page-types: learn to describe flags directly from command line
Alex Chiang [Tue, 15 Dec 2009 01:57:52 +0000 (17:57 -0800)]
Teach page-types to describe page flags directly from the command line.

Why is this useful?  For instance, if you're using memory hotplug and see
this in /var/log/messages:

kernel: removing from LRU failed 3836dd0/1/1e00000000000010

It would be nice to decode those page flags without staring at the source.

Example usage and output:

# Documentation/vm/page-types -d 0x10
0x0000000000000010 ____D_____________________________ dirty

# Documentation/vm/page-types -d anon
0x0000000000001000 ____________a_____________________ anonymous

# Documentation/vm/page-types -d anon,0x10
0x0000000000001010 ____D_______a_____________________ dirty,anonymous

[achiang@hp.com: documentation]
Signed-off-by: Alex Chiang <achiang@hp.com>
Signed-off-by: Wu Fengguang <fengguang.wu@intel.com>
Cc: Andi Kleen <andi@firstfloor.org>
Cc: Haicheng Li <haicheng.li@intel.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

Documentation/vm/page-types.c

index 2279b61..8c28be6 100644 (file)
@@ -674,6 +674,7 @@ static void usage(void)
        printf(
 "page-types [options]\n"
 "            -r|--raw                  Raw mode, for kernel developers\n"
+"            -d|--describe flags        Describe flags\n"
 "            -a|--addr    addr-spec    Walk a range of pages\n"
 "            -b|--bits    bits-spec    Walk pages with specified bits\n"
 "            -p|--pid     pid          Walk process address space\n"
@@ -686,6 +687,10 @@ static void usage(void)
 "            -X|--hwpoison             hwpoison pages\n"
 "            -x|--unpoison             unpoison pages\n"
 "            -h|--help                 Show this usage message\n"
+"flags:\n"
+"            0x10                      bitfield format, e.g.\n"
+"            anon                      bit-name, e.g.\n"
+"            0x10,anon                 comma-separated list, e.g.\n"
 "addr-spec:\n"
 "            N                         one page at offset N (unit: pages)\n"
 "            N+M                       pages range from N to N+M-1\n"
@@ -884,6 +889,15 @@ static void parse_bits_mask(const char *optarg)
        add_bits_filter(mask, bits);
 }
 
+static void describe_flags(const char *optarg)
+{
+       uint64_t flags = parse_flag_names(optarg, 0);
+
+       printf("0x%016llx\t%s\t%s\n",
+               (unsigned long long)flags,
+               page_flag_name(flags),
+               page_flag_longname(flags));
+}
 
 static const struct option opts[] = {
        { "raw"       , 0, NULL, 'r' },
@@ -891,6 +905,7 @@ static const struct option opts[] = {
        { "file"      , 1, NULL, 'f' },
        { "addr"      , 1, NULL, 'a' },
        { "bits"      , 1, NULL, 'b' },
+       { "describe"  , 1, NULL, 'd' },
        { "list"      , 0, NULL, 'l' },
        { "list-each" , 0, NULL, 'L' },
        { "no-summary", 0, NULL, 'N' },
@@ -907,7 +922,7 @@ int main(int argc, char *argv[])
        page_size = getpagesize();
 
        while ((c = getopt_long(argc, argv,
-                               "rp:f:a:b:lLNXxh", opts, NULL)) != -1) {
+                               "rp:f:a:b:d:lLNXxh", opts, NULL)) != -1) {
                switch (c) {
                case 'r':
                        opt_raw = 1;
@@ -924,6 +939,10 @@ int main(int argc, char *argv[])
                case 'b':
                        parse_bits_mask(optarg);
                        break;
+               case 'd':
+                       opt_no_summary = 1;
+                       describe_flags(optarg);
+                       break;
                case 'l':
                        opt_list = 1;
                        break;