mm: count only reclaimable lru pages
Wu Fengguang [Tue, 22 Sep 2009 00:01:42 +0000 (17:01 -0700)]
global_lru_pages() / zone_lru_pages() can be used in two ways:
- to estimate max reclaimable pages in determine_dirtyable_memory()
- to calculate the slab scan ratio

When swap is full or not present, the anon lru lists are not reclaimable
and also won't be scanned.  So the anon pages shall not be counted in both
usage scenarios.  Also rename to _reclaimable_pages: now they are counting
the possibly reclaimable lru pages.

It can greatly (and correctly) increase the slab scan rate under high
memory pressure (when most file pages have been reclaimed and swap is
full/absent), thus reduce false OOM kills.

Acked-by: Peter Zijlstra <a.p.zijlstra@chello.nl>
Reviewed-by: Rik van Riel <riel@redhat.com>
Reviewed-by: Christoph Lameter <cl@linux-foundation.org>
Reviewed-by: Minchan Kim <minchan.kim@gmail.com>
Cc: KOSAKI Motohiro <kosaki.motohiro@jp.fujitsu.com>
Signed-off-by: Wu Fengguang <fengguang.wu@intel.com>
Acked-by: Johannes Weiner <hannes@cmpxchg.org>
Reviewed-by: Minchan Kim <minchan.kim@gmail.com>
Reviewed-by: Jesse Barnes <jbarnes@virtuousgeek.org>
Cc: David Howells <dhowells@redhat.com>
Cc: "Li, Ming Chun" <macli@brc.ubc.ca>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

include/linux/vmstat.h
mm/page-writeback.c
mm/vmscan.c

index d7f577f..2d0f222 100644 (file)
@@ -166,15 +166,8 @@ static inline unsigned long zone_page_state(struct zone *zone,
        return x;
 }
 
-extern unsigned long global_lru_pages(void);
-
-static inline unsigned long zone_lru_pages(struct zone *zone)
-{
-       return (zone_page_state(zone, NR_ACTIVE_ANON)
-               + zone_page_state(zone, NR_ACTIVE_FILE)
-               + zone_page_state(zone, NR_INACTIVE_ANON)
-               + zone_page_state(zone, NR_INACTIVE_FILE));
-}
+extern unsigned long global_reclaimable_pages(void);
+extern unsigned long zone_reclaimable_pages(struct zone *zone);
 
 #ifdef CONFIG_NUMA
 /*
index d1ba464..5f378dd 100644 (file)
@@ -380,7 +380,8 @@ static unsigned long highmem_dirtyable_memory(unsigned long total)
                struct zone *z =
                        &NODE_DATA(node)->node_zones[ZONE_HIGHMEM];
 
-               x += zone_page_state(z, NR_FREE_PAGES) + zone_lru_pages(z);
+               x += zone_page_state(z, NR_FREE_PAGES) +
+                    zone_reclaimable_pages(z);
        }
        /*
         * Make sure that the number of highmem pages is never larger
@@ -404,7 +405,7 @@ unsigned long determine_dirtyable_memory(void)
 {
        unsigned long x;
 
-       x = global_page_state(NR_FREE_PAGES) + global_lru_pages();
+       x = global_page_state(NR_FREE_PAGES) + global_reclaimable_pages();
 
        if (!vm_highmem_is_dirtyable)
                x -= highmem_dirtyable_memory(x);
index f90b760..208071c 100644 (file)
@@ -1734,7 +1734,7 @@ static unsigned long do_try_to_free_pages(struct zonelist *zonelist,
                        if (!cpuset_zone_allowed_hardwall(zone, GFP_KERNEL))
                                continue;
 
-                       lru_pages += zone_lru_pages(zone);
+                       lru_pages += zone_reclaimable_pages(zone);
                }
        }
 
@@ -1951,7 +1951,7 @@ loop_again:
                for (i = 0; i <= end_zone; i++) {
                        struct zone *zone = pgdat->node_zones + i;
 
-                       lru_pages += zone_lru_pages(zone);
+                       lru_pages += zone_reclaimable_pages(zone);
                }
 
                /*
@@ -1995,7 +1995,7 @@ loop_again:
                        if (zone_is_all_unreclaimable(zone))
                                continue;
                        if (nr_slab == 0 && zone->pages_scanned >=
-                                               (zone_lru_pages(zone) * 6))
+                                       (zone_reclaimable_pages(zone) * 6))
                                        zone_set_flag(zone,
                                                      ZONE_ALL_UNRECLAIMABLE);
                        /*
@@ -2162,12 +2162,39 @@ void wakeup_kswapd(struct zone *zone, int order)
        wake_up_interruptible(&pgdat->kswapd_wait);
 }
 
-unsigned long global_lru_pages(void)
+/*
+ * The reclaimable count would be mostly accurate.
+ * The less reclaimable pages may be
+ * - mlocked pages, which will be moved to unevictable list when encountered
+ * - mapped pages, which may require several travels to be reclaimed
+ * - dirty pages, which is not "instantly" reclaimable
+ */
+unsigned long global_reclaimable_pages(void)
 {
-       return global_page_state(NR_ACTIVE_ANON)
-               + global_page_state(NR_ACTIVE_FILE)
-               + global_page_state(NR_INACTIVE_ANON)
-               + global_page_state(NR_INACTIVE_FILE);
+       int nr;
+
+       nr = global_page_state(NR_ACTIVE_FILE) +
+            global_page_state(NR_INACTIVE_FILE);
+
+       if (nr_swap_pages > 0)
+               nr += global_page_state(NR_ACTIVE_ANON) +
+                     global_page_state(NR_INACTIVE_ANON);
+
+       return nr;
+}
+
+unsigned long zone_reclaimable_pages(struct zone *zone)
+{
+       int nr;
+
+       nr = zone_page_state(zone, NR_ACTIVE_FILE) +
+            zone_page_state(zone, NR_INACTIVE_FILE);
+
+       if (nr_swap_pages > 0)
+               nr += zone_page_state(zone, NR_ACTIVE_ANON) +
+                     zone_page_state(zone, NR_INACTIVE_ANON);
+
+       return nr;
 }
 
 #ifdef CONFIG_HIBERNATION
@@ -2239,7 +2266,7 @@ unsigned long shrink_all_memory(unsigned long nr_pages)
 
        current->reclaim_state = &reclaim_state;
 
-       lru_pages = global_lru_pages();
+       lru_pages = global_reclaimable_pages();
        nr_slab = global_page_state(NR_SLAB_RECLAIMABLE);
        /* If slab caches are huge, it's better to hit them first */
        while (nr_slab >= lru_pages) {
@@ -2281,7 +2308,7 @@ unsigned long shrink_all_memory(unsigned long nr_pages)
 
                        reclaim_state.reclaimed_slab = 0;
                        shrink_slab(sc.nr_scanned, sc.gfp_mask,
-                                       global_lru_pages());
+                                   global_reclaimable_pages());
                        sc.nr_reclaimed += reclaim_state.reclaimed_slab;
                        if (sc.nr_reclaimed >= nr_pages)
                                goto out;
@@ -2298,7 +2325,8 @@ unsigned long shrink_all_memory(unsigned long nr_pages)
        if (!sc.nr_reclaimed) {
                do {
                        reclaim_state.reclaimed_slab = 0;
-                       shrink_slab(nr_pages, sc.gfp_mask, global_lru_pages());
+                       shrink_slab(nr_pages, sc.gfp_mask,
+                                   global_reclaimable_pages());
                        sc.nr_reclaimed += reclaim_state.reclaimed_slab;
                } while (sc.nr_reclaimed < nr_pages &&
                                reclaim_state.reclaimed_slab > 0);