[PATCH] i386/x86-64: Work around gcc bug with noreturn functions in unwinder
Jan Beulich [Tue, 26 Sep 2006 08:52:41 +0000 (10:52 +0200)]
Current gcc generates calls not jumps to noreturn functions. When that happens the
return address can point to the next function, which confuses the unwinder.

This patch works around it by marking asynchronous exception
frames in contrast normal call frames in the unwind information.  Then teach
the unwinder to decode this.

For normal call frames the unwinder now subtracts one from the address which avoids
this problem.  The standard libgcc unwinder uses the same trick.

It doesn't include adjustment of the printed address (i.e. for the original
example, it'd still be kernel_math_error+0 that gets displayed, but the
unwinder wouldn't get confused anymore.

This only works with binutils 2.6.17+ and some versions of H.J.Lu's 2.6.16
unfortunately because earlier binutils don't support .cfi_signal_frame

[AK: added automatic detection of the new binutils and wrote description]

Signed-off-by: Jan Beulich <jbeulich@novell.com>
Signed-off-by: Andi Kleen <ak@suse.de>

arch/i386/Makefile
arch/i386/kernel/entry.S
arch/x86_64/Makefile
arch/x86_64/ia32/ia32entry.S
arch/x86_64/kernel/entry.S
include/asm-i386/dwarf2.h
include/asm-i386/unwind.h
include/asm-x86_64/dwarf2.h
include/asm-x86_64/unwind.h
kernel/unwind.c
scripts/Kbuild.include

index 508cdbe..7cc0b18 100644 (file)
@@ -50,6 +50,10 @@ CFLAGS                               += $(shell if [ $(call cc-version) -lt 0400 ] ; then echo $(call cc-op
 cflags-y += $(call as-instr,.cfi_startproc\n.cfi_endproc,-DCONFIG_AS_CFI=1,)
 AFLAGS += $(call as-instr,.cfi_startproc\n.cfi_endproc,-DCONFIG_AS_CFI=1,)
 
+# is .cfi_signal_frame supported too?
+cflags-y += $(call as-instr,.cfi_startproc\n.cfi_endproc,-DCONFIG_AS_CFI=1,)
+AFLAGS += $(call as-instr,.cfi_startproc\n.cfi_endproc,-DCONFIG_AS_CFI=1,)
+
 CFLAGS += $(cflags-y)
 
 # Default subarch .c files
index 284f2e9..5a63d6f 100644 (file)
@@ -183,18 +183,21 @@ VM_MASK           = 0x00020000
 
 #define RING0_INT_FRAME \
        CFI_STARTPROC simple;\
+       CFI_SIGNAL_FRAME;\
        CFI_DEF_CFA esp, 3*4;\
        /*CFI_OFFSET cs, -2*4;*/\
        CFI_OFFSET eip, -3*4
 
 #define RING0_EC_FRAME \
        CFI_STARTPROC simple;\
+       CFI_SIGNAL_FRAME;\
        CFI_DEF_CFA esp, 4*4;\
        /*CFI_OFFSET cs, -2*4;*/\
        CFI_OFFSET eip, -3*4
 
 #define RING0_PTREGS_FRAME \
        CFI_STARTPROC simple;\
+       CFI_SIGNAL_FRAME;\
        CFI_DEF_CFA esp, OLDESP-EBX;\
        /*CFI_OFFSET cs, CS-OLDESP;*/\
        CFI_OFFSET eip, EIP-OLDESP;\
@@ -275,6 +278,7 @@ need_resched:
        # sysenter call handler stub
 ENTRY(sysenter_entry)
        CFI_STARTPROC simple
+       CFI_SIGNAL_FRAME
        CFI_DEF_CFA esp, 0
        CFI_REGISTER esp, ebp
        movl TSS_sysenter_esp0(%esp),%esp
index 2b8d07c..1c0f18d 100644 (file)
@@ -58,6 +58,10 @@ cflags-y += $(call cc-option,-mno-sse -mno-mmx -mno-sse2 -mno-3dnow,)
 cflags-y += $(call as-instr,.cfi_startproc\n.cfi_endproc,-DCONFIG_AS_CFI=1,)
 AFLAGS += $(call as-instr,.cfi_startproc\n.cfi_endproc,-DCONFIG_AS_CFI=1,)
 
+# is .cfi_signal_frame supported too?
+cflags-y += $(call as-instr,.cfi_startproc\n.cfi_signal_frame\n.cfi_endproc,-DCONFIG_AS_CFI_SIGNAL_FRAME=1,)
+AFLAGS += $(call as-instr,.cfi_startproc\n.cfi_signal_frame\n.cfi_endproc,-DCONFIG_AS_CFI_SIGNAL_FRAME=1,)
+
 cflags-$(CONFIG_CC_STACKPROTECTOR) += $(shell $(CONFIG_SHELL) $(srctree)/scripts/gcc-x86_64-has-stack-protector.sh $(CC) -fstack-protector )
 cflags-$(CONFIG_CC_STACKPROTECTOR_ALL) += $(shell $(CONFIG_SHELL) $(srctree)/scripts/gcc-x86_64-has-stack-protector.sh $(CC) -fstack-protector-all )
 
index 32fd32b..b4aa875 100644 (file)
@@ -71,6 +71,7 @@
  */    
 ENTRY(ia32_sysenter_target)
        CFI_STARTPROC32 simple
+       CFI_SIGNAL_FRAME
        CFI_DEF_CFA     rsp,0
        CFI_REGISTER    rsp,rbp
        swapgs
@@ -186,6 +187,7 @@ ENDPROC(ia32_sysenter_target)
  */    
 ENTRY(ia32_cstar_target)
        CFI_STARTPROC32 simple
+       CFI_SIGNAL_FRAME
        CFI_DEF_CFA     rsp,PDA_STACKOFFSET
        CFI_REGISTER    rip,rcx
        /*CFI_REGISTER  rflags,r11*/
@@ -293,6 +295,7 @@ ia32_badarg:
 
 ENTRY(ia32_syscall)
        CFI_STARTPROC   simple
+       CFI_SIGNAL_FRAME
        CFI_DEF_CFA     rsp,SS+8-RIP
        /*CFI_REL_OFFSET        ss,SS-RIP*/
        CFI_REL_OFFSET  rsp,RSP-RIP
@@ -370,6 +373,7 @@ ENTRY(ia32_ptregs_common)
        popq %r11
        CFI_ENDPROC
        CFI_STARTPROC32 simple
+       CFI_SIGNAL_FRAME
        CFI_DEF_CFA     rsp,SS+8-ARGOFFSET
        CFI_REL_OFFSET  rax,RAX-ARGOFFSET
        CFI_REL_OFFSET  rcx,RCX-ARGOFFSET
index ea32688..4cbc652 100644 (file)
        .macro  CFI_DEFAULT_STACK start=1
        .if \start
        CFI_STARTPROC   simple
+       CFI_SIGNAL_FRAME
        CFI_DEF_CFA     rsp,SS+8
        .else
        CFI_DEF_CFA_OFFSET SS+8
@@ -207,6 +208,7 @@ END(ret_from_fork)
 
 ENTRY(system_call)
        CFI_STARTPROC   simple
+       CFI_SIGNAL_FRAME
        CFI_DEF_CFA     rsp,PDA_STACKOFFSET
        CFI_REGISTER    rip,rcx
        /*CFI_REGISTER  rflags,r11*/
@@ -324,6 +326,7 @@ END(system_call)
  */    
 ENTRY(int_ret_from_sys_call)
        CFI_STARTPROC   simple
+       CFI_SIGNAL_FRAME
        CFI_DEF_CFA     rsp,SS+8-ARGOFFSET
        /*CFI_REL_OFFSET        ss,SS-ARGOFFSET*/
        CFI_REL_OFFSET  rsp,RSP-ARGOFFSET
@@ -484,6 +487,7 @@ END(stub_rt_sigreturn)
  */
        .macro _frame ref
        CFI_STARTPROC simple
+       CFI_SIGNAL_FRAME
        CFI_DEF_CFA rsp,SS+8-\ref
        /*CFI_REL_OFFSET ss,SS-\ref*/
        CFI_REL_OFFSET rsp,RSP-\ref
index 5d1a8db..6d66398 100644 (file)
 #define CFI_RESTORE_STATE .cfi_restore_state
 #define CFI_UNDEFINED .cfi_undefined
 
+#ifdef CONFIG_AS_CFI_SIGNAL_FRAME
+#define CFI_SIGNAL_FRAME .cfi_signal_frame
+#else
+#define CFI_SIGNAL_FRAME
+#endif
+
 #else
 
 /* Due to the structure of pre-exisiting code, don't use assembler line
@@ -48,6 +54,7 @@
 #define CFI_REMEMBER_STATE ignore
 #define CFI_RESTORE_STATE ignore
 #define CFI_UNDEFINED ignore
+#define CFI_SIGNAL_FRAME ignore
 
 #endif
 
index f0ac399..5031d69 100644 (file)
@@ -18,6 +18,7 @@ struct unwind_frame_info
 {
        struct pt_regs regs;
        struct task_struct *task;
+       unsigned call_frame:1;
 };
 
 #define UNW_PC(frame)        (frame)->regs.eip
@@ -44,6 +45,10 @@ struct unwind_frame_info
        PTREGS_INFO(edi), \
        PTREGS_INFO(eip)
 
+#define UNW_DEFAULT_RA(raItem, dataAlign) \
+       ((raItem).where == Memory && \
+        !((raItem).value * (dataAlign) + 4))
+
 static inline void arch_unw_init_frame_info(struct unwind_frame_info *info,
                                             /*const*/ struct pt_regs *regs)
 {
index 2b93683..eedc085 100644 (file)
 #define CFI_REMEMBER_STATE .cfi_remember_state
 #define CFI_RESTORE_STATE .cfi_restore_state
 #define CFI_UNDEFINED .cfi_undefined
+#ifdef CONFIG_AS_CFI_SIGNAL_FRAME
+#define CFI_SIGNAL_FRAME .cfi_signal_frame
+#else
+#define CFI_SIGNAL_FRAME
+#endif
 
 #else
 
@@ -45,6 +50,7 @@
 #define CFI_REMEMBER_STATE     #
 #define CFI_RESTORE_STATE      #
 #define CFI_UNDEFINED  #
+#define CFI_SIGNAL_FRAME       #
 
 #endif
 
index 1f6e9bf..b8fa5cb 100644 (file)
@@ -18,6 +18,7 @@ struct unwind_frame_info
 {
        struct pt_regs regs;
        struct task_struct *task;
+       unsigned call_frame:1;
 };
 
 #define UNW_PC(frame)        (frame)->regs.rip
@@ -57,6 +58,10 @@ struct unwind_frame_info
        PTREGS_INFO(r15), \
        PTREGS_INFO(rip)
 
+#define UNW_DEFAULT_RA(raItem, dataAlign) \
+       ((raItem).where == Memory && \
+        !((raItem).value * (dataAlign) + 8))
+
 static inline void arch_unw_init_frame_info(struct unwind_frame_info *info,
                                             /*const*/ struct pt_regs *regs)
 {
index f69c804..3430475 100644 (file)
@@ -603,6 +603,7 @@ int unwind(struct unwind_frame_info *frame)
 #define FRAME_REG(r, t) (((t *)frame)[reg_info[r].offs])
        const u32 *fde = NULL, *cie = NULL;
        const u8 *ptr = NULL, *end = NULL;
+       unsigned long pc = UNW_PC(frame) - frame->call_frame;
        unsigned long startLoc = 0, endLoc = 0, cfa;
        unsigned i;
        signed ptrType = -1;
@@ -612,7 +613,7 @@ int unwind(struct unwind_frame_info *frame)
 
        if (UNW_PC(frame) == 0)
                return -EINVAL;
-       if ((table = find_table(UNW_PC(frame))) != NULL
+       if ((table = find_table(pc)) != NULL
            && !(table->size & (sizeof(*fde) - 1))) {
                unsigned long tableSize = table->size;
 
@@ -647,7 +648,7 @@ int unwind(struct unwind_frame_info *frame)
                                                ptrType & DW_EH_PE_indirect
                                                ? ptrType
                                                : ptrType & (DW_EH_PE_FORM|DW_EH_PE_signed));
-                       if (UNW_PC(frame) >= startLoc && UNW_PC(frame) < endLoc)
+                       if (pc >= startLoc && pc < endLoc)
                                break;
                        cie = NULL;
                }
@@ -657,16 +658,28 @@ int unwind(struct unwind_frame_info *frame)
                state.cieEnd = ptr; /* keep here temporarily */
                ptr = (const u8 *)(cie + 2);
                end = (const u8 *)(cie + 1) + *cie;
+               frame->call_frame = 1;
                if ((state.version = *ptr) != 1)
                        cie = NULL; /* unsupported version */
                else if (*++ptr) {
                        /* check if augmentation size is first (and thus present) */
                        if (*ptr == 'z') {
-                               /* check for ignorable (or already handled)
-                                * nul-terminated augmentation string */
-                               while (++ptr < end && *ptr)
-                                       if (strchr("LPR", *ptr) == NULL)
+                               while (++ptr < end && *ptr) {
+                                       switch(*ptr) {
+                                       /* check for ignorable (or already handled)
+                                        * nul-terminated augmentation string */
+                                       case 'L':
+                                       case 'P':
+                                       case 'R':
+                                               continue;
+                                       case 'S':
+                                               frame->call_frame = 0;
+                                               continue;
+                                       default:
                                                break;
+                                       }
+                                       break;
+                               }
                        }
                        if (ptr >= end || *ptr)
                                cie = NULL;
@@ -755,7 +768,7 @@ int unwind(struct unwind_frame_info *frame)
        state.org = startLoc;
        memcpy(&state.cfa, &badCFA, sizeof(state.cfa));
        /* process instructions */
-       if (!processCFI(ptr, end, UNW_PC(frame), ptrType, &state)
+       if (!processCFI(ptr, end, pc, ptrType, &state)
           || state.loc > endLoc
           || state.regs[retAddrReg].where == Nowhere
           || state.cfa.reg >= ARRAY_SIZE(reg_info)
@@ -763,6 +776,11 @@ int unwind(struct unwind_frame_info *frame)
           || state.cfa.offs % sizeof(unsigned long))
                return -EIO;
        /* update frame */
+#ifndef CONFIG_AS_CFI_SIGNAL_FRAME
+       if(frame->call_frame
+          && !UNW_DEFAULT_RA(state.regs[retAddrReg], state.dataAlign))
+               frame->call_frame = 0;
+#endif
        cfa = FRAME_REG(state.cfa.reg, unsigned long) + state.cfa.offs;
        startLoc = min((unsigned long)UNW_SP(frame), cfa);
        endLoc = max((unsigned long)UNW_SP(frame), cfa);
@@ -866,6 +884,7 @@ int unwind_init_frame_info(struct unwind_frame_info *info,
                            /*const*/ struct pt_regs *regs)
 {
        info->task = tsk;
+       info->call_frame = 0;
        arch_unw_init_frame_info(info, regs);
 
        return 0;
@@ -879,6 +898,7 @@ int unwind_init_blocked(struct unwind_frame_info *info,
                         struct task_struct *tsk)
 {
        info->task = tsk;
+       info->call_frame = 0;
        arch_unw_init_blocked(info);
 
        return 0;
@@ -894,6 +914,7 @@ int unwind_init_running(struct unwind_frame_info *info,
                         void *arg)
 {
        info->task = current;
+       info->call_frame = 0;
 
        return arch_unwind_init_running(info, callback, arg);
 }
index 7adef12..4f5ff19 100644 (file)
@@ -66,8 +66,8 @@ as-option = $(shell if $(CC) $(CFLAGS) $(1) -Wa,-Z -c -o /dev/null \
 # as-instr
 # Usage: cflags-y += $(call as-instr, instr, option1, option2)
 
-as-instr = $(shell if echo -e "$(1)" | $(AS) -Z -o astest$$$$.out \
-                  2>&1 >/dev/null ; then echo "$(2)"; else echo "$(3)"; fi; \
+as-instr = $(shell if echo -e "$(1)" | $(AS) >/dev/null 2>&1 -W -Z -o astest$$$$.out ; \
+                  then echo "$(2)"; else echo "$(3)"; fi; \
                   rm -f astest$$$$.out)
 
 # cc-option