to call into the page allocator with the same spinlock held.

What this patch does is drop the spinlock before the page allocator is
potentially entered.  The check for page allocation failure can be made
without the page_table_lock as well as the copy of the huge page.  Even if
the PTE changed while the spinlock was held, the consequence is that a
huge page is copied unnecessarily.  This resolves both the double taking
of the lock and sleeping with the spinlock held.

[mel@csn.ul.ie: Cover also the case where process can sleep with spinlock]
Signed-off-by: Larry Woodman <lwooman@redhat.com>
Signed-off-by: Mel Gorman <mel@csn.ul.ie>
Acked-by: Adam Litke <agl@us.ibm.com>
Cc: Andy Whitcroft <apw@shadowen.org>
Cc: Lee Schermerhorn <lee.schermerhorn@hp.com>
Cc: Hugh Dickins <hugh.dickins@tiscali.co.uk>
Cc: David Gibson <david@gibson.dropbear.id.au>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

9 years agomm: memory_hotplug: make offline_pages() static
Andrew Morton [Tue, 15 Dec 2009 01:59:35 +0000]
mm: memory_hotplug: make offline_pages() static

It has no references outside memory_hotplug.c.

Cc: "Rafael J. Wysocki" <rjw@sisk.pl>
Cc: Andi Kleen <andi@firstfloor.org>
Cc: Gerald Schaefer <gerald.schaefer@de.ibm.com>
Cc: KOSAKI Motohiro <kosaki.motohiro@jp.fujitsu.com>
Cc: Yasunori Goto <y-goto@jp.fujitsu.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

9 years agoksm: remove unswappable max_kernel_pages
Hugh Dickins [Tue, 15 Dec 2009 01:59:34 +0000]
ksm: remove unswappable max_kernel_pages

Now that ksm pages are swappable, and the known holes plugged, remove
mention of unswappable kernel pages from KSM documentation and comments.

Remove the totalram_pages/4 initialization of max_kernel_pages.  In fact,
remove max_kernel_pages altogether - we can reinstate it if removal turns
out to break someone's script; but if we later want to limit KSM's memory
usage, limiting the stable nodes would not be an effective approach.

Signed-off-by: Hugh Dickins <hugh.dickins@tiscali.co.uk>
Cc: Izik Eidus <ieidus@redhat.com>
Cc: Andrea Arcangeli <aarcange@redhat.com>
Cc: Chris Wright <chrisw@redhat.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

9 years agoksm: memory hotremove migration only
Hugh Dickins [Tue, 15 Dec 2009 01:59:33 +0000]
ksm: memory hotremove migration only

The previous patch enables page migration of ksm pages, but that soon gets
into trouble: not surprising, since we're using the ksm page lock to lock
operations on its stable_node, but page migration switches the page whose
lock is to be used for that.  Another layer of locking would fix it, but
do we need that yet?

Do we actually need page migration of ksm pages?  Yes, memory hotremove
needs to offline sections of memory: and since we stopped allocating ksm
pages with GFP_HIGHUSER, they will tend to be GFP_HIGHUSER_MOVABLE
candidates for migration.

But KSM is currently unconscious of NUMA issues, happily merging pages
from different NUMA nodes: at present the rule must be, not to use
MADV_MERGEABLE where you care about NUMA.  So no, NUMA page migration of
ksm pages does not make sense yet.

So, to complete support for ksm swapping we need to make hotremove safe.
ksm_memory_callback() take ksm_thread_mutex when MEM_GOING_OFFLINE and
release it when MEM_OFFLINE or MEM_CANCEL_OFFLINE.  But if mapped pages
are freed before migration reaches them, stable_nodes may be left still
pointing to struct pages which have been removed from the system: the
stable_node needs to identify a page by pfn rather than page pointer, then
it can safely prune them when MEM_OFFLINE.

And make NUMA migration skip PageKsm pages where it skips PageReserved.
But it's only when we reach unmap_and_move() that the page lock is taken
and we can be sure that raised pagecount has prevented a PageAnon from
being upgraded: so add offlining arg to migrate_pages(), to migrate ksm
page when offlining (has sufficient locking) but reject it otherwise.

Signed-off-by: Hugh Dickins <hugh.dickins@tiscali.co.uk>
Cc: Izik Eidus <ieidus@redhat.com>
Cc: Andrea Arcangeli <aarcange@redhat.com>
Cc: Chris Wright <chrisw@redhat.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

9 years agoksm: rmap_walk to remove_migation_ptes
Hugh Dickins [Tue, 15 Dec 2009 01:59:31 +0000]
ksm: rmap_walk to remove_migation_ptes

A side-effect of making ksm pages swappable is that they have to be placed
on the LRUs: which then exposes them to isolate_lru_page() and hence to
page migration.

Add rmap_walk() for remove_migration_ptes() to use: rmap_walk_anon() and
rmap_walk_file() in rmap.c, but rmap_walk_ksm() in ksm.c.  Perhaps some
consolidation with existing code is possible, but don't attempt that yet
(try_to_unmap needs to handle nonlinears, but migration pte removal does
not).

rmap_walk() is sadly less general than it appears: rmap_walk_anon(), like
remove_anon_migration_ptes() which it replaces, avoids calling
page_lock_anon_vma(), because that includes a page_mapped() test which
fails when all migration ptes are in place.  That was valid when NUMA page
migration was introduced (holding mmap_sem provided the missing guarantee
that anon_vma's slab had not already been destroyed), but I believe not
valid in the memory hotremove case added since.

For now do the same as before, and consider the best way to fix that
unlikely race later on.  When fixed, we can probably use rmap_walk() on
hwpoisoned ksm pages too: for now, they remain among hwpoison's various
exceptions (its PageKsm test comes before the page is locked, but its
page_lock_anon_vma fails safely if an anon gets upgraded).

Signed-off-by: Hugh Dickins <hugh.dickins@tiscali.co.uk>
Cc: Izik Eidus <ieidus@redhat.com>
Cc: Andrea Arcangeli <aarcange@redhat.com>
Cc: Chris Wright <chrisw@redhat.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

9 years agoksm: mem cgroup charge swapin copy
Hugh Dickins [Tue, 15 Dec 2009 01:59:30 +0000]
ksm: mem cgroup charge swapin copy

But ksm swapping does require one small change in mem cgroup handling.
When do_swap_page()'s call to ksm_might_need_to_copy() does indeed
substitute a duplicate page to accommodate a different anon_vma (or a the
!PageSwapCache check in mem_cgroup_try_charge_swapin().

That was returning success without charging, on the assumption that
pte_same() would fail after, which is not the case here.  Originally I
proposed that success, so that an unshrinkable mem cgroup at its limit
would not fail unnecessarily; but that's a minor point, and there are
plenty of other places where we may fail an overallocation which might
later prove unnecessary.  So just go ahead and do what all the other
exceptions do: proceed to charge current mm.

Signed-off-by: Hugh Dickins <hugh.dickins@tiscali.co.uk>
Cc: Izik Eidus <ieidus@redhat.com>
Cc: Andrea Arcangeli <aarcange@redhat.com>
Cc: Chris Wright <chrisw@redhat.com>
Acked-by: KAMEZAWA Hiroyuki <kamezawa.hiroyu@jp.fujitsu.com>
Acked-by: Balbir Singh <balbir@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

9 years agoksm: share anon page without allocating
Hugh Dickins [Tue, 15 Dec 2009 01:59:29 +0000]
ksm: share anon page without allocating

When ksm pages were unswappable, it made no sense to include them in mem
cgroup accounting; but now that they are swappable (although I see no
strict logical connection) the principle of least surprise implies that
they should be accounted (with the usual dissatisfaction, that a shared
page is accounted to only one of the cgroups using it).

This patch was intended to add mem cgroup accounting where necessary; but
turned inside out, it now avoids allocating a ksm page, instead upgrading
an anon page to ksm - which brings its existing mem cgroup accounting with
it.  Thus mem cgroups don't appear in the patch at all.

This upgrade from PageAnon to PageKsm takes place under page lock (via a
somewhat hacky NULL kpage interface), and audit showed only one place
which needed to cope with the race - page_referenced() is sometimes used
without page lock, so page_lock_anon_vma() needs an ACCESS_ONCE() to be
sure of getting anon_vma and flags together (no problem if the page goes
ksm an instant after, the integrity of that anon_vma list is unaffected).

Signed-off-by: Hugh Dickins <hugh.dickins@tiscali.co.uk>
Cc: Izik Eidus <ieidus@redhat.com>
Cc: Andrea Arcangeli <aarcange@redhat.com>
Cc: Chris Wright <chrisw@redhat.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

9 years agoksm: take keyhole reference to page
Hugh Dickins [Tue, 15 Dec 2009 01:59:27 +0000]
ksm: take keyhole reference to page

There's a lamentable flaw in KSM swapping: the stable_node holds a
reference to the ksm page, so the page to be freed cannot actually be
freed until ksmd works its way around to removing the last rmap_item from
its stable_node.  Which in some configurations may take minutes: not quite
responsive enough for memory reclaim.  And we don't want to twist KSM and
its locking more tightly into the rest of mm.  What a pity.

But although the stable_node needs to hold a pointer to the ksm page, does
it actually need to raise the reference count of that page?

No.  It would need to do so if struct pages were ordinary kmalloc'ed
objects; but they are more stable than that, and reused in particular ways
according to particular rules.

Access to stable_node from its pointer in struct page is no problem, so
long as we never free a stable_node before the ksm page itself has been
freed.  Access to struct page from its pointer in stable_node: reintroduce
get_ksm_page(), and let that peep out through its keyhole (the stable_node
pointer to ksm page), to see if that struct page still holds the right key
to open it (the ksm page mapping pointer back to this stable_node).

This relies upon the established way in which free_hot_cold_page() sets an
anon (including ksm) page->mapping to NULL; and relies upon no other user
of a struct page to put something which looks like the original
stable_node pointer (with two low bits also set) into page->mapping.  It
also needs get_page_unless_zero() technique pioneered by speculative
pagecache; and uses rcu_read_lock() to keep the guarantees that gives.

There are several drivers which put pointers of their own into page->
mapping; but none of those could coincide with our stable_node pointers,
since KSM won't free a stable_node until it sees that the page has gone.

The only problem case found is the pagetable spinlock USE_SPLIT_PTLOCKS
places in struct page (my own abuse): to accommodate GENERIC_LOCKBREAK's
break_lock on 32-bit, that spans both page->private and page->mapping.
Since break_lock is only 0 or 1, again no confusion for get_ksm_page().

But what of DEBUG_SPINLOCK on 64-bit bigendian?  When owner_cpu is 3
(matching PageKsm low bits), it might see 0xdead4ead00000003 in page->
mapping, which might coincide?  We could get around that by...  but a
better answer is to suppress USE_SPLIT_PTLOCKS when DEBUG_SPINLOCK or
DEBUG_LOCK_ALLOC, to stop bloating sizeof(struct page) in their case -
already proposed in an earlier mm/Kconfig patch.

Signed-off-by: Hugh Dickins <hugh.dickins@tiscali.co.uk>
Cc: Izik Eidus <ieidus@redhat.com>
Cc: Andrea Arcangeli <aarcange@redhat.com>
Cc: Chris Wright <chrisw@redhat.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

9 years agoksm: hold anon_vma in rmap_item
Hugh Dickins [Tue, 15 Dec 2009 01:59:25 +0000]
ksm: hold anon_vma in rmap_item

For full functionality, page_referenced_one() and try_to_unmap_one() need
to know the vma: to pass vma down to arch-dependent flushes, or to observe
VM_LOCKED or VM_EXEC.  But KSM keeps no record of vma: nor can it, since
vmas get split and merged without its knowledge.

Instead, note page's anon_vma in its rmap_item when adding to stable tree:
all the vmas which might map that page are listed by its anon_vma.

page_referenced_ksm() and try_to_unmap_ksm() then traverse the anon_vma,
first to find the probable vma, that which matches rmap_item's mm; but if
that is not enough to locate all instances, traverse again to try the
others.  This catches those occasions when fork has duplicated a pte of a
ksm page, but ksmd has not yet come around to assign it an rmap_item.

But each rmap_item in the stable tree which refers to an anon_vma needs to
take a reference to it.  Andrea's anon_vma design cleverly avoided a
reference count (an anon_vma was free when its list of vmas was empty),
but KSM now needs to add that.  Is a 32-bit count sufficient?  I believe
so - the anon_vma is only free when both count is 0 and list is empty.

Signed-off-by: Hugh Dickins <hugh.dickins@tiscali.co.uk>
Cc: Izik Eidus <ieidus@redhat.com>
Cc: Andrea Arcangeli <aarcange@redhat.com>
Cc: Chris Wright <chrisw@redhat.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

9 years agoksm: let shared pages be swappable
Hugh Dickins [Tue, 15 Dec 2009 01:59:24 +0000]
ksm: let shared pages be swappable

Initial implementation for swapping out KSM's shared pages: add
page_referenced_ksm() and try_to_unmap_ksm(), which rmap.c calls when
faced with a PageKsm page.

Most of what's needed can be got from the rmap_items listed from the
stable_node of the ksm page, without discovering the actual vma: so in
this patch just fake up a struct vma for page_referenced_one() or
try_to_unmap_one(), then refine that in the next patch.

Add VM_NONLINEAR to ksm_madvise()'s list of exclusions: it has always been
implicit there (being only set with VM_SHARED, already excluded), but
let's make it explicit, to help justify the lack of nonlinear unmap.

Rely on the page lock to protect against concurrent modifications to that
page's node of the stable tree.

The awkward part is not swapout but swapin: do_swap_page() and
page_add_anon_rmap() now have to allow for new possibilities - perhaps a
ksm page still in swapcache, perhaps a swapcache page associated with one
location in one anon_vma now needed for another location or anon_vma.
(And the vma might even be no longer VM_MERGEABLE when that happens.)

ksm_might_need_to_copy() checks for that case, and supplies a duplicate
page when necessary, simply leaving it to a subsequent pass of ksmd to
rediscover the identity and merge them back into one ksm page.
Disappointingly primitive: but the alternative would have to accumulate
unswappable info about the swapped out ksm pages, limiting swappability.

Remove page_add_ksm_rmap(): page_add_anon_rmap() now has to allow for the
particular case it was handling, so just use it instead.

Signed-off-by: Hugh Dickins <hugh.dickins@tiscali.co.uk>
Cc: Izik Eidus <ieidus@redhat.com>
Cc: Andrea Arcangeli <aarcange@redhat.com>
Cc: Chris Wright <chrisw@redhat.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

9 years agoksm: fix mlockfreed to munlocked
Hugh Dickins [Tue, 15 Dec 2009 01:59:22 +0000]
ksm: fix mlockfreed to munlocked

When KSM merges an mlocked page, it has been forgetting to munlock it:
that's been left to free_page_mlock(), which reports it in /proc/vmstat as
unevictable_pgs_mlockfreed instead of unevictable_pgs_munlocked (and
whinges "Page flag mlocked set for process" in mmotm, whereas mainline is
silently forgiving).  Call munlock_vma_page() to fix that.

Signed-off-by: Hugh Dickins <hugh.dickins@tiscali.co.uk>
Cc: Izik Eidus <ieidus@redhat.com>
Cc: Andrea Arcangeli <aarcange@redhat.com>
Cc: Chris Wright <chrisw@redhat.com>
Acked-by: Rik van Riel <riel@redhat.com>
Acked-by: Mel Gorman <mel@csn.ul.ie>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

9 years agoksm: stable_node point to page and back
Hugh Dickins [Tue, 15 Dec 2009 01:59:21 +0000]
ksm: stable_node point to page and back

Add a pointer to the ksm page into struct stable_node, holding a reference
to the page while the node exists.  Put a pointer to the stable_node into
the ksm page's ->mapping.

Then we don't need get_ksm_page() while traversing the stable tree: the
page to compare against is sure to be present and correct, even if it's no
longer visible through any of its existing rmap_items.

And we can handle the forked ksm page case more efficiently: no need to
memcmp our way through the tree to find its match.

Signed-off-by: Hugh Dickins <hugh.dickins@tiscali.co.uk>
Cc: Izik Eidus <ieidus@redhat.com>
Cc: Andrea Arcangeli <aarcange@redhat.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

9 years agoksm: separate stable_node
Hugh Dickins [Tue, 15 Dec 2009 01:59:20 +0000]
ksm: separate stable_node

Though we still do well to keep rmap_items in the unstable tree without a
separate tree_item at the node, for several reasons it becomes awkward to
keep rmap_items in the stable tree without a separate stable_node: lack of
space in the nicely-sized rmap_item, the need for an anchor as rmap_items
are removed, the need for a node even when temporarily no rmap_items are
attached to it.

So declare struct stable_node (rb_node to place it in the tree and
hlist_head for the rmap_items hanging off it), and convert stable tree
handling to use it: without yet taking advantage of it.  Note how one
stable_tree_insert() of a node now has _two_ stable_tree_append()s of the
two rmap_items being merged.

Signed-off-by: Hugh Dickins <hugh.dickins@tiscali.co.uk>
Cc: Izik Eidus <ieidus@redhat.com>
Cc: Andrea Arcangeli <aarcange@redhat.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

9 years agoksm: singly-linked rmap_list
Hugh Dickins [Tue, 15 Dec 2009 01:59:19 +0000]
ksm: singly-linked rmap_list

Free up a pointer in struct rmap_item, by making the mm_slot's rmap_list a
singly-linked list: we always traverse that list sequentially, and we
don't even lose any prefetches (but should consider adding a few later).
Name it rmap_list throughout.

Do we need to free up that pointer?  Not immediately, and in the end, we
could continue to avoid it with a union; but having done the conversion,
let's keep it this way, since there's no downside, and maybe we'll want
more in future (struct rmap_item is a cache-friendly 32 bytes on 32-bit
and 64 bytes on 64-bit, so we shall want to avoid expanding it).

Signed-off-by: Hugh Dickins <hugh.dickins@tiscali.co.uk>
Cc: Izik Eidus <ieidus@redhat.com>
Cc: Andrea Arcangeli <aarcange@redhat.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

9 years agoksm: cleanup some function arguments
Hugh Dickins [Tue, 15 Dec 2009 01:59:18 +0000]
ksm: cleanup some function arguments

Cleanup: make argument names more consistent from cmp_and_merge_page()
down to replace_page(), so that it's easier to follow the rmap_item's page
and the matching tree_page and the merged kpage through that code.

In some places, e.g.  break_cow(), pass rmap_item instead of separate mm
and address.

cmp_and_merge_page() initialize tree_page to NULL, to avoid a "may be used
uninitialized" warning seen in one config by Anil SB.

Signed-off-by: Hugh Dickins <hugh.dickins@tiscali.co.uk>
Cc: Izik Eidus <ieidus@redhat.com>
Cc: Andrea Arcangeli <aarcange@redhat.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

9 years agoksm: remove redundancies when merging page
Hugh Dickins [Tue, 15 Dec 2009 01:59:17 +0000]
ksm: remove redundancies when merging page

There is no need for replace_page() to calculate a write-protected prot
vm_page_prot must already be write-protected for an anonymous page (see
mm/memory.c do_anonymous_page() for similar reliance on vm_page_prot).

There is no need for try_to_merge_one_page() to get_page and put_page on
newpage and oldpage: in every case we already hold a reference to each of
them.

But some instinct makes me move try_to_merge_one_page()'s unlock_page of
oldpage down after replace_page(): that doesn't increase contention on the
ksm page, and makes thinking about the transition easier.

Signed-off-by: Hugh Dickins <hugh.dickins@tiscali.co.uk>
Cc: Izik Eidus <ieidus@redhat.com>
Cc: Andrea Arcangeli <aarcange@redhat.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

9 years agoksm: three remove_rmap_item_from_tree cleanups
Hugh Dickins [Tue, 15 Dec 2009 01:59:16 +0000]
ksm: three remove_rmap_item_from_tree cleanups

1. remove_rmap_item_from_tree() is called as a precaution from
   various places: don't dirty the rmap_item cacheline unnecessarily,
   just mask the flags out of the address when they have been set.

2. First get_next_rmap_item() removes an unstable rmap_item from its tree,
   then shortly afterwards cmp_and_merge_page() removes a stable rmap_item
   from its tree: it's easier just to do both at once (but definitely keep
   the BUG_ON(age > 1) which guards against a future omission).

3. When cmp_and_merge_page() moves an rmap_item from unstable to stable
   tree, it does its own rb_erase() and accounting: that's better
   expressed by remove_rmap_item_from_tree().

Signed-off-by: Hugh Dickins <hugh.dickins@tiscali.co.uk>
Cc: Izik Eidus <ieidus@redhat.com>
Cc: Andrea Arcangeli <aarcange@redhat.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

9 years agovmscan: make consistent of reclaim bale out between do_try_to_free_page and shrink_zone
KOSAKI Motohiro [Tue, 15 Dec 2009 01:59:15 +0000]
vmscan: make consistent of reclaim bale out between do_try_to_free_page and shrink_zone

Fix small inconsistent of ">" and ">=".

Signed-off-by: KOSAKI Motohiro <kosaki.motohiro@jp.fujitsu.com>
Reviewed-by: Rik van Riel <riel@redhat.com>
Reviewed-by: Minchan Kim <minchan.kim@gmail.com>
Cc: Mel Gorman <mel@csn.ul.ie>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

9 years agovmscan: kill sc.swap_cluster_max
KOSAKI Motohiro [Tue, 15 Dec 2009 01:59:14 +0000]
vmscan: kill sc.swap_cluster_max

Now, All caller of reclaim use swap_cluster_max as SWAP_CLUSTER_MAX.
Then, we can remove it perfectly.

Signed-off-by: KOSAKI Motohiro <kosaki.motohiro@jp.fujitsu.com>
Reviewed-by: Rik van Riel <riel@redhat.com>
Reviewed-by: Minchan Kim <minchan.kim@gmail.com>
Cc: Mel Gorman <mel@csn.ul.ie>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

9 years agovmscan: zone_reclaim() don't use insane swap_cluster_max
KOSAKI Motohiro [Tue, 15 Dec 2009 01:59:13 +0000]
vmscan: zone_reclaim() don't use insane swap_cluster_max

In old days, we didn't have sc.nr_to_reclaim and it brought
sc.swap_cluster_max misuse.

huge sc.swap_cluster_max might makes unnecessary OOM risk and no
performance benefit.

Now, we can stop its insane thing.

Signed-off-by: KOSAKI Motohiro <kosaki.motohiro@jp.fujitsu.com>
Reviewed-by: Rik van Riel <riel@redhat.com>
Reviewed-by: Minchan Kim <minchan.kim@gmail.com>
Cc: Mel Gorman <mel@csn.ul.ie>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

9 years agovmscan: kill hibernation specific reclaim logic and unify it
KOSAKI Motohiro [Tue, 15 Dec 2009 01:59:12 +0000]
vmscan: kill hibernation specific reclaim logic and unify it

shrink_all_zone() was introduced by commit d6277db4ab (swsusp: rework
memory shrinker) for hibernate performance improvement.  and
sc.swap_cluster_max was introduced by commit a06fe4d307 (Speed freeing
memory for suspend).

commit a06fe4d307 said

   Without the patch:
   Freed  14600 pages in  1749 jiffies = 32.61 MB/s (Anomolous!)
   Freed  88563 pages in 14719 jiffies = 23.50 MB/s
   Freed 205734 pages in 32389 jiffies = 24.81 MB/s

   With the patch:
   Freed  68252 pages in   496 jiffies = 537.52 MB/s
   Freed 116464 pages in   569 jiffies = 798.54 MB/s
   Freed 209699 pages in   705 jiffies = 1161.89 MB/s

At that time, their patch was pretty worth.  However, Modern Hardware
trend and recent VM improvement broke its worth.  From several reason, I
think we should remove shrink_all_zones() at all.

detail:

1) Old days, shrink_zone()'s slowness was mainly caused by stupid io-throttle
  at no i/o congestion.
  but current shrink_zone() is sane, not slow.

2) shrink_all_zone() try to shrink all pages at a time. but it doesn't works
  fine on numa system.
  example)
    System has 4GB memory and each node have 2GB. and hibernate need 1GB.

    optimal)
       steal 500MB from each node.
    shrink_all_zones)
       steal 1GB from node-0.

  Oh, Cache balancing logic was broken. ;)
  Unfortunately, Desktop system moved ahead NUMA at nowadays.
  (Side note, if hibernate require 2GB, shrink_all_zones() never success
   on above machine)

3) if the node has several I/O flighting pages, shrink_all_zones() makes
  pretty bad result.

  schenario) hibernate need 1GB

  1) shrink_all_zones() try to reclaim 1GB from Node-0
  2) but it only reclaimed 990MB
  3) stupidly, shrink_all_zones() try to reclaim 1GB from Node-1
  4) it reclaimed 990MB

  Oh, well. it reclaimed twice much than required.
  In the other hand, current shrink_zone() has sane baling out logic.
  then, it doesn't make overkill reclaim. then, we lost shrink_zones()'s risk.

4) SplitLRU VM always keep active/inactive ratio very carefully. inactive list only
  shrinking break its assumption. it makes unnecessary OOM risk. it obviously suboptimal.

Now, shrink_all_memory() is only the wrapper function of do_try_to_free_pages().
it bring good reviewability and debuggability, and solve above problems.

side note: Reclaim logic unificication makes two good side effect.
 - Fix recursive reclaim bug on shrink_all_memory().
   it did forgot to use PF_MEMALLOC. it mean the system be able to stuck into deadlock.
 - Now, shrink_all_memory() got lockdep awareness. it bring good debuggability.

Signed-off-by: KOSAKI Motohiro <kosaki.motohiro@jp.fujitsu.com>
Reviewed-by: Rik van Riel <riel@redhat.com>
Acked-by: Rafael J. Wysocki <rjw@sisk.pl>
Cc: Mel Gorman <mel@csn.ul.ie>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

9 years agovmscan: separate sc.swap_cluster_max and sc.nr_max_reclaim
KOSAKI Motohiro [Tue, 15 Dec 2009 01:59:10 +0000]
vmscan: separate sc.swap_cluster_max and sc.nr_max_reclaim

Currently, sc.scap_cluster_max has double meanings.

 1) reclaim batch size as isolate_lru_pages()'s argument
 2) reclaim baling out thresolds

The two meanings pretty unrelated. Thus, Let's separate it.
this patch doesn't change any behavior.

Signed-off-by: KOSAKI Motohiro <kosaki.motohiro@jp.fujitsu.com>
Reviewed-by: Rik van Riel <riel@redhat.com>
Reviewed-by: Minchan Kim <minchan.kim@gmail.com>
Cc: Mel Gorman <mel@csn.ul.ie>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

9 years agoDocumentation: ABI: /sys/devices/system/cpu/cpu#/node
Alex Chiang [Tue, 15 Dec 2009 01:59:09 +0000]
Documentation: ABI: /sys/devices/system/cpu/cpu#/node

Describe NUMA node symlink created for CPUs when CONFIG_NUMA is set.

Signed-off-by: Alex Chiang <achiang@hp.com>
Cc: Greg KH <greg@kroah.com>
Cc: Randy Dunlap <randy.dunlap@oracle.com>
Cc: Gary Hade <garyhade@us.ibm.com>
Cc: Badari Pulavarty <pbadari@us.ibm.com>
Cc: Ingo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu>
Cc: David Rientjes <rientjes@google.com>
Cc: KOSAKI Motohiro <kosaki.motohiro@jp.fujitsu.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

9 years agomm: add numa node symlink for cpu devices in sysfs
Alex Chiang [Tue, 15 Dec 2009 01:59:08 +0000]
mm: add numa node symlink for cpu devices in sysfs

You can discover which CPUs belong to a NUMA node by examining
/sys/devices/system/node/node#/

However, it's not convenient to go in the other direction, when looking at
/sys/devices/system/cpu/cpu#/

Yes, you can muck about in sysfs, but adding these symlinks makes life a
lot more convenient.

Signed-off-by: Alex Chiang <achiang@hp.com>
Acked-by: David Rientjes <rientjes@google.com>
Cc: Gary Hade <garyhade@us.ibm.com>
Cc: Badari Pulavarty <pbadari@us.ibm.com>
Cc: Ingo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu>
Cc: David Rientjes <rientjes@google.com>
Cc: Greg KH <greg@kroah.com>
Cc: Randy Dunlap <randy.dunlap@oracle.com>
Cc: David Rientjes <rientjes@google.com>
Cc: KOSAKI Motohiro <kosaki.motohiro@jp.fujitsu.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

9 years agomm: refactor unregister_cpu_under_node()
Alex Chiang [Tue, 15 Dec 2009 01:59:07 +0000]
mm: refactor unregister_cpu_under_node()

By returning early if the node is not online, we can unindent the
interesting code by two levels.

No functional change.

Signed-off-by: Alex Chiang <achiang@hp.com>
Cc: Gary Hade <garyhade@us.ibm.com>
Cc: Badari Pulavarty <pbadari@us.ibm.com>
Cc: Ingo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu>
Cc: David Rientjes <rientjes@google.com>
Cc: Greg KH <greg@kroah.com>
Cc: Randy Dunlap <randy.dunlap@oracle.com>
Cc: David Rientjes <rientjes@google.com>
Cc: KOSAKI Motohiro <kosaki.motohiro@jp.fujitsu.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

9 years agomm: refactor register_cpu_under_node()
Alex Chiang [Tue, 15 Dec 2009 01:59:06 +0000]
mm: refactor register_cpu_under_node()

By returning early if the node is not online, we can unindent the
interesting code by one level.

No functional change.

Signed-off-by: Alex Chiang <achiang@hp.com>
Cc: Gary Hade <garyhade@us.ibm.com>
Cc: Badari Pulavarty <pbadari@us.ibm.com>
Cc: Ingo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu>
Cc: David Rientjes <rientjes@google.com>
Cc: Greg KH <greg@kroah.com>
Cc: Randy Dunlap <randy.dunlap@oracle.com>
Cc: David Rientjes <rientjes@google.com>
Cc: KOSAKI Motohiro <kosaki.motohiro@jp.fujitsu.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

9 years agomm: add numa node symlink for memory section in sysfs
Alex Chiang [Tue, 15 Dec 2009 01:59:05 +0000]
mm: add numa node symlink for memory section in sysfs

Commit c04fc586c (mm: show node to memory section relationship with
symlinks in sysfs) created symlinks from nodes to memory sections, e.g.

/sys/devices/system/node/node1/memory135 -> ../../memory/memory135

If you're examining the memory section though and are wondering what node
it might belong to, you can find it by grovelling around in sysfs, but
it's a little cumbersome.

Add a reverse symlink for each memory section that points back to the
node to which it belongs.

Signed-off-by: Alex Chiang <achiang@hp.com>
Cc: Gary Hade <garyhade@us.ibm.com>
Cc: Badari Pulavarty <pbadari@us.ibm.com>
Cc: Ingo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu>
Acked-by: David Rientjes <rientjes@google.com>
Cc: Greg KH <greg@kroah.com>
Cc: Randy Dunlap <randy.dunlap@oracle.com>
Cc: David Rientjes <rientjes@google.com>
Cc: KOSAKI Motohiro <kosaki.motohiro@jp.fujitsu.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

9 years agomm: sigbus instead of abusing oom
Hugh Dickins [Tue, 15 Dec 2009 01:59:04 +0000]
mm: sigbus instead of abusing oom

When do_nonlinear_fault() realizes that the page table must have been
corrupted for it to have been called, it does print_bad_pte() and returns
...  VM_FAULT_OOM, which is hard to understand.

It made some sense when I did it for 2.6.15, when do_page_fault() just
killed the current process; but nowadays it lets the OOM killer decide who
to kill - so page table corruption in one process would be liable to kill
another.

Change it to return VM_FAULT_SIGBUS instead: that doesn't guarantee that
the process will be killed, but is good enough for such a rare
abnormality, accompanied as it is by the "BUG: Bad page map" message.

And recent HWPOISON work has copied that code into do_swap_page(), when it
finds an impossible swap entry: fix that to VM_FAULT_SIGBUS too.

Signed-off-by: Hugh Dickins <hugh.dickins@tiscali.co.uk>
Cc: Izik Eidus <ieidus@redhat.com>
Cc: Andrea Arcangeli <aarcange@redhat.com>
Cc: Nick Piggin <npiggin@suse.de>
Reviewed-by: KOSAKI Motohiro <kosaki.motohiro@jp.fujitsu.com>
Cc: Rik van Riel <riel@redhat.com>
Cc: Lee Schermerhorn <Lee.Schermerhorn@hp.com>
Cc: Andi Kleen <andi@firstfloor.org>
Reviewed-by: KAMEZAWA Hiroyuki <kamezawa.hiroyu@jp.fujitsu.com>
Reviewed-by: Wu Fengguang <fengguang.wu@intel.com>
Reviewed-by: Minchan Kim <minchan.kim@gmail.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

9 years agomm: stop ptlock enlarging struct page
Hugh Dickins [Tue, 15 Dec 2009 01:59:02 +0000]
mm: stop ptlock enlarging struct page

CONFIG_DEBUG_SPINLOCK adds 12 or 16 bytes to a 32- or 64-bit spinlock_t,
and CONFIG_DEBUG_LOCK_ALLOC adds another 12 or 24 bytes to it: lockdep
enables both of those, and CONFIG_LOCK_STAT adds 8 or 16 bytes to that.

When 2.6.15 placed the split page table lock inside struct page (usually
sized 32 or 56 bytes), only CONFIG_DEBUG_SPINLOCK was a possibility, and
we ignored the enlargement (but fitted in CONFIG_GENERIC_LOCKBREAK's 4 by
letting the spinlock_t occupy both page->private and page->mapping).

Should these debugging options be allowed to double the size of a struct
page, when only one minority use of the page (as a page table) needs to
fit a spinlock in there?  Perhaps not.

Take the easy way out: switch off SPLIT_PTLOCK_CPUS when DEBUG_SPINLOCK or
DEBUG_LOCK_ALLOC is in force.  I've sometimes tried to be cleverer,
kmallocing a cacheline for the spinlock when it doesn't fit, but given up
each time.  Falling back to mm->page_table_lock (as we do when ptlock is
not split) lets lockdep check out the strictest path anyway.

And now that some arches allow 8192 cpus, use 999999 for infinity.

(What has this got to do with KSM swapping?  It doesn't care about the
size of struct page, but may care about random junk in page->mapping - to
be explained separately later.)

Signed-off-by: Hugh Dickins <hugh.dickins@tiscali.co.uk>
Cc: Izik Eidus <ieidus@redhat.com>
Cc: Andrea Arcangeli <aarcange@redhat.com>
Cc: Nick Piggin <npiggin@suse.de>
Cc: KOSAKI Motohiro <kosaki.motohiro@jp.fujitsu.com>
Cc: Rik van Riel <riel@redhat.com>
Cc: Lee Schermerhorn <Lee.Schermerhorn@hp.com>
Cc: Andi Kleen <andi@firstfloor.org>
Cc: KAMEZAWA Hiroyuki <kamezawa.hiroyu@jp.fujitsu.com>
Cc: Wu Fengguang <fengguang.wu@intel.com>
Cc: Minchan Kim <minchan.kim@gmail.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

9 years agomm: pass address down to rmap ones
Hugh Dickins [Tue, 15 Dec 2009 01:59:01 +0000]
mm: pass address down to rmap ones

KSM swapping will know where page_referenced_one() and try_to_unmap_one()
should look.  It could hack page->index to get them to do what it wants,
but it seems cleaner now to pass the address down to them.

Make the same change to page_mkclean_one(), since it follows the same
pattern; but there's no real need in its case.

Signed-off-by: Hugh Dickins <hugh.dickins@tiscali.co.uk>
Cc: Izik Eidus <ieidus@redhat.com>
Cc: Andrea Arcangeli <aarcange@redhat.com>
Cc: Nick Piggin <npiggin@suse.de>
Cc: KOSAKI Motohiro <kosaki.motohiro@jp.fujitsu.com>
Cc: Rik van Riel <riel@redhat.com>
Cc: Lee Schermerhorn <Lee.Schermerhorn@hp.com>
Cc: Andi Kleen <andi@firstfloor.org>
Cc: KAMEZAWA Hiroyuki <kamezawa.hiroyu@jp.fujitsu.com>
Cc: Wu Fengguang <fengguang.wu@intel.com>
Cc: Minchan Kim <minchan.kim@gmail.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

9 years agomm: CONFIG_MMU for PG_mlocked
Hugh Dickins [Tue, 15 Dec 2009 01:58:59 +0000]
mm: CONFIG_MMU for PG_mlocked

Remove three degrees of obfuscation, left over from when we had
CONFIG_UNEVICTABLE_LRU.  MLOCK_PAGES is CONFIG_HAVE_MLOCKED_PAGE_BIT is
CONFIG_HAVE_MLOCK is CONFIG_MMU.  rmap.o (and memory-failure.o) are only
built when CONFIG_MMU, so don't need such conditions at all.

Somehow, I feel no compulsion to remove the CONFIG_HAVE_MLOCK* lines from
169 defconfigs: leave those to evolve in due course.

Signed-off-by: Hugh Dickins <hugh.dickins@tiscali.co.uk>
Cc: Izik Eidus <ieidus@redhat.com>
Cc: Andrea Arcangeli <aarcange@redhat.com>
Cc: Nick Piggin <npiggin@suse.de>
Reviewed-by: KOSAKI Motohiro <kosaki.motohiro@jp.fujitsu.com>
Cc: Rik van Riel <riel@redhat.com>
Cc: Lee Schermerhorn <Lee.Schermerhorn@hp.com>
Cc: Andi Kleen <andi@firstfloor.org>
Cc: KAMEZAWA Hiroyuki <kamezawa.hiroyu@jp.fujitsu.com>
Cc: Wu Fengguang <fengguang.wu@intel.com>
Cc: Minchan Kim <minchan.kim@gmail.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

9 years agomm: mlocking in try_to_unmap_one
Hugh Dickins [Tue, 15 Dec 2009 01:58:58 +0000]
mm: mlocking in try_to_unmap_one

There's contorted mlock/munlock handling in try_to_unmap_anon() and
try_to_unmap_file(), which we'd prefer not to repeat for KSM swapping.
Simplify it by moving it all down into try_to_unmap_one().

One thing is then lost, try_to_munlock()'s distinction between when no vma
holds the page mlocked, and when a vma does mlock it, but we could not get
mmap_sem to set the page flag.  But its only caller takes no interest in
that distinction (and is better testing SWAP_MLOCK anyway), so let's keep
the code simple and return SWAP_AGAIN for both cases.

try_to_unmap_file()'s TTU_MUNLOCK nonlinear handling was particularly
amusing: once unravelled, it turns out to have been choosing between two
different ways of doing the same nothing.  Ah, no, one way was actually
returning SWAP_FAIL when it meant to return SWAP_SUCCESS.

[kosaki.motohiro@jp.fujitsu.com: comment adding to mlocking in try_to_unmap_one]
[akpm@linux-foundation.org: remove test of MLOCK_PAGES]
Signed-off-by: Hugh Dickins <hugh.dickins@tiscali.co.uk>
Cc: Izik Eidus <ieidus@redhat.com>
Cc: Andrea Arcangeli <aarcange@redhat.com>
Cc: Nick Piggin <npiggin@suse.de>
Cc: Rik van Riel <riel@redhat.com>
Cc: Lee Schermerhorn <Lee.Schermerhorn@hp.com>
Cc: Andi Kleen <andi@firstfloor.org>
Cc: KAMEZAWA Hiroyuki <kamezawa.hiroyu@jp.fujitsu.com>
Cc: Wu Fengguang <fengguang.wu@intel.com>
Cc: Minchan Kim <minchan.kim@gmail.com>
Signed-off-by: KOSAKI Motohiro <kosaki.motohiro@jp.fujitsu.com>
Cc: Andi Kleen <andi@firstfloor.org>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

9 years agomm: define PAGE_MAPPING_FLAGS
Hugh Dickins [Tue, 15 Dec 2009 01:58:57 +0000]
mm: define PAGE_MAPPING_FLAGS

At present we define PageAnon(page) by the low PAGE_MAPPING_ANON bit set
in page->mapping, with the higher bits a pointer to the anon_vma; and have
defined PageKsm(page) as that with NULL anon_vma.

But KSM swapping will need to store a pointer there: so in preparation for
that, now define PAGE_MAPPING_FLAGS as the low two bits, including
PAGE_MAPPING_KSM (always set along with PAGE_MAPPING_ANON, until some
other use for the bit emerges).

Declare page_rmapping(page) to return the pointer part of page->mapping,
and page_anon_vma(page) to return the anon_vma pointer when that's what it
is.  Use these in a few appropriate places: notably, unuse_vma() has been
testing page->mapping, but is better to be testing page_anon_vma() (cases
may be added in which flag bits are set without any pointer).

Signed-off-by: Hugh Dickins <hugh.dickins@tiscali.co.uk>
Cc: Izik Eidus <ieidus@redhat.com>
Cc: Andrea Arcangeli <aarcange@redhat.com>
Cc: Nick Piggin <npiggin@suse.de>
Cc: KOSAKI Motohiro <kosaki.motohiro@jp.fujitsu.com>
Reviewed-by: Rik van Riel <riel@redhat.com>
Cc: Lee Schermerhorn <Lee.Schermerhorn@hp.com>
Cc: Andi Kleen <andi@firstfloor.org>
Cc: KAMEZAWA Hiroyuki <kamezawa.hiroyu@jp.fujitsu.com>
Cc: Wu Fengguang <fengguang.wu@intel.com>
Cc: Minchan Kim <minchan.kim@gmail.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

9 years agovmscan: stop kswapd waiting on congestion when the min watermark is not being met
KOSAKI Motohiro [Tue, 15 Dec 2009 01:58:55 +0000]
vmscan: stop kswapd waiting on congestion when the min watermark is not being met

If reclaim fails to make sufficient progress, the priority is raised.
Once the priority is higher, kswapd starts waiting on congestion.
However, if the zone is below the min watermark then kswapd needs to
continue working without delay as there is a danger of an increased rate
of GFP_ATOMIC allocation failure.

This patch changes the conditions under which kswapd waits on congestion
by only going to sleep if the min watermarks are being met.

[mel@csn.ul.ie: add stats to track how relevant the logic is]
[mel@csn.ul.ie: make kswapd only check its own zones and rename the relevant counters]
Signed-off-by: KOSAKI Motohiro <kosaki.motohiro@jp.fujitsu.com>
Signed-off-by: Mel Gorman <mel@csn.ul.ie>
Reviewed-by: Rik van Riel <riel@redhat.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

9 years agovmscan: have kswapd sleep for a short interval and double check it should be asleep
Mel Gorman [Tue, 15 Dec 2009 01:58:53 +0000]
vmscan: have kswapd sleep for a short interval and double check it should be asleep

After kswapd balances all zones in a pgdat, it goes to sleep.  In the
event of no IO congestion, kswapd can go to sleep very shortly after the
high watermark was reached.  If there are a constant stream of allocations
from parallel processes, it can mean that kswapd went to sleep too quickly
and the high watermark is not being maintained for sufficient length time.

This patch makes kswapd go to sleep as a two-stage process.  It first
tries to sleep for HZ/10.  If it is woken up by another process or the
high watermark is no longer met, it's considered a premature sleep and
kswapd continues work.  Otherwise it goes fully to sleep.

This adds more counters to distinguish between fast and slow breaches of
watermarks.  A "fast" premature sleep is one where the low watermark was
hit in a very short time after kswapd going to sleep.  A "slow" premature
sleep indicates that the high watermark was breached after a very short
interval.

Signed-off-by: Mel Gorman <mel@csn.ul.ie>
Cc: Frans Pop <elendil@planet.nl>
Cc: KOSAKI Motohiro <kosaki.motohiro@jp.fujitsu.com>
Cc: Rik van Riel <riel@redhat.com>
Cc: Christoph Lameter <cl@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

9 years agormap: move label `out' to a better place
Huang Shijie [Tue, 15 Dec 2009 01:58:51 +0000]
rmap: move label `out' to a better place

When the code jumps to the `out', `referenced' is still zero.  So there is
no need to check it.

Signed-off-by: Huang Shijie <shijie8@gmail.com>
Acked-by: Wu Fengguang <fengguang.wu@intel.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

9 years agormap: simplify try_to_unmap_file()
Huang Shijie [Tue, 15 Dec 2009 01:58:51 +0000]
rmap: simplify try_to_unmap_file()

Just simplify the code when `mlocked' is true.

Signed-off-by: Huang Shijie <shijie8@gmail.com>
Reviewed-by: KOSAKI Motohiro <kosaki.motohiro@jp.fujitsu.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

9 years agormap: fix the comment for try_to_unmap_anon
Huang Shijie [Tue, 15 Dec 2009 01:58:50 +0000]
rmap: fix the comment for try_to_unmap_anon

Fix the comment for try_to_unmap_anon() with the new arguments.

Signed-off-by: Huang Shijie <shijie8@gmail.com>
Acked-by: Hugh Dickins <hugh.dickins@tiscali.co.uk>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

9 years agomm/vmscan: change comment generic_file_write to __generic_file_aio_write
Vincent Li [Tue, 15 Dec 2009 01:58:49 +0000]
mm/vmscan: change comment generic_file_write to __generic_file_aio_write

Commit 543ade1fc9 ("Streamline generic_file_* interfaces and filemap
cleanups") removed generic_file_write() in filemap.  Change the comment in
vmscan pageout() to __generic_file_aio_write().

Signed-off-by: Vincent Li <macli@brc.ubc.ca>
Cc: Christoph Hellwig <hch@lst.de>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

9 years agoswap: rework map_swap_page() again
Lee Schermerhorn [Tue, 15 Dec 2009 01:58:49 +0000]
swap: rework map_swap_page() again

Seems that page_io.c doesn't really need to know that page_private(page)
is the swp_entry 'val'.  Rework map_swap_page() to do what its name says
and map a page to a page offset in the swap space.

The only other caller of map_swap_page() is internal to mm/swapfile.c and
it does want to map a swap entry to the 'sector'.  So rename
map_swap_page() to map_swap_entry(), make it 'static' and and implement
map_swap_page() as a wrapper around that.

Signed-off-by: Lee Schermerhorn <lee.schermerhorn@hp.com>
Cc: Hugh Dickins <hugh.dickins@tiscali.co.uk>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

9 years agoswap_info: reorder its fields
Hugh Dickins [Tue, 15 Dec 2009 01:58:48 +0000]
swap_info: reorder its fields

Reorder (and comment) the fields of swap_info_struct, to make better
use of its cachelines: it's good for swap_duplicate() in particular
if unsigned int max and swap_map are near the start.

Signed-off-by: Hugh Dickins <hugh.dickins@tiscali.co.uk>
Cc: KAMEZAWA Hiroyuki <kamezawa.hiroyu@jp.fujitsu.com>
Cc: Rik van Riel <riel@redhat.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

9 years agoswap_info: note SWAP_MAP_SHMEM
Hugh Dickins [Tue, 15 Dec 2009 01:58:47 +0000]
swap_info: note SWAP_MAP_SHMEM

While we're fiddling with the swap_map values, let's assign a particular
value to shmem/tmpfs swap pages: their swap counts are never incremented,
and it helps swapoff's try_to_unuse() a little if it can immediately
distinguish those pages from process pages.

Since we've no use for SWAP_MAP_BAD | COUNT_CONTINUED,
we might as well use that 0xbf value for SWAP_MAP_SHMEM.

Signed-off-by: Hugh Dickins <hugh.dickins@tiscali.co.uk>
Reviewed-by: KAMEZAWA Hiroyuki <kamezawa.hiroyu@jp.fujitsu.com>
Cc: Rik van Riel <riel@redhat.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

9 years agoswap_info: swap count continuations
Hugh Dickins [Tue, 15 Dec 2009 01:58:46 +0000]
swap_info: swap count continuations

Swap is duplicated (reference count incremented by one) whenever the same
swap page is inserted into another mm (when forking finds a swap entry in
place of a pte, or when reclaim unmaps a pte to insert the swap entry).

swap_info_struct's vmalloc'ed swap_map is the array of these reference
counts: but what happens when the unsigned short (or unsigned char since
the preceding patch) is full? (and its high bit is kept for a cache flag)

We then lose track of it, never freeing, leaving it in use until swapoff:
at which point we _hope_ that a single pass will have found all instances,
assume there are no more, and will lose user data if we're wrong.

Swapping of KSM pages has not yet been enabled; but it is implemented,
and makes it very easy for a user to overflow the maximum swap count:
possible with ordinary process pages, but unlikely, even when pid_max
has been raised from PID_MAX_DEFAULT.

This patch implements swap count continuations: when the count overflows,
a continuation page is allocated and linked to the original vmalloc'ed
map page, and this used to hold the continuation counts for that entry
and its neighbours.  These continuation pages are seldom referenced:
the common paths all work on the original swap_map, only referring to
a continuation page when the low "digit" of a count is incremented or
decremented through SWAP_MAP_MAX.

Signed-off-by: Hugh Dickins <hugh.dickins@tiscali.co.uk>
Cc: KAMEZAWA Hiroyuki <kamezawa.hiroyu@jp.fujitsu.com>
Cc: Rik van Riel <riel@redhat.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

9 years agoswap_info: swap_map of chars not shorts
Hugh Dickins [Tue, 15 Dec 2009 01:58:45 +0000]
swap_info: swap_map of chars not shorts

Halve the vmalloc'ed swap_map array from unsigned shorts to unsigned
chars: it's still very unusual to reach a swap count of 126, and the
next patch allows it to be extended indefinitely.

Signed-off-by: Hugh Dickins <hugh.dickins@tiscali.co.uk>
Reviewed-by: KAMEZAWA Hiroyuki <kamezawa.hiroyu@jp.fujitsu.com>
Cc: Rik van Riel <riel@redhat.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

9 years agoswap_info: SWAP_HAS_CACHE cleanups
Hugh Dickins [Tue, 15 Dec 2009 01:58:44 +0000]
swap_info: SWAP_HAS_CACHE cleanups

Though swap_count() is useful, I'm finding that swap_has_cache() and
encode_swapmap() obscure what happens in the swap_map entry, just at
those points where I need to understand it.  Remove them, and pass
more usable "usage" values to scan_swap_map(), swap_entry_free() and
__swap_duplicate(), instead of the SWAP_MAP and SWAP_CACHE enum.

Signed-off-by: Hugh Dickins <hugh.dickins@tiscali.co.uk>
Reviewed-by: KAMEZAWA Hiroyuki <kamezawa.hiroyu@jp.fujitsu.com>
Cc: Rik van Riel <riel@redhat.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

9 years agoswap_info: miscellaneous minor cleanups
Hugh Dickins [Tue, 15 Dec 2009 01:58:43 +0000]
swap_info: miscellaneous minor cleanups

Move CONFIG_HIBERNATION's swapdev_block() into the main CONFIG_HIBERNATION
block, remove extraneous whitespace and return, fix typo in a comment.

Signed-off-by: Hugh Dickins <hugh.dickins@tiscali.co.uk>
Reviewed-by: KAMEZAWA Hiroyuki <kamezawa.hiroyu@jp.fujitsu.com>
Cc: Rik van Riel <riel@redhat.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

9 years agoswap_info: include first_swap_extent
Hugh Dickins [Tue, 15 Dec 2009 01:58:42 +0000]
swap_info: include first_swap_extent

Make better use of the space by folding first swap_extent into its
swap_info_struct, instead of just the list_head: swap partitions need
only that one, and for others it's used as a circular list anyway.

[jirislaby@gmail.com: fix crash on double swapon]
Signed-off-by: Hugh Dickins <hugh.dickins@tiscali.co.uk>
Cc: KAMEZAWA Hiroyuki <kamezawa.hiroyu@jp.fujitsu.com>
Cc: Rik van Riel <riel@redhat.com>
Signed-off-by: Jiri Slaby <jirislaby@gmail.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

9 years agoswap_info: change to array of pointers
Hugh Dickins [Tue, 15 Dec 2009 01:58:41 +0000]
swap_info: change to array of pointers

The swap_info_struct is only 76 or 104 bytes, but it does seem wrong
to reserve an array of about 30 of them in bss, when most people will
want only one.  Change swap_info[] to an array of pointers.

That does need a "type" field in the structure: pack it as a char with
next type and short prio (aha, char is unsigned by default on PowerPC).
Use the (admittedly peculiar) name "type" throughout for this index.

/proc/swaps does not take swap_lock: I wouldn't want it to, but do take
care with barriers when adding a new item to the array (never removed).

Signed-off-by: Hugh Dickins <hugh.dickins@tiscali.co.uk>
Reviewed-by: KAMEZAWA Hiroyuki <kamezawa.hiroyu@jp.fujitsu.com>
Acked-by: Rik van Riel <riel@redhat.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

9 years agoswap_info: private to swapfile.c
Hugh Dickins [Tue, 15 Dec 2009 01:58:40 +0000]
swap_info: private to swapfile.c

The swap_info_struct is mostly private to mm/swapfile.c, with only
one other in-tree user: get_swap_bio().  Adjust its interface to
map_swap_page(), so that we can then remove get_swap_info_struct().

But there is a popular user out-of-tree, TuxOnIce: so leave the
declaration of swap_info_struct in linux/swap.h.

Signed-off-by: Hugh Dickins <hugh.dickins@tiscali.co.uk>
Cc: Nigel Cunningham <ncunningham@crca.org.au>
Cc: KAMEZAWA Hiroyuki <kamezawa.hiroyu@jp.fujitsu.com>
Reviewed-by: Rik van Riel <riel@redhat.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

9 years agovmalloc(): adjust gfp mask passed on nested vmalloc() invocation
Jan Beulich [Tue, 15 Dec 2009 01:58:39 +0000]
vmalloc(): adjust gfp mask passed on nested vmalloc() invocation

- avoid wasting more precious resources (DMA or DMA32 pools), when
  being called through vmalloc_32{,_user}()
- explicitly allow using high memory here even if the outer allocation
  request doesn't allow it

Signed-off-by: Jan Beulich <jbeulich@novell.com>
Acked-by: Hugh Dickins <hugh.dickins@tiscali.co.uk>
Cc: Nick Piggin <nickpiggin@yahoo.com.au>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

9 years agomm: add gfp flags for NODEMASK_ALLOC slab allocations
David Rientjes [Tue, 15 Dec 2009 01:58:38 +0000]
mm: add gfp flags for NODEMASK_ALLOC slab allocations

Objects passed to NODEMASK_ALLOC() are relatively small in size and are
backed by slab caches that are not of large order, traditionally never
greater than PAGE_ALLOC_COSTLY_ORDER.

Thus, using GFP_KERNEL for these allocations on large machines when
CONFIG_NODES_SHIFT > 8 will cause the page allocator to loop endlessly in
the allocation attempt, each time invoking both direct reclaim or the oom
killer.

This is of particular interest when using NODEMASK_ALLOC() from a
mempolicy context (either directly in mm/mempolicy.c or the mempolicy
constrained hugetlb allocations) since the oom killer always kills current
when allocations are constrained by mempolicies.  So for all present use
cases in the kernel, current would end up being oom killed when direct
reclaim fails.  That would allow the NODEMASK_ALLOC() to succeed but
current would have sacrificed itself upon returning.

This patch adds gfp flags to NODEMASK_ALLOC() to pass to kmalloc() on
CONFIG_NODES_SHIFT > 8; this parameter is a nop on other configurations.
All current use cases either directly from hugetlb code or indirectly via
NODEMASK_SCRATCH() union __GFP_NORETRY to avoid direct reclaim and the oom
killer when the slab allocator needs to allocate additional pages.

The side-effect of this change is that all current use cases of either
NODEMASK_ALLOC() or NODEMASK_SCRATCH() need appropriate -ENOMEM handling
when the allocation fails (never for CONFIG_NODES_SHIFT <= 8).  All
current use cases were audited and do have appropriate error handling at
this time.

Signed-off-by: David Rientjes <rientjes@google.com>
Acked-by: KAMEZAWA Hiroyuki <kamezawa.hiroyu@jp.fujitsu.com>
Cc: Lee Schermerhorn <lee.schermerhorn@hp.com>
Cc: Mel Gorman <mel@csn.ul.ie>
Cc: Randy Dunlap <randy.dunlap@oracle.com>
Cc: Nishanth Aravamudan <nacc@us.ibm.com>
Cc: Andi Kleen <andi@firstfloor.org>
Cc: David Rientjes <rientjes@google.com>
Cc: Adam Litke <agl@us.ibm.com>
Cc: Andy Whitcroft <apw@canonical.com>
Cc: Eric Whitney <eric.whitney@hp.com>
Cc: Christoph Lameter <cl@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

9 years agohugetlb: offload per node attribute registrations
Lee Schermerhorn [Tue, 15 Dec 2009 01:58:36 +0000]
hugetlb: offload per node attribute registrations

Offload the registration and unregistration of per node hstate sysfs
attributes to a worker thread rather than attempt the
allocation/attachment or detachment/freeing of the attributes in the
context of the memory hotplug handler.

I don't know that this is absolutely required, but the registration can
sleep in allocations and other mem hot plug handlers do it this way.  If
it turns out this is NOT required, we can drop this patch.

N.B.,  Only tested build, boot, libhugetlbfs regression.
       i.e., no memory hotplug testing.

Signed-off-by: Lee Schermerhorn <lee.schermerhorn@hp.com>
Reviewed-by: Andi Kleen <andi@firstfloor.org>
Cc: KAMEZAWA Hiroyuki <kamezawa.hiroyu@jp.fujitsu.com>
Cc: Lee Schermerhorn <lee.schermerhorn@hp.com>
Cc: Mel Gorman <mel@csn.ul.ie>
Cc: Randy Dunlap <randy.dunlap@oracle.com>
Cc: Nishanth Aravamudan <nacc@us.ibm.com>
Cc: David Rientjes <rientjes@google.com>
Cc: Adam Litke <agl@us.ibm.com>
Cc: Andy Whitcroft <apw@canonical.com>
Cc: Eric Whitney <eric.whitney@hp.com>
Cc: Christoph Lameter <cl@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

9 years agohugetlb: handle memory hot-plug events
Lee Schermerhorn [Tue, 15 Dec 2009 01:58:35 +0000]
hugetlb: handle memory hot-plug events

Register per node hstate attributes only for nodes with memory.  As
suggested by David Rientjes.

With Memory Hotplug, memory can be added to a memoryless node and a node
with memory can become memoryless.  Therefore, add a memory on/off-line
notifier callback to [un]register a node's attributes on transition
to/from memoryless state.

N.B.,  Only tested build, boot, libhugetlbfs regression.
       i.e., no memory hotplug testing.

Signed-off-by: Lee Schermerhorn <lee.schermerhorn@hp.com>
Reviewed-by: Andi Kleen <andi@firstfloor.org>
Acked-by: David Rientjes <rientjes@google.com>
Cc: KAMEZAWA Hiroyuki <kamezawa.hiroyu@jp.fujitsu.com>
Cc: Lee Schermerhorn <lee.schermerhorn@hp.com>
Cc: Mel Gorman <mel@csn.ul.ie>
Cc: Randy Dunlap <randy.dunlap@oracle.com>
Cc: Nishanth Aravamudan <nacc@us.ibm.com>
Cc: Adam Litke <agl@us.ibm.com>
Cc: Andy Whitcroft <apw@canonical.com>
Cc: Eric Whitney <eric.whitney@hp.com>
Cc: Christoph Lameter <cl@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

9 years agomm: clear node in N_HIGH_MEMORY and stop kswapd when all memory is offlined
David Rientjes [Tue, 15 Dec 2009 01:58:33 +0000]
mm: clear node in N_HIGH_MEMORY and stop kswapd when all memory is offlined

When memory is hot-removed, its node must be cleared in N_HIGH_MEMORY if
there are no present pages left.

In such a situation, kswapd must also be stopped since it has nothing left
to do.

Signed-off-by: David Rientjes <rientjes@google.com>
Signed-off-by: Lee Schermerhorn <lee.schermerhorn@hp.com>
Cc: Christoph Lameter <cl@linux-foundation.org>
Cc: Yasunori Goto <y-goto@jp.fujitsu.com>
Cc: Mel Gorman <mel@csn.ul.ie>
Cc: Rafael J. Wysocki <rjw@sisk.pl>
Cc: Rik van Riel <riel@redhat.com>
Cc: KAMEZAWA Hiroyuki <kamezawa.hiroyu@jp.fujitsu.com>
Cc: Lee Schermerhorn <lee.schermerhorn@hp.com>
Cc: Mel Gorman <mel@csn.ul.ie>
Cc: Randy Dunlap <randy.dunlap@oracle.com>
Cc: Nishanth Aravamudan <nacc@us.ibm.com>
Cc: Andi Kleen <andi@firstfloor.org>
Cc: David Rientjes <rientjes@google.com>
Cc: Adam Litke <agl@us.ibm.com>
Cc: Andy Whitcroft <apw@canonical.com>
Cc: Eric Whitney <eric.whitney@hp.com>
Cc: Christoph Lameter <cl@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

9 years agohugetlb: use only nodes with memory for huge pages
Lee Schermerhorn [Tue, 15 Dec 2009 01:58:32 +0000]
hugetlb: use only nodes with memory for huge pages

Register per node hstate sysfs attributes only for nodes with memory.
Global replacement of 'all online nodes" with "all nodes with memory" in
mm/hugetlb.c.  Suggested by David Rientjes.

A subsequent patch will handle adding/removing of per node hstate sysfs
attributes when nodes transition to/from memoryless state via memory
hotplug.

NOTE: this patch has not been tested with memoryless nodes.

Signed-off-by: Lee Schermerhorn <lee.schermerhorn@hp.com>
Reviewed-by: Andi Kleen <andi@firstfloor.org>
Cc: KAMEZAWA Hiroyuki <kamezawa.hiroyu@jp.fujitsu.com>
Cc: Mel Gorman <mel@csn.ul.ie>
Cc: Randy Dunlap <randy.dunlap@oracle.com>
Cc: Nishanth Aravamudan <nacc@us.ibm.com>
Acked-by: David Rientjes <rientjes@google.com>
Cc: Adam Litke <agl@us.ibm.com>
Cc: Andy Whitcroft <apw@canonical.com>
Cc: Eric Whitney <eric.whitney@hp.com>
Cc: Christoph Lameter <cl@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

9 years agohugetlb: update hugetlb documentation for NUMA controls
Lee Schermerhorn [Tue, 15 Dec 2009 01:58:30 +0000]
hugetlb: update hugetlb documentation for NUMA controls

Update the kernel huge tlb documentation to describe the numa memory
policy based huge page management.  Additionaly, the patch includes a fair
amount of rework to improve consistency, eliminate duplication and set the
context for documenting the memory policy interaction.

Signed-off-by: Lee Schermerhorn <lee.schermerhorn@hp.com>
Acked-by: David Rientjes <rientjes@google.com>
Acked-by: Mel Gorman <mel@csn.ul.ie>
Reviewed-by: Andi Kleen <andi@firstfloor.org>
Cc: KAMEZAWA Hiroyuki <kamezawa.hiroyu@jp.fujitsu.com>
Cc: Lee Schermerhorn <lee.schermerhorn@hp.com>
Cc: Randy Dunlap <randy.dunlap@oracle.com>
Cc: Nishanth Aravamudan <nacc@us.ibm.com>
Cc: Adam Litke <agl@us.ibm.com>
Cc: Andy Whitcroft <apw@canonical.com>
Cc: Eric Whitney <eric.whitney@hp.com>
Cc: Christoph Lameter <cl@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

9 years agohugetlb: add per node hstate attributes
Lee Schermerhorn [Tue, 15 Dec 2009 01:58:25 +0000]
hugetlb: add per node hstate attributes

Add the per huge page size control/query attributes to the per node
sysdevs:

/sys/devices/system/node/node<ID>/hugepages/hugepages-<size>/
nr_hugepages       - r/w
free_huge_pages    - r/o
surplus_huge_pages - r/o

The patch attempts to re-use/share as much of the existing global hstate
attribute initialization and handling, and the "nodes_allowed" constraint
processing as possible.

Calling set_max_huge_pages() with no node indicates a change to global
hstate parameters.  In this case, any non-default task mempolicy will be
used to generate the nodes_allowed mask.  A valid node id indicates an
update to that node's hstate parameters, and the count argument specifies
the target count for the specified node.  From this info, we compute the
target global count for the hstate and construct a nodes_allowed node mask
contain only the specified node.

Setting the node specific nr_hugepages via the per node attribute
effectively ignores any task mempolicy or cpuset constraints.

With this patch:

(me):ls /sys/devices/system/node/node0/hugepages/hugepages-2048kB
./  ../  free_hugepages  nr_hugepages  surplus_hugepages

Starting from:
Node 0 HugePages_Total:     0
Node 0 HugePages_Free:      0
Node 0 HugePages_Surp:      0
Node 1 HugePages_Total:     0
Node 1 HugePages_Free:      0
Node 1 HugePages_Surp:      0
Node 2 HugePages_Total:     0
Node 2 HugePages_Free:      0
Node 2 HugePages_Surp:      0
Node 3 HugePages_Total:     0
Node 3 HugePages_Free:      0
Node 3 HugePages_Surp:      0
vm.nr_hugepages = 0

Allocate 16 persistent huge pages on node 2:
(me):echo 16 >/sys/devices/system/node/node2/hugepages/hugepages-2048kB/nr_hugepages

[Note that this is equivalent to:
numactl -m 2 hugeadmin --pool-pages-min 2M:+16
]

Yields:
Node 0 HugePages_Total:     0
Node 0 HugePages_Free:      0
Node 0 HugePages_Surp:      0
Node 1 HugePages_Total:     0
Node 1 HugePages_Free:      0
Node 1 HugePages_Surp:      0
Node 2 HugePages_Total:    16
Node 2 HugePages_Free:     16
Node 2 HugePages_Surp:      0
Node 3 HugePages_Total:     0
Node 3 HugePages_Free:      0
Node 3 HugePages_Surp:      0
vm.nr_hugepages = 16

Global controls work as expected--reduce pool to 8 persistent huge pages:
(me):echo 8 >/sys/kernel/mm/hugepages/hugepages-2048kB/nr_hugepages

Node 0 HugePages_Total:     0
Node 0 HugePages_Free:      0
Node 0 HugePages_Surp:      0
Node 1 HugePages_Total:     0
Node 1 HugePages_Free:      0
Node 1 HugePages_Surp:      0
Node 2 HugePages_Total:     8
Node 2 HugePages_Free:      8
Node 2 HugePages_Surp:      0
Node 3 HugePages_Total:     0
Node 3 HugePages_Free:      0
Node 3 HugePages_Surp:      0

Signed-off-by: Lee Schermerhorn <lee.schermerhorn@hp.com>
Acked-by: Mel Gorman <mel@csn.ul.ie>
Reviewed-by: Andi Kleen <andi@firstfloor.org>
Cc: KAMEZAWA Hiroyuki <kamezawa.hiroyu@jp.fujitsu.com>
Cc: Randy Dunlap <randy.dunlap@oracle.com>
Cc: Nishanth Aravamudan <nacc@us.ibm.com>
Cc: David Rientjes <rientjes@google.com>
Cc: Adam Litke <agl@us.ibm.com>
Cc: Andy Whitcroft <apw@canonical.com>
Cc: Eric Whitney <eric.whitney@hp.com>
Cc: Christoph Lameter <cl@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

9 years agohugetlb: add generic definition of NUMA_NO_NODE
Lee Schermerhorn [Tue, 15 Dec 2009 01:58:23 +0000]
hugetlb: add generic definition of NUMA_NO_NODE

Move definition of NUMA_NO_NODE from ia64 and x86_64 arch specific headers
to generic header 'linux/numa.h' for use in generic code.  NUMA_NO_NODE
replaces bare '-1' where it's used in this series to indicate "no node id
specified".  Ultimately, it can be used to replace the -1 elsewhere where
it is used similarly.

Signed-off-by: Lee Schermerhorn <lee.schermerhorn@hp.com>
Acked-by: David Rientjes <rientjes@google.com>
Acked-by: Mel Gorman <mel@csn.ul.ie>
Reviewed-by: Andi Kleen <andi@firstfloor.org>
Cc: KAMEZAWA Hiroyuki <kamezawa.hiroyu@jp.fujitsu.com>
Cc: Randy Dunlap <randy.dunlap@oracle.com>
Cc: Nishanth Aravamudan <nacc@us.ibm.com>
Cc: Adam Litke <agl@us.ibm.com>
Cc: Andy Whitcroft <apw@canonical.com>
Cc: Eric Whitney <eric.whitney@hp.com>
Cc: Christoph Lameter <cl@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

9 years agohugetlb: derive huge pages nodes allowed from task mempolicy
Lee Schermerhorn [Tue, 15 Dec 2009 01:58:21 +0000]
hugetlb: derive huge pages nodes allowed from task mempolicy

This patch derives a "nodes_allowed" node mask from the numa mempolicy of
the task modifying the number of persistent huge pages to control the
allocation, freeing and adjusting of surplus huge pages when the pool page
count is modified via the new sysctl or sysfs attribute
"nr_hugepages_mempolicy".  The nodes_allowed mask is derived as follows:

* For "default" [NULL] task mempolicy, a NULL nodemask_t pointer
  is produced.  This will cause the hugetlb subsystem to use
  node_online_map as the "nodes_allowed".  This preserves the
  behavior before this patch.
* For "preferred" mempolicy, including explicit local allocation,
  a nodemask with the single preferred node will be produced.
  "local" policy will NOT track any internode migrations of the
  task adjusting nr_hugepages.
* For "bind" and "interleave" policy, the mempolicy's nodemask
  will be used.
* Other than to inform the construction of the nodes_allowed node
  mask, the actual mempolicy mode is ignored.  That is, all modes
  behave like interleave over the resulting nodes_allowed mask
  with no "fallback".

See the updated documentation [next patch] for more information
about the implications of this patch.

Examples:

Starting with:

Node 0 HugePages_Total:     0
Node 1 HugePages_Total:     0
Node 2 HugePages_Total:     0
Node 3 HugePages_Total:     0

Default behavior [with or without this patch] balances persistent
hugepage allocation across nodes [with sufficient contiguous memory]:

sysctl vm.nr_hugepages[_mempolicy]=32

yields:

Node 0 HugePages_Total:     8
Node 1 HugePages_Total:     8
Node 2 HugePages_Total:     8
Node 3 HugePages_Total:     8

Of course, we only have nr_hugepages_mempolicy with the patch,
but with default mempolicy, nr_hugepages_mempolicy behaves the
same as nr_hugepages.

Applying mempolicy--e.g., with numactl [using '-m' a.k.a.
'--membind' because it allows multiple nodes to be specified
and it's easy to type]--we can allocate huge pages on
individual nodes or sets of nodes.  So, starting from the
condition above, with 8 huge pages per node, add 8 more to
node 2 using:

numactl -m 2 sysctl vm.nr_hugepages_mempolicy=40

This yields:

Node 0 HugePages_Total:     8
Node 1 HugePages_Total:     8
Node 2 HugePages_Total:    16
Node 3 HugePages_Total:     8

The incremental 8 huge pages were restricted to node 2 by the
specified mempolicy.

Similarly, we can use mempolicy to free persistent huge pages
from specified nodes:

numactl -m 0,1 sysctl vm.nr_hugepages_mempolicy=32

yields:

Node 0 HugePages_Total:     4
Node 1 HugePages_Total:     4
Node 2 HugePages_Total:    16
Node 3 HugePages_Total:     8

The 8 huge pages freed were balanced over nodes 0 and 1.

[rientjes@google.com: accomodate reworked NODEMASK_ALLOC]
Signed-off-by: David Rientjes <rientjes@google.com>
Signed-off-by: Lee Schermerhorn <lee.schermerhorn@hp.com>
Acked-by: Mel Gorman <mel@csn.ul.ie>
Reviewed-by: Andi Kleen <andi@firstfloor.org>
Cc: KAMEZAWA Hiroyuki <kamezawa.hiroyu@jp.fujitsu.com>
Cc: Randy Dunlap <randy.dunlap@oracle.com>
Cc: Nishanth Aravamudan <nacc@us.ibm.com>
Cc: Adam Litke <agl@us.ibm.com>
Cc: Andy Whitcroft <apw@canonical.com>
Cc: Eric Whitney <eric.whitney@hp.com>
Cc: Christoph Lameter <cl@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

9 years agohugetlb: factor init_nodemask_of_node()
Lee Schermerhorn [Tue, 15 Dec 2009 01:58:17 +0000]
hugetlb: factor init_nodemask_of_node()

Factor init_nodemask_of_node() out of the nodemask_of_node() macro.

This will be used to populate the huge pages "nodes_allowed" nodemask for
a single node when basing nodes_allowed on a preferred/local mempolicy or
when a persistent huge page pool page count is modified via a per node
sysfs attribute.

Signed-off-by: Lee Schermerhorn <lee.schermerhorn@hp.com>
Acked-by: Mel Gorman <mel@csn.ul.ie>
Reviewed-by: Andi Kleen <andi@firstfloor.org>
Cc: KAMEZAWA Hiroyuki <kamezawa.hiroyu@jp.fujitsu.com>
Cc: Randy Dunlap <randy.dunlap@oracle.com>
Cc: Nishanth Aravamudan <nacc@us.ibm.com>
Acked-by: David Rientjes <rientjes@google.com>
Cc: Adam Litke <agl@us.ibm.com>
Cc: Andy Whitcroft <apw@canonical.com>
Cc: Eric Whitney <eric.whitney@hp.com>
Cc: Christoph Lameter <cl@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

9 years agohugetlb: add nodemask arg to huge page alloc, free and surplus adjust functions
Lee Schermerhorn [Tue, 15 Dec 2009 01:58:16 +0000]
hugetlb: add nodemask arg to huge page alloc, free and surplus adjust functions

In preparation for constraining huge page allocation and freeing by the
controlling task's numa mempolicy, add a "nodes_allowed" nodemask pointer
to the allocate, free and surplus adjustment functions.  For now, pass
NULL to indicate default behavior--i.e., use node_online_map.  A
subsqeuent patch will derive a non-default mask from the controlling
task's numa mempolicy.

Note that this method of updating the global hstate nr_hugepages under the
constraint of a nodemask simplifies keeping the global state
consistent--especially the number of persistent and surplus pages relative
to reservations and overcommit limits.  There are undoubtedly other ways
to do this, but this works for both interfaces: mempolicy and per node
attributes.

[rientjes@google.com: fix HIGHMEM compile error]
Signed-off-by: Lee Schermerhorn <lee.schermerhorn@hp.com>
Reviewed-by: Mel Gorman <mel@csn.ul.ie>
Acked-by: David Rientjes <rientjes@google.com>
Reviewed-by: Andi Kleen <andi@firstfloor.org>
Cc: KAMEZAWA Hiroyuki <kamezawa.hiroyu@jp.fujitsu.com>
Cc: Randy Dunlap <randy.dunlap@oracle.com>
Cc: Nishanth Aravamudan <nacc@us.ibm.com>
Cc: Andi Kleen <andi@firstfloor.org>
Cc: Adam Litke <agl@us.ibm.com>
Cc: Andy Whitcroft <apw@canonical.com>
Cc: Eric Whitney <eric.whitney@hp.com>
Cc: Christoph Lameter <cl@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: David Rientjes <rientjes@google.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

9 years agohugetlb: rework hstate_next_node_* functions
Lee Schermerhorn [Tue, 15 Dec 2009 01:58:15 +0000]
hugetlb: rework hstate_next_node_* functions

Modify the hstate_next_node* functions to allow them to be called to
obtain the "start_nid".  Then, whereas prior to this patch we
unconditionally called hstate_next_node_to_{alloc|free}(), whether or not
we successfully allocated/freed a huge page on the node, now we only call
these functions on failure to alloc/free to advance to next allowed node.

Factor out the next_node_allowed() function to handle wrap at end of
node_online_map.  In this version, the allowed nodes include all of the
online nodes.

Signed-off-by: Lee Schermerhorn <lee.schermerhorn@hp.com>
Reviewed-by: Mel Gorman <mel@csn.ul.ie>
Acked-by: David Rientjes <rientjes@google.com>
Reviewed-by: Andi Kleen <andi@firstfloor.org>
Cc: KAMEZAWA Hiroyuki <kamezawa.hiroyu@jp.fujitsu.com>
Cc: Randy Dunlap <randy.dunlap@oracle.com>
Cc: Nishanth Aravamudan <nacc@us.ibm.com>
Cc: Andi Kleen <andi@firstfloor.org>
Cc: Adam Litke <agl@us.ibm.com>
Cc: Andy Whitcroft <apw@canonical.com>
Cc: Eric Whitney <eric.whitney@hp.com>
Cc: Christoph Lameter <cl@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

9 years agonodemask: make NODEMASK_ALLOC more general
David Rientjes [Tue, 15 Dec 2009 01:58:13 +0000]
nodemask: make NODEMASK_ALLOC more general

This is a series of patches to provide control over the location of the
allocation and freeing of persistent huge pages on a NUMA platform.
Please consider for merging into mmotm.

This series uses two mechanisms to constrain the nodes from which
persistent huge pages are allocated: 1) the task NUMA mempolicy of the
task modifying a new sysctl "nr_hugepages_mempolicy", based on a
suggestion by Mel Gorman; and 2) a subset of the hugepages hstate sysfs
attributes have been added [in V4] to each node system device under:

/sys/devices/node/node[0-9]*/hugepages

The per node attibutes allow direct assignment of a huge page count on a
specific node, regardless of the task's mempolicy or cpuset constraints.

This patch:

NODEMASK_ALLOC(x, m) assumes x is a type of struct, which is unnecessary.
It's perfectly reasonable to use this macro to allocate a nodemask_t,
which is anonymous, either dynamically or on the stack depending on
NODES_SHIFT.

Signed-off-by: David Rientjes <rientjes@google.com>
Signed-off-by: Lee Schermerhorn <lee.schermerhorn@hp.com>
Acked-by: KAMEZAWA Hiroyuki <kamezawa.hiroyu@jp.fujitsu.com>
Cc: Mel Gorman <mel@csn.ul.ie>
Cc: Randy Dunlap <randy.dunlap@oracle.com>
Cc: Nishanth Aravamudan <nacc@us.ibm.com>
Cc: Andi Kleen <andi@firstfloor.org>
Cc: David Rientjes <rientjes@google.com>
Cc: Adam Litke <agl@us.ibm.com>
Cc: Andy Whitcroft <apw@canonical.com>
Cc: Eric Whitney <eric.whitney@hp.com>
Cc: Christoph Lameter <cl@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

9 years agomm: move inc_zone_page_state(NR_ISOLATED) to just isolated place
KOSAKI Motohiro [Tue, 15 Dec 2009 01:58:11 +0000]
mm: move inc_zone_page_state(NR_ISOLATED) to just isolated place

Christoph pointed out inc_zone_page_state(NR_ISOLATED) should be placed
in right after isolate_page().

This patch does it.

Reviewed-by: Christoph Lameter <cl@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: KOSAKI Motohiro <kosaki.motohiro@jp.fujitsu.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

9 years ago/dev/mem: remove redundant parameter from do_write_kmem()
Wu Fengguang [Tue, 15 Dec 2009 01:58:10 +0000]
/dev/mem: remove redundant parameter from do_write_kmem()

Signed-off-by: Wu Fengguang <fengguang.wu@intel.com>
Cc: Andi Kleen <ak@linux.intel.com>
Cc: Avi Kivity <avi@qumranet.com>
Cc: Greg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@suse.de>
Cc: Johannes Berg <johannes@sipsolutions.net>
Cc: Marcelo Tosatti <mtosatti@redhat.com>
Cc: Mark Brown <broonie@opensource.wolfsonmicro.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

9 years ago/dev/mem: remove the "written" variable in write_kmem()
Wu Fengguang [Tue, 15 Dec 2009 01:58:10 +0000]
/dev/mem: remove the "written" variable in write_kmem()

Also rename "len" to "sz". No behavior change.

Signed-off-by: Wu Fengguang <fengguang.wu@intel.com>
Cc: Andi Kleen <ak@linux.intel.com>
Cc: Avi Kivity <avi@qumranet.com>
Cc: Greg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@suse.de>
Cc: Johannes Berg <johannes@sipsolutions.net>
Cc: Marcelo Tosatti <mtosatti@redhat.com>
Cc: Mark Brown <broonie@opensource.wolfsonmicro.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

9 years ago/dev/mem: make size_inside_page() logic straight
Wu Fengguang [Tue, 15 Dec 2009 01:58:09 +0000]
/dev/mem: make size_inside_page() logic straight

Also convert more size_inside_page() users.

Signed-off-by: Wu Fengguang <fengguang.wu@intel.com>
Cc: Andi Kleen <ak@linux.intel.com>
Cc: Avi Kivity <avi@qumranet.com>
Cc: Greg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@suse.de>
Cc: Johannes Berg <johannes@sipsolutions.net>
Cc: Marcelo Tosatti <mtosatti@redhat.com>
Cc: Mark Brown <broonie@opensource.wolfsonmicro.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

9 years ago/dev/mem: cleanup unxlate_dev_mem_ptr() calls
Wu Fengguang [Tue, 15 Dec 2009 01:58:08 +0000]
/dev/mem: cleanup unxlate_dev_mem_ptr() calls

No behaviour change.

[akpm@linux-foundation.org: cleanuplets]
[akpm@linux-foundation.org: remove unused `ret']
Signed-off-by: Wu Fengguang <fengguang.wu@intel.com>
Acked-by: Andi Kleen <ak@linux.intel.com>
Cc: Marcelo Tosatti <mtosatti@redhat.com>
Cc: Greg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@suse.de>
Cc: Mark Brown <broonie@opensource.wolfsonmicro.com>
Cc: Johannes Berg <johannes@sipsolutions.net>
Cc: Avi Kivity <avi@qumranet.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

9 years ago/dev/mem: introduce size_inside_page()
Wu Fengguang [Tue, 15 Dec 2009 01:58:07 +0000]
/dev/mem: introduce size_inside_page()

Introduce size_inside_page() to replace duplicate /dev/mem code.

Also apply it to /dev/kmem, whose alignment logic was buggy.

Signed-off-by: Wu Fengguang <fengguang.wu@intel.com>
Acked-by: Andi Kleen <ak@linux.intel.com>
Cc: Marcelo Tosatti <mtosatti@redhat.com>
Cc: Greg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@suse.de>
Cc: Mark Brown <broonie@opensource.wolfsonmicro.com>
Cc: Johannes Berg <johannes@sipsolutions.net>
Cc: Avi Kivity <avi@qumranet.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

9 years ago/dev/mem: remove redundant test on len
Wu Fengguang [Tue, 15 Dec 2009 01:57:57 +0000]
/dev/mem: remove redundant test on len

The len test in write_kmem() is always true, so can be reduced.

Signed-off-by: Wu Fengguang <fengguang.wu@intel.com>
Acked-by: Andi Kleen <ak@linux.intel.com>
Cc: Marcelo Tosatti <mtosatti@redhat.com>
Cc: Greg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@suse.de>
Cc: Mark Brown <broonie@opensource.wolfsonmicro.com>
Cc: Johannes Berg <johannes@sipsolutions.net>
Cc: Avi Kivity <avi@qumranet.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

9 years agommap: don't return ENOMEM when mapcount is temporarily exceeded in munmap()
KOSAKI Motohiro [Tue, 15 Dec 2009 01:57:56 +0000]
mmap: don't return ENOMEM when mapcount is temporarily exceeded in munmap()

On ia64, the following test program exit abnormally, because glibc thread
library called abort().

 ========================================================
 (gdb) bt
 #0  0xa000000000010620 in __kernel_syscall_via_break ()
 #1  0x20000000003208e0 in raise () from /lib/libc.so.6.1
 #2  0x2000000000324090 in abort () from /lib/libc.so.6.1
 #3  0x200000000027c3e0 in __deallocate_stack () from /lib/libpthread.so.0
 #4  0x200000000027f7c0 in start_thread () from /lib/libpthread.so.0
 #5  0x200000000047ef60 in __clone2 () from /lib/libc.so.6.1
 ========================================================

The fact is, glibc call munmap() when thread exitng time for freeing
stack, and it assume munlock() never fail.  However, munmap() often make
vma splitting and it with many mapcount make -ENOMEM.

Oh well, that's crazy, because stack unmapping never increase mapcount.
The maxcount exceeding is only temporary.  internal temporary exceeding
shouldn't make ENOMEM.

This patch does it.

 test_max_mapcount.c
 ==================================================================
  #include<stdio.h>
  #include<stdlib.h>
  #include<string.h>
  #include<pthread.h>
  #include<errno.h>
  #include<unistd.h>

  #define THREAD_NUM 30000
  #define MAL_SIZE (8*1024*1024)

 void *wait_thread(void *args)
 {
  void *addr;

  addr = malloc(MAL_SIZE);
  sleep(10);

  return NULL;
 }

 void *wait_thread2(void *args)
 {
  sleep(60);

  return NULL;
 }

 int main(int argc, char *argv[])
 {
  int i;
  pthread_t thread[THREAD_NUM], th;
  int ret, count = 0;
  pthread_attr_t attr;

  ret = pthread_attr_init(&attr);
  if(ret) {
  perror("pthread_attr_init");
  }

  ret = pthread_attr_setdetachstate(&attr, PTHREAD_CREATE_DETACHED);
  if(ret) {
  perror("pthread_attr_setdetachstate");
  }

  for (i = 0; i < THREAD_NUM; i++) {
  ret = pthread_create(&th, &attr, wait_thread, NULL);
  if(ret) {
  fprintf(stderr, "[%d] ", count);
  perror("pthread_create");
  } else {
  printf("[%d] create OK.\n", count);
  }
  count++;

  ret = pthread_create(&thread[i], &attr, wait_thread2, NULL);
  if(ret) {
  fprintf(stderr, "[%d] ", count);
  perror("pthread_create");
  } else {
  printf("[%d] create OK.\n", count);
  }
  count++;
  }

  sleep(3600);
  return 0;
 }
 ==================================================================

[akpm@linux-foundation.org: coding-style fixes]
Signed-off-by: KOSAKI Motohiro <kosaki.motohiro@jp.fujitsu.com>
Signed-off-by: Hugh Dickins <hugh.dickins@tiscali.co.uk>
Cc: KAMEZAWA Hiroyuki <kamezawa.hiroyu@jp.fujitsu.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

9 years agopage-types: exit early when invoked with -d|--describe
Alex Chiang [Tue, 15 Dec 2009 01:57:54 +0000]
page-types: exit early when invoked with -d|--describe

On a system with large amount of memory (256GB), invoking page-types can
take quite a long time, which is unreasonable considering the user only
wants a description of the flags:

# time ./page-types -d 0x10
0x0000000000000010 ____D_____________________________ dirty

real 0m34.285s
user 0m1.966s
sys 0m32.313s

This is because we still walk the entire address range.

Exiting early seems like a reasonble solution:

# time ./page-types -d 0x10
0x0000000000000010 ____D_____________________________ dirty

real 0m0.007s
user 0m0.001s
sys 0m0.005s

Signed-off-by: Alex Chiang <achiang@hp.com>
Cc: Andi Kleen <andi@firstfloor.org>
Cc: Haicheng Li <haicheng.li@intel.com>
Acked-by: Wu Fengguang <fengguang.wu@intel.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

9 years agopage-types: whitespace alignment
Alex Chiang [Tue, 15 Dec 2009 01:57:53 +0000]
page-types: whitespace alignment

Align the output when page-type -h is invoked.

Signed-off-by: Alex Chiang <achiang@hp.com>
Acked-by: Wu Fengguang <fengguang.wu@intel.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

9 years agopage-types: learn to describe flags directly from command line
Alex Chiang [Tue, 15 Dec 2009 01:57:52 +0000]
page-types: learn to describe flags directly from command line

Teach page-types to describe page flags directly from the command line.

Why is this useful?  For instance, if you're using memory hotplug and see
this in /var/log/messages:

kernel: removing from LRU failed 3836dd0/1/1e00000000000010

It would be nice to decode those page flags without staring at the source.

Example usage and output:

# Documentation/vm/page-types -d 0x10
0x0000000000000010 ____D_____________________________ dirty

# Documentation/vm/page-types -d anon
0x0000000000001000 ____________a_____________________ anonymous

# Documentation/vm/page-types -d anon,0x10
0x0000000000001010 ____D_______a_____________________ dirty,anonymous

[achiang@hp.com: documentation]
Signed-off-by: Alex Chiang <achiang@hp.com>
Signed-off-by: Wu Fengguang <fengguang.wu@intel.com>
Cc: Andi Kleen <andi@firstfloor.org>
Cc: Haicheng Li <haicheng.li@intel.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

9 years agopage-types: unsigned cannot be less than 0 in add_page()
Roel Kluin [Tue, 15 Dec 2009 01:57:49 +0000]
page-types: unsigned cannot be less than 0 in add_page()

If not signed, testing of the read() return value in this function
will not work.

Signed-off-by: Roel Kluin <roel.kluin@gmail.com>
Cc: Wu Fengguang <fengguang.wu@intel.com>
Cc: Randy Dunlap <randy.dunlap@oracle.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

9 years agopage-types: constify read only arrays
Tommi Rantala [Tue, 15 Dec 2009 01:57:48 +0000]
page-types: constify read only arrays

Signed-off-by: Tommi Rantala <tt.rantala@gmail.com>
Cc: Randy Dunlap <rdunlap@xenotime.net>
Cc: Wu Fengguang <fengguang.wu@intel.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

9 years agooom: dump stack and VM state when oom killer panics
David Rientjes [Tue, 15 Dec 2009 01:57:47 +0000]
oom: dump stack and VM state when oom killer panics

The oom killer header, including information such as the allocation order
and gfp mask, current's cpuset and memory controller, call trace, and VM
state information is currently only shown when the oom killer has selected
a task to kill.

This information is omitted, however, when the oom killer panics either
because of panic_on_oom sysctl settings or when no killable task was
found.  It is still relevant to know crucial pieces of information such as
the allocation order and VM state when diagnosing such issues, especially
at boot.

This patch displays the oom killer header whenever it panics so that bug
reports can include pertinent information to debug the issue, if possible.

Signed-off-by: David Rientjes <rientjes@google.com>
Reviewed-by: KOSAKI Motohiro <kosaki.motohiro@jp.fujitsu.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

9 years agoMAINTAINERS: new kbuild maintainer
Michal Marek [Tue, 15 Dec 2009 01:57:43 +0000]
MAINTAINERS: new kbuild maintainer

Sam was fine with handing over kbuild maintainership to me. The git
trees are already in linux-next, a merge request will follow shortly.

Acked-by: Sam Ravnborg <sam@ravnborg.org>
Signed-off-by: Michal Marek <mmarek@suse.cz>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

9 years agohfs: fix a potential buffer overflow
Amerigo Wang [Tue, 15 Dec 2009 01:57:37 +0000]
hfs: fix a potential buffer overflow

A specially-crafted Hierarchical File System (HFS) filesystem could cause
a buffer overflow to occur in a process's kernel stack during a memcpy()
call within the hfs_bnode_read() function (at fs/hfs/bnode.c:24).  The
attacker can provide the source buffer and length, and the destination
buffer is a local variable of a fixed length.  This local variable (passed
as "&entry" from fs/hfs/dir.c:112 and allocated on line 60) is stored in
the stack frame of hfs_bnode_read()'s caller, which is hfs_readdir().
Because the hfs_readdir() function executes upon any attempt to read a
directory on the filesystem, it gets called whenever a user attempts to
inspect any filesystem contents.

[amwang@redhat.com: modify this patch and fix coding style problems]
Signed-off-by: WANG Cong <amwang@redhat.com>
Cc: Eugene Teo <eteo@redhat.com>
Cc: Roman Zippel <zippel@linux-m68k.org>
Cc: Al Viro <viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk>
Cc: Christoph Hellwig <hch@lst.de>
Cc: Alexey Dobriyan <adobriyan@gmail.com>
Cc: Dave Anderson <anderson@redhat.com>
Cc: <stable@kernel.org>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

9 years agobsdacct: fix uid/gid misreporting
Alexey Dobriyan [Tue, 15 Dec 2009 01:57:34 +0000]
bsdacct: fix uid/gid misreporting

commit d8e180dcd5bbbab9cd3ff2e779efcf70692ef541 "bsdacct: switch
credentials for writing to the accounting file" introduced credential
switching during final acct data collecting.  However, uid/gid pair
continued to be collected from current which became credentials of who
created acct file, not who exits.

Addresses http://bugzilla.kernel.org/show_bug.cgi?id=14676

Signed-off-by: Alexey Dobriyan <adobriyan@gmail.com>
Reported-by: Juho K. Juopperi <jkj@kapsi.fi>
Acked-by: Serge Hallyn <serue@us.ibm.com>
Acked-by: David Howells <dhowells@redhat.com>
Reviewed-by: Michal Schmidt <mschmidt@redhat.com>
Cc: James Morris <jmorris@namei.org>
Cc: <stable@kernel.org>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

9 years agoMerge branch 'i2c-for-linus' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/jdelvar...
Linus Torvalds [Mon, 14 Dec 2009 22:11:56 +0000]
Merge branch 'i2c-for-linus' of git://git./linux/kernel/git/jdelvare/staging

* 'i2c-for-linus' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/jdelvare/staging:
  i2c-core: i2c bus should support PM entries in struct dev_pm_ops
  i2c: Get rid of I2C_CLIENT_MODULE_PARM
  i2c: Drop I2C_CLIENT_INSMOD_2 to 8
  i2c: Drop I2C_CLIENT_INSMOD_1
  i2c: Get rid of struct i2c_client_address_data
  i2c: Drop the kind parameter from detect callbacks

9 years agoMerge branch 'for_linus' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/jack/linux...
Linus Torvalds [Mon, 14 Dec 2009 20:50:25 +0000]
Merge branch 'for_linus' of git://git./linux/kernel/git/jack/linux-udf-2.6

* 'for_linus' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/jack/linux-udf-2.6:
  udf: Avoid IO in udf_clear_inode
  udf: Try harder when looking for VAT inode
  udf: Fix compilation with UDFFS_DEBUG enabled

9 years agoudf: Avoid IO in udf_clear_inode
Jan Kara [Thu, 3 Dec 2009 12:39:28 +0000]
udf: Avoid IO in udf_clear_inode

It is not very good to do IO in udf_clear_inode. First, VFS does not really
expect inode to become dirty there and thus we have to write it ourselves,
second, memory reclaim gets blocked waiting for IO when it does not really
expect it, third, the IO pattern (e.g. on umount) resulting from writes in
udf_clear_inode is bad and it slows down writing a lot.

The reason why UDF needed to do IO in udf_clear_inode is that UDF standard
mandates extent length to exactly match inode size. But when we allocate
extents to a file or directory, we don't really know what exactly the final
file size will be and thus temporarily set it to block boundary and later
truncate it to exact length in udf_clear_inode. Now, this is changed to
truncate to final file size in udf_release_file for regular files. For
directories and symlinks, we do the truncation at the moment when learn
what the final file size will be.

Signed-off-by: Jan Kara <jack@suse.cz>

9 years agoudf: Try harder when looking for VAT inode
Jan Kara [Mon, 30 Nov 2009 18:47:55 +0000]
udf: Try harder when looking for VAT inode

Some disks do not contain VAT inode in the last recorded block as required
by the standard but a few blocks earlier (or the number of recorded blocks
is wrong). So look for the VAT inode a bit before the end of the media.

Signed-off-by: Jan Kara <jack@suse.cz>

9 years agoudf: Fix compilation with UDFFS_DEBUG enabled
Jan Kara [Mon, 30 Nov 2009 18:47:10 +0000]
udf: Fix compilation with UDFFS_DEBUG enabled

Signed-off-by: Jan Kara <jack@suse.cz>

9 years agoMerge branch 'x86-fixes-for-linus' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git...
Linus Torvalds [Mon, 14 Dec 2009 20:36:46 +0000]
Merge branch 'x86-fixes-for-linus' of git://git./linux/kernel/git/tip/linux-2.6-tip

* 'x86-fixes-for-linus' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/tip/linux-2.6-tip:
  x86, mce: Clean up thermal init by introducing intel_thermal_supported()
  x86, mce: Thermal monitoring depends on APIC being enabled
  x86: Gart: fix breakage due to IOMMU initialization cleanup
  x86: Move swiotlb initialization before dma32_free_bootmem
  x86: Fix build warning in arch/x86/mm/mmio-mod.c
  x86: Remove usedac in feature-removal-schedule.txt
  x86: Fix duplicated UV BAU interrupt vector
  nvram: Fix write beyond end condition; prove to gcc copy is safe
  mm: Adjust do_pages_stat() so gcc can see copy_from_user() is safe
  x86: Limit the number of processor bootup messages
  x86: Remove enabling x2apic message for every CPU
  doc: Add documentation for bootloader_{type,version}
  x86, msr: Add support for non-contiguous cpumasks
  x86: Use find_e820() instead of hard coded trampoline address
  x86, AMD: Fix stale cpuid4_info shared_map data in shared_cpu_map cpumasks

Trivial percpu-naming-introduced conflicts in arch/x86/kernel/cpu/intel_cacheinfo.c

9 years agoMerge git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/brodo/pcmcia-2.6
Linus Torvalds [Mon, 14 Dec 2009 20:33:02 +0000]
Merge git://git./linux/kernel/git/brodo/pcmcia-2.6

* git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/brodo/pcmcia-2.6:
  pcmcia: CodingStyle fixes
  pcmcia: remove unused IRQ_FIRST_SHARED

9 years agoi2c-core: i2c bus should support PM entries in struct dev_pm_ops
sonic zhang [Mon, 14 Dec 2009 20:17:30 +0000]
i2c-core: i2c bus should support PM entries in struct dev_pm_ops

Struct dev_pm_ops is not configured in current i2c bus type. i2c drivers
only depends on suspend/resume entries in struct dev_pm_ops are not
informed of PM suspend and resume events by i2c framework.

Signed-off-by: Sonic Zhang <sonic.zhang@analog.com>
Signed-off-by: Jean Delvare <khali@linux-fr.org>

9 years agoi2c: Get rid of I2C_CLIENT_MODULE_PARM
Jean Delvare [Mon, 14 Dec 2009 20:17:29 +0000]
i2c: Get rid of I2C_CLIENT_MODULE_PARM

There is no user left of I2C_CLIENT_MODULE_PARM, so we can finally
get rid of this ugly macro.

Signed-off-by: Jean Delvare <khali@linux-fr.org>
Tested-by: Wolfram Sang <w.sang@pengutronix.de>

9 years agoi2c: Drop I2C_CLIENT_INSMOD_2 to 8
Jean Delvare [Mon, 14 Dec 2009 20:17:27 +0000]
i2c: Drop I2C_CLIENT_INSMOD_2 to 8

These macros simply declare an enum, so drivers might as well declare
it themselves. This puts an end to the arbitrary limit of 8 chip types
per i2c driver.

Signed-off-by: Jean Delvare <khali@linux-fr.org>
Tested-by: Wolfram Sang <w.sang@pengutronix.de>

9 years agoi2c: Drop I2C_CLIENT_INSMOD_1
Jean Delvare [Mon, 14 Dec 2009 20:17:26 +0000]
i2c: Drop I2C_CLIENT_INSMOD_1

This macro simply declares an enum, so drivers might as well declare
it themselves.

Signed-off-by: Jean Delvare <khali@linux-fr.org>
Tested-by: Wolfram Sang <w.sang@pengutronix.de>

9 years agoi2c: Get rid of struct i2c_client_address_data
Jean Delvare [Mon, 14 Dec 2009 20:17:25 +0000]
i2c: Get rid of struct i2c_client_address_data

Struct i2c_client_address_data only contains one field at this point,
which makes its usefulness questionable. Get rid of it and pass simple
address lists around instead.

Signed-off-by: Jean Delvare <khali@linux-fr.org>
Tested-by: Wolfram Sang <w.sang@pengutronix.de>

9 years agoi2c: Drop the kind parameter from detect callbacks
Jean Delvare [Mon, 14 Dec 2009 20:17:23 +0000]
i2c: Drop the kind parameter from detect callbacks

The "kind" parameter always has value -1, and nobody is using it any
longer, so we can remove it.

Signed-off-by: Jean Delvare <khali@linux-fr.org>
Tested-by: Wolfram Sang <w.sang@pengutronix.de>

9 years agoMerge branch 'next-spi' of git://git.secretlab.ca/git/linux-2.6
Linus Torvalds [Mon, 14 Dec 2009 18:22:11 +0000]
Merge branch 'next-spi' of git://git.secretlab.ca/git/linux-2.6

* 'next-spi' of git://git.secretlab.ca/git/linux-2.6: (23 commits)
  spi: fix probe/remove section markings
  Add OMAP spi100k driver
  spi-imx: don't access struct device directly but use dev_get_platdata
  spi-imx: Add mx25 support
  spi-imx: use positive logic to distinguish cpu variants
  spi-imx: correct check for platform_get_irq failing
  ARM: NUC900: Add spi driver support for nuc900
  spi: SuperH MSIOF SPI Master driver V2
  spi: fix spidev compilation failure when VERBOSE is defined
  spi/au1550_spi: fix setupxfer not to override cfg with zeros
  spi/mpc8xxx: don't use __exit_p to wrap plat_mpc8xxx_spi_remove
  spi/i.MX: fix broken error handling for gpio_request
  spi/i.mx: drain MXC SPI transfer buffer when probing device
  MAINTAINERS: add SPI co-maintainer.
  spi/xilinx_spi: fix incorrect casting
  spi/mpc52xx-spi: minor cleanups
  xilinx_spi: add a platform driver using the xilinx_spi common module.
  xilinx_spi: add support for the DS570 IP.
  xilinx_spi: Switch to iomem functions and support little endian.
  xilinx_spi: Split into of driver and generic part.
  ...

9 years agoMerge branch 'perf-fixes-for-linus' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel...
Linus Torvalds [Mon, 14 Dec 2009 18:13:22 +0000]
Merge branch 'perf-fixes-for-linus' of git://git./linux/kernel/git/tip/linux-2.6-tip

* 'perf-fixes-for-linus' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/tip/linux-2.6-tip:
  perf sched: Fix build failure on sparc
  perf bench: Add "all" pseudo subsystem and "all" pseudo suite
  perf tools: Introduce perf_session class
  perf symbols: Ditch dso->find_symbol
  perf symbols: Allow lookups by symbol name too
  perf symbols: Add missing "Variables" entry to map_type__name
  perf symbols: Add support for 'variable' symtabs
  perf symbols: Introduce ELF counterparts to symbol_type__is_a
  perf symbols: Introduce symbol_type__is_a
  perf symbols: Rename kthreads to kmaps, using another abstraction for it
  perf tools: Allow building for ARM
  hw-breakpoints: Handle bad modify_user_hw_breakpoint off-case return value
  perf tools: Allow cross compiling
  tracing, slab: Fix no callsite ifndef CONFIG_KMEMTRACE
  tracing, slab: Define kmem_cache_alloc_notrace ifdef CONFIG_TRACING

Trivial conflict due to different fixes to modify_user_hw_breakpoint()
in include/linux/hw_breakpoint.h