[PATCH] fault-injection capability for disk IO
Akinobu Mita [Fri, 8 Dec 2006 10:39:46 +0000 (02:39 -0800)]
This patch provides fault-injection capability for disk IO.

Boot option:

fail_make_request=<probability>,<interval>,<space>,<times>

<interval> -- specifies the interval of failures.

<probability> -- specifies how often it should fail in percent.

<space> -- specifies the size of free space where disk IO can be issued
   safely in bytes.

<times> -- specifies how many times failures may happen at most.

Debugfs:

/debug/fail_make_request/interval
/debug/fail_make_request/probability
/debug/fail_make_request/specifies
/debug/fail_make_request/times

Example:

fail_make_request=10,100,0,-1
echo 1 > /sys/blocks/hda/hda1/make-it-fail

generic_make_request() on /dev/hda1 fails once per 10 times.

Cc: Jens Axboe <axboe@suse.de>
Signed-off-by: Akinobu Mita <akinobu.mita@gmail.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@osdl.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@osdl.org>

block/genhd.c
block/ll_rw_blk.c
fs/partitions/check.c
include/linux/genhd.h
lib/Kconfig.debug

index 653919d..457fdac 100644 (file)
@@ -417,6 +417,34 @@ static struct disk_attribute disk_attr_stat = {
        .show   = disk_stats_read
 };
 
+#ifdef CONFIG_FAIL_MAKE_REQUEST
+
+static ssize_t disk_fail_store(struct gendisk * disk,
+                              const char *buf, size_t count)
+{
+       int i;
+
+       if (count > 0 && sscanf(buf, "%d", &i) > 0) {
+               if (i == 0)
+                       disk->flags &= ~GENHD_FL_FAIL;
+               else
+                       disk->flags |= GENHD_FL_FAIL;
+       }
+
+       return count;
+}
+static ssize_t disk_fail_read(struct gendisk * disk, char *page)
+{
+       return sprintf(page, "%d\n", disk->flags & GENHD_FL_FAIL ? 1 : 0);
+}
+static struct disk_attribute disk_attr_fail = {
+       .attr = {.name = "make-it-fail", .mode = S_IRUGO | S_IWUSR },
+       .store  = disk_fail_store,
+       .show   = disk_fail_read
+};
+
+#endif
+
 static struct attribute * default_attrs[] = {
        &disk_attr_uevent.attr,
        &disk_attr_dev.attr,
@@ -424,6 +452,9 @@ static struct attribute * default_attrs[] = {
        &disk_attr_removable.attr,
        &disk_attr_size.attr,
        &disk_attr_stat.attr,
+#ifdef CONFIG_FAIL_MAKE_REQUEST
+       &disk_attr_fail.attr,
+#endif
        NULL,
 };
 
index 31512cd..4f83fd9 100644 (file)
@@ -28,6 +28,7 @@
 #include <linux/interrupt.h>
 #include <linux/cpu.h>
 #include <linux/blktrace_api.h>
+#include <linux/fault-inject.h>
 
 /*
  * for max sense size
@@ -3056,6 +3057,42 @@ static void handle_bad_sector(struct bio *bio)
        set_bit(BIO_EOF, &bio->bi_flags);
 }
 
+#ifdef CONFIG_FAIL_MAKE_REQUEST
+
+static DECLARE_FAULT_ATTR(fail_make_request);
+
+static int __init setup_fail_make_request(char *str)
+{
+       return setup_fault_attr(&fail_make_request, str);
+}
+__setup("fail_make_request=", setup_fail_make_request);
+
+static int should_fail_request(struct bio *bio)
+{
+       if ((bio->bi_bdev->bd_disk->flags & GENHD_FL_FAIL) ||
+           (bio->bi_bdev->bd_part && bio->bi_bdev->bd_part->make_it_fail))
+               return should_fail(&fail_make_request, bio->bi_size);
+
+       return 0;
+}
+
+static int __init fail_make_request_debugfs(void)
+{
+       return init_fault_attr_dentries(&fail_make_request,
+                                       "fail_make_request");
+}
+
+late_initcall(fail_make_request_debugfs);
+
+#else /* CONFIG_FAIL_MAKE_REQUEST */
+
+static inline int should_fail_request(struct bio *bio)
+{
+       return 0;
+}
+
+#endif /* CONFIG_FAIL_MAKE_REQUEST */
+
 /**
  * generic_make_request: hand a buffer to its device driver for I/O
  * @bio:  The bio describing the location in memory and on the device.
@@ -3141,6 +3178,9 @@ end_io:
                if (unlikely(test_bit(QUEUE_FLAG_DEAD, &q->queue_flags)))
                        goto end_io;
 
+               if (should_fail_request(bio))
+                       goto end_io;
+
                /*
                 * If this device has partitions, remap block n
                 * of partition p to block n+start(p) of the disk.
index 1901137..3d73d94 100644 (file)
@@ -276,12 +276,39 @@ static struct part_attribute part_attr_stat = {
        .show   = part_stat_read
 };
 
+#ifdef CONFIG_FAIL_MAKE_REQUEST
+
+static ssize_t part_fail_store(struct hd_struct * p,
+                              const char *buf, size_t count)
+{
+       int i;
+
+       if (count > 0 && sscanf(buf, "%d", &i) > 0)
+               p->make_it_fail = (i == 0) ? 0 : 1;
+
+       return count;
+}
+static ssize_t part_fail_read(struct hd_struct * p, char *page)
+{
+       return sprintf(page, "%d\n", p->make_it_fail);
+}
+static struct part_attribute part_attr_fail = {
+       .attr = {.name = "make-it-fail", .mode = S_IRUGO | S_IWUSR },
+       .store  = part_fail_store,
+       .show   = part_fail_read
+};
+
+#endif
+
 static struct attribute * default_attrs[] = {
        &part_attr_uevent.attr,
        &part_attr_dev.attr,
        &part_attr_start.attr,
        &part_attr_size.attr,
        &part_attr_stat.attr,
+#ifdef CONFIG_FAIL_MAKE_REQUEST
+       &part_attr_fail.attr,
+#endif
        NULL,
 };
 
index 41f276f..0a022b2 100644 (file)
@@ -83,6 +83,9 @@ struct hd_struct {
        struct kobject *holder_dir;
        unsigned ios[2], sectors[2];    /* READs and WRITEs */
        int policy, partno;
+#ifdef CONFIG_FAIL_MAKE_REQUEST
+       int make_it_fail;
+#endif
 };
 
 #define GENHD_FL_REMOVABLE                     1
@@ -90,6 +93,7 @@ struct hd_struct {
 #define GENHD_FL_CD                            8
 #define GENHD_FL_UP                            16
 #define GENHD_FL_SUPPRESS_PARTITION_INFO       32
+#define GENHD_FL_FAIL                          64
 
 struct disk_stats {
        unsigned long sectors[2];       /* READs and WRITEs */
index c66b7b4..336241b 100644 (file)
@@ -431,6 +431,13 @@ config FAIL_PAGE_ALLOC
        help
          This option provides fault-injection capabilitiy for alloc_pages().
 
+config FAIL_MAKE_REQUEST
+       bool "Fault-injection capabilitiy for disk IO"
+       depends on DEBUG_KERNEL
+       select FAULT_INJECTION
+       help
+         This option provides fault-injection capabilitiy to disk IO.
+
 config FAULT_INJECTION_DEBUG_FS
        bool "Debugfs entries for fault-injection capabilities"
        depends on FAULT_INJECTION && SYSFS