10 years agomm, PM/Freezer: Disable OOM killer when tasks are frozen
Rafael J. Wysocki [Tue, 16 Jun 2009 22:32:41 +0000]
mm, PM/Freezer: Disable OOM killer when tasks are frozen

Currently, the following scenario appears to be possible in theory:

* Tasks are frozen for hibernation or suspend.
* Free pages are almost exhausted.
* Certain piece of code in the suspend code path attempts to allocate
  some memory using GFP_KERNEL and allocation order less than or
  equal to PAGE_ALLOC_COSTLY_ORDER.
* __alloc_pages_internal() cannot find a free page so it invokes the
  OOM killer.
* The OOM killer attempts to kill a task, but the task is frozen, so
  it doesn't die immediately.
* __alloc_pages_internal() jumps to 'restart', unsuccessfully tries
  to find a free page and invokes the OOM killer.
* No progress can be made.

Although it is now hard to trigger during hibernation due to the memory
shrinking carried out by the hibernation code, it is theoretically
possible to trigger during suspend after the memory shrinking has been
removed from that code path.  Moreover, since memory allocations are
going to be used for the hibernation memory shrinking, it will be even
more likely to happen during hibernation.

To prevent it from happening, introduce the oom_killer_disabled switch
that will cause __alloc_pages_internal() to fail in the situations in
which the OOM killer would have been called and make the freezer set
this switch after tasks have been successfully frozen.

[akpm@linux-foundation.org: be nicer to the namespace]
Signed-off-by: Rafael J. Wysocki <rjw@sisk.pl>
Cc: Fengguang Wu <fengguang.wu@gmail.com>
Cc: David Rientjes <rientjes@google.com>
Acked-by: Pavel Machek <pavel@ucw.cz>
Cc: Mel Gorman <mel@csn.ul.ie>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

10 years agomm: madvise(): correct return code
Nick Piggin [Tue, 16 Jun 2009 22:32:38 +0000]
mm: madvise(): correct return code

The posix_madvise() function succeeds (and does nothing) when called with
parameters (NULL, 0, -1); according to LSB tests, it should fail with
EINVAL because -1 is not a valid flag.

When called with a valid address and size, it correctly fails.

So perform an initial check for valid flags first.

Reported-by: Jiri Dluhos <jdluhos@novell.com>
Signed-off-by: Nick Piggin <npiggin@suse.de>
Reviewed-and-Tested-by: WANG Cong <xiyou.wangcong@gmail.com>
Cc: Michael Kerrisk <mtk.manpages@googlemail.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

10 years agopage-allocator: warn if __GFP_NOFAIL is used for a large allocation
Andrew Morton [Tue, 16 Jun 2009 22:32:37 +0000]
page-allocator: warn if __GFP_NOFAIL is used for a large allocation

__GFP_NOFAIL is a bad fiction.  Allocations _can_ fail, and callers should
detect and suitably handle this (and not by lamely moving the infinite
loop up to the caller level either).

Attempting to use __GFP_NOFAIL for a higher-order allocation is even
worse, so add a once-off runtime check for this to slap people around for
even thinking about trying it.

Cc: David Rientjes <rientjes@google.com>
Acked-by: Mel Gorman <mel@csn.ul.ie>
Acked-by: Peter Zijlstra <a.p.zijlstra@chello.nl>
Cc: KOSAKI Motohiro <kosaki.motohiro@jp.fujitsu.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

10 years agovideobuf-dma-contig: zero copy USERPTR support
Magnus Damm [Tue, 16 Jun 2009 22:32:36 +0000]
videobuf-dma-contig: zero copy USERPTR support

Since videobuf-dma-contig is designed to handle physically contiguous
memory, this patch modifies the videobuf-dma-contig code to only accept a
user space pointer to physically contiguous memory.  For now only
VM_PFNMAP vmas are supported, so forget hotplug.

On SuperH Mobile we use this with our sh_mobile_ceu_camera driver together
with various multimedia accelerator blocks that are exported to user space
using UIO.  The UIO kernel code exports physically contiguous memory to
user space and lets the user space application mmap() this memory and pass
a pointer using the USERPTR interface for V4L2 zero copy operation.

With this approach we support zero copy capture, hardware scaling and
various forms of hardware encoding and decoding.

[akpm@linux-foundation.org: coding-style fixes]
Signed-off-by: Magnus Damm <damm@igel.co.jp>
Cc: Johannes Weiner <hannes@cmpxchg.org>
Cc: Paul Mundt <lethal@linux-sh.org>
Acked-by: Mauro Carvalho Chehab <mchehab@infradead.org>
Cc: Hans Verkuil <hverkuil@xs4all.nl>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

10 years agomm: introduce follow_pfn()
Johannes Weiner [Tue, 16 Jun 2009 22:32:35 +0000]
mm: introduce follow_pfn()

Analoguous to follow_phys(), add a helper that looks up the PFN at a
user virtual address in an IO mapping or a raw PFN mapping.

Signed-off-by: Johannes Weiner <hannes@cmpxchg.org>
Cc: Christoph Hellwig <hch@infradead.org>
Acked-by: Magnus Damm <magnus.damm@gmail.com>
Cc: Hans Verkuil <hverkuil@xs4all.nl>
Cc: Paul Mundt <lethal@linux-sh.org>
Cc: Hugh Dickins <hugh.dickins@tiscali.co.uk>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

10 years agomm: use generic follow_pte() in follow_phys()
Johannes Weiner [Tue, 16 Jun 2009 22:32:34 +0000]
mm: use generic follow_pte() in follow_phys()

Signed-off-by: Johannes Weiner <hannes@cmpxchg.org>
Cc: Christoph Hellwig <hch@infradead.org>
Acked-by: Magnus Damm <magnus.damm@gmail.com>
Cc: Hans Verkuil <hverkuil@xs4all.nl>
Cc: Paul Mundt <lethal@linux-sh.org>
Cc: Hugh Dickins <hugh.dickins@tiscali.co.uk>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

10 years agomm: introduce follow_pte()
Johannes Weiner [Tue, 16 Jun 2009 22:32:33 +0000]
mm: introduce follow_pte()

A generic readonly page table lookup helper to map an address space and an
address from it to a pte.

Signed-off-by: Johannes Weiner <hannes@cmpxchg.org>
Cc: Christoph Hellwig <hch@infradead.org>
Acked-by: Magnus Damm <magnus.damm@gmail.com>
Cc: Hans Verkuil <hverkuil@xs4all.nl>
Cc: Paul Mundt <lethal@linux-sh.org>
Cc: Hugh Dickins <hugh.dickins@tiscali.co.uk>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

10 years agomm: setup_per_zone_inactive_ratio - fix comment and make it __init
Cyrill Gorcunov [Tue, 16 Jun 2009 22:32:32 +0000]
mm: setup_per_zone_inactive_ratio - fix comment and make it __init

The caller of setup_per_zone_inactive_ratio is an __init function.  There
is no need to keep the callee after it completed as well.  Also fix a
comment.

Acked-by: David Rientjes <rientjes@google.com>
Signed-off-by: Cyrill Gorcunov <gorcunov@openvz.org>
Reviewed-by: Minchan Kim <minchan.kim@gmail.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

10 years agomm: setup_per_zone_inactive_ratio - do not call for int_sqrt if not needed
Cyrill Gorcunov [Tue, 16 Jun 2009 22:32:32 +0000]
mm: setup_per_zone_inactive_ratio - do not call for int_sqrt if not needed

int_sqrt() returns 0 if its argument is zero so call it if only needed.

Signed-off-by: Cyrill Gorcunov <gorcunov@openvz.org>
Cc: David Rientjes <rientjes@google.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

10 years agovmscan: ZVC updates in shrink_active_list() can be done once
Wu Fengguang [Tue, 16 Jun 2009 22:32:31 +0000]
vmscan: ZVC updates in shrink_active_list() can be done once

This effectively lifts the unit of updates to nr_inactive_* and
pgdeactivate from PAGEVEC_SIZE=14 to SWAP_CLUSTER_MAX=32, or
MAX_ORDER_NR_PAGES=1024 for reclaim_zone().

Cc: Johannes Weiner <hannes@cmpxchg.org>
Acked-by: Rik van Riel <riel@redhat.com>
Reviewed-by: Minchan Kim <minchan.kim@gmail.com>
Signed-off-by: Wu Fengguang <fengguang.wu@intel.com>
Cc: Peter Zijlstra <a.p.zijlstra@chello.nl>
Cc: Christoph Lameter <cl@linux-foundation.org>
Cc: KOSAKI Motohiro <kosaki.motohiro@jp.fujitsu.com>
Cc: Lee Schermerhorn <lee.schermerhorn@hp.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

10 years agovmscan: don't export nr_saved_scan in /proc/zoneinfo
Wu Fengguang [Tue, 16 Jun 2009 22:32:30 +0000]
vmscan: don't export nr_saved_scan in /proc/zoneinfo

The lru->nr_saved_scan's are not meaningful counters for even kernel
developers.  They typically are smaller than 32 and are always 0 for large
lists.  So remove them from /proc/zoneinfo.

Hopefully this interface change won't break too many scripts.
/proc/zoneinfo is too unstructured to be script friendly, and I wonder the
affected scripts - if there are any - are still bleeding since the not
long ago commit "vmscan: split LRU lists into anon & file sets", which
also touched the "scanned" line :)

If we are to re-export accumulated vmscan counts in the future, they can
go to new lines in /proc/zoneinfo instead of the current form, or to
/sys/devices/system/node/node0/meminfo?

Signed-off-by: Wu Fengguang <fengguang.wu@intel.com>

Acked-by: Rik van Riel <riel@redhat.com>
Cc: Nick Piggin <npiggin@suse.de>
Acked-by: Christoph Lameter <cl@linux-foundation.org>
Cc: Peter Zijlstra <a.p.zijlstra@chello.nl>
Cc: KOSAKI Motohiro <kosaki.motohiro@jp.fujitsu.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

10 years agovmscan: cleanup the scan batching code
Wu Fengguang [Tue, 16 Jun 2009 22:32:29 +0000]
vmscan: cleanup the scan batching code

The vmscan batching logic is twisting.  Move it into a standalone function
nr_scan_try_batch() and document it.  No behavior change.

Signed-off-by: Wu Fengguang <fengguang.wu@intel.com>
Acked-by: Rik van Riel <riel@redhat.com>
Cc: Nick Piggin <npiggin@suse.de>
Cc: Christoph Lameter <cl@linux-foundation.org>
Acked-by: Peter Zijlstra <a.p.zijlstra@chello.nl>
Acked-by: KOSAKI Motohiro <kosaki.motohiro@jp.fujitsu.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

10 years agovmscan: evict use-once pages first
Rik van Riel [Tue, 16 Jun 2009 22:32:28 +0000]
vmscan: evict use-once pages first

When the file LRU lists are dominated by streaming IO pages, evict those
pages first, before considering evicting other pages.

This should be safe from deadlocks or performance problems
because only three things can happen to an inactive file page:

1) referenced twice and promoted to the active list
2) evicted by the pageout code
3) under IO, after which it will get evicted or promoted

The pages freed in this way can either be reused for streaming IO, or
allocated for something else.  If the pages are used for streaming IO,
this pageout pattern continues.  Otherwise, we will fall back to the
normal pageout pattern.

Signed-off-by: Rik van Riel <riel@redhat.com>
Reported-by: Elladan <elladan@eskimo.com>
Cc: KOSAKI Motohiro <kosaki.motohiro@jp.fujitsu.com>
Cc: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org>
Cc: Lee Schermerhorn <lee.schermerhorn@hp.com>
Acked-by: Johannes Weiner <hannes@cmpxchg.org>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

10 years agopagemap: add page-types tool
Wu Fengguang [Tue, 16 Jun 2009 22:32:27 +0000]
pagemap: add page-types tool

Add page-types, a handy tool for querying page flags.

It will expand some of the overloaded flags:
PG_slob_free   = PG_private
PG_slub_frozen = PG_active
PG_slub_debug  = PG_error
PG_readahead   = PG_reclaim

and mask out obscure flags except in -raw mode:
PG_reserved
PG_mlocked
PG_mappedtodisk
PG_private
PG_private_2
PG_owner_priv_1
PG_arch_1
PG_uncached
PG_compound* for non hugeTLB pages

[akpm@linux-foundation.org: fix warning]
Signed-off-by: Wu Fengguang <fengguang.wu@intel.com>
Cc: KOSAKI Motohiro <kosaki.motohiro@jp.fujitsu.com>
Cc: Andi Kleen <andi@firstfloor.org>
Cc: Matt Mackall <mpm@selenic.com>
Cc: Alexey Dobriyan <adobriyan@gmail.com>
Cc: Ingo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

10 years agopagemap: document 9 more exported page flags
Wu Fengguang [Tue, 16 Jun 2009 22:32:26 +0000]
pagemap: document 9 more exported page flags

Also add short descriptions for all of the 20 exported page flags.

Signed-off-by: Wu Fengguang <fengguang.wu@intel.com>
Cc: KOSAKI Motohiro <kosaki.motohiro@jp.fujitsu.com>
Cc: Andi Kleen <andi@firstfloor.org>
Cc: Matt Mackall <mpm@selenic.com>
Cc: Alexey Dobriyan <adobriyan@gmail.com>
Cc: Ingo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

10 years agopagemap: document clarifications
Wu Fengguang [Tue, 16 Jun 2009 22:32:25 +0000]
pagemap: document clarifications

Some bit ranges were inclusive and some not.  Fix them to be consistently
inclusive.

Signed-off-by: Wu Fengguang <fengguang.wu@intel.com>
Cc: KOSAKI Motohiro <kosaki.motohiro@jp.fujitsu.com>
Cc: Andi Kleen <andi@firstfloor.org>
Cc: Matt Mackall <mpm@selenic.com>
Cc: Alexey Dobriyan <adobriyan@gmail.com>
Cc: Ingo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

10 years agoproc: export more page flags in /proc/kpageflags
Wu Fengguang [Tue, 16 Jun 2009 22:32:24 +0000]
proc: export more page flags in /proc/kpageflags

Export all page flags faithfully in /proc/kpageflags.

11. KPF_MMAP (pseudo flag) memory mapped page
12. KPF_ANON (pseudo flag) memory mapped page (anonymous)
13. KPF_SWAPCACHE page is in swap cache
14. KPF_SWAPBACKED page is swap/RAM backed
15. KPF_COMPOUND_HEAD (*)
16. KPF_COMPOUND_TAIL (*)
17. KPF_HUGE hugeTLB pages
18. KPF_UNEVICTABLE page is in the unevictable LRU list
19. KPF_HWPOISON(TBD) hardware detected corruption
20. KPF_NOPAGE (pseudo flag) no page frame at the address
32-39. more obscure flags for kernel developers

(*) For compound pages, exporting _both_ head/tail info enables
    users to tell where a compound page starts/ends, and its order.

The accompanying page-types tool will handle the details like decoupling
overloaded flags and hiding obscure flags to normal users.

Thanks to KOSAKI and Andi for their valuable recommendations!

Signed-off-by: Wu Fengguang <fengguang.wu@intel.com>
Cc: KOSAKI Motohiro <kosaki.motohiro@jp.fujitsu.com>
Cc: Andi Kleen <andi@firstfloor.org>
Cc: Matt Mackall <mpm@selenic.com>
Cc: Alexey Dobriyan <adobriyan@gmail.com>
Cc: Ingo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

10 years agoproc: kpagecount/kpageflags code cleanup
Wu Fengguang [Tue, 16 Jun 2009 22:32:23 +0000]
proc: kpagecount/kpageflags code cleanup

Move increments of pfn/out to bottom of the loop.

Signed-off-by: Wu Fengguang <fengguang.wu@intel.com>
Cc: KOSAKI Motohiro <kosaki.motohiro@jp.fujitsu.com>
Cc: Andi Kleen <andi@firstfloor.org>
Acked-by: Matt Mackall <mpm@selenic.com>
Cc: Alexey Dobriyan <adobriyan@gmail.com>
Cc: Ingo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

10 years agomm: introduce PageHuge() for testing huge/gigantic pages
Wu Fengguang [Tue, 16 Jun 2009 22:32:22 +0000]
mm: introduce PageHuge() for testing huge/gigantic pages

A series of patches to enhance the /proc/pagemap interface and to add a
userspace executable which can be used to present the pagemap data.

Export 10 more flags to end users (and more for kernel developers):

        11. KPF_MMAP            (pseudo flag) memory mapped page
        12. KPF_ANON            (pseudo flag) memory mapped page (anonymous)
        13. KPF_SWAPCACHE       page is in swap cache
        14. KPF_SWAPBACKED      page is swap/RAM backed
        15. KPF_COMPOUND_HEAD   (*)
        16. KPF_COMPOUND_TAIL   (*)
        17. KPF_HUGE hugeTLB pages
        18. KPF_UNEVICTABLE     page is in the unevictable LRU list
        19. KPF_HWPOISON        hardware detected corruption
        20. KPF_NOPAGE          (pseudo flag) no page frame at the address

        (*) For compound pages, exporting _both_ head/tail info enables
            users to tell where a compound page starts/ends, and its order.

a simple demo of the page-types tool

# ./page-types -h
page-types [options]
            -r|--raw                  Raw mode, for kernel developers
            -a|--addr    addr-spec    Walk a range of pages
            -b|--bits    bits-spec    Walk pages with specified bits
            -l|--list                 Show page details in ranges
            -L|--list-each            Show page details one by one
            -N|--no-summary           Don't show summay info
            -h|--help                 Show this usage message
addr-spec:
            N                         one page at offset N (unit: pages)
            N+M                       pages range from N to N+M-1
            N,M                       pages range from N to M-1
            N,                        pages range from N to end
            ,M                        pages range from 0 to M
bits-spec:
            bit1,bit2                 (flags & (bit1|bit2)) != 0
            bit1,bit2=bit1            (flags & (bit1|bit2)) == bit1
            bit1,~bit2                (flags & (bit1|bit2)) == bit1
            =bit1,bit2                flags == (bit1|bit2)
bit-names:
          locked              error         referenced           uptodate
           dirty                lru             active               slab
       writeback            reclaim              buddy               mmap
       anonymous          swapcache         swapbacked      compound_head
   compound_tail               huge        unevictable           hwpoison
          nopage           reserved(r)         mlocked(r)    mappedtodisk(r)
         private(r)       private_2(r)   owner_private(r)            arch(r)
        uncached(r)       readahead(o)       slob_free(o)     slub_frozen(o)
      slub_debug(o)
                                   (r) raw mode bits  (o) overloaded bits

# ./page-types
             flags      page-count       MB  symbolic-flags                     long-symbolic-flags
0x0000000000000000          487369     1903  _________________________________
0x0000000000000014               5        0  __R_D____________________________  referenced,dirty
0x0000000000000020               1        0  _____l___________________________  lru
0x0000000000000024              34        0  __R__l___________________________  referenced,lru
0x0000000000000028            3838       14  ___U_l___________________________  uptodate,lru
0x0001000000000028              48        0  ___U_l_______________________I___  uptodate,lru,readahead
0x000000000000002c            6478       25  __RU_l___________________________  referenced,uptodate,lru
0x000100000000002c              47        0  __RU_l_______________________I___  referenced,uptodate,lru,readahead
0x0000000000000040            8344       32  ______A__________________________  active
0x0000000000000060               1        0  _____lA__________________________  lru,active
0x0000000000000068             348        1  ___U_lA__________________________  uptodate,lru,active
0x0001000000000068              12        0  ___U_lA______________________I___  uptodate,lru,active,readahead
0x000000000000006c             988        3  __RU_lA__________________________  referenced,uptodate,lru,active
0x000100000000006c              48        0  __RU_lA______________________I___  referenced,uptodate,lru,active,readahead
0x0000000000004078               1        0  ___UDlA_______b__________________  uptodate,dirty,lru,active,swapbacked
0x000000000000407c              34        0  __RUDlA_______b__________________  referenced,uptodate,dirty,lru,active,swapbacked
0x0000000000000400             503        1  __________B______________________  buddy
0x0000000000000804               1        0  __R________M_____________________  referenced,mmap
0x0000000000000828            1029        4  ___U_l_____M_____________________  uptodate,lru,mmap
0x0001000000000828              43        0  ___U_l_____M_________________I___  uptodate,lru,mmap,readahead
0x000000000000082c             382        1  __RU_l_____M_____________________  referenced,uptodate,lru,mmap
0x000100000000082c              12        0  __RU_l_____M_________________I___  referenced,uptodate,lru,mmap,readahead
0x0000000000000868             192        0  ___U_lA____M_____________________  uptodate,lru,active,mmap
0x0001000000000868              12        0  ___U_lA____M_________________I___  uptodate,lru,active,mmap,readahead
0x000000000000086c             800        3  __RU_lA____M_____________________  referenced,uptodate,lru,active,mmap
0x000100000000086c              31        0  __RU_lA____M_________________I___  referenced,uptodate,lru,active,mmap,readahead
0x0000000000004878               2        0  ___UDlA____M__b__________________  uptodate,dirty,lru,active,mmap,swapbacked
0x0000000000001000             492        1  ____________a____________________  anonymous
0x0000000000005808               4        0  ___U_______Ma_b__________________  uptodate,mmap,anonymous,swapbacked
0x0000000000005868            2839       11  ___U_lA____Ma_b__________________  uptodate,lru,active,mmap,anonymous,swapbacked
0x000000000000586c              30        0  __RU_lA____Ma_b__________________  referenced,uptodate,lru,active,mmap,anonymous,swapbacked
             total          513968     2007

# ./page-types -r
             flags      page-count       MB  symbolic-flags                     long-symbolic-flags
0x0000000000000000          468002     1828  _________________________________
0x0000000100000000           19102       74  _____________________r___________  reserved
0x0000000000008000              41        0  _______________H_________________  compound_head
0x0000000000010000             188        0  ________________T________________  compound_tail
0x0000000000008014               1        0  __R_D__________H_________________  referenced,dirty,compound_head
0x0000000000010014               4        0  __R_D___________T________________  referenced,dirty,compound_tail
0x0000000000000020               1        0  _____l___________________________  lru
0x0000000800000024              34        0  __R__l__________________P________  referenced,lru,private
0x0000000000000028            3794       14  ___U_l___________________________  uptodate,lru
0x0001000000000028              46        0  ___U_l_______________________I___  uptodate,lru,readahead
0x0000000400000028              44        0  ___U_l_________________d_________  uptodate,lru,mappedtodisk
0x0001000400000028               2        0  ___U_l_________________d_____I___  uptodate,lru,mappedtodisk,readahead
0x000000000000002c            6434       25  __RU_l___________________________  referenced,uptodate,lru
0x000100000000002c              47        0  __RU_l_______________________I___  referenced,uptodate,lru,readahead
0x000000040000002c              14        0  __RU_l_________________d_________  referenced,uptodate,lru,mappedtodisk
0x000000080000002c              30        0  __RU_l__________________P________  referenced,uptodate,lru,private
0x0000000800000040            8124       31  ______A_________________P________  active,private
0x0000000000000040             219        0  ______A__________________________  active
0x0000000800000060               1        0  _____lA_________________P________  lru,active,private
0x0000000000000068             322        1  ___U_lA__________________________  uptodate,lru,active
0x0001000000000068              12        0  ___U_lA______________________I___  uptodate,lru,active,readahead
0x0000000400000068              13        0  ___U_lA________________d_________  uptodate,lru,active,mappedtodisk
0x0000000800000068              12        0  ___U_lA_________________P________  uptodate,lru,active,private
0x000000000000006c             977        3  __RU_lA__________________________  referenced,uptodate,lru,active
0x000100000000006c              48        0  __RU_lA______________________I___  referenced,uptodate,lru,active,readahead
0x000000040000006c               5        0  __RU_lA________________d_________  referenced,uptodate,lru,active,mappedtodisk
0x000000080000006c               3        0  __RU_lA_________________P________  referenced,uptodate,lru,active,private
0x0000000c0000006c               3        0  __RU_lA________________dP________  referenced,uptodate,lru,active,mappedtodisk,private
0x0000000c00000068               1        0  ___U_lA________________dP________  uptodate,lru,active,mappedtodisk,private
0x0000000000004078               1        0  ___UDlA_______b__________________  uptodate,dirty,lru,active,swapbacked
0x000000000000407c              34        0  __RUDlA_______b__________________  referenced,uptodate,dirty,lru,active,swapbacked
0x0000000000000400             538        2  __________B______________________  buddy
0x0000000000000804               1        0  __R________M_____________________  referenced,mmap
0x0000000000000828            1029        4  ___U_l_____M_____________________  uptodate,lru,mmap
0x0001000000000828              43        0  ___U_l_____M_________________I___  uptodate,lru,mmap,readahead
0x000000000000082c             382        1  __RU_l_____M_____________________  referenced,uptodate,lru,mmap
0x000100000000082c              12        0  __RU_l_____M_________________I___  referenced,uptodate,lru,mmap,readahead
0x0000000000000868             192        0  ___U_lA____M_____________________  uptodate,lru,active,mmap
0x0001000000000868              12        0  ___U_lA____M_________________I___  uptodate,lru,active,mmap,readahead
0x000000000000086c             800        3  __RU_lA____M_____________________  referenced,uptodate,lru,active,mmap
0x000100000000086c              31        0  __RU_lA____M_________________I___  referenced,uptodate,lru,active,mmap,readahead
0x0000000000004878               2        0  ___UDlA____M__b__________________  uptodate,dirty,lru,active,mmap,swapbacked
0x0000000000001000             492        1  ____________a____________________  anonymous
0x0000000000005008               2        0  ___U________a_b__________________  uptodate,anonymous,swapbacked
0x0000000000005808               4        0  ___U_______Ma_b__________________  uptodate,mmap,anonymous,swapbacked
0x000000000000580c               1        0  __RU_______Ma_b__________________  referenced,uptodate,mmap,anonymous,swapbacked
0x0000000000005868            2839       11  ___U_lA____Ma_b__________________  uptodate,lru,active,mmap,anonymous,swapbacked
0x000000000000586c              29        0  __RU_lA____Ma_b__________________  referenced,uptodate,lru,active,mmap,anonymous,swapbacked
             total          513968     2007

# ./page-types --raw --list --no-summary --bits reserved
offset  count   flags
0       15      _____________________r___________
31      4       _____________________r___________
159     97      _____________________r___________
4096    2067    _____________________r___________
6752    2390    _____________________r___________
9355    3       _____________________r___________
9728    14526   _____________________r___________

This patch:

Introduce PageHuge(), which identifies huge/gigantic pages by their
dedicated compound destructor functions.

Also move prep_compound_gigantic_page() to hugetlb.c and make
__free_pages_ok() non-static.

Signed-off-by: Wu Fengguang <fengguang.wu@intel.com>
Cc: KOSAKI Motohiro <kosaki.motohiro@jp.fujitsu.com>
Cc: Andi Kleen <andi@firstfloor.org>
Cc: Matt Mackall <mpm@selenic.com>
Cc: Alexey Dobriyan <adobriyan@gmail.com>
Cc: Ingo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

10 years agomm: use alloc_pages_exact() in alloc_large_system_hash() to avoid duplicated logic
Mel Gorman [Tue, 16 Jun 2009 22:32:19 +0000]
mm: use alloc_pages_exact() in alloc_large_system_hash() to avoid duplicated logic

alloc_large_system_hash() has logic for freeing pages at the end of an
excessively large power-of-two buffer that is a duplicate of what is in
alloc_pages_exact().  This patch converts alloc_large_system_hash() to use
alloc_pages_exact().

Signed-off-by: Mel Gorman <mel@csn.ul.ie>
Acked-by: Hugh Dickins <hugh.dickins@tiscali.co.uk>
Cc: Christoph Lameter <cl@linux.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

10 years agopage allocator: sanity check order in the page allocator slow path
Mel Gorman [Tue, 16 Jun 2009 22:32:18 +0000]
page allocator: sanity check order in the page allocator slow path

Callers may speculatively call different allocators in order of preference
trying to allocate a buffer of a given size.  The order needed to allocate
this may be larger than what the page allocator can normally handle.
While the allocator mostly does the right thing, it should not direct
reclaim or wakeup kswapd with a bogus order.  This patch sanity checks the
order in the slow path and returns NULL if it is too large.

Signed-off-by: Mel Gorman <mel@csn.ul.ie>
Signed-off-by: Dave Hansen <dave@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

10 years agopage allocator: move free_page_mlock() to page_alloc.c
KOSAKI Motohiro [Tue, 16 Jun 2009 22:32:17 +0000]
page allocator: move free_page_mlock() to page_alloc.c

Currently, free_page_mlock() is only called from page_alloc.c.  Thus, we
can move it to page_alloc.c.

Cc: Lee Schermerhorn <Lee.Schermerhorn@hp.com>
Cc: Mel Gorman <mel@csn.ul.ie>
Cc: Christoph Lameter <cl@linux-foundation.org>
Cc: Pekka Enberg <penberg@cs.helsinki.fi>
Cc: Dave Hansen <dave@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
Signed-off-by: KOSAKI Motohiro <kosaki.motohiro@jp.fujitsu.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

10 years agopage allocator: slab: use nr_online_nodes to check for a NUMA platform
Mel Gorman [Tue, 16 Jun 2009 22:32:16 +0000]
page allocator: slab: use nr_online_nodes to check for a NUMA platform

SLAB currently avoids checking a bitmap repeatedly by checking once and
storing a flag.  When the addition of nr_online_nodes as a cheaper version
of num_online_nodes(), this check can be replaced by nr_online_nodes.

(Christoph did a patch that this is lifted almost verbatim from)

Signed-off-by: Christoph Lameter <cl@linux.com>
Signed-off-by: Mel Gorman <mel@csn.ul.ie>
Cc: KOSAKI Motohiro <kosaki.motohiro@jp.fujitsu.com>
Reviewed-by: Pekka Enberg <penberg@cs.helsinki.fi>
Cc: Peter Zijlstra <a.p.zijlstra@chello.nl>
Cc: Nick Piggin <nickpiggin@yahoo.com.au>
Cc: Dave Hansen <dave@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
Cc: Lee Schermerhorn <Lee.Schermerhorn@hp.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

10 years agopage allocator: use a pre-calculated value instead of num_online_nodes() in fast...
Christoph Lameter [Tue, 16 Jun 2009 22:32:15 +0000]
page allocator: use a pre-calculated value instead of num_online_nodes() in fast paths

num_online_nodes() is called in a number of places but most often by the
page allocator when deciding whether the zonelist needs to be filtered
based on cpusets or the zonelist cache.  This is actually a heavy function
and touches a number of cache lines.

This patch stores the number of online nodes at boot time and updates the
value when nodes get onlined and offlined.  The value is then used in a
number of important paths in place of num_online_nodes().

[rientjes@google.com: do not override definition of node_set_online() with macro]
Signed-off-by: Christoph Lameter <cl@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Mel Gorman <mel@csn.ul.ie>
Cc: KOSAKI Motohiro <kosaki.motohiro@jp.fujitsu.com>
Cc: Pekka Enberg <penberg@cs.helsinki.fi>
Cc: Peter Zijlstra <a.p.zijlstra@chello.nl>
Cc: Nick Piggin <nickpiggin@yahoo.com.au>
Cc: Dave Hansen <dave@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
Cc: Lee Schermerhorn <Lee.Schermerhorn@hp.com>
Signed-off-by: David Rientjes <rientjes@google.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

10 years agopage allocator: get the pageblock migratetype without disabling interrupts
Mel Gorman [Tue, 16 Jun 2009 22:32:14 +0000]
page allocator: get the pageblock migratetype without disabling interrupts

Local interrupts are disabled when freeing pages to the PCP list.  Part of
that free checks what the migratetype of the pageblock the page is in but
it checks this with interrupts disabled and interupts should never be
disabled longer than necessary.  This patch checks the pagetype with
interrupts enabled with the impact that it is possible a page is freed to
the wrong list when a pageblock changes type.  As that block is now
already considered mixed from an anti-fragmentation perspective, it's not
of vital importance.

Signed-off-by: Mel Gorman <mel@csn.ul.ie>
Cc: Christoph Lameter <cl@linux-foundation.org>
Cc: KOSAKI Motohiro <kosaki.motohiro@jp.fujitsu.com>
Cc: Pekka Enberg <penberg@cs.helsinki.fi>
Cc: Peter Zijlstra <a.p.zijlstra@chello.nl>
Cc: Nick Piggin <nickpiggin@yahoo.com.au>
Cc: Dave Hansen <dave@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
Cc: Lee Schermerhorn <Lee.Schermerhorn@hp.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

10 years agopage allocator: update NR_FREE_PAGES only as necessary
Mel Gorman [Tue, 16 Jun 2009 22:32:13 +0000]
page allocator: update NR_FREE_PAGES only as necessary

When pages are being freed to the buddy allocator, the zone NR_FREE_PAGES
counter must be updated.  In the case of bulk per-cpu page freeing, it's
updated once per page.  This retouches cache lines more than necessary.
Update the counters one per per-cpu bulk free.

Signed-off-by: Mel Gorman <mel@csn.ul.ie>
Reviewed-by: Christoph Lameter <cl@linux-foundation.org>
Reviewed-by: KOSAKI Motohiro <kosaki.motohiro@jp.fujitsu.com>
Cc: Pekka Enberg <penberg@cs.helsinki.fi>
Cc: Peter Zijlstra <a.p.zijlstra@chello.nl>
Cc: Nick Piggin <nickpiggin@yahoo.com.au>
Cc: Dave Hansen <dave@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
Cc: Lee Schermerhorn <Lee.Schermerhorn@hp.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

10 years agopage allocator: use allocation flags as an index to the zone watermark
Mel Gorman [Tue, 16 Jun 2009 22:32:12 +0000]
page allocator: use allocation flags as an index to the zone watermark

ALLOC_WMARK_MIN, ALLOC_WMARK_LOW and ALLOC_WMARK_HIGH determin whether
pages_min, pages_low or pages_high is used as the zone watermark when
allocating the pages.  Two branches in the allocator hotpath determine
which watermark to use.

This patch uses the flags as an array index into a watermark array that is
indexed with WMARK_* defines accessed via helpers.  All call sites that
use zone->pages_* are updated to use the helpers for accessing the values
and the array offsets for setting.

Signed-off-by: Mel Gorman <mel@csn.ul.ie>
Reviewed-by: Christoph Lameter <cl@linux-foundation.org>
Cc: KOSAKI Motohiro <kosaki.motohiro@jp.fujitsu.com>
Cc: Pekka Enberg <penberg@cs.helsinki.fi>
Cc: Peter Zijlstra <a.p.zijlstra@chello.nl>
Cc: Nick Piggin <nickpiggin@yahoo.com.au>
Cc: Dave Hansen <dave@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
Cc: Lee Schermerhorn <Lee.Schermerhorn@hp.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

10 years agopage allocator: do not check for compound pages during the page allocator sanity...
Nick Piggin [Tue, 16 Jun 2009 22:32:10 +0000]
page allocator: do not check for compound pages during the page allocator sanity checks

A number of sanity checks are made on each page allocation and free
including that the page count is zero.  page_count() checks for compound
pages and checks the count of the head page if true.  However, in these
paths, we do not care if the page is compound or not as the count of each
tail page should also be zero.

This patch makes two changes to the use of page_count() in the free path.
It converts one check of page_count() to a VM_BUG_ON() as the count should
have been unconditionally checked earlier in the free path.  It also
avoids checking for compound pages.

[mel@csn.ul.ie: Wrote changelog]
Signed-off-by: Mel Gorman <mel@csn.ul.ie>
Signed-off-by: Nick Piggin <nickpiggin@yahoo.com.au>
Reviewed-by: Christoph Lameter <cl@linux-foundation.org>
Cc: KOSAKI Motohiro <kosaki.motohiro@jp.fujitsu.com>
Cc: Pekka Enberg <penberg@cs.helsinki.fi>
Cc: Peter Zijlstra <a.p.zijlstra@chello.nl>
Cc: Dave Hansen <dave@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
Cc: Lee Schermerhorn <Lee.Schermerhorn@hp.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

10 years agopage allocator: do not setup zonelist cache when there is only one node
Mel Gorman [Tue, 16 Jun 2009 22:32:09 +0000]
page allocator: do not setup zonelist cache when there is only one node

There is a zonelist cache which is used to track zones that are not in the
allowed cpuset or found to be recently full.  This is to reduce cache
footprint on large machines.  On smaller machines, it just incurs cost for
no gain.  This patch only uses the zonelist cache when there are NUMA
nodes.

Signed-off-by: Mel Gorman <mel@csn.ul.ie>
Reviewed-by: Christoph Lameter <cl@linux-foundation.org>
Cc: KOSAKI Motohiro <kosaki.motohiro@jp.fujitsu.com>
Cc: Pekka Enberg <penberg@cs.helsinki.fi>
Cc: Peter Zijlstra <a.p.zijlstra@chello.nl>
Cc: Nick Piggin <nickpiggin@yahoo.com.au>
Cc: Dave Hansen <dave@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
Cc: Lee Schermerhorn <Lee.Schermerhorn@hp.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

10 years agopage allocator: do not disable interrupts in free_page_mlock()
Mel Gorman [Tue, 16 Jun 2009 22:32:08 +0000]
page allocator: do not disable interrupts in free_page_mlock()

free_page_mlock() tests and clears PG_mlocked using locked versions of the
bit operations.  If set, it disables interrupts to update counters and
this happens on every page free even though interrupts are disabled very
shortly afterwards a second time.  This is wasteful.

This patch splits what free_page_mlock() does.  The bit check is still
made.  However, the update of counters is delayed until the interrupts are
disabled and the non-lock version for clearing the bit is used.  One
potential weirdness with this split is that the counters do not get
updated if the bad_page() check is triggered but a system showing bad
pages is getting screwed already.

Signed-off-by: Mel Gorman <mel@csn.ul.ie>
Reviewed-by: Christoph Lameter <cl@linux-foundation.org>
Reviewed-by: Pekka Enberg <penberg@cs.helsinki.fi>
Reviewed-by: KOSAKI Motohiro <kosaki.motohiro@jp.fujitsu.com>
Cc: Peter Zijlstra <a.p.zijlstra@chello.nl>
Cc: Nick Piggin <nickpiggin@yahoo.com.au>
Cc: Dave Hansen <dave@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
Acked-by: Lee Schermerhorn <Lee.Schermerhorn@hp.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

10 years agopage allocator: do not call get_pageblock_migratetype() more than necessary
Mel Gorman [Tue, 16 Jun 2009 22:32:07 +0000]
page allocator: do not call get_pageblock_migratetype() more than necessary

get_pageblock_migratetype() is potentially called twice for every page
free.  Once, when being freed to the pcp lists and once when being freed
back to buddy.  When freeing from the pcp lists, it is known what the
pageblock type was at the time of free so use it rather than rechecking.
In low memory situations under memory pressure, this might skew
anti-fragmentation slightly but the interference is minimal and decisions
that are fragmenting memory are being made anyway.

Signed-off-by: Mel Gorman <mel@csn.ul.ie>
Reviewed-by: Christoph Lameter <cl@linux-foundation.org>
Reviewed-by: KOSAKI Motohiro <kosaki.motohiro@jp.fujitsu.com>
Cc: Pekka Enberg <penberg@cs.helsinki.fi>
Cc: Peter Zijlstra <a.p.zijlstra@chello.nl>
Cc: Nick Piggin <nickpiggin@yahoo.com.au>
Cc: Dave Hansen <dave@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
Cc: Lee Schermerhorn <Lee.Schermerhorn@hp.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

10 years agopage allocator: inline __rmqueue_fallback()
Mel Gorman [Tue, 16 Jun 2009 22:32:06 +0000]
page allocator: inline __rmqueue_fallback()

__rmqueue_fallback() is in the slow path but has only one call site.
Because there is only one call-site, this function can then be inlined
without causing text bloat.  On an x86-based config, it made no difference
as the savings were padded out by NOP instructions.  Milage varies but
text will either decrease in size or remain static.

Signed-off-by: Mel Gorman <mel@csn.ul.ie>
Cc: Christoph Lameter <cl@linux-foundation.org>
Cc: KOSAKI Motohiro <kosaki.motohiro@jp.fujitsu.com>
Cc: Pekka Enberg <penberg@cs.helsinki.fi>
Cc: Peter Zijlstra <a.p.zijlstra@chello.nl>
Cc: Nick Piggin <nickpiggin@yahoo.com.au>
Cc: Dave Hansen <dave@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
Cc: Lee Schermerhorn <Lee.Schermerhorn@hp.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

10 years agopage allocator: inline buffered_rmqueue()
Mel Gorman [Tue, 16 Jun 2009 22:32:05 +0000]
page allocator: inline buffered_rmqueue()

buffered_rmqueue() is in the fast path so inline it.  Because it only has
one call site, this function can then be inlined without causing text
bloat.  On an x86-based config, it made no difference as the savings were
padded out by NOP instructions.  Milage varies but text will either
decrease in size or remain static.

Signed-off-by: Mel Gorman <mel@csn.ul.ie>
Reviewed-by: KOSAKI Motohiro <kosaki.motohiro@jp.fujitsu.com>
Cc: Christoph Lameter <cl@linux-foundation.org>
Cc: Pekka Enberg <penberg@cs.helsinki.fi>
Cc: Peter Zijlstra <a.p.zijlstra@chello.nl>
Cc: Nick Piggin <nickpiggin@yahoo.com.au>
Cc: Dave Hansen <dave@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
Cc: Lee Schermerhorn <Lee.Schermerhorn@hp.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

10 years agopage allocator: inline __rmqueue_smallest()
Mel Gorman [Tue, 16 Jun 2009 22:32:04 +0000]
page allocator: inline __rmqueue_smallest()

Inline __rmqueue_smallest by altering flow very slightly so that there is
only one call site.  Because there is only one call-site, this function
can then be inlined without causing text bloat.  On an x86-based config,
this patch reduces text by 16 bytes.

Signed-off-by: Mel Gorman <mel@csn.ul.ie>
Reviewed-by: Christoph Lameter <cl@linux-foundation.org>
Reviewed-by: KOSAKI Motohiro <kosaki.motohiro@jp.fujitsu.com>
Cc: Pekka Enberg <penberg@cs.helsinki.fi>
Cc: Peter Zijlstra <a.p.zijlstra@chello.nl>
Cc: Nick Piggin <nickpiggin@yahoo.com.au>
Cc: Dave Hansen <dave@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
Cc: Lee Schermerhorn <Lee.Schermerhorn@hp.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

10 years agopage allocator: remove a branch by assuming __GFP_HIGH == ALLOC_HIGH
Mel Gorman [Tue, 16 Jun 2009 22:32:02 +0000]
page allocator: remove a branch by assuming __GFP_HIGH == ALLOC_HIGH

Allocations that specify __GFP_HIGH get the ALLOC_HIGH flag.  If these
flags are equal to each other, we can eliminate a branch.

[akpm@linux-foundation.org: Suggested the hack]
Signed-off-by: Mel Gorman <mel@csn.ul.ie>
Reviewed-by: Pekka Enberg <penberg@cs.helsinki.fi>
Reviewed-by: KOSAKI Motohiro <kosaki.motohiro@jp.fujitsu.com>
Cc: Christoph Lameter <cl@linux-foundation.org>
Cc: Peter Zijlstra <a.p.zijlstra@chello.nl>
Cc: Nick Piggin <nickpiggin@yahoo.com.au>
Cc: Dave Hansen <dave@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
Cc: Lee Schermerhorn <Lee.Schermerhorn@hp.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

10 years agopage allocator: calculate the alloc_flags for allocation only once
Peter Zijlstra [Tue, 16 Jun 2009 22:32:02 +0000]
page allocator: calculate the alloc_flags for allocation only once

Factor out the mapping between GFP and alloc_flags only once.  Once
factored out, it only needs to be calculated once but some care must be
taken.

[neilb@suse.de says]
As the test:

-       if (((p->flags & PF_MEMALLOC) || unlikely(test_thread_flag(TIF_MEMDIE)))
-                       && !in_interrupt()) {
-               if (!(gfp_mask & __GFP_NOMEMALLOC)) {

has been replaced with a slightly weaker one:

+       if (alloc_flags & ALLOC_NO_WATERMARKS) {

Without care, this would allow recursion into the allocator via direct
reclaim.  This patch ensures we do not recurse when PF_MEMALLOC is set but
TF_MEMDIE callers are now allowed to directly reclaim where they would
have been prevented in the past.

Signed-off-by: Peter Zijlstra <a.p.zijlstra@chello.nl>
Acked-by: Pekka Enberg <penberg@cs.helsinki.fi>
Signed-off-by: Mel Gorman <mel@csn.ul.ie>
Cc: Neil Brown <neilb@suse.de>
Cc: Christoph Lameter <cl@linux-foundation.org>
Cc: KOSAKI Motohiro <kosaki.motohiro@jp.fujitsu.com>
Cc: Nick Piggin <nickpiggin@yahoo.com.au>
Cc: Dave Hansen <dave@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
Cc: Lee Schermerhorn <Lee.Schermerhorn@hp.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

10 years agopage allocator: calculate the migratetype for allocation only once
Mel Gorman [Tue, 16 Jun 2009 22:32:00 +0000]
page allocator: calculate the migratetype for allocation only once

GFP mask is converted into a migratetype when deciding which pagelist to
take a page from.  However, it is happening multiple times per allocation,
at least once per zone traversed.  Calculate it once.

Signed-off-by: Mel Gorman <mel@csn.ul.ie>
Cc: Christoph Lameter <cl@linux-foundation.org>
Cc: KOSAKI Motohiro <kosaki.motohiro@jp.fujitsu.com>
Cc: Pekka Enberg <penberg@cs.helsinki.fi>
Cc: Peter Zijlstra <a.p.zijlstra@chello.nl>
Cc: Nick Piggin <nickpiggin@yahoo.com.au>
Cc: Dave Hansen <dave@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
Cc: Lee Schermerhorn <Lee.Schermerhorn@hp.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

10 years agopage allocator: calculate the preferred zone for allocation only once
Mel Gorman [Tue, 16 Jun 2009 22:31:59 +0000]
page allocator: calculate the preferred zone for allocation only once

get_page_from_freelist() can be called multiple times for an allocation.
Part of this calculates the preferred_zone which is the first usable zone
in the zonelist but the zone depends on the GFP flags specified at the
beginning of the allocation call.  This patch calculates preferred_zone
once.  It's safe to do this because if preferred_zone is NULL at the start
of the call, no amount of direct reclaim or other actions will change the
fact the allocation will fail.

[akpm@linux-foundation.org: remove (void) casts]
Signed-off-by: Mel Gorman <mel@csn.ul.ie>
Reviewed-by: KOSAKI Motohiro <kosaki.motohiro@jp.fujitsu.com>
Reviewed-by: Pekka Enberg <penberg@cs.helsinki.fi>
Cc: Christoph Lameter <cl@linux-foundation.org>
Cc: Peter Zijlstra <a.p.zijlstra@chello.nl>
Cc: Nick Piggin <nickpiggin@yahoo.com.au>
Cc: Dave Hansen <dave@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
Cc: Lee Schermerhorn <Lee.Schermerhorn@hp.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

10 years agopage allocator: move check for disabled anti-fragmentation out of fastpath
Mel Gorman [Tue, 16 Jun 2009 22:31:58 +0000]
page allocator: move check for disabled anti-fragmentation out of fastpath

On low-memory systems, anti-fragmentation gets disabled as there is
nothing it can do and it would just incur overhead shuffling pages between
lists constantly.  Currently the check is made in the free page fast path
for every page.  This patch moves it to a slow path.  On machines with low
memory, there will be small amount of additional overhead as pages get
shuffled between lists but it should quickly settle.

Signed-off-by: Mel Gorman <mel@csn.ul.ie>
Reviewed-by: Christoph Lameter <cl@linux-foundation.org>
Reviewed-by: KOSAKI Motohiro <kosaki.motohiro@jp.fujitsu.com>
Cc: Pekka Enberg <penberg@cs.helsinki.fi>
Cc: Peter Zijlstra <a.p.zijlstra@chello.nl>
Cc: Nick Piggin <nickpiggin@yahoo.com.au>
Cc: Dave Hansen <dave@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
Cc: Lee Schermerhorn <Lee.Schermerhorn@hp.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

10 years agopage allocator: break up the allocator entry point into fast and slow paths
Mel Gorman [Tue, 16 Jun 2009 22:31:57 +0000]
page allocator: break up the allocator entry point into fast and slow paths

The core of the page allocator is one giant function which allocates
memory on the stack and makes calculations that may not be needed for
every allocation.  This patch breaks up the allocator path into fast and
slow paths for clarity.  Note the slow paths are still inlined but the
entry is marked unlikely.  If they were not inlined, it actally increases
text size to generate the as there is only one call site.

Signed-off-by: Mel Gorman <mel@csn.ul.ie>
Reviewed-by: Christoph Lameter <cl@linux-foundation.org>
Cc: KOSAKI Motohiro <kosaki.motohiro@jp.fujitsu.com>
Cc: Pekka Enberg <penberg@cs.helsinki.fi>
Cc: Peter Zijlstra <a.p.zijlstra@chello.nl>
Cc: Nick Piggin <nickpiggin@yahoo.com.au>
Cc: Dave Hansen <dave@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
Cc: Lee Schermerhorn <Lee.Schermerhorn@hp.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

10 years agopage allocator: check only once if the zonelist is suitable for the allocation
Mel Gorman [Tue, 16 Jun 2009 22:31:56 +0000]
page allocator: check only once if the zonelist is suitable for the allocation

It is possible with __GFP_THISNODE that no zones are suitable.  This patch
makes sure the check is only made once.

Signed-off-by: Mel Gorman <mel@csn.ul.ie>
Reviewed-by: Christoph Lameter <cl@linux-foundation.org>
Reviewed-by: KOSAKI Motohiro <kosaki.motohiro@jp.fujitsu.com>
Reviewed-by: Pekka Enberg <penberg@cs.helsinki.fi>
Cc: Peter Zijlstra <a.p.zijlstra@chello.nl>
Cc: Nick Piggin <nickpiggin@yahoo.com.au>
Cc: Dave Hansen <dave@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
Cc: Lee Schermerhorn <Lee.Schermerhorn@hp.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

10 years agopage allocator: do not check NUMA node ID when the caller knows the node is valid
Mel Gorman [Tue, 16 Jun 2009 22:31:54 +0000]
page allocator: do not check NUMA node ID when the caller knows the node is valid

Callers of alloc_pages_node() can optionally specify -1 as a node to mean
"allocate from the current node".  However, a number of the callers in
fast paths know for a fact their node is valid.  To avoid a comparison and
branch, this patch adds alloc_pages_exact_node() that only checks the nid
with VM_BUG_ON().  Callers that know their node is valid are then
converted.

Signed-off-by: Mel Gorman <mel@csn.ul.ie>
Reviewed-by: Christoph Lameter <cl@linux-foundation.org>
Reviewed-by: KOSAKI Motohiro <kosaki.motohiro@jp.fujitsu.com>
Reviewed-by: Pekka Enberg <penberg@cs.helsinki.fi>
Acked-by: Paul Mundt <lethal@linux-sh.org> [for the SLOB NUMA bits]
Cc: Peter Zijlstra <a.p.zijlstra@chello.nl>
Cc: Nick Piggin <nickpiggin@yahoo.com.au>
Cc: Dave Hansen <dave@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
Cc: Lee Schermerhorn <Lee.Schermerhorn@hp.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

10 years agopage allocator: do not sanity check order in the fast path
Mel Gorman [Tue, 16 Jun 2009 22:31:53 +0000]
page allocator: do not sanity check order in the fast path

No user of the allocator API should be passing in an order >= MAX_ORDER
but we check for it on each and every allocation.  Delete this check and
make it a VM_BUG_ON check further down the call path.

[akpm@linux-foundation.org: s/VM_BUG_ON/WARN_ON_ONCE/]
Signed-off-by: Mel Gorman <mel@csn.ul.ie>
Reviewed-by: Christoph Lameter <cl@linux-foundation.org>
Reviewed-by: KOSAKI Motohiro <kosaki.motohiro@jp.fujitsu.com>
Reviewed-by: Pekka Enberg <penberg@cs.helsinki.fi>
Cc: Peter Zijlstra <a.p.zijlstra@chello.nl>
Cc: Nick Piggin <nickpiggin@yahoo.com.au>
Cc: Dave Hansen <dave@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
Cc: Lee Schermerhorn <Lee.Schermerhorn@hp.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

10 years agopage allocator: replace __alloc_pages_internal() with __alloc_pages_nodemask()
Mel Gorman [Tue, 16 Jun 2009 22:31:52 +0000]
page allocator: replace __alloc_pages_internal() with __alloc_pages_nodemask()

The start of a large patch series to clean up and optimise the page
allocator.

The performance improvements are in a wide range depending on the exact
machine but the results I've seen so fair are approximately;

kernbench: 0 to  0.12% (elapsed time)
0.49% to  3.20% (sys time)
aim9: -4% to 30% (for page_test and brk_test)
tbench: -1% to  4%
hackbench: -2.5% to  3.45% (mostly within the noise though)
netperf-udp -1.34%  to  4.06% (varies between machines a bit)
netperf-tcp -0.44%  to  5.22% (varies between machines a bit)

I haven't sysbench figures at hand, but previously they were within the
-0.5% to 2% range.

On netperf, the client and server were bound to opposite number CPUs to
maximise the problems with cache line bouncing of the struct pages so I
expect different people to report different results for netperf depending
on their exact machine and how they ran the test (different machines, same
cpus client/server, shared cache but two threads client/server, different
socket client/server etc).

I also measured the vmlinux sizes for a single x86-based config with
CONFIG_DEBUG_INFO enabled but not CONFIG_DEBUG_VM.  The core of the
.config is based on the Debian Lenny kernel config so I expect it to be
reasonably typical.

This patch:

__alloc_pages_internal is the core page allocator function but essentially
it is an alias of __alloc_pages_nodemask.  Naming a publicly available and
exported function "internal" is also a big ugly.  This patch renames
__alloc_pages_internal() to __alloc_pages_nodemask() and deletes the old
nodemask function.

Warning - This patch renames an exported symbol.  No kernel driver is
affected by external drivers calling __alloc_pages_internal() should
change the call to __alloc_pages_nodemask() without any alteration of
parameters.

Signed-off-by: Mel Gorman <mel@csn.ul.ie>
Reviewed-by: Christoph Lameter <cl@linux-foundation.org>
Reviewed-by: KOSAKI Motohiro <kosaki.motohiro@jp.fujitsu.com>
Reviewed-by: Pekka Enberg <penberg@cs.helsinki.fi>
Cc: Peter Zijlstra <a.p.zijlstra@chello.nl>
Cc: Nick Piggin <nickpiggin@yahoo.com.au>
Cc: Dave Hansen <dave@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
Cc: Lee Schermerhorn <Lee.Schermerhorn@hp.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

10 years agomm: alloc_large_system_hash check order
Hugh Dickins [Tue, 16 Jun 2009 22:31:50 +0000]
mm: alloc_large_system_hash check order

On an x86_64 with 4GB ram, tcp_init()'s call to alloc_large_system_hash(),
to allocate tcp_hashinfo.ehash, is now triggering an mmotm WARN_ON_ONCE on
order >= MAX_ORDER - it's hoping for order 11.  alloc_large_system_hash()
had better make its own check on the order.

Signed-off-by: Hugh Dickins <hugh.dickins@tiscali.co.uk>
Cc: David Miller <davem@davemloft.net>
Cc: Mel Gorman <mel@csn.ul.ie>
Cc: Eric Dumazet <dada1@cosmosbay.com>
Cc: Christoph Lameter <cl@linux.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

10 years agocpuset,mm: update tasks' mems_allowed in time
Miao Xie [Tue, 16 Jun 2009 22:31:49 +0000]
cpuset,mm: update tasks' mems_allowed in time

Fix allocating page cache/slab object on the unallowed node when memory
spread is set by updating tasks' mems_allowed after its cpuset's mems is
changed.

In order to update tasks' mems_allowed in time, we must modify the code of
memory policy.  Because the memory policy is applied in the process's
context originally.  After applying this patch, one task directly
manipulates anothers mems_allowed, and we use alloc_lock in the
task_struct to protect mems_allowed and memory policy of the task.

But in the fast path, we didn't use lock to protect them, because adding a
lock may lead to performance regression.  But if we don't add a lock,the
task might see no nodes when changing cpuset's mems_allowed to some
non-overlapping set.  In order to avoid it, we set all new allowed nodes,
then clear newly disallowed ones.

[lee.schermerhorn@hp.com:
  The rework of mpol_new() to extract the adjusting of the node mask to
  apply cpuset and mpol flags "context" breaks set_mempolicy() and mbind()
  with MPOL_PREFERRED and a NULL nodemask--i.e., explicit local
  allocation.  Fix this by adding the check for MPOL_PREFERRED and empty
  node mask to mpol_new_mpolicy().

  Remove the now unneeded 'nodes = NULL' from mpol_new().

  Note that mpol_new_mempolicy() is always called with a non-NULL
  'nodes' parameter now that it has been removed from mpol_new().
  Therefore, we don't need to test nodes for NULL before testing it for
  'empty'.  However, just to be extra paranoid, add a VM_BUG_ON() to
  verify this assumption.]
[lee.schermerhorn@hp.com:

  I don't think the function name 'mpol_new_mempolicy' is descriptive
  enough to differentiate it from mpol_new().

  This function applies cpuset set context, usually constraining nodes
  to those allowed by the cpuset.  However, when the 'RELATIVE_NODES flag
  is set, it also translates the nodes.  So I settled on
  'mpol_set_nodemask()', because the comment block for mpol_new() mentions
  that we need to call this function to "set nodes".

  Some additional minor line length, whitespace and typo cleanup.]
Signed-off-by: Miao Xie <miaox@cn.fujitsu.com>
Cc: Ingo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu>
Cc: Peter Zijlstra <a.p.zijlstra@chello.nl>
Cc: Christoph Lameter <cl@linux-foundation.org>
Cc: Paul Menage <menage@google.com>
Cc: Nick Piggin <nickpiggin@yahoo.com.au>
Cc: Yasunori Goto <y-goto@jp.fujitsu.com>
Cc: Pekka Enberg <penberg@cs.helsinki.fi>
Cc: David Rientjes <rientjes@google.com>
Signed-off-by: Lee Schermerhorn <lee.schermerhorn@hp.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

10 years agocpusets: update tasks' page/slab spread flags in time
Miao Xie [Tue, 16 Jun 2009 22:31:47 +0000]
cpusets: update tasks' page/slab spread flags in time

Fix the bug that the kernel didn't spread page cache/slab object evenly
over all the allowed nodes when spread flags were set by updating tasks'
page/slab spread flags in time.

Signed-off-by: Miao Xie <miaox@cn.fujitsu.com>
Cc: Ingo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu>
Cc: Peter Zijlstra <a.p.zijlstra@chello.nl>
Cc: Christoph Lameter <cl@linux-foundation.org>
Cc: Paul Menage <menage@google.com>
Cc: Nick Piggin <nickpiggin@yahoo.com.au>
Cc: Yasunori Goto <y-goto@jp.fujitsu.com>
Cc: Pekka Enberg <penberg@cs.helsinki.fi>
Cc: David Rientjes <rientjes@google.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

10 years agocpusets: restructure the function cpuset_update_task_memory_state()
Miao Xie [Tue, 16 Jun 2009 22:31:46 +0000]
cpusets: restructure the function cpuset_update_task_memory_state()

The kernel still allocates the page caches on old node after modifying its
cpuset's mems when 'memory_spread_page' was set, or it didn't spread the
page cache evenly over all the nodes that faulting task is allowed to usr
after memory_spread_page was set.  it is caused by the old mem_allowed and
flags of the task, the current kernel doesn't updates them unless some
function invokes cpuset_update_task_memory_state(), it is too late
sometimes.We must update the mem_allowed and the flags of the tasks in
time.

Slab has the same problem.

The following patches fix this bug by updating tasks' mem_allowed and
spread flag after its cpuset's mems or spread flag is changed.

This patch:

Extract a function from cpuset_update_task_memory_state().  It will be
used later for update tasks' page/slab spread flags after its cpuset's
flag is set

Signed-off-by: Miao Xie <miaox@cn.fujitsu.com>
Cc: Ingo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu>
Cc: Peter Zijlstra <a.p.zijlstra@chello.nl>
Cc: Christoph Lameter <cl@linux-foundation.org>
Cc: Paul Menage <menage@google.com>
Cc: Nick Piggin <nickpiggin@yahoo.com.au>
Cc: Yasunori Goto <y-goto@jp.fujitsu.com>
Cc: Pekka Enberg <penberg@cs.helsinki.fi>
Cc: David Rientjes <rientjes@google.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

10 years agomm/page-writeback.c: dirty limit type should be unsigned long
H Hartley Sweeten [Tue, 16 Jun 2009 22:31:44 +0000]
mm/page-writeback.c: dirty limit type should be unsigned long

get_dirty_limits() calls clip_bdi_dirty_limit() and task_dirty_limit()
with variable pbdi_dirty as one of the arguments.  This variable is an
unsigned long * but both functions expect it to be a long *.  This causes
the following sparse warnings:

  warning: incorrect type in argument 3 (different signedness)
     expected long *pbdi_dirty
     got unsigned long *pbdi_dirty
  warning: incorrect type in argument 2 (different signedness)
     expected long *pdirty
     got unsigned long *pbdi_dirty

Fix the warnings by changing the long * to unsigned long * in both
functions.

Signed-off-by: H Hartley Sweeten <hsweeten@visionengravers.com>
Cc: Johannes Weiner <hannes@cmpxchg.org>
Cc: Peter Zijlstra <a.p.zijlstra@chello.nl>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

10 years agovmscan: low order lumpy reclaim also should use PAGEOUT_IO_SYNC
KOSAKI Motohiro [Tue, 16 Jun 2009 22:31:40 +0000]
vmscan: low order lumpy reclaim also should use PAGEOUT_IO_SYNC

Commit 33c120ed2843090e2bd316de1588b8bf8b96cbde ("more aggressively use
lumpy reclaim") increased how aggressive lumpy reclaim was by isolating
both active and inactive pages for asynchronous lumpy reclaim on
costly-high-order pages and for cheap-high-order when memory pressure is
high.  However, if the system is under heavy pressure and there are dirty
pages, asynchronous IO may not be sufficient to reclaim a suitable page in
time.

This patch causes the caller to enter synchronous lumpy reclaim for
costly-high-order pages and for cheap-high-order pages when under memory
pressure.

Minchan.kim@gmail.com said:

Andy added synchronous lumpy reclaim with
c661b078fd62abe06fd11fab4ac5e4eeafe26b6d.  At that time, lumpy reclaim is
not agressive.  His intension is just for high-order users.(above
PAGE_ALLOC_COSTLY_ORDER).

After some time, Rik added aggressive lumpy reclaim with
33c120ed2843090e2bd316de1588b8bf8b96cbde.  His intention was to do lumpy
reclaim when high-order users and trouble getting a small set of
contiguous pages.

So we also have to add synchronous pageout for small set of contiguous
pages.

Cc: Lee Schermerhorn <Lee.Schermerhorn@hp.com>
Cc: Andy Whitcroft <apw@shadowen.org>
Acked-by: Peter Zijlstra <a.p.zijlstra@chello.nl>
Cc: Rik van Riel <riel@redhat.com>
Signed-off-by: KOSAKI Motohiro <kosaki.motohiro@jp.fujitsu.com>
Reviewed-by: Minchan Kim <Minchan.kim@gmail.com>
Reviewed-by: Mel Gorman <mel@csn.ul.ie>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

10 years agomm: clean up get_user_pages_fast() documentation
Nick Piggin [Tue, 16 Jun 2009 22:31:39 +0000]
mm: clean up get_user_pages_fast() documentation

Move more documentation for get_user_pages_fast into the new kerneldoc comment.
Add some comments for get_user_pages as well.

Also, move get_user_pages_fast declaration up to get_user_pages. It wasn't
there initially because it was once a static inline function.

[akpm@linux-foundation.org: coding-style fixes]
Signed-off-by: Nick Piggin <npiggin@suse.de>
Cc: Andy Grover <andy.grover@oracle.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

10 years agoreadahead: enforce full sync mmap readahead size
Wu Fengguang [Tue, 16 Jun 2009 22:31:38 +0000]
readahead: enforce full sync mmap readahead size

Now that we do readahead for sequential mmap reads, here is a simple
evaluation of the impacts, and one further optimization.

It's an NFS-root debian desktop system, readahead size = 60 pages.
The numbers are grabbed after a fresh boot into console.

approach        pgmajfault      RA miss ratio   mmap IO count   avg IO size(pages)
   A            383             31.6%           383             11
   B            225             32.4%           390             11
   C            224             32.6%           307             13

case A: mmap sync/async readahead disabled
case B: mmap sync/async readahead enabled, with enforced full async readahead size
case C: mmap sync/async readahead enabled, with enforced full sync/async readahead size
or:
A = vanilla 2.6.30-rc1
B = A plus mmap readahead
C = B plus this patch

The numbers show that
- there are good possibilities for random mmap reads to trigger readahead
- 'pgmajfault' is reduced by 1/3, due to the _async_ nature of readahead
- case C can further reduce IO count by 1/4
- readahead miss ratios are not quite affected

The theory is
- readahead is _good_ for clustered random reads, and can perform
  _better_ than readaround because they could be _async_.
- async readahead size is guaranteed to be larger than readaround
  size, and they are _async_, hence will mostly behave better
However for B
- sync readahead size could be smaller than readaround size, hence may
  make things worse by produce more smaller IOs
which will be fixed by this patch.

Final conclusion:
- mmap readahead reduced major faults by 1/3 and no obvious overheads;
- mmap io can be further reduced by 1/4 with this patch.

Signed-off-by: Wu Fengguang <fengguang.wu@intel.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

10 years agoreadahead: remove redundant test in shrink_readahead_size_eio()
Wu Fengguang [Tue, 16 Jun 2009 22:31:36 +0000]
readahead: remove redundant test in shrink_readahead_size_eio()

Signed-off-by: Wu Fengguang <fengguang.wu@intel.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

10 years agoreadahead: introduce context readahead algorithm
Wu Fengguang [Tue, 16 Jun 2009 22:31:36 +0000]
readahead: introduce context readahead algorithm

Introduce page cache context based readahead algorithm.
This is to better support concurrent read streams in general.

RATIONALE
---------
The current readahead algorithm detects interleaved reads in a _passive_ way.
Given a sequence of interleaved streams 1,1001,2,1002,3,4,1003,5,1004,1005,6,...
By checking for (offset == prev_offset + 1), it will discover the sequentialness
between 3,4 and between 1004,1005, and start doing sequential readahead for the
individual streams since page 4 and page 1005.

The context readahead algorithm guarantees to discover the sequentialness no
matter how the streams are interleaved. For the above example, it will start
sequential readahead since page 2 and 1002.

The trick is to poke for page @offset-1 in the page cache when it has no other
clues on the sequentialness of request @offset: if the current requenst belongs
to a sequential stream, that stream must have accessed page @offset-1 recently,
and the page will still be cached now. So if page @offset-1 is there, we can
take request @offset as a sequential access.

BENEFICIARIES
-------------
- strictly interleaved reads  i.e. 1,1001,2,1002,3,1003,...
  the current readahead will take them as silly random reads;
  the context readahead will take them as two sequential streams.

- cooperative IO processes   i.e. NFS and SCST
  They create a thread pool, farming off (sequential) IO requests to different
  threads which will be performing interleaved IO.

  It was not easy(or possible) to reliably tell from file->f_ra all those
  cooperative processes working on the same sequential stream, since they will
  have different file->f_ra instances. And NFSD's file->f_ra is particularly
  unusable, since their file objects are dynamically created for each request.
  The nfsd does have code trying to restore the f_ra bits, but not satisfactory.

  The new scheme is to detect the sequential pattern via looking up the page
  cache, which provides one single and consistent view of the pages recently
  accessed. That makes sequential detection for cooperative processes possible.

USER REPORT
-----------
Vladislav recommends the addition of context readahead as a result of his SCST
benchmarks. It leads to 6%~40% performance gains in various cases and achieves
equal performance in others.                http://lkml.org/lkml/2009/3/19/239

OVERHEADS
---------
In theory, it introduces one extra page cache lookup per random read.  However
the below benchmark shows context readahead to be slightly faster, wondering..

Randomly reading 200MB amount of data on a sparse file, repeat 20 times for
each block size. The average throughputs are:

                        original ra context ra gain
 4K random reads:  65.561MB/s  65.648MB/s +0.1%
16K random reads: 124.767MB/s 124.951MB/s +0.1%
64K random reads:  162.123MB/s 162.278MB/s +0.1%

Cc: Jens Axboe <jens.axboe@oracle.com>
Cc: Jeff Moyer <jmoyer@redhat.com>
Tested-by: Vladislav Bolkhovitin <vst@vlnb.net>
Signed-off-by: Wu Fengguang <fengguang.wu@intel.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

10 years agoreadahead: move the random read case to bottom
Wu Fengguang [Tue, 16 Jun 2009 22:31:33 +0000]
readahead: move the random read case to bottom

Split all readahead cases, and move the random one to bottom.

No behavior changes.

This is to prepare for the introduction of context readahead, and make it
easy for inserting accounting/tracing points for each case.

Signed-off-by: Wu Fengguang <fengguang.wu@intel.com>
Cc: Vladislav Bolkhovitin <vst@vlnb.net>
Cc: Jens Axboe <jens.axboe@oracle.com>
Cc: Jeff Moyer <jmoyer@redhat.com>
Cc: Nick Piggin <nickpiggin@yahoo.com.au>
Cc: Ying Han <yinghan@google.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

10 years agoradix-tree: add radix_tree_prev_hole()
Wu Fengguang [Tue, 16 Jun 2009 22:31:32 +0000]
radix-tree: add radix_tree_prev_hole()

The counterpart of radix_tree_next_hole(). To be used by context readahead.

Signed-off-by: Wu Fengguang <fengguang.wu@intel.com>
Cc: Vladislav Bolkhovitin <vst@vlnb.net>
Cc: Jens Axboe <jens.axboe@oracle.com>
Cc: Jeff Moyer <jmoyer@redhat.com>
Cc: Nick Piggin <nickpiggin@yahoo.com.au>
Cc: Ying Han <yinghan@google.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

10 years agoreadahead: record mmap read-around states in file_ra_state
Wu Fengguang [Tue, 16 Jun 2009 22:31:30 +0000]
readahead: record mmap read-around states in file_ra_state

Mmap read-around now shares the same code style and data structure with
readahead code.

This also removes do_page_cache_readahead().  Its last user, mmap
read-around, has been changed to call ra_submit().

The no-readahead-if-congested logic is dumped by the way.  Users will be
pretty sensitive about the slow loading of executables.  So it's
unfavorable to disabled mmap read-around on a congested queue.

[akpm@linux-foundation.org: coding-style fixes]
Cc: Nick Piggin <npiggin@suse.de>
Signed-off-by: Fengguang Wu <wfg@mail.ustc.edu.cn>
Cc: Ying Han <yinghan@google.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

10 years agoreadahead: enforce full readahead size on async mmap readahead
Wu Fengguang [Tue, 16 Jun 2009 22:31:29 +0000]
readahead: enforce full readahead size on async mmap readahead

We need this in one particular case and two more general ones.

Now we do async readahead for sequential mmap reads, and do it with the
help of PG_readahead.  For normal reads, PG_readahead is the sufficient
condition to do a sequential readahead.  But unfortunately, for mmap
reads, there is a tiny nuisance:

[11736.998347] readahead-init0(process: sh/23926, file: sda1/w3m, offset=0:4503599627370495, ra=0+4-3) = 4
[11737.014985] readahead-around(process: w3m/23926, file: sda1/w3m, offset=0:0, ra=290+32-0) = 17
[11737.019488] readahead-around(process: w3m/23926, file: sda1/w3m, offset=0:0, ra=118+32-0) = 32
[11737.024921] readahead-interleaved(process: w3m/23926, file: sda1/w3m, offset=0:2, ra=4+6-6) = 6
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~                                                 ~~~~~~~~~~~~~

An unfavorably small readahead.  The original dumb read-around size could
be more efficient.

That happened because ld-linux.so does a read(832) in L1 before mmap(),
which triggers a 4-page readahead, with the second page tagged
PG_readahead.

L0: open("/lib/libc.so.6", O_RDONLY)        = 3
L1: read(3, "\177ELF\2\1\1\0\0\0\0\0\0\0\0\0\3\0>\0\1\0\0\0\340\342"..., 832) = 832
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
L2: fstat(3, {st_mode=S_IFREG|0755, st_size=1420624, ...}) = 0
L3: mmap(NULL, 3527256, PROT_READ|PROT_EXEC, MAP_PRIVATE|MAP_DENYWRITE, 3, 0) = 0x7fac6e51d000
L4: mprotect(0x7fac6e671000, 2097152, PROT_NONE) = 0
L5: mmap(0x7fac6e871000, 20480, PROT_READ|PROT_WRITE, MAP_PRIVATE|MAP_FIXED|MAP_DENYWRITE, 3, 0x154000) = 0x7fac6e871000
L6: mmap(0x7fac6e876000, 16984, PROT_READ|PROT_WRITE, MAP_PRIVATE|MAP_FIXED|MAP_ANONYMOUS, -1, 0) = 0x7fac6e876000
L7: close(3)                                = 0

In general, the PG_readahead flag will also be hit in cases

- sequential reads

- clustered random reads

A full readahead size is desirable in both cases.

Cc: Nick Piggin <npiggin@suse.de>
Signed-off-by: Wu Fengguang <fengguang.wu@intel.com>
Cc: Ying Han <yinghan@google.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

10 years agoreadahead: sequential mmap readahead
Wu Fengguang [Tue, 16 Jun 2009 22:31:28 +0000]
readahead: sequential mmap readahead

Auto-detect sequential mmap reads and do readahead for them.

The sequential mmap readahead will be triggered when
- sync readahead: it's a major fault and (prev_offset == offset-1);
- async readahead: minor fault on PG_readahead page with valid readahead state.

The benefits of doing readahead instead of read-around:
- less I/O wait thanks to async readahead
- double real I/O size and no more cache hits

The single stream case is improved a little.
For 100,000 sequential mmap reads:

                                    user       system    cpu        total
(1-1)  plain -mm, 128KB readaround: 3.224      2.554     48.40%     11.838
(1-2)  plain -mm, 256KB readaround: 3.170      2.392     46.20%     11.976
(2)  patched -mm, 128KB readahead:  3.117      2.448     47.33%     11.607

The patched (2) has smallest total time, since it has no cache hit overheads
and less I/O block time(thanks to async readahead). Here the I/O size
makes no much difference, since there's only one single stream.

Note that (1-1)'s real I/O size is 64KB and (1-2)'s real I/O size is 128KB,
since the half of the read-around pages will be readahead cache hits.

This is going to make _real_ differences for _concurrent_ IO streams.

Cc: Nick Piggin <npiggin@suse.de>
Signed-off-by: Wu Fengguang <fengguang.wu@intel.com>
Cc: Ying Han <yinghan@google.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

10 years agoreadahead: clean up and simplify the code for filemap page fault readahead
Linus Torvalds [Tue, 16 Jun 2009 22:31:25 +0000]
readahead: clean up and simplify the code for filemap page fault readahead

This shouldn't really change behavior all that much, but the single rather
complex function with read-ahead inside a loop etc is broken up into more
manageable pieces.

The behaviour is also less subtle, with the read-ahead being done up-front
rather than inside some subtle loop and thus avoiding the now unnecessary
extra state variables (ie "did_readaround" is gone).

Fengguang: the code split in fact fixed a bug reported by Pavel Levshin:
the PGMAJFAULT accounting used to be bypassed when MADV_RANDOM is set, in
which case the original code will directly jump to no_cached_page reading.

Cc: Pavel Levshin <lpk@581.spb.su>
Cc: <wli@movementarian.org>
Cc: Nick Piggin <npiggin@suse.de>
Signed-off-by: Wu Fengguang <fengguang.wu@intel.com>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

10 years agoreadahead: remove sync/async readahead call dependency
Wu Fengguang [Tue, 16 Jun 2009 22:31:24 +0000]
readahead: remove sync/async readahead call dependency

The readahead call scheme is error-prone in that it expects the call sites
to check for async readahead after doing a sync one.  I.e.

if (!page)
page_cache_sync_readahead();
page = find_get_page();
if (page && PageReadahead(page))
page_cache_async_readahead();

This is because PG_readahead could be set by a sync readahead for the
_current_ newly faulted in page, and the readahead code simply expects one
more callback on the same page to start the async readahead.  If the
caller fails to do so, it will miss the PG_readahead bits and never able
to start an async readahead.

Eliminate this insane constraint by piggy-backing the async part into the
current readahead window.

Now if an async readahead should be started immediately after a sync one,
the readahead logic itself will do it.  So the following code becomes
valid: (the 'else' in particular)

if (!page)
page_cache_sync_readahead();
else if (PageReadahead(page))
page_cache_async_readahead();

Cc: Nick Piggin <npiggin@suse.de>
Signed-off-by: Wu Fengguang <fengguang.wu@intel.com>
Cc: Ying Han <yinghan@google.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

10 years agoreadahead: increase interleaved readahead size
Wu Fengguang [Tue, 16 Jun 2009 22:31:23 +0000]
readahead: increase interleaved readahead size

Make sure interleaved readahead size is larger than request size.  This
also makes the readahead window grow up more quickly.

Reported-by: Xu Chenfeng <xcf@ustc.edu.cn>
Signed-off-by: Wu Fengguang <fengguang.wu@intel.com>
Cc: Ying Han <yinghan@google.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

10 years agoreadahead: remove one unnecessary radix tree lookup
Wu Fengguang [Tue, 16 Jun 2009 22:31:21 +0000]
readahead: remove one unnecessary radix tree lookup

(hit_readahead_marker != 0) means the page at @offset is present, so we
can search for non-present page starting from @offset+1.

Reported-by: Xu Chenfeng <xcf@ustc.edu.cn>
Signed-off-by: Wu Fengguang <fengguang.wu@intel.com>
Cc: Ying Han <yinghan@google.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

10 years agoreadahead: apply max_sane_readahead() limit in ondemand_readahead()
Wu Fengguang [Tue, 16 Jun 2009 22:31:21 +0000]
readahead: apply max_sane_readahead() limit in ondemand_readahead()

Just in case someone aggressively sets a huge readahead size.

Cc: Nick Piggin <npiggin@suse.de>
Signed-off-by: Wu Fengguang <fengguang.wu@intel.com>
Cc: Ying Han <yinghan@google.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

10 years agoreadahead: move max_sane_readahead() calls into force_page_cache_readahead()
Wu Fengguang [Tue, 16 Jun 2009 22:31:20 +0000]
readahead: move max_sane_readahead() calls into force_page_cache_readahead()

Impact: code simplification.

Cc: Nick Piggin <npiggin@suse.de>
Signed-off-by: Wu Fengguang <fengguang.wu@intel.com>
Cc: Ying Han <yinghan@google.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

10 years agoreadahead: make mmap_miss an unsigned int
Wu Fengguang [Tue, 16 Jun 2009 22:31:19 +0000]
readahead: make mmap_miss an unsigned int

This makes the performance impact of possible mmap_miss wrap around to be
temporary and tolerable: i.e.  MMAP_LOTSAMISS=100 extra readarounds.

Otherwise if ever mmap_miss wraps around to negative, it takes INT_MAX
cache misses to bring it back to normal state.  During the time mmap
readaround will be _enabled_ for whatever wild random workload.  That's
almost permanent performance impact.

Signed-off-by: Wu Fengguang <fengguang.wu@intel.com>
Cc: Ying Han <yinghan@google.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

10 years agomm: consolidate init_mm definition
Alexey Dobriyan [Tue, 16 Jun 2009 22:31:18 +0000]
mm: consolidate init_mm definition

* create mm/init-mm.c, move init_mm there
* remove INIT_MM, initialize init_mm with C99 initializer
* unexport init_mm on all arches:

  init_mm is already unexported on x86.

  One strange place is some OMAP driver (drivers/video/omap/) which
  won't build modular, but it's already wants get_vm_area() export.
  Somebody should look there.

[akpm@linux-foundation.org: add missing #includes]
Signed-off-by: Alexey Dobriyan <adobriyan@gmail.com>
Cc: Mike Frysinger <vapier.adi@gmail.com>
Cc: Americo Wang <xiyou.wangcong@gmail.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

10 years agofirmware_map: fix hang with x86/32bit
Yinghai Lu [Tue, 16 Jun 2009 22:31:16 +0000]
firmware_map: fix hang with x86/32bit

Addresses http://bugzilla.kernel.org/show_bug.cgi?id=13484

Peer reported:
| The bug is introduced from kernel 2.6.27, if E820 table reserve the memory
| above 4G in 32bit OS(BIOS-e820: 00000000fff80000 - 0000000120000000
| (reserved)), system will report Int 6 error and hang up. The bug is caused by
| the following code in drivers/firmware/memmap.c, the resource_size_t is 32bit
| variable in 32bit OS, the BUG_ON() will be invoked to result in the Int 6
| error. I try the latest 32bit Ubuntu and Fedora distributions, all hit this
| bug.
|======
|static int firmware_map_add_entry(resource_size_t start, resource_size_t end,
|                  const char *type,
|                  struct firmware_map_entry *entry)

and it only happen with CONFIG_PHYS_ADDR_T_64BIT is not set.

it turns out we need to pass u64 instead of resource_size_t for that.

[akpm@linux-foundation.org: add comment]
Reported-and-tested-by: Peer Chen <pchen@nvidia.com>
Signed-off-by: Yinghai Lu <yinghai@kernel.org>
Cc: Ingo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu>
Acked-by: H. Peter Anvin <hpa@zytor.com>
Cc: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
Cc: <stable@kernel.org>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

10 years agospi: takes size of a pointer to determine the size of the pointed-to type
Roel Kluin [Tue, 16 Jun 2009 22:31:15 +0000]
spi: takes size of a pointer to determine the size of the pointed-to type

Do not take the size of a pointer to determine the size of the pointed-to
type.

Signed-off-by: Roel Kluin <roel.kluin@gmail.com>
Acked-by: Anton Vorontsov <avorontsov@ru.mvista.com>
Cc: David Brownell <david-b@pacbell.net>
Cc: Benjamin Herrenschmidt <benh@kernel.crashing.org>
Cc: Kumar Gala <galak@gate.crashing.org>
Acked-by: Grant Likely <grant.likely@secretlab.ca>
Cc: <stable@kernel.org>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

10 years agotime: move PIT_TICK_RATE to linux/timex.h
Arnd Bergmann [Tue, 16 Jun 2009 22:31:12 +0000]
time: move PIT_TICK_RATE to linux/timex.h

PIT_TICK_RATE is currently defined in four architectures, but in three
different places.  While linux/timex.h is not the perfect place for it, it
is still a reasonable replacement for those drivers that traditionally use
asm/timex.h to get CLOCK_TICK_RATE and expect it to be the PIT frequency.

Note that for Alpha, the actual value changed from 1193182UL to 1193180UL.
 This is unlikely to make a difference, and probably can only improve
accuracy.  There was a discussion on the correct value of CLOCK_TICK_RATE
a few years ago, after which every existing instance was getting changed
to 1193182.  According to the specification, it should be
1193181.818181...

Signed-off-by: Arnd Bergmann <arnd@arndb.de>
Cc: Richard Henderson <rth@twiddle.net>
Cc: Ivan Kokshaysky <ink@jurassic.park.msu.ru>
Cc: Ralf Baechle <ralf@linux-mips.org>
Cc: Benjamin Herrenschmidt <benh@kernel.crashing.org>
Cc: Ingo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu>
Cc: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
Cc: "H. Peter Anvin" <hpa@zytor.com>
Cc: Len Brown <lenb@kernel.org>
Cc: john stultz <johnstul@us.ibm.com>
Cc: Dmitry Torokhov <dtor@mail.ru>
Cc: Takashi Iwai <tiwai@suse.de>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

10 years agoMerge branch 'release' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/aegl/linux-2.6
Linus Torvalds [Mon, 15 Jun 2009 17:38:06 +0000]
Merge branch 'release' of git://git./linux/kernel/git/aegl/linux-2.6

* 'release' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/aegl/linux-2.6:
  [IA64] fix compile error in arch/ia64/mm/extable.c

10 years agoMerge branch 'timers-for-linus-migration' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kerne...
Linus Torvalds [Mon, 15 Jun 2009 17:06:19 +0000]
Merge branch 'timers-for-linus-migration' of git://git./linux/kernel/git/tip/linux-2.6-tip

* 'timers-for-linus-migration' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/tip/linux-2.6-tip:
  timers: Logic to move non pinned timers
  timers: /proc/sys sysctl hook to enable timer migration
  timers: Identifying the existing pinned timers
  timers: Framework for identifying pinned timers
  timers: allow deferrable timers for intervals tv2-tv5 to be deferred

Fix up conflicts in kernel/sched.c and kernel/timer.c manually

10 years agoMerge branch 'timers-for-linus-clockevents' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux...
Linus Torvalds [Mon, 15 Jun 2009 16:58:50 +0000]
Merge branch 'timers-for-linus-clockevents' of git://git./linux/kernel/git/tip/linux-2.6-tip

* 'timers-for-linus-clockevents' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/tip/linux-2.6-tip:
  clockevent: export register_device and delta2ns
  clockevents: tick_broadcast_device can become static

10 years agoMerge branch 'timers-for-linus-clocksource' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux...
Linus Torvalds [Mon, 15 Jun 2009 16:58:33 +0000]
Merge branch 'timers-for-linus-clocksource' of git://git./linux/kernel/git/tip/linux-2.6-tip

* 'timers-for-linus-clocksource' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/tip/linux-2.6-tip:
  clocksource: prevent selection of low resolution clocksourse also for nohz=on
  clocksource: sanity check sysfs clocksource changes

10 years agoMerge branch 'timers-for-linus-ntp' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel...
Linus Torvalds [Mon, 15 Jun 2009 16:43:24 +0000]
Merge branch 'timers-for-linus-ntp' of git://git./linux/kernel/git/tip/linux-2.6-tip

* 'timers-for-linus-ntp' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/tip/linux-2.6-tip:
  ntp: fix comment typos
  ntp: adjust SHIFT_PLL to improve NTP convergence

10 years agoMerge git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/davem/net-next-2.6
Linus Torvalds [Mon, 15 Jun 2009 16:40:05 +0000]
Merge git://git./linux/kernel/git/davem/net-next-2.6

* git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/davem/net-next-2.6: (1244 commits)
  pkt_sched: Rename PSCHED_US2NS and PSCHED_NS2US
  ipv4: Fix fib_trie rebalancing
  Bluetooth: Fix issue with uninitialized nsh.type in DTL-1 driver
  Bluetooth: Fix Kconfig issue with RFKILL integration
  PIM-SM: namespace changes
  ipv4: update ARPD help text
  net: use a deferred timer in rt_check_expire
  ieee802154: fix kconfig bool/tristate muckup
  bonding: initialization rework
  bonding: use is_zero_ether_addr
  bonding: network device names are case sensative
  bonding: elminate bad refcount code
  bonding: fix style issues
  bonding: fix destructor
  bonding: remove bonding read/write semaphore
  bonding: initialize before registration
  bonding: bond_create always called with default parameters
  x_tables: Convert printk to pr_err
  netfilter: conntrack: optional reliable conntrack event delivery
  list_nulls: add hlist_nulls_add_head and hlist_nulls_del
  ...

10 years agoMerge branch 'merge' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/benh/powerpc
Linus Torvalds [Mon, 15 Jun 2009 16:32:52 +0000]
Merge branch 'merge' of git://git./linux/kernel/git/benh/powerpc

* 'merge' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/benh/powerpc: (103 commits)
  powerpc: Fix bug in move of altivec code to vector.S
  powerpc: Add support for swiotlb on 32-bit
  powerpc/spufs: Remove unused error path
  powerpc: Fix warning when printing a resource_size_t
  powerpc/xmon: Remove unused variable in xmon.c
  powerpc/pseries: Fix warnings when printing resource_size_t
  powerpc: Shield code specific to 64-bit server processors
  powerpc: Separate PACA fields for server CPUs
  powerpc: Split exception handling out of head_64.S
  powerpc: Introduce CONFIG_PPC_BOOK3S
  powerpc: Move VMX and VSX asm code to vector.S
  powerpc: Set init_bootmem_done on NUMA platforms as well
  powerpc/mm: Fix a AB->BA deadlock scenario with nohash MMU context lock
  powerpc/mm: Fix some SMP issues with MMU context handling
  powerpc: Add PTRACE_SINGLEBLOCK support
  fbdev: Add PLB support and cleanup DCR in xilinxfb driver.
  powerpc/virtex: Add ml510 reference design device tree
  powerpc/virtex: Add Xilinx ML510 reference design support
  powerpc/virtex: refactor intc driver and add support for i8259 cascading
  powerpc/virtex: Add support for Xilinx PCI host bridge
  ...

10 years agoMerge branch 'for-linus' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/lrg/voltage-2.6
Linus Torvalds [Mon, 15 Jun 2009 16:27:37 +0000]
Merge branch 'for-linus' of git://git./linux/kernel/git/lrg/voltage-2.6

* 'for-linus' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/lrg/voltage-2.6:
  regulator/max1586: fix V3 gain calculation integer overflow
  regulator/max1586: support increased V3 voltage range
  regulator: lp3971 - fix driver link error when built-in.
  LP3971 PMIC regulator driver (updated and combined version)
  regulator: remove driver_data direct access of struct device
  regulator: Set MODULE_ALIAS for regulator drivers
  regulator: Support list_voltage for fixed voltage regulator
  regulator: Move regulator drivers to subsys_initcall()
  regulator: build fix for powerpc - renamed show_state
  regulator: add userspace-consumer driver
  Maxim 1586 regulator driver

10 years ago[IA64] fix compile error in arch/ia64/mm/extable.c
Rusty Russell [Sat, 13 Jun 2009 05:20:15 +0000]
[IA64] fix compile error in arch/ia64/mm/extable.c

ad6561dffa17f17bb68d7207d422c26c381c4313 ("module: trim exception table on init
free.") put a bogus trim_init_extable() function into ia64 which didn't compile.

Signed-off-by: Rusty Russell <rusty@rustcorp.com.au>
Signed-off-by: Tony Luck <tony.luck@intel.com>

10 years agoMerge branch 'for-linus' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/ryusuke...
Linus Torvalds [Mon, 15 Jun 2009 16:13:49 +0000]
Merge branch 'for-linus' of git://git./linux/kernel/git/ryusuke/nilfs2

* 'for-linus' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/ryusuke/nilfs2: (22 commits)
  nilfs2: support contiguous lookup of blocks
  nilfs2: add sync_page method to page caches of meta data
  nilfs2: use device's backing_dev_info for btree node caches
  nilfs2: return EBUSY against delete request on snapshot
  nilfs2: modify list of unsupported features in caveats
  nilfs2: enable sync_page method
  nilfs2: set bio unplug flag for the last bio in segment
  nilfs2: allow future expansion of metadata read out via get info ioctl
  NILFS2: Pagecache usage optimization on NILFS2
  nilfs2: remove nilfs_btree_operations from btree mapping
  nilfs2: remove nilfs_direct_operations from direct mapping
  nilfs2: remove bmap pointer operations
  nilfs2: remove useless b_low and b_high fields from nilfs_bmap struct
  nilfs2: remove pointless NULL check of bpop_commit_alloc_ptr function
  nilfs2: move get block functions in bmap.c into btree codes
  nilfs2: remove nilfs_bmap_delete_block
  nilfs2: remove nilfs_bmap_put_block
  nilfs2: remove header file for segment list operations
  nilfs2: eliminate removal list of segments
  nilfs2: add sufile function that can modify multiple segment usages
  ...

10 years agoregulator/max1586: fix V3 gain calculation integer overflow
Philipp Zabel [Thu, 28 May 2009 19:00:03 +0000]
regulator/max1586: fix V3 gain calculation integer overflow

On Thu, May 28, 2009 at 10:59 AM, Mark Brown <broonie@opensource.wolfsonmicro.com> wrote:
> On Thu, May 28, 2009 at 07:15:16AM +0200, Philipp Zabel wrote:
>> The V3 regulator can be configured with an external resistor
>> connected to the feedback pin (R24 in the data sheet) to
>> increase the voltage range.
>>
>> For example, hx4700 has R24 = 3.32 kOhm to achieve a maximum
>> V3 voltage of 1.55 V which is needed for 624 MHz CPU frequency.
>>
>> Signed-off-by: Philipp Zabel <philipp.zabel@gmail.com>
>
> Looks good.
>
> Acked-by: Mark Brown <broonie@opensource.wolfsonmicro.com>

Thanks, but it turns out I hit a 32 bit integer overflow in
the gain calculation. I'd like to mend that with the following
patch. Now max_uV could be increased up to 4.294 V, enough to
charge LiPo cells.

Signed-off-by: Philipp Zabel <philipp.zabel@gmail.com>
Acked-by: Robert Jarzmik <robert.jarzmik@free.fr>
Signed-off-by: Liam Girdwood <lrg@slimlogic.co.uk>

10 years agoregulator/max1586: support increased V3 voltage range
Philipp Zabel [Thu, 28 May 2009 05:15:16 +0000]
regulator/max1586: support increased V3 voltage range

The V3 regulator can be configured with an external resistor
connected to the feedback pin (R24 in the data sheet) to
increase the voltage range.

For example, hx4700 has R24 = 3.32 kOhm to achieve a maximum
V3 voltage of 1.55 V which is needed for 624 MHz CPU frequency.

Signed-off-by: Philipp Zabel <philipp.zabel@gmail.com>
Acked-by: Mark Brown <broonie@opensource.wolfsonmicro.com>
Acked-by: Robert Jarzmik <robert.jarzmik@free.fr>
Signed-off-by: Liam Girdwood <lrg@slimlogic.co.uk>

10 years agoregulator: lp3971 - fix driver link error when built-in.
Liam Girdwood [Tue, 19 May 2009 10:44:37 +0000]
regulator: lp3971 - fix driver link error when built-in.

lp3971_i2c_remove' referenced in section `.data' of drivers/built-in.o:
defined in discarded section `.devexit.text' of drivers/built-in.o

Signed-off-by: Liam Girdwood <lrg@slimlogic.co.uk>

10 years agoLP3971 PMIC regulator driver (updated and combined version)
Marek Szyprowski [Tue, 19 May 2009 05:33:55 +0000]
LP3971 PMIC regulator driver (updated and combined version)

This patch adds regulator drivers for National Semiconductors LP3971 PMIC.
This LP3971 PMIC controller has 3 DC/DC voltage converters and 5 low
drop-out (LDO) regulators. LP3971 PMIC controller uses I2C interface.

Reviewed-by: Kyungmin Park <kyungmin.park@samsung.com>
Signed-off-by: Marek Szyprowski <m.szyprowski@samsung.com>
Acked-by: Mark Brown <broonie@opensource.wolfsonmicro.com>
Signed-off-by: Liam Girdwood <lrg@slimlogic.co.uk>

10 years agoregulator: remove driver_data direct access of struct device
Greg Kroah-Hartman [Thu, 30 Apr 2009 22:21:37 +0000]
regulator: remove driver_data direct access of struct device

In the near future, the driver core is going to not allow direct access
to the driver_data pointer in struct device.  Instead, the functions
dev_get_drvdata() and dev_set_drvdata() should be used.  These functions
have been around since the beginning, so are backwards compatible with
all older kernel versions.

Cc: Mark Brown <broonie@opensource.wolfsonmicro.com>
Cc: Liam Girdwood <lrg@slimlogic.co.uk>
Signed-off-by: Greg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@suse.de>
Acked-by: Mark Brown <broonie@opensource.wolfsonmicro.com>
Signed-off-by: Liam Girdwood <lrg@slimlogic.co.uk>

10 years agoregulator: Set MODULE_ALIAS for regulator drivers
Mark Brown [Tue, 28 Apr 2009 10:13:55 +0000]
regulator: Set MODULE_ALIAS for regulator drivers

Several of the regulator drivers didn't have MODULE_ALIAS so couldn't be
auto loaded. Add the MODULE_ALIAS in case they do get built as modules.

Signed-off-by: Mark Brown <broonie@opensource.wolfsonmicro.com>
Signed-off-by: Liam Girdwood <lrg@slimlogic.co.uk>

10 years agoregulator: Support list_voltage for fixed voltage regulator
Mark Brown [Tue, 28 Apr 2009 10:13:54 +0000]
regulator: Support list_voltage for fixed voltage regulator

Signed-off-by: Mark Brown <broonie@opensource.wolfsonmicro.com>
Signed-off-by: Liam Girdwood <lrg@slimlogic.co.uk>

10 years agoregulator: Move regulator drivers to subsys_initcall()
Mark Brown [Mon, 27 Apr 2009 17:21:18 +0000]
regulator: Move regulator drivers to subsys_initcall()

Regulators need to be available early in init in order to allow them
to be available for consumers when requested. This is generally done
by registering them at subsys_initcall() time but not all regulator
drivers have done that. Convert these drivers to do so in order to
mimimise future support.

Signed-off-by: Mark Brown <broonie@opensource.wolfsonmicro.com>
Acked-by: Mike Rapoport <mike@compulab.co.il>
Signed-off-by: Liam Girdwood <lrg@slimlogic.co.uk>

10 years agoregulator: build fix for powerpc - renamed show_state
Liam Girdwood [Tue, 28 Apr 2009 11:01:16 +0000]
regulator: build fix for powerpc - renamed show_state

This patch fixes the follwing build failure on powerpc:-

> Today's linux-next build (powerpc allyesconfig) failed like this:
>
> drivers/regulator/userspace-consumer.c:43: error: conflicting types
> for 'show_state'
> include/linux/sched.h:273: note: previous definition of 'show_state'
> was here
>
> Caused by commit 5defa2bce704ca4151cfe24e4297aa7797cafd22 ("regulator:
> add userspace-consumer driver") which I have reverted for today.

Signed-off-by: Liam Girdwood <lrg@slimlogic.co.uk>

10 years agoregulator: add userspace-consumer driver
Mike Rapoport [Sun, 26 Apr 2009 13:49:39 +0000]
regulator: add userspace-consumer driver

The userspace-consumer driver allows control of voltage and current
regulator state from userspace. This is required for fine-grained
power management of devices that are completely controller by userspace
applications, e.g. a GPS transciever connected to a serial port.

Signed-off-by: Mike Rapoport <mike@compulab.co.il>
Acked-by: Mark Brown <broonie@opensource.wolfsonmicro.com>
Signed-off-by: Liam Girdwood <lrg@slimlogic.co.uk>

10 years agoMaxim 1586 regulator driver
Robert Jarzmik [Thu, 23 Apr 2009 18:10:43 +0000]
Maxim 1586 regulator driver

The Maxim 1586 regulator is a voltage regulator with 2
voltage outputs, specially suitable for Marvell PXA
chips. One output is in the range of required VCC_CORE by
the PXA27x chips, the other in the VCC_USIM required as well
by PXA27x chips.

The chip is controlled through the I2C bus.

Signed-off-by: Robert Jarzmik <robert.jarzmik@free.fr>
Acked-by: Mark Brown <broonie@opensource.wolfsonmicro.com>
Signed-off-by: Liam Girdwood <lrg@slimlogic.co.uk>

10 years agoMerge branch 'master' of master.kernel.org:/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/torvalds/linux-2.6
David S. Miller [Mon, 15 Jun 2009 10:02:23 +0000]
Merge branch 'master' of /linux/kernel/git/torvalds/linux-2.6

Conflicts:
Documentation/feature-removal-schedule.txt
drivers/scsi/fcoe/fcoe.c
net/core/drop_monitor.c
net/core/net-traces.c

10 years agopkt_sched: Rename PSCHED_US2NS and PSCHED_NS2US
Jarek Poplawski [Mon, 15 Jun 2009 09:31:47 +0000]
pkt_sched: Rename PSCHED_US2NS and PSCHED_NS2US

Let's use TICKS instead of US, so PSCHED_TICKS2NS and PSCHED_NS2TICKS
(like in PSCHED_TICKS_PER_SEC already) to avoid misleading.

Signed-off-by: Jarek Poplawski <jarkao2@gmail.com>
Signed-off-by: David S. Miller <davem@davemloft.net>

10 years agoipv4: Fix fib_trie rebalancing
Jarek Poplawski [Mon, 15 Jun 2009 09:31:29 +0000]
ipv4: Fix fib_trie rebalancing

While doing trie_rebalance(): resize(), inflate(), halve() RCU free
tnodes before updating their parents. It depends on RCU delaying the
real destruction, but if RCU readers start after call_rcu() and before
parent update they could access freed memory.

It is currently prevented with preempt_disable() on the update side,
but it's not safe, except maybe classic RCU, plus it conflicts with
memory allocations with GFP_KERNEL flag used from these functions.

This patch explicitly delays freeing of tnodes by adding them to the
list, which is flushed after the update is finished.

Reported-by: Yan Zheng <zheng.yan@oracle.com>
Signed-off-by: Jarek Poplawski <jarkao2@gmail.com>
Signed-off-by: David S. Miller <davem@davemloft.net>

10 years agoramfs: ignore unknown mount options
Mike Frysinger [Sun, 14 Jun 2009 21:56:48 +0000]
ramfs: ignore unknown mount options

On systems where CONFIG_SHMEM is disabled, mounting tmpfs filesystems can
fail when tmpfs options are used.  This is because tmpfs creates a small
wrapper around ramfs which rejects unknown options, and ramfs itself only
supports a tiny subset of what tmpfs supports.  This makes it pretty hard
to use the same userspace systems across different configuration systems.
As such, ramfs should ignore the tmpfs options when tmpfs is merely a
wrapper around ramfs.

This used to work before commit c3b1b1cbf0 as previously, ramfs would
ignore all options.  But now, we get:
ramfs: bad mount option: size=10M
mount: mounting mdev on /dev failed: Invalid argument

Another option might be to restore the previous behavior, where ramfs
simply ignored all unknown mount options ... which is what Hugh prefers.

Signed-off-by: Mike Frysinger <vapier@gentoo.org>
Signed-off-by: Hugh Dickins <hugh.dickins@tiscali.co.uk>
Acked-by: Matt Mackall <mpm@selenic.com>
Acked-by: Wu Fengguang <fengguang.wu@intel.com>
Cc: stable@kernel.org
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

10 years agoMerge branch 'master' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/sam/kbuild...
Linus Torvalds [Sun, 14 Jun 2009 21:12:18 +0000]
Merge branch 'master' of git://git./linux/kernel/git/sam/kbuild-next

* 'master' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/sam/kbuild-next: (53 commits)
  .gitignore: ignore *.lzma files
  kbuild: add generic --set-str option to scripts/config
  kbuild: simplify argument loop in scripts/config
  kbuild: handle non-existing options in scripts/config
  kallsyms: generalize text region handling
  kallsyms: support kernel symbols in Blackfin on-chip memory
  documentation: make version fix
  kbuild: fix a compile warning
  gitignore: Add GNU GLOBAL files to top .gitignore
  kbuild: fix delay in setlocalversion on readonly source
  README: fix misleading pointer to the defconf directory
  vmlinux.lds.h update
  kernel-doc: cleanup perl script
  Improve vmlinux.lds.h support for arch specific linker scripts
  kbuild: fix headers_exports with boolean expression
  kbuild/headers_check: refine extern check
  kbuild: fix "Argument list too long" error for "make headers_check",
  ignore *.patch files
  Remove bashisms from scripts
  menu: fix embedded menu presentation
  ...

10 years ago.gitignore: ignore *.lzma files
Arne Janbu [Wed, 10 Jun 2009 16:25:10 +0000]
.gitignore: ignore *.lzma files

Signed-off-by: Sam Ravnborg <sam@ravnborg.org>

10 years agoMerge branch 'for-linus' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/roland...
Linus Torvalds [Sun, 14 Jun 2009 20:53:22 +0000]
Merge branch 'for-linus' of git://git./linux/kernel/git/roland/infiniband

* 'for-linus' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/roland/infiniband:
  mlx4_core: Don't double-free IRQs when falling back from MSI-X to INTx
  IB/mthca: Don't double-free IRQs when falling back from MSI-X to INTx
  IB/mlx4: Add strong ordering to local inval and fast reg work requests
  IB/ehca: Remove superfluous bitmasks from QP control block
  RDMA/cxgb3: Limit fast register size based on T3 limitations
  RDMA/cxgb3: Report correct port state and MTU
  mlx4_core: Add module parameter for number of MTTs per segment
  IB/mthca: Add module parameter for number of MTTs per segment
  RDMA/nes: Fix off-by-one bugs in reset_adapter_ne020() and init_serdes()
  infiniband: Remove void casts
  IB/ehca: Increment version number
  IB/ehca: Remove unnecessary memory operations for userspace queue pairs
  IB/ehca: Fall back to vmalloc() for big allocations
  IB/ehca: Replace vmalloc() with kmalloc() for queue allocation

10 years agoMerge git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/jaswinder/headers-check-2.6
Linus Torvalds [Sun, 14 Jun 2009 20:52:53 +0000]
Merge git://git./linux/kernel/git/jaswinder/headers-check-2.6

* git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/jaswinder/headers-check-2.6:
  headers_check fix: mn10300, setup.h
  headers_check fix: mn10300, ptrace.h

10 years agofusion: fix recent kernel-doc problems
Randy Dunlap [Sun, 14 Jun 2009 02:37:18 +0000]
fusion: fix recent kernel-doc problems

Fix recent fusion driver kernel-doc fatal error and warnings.

Signed-off-by: Randy Dunlap <randy.dunlap@oracle.com>
Cc: Eric.Moore@lsi.com
Cc: support@lsi.com
Cc: DL-MPTFusionLinux@lsi.com
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>