[ALSA] Xilinx ML403 AC97 Controller Reference device driver
Joachim Foerster [Mon, 5 Nov 2007 15:06:01 +0000 (16:06 +0100)]
Add ALSA support for the opb_ac97_controller_ref_v1_00_a ip core found
in Xilinx' ML403 reference design.
Known issue: Currently this driver hits a WARN_ON_ONCE(1) statement in
kernel/irq/resend.c (line 70). According to Linus
(http://lkml.org/lkml/2007/8/5/5) this may be ignored, right? I haven't
had a look into this 'problem' yet.

Signed-off-by: Joachim Foerster <JOFT@gmx.de>
Signed-off-by: Takashi Iwai <tiwai@suse.de>
Signed-off-by: Jaroslav Kysela <perex@perex.cz>

sound/drivers/Kconfig
sound/drivers/Makefile
sound/drivers/ml403-ac97cr.c [new file with mode: 0644]
sound/drivers/pcm-indirect2.c [new file with mode: 0644]
sound/drivers/pcm-indirect2.h [new file with mode: 0644]

index 83529b0..75d4fe0 100644 (file)
@@ -120,4 +120,16 @@ config SND_PORTMAN2X4
          To compile this driver as a module, choose M here: the module
          will be called snd-portman2x4.
 
+config SND_ML403_AC97CR
+       tristate "Xilinx ML403 AC97 Controller Reference"
+       depends on SND && XILINX_VIRTEX
+       select SND_AC97_CODEC
+       help
+         Say Y here to include support for the
+         opb_ac97_controller_ref_v1_00_a ip core found in Xilinx' ML403
+         reference design.
+
+         To compile this driver as a module, choose M here: the module
+         will be called snd-ml403_ac97cr.
+
 endmenu
index 80aeff5..8e55300 100644 (file)
@@ -9,6 +9,7 @@ snd-mts64-objs := mts64.o
 snd-portman2x4-objs := portman2x4.o
 snd-serial-u16550-objs := serial-u16550.o
 snd-virmidi-objs := virmidi.o
+snd-ml403-ac97cr-objs := ml403-ac97cr.o pcm-indirect2.o
 
 # Toplevel Module Dependency
 obj-$(CONFIG_SND_DUMMY) += snd-dummy.o
@@ -17,5 +18,6 @@ obj-$(CONFIG_SND_SERIAL_U16550) += snd-serial-u16550.o
 obj-$(CONFIG_SND_MTPAV) += snd-mtpav.o
 obj-$(CONFIG_SND_MTS64) += snd-mts64.o
 obj-$(CONFIG_SND_PORTMAN2X4) += snd-portman2x4.o
+obj-$(CONFIG_SND_ML403_AC97CR) += snd-ml403-ac97cr.o
 
 obj-$(CONFIG_SND) += opl3/ opl4/ mpu401/ vx/
diff --git a/sound/drivers/ml403-ac97cr.c b/sound/drivers/ml403-ac97cr.c
new file mode 100644 (file)
index 0000000..2222315
--- /dev/null
@@ -0,0 +1,1353 @@
+/*
+ * ALSA driver for Xilinx ML403 AC97 Controller Reference
+ *   IP: opb_ac97_controller_ref_v1_00_a (EDK 8.1i)
+ *   IP: opb_ac97_controller_ref_v1_00_a (EDK 9.1i)
+ *
+ *  Copyright (c) by 2007  Joachim Foerster <JOFT@gmx.de>
+ *
+ *   This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
+ *   it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
+ *   the Free Software Foundation; either version 2 of the License, or
+ *   (at your option) any later version.
+ *
+ *   This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
+ *   but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
+ *   MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the
+ *   GNU General Public License for more details.
+ *
+ *   You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
+ *   along with this program; if not, write to the Free Software
+ *   Foundation, Inc., 59 Temple Place, Suite 330, Boston, MA  02111-1307 USA
+ *
+ */
+
+/* Some notes / status of this driver:
+ *
+ * - Don't wonder about some strange implementations of things - especially the
+ * (heavy) shadowing of codec registers, with which I tried to reduce read
+ * accesses to a minimum, because after a variable amount of accesses, the AC97
+ * controller doesn't raise the register access finished bit anymore ...
+ *
+ * - Capture support works - basically, but after ~30s (with rates > ~20kHz)
+ * ALSA stops reading captured samples from the intermediate buffer and
+ * therefore a overrun happens - ATM I don't know what's wrong.
+ *
+ * - Playback support seems to be pretty stable - no issues here.
+ */
+
+#include <sound/driver.h>
+#include <linux/init.h>
+#include <linux/moduleparam.h>
+
+#include <linux/platform_device.h>
+
+#include <linux/ioport.h>
+#include <linux/io.h>
+#include <linux/interrupt.h>
+
+/* HZ */
+#include <linux/param.h>
+/* jiffies, time_*() */
+#include <linux/jiffies.h>
+/* schedule_timeout*() */
+#include <linux/sched.h>
+/* spin_lock*() */
+#include <linux/spinlock.h>
+/* struct mutex, mutex_init(), mutex_*lock() */
+#include <linux/mutex.h>
+
+/* snd_printk(), snd_printd() */
+#include <sound/core.h>
+#include <sound/pcm.h>
+#include <sound/pcm_params.h>
+#include <sound/initval.h>
+#include <sound/ac97_codec.h>
+
+#include "pcm-indirect2.h"
+
+
+#define SND_ML403_AC97CR_DRIVER "ml403-ac97cr"
+
+MODULE_AUTHOR("Joachim Foerster <JOFT@gmx.de>");
+MODULE_DESCRIPTION("Xilinx ML403 AC97 Controller Reference");
+MODULE_LICENSE("GPL");
+MODULE_SUPPORTED_DEVICE("{{Xilinx,ML403 AC97 Controller Reference}}");
+
+static int index[SNDRV_CARDS] = SNDRV_DEFAULT_IDX;
+static char *id[SNDRV_CARDS] = SNDRV_DEFAULT_STR;
+static int enable[SNDRV_CARDS] = SNDRV_DEFAULT_ENABLE;
+
+module_param_array(index, int, NULL, 0444);
+MODULE_PARM_DESC(index, "Index value for ML403 AC97 Controller Reference.");
+module_param_array(id, charp, NULL, 0444);
+MODULE_PARM_DESC(id, "ID string for ML403 AC97 Controller Reference.");
+module_param_array(enable, bool, NULL, 0444);
+MODULE_PARM_DESC(enable, "Enable this ML403 AC97 Controller Reference.");
+
+/* Special feature options */
+/*#define CODEC_WRITE_CHECK_RAF*/ /* don't return after a write to a codec
+                                  * register, while RAF bit is not set
+                                  */
+/* Debug options for code which may be removed completely in a final version */
+#ifdef CONFIG_SND_DEBUG
+/*#define CODEC_STAT*/            /* turn on some minimal "statistics"
+                                  * about codec register usage
+                                  */
+#define SND_PCM_INDIRECT2_STAT    /* turn on some "statistics" about the
+                                  * process of copying bytes from the
+                                  * intermediate buffer to the hardware
+                                  * fifo and the other way round
+                                  */
+#endif
+
+/* Definition of a "level/facility dependent" printk(); may be removed
+ * completely in a final version
+ */
+#undef PDEBUG
+#ifdef CONFIG_SND_DEBUG
+/* "facilities" for PDEBUG */
+#define UNKNOWN       (1<<0)
+#define CODEC_SUCCESS (1<<1)
+#define CODEC_FAKE    (1<<2)
+#define INIT_INFO     (1<<3)
+#define INIT_FAILURE  (1<<4)
+#define WORK_INFO     (1<<5)
+#define WORK_FAILURE  (1<<6)
+
+#define PDEBUG_FACILITIES (UNKNOWN | INIT_FAILURE | WORK_FAILURE)
+
+#define PDEBUG(fac, fmt, args...) do { \
+               if (fac & PDEBUG_FACILITIES) \
+                       snd_printd(KERN_DEBUG SND_ML403_AC97CR_DRIVER ": " \
+                                  fmt, ##args); \
+       } while (0)
+#else
+#define PDEBUG(fac, fmt, args...) /* nothing */
+#endif
+
+
+
+/* Defines for "waits"/timeouts (portions of HZ=250 on arch/ppc by default) */
+#define CODEC_TIMEOUT_ON_INIT       5  /* timeout for checking for codec
+                                        * readiness (after insmod)
+                                        */
+#ifndef CODEC_WRITE_CHECK_RAF
+#define CODEC_WAIT_AFTER_WRITE    100  /* general, static wait after a write
+                                        * access to a codec register, may be
+                                        * 0 to completely remove wait
+                                        */
+#else
+#define CODEC_TIMEOUT_AFTER_WRITE   5  /* timeout after a write access to a
+                                        * codec register, if RAF bit is used
+                                        */
+#endif
+#define CODEC_TIMEOUT_AFTER_READ    5  /* timeout after a read access to a
+                                        * codec register (checking RAF bit)
+                                        */
+
+/* Infrastructure for codec register shadowing */
+#define LM4550_REG_OK        (1<<0)   /* register exists */
+#define LM4550_REG_DONEREAD  (1<<1)   /* read register once, value should be
+                                      * the same currently in the register
+                                      */
+#define LM4550_REG_NOSAVE    (1<<2)   /* values written to this register will
+                                      * not be saved in the register
+                                      */
+#define LM4550_REG_NOSHADOW  (1<<3)   /* don't do register shadowing, use plain
+                                      * hardware access
+                                      */
+#define LM4550_REG_READONLY  (1<<4)   /* register is read only */
+#define LM4550_REG_FAKEPROBE (1<<5)   /* fake write _and_ read actions during
+                                      * probe() correctly
+                                      */
+#define LM4550_REG_FAKEREAD  (1<<6)   /* fake read access, always return
+                                      * default value
+                                      */
+#define LM4550_REG_ALLFAKE   (LM4550_REG_FAKEREAD | LM4550_REG_FAKEPROBE)
+
+struct lm4550_reg {
+       u16 value;
+       u16 flag;
+       u16 wmask;
+       u16 def;
+};
+
+struct lm4550_reg lm4550_regfile[64] = {
+       [AC97_RESET / 2]              = {.flag = LM4550_REG_OK \
+                                               | LM4550_REG_NOSAVE \
+                                               | LM4550_REG_FAKEREAD,
+                                        .def = 0x0D50},
+       [AC97_MASTER / 2]             = {.flag = LM4550_REG_OK
+                                               | LM4550_REG_FAKEPROBE,
+                                        .wmask = 0x9F1F,
+                                        .def = 0x8000},
+       [AC97_HEADPHONE / 2]          = {.flag = LM4550_REG_OK \
+                                               | LM4550_REG_FAKEPROBE,
+                                        .wmask = 0x9F1F,
+                                        .def = 0x8000},
+       [AC97_MASTER_MONO / 2]        = {.flag = LM4550_REG_OK \
+                                               | LM4550_REG_FAKEPROBE,
+                                        .wmask = 0x801F,
+                                        .def = 0x8000},
+       [AC97_PC_BEEP / 2]            = {.flag = LM4550_REG_OK \
+                                               | LM4550_REG_FAKEPROBE,
+                                        .wmask = 0x801E,
+                                        .def = 0x0},
+       [AC97_PHONE / 2]              = {.flag = LM4550_REG_OK \
+                                               | LM4550_REG_FAKEPROBE,
+                                        .wmask = 0x801F,
+                                        .def = 0x8008},
+       [AC97_MIC / 2]                = {.flag = LM4550_REG_OK \
+                                               | LM4550_REG_FAKEPROBE,
+                                        .wmask = 0x805F,
+                                        .def = 0x8008},
+       [AC97_LINE / 2]               = {.flag = LM4550_REG_OK \
+                                               | LM4550_REG_FAKEPROBE,
+                                        .wmask = 0x9F1F,
+                                        .def = 0x8808},
+       [AC97_CD / 2]                 = {.flag = LM4550_REG_OK \
+                                               | LM4550_REG_FAKEPROBE,
+                                        .wmask = 0x9F1F,
+                                        .def = 0x8808},
+       [AC97_VIDEO / 2]              = {.flag = LM4550_REG_OK \
+                                               | LM4550_REG_FAKEPROBE,
+                                        .wmask = 0x9F1F,
+                                        .def = 0x8808},
+       [AC97_AUX / 2]                = {.flag = LM4550_REG_OK \
+                                               | LM4550_REG_FAKEPROBE,
+                                        .wmask = 0x9F1F,
+                                        .def = 0x8808},
+       [AC97_PCM / 2]                = {.flag = LM4550_REG_OK \
+                                               | LM4550_REG_FAKEPROBE,
+                                        .wmask = 0x9F1F,
+                                        .def = 0x8008},
+       [AC97_REC_SEL / 2]            = {.flag = LM4550_REG_OK \
+                                               | LM4550_REG_FAKEPROBE,
+                                        .wmask = 0x707,
+                                        .def = 0x0},
+       [AC97_REC_GAIN / 2]           = {.flag = LM4550_REG_OK \
+                                               | LM4550_REG_FAKEPROBE,
+                                        .wmask = 0x8F0F,
+                                        .def = 0x8000},
+       [AC97_GENERAL_PURPOSE / 2]    = {.flag = LM4550_REG_OK \
+                                               | LM4550_REG_FAKEPROBE,
+                                        .def = 0x0,
+                                        .wmask = 0xA380},
+       [AC97_3D_CONTROL / 2]         = {.flag = LM4550_REG_OK \
+                                               | LM4550_REG_FAKEREAD \
+                                               | LM4550_REG_READONLY,
+                                        .def = 0x0101},
+       [AC97_POWERDOWN / 2]          = {.flag = LM4550_REG_OK \
+                                               | LM4550_REG_NOSHADOW \
+                                               | LM4550_REG_NOSAVE,
+                                        .wmask = 0xFF00},
+                                       /* may not write ones to
+                                        * REF/ANL/DAC/ADC bits
+                                        * FIXME: Is this ok?
+                                        */
+       [AC97_EXTENDED_ID / 2]        = {.flag = LM4550_REG_OK \
+                                               | LM4550_REG_FAKEREAD \
+                                               | LM4550_REG_READONLY,
+                                        .def = 0x0201}, /* primary codec */
+       [AC97_EXTENDED_STATUS / 2]    = {.flag = LM4550_REG_OK \
+                                               | LM4550_REG_NOSHADOW \
+                                               | LM4550_REG_NOSAVE,
+                                        .wmask = 0x1},
+       [AC97_PCM_FRONT_DAC_RATE / 2] = {.flag = LM4550_REG_OK \
+                                               | LM4550_REG_FAKEPROBE,
+                                        .def = 0xBB80,
+                                        .wmask = 0xFFFF},
+       [AC97_PCM_LR_ADC_RATE / 2]    = {.flag = LM4550_REG_OK \
+                                               | LM4550_REG_FAKEPROBE,
+                                        .def = 0xBB80,
+                                        .wmask = 0xFFFF},
+       [AC97_VENDOR_ID1 / 2]         = {.flag = LM4550_REG_OK \
+                                               | LM4550_REG_READONLY \
+                                               | LM4550_REG_FAKEREAD,
+                                        .def = 0x4E53},
+       [AC97_VENDOR_ID2 / 2]         = {.flag = LM4550_REG_OK \
+                                               | LM4550_REG_READONLY \
+                                               | LM4550_REG_FAKEREAD,
+                                        .def = 0x4350}
+};
+
+#define LM4550_RF_OK(reg)    (lm4550_regfile[reg / 2].flag & LM4550_REG_OK)
+
+static void lm4550_regfile_init(void)
+{
+       int i;
+       for (i = 0; i < 64; i++)
+               if (lm4550_regfile[i].flag & LM4550_REG_FAKEPROBE)
+                       lm4550_regfile[i].value = lm4550_regfile[i].def;
+}
+
+static void lm4550_regfile_write_values_after_init(struct snd_ac97 *ac97)
+{
+       int i;
+       for (i = 0; i < 64; i++)
+               if ((lm4550_regfile[i].flag & LM4550_REG_FAKEPROBE) &&
+                   (lm4550_regfile[i].value != lm4550_regfile[i].def)) {
+                       PDEBUG(CODEC_FAKE, "lm4550_regfile_write_values_after_"
+                              "init(): reg=0x%x value=0x%x / %d is different "
+                              "from def=0x%x / %d\n",
+                              i, lm4550_regfile[i].value,
+                              lm4550_regfile[i].value, lm4550_regfile[i].def,
+                              lm4550_regfile[i].def);
+                       snd_ac97_write(ac97, i * 2, lm4550_regfile[i].value);
+                       lm4550_regfile[i].flag |= LM4550_REG_DONEREAD;
+               }
+}
+
+
+/* direct registers */
+#define CR_REG(ml403_ac97cr, x) ((ml403_ac97cr)->port + CR_REG_##x)
+
+#define CR_REG_PLAYFIFO         0x00
+#define   CR_PLAYDATA(a)        ((a) & 0xFFFF)
+
+#define CR_REG_RECFIFO          0x04
+#define   CR_RECDATA(a)         ((a) & 0xFFFF)
+
+#define CR_REG_STATUS           0x08
+#define   CR_RECOVER            (1<<7)
+#define   CR_PLAYUNDER          (1<<6)
+#define   CR_CODECREADY         (1<<5)
+#define   CR_RAF                (1<<4)
+#define   CR_RECEMPTY           (1<<3)
+#define   CR_RECFULL            (1<<2)
+#define   CR_PLAYHALF           (1<<1)
+#define   CR_PLAYFULL           (1<<0)
+
+#define CR_REG_RESETFIFO        0x0C
+#define   CR_RECRESET           (1<<1)
+#define   CR_PLAYRESET          (1<<0)
+
+#define CR_REG_CODEC_ADDR       0x10
+/* UG082 says:
+ * #define   CR_CODEC_ADDR(a)  ((a) << 1)
+ * #define   CR_CODEC_READ     (1<<0)
+ * #define   CR_CODEC_WRITE    (0<<0)
+ */
+/* RefDesign example says: */
+#define   CR_CODEC_ADDR(a)      ((a) << 0)
+#define   CR_CODEC_READ         (1<<7)
+#define   CR_CODEC_WRITE        (0<<7)
+
+#define CR_REG_CODEC_DATAREAD   0x14
+#define   CR_CODEC_DATAREAD(v)  ((v) & 0xFFFF)
+
+#define CR_REG_CODEC_DATAWRITE  0x18
+#define   CR_CODEC_DATAWRITE(v) ((v) & 0xFFFF)
+
+#define CR_FIFO_SIZE            32
+
+struct snd_ml403_ac97cr {
+       /* lock for access to (controller) registers */
+       spinlock_t reg_lock;
+       /* mutex for the whole sequence of accesses to (controller) registers
+        * which affect codec registers
+        */
+       struct mutex cdc_mutex;
+
+       int irq; /* for playback */
+       int enable_irq; /* for playback */
+
+       int capture_irq;
+       int enable_capture_irq;
+
+       struct resource *res_port;
+       void *port;
+
+       struct snd_ac97 *ac97;
+       int ac97_fake;
+#ifdef CODEC_STAT
+       int ac97_read;
+       int ac97_write;
+#endif
+
+       struct platform_device *pfdev;
+       struct snd_card *card;
+       struct snd_pcm *pcm;
+       struct snd_pcm_substream *playback_substream;
+       struct snd_pcm_substream *capture_substream;
+
+       struct snd_pcm_indirect2 ind_rec; /* for playback */
+       struct snd_pcm_indirect2 capture_ind2_rec;
+};
+
+static struct snd_pcm_hardware snd_ml403_ac97cr_playback = {
+       .info =             (SNDRV_PCM_INFO_MMAP |
+                            SNDRV_PCM_INFO_INTERLEAVED |
+                            SNDRV_PCM_INFO_MMAP_VALID),
+       .formats =          SNDRV_PCM_FMTBIT_S16_BE,
+       .rates =            (SNDRV_PCM_RATE_CONTINUOUS |
+                            SNDRV_PCM_RATE_8000_48000),
+       .rate_min =         4000,
+       .rate_max =         48000,
+       .channels_min =     2,
+       .channels_max =     2,
+       .buffer_bytes_max = (128*1024),
+       .period_bytes_min = CR_FIFO_SIZE/2,
+       .period_bytes_max = (64*1024),
+       .periods_min =      2,
+       .periods_max =      (128*1024)/(CR_FIFO_SIZE/2),
+       .fifo_size =        0,
+};
+
+static struct snd_pcm_hardware snd_ml403_ac97cr_capture = {
+       .info =             (SNDRV_PCM_INFO_MMAP |
+                            SNDRV_PCM_INFO_INTERLEAVED |
+                            SNDRV_PCM_INFO_MMAP_VALID),
+       .formats =          SNDRV_PCM_FMTBIT_S16_BE,
+       .rates =            (SNDRV_PCM_RATE_CONTINUOUS |
+                            SNDRV_PCM_RATE_8000_48000),
+       .rate_min =         4000,
+       .rate_max =         48000,
+       .channels_min =     2,
+       .channels_max =     2,
+       .buffer_bytes_max = (128*1024),
+       .period_bytes_min = CR_FIFO_SIZE/2,
+       .period_bytes_max = (64*1024),
+       .periods_min =      2,
+       .periods_max =      (128*1024)/(CR_FIFO_SIZE/2),
+       .fifo_size =        0,
+};
+
+static size_t
+snd_ml403_ac97cr_playback_ind2_zero(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream,
+                                   struct snd_pcm_indirect2 *rec)
+{
+       struct snd_ml403_ac97cr *ml403_ac97cr;
+       int copied_words = 0;
+       u32 full = 0;
+
+       ml403_ac97cr = snd_pcm_substream_chip(substream);
+
+       spin_lock(&ml403_ac97cr->reg_lock);
+       while ((full = (in_be32(CR_REG(ml403_ac97cr, STATUS)) &
+                       CR_PLAYFULL)) != CR_PLAYFULL) {
+               out_be32(CR_REG(ml403_ac97cr, PLAYFIFO), 0);
+               copied_words++;
+       }
+       rec->hw_ready = 0;
+       spin_unlock(&ml403_ac97cr->reg_lock);
+
+       return (size_t) (copied_words * 2);
+}
+
+static size_t
+snd_ml403_ac97cr_playback_ind2_copy(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream,
+                                   struct snd_pcm_indirect2 *rec,
+                                   size_t bytes)
+{
+       struct snd_ml403_ac97cr *ml403_ac97cr;
+       u16 *src;
+       int copied_words = 0;
+       u32 full = 0;
+
+       ml403_ac97cr = snd_pcm_substream_chip(substream);
+       src = (u16 *)(substream->runtime->dma_area + rec->sw_data);
+
+       spin_lock(&ml403_ac97cr->reg_lock);
+       while (((full = (in_be32(CR_REG(ml403_ac97cr, STATUS)) &
+                        CR_PLAYFULL)) != CR_PLAYFULL) && (bytes > 1)) {
+               out_be32(CR_REG(ml403_ac97cr, PLAYFIFO),
+                        CR_PLAYDATA(src[copied_words]));
+               copied_words++;
+               bytes = bytes - 2;
+       }
+       if (full != CR_PLAYFULL)
+               rec->hw_ready = 1;
+       else
+               rec->hw_ready = 0;
+       spin_unlock(&ml403_ac97cr->reg_lock);
+
+       return (size_t) (copied_words * 2);
+}
+
+static size_t
+snd_ml403_ac97cr_capture_ind2_null(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream,
+                                  struct snd_pcm_indirect2 *rec)
+{
+       struct snd_ml403_ac97cr *ml403_ac97cr;
+       int copied_words = 0;
+       u32 empty = 0;
+
+       ml403_ac97cr = snd_pcm_substream_chip(substream);
+
+       spin_lock(&ml403_ac97cr->reg_lock);
+       while ((empty = (in_be32(CR_REG(ml403_ac97cr, STATUS)) &
+                        CR_RECEMPTY)) != CR_RECEMPTY) {
+               volatile u32 trash;
+
+               trash = CR_RECDATA(in_be32(CR_REG(ml403_ac97cr, RECFIFO)));
+               /* Hmmmm, really necessary? Don't want call to in_be32()
+                * to be optimised away!
+                */
+               trash++;
+               copied_words++;
+       }
+       rec->hw_ready = 0;
+       spin_unlock(&ml403_ac97cr->reg_lock);
+
+       return (size_t) (copied_words * 2);
+}
+
+static size_t
+snd_ml403_ac97cr_capture_ind2_copy(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream,
+                                  struct snd_pcm_indirect2 *rec, size_t bytes)
+{
+       struct snd_ml403_ac97cr *ml403_ac97cr;
+       u16 *dst;
+       int copied_words = 0;
+       u32 empty = 0;
+
+       ml403_ac97cr = snd_pcm_substream_chip(substream);
+       dst = (u16 *)(substream->runtime->dma_area + rec->sw_data);
+
+       spin_lock(&ml403_ac97cr->reg_lock);
+       while (((empty = (in_be32(CR_REG(ml403_ac97cr, STATUS)) &
+                         CR_RECEMPTY)) != CR_RECEMPTY) && (bytes > 1)) {
+               dst[copied_words] = CR_RECDATA(in_be32(CR_REG(ml403_ac97cr,
+                                                             RECFIFO)));
+               copied_words++;
+               bytes = bytes - 2;
+       }
+       if (empty != CR_RECEMPTY)
+               rec->hw_ready = 1;
+       else
+               rec->hw_ready = 0;
+       spin_unlock(&ml403_ac97cr->reg_lock);
+
+       return (size_t) (copied_words * 2);
+}
+
+static snd_pcm_uframes_t
+snd_ml403_ac97cr_pcm_pointer(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream)
+{
+       struct snd_ml403_ac97cr *ml403_ac97cr;
+       struct snd_pcm_indirect2 *ind2_rec = NULL;
+
+       ml403_ac97cr = snd_pcm_substream_chip(substream);
+
+       if (substream == ml403_ac97cr->playback_substream)
+               ind2_rec = &ml403_ac97cr->ind_rec;
+       if (substream == ml403_ac97cr->capture_substream)
+               ind2_rec = &ml403_ac97cr->capture_ind2_rec;
+
+       if (ind2_rec != NULL)
+               return snd_pcm_indirect2_pointer(substream, ind2_rec);
+       return (snd_pcm_uframes_t) 0;
+}
+
+static int
+snd_ml403_ac97cr_pcm_playback_trigger(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream,
+                                     int cmd)
+{
+       struct snd_ml403_ac97cr *ml403_ac97cr;
+       int err = 0;
+
+       ml403_ac97cr = snd_pcm_substream_chip(substream);
+
+       switch (cmd) {
+       case SNDRV_PCM_TRIGGER_START:
+               PDEBUG(WORK_INFO, "trigger(playback): START\n");
+               ml403_ac97cr->ind_rec.hw_ready = 1;
+
+               /* clear play FIFO */
+               out_be32(CR_REG(ml403_ac97cr, RESETFIFO), CR_PLAYRESET);
+
+               /* enable play irq */
+               ml403_ac97cr->enable_irq = 1;
+               enable_irq(ml403_ac97cr->irq);
+               break;
+       case SNDRV_PCM_TRIGGER_STOP:
+               PDEBUG(WORK_INFO, "trigger(playback): STOP\n");
+               ml403_ac97cr->ind_rec.hw_ready = 0;
+#ifdef SND_PCM_INDIRECT2_STAT
+               snd_pcm_indirect2_stat(substream, &ml403_ac97cr->ind_rec);
+#endif
+               /* disable play irq */
+               disable_irq_nosync(ml403_ac97cr->irq);
+               ml403_ac97cr->enable_irq = 0;
+               break;
+       default:
+               err = -EINVAL;
+               break;
+       }
+       PDEBUG(WORK_INFO, "trigger(playback): (done)\n");
+       return err;
+}
+
+static int
+snd_ml403_ac97cr_pcm_capture_trigger(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream,
+                                     int cmd)
+{
+       struct snd_ml403_ac97cr *ml403_ac97cr;
+       int err = 0;
+
+       ml403_ac97cr = snd_pcm_substream_chip(substream);
+
+       switch (cmd) {
+       case SNDRV_PCM_TRIGGER_START:
+               PDEBUG(WORK_INFO, "trigger(capture): START\n");
+               ml403_ac97cr->capture_ind2_rec.hw_ready = 0;
+
+               /* clear record FIFO */
+               out_be32(CR_REG(ml403_ac97cr, RESETFIFO), CR_RECRESET);
+
+               /* enable record irq */
+               ml403_ac97cr->enable_capture_irq = 1;
+               enable_irq(ml403_ac97cr->capture_irq);
+               break;
+       case SNDRV_PCM_TRIGGER_STOP:
+               PDEBUG(WORK_INFO, "trigger(capture): STOP\n");
+               ml403_ac97cr->capture_ind2_rec.hw_ready = 0;
+#ifdef SND_PCM_INDIRECT2_STAT
+               snd_pcm_indirect2_stat(substream,
+                                      &ml403_ac97cr->capture_ind2_rec);
+#endif
+               /* disable capture irq */
+               disable_irq_nosync(ml403_ac97cr->capture_irq);
+               ml403_ac97cr->enable_capture_irq = 0;
+               break;
+       default:
+               err = -EINVAL;
+               break;
+       }
+       PDEBUG(WORK_INFO, "trigger(capture): (done)\n");
+       return err;
+}
+
+static int
+snd_ml403_ac97cr_pcm_playback_prepare(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream)
+{
+       struct snd_ml403_ac97cr *ml403_ac97cr;
+       struct snd_pcm_runtime *runtime;
+
+       ml403_ac97cr = snd_pcm_substream_chip(substream);
+       runtime = substream->runtime;
+
+       PDEBUG(WORK_INFO,
+              "prepare(): period_bytes=%d, minperiod_bytes=%d\n",
+              snd_pcm_lib_period_bytes(substream), CR_FIFO_SIZE / 2);
+
+       /* set sampling rate */
+       snd_ac97_set_rate(ml403_ac97cr->ac97, AC97_PCM_FRONT_DAC_RATE,
+                         runtime->rate);
+       PDEBUG(WORK_INFO, "prepare(): rate=%d\n", runtime->rate);
+
+       /* init struct for intermediate buffer */
+       memset(&ml403_ac97cr->ind_rec, 0,
+              sizeof(struct snd_pcm_indirect2));
+       ml403_ac97cr->ind_rec.hw_buffer_size = CR_FIFO_SIZE;
+       ml403_ac97cr->ind_rec.sw_buffer_size =
+               snd_pcm_lib_buffer_bytes(substream);
+       ml403_ac97cr->ind_rec.min_periods = -1;
+       ml403_ac97cr->ind_rec.min_multiple =
+               snd_pcm_lib_period_bytes(substream) / (CR_FIFO_SIZE / 2);
+       PDEBUG(WORK_INFO, "prepare(): hw_buffer_size=%d, "
+              "sw_buffer_size=%d, min_multiple=%d\n",
+              CR_FIFO_SIZE, ml403_ac97cr->ind_rec.sw_buffer_size,
+              ml403_ac97cr->ind_rec.min_multiple);
+       return 0;
+}
+
+static int
+snd_ml403_ac97cr_pcm_capture_prepare(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream)
+{
+       struct snd_ml403_ac97cr *ml403_ac97cr;
+       struct snd_pcm_runtime *runtime;
+
+       ml403_ac97cr = snd_pcm_substream_chip(substream);
+       runtime = substream->runtime;
+
+       PDEBUG(WORK_INFO,
+              "prepare(capture): period_bytes=%d, minperiod_bytes=%d\n",
+              snd_pcm_lib_period_bytes(substream), CR_FIFO_SIZE / 2);
+
+       /* set sampling rate */
+       snd_ac97_set_rate(ml403_ac97cr->ac97, AC97_PCM_LR_ADC_RATE,
+                         runtime->rate);
+       PDEBUG(WORK_INFO, "prepare(capture): rate=%d\n", runtime->rate);
+
+       /* init struct for intermediate buffer */
+       memset(&ml403_ac97cr->capture_ind2_rec, 0,
+              sizeof(struct snd_pcm_indirect2));
+       ml403_ac97cr->capture_ind2_rec.hw_buffer_size = CR_FIFO_SIZE;
+       ml403_ac97cr->capture_ind2_rec.sw_buffer_size =
+               snd_pcm_lib_buffer_bytes(substream);
+       ml403_ac97cr->capture_ind2_rec.min_multiple =
+               snd_pcm_lib_period_bytes(substream) / (CR_FIFO_SIZE / 2);
+       PDEBUG(WORK_INFO, "prepare(capture): hw_buffer_size=%d, "
+              "sw_buffer_size=%d, min_multiple=%d\n", CR_FIFO_SIZE,
+              ml403_ac97cr->capture_ind2_rec.sw_buffer_size,
+              ml403_ac97cr->capture_ind2_rec.min_multiple);
+       return 0;
+}
+
+static int snd_ml403_ac97cr_hw_free(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream)
+{
+       PDEBUG(WORK_INFO, "hw_free()\n");
+       return snd_pcm_lib_free_pages(substream);
+}
+
+static int
+snd_ml403_ac97cr_hw_params(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream,
+                          struct snd_pcm_hw_params *hw_params)
+{
+       PDEBUG(WORK_INFO, "hw_params(): desired buffer bytes=%d, desired "
+              "period bytes=%d\n",
+              params_buffer_bytes(hw_params), params_period_bytes(hw_params));
+       return snd_pcm_lib_malloc_pages(substream,
+                                       params_buffer_bytes(hw_params));
+}
+
+static int snd_ml403_ac97cr_playback_open(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream)
+{
+       struct snd_ml403_ac97cr *ml403_ac97cr;
+       struct snd_pcm_runtime *runtime;
+
+       ml403_ac97cr = snd_pcm_substream_chip(substream);
+       runtime = substream->runtime;
+
+       PDEBUG(WORK_INFO, "open(playback)\n");
+       ml403_ac97cr->playback_substream = substream;
+       runtime->hw = snd_ml403_ac97cr_playback;
+
+       snd_pcm_hw_constraint_step(runtime, 0,
+                                  SNDRV_PCM_HW_PARAM_PERIOD_BYTES,
+                                  CR_FIFO_SIZE / 2);
+       return 0;
+}
+
+static int snd_ml403_ac97cr_capture_open(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream)
+{
+       struct snd_ml403_ac97cr *ml403_ac97cr;
+       struct snd_pcm_runtime *runtime;
+
+       ml403_ac97cr = snd_pcm_substream_chip(substream);
+       runtime = substream->runtime;
+
+       PDEBUG(WORK_INFO, "open(capture)\n");
+       ml403_ac97cr->capture_substream = substream;
+       runtime->hw = snd_ml403_ac97cr_capture;
+
+       snd_pcm_hw_constraint_step(runtime, 0,
+                                  SNDRV_PCM_HW_PARAM_PERIOD_BYTES,
+                                  CR_FIFO_SIZE / 2);
+       return 0;
+}
+
+static int snd_ml403_ac97cr_playback_close(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream)
+{
+       struct snd_ml403_ac97cr *ml403_ac97cr;
+
+       ml403_ac97cr = snd_pcm_substream_chip(substream);
+
+       PDEBUG(WORK_INFO, "close(playback)\n");
+       ml403_ac97cr->playback_substream = NULL;
+       return 0;
+}
+
+static int snd_ml403_ac97cr_capture_close(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream)
+{
+       struct snd_ml403_ac97cr *ml403_ac97cr;
+
+       ml403_ac97cr = snd_pcm_substream_chip(substream);
+
+       PDEBUG(WORK_INFO, "close(capture)\n");
+       ml403_ac97cr->capture_substream = NULL;
+       return 0;
+}
+
+static struct snd_pcm_ops snd_ml403_ac97cr_playback_ops = {
+       .open = snd_ml403_ac97cr_playback_open,
+       .close = snd_ml403_ac97cr_playback_close,
+       .ioctl = snd_pcm_lib_ioctl,
+       .hw_params = snd_ml403_ac97cr_hw_params,
+       .hw_free = snd_ml403_ac97cr_hw_free,
+       .prepare = snd_ml403_ac97cr_pcm_playback_prepare,
+       .trigger = snd_ml403_ac97cr_pcm_playback_trigger,
+       .pointer = snd_ml403_ac97cr_pcm_pointer,
+};
+
+static struct snd_pcm_ops snd_ml403_ac97cr_capture_ops = {
+       .open = snd_ml403_ac97cr_capture_open,
+       .close = snd_ml403_ac97cr_capture_close,
+       .ioctl = snd_pcm_lib_ioctl,
+       .hw_params = snd_ml403_ac97cr_hw_params,
+       .hw_free = snd_ml403_ac97cr_hw_free,
+       .prepare = snd_ml403_ac97cr_pcm_capture_prepare,
+       .trigger = snd_ml403_ac97cr_pcm_capture_trigger,
+       .pointer = snd_ml403_ac97cr_pcm_pointer,
+};
+
+static irqreturn_t snd_ml403_ac97cr_irq(int irq, void *dev_id)
+{
+       struct snd_ml403_ac97cr *ml403_ac97cr;
+       struct platform_device *pfdev;
+       int cmp_irq;
+
+       ml403_ac97cr = (struct snd_ml403_ac97cr *)dev_id;
+       if (ml403_ac97cr == NULL)
+               return IRQ_NONE;
+
+       pfdev = ml403_ac97cr->pfdev;
+
+       /* playback interrupt */
+       cmp_irq = platform_get_irq(pfdev, 0);
+       if (irq == cmp_irq) {
+               if (ml403_ac97cr->enable_irq)
+                       snd_pcm_indirect2_playback_interrupt(
+                               ml403_ac97cr->playback_substream,
+                               &ml403_ac97cr->ind_rec,
+                               snd_ml403_ac97cr_playback_ind2_copy,
+                               snd_ml403_ac97cr_playback_ind2_zero);
+               else
+                       goto __disable_irq;
+       } else {
+               /* record interrupt */
+               cmp_irq = platform_get_irq(pfdev, 1);
+               if (irq == cmp_irq) {
+                       if (ml403_ac97cr->enable_capture_irq)
+                               snd_pcm_indirect2_capture_interrupt(
+                                       ml403_ac97cr->capture_substream,
+                                       &ml403_ac97cr->capture_ind2_rec,
+                                       snd_ml403_ac97cr_capture_ind2_copy,
+                                       snd_ml403_ac97cr_capture_ind2_null);
+                       else
+                               goto __disable_irq;
+               } else
+                       return IRQ_NONE;
+       }
+       return IRQ_HANDLED;
+
+__disable_irq:
+       PDEBUG(INIT_INFO, "irq(): irq %d is meant to be disabled! So, now try "
+              "to disable it _really_!\n", irq);
+       disable_irq_nosync(irq);
+       return IRQ_HANDLED;
+}
+
+static unsigned short
+snd_ml403_ac97cr_codec_read(struct snd_ac97 *ac97, unsigned short reg)
+{
+       struct snd_ml403_ac97cr *ml403_ac97cr = ac97->private_data;
+#ifdef CODEC_STAT
+       u32 stat;
+       u32 rafaccess = 0;
+#endif
+       unsigned long end_time;
+       u16 value = 0;
+
+       if (!LM4550_RF_OK(reg)) {
+               snd_printk(KERN_WARNING SND_ML403_AC97CR_DRIVER ": "
+                          "access to unknown/unused codec register 0x%x "
+                          "ignored!\n", reg);
+               return 0;
+       }
+       /* check if we can fake/answer this access from our shadow register */
+       if ((lm4550_regfile[reg / 2].flag &
+            (LM4550_REG_DONEREAD | LM4550_REG_ALLFAKE)) &&
+           !(lm4550_regfile[reg / 2].flag & LM4550_REG_NOSHADOW)) {
+               if (lm4550_regfile[reg / 2].flag & LM4550_REG_FAKEREAD) {
+                       PDEBUG(CODEC_FAKE, "codec_read(): faking read from "
+                              "reg=0x%x, val=0x%x / %d\n",
+                              reg, lm4550_regfile[reg / 2].def,
+                              lm4550_regfile[reg / 2].def);
+                       return lm4550_regfile[reg / 2].def;
+               } else if ((lm4550_regfile[reg / 2].flag &
+                           LM4550_REG_FAKEPROBE) &&
+                          ml403_ac97cr->ac97_fake) {
+                       PDEBUG(CODEC_FAKE, "codec_read(): faking read from "
+                              "reg=0x%x, val=0x%x / %d (probe)\n",
+                              reg, lm4550_regfile[reg / 2].value,
+                              lm4550_regfile[reg / 2].value);
+                       return lm4550_regfile[reg / 2].value;
+               } else {
+#ifdef CODEC_STAT
+                       PDEBUG(CODEC_FAKE, "codec_read(): read access "
+                              "answered by shadow register 0x%x (value=0x%x "
+                              "/ %d) (cw=%d cr=%d)\n",
+                              reg, lm4550_regfile[reg / 2].value,
+                              lm4550_regfile[reg / 2].value,
+                              ml403_ac97cr->ac97_write,
+                              ml403_ac97cr->ac97_read);
+#else
+                       PDEBUG(CODEC_FAKE, "codec_read(): read access "
+                              "answered by shadow register 0x%x (value=0x%x "
+                              "/ %d)\n",
+                              reg, lm4550_regfile[reg / 2].value,
+                              lm4550_regfile[reg / 2].value);
+#endif
+                       return lm4550_regfile[reg / 2].value;
+               }
+       }
+       /* if we are here, we _have_ to access the codec really, no faking */
+       if (mutex_lock_interruptible(&ml403_ac97cr->cdc_mutex) != 0)
+               return 0;
+#ifdef CODEC_STAT
+       ml403_ac97cr->ac97_read++;
+#endif
+       spin_lock(&ml403_ac97cr->reg_lock);
+       out_be32(CR_REG(ml403_ac97cr, CODEC_ADDR),
+                CR_CODEC_ADDR(reg) | CR_CODEC_READ);
+       spin_unlock(&ml403_ac97cr->reg_lock);
+       end_time = jiffies + (HZ / CODEC_TIMEOUT_AFTER_READ);
+       do {
+               spin_lock(&ml403_ac97cr->reg_lock);
+#ifdef CODEC_STAT
+               rafaccess++;
+               stat = in_be32(CR_REG(ml403_ac97cr, STATUS));
+               if ((stat & CR_RAF) == CR_RAF) {
+                       value = CR_CODEC_DATAREAD(
+                               in_be32(CR_REG(ml403_ac97cr, CODEC_DATAREAD)));
+                       PDEBUG(CODEC_SUCCESS, "codec_read(): (done) reg=0x%x, "
+                              "value=0x%x / %d (STATUS=0x%x)\n",
+                              reg, value, value, stat);
+#else
+               if ((in_be32(CR_REG(ml403_ac97cr, STATUS)) &
+                    CR_RAF) == CR_RAF) {
+                       value = CR_CODEC_DATAREAD(
+                               in_be32(CR_REG(ml403_ac97cr, CODEC_DATAREAD)));
+                       PDEBUG(CODEC_SUCCESS, "codec_read(): (done) "
+                              "reg=0x%x, value=0x%x / %d\n",
+                              reg, value, value);
+#endif
+                       lm4550_regfile[reg / 2].value = value;
+                       lm4550_regfile[reg / 2].flag |= LM4550_REG_DONEREAD;
+                       spin_unlock(&ml403_ac97cr->reg_lock);
+                       mutex_unlock(&ml403_ac97cr->cdc_mutex);
+                       return value;
+               }
+               spin_unlock(&ml403_ac97cr->reg_lock);
+               schedule_timeout_uninterruptible(1);
+       } while (time_after(end_time, jiffies));
+       /* read the DATAREAD register anyway, see comment below */
+       spin_lock(&ml403_ac97cr->reg_lock);
+       value =
+           CR_CODEC_DATAREAD(in_be32(CR_REG(ml403_ac97cr, CODEC_DATAREAD)));
+       spin_unlock(&ml403_ac97cr->reg_lock);
+#ifdef CODEC_STAT
+       snd_printk(KERN_WARNING SND_ML403_AC97CR_DRIVER ": "
+                  "timeout while codec read! "
+                  "(reg=0x%x, last STATUS=0x%x, DATAREAD=0x%x / %d, %d) "
+                  "(cw=%d, cr=%d)\n",
+                  reg, stat, value, value, rafaccess,
+                  ml403_ac97cr->ac97_write, ml403_ac97cr->ac97_read);
+#else
+       snd_printk(KERN_WARNING SND_ML403_AC97CR_DRIVER ": "
+                  "timeout while codec read! "
+                  "(reg=0x%x, DATAREAD=0x%x / %d)\n",
+                  reg, value, value);
+#endif
+       /* BUG: This is PURE speculation! But after _most_ read timeouts the
+        * value in the register is ok!
+        */
+       lm4550_regfile[reg / 2].value = value;
+       lm4550_regfile[reg / 2].flag |= LM4550_REG_DONEREAD;
+       mutex_unlock(&ml403_ac97cr->cdc_mutex);
+       return value;
+}
+
+static void
+snd_ml403_ac97cr_codec_write(struct snd_ac97 *ac97, unsigned short reg,
+                            unsigned short val)
+{
+       struct snd_ml403_ac97cr *ml403_ac97cr = ac97->private_data;
+
+#ifdef CODEC_STAT
+       u32 stat;
+       u32 rafaccess = 0;
+#endif
+#ifdef CODEC_WRITE_CHECK_RAF
+       unsigned long end_time;
+#endif
+
+       if (!LM4550_RF_OK(reg)) {
+               snd_printk(KERN_WARNING SND_ML403_AC97CR_DRIVER ": "
+                          "access to unknown/unused codec register 0x%x "
+                          "ignored!\n", reg);
+               return;
+       }
+       if (lm4550_regfile[reg / 2].flag & LM4550_REG_READONLY) {
+               snd_printk(KERN_WARNING SND_ML403_AC97CR_DRIVER ": "
+                          "write access to read only codec register 0x%x "
+                          "ignored!\n", reg);
+               return;
+       }
+       if ((val & lm4550_regfile[reg / 2].wmask) != val) {
+               snd_printk(KERN_WARNING SND_ML403_AC97CR_DRIVER ": "
+                          "write access to codec register 0x%x "
+                          "with bad value 0x%x / %d!\n",
+                          reg, val, val);
+               val = val & lm4550_regfile[reg / 2].wmask;
+       }
+       if (((lm4550_regfile[reg / 2].flag & LM4550_REG_FAKEPROBE) &&
+            ml403_ac97cr->ac97_fake) &&
+           !(lm4550_regfile[reg / 2].flag & LM4550_REG_NOSHADOW)) {
+               PDEBUG(CODEC_FAKE, "codec_write(): faking write to reg=0x%x, "
+                      "val=0x%x / %d\n", reg, val, val);
+               lm4550_regfile[reg / 2].value = (val &
+                                               lm4550_regfile[reg / 2].wmask);
+               return;
+       }
+       if (mutex_lock_interruptible(&ml403_ac97cr->cdc_mutex) != 0)
+               return;
+#ifdef CODEC_STAT
+       ml403_ac97cr->ac97_write++;
+#endif
+       spin_lock(&ml403_ac97cr->reg_lock);
+       out_be32(CR_REG(ml403_ac97cr, CODEC_DATAWRITE),
+                CR_CODEC_DATAWRITE(val));
+       out_be32(CR_REG(ml403_ac97cr, CODEC_ADDR),
+                CR_CODEC_ADDR(reg) | CR_CODEC_WRITE);
+       spin_unlock(&ml403_ac97cr->reg_lock);
+#ifdef CODEC_WRITE_CHECK_RAF
+       /* check CR_CODEC_RAF bit to see if write access to register is done;
+        * loop until bit is set or timeout happens
+        */
+       end_time = jiffies + HZ / CODEC_TIMEOUT_AFTER_WRITE;
+       do {
+               spin_lock(&ml403_ac97cr->reg_lock);
+#ifdef CODEC_STAT
+               rafaccess++;
+               stat = in_be32(CR_REG(ml403_ac97cr, STATUS))
+               if ((stat & CR_RAF) == CR_RAF) {
+#else
+               if ((in_be32(CR_REG(ml403_ac97cr, STATUS)) &
+                    CR_RAF) == CR_RAF) {
+#endif
+                       PDEBUG(CODEC_SUCCESS, "codec_write(): (done) "
+                              "reg=0x%x, value=%d / 0x%x\n",
+                              reg, val, val);
+                       if (!(lm4550_regfile[reg / 2].flag &
+                             LM4550_REG_NOSHADOW) &&
+                           !(lm4550_regfile[reg / 2].flag &
+                             LM4550_REG_NOSAVE))
+                               lm4550_regfile[reg / 2].value = val;
+                       lm4550_regfile[reg / 2].flag |= LM4550_REG_DONEREAD;
+                       spin_unlock(&ml403_ac97cr->reg_lock);
+                       mutex_unlock(&ml403_ac97cr->cdc_mutex);
+                       return;
+               }
+               spin_unlock(&ml403_ac97cr->reg_lock);
+               schedule_timeout_uninterruptible(1);
+       } while (time_after(end_time, jiffies));
+#ifdef CODEC_STAT
+       snd_printk(KERN_WARNING SND_ML403_AC97CR_DRIVER ": "
+                  "timeout while codec write "
+                  "(reg=0x%x, val=0x%x / %d, last STATUS=0x%x, %d) "
+                  "(cw=%d, cr=%d)\n",
+                  reg, val, val, stat, rafaccess, ml403_ac97cr->ac97_write,
+                  ml403_ac97cr->ac97_read);
+#else
+       snd_printk(KERN_WARNING SND_ML403_AC97CR_DRIVER ": "
+                  "timeout while codec write (reg=0x%x, val=0x%x / %d)\n",
+                  reg, val, val);
+#endif
+#else /* CODEC_WRITE_CHECK_RAF */
+#if CODEC_WAIT_AFTER_WRITE > 0
+       /* officially, in AC97 spec there is no possibility for a AC97
+        * controller to determine, if write access is done or not - so: How
+        * is Xilinx able to provide a RAF bit for write access?
+        * => very strange, thus just don't check RAF bit (compare with
+        * Xilinx's example app in EDK 8.1i) and wait
+        */
+       schedule_timeout_uninterruptible(HZ / CODEC_WAIT_AFTER_WRITE);
+#endif
+       PDEBUG(CODEC_SUCCESS, "codec_write(): (done) "
+              "reg=0x%x, value=%d / 0x%x (no RAF check)\n",
+              reg, val, val);
+#endif
+       mutex_unlock(&ml403_ac97cr->cdc_mutex);
+       return;
+}
+
+static int __devinit
+snd_ml403_ac97cr_chip_init(struct snd_ml403_ac97cr *ml403_ac97cr)
+{
+       unsigned long end_time;
+       PDEBUG(INIT_INFO, "chip_init():\n");
+       end_time = jiffies + HZ / CODEC_TIMEOUT_ON_INIT;
+       do {
+               if (in_be32(CR_REG(ml403_ac97cr, STATUS)) & CR_CODECREADY) {
+                       /* clear both hardware FIFOs */
+                       out_be32(CR_REG(ml403_ac97cr, RESETFIFO),
+                                CR_RECRESET | CR_PLAYRESET);
+                       PDEBUG(INIT_INFO, "chip_init(): (done)\n");
+                       return 0;
+               }
+               schedule_timeout_uninterruptible(1);
+       } while (time_after(end_time, jiffies));
+       snd_printk(KERN_ERR SND_ML403_AC97CR_DRIVER ": "
+                  "timeout while waiting for codec, "
+                  "not ready!\n");
+       return -EBUSY;
+}
+
+static int snd_ml403_ac97cr_free(struct snd_ml403_ac97cr *ml403_ac97cr)
+{
+       PDEBUG(INIT_INFO, "free():\n");
+       /* irq release */
+       if (ml403_ac97cr->irq >= 0)
+               free_irq(ml403_ac97cr->irq, ml403_ac97cr);
+       if (ml403_ac97cr->capture_irq >= 0)
+               free_irq(ml403_ac97cr->capture_irq, ml403_ac97cr);
+       /* give back "port" */
+       if (ml403_ac97cr->port != NULL)
+               iounmap(ml403_ac97cr->port);
+       kfree(ml403_ac97cr);
+       PDEBUG(INIT_INFO, "free(): (done)\n");
+       return 0;
+}
+
+static int snd_ml403_ac97cr_dev_free(struct snd_device *snddev)
+{
+       struct snd_ml403_ac97cr *ml403_ac97cr = snddev->device_data;
+       PDEBUG(INIT_INFO, "dev_free():\n");
+       return snd_ml403_ac97cr_free(ml403_ac97cr);
+}
+
+static int __devinit
+snd_ml403_ac97cr_create(struct snd_card *card, struct platform_device *pfdev,
+                       struct snd_ml403_ac97cr **rml403_ac97cr)
+{
+       struct snd_ml403_ac97cr *ml403_ac97cr;
+       int err;
+       static struct snd_device_ops ops = {
+               .dev_free = snd_ml403_ac97cr_dev_free,
+       };
+       struct resource *resource;
+       int irq;
+
+       *rml403_ac97cr = NULL;
+       ml403_ac97cr = kzalloc(sizeof(*ml403_ac97cr), GFP_KERNEL);
+       if (ml403_ac97cr == NULL)
+               return -ENOMEM;
+       spin_lock_init(&ml403_ac97cr->reg_lock);
+       mutex_init(&ml403_ac97cr->cdc_mutex);
+       ml403_ac97cr->card = card;
+       ml403_ac97cr->pfdev = pfdev;
+       ml403_ac97cr->irq = -1;
+       ml403_ac97cr->enable_irq = 0;
+       ml403_ac97cr->capture_irq = -1;
+       ml403_ac97cr->enable_capture_irq = 0;
+       ml403_ac97cr->port = NULL;
+       ml403_ac97cr->res_port = NULL;
+
+       PDEBUG(INIT_INFO, "Trying to reserve resources now ...\n");
+       resource = platform_get_resource(pfdev, IORESOURCE_MEM, 0);
+       /* get "port" */
+       ml403_ac97cr->port = ioremap_nocache(resource->start,
+                                            (resource->end) -
+                                            (resource->start) + 1);
+       if (ml403_ac97cr->port == NULL) {
+               snd_printk(KERN_ERR SND_ML403_AC97CR_DRIVER ": "
+                          "unable to remap memory region (%x to %x)\n",
+                          resource->start, resource->end);
+               snd_ml403_ac97cr_free(ml403_ac97cr);
+               return -EBUSY;
+       }
+       snd_printk(KERN_INFO SND_ML403_AC97CR_DRIVER ": "
+                  "remap controller memory region to "
+                  "0x%x done\n", (unsigned int)ml403_ac97cr->port);
+       /* get irq */
+       irq = platform_get_irq(pfdev, 0);
+       if (request_irq(irq, snd_ml403_ac97cr_irq, IRQF_DISABLED,
+                       pfdev->dev.bus_id, (void *)ml403_ac97cr)) {
+               snd_printk(KERN_ERR SND_ML403_AC97CR_DRIVER ": "
+                          "unable to grab IRQ %d\n",
+                          irq);
+               snd_ml403_ac97cr_free(ml403_ac97cr);
+               return -EBUSY;
+       }
+       ml403_ac97cr->irq = irq;
+       snd_printk(KERN_INFO SND_ML403_AC97CR_DRIVER ": "
+                  "request (playback) irq %d done\n",
+                  ml403_ac97cr->irq);
+       irq = platform_get_irq(pfdev, 1);
+       if (request_irq(irq, snd_ml403_ac97cr_irq, IRQF_DISABLED,
+                       pfdev->dev.bus_id, (void *)ml403_ac97cr)) {
+               snd_printk(KERN_ERR SND_ML403_AC97CR_DRIVER ": "
+                          "unable to grab IRQ %d\n",
+                          irq);
+               snd_ml403_ac97cr_free(ml403_ac97cr);
+               return -EBUSY;
+       }
+       ml403_ac97cr->capture_irq = irq;
+       snd_printk(KERN_INFO SND_ML403_AC97CR_DRIVER ": "
+                  "request (capture) irq %d done\n",
+                  ml403_ac97cr->capture_irq);
+
+       err = snd_ml403_ac97cr_chip_init(ml403_ac97cr);
+       if (err < 0) {
+               snd_ml403_ac97cr_free(ml403_ac97cr);
+               return err;
+       }
+
+       err = snd_device_new(card, SNDRV_DEV_LOWLEVEL, ml403_ac97cr, &ops);
+       if (err < 0) {
+               PDEBUG(INIT_FAILURE, "probe(): snd_device_new() failed!\n");
+               snd_ml403_ac97cr_free(ml403_ac97cr);
+               return err;
+       }
+
+       snd_card_set_dev(card, &pfdev->dev);
+
+       *rml403_ac97cr = ml403_ac97cr;
+       return 0;
+}
+
+static void snd_ml403_ac97cr_mixer_free(struct snd_ac97 *ac97)
+{
+       struct snd_ml403_ac97cr *ml403_ac97cr = ac97->private_data;
+       PDEBUG(INIT_INFO, "mixer_free():\n");
+       ml403_ac97cr->ac97 = NULL;
+       PDEBUG(INIT_INFO, "mixer_free(): (done)\n");
+}
+
+static int __devinit
+snd_ml403_ac97cr_mixer(struct snd_ml403_ac97cr *ml403_ac97cr)
+{
+       struct snd_ac97_bus *bus;
+       struct snd_ac97_template ac97;
+       int err;
+       static struct snd_ac97_bus_ops ops = {
+               .write = snd_ml403_ac97cr_codec_write,
+               .read = snd_ml403_ac97cr_codec_read,
+       };
+       PDEBUG(INIT_INFO, "mixer():\n");
+       err = snd_ac97_bus(ml403_ac97cr->card, 0, &ops, NULL, &bus);
+       if (err < 0)
+               return err;
+
+       memset(&ac97, 0, sizeof(ac97));
+       ml403_ac97cr->ac97_fake = 1;
+       lm4550_regfile_init();
+#ifdef CODEC_STAT
+       ml403_ac97cr->ac97_read = 0;
+       ml403_ac97cr->ac97_write = 0;
+#endif
+       ac97.private_data = ml403_ac97cr;
+       ac97.private_free = snd_ml403_ac97cr_mixer_free;
+       ac97.scaps = AC97_SCAP_AUDIO | AC97_SCAP_SKIP_MODEM |
+           AC97_SCAP_NO_SPDIF;
+       err = snd_ac97_mixer(bus, &ac97, &ml403_ac97cr->ac97);
+       ml403_ac97cr->ac97_fake = 0;
+       lm4550_regfile_write_values_after_init(ml403_ac97cr->ac97);
+       PDEBUG(INIT_INFO, "mixer(): (done) snd_ac97_mixer()=%d\n", err);
+       return err;
+}
+
+static int __devinit
+snd_ml403_ac97cr_pcm(struct snd_ml403_ac97cr *ml403_ac97cr, int device,
+                    struct snd_pcm **rpcm)
+{
+       struct snd_pcm *pcm;
+       int err;
+
+       if (rpcm)
+               *rpcm = NULL;
+       err = snd_pcm_new(ml403_ac97cr->card, "ML403AC97CR/1", device, 1, 1,
+                         &pcm);
+       if (err < 0)
+               return err;
+       snd_pcm_set_ops(pcm, SNDRV_PCM_STREAM_PLAYBACK,
+                       &snd_ml403_ac97cr_playback_ops);
+       snd_pcm_set_ops(pcm, SNDRV_PCM_STREAM_CAPTURE,
+                       &snd_ml403_ac97cr_capture_ops);
+       pcm->private_data = ml403_ac97cr;
+       pcm->info_flags = 0;
+       strcpy(pcm->name, "ML403AC97CR DAC/ADC");
+       ml403_ac97cr->pcm = pcm;
+
+       snd_pcm_lib_preallocate_pages_for_all(pcm, SNDRV_DMA_TYPE_CONTINUOUS,
+                                         snd_dma_continuous_data(GFP_KERNEL),
+                                         64 * 1024,
+                                         128 * 1024);
+       if (rpcm)
+               *rpcm = pcm;
+       return 0;
+}
+
+static int __devinit snd_ml403_ac97cr_probe(struct platform_device *pfdev)
+{
+       struct snd_card *card;
+       struct snd_ml403_ac97cr *ml403_ac97cr = NULL;
+       int err;
+       int dev = pfdev->id;
+
+       if (dev >= SNDRV_CARDS)
+               return -ENODEV;
+       if (!enable[dev])
+               return -ENOENT;
+
+       card = snd_card_new(index[dev], id[dev], THIS_MODULE, 0);
+       if (card == NULL)
+               return -ENOMEM;
+       err = snd_ml403_ac97cr_create(card, pfdev, &ml403_ac97cr);
+       if (err < 0) {
+               PDEBUG(INIT_FAILURE, "probe(): create failed!\n");
+               snd_card_free(card);
+               return err;
+       }
+       PDEBUG(INIT_INFO, "probe(): create done\n");
+       card->private_data = ml403_ac97cr;
+       err = snd_ml403_ac97cr_mixer(ml403_ac97cr);
+       if (err < 0) {
+               snd_card_free(card);
+               return err;
+       }
+       PDEBUG(INIT_INFO, "probe(): mixer done\n");
+       err = snd_ml403_ac97cr_pcm(ml403_ac97cr, 0, NULL);
+       if (err < 0) {
+               snd_card_free(card);
+               return err;
+       }
+       PDEBUG(INIT_INFO, "probe(): PCM done\n");
+       strcpy(card->driver, SND_ML403_AC97CR_DRIVER);
+       strcpy(card->shortname, "ML403 AC97 Controller Reference");
+       sprintf(card->longname, "%s %s at 0x%lx, irq %i & %i, device %i",
+               card->shortname, card->driver,
+               (unsigned long)ml403_ac97cr->port, ml403_ac97cr->irq,
+               ml403_ac97cr->capture_irq, dev + 1);
+
+       err = snd_card_register(card);
+       if (err < 0) {
+               snd_card_free(card);
+               return err;
+       }
+       platform_set_drvdata(pfdev, card);
+       PDEBUG(INIT_INFO, "probe(): (done)\n");
+       return 0;
+}
+
+static int snd_ml403_ac97cr_remove(struct platform_device *pfdev)
+{
+       snd_card_free(platform_get_drvdata(pfdev));
+       platform_set_drvdata(pfdev, NULL);
+       return 0;
+}
+
+static struct platform_driver snd_ml403_ac97cr_driver = {
+       .probe = snd_ml403_ac97cr_probe,
+       .remove = snd_ml403_ac97cr_remove,
+       .driver = {
+               .name = SND_ML403_AC97CR_DRIVER,
+       },
+};
+
+static int __init alsa_card_ml403_ac97cr_init(void)
+{
+       return platform_driver_register(&snd_ml403_ac97cr_driver);
+}
+
+static void __exit alsa_card_ml403_ac97cr_exit(void)
+{
+       platform_driver_unregister(&snd_ml403_ac97cr_driver);
+}
+
+module_init(alsa_card_ml403_ac97cr_init)
+module_exit(alsa_card_ml403_ac97cr_exit)
diff --git a/sound/drivers/pcm-indirect2.c b/sound/drivers/pcm-indirect2.c
new file mode 100644 (file)
index 0000000..6a829cd
--- /dev/null
@@ -0,0 +1,591 @@
+/*
+ * Helper functions for indirect PCM data transfer to a simple FIFO in
+ * hardware (small, no possibility to read "hardware io position",
+ * updating position done by interrupt, ...)
+ *
+ *  Copyright (c) by 2007  Joachim Foerster <JOFT@gmx.de>
+ *
+ *  Based on "pcm-indirect.h" (alsa-driver-1.0.13) by
+ *
+ *  Copyright (c) by Takashi Iwai <tiwai@suse.de>
+ *                   Jaroslav Kysela <perex@suse.cz>
+ *
+ *   This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
+ *   it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
+ *   the Free Software Foundation; either version 2 of the License, or
+ *   (at your option) any later version.
+ *
+ *   This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
+ *   but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
+ *   MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the
+ *   GNU General Public License for more details.
+ *
+ *   You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
+ *   along with this program; if not, write to the Free Software
+ *   Foundation, Inc., 675 Mass Ave, Cambridge, MA 02139, USA.
+ */
+
+/* #dependency of sound/core.h# */
+#include <sound/driver.h>
+/* snd_printk/d() */
+#include <sound/core.h>
+/* struct snd_pcm_substream, struct snd_pcm_runtime, snd_pcm_uframes_t
+ * snd_pcm_period_elapsed() */
+#include <sound/pcm.h>
+
+#include "pcm-indirect2.h"
+
+#ifdef SND_PCM_INDIRECT2_STAT
+/* jiffies */
+#include <linux/jiffies.h>
+
+void snd_pcm_indirect2_stat(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream,
+                           struct snd_pcm_indirect2 *rec)
+{
+       struct snd_pcm_runtime *runtime = substream->runtime;
+       int i;
+       int j;
+       int k;
+       int seconds = (rec->lastbytetime - rec->firstbytetime) / HZ;
+
+       snd_printk(KERN_DEBUG "STAT: mul_elapsed: %u, mul_elapsed_real: %d, "
+                  "irq_occured: %d\n",
+                  rec->mul_elapsed, rec->mul_elapsed_real, rec->irq_occured);
+       snd_printk(KERN_DEBUG "STAT: min_multiple: %d (irqs/period)\n",
+                  rec->min_multiple);
+       snd_printk(KERN_DEBUG "STAT: firstbytetime: %lu, lastbytetime: %lu, "
+                  "firstzerotime: %lu\n",
+                rec->firstbytetime, rec->lastbytetime, rec->firstzerotime);
+       snd_printk(KERN_DEBUG "STAT: bytes2hw: %u Bytes => (by runtime->rate) "
+                  "length: %d s\n",
+                rec->bytes2hw, rec->bytes2hw / 2 / 2 / runtime->rate);
+       snd_printk(KERN_DEBUG "STAT: (by measurement) length: %d => "
+                  "rate: %d Bytes/s = %d Frames/s|Hz\n",
+                  seconds, rec->bytes2hw / seconds,
+                  rec->bytes2hw / 2 / 2 / seconds);
+       snd_printk(KERN_DEBUG
+                  "STAT: zeros2hw: %u = %d ms ~ %d * %d zero copies\n",
+                  rec->zeros2hw, ((rec->zeros2hw / 2 / 2) * 1000) /
+                  runtime->rate,
+                  rec->zeros2hw / (rec->hw_buffer_size / 2),
+                  (rec->hw_buffer_size / 2));
+       snd_printk(KERN_DEBUG "STAT: pointer_calls: %u, lastdifftime: %u\n",
+                  rec->pointer_calls, rec->lastdifftime);
+       snd_printk(KERN_DEBUG "STAT: sw_io: %d, sw_data: %d\n", rec->sw_io,
+                  rec->sw_data);
+       snd_printk(KERN_DEBUG "STAT: byte_sizes[]:\n");
+       k = 0;
+       for (j = 0; j < 8; j++) {
+               for (i = j * 8; i < (j + 1) * 8; i++)
+                       if (rec->byte_sizes[i] != 0) {
+                               snd_printk(KERN_DEBUG "%u: %u",
+                                          i, rec->byte_sizes[i]);
+                               k++;
+                       }
+               if (((k % 8) == 0) && (k != 0)) {
+                       snd_printk(KERN_DEBUG "\n");
+                       k = 0;
+               }
+       }
+       snd_printk(KERN_DEBUG "\n");
+       snd_printk(KERN_DEBUG "STAT: zero_sizes[]:\n");
+       for (j = 0; j < 8; j++) {
+               k = 0;
+               for (i = j * 8; i < (j + 1) * 8; i++)
+                       if (rec->zero_sizes[i] != 0)
+                               snd_printk(KERN_DEBUG "%u: %u",
+                                          i, rec->zero_sizes[i]);
+                       else
+                               k++;
+               if (!k)
+                       snd_printk(KERN_DEBUG "\n");
+       }
+       snd_printk(KERN_DEBUG "\n");
+       snd_printk(KERN_DEBUG "STAT: min_adds[]:\n");
+       for (j = 0; j < 8; j++) {
+               if (rec->min_adds[j] != 0)
+                       snd_printk(KERN_DEBUG "%u: %u", j, rec->min_adds[j]);
+       }
+       snd_printk(KERN_DEBUG "\n");
+       snd_printk(KERN_DEBUG "STAT: mul_adds[]:\n");
+       for (j = 0; j < 8; j++) {
+               if (rec->mul_adds[j] != 0)
+                       snd_printk(KERN_DEBUG "%u: %u", j, rec->mul_adds[j]);
+       }
+       snd_printk(KERN_DEBUG "\n");
+       snd_printk(KERN_DEBUG
+                  "STAT: zero_times_saved: %d, zero_times_notsaved: %d\n",
+                  rec->zero_times_saved, rec->zero_times_notsaved);
+       /* snd_printk(KERN_DEBUG "STAT: zero_times[]\n");
+       i = 0;
+       for (j = 0; j < 3750; j++) {
+               if (rec->zero_times[j] != 0) {
+                       snd_printk(KERN_DEBUG "%u: %u", j, rec->zero_times[j]);
+                       i++;
+               }
+               if (((i % 8) == 0) && (i != 0))
+                       snd_printk(KERN_DEBUG "\n");
+       }
+       snd_printk(KERN_DEBUG "\n"); */
+       return;
+}
+#endif
+
+/*
+ * _internal_ helper function for playback/capture transfer function
+ */
+static void
+snd_pcm_indirect2_increase_min_periods(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream,
+                                      struct snd_pcm_indirect2 *rec,
+                                      int isplay, int iscopy,
+                                      unsigned int bytes)
+{
+       if (rec->min_periods >= 0) {
+               if (iscopy) {
+                       rec->sw_io += bytes;
+                       if (rec->sw_io >= rec->sw_buffer_size)
+                               rec->sw_io -= rec->sw_buffer_size;
+               } else if (isplay) {
+                       /* If application does not write data in multiples of
+                        * a period, move sw_data to the next correctly aligned
+                        * position, so that sw_io can converge to it (in the
+                        * next step).
+                        */
+                       if (!rec->check_alignment) {
+                               if (rec->bytes2hw %
+                                   snd_pcm_lib_period_bytes(substream)) {
+                                       unsigned bytes2hw_aligned =
+                                           (1 +
+                                            (rec->bytes2hw /
+                                             snd_pcm_lib_period_bytes
+                                             (substream))) *
+                                           snd_pcm_lib_period_bytes
+                                           (substream);
+                                       rec->sw_data =
+                                           bytes2hw_aligned %
+                                           rec->sw_buffer_size;
+#ifdef SND_PCM_INDIRECT2_STAT
+                                       snd_printk(KERN_DEBUG
+                                                  "STAT: @re-align: aligned "
+                                                  "bytes2hw to next period "
+                                                  "size boundary: %d "
+                                                  "(instead of %d)\n",
+                                                  bytes2hw_aligned,
+                                                  rec->bytes2hw);
+                                       snd_printk(KERN_DEBUG
+                                                  "STAT: @re-align: sw_data "
+                                                  "moves to: %d\n",
+                                                  rec->sw_data);
+#endif
+                               }
+                               rec->check_alignment = 1;
+                       }
+                       /* We are at the end and are copying zeros into the
+                        * fifo.
+                        * Now, we have to make sure that sw_io is increased
+                        * until the position of sw_data: Filling the fifo with
+                        * the first zeros means, the last bytes were played.
+                        */
+                       if (rec->sw_io != rec->sw_data) {
+                               unsigned int diff;
+                               if (rec->sw_data > rec->sw_io)
+                                       diff = rec->sw_data - rec->sw_io;
+                               else
+                                       diff = (rec->sw_buffer_size -
+                                               rec->sw_io) +
+                                               rec->sw_data;
+                               if (bytes >= diff)
+                                       rec->sw_io = rec->sw_data;
+                               else {
+                                       rec->sw_io += bytes;
+                                       if (rec->sw_io >= rec->sw_buffer_size)
+                                               rec->sw_io -=
+                                                   rec->sw_buffer_size;
+                               }
+                       }
+               }
+               rec->min_period_count += bytes;
+               if (rec->min_period_count >= (rec->hw_buffer_size / 2)) {
+                       rec->min_periods += (rec->min_period_count /
+                                            (rec->hw_buffer_size / 2));
+#ifdef SND_PCM_INDIRECT2_STAT
+                       if ((rec->min_period_count /
+                            (rec->hw_buffer_size / 2)) > 7)
+                               snd_printk(KERN_DEBUG
+                                          "STAT: more than 7 (%d) min_adds "
+                                          "at once - too big to save!\n",
+                                          (rec->min_period_count /
+                                           (rec->hw_buffer_size / 2)));
+                       else
+                               rec->min_adds[(rec->min_period_count /
+                                              (rec->hw_buffer_size / 2))]++;
+#endif
+                       rec->min_period_count = (rec->min_period_count %
+                                                (rec->hw_buffer_size / 2));
+               }
+       } else if (isplay && iscopy)
+               rec->min_periods = 0;
+}
+
+/*
+ * helper function for playback/capture pointer callback
+ */
+snd_pcm_uframes_t
+snd_pcm_indirect2_pointer(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream,
+                         struct snd_pcm_indirect2 *rec)
+{
+#ifdef SND_PCM_INDIRECT2_STAT
+       rec->pointer_calls++;
+#endif
+       return bytes_to_frames(substream->runtime, rec->sw_io);
+}
+
+/*
+ * _internal_ helper function for playback interrupt callback
+ */
+static void
+snd_pcm_indirect2_playback_transfer(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream,
+                                   struct snd_pcm_indirect2 *rec,
+                                   snd_pcm_indirect2_copy_t copy,
+                                   snd_pcm_indirect2_zero_t zero)
+{
+       struct snd_pcm_runtime *runtime = substream->runtime;
+       snd_pcm_uframes_t appl_ptr = runtime->control->appl_ptr;
+
+       /* runtime->control->appl_ptr: position where ALSA will write next time
+        * rec->appl_ptr: position where ALSA was last time
+        * diff: obviously ALSA wrote that much bytes into the intermediate
+        * buffer since we checked last time
+        */
+       snd_pcm_sframes_t diff = appl_ptr - rec->appl_ptr;
+
+       if (diff) {
+#ifdef SND_PCM_INDIRECT2_STAT
+               rec->lastdifftime = jiffies;
+#endif
+               if (diff < -(snd_pcm_sframes_t) (runtime->boundary / 2))
+                       diff += runtime->boundary;
+               /* number of bytes "added" by ALSA increases the number of
+                * bytes which are ready to "be transfered to HW"/"played"
+                * Then, set rec->appl_ptr to not count bytes twice next time.
+                */
+               rec->sw_ready += (int)frames_to_bytes(runtime, diff);
+               rec->appl_ptr = appl_ptr;
+       }
+       if (rec->hw_ready && (rec->sw_ready <= 0)) {
+               unsigned int bytes;
+
+#ifdef SND_PCM_INDIRECT2_STAT
+               if (rec->firstzerotime == 0) {
+                       rec->firstzerotime = jiffies;
+                       snd_printk(KERN_DEBUG
+                                  "STAT: @firstzerotime: mul_elapsed: %d, "
+                                  "min_period_count: %d\n",
+                                  rec->mul_elapsed, rec->min_period_count);
+                       snd_printk(KERN_DEBUG
+                                  "STAT: @firstzerotime: sw_io: %d, "
+                                  "sw_data: %d, appl_ptr: %u\n",
+                                  rec->sw_io, rec->sw_data,
+                                  (unsigned int)appl_ptr);
+               }
+               if ((jiffies - rec->firstzerotime) < 3750) {
+                       rec->zero_times[(jiffies - rec->firstzerotime)]++;
+                       rec->zero_times_saved++;
+               } else
+                       rec->zero_times_notsaved++;
+#endif
+               bytes = zero(substream, rec);
+
+#ifdef SND_PCM_INDIRECT2_STAT
+               rec->zeros2hw += bytes;
+               if (bytes < 64)
+                       rec->zero_sizes[bytes]++;
+               else
+                       snd_printk(KERN_DEBUG
+                                  "STAT: %d zero Bytes copied to hardware at "
+                                  "once - too big to save!\n",
+                                  bytes);
+#endif
+               snd_pcm_indirect2_increase_min_periods(substream, rec, 1, 0,
+                                                      bytes);
+               return;
+       }
+       while (rec->hw_ready && (rec->sw_ready > 0)) {
+               /* sw_to_end: max. number of bytes that can be read/take from
+                * the current position (sw_data) in _one_ step
+                */
+               unsigned int sw_to_end = rec->sw_buffer_size - rec->sw_data;
+
+               /* bytes: number of bytes we have available (for reading) */
+               unsigned int bytes = rec->sw_ready;
+
+               if (sw_to_end < bytes)
+                       bytes = sw_to_end;
+               if (!bytes)
+                       break;
+
+#ifdef SND_PCM_INDIRECT2_STAT
+               if (rec->firstbytetime == 0)
+                       rec->firstbytetime = jiffies;
+               rec->lastbytetime = jiffies;
+#endif
+               /* copy bytes from intermediate buffer position sw_data to the
+                * HW and return number of bytes actually written
+                * Furthermore, set hw_ready to 0, if the fifo isn't empty
+                * now => more could be transfered to fifo
+                */
+               bytes = copy(substream, rec, bytes);
+               rec->bytes2hw += bytes;
+
+#ifdef SND_PCM_INDIRECT2_STAT
+               if (bytes < 64)
+                       rec->byte_sizes[bytes]++;
+               else
+                       snd_printk(KERN_DEBUG
+                                  "STAT: %d Bytes copied to hardware at once "
+                                  "- too big to save!\n",
+                                  bytes);
+#endif
+               /* increase sw_data by the number of actually written bytes
+                * (= number of taken bytes from intermediate buffer)
+                */
+               rec->sw_data += bytes;
+               if (rec->sw_data == rec->sw_buffer_size)
+                       rec->sw_data = 0;
+               /* now sw_data is the position where ALSA is going to write
+                * in the intermediate buffer next time = position we are going
+                * to read from next time
+                */
+
+               snd_pcm_indirect2_increase_min_periods(substream, rec, 1, 1,
+                                                      bytes);
+
+               /* we read bytes from intermediate buffer, so we need to say
+                * that the number of bytes ready for transfer are decreased
+                * now
+                */
+               rec->sw_ready -= bytes;
+       }
+       return;
+}
+
+/*
+ * helper function for playback interrupt routine
+ */
+void
+snd_pcm_indirect2_playback_interrupt(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream,
+                                    struct snd_pcm_indirect2 *rec,
+                                    snd_pcm_indirect2_copy_t copy,
+                                    snd_pcm_indirect2_zero_t zero)
+{
+#ifdef SND_PCM_INDIRECT2_STAT
+       rec->irq_occured++;
+#endif
+       /* hardware played some bytes, so there is room again (in fifo) */
+       rec->hw_ready = 1;
+
+       /* don't call ack() now, instead call transfer() function directly
+        * (normally called by ack() )
+        */
+       snd_pcm_indirect2_playback_transfer(substream, rec, copy, zero);
+
+       if (rec->min_periods >= rec->min_multiple) {
+#ifdef SND_PCM_INDIRECT2_STAT
+               if ((rec->min_periods / rec->min_multiple) > 7)
+                       snd_printk(KERN_DEBUG
+                                  "STAT: more than 7 (%d) mul_adds - too big "
+                                  "to save!\n",
+                                  (rec->min_periods / rec->min_multiple));
+               else
+                       rec->mul_adds[(rec->min_periods /
+                                      rec->min_multiple)]++;
+               rec->mul_elapsed_real += (rec->min_periods /
+                                         rec->min_multiple);
+               rec->mul_elapsed++;
+#endif
+               rec->min_periods = 0;
+               snd_pcm_period_elapsed(substream);
+       }
+}
+
+/*
+ * _internal_ helper function for capture interrupt callback
+ */
+static void
+snd_pcm_indirect2_capture_transfer(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream,
+                                  struct snd_pcm_indirect2 *rec,
+                                  snd_pcm_indirect2_copy_t copy,
+                                  snd_pcm_indirect2_zero_t null)
+{
+       struct snd_pcm_runtime *runtime = substream->runtime;
+       snd_pcm_uframes_t appl_ptr = runtime->control->appl_ptr;
+       snd_pcm_sframes_t diff = appl_ptr - rec->appl_ptr;
+
+       if (diff) {
+#ifdef SND_PCM_INDIRECT2_STAT
+               rec->lastdifftime = jiffies;
+#endif
+               if (diff < -(snd_pcm_sframes_t) (runtime->boundary / 2))
+                       diff += runtime->boundary;
+               rec->sw_ready -= frames_to_bytes(runtime, diff);
+               rec->appl_ptr = appl_ptr;
+       }
+       /* if hardware has something, but the intermediate buffer is full
+        * => skip contents of buffer
+        */
+       if (rec->hw_ready && (rec->sw_ready >= (int)rec->sw_buffer_size)) {
+               unsigned int bytes;
+
+#ifdef SND_PCM_INDIRECT2_STAT
+               if (rec->firstzerotime == 0) {
+                       rec->firstzerotime = jiffies;
+                       snd_printk(KERN_DEBUG "STAT: (capture) "
+                                  "@firstzerotime: mul_elapsed: %d, "
+                                  "min_period_count: %d\n",
+                                  rec->mul_elapsed, rec->min_period_count);
+                       snd_printk(KERN_DEBUG "STAT: (capture) "
+                                  "@firstzerotime: sw_io: %d, sw_data: %d, "
+                                  "appl_ptr: %u\n",
+                                  rec->sw_io, rec->sw_data,
+                                  (unsigned int)appl_ptr);
+               }
+               if ((jiffies - rec->firstzerotime) < 3750) {
+                       rec->zero_times[(jiffies - rec->firstzerotime)]++;
+                       rec->zero_times_saved++;
+               } else
+                       rec->zero_times_notsaved++;
+#endif
+               bytes = null(substream, rec);
+
+#ifdef SND_PCM_INDIRECT2_STAT
+               rec->zeros2hw += bytes;
+               if (bytes < 64)
+                       rec->zero_sizes[bytes]++;
+               else
+                       snd_printk(KERN_DEBUG
+                                  "STAT: (capture) %d zero Bytes copied to "
+                                  "hardware at once - too big to save!\n",
+                                  bytes);
+#endif
+               snd_pcm_indirect2_increase_min_periods(substream, rec, 0, 0,
+                                                      bytes);
+               /* report an overrun */
+               rec->sw_io = SNDRV_PCM_POS_XRUN;
+               return;
+       }
+       while (rec->hw_ready && (rec->sw_ready < (int)rec->sw_buffer_size)) {
+               /* sw_to_end: max. number of bytes that we can write to the
+                *  intermediate buffer (until it's end)
+                */
+               size_t sw_to_end = rec->sw_buffer_size - rec->sw_data;
+
+               /* bytes: max. number of bytes, which may be copied to the
+                *  intermediate buffer without overflow (in _one_ step)
+                */
+               size_t bytes = rec->sw_buffer_size - rec->sw_ready;
+
+               /* limit number of bytes (for transfer) by available room in
+                * the intermediate buffer
+                */
+               if (sw_to_end < bytes)
+                       bytes = sw_to_end;
+               if (!bytes)
+                       break;
+
+#ifdef SND_PCM_INDIRECT2_STAT
+               if (rec->firstbytetime == 0)
+                       rec->firstbytetime = jiffies;
+               rec->lastbytetime = jiffies;
+#endif
+               /* copy bytes from the intermediate buffer (position sw_data)
+                * to the HW at most and return number of bytes actually copied
+                * from HW
+                * Furthermore, set hw_ready to 0, if the fifo is empty now.
+                */
+               bytes = copy(substream, rec, bytes);
+               rec->bytes2hw += bytes;
+
+#ifdef SND_PCM_INDIRECT2_STAT
+               if (bytes < 64)
+                       rec->byte_sizes[bytes]++;
+               else
+                       snd_printk(KERN_DEBUG
+                                  "STAT: (capture) %d Bytes copied to "
+                                  "hardware at once - too big to save!\n",
+                                  bytes);
+#endif
+               /* increase sw_data by the number of actually copied bytes from
+                * HW
+                */
+               rec->sw_data += bytes;
+               if (rec->sw_data == rec->sw_buffer_size)
+                       rec->sw_data = 0;
+
+               snd_pcm_indirect2_increase_min_periods(substream, rec, 0, 1,
+                                                      bytes);
+
+               /* number of bytes in the intermediate buffer, which haven't
+                * been fetched by ALSA yet.
+                */
+               rec->sw_ready += bytes;
+       }
+       return;
+}
+
+/*
+ * helper function for capture interrupt routine
+ */
+void
+snd_pcm_indirect2_capture_interrupt(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream,
+                                   struct snd_pcm_indirect2 *rec,
+                                   snd_pcm_indirect2_copy_t copy,
+                                   snd_pcm_indirect2_zero_t null)
+{
+#ifdef SND_PCM_INDIRECT2_STAT
+       rec->irq_occured++;
+#endif
+       /* hardware recorded some bytes, so there is something to read from the
+        * record fifo:
+        */
+       rec->hw_ready = 1;
+
+       /* don't call ack() now, instead call transfer() function directly
+        * (normally called by ack() )
+        */
+       snd_pcm_indirect2_capture_transfer(substream, rec, copy, null);
+
+       if (rec->min_periods >= rec->min_multiple) {
+
+#ifdef SND_PCM_INDIRECT2_STAT
+               if ((rec->min_periods / rec->min_multiple) > 7)
+                       snd_printk(KERN_DEBUG
+                                  "STAT: more than 7 (%d) mul_adds - "
+                                  "too big to save!\n",
+                                  (rec->min_periods / rec->min_multiple));
+               else
+                       rec->mul_adds[(rec->min_periods /
+                                      rec->min_multiple)]++;
+               rec->mul_elapsed_real += (rec->min_periods /
+                                         rec->min_multiple);
+               rec->mul_elapsed++;
+
+               if (!(rec->mul_elapsed % 4)) {
+                       struct snd_pcm_runtime *runtime = substream->runtime;
+                       unsigned int appl_ptr =
+                           frames_to_bytes(runtime,
+                                           (unsigned int)runtime->control->
+                                           appl_ptr) % rec->sw_buffer_size;
+                       int diff = rec->sw_data - appl_ptr;
+                       if (diff < 0)
+                               diff += rec->sw_buffer_size;
+                       snd_printk(KERN_DEBUG
+                                  "STAT: mul_elapsed: %d, sw_data: %u, "
+                                  "appl_ptr (bytes): %u, diff: %d\n",
+                                  rec->mul_elapsed, rec->sw_data, appl_ptr,
+                                  diff);
+               }
+#endif
+               rec->min_periods = 0;
+               snd_pcm_period_elapsed(substream);
+       }
+}
diff --git a/sound/drivers/pcm-indirect2.h b/sound/drivers/pcm-indirect2.h
new file mode 100644 (file)
index 0000000..2ea6e46
--- /dev/null
@@ -0,0 +1,140 @@
+/*
+ * Helper functions for indirect PCM data transfer to a simple FIFO in
+ * hardware (small, no possibility to read "hardware io position",
+ * updating position done by interrupt, ...)
+ *
+ *  Copyright (c) by 2007  Joachim Foerster <JOFT@gmx.de>
+ *
+ *  Based on "pcm-indirect.h" (alsa-driver-1.0.13) by
+ *
+ *  Copyright (c) by Takashi Iwai <tiwai@suse.de>
+ *                   Jaroslav Kysela <perex@suse.cz>
+ *
+ *   This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
+ *   it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
+ *   the Free Software Foundation; either version 2 of the License, or
+ *   (at your option) any later version.
+ *
+ *   This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
+ *   but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
+ *   MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the
+ *   GNU General Public License for more details.
+ *
+ *   You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
+ *   along with this program; if not, write to the Free Software
+ *   Foundation, Inc., 675 Mass Ave, Cambridge, MA 02139, USA.
+ */
+
+#ifndef __SOUND_PCM_INDIRECT2_H
+#define __SOUND_PCM_INDIRECT2_H
+
+/* struct snd_pcm_substream, struct snd_pcm_runtime, snd_pcm_uframes_t */
+#include <sound/pcm.h>
+
+/* Debug options for code which may be removed completely in a final version */
+#ifdef CONFIG_SND_DEBUG
+#define SND_PCM_INDIRECT2_STAT    /* turn on some "statistics" about the
+                                  * process of copying bytes from the
+                                  * intermediate buffer to the hardware
+                                  * fifo and the other way round
+                                  */
+#endif
+
+struct snd_pcm_indirect2 {
+       unsigned int hw_buffer_size;  /* Byte size of hardware buffer */
+       int hw_ready;                 /* playback: 1 = hw fifo has room left,
+                                      * 0 = hw fifo is full
+                                      */
+       unsigned int min_multiple;
+       int min_periods;              /* counts number of min. periods until
+                                      * min_multiple is reached
+                                      */
+       int min_period_count;         /* counts bytes to count number of
+                                      * min. periods
+                                      */
+
+       unsigned int sw_buffer_size;  /* Byte size of software buffer */
+
+       /* sw_data: position in intermediate buffer, where we will read (or
+        *          write) from/to next time (to transfer data to/from HW)
+        */
+       unsigned int sw_data;         /* Offset to next dst (or src) in sw
+                                      * ring buffer
+                                      */
+       /* easiest case (playback):
+        * sw_data is nearly the same as ~ runtime->control->appl_ptr, with the
+        * exception that sw_data is "behind" by the number if bytes ALSA wrote
+        * to the intermediate buffer last time.
+        * A call to ack() callback synchronizes both indirectly.
+        */
+
+       /* We have no real sw_io pointer here. Usually sw_io is pointing to the
+        * current playback/capture position _inside_ the hardware. Devices
+        * with plain FIFOs often have no possibility to publish this position.
+        * So we say: if sw_data is updated, that means bytes were copied to
+        * the hardware, we increase sw_io by that amount, because there have
+        * to be as much bytes which were played. So sw_io will stay behind
+        * sw_data all the time and has to converge to sw_data at the end of
+        * playback.
+        */
+       unsigned int sw_io;           /* Current software pointer in bytes */
+
+       /* sw_ready: number of bytes ALSA copied to the intermediate buffer, so
+        * it represents the number of bytes which wait for transfer to the HW
+        */
+       int sw_ready;             /* Bytes ready to be transferred to/from hw */
+
+       /* appl_ptr: last known position of ALSA (where ALSA is going to write
+        * next time into the intermediate buffer
+        */
+       snd_pcm_uframes_t appl_ptr;   /* Last seen appl_ptr */
+
+       unsigned int bytes2hw;
+       int check_alignment;
+
+#ifdef SND_PCM_INDIRECT2_STAT
+       unsigned int zeros2hw;
+       unsigned int mul_elapsed;
+       unsigned int mul_elapsed_real;
+       unsigned long firstbytetime;
+       unsigned long lastbytetime;
+       unsigned long firstzerotime;
+       unsigned int byte_sizes[64];
+       unsigned int zero_sizes[64];
+       unsigned int min_adds[8];
+       unsigned int mul_adds[8];
+       unsigned int zero_times[3750];  /* = 15s */
+       unsigned int zero_times_saved;
+       unsigned int zero_times_notsaved;
+       unsigned int irq_occured;
+       unsigned int pointer_calls;
+       unsigned int lastdifftime;
+#endif
+};
+
+typedef size_t (*snd_pcm_indirect2_copy_t) (struct snd_pcm_substream *substream,
+                                          struct snd_pcm_indirect2 *rec,
+                                          size_t bytes);
+typedef size_t (*snd_pcm_indirect2_zero_t) (struct snd_pcm_substream *substream,
+                                          struct snd_pcm_indirect2 *rec);
+
+#ifdef SND_PCM_INDIRECT2_STAT
+void snd_pcm_indirect2_stat(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream,
+                                  struct snd_pcm_indirect2 *rec);
+#endif
+
+snd_pcm_uframes_t
+snd_pcm_indirect2_pointer(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream,
+                         struct snd_pcm_indirect2 *rec);
+void
+snd_pcm_indirect2_playback_interrupt(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream,
+                                    struct snd_pcm_indirect2 *rec,
+                                    snd_pcm_indirect2_copy_t copy,
+                                    snd_pcm_indirect2_zero_t zero);
+void
+snd_pcm_indirect2_capture_interrupt(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream,
+                                   struct snd_pcm_indirect2 *rec,
+                                   snd_pcm_indirect2_copy_t copy,
+                                   snd_pcm_indirect2_zero_t null);
+
+#endif /* __SOUND_PCM_INDIRECT2_H */