9 years agoinit/main.c: make setup_max_cpus static for !SMP
H Hartley Sweeten [Fri, 5 Mar 2010 21:42:46 +0000]
init/main.c: make setup_max_cpus static for !SMP

The only in tree external users of the symbol setup_max_cpus are in
arch/x86/.  The files ./kernel/alternative.c, ./kernel/visws_quirks.c, and
./mm/kmemcheck/kmemcheck.c are all guarded by CONFIG_SMP being defined.
For this case the symbol is an unsigned int and declared as an extern in
include/linux/smp.h.

When CONFIG_SMP is not defined the symbol setup_max_cpus is
a constant value that is only used in init/main.c.  Make the symbol
static for this case.

Signed-off-by: H Hartley Sweeten <hsweeten@visionengravers.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

9 years agosmp: fix documentation in include/linux/smp.h
Rakib Mullick [Fri, 5 Mar 2010 21:42:45 +0000]
smp: fix documentation in include/linux/smp.h

smp: Fix documentation.

Fix documentation in include/linux/smp.h: smp_processor_id()

Signed-off-by: Rakib Mullick <rakib.mullick@gmail.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

9 years agonodemask.h: remove macro any_online_node
H Hartley Sweeten [Fri, 5 Mar 2010 21:42:43 +0000]
nodemask.h: remove macro any_online_node

The macro any_online_node() is prone to producing sparse warnings due to
the local symbol 'node'.  Since all the in-tree users are really
requesting the first online node (the mask argument is either
NODE_MASK_ALL or node_online_map) just use the first_online_node macro and
remove the any_online_node macro since there are no users.

Signed-off-by: H Hartley Sweeten <hsweeten@visionengravers.com>
Acked-by: David Rientjes <rientjes@google.com>
Reviewed-by: KAMEZAWA Hiroyuki <kamezawa.hiroyu@jp.fujitsu.com>
Cc: Mel Gorman <mel@csn.ul.ie>
Cc: Lee Schermerhorn <lee.schermerhorn@hp.com>
Acked-by: Benjamin Herrenschmidt <benh@kernel.crashing.org>
Cc: Paul Mackerras <paulus@samba.org>
Cc: Dave Hansen <dave@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
Cc: Milton Miller <miltonm@bga.com>
Cc: Nathan Fontenot <nfont@austin.ibm.com>
Cc: Geoff Levand <geoffrey.levand@am.sony.com>
Cc: Grant Likely <grant.likely@secretlab.ca>
Cc: J. Bruce Fields <bfields@fieldses.org>
Cc: Neil Brown <neilb@suse.de>
Cc: Trond Myklebust <Trond.Myklebust@netapp.com>
Cc: David S. Miller <davem@davemloft.net>
Cc: Benny Halevy <bhalevy@panasas.com>
Cc: Chuck Lever <chuck.lever@oracle.com>
Cc: Ricardo Labiaga <Ricardo.Labiaga@netapp.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

9 years agofs: use rlimit helpers
Jiri Slaby [Fri, 5 Mar 2010 21:42:42 +0000]
fs: use rlimit helpers

Make sure compiler won't do weird things with limits.  E.g.  fetching them
twice may return 2 different values after writable limits are implemented.

I.e.  either use rlimit helpers added in commit 3e10e716abf3 ("resource:
add helpers for fetching rlimits") or ACCESS_ONCE if not applicable.

Signed-off-by: Jiri Slaby <jslaby@suse.cz>
Cc: Alexander Viro <viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

9 years agocpumask: let num_*_cpus() function always return unsigned values
Heiko Carstens [Fri, 5 Mar 2010 21:42:41 +0000]
cpumask: let num_*_cpus() function always return unsigned values

Dependent on CONFIG_SMP the num_*_cpus() functions return unsigned or
signed values.  Let them always return unsigned values to avoid strange
casts.

Fixes at least one warning:

 kernel/kprobes.c: In function 'register_kretprobe':
 kernel/kprobes.c:1038: warning: comparison of distinct pointer types lacks a cast

Signed-off-by: Heiko Carstens <heiko.carstens@de.ibm.com>
Cc: Heiko Carstens <heiko.carstens@de.ibm.com>
Cc: Ananth N Mavinakayanahalli <ananth@in.ibm.com>
Cc: Masami Hiramatsu <mhiramat@redhat.com>
Cc: Ingo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu>
Cc: Rusty Russell <rusty@rustcorp.com.au>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

9 years agoinit/initramfs.c: fix "symbol shadows an earlier one" noise
H Hartley Sweeten [Fri, 5 Mar 2010 21:42:39 +0000]
init/initramfs.c: fix "symbol shadows an earlier one" noise

The symbol 'count' is a local global variable in this file.  The function
clean_rootfs() should use a different symbol name to prevent "symbol
shadows an earlier one" noise.

Signed-off-by: H Hartley Sweeten <hsweeten@visionengravers.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

9 years agoinit/main.c: improve usability in case of init binary failure
Andreas Mohr [Fri, 5 Mar 2010 21:42:39 +0000]
init/main.c: improve usability in case of init binary failure

- new Documentation/init.txt file describing various forms of failure
  trying to load the init binary after kernel bootup

- extend the init/main.c init failure message to direct to
  Documentation/init.txt

Signed-off-by: Andreas Mohr <andi@lisas.de>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

9 years agokernel/cpu.c: delete deprecated definition in cpu_up()
Chen Gong [Fri, 5 Mar 2010 21:42:38 +0000]
kernel/cpu.c: delete deprecated definition in cpu_up()

Additional_cpus is only supported for IA64 now.  X86_64 should not be
included.

Signed-off-by: Chen Gong <gong.chen@linux.intel.com>
Cc: Ingo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu>
Cc: Rusty Russell <rusty@rustcorp.com.au>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

9 years agoMFGPT: move clocksource menu
Randy Dunlap [Fri, 5 Mar 2010 21:42:35 +0000]
MFGPT: move clocksource menu

Move the CS5535 MFGPT hrtimer kconfig option to be with the other MFGPT
options.  This makes it easier to find and also removes it from the main
"Device Drivers" menu, where it should not have been.

Signed-off-by: Randy Dunlap <randy.dunlap@oracle.com>
Acked-by: Andres Salomon <dilinger@collabora.co.uk>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

9 years agoum: tell git to ignore generated files
WANG Cong [Fri, 5 Mar 2010 21:42:34 +0000]
um: tell git to ignore generated files

Tell git to ignore the generated files under um, except:

 include/shared/kern_constants.h
 include/shared/user_constants.h

which will be moved to include/generated.

Signed-off-by: WANG Cong <xiyou.wangcong@gmail.com>
Cc: Al Viro <viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk>
Cc: Jeff Dike <jdike@addtoit.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

9 years agouml: line.c: avoid NULL pointer dereference
Alexander Beregalov [Fri, 5 Mar 2010 21:42:33 +0000]
uml: line.c: avoid NULL pointer dereference

Assign tty only if line is not NULL.

[akpm@linux-foundation.org: simplification]
Signed-off-by: Alexander Beregalov <a.beregalov@gmail.com>
Cc: Jeff Dike <jdike@addtoit.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

9 years agocris v32: typo in crisv32_arbiter_unwatch()?
Roel Kluin [Fri, 5 Mar 2010 21:42:33 +0000]
cris v32: typo in crisv32_arbiter_unwatch()?

With id 1 the wrong bp was unwatched.

Signed-off-by: Roel Kluin <roel.kluin@gmail.com>
Cc: Mikael Starvik <starvik@axis.com>
Cc: Jesper Nilsson <jesper.nilsson@axis.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

9 years agocryptocop: fix assertion in create_output_descriptors()
Roel Kluin [Fri, 5 Mar 2010 21:42:32 +0000]
cryptocop: fix assertion in create_output_descriptors()

size_t desc_len cannot be less than 0, test before the subtraction.

Signed-off-by: Roel Kluin <roel.kluin@gmail.com>
Cc: Mikael Starvik <starvik@axis.com>
Cc: Jesper Nilsson <jesper.nilsson@axis.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

9 years agocris: convert to use arch_gettimeoffset()
john stultz [Fri, 5 Mar 2010 21:42:31 +0000]
cris: convert to use arch_gettimeoffset()

Convert cris to use GENERIC_TIME via the arch_getoffset() infrastructure,
reducing the amount of arch specific code we need to maintain.

Signed-off-by: John Stultz <johnstul@us.ibm.com>
Cc: Mikael Starvik <starvik@axis.com>
Cc: Jesper Nilsson <jesper.nilsson@axis.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

9 years agocpuidle menu: remove 8 bytes of padding on 64 bit builds
Richard Kennedy [Fri, 5 Mar 2010 21:42:30 +0000]
cpuidle menu: remove 8 bytes of padding on 64 bit builds

Reorder struct menu_device to remove 8 bytes of padding on 64 bit builds.
Size drops from 136 to 128 bytes, so possibly needing one fewer cache
lines.

Signed-off-by: Richard Kennedy <richard@rsk.demon.co.uk>
Cc: Arjan van de Ven <arjan@linux.intel.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

9 years agoalpha: PTR_ERR overwrites -EINVAL in syscall osf_mount
Roel Kluin [Fri, 5 Mar 2010 21:42:28 +0000]
alpha: PTR_ERR overwrites -EINVAL in syscall osf_mount

The initial -EINVAL value is overwritten by `retval = PTR_ERR(name)'.  If
this isn't an error pointer and typenr is not 1, 6 or 9, then this retval,
a pointer cast to a long, is returned.

Signed-off-by: Roel Kluin <roel.kluin@gmail.com>
Acked-by: Richard Henderson <rth@twiddle.net>
Cc: Ivan Kokshaysky <ink@jurassic.park.msu.ru>
Cc: Matt Turner <mattst88@gmail.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

9 years agofrv: remove pci_dma_sync_single() and pci_dma_sync_sg()
FUJITA Tomonori [Fri, 5 Mar 2010 21:42:26 +0000]
frv: remove pci_dma_sync_single() and pci_dma_sync_sg()

No architecture except for frv has pci_dma_sync_single() and
pci_dma_sync_sg().  The APIs are deprecated.

Signed-off-by: FUJITA Tomonori <fujita.tomonori@lab.ntt.co.jp>
Acked-by: David S. Miller <davem@davemloft.net>
Acked-by: David Howells <dhowells@redhat.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

9 years agomm: add comment on swap_duplicate's error code
Hugh Dickins [Fri, 5 Mar 2010 21:42:25 +0000]
mm: add comment on swap_duplicate's error code

swap_duplicate()'s loop appears to miss out on returning the error code
from __swap_duplicate(), except when that's -ENOMEM.  In fact this is
intentional: prior to -ENOMEM for swap_count_continuation,
swap_duplicate() was void (and the case only occurs when copy_one_pte()
hits a corrupt pte).  But that's surprising behaviour, which certainly
deserves a comment.

Signed-off-by: Hugh Dickins <hughd@google.com>
Reported-by: Huang Shijie <shijie8@gmail.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

9 years agonommu: get_user_pages(): pin last page on non-page-aligned start
Steven J. Magnani [Fri, 5 Mar 2010 21:42:24 +0000]
nommu: get_user_pages(): pin last page on non-page-aligned start

The noMMU version of get_user_pages() fails to pin the last page when the
start address isn't page-aligned.  The patch fixes this in a way that
makes find_extend_vma() congruent to its MMU cousin.

Signed-off-by: Steven J. Magnani <steve@digidescorp.com>
Acked-by: Paul Mundt <lethal@linux-sh.org>
Cc: David Howells <dhowells@redhat.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

9 years agomm: use the same log level for show_mem()
Amerigo Wang [Fri, 5 Mar 2010 21:42:24 +0000]
mm: use the same log level for show_mem()

Use the same log level for printk's in show_mem(), so that those messages
can be shown completely when using log level 6.

Signed-off-by: WANG Cong <amwang@redhat.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

9 years agomm: add comment about deprecation of __GFP_NOFAIL
David Rientjes [Fri, 5 Mar 2010 21:42:23 +0000]
mm: add comment about deprecation of __GFP_NOFAIL

__GFP_NOFAIL was deprecated in dab48dab, so add a comment that no new
users should be added.

Reviewed-by: KAMEZAWA Hiroyuki <kamezawa.hiroyu@jp.fujitsu.com>
Signed-off-by: David Rientjes <rientjes@google.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

9 years agovmscan: detect mapped file pages used only once
Johannes Weiner [Fri, 5 Mar 2010 21:42:22 +0000]
vmscan: detect mapped file pages used only once

The VM currently assumes that an inactive, mapped and referenced file page
is in use and promotes it to the active list.

However, every mapped file page starts out like this and thus a problem
arises when workloads create a stream of such pages that are used only for
a short time.  By flooding the active list with those pages, the VM
quickly gets into trouble finding eligible reclaim canditates.  The result
is long allocation latencies and eviction of the wrong pages.

This patch reuses the PG_referenced page flag (used for unmapped file
pages) to implement a usage detection that scales with the speed of LRU
list cycling (i.e.  memory pressure).

If the scanner encounters those pages, the flag is set and the page cycled
again on the inactive list.  Only if it returns with another page table
reference it is activated.  Otherwise it is reclaimed as 'not recently
used cache'.

This effectively changes the minimum lifetime of a used-once mapped file
page from a full memory cycle to an inactive list cycle, which allows it
to occur in linear streams without affecting the stable working set of the
system.

Signed-off-by: Johannes Weiner <hannes@cmpxchg.org>
Reviewed-by: Rik van Riel <riel@redhat.com>
Cc: Minchan Kim <minchan.kim@gmail.com>
Cc: OSAKI Motohiro <kosaki.motohiro@jp.fujitsu.com>
Cc: Lee Schermerhorn <lee.schermerhorn@hp.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

9 years agovmscan: drop page_mapping_inuse()
Johannes Weiner [Fri, 5 Mar 2010 21:42:21 +0000]
vmscan: drop page_mapping_inuse()

page_mapping_inuse() is a historic predicate function for pages that are
about to be reclaimed or deactivated.

According to it, a page is in use when it is mapped into page tables OR
part of swap cache OR backing an mmapped file.

This function is used in combination with page_referenced(), which checks
for young bits in ptes and the page descriptor itself for the
PG_referenced bit.  Thus, checking for unmapped swap cache pages is
meaningless as PG_referenced is not set for anonymous pages and unmapped
pages do not have young ptes.  The test makes no difference.

Protecting file pages that are not by themselves mapped but are part of a
mapped file is also a historic leftover for short-lived things like the
exec() code in libc.  However, the VM now does reference accounting and
activation of pages at unmap time and thus the special treatment on
reclaim is obsolete.

This patch drops page_mapping_inuse() and switches the two callsites to
use page_mapped() directly.

Signed-off-by: Johannes Weiner <hannes@cmpxchg.org>
Reviewed-by: Rik van Riel <riel@redhat.com>
Cc: Minchan Kim <minchan.kim@gmail.com>
Cc: OSAKI Motohiro <kosaki.motohiro@jp.fujitsu.com>
Cc: Lee Schermerhorn <lee.schermerhorn@hp.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

9 years agovmscan: factor out page reference checks
Johannes Weiner [Fri, 5 Mar 2010 21:42:19 +0000]
vmscan: factor out page reference checks

The used-once mapped file page detection patchset.

It is meant to help workloads with large amounts of shortly used file
mappings, like rtorrent hashing a file or git when dealing with loose
objects (git gc on a bigger site?).

Right now, the VM activates referenced mapped file pages on first
encounter on the inactive list and it takes a full memory cycle to
reclaim them again.  When those pages dominate memory, the system
no longer has a meaningful notion of 'working set' and is required
to give up the active list to make reclaim progress.  Obviously,
this results in rather bad scanning latencies and the wrong pages
being reclaimed.

This patch makes the VM be more careful about activating mapped file
pages in the first place.  The minimum granted lifetime without
another memory access becomes an inactive list cycle instead of the
full memory cycle, which is more natural given the mentioned loads.

This test resembles a hashing rtorrent process.  Sequentially, 32MB
chunks of a file are mapped into memory, hashed (sha1) and unmapped
again.  While this happens, every 5 seconds a process is launched and
its execution time taken:

python2.4 -c 'import pydoc'
old: max=2.31s mean=1.26s (0.34)
new: max=1.25s mean=0.32s (0.32)

find /etc -type f
old: max=2.52s mean=1.44s (0.43)
new: max=1.92s mean=0.12s (0.17)

vim -c ':quit'
old: max=6.14s mean=4.03s (0.49)
new: max=3.48s mean=2.41s (0.25)

mplayer --help
old: max=8.08s mean=5.74s (1.02)
new: max=3.79s mean=1.32s (0.81)

overall hash time (stdev):
old: time=1192.30 (12.85) thruput=25.78mb/s (0.27)
new: time=1060.27 (32.58) thruput=29.02mb/s (0.88) (-11%)

I also tested kernbench with regular IO streaming in the background to
see whether the delayed activation of frequently used mapped file
pages had a negative impact on performance in the presence of pressure
on the inactive list.  The patch made no significant difference in
timing, neither for kernbench nor for the streaming IO throughput.

The first patch submission raised concerns about the cost of the extra
faults for actually activated pages on machines that have no hardware
support for young page table entries.

I created an artificial worst case scenario on an ARM machine with
around 300MHz and 64MB of memory to figure out the dimensions
involved.  The test would mmap a file of 20MB, then

  1. touch all its pages to fault them in
  2. force one full scan cycle on the inactive file LRU
  -- old: mapping pages activated
  -- new: mapping pages inactive
  3. touch the mapping pages again
  -- old and new: fault exceptions to set the young bits
  4. force another full scan cycle on the inactive file LRU
  5. touch the mapping pages one last time
  -- new: fault exceptions to set the young bits

The test showed an overall increase of 6% in time over 100 iterations
of the above (old: ~212sec, new: ~225sec).  13 secs total overhead /
(100 * 5k pages), ignoring the execution time of the test itself,
makes for about 25us overhead for every page that gets actually
activated.  Note:

  1. File mapping the size of one third of main memory, _completely_
  in active use across memory pressure - i.e., most pages referenced
  within one LRU cycle.  This should be rare to non-existant,
  especially on such embedded setups.

  2. Many huge activation batches.  Those batches only occur when the
  working set fluctuates.  If it changes completely between every full
  LRU cycle, you have problematic reclaim overhead anyway.

  3. Access of activated pages at maximum speed: sequential loads from
  every single page without doing anything in between.  In reality,
  the extra faults will get distributed between actual operations on
  the data.

So even if a workload manages to get the VM into the situation of
activating a third of memory in one go on such a setup, it will take
2.2 seconds instead 2.1 without the patch.

Comparing the numbers (and my user-experience over several months),
I think this change is an overall improvement to the VM.

Patch 1 is only refactoring to break up that ugly compound conditional
in shrink_page_list() and make it easy to document and add new checks
in a readable fashion.

Patch 2 gets rid of the obsolete page_mapping_inuse().  It's not
strictly related to #3, but it was in the original submission and is a
net simplification, so I kept it.

Patch 3 implements used-once detection of mapped file pages.

This patch:

Moving the big conditional into its own predicate function makes the code
a bit easier to read and allows for better commenting on the checks
one-by-one.

This is just cleaning up, no semantics should have been changed.

Signed-off-by: Johannes Weiner <hannes@cmpxchg.org>
Reviewed-by: Rik van Riel <riel@redhat.com>
Cc: Minchan Kim <minchan.kim@gmail.com>
Cc: OSAKI Motohiro <kosaki.motohiro@jp.fujitsu.com>
Cc: Lee Schermerhorn <lee.schermerhorn@hp.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

9 years agomm: document /sys/devices/system/node/nodeX
Mel Gorman [Fri, 5 Mar 2010 21:42:16 +0000]
mm: document /sys/devices/system/node/nodeX

Add a bare description of what /sys/devices/system/node/nodeX is.  Others
will follow in time but right now, none of that tree is documented.  The
existence of this file might at least encourage people to document new
entries.

Signed-off-by: Mel Gorman <mel@csn.ul.ie>
Reviewed-by: KOSAKI Motohiro <kosaki.motohiro@jp.fujitsu.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

9 years agomm: document /proc/pagetypeinfo
Mel Gorman [Fri, 5 Mar 2010 21:42:15 +0000]
mm: document /proc/pagetypeinfo

Add documentation for /proc/pagetypeinfo.

Signed-off-by: Mel Gorman <mel@csn.ul.ie>
Reviewed-by: Christoph Lameter <cl@linux-foundation.org>
Reviewed-by: KOSAKI Motohiro <kosaki.motohiro@jp.fujitsu.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

9 years agomm: suppress pfn range output for zones without pages
David Rientjes [Fri, 5 Mar 2010 21:42:14 +0000]
mm: suppress pfn range output for zones without pages

free_area_init_nodes() emits pfn ranges for all zones on the system.
There may be no pages on a higher zone, however, due to memory limitations
or the use of the mem= kernel parameter.  For example:

Zone PFN ranges:
  DMA      0x00000001 -> 0x00001000
  DMA32    0x00001000 -> 0x00100000
  Normal   0x00100000 -> 0x00100000

The implementation copies the previous zone's highest pfn, if any, as the
next zone's lowest pfn.  If its highest pfn is then greater than the
amount of addressable memory, the upper memory limit is used instead.
Thus, both the lowest and highest possible pfn for higher zones without
memory may be the same.

The pfn range for zones without memory is now shown as "empty" instead.

Signed-off-by: David Rientjes <rientjes@google.com>
Cc: Mel Gorman <mel@csn.ul.ie>
Reviewed-by: Christoph Lameter <cl@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

9 years agomm/pm: force GFP_NOIO during suspend/hibernation and resume
Rafael J. Wysocki [Fri, 5 Mar 2010 21:42:13 +0000]
mm/pm: force GFP_NOIO during suspend/hibernation and resume

There are quite a few GFP_KERNEL memory allocations made during
suspend/hibernation and resume that may cause the system to hang, because
the I/O operations they depend on cannot be completed due to the
underlying devices being suspended.

Avoid this problem by clearing the __GFP_IO and __GFP_FS bits in
gfp_allowed_mask before suspend/hibernation and restoring the original
values of these bits in gfp_allowed_mask durig the subsequent resume.

[akpm@linux-foundation.org: fix CONFIG_PM=n linkage]
Signed-off-by: Rafael J. Wysocki <rjw@sisk.pl>
Reported-by: Maxim Levitsky <maximlevitsky@gmail.com>
Cc: Sebastian Ott <sebott@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
Cc: Benjamin Herrenschmidt <benh@kernel.crashing.org>
Cc: KOSAKI Motohiro <kosaki.motohiro@jp.fujitsu.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

9 years agomm/swapfile.c: fix swapon size off-by-one
Hugh Dickins [Fri, 5 Mar 2010 21:42:12 +0000]
mm/swapfile.c: fix swapon size off-by-one

There's an off-by-one disagreement between mkswap and swapon about the
meaning of swap_header last_page: mkswap (in all versions I've looked at:
util-linux-ng and BusyBox and old util-linux; probably as far back as
1999) consistently means the offset (in page units) of the last page of
the swap area, whereas kernel sys_swapon (as far back as 2.2 and 2.3)
strangely takes it to mean the size (in page units) of the swap area.

This disagreement is the safe way round; but it's worrying people, and
loses us one page of swap.

The fix is not just to add one to nr_good_pages: we need to get maxpages
(the size of the swap_map array) right before that; and though that is an
unsigned long, be careful not to overflow the unsigned int p->max which
later holds it (probably why header uses __u32 last_page instead of size).

Why did we subtract one from the maximum swp_offset to calculate maxpages?
 Though it was probably me who made that change in 2.4.10, I don't get it:
and now we should be adding one (without risk of overflow in this case).

Fix the handling of swap_header badpages: it could have overrun the
swap_map when very large swap area used on a more limited architecture.

Remove pre-initializations of swap_header, nr_good_pages and maxpages:
those date from when sys_swapon was supporting other versions of header.

Reported-by: Nitin Gupta <ngupta@vflare.org>
Reported-by: Jarkko Lavinen <jarkko.lavinen@nokia.com>
Signed-off-by: Hugh Dickins <hugh.dickins@tiscali.co.uk>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

9 years agomm: remove VM_LOCK_RMAP code
Rik van Riel [Fri, 5 Mar 2010 21:42:10 +0000]
mm: remove VM_LOCK_RMAP code

When a VMA is in an inconsistent state during setup or teardown, the worst
that can happen is that the rmap code will not be able to find the page.

The mapping is in the process of being torn down (PTEs just got
invalidated by munmap), or set up (no PTEs have been instantiated yet).

It is also impossible for the rmap code to follow a pointer to an already
freed VMA, because the rmap code holds the anon_vma->lock, which the VMA
teardown code needs to take before the VMA is removed from the anon_vma
chain.

Hence, we should not need the VM_LOCK_RMAP locking at all.

Signed-off-by: Rik van Riel <riel@redhat.com>
Cc: Nick Piggin <npiggin@suse.de>
Cc: KOSAKI Motohiro <kosaki.motohiro@jp.fujitsu.com>
Cc: Larry Woodman <lwoodman@redhat.com>
Cc: Lee Schermerhorn <Lee.Schermerhorn@hp.com>
Cc: Andrea Arcangeli <aarcange@redhat.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

9 years agormap: move exclusively owned pages to own anon_vma in do_wp_page()
Rik van Riel [Fri, 5 Mar 2010 21:42:09 +0000]
rmap: move exclusively owned pages to own anon_vma in do_wp_page()

When the parent process breaks the COW on a page, both the original which
is mapped at child and the new page which is mapped parent end up in that
same anon_vma.  Generally this won't be a problem, but for some workloads
it could preserve the O(N) rmap scanning complexity.

A simple fix is to ensure that, when a page which is mapped child gets
reused in do_wp_page, because we already are the exclusive owner, the page
gets moved to our own exclusive child's anon_vma.

Signed-off-by: Rik van Riel <riel@redhat.com>
Cc: KOSAKI Motohiro <kosaki.motohiro@jp.fujitsu.com>
Cc: Larry Woodman <lwoodman@redhat.com>
Cc: Lee Schermerhorn <Lee.Schermerhorn@hp.com>
Reviewed-by: Minchan Kim <minchan.kim@gmail.com>
Cc: Andrea Arcangeli <aarcange@redhat.com>
Cc: Hugh Dickins <hugh.dickins@tiscali.co.uk>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

9 years agormap: remove obsolete check from __page_check_anon_rmap()
Rik van Riel [Fri, 5 Mar 2010 21:42:08 +0000]
rmap: remove obsolete check from __page_check_anon_rmap()

When an anonymous page is inherited from a parent process, the
vma->anon_vma can differ from the page anon_vma.  This can trip up
__page_check_anon_rmap, which is indirectly called from do_swap_page().

Remove that obsolete check to prevent an oops.

Signed-off-by: Rik van Riel <riel@redhat.com>
Cc: KOSAKI Motohiro <kosaki.motohiro@jp.fujitsu.com>
Cc: Larry Woodman <lwoodman@redhat.com>
Cc: Lee Schermerhorn <Lee.Schermerhorn@hp.com>
Reviewed-by: Minchan Kim <minchan.kim@gmail.com>
Cc: Andrea Arcangeli <aarcange@redhat.com>
Cc: Hugh Dickins <hugh.dickins@tiscali.co.uk>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

9 years agomm: change anon_vma linking to fix multi-process server scalability issue
Rik van Riel [Fri, 5 Mar 2010 21:42:07 +0000]
mm: change anon_vma linking to fix multi-process server scalability issue

The old anon_vma code can lead to scalability issues with heavily forking
workloads.  Specifically, each anon_vma will be shared between the parent
process and all its child processes.

In a workload with 1000 child processes and a VMA with 1000 anonymous
pages per process that get COWed, this leads to a system with a million
anonymous pages in the same anon_vma, each of which is mapped in just one
of the 1000 processes.  However, the current rmap code needs to walk them
all, leading to O(N) scanning complexity for each page.

This can result in systems where one CPU is walking the page tables of
1000 processes in page_referenced_one, while all other CPUs are stuck on
the anon_vma lock.  This leads to catastrophic failure for a benchmark
like AIM7, where the total number of processes can reach in the tens of
thousands.  Real workloads are still a factor 10 less process intensive
than AIM7, but they are catching up.

This patch changes the way anon_vmas and VMAs are linked, which allows us
to associate multiple anon_vmas with a VMA.  At fork time, each child
process gets its own anon_vmas, in which its COWed pages will be
instantiated.  The parents' anon_vma is also linked to the VMA, because
non-COWed pages could be present in any of the children.

This reduces rmap scanning complexity to O(1) for the pages of the 1000
child processes, with O(N) complexity for at most 1/N pages in the system.
 This reduces the average scanning cost in heavily forking workloads from
O(N) to 2.

The only real complexity in this patch stems from the fact that linking a
VMA to anon_vmas now involves memory allocations.  This means vma_adjust
can fail, if it needs to attach a VMA to anon_vma structures.  This in
turn means error handling needs to be added to the calling functions.

A second source of complexity is that, because there can be multiple
anon_vmas, the anon_vma linking in vma_adjust can no longer be done under
"the" anon_vma lock.  To prevent the rmap code from walking up an
incomplete VMA, this patch introduces the VM_LOCK_RMAP VMA flag.  This bit
flag uses the same slot as the NOMMU VM_MAPPED_COPY, with an ifdef in mm.h
to make sure it is impossible to compile a kernel that needs both symbolic
values for the same bitflag.

Some test results:

Without the anon_vma changes, when AIM7 hits around 9.7k users (on a test
box with 16GB RAM and not quite enough IO), the system ends up running
>99% in system time, with every CPU on the same anon_vma lock in the
pageout code.

With these changes, AIM7 hits the cross-over point around 29.7k users.
This happens with ~99% IO wait time, there never seems to be any spike in
system time.  The anon_vma lock contention appears to be resolved.

[akpm@linux-foundation.org: cleanups]
Signed-off-by: Rik van Riel <riel@redhat.com>
Cc: KOSAKI Motohiro <kosaki.motohiro@jp.fujitsu.com>
Cc: Larry Woodman <lwoodman@redhat.com>
Cc: Lee Schermerhorn <Lee.Schermerhorn@hp.com>
Cc: Minchan Kim <minchan.kim@gmail.com>
Cc: Andrea Arcangeli <aarcange@redhat.com>
Cc: Hugh Dickins <hugh.dickins@tiscali.co.uk>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

9 years agomm/memcontrol.c: fix "integer as NULL pointer" sparse warning
Thiago Farina [Fri, 5 Mar 2010 21:42:04 +0000]
mm/memcontrol.c: fix "integer as NULL pointer" sparse warning

mm/memcontrol.c:2548:32: warning: Using plain integer as NULL pointer

Signed-off-by: Thiago Farina <tfransosi@gmail.com>
Acked-by: Balbir Singh <balbir@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

9 years agoinclude/linux/fs.h: convert FMODE_* constants to hex
Andrew Morton [Fri, 5 Mar 2010 21:42:03 +0000]
include/linux/fs.h: convert FMODE_* constants to hex

It was tolerable until Eric went and added 8388608.

Cc: Eric Paris <eparis@redhat.com>
Cc: Wu Fengguang <fengguang.wu@intel.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

9 years agoreadahead: introduce FMODE_RANDOM for POSIX_FADV_RANDOM
Wu Fengguang [Fri, 5 Mar 2010 21:42:03 +0000]
readahead: introduce FMODE_RANDOM for POSIX_FADV_RANDOM

This fixes inefficient page-by-page reads on POSIX_FADV_RANDOM.

POSIX_FADV_RANDOM used to set ra_pages=0, which leads to poor performance:
a 16K read will be carried out in 4 _sync_ 1-page reads.

In other places, ra_pages==0 means
- it's ramfs/tmpfs/hugetlbfs/sysfs/configfs
- some IO error happened
where multi-page read IO won't help or should be avoided.

POSIX_FADV_RANDOM actually want a different semantics: to disable the
*heuristic* readahead algorithm, and to use a dumb one which faithfully
submit read IO for whatever application requests.

So introduce a flag FMODE_RANDOM for POSIX_FADV_RANDOM.

Note that the random hint is not likely to help random reads performance
noticeably.  And it may be too permissive on huge request size (its IO
size is not limited by read_ahead_kb).

In Quentin's report (http://lkml.org/lkml/2009/12/24/145), the overall
(NFS read) performance of the application increased by 313%!

Tested-by: Quentin Barnes <qbarnes+nfs@yahoo-inc.com>
Signed-off-by: Wu Fengguang <fengguang.wu@intel.com>
Cc: Nick Piggin <npiggin@suse.de>
Cc: Andi Kleen <andi@firstfloor.org>
Cc: Steven Whitehouse <swhiteho@redhat.com>
Cc: David Howells <dhowells@redhat.com>
Cc: Jonathan Corbet <corbet@lwn.net>
Cc: Al Viro <viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk>
Cc: Christoph Hellwig <hch@infradead.org>
Cc: Trond Myklebust <Trond.Myklebust@netapp.com>
Cc: Chuck Lever <chuck.lever@oracle.com>
Cc: <stable@kernel.org> [2.6.33.x]
Cc: <qbarnes+nfs@yahoo-inc.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

9 years agovfs: take f_lock on modifying f_mode after open time
Wu Fengguang [Fri, 5 Mar 2010 21:42:01 +0000]
vfs: take f_lock on modifying f_mode after open time

We'll introduce FMODE_RANDOM which will be runtime modified.  So protect
all runtime modification to f_mode with f_lock to avoid races.

Signed-off-by: Wu Fengguang <fengguang.wu@intel.com>
Cc: Al Viro <viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk>
Cc: Christoph Hellwig <hch@infradead.org>
Cc: Trond Myklebust <Trond.Myklebust@netapp.com>
Cc: Chuck Lever <chuck.lever@oracle.com>
Cc: <stable@kernel.org> [2.6.33.x]
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

9 years agomm/migrate.c: kill anon local variable from migrate_page_copy
KOSAKI Motohiro [Fri, 5 Mar 2010 21:42:00 +0000]
mm/migrate.c: kill anon local variable from migrate_page_copy

commit 01b1ae63c2 ("memcg: simple migration handling") removed
mem_cgroup_uncharge_cache_page() call from migrate_page_copy.  Local
variable `anon' is now unused.

Signed-off-by: KOSAKI Motohiro <kosaki.motohiro@jp.fujitsu.com>
Cc: KAMEZAWA Hiroyuki <kamezawa.hiroyu@jp.fujitsu.com>
Cc: Daisuke Nishimura <nishimura@mxp.nes.nec.co.jp>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

9 years agomm/mempolicy.c: fix indentation of the comments of do_migrate_pages
KOSAKI Motohiro [Fri, 5 Mar 2010 21:41:59 +0000]
mm/mempolicy.c: fix indentation of the comments of do_migrate_pages

Currently, do_migrate_pages() have very long comment and this is not
indent properly.  I often misunderstand it is function starting commnents
and confused it.

this patch fixes it.

note: this patch doesn't break 80 column rule. I guess original
      author intended this indentaion, but an accident corrupted it.

Signed-off-by: KOSAKI Motohiro <kosaki.motohiro@jp.fujitsu.com>
Reviewed-by: Christoph Lameter <cl@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

9 years agomemory-hotplug: create /sys/firmware/memmap entry for new memory
akpm@linux-foundation.org [Fri, 5 Mar 2010 21:41:58 +0000]
memory-hotplug: create /sys/firmware/memmap entry for new memory

A memmap is a directory in sysfs which includes 3 text files: start, end
and type.  For example:

start:  0x100000
end: 0x7e7b1cff
type: System RAM

Interface firmware_map_add was not called explicitly.  Remove it and add
function firmware_map_add_hotplug as hotplug interface of memmap.

Each memory entry has a memmap in sysfs, When we hot-add new memory, sysfs
does not export memmap entry for it.  We add a call in function add_memory
to function firmware_map_add_hotplug.

Add a new function add_sysfs_fw_map_entry() to create memmap entry, it
will be called when initialize memmap and hot-add memory.

[akpm@linux-foundation.org: un-kernedoc a no longer kerneldoc comment]
Signed-off-by: Shaohui Zheng <shaohui.zheng@intel.com>
Acked-by: Andi Kleen <ak@linux.intel.com>
Acked-by: Yasunori Goto <y-goto@jp.fujitsu.com>
Reviewed-by: Wu Fengguang <fengguang.wu@intel.com>
Cc: Dave Hansen <haveblue@us.ibm.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

9 years agomm: fix mbind vma merge problem
KOSAKI Motohiro [Fri, 5 Mar 2010 21:41:57 +0000]
mm: fix mbind vma merge problem

Strangely, current mbind() doesn't merge vma with neighbor vma although it's possible.
Unfortunately, many vma can reduce performance...

This patch fixes it.

    reproduced program
    ----------------------------------------------------------------
     #include <numaif.h>
     #include <numa.h>
     #include <sys/mman.h>
     #include <stdio.h>
     #include <unistd.h>
     #include <stdlib.h>
     #include <string.h>

    static unsigned long pagesize;

    int main(int argc, char** argv)
    {
     void* addr;
     int ch;
     int node;
     struct bitmask *nmask = numa_allocate_nodemask();
     int err;
     int node_set = 0;
     char buf[128];

     while ((ch = getopt(argc, argv, "n:")) != -1){
     switch (ch){
     case 'n':
     node = strtol(optarg, NULL, 0);
     numa_bitmask_setbit(nmask, node);
     node_set = 1;
     break;
     default:
     ;
     }
     }
     argc -= optind;
     argv += optind;

     if (!node_set)
     numa_bitmask_setbit(nmask, 0);

     pagesize = getpagesize();

     addr = mmap(NULL, pagesize*3, PROT_READ|PROT_WRITE,
         MAP_ANON|MAP_PRIVATE, 0, 0);
     if (addr == MAP_FAILED)
     perror("mmap "), exit(1);

     fprintf(stderr, "pid = %d \n" "addr = %p\n", getpid(), addr);

     /* make page populate */
     memset(addr, 0, pagesize*3);

     /* first mbind */
     err = mbind(addr+pagesize, pagesize, MPOL_BIND, nmask->maskp,
         nmask->size, MPOL_MF_MOVE_ALL);
     if (err)
     error("mbind1 ");

     /* second mbind */
     err = mbind(addr, pagesize*3, MPOL_DEFAULT, NULL, 0, 0);
     if (err)
     error("mbind2 ");

     sprintf(buf, "cat /proc/%d/maps", getpid());
     system(buf);

     return 0;
    }
    ----------------------------------------------------------------

result without this patch

addr = 0x7fe26ef09000
[snip]
7fe26ef09000-7fe26ef0a000 rw-p 00000000 00:00 0
7fe26ef0a000-7fe26ef0b000 rw-p 00000000 00:00 0
7fe26ef0b000-7fe26ef0c000 rw-p 00000000 00:00 0
7fe26ef0c000-7fe26ef0d000 rw-p 00000000 00:00 0

=> 0x7fe26ef09000-0x7fe26ef0c000 have three vmas.

result with this patch

addr = 0x7fc9ebc76000
[snip]
7fc9ebc76000-7fc9ebc7a000 rw-p 00000000 00:00 0
7fffbe690000-7fffbe6a5000 rw-p 00000000 00:00 0 [stack]

=> 0x7fc9ebc76000-0x7fc9ebc7a000 have only one vma.

[minchan.kim@gmail.com: fix file offset passed to vma_merge()]
Signed-off-by: KOSAKI Motohiro <kosaki.motohiro@jp.fujitsu.com>
Reviewed-by: Christoph Lameter <cl@linux-foundation.org>
Cc: Nick Piggin <nickpiggin@yahoo.com.au>
Cc: Hugh Dickins <hugh.dickins@tiscali.co.uk>
Cc: Andrea Arcangeli <aarcange@redhat.com>
Cc: Mel Gorman <mel@csn.ul.ie>
Cc: Lee Schermerhorn <lee.schermerhorn@hp.com>
Signed-off-by: Minchan Kim <minchan.kim@gmail.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

9 years agomm: restore zone->all_unreclaimable to independence word
KOSAKI Motohiro [Fri, 5 Mar 2010 21:41:55 +0000]
mm: restore zone->all_unreclaimable to independence word

commit e815af95 ("change all_unreclaimable zone member to flags") changed
all_unreclaimable member to bit flag.  But it had an undesireble side
effect.  free_one_page() is one of most hot path in linux kernel and
increasing atomic ops in it can reduce kernel performance a bit.

Thus, this patch revert such commit partially. at least
all_unreclaimable shouldn't share memory word with other zone flags.

[akpm@linux-foundation.org: fix patch interaction]
Signed-off-by: KOSAKI Motohiro <kosaki.motohiro@jp.fujitsu.com>
Cc: David Rientjes <rientjes@google.com>
Cc: Wu Fengguang <fengguang.wu@intel.com>
Cc: KAMEZAWA Hiroyuki <kamezawa.hiroyu@jp.fujitsu.com>
Cc: Minchan Kim <minchan.kim@gmail.com>
Cc: Huang Shijie <shijie8@gmail.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

9 years agomm: remove free_hot_page()
Li Hong [Fri, 5 Mar 2010 21:41:54 +0000]
mm: remove free_hot_page()

free_hot_page() is just a wrapper around free_hot_cold_page() with
parameter 'cold = 0'.  After adding a clear comment for
free_hot_cold_page(), it is reasonable to remove a level of call.

[akpm@linux-foundation.org: fix build]
Signed-off-by: Li Hong <lihong.hi@gmail.com>
Cc: Mel Gorman <mel@csn.ul.ie>
Cc: Rik van Riel <riel@redhat.com>
Cc: Ingo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu>
Cc: Larry Woodman <lwoodman@redhat.com>
Cc: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org>
Cc: Li Ming Chun <macli@brc.ubc.ca>
Cc: KOSAKI Motohiro <kosaki.motohiro@jp.fujitsu.com>
Cc: Americo Wang <xiyou.wangcong@gmail.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

9 years agomm/page_alloc.c: adjust a call site to trace_mm_page_free_direct
Li Hong [Fri, 5 Mar 2010 21:41:53 +0000]
mm/page_alloc.c: adjust a call site to trace_mm_page_free_direct

Move a call of trace_mm_page_free_direct() from free_hot_page() to
free_hot_cold_page().  It is clearer and close to kmemcheck_free_shadow(),
as it is done in function __free_pages_ok().

Signed-off-by: Li Hong <lihong.hi@gmail.com>
Cc: Mel Gorman <mel@csn.ul.ie>
Cc: Rik van Riel <riel@redhat.com>
Cc: Ingo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu>
Cc: Larry Woodman <lwoodman@redhat.com>
Cc: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org>
Cc: Li Ming Chun <macli@brc.ubc.ca>
Cc: KOSAKI Motohiro <kosaki.motohiro@jp.fujitsu.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

9 years agomm/page_alloc.c: remove duplicate call to trace_mm_page_free_direct
Li Hong [Fri, 5 Mar 2010 21:41:52 +0000]
mm/page_alloc.c: remove duplicate call to trace_mm_page_free_direct

trace_mm_page_free_direct() is called in function __free_pages().  But it
is called again in free_hot_page() if order == 0 and produce duplicate
records in trace file for mm_page_free_direct event.  As below:

K-PID    CPU#    TIMESTAMP  FUNCTION
  gnome-terminal-1567  [000]  4415.246466: mm_page_free_direct: page=ffffea0003db9f40 pfn=1155800 order=0
  gnome-terminal-1567  [000]  4415.246468: mm_page_free_direct: page=ffffea0003db9f40 pfn=1155800 order=0
  gnome-terminal-1567  [000]  4415.246506: mm_page_alloc: page=ffffea0003db9f40 pfn=1155800 order=0 migratetype=0 gfp_flags=GFP_KERNEL
  gnome-terminal-1567  [000]  4415.255557: mm_page_free_direct: page=ffffea0003db9f40 pfn=1155800 order=0
  gnome-terminal-1567  [000]  4415.255557: mm_page_free_direct: page=ffffea0003db9f40 pfn=1155800 order=0

This patch removes the first call and adds a call to
trace_mm_page_free_direct() in __free_pages_ok().

Signed-off-by: Li Hong <lihong.hi@gmail.com>
Cc: Mel Gorman <mel@csn.ul.ie>
Cc: Rik van Riel <riel@redhat.com>
Cc: Ingo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu>
Cc: Larry Woodman <lwoodman@redhat.com>
Cc: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org>
Cc: Li Ming Chun <macli@brc.ubc.ca>
Cc: KOSAKI Motohiro <kosaki.motohiro@jp.fujitsu.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

9 years agomm, lockdep: annotate reclaim context to zone reclaim too
KOSAKI Motohiro [Fri, 5 Mar 2010 21:41:47 +0000]
mm, lockdep: annotate reclaim context to zone reclaim too

Commit cf40bd16fd ("lockdep: annotate reclaim context") introduced reclaim
context annotation.  But it didn't annotate zone reclaim.  This patch do
it.

The point is, commit cf40bd16fd annotate __alloc_pages_direct_reclaim but
zone-reclaim doesn't use __alloc_pages_direct_reclaim.

current call graph is

__alloc_pages_nodemask
   get_page_from_freelist
       zone_reclaim()
   __alloc_pages_slowpath
       __alloc_pages_direct_reclaim
           try_to_free_pages

Actually, if zone_reclaim_mode=1, VM never call
__alloc_pages_direct_reclaim in usual VM pressure.

Signed-off-by: KOSAKI Motohiro <kosaki.motohiro@jp.fujitsu.com>
Reviewed-by: Minchan Kim <minchan.kim@gmail.com>
Acked-by: Nick Piggin <npiggin@suse.de>
Cc: Peter Zijlstra <a.p.zijlstra@chello.nl>
Cc: Ingo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

9 years agovmscan: get_scan_ratio() cleanup
KOSAKI Motohiro [Fri, 5 Mar 2010 21:41:47 +0000]
vmscan: get_scan_ratio() cleanup

The get_scan_ratio() should have all scan-ratio related calculations.
Thus, this patch move some calculation into get_scan_ratio.

Signed-off-by: KOSAKI Motohiro <kosaki.motohiro@jp.fujitsu.com>
Reviewed-by: Rik van Riel <riel@redhat.com>
Reviewed-by: KAMEZAWA Hiroyuki <kamezawa.hiroyu@jp.fujitsu.com>
Reviewed-by: Minchan Kim <minchan.kim@gmail.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

9 years agovmscan: check high watermark after shrink zone
Minchan Kim [Fri, 5 Mar 2010 21:41:45 +0000]
vmscan: check high watermark after shrink zone

Kswapd checks that zone has sufficient pages free via zone_watermark_ok().

If any zone doesn't have enough pages, we set all_zones_ok to zero.
!all_zone_ok makes kswapd retry rather than sleeping.

I think the watermark check before shrink_zone() is pointless.  Only after
kswapd has tried to shrink the zone is the check meaningful.

Move the check to after the call to shrink_zone().

[akpm@linux-foundation.org: fix comment, layout]
Signed-off-by: Minchan Kim <minchan.kim@gmail.com>
Reviewed-by: KOSAKI Motohiro <kosaki.motohiro@jp.fujitsu.com>
Cc: Mel Gorman <mel@csn.ul.ie>
Cc: Rik van Riel <riel@redhat.com>
Reviewed-by: Wu Fengguang <fengguang.wu@intel.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

9 years agomm: use rlimit helpers
Jiri Slaby [Fri, 5 Mar 2010 21:41:44 +0000]
mm: use rlimit helpers

Make sure compiler won't do weird things with limits.  E.g.  fetching them
twice may return 2 different values after writable limits are implemented.

I.e.  either use rlimit helpers added in
3e10e716abf3c71bdb5d86b8f507f9e72236c9cd ("resource: add helpers for
fetching rlimits") or ACCESS_ONCE if not applicable.

Signed-off-by: Jiri Slaby <jslaby@suse.cz>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

9 years agomm: mlock_vma_pages_range() only return success or failure
KOSAKI Motohiro [Fri, 5 Mar 2010 21:41:43 +0000]
mm: mlock_vma_pages_range() only return success or failure

Currently, mlock_vma_pages_range() only return len or 0.  then current
error handling of mmap_region() is meaningless complex.

This patch makes simplify and makes consist with brk() code.

Signed-off-by: KOSAKI Motohiro <kosaki.motohiro@jp.fujitsu.com>
Cc: Nick Piggin <npiggin@suse.de>
Cc: Lee Schermerhorn <lee.schermerhorn@hp.com>
Cc: Rik van Riel <riel@redhat.com>
Cc: KAMEZAWA Hiroyuki <kamewzawa.hiroyu@jp.fujitsu.com>
Cc: Hugh Dickins <hugh.dickins@tiscali.co.uk>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

9 years agomm: mlock_vma_pages_range() never return negative value
KOSAKI Motohiro [Fri, 5 Mar 2010 21:41:43 +0000]
mm: mlock_vma_pages_range() never return negative value

Currently, mlock_vma_pages_range() never return negative value.  Then, we
can remove some worthless error check.

Signed-off-by: KOSAKI Motohiro <kosaki.motohiro@jp.fujitsu.com>
Cc: Nick Piggin <npiggin@suse.de>
Cc: Lee Schermerhorn <lee.schermerhorn@hp.com>
Cc: Rik van Riel <riel@redhat.com>
Cc: KAMEZAWA Hiroyuki <kamewzawa.hiroyu@jp.fujitsu.com>
Cc: Hugh Dickins <hugh.dickins@tiscali.co.uk>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

9 years agomm: count swap usage
KAMEZAWA Hiroyuki [Fri, 5 Mar 2010 21:41:42 +0000]
mm: count swap usage

A frequent questions from users about memory management is what numbers of
swap ents are user for processes.  And this information will give some
hints to oom-killer.

Besides we can count the number of swapents per a process by scanning
/proc/<pid>/smaps, this is very slow and not good for usual process
information handler which works like 'ps' or 'top'.  (ps or top is now
enough slow..)

This patch adds a counter of swapents to mm_counter and update is at each
swap events.  Information is exported via /proc/<pid>/status file as

[kamezawa@bluextal memory]$ cat /proc/self/status
Name:   cat
State:  R (running)
Tgid:   2910
Pid:    2910
PPid:   2823
TracerPid:      0
Uid:    500     500     500     500
Gid:    500     500     500     500
FDSize: 256
Groups: 500
VmPeak:    82696 kB
VmSize:    82696 kB
VmLck:         0 kB
VmHWM:       432 kB
VmRSS:       432 kB
VmData:      172 kB
VmStk:        84 kB
VmExe:        48 kB
VmLib:      1568 kB
VmPTE:        40 kB
VmSwap:        0 kB <=============== this.

[akpm@linux-foundation.org: coding-style fixes]
Signed-off-by: KAMEZAWA Hiroyuki <kamezawa.hiroyu@jp.fujitsu.com>
Reviewed-by: Minchan Kim <minchan.kim@gmail.com>
Reviewed-by: Christoph Lameter <cl@linux-foundation.org>
Cc: Lee Schermerhorn <lee.schermerhorn@hp.com>
Cc: David Rientjes <rientjes@google.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

9 years agomm: avoid false sharing of mm_counter
KAMEZAWA Hiroyuki [Fri, 5 Mar 2010 21:41:40 +0000]
mm: avoid false sharing of mm_counter

Considering the nature of per mm stats, it's the shared object among
threads and can be a cache-miss point in the page fault path.

This patch adds per-thread cache for mm_counter.  RSS value will be
counted into a struct in task_struct and synchronized with mm's one at
events.

Now, in this patch, the event is the number of calls to handle_mm_fault.
Per-thread value is added to mm at each 64 calls.

 rough estimation with small benchmark on parallel thread (2threads) shows
 [before]
     4.5 cache-miss/faults
 [after]
     4.0 cache-miss/faults
 Anyway, the most contended object is mmap_sem if the number of threads grows.

[akpm@linux-foundation.org: coding-style fixes]
Signed-off-by: KAMEZAWA Hiroyuki <kamezawa.hiroyu@jp.fujitsu.com>
Cc: Minchan Kim <minchan.kim@gmail.com>
Cc: Christoph Lameter <cl@linux-foundation.org>
Cc: Lee Schermerhorn <lee.schermerhorn@hp.com>
Cc: David Rientjes <rientjes@google.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

9 years agomm: clean up mm_counter
KAMEZAWA Hiroyuki [Fri, 5 Mar 2010 21:41:39 +0000]
mm: clean up mm_counter

Presently, per-mm statistics counter is defined by macro in sched.h

This patch modifies it to
  - defined in mm.h as inlinf functions
  - use array instead of macro's name creation.

This patch is for reducing patch size in future patch to modify
implementation of per-mm counter.

Signed-off-by: KAMEZAWA Hiroyuki <kamezawa.hiroyu@jp.fujitsu.com>
Reviewed-by: Minchan Kim <minchan.kim@gmail.com>
Cc: Christoph Lameter <cl@linux-foundation.org>
Cc: Lee Schermerhorn <lee.schermerhorn@hp.com>
Cc: David Rientjes <rientjes@google.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

9 years agoinfiniband: use for_each_set_bit()
Akinobu Mita [Fri, 5 Mar 2010 21:41:38 +0000]
infiniband: use for_each_set_bit()

Replace open-coded loop with for_each_set_bit().

Signed-off-by: Akinobu Mita <akinobu.mita@gmail.com>
Acked-by: Roland Dreier <rolandd@cisco.com>
Cc: Sean Hefty <sean.hefty@intel.com>
Cc: Hal Rosenstock <hal.rosenstock@gmail.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

9 years agobitops: rename for_each_bit() to for_each_set_bit()
Akinobu Mita [Fri, 5 Mar 2010 21:41:37 +0000]
bitops: rename for_each_bit() to for_each_set_bit()

Rename for_each_bit to for_each_set_bit in the kernel source tree.  To
permit for_each_clear_bit(), should that ever be added.

The patch includes a macro to map the old for_each_bit() onto the new
for_each_set_bit().  This is a (very) temporary thing to ease the migration.

[akpm@linux-foundation.org: add temporary for_each_bit()]
Suggested-by: Alexey Dobriyan <adobriyan@gmail.com>
Suggested-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Akinobu Mita <akinobu.mita@gmail.com>
Cc: "David S. Miller" <davem@davemloft.net>
Cc: Russell King <rmk@arm.linux.org.uk>
Cc: David Woodhouse <dwmw2@infradead.org>
Cc: Artem Bityutskiy <dedekind@infradead.org>
Cc: Stephen Rothwell <sfr@canb.auug.org.au>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

9 years agotimbgpio: fix build
David Miller [Fri, 5 Mar 2010 21:41:36 +0000]
timbgpio: fix build

Use of get_irq_chip_data() et al.  requires including linux/irq.h

Signed-off-by: David S. Miller <davem@davemloft.net>
Cc: Richard Röjfors <richard.rojfors@pelagicore.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

9 years agoFix a dumb typo - use of & instead of &&
Al Viro [Sat, 6 Mar 2010 18:41:07 +0000]
Fix a dumb typo - use of & instead of &&

We managed to lose O_DIRECTORY testing due to a stupid typo in commit
1f36f774b2 ("Switch !O_CREAT case to use of do_last()")

Reported-by: Walter Sheets <w41ter@gmail.com>
Signed-off-by: Al Viro <viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

9 years agoMerge branch 'slab-for-linus' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/penber...
Linus Torvalds [Fri, 5 Mar 2010 22:35:40 +0000]
Merge branch 'slab-for-linus' of git://git./linux/kernel/git/penberg/slab-2.6

* 'slab-for-linus' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/penberg/slab-2.6:
  SLUB: Fix per-cpu merge conflict
  failslab: add ability to filter slab caches
  slab: fix regression in touched logic
  dma kmalloc handling fixes
  slub: remove impossible condition
  slab: initialize unused alien cache entry as NULL at alloc_alien_cache().
  SLUB: Make slub statistics use this_cpu_inc
  SLUB: this_cpu: Remove slub kmem_cache fields
  SLUB: Get rid of dynamic DMA kmalloc cache allocation
  SLUB: Use this_cpu operations in slub

9 years agoMerge branch 'nfs-for-2.6.34' of git://git.linux-nfs.org/projects/trondmy/nfs-2.6
Linus Torvalds [Fri, 5 Mar 2010 21:25:45 +0000]
Merge branch 'nfs-for-2.6.34' of git://git.linux-nfs.org/projects/trondmy/nfs-2.6

* 'nfs-for-2.6.34' of git://git.linux-nfs.org/projects/trondmy/nfs-2.6: (44 commits)
  NFS: Remove requirement for inode->i_mutex from nfs_invalidate_mapping
  NFS: Clean up nfs_sync_mapping
  NFS: Simplify nfs_wb_page()
  NFS: Replace __nfs_write_mapping with sync_inode()
  NFS: Simplify nfs_wb_page_cancel()
  NFS: Ensure inode is always marked I_DIRTY_DATASYNC, if it has unstable pages
  NFS: Run COMMIT as an asynchronous RPC call when wbc->for_background is set
  NFS: Reduce the number of unnecessary COMMIT calls
  NFS: Add a count of the number of unstable writes carried by an inode
  NFS: Cleanup - move nfs_write_inode() into fs/nfs/write.c
  nfs41 fix NFS4ERR_CLID_INUSE for exchange id
  NFS: Fix an allocation-under-spinlock bug
  SUNRPC: Handle EINVAL error returns from the TCP connect operation
  NFSv4.1: Various fixes to the sequence flag error handling
  nfs4: renewd renew operations should take/put a client reference
  nfs41: renewd sequence operations should take/put client reference
  nfs: prevent backlogging of renewd requests
  nfs: kill renewd before clearing client minor version
  NFS: Make close(2) asynchronous when closing NFS O_DIRECT files
  NFS: Improve NFS iostat byte count accuracy for writes
  ...

9 years agoMerge branch 'for-linus' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/ericvh...
Linus Torvalds [Fri, 5 Mar 2010 21:25:24 +0000]
Merge branch 'for-linus' of git://git./linux/kernel/git/ericvh/v9fs

* 'for-linus' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/ericvh/v9fs:
  fs/9p: Add hardlink support to .u extension
  9P2010.L handshake: .L protocol negotiation
  9P2010.L handshake: Remove "dotu" variable
  9P2010.L handshake: Add mount option
  9P2010.L handshake: Add VFS flags
  net/9p: Handle mount errors correctly.
  net/9p: Remove MAX_9P_CHAN limit
  net/9p: Add multi channel support.

9 years agoMerge branch 'for_linus' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/jack/linux...
Linus Torvalds [Fri, 5 Mar 2010 21:20:53 +0000]
Merge branch 'for_linus' of git://git./linux/kernel/git/jack/linux-fs-2.6

* 'for_linus' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/jack/linux-fs-2.6: (33 commits)
  quota: stop using QUOTA_OK / NO_QUOTA
  dquot: cleanup dquot initialize routine
  dquot: move dquot initialization responsibility into the filesystem
  dquot: cleanup dquot drop routine
  dquot: move dquot drop responsibility into the filesystem
  dquot: cleanup dquot transfer routine
  dquot: move dquot transfer responsibility into the filesystem
  dquot: cleanup inode allocation / freeing routines
  dquot: cleanup space allocation / freeing routines
  ext3: add writepage sanity checks
  ext3: Truncate allocated blocks if direct IO write fails to update i_size
  quota: Properly invalidate caches even for filesystems with blocksize < pagesize
  quota: generalize quota transfer interface
  quota: sb_quota state flags cleanup
  jbd: Delay discarding buffers in journal_unmap_buffer
  ext3: quota_write cross block boundary behaviour
  quota: drop permission checks from xfs_fs_set_xstate/xfs_fs_set_xquota
  quota: split out compat_sys_quotactl support from quota.c
  quota: split out netlink notification support from quota.c
  quota: remove invalid optimization from quota_sync_all
  ...

Fixed trivial conflicts in fs/namei.c and fs/ufs/inode.c

9 years agoMerge branch 'kvm-updates/2.6.34' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/virt/kvm/kvm
Linus Torvalds [Fri, 5 Mar 2010 21:12:34 +0000]
Merge branch 'kvm-updates/2.6.34' of git://git./virt/kvm/kvm

* 'kvm-updates/2.6.34' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/virt/kvm/kvm: (145 commits)
  KVM: x86: Add KVM_CAP_X86_ROBUST_SINGLESTEP
  KVM: VMX: Update instruction length on intercepted BP
  KVM: Fix emulate_sys[call, enter, exit]()'s fault handling
  KVM: Fix segment descriptor loading
  KVM: Fix load_guest_segment_descriptor() to inject page fault
  KVM: x86 emulator: Forbid modifying CS segment register by mov instruction
  KVM: Convert kvm->requests_lock to raw_spinlock_t
  KVM: Convert i8254/i8259 locks to raw_spinlocks
  KVM: x86 emulator: disallow opcode 82 in 64-bit mode
  KVM: x86 emulator: code style cleanup
  KVM: Plan obsolescence of kernel allocated slots, paravirt mmu
  KVM: x86 emulator: Add LOCK prefix validity checking
  KVM: x86 emulator: Check CPL level during privilege instruction emulation
  KVM: x86 emulator: Fix popf emulation
  KVM: x86 emulator: Check IOPL level during io instruction emulation
  KVM: x86 emulator: fix memory access during x86 emulation
  KVM: x86 emulator: Add Virtual-8086 mode of emulation
  KVM: x86 emulator: Add group9 instruction decoding
  KVM: x86 emulator: Add group8 instruction decoding
  KVM: do not store wqh in irqfd
  ...

Trivial conflicts in Documentation/feature-removal-schedule.txt

9 years agofs/9p: Add hardlink support to .u extension
Aneesh Kumar K.V [Fri, 5 Mar 2010 20:43:43 +0000]
fs/9p: Add hardlink support to .u extension

For regular file and directories we put the link
count in th extension field in a tagged string format.

Signed-off-by: Aneesh Kumar K.V <aneesh.kumar@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
Signed-off-by: Eric Van Hensbergen <ericvh@gmail.com>

9 years ago9P2010.L handshake: .L protocol negotiation
Sripathi Kodi [Fri, 5 Mar 2010 18:51:04 +0000]
9P2010.L handshake: .L protocol negotiation

This patch adds 9P2010.L protocol negotiation with the server

Signed-off-by: Sripathi Kodi <sripathik@in.ibm.com>
Signed-off-by: Eric Van Hensbergen <ericvh@gmail.com>

9 years ago9P2010.L handshake: Remove "dotu" variable
Sripathi Kodi [Fri, 5 Mar 2010 18:50:14 +0000]
9P2010.L handshake: Remove "dotu" variable

Removes 'dotu' variable and make everything dependent
on 'proto_version' field.

Signed-off-by: Sripathi Kodi <sripathik@in.ibm.com>
Signed-off-by: Eric Van Hensbergen <ericvh@gmail.com>

9 years ago9P2010.L handshake: Add mount option
Sripathi Kodi [Fri, 5 Mar 2010 18:49:11 +0000]
9P2010.L handshake: Add mount option

Add new mount V9FS mount option to specify protocol version

This patch adds a new mount option to specify protocol version.
With this option it is possible to use "-o version=" switch to
specify 9P protocol version to use. Valid options for version
are:
9p2000
9p2000.u
9p2010.L

Signed-off-by: Sripathi Kodi <sripathik@in.ibm.com>
Signed-off-by: Eric Van Hensbergen <ericvh@gmail.com>

9 years ago9P2010.L handshake: Add VFS flags
Sripathi Kodi [Fri, 5 Mar 2010 18:48:00 +0000]
9P2010.L handshake: Add VFS flags

Add 9P2000.u and 9P2010.L protocol flags to V9FS VFS

This patch adds 9P2000.u and 9P2010.L protocol flags into V9FS VFS side code
and removes the single flag used for 'extended'.

Signed-off-by: Sripathi Kodi <sripathik@in.ibm.com>
Signed-off-by: Eric Van Hensbergen <ericvh@gmail.com>

9 years agonet/9p: Handle mount errors correctly.
Aneesh Kumar K.V [Mon, 15 Feb 2010 17:27:02 +0000]
net/9p: Handle mount errors correctly.

With this patch we have

# mount -t 9p -o trans=virtio virtio2 /mnt/
# mount -t 9p -o trans=virtio virtio2 /mnt/
mount: virtio2 already mounted or /mnt/ busy
mount: according to mtab, virtio2 is already mounted on /mnt
# mount -t 9p -o trans=virtio virtio3 /mnt/ -o debug=0xfff
mount: special device virtio3 does not exist

Signed-off-by: Aneesh Kumar K.V <aneesh.kumar@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
Signed-off-by: Eric Van Hensbergen <ericvh@gmail.com>

9 years agonet/9p: Remove MAX_9P_CHAN limit
Aneesh Kumar K.V [Mon, 15 Feb 2010 17:27:01 +0000]
net/9p: Remove MAX_9P_CHAN limit

Use a list to track the channel instead of statically
allocated array

Signed-off-by: Aneesh Kumar K.V <aneesh.kumar@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
Signed-off-by: Eric Van Hensbergen <ericvh@gmail.com>

9 years agonet/9p: Add multi channel support.
Aneesh Kumar K.V [Mon, 15 Feb 2010 17:27:00 +0000]
net/9p: Add multi channel support.

This is needed for supporting multiple mount points.

We can find out the device names to be used with mount by checking

/sys/devices/virtio-pci/virtio*/device file

if the device file have value 9 then the specific virtio device can
be used for mounting.

ex:
 #cat /sys/devices/virtio-pci/virtio1/device
 9

now we can mount using
# mount -t 9p -o trans=virtio virtio1  /mnt/

Signed-off-by: Aneesh Kumar K.V <aneesh.kumar@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
Signed-off-by: Eric Van Hensbergen <ericvh@gmail.com>

9 years agoMerge branch 'writeback-for-2.6.34' into nfs-for-2.6.34
Trond Myklebust [Fri, 5 Mar 2010 20:46:18 +0000]
Merge branch 'writeback-for-2.6.34' into nfs-for-2.6.34

9 years agoNFS: Remove requirement for inode->i_mutex from nfs_invalidate_mapping
Trond Myklebust [Sat, 20 Feb 2010 01:03:30 +0000]
NFS: Remove requirement for inode->i_mutex from nfs_invalidate_mapping

Signed-off-by: Trond Myklebust <Trond.Myklebust@netapp.com>

9 years agoNFS: Clean up nfs_sync_mapping
Trond Myklebust [Sat, 20 Feb 2010 01:03:29 +0000]
NFS: Clean up nfs_sync_mapping

Remove the redundant call to filemap_write_and_wait().

Signed-off-by: Trond Myklebust <Trond.Myklebust@netapp.com>

9 years agoNFS: Simplify nfs_wb_page()
Trond Myklebust [Sat, 20 Feb 2010 01:03:28 +0000]
NFS: Simplify nfs_wb_page()

Signed-off-by: Trond Myklebust <Trond.Myklebust@netapp.com>

9 years agoNFS: Replace __nfs_write_mapping with sync_inode()
Trond Myklebust [Sat, 20 Feb 2010 01:03:26 +0000]
NFS: Replace __nfs_write_mapping with sync_inode()

Now that we have correct COMMIT semantics in writeback_single_inode, we can
reduce and simplify nfs_wb_all(). Also replace nfs_wb_nocommit() with a
call to filemap_write_and_wait(), which doesn't need to hold the
inode->i_mutex.

With that done, we can eliminate nfs_write_mapping() altogether.

Signed-off-by: Trond Myklebust <Trond.Myklebust@netapp.com>

9 years agoNFS: Simplify nfs_wb_page_cancel()
Trond Myklebust [Sat, 20 Feb 2010 01:03:21 +0000]
NFS: Simplify nfs_wb_page_cancel()

In all cases we should be able to just remove the request and call
cancel_dirty_page().

Signed-off-by: Trond Myklebust <Trond.Myklebust@netapp.com>

9 years agoNFS: Ensure inode is always marked I_DIRTY_DATASYNC, if it has unstable pages
Trond Myklebust [Sat, 20 Feb 2010 01:03:18 +0000]
NFS: Ensure inode is always marked I_DIRTY_DATASYNC, if it has unstable pages

Since nfs_scan_list() doesn't wait for locked pages, we have a race in
which it is possible to end up with an inode that needs to send a COMMIT,
but which does not have the I_DIRTY_DATASYNC flag set.

Signed-off-by: Trond Myklebust <Trond.Myklebust@netapp.com>

9 years agoNFS: Run COMMIT as an asynchronous RPC call when wbc->for_background is set
Trond Myklebust [Sat, 20 Feb 2010 01:02:24 +0000]
NFS: Run COMMIT as an asynchronous RPC call when wbc->for_background is set

Signed-off-by: Trond Myklebust <Trond.Myklebust@netapp.com>
Acked-by: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org>
Acked-by: Wu Fengguang <fengguang.wu@intel.com>

9 years agoNFS: Reduce the number of unnecessary COMMIT calls
Trond Myklebust [Sat, 20 Feb 2010 01:00:02 +0000]
NFS: Reduce the number of unnecessary COMMIT calls

If the caller is doing a non-blocking flush, and there are still writebacks
pending on the wire, we can usually defer the COMMIT call until those
writes are done.

Also ensure that we honour the wbc->nonblocking flag.

Signed-off-by: Trond Myklebust <Trond.Myklebust@netapp.com>

9 years agoNFS: Add a count of the number of unstable writes carried by an inode
Trond Myklebust [Sat, 20 Feb 2010 00:53:39 +0000]
NFS: Add a count of the number of unstable writes carried by an inode

In order to know when we should do opportunistic commits of the unstable
writes, when the VM is doing a background flush, we add a field to count
the number of unstable writes.

Signed-off-by: Trond Myklebust <Trond.Myklebust@netapp.com>

9 years agoNFS: Cleanup - move nfs_write_inode() into fs/nfs/write.c
Trond Myklebust [Sat, 20 Feb 2010 00:46:56 +0000]
NFS: Cleanup - move nfs_write_inode() into fs/nfs/write.c

The sole purpose of nfs_write_inode is to commit unstable writes, so
move it into fs/nfs/write.c, and make nfs_commit_inode static.

Signed-off-by: Trond Myklebust <Trond.Myklebust@netapp.com>

9 years agoMerge branch 'write_inode2' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/viro...
Linus Torvalds [Fri, 5 Mar 2010 19:53:53 +0000]
Merge branch 'write_inode2' of git://git./linux/kernel/git/viro/vfs-2.6

* 'write_inode2' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/viro/vfs-2.6:
  pass writeback_control to ->write_inode
  make sure data is on disk before calling ->write_inode

9 years agoMerge branch 'for-linus' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/viro/vfs-2.6
Linus Torvalds [Fri, 5 Mar 2010 19:46:31 +0000]
Merge branch 'for-linus' of git://git./linux/kernel/git/viro/vfs-2.6

* 'for-linus' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/viro/vfs-2.6:
  Switch !O_CREAT case to use of do_last()
  Get rid of symlink body copying
  Finish pulling of -ESTALE handling to upper level in do_filp_open()
  Turn do_link spaghetty into a normal loop
  Unify exits in O_CREAT handling
  Kill is_link argument of do_last()
  Pull handling of LAST_BIND into do_last(), clean up ok: part in do_filp_open()
  Leave mangled flag only for setting nd.intent.open.flag
  Get rid of passing mangled flag to do_last()
  Don't pass mangled open_flag to finish_open()
  pull more into do_last()
  bail out with ELOOP earlier in do_link loop
  pull the common predecessors into do_last()
  postpone __putname() until after do_last()
  unroll do_last: loop in do_filp_open()
  Shift releasing nd->root from do_last() to its caller
  gut do_filp_open() a bit more (do_last separation)
  beginning to untangle do_filp_open()

9 years agox86: fix mtrr missing kernel-doc
Randy Dunlap [Fri, 5 Mar 2010 17:52:52 +0000]
x86: fix mtrr missing kernel-doc

Fix missing kernel-doc notation in mtrr/main.c:

Warning(arch/x86/kernel/cpu/mtrr/main.c:152): No description found for parameter 'info'

Signed-off-by: Randy Dunlap <randy.dunlap@oracle.com>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

9 years agoMerge branch 'perf-probes-for-linus-2' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel...
Linus Torvalds [Fri, 5 Mar 2010 18:50:22 +0000]
Merge branch 'perf-probes-for-linus-2' of git://git./linux/kernel/git/tip/linux-2.6-tip

* 'perf-probes-for-linus-2' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/tip/linux-2.6-tip:
  x86: Issue at least one memory barrier in stop_machine_text_poke()
  perf probe: Correct probe syntax on command line help
  perf probe: Add lazy line matching support
  perf probe: Show more lines after last line
  perf probe: Check function address range strictly in line finder
  perf probe: Use libdw callback routines
  perf probe: Use elfutils-libdw for analyzing debuginfo
  perf probe: Rename probe finder functions
  perf probe: Fix bugs in line range finder
  perf probe: Update perf probe document
  perf probe: Do not show --line option without dwarf support
  kprobes: Add documents of jump optimization
  kprobes/x86: Support kprobes jump optimization on x86
  x86: Add text_poke_smp for SMP cross modifying code
  kprobes/x86: Cleanup save/restore registers
  kprobes/x86: Boost probes when reentering
  kprobes: Jump optimization sysctl interface
  kprobes: Introduce kprobes jump optimization
  kprobes: Introduce generic insn_slot framework
  kprobes/x86: Cleanup RELATIVEJUMP_INSTRUCTION to RELATIVEJUMP_OPCODE

9 years agoMerge git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/herbert/crypto-2.6
Linus Torvalds [Fri, 5 Mar 2010 18:47:57 +0000]
Merge git://git./linux/kernel/git/herbert/crypto-2.6

* git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/herbert/crypto-2.6:
  padata: Allocate the cpumask for the padata instance
  crypto: authenc - Move saved IV in front of the ablkcipher request
  crypto: hash - Fix handling of unaligned buffers
  crypto: authenc - Use correct ahash complete functions
  crypto: md5 - Set statesize

9 years agoMerge branch 'for_linus' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/tytso/ext4
Linus Torvalds [Fri, 5 Mar 2010 18:47:00 +0000]
Merge branch 'for_linus' of git://git./linux/kernel/git/tytso/ext4

* 'for_linus' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/tytso/ext4: (36 commits)
  ext4: fix up rb_root initializations to use RB_ROOT
  ext4: Code cleanup for EXT4_IOC_MOVE_EXT ioctl
  ext4: Fix the NULL reference in double_down_write_data_sem()
  ext4: Fix insertion point of extent in mext_insert_across_blocks()
  ext4: consolidate in_range() definitions
  ext4: cleanup to use ext4_grp_offs_to_block()
  ext4: cleanup to use ext4_group_first_block_no()
  ext4: Release page references acquired in ext4_da_block_invalidatepages
  ext4: Fix ext4_quota_write cross block boundary behaviour
  ext4: Convert BUG_ON checks to use ext4_error() instead
  ext4: Use direct_IO_no_locking in ext4 dio read
  ext4: use ext4_get_block_write in buffer write
  ext4: mechanical rename some of the direct I/O get_block's identifiers
  ext4: make "offset" consistent in ext4_check_dir_entry()
  ext4: Handle non empty on-disk orphan link
  ext4: explicitly remove inode from orphan list after failed direct io
  ext4: fix error handling in migrate
  ext4: deprecate obsoleted mount options
  ext4: Fix fencepost error in chosing choosing group vs file preallocation.
  jbd2: clean up an assertion in jbd2_journal_commit_transaction()
  ...

9 years agoMerge git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/pkl/squashfs-linus
Linus Torvalds [Fri, 5 Mar 2010 18:46:04 +0000]
Merge git://git./linux/kernel/git/pkl/squashfs-linus

* git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/pkl/squashfs-linus:
  Squashfs: get rid of obsolete definition in header file
  Squashfs: get rid of obsolete variable in struct squashfs_sb_info
  Squashfs: add decompressor entries for lzma and lzo
  Squashfs: add a decompressor framework
  Squashfs: factor out remaining zlib dependencies into separate wrapper file
  Squashfs: move zlib decompression wrapper code into a separate file

9 years agopass writeback_control to ->write_inode
Christoph Hellwig [Fri, 5 Mar 2010 08:21:37 +0000]
pass writeback_control to ->write_inode

This gives the filesystem more information about the writeback that
is happening.  Trond requested this for the NFS unstable write handling,
and other filesystems might benefit from this too by beeing able to
distinguish between the different callers in more detail.

Signed-off-by: Christoph Hellwig <hch@lst.de>
Signed-off-by: Al Viro <viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk>

9 years agomake sure data is on disk before calling ->write_inode
Christoph Hellwig [Fri, 5 Mar 2010 08:21:21 +0000]
make sure data is on disk before calling ->write_inode

Similar to the fsync issue fixed a while ago in commit
2daea67e966dc0c42067ebea015ddac6834cef88 we need to write for data to
actually hit the disk before writing out the metadata to guarantee
data integrity for filesystems that modify the inode in the data I/O
completion path.  Currently XFS and NFS handle this manually, and AFS
has a write_inode method that does nothing but waiting for data, while
others are possibly missing out on this.

Fortunately this change has a lot less impact than the fsync change
as none of the write_inode methods starts data writeout of any form
by itself.

Signed-off-by: Christoph Hellwig <hch@lst.de>
Signed-off-by: Al Viro <viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk>

9 years agoSquashfs: get rid of obsolete definition in header file
Phillip Lougher [Thu, 25 Feb 2010 01:31:13 +0000]
Squashfs: get rid of obsolete definition in header file

Signed-off-by: Phillip Lougher <phillip@lougher.demon.co.uk>

9 years agoSquashfs: get rid of obsolete variable in struct squashfs_sb_info
Phillip Lougher [Thu, 25 Feb 2010 00:54:48 +0000]
Squashfs: get rid of obsolete variable in struct squashfs_sb_info

Signed-off-by: Phillip Lougher <phillip@lougher.demon.co.uk>

9 years agoSwitch !O_CREAT case to use of do_last()
Al Viro [Sat, 26 Dec 2009 15:56:19 +0000]
Switch !O_CREAT case to use of do_last()

... and now we have all intents crap well localized

Signed-off-by: Al Viro <viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk>

9 years agoGet rid of symlink body copying
Al Viro [Sat, 26 Dec 2009 13:37:05 +0000]
Get rid of symlink body copying

Now that nd->last stays around until ->put_link() is called, we can
just postpone that ->put_link() in do_filp_open() a bit and don't
bother with copying.

Signed-off-by: Al Viro <viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk>

9 years agoFinish pulling of -ESTALE handling to upper level in do_filp_open()
Al Viro [Sat, 26 Dec 2009 12:21:48 +0000]
Finish pulling of -ESTALE handling to upper level in do_filp_open()

Don't bother with path_walk() (and its retry loop); link_path_walk()
will do it.

Signed-off-by: Al Viro <viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk>

9 years agoTurn do_link spaghetty into a normal loop
Al Viro [Sat, 26 Dec 2009 12:16:40 +0000]
Turn do_link spaghetty into a normal loop

Signed-off-by: Al Viro <viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk>

9 years agoUnify exits in O_CREAT handling
Al Viro [Sat, 26 Dec 2009 12:09:49 +0000]
Unify exits in O_CREAT handling

Signed-off-by: Al Viro <viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk>

9 years agoKill is_link argument of do_last()
Al Viro [Sat, 26 Dec 2009 12:04:50 +0000]
Kill is_link argument of do_last()

We set it to 1 iff we return NULL

Signed-off-by: Al Viro <viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk>

9 years agoPull handling of LAST_BIND into do_last(), clean up ok: part in do_filp_open()
Al Viro [Sat, 26 Dec 2009 12:01:01 +0000]
Pull handling of LAST_BIND into do_last(), clean up ok: part in do_filp_open()

Note that in case of !O_CREAT we know that nd.root has already been given up

Signed-off-by: Al Viro <viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk>