7 years agolib/percpu_counter.c: enclose hotplug only variables in hotplug ifdef
Glauber Costa [Tue, 1 Nov 2011 00:12:34 +0000]
lib/percpu_counter.c: enclose hotplug only variables in hotplug ifdef

These variables are only used when CONFIG_HOTPLUG_CPU is enabled, they are
ifdef'ed everywhere else.  So don't define them when CONFIG_HOTPLUG_CPU is
not enabled.

Signed-off-by: Glauber Costa <glommer@parallels.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

7 years agolib/bitmap.c: quiet sparse noise about address space
H Hartley Sweeten [Tue, 1 Nov 2011 00:12:32 +0000]
lib/bitmap.c: quiet sparse noise about address space

__bitmap_parse() and __bitmap_parselist() both take a pointer to a kernel
buffer as a parameter and then cast it to a pointer to user buffer for use
in cases when the parameter is_user indicates that the buffer is actually
located in user space.  This casting, and the casts in the callers,
results in sparse noise like the following:

warning: incorrect type in initializer (different address spaces)
  expected char const [noderef] <asn:1>*ubuf
  got char const *buf
warning: cast removes address space of expression

Since these casts are intentional, use __force to quiet the noise.

Signed-off-by: H Hartley Sweeten <hsweeten@visionengravers.com>
Cc: Len Brown <len.brown@intel.com>
Cc: Huang Ying <ying.huang@intel.com>
Cc: Andy Shevchenko <andy.shevchenko@gmail.com>
Cc: Andi Kleen <ak@linux.intel.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

7 years agolib/spinlock_debug.c: print owner on spinlock lockup
Akinobu Mita [Tue, 1 Nov 2011 00:12:29 +0000]
lib/spinlock_debug.c: print owner on spinlock lockup

When SPIN_BUG_ON is triggered, the lock owner information is reported.
But it is omitted when spinlock lockup is detected.

This information is useful especially on the architectures which don't
implement trigger_all_cpu_backtrace() that is called just after detecting
lockup.  So report it and also avoid message format duplication.

Signed-off-by: Akinobu Mita <akinobu.mita@gmail.com>
Cc: Ingo Molnar <mingo@redhat.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

7 years agolib/kstrtox: common code between kstrto*() and simple_strto*() functions
Alexey Dobriyan [Tue, 1 Nov 2011 00:12:28 +0000]
lib/kstrtox: common code between kstrto*() and simple_strto*() functions

Currently termination logic (\0 or \n\0) is hardcoded in _kstrtoull(),
avoid that for code reuse between kstrto*() and simple_strtoull().
Essentially, make them different only in termination logic.

simple_strtoull() (and scanf(), BTW) ignores integer overflow, that's a
bug we currently don't have guts to fix, making KSTRTOX_OVERFLOW hack
necessary.

Almost forgot: patch shrinks code size by about ~80 bytes on x86_64.

Signed-off-by: Alexey Dobriyan <adobriyan@gmail.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

7 years agodrivers/leds/leds-lp5521.c: check if reset is successful
Srinidhi KASAGAR [Tue, 1 Nov 2011 00:12:24 +0000]
drivers/leds/leds-lp5521.c: check if reset is successful

Make sure that the reset is successful by issuing a dummy read to R
channel current register and check its default value.  On some platforms,
without this dummy read, any further access to {R/G/B}_EXEC will not have
any impact.

[akpm@linux-foundation.org: fix up code comment]
Signed-off-by: srinidhi kasagar <srinidhi.kasagar@stericsson.com>
Tested-by: Naga Radhesh <naga.radheshy@stericsson.com>
Acked-by: Linus Walleij <linus.walleij@linaro.org>
Cc: Richard Purdie <richard.purdie@linuxfoundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

7 years agoleds: turn the blink_timer off before starting to blink
Antonio Ospite [Tue, 1 Nov 2011 00:12:22 +0000]
leds: turn the blink_timer off before starting to blink

Depending on the implementation of the hardware blinking function in
blink_set(), the led can support hardware blinking for some values of
delay_on and delay_off and fall-back to software blinking for some other
values.

Turning off the blink_timer unconditionally before starting to blink
make sure that a sequence like:

  OFF
  hardware blinking
  software blinking
  hardware blinking

does not leave the software blinking timer active.

Signed-off-by: Antonio Ospite <ospite@studenti.unina.it>
Reviewed-by: Johannes Berg <johannes@sipsolutions.net>
Cc: Richard Purdie <rpurdie@rpsys.net>
Cc: <stable@kernel.org>
Cc: <stable@vger.kernel.org>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

7 years agoleds: save the delay values after a successful call to blink_set()
Antonio Ospite [Tue, 1 Nov 2011 00:12:19 +0000]
leds: save the delay values after a successful call to blink_set()

When calling the hardware blinking function implemented by blink_set(),
the delay_on and delay_off values are not preserved across calls.

Fix that and make the "timer" trigger work as expected when hardware
blinking is available.

BEFORE the fix:
  $ cd /sys/class/leds/someled
  $ echo timer > trigger
  $ cat delay_on delay_off
  0
  0
  $ echo 100 > delay_on
  $ cat delay_on delay_off
  0
  0
  $ echo 100 > delay_off
  $ cat delay_on delay_off
  0
  0

AFTER the fix:
  $ cd /sys/class/leds/someled
  $ echo timer > trigger
  $ cat delay_on delay_off
  0
  0
  $ echo 100 > delay_on
  $ cat delay_on delay_off
  100
  0
  $ echo 100 > delay_off
  $ cat delay_on delay_off
  100
  100

Signed-off-by: Antonio Ospite <ospite@studenti.unina.it>
Reviewed-by: Johannes Berg <johannes@sipsolutions.net>
Cc: Richard Purdie <rpurdie@rpsys.net>
Cc: <stable@kernel.org>
Cc: <stable@vger.kernel.org>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

7 years agodrivers/leds/leds-gpio.c: use gpio_get_value_cansleep() when initializing
David Daney [Tue, 1 Nov 2011 00:12:17 +0000]
drivers/leds/leds-gpio.c: use gpio_get_value_cansleep() when initializing

I get the following warning:

------------[ cut here ]------------
WARNING: at drivers/gpio/gpiolib.c:1559 __gpio_get_value+0x90/0x98()
Modules linked in:
Call Trace:
[<ffffffff81440950>] dump_stack+0x8/0x34
[<ffffffff81141478>] warn_slowpath_common+0x78/0xa0
[<ffffffff812f0958>] __gpio_get_value+0x90/0x98
[<ffffffff81434f04>] create_gpio_led+0xdc/0x194
[<ffffffff8143524c>] gpio_led_probe+0x290/0x36c
[<ffffffff8130e8b0>] driver_probe_device+0x78/0x1b0
[<ffffffff8130eaa8>] __driver_attach+0xc0/0xc8
[<ffffffff8130d7ac>] bus_for_each_dev+0x64/0xb0
[<ffffffff8130e130>] bus_add_driver+0x1c8/0x2a8
[<ffffffff8130f100>] driver_register+0x90/0x180
[<ffffffff81100438>] do_one_initcall+0x38/0x160

---[ end trace ee38723fbefcd65c ]---

My GPIOs are on an I2C port expander, so we must use the *_cansleep()
variant of the GPIO functions.  This is was not being done in
create_gpio_led().

We can change gpio_get_value() to gpio_get_value_cansleep() because it is
only called from the platform_driver probe function, which is a context
where we can sleep.

Only tested on my gpio_cansleep() system, but it seems safe for all
systems.

Signed-off-by: David Daney <david.daney@cavium.com>
Cc: Richard Purdie <rpurdie@rpsys.net>
Acked-by: Trent Piepho <tpiepho@gmail.com>
Cc: Grant Likely <grant.likely@secretlab.ca>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

7 years agodrivers/leds/leds-lm3530.c: add __devexit_p where needed
Axel Lin [Tue, 1 Nov 2011 00:12:15 +0000]
drivers/leds/leds-lm3530.c: add __devexit_p where needed

According to the comments in include/linux/init.h:

"Pointers to __devexit functions must use __devexit_p(function_name), the
wrapper will insert either the function_name or NULL, depending on the config
options."

We have __devexit annotation for lm3530_remove(), so add __devexit_p to
the `struct i2c_driver'.

Signed-off-by: Axel Lin <axel.lin@gmail.com>
Cc: Shreshtha Kumar SAHU <shreshthakumar.sahu@stericsson.com>
Cc: Richard Purdie <rpurdie@rpsys.net>
Acked-by: Linus Walleij <linus.walleij@linaro.org>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

7 years agodrivers/leds/leds-lp5521.c: avoid writing uninitialized value to LP5521_REG_OP_MODE...
Axel Lin [Tue, 1 Nov 2011 00:12:12 +0000]
drivers/leds/leds-lp5521.c: avoid writing uninitialized value to LP5521_REG_OP_MODE register

If lp5521_read fails, engine_state variable is not initialized.
If lp5521_read fails, we should return error.
This patch fixes below warning.

CC drivers/leds/leds-lp5521.o
drivers/leds/leds-lp5521.c: In function 'lp5521_set_engine_mode':
drivers/leds/leds-lp5521.c:168: warning: 'engine_state' may be used uninitialized in this function

[akpm@linux-foundation.org: remove unneeded "ret |="]
Signed-off-by: Axel Lin <axel.lin@gmail.com>
Cc: Samu Onkalo <samu.p.onkalo@nokia.com>
Cc: Richard Purdie <rpurdie@rpsys.net>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

7 years agodrivers/leds/leds-renesas-tpu.c: move Renesas TPU LED driver platform data
Magnus Damm [Tue, 1 Nov 2011 00:12:09 +0000]
drivers/leds/leds-renesas-tpu.c: move Renesas TPU LED driver platform data

Use the platform_data include directory for the TPU LED driver, as
suggested by Paul Mundt.

Signed-off-by: Magnus Damm <damm@opensource.se>
Cc: Paul Mundt <lethal@linux-sh.org>
Cc: Richard Purdie <rpurdie@rpsys.net>
Cc: Grant Likely <grant.likely@secretlab.ca>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

7 years agodrivers/leds/leds-renesas-tpu.c: update driver to use workqueue
Magnus Damm [Tue, 1 Nov 2011 00:12:06 +0000]
drivers/leds/leds-renesas-tpu.c: update driver to use workqueue

Use a workqueue in the Renesas TPU LED driver to allow the Runtime PM code
to sleep.

Signed-off-by: Magnus Damm <damm@opensource.se>
Cc: Paul Mundt <lethal@linux-sh.org>
Cc: Richard Purdie <rpurdie@rpsys.net>
Cc: Grant Likely <grant.likely@secretlab.ca>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

7 years agodrivers/leds/leds-lm3530.c: remove obsolete cleanup for clientdata
Wolfram Sang [Tue, 1 Nov 2011 00:12:03 +0000]
drivers/leds/leds-lm3530.c: remove obsolete cleanup for clientdata

A few new i2c-drivers came into the kernel which clear the
clientdata-pointer on exit or error.  This is obsolete meanwhile, the core
will do it.

Signed-off-by: Wolfram Sang <w.sang@pengutronix.de>
Cc: Richard Purdie <rpurdie@rpsys.net>
Acked-by: Jean Delvare <khali@linux-fr.org>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

7 years agodrivers/leds/led-triggers.c: fix memory leak
Masakazu Mokuno [Tue, 1 Nov 2011 00:11:59 +0000]
drivers/leds/led-triggers.c: fix memory leak

The memory for struct led_trigger should be kfreed in the
led_trigger_register() error path.  Also this function should return NULL
on error.

Signed-off-by: Masakazu Mokuno <mokuno@sm.sony.co.jp>
Cc: Richard Purdie <rpurdie@rpsys.net>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

7 years agoleds: Renesas TPU LED driver
Magnus Damm [Tue, 1 Nov 2011 00:11:55 +0000]
leds: Renesas TPU LED driver

Add V2 of the LED driver for a single timer channel for the TPU hardware
block commonly found in Renesas SoCs.

The driver has been written with optimal Power Management in mind, so to
save power the LED is driven as a regular GPIO pin in case of maximum
brightness and power off which allows the TPU hardware to be idle and
which in turn allows the clocks to be stopped and the power domain to be
turned off transparently.

Any other brightness level requires use of the TPU hardware in PWM mode.
TPU hardware device clocks and power are managed through Runtime PM.
System suspend and resume is known to be working - during suspend the LED
is set to off by the generic LED code.

The TPU hardware timer is equipeed with a 16-bit counter together with an
up-to-divide-by-64 prescaler which makes the hardware suitable for
brightness control.  Hardware blink is unsupported.

The LED PWM waveform has been verified with a Fluke 123 Scope meter on a
sh7372 Mackerel board.  Tested with experimental sh7372 A3SP power domain
patches.  Platform device bind/unbind tested ok.

V2 has been tested on the DS2 LED of the sh73a0-based AG5EVM.

[axel.lin@gmail.com: include linux/module.h]
Signed-off-by: Magnus Damm <damm@opensource.se>
Cc: Paul Mundt <lethal@linux-sh.org>
Cc: Richard Purdie <rpurdie@rpsys.net>
Cc: Grant Likely <grant.likely@secretlab.ca>
Signed-off-by: Axel Lin <axel.lin@gmail.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

7 years agobacklight: rename corgibl_limit_intensity() to genericbl_limit_intensity()
Axel Lin [Tue, 1 Nov 2011 00:11:52 +0000]
backlight: rename corgibl_limit_intensity() to genericbl_limit_intensity()

The rename of corgibl_limit_intensity is missed in commit d00ba726
("backlight: Rename the corgi backlight driver to generic").  Let's fix it
now.

Signed-off-by: Axel Lin <axel.lin@gmail.com>
Cc: Richard Purdie <rpurdie@rpsys.net>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

7 years agodrivers/video/backlight/l4f00242t03.c: use gpio_request_one() to simplify error handling
Fabio Estevam [Tue, 1 Nov 2011 00:11:50 +0000]
drivers/video/backlight/l4f00242t03.c: use gpio_request_one() to simplify error handling

Using gpio_request_one can make the error handling simpler.

Signed-off-by: Fabio Estevam <fabio.estevam@freescale.com>
Cc: Richard Purdie <rpurdie@rpsys.net>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

7 years agobacklight: fix broken regulator API usage in l4f00242t03
Mark Brown [Tue, 1 Nov 2011 00:11:48 +0000]
backlight: fix broken regulator API usage in l4f00242t03

The regulator support in the l4f00242t03 is very non-idiomatic.  Rather
than requesting the regulators based on the device name and the supply
names used by the device the driver requires boards to pass system
specific supply names around through platform data.  The driver also
conditionally requests the regulators based on this platform data, adding
unneeded conditional code to the driver.

Fix this by removing the platform data and converting to the standard
idiom, also updating all in tree users of the driver.  As no datasheet
appears to be available for the LCD I'm guessing the names for the
supplies based on the existing users and I've no ability to do anything
more than compile test.

The use of regulator_set_voltage() in the driver is also problematic,
since fixed voltages are required the expectation would be that the
voltages would be fixed in the constraints set by the machines rather than
manually configured by the driver, but is less problematic.

Signed-off-by: Mark Brown <broonie@opensource.wolfsonmicro.com>
Tested-by: Fabio Estevam <fabio.estevam@freescale.com>
Cc: Richard Purdie <rpurdie@rpsys.net>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

7 years agovideo/backlight: remove obsolete cleanup for clientdata
Wolfram Sang [Tue, 1 Nov 2011 00:11:44 +0000]
video/backlight: remove obsolete cleanup for clientdata

A few new i2c-drivers came into the kernel which clear the
clientdata-pointer on exit or error.  This is obsolete meanwhile, the core
will do it.

Signed-off-by: Wolfram Sang <w.sang@pengutronix.de>
Cc: Richard Purdie <rpurdie@rpsys.net>
Cc: Paul Mundt <lethal@linux-sh.org>
Acked-by: Jean Delvare <khali@linux-fr.org>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

7 years agoMAINTAINERS: add ASLR maintainer
Jiri Kosina [Tue, 1 Nov 2011 00:11:41 +0000]
MAINTAINERS: add ASLR maintainer

Since achieving the full ASLR by merging the PIE randomization in commit
cc503c1b43 ("x86: PIE executable randomization"), I have been dealing with
most (if not all) of the bugreports reported against userspace address
space randomization, so it might be a good idea to provide a decent
contact point in MAINTAINERS.

Signed-off-by: Jiri Kosina <jkosina@suse.cz>
Cc: Josh Boyer <jwboyer@redhat.com>
Cc: Nicolas Pitre <nicolas.pitre@linaro.org>
Cc: Ingo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu>
Cc: Russell King <rmk@arm.linux.org.uk>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

7 years agoMAINTAINERS: Linas has moved
Linas Vepstas [Tue, 1 Nov 2011 00:11:38 +0000]
MAINTAINERS: Linas has moved

While ego surfing, I noticed an email address problem.

Signed-off-by: Linas Vepstas <linasvepstas@gmail.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

7 years agoMAINTAINERS: add new entry for ideapad-laptop
Ike Panhc [Tue, 1 Nov 2011 00:11:37 +0000]
MAINTAINERS: add new entry for ideapad-laptop

Signed-off-by: Ike Panhc <ike.pan@canonical.com>
Cc: Matthew Garrett <mjg@redhat.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

7 years agotreewide: use __printf not __attribute__((format(printf,...)))
Joe Perches [Tue, 1 Nov 2011 00:11:33 +0000]
treewide: use __printf not __attribute__((format(printf,...)))

Standardize the style for compiler based printf format verification.
Standardized the location of __printf too.

Done via script and a little typing.

$ grep -rPl --include=*.[ch] -w "__attribute__" * | \
  grep -vP "^(tools|scripts|include/linux/compiler-gcc.h)" | \
  xargs perl -n -i -e 'local $/; while (<>) { s/\b__attribute__\s*\(\s*\(\s*format\s*\(\s*printf\s*,\s*(.+)\s*,\s*(.+)\s*\)\s*\)\s*\)/__printf($1, $2)/g ; print; }'

[akpm@linux-foundation.org: revert arch bits]
Signed-off-by: Joe Perches <joe@perches.com>
Cc: "Kirill A. Shutemov" <kirill@shutemov.name>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

7 years agoprintk: remove bounds checking for log_prefix
William Douglas [Tue, 1 Nov 2011 00:11:31 +0000]
printk: remove bounds checking for log_prefix

Currently log_prefix is testing that the first character of the log level
and facility is less than '0' and greater than '9' (which is always
false).

Since the code being updated works because strtoul bombs out (endp isn't
updated) and 0 is returned anyway just remove the check and don't change
the behavior of the function.

Signed-off-by: William Douglas <william.douglas@intel.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

7 years agoprintk: fix bounds checking for log_prefix
William Douglas [Tue, 1 Nov 2011 00:11:29 +0000]
printk: fix bounds checking for log_prefix

Currently log_prefix is testing that the first character of the log level
and facility is less than '0' and greater than '9' (which is always
false).  It should be testing to see if the character less than '0' or
greater than '9' instead.  This patch makes that change.

The code being changed worked because strtoul bombs out (endp isn't
updated) and 0 is returned anyway.

Signed-off-by: William Douglas <william.douglas@intel.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

7 years agoprintk: add console_suspend module parameter
Yanmin Zhang [Tue, 1 Nov 2011 00:11:27 +0000]
printk: add console_suspend module parameter

We are enabling some power features on medfield.  To test suspend-2-RAM
conveniently, we need turn on/off console_suspend_enabled frequently.

Add a module parameter, so users could change it by:
/sys/module/printk/parameters/console_suspend

Signed-off-by: Yanmin Zhang <yanmin_zhang@linux.intel.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

7 years agoprintk: add module parameter ignore_loglevel to control ignore_loglevel
Yanmin Zhang [Tue, 1 Nov 2011 00:11:25 +0000]
printk: add module parameter ignore_loglevel to control ignore_loglevel

We are enabling some power features on medfield.  To test suspend-2-RAM
conveniently, we need turn on/off ignore_loglevel frequently without
rebooting.

Add a module parameter, so users can change it by:
/sys/module/printk/parameters/ignore_loglevel

Signed-off-by: Yanmin Zhang <yanmin.zhang@intel.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

7 years agokernel/sysctl.c: add cap_last_cap to /proc/sys/kernel
Dan Ballard [Tue, 1 Nov 2011 00:11:20 +0000]
kernel/sysctl.c: add cap_last_cap to /proc/sys/kernel

Userspace needs to know the highest valid capability of the running
kernel, which right now cannot reliably be retrieved from the header files
only.  The fact that this value cannot be determined properly right now
creates various problems for libraries compiled on newer header files
which are run on older kernels.  They assume capabilities are available
which actually aren't.  libcap-ng is one example.  And we ran into the
same problem with systemd too.

Now the capability is exported in /proc/sys/kernel/cap_last_cap.

[akpm@linux-foundation.org: make cap_last_cap const, per Ulrich]
Signed-off-by: Dan Ballard <dan@mindstab.net>
Cc: Randy Dunlap <rdunlap@xenotime.net>
Cc: Ingo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu>
Cc: Lennart Poettering <lennart@poettering.net>
Cc: Kay Sievers <kay.sievers@vrfy.org>
Cc: Ulrich Drepper <drepper@akkadia.org>
Cc: James Morris <jmorris@namei.org>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

7 years agowatchdog: move watchdog_*_all_cpus under CONFIG_SYSCTL
Vasily Averin [Tue, 1 Nov 2011 00:11:18 +0000]
watchdog: move watchdog_*_all_cpus under CONFIG_SYSCTL

Fix compilation warnings for CONFIG_SYSCTL=n:

fixed compilation warnings in case of disabled CONFIG_SYSCTL
kernel/watchdog.c:483:13: warning: `watchdog_enable_all_cpus' defined but not used
kernel/watchdog.c:500:13: warning: `watchdog_disable_all_cpus' defined but not used

these functions are static and are used only in sysctl handler, so move
them inside #ifdef CONFIG_SYSCTL too

Signed-off-by: Vasily Averin <vvs@sw.ru>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

7 years agostop_machine: make stop_machine safe and efficient to call early
Jeremy Fitzhardinge [Tue, 1 Nov 2011 00:11:15 +0000]
stop_machine: make stop_machine safe and efficient to call early

Make stop_machine() safe to call early in boot, before SMP has been set
up, by simply calling the callback function directly if there's only one
CPU online.

[ Fixes from AKPM:
   - add comment
   - local_irq_flags, not save_flags
   - also call hard_irq_disable() for systems which need it

  Tejun suggested using an explicit flag rather than just looking at
  the online cpu count. ]

Cc: Tejun Heo <tj@kernel.org>
Acked-by: Rusty Russell <rusty@rustcorp.com.au>
Cc: Peter Zijlstra <a.p.zijlstra@chello.nl>
Cc: H. Peter Anvin <hpa@linux.intel.com>
Cc: Ingo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu>
Cc: Steven Rostedt <rostedt@goodmis.org>
Acked-by: Tejun Heo <htejun@gmail.com>
Cc: Konrad Rzeszutek Wilk <konrad.wilk@oracle.com>
Signed-off-by: Jeremy Fitzhardinge <jeremy.fitzhardinge@citrix.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

7 years agodrivers/misc/ad525x_dpot-i2c.c: add i2c support for AD5161
Peter Korsgaard [Tue, 1 Nov 2011 00:11:12 +0000]
drivers/misc/ad525x_dpot-i2c.c: add i2c support for AD5161

Commit 6c536e4ce8e ("ad525x_dpot: add support for SPI parts") added
support for the AD5161 through SPI, but the device supports both I2C and
SPI (depending on the DIS pin), so add it to -i2c as well.

Signed-off-by: Peter Korsgaard <jacmet@sunsite.dk>
Acked-by: Mike Frysinger <vapier@gentoo.org>
Acked-by: Michael Hennerich <michael.hennerich@analog.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

7 years agodriver/misc/fsa9480.c fix potential null-pointer dereference
Jonghwan Choi [Tue, 1 Nov 2011 00:11:09 +0000]
driver/misc/fsa9480.c fix potential null-pointer dereference

Signed-off-by: Jonghwan Choi <jhbird.choi@samsung.com>
Cc: Donggeun Kim <dg77.kim@samsung.com>
Cc: Kyungmin Park <kyungmin.park@samsung.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

7 years agolis3lv02d: make regulator API usage unconditional
Mark Brown [Tue, 1 Nov 2011 00:11:07 +0000]
lis3lv02d: make regulator API usage unconditional

The regulator API contains a range of features for stubbing itself out
when not in use and for transparently restricting the actual effect of
regulator API calls where they can't be supported on a particular system
so that drivers don't need to individually implement this.  Simplify the
driver slightly by making use of this idiom.

The only in tree user is ecovec24 which does not use the regulator API.

Signed-off-by: Mark Brown <broonie@opensource.wolfsonmicro.com>
Cc: Éric Piel <eric.piel@tremplin-utc.net>
Cc: Ilkka Koskinen <ilkka.koskinen@nokia.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

7 years agolis3: remove the references to the global variable in core driver
Éric Piel [Tue, 1 Nov 2011 00:11:05 +0000]
lis3: remove the references to the global variable in core driver

[ilkka.koskinen@nokia.com: fix arg to lis3->read()]
Signed-off-by: Ilkka Koskinen <ilkka.koskinen@nokia.com>
Signed-off-by: Éric Piel <eric.piel@tremplin-utc.net>
Cc: Matthew Garrett <mjg@redhat.com>
Cc: Witold Pilat <witold.pilat@gmail.com>
Cc: Lyall Pearce <lyall.pearce@hp.com>
Cc: Malte Starostik <m-starostik@versanet.de>
Cc: Thadeu Lima de Souza Cascardo <cascardo@holoscopio.com>
Cc: Christian Lamparter <chunkeey@googlemail.com>
Subject: lis3-remove-the-references-to-the-global-variable-in-core-driver-fix
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

7 years agolis3: change exported function to use passed parameter
Éric Piel [Tue, 1 Nov 2011 00:11:02 +0000]
lis3: change exported function to use passed parameter

Change exported functions to use the device given as parameter
instead of the global one.

Signed-off-by: Ilkka Koskinen <ilkka.koskinen@nokia.com>
Signed-off-by: Éric Piel <eric.piel@tremplin-utc.net>
Cc: Matthew Garrett <mjg@redhat.com>
Cc: Witold Pilat <witold.pilat@gmail.com>
Cc: Lyall Pearce <lyall.pearce@hp.com>
Cc: Malte Starostik <m-starostik@versanet.de>
Cc: Thadeu Lima de Souza Cascardo <cascardo@holoscopio.com>
Cc: Christian Lamparter <chunkeey@googlemail.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

7 years agolis3: use consistent naming of variables
Éric Piel [Tue, 1 Nov 2011 00:10:58 +0000]
lis3: use consistent naming of variables

Signed-off-by: Ilkka Koskinen <ilkka.koskinen@nokia.com>
Signed-off-by: Éric Piel <eric.piel@tremplin-utc.net>
Cc: Matthew Garrett <mjg@redhat.com>
Cc: Witold Pilat <witold.pilat@gmail.com>
Cc: Lyall Pearce <lyall.pearce@hp.com>
Cc: Malte Starostik <m-starostik@versanet.de>
Cc: Thadeu Lima de Souza Cascardo <cascardo@holoscopio.com>
Cc: Christian Lamparter <chunkeey@googlemail.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

7 years agolis3: free regulators if probe() fails
Éric Piel [Tue, 1 Nov 2011 00:10:54 +0000]
lis3: free regulators if probe() fails

Signed-off-by: Ilkka Koskinen <ilkka.koskinen@nokia.com>
Signed-off-by: Éric Piel <eric.piel@tremplin-utc.net>
Cc: Matthew Garrett <mjg@redhat.com>
Cc: Witold Pilat <witold.pilat@gmail.com>
Cc: Lyall Pearce <lyall.pearce@hp.com>
Cc: Malte Starostik <m-starostik@versanet.de>
Cc: Thadeu Lima de Souza Cascardo <cascardo@holoscopio.com>
Cc: Christian Lamparter <chunkeey@googlemail.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

7 years agohp_accel: add HP ProBook 655x
Éric Piel [Tue, 1 Nov 2011 00:10:50 +0000]
hp_accel: add HP ProBook 655x

Add axis correction for HP ProBook 6555b.

Signed-off-by: Malte Starostik <m-starostik@versanet.de>
Signed-off-by: Éric Piel <eric.piel@tremplin-utc.net>
Cc: Matthew Garrett <mjg@redhat.com>
Cc: Witold Pilat <witold.pilat@gmail.com>
Cc: Lyall Pearce <lyall.pearce@hp.com>
Cc: Ilkka Koskinen <ilkka.koskinen@nokia.com>
Cc: Thadeu Lima de Souza Cascardo <cascardo@holoscopio.com>
Cc: Christian Lamparter <chunkeey@googlemail.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

7 years agolis3: add support for HP EliteBook 8540w
Éric Piel [Tue, 1 Nov 2011 00:10:46 +0000]
lis3: add support for HP EliteBook 8540w

Add axis correction for HP EliteBook 8540w.

Reported-by: Lyall Pearce <lyall.pearce@hp.com>
Signed-off-by: Éric Piel <eric.piel@tremplin-utc.net>
Cc: Matthew Garrett <mjg@redhat.com>
Cc: Witold Pilat <witold.pilat@gmail.com>
Cc: Malte Starostik <m-starostik@versanet.de>
Cc: Ilkka Koskinen <ilkka.koskinen@nokia.com>
Cc: Thadeu Lima de Souza Cascardo <cascardo@holoscopio.com>
Cc: Christian Lamparter <chunkeey@googlemail.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

7 years agolis3: add support for HP EliteBook 2730p
Éric Piel [Tue, 1 Nov 2011 00:10:43 +0000]
lis3: add support for HP EliteBook 2730p

Add axis correction for HP EliteBook 2730p.

Tested-by: Witold Pilat <witold.pilat@gmail.com>
Signed-off-by: Éric Piel <eric.piel@tremplin-utc.net>
Cc: Matthew Garrett <mjg@redhat.com>
Cc: Lyall Pearce <lyall.pearce@hp.com>
Cc: Malte Starostik <m-starostik@versanet.de>
Cc: Ilkka Koskinen <ilkka.koskinen@nokia.com>
Cc: Thadeu Lima de Souza Cascardo <cascardo@holoscopio.com>
Cc: Christian Lamparter <chunkeey@googlemail.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

7 years agolis3: update maintainer information
Éric Piel [Tue, 1 Nov 2011 00:10:41 +0000]
lis3: update maintainer information

In the move of the lis3 driver, the hp_accel.c file got dropped from the
MAINTAINER file. Make it explicit again that this file is tied to lis3
again.

Signed-off-by: Éric Piel <eric.piel@tremplin-utc.net>
Cc: Matthew Garrett <mjg@redhat.com>
Cc: Witold Pilat <witold.pilat@gmail.com>
Cc: Lyall Pearce <lyall.pearce@hp.com>
Cc: Malte Starostik <m-starostik@versanet.de>
Cc: Ilkka Koskinen <ilkka.koskinen@nokia.com>
Cc: Thadeu Lima de Souza Cascardo <cascardo@holoscopio.com>
Cc: Christian Lamparter <chunkeey@googlemail.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

7 years agolis3lv02d: avoid divide by zero due to unchecked
Éric Piel [Tue, 1 Nov 2011 00:10:31 +0000]
lis3lv02d: avoid divide by zero due to unchecked

After an "unexpected" reboot, I found this Oops in my logs:

divide error: 0000 [#1] PREEMPT SMP=20
CPU 0=20
Modules linked in: lis3lv02d hp_wmi input_polldev [...]
Pid: 390, comm: modprobe Tainted: G         C  2.6.39-rc7-wl+=20
RIP: 0010:[<ffffffffa014b427>]  [<ffffffffa014b427>]
 lis3lv02d_poweron+0x4e/0x94 [lis3lv02d]
RSP: 0018:ffff8801d6407cf8  EFLAGS: 00010246
RAX: 0000000000000bb8 RBX: ffffffffa014e000 RCX: 0000000000000000
RDX: 0000000000000000 RSI: ffffea00066e4708 RDI: ffff8801df002700
RBP: ffff8801d6407d18 R08: ffffea00066c5a30 R09: ffffffff812498c9
R10: ffff8801d7bfcea0 R11: ffff8801d7bfce10 R12: 0000000000000bb8
R13: 00000000ffffffda R14: ffffffffa0154120 R15: ffffffffa0154030
=46S:  00007fc0705db700(0000) GS:ffff8801dfa00000(0000) knlGS:0
CS:  0010 DS: 0000 ES: 0000 CR0: 000000008005003b
CR2: 00007f33549174f0 CR3: 00000001d65c9000 CR4: 00000000000406f0
Process modprobe (pid: 390, threadinfo ffff8801d6406000, task ffff8801d6b40=
000)
Stack:
 ffffffffa0154120 62ffffffa0154030 ffffffffa014e000 00000000ffffffea
 ffff8801d6407d58 ffffffffa014bcc1 0000000000000000 0000000000000048
 ffff8801d8bae800 00000000ffffffea 00000000ffffffda ffffffffa0154120
Call Trace:
 [<ffffffffa014bcc1>] lis3lv02d_init_device+0x1ce/0x496 [lis3lv02d]
 [<ffffffffa01522ff>] lis3lv02d_add+0x10f/0x17c [hp_accel]
 [<ffffffff81233e11>] acpi_device_probe+0x49/0x117
[...]
Code: 3a 75 06 80 4d ef 50 eb 04 80 4d ef 40 0f b6 55 ef be 21
00 00 00 48 89 df ff 53 18 44 8b 63 6c e8 3e fc ff ff 89 c1 44
89 e0 99 <f7> f9 89 c7 e8 93 82 ef e0 48 83 7b 30 00 74 2d 45
31 e4 80 7b=20
RIP  [<ffffffffa014b427>] lis3lv02d_poweron+0x4e/0x94 [lis3lv02d]
 RSP <ffff8801d6407cf8>

>From my POV, it looks like the hardware is not working as expected
and returns a bogus data rate. The driver doesn't check the result
and directly uses it as some sort of divisor in some places:

msleep(lis3->pwron_delay / lis3lv02d_get_odr());

Under this circumstances, this could very well cause the
"divide by zero" exception from above.

For now, I fixed it the easiest and most obvious way:
Check if the result is sane and if it isn't use a sane default
instead. I went for "100" in the latter case, simply because
/sys/devices/platform/lis3lv02d/rate returns it on a successful
boot.

Signed-off-by: Christian Lamparter <chunkeey@googlemail.com>
Signed-off-by: Éric Piel <eric.piel@tremplin-utc.net>
Cc: Matthew Garrett <mjg@redhat.com>
Cc: Witold Pilat <witold.pilat@gmail.com>
Cc: Lyall Pearce <lyall.pearce@hp.com>
Cc: Malte Starostik <m-starostik@versanet.de>
Cc: Ilkka Koskinen <ilkka.koskinen@nokia.com>
Cc: Thadeu Lima de Souza Cascardo <cascardo@holoscopio.com>
Cc: Christian Lamparter <chunkeey@googlemail.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

7 years agodrivers/hwmon/hwmon.c: convert idr to ida and use ida_simple_get()
Jonathan Cameron [Tue, 1 Nov 2011 00:10:27 +0000]
drivers/hwmon/hwmon.c: convert idr to ida and use ida_simple_get()

A straightforward looking use of idr for a device id.

Signed-off-by: Jonathan Cameron <jic23@cam.ac.uk>
Cc: Rusty Russell <rusty@rustcorp.com.au>
Cc: Tejun Heo <tj@kernel.org>
Cc: Guenter Roeck <guenter.roeck@ericsson.com>
Cc: James Bottomley <James.Bottomley@HansenPartnership.com>
Acked-by: Darrick J. Wong <djwong@us.ibm.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

7 years agohwmon: convert idr to ida and use ida_simple interface
Jonathan Cameron [Tue, 1 Nov 2011 00:10:09 +0000]
hwmon: convert idr to ida and use ida_simple interface

hwmon was using an idr with a NULL pointer, so convert to an
ida which then allows use of Rusty's ida_simple_get.

Signed-off-by: Jonathan Cameron <jic23@cam.ac.uk>
Cc: Rusty Russell <rusty@rustcorp.com.au>
Cc: Tejun Heo <tj@kernel.org>
Acked-by: Guenter Roeck <guenter.roeck@ericsson.com>
Cc: James Bottomley <James.Bottomley@HansenPartnership.com>
Cc: David Airlie <airlied@linux.ie>
Cc: Thomas Hellstrom <thellstrom@vmware.com>
Cc: Evgeniy Polyakov <zbr@ioremap.net>
Cc: Darrick J. Wong <djwong@us.ibm.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

7 years agolib/Kconfig.debug: fix help message for DEFAULT_HUNG_TASK_TIMEOUT
Jiaju Zhang [Tue, 1 Nov 2011 00:10:07 +0000]
lib/Kconfig.debug: fix help message for DEFAULT_HUNG_TASK_TIMEOUT

Added missing _secs in the help message of config DEFAULT_HUNG_TASK_TIMEOUT.

Signed-off-by: Jiaju Zhang <jjzhang@suse.de>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

7 years agofs/pipe.c: add ->statfs callback for pipefs
Pavel Emelyanov [Tue, 1 Nov 2011 00:10:04 +0000]
fs/pipe.c: add ->statfs callback for pipefs

Currently a statfs on a pipe's /proc/<pid>/fd/ link returns -ENOSYS.  Wire
pipfs up so that the statfs succeeds.

This is required by checkpoint-restart in the userspace to make it
possible to distinguish pipes from fifos.

When we dump information about task's open files we use the /proc/pid/fd
directoy's symlinks and the fact that opening any of them gives us exactly
the same dentry->inode pair as the original process has.  Now if a task
we're dumping has opened pipe and fifo we need to detect this and act
accordingly.  Knowing that an fd with type S_ISFIFO resides on a pipefs is
the most precise way.

Signed-off-by: Pavel Emelyanov <xemul@parallels.com>
Reviewed-by: Tejun Heo <tj@kernel.org>
Acked-by: Serge Hallyn <serge.hallyn@canonical.com>
Signed-off-by: Cyrill Gorcunov <gorcunov@openvz.org>
Cc: Al Viro <viro@ZenIV.linux.org.uk>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

7 years agoalpha: wire up sendmmsg syscall
Michael Cree [Tue, 1 Nov 2011 00:10:01 +0000]
alpha: wire up sendmmsg syscall

Signed-off-by: Michael Cree <mcree@orcon.net.nz>
Reviewed-by: Matt Turner <mattst88@gmail.com>
Cc: Richard Henderson <rth@twiddle.net>
Cc: Ivan Kokshaysky <ink@jurassic.park.msu.ru>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

7 years agoalpha: wire up accept4 syscall
Michael Cree [Tue, 1 Nov 2011 00:09:49 +0000]
alpha: wire up accept4 syscall

Somehow wiring up the accept4 syscall on Alpha was missed long ago.
This commit rectifies that oversight.

Signed-off-by: Michael Cree <mcree@orcon.net.nz>
Reviewed-by: Matt Turner <mattst88@gmail.com>
Cc: Richard Henderson <rth@twiddle.net>
Cc: Ivan Kokshaysky <ink@jurassic.park.msu.ru>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

7 years agomm/vmstat.c: cache align vm_stat
Dimitri Sivanich [Tue, 1 Nov 2011 00:09:46 +0000]
mm/vmstat.c: cache align vm_stat

Avoid false sharing of the vm_stat array.

This was found to adversely affect tmpfs I/O performance.

Tests run on a 640 cpu UV system.

With 120 threads doing parallel writes, each to different tmpfs mounts:
No patch: ~300 MB/sec
With vm_stat alignment: ~430 MB/sec

Signed-off-by: Dimitri Sivanich <sivanich@sgi.com>
Acked-by: Christoph Lameter <cl@gentwo.org>
Acked-by: Mel Gorman <mel@csn.ul.ie>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

7 years agomm: munlock use mapcount to avoid terrible overhead
Hugh Dickins [Tue, 1 Nov 2011 00:09:43 +0000]
mm: munlock use mapcount to avoid terrible overhead

A process spent 30 minutes exiting, just munlocking the pages of a large
anonymous area that had been alternately mprotected into page-sized vmas:
for every single page there's an anon_vma walk through all the other
little vmas to find the right one.

A general fix to that would be a lot more complicated (use prio_tree on
anon_vma?), but there's one very simple thing we can do to speed up the
common case: if a page to be munlocked is mapped only once, then it is our
vma that it is mapped into, and there's no need whatever to walk through
all the others.

Okay, there is a very remote race in munlock_vma_pages_range(), if between
its follow_page() and lock_page(), another process were to munlock the
same page, then page reclaim remove it from our vma, then another process
mlock it again.  We would find it with page_mapcount 1, yet it's still
mlocked in another process.  But never mind, that's much less likely than
the down_read_trylock() failure which munlocking already tolerates (in
try_to_unmap_one()): in due course page reclaim will discover and move the
page to unevictable instead.

[akpm@linux-foundation.org: add comment]
Signed-off-by: Hugh Dickins <hughd@google.com>
Cc: Michel Lespinasse <walken@google.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

7 years agomm/huge_memory: fix typo when updating mmu cache
Hillf Danton [Tue, 1 Nov 2011 00:09:40 +0000]
mm/huge_memory: fix typo when updating mmu cache

There are three cases of update_mmu_cache() in the file, and the case in
function collapse_huge_page() has a typo, namely the last parameter used,
which is corrected based on the other two cases.

Due to the define of update_mmu_cache by X86, the only arch that
implements THP currently, the change here has no really crystal point, but
one or two minutes of efforts could be saved for those archs that are
likely to support THP in future.

Signed-off-by: Hillf Danton <dhillf@gmail.com>
Cc: Johannes Weiner <jweiner@redhat.com>
Reviewed-by: Andrea Arcangeli <aarcange@redhat.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

7 years agomm/huge_memory: fix copying user highpage
Hillf Danton [Tue, 1 Nov 2011 00:09:38 +0000]
mm/huge_memory: fix copying user highpage

The THP copy-on-write handler falls back to regular-sized pages for a huge
page replacement upon allocation failure or if THP has been individually
disabled in the target VMA.  The loop responsible for copying page-sized
chunks accidentally uses multiples of PAGE_SHIFT instead of PAGE_SIZE as
the virtual address arg for copy_user_highpage().

Signed-off-by: Hillf Danton <dhillf@gmail.com>
Acked-by: Johannes Weiner <jweiner@redhat.com>
Reviewed-by: Andrea Arcangeli <aarcange@redhat.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

7 years agomm: do not drain pagevecs for mlockall(MCL_FUTURE)
Christoph Lameter [Tue, 1 Nov 2011 00:09:35 +0000]
mm: do not drain pagevecs for mlockall(MCL_FUTURE)

MCL_FUTURE does not move pages between lru list and draining the LRU per
cpu pagevecs is a nasty activity.  Avoid doing it unecessarily.

Signed-off-by: Christoph Lameter <cl@gentwo.org>
Cc: David Rientjes <rientjes@google.com>
Reviewed-by: Minchan Kim <minchan.kim@gmail.com>
Acked-by: KOSAKI Motohiro <kosaki.motohiro@jp.fujitsu.com>
Cc: Mel Gorman <mel@csn.ul.ie>
Acked-by: Johannes Weiner <jweiner@redhat.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

7 years agovmscan: abort reclaim/compaction if compaction can proceed
Mel Gorman [Tue, 1 Nov 2011 00:09:33 +0000]
vmscan: abort reclaim/compaction if compaction can proceed

If compaction can proceed, shrink_zones() stops doing any work but its
callers still call shrink_slab() which raises the priority and potentially
sleeps.  This is unnecessary and wasteful so this patch aborts direct
reclaim/compaction entirely if compaction can proceed.

Signed-off-by: Mel Gorman <mgorman@suse.de>
Acked-by: Rik van Riel <riel@redhat.com>
Reviewed-by: Minchan Kim <minchan.kim@gmail.com>
Acked-by: Johannes Weiner <jweiner@redhat.com>
Cc: Josh Boyer <jwboyer@redhat.com>
Cc: Andrea Arcangeli <aarcange@redhat.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

7 years agovmscan: limit direct reclaim for higher order allocations
Rik van Riel [Tue, 1 Nov 2011 00:09:31 +0000]
vmscan: limit direct reclaim for higher order allocations

When suffering from memory fragmentation due to unfreeable pages, THP page
faults will repeatedly try to compact memory.  Due to the unfreeable
pages, compaction fails.

Needless to say, at that point page reclaim also fails to create free
contiguous 2MB areas.  However, that doesn't stop the current code from
trying, over and over again, and freeing a minimum of 4MB (2UL <<
sc->order pages) at every single invocation.

This resulted in my 12GB system having 2-3GB free memory, a corresponding
amount of used swap and very sluggish response times.

This can be avoided by having the direct reclaim code not reclaim from
zones that already have plenty of free memory available for compaction.

If compaction still fails due to unmovable memory, doing additional
reclaim will only hurt the system, not help.

[jweiner@redhat.com: change comment to explain the order check]
Signed-off-by: Rik van Riel <riel@redhat.com>
Acked-by: Johannes Weiner <jweiner@redhat.com>
Acked-by: Mel Gorman <mgorman@suse.de>
Cc: Andrea Arcangeli <aarcange@redhat.com>
Reviewed-by: Minchan Kim <minchan.kim@gmail.com>
Signed-off-by: Johannes Weiner <jweiner@redhat.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

7 years agovmscan: add barrier to prevent evictable page in unevictable list
Minchan Kim [Tue, 1 Nov 2011 00:09:28 +0000]
vmscan: add barrier to prevent evictable page in unevictable list

When a race between putback_lru_page() and shmem_lock with lock=0 happens,
progrom execution order is as follows, but clear_bit in processor #1 could
be reordered right before spin_unlock of processor #1.  Then, the page
would be stranded on the unevictable list.

spin_lock
SetPageLRU
spin_unlock
                                clear_bit(AS_UNEVICTABLE)
                                spin_lock
                                if PageLRU()
                                        if !test_bit(AS_UNEVICTABLE)
                                         move evictable list
smp_mb
if !test_bit(AS_UNEVICTABLE)
        move evictable list
                                spin_unlock

But, pagevec_lookup() in scan_mapping_unevictable_pages() has
rcu_read_[un]lock() so it could protect reordering before reaching
test_bit(AS_UNEVICTABLE) on processor #1 so this problem never happens.
But it's a unexpected side effect and we should solve this problem
properly.

This patch adds a barrier after mapping_clear_unevictable.

I didn't meet this problem but just found during review.

Signed-off-by: Minchan Kim <minchan.kim@gmail.com>
Acked-by: KOSAKI Motohiro <kosaki.motohiro@jp.fujitsu.com>
Cc: Mel Gorman <mel@csn.ul.ie>
Cc: Rik van Riel <riel@redhat.com>
Cc: Lee Schermerhorn <lee.schermerhorn@hp.com>
Acked-by: Johannes Weiner <jweiner@redhat.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

7 years agomm/huge_memory.c: quiet sparse noise
H Hartley Sweeten [Tue, 1 Nov 2011 00:09:25 +0000]
mm/huge_memory.c: quiet sparse noise

Quiet the sparse noise:

warning: symbol 'khugepaged_scan' was not declared. Should it be static?
warning: context imbalance in 'khugepaged_scan_mm_slot' - unexpected unlock

Signed-off-by: H Hartley Sweeten <hsweeten@visionengravers.com>
Cc: Andrea Arcangeli <aarcange@redhat.com>
Cc: Rik van Riel <riel@redhat.com>
Cc: Johannes Weiner <jweiner@redhat.com>
Cc: KAMEZAWA Hiroyuki <kamezawa.hiroyu@jp.fujitsu.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

7 years agomm/mempolicy.c: quiet sparse noise
H Hartley Sweeten [Tue, 1 Nov 2011 00:09:23 +0000]
mm/mempolicy.c: quiet sparse noise

Quiet the spares noise:

warning: symbol 'default_policy' was not declared. Should it be static?

Signed-off-by: H Hartley Sweeten <hsweeten@visionengravers.com>
Cc: KOSAKI Motohiro <kosaki.motohiro@jp.fujitsu.com>
Cc: Stephen Wilson <wilsons@start.ca>
Cc: Andrea Arcangeli <aarcange@redhat.com>
Cc: Mel Gorman <mel@csn.ul.ie>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

7 years agomm/thrash.c: quiet sparse noise
H Hartley Sweeten [Tue, 1 Nov 2011 00:09:19 +0000]
mm/thrash.c: quiet sparse noise

Quiet the following sparse noise:

warning: symbol 'swap_token_memcg' was not declared. Should it be static?

Signed-off-by: H Hartley Sweeten <hsweeten@visionengravers.com>
Cc: Rik van Riel <riel@redhat.com>
Cc: KOSAKI Motohiro <kosaki.motohiro@jp.fujitsu.com>
Cc: KAMEZAWA Hiroyuki <kamezawa.hiroyu@jp.fujitsu.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

7 years agomm/memblock.c: quiet sparse noise
H Hartley Sweeten [Tue, 1 Nov 2011 00:09:15 +0000]
mm/memblock.c: quiet sparse noise

Quiet the following sparse noise in this file:

warning: symbol 'memblock_overlaps_region' was not declared. Should it be static?

Signed-off-by: H Hartley Sweeten <hsweeten@visionengravers,com>
Cc: Yinghai Lu <yinghai@kernel.org>
Cc: "H. Peter Anvin" <hpa@linux.intel.com>
Cc: Benjamin Herrenschmidt <benh@kernel.crashing.org>
Cc: Tomi Valkeinen <tomi.valkeinen@nokia.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

7 years agomm: disable user interface to manually rescue unevictable pages
Johannes Weiner [Tue, 1 Nov 2011 00:09:13 +0000]
mm: disable user interface to manually rescue unevictable pages

At one point, anonymous pages were supposed to go on the unevictable list
when no swap space was configured, and the idea was to manually rescue
those pages after adding swap and making them evictable again.  But
nowadays, swap-backed pages on the anon LRU list are not scanned without
available swap space anyway, so there is no point in moving them to a
separate list anymore.

The manual rescue could also be used in case pages were stranded on the
unevictable list due to race conditions.  But the code has been around for
a while now and newly discovered bugs should be properly reported and
dealt with instead of relying on such a manual fixup.

In addition to the lack of a usecase, the sysfs interface to rescue pages
from a specific NUMA node has been broken since its introduction, so it's
unlikely that anybody ever relied on that.

This patch removes the functionality behind the sysctl and the
node-interface and emits a one-time warning when somebody tries to access
either of them.

Signed-off-by: Johannes Weiner <jweiner@redhat.com>
Reported-by: Kautuk Consul <consul.kautuk@gmail.com>
Reviewed-by: Minchan Kim <minchan.kim@gmail.com>
Acked-by: KAMEZAWA Hiroyuki <kamezawa.hiroyu@jp.fujitsu.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

7 years agovmscan.c: fix invalid strict_strtoul() check in write_scan_unevictable_node()
Kautuk Consul [Tue, 1 Nov 2011 00:09:11 +0000]
vmscan.c: fix invalid strict_strtoul() check in write_scan_unevictable_node()

write_scan_unevictable_node() checks the value req returned by
strict_strtoul() and returns 1 if req is 0.

However, when strict_strtoul() returns 0, it means successful conversion
of buf to unsigned long.

Due to this, the function was not proceeding to scan the zones for
unevictable pages even though we write a valid value to the
scan_unevictable_pages sys file.

Change this check slightly to check for invalid value in buf as well as 0
value stored in res after successful conversion via strict_strtoul.  In
both cases, we do not perform the scanning of this node's zones.

Signed-off-by: Kautuk Consul <consul.kautuk@gmail.com>
Reviewed-by: KAMEZAWA Hiroyuki <kamezawa.hiroyu@jp.fujitsu.com>
Cc: Johannes Weiner <jweiner@redhat.com>
Cc: Lee Schermerhorn <lee.schermerhorn@hp.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

7 years agomm: fix kunmap_high() comment
Li Haifeng [Tue, 1 Nov 2011 00:09:09 +0000]
mm: fix kunmap_high() comment

Signed-off-by: Li Haifeng <omycle@gmail.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

7 years agomm: compaction: make compact_zone_order() static
Kyungmin Park [Tue, 1 Nov 2011 00:09:08 +0000]
mm: compaction: make compact_zone_order() static

There's no compact_zone_order() user outside file scope, so make it static.

Signed-off-by: Kyungmin Park <kyungmin.park@samsung.com>
Acked-by: David Rientjes <rientjes@google.com>
Reviewed-by: Minchan Kim <minchan.kim@gmail.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

7 years agoHWPOISON: convert pr_debug()s to pr_info()s
Dean Nelson [Tue, 1 Nov 2011 00:09:04 +0000]
HWPOISON: convert pr_debug()s to pr_info()s

Commit fb46e73520940b ("HWPOISON: Convert pr_debugs to pr_info) authored
by Andi Kleen converted a number of pr_debug()s to pr_info()s.

About the same time additional code with pr_debug()s was added by two
other commits 8c6c2ecb4466 ("HWPOSION, hugetlb: recover from free hugepage
error when !MF_COUNT_INCREASED") and d950b95882f3d ("HWPOISON, hugetlb:
soft offlining for hugepage").  And these pr_debug()s failed to get
converted to pr_info()s.

This patch converts them as well.  And does some minor related whitespace
cleanup.

Signed-off-by: Dean Nelson <dnelson@redhat.com>
Reviewed-by: Andi Kleen <ak@linux.intel.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

7 years agofs/buffer.c: add device information for error output in __find_get_block_slow()
Tao Ma [Tue, 1 Nov 2011 00:09:00 +0000]
fs/buffer.c: add device information for error output in __find_get_block_slow()

On the ext4 mailing list[1], we got some report about errors in
__find_get_block_slow(), but the information is very limited.

If the device information is given, we can know the name of the sick
volume.  Futhermore, we can get the corresponding status of that
block(group, inode block etc) by analyzing the disk layout.

[1] http://marc.info/?l=linux-ext4&m=131379831421147&w=2

Signed-off-by: Tao Ma <boyu.mt@taobao.com>
Cc: Al Viro <viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk>
Cc: Theodore Ts'o <tytso@mit.edu>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

7 years agomm/mmap.c: eliminate the ret variable from mm_take_all_locks()
Kautuk Consul [Tue, 1 Nov 2011 00:08:59 +0000]
mm/mmap.c: eliminate the ret variable from mm_take_all_locks()

The ret variable is really not needed in mm_take_all_locks().

Signed-off-by: Kautuk Consul <consul.kautuk@gmail.com>
Reviewed-by: Michal Hocko <mhocko@suse.cz>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

7 years agovmscan: fix shrinker callback bug in fs/super.c
Mikulas Patocka [Tue, 1 Nov 2011 00:08:57 +0000]
vmscan: fix shrinker callback bug in fs/super.c

The callback must not return -1 when nr_to_scan is zero. Fix the bug in
fs/super.c and add this requirement to the callback specification.

Signed-off-by: Mikulas Patocka <mpatocka@redhat.com>
Cc: Dave Chinner <david@fromorbit.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

7 years agomm-add-comment-explaining-task-state-setting-in-bdi_forker_thread-fix
Andrew Morton [Tue, 1 Nov 2011 00:08:54 +0000]
mm-add-comment-explaining-task-state-setting-in-bdi_forker_thread-fix

fiddle wording

Cc: Jan Kara <jack@suse.cz>
Cc: Wu Fengguang <fengguang.wu@intel.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

7 years agoksm: fix the comment of try_to_unmap_one()
Wanlong Gao [Tue, 1 Nov 2011 00:08:51 +0000]
ksm: fix the comment of try_to_unmap_one()

try_to_unmap_one() is called by try_to_unmap_ksm(), too.

Signed-off-by: Wanlong Gao <gaowanlong@cn.fujitsu.com>
Cc: Hugh Dickins <hughd@google.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

7 years agomm/vmalloc.c: report more vmalloc failures
Joe Perches [Tue, 1 Nov 2011 00:08:48 +0000]
mm/vmalloc.c: report more vmalloc failures

Some vmalloc failure paths do not report OOM conditions.

Add warn_alloc_failed, which also does a dump_stack, to those failure
paths.

This allows more site specific vmalloc failure logging message printks to
be removed.

Signed-off-by: Joe Perches <joe@perches.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

7 years agokswapd: assign new_order and new_classzone_idx after wakeup in sleeping
Alex,Shi [Tue, 1 Nov 2011 00:08:45 +0000]
kswapd: assign new_order and new_classzone_idx after wakeup in sleeping

There 2 places to read pgdat in kswapd.  One is return from a successful
balance, another is waked up from kswapd sleeping.  The new_order and
new_classzone_idx represent the balance input order and classzone_idx.

But current new_order and new_classzone_idx are not assigned after
kswapd_try_to_sleep(), that will cause a bug in the following scenario.

1: after a successful balance, kswapd goes to sleep, and new_order = 0;
   new_classzone_idx = __MAX_NR_ZONES - 1;

2: kswapd waked up with order = 3 and classzone_idx = ZONE_NORMAL

3: in the balance_pgdat() running, a new balance wakeup happened with
   order = 5, and classzone_idx = ZONE_NORMAL

4: the first wakeup(order = 3) finished successufly, return order = 3
   but, the new_order is still 0, so, this balancing will be treated as a
   failed balance.  And then the second tighter balancing will be missed.

So, to avoid the above problem, the new_order and new_classzone_idx need
to be assigned for later successful comparison.

Signed-off-by: Alex Shi <alex.shi@intel.com>
Acked-by: Mel Gorman <mgorman@suse.de>
Reviewed-by: Minchan Kim <minchan.kim@gmail.com>
Tested-by: Pádraig Brady <P@draigBrady.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

7 years agomm/memblock.c: small function definition fixes
Jonghwan Choi [Tue, 1 Nov 2011 00:08:42 +0000]
mm/memblock.c: small function definition fixes

warning: function 'memblock_memory_can_coalesce'
with external linkage has definition.

Signed-off-by: Jonghwan Choi <jhbird.choi@samsung.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

7 years agokswapd: avoid unnecessary rebalance after an unsuccessful balancing
Alex,Shi [Tue, 1 Nov 2011 00:08:39 +0000]
kswapd: avoid unnecessary rebalance after an unsuccessful balancing

In commit 215ddd66 ("mm: vmscan: only read new_classzone_idx from pgdat
when reclaiming successfully") , Mel Gorman said kswapd is better to sleep
after a unsuccessful balancing if there is tighter reclaim request pending
in the balancing.  But in the following scenario, kswapd do something that
is not matched our expectation.  The patch fixes this issue.

1, Read pgdat request A (classzone_idx, order = 3)
2, balance_pgdat()
3, During pgdat, a new pgdat request B (classzone_idx, order = 5) is placed
4, balance_pgdat() returns but failed since returned order = 0
5, pgdat of request A assigned to balance_pgdat(), and do balancing again.
   While the expectation behavior of kswapd should try to sleep.

Signed-off-by: Alex Shi <alex.shi@intel.com>
Reviewed-by: Tim Chen <tim.c.chen@linux.intel.com>
Acked-by: Mel Gorman <mgorman@suse.de>
Tested-by: Pádraig Brady <P@draigBrady.com>
Cc: Rik van Riel <riel@redhat.com>
Cc: KOSAKI Motohiro <kosaki.motohiro@jp.fujitsu.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

7 years agodebug-pagealloc: add support for highmem pages
Akinobu Mita [Tue, 1 Nov 2011 00:08:38 +0000]
debug-pagealloc: add support for highmem pages

This adds support for highmem pages poisoning and verification to the
debug-pagealloc feature for no-architecture support.

[akpm@linux-foundation.org: remove unneeded preempt_disable/enable]
Signed-off-by: Akinobu Mita <akinobu.mita@gmail.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

7 years agomm: neaten warn_alloc_failed
Joe Perches [Tue, 1 Nov 2011 00:08:35 +0000]
mm: neaten warn_alloc_failed

Add __attribute__((format (printf...) to the function to validate format
and arguments.  Use vsprintf extension %pV to avoid any possible message
interleaving.  Coalesce format string.  Convert printks/pr_warning to
pr_warn.

[akpm@linux-foundation.org: use the __printf() macro]
Signed-off-by: Joe Perches <joe@perches.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

7 years agoinclude/asm-generic/page.h: calculate virt_to_page and page_to_virt via predefined...
Sonic Zhang [Tue, 1 Nov 2011 00:08:31 +0000]
include/asm-generic/page.h: calculate virt_to_page and page_to_virt via predefined macro

On NOMMU architectures, if physical memory doesn't start from 0,
ARCH_PFN_OFFSET is defined to generate page index in mem_map array.
Because virtual address is equal to physical address, PAGE_OFFSET is
always 0.  virt_to_page and page_to_virt should not index page by
PAGE_OFFSET directly.

Signed-off-by: Sonic Zhang <sonic.zhang@analog.com>
Cc: Greg Ungerer <gerg@snapgear.com>
Cc: Geert Uytterhoeven <geert@linux-m68k.org>
Cc: David Howells <dhowells@redhat.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

7 years agothp: mremap support and TLB optimization
Andrea Arcangeli [Tue, 1 Nov 2011 00:08:30 +0000]
thp: mremap support and TLB optimization

This adds THP support to mremap (decreases the number of split_huge_page()
calls).

Here are also some benchmarks with a proggy like this:

===
#define _GNU_SOURCE
#include <sys/mman.h>
#include <stdlib.h>
#include <stdio.h>
#include <string.h>
#include <sys/time.h>

#define SIZE (5UL*1024*1024*1024)

int main()
{
        static struct timeval oldstamp, newstamp;
long diffsec;
char *p, *p2, *p3, *p4;
if (posix_memalign((void **)&p, 2*1024*1024, SIZE))
perror("memalign"), exit(1);
if (posix_memalign((void **)&p2, 2*1024*1024, SIZE))
perror("memalign"), exit(1);
if (posix_memalign((void **)&p3, 2*1024*1024, 4096))
perror("memalign"), exit(1);

memset(p, 0xff, SIZE);
memset(p2, 0xff, SIZE);
memset(p3, 0x77, 4096);
gettimeofday(&oldstamp, NULL);
p4 = mremap(p, SIZE, SIZE, MREMAP_FIXED|MREMAP_MAYMOVE, p3);
gettimeofday(&newstamp, NULL);
diffsec = newstamp.tv_sec - oldstamp.tv_sec;
diffsec = newstamp.tv_usec - oldstamp.tv_usec + 1000000 * diffsec;
printf("usec %ld\n", diffsec);
if (p == MAP_FAILED || p4 != p3)
//if (p == MAP_FAILED)
perror("mremap"), exit(1);
if (memcmp(p4, p2, SIZE))
printf("mremap bug\n"), exit(1);
printf("ok\n");

return 0;
}
===

THP on

 Performance counter stats for './largepage13' (3 runs):

          69195836 dTLB-loads                 ( +-   3.546% )  (scaled from 50.30%)
             60708 dTLB-load-misses           ( +-  11.776% )  (scaled from 52.62%)
         676266476 dTLB-stores                ( +-   5.654% )  (scaled from 69.54%)
             29856 dTLB-store-misses          ( +-   4.081% )  (scaled from 89.22%)
        1055848782 iTLB-loads                 ( +-   4.526% )  (scaled from 80.18%)
              8689 iTLB-load-misses           ( +-   2.987% )  (scaled from 58.20%)

        7.314454164  seconds time elapsed   ( +-   0.023% )

THP off

 Performance counter stats for './largepage13' (3 runs):

        1967379311 dTLB-loads                 ( +-   0.506% )  (scaled from 60.59%)
           9238687 dTLB-load-misses           ( +-  22.547% )  (scaled from 61.87%)
        2014239444 dTLB-stores                ( +-   0.692% )  (scaled from 60.40%)
           3312335 dTLB-store-misses          ( +-   7.304% )  (scaled from 67.60%)
        6764372065 iTLB-loads                 ( +-   0.925% )  (scaled from 79.00%)
              8202 iTLB-load-misses           ( +-   0.475% )  (scaled from 70.55%)

        9.693655243  seconds time elapsed   ( +-   0.069% )

grep thp /proc/vmstat
thp_fault_alloc 35849
thp_fault_fallback 0
thp_collapse_alloc 3
thp_collapse_alloc_failed 0
thp_split 0

thp_split 0 confirms no thp split despite plenty of hugepages allocated.

The measurement of only the mremap time (so excluding the 3 long
memset and final long 10GB memory accessing memcmp):

THP on

usec 14824
usec 14862
usec 14859

THP off

usec 256416
usec 255981
usec 255847

With an older kernel without the mremap optimizations (the below patch
optimizes the non THP version too).

THP on

usec 392107
usec 390237
usec 404124

THP off

usec 444294
usec 445237
usec 445820

I guess with a threaded program that sends more IPI on large SMP it'd
create an even larger difference.

All debug options are off except DEBUG_VM to avoid skewing the
results.

The only problem for native 2M mremap like it happens above both the
source and destination address must be 2M aligned or the hugepmd can't be
moved without a split but that is an hardware limitation.

[akpm@linux-foundation.org: coding-style nitpicking]
Signed-off-by: Andrea Arcangeli <aarcange@redhat.com>
Acked-by: Johannes Weiner <jweiner@redhat.com>
Acked-by: Mel Gorman <mgorman@suse.de>
Acked-by: Rik van Riel <riel@redhat.com>
Cc: Hugh Dickins <hughd@google.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

7 years agomremap: avoid sending one IPI per page
Andrea Arcangeli [Tue, 1 Nov 2011 00:08:26 +0000]
mremap: avoid sending one IPI per page

This replaces ptep_clear_flush() with ptep_get_and_clear() and a single
flush_tlb_range() at the end of the loop, to avoid sending one IPI for
each page.

The mmu_notifier_invalidate_range_start/end section is enlarged
accordingly but this is not going to fundamentally change things.  It was
more by accident that the region under mremap was for the most part still
available for secondary MMUs: the primary MMU was never allowed to
reliably access that region for the duration of the mremap (modulo
trapping SIGSEGV on the old address range which sounds unpractical and
flakey).  If users wants secondary MMUs not to lose access to a large
region under mremap they should reduce the mremap size accordingly in
userland and run multiple calls.  Overall this will run faster so it's
actually going to reduce the time the region is under mremap for the
primary MMU which should provide a net benefit to apps.

For KVM this is a noop because the guest physical memory is never
mremapped, there's just no point it ever moving it while guest runs.  One
target of this optimization is JVM GC (so unrelated to the mmu notifier
logic).

Signed-off-by: Andrea Arcangeli <aarcange@redhat.com>
Acked-by: Johannes Weiner <jweiner@redhat.com>
Acked-by: Mel Gorman <mgorman@suse.de>
Acked-by: Rik van Riel <riel@redhat.com>
Cc: Hugh Dickins <hughd@google.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

7 years agomremap: check for overflow using deltas
Andrea Arcangeli [Tue, 1 Nov 2011 00:08:22 +0000]
mremap: check for overflow using deltas

Using "- 1" relies on the old_end to be page aligned and PAGE_SIZE > 1,
those are reasonable requirements but the check remains obscure and it
looks more like an off by one error than an overflow check.  This I feel
will improve readability.

Signed-off-by: Andrea Arcangeli <aarcange@redhat.com>
Acked-by: Johannes Weiner <jweiner@redhat.com>
Acked-by: Mel Gorman <mgorman@suse.de>
Acked-by: Rik van Riel <riel@redhat.com>
Cc: Hugh Dickins <hughd@google.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

7 years agomemblock: add NO_BOOTMEM config symbol
Sam Ravnborg [Tue, 1 Nov 2011 00:08:20 +0000]
memblock: add NO_BOOTMEM config symbol

With the NO_BOOTMEM symbol added architectures may now use the following
syntax to tell that they do not need bootmem:

select NO_BOOTMEM

This is much more convinient than adding a new kconfig symbol which was
otherwise required.

Adding this symbol does not conflict with the architctures that already
define their own symbol.

Signed-off-by: Sam Ravnborg <sam@ravnborg.org>
Cc: Yinghai Lu <yinghai@kernel.org>
Acked-by: Tejun Heo <tj@kernel.org>
Cc: "H. Peter Anvin" <hpa@zytor.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

7 years agomemblock: add memblock_start_of_DRAM()
Sam Ravnborg [Tue, 1 Nov 2011 00:08:16 +0000]
memblock: add memblock_start_of_DRAM()

SPARC32 require access to the start address.  Add a new helper
memblock_start_of_DRAM() to give access to the address of the first
memblock - which contains the lowest address.

The awkward name was chosen to match the already present
memblock_end_of_DRAM().

Signed-off-by: Sam Ravnborg <sam@ravnborg.org>
Cc: "David S. Miller" <davem@davemloft.net>
Cc: Yinghai Lu <yinghai@kernel.org>
Acked-by: Tejun Heo <tj@kernel.org>
Cc: "H. Peter Anvin" <hpa@zytor.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

7 years agomm: avoid null pointer access in vm_struct via /proc/vmallocinfo
Mitsuo Hayasaka [Tue, 1 Nov 2011 00:08:13 +0000]
mm: avoid null pointer access in vm_struct via /proc/vmallocinfo

The /proc/vmallocinfo shows information about vmalloc allocations in
vmlist that is a linklist of vm_struct.  It, however, may access pages
field of vm_struct where a page was not allocated.  This results in a null
pointer access and leads to a kernel panic.

Why this happens: In __vmalloc_node_range() called from vmalloc(), newly
allocated vm_struct is added to vmlist at __get_vm_area_node() and then,
some fields of vm_struct such as nr_pages and pages are set at
__vmalloc_area_node().  In other words, it is added to vmlist before it is
fully initialized.  At the same time, when the /proc/vmallocinfo is read,
it accesses the pages field of vm_struct according to the nr_pages field
at show_numa_info().  Thus, a null pointer access happens.

The patch adds the newly allocated vm_struct to the vmlist *after* it is
fully initialized.  So, it can avoid accessing the pages field with
unallocated page when show_numa_info() is called.

Signed-off-by: Mitsuo Hayasaka <mitsuo.hayasaka.hu@hitachi.com>
Cc: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Cc: David Rientjes <rientjes@google.com>
Cc: Namhyung Kim <namhyung@gmail.com>
Cc: "Paul E. McKenney" <paulmck@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
Cc: Jeremy Fitzhardinge <jeremy.fitzhardinge@citrix.com>
Cc: <stable@kernel.org>
Cc: <stable@vger.kernel.org>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

7 years agomm/debug-pagealloc.c: use memchr_inv
Akinobu Mita [Tue, 1 Nov 2011 00:08:10 +0000]
mm/debug-pagealloc.c: use memchr_inv

Use newly introduced memchr_inv() for page verification.

Signed-off-by: Akinobu Mita <akinobu.mita@gmail.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

7 years agolib/string.c: introduce memchr_inv()
Akinobu Mita [Tue, 1 Nov 2011 00:08:07 +0000]
lib/string.c: introduce memchr_inv()

memchr_inv() is mainly used to check whether the whole buffer is filled
with just a specified byte.

The function name and prototype are stolen from logfs and the
implementation is from SLUB.

Signed-off-by: Akinobu Mita <akinobu.mita@gmail.com>
Acked-by: Christoph Lameter <cl@linux-foundation.org>
Acked-by: Pekka Enberg <penberg@kernel.org>
Cc: Matt Mackall <mpm@selenic.com>
Acked-by: Joern Engel <joern@logfs.org>
Cc: Marcin Slusarz <marcin.slusarz@gmail.com>
Cc: Eric Dumazet <eric.dumazet@gmail.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

7 years agomm/debug-pagealloc.c: use plain __ratelimit() instead of printk_ratelimit()
Akinobu Mita [Tue, 1 Nov 2011 00:08:05 +0000]
mm/debug-pagealloc.c: use plain __ratelimit() instead of printk_ratelimit()

printk_ratelimit() should not be used, because it shares ratelimiting
state with all other unrelated printk_ratelimit() callsites.

Signed-off-by: Akinobu Mita <akinobu.mita@gmail.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

7 years agovmscan: count pages into balanced for zone with good watermark
Shaohua Li [Tue, 1 Nov 2011 00:08:02 +0000]
vmscan: count pages into balanced for zone with good watermark

It's possible a zone watermark is ok when entering the balance_pgdat()
loop, while the zone is within the requested classzone_idx.  Count pages
from this zone into `balanced'.  In this way, we can skip shrinking zones
too much for high order allocation.

Signed-off-by: Shaohua Li <shaohua.li@intel.com>
Acked-by: Mel Gorman <mgorman@suse.de>
Reviewed-by: Minchan Kim <minchan.kim@gmail.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

7 years agomm: vmscan: immediately reclaim end-of-LRU dirty pages when writeback completes
Mel Gorman [Tue, 1 Nov 2011 00:07:59 +0000]
mm: vmscan: immediately reclaim end-of-LRU dirty pages when writeback completes

When direct reclaim encounters a dirty page, it gets recycled around the
LRU for another cycle.  This patch marks the page PageReclaim similar to
deactivate_page() so that the page gets reclaimed almost immediately after
the page gets cleaned.  This is to avoid reclaiming clean pages that are
younger than a dirty page encountered at the end of the LRU that might
have been something like a use-once page.

Signed-off-by: Mel Gorman <mgorman@suse.de>
Acked-by: Johannes Weiner <jweiner@redhat.com>
Cc: Dave Chinner <david@fromorbit.com>
Cc: Christoph Hellwig <hch@infradead.org>
Cc: Wu Fengguang <fengguang.wu@intel.com>
Cc: Jan Kara <jack@suse.cz>
Cc: Minchan Kim <minchan.kim@gmail.com>
Cc: Rik van Riel <riel@redhat.com>
Cc: Mel Gorman <mgorman@suse.de>
Cc: Alex Elder <aelder@sgi.com>
Cc: Theodore Ts'o <tytso@mit.edu>
Cc: Chris Mason <chris.mason@oracle.com>
Cc: Dave Hansen <dave@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

7 years agomm: vmscan: throttle reclaim if encountering too many dirty pages under writeback
Mel Gorman [Tue, 1 Nov 2011 00:07:56 +0000]
mm: vmscan: throttle reclaim if encountering too many dirty pages under writeback

Workloads that are allocating frequently and writing files place a large
number of dirty pages on the LRU.  With use-once logic, it is possible for
them to reach the end of the LRU quickly requiring the reclaimer to scan
more to find clean pages.  Ordinarily, processes that are dirtying memory
will get throttled by dirty balancing but this is a global heuristic and
does not take into account that LRUs are maintained on a per-zone basis.
This can lead to a situation whereby reclaim is scanning heavily, skipping
over a large number of pages under writeback and recycling them around the
LRU consuming CPU.

This patch checks how many of the number of pages isolated from the LRU
were dirty and under writeback.  If a percentage of them under writeback,
the process will be throttled if a backing device or the zone is
congested.  Note that this applies whether it is anonymous or file-backed
pages that are under writeback meaning that swapping is potentially
throttled.  This is intentional due to the fact if the swap device is
congested, scanning more pages and dispatching more IO is not going to
help matters.

The percentage that must be in writeback depends on the priority.  At
default priority, all of them must be dirty.  At DEF_PRIORITY-1, 50% of
them must be, DEF_PRIORITY-2, 25% etc.  i.e.  as pressure increases the
greater the likelihood the process will get throttled to allow the flusher
threads to make some progress.

Signed-off-by: Mel Gorman <mgorman@suse.de>
Reviewed-by: Minchan Kim <minchan.kim@gmail.com>
Acked-by: Johannes Weiner <jweiner@redhat.com>
Cc: Dave Chinner <david@fromorbit.com>
Cc: Christoph Hellwig <hch@infradead.org>
Cc: Wu Fengguang <fengguang.wu@intel.com>
Cc: Jan Kara <jack@suse.cz>
Cc: Rik van Riel <riel@redhat.com>
Cc: Mel Gorman <mgorman@suse.de>
Cc: Alex Elder <aelder@sgi.com>
Cc: Theodore Ts'o <tytso@mit.edu>
Cc: Chris Mason <chris.mason@oracle.com>
Cc: Dave Hansen <dave@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

7 years agomm: vmscan: do not writeback filesystem pages in kswapd except in high priority
Mel Gorman [Tue, 1 Nov 2011 00:07:51 +0000]
mm: vmscan: do not writeback filesystem pages in kswapd except in high priority

It is preferable that no dirty pages are dispatched for cleaning from the
page reclaim path.  At normal priorities, this patch prevents kswapd
writing pages.

However, page reclaim does have a requirement that pages be freed in a
particular zone.  If it is failing to make sufficient progress (reclaiming
< SWAP_CLUSTER_MAX at any priority priority), the priority is raised to
scan more pages.  A priority of DEF_PRIORITY - 3 is considered to be the
point where kswapd is getting into trouble reclaiming pages.  If this
priority is reached, kswapd will dispatch pages for writing.

Signed-off-by: Mel Gorman <mgorman@suse.de>
Reviewed-by: Minchan Kim <minchan.kim@gmail.com>
Cc: Dave Chinner <david@fromorbit.com>
Cc: Christoph Hellwig <hch@infradead.org>
Cc: Johannes Weiner <jweiner@redhat.com>
Cc: Wu Fengguang <fengguang.wu@intel.com>
Cc: Jan Kara <jack@suse.cz>
Cc: Rik van Riel <riel@redhat.com>
Cc: Mel Gorman <mgorman@suse.de>
Cc: Alex Elder <aelder@sgi.com>
Cc: Theodore Ts'o <tytso@mit.edu>
Cc: Chris Mason <chris.mason@oracle.com>
Cc: Dave Hansen <dave@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

7 years agoext4: warn if direct reclaim tries to writeback pages
Mel Gorman [Tue, 1 Nov 2011 00:07:48 +0000]
ext4: warn if direct reclaim tries to writeback pages

Direct reclaim should never writeback pages.  Warn if an attempt is made.

Signed-off-by: Mel Gorman <mgorman@suse.de>
Cc: Dave Chinner <david@fromorbit.com>
Cc: Christoph Hellwig <hch@infradead.org>
Cc: Johannes Weiner <jweiner@redhat.com>
Cc: Wu Fengguang <fengguang.wu@intel.com>
Cc: Jan Kara <jack@suse.cz>
Cc: Minchan Kim <minchan.kim@gmail.com>
Cc: Rik van Riel <riel@redhat.com>
Cc: Mel Gorman <mgorman@suse.de>
Cc: Alex Elder <aelder@sgi.com>
Cc: Theodore Ts'o <tytso@mit.edu>
Cc: Chris Mason <chris.mason@oracle.com>
Cc: Dave Hansen <dave@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

7 years agoxfs: warn if direct reclaim tries to writeback pages
Mel Gorman [Tue, 1 Nov 2011 00:07:45 +0000]
xfs: warn if direct reclaim tries to writeback pages

Direct reclaim should never writeback pages.  For now, handle the
situation and warn about it.  Ultimately, this will be a BUG_ON.

Signed-off-by: Mel Gorman <mgorman@suse.de>
Cc: Dave Chinner <david@fromorbit.com>
Cc: Christoph Hellwig <hch@infradead.org>
Cc: Johannes Weiner <jweiner@redhat.com>
Cc: Wu Fengguang <fengguang.wu@intel.com>
Cc: Jan Kara <jack@suse.cz>
Cc: Minchan Kim <minchan.kim@gmail.com>
Cc: Rik van Riel <riel@redhat.com>
Cc: Mel Gorman <mgorman@suse.de>
Cc: Alex Elder <aelder@sgi.com>
Cc: Theodore Ts'o <tytso@mit.edu>
Cc: Chris Mason <chris.mason@oracle.com>
Cc: Dave Hansen <dave@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

7 years agomm: vmscan: remove dead code related to lumpy reclaim waiting on pages under writeback
Mel Gorman [Tue, 1 Nov 2011 00:07:42 +0000]
mm: vmscan: remove dead code related to lumpy reclaim waiting on pages under writeback

Lumpy reclaim worked with two passes - the first which queued pages for IO
and the second which waited on writeback.  As direct reclaim can no longer
write pages there is some dead code.  This patch removes it but direct
reclaim will continue to wait on pages under writeback while in
synchronous reclaim mode.

Signed-off-by: Mel Gorman <mgorman@suse.de>
Cc: Dave Chinner <david@fromorbit.com>
Cc: Christoph Hellwig <hch@infradead.org>
Cc: Johannes Weiner <jweiner@redhat.com>
Cc: Wu Fengguang <fengguang.wu@intel.com>
Cc: Jan Kara <jack@suse.cz>
Cc: Minchan Kim <minchan.kim@gmail.com>
Cc: Rik van Riel <riel@redhat.com>
Cc: Mel Gorman <mgorman@suse.de>
Cc: Alex Elder <aelder@sgi.com>
Cc: Theodore Ts'o <tytso@mit.edu>
Cc: Chris Mason <chris.mason@oracle.com>
Cc: Dave Hansen <dave@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

7 years agomm: vmscan: do not writeback filesystem pages in direct reclaim
Mel Gorman [Tue, 1 Nov 2011 00:07:38 +0000]
mm: vmscan: do not writeback filesystem pages in direct reclaim

Testing from the XFS folk revealed that there is still too much I/O from
the end of the LRU in kswapd.  Previously it was considered acceptable by
VM people for a small number of pages to be written back from reclaim with
testing generally showing about 0.3% of pages reclaimed were written back
(higher if memory was low).  That writing back a small number of pages is
ok has been heavily disputed for quite some time and Dave Chinner
explained it well;

It doesn't have to be a very high number to be a problem. IO
is orders of magnitude slower than the CPU time it takes to
flush a page, so the cost of making a bad flush decision is
very high. And single page writeback from the LRU is almost
always a bad flush decision.

To complicate matters, filesystems respond very differently to requests
from reclaim according to Christoph Hellwig;

xfs tries to write it back if the requester is kswapd
ext4 ignores the request if it's a delayed allocation
btrfs ignores the request

As a result, each filesystem has different performance characteristics
when under memory pressure and there are many pages being dirtied.  In
some cases, the request is ignored entirely so the VM cannot depend on the
IO being dispatched.

The objective of this series is to reduce writing of filesystem-backed
pages from reclaim, play nicely with writeback that is already in progress
and throttle reclaim appropriately when writeback pages are encountered.
The assumption is that the flushers will always write pages faster than if
reclaim issues the IO.

A secondary goal is to avoid the problem whereby direct reclaim splices
two potentially deep call stacks together.

There is a potential new problem as reclaim has less control over how long
before a page in a particularly zone or container is cleaned and direct
reclaimers depend on kswapd or flusher threads to do the necessary work.
However, as filesystems sometimes ignore direct reclaim requests already,
it is not expected to be a serious issue.

Patch 1 disables writeback of filesystem pages from direct reclaim
entirely. Anonymous pages are still written.

Patch 2 removes dead code in lumpy reclaim as it is no longer able
to synchronously write pages. This hurts lumpy reclaim but
there is an expectation that compaction is used for hugepage
allocations these days and lumpy reclaim's days are numbered.

Patches 3-4 add warnings to XFS and ext4 if called from
direct reclaim. With patch 1, this "never happens" and is
intended to catch regressions in this logic in the future.

Patch 5 disables writeback of filesystem pages from kswapd unless
the priority is raised to the point where kswapd is considered
to be in trouble.

Patch 6 throttles reclaimers if too many dirty pages are being
encountered and the zones or backing devices are congested.

Patch 7 invalidates dirty pages found at the end of the LRU so they
are reclaimed quickly after being written back rather than
waiting for a reclaimer to find them

I consider this series to be orthogonal to the writeback work but it is
worth noting that the writeback work affects the viability of patch 8 in
particular.

I tested this on ext4 and xfs using fs_mark, a simple writeback test based
on dd and a micro benchmark that does a streaming write to a large mapping
(exercises use-once LRU logic) followed by streaming writes to a mix of
anonymous and file-backed mappings.  The command line for fs_mark when
botted with 512M looked something like

./fs_mark -d  /tmp/fsmark-2676  -D  100  -N  150  -n  150  -L  25  -t  1  -S0  -s  10485760

The number of files was adjusted depending on the amount of available
memory so that the files created was about 3xRAM.  For multiple threads,
the -d switch is specified multiple times.

The test machine is x86-64 with an older generation of AMD processor with
4 cores.  The underlying storage was 4 disks configured as RAID-0 as this
was the best configuration of storage I had available.  Swap is on a
separate disk.  Dirty ratio was tuned to 40% instead of the default of
20%.

Testing was run with and without monitors to both verify that the patches
were operating as expected and that any performance gain was real and not
due to interference from monitors.

Here is a summary of results based on testing XFS.

512M1P-xfs           Files/s  mean                 32.69 ( 0.00%)     34.44 ( 5.08%)
512M1P-xfs           Elapsed Time fsmark                    51.41     48.29
512M1P-xfs           Elapsed Time simple-wb                114.09    108.61
512M1P-xfs           Elapsed Time mmap-strm                113.46    109.34
512M1P-xfs           Kswapd efficiency fsmark                 62%       63%
512M1P-xfs           Kswapd efficiency simple-wb              56%       61%
512M1P-xfs           Kswapd efficiency mmap-strm              44%       42%
512M-xfs             Files/s  mean                 30.78 ( 0.00%)     35.94 (14.36%)
512M-xfs             Elapsed Time fsmark                    56.08     48.90
512M-xfs             Elapsed Time simple-wb                112.22     98.13
512M-xfs             Elapsed Time mmap-strm                219.15    196.67
512M-xfs             Kswapd efficiency fsmark                 54%       56%
512M-xfs             Kswapd efficiency simple-wb              54%       55%
512M-xfs             Kswapd efficiency mmap-strm              45%       44%
512M-4X-xfs          Files/s  mean                 30.31 ( 0.00%)     33.33 ( 9.06%)
512M-4X-xfs          Elapsed Time fsmark                    63.26     55.88
512M-4X-xfs          Elapsed Time simple-wb                100.90     90.25
512M-4X-xfs          Elapsed Time mmap-strm                261.73    255.38
512M-4X-xfs          Kswapd efficiency fsmark                 49%       50%
512M-4X-xfs          Kswapd efficiency simple-wb              54%       56%
512M-4X-xfs          Kswapd efficiency mmap-strm              37%       36%
512M-16X-xfs         Files/s  mean                 60.89 ( 0.00%)     65.22 ( 6.64%)
512M-16X-xfs         Elapsed Time fsmark                    67.47     58.25
512M-16X-xfs         Elapsed Time simple-wb                103.22     90.89
512M-16X-xfs         Elapsed Time mmap-strm                237.09    198.82
512M-16X-xfs         Kswapd efficiency fsmark                 45%       46%
512M-16X-xfs         Kswapd efficiency simple-wb              53%       55%
512M-16X-xfs         Kswapd efficiency mmap-strm              33%       33%

Up until 512-4X, the FSmark improvements were statistically significant.
For the 4X and 16X tests the results were within standard deviations but
just barely.  The time to completion for all tests is improved which is an
important result.  In general, kswapd efficiency is not affected by
skipping dirty pages.

1024M1P-xfs          Files/s  mean                 39.09 ( 0.00%)     41.15 ( 5.01%)
1024M1P-xfs          Elapsed Time fsmark                    84.14     80.41
1024M1P-xfs          Elapsed Time simple-wb                210.77    184.78
1024M1P-xfs          Elapsed Time mmap-strm                162.00    160.34
1024M1P-xfs          Kswapd efficiency fsmark                 69%       75%
1024M1P-xfs          Kswapd efficiency simple-wb              71%       77%
1024M1P-xfs          Kswapd efficiency mmap-strm              43%       44%
1024M-xfs            Files/s  mean                 35.45 ( 0.00%)     37.00 ( 4.19%)
1024M-xfs            Elapsed Time fsmark                    94.59     91.00
1024M-xfs            Elapsed Time simple-wb                229.84    195.08
1024M-xfs            Elapsed Time mmap-strm                405.38    440.29
1024M-xfs            Kswapd efficiency fsmark                 79%       71%
1024M-xfs            Kswapd efficiency simple-wb              74%       74%
1024M-xfs            Kswapd efficiency mmap-strm              39%       42%
1024M-4X-xfs         Files/s  mean                 32.63 ( 0.00%)     35.05 ( 6.90%)
1024M-4X-xfs         Elapsed Time fsmark                   103.33     97.74
1024M-4X-xfs         Elapsed Time simple-wb                204.48    178.57
1024M-4X-xfs         Elapsed Time mmap-strm                528.38    511.88
1024M-4X-xfs         Kswapd efficiency fsmark                 81%       70%
1024M-4X-xfs         Kswapd efficiency simple-wb              73%       72%
1024M-4X-xfs         Kswapd efficiency mmap-strm              39%       38%
1024M-16X-xfs        Files/s  mean                 42.65 ( 0.00%)     42.97 ( 0.74%)
1024M-16X-xfs        Elapsed Time fsmark                   103.11     99.11
1024M-16X-xfs        Elapsed Time simple-wb                200.83    178.24
1024M-16X-xfs        Elapsed Time mmap-strm                397.35    459.82
1024M-16X-xfs        Kswapd efficiency fsmark                 84%       69%
1024M-16X-xfs        Kswapd efficiency simple-wb              74%       73%
1024M-16X-xfs        Kswapd efficiency mmap-strm              39%       40%

All FSMark tests up to 16X had statistically significant improvements.
For the most part, tests are completing faster with the exception of the
streaming writes to a mixture of anonymous and file-backed mappings which
were slower in two cases

In the cases where the mmap-strm tests were slower, there was more
swapping due to dirty pages being skipped.  The number of additional pages
swapped is almost identical to the fewer number of pages written from
reclaim.  In other words, roughly the same number of pages were reclaimed
but swapping was slower.  As the test is a bit unrealistic and stresses
memory heavily, the small shift is acceptable.

4608M1P-xfs          Files/s  mean                 29.75 ( 0.00%)     30.96 ( 3.91%)
4608M1P-xfs          Elapsed Time fsmark                   512.01    492.15
4608M1P-xfs          Elapsed Time simple-wb                618.18    566.24
4608M1P-xfs          Elapsed Time mmap-strm                488.05    465.07
4608M1P-xfs          Kswapd efficiency fsmark                 93%       86%
4608M1P-xfs          Kswapd efficiency simple-wb              88%       84%
4608M1P-xfs          Kswapd efficiency mmap-strm              46%       45%
4608M-xfs            Files/s  mean                 27.60 ( 0.00%)     28.85 ( 4.33%)
4608M-xfs            Elapsed Time fsmark                   555.96    532.34
4608M-xfs            Elapsed Time simple-wb                659.72    571.85
4608M-xfs            Elapsed Time mmap-strm               1082.57   1146.38
4608M-xfs            Kswapd efficiency fsmark                 89%       91%
4608M-xfs            Kswapd efficiency simple-wb              88%       82%
4608M-xfs            Kswapd efficiency mmap-strm              48%       46%
4608M-4X-xfs         Files/s  mean                 26.00 ( 0.00%)     27.47 ( 5.35%)
4608M-4X-xfs         Elapsed Time fsmark                   592.91    564.00
4608M-4X-xfs         Elapsed Time simple-wb                616.65    575.07
4608M-4X-xfs         Elapsed Time mmap-strm               1773.02   1631.53
4608M-4X-xfs         Kswapd efficiency fsmark                 90%       94%
4608M-4X-xfs         Kswapd efficiency simple-wb              87%       82%
4608M-4X-xfs         Kswapd efficiency mmap-strm              43%       43%
4608M-16X-xfs        Files/s  mean                 26.07 ( 0.00%)     26.42 ( 1.32%)
4608M-16X-xfs        Elapsed Time fsmark                   602.69    585.78
4608M-16X-xfs        Elapsed Time simple-wb                606.60    573.81
4608M-16X-xfs        Elapsed Time mmap-strm               1549.75   1441.86
4608M-16X-xfs        Kswapd efficiency fsmark                 98%       98%
4608M-16X-xfs        Kswapd efficiency simple-wb              88%       82%
4608M-16X-xfs        Kswapd efficiency mmap-strm              44%       42%

Unlike the other tests, the fsmark results are not statistically
significant but the min and max times are both improved and for the most
part, tests completed faster.

There are other indications that this is an improvement as well.  For
example, in the vast majority of cases, there were fewer pages scanned by
direct reclaim implying in many cases that stalls due to direct reclaim
are reduced.  KSwapd is scanning more due to skipping dirty pages which is
unfortunate but the CPU usage is still acceptable

In an earlier set of tests, I used blktrace and in almost all cases
throughput throughout the entire test was higher.  However, I ended up
discarding those results as recording blktrace data was too heavy for my
liking.

On a laptop, I plugged in a USB stick and ran a similar tests of tests
using it as backing storage.  A desktop environment was running and for
the entire duration of the tests, firefox and gnome terminal were
launching and exiting to vaguely simulate a user.

1024M-xfs            Files/s  mean               0.41 ( 0.00%)        0.44 ( 6.82%)
1024M-xfs            Elapsed Time fsmark               2053.52   1641.03
1024M-xfs            Elapsed Time simple-wb            1229.53    768.05
1024M-xfs            Elapsed Time mmap-strm            4126.44   4597.03
1024M-xfs            Kswapd efficiency fsmark              84%       85%
1024M-xfs            Kswapd efficiency simple-wb           92%       81%
1024M-xfs            Kswapd efficiency mmap-strm           60%       51%
1024M-xfs            Avg wait ms fsmark                5404.53     4473.87
1024M-xfs            Avg wait ms simple-wb             2541.35     1453.54
1024M-xfs            Avg wait ms mmap-strm             3400.25     3852.53

The mmap-strm results were hurt because firefox launching had a tendency
to push the test out of memory.  On the postive side, firefox launched
marginally faster with the patches applied.  Time to completion for many
tests was faster but more importantly - the "Avg wait" time as measured by
iostat was far lower implying the system would be more responsive.  It was
also the case that "Avg wait ms" on the root filesystem was lower.  I
tested it manually and while the system felt slightly more responsive
while copying data to a USB stick, it was marginal enough that it could be
my imagination.

This patch: do not writeback filesystem pages in direct reclaim.

When kswapd is failing to keep zones above the min watermark, a process
will enter direct reclaim in the same manner kswapd does.  If a dirty page
is encountered during the scan, this page is written to backing storage
using mapping->writepage.

This causes two problems.  First, it can result in very deep call stacks,
particularly if the target storage or filesystem are complex.  Some
filesystems ignore write requests from direct reclaim as a result.  The
second is that a single-page flush is inefficient in terms of IO.  While
there is an expectation that the elevator will merge requests, this does
not always happen.  Quoting Christoph Hellwig;

The elevator has a relatively small window it can operate on,
and can never fix up a bad large scale writeback pattern.

This patch prevents direct reclaim writing back filesystem pages by
checking if current is kswapd.  Anonymous pages are still written to swap
as there is not the equivalent of a flusher thread for anonymous pages.
If the dirty pages cannot be written back, they are placed back on the LRU
lists.  There is now a direct dependency on dirty page balancing to
prevent too many pages in the system being dirtied which would prevent
reclaim making forward progress.

Signed-off-by: Mel Gorman <mgorman@suse.de>
Reviewed-by: Minchan Kim <minchan.kim@gmail.com>
Cc: Dave Chinner <david@fromorbit.com>
Cc: Christoph Hellwig <hch@infradead.org>
Cc: Johannes Weiner <jweiner@redhat.com>
Cc: Wu Fengguang <fengguang.wu@intel.com>
Cc: Jan Kara <jack@suse.cz>
Cc: Rik van Riel <riel@redhat.com>
Cc: Mel Gorman <mgorman@suse.de>
Cc: Alex Elder <aelder@sgi.com>
Cc: Theodore Ts'o <tytso@mit.edu>
Cc: Chris Mason <chris.mason@oracle.com>
Cc: Dave Hansen <dave@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

7 years agomm: add comments to explain mm_struct fields
Christoph Lameter [Tue, 1 Nov 2011 00:07:34 +0000]
mm: add comments to explain mm_struct fields

Add comments to explain the page statistics field in the mm_struct.

[akpm@linux-foundation.org: add missing ;]
Signed-off-by: Christoph Lameter <cl@linux.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

7 years agomm: distinguish between mlocked and pinned pages
Christoph Lameter [Tue, 1 Nov 2011 00:07:30 +0000]
mm: distinguish between mlocked and pinned pages

Some kernel components pin user space memory (infiniband and perf) (by
increasing the page count) and account that memory as "mlocked".

The difference between mlocking and pinning is:

A. mlocked pages are marked with PG_mlocked and are exempt from
   swapping. Page migration may move them around though.
   They are kept on a special LRU list.

B. Pinned pages cannot be moved because something needs to
   directly access physical memory. They may not be on any
   LRU list.

I recently saw an mlockalled process where mm->locked_vm became
bigger than the virtual size of the process (!) because some
memory was accounted for twice:

Once when the page was mlocked and once when the Infiniband
layer increased the refcount because it needt to pin the RDMA
memory.

This patch introduces a separate counter for pinned pages and
accounts them seperately.

Signed-off-by: Christoph Lameter <cl@linux.com>
Cc: Mike Marciniszyn <infinipath@qlogic.com>
Cc: Roland Dreier <roland@kernel.org>
Cc: Sean Hefty <sean.hefty@intel.com>
Cc: Hugh Dickins <hughd@google.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

7 years agomm: vmscan: drop nr_force_scan[] from get_scan_count
Johannes Weiner [Tue, 1 Nov 2011 00:07:27 +0000]
mm: vmscan: drop nr_force_scan[] from get_scan_count

The nr_force_scan[] tuple holds the effective scan numbers for anon and
file pages in case the situation called for a forced scan and the
regularly calculated scan numbers turned out zero.

However, the effective scan number can always be assumed to be
SWAP_CLUSTER_MAX right before the division into anon and file.  The
numerators and denominator are properly set up for all cases, be it force
scan for just file, just anon, or both, to do the right thing.

Signed-off-by: Johannes Weiner <jweiner@redhat.com>
Reviewed-by: Minchan Kim <minchan.kim@gmail.com>
Acked-by: KAMEZAWA Hiroyuki <kamezawa.hiroyu@jp.fujitsu.com>
Reviewed-by: Michal Hocko <mhocko@suse.cz>
Cc: Ying Han <yinghan@google.com>
Cc: Balbir Singh <bsingharora@gmail.com>
Cc: KOSAKI Motohiro <kosaki.motohiro@jp.fujitsu.com>
Cc: Daisuke Nishimura <nishimura@mxp.nes.nec.co.jp>
Acked-by: Mel Gorman <mel@csn.ul.ie>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

7 years agomm: output a list of loaded modules when we hit bad_page()
Dave Jones [Tue, 1 Nov 2011 00:07:24 +0000]
mm: output a list of loaded modules when we hit bad_page()

When we get a bad_page bug report, it's useful to see what modules the
user had loaded.

Signed-off-by: Dave Jones <davej@redhat.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

7 years agotmpfs: add "tmpfs" to the Kconfig prompt to make it obvious.
Robert P. J. Day [Tue, 1 Nov 2011 00:07:21 +0000]
tmpfs: add "tmpfs" to the Kconfig prompt to make it obvious.

Add the leading word "tmpfs" to the Kconfig string to make it blindingly
obvious that this selection refers to tmpfs.

Signed-off-by: Robert P. J. Day <rpjday@crashcourse.ca>
Acked-by: Hugh Dickins <hughd@google.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

7 years agooom: fix race while temporarily setting current's oom_score_adj
David Rientjes [Tue, 1 Nov 2011 00:07:18 +0000]
oom: fix race while temporarily setting current's oom_score_adj

test_set_oom_score_adj() was introduced in 72788c385604 ("oom: replace
PF_OOM_ORIGIN with toggling oom_score_adj") to temporarily elevate
current's oom_score_adj for ksm and swapoff without requiring an
additional per-process flag.

Using that function to both set oom_score_adj to OOM_SCORE_ADJ_MAX and
then reinstate the previous value is racy since it's possible that
userspace can set the value to something else itself before the old value
is reinstated.  That results in userspace setting current's oom_score_adj
to a different value and then the kernel immediately setting it back to
its previous value without notification.

To fix this, a new compare_swap_oom_score_adj() function is introduced
with the same semantics as the compare and swap CAS instruction, or
CMPXCHG on x86.  It is used to reinstate the previous value of
oom_score_adj if and only if the present value is the same as the old
value.

Signed-off-by: David Rientjes <rientjes@google.com>
Cc: Oleg Nesterov <oleg@redhat.com>
Cc: Ying Han <yinghan@google.com>
Cc: KOSAKI Motohiro <kosaki.motohiro@jp.fujitsu.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>