8 years agofs: use appropriate printk priority levels
Mandeep Singh Baines [Tue, 22 Mar 2011 23:33:54 +0000]
fs: use appropriate printk priority levels

printk()s without a priority level default to KERN_WARNING.  To reduce
noise at KERN_WARNING, this patch set the priority level appriopriately
for unleveled printks()s.  This should be useful to folks that look at
dmesg warnings closely.

Signed-off-by: Mandeep Singh Baines <msb@chromium.org>
Cc: Jens Axboe <axboe@kernel.dk>
Cc: Al Viro <viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

8 years agoadd the common dma_addr_t typedef to include/linux/types.h
FUJITA Tomonori [Tue, 22 Mar 2011 23:33:50 +0000]
add the common dma_addr_t typedef to include/linux/types.h

All architectures can use the common dma_addr_t typedef now. We can
remove the arch specific dma_addr_t.

Signed-off-by: FUJITA Tomonori <fujita.tomonori@lab.ntt.co.jp>
Acked-by: Arnd Bergmann <arnd@arndb.de>
Cc: Ingo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu>
Cc: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
Cc: "H. Peter Anvin" <hpa@zytor.com>
Cc: Ivan Kokshaysky <ink@jurassic.park.msu.ru>
Cc: Richard Henderson <rth@twiddle.net>
Cc: Matt Turner <mattst88@gmail.com>
Cc: "Luck, Tony" <tony.luck@intel.com>
Cc: Ralf Baechle <ralf@linux-mips.org>
Cc: Benjamin Herrenschmidt <benh@kernel.crashing.org>
Cc: Heiko Carstens <heiko.carstens@de.ibm.com>
Cc: Martin Schwidefsky <schwidefsky@de.ibm.com>
Cc: Chris Metcalf <cmetcalf@tilera.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

8 years agoum: remove file pointer from ioctl
Richard Weinberger [Tue, 22 Mar 2011 23:33:48 +0000]
um: remove file pointer from ioctl

Commit 6caa76b ("tty: now phase out the ioctl file pointer for good")
removed the ioctl file pointer.  User Mode Linux's line driver uses this
ioctl and needs a signature update too.

Signed-off-by: Richard Weinberger <richard@nod.at>
Cc: Alan Cox <alan@lxorguk.ukuu.org.uk>
Cc: Greg KH <greg@kroah.com>
Cc: Jeff Dike <jdike@addtoit.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

8 years agouml: kernels on {i386,x86_64} produce bad coredumps
Paul Pluzhnikov [Tue, 22 Mar 2011 23:33:46 +0000]
uml: kernels on {i386,x86_64} produce bad coredumps

One of our users reported that when a user-level program SIGSEGVs under
UML kernel, the resulting core dump is not very usable.

I have reproduced that with the latest kernel:

  make ARCH=um defconfig; make ARCH=um

Run the resulting kernel, then "inside" run this program:

#include <pthread.h>

void *fn(void *p)
{
 abort();
}

int main()
{
 pthread_t tid;
 pthread_create(&tid, 0, fn, 0);
 pthread_join(tid, 0);
 return 0;
}

Analyze the coredump with GDB. Here is what you'll see:

sudo gdb -q -ex 'set solib-absolute-prefix ../root_fs' -ex 'file ../root_fs/var/tmp/mt-abort' -ex 'core ../root_fs/var/tmp/core.762'
Reading symbols from /usr/local/google/root_fs/var/tmp/mt-abort...done.
[New Thread 763]
[New Thread 762]
Core was generated by `./mt-abort'.
Program terminated with signal 6, Aborted.
#0  0x0000000040255250 in raise () from ../root_fs/lib64/libc.so.6
(gdb) info thread
  2 Thread 762  0x0000000000000000 in ?? ()
* 1 Thread 763  0x0000000040255250 in raise () from ../root_fs/lib64/libc.so.6

Note that thread#2 looks funny.

(gdb) thread 2
[Switching to thread 2 (Thread 762)]#0  0x0000000000000000 in ?? ()
(gdb) info reg
rax            0x0      0
rbx            0x0      0
rcx            0x0      0
rdx            0x0      0
rsi            0x0      0
rdi            0x0      0
rbp            0x0      0x0
rsp            0x0      0x0
r8             0x0      0
r9             0x0      0
r10            0x0      0
r11            0x0      0
r12            0x0      0
r13            0x0      0
r14            0x0      0
r15            0x0      0
rip            0x0      0
eflags         0x0      [ ]
cs             0x0      0
ss             0x0      0
ds             0x0      0
es             0x0      0
fs             0x0      0
gs             0x0      0

Examining the core shows that NT_PRSTATUS notes for all threads other than
the one that crashed are zeroed out.

I believe this is happening because neither ELF_CORE_COPY_TASK_REGS nor
task_pt_regs are defined under ARCH=um, and so elf_core_copy_task_regs()
becomes a no-op.

Attached patch fixes this for SUBARCH={x86_64,i386}.

Signed-off-by: Paul Pluzhnikov <ppluzhnikov@google.com>
Cc: Jeff Dike <jdike@addtoit.com>
Acked-by: WANG Cong <xiyou.wangcong@gmail.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

8 years agomm: simplify code of swap.c
Shaohua Li [Tue, 22 Mar 2011 23:33:45 +0000]
mm: simplify code of swap.c

Clean up code and remove duplicate code. Next patch will use
pagevec_lru_move_fn introduced here too.

Signed-off-by: Shaohua Li <shaohua.li@intel.com>
Cc: KOSAKI Motohiro <kosaki.motohiro@jp.fujitsu.com>
Cc: Hiroyuki Kamezawa <kamezawa.hiroyuki@gmail.com>
Cc: Andi Kleen <andi@firstfloor.org>
Reviewed-by: Minchan Kim <minchan.kim@gmail.com>
Cc: Rik van Riel <riel@redhat.com>
Cc: Mel Gorman <mel@csn.ul.ie>
Cc: Johannes Weiner <hannes@cmpxchg.org>
Cc: Hugh Dickins <hughd@google.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

8 years agoshmem: let shared anonymous be nonlinear again
Hugh Dickins [Tue, 22 Mar 2011 23:33:43 +0000]
shmem: let shared anonymous be nonlinear again

Up to 2.6.22, you could use remap_file_pages(2) on a tmpfs file or a
shared mapping of /dev/zero or a shared anonymous mapping.  In 2.6.23 we
disabled it by default, but set VM_CAN_NONLINEAR to enable it on safe
mappings.  We made sure to set it in shmem_mmap() for tmpfs files, but
missed it in shmem_zero_setup() for the others.  Fix that at last.

Reported-by: Kenny Simpson <theonetruekenny@yahoo.com>
Signed-off-by: Hugh Dickins <hughd@google.com>
Cc: <stable@kernel.org>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

8 years agomm/memblock: properly handle overlaps and fix error path
Benjamin Herrenschmidt [Tue, 22 Mar 2011 23:33:43 +0000]
mm/memblock: properly handle overlaps and fix error path

Currently memblock_reserve() or memblock_free() don't handle overlaps of
any kind.  There is some special casing for coalescing exactly adjacent
regions but that's about it.

This is annoying because typically memblock_reserve() is used to mark
regions passed by the firmware as reserved and we all know how much we can
trust our firmwares...

Also, with the current code, if we do something it doesn't handle right
such as trying to memblock_reserve() a large range spanning multiple
existing smaller reserved regions for example, or doing overlapping
reservations, it can silently corrupt the internal region array, causing
odd errors much later on, such as allocations returning reserved regions
etc...

This patch rewrites the underlying functions that add or remove a region
to the arrays.  The new code is a lot more robust as it fully handles
overlapping regions.  It's also, imho, simpler than the previous
implementation.

In addition, while doing so, I found a bug where if we fail to double the
array while adding a region, we would remove the last region of the array
rather than the region we just allocated.  This fixes it too.

Signed-off-by: Benjamin Herrenschmidt <benh@kernel.crashing.org>
Acked-by: Yinghai Lu <yinghai@kernel.org>
Cc: Ingo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

8 years agomm/page_alloc.c: use list_move() instead of list_del()/list_add() combination
Kirill A. Shutemov [Tue, 22 Mar 2011 23:33:41 +0000]
mm/page_alloc.c: use list_move() instead of list_del()/list_add() combination

Signed-off-by: Kirill A. Shutemov <kirill@shutemov.name>
Cc: Mel Gorman <mel@csn.ul.ie>
Cc: Rik van Riel <riel@redhat.com>
Cc: KAMEZAWA Hiroyuki <kamezawa.hiroyu@jp.fujitsu.com>
Reviewed-by: Christoph Lameter <cl@linux.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

8 years agovmalloc: remove confusing comment on vwrite()
Namhyung Kim [Tue, 22 Mar 2011 23:33:41 +0000]
vmalloc: remove confusing comment on vwrite()

KM_USER1 is never used for vwrite() path so the caller doesn't need to
guarantee it is not used.  Only the caller should guarantee is KM_USER0
and it is commented already.

Signed-off-by: Namhyung Kim <namhyung@gmail.com>
Acked-by: KAMEZAWA Hiroyuki <kamezawa.hiroyu@jp.fujitsu.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

8 years agowriteback: make mapping->writeback_index to point to the last written page
Jun'ichi Nomura [Tue, 22 Mar 2011 23:33:40 +0000]
writeback: make mapping->writeback_index to point to the last written page

For range-cyclic writeback (e.g.  kupdate), the writeback code sets a
continuation point of the next writeback to mapping->writeback_index which
is set the page after the last written page.  This happens so that we
evenly write the whole file even if pages in it get continuously
redirtied.

However, in some cases, sequential writer is writing in the middle of the
page and it just redirties the last written page by continuing from that.
For example with an application which uses a file as a big ring buffer we
see:

[1st writeback session]
       ...
       flush-8:0-2743  4571: block_bio_queue: 8,0 W 94898514 + 8
       flush-8:0-2743  4571: block_bio_queue: 8,0 W 94898522 + 8
       flush-8:0-2743  4571: block_bio_queue: 8,0 W 94898530 + 8
       flush-8:0-2743  4571: block_bio_queue: 8,0 W 94898538 + 8
       flush-8:0-2743  4571: block_bio_queue: 8,0 W 94898546 + 8
     kworker/0:1-11    4571: block_rq_issue: 8,0 W 0 () 94898514 + 40
>>     flush-8:0-2743  4571: block_bio_queue: 8,0 W 94898554 + 8
>>     flush-8:0-2743  4571: block_rq_issue: 8,0 W 0 () 94898554 + 8

[2nd writeback session after 35sec]
       flush-8:0-2743  4606: block_bio_queue: 8,0 W 94898562 + 8
       flush-8:0-2743  4606: block_bio_queue: 8,0 W 94898570 + 8
       flush-8:0-2743  4606: block_bio_queue: 8,0 W 94898578 + 8
       ...
     kworker/0:1-11    4606: block_rq_issue: 8,0 W 0 () 94898562 + 640
     kworker/0:1-11    4606: block_rq_issue: 8,0 W 0 () 94899202 + 72
       ...
       flush-8:0-2743  4606: block_bio_queue: 8,0 W 94899962 + 8
       flush-8:0-2743  4606: block_bio_queue: 8,0 W 94899970 + 8
       flush-8:0-2743  4606: block_bio_queue: 8,0 W 94899978 + 8
       flush-8:0-2743  4606: block_bio_queue: 8,0 W 94899986 + 8
       flush-8:0-2743  4606: block_bio_queue: 8,0 W 94899994 + 8
     kworker/0:1-11    4606: block_rq_issue: 8,0 W 0 () 94899962 + 40
>>     flush-8:0-2743  4606: block_bio_queue: 8,0 W 94898554 + 8
>>     flush-8:0-2743  4606: block_rq_issue: 8,0 W 0 () 94898554 + 8

So we seeked back to 94898554 after we wrote all the pages at the end of
the file.

This extra seek seems unnecessary.  If we continue writeback from the last
written page, we can avoid it and do not cause harm to other cases.  The
original intent of even writeout over the whole file is preserved and if
the page does not get redirtied pagevec_lookup_tag() just skips it.

As an exceptional case, when I/O error happens, set done_index to the next
page as the comment in the code suggests.

Tested-by: Wu Fengguang <fengguang.wu@intel.com>
Signed-off-by: Jun'ichi Nomura <j-nomura@ce.jp.nec.com>
Signed-off-by: Jan Kara <jack@suse.cz>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

8 years agomm: remove inline from scan_swap_map()
Cesar Eduardo Barros [Tue, 22 Mar 2011 23:33:38 +0000]
mm: remove inline from scan_swap_map()

scan_swap_map() is a large function (224 lines), with several loops and a
complex control flow involving several gotos.

Given all that, it is a bit silly that it is marked as inline.  The
compiler agrees with me: on a x86-64 compile, it did not inline the
function.

Remove the "inline" and let the compiler decide instead.

Signed-off-by: Cesar Eduardo Barros <cesarb@cesarb.net>
Reviewed-by: Pekka Enberg <penberg@kernel.org>
Reviewed-by: KOSAKI Motohiro <kosaki.motohiro@jp.fujitsu.com>
Reviewed-by: KAMEZAWA Hiroyuki <kamezawa.hiroyu@jp.fujitsu.com>
Reviewed-by: Minchan Kim <minchan.kim@gmail.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

8 years agosys_swapon: separate final enabling of the swapfile
Cesar Eduardo Barros [Tue, 22 Mar 2011 23:33:37 +0000]
sys_swapon: separate final enabling of the swapfile

The block in sys_swapon which does the final adjustments to the
swap_info_struct and to swap_list is the same as the block which
re-inserts it again at sys_swapoff on failure of try_to_unuse(). Move
this code to a separate function, and use it both in sys_swapon and
sys_swapoff.

Signed-off-by: Cesar Eduardo Barros <cesarb@cesarb.net>
Tested-by: Eric B Munson <emunson@mgebm.net>
Acked-by: Eric B Munson <emunson@mgebm.net>
Reviewed-by: Pekka Enberg <penberg@kernel.org>
Reviewed-by: KAMEZAWA Hiroyuki <kamezawa.hiroyu@jp.fujitsu.com>
Cc: Hugh Dickins <hughd@google.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

8 years agosys_swapoff: change order to match sys_swapon
Cesar Eduardo Barros [Tue, 22 Mar 2011 23:33:36 +0000]
sys_swapoff: change order to match sys_swapon

The block in sys_swapon which does the final adjustments to the
swap_info_struct and to swap_list is the same as the block which
re-inserts it again at sys_swapoff on failure of try_to_unuse(), except
for the order of the operations within the lock. Since the order should
not matter, arbitrarily change sys_swapoff to match sys_swapon, in
preparation to making both share the same code.

Signed-off-by: Cesar Eduardo Barros <cesarb@cesarb.net>
Tested-by: Eric B Munson <emunson@mgebm.net>
Acked-by: Eric B Munson <emunson@mgebm.net>
Reviewed-by: Pekka Enberg <penberg@kernel.org>
Reviewed-by: KAMEZAWA Hiroyuki <kamezawa.hiroyu@jp.fujitsu.com>
Cc: Hugh Dickins <hughd@google.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

8 years agosys_swapon: move printk outside lock
Cesar Eduardo Barros [Tue, 22 Mar 2011 23:33:35 +0000]
sys_swapon: move printk outside lock

The block in sys_swapon which does the final adjustments to the
swap_info_struct and to swap_list is the same as the block which
re-inserts it again at sys_swapoff on failure of try_to_unuse(). To be
able to make both share the same code, move the printk() call in the
middle of it to just after it.

Signed-off-by: Cesar Eduardo Barros <cesarb@cesarb.net>
Tested-by: Eric B Munson <emunson@mgebm.net>
Acked-by: Eric B Munson <emunson@mgebm.net>
Reviewed-by: KAMEZAWA Hiroyuki <kamezawa.hiroyu@jp.fujitsu.com>
Cc: Hugh Dickins <hughd@google.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

8 years agosys_swapon: remove nr_good_pages variable
Cesar Eduardo Barros [Tue, 22 Mar 2011 23:33:34 +0000]
sys_swapon: remove nr_good_pages variable

It still exists within setup_swap_map_and_extents(), but after it
nr_good_pages == p->pages.

Signed-off-by: Cesar Eduardo Barros <cesarb@cesarb.net>
Tested-by: Eric B Munson <emunson@mgebm.net>
Acked-by: Eric B Munson <emunson@mgebm.net>
Reviewed-by: Pekka Enberg <penberg@kernel.org>
Reviewed-by: KAMEZAWA Hiroyuki <kamezawa.hiroyu@jp.fujitsu.com>
Cc: Hugh Dickins <hughd@google.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

8 years agosys_swapon: simplify error flow in setup_swap_map_and_extents()
Cesar Eduardo Barros [Tue, 22 Mar 2011 23:33:33 +0000]
sys_swapon: simplify error flow in setup_swap_map_and_extents()

Since there is no cleanup to do, there is no reason to jump to a label.
Return directly instead.

Signed-off-by: Cesar Eduardo Barros <cesarb@cesarb.net>
Tested-by: Eric B Munson <emunson@mgebm.net>
Acked-by: Eric B Munson <emunson@mgebm.net>
Reviewed-by: Pekka Enberg <penberg@kernel.org>
Reviewed-by: KAMEZAWA Hiroyuki <kamezawa.hiroyu@jp.fujitsu.com>
Cc: Hugh Dickins <hughd@google.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

8 years agosys_swapon: separate parsing of bad blocks and extents
Cesar Eduardo Barros [Tue, 22 Mar 2011 23:33:32 +0000]
sys_swapon: separate parsing of bad blocks and extents

Move the code which parses the bad block list and the extents to a
separate function. Only code movement, no functional changes.

This change uses the fact that, after the success path, nr_good_pages ==
p->pages.

Signed-off-by: Cesar Eduardo Barros <cesarb@cesarb.net>
Tested-by: Eric B Munson <emunson@mgebm.net>
Acked-by: Eric B Munson <emunson@mgebm.net>
Reviewed-by: Pekka Enberg <penberg@kernel.org>
Reviewed-by: KAMEZAWA Hiroyuki <kamezawa.hiroyu@jp.fujitsu.com>
Cc: Hugh Dickins <hughd@google.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

8 years agosys_swapon: call swap_cgroup_swapon() earlier
Cesar Eduardo Barros [Tue, 22 Mar 2011 23:33:31 +0000]
sys_swapon: call swap_cgroup_swapon() earlier

The call to swap_cgroup_swapon is in the middle of loading the swap map
and extents. As it only does memory allocation and does not depend on
the swapfile layout (map/extents), it can be called earlier (or later).

Move it to just after the allocation of swap_map, since it is
conceptually similar (allocates a map).

Signed-off-by: Cesar Eduardo Barros <cesarb@cesarb.net>
Tested-by: Eric B Munson <emunson@mgebm.net>
Acked-by: Eric B Munson <emunson@mgebm.net>
Reviewed-by: Pekka Enberg <penberg@kernel.org>
Reviewed-by: KAMEZAWA Hiroyuki <kamezawa.hiroyu@jp.fujitsu.com>
Cc: Hugh Dickins <hughd@google.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

8 years agosys_swapon: simplify error flow in read_swap_header()
Cesar Eduardo Barros [Tue, 22 Mar 2011 23:33:30 +0000]
sys_swapon: simplify error flow in read_swap_header()

Since there is no cleanup to do, there is no reason to jump to a label.
Return directly instead.

Signed-off-by: Cesar Eduardo Barros <cesarb@cesarb.net>
Tested-by: Eric B Munson <emunson@mgebm.net>
Acked-by: Eric B Munson <emunson@mgebm.net>
Reviewed-by: KAMEZAWA Hiroyuki <kamezawa.hiroyu@jp.fujitsu.com>
Cc: Hugh Dickins <hughd@google.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

8 years agosys_swapon: separate parsing of swapfile header
Cesar Eduardo Barros [Tue, 22 Mar 2011 23:33:29 +0000]
sys_swapon: separate parsing of swapfile header

Move the code which parses and checks the swapfile header (except for
the bad block list) to a separate function. Only code movement, no
functional changes.

Signed-off-by: Cesar Eduardo Barros <cesarb@cesarb.net>
Tested-by: Eric B Munson <emunson@mgebm.net>
Acked-by: Eric B Munson <emunson@mgebm.net>
Reviewed-by: KAMEZAWA Hiroyuki <kamezawa.hiroyu@jp.fujitsu.com>
Cc: Hugh Dickins <hughd@google.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

8 years agosys_swapon: move setting of swapfilepages near use
Cesar Eduardo Barros [Tue, 22 Mar 2011 23:33:28 +0000]
sys_swapon: move setting of swapfilepages near use

There is no reason I can see to read inode->i_size long before it is
needed. Move its read to just before it is needed, to reduce the
variable lifetime.

Signed-off-by: Cesar Eduardo Barros <cesarb@cesarb.net>
Tested-by: Eric B Munson <emunson@mgebm.net>
Acked-by: Eric B Munson <emunson@mgebm.net>
Reviewed-by: Jesper Juhl <jj@chaosbits.net>
Reviewed-by: Pekka Enberg <penberg@kernel.org>
Reviewed-by: KAMEZAWA Hiroyuki <kamezawa.hiroyu@jp.fujitsu.com>
Cc: Hugh Dickins <hughd@google.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

8 years agosys_swapon: simplify error flow in claim_swapfile()
Cesar Eduardo Barros [Tue, 22 Mar 2011 23:33:27 +0000]
sys_swapon: simplify error flow in claim_swapfile()

Since there is no cleanup to do, there is no reason to jump to a label.
Return directly instead.

Signed-off-by: Cesar Eduardo Barros <cesarb@cesarb.net>
Tested-by: Eric B Munson <emunson@mgebm.net>
Acked-by: Eric B Munson <emunson@mgebm.net>
Reviewed-by: KAMEZAWA Hiroyuki <kamezawa.hiroyu@jp.fujitsu.com>
Cc: Hugh Dickins <hughd@google.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

8 years agosys_swapon: separate bdev claim and inode lock
Cesar Eduardo Barros [Tue, 22 Mar 2011 23:33:26 +0000]
sys_swapon: separate bdev claim and inode lock

Move the code which claims the bdev (S_ISBLK) or locks the inode
(S_ISREG) to a separate function. Only code movement, no functional
changes.

Signed-off-by: Cesar Eduardo Barros <cesarb@cesarb.net>
Tested-by: Eric B Munson <emunson@mgebm.net>
Acked-by: Eric B Munson <emunson@mgebm.net>
Reviewed-by: KAMEZAWA Hiroyuki <kamezawa.hiroyu@jp.fujitsu.com>
Cc: Hugh Dickins <hughd@google.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

8 years agosys_swapon: use a single error label
Cesar Eduardo Barros [Tue, 22 Mar 2011 23:33:25 +0000]
sys_swapon: use a single error label

sys_swapon currently has two error labels, bad_swap and bad_swap_2.
bad_swap does the same as bad_swap_2 plus destroy_swap_extents() and
swap_cgroup_swapoff(); both are noops in the places where bad_swap_2 is
jumped to. With a single extra test for inode (matching the one in the
S_ISREG case below), all the error paths in the function can go to
bad_swap.

Signed-off-by: Cesar Eduardo Barros <cesarb@cesarb.net>
Tested-by: Eric B Munson <emunson@mgebm.net>
Acked-by: Eric B Munson <emunson@mgebm.net>
Reviewed-by: KAMEZAWA Hiroyuki <kamezawa.hiroyu@jp.fujitsu.com>
Cc: Hugh Dickins <hughd@google.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

8 years agosys_swapon: do only cleanup in the cleanup blocks
Cesar Eduardo Barros [Tue, 22 Mar 2011 23:33:24 +0000]
sys_swapon: do only cleanup in the cleanup blocks

The only way error is 0 in the cleanup blocks is when the function is
returning successfully. In this case, the cleanup blocks were setting
S_SWAPFILE in the S_ISREG case. But this is not a cleanup.

Move the setting of S_SWAPFILE to just before the "goto out;" to make
this more clear. At this point, we do not need to test for inode because
it will never be NULL.

Signed-off-by: Cesar Eduardo Barros <cesarb@cesarb.net>
Tested-by: Eric B Munson <emunson@mgebm.net>
Acked-by: Eric B Munson <emunson@mgebm.net>
Reviewed-by: KAMEZAWA Hiroyuki <kamezawa.hiroyu@jp.fujitsu.com>
Cc: Hugh Dickins <hughd@google.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

8 years agosys_swapon: remove bdev variable
Cesar Eduardo Barros [Tue, 22 Mar 2011 23:33:23 +0000]
sys_swapon: remove bdev variable

The bdev variable is always equivalent to (S_ISBLK(inode->i_mode) ?
p->bdev : NULL), as long as it being set is moved to a bit earlier. Use
this fact to remove the bdev variable.

Signed-off-by: Cesar Eduardo Barros <cesarb@cesarb.net>
Tested-by: Eric B Munson <emunson@mgebm.net>
Acked-by: Eric B Munson <emunson@mgebm.net>
Reviewed-by: KAMEZAWA Hiroyuki <kamezawa.hiroyu@jp.fujitsu.com>
Cc: Hugh Dickins <hughd@google.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

8 years agosys_swapon: move setting of error nearer use
Cesar Eduardo Barros [Tue, 22 Mar 2011 23:33:22 +0000]
sys_swapon: move setting of error nearer use

Move the setting of the error variable nearer the goto in a few places.

Avoids calling PTR_ERR() if not IS_ERR() in two places, and makes the
error condition more explicit in two other places.

Signed-off-by: Cesar Eduardo Barros <cesarb@cesarb.net>
Tested-by: Eric B Munson <emunson@mgebm.net>
Acked-by: Eric B Munson <emunson@mgebm.net>
Reviewed-by: Jesper Juhl <jj@chaosbits.net>
Reviewed-by: Pekka Enberg <penberg@kernel.org>
Reviewed-by: KAMEZAWA Hiroyuki <kamezawa.hiroyu@jp.fujitsu.com>
Cc: Hugh Dickins <hughd@google.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

8 years agosys_swapon: remove did_down variable
Cesar Eduardo Barros [Tue, 22 Mar 2011 23:33:21 +0000]
sys_swapon: remove did_down variable

Since mutex_lock(&inode->i_mutex) is called just after setting inode,
did_down is always equivalent to (inode && S_ISREG(inode->i_mode)).

Use this fact to remove the did_down variable.

Signed-off-by: Cesar Eduardo Barros <cesarb@cesarb.net>
Tested-by: Eric B Munson <emunson@mgebm.net>
Acked-by: Eric B Munson <emunson@mgebm.net>
Reviewed-by: KAMEZAWA Hiroyuki <kamezawa.hiroyu@jp.fujitsu.com>
Cc: Hugh Dickins <hughd@google.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

8 years agosys_swapon: remove initial value of name variable
Cesar Eduardo Barros [Tue, 22 Mar 2011 23:33:20 +0000]
sys_swapon: remove initial value of name variable

Now there is nothing which jumps to the cleanup blocks before the name
variable is set. There is no need to set it initially to NULL anymore.

Signed-off-by: Cesar Eduardo Barros <cesarb@cesarb.net>
Tested-by: Eric B Munson <emunson@mgebm.net>
Acked-by: Eric B Munson <emunson@mgebm.net>
Reviewed-by: Pekka Enberg <penberg@kernel.org>
Reviewed-by: KAMEZAWA Hiroyuki <kamezawa.hiroyu@jp.fujitsu.com>
Cc: Hugh Dickins <hughd@google.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

8 years agosys_swapon: simplify error flow in alloc_swap_info()
Cesar Eduardo Barros [Tue, 22 Mar 2011 23:33:19 +0000]
sys_swapon: simplify error flow in alloc_swap_info()

Since there is no cleanup to do, there is no reason to jump to a label.
Return directly instead.

Signed-off-by: Cesar Eduardo Barros <cesarb@cesarb.net>
Tested-by: Eric B Munson <emunson@mgebm.net>
Acked-by: Eric B Munson <emunson@mgebm.net>
Reviewed-by: Pekka Enberg <penberg@kernel.org>
Reviewed-by: KAMEZAWA Hiroyuki <kamezawa.hiroyu@jp.fujitsu.com>
Cc: Hugh Dickins <hughd@google.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

8 years agosys_swapon: simplify error return from swap_info allocation
Cesar Eduardo Barros [Tue, 22 Mar 2011 23:33:18 +0000]
sys_swapon: simplify error return from swap_info allocation

At this point in sys_swapon, there is nothing to free. Return directly
instead of jumping to the cleanup block at the end of the function.

Signed-off-by: Cesar Eduardo Barros <cesarb@cesarb.net>
Tested-by: Eric B Munson <emunson@mgebm.net>
Acked-by: Eric B Munson <emunson@mgebm.net>
Reviewed-by: Pekka Enberg <penberg@kernel.org>
Reviewed-by: KAMEZAWA Hiroyuki <kamezawa.hiroyu@jp.fujitsu.com>
Cc: Hugh Dickins <hughd@google.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

8 years agosys_swapon: separate swap_info allocation
Cesar Eduardo Barros [Tue, 22 Mar 2011 23:33:17 +0000]
sys_swapon: separate swap_info allocation

Move the swap_info allocation to its own function. Only code movement,
no functional changes.

Signed-off-by: Cesar Eduardo Barros <cesarb@cesarb.net>
Tested-by: Eric B Munson <emunson@mgebm.net>
Acked-by: Eric B Munson <emunson@mgebm.net>
Reviewed-by: Pekka Enberg <penberg@kernel.org>
Reviewed-by: KAMEZAWA Hiroyuki <kamezawa.hiroyu@jp.fujitsu.com>
Cc: Hugh Dickins <hughd@google.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

8 years agosys_swapon: do not depend on "type" after allocation
Cesar Eduardo Barros [Tue, 22 Mar 2011 23:33:16 +0000]
sys_swapon: do not depend on "type" after allocation

Within sys_swapon, after the swap_info entry has been allocated, we
always have type == p->type and swap_info[type] == p. Use this fact to
reduce the dependency on the "type" local variable within the function,
as a preparation to move the allocation of the swap_info entry to a
separate function.

Signed-off-by: Cesar Eduardo Barros <cesarb@cesarb.net>
Tested-by: Eric B Munson <emunson@mgebm.net>
Acked-by: Eric B Munson <emunson@mgebm.net>
Reviewed-by: Pekka Enberg <penberg@kernel.org>
Reviewed-by: KAMEZAWA Hiroyuki <kamezawa.hiroyu@jp.fujisu.com>
Cc: Hugh Dickins <hughd@google.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

8 years agosys_swapon: remove changelog from function comment
Cesar Eduardo Barros [Tue, 22 Mar 2011 23:33:15 +0000]
sys_swapon: remove changelog from function comment

Changelogs belong in the git history instead of in the source code.

Also, "The swapon system call" is redundant with
"SYSCALL_DEFINE2(swapon, ...)".

Signed-off-by: Cesar Eduardo Barros <cesarb@cesarb.net>
Tested-by: Eric B Munson <emunson@mgebm.net>
Acked-by: Eric B Munson <emunson@mgebm.net>
Reviewed-by: Pekka Enberg <penberg@kernel.org>
Reviewed-by: Jesper Juhl <jj@chaosbits.net>
Reviewed-by: KAMEZAWA Hiroyuki <kamezawa.hiroyu@jp.fujitsu.com>
Cc: Hugh Dickins <hughd@google.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
[ Gaah. That's a _historical_ comment. But the patch-series depends on removal ]
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

8 years agosys_swapon: use vzalloc() instead of vmalloc/memset
Cesar Eduardo Barros [Tue, 22 Mar 2011 23:33:14 +0000]
sys_swapon: use vzalloc() instead of vmalloc/memset

This patch series refactors the sys_swapon function.

sys_swapon is currently a very large function, with 313 lines (more than
12 25-line screens), which can make it a bit hard to read. This patch
series reduces this size by half, by extracting large chunks of related
code to new helper functions.

One of these chunks of code was nearly identical to the part of
sys_swapoff which is used in case of a failure return from
try_to_unuse(), so this patch series also makes both share the same
code.

As a side effect of all this refactoring, the compiled code gets a bit
smaller (from v1 of this patch series):

   text       data        bss        dec        hex    filename
  14012        944        276      15232       3b80    mm/swapfile.o.before
  13941        944        276      15161       3b39    mm/swapfile.o.after

This patch:

Use vzalloc() instead of vmalloc/memset.

Signed-off-by: Cesar Eduardo Barros <cesarb@cesarb.net>
Tested-by: Eric B Munson <emunson@mgebm.net>
Acked-by: Eric B Munson <emunson@mgebm.net>
Reviewed-by: Pekka Enberg <penberg@kernel.org>
Reviewed-by: Jesper Juhl <jj@chaosbits.net>
Reviewed-by: KAMEZAWA Hiroyuki <kamezawa.hiroyu@jp.fujitsu.com>
Cc: Hugh Dickins <hughd@google.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

8 years agomm: use __GFP_OTHER_NODE for transparent huge pages
Andi Kleen [Tue, 22 Mar 2011 23:33:13 +0000]
mm: use __GFP_OTHER_NODE for transparent huge pages

Pass __GFP_OTHER_NODE for transparent hugepages NUMA allocations done by the
hugepages daemon.  This way the low level accounting for local versus
remote pages works correctly.

Contains improvements from Andrea Arcangeli

[akpm@linux-foundation.org: coding-style fixes]
Signed-off-by: Andi Kleen <ak@linux.intel.com>
Cc: Andrea Arcangeli <aarcange@redhat.com>
Reviewed-by: KAMEZAWA Hiroyuki <kamezawa.hiroyu@jp.fujitsu.com>
Cc: Johannes Weiner <hannes@cmpxchg.org>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

8 years agomm: add __GFP_OTHER_NODE flag
Andi Kleen [Tue, 22 Mar 2011 23:33:12 +0000]
mm: add __GFP_OTHER_NODE flag

Add a new __GFP_OTHER_NODE flag to tell the low level numa statistics in
zone_statistics() that an allocation is on behalf of another thread.  This
way the local and remote counters can be still correct, even when
background daemons like khugepaged are changing memory mappings.

This only affects the accounting, but I think it's worth doing that right
to avoid confusing users.

I first tried to just pass down the right node, but this required a lot of
changes to pass down this parameter and at least one addition of a 10th
argument to a 9 argument function.  Using the flag is a lot less
intrusive.

Open: should be also used for migration?

[akpm@linux-foundation.org: coding-style fixes]
Signed-off-by: Andi Kleen <ak@linux.intel.com>
Cc: Andrea Arcangeli <aarcange@redhat.com>
Reviewed-by: KAMEZAWA Hiroyuki <kamezawa.hiroyu@jp.fujitsu.com>
Cc: Johannes Weiner <hannes@cmpxchg.org>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

8 years agomm: compaction: Use async migration for __GFP_NO_KSWAPD and enforce no writeback
Andrea Arcangeli [Tue, 22 Mar 2011 23:33:11 +0000]
mm: compaction: Use async migration for __GFP_NO_KSWAPD and enforce no writeback

__GFP_NO_KSWAPD allocations are usually very expensive and not mandatory
to succeed as they have graceful fallback.  Waiting for I/O in those,
tends to be overkill in terms of latencies, so we can reduce their latency
by disabling sync migrate.

Unfortunately, even with async migration it's still possible for the
process to be blocked waiting for a request slot (e.g.  get_request_wait
in the block layer) when ->writepage is called.  To prevent
__GFP_NO_KSWAPD blocking, this patch prevents ->writepage being called on
dirty page cache for asynchronous migration.

Addresses https://bugzilla.kernel.org/show_bug.cgi?id=31142

[mel@csn.ul.ie: Avoid writebacks for NFS, retry locked pages, use bool]
Signed-off-by: Andrea Arcangeli <aarcange@redhat.com>
Signed-off-by: Mel Gorman <mel@csn.ul.ie>
Cc: Arthur Marsh <arthur.marsh@internode.on.net>
Cc: Clemens Ladisch <cladisch@googlemail.com>
Cc: Johannes Weiner <hannes@cmpxchg.org>
Cc: KAMEZAWA Hiroyuki <kamezawa.hiroyu@jp.fujitsu.com>
Cc: Minchan Kim <minchan.kim@gmail.com>
Reported-by: Alex Villacis Lasso <avillaci@ceibo.fiec.espol.edu.ec>
Tested-by: Alex Villacis Lasso <avillaci@ceibo.fiec.espol.edu.ec>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

8 years agomm: compaction: minimise the time IRQs are disabled while isolating pages for migration
Andrea Arcangeli [Tue, 22 Mar 2011 23:33:10 +0000]
mm: compaction: minimise the time IRQs are disabled while isolating pages for migration

compaction_alloc() isolates pages for migration in isolate_migratepages.
While it's scanning, IRQs are disabled on the mistaken assumption the
scanning should be short.  Tests show this to be true for the most part
but contention times on the LRU lock can be increased.  Before this patch,
the IRQ disabled times for a simple test looked like

  Total sampled time IRQs off (not real total time): 5493
  Event shrink_inactive_list..shrink_zone                  1596 us count 1
  Event shrink_inactive_list..shrink_zone                  1530 us count 1
  Event shrink_inactive_list..shrink_zone                   956 us count 1
  Event shrink_inactive_list..shrink_zone                   541 us count 1
  Event shrink_inactive_list..shrink_zone                   531 us count 1
  Event split_huge_page..add_to_swap                        232 us count 1
  Event save_args..call_softirq                              36 us count 1
  Event save_args..call_softirq                              35 us count 2
  Event __wake_up..__wake_up                                  1 us count 1

This patch reduces the worst-case IRQs-disabled latencies by releasing the
lock every SWAP_CLUSTER_MAX pages that are scanned and releasing the CPU if
necessary. The cost of this is that the processing performing compaction will
be slower but IRQs being disabled for too long a time has worse consequences
as the following report shows;

  Total sampled time IRQs off (not real total time): 4367
  Event shrink_inactive_list..shrink_zone                   881 us count 1
  Event shrink_inactive_list..shrink_zone                   875 us count 1
  Event shrink_inactive_list..shrink_zone                   868 us count 1
  Event shrink_inactive_list..shrink_zone                   555 us count 1
  Event split_huge_page..add_to_swap                        495 us count 1
  Event compact_zone..compact_zone_order                    269 us count 1
  Event split_huge_page..add_to_swap                        266 us count 1
  Event shrink_inactive_list..shrink_zone                    85 us count 1
  Event save_args..call_softirq                              36 us count 2
  Event __wake_up..__wake_up                                  1 us count 1

[akpm@linux-foundation.org: simplify with s/unlocked/locked/]
Signed-off-by: Andrea Arcangeli <aarcange@redhat.com>
Signed-off-by: Mel Gorman <mel@csn.ul.ie>
Cc: Johannes Weiner <hannes@cmpxchg.org>
Cc: Arthur Marsh <arthur.marsh@internode.on.net>
Cc: Clemens Ladisch <cladisch@googlemail.com>
Cc: KAMEZAWA Hiroyuki <kamezawa.hiroyu@jp.fujitsu.com>
Cc: Minchan Kim <minchan.kim@gmail.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

8 years agomm: compaction: minimise the time IRQs are disabled while isolating free pages
Mel Gorman [Tue, 22 Mar 2011 23:33:08 +0000]
mm: compaction: minimise the time IRQs are disabled while isolating free pages

compaction_alloc() isolates free pages to be used as migration targets.
While its scanning, IRQs are disabled on the mistaken assumption the
scanning should be short.  Analysis showed that IRQs were in fact being
disabled for substantial time.  A simple test was run using large
anonymous mappings with transparent hugepage support enabled to trigger
frequent compactions.  A monitor sampled what the worst IRQ-off latencies
were and a post-processing tool found the following;

  Total sampled time IRQs off (not real total time): 22355
  Event compaction_alloc..compaction_alloc                 8409 us count 1
  Event compaction_alloc..compaction_alloc                 7341 us count 1
  Event compaction_alloc..compaction_alloc                 2463 us count 1
  Event compaction_alloc..compaction_alloc                 2054 us count 1
  Event shrink_inactive_list..shrink_zone                  1864 us count 1
  Event shrink_inactive_list..shrink_zone                    88 us count 1
  Event save_args..call_softirq                              36 us count 1
  Event save_args..call_softirq                              35 us count 2
  Event __make_request..__blk_run_queue                      24 us count 1
  Event __alloc_pages_nodemask..__alloc_pages_nodemask        6 us count 1

i.e.  compaction is disabled IRQs for a prolonged period of time - 8ms in
one instance.  The full report generated by the tool can be found at

 http://www.csn.ul.ie/~mel/postings/minfree-20110225/irqsoff-vanilla-micro.report

This patch reduces the time IRQs are disabled by simply disabling IRQs at
the last possible minute.  An updated IRQs-off summary report then looks
like;

  Total sampled time IRQs off (not real total time): 5493
  Event shrink_inactive_list..shrink_zone                  1596 us count 1
  Event shrink_inactive_list..shrink_zone                  1530 us count 1
  Event shrink_inactive_list..shrink_zone                   956 us count 1
  Event shrink_inactive_list..shrink_zone                   541 us count 1
  Event shrink_inactive_list..shrink_zone                   531 us count 1
  Event split_huge_page..add_to_swap                        232 us count 1
  Event save_args..call_softirq                              36 us count 1
  Event save_args..call_softirq                              35 us count 2
  Event __wake_up..__wake_up                                  1 us count 1

A full report is again available at

  http://www.csn.ul.ie/~mel/postings/minfree-20110225/irqsoff-minimiseirq-free-v1r4-micro.report

As should be obvious, IRQ disabled latencies due to compaction are
almost elimimnated for this particular test.

[aarcange@redhat.com: Fix initialisation of isolated]
Signed-off-by: Mel Gorman <mel@csn.ul.ie>
Acked-by: Johannes Weiner <hannes@cmpxchg.org>
Reviewed-by: KAMEZAWA Hiroyuki <kamezawa.hiroyu@jp.fujisu.com>
Reviewed-by: Minchan Kim <minchan.kim@gmail.com>
Acked-by: Andrea Arcangeli <aarcange@redhat.com>
Cc: Arthur Marsh <arthur.marsh@internode.on.net>
Cc: Clemens Ladisch <cladisch@googlemail.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

8 years agomm: don't return 0 too early from find_get_pages()
Hugh Dickins [Tue, 22 Mar 2011 23:33:07 +0000]
mm: don't return 0 too early from find_get_pages()

Callers of find_get_pages(), or its wrapper pagevec_lookup() - notably
truncate_inode_pages_range() - stop looking further when it returns 0.

But if an interrupt comes just after its radix_tree_gang_lookup_slot(),
especially if we have preemptible RCU enabled, isn't it conceivable that
all 14 pages returned could be removed from the page cache by
shrink_page_list(), before find_get_pages() gets to process them?  So
causing it to return 0 although there may be plenty more pages beyond.

Make find_get_pages() and find_get_pages_tag() check for this unlikely
case, and restart should it occur; but callers of find_get_pages_contig()
have no such expectation, it's okay for that to return 0 early.

I have not seen this in practice, just worried by the possibility.

Signed-off-by: Hugh Dickins <hughd@google.com>
Cc: Nick Piggin <npiggin@kernel.dk>
Acked-by: Peter Zijlstra <a.p.zijlstra@chello.nl>
Cc: Wu Fengguang <fengguang.wu@intel.com>
Cc: Salman Qazi <sqazi@google.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

8 years agomm: remove worrying dead code from find_get_pages()
Hugh Dickins [Tue, 22 Mar 2011 23:33:06 +0000]
mm: remove worrying dead code from find_get_pages()

The radix_tree_deref_retry() case in find_get_pages() has a strange little
excrescence, not seen in the other gang lookups: it looks like the start
of an abandoned attempt to guarantee forward progress in a case that
cannot arise.

ret should always be 0 here: if it isn't, then going back to restart will
leak references to pages already gotten.  There used to be a comment
saying nr_found is necessarily 1 here: that's not quite true, but the
radix_tree_deref_retry() case is peculiar to the entry at index 0, when we
race with it being moved out of the radix_tree root or back.

Remove the worrisome two lines, add a brief comment here and in
find_get_pages_contig() and find_get_pages_tag(), and a WARN_ON in
find_get_pages() should it ever be seen elsewhere than at 0.

Signed-off-by: Hugh Dickins <hughd@google.com>
Cc: Nick Piggin <npiggin@kernel.dk>
Acked-by: Peter Zijlstra <a.p.zijlstra@chello.nl>
Cc: Wu Fengguang <fengguang.wu@intel.com>
Cc: Salman Qazi <sqazi@google.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

8 years agohugetlbfs: correct handling of negative input to /proc/sys/vm/nr_hugepages
Petr Holasek [Tue, 22 Mar 2011 23:33:05 +0000]
hugetlbfs: correct handling of negative input to /proc/sys/vm/nr_hugepages

When the user inserts a negative value into /proc/sys/vm/nr_hugepages it
will cause the kernel to allocate as many hugepages as possible and to
then update /proc/meminfo to reflect this.

This changes the behavior so that the negative input will result in
nr_hugepages value being unchanged.

Signed-off-by: Petr Holasek <pholasek@redhat.com>
Signed-off-by: Anton Arapov <anton@redhat.com>
Reviewed-by: Naoya Horiguchi <n-horiguchi@ah.jp.nec.com>
Acked-by: David Rientjes <rientjes@google.com>
Acked-by: Mel Gorman <mel@csn.ul.ie>
Acked-by: Eric B Munson <emunson@mgebm.net>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

8 years agomm: vmscan: kswapd should not free an excessive number of pages when balancing small...
Mel Gorman [Tue, 22 Mar 2011 23:33:04 +0000]
mm: vmscan: kswapd should not free an excessive number of pages when balancing small zones

When reclaiming for order-0 pages, kswapd requires that all zones be
balanced.  Each cycle through balance_pgdat() does background ageing on
all zones if necessary and applies equal pressure on the inactive zone
unless a lot of pages are free already.

A "lot of free pages" is defined as a "balance gap" above the high
watermark which is currently 7*high_watermark.  Historically this was
reasonable as min_free_kbytes was small.  However, on systems using huge
pages, it is recommended that min_free_kbytes is higher and it is tuned
with hugeadm --set-recommended-min_free_kbytes.  With the introduction of
transparent huge page support, this recommended value is also applied.  On
X86-64 with 4G of memory, min_free_kbytes becomes 67584 so one would
expect around 68M of memory to be free.  The Normal zone is approximately
35000 pages so under even normal memory pressure such as copying a large
file, it gets exhausted quickly.  As it is getting exhausted, kswapd
applies pressure equally to all zones, including the DMA32 zone.  DMA32 is
approximately 700,000 pages with a high watermark of around 23,000 pages.
In this situation, kswapd will reclaim around (23000*8 where 8 is the high
watermark + balance gap of 7 * high watermark) pages or 718M of pages
before the zone is ignored.  What the user sees is that free memory far
higher than it should be.

To avoid an excessive number of pages being reclaimed from the larger
zones, explicitely defines the "balance gap" to be either 1% of the zone
or the low watermark for the zone, whichever is smaller.  While kswapd
will check all zones to apply pressure, it'll ignore zones that meets the
(high_wmark + balance_gap) watermark.

To test this, 80G were copied from a partition and the amount of memory
being used was recorded.  A comparison of a patch and unpatched kernel can
be seen at
http://www.csn.ul.ie/~mel/postings/minfree-20110222/memory-usage-hydra.ps
and shows that kswapd is not reclaiming as much memory with the patch
applied.

Signed-off-by: Andrea Arcangeli <aarcange@redhat.com>
Signed-off-by: Mel Gorman <mel@csn.ul.ie>
Acked-by: Rik van Riel <riel@redhat.com>
Cc: Shaohua Li <shaohua.li@intel.com>
Cc: "Chen, Tim C" <tim.c.chen@intel.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

8 years agomempolicy: remove redundant check in __mpol_equal()
Namhyung Kim [Tue, 22 Mar 2011 23:33:02 +0000]
mempolicy: remove redundant check in __mpol_equal()

The 'flags' field is already checked, no need to do it again.

Signed-off-by: Namhyung Kim <namhyung@gmail.com>
Cc: Bob Liu <lliubbo@gmail.com>
Cc: Lee Schermerhorn <lee.schermerhorn@hp.com>
Reviewed-by: Minchan Kim <minchan.kim@gmail.com>
Cc: Andi Kleen <andi@firstfloor.org>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

8 years agosmaps: have smaps show transparent huge pages
Dave Hansen [Tue, 22 Mar 2011 23:33:01 +0000]
smaps: have smaps show transparent huge pages

Now that the mere act of _looking_ at /proc/$pid/smaps will not destroy
transparent huge pages, tell how much of the VMA is actually mapped with
them.

This way, we can make sure that we're getting THPs where we
expect to see them.

Signed-off-by: Dave Hansen <dave@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
Acked-by: Mel Gorman <mel@csn.ul.ie>
Acked-by: David Rientjes <rientjes@google.com>
Reviewed-by: Eric B Munson <emunson@mgebm.net>
Tested-by: Eric B Munson <emunson@mgebm.net>
Cc: Michael J Wolf <mjwolf@us.ibm.com>
Cc: Andrea Arcangeli <aarcange@redhat.com>
Cc: Johannes Weiner <hannes@cmpxchg.org>
Cc: Matt Mackall <mpm@selenic.com>
Cc: Jeremy Fitzhardinge <jeremy@goop.org>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

8 years agosmaps: teach smaps_pte_range() about THP pmds
Dave Hansen [Tue, 22 Mar 2011 23:33:00 +0000]
smaps: teach smaps_pte_range() about THP pmds

This adds code to explicitly detect and handle pmd_trans_huge() pmds.  It
then passes HPAGE_SIZE units in to the smap_pte_entry() function instead
of PAGE_SIZE.

This means that using /proc/$pid/smaps now will no longer cause THPs to be
broken down in to small pages.

Signed-off-by: Dave Hansen <dave@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
Reviewed-by: Eric B Munson <emunson@mgebm.net>
Tested-by: Eric B Munson <emunson@mgebm.net>
Acked-by: Andrea Arcangeli <aarcange@redhat.com>
Acked-by: David Rientjes <rientjes@google.com>
Cc: Mel Gorman <mel@csn.ul.ie>
Cc: Michael J Wolf <mjwolf@us.ibm.com>
Cc: Andrea Arcangeli <aarcange@redhat.com>
Cc: Johannes Weiner <hannes@cmpxchg.org>
Cc: Matt Mackall <mpm@selenic.com>
Cc: Jeremy Fitzhardinge <jeremy@goop.org>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

8 years agosmaps: pass pte size argument in to smaps_pte_entry()
Dave Hansen [Tue, 22 Mar 2011 23:32:59 +0000]
smaps: pass pte size argument in to smaps_pte_entry()

Add an argument to the new smaps_pte_entry() function to let it account in
things other than PAGE_SIZE units.  I changed all of the PAGE_SIZE sites,
even though not all of them can be reached for transparent huge pages,
just so this will continue to work without changes as THPs are improved.

Signed-off-by: Dave Hansen <dave@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
Acked-by: Mel Gorman <mel@csn.ul.ie>
Acked-by: Johannes Weiner <hannes@cmpxchg.org>
Acked-by: David Rientjes <rientjes@google.com>
Reviewed-by: Eric B Munson <emunson@mgebm.net>
Tested-by: Eric B Munson <emunson@mgebm.net>
Cc: Michael J Wolf <mjwolf@us.ibm.com>
Cc: Andrea Arcangeli <aarcange@redhat.com>
Cc: Matt Mackall <mpm@selenic.com>
Cc: Jeremy Fitzhardinge <jeremy@goop.org>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

8 years agosmaps: break out smaps_pte_entry() from smaps_pte_range()
Dave Hansen [Tue, 22 Mar 2011 23:32:58 +0000]
smaps: break out smaps_pte_entry() from smaps_pte_range()

We will use smaps_pte_entry() in a moment to handle both small and
transparent large pages.  But, we must break it out of smaps_pte_range()
first.

Signed-off-by: Dave Hansen <dave@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
Acked-by: Mel Gorman <mel@csn.ul.ie>
Acked-by: Johannes Weiner <hannes@cmpxchg.org>
Acked-by: David Rientjes <rientjes@google.com>
Reviewed-by: Eric B Munson <emunson@mgebm.net>
Tested-by: Eric B Munson <emunson@mgebm.net>
Cc: Michael J Wolf <mjwolf@us.ibm.com>
Cc: Andrea Arcangeli <aarcange@redhat.com>
Cc: Matt Mackall <mpm@selenic.com>
Cc: Jeremy Fitzhardinge <jeremy@goop.org>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

8 years agopagewalk: only split huge pages when necessary
Dave Hansen [Tue, 22 Mar 2011 23:32:56 +0000]
pagewalk: only split huge pages when necessary

Right now, if a mm_walk has either ->pte_entry or ->pmd_entry set, it will
unconditionally split any transparent huge pages it runs in to.  In
practice, that means that anyone doing a

cat /proc/$pid/smaps

will unconditionally break down every huge page in the process and depend
on khugepaged to re-collapse it later.  This is fairly suboptimal.

This patch changes that behavior.  It teaches each ->pmd_entry handler
(there are five) that they must break down the THPs themselves.  Also, the
_generic_ code will never break down a THP unless a ->pte_entry handler is
actually set.

This means that the ->pmd_entry handlers can now choose to deal with THPs
without breaking them down.

[akpm@linux-foundation.org: coding-style fixes]
Signed-off-by: Dave Hansen <dave@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
Acked-by: Mel Gorman <mel@csn.ul.ie>
Acked-by: David Rientjes <rientjes@google.com>
Reviewed-by: Eric B Munson <emunson@mgebm.net>
Tested-by: Eric B Munson <emunson@mgebm.net>
Cc: Michael J Wolf <mjwolf@us.ibm.com>
Cc: Andrea Arcangeli <aarcange@redhat.com>
Cc: Johannes Weiner <hannes@cmpxchg.org>
Cc: Matt Mackall <mpm@selenic.com>
Cc: Jeremy Fitzhardinge <jeremy@goop.org>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

8 years agomm: reclaim invalidated page ASAP
Minchan Kim [Tue, 22 Mar 2011 23:32:54 +0000]
mm: reclaim invalidated page ASAP

invalidate_mapping_pages is very big hint to reclaimer.  It means user
doesn't want to use the page any more.  So in order to prevent working set
page eviction, this patch move the page into tail of inactive list by
PG_reclaim.

Please, remember that pages in inactive list are working set as well as
active list.  If we don't move pages into inactive list's tail, pages near
by tail of inactive list can be evicted although we have a big clue about
useless pages.  It's totally bad.

Now PG_readahead/PG_reclaim is shared.  fe3cba17 added ClearPageReclaim
into clear_page_dirty_for_io for preventing fast reclaiming readahead
marker page.

In this series, PG_reclaim is used by invalidated page, too.  If VM find
the page is invalidated and it's dirty, it sets PG_reclaim to reclaim
asap.  Then, when the dirty page will be writeback,
clear_page_dirty_for_io will clear PG_reclaim unconditionally.  It
disturbs this serie's goal.

I think it's okay to clear PG_readahead when the page is dirty, not
writeback time.  So this patch moves ClearPageReadahead.  In v4,
ClearPageReadahead in set_page_dirty has a problem which is reported by
Steven Barrett.  It's due to compound page.  Some driver(ex, audio) calls
set_page_dirty with compound page which isn't on LRU.  but my patch does
ClearPageRelcaim on compound page.  In non-CONFIG_PAGEFLAGS_EXTENDED, it
breaks PageTail flag.

I think it doesn't affect THP and pass my test with THP enabling but Cced
Andrea for double check.

Signed-off-by: Minchan Kim <minchan.kim@gmail.com>
Reported-by: Steven Barrett <damentz@liquorix.net>
Reviewed-by: Johannes Weiner <hannes@cmpxchg.org>
Acked-by: Rik van Riel <riel@redhat.com>
Acked-by: Mel Gorman <mel@csn.ul.ie>
Cc: Wu Fengguang <fengguang.wu@intel.com>
Cc: KOSAKI Motohiro <kosaki.motohiro@jp.fujitsu.com>
Cc: Nick Piggin <npiggin@kernel.dk>
Cc: Andrea Arcangeli <aarcange@redhat.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

8 years agomemcg: move memcg reclaimable page into tail of inactive list
Minchan Kim [Tue, 22 Mar 2011 23:32:53 +0000]
memcg: move memcg reclaimable page into tail of inactive list

The rotate_reclaimable_page function moves just written out pages, which
the VM wanted to reclaim, to the end of the inactive list.  That way the
VM will find those pages first next time it needs to free memory.

This patch applies the rule in memcg.  It can help to prevent unnecessary
working page eviction of memcg.

Signed-off-by: Minchan Kim <minchan.kim@gmail.com>
Acked-by: Balbir Singh <balbir@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
Acked-by: KAMEZAWA Hiroyuki <kamezawa.hiroyu@jp.fujitsu.com>
Reviewed-by: Rik van Riel <riel@redhat.com>
Cc: KOSAKI Motohiro <kosaki.motohiro@jp.fujitsu.com>
Acked-by: Johannes Weiner <hannes@cmpxchg.org>
Cc: Andrea Arcangeli <aarcange@redhat.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

8 years agomm: deactivate invalidated pages
Minchan Kim [Tue, 22 Mar 2011 23:32:52 +0000]
mm: deactivate invalidated pages

Recently, there are reported problem about thrashing.
(http://marc.info/?l=rsync&m=128885034930933&w=2) It happens by backup
workloads(ex, nightly rsync).  That's because the workload makes just
use-once pages and touches pages twice.  It promotes the page into active
list so that it results in working set page eviction.

Some app developer want to support POSIX_FADV_NOREUSE.  But other OSes
don't support it, either.
(http://marc.info/?l=linux-mm&m=128928979512086&w=2)

By other approach, app developers use POSIX_FADV_DONTNEED.  But it has a
problem.  If kernel meets page is writing during invalidate_mapping_pages,
it can't work.  It makes for application programmer to use it since they
always have to sync data before calling fadivse(..POSIX_FADV_DONTNEED) to
make sure the pages could be discardable.  At last, they can't use
deferred write of kernel so that they could see performance loss.
(http://insights.oetiker.ch/linux/fadvise.html)

In fact, invalidation is very big hint to reclaimer.  It means we don't
use the page any more.  So let's move the writing page into inactive
list's head if we can't truncate it right now.

Why I move page to head of lru on this patch, Dirty/Writeback page would
be flushed sooner or later.  It can prevent writeout of pageout which is
less effective than flusher's writeout.

Originally, I reused lru_demote of Peter with some change so added his
Signed-off-by.

Signed-off-by: Minchan Kim <minchan.kim@gmail.com>
Reported-by: Ben Gamari <bgamari.foss@gmail.com>
Signed-off-by: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org>
Acked-by: Rik van Riel <riel@redhat.com>
Acked-by: Mel Gorman <mel@csn.ul.ie>
Reviewed-by: KOSAKI Motohiro <kosaki.motohiro@jp.fujitsu.com>
Cc: Wu Fengguang <fengguang.wu@intel.com>
Acked-by: Johannes Weiner <hannes@cmpxchg.org>
Cc: Nick Piggin <npiggin@kernel.dk>
Cc: Andrea Arcangeli <aarcange@redhat.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

8 years agomm: mm_struct: remove 16 bytes of alignment padding on 64 bit builds
Richard Kennedy [Tue, 22 Mar 2011 23:32:50 +0000]
mm: mm_struct: remove 16 bytes of alignment padding on 64 bit builds

Reorder mm_struct to remove 16 bytes of alignment padding on 64 bit
builds.  On my config this shrinks mm_struct by enough to fit in one
fewer cache lines and allows more objects per slab in mm_struct
kmem_cache under SLUB.

slabinfo before patch :-
    Sizes (bytes)     Slabs
    --------------------------------
    Object :     848  Total  :       9
    SlabObj:     896  Full   :       2
    SlabSiz:   16384  Partial:       5
    Loss   :      48  CpuSlab:       2
    Align  :      64  Objects:      18

 slabinfo after :-
    Sizes (bytes)     Slabs
    --------------------------------
    Object :     832  Total  :       7
    SlabObj:     832  Full   :       2
    SlabSiz:   16384  Partial:       3
    Loss   :       0  CpuSlab:       2
    Align  :      64  Objects:      19

Signed-off-by: Richard Kennedy <richard@rsk.demon.co.uk>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

8 years agomm: remove unused TestSetPageLocked() interface
Michel Lespinasse [Tue, 22 Mar 2011 23:32:49 +0000]
mm: remove unused TestSetPageLocked() interface

TestSetPageLocked() isn't being used anywhere.  Also, using it would
likely be an error, since the proper interface trylock_page() provides
stronger ordering guarantees.

Signed-off-by: Michel Lespinasse <walken@google.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

8 years agomm: simplify anon_vma refcounts
Peter Zijlstra [Tue, 22 Mar 2011 23:32:49 +0000]
mm: simplify anon_vma refcounts

This patch changes the anon_vma refcount to be 0 when the object is free.
It does this by adding 1 ref to being in use in the anon_vma structure
(iow.  the anon_vma->head list is not empty).

This allows a simpler release scheme without having to check both the
refcount and the list as well as avoids taking a ref for each entry on the
list.

Signed-off-by: Peter Zijlstra <a.p.zijlstra@chello.nl>
Reviewed-by: KAMEZAWA Hiroyuki <kamezawa.hiroyu@jp.fujitsu.com>
Acked-by: Hugh Dickins <hughd@google.com>
Acked-by: Mel Gorman <mel@csn.ul.ie>
Acked-by: Rik van Riel <riel@redhat.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

8 years agomm: move anon_vma ref out from under CONFIG_foo
Peter Zijlstra [Tue, 22 Mar 2011 23:32:48 +0000]
mm: move anon_vma ref out from under CONFIG_foo

We need the anon_vma refcount unconditionally to simplify the anon_vma
lifetime rules.

Signed-off-by: Peter Zijlstra <a.p.zijlstra@chello.nl>
Acked-by: Mel Gorman <mel@csn.ul.ie>
Reviewed-by: KAMEZAWA Hiroyuki <kamezawa.hiroyu@jp.fujitsu.com>
Acked-by: Hugh Dickins <hughd@google.com>
Acked-by: Rik van Riel <riel@redhat.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

8 years agomm: rename drop_anon_vma() to put_anon_vma()
Peter Zijlstra [Tue, 22 Mar 2011 23:32:46 +0000]
mm: rename drop_anon_vma() to put_anon_vma()

The normal code pattern used in the kernel is: get/put.

Signed-off-by: Peter Zijlstra <a.p.zijlstra@chello.nl>
Reviewed-by: KAMEZAWA Hiroyuki <kamezawa.hiroyu@jp.fujitsu.com>
Acked-by: Hugh Dickins <hughd@google.com>
Reviewed-by: Rik van Riel <riel@redhat.com>
Acked-by: Mel Gorman <mel@csn.ul.ie>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

8 years agomm: debug-pagealloc: fix kconfig dependency warning
Akinobu Mita [Tue, 22 Mar 2011 23:32:46 +0000]
mm: debug-pagealloc: fix kconfig dependency warning

Fix kconfig dependency warning to satisfy dependencies:

warning: (PAGE_POISONING) selects DEBUG_PAGEALLOC which has unmet
direct dependencies (DEBUG_KERNEL && ARCH_SUPPORTS_DEBUG_PAGEALLOC &&
(!HIBERNATION || !PPC && !SPARC) && !KMEMCHECK)

Signed-off-by: Akinobu Mita <akinobu.mita@gmail.com>
Cc: Randy Dunlap <randy.dunlap@oracle.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

8 years agomm: batch-free pcp list if possible
Namhyung Kim [Tue, 22 Mar 2011 23:32:45 +0000]
mm: batch-free pcp list if possible

free_pcppages_bulk() frees pages from pcp lists in a round-robin fashion
by keeping batch_free counter.  But it doesn't need to spin if there is
only one non-empty list.  This can be checked by batch_free ==
MIGRATE_PCPTYPES.

[akpm@linux-foundation.org: fix comment]
Signed-off-by: Namhyung Kim <namhyung@gmail.com>
Acked-by: Johannes Weiner <hannes@cmpxchg.org>
Cc: Mel Gorman <mel@csn.ul.ie>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

8 years agomm: change __remove_from_page_cache()
Minchan Kim [Tue, 22 Mar 2011 23:32:44 +0000]
mm: change __remove_from_page_cache()

Now we renamed remove_from_page_cache with delete_from_page_cache.  As
consistency of __remove_from_swap_cache and remove_from_swap_cache, we
change internal page cache handling function name, too.

Signed-off-by: Minchan Kim <minchan.kim@gmail.com>
Cc: Christoph Hellwig <hch@infradead.org>
Acked-by: Hugh Dickins <hughd@google.com>
Acked-by: Mel Gorman <mel@csn.ul.ie>
Reviewed-by: KAMEZAWA Hiroyuki <kamezawa.hiroyu@jp.fujitsu.com>
Reviewed-by: Johannes Weiner <hannes@cmpxchg.org>
Reviewed-by: KOSAKI Motohiro <kosaki.motohiro@jp.fujitsu.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

8 years agomm: goodbye remove_from_page_cache()
Minchan Kim [Tue, 22 Mar 2011 23:32:43 +0000]
mm: goodbye remove_from_page_cache()

Now delete_from_page_cache() replaces remove_from_page_cache().  So we
remove remove_from_page_cache so fs or something out of mainline will
notice it when compile time and can fix it.

Signed-off-by: Minchan Kim <minchan.kim@gmail.com>
Cc: Christoph Hellwig <hch@infradead.org>
Acked-by: Hugh Dickins <hughd@google.com>
Acked-by: Mel Gorman <mel@csn.ul.ie>
Reviewed-by: KAMEZAWA Hiroyuki <kamezawa.hiroyu@jp.fujitsu.com>
Reviewed-by: Johannes Weiner <hannes@cmpxchg.org>
Reviewed-by: KOSAKI Motohiro <kosaki.motohiro@jp.fujitsu.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

8 years agomm: truncate: change remove_from_page_cache
Minchan Kim [Tue, 22 Mar 2011 23:32:41 +0000]
mm: truncate: change remove_from_page_cache

This patch series changes remove_from_page_cache()'s page ref counting
rule.  Page cache ref count is decreased in delete_from_page_cache().  So
we don't need to decrease the page reference in callers.

Signed-off-by: Minchan Kim <minchan.kim@gmail.com>
Cc: Dan Magenheimer <dan.magenheimer@oracle.com>
Cc: Andi Kleen <andi@firstfloor.org>
Cc: Nick Piggin <npiggin@kernel.dk>
Cc: Al Viro <viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk>
Acked-by: Hugh Dickins <hughd@google.com>
Acked-by: Mel Gorman <mel@csn.ul.ie>
Reviewed-by: KAMEZAWA Hiroyuki <kamezawa.hiroyu@jp.fujitsu.com>
Reviewed-by: Johannes Weiner <hannes@cmpxchg.org>
Reviewed-by: KOSAKI Motohiro <kosaki.motohiro@jp.fujitsu.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

8 years agomm: shmem: change remove_from_page_cache
Minchan Kim [Tue, 22 Mar 2011 23:32:40 +0000]
mm: shmem: change remove_from_page_cache

This patch series changes remove_from_page_cache()'s page ref counting
rule.  Page cache ref count is decreased in delete_from_page_cache().  So
we don't need to decrease the page reference in callers.

Signed-off-by: Minchan Kim <minchan.kim@gmail.com>
Acked-by: Hugh Dickins <hughd@google.com>
Acked-by: Mel Gorman <mel@csn.ul.ie>
Reviewed-by: KAMEZAWA Hiroyuki <kamezawa.hiroyu@jp.fujitsu.com>
Reviewed-by: Johannes Weiner <hannes@cmpxchg.org>
Reviewed-by: KOSAKI Motohiro <kosaki.motohiro@jp.fujitsu.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

8 years agomm: hugetlbfs: change remove_from_page_cache
Minchan Kim [Tue, 22 Mar 2011 23:30:54 +0000]
mm: hugetlbfs: change remove_from_page_cache

This patch series changes remove_from_page_cache()'s page ref counting
rule.  Page cache ref count is decreased in delete_from_page_cache().  So
we don't need to decrease the page reference in callers.

Signed-off-by: Minchan Kim <minchan.kim@gmail.com>
Cc: William Irwin <wli@holomorphy.com>
Acked-by: Hugh Dickins <hughd@google.com>
Acked-by: Mel Gorman <mel@csn.ul.ie>
Reviewed-by: KAMEZAWA Hiroyuki <kamezawa.hiroyu@jp.fujitsu.com>
Reviewed-by: Johannes Weiner <hannes@cmpxchg.org>
Reviewed-by: KOSAKI Motohiro <kosaki.motohiro@jp.fujitsu.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

8 years agomm: introduce delete_from_page_cache()
Minchan Kim [Tue, 22 Mar 2011 23:30:53 +0000]
mm: introduce delete_from_page_cache()

Presently we increase the page refcount in add_to_page_cache() but don't
decrease it in remove_from_page_cache().  Such asymmetry adds confusion,
requiring that callers notice it and a comment explaining why they release
a page reference.  It's not a good API.

A long time ago, Hugh tried it (http://lkml.org/lkml/2004/10/24/140) but
gave up because reiser4's drop_page() had to unlock the page between
removing it from page cache and doing the page_cache_release().  But now
the situation is changed.  I think at least things in current mainline
don't have any obstacles.  The problem is for out-of-mainline filesystems
- if they have done such things as reiser4, this patch could be a problem
but they will discover this at compile time since we remove
remove_from_page_cache().

This patch:

This function works as just wrapper remove_from_page_cache().  The
difference is that it decreases page references in itself.  So caller have
to make sure it has a page reference before calling.

This patch is ready for removing remove_from_page_cache().

Signed-off-by: Minchan Kim <minchan.kim@gmail.com>
Cc: Christoph Hellwig <hch@infradead.org>
Acked-by: Hugh Dickins <hughd@google.com>
Acked-by: Mel Gorman <mel@csn.ul.ie>
Reviewed-by: KAMEZAWA Hiroyuki <kamezawa.hiroyu@jp.fujitsu.com>
Reviewed-by: Johannes Weiner <hannes@cmpxchg.org>
Reviewed-by: KOSAKI Motohiro <kosaki.motohiro@jp.fujitsu.com>
Cc: Edward Shishkin <edward.shishkin@gmail.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

8 years agomm: add replace_page_cache_page() function
Miklos Szeredi [Tue, 22 Mar 2011 23:30:52 +0000]
mm: add replace_page_cache_page() function

This function basically does:

     remove_from_page_cache(old);
     page_cache_release(old);
     add_to_page_cache_locked(new);

Except it does this atomically, so there's no possibility for the "add" to
fail because of a race.

If memory cgroups are enabled, then the memory cgroup charge is also moved
from the old page to the new.

This function is currently used by fuse to move pages into the page cache
on read, instead of copying the page contents.

[minchan.kim@gmail.com: add freepage() hook to replace_page_cache_page()]
Signed-off-by: Miklos Szeredi <mszeredi@suse.cz>
Acked-by: Rik van Riel <riel@redhat.com>
Acked-by: KAMEZAWA Hiroyuki <kamezawa.hiroyu@jp.fujitsu.com>
Cc: Mel Gorman <mel@csn.ul.ie>
Signed-off-by: Minchan Kim <minchan.kim@gmail.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

8 years agomm: allow GUP to fail instead of waiting on a page
Gleb Natapov [Tue, 22 Mar 2011 23:30:51 +0000]
mm: allow GUP to fail instead of waiting on a page

GUP user may want to try to acquire a reference to a page if it is already
in memory, but not if IO, to bring it in, is needed.  For example KVM may
tell vcpu to schedule another guest process if current one is trying to
access swapped out page.  Meanwhile, the page will be swapped in and the
guest process, that depends on it, will be able to run again.

This patch adds FAULT_FLAG_RETRY_NOWAIT (suggested by Linus) and
FOLL_NOWAIT follow_page flags.  FAULT_FLAG_RETRY_NOWAIT, when used in
conjunction with VM_FAULT_ALLOW_RETRY, indicates to handle_mm_fault that
it shouldn't drop mmap_sem and wait on a page, but return VM_FAULT_RETRY
instead.

[akpm@linux-foundation.org: improve FOLL_NOWAIT comment]
Signed-off-by: Gleb Natapov <gleb@redhat.com>
Cc: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
Cc: Hugh Dickins <hughd@google.com>
Acked-by: Rik van Riel <riel@redhat.com>
Cc: Michel Lespinasse <walken@google.com>
Cc: Avi Kivity <avi@redhat.com>
Cc: Marcelo Tosatti <mtosatti@redhat.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

8 years agomm: notifier_from_errno() cleanup
Prarit Bhargava [Tue, 22 Mar 2011 23:30:49 +0000]
mm: notifier_from_errno() cleanup

While looking at some other notifier callbacks I noticed this code could
use a simple cleanup.

notifier_from_errno() no longer needs the if (ret)/else conditional.  That
same conditional is now done in notifier_from_errno().

Signed-off-by: Prarit Bhargava <prarit@redhat.com>
Cc: Paul Menage <menage@google.com>
Cc: Li Zefan <lizf@cn.fujitsu.com>
Acked-by: Pekka Enberg <penberg@cs.helsinki.fi>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

8 years agooom: suppress nodes that are not allowed from meminfo on page alloc failure
David Rientjes [Tue, 22 Mar 2011 23:30:48 +0000]
oom: suppress nodes that are not allowed from meminfo on page alloc failure

Displaying extremely verbose meminfo for all nodes on the system is
overkill for page allocation failures when the context restricts that
allocation to only a subset of nodes.  We don't particularly care about
the state of all nodes when some are not allowed in the current context,
they can have an abundance of memory but we can't allocate from that part
of memory.

This patch suppresses disallowed nodes from the meminfo dump on a page
allocation failure if the context requires it.

Signed-off-by: David Rientjes <rientjes@google.com>
Cc: Mel Gorman <mel@csn.ul.ie>
Cc: KAMEZAWA Hiroyuki <kamezawa.hiroyu@jp.fujitsu.com>
Cc: KOSAKI Motohiro <kosaki.motohiro@jp.fujitsu.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

8 years agooom: suppress show_mem() for many nodes in irq context on page alloc failure
David Rientjes [Tue, 22 Mar 2011 23:30:47 +0000]
oom: suppress show_mem() for many nodes in irq context on page alloc failure

When a page allocation failure occurs, show_mem() is called to dump the
state of the VM so users may understand what happened to get into that
condition.

This output, however, can be extremely verbose.  In irq context, it may
result in significant delays that incur NMI watchdog timeouts when the
machine is large (we use CONFIG_NODES_SHIFT > 8 here to define a "large"
machine since the length of the show_mem() output is proportional to the
number of possible nodes).

This patch suppresses the show_mem() call in irq context when the kernel
has CONFIG_NODES_SHIFT > 8.

Signed-off-by: David Rientjes <rientjes@google.com>
Cc: Mel Gorman <mel@csn.ul.ie>
Cc: KAMEZAWA Hiroyuki <kamezawa.hiroyu@jp.fujitsu.com>
Cc: KOSAKI Motohiro <kosaki.motohiro@jp.fujitsu.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

8 years agooom: suppress nodes that are not allowed from meminfo on oom kill
David Rientjes [Tue, 22 Mar 2011 23:30:46 +0000]
oom: suppress nodes that are not allowed from meminfo on oom kill

The oom killer is extremely verbose for machines with a large number of
cpus and/or nodes.  This verbosity can often be harmful if it causes other
important messages to be scrolled from the kernel log and incurs a
signicant time delay, specifically for kernels with CONFIG_NODES_SHIFT >
8.

This patch causes only memory information to be displayed for nodes that
are allowed by current's cpuset when dumping the VM state.  Information
for all other nodes is irrelevant to the oom condition; we don't care if
there's an abundance of memory elsewhere if we can't access it.

This only affects the behavior of dumping memory information when an oom
is triggered.  Other dumps, such as for sysrq+m, still display the
unfiltered form when using the existing show_mem() interface.

Additionally, the per-cpu pageset statistics are extremely verbose in oom
killer output, so it is now suppressed.  This removes

nodes_weight(current->mems_allowed) * (1 + nr_cpus)

lines from the oom killer output.

Callers may use __show_mem(SHOW_MEM_FILTER_NODES) to filter disallowed
nodes.

Signed-off-by: David Rientjes <rientjes@google.com>
Cc: Mel Gorman <mel@csn.ul.ie>
Cc: KAMEZAWA Hiroyuki <kamezawa.hiroyu@jp.fujitsu.com>
Cc: KOSAKI Motohiro <kosaki.motohiro@jp.fujitsu.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

8 years agokthread: use kthread_create_on_node()
Eric Dumazet [Tue, 22 Mar 2011 23:30:45 +0000]
kthread: use kthread_create_on_node()

ksoftirqd, kworker, migration, and pktgend kthreads can be created with
kthread_create_on_node(), to get proper NUMA affinities for their stack and
task_struct.

Signed-off-by: Eric Dumazet <eric.dumazet@gmail.com>
Acked-by: David S. Miller <davem@davemloft.net>
Reviewed-by: Andi Kleen <ak@linux.intel.com>
Acked-by: Rusty Russell <rusty@rustcorp.com.au>
Acked-by: Tejun Heo <tj@kernel.org>
Cc: Tony Luck <tony.luck@intel.com>
Cc: Fenghua Yu <fenghua.yu@intel.com>
Cc: David Howells <dhowells@redhat.com>
Cc: <linux-arch@vger.kernel.org>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

8 years agokthread: NUMA aware kthread_create_on_node()
Eric Dumazet [Tue, 22 Mar 2011 23:30:44 +0000]
kthread: NUMA aware kthread_create_on_node()

All kthreads being created from a single helper task, they all use memory
from a single node for their kernel stack and task struct.

This patch suite creates kthread_create_on_node(), adding a 'cpu' parameter
to parameters already used by kthread_create().

This parameter serves in allocating memory for the new kthread on its
memory node if possible.

Signed-off-by: Eric Dumazet <eric.dumazet@gmail.com>
Acked-by: David S. Miller <davem@davemloft.net>
Reviewed-by: Andi Kleen <ak@linux.intel.com>
Acked-by: Rusty Russell <rusty@rustcorp.com.au>
Cc: Tejun Heo <tj@kernel.org>
Cc: Tony Luck <tony.luck@intel.com>
Cc: Fenghua Yu <fenghua.yu@intel.com>
Cc: David Howells <dhowells@redhat.com>
Cc: <linux-arch@vger.kernel.org>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

8 years agomm: NUMA aware alloc_thread_info_node()
Eric Dumazet [Tue, 22 Mar 2011 23:30:42 +0000]
mm: NUMA aware alloc_thread_info_node()

Add a node parameter to alloc_thread_info(), and change its name to
alloc_thread_info_node()

This change is needed to allow NUMA aware kthread_create_on_cpu()

Signed-off-by: Eric Dumazet <eric.dumazet@gmail.com>
Acked-by: David S. Miller <davem@davemloft.net>
Reviewed-by: Andi Kleen <ak@linux.intel.com>
Acked-by: Rusty Russell <rusty@rustcorp.com.au>
Cc: Tejun Heo <tj@kernel.org>
Cc: Tony Luck <tony.luck@intel.com>
Cc: Fenghua Yu <fenghua.yu@intel.com>
Cc: David Howells <dhowells@redhat.com>
Cc: <linux-arch@vger.kernel.org>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

8 years agomm: NUMA aware alloc_task_struct_node()
Eric Dumazet [Tue, 22 Mar 2011 23:30:41 +0000]
mm: NUMA aware alloc_task_struct_node()

All kthreads being created from a single helper task, they all use memory
from a single node for their kernel stack and task struct.

This patch suite creates kthread_create_on_cpu(), adding a 'cpu' parameter
to parameters already used by kthread_create().

This parameter serves in allocating memory for the new kthread on its
memory node if available.

Users of this new function are : ksoftirqd, kworker, migration, pktgend...

This patch:

Add a node parameter to alloc_task_struct(), and change its name to
alloc_task_struct_node()

This change is needed to allow NUMA aware kthread_create_on_cpu()

Signed-off-by: Eric Dumazet <eric.dumazet@gmail.com>
Acked-by: David S. Miller <davem@davemloft.net>
Reviewed-by: Andi Kleen <ak@linux.intel.com>
Acked-by: Rusty Russell <rusty@rustcorp.com.au>
Cc: Tejun Heo <tj@kernel.org>
Cc: Tony Luck <tony.luck@intel.com>
Cc: Fenghua Yu <fenghua.yu@intel.com>
Cc: David Howells <dhowells@redhat.com>
Cc: <linux-arch@vger.kernel.org>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

8 years agomm/compaction: check migrate_pages's return value instead of list_empty()
Minchan Kim [Tue, 22 Mar 2011 23:30:39 +0000]
mm/compaction: check migrate_pages's return value instead of list_empty()

Many migrate_page's caller check return value instead of list_empy by
cf608ac19c ("mm: compaction: fix COMPACTPAGEFAILED counting").  This patch
makes compaction's migrate_pages consistent with others.  This patch
should not change old behavior.

Signed-off-by: Minchan Kim <minchan.kim@gmail.com>
Cc: Mel Gorman <mel@csn.ul.ie>
Cc: Andrea Arcangeli <aarcange@redhat.com>
Cc: Christoph Lameter <cl@linux.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

8 years agomm: compaction: prevent kswapd compacting memory to reduce CPU usage
Andrea Arcangeli [Tue, 22 Mar 2011 23:30:38 +0000]
mm: compaction: prevent kswapd compacting memory to reduce CPU usage

This patch reverts 5a03b051 ("thp: use compaction in kswapd for GFP_ATOMIC
order > 0") due to reports stating that kswapd CPU usage was higher and
IRQs were being disabled more frequently.  This was reported at
http://www.spinics.net/linux/fedora/alsa-user/msg09885.html.

Without this patch applied, CPU usage by kswapd hovers around the 20% mark
according to the tester (Arthur Marsh:
http://www.spinics.net/linux/fedora/alsa-user/msg09899.html).  With this
patch applied, it's around 2%.

The problem is not related to THP which specifies __GFP_NO_KSWAPD but is
triggered by high-order allocations hitting the low watermark for their
order and waking kswapd on kernels with CONFIG_COMPACTION set.  The most
common trigger for this is network cards configured for jumbo frames but
it's also possible it'll be triggered by fork-heavy workloads (order-1)
and some wireless cards which depend on order-1 allocations.

The symptoms for the user will be high CPU usage by kswapd in low-memory
situations which could be confused with another writeback problem.  While
a patch like 5a03b051 may be reintroduced in the future, this patch plays
it safe for now and reverts it.

[mel@csn.ul.ie: Beefed up the changelog]
Signed-off-by: Andrea Arcangeli <aarcange@redhat.com>
Signed-off-by: Mel Gorman <mel@csn.ul.ie>
Reported-by: Arthur Marsh <arthur.marsh@internode.on.net>
Tested-by: Arthur Marsh <arthur.marsh@internode.on.net>
Cc: <stable@kernel.org> [2.6.38.1]
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

8 years agomm: vmap area cache
Nick Piggin [Tue, 22 Mar 2011 23:30:36 +0000]
mm: vmap area cache

Provide a free area cache for the vmalloc virtual address allocator, based
on the algorithm used by the user virtual memory allocator.

This reduces the number of rbtree operations and linear traversals over
the vmap extents in order to find a free area, by starting off at the last
point that a free area was found.

The free area cache is reset if areas are freed behind it, or if we are
searching for a smaller area or alignment than last time.  So allocation
patterns are not changed (verified by corner-case and random test cases in
userspace testing).

This solves a regression caused by lazy vunmap TLB purging introduced in
db64fe02 (mm: rewrite vmap layer).  That patch will leave extents in the
vmap allocator after they are vunmapped, and until a significant number
accumulate that can be flushed in a single batch.  So in a workload that
vmalloc/vfree frequently, a chain of extents will build up from
VMALLOC_START address, which have to be iterated over each time (giving an
O(n) type of behaviour).

After this patch, the search will start from where it left off, giving
closer to an amortized O(1).

This is verified to solve regressions reported Steven in GFS2, and Avi in
KVM.

Hugh's update:

: I tried out the recent mmotm, and on one machine was fortunate to hit
: the BUG_ON(first->va_start < addr) which seems to have been stalling
: your vmap area cache patch ever since May.

: I can get you addresses etc, I did dump a few out; but once I stared
: at them, it was easier just to look at the code: and I cannot see how
: you would be so sure that first->va_start < addr, once you've done
: that addr = ALIGN(max(...), align) above, if align is over 0x1000
: (align was 0x8000 or 0x4000 in the cases I hit: ioremaps like Steve).

: I originally got around it by just changing the
:  if (first->va_start < addr) {
: to
:  while (first->va_start < addr) {
: without thinking about it any further; but that seemed unsatisfactory,
: why would we want to loop here when we've got another very similar
: loop just below it?

: I am never going to admit how long I've spent trying to grasp your
: "while (n)" rbtree loop just above this, the one with the peculiar
:  if (!first && tmp->va_start < addr + size)
: in.  That's unfamiliar to me, I'm guessing it's designed to save a
: subsequent rb_next() in a few circumstances (at risk of then setting
: a wrong cached_hole_size?); but they did appear few to me, and I didn't
: feel I could sign off something with that in when I don't grasp it,
: and it seems responsible for extra code and mistaken BUG_ON below it.

: I've reverted to the familiar rbtree loop that find_vma() does (but
: with va_end >= addr as you had, to respect the additional guard page):
: and then (given that cached_hole_size starts out 0) I don't see the
: need for any complications below it.  If you do want to keep that loop
: as you had it, please add a comment to explain what it's trying to do,
: and where addr is relative to first when you emerge from it.

: Aren't your tests "size <= cached_hole_size" and
: "addr + size > first->va_start" forgetting the guard page we want
: before the next area?  I've changed those.

: I have not changed your many "addr + size - 1 < addr" overflow tests,
: but have since come to wonder, shouldn't they be "addr + size < addr"
: tests - won't the vend checks go wrong if addr + size is 0?

: I have added a few comments - Wolfgang Wander's 2.6.13 description of
1363c3cd8603a913a27e2995dccbd70d5312d8e6 Avoiding mmap fragmentation
: helped me a lot, perhaps a pointer to that would be good too.  And I found
: it easier to understand when I renamed cached_start slightly and moved the
: overflow label down.

: This patch would go after your mm-vmap-area-cache.patch in mmotm.
: Trivially, nobody is going to get that BUG_ON with this patch, and it
: appears to work fine on my machines; but I have not given it anything like
: the testing you did on your original, and may have broken all the
: performance you were aiming for.  Please take a look and test it out
: integrate with yours if you're satisfied - thanks.

[akpm@linux-foundation.org: add locking comment]
Signed-off-by: Nick Piggin <npiggin@suse.de>
Signed-off-by: Hugh Dickins <hughd@google.com>
Reviewed-by: Minchan Kim <minchan.kim@gmail.com>
Reported-and-tested-by: Steven Whitehouse <swhiteho@redhat.com>
Reported-and-tested-by: Avi Kivity <avi@redhat.com>
Tested-by: "Barry J. Marson" <bmarson@redhat.com>
Cc: Prarit Bhargava <prarit@redhat.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

8 years agopwm_backlight: add check_fb() hook
Robert Morell [Tue, 22 Mar 2011 23:30:31 +0000]
pwm_backlight: add check_fb() hook

In systems with multiple framebuffer devices, one of the devices might be
blanked while another is unblanked.  In order for the backlight blanking
logic to know whether to turn off the backlight for a particular
framebuffer's blanking notification, it needs to be able to check if a
given framebuffer device corresponds to the backlight.

This plumbs the check_fb hook from core backlight through the
pwm_backlight helper to allow platform code to plug in a check_fb hook.

Signed-off-by: Robert Morell <rmorell@nvidia.com>
Cc: Richard Purdie <rpurdie@rpsys.net>
Cc: Arun Murthy <arun.murthy@stericsson.com>
Cc: Linus Walleij <linus.walleij@stericsson.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

8 years agodrivers/video/backlight/jornada720_*.c: make needlessly global symbols static
Axel Lin [Tue, 22 Mar 2011 23:30:30 +0000]
drivers/video/backlight/jornada720_*.c: make needlessly global symbols static

The following symbols are needlessly defined global: jornada_bl_init,
jornada_bl_exit, jornada_lcd_init, jornada_lcd_exit.

Make them static.

Signed-off-by: Axel Lin <axel.lin@gmail.com>
Acked-by: Kristoffer Ericson <kristoffer.ericson@gmail.com>
Cc: Richard Purdie <rpurdie@rpsys.net>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

8 years agobacklight: apple_bl depends on ACPI
Randy Dunlap [Tue, 22 Mar 2011 23:30:29 +0000]
backlight: apple_bl depends on ACPI

apple_bl uses ACPI interfaces (data & code), so it should depend on ACPI.

  drivers/video/backlight/apple_bl.c:142: warning: 'struct acpi_device' declared inside parameter list
  drivers/video/backlight/apple_bl.c:142: warning: its scope is only this definition or declaration, which is probably not what you want
  drivers/video/backlight/apple_bl.c:201: warning: 'struct acpi_device' declared inside parameter list
  drivers/video/backlight/apple_bl.c:215: error: variable 'apple_bl_driver' has initializer but incomplete type
  drivers/video/backlight/apple_bl.c:216: error: unknown field 'name' specified in initializer
  ...

Signed-off-by: Randy Dunlap <randy.dunlap@oracle.com>
Acked-by: Matthew Garrett <mjg@redhat.com>
Cc: Richard Purdie <rpurdie@rpsys.net>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

8 years agombp_nvidia_bl: rename to apple_bl
Matthew Garrett [Tue, 22 Mar 2011 23:30:28 +0000]
mbp_nvidia_bl: rename to apple_bl

It works on hardware other than Macbook Pros, and it works on GPUs other
than Nvidia.  It should even work on iMacs, so change the name to match
reality more precisely and include an alias so existing users don't get
confused.

Signed-off-by: Matthew Garrett <mjg@redhat.com>
Acked-by: Richard Purdie <richard.purdie@linuxfoundation.org>
Cc: Mourad De Clerck <mourad@aquazul.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

8 years agombp_nvidia_bl: check that the backlight control functions
Matthew Garrett [Tue, 22 Mar 2011 23:30:27 +0000]
mbp_nvidia_bl: check that the backlight control functions

The SMI-based backlight control functionality may fail to work if the
system is running under EFI rather than BIOS.  Check that the hardware
responds as expected, and exit if it doesn't.

Signed-off-by: Matthew Garrett <mjg@redhat.com>
Acked-by: Richard Purdie <richard.purdie@linuxfoundation.org>
Cc: Mourad De Clerck <mourad@aquazul.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

8 years agombp_nvidia_bl: remove DMI dependency
Matthew Garrett [Tue, 22 Mar 2011 23:30:26 +0000]
mbp_nvidia_bl: remove DMI dependency

This driver only has to deal with two different classes of hardware, but
right now it needs new DMI entries for every new machine. It turns out
that there's an ACPI device that uniquely identifies Apples with backlights,
so this patch reworks the driver into an ACPI one, identifies the hardware
by checking the PCI vendor of the root bridge and strips out all the DMI
code. It also changes the config text to clarify that it works on devices
other than Macbook Pros and GPUs other than nvidia.

Signed-off-by: Matthew Garrett <mjg@redhat.com>
Acked-by: Richard Purdie <richard.purdie@linuxfoundation.org>
Cc: Mourad De Clerck <mourad@aquazul.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

8 years agoacpi: tie ACPI backlight devices to PCI devices if possible
Matthew Garrett [Tue, 22 Mar 2011 23:30:25 +0000]
acpi: tie ACPI backlight devices to PCI devices if possible

Dual-GPU machines may provide more than one ACPI backlight interface.  Tie
the backlight device to the GPU in order to allow userspace to identify
the correct interface.

Signed-off-by: Matthew Garrett <mjg@redhat.com>
Cc: Richard Purdie <rpurdie@rpsys.net>
Cc: Chris Wilson <chris@chris-wilson.co.uk>
Cc: David Airlie <airlied@linux.ie>
Cc: Alex Deucher <alexdeucher@gmail.com>
Cc: Ben Skeggs <bskeggs@redhat.com>
Cc: Zhang Rui <rui.zhang@intel.com>
Cc: Len Brown <lenb@kernel.org>
Cc: Jesse Barnes <jbarnes@virtuousgeek.org>
Tested-by: Sedat Dilek <sedat.dilek@googlemail.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

8 years agonouveau: change the backlight parent device to the connector, not the PCI dev
Matthew Garrett [Tue, 22 Mar 2011 23:30:24 +0000]
nouveau: change the backlight parent device to the connector, not the PCI dev

We may eventually end up with per-connector backlights, especially with
ddcci devices.  Make sure that the parent node for the backlight device is
the connector rather than the PCI device.

Signed-off-by: Matthew Garrett <mjg@redhat.com>
Cc: Richard Purdie <rpurdie@rpsys.net>
Cc: Chris Wilson <chris@chris-wilson.co.uk>
Cc: David Airlie <airlied@linux.ie>
Cc: Alex Deucher <alexdeucher@gmail.com>
Acked-by: Ben Skeggs <bskeggs@redhat.com>
Cc: Zhang Rui <rui.zhang@intel.com>
Cc: Len Brown <lenb@kernel.org>
Cc: Jesse Barnes <jbarnes@virtuousgeek.org>
Tested-by: Sedat Dilek <sedat.dilek@googlemail.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

8 years agoradeon: expose backlight class device for legacy LVDS encoder
Michel Dänzer [Tue, 22 Mar 2011 23:30:23 +0000]
radeon: expose backlight class device for legacy LVDS encoder

Allows e.g. power management daemons to control the backlight level. Inspired
by the corresponding code in radeonfb.

[mjg@redhat.com: updated to add backlight type and make the connector the parent device]
Signed-off-by: Michel Dänzer <michel@daenzer.net>
Signed-off-by: Matthew Garrett <mjg@redhat.com>
Cc: Richard Purdie <rpurdie@rpsys.net>
Cc: Chris Wilson <chris@chris-wilson.co.uk>
Cc: David Airlie <airlied@linux.ie>
Acked-by: Alex Deucher <alexdeucher@gmail.com>
Cc: Ben Skeggs <bskeggs@redhat.com>
Cc: Zhang Rui <rui.zhang@intel.com>
Cc: Len Brown <lenb@kernel.org>
Cc: Jesse Barnes <jbarnes@virtuousgeek.org>
Tested-by: Sedat Dilek <sedat.dilek@googlemail.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

8 years agobacklight: add backlight type
Matthew Garrett [Tue, 22 Mar 2011 23:30:21 +0000]
backlight: add backlight type

There may be multiple ways of controlling the backlight on a given
machine.  Allow drivers to expose the type of interface they are
providing, making it possible for userspace to make appropriate policy
decisions.

Signed-off-by: Matthew Garrett <mjg@redhat.com>
Cc: Richard Purdie <rpurdie@rpsys.net>
Cc: Chris Wilson <chris@chris-wilson.co.uk>
Cc: David Airlie <airlied@linux.ie>
Cc: Alex Deucher <alexdeucher@gmail.com>
Cc: Ben Skeggs <bskeggs@redhat.com>
Cc: Zhang Rui <rui.zhang@intel.com>
Cc: Len Brown <lenb@kernel.org>
Cc: Jesse Barnes <jbarnes@virtuousgeek.org>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

8 years agodrivers/leds/leds-lp5523.c: world-writable engine* sysfs files
Vasiliy Kulikov [Tue, 22 Mar 2011 23:30:20 +0000]
drivers/leds/leds-lp5523.c: world-writable engine* sysfs files

Don't allow everybody to change LED settings.

Signed-off-by: Vasiliy Kulikov <segoon@openwall.com>
Cc: Richard Purdie <rpurdie@rpsys.net>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

8 years agodrivers/leds/leds-lp5521.c: world-writable sysfs engine* files
Vasiliy Kulikov [Tue, 22 Mar 2011 23:30:19 +0000]
drivers/leds/leds-lp5521.c: world-writable sysfs engine* files

Don't allow everybody to change LED settings.

Signed-off-by: Vasiliy Kulikov <segoon@openwall.com>
Cc: Richard Purdie <rpurdie@rpsys.net>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

8 years agodrivers/vidfeo/backlight: ld9040 amoled driver support
Donghwa Lee [Tue, 22 Mar 2011 23:30:18 +0000]
drivers/vidfeo/backlight: ld9040 amoled driver support

Add a ld9040 amoled panel driver.

Signed-off-by: Donghwa Lee <dh09.lee@samsung.com>
Signed-off-by: Kyungmin Park <kyungmin.park@samsung.com>
Signed-off-by: Inki Dae <inki.dae@samsung.com>
Cc: Richard Purdie <rpurdie@rpsys.net>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

8 years agoleds: make *struct gpio_led_platform_data.leds const
Uwe Kleine-König [Tue, 22 Mar 2011 23:30:17 +0000]
leds: make *struct gpio_led_platform_data.leds const

And fix a typo.

Signed-off-by: Uwe Kleine-König <u.kleine-koenig@pengutronix.de>
Cc: Lars-Peter Clausen <lars@metafoo.de>
Cc: Richard Purdie <rpurdie@rpsys.net>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

8 years agoleds: add driver for LM3530 ALS
Shreshtha Kumar Sahu [Tue, 22 Mar 2011 23:30:16 +0000]
leds: add driver for LM3530 ALS

Simple backlight driver for National Semiconductor LM3530.  Presently only
manual mode is supported, PWM and ALS support to be added.

Signed-off-by: Shreshtha Kumar Sahu <shreshthakumar.sahu@stericsson.com>
Cc: Linus Walleij <linus.walleij@stericsson.com>
Cc: Richard Purdie <rpurdie@rpsys.net>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

8 years agoleds: convert bd2802 driver to dev_pm_ops
Mark Brown [Tue, 22 Mar 2011 23:30:14 +0000]
leds: convert bd2802 driver to dev_pm_ops

There is a move to deprecate bus-specific PM operations and move to using
dev_pm_ops instead in order to reduce the amount of boilerplate code in
buses and facilitiate updates to the PM core.  Do this move for the bs2802
driver.

[akpm@linux-foundation.org: fix warnings]
Signed-off-by: Mark Brown <broonie@opensource.wolfsonmicro.com>
Cc: Kim Kyuwon <q1.kim@samsung.com>
Cc: Kim Kyuwon <chammoru@gmail.com>
Cc: Richard Purdie <rpurdie@rpsys.net>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

8 years agocgroups: if you list_empty() a head then don't list_del() it
Phil Carmody [Tue, 22 Mar 2011 23:30:13 +0000]
cgroups: if you list_empty() a head then don't list_del() it

list_del() leaves poison in the prev and next pointers.  The next
list_empty() will compare those poisons, and say the list isn't empty.
Any list operations that assume the node is on a list because of such a
check will be fooled into dereferencing poison.  One needs to INIT the
node after the del, and fortunately there's already a wrapper for that -
list_del_init().

Some of the dels are followed by deallocations, so can be ignored, and one
can be merged with an add to make a move.  Apart from that, I erred on the
side of caution in making nodes list_empty()-queriable.

Signed-off-by: Phil Carmody <ext-phil.2.carmody@nokia.com>
Reviewed-by: Paul Menage <menage@google.com>
Cc: Li Zefan <lizf@cn.fujitsu.com>
Acked-by: Kirill A. Shutemov <kirill@shutemov.name>
Cc: <stable@kernel.org>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

8 years agooom: avoid deferring oom killer if exiting task is being traced
David Rientjes [Tue, 22 Mar 2011 23:30:12 +0000]
oom: avoid deferring oom killer if exiting task is being traced

The oom killer naturally defers killing anything if it finds an eligible
task that is already exiting and has yet to detach its ->mm.  This avoids
unnecessarily killing tasks when one is already in the exit path and may
free enough memory that the oom killer is no longer needed.  This is
detected by PF_EXITING since threads that have already detached its ->mm
are no longer considered at all.

The problem with always deferring when a thread is PF_EXITING, however, is
that it may never actually exit when being traced, specifically if another
task is tracing it with PTRACE_O_TRACEEXIT.  The oom killer does not want
to defer in this case since there is no guarantee that thread will ever
exit without intervention.

This patch will now only defer the oom killer when a thread is PF_EXITING
and no ptracer has stopped its progress in the exit path.  It also ensures
that a child is sacrificed for the chosen parent only if it has a
different ->mm as the comment implies: this ensures that the thread group
leader is always targeted appropriately.

Signed-off-by: David Rientjes <rientjes@google.com>
Reported-by: Oleg Nesterov <oleg@redhat.com>
Cc: KOSAKI Motohiro <kosaki.motohiro@jp.fujitsu.com>
Cc: KAMEZAWA Hiroyuki <kamezawa.hiroyu@jp.fujitsu.com>
Cc: Hugh Dickins <hughd@google.com>
Cc: Andrey Vagin <avagin@openvz.org>
Cc: <stable@kernel.org> [2.6.38.x]
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

8 years agooom: skip zombies when iterating tasklist
Andrey Vagin [Tue, 22 Mar 2011 23:30:11 +0000]
oom: skip zombies when iterating tasklist

We shouldn't defer oom killing if a thread has already detached its ->mm
and still has TIF_MEMDIE set.  Memory needs to be freed, so find kill
other threads that pin the same ->mm or find another task to kill.

Signed-off-by: Andrey Vagin <avagin@openvz.org>
Signed-off-by: David Rientjes <rientjes@google.com>
Cc: KOSAKI Motohiro <kosaki.motohiro@jp.fujitsu.com>
Cc: <stable@kernel.org> [2.6.38.x]
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

8 years agooom: prevent unnecessary oom kills or kernel panics
David Rientjes [Tue, 22 Mar 2011 23:30:09 +0000]
oom: prevent unnecessary oom kills or kernel panics

This patch prevents unnecessary oom kills or kernel panics by reverting
two commits:

495789a5 (oom: make oom_score to per-process value)
cef1d352 (oom: multi threaded process coredump don't make deadlock)

First, 495789a5 (oom: make oom_score to per-process value) ignores the
fact that all threads in a thread group do not necessarily exit at the
same time.

It is imperative that select_bad_process() detect threads that are in the
exit path, specifically those with PF_EXITING set, to prevent needlessly
killing additional tasks.  If a process is oom killed and the thread group
leader exits, select_bad_process() cannot detect the other threads that
are PF_EXITING by iterating over only processes.  Thus, it currently
chooses another task unnecessarily for oom kill or panics the machine when
nothing else is eligible.

By iterating over threads instead, it is possible to detect threads that
are exiting and nominate them for oom kill so they get access to memory
reserves.

Second, cef1d352 (oom: multi threaded process coredump don't make
deadlock) erroneously avoids making the oom killer a no-op when an
eligible thread other than current isfound to be exiting.  We want to
detect this situation so that we may allow that exiting thread time to
exit and free its memory; if it is able to exit on its own, that should
free memory so current is no loner oom.  If it is not able to exit on its
own, the oom killer will nominate it for oom kill which, in this case,
only means it will get access to memory reserves.

Without this change, it is easy for the oom killer to unnecessarily target
tasks when all threads of a victim don't exit before the thread group
leader or, in the worst case, panic the machine.

Signed-off-by: David Rientjes <rientjes@google.com>
Cc: KOSAKI Motohiro <kosaki.motohiro@jp.fujitsu.com>
Cc: KAMEZAWA Hiroyuki <kamezawa.hiroyu@jp.fujitsu.com>
Cc: Oleg Nesterov <oleg@redhat.com>
Cc: Hugh Dickins <hughd@google.com>
Cc: Andrey Vagin <avagin@openvz.org>
Cc: <stable@kernel.org> [2.6.38.x]
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

8 years agomm: swap: unlock swapfile inode mutex before closing file on bad swapfiles
Mel Gorman [Tue, 22 Mar 2011 23:30:08 +0000]
mm: swap: unlock swapfile inode mutex before closing file on bad swapfiles

If an administrator tries to swapon a file backed by NFS, the inode mutex is
taken (as it is for any swapfile) but later identified to be a bad swapfile
due to the lack of bmap and tries to cleanup. During cleanup, an attempt is
made to close the file but with inode->i_mutex still held. Closing an NFS
file syncs it which tries to acquire the inode mutex leading to deadlock. If
lockdep is enabled the following appears on the console;

    =============================================
    [ INFO: possible recursive locking detected ]
    2.6.38-rc8-autobuild #1
    ---------------------------------------------
    swapon/2192 is trying to acquire lock:
     (&sb->s_type->i_mutex_key#13){+.+.+.}, at: vfs_fsync_range+0x47/0x7c

    but task is already holding lock:
     (&sb->s_type->i_mutex_key#13){+.+.+.}, at: sys_swapon+0x28d/0xae7

    other info that might help us debug this:
    1 lock held by swapon/2192:
     #0:  (&sb->s_type->i_mutex_key#13){+.+.+.}, at: sys_swapon+0x28d/0xae7

    stack backtrace:
    Pid: 2192, comm: swapon Not tainted 2.6.38-rc8-autobuild #1
    Call Trace:
        __lock_acquire+0x2eb/0x1623
        find_get_pages_tag+0x14a/0x174
        pagevec_lookup_tag+0x25/0x2e
        vfs_fsync_range+0x47/0x7c
        lock_acquire+0xd3/0x100
        vfs_fsync_range+0x47/0x7c
        nfs_flush_one+0x0/0xdf [nfs]
        mutex_lock_nested+0x40/0x2b1
        vfs_fsync_range+0x47/0x7c
        vfs_fsync_range+0x47/0x7c
        vfs_fsync+0x1c/0x1e
        nfs_file_flush+0x64/0x69 [nfs]
        filp_close+0x43/0x72
        sys_swapon+0xa39/0xae7
        sysret_check+0x2e/0x69
        system_call_fastpath+0x16/0x1b

This patch releases the mutex if its held before calling filep_close()
so swapon fails as expected without deadlock when the swapfile is backed
by NFS.  If accepted for 2.6.39, it should also be considered a -stable
candidate for 2.6.38 and 2.6.37.

Signed-off-by: Mel Gorman <mgorman@suse.de>
Acked-by: Hugh Dickins <hughd@google.com>
Cc: <stable@kernel.org> [2.6.37+]
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>