atmel_lcdfb: backlight control
David Brownell [Wed, 6 Feb 2008 09:39:26 +0000 (01:39 -0800)]
On the sam9 EK boards, the LCD backlight is hooked up to a PWM output from
the LCD controller.  It's controlled by "contrast" registers though.

This patch lets boards declare that they have that kind of backlight
control.  The driver can then export this control, letting screenblank and
other operations actually take effect ...  reducing the typically
substantial power drain from the backlight.

Note that it's not fully cooked
  - doesn't force backlight off during system suspend
  - the "power" and "blank" events may not be done right
This should be easily added in the future.

[nicolas.ferre@atmel.com: remove unneeded inline and rename functions]
Signed-off-by: David Brownell <dbrownell@users.sourceforge.net>
Signed-off-by: Nicolas Ferre <nicolas.ferre@atmel.com>
Cc: Andrew Victor <linux@maxim.org.za>
Cc: Russell King <rmk@arm.linux.org.uk>
Cc: "Antonino A. Daplas" <adaplas@pol.net>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

arch/arm/mach-at91/board-sam9261ek.c
arch/arm/mach-at91/board-sam9263ek.c
drivers/video/atmel_lcdfb.c
drivers/video/backlight/Kconfig
include/video/atmel_lcdc.h

index aa29ea5..0ce38df 100644 (file)
@@ -383,6 +383,7 @@ static void at91_lcdc_tft_power_control(int on)
 }
 
 static struct atmel_lcdfb_info __initdata ek_lcdc_data = {
+       .lcdcon_is_backlight            = true,
        .default_bpp                    = 16,
        .default_dmacon                 = ATMEL_LCDC_DMAEN,
        .default_lcdcon2                = AT91SAM9261_DEFAULT_TFT_LCDCON2,
index f09347a..38313ab 100644 (file)
@@ -253,6 +253,7 @@ static void at91_lcdc_power_control(int on)
 
 /* Driver datas */
 static struct atmel_lcdfb_info __initdata ek_lcdc_data = {
+       .lcdcon_is_backlight            = true,
        .default_bpp                    = 16,
        .default_dmacon                 = ATMEL_LCDC_DMAEN,
        .default_lcdcon2                = AT91SAM9263_DEFAULT_LCDCON2,
index 5d22ea5..fc65c02 100644 (file)
@@ -16,6 +16,7 @@
 #include <linux/fb.h>
 #include <linux/init.h>
 #include <linux/delay.h>
+#include <linux/backlight.h>
 
 #include <asm/arch/board.h>
 #include <asm/arch/cpu.h>
@@ -69,6 +70,107 @@ static void atmel_lcdfb_update_dma2d(struct atmel_lcdfb_info *sinfo,
 }
 #endif
 
+static const u32 contrast_ctr = ATMEL_LCDC_PS_DIV8
+               | ATMEL_LCDC_POL_POSITIVE
+               | ATMEL_LCDC_ENA_PWMENABLE;
+
+#ifdef CONFIG_BACKLIGHT_ATMEL_LCDC
+
+/* some bl->props field just changed */
+static int atmel_bl_update_status(struct backlight_device *bl)
+{
+       struct atmel_lcdfb_info *sinfo = bl_get_data(bl);
+       int                     power = sinfo->bl_power;
+       int                     brightness = bl->props.brightness;
+
+       /* REVISIT there may be a meaningful difference between
+        * fb_blank and power ... there seem to be some cases
+        * this doesn't handle correctly.
+        */
+       if (bl->props.fb_blank != sinfo->bl_power)
+               power = bl->props.fb_blank;
+       else if (bl->props.power != sinfo->bl_power)
+               power = bl->props.power;
+
+       if (brightness < 0 && power == FB_BLANK_UNBLANK)
+               brightness = lcdc_readl(sinfo, ATMEL_LCDC_CONTRAST_VAL);
+       else if (power != FB_BLANK_UNBLANK)
+               brightness = 0;
+
+       lcdc_writel(sinfo, ATMEL_LCDC_CONTRAST_VAL, brightness);
+       lcdc_writel(sinfo, ATMEL_LCDC_CONTRAST_CTR,
+                       brightness ? contrast_ctr : 0);
+
+       bl->props.fb_blank = bl->props.power = sinfo->bl_power = power;
+
+       return 0;
+}
+
+static int atmel_bl_get_brightness(struct backlight_device *bl)
+{
+       struct atmel_lcdfb_info *sinfo = bl_get_data(bl);
+
+       return lcdc_readl(sinfo, ATMEL_LCDC_CONTRAST_VAL);
+}
+
+static struct backlight_ops atmel_lcdc_bl_ops = {
+       .update_status = atmel_bl_update_status,
+       .get_brightness = atmel_bl_get_brightness,
+};
+
+static void init_backlight(struct atmel_lcdfb_info *sinfo)
+{
+       struct backlight_device *bl;
+
+       sinfo->bl_power = FB_BLANK_UNBLANK;
+
+       if (sinfo->backlight)
+               return;
+
+       bl = backlight_device_register("backlight", &sinfo->pdev->dev,
+                       sinfo, &atmel_lcdc_bl_ops);
+       if (IS_ERR(sinfo->backlight)) {
+               dev_err(&sinfo->pdev->dev, "error %ld on backlight register\n",
+                               PTR_ERR(bl));
+               return;
+       }
+       sinfo->backlight = bl;
+
+       bl->props.power = FB_BLANK_UNBLANK;
+       bl->props.fb_blank = FB_BLANK_UNBLANK;
+       bl->props.max_brightness = 0xff;
+       bl->props.brightness = atmel_bl_get_brightness(bl);
+}
+
+static void exit_backlight(struct atmel_lcdfb_info *sinfo)
+{
+       if (sinfo->backlight)
+               backlight_device_unregister(sinfo->backlight);
+}
+
+#else
+
+static void init_backlight(struct atmel_lcdfb_info *sinfo)
+{
+       dev_warn(&sinfo->pdev->dev, "backlight control is not available\n");
+}
+
+static void exit_backlight(struct atmel_lcdfb_info *sinfo)
+{
+}
+
+#endif
+
+static void init_contrast(struct atmel_lcdfb_info *sinfo)
+{
+       /* have some default contrast/backlight settings */
+       lcdc_writel(sinfo, ATMEL_LCDC_CONTRAST_CTR, contrast_ctr);
+       lcdc_writel(sinfo, ATMEL_LCDC_CONTRAST_VAL, ATMEL_LCDC_CVAL_DEFAULT);
+
+       if (sinfo->lcdcon_is_backlight)
+               init_backlight(sinfo);
+}
+
 
 static struct fb_fix_screeninfo atmel_lcdfb_fix __initdata = {
        .type           = FB_TYPE_PACKED_PIXELS,
@@ -390,10 +492,6 @@ static int atmel_lcdfb_set_par(struct fb_info *info)
        /* Disable all interrupts */
        lcdc_writel(sinfo, ATMEL_LCDC_IDR, ~0UL);
 
-       /* Set contrast */
-       value = ATMEL_LCDC_PS_DIV8 | ATMEL_LCDC_POL_POSITIVE | ATMEL_LCDC_ENA_PWMENABLE;
-       lcdc_writel(sinfo, ATMEL_LCDC_CONTRAST_CTR, value);
-       lcdc_writel(sinfo, ATMEL_LCDC_CONTRAST_VAL, ATMEL_LCDC_CVAL_DEFAULT);
        /* ...wait for DMA engine to become idle... */
        while (lcdc_readl(sinfo, ATMEL_LCDC_DMACON) & ATMEL_LCDC_DMABUSY)
                msleep(10);
@@ -597,6 +695,7 @@ static int __init atmel_lcdfb_probe(struct platform_device *pdev)
                sinfo->default_monspecs = pdata_sinfo->default_monspecs;
                sinfo->atmel_lcdfb_power_control = pdata_sinfo->atmel_lcdfb_power_control;
                sinfo->guard_time = pdata_sinfo->guard_time;
+               sinfo->lcdcon_is_backlight = pdata_sinfo->lcdcon_is_backlight;
        } else {
                dev_err(dev, "cannot get default configuration\n");
                goto free_info;
@@ -690,6 +789,9 @@ static int __init atmel_lcdfb_probe(struct platform_device *pdev)
                goto release_mem;
        }
 
+       /* Initialize PWM for contrast or backlight ("off") */
+       init_contrast(sinfo);
+
        /* interrupt */
        ret = request_irq(sinfo->irq_base, atmel_lcdfb_interrupt, 0, pdev->name, info);
        if (ret) {
@@ -741,6 +843,7 @@ free_cmap:
 unregister_irqs:
        free_irq(sinfo->irq_base, info);
 unmap_mmio:
+       exit_backlight(sinfo);
        iounmap(sinfo->mmio);
 release_mem:
        release_mem_region(info->fix.mmio_start, info->fix.mmio_len);
@@ -775,6 +878,7 @@ static int __exit atmel_lcdfb_remove(struct platform_device *pdev)
        if (!sinfo)
                return 0;
 
+       exit_backlight(sinfo);
        if (sinfo->atmel_lcdfb_power_control)
                sinfo->atmel_lcdfb_power_control(0);
        unregister_framebuffer(info);
@@ -801,6 +905,9 @@ static int __exit atmel_lcdfb_remove(struct platform_device *pdev)
 
 static struct platform_driver atmel_lcdfb_driver = {
        .remove         = __exit_p(atmel_lcdfb_remove),
+
+// FIXME need suspend, resume
+
        .driver         = {
                .name   = "atmel_lcdfb",
                .owner  = THIS_MODULE,
index 9609a6c..924e255 100644 (file)
@@ -50,6 +50,19 @@ config BACKLIGHT_CLASS_DEVICE
          To have support for your specific LCD panel you will have to
          select the proper drivers which depend on this option.
 
+config BACKLIGHT_ATMEL_LCDC
+       bool "Atmel LCDC Contrast-as-Backlight control"
+       depends on BACKLIGHT_CLASS_DEVICE && FB_ATMEL
+       default y if MACH_SAM9261EK || MACH_SAM9263EK
+       help
+         This provides a backlight control internal to the Atmel LCDC
+         driver.  If the LCD "contrast control" on your board is wired
+         so it controls the backlight brightness, select this option to
+         export this as a PWM-based backlight control.
+
+         If in doubt, it's safe to enable this option; it doesn't kick
+         in unless the board's description says it's wired that way.
+
 config BACKLIGHT_CORGI
        tristate "Generic (aka Sharp Corgi) Backlight Driver"
        depends on BACKLIGHT_CLASS_DEVICE
index 76095e7..336c20d 100644 (file)
@@ -22,7 +22,7 @@
 #ifndef __ATMEL_LCDC_H__
 #define __ATMEL_LCDC_H__
 
- /* LCD Controller info data structure */
+ /* LCD Controller info data structure, stored in device platform_data */
 struct atmel_lcdfb_info {
        spinlock_t              lock;
        struct fb_info          *info;
@@ -33,7 +33,14 @@ struct atmel_lcdfb_info {
        struct platform_device  *pdev;
        struct clk              *bus_clk;
        struct clk              *lcdc_clk;
-       unsigned int            default_bpp;
+
+#ifdef CONFIG_BACKLIGHT_ATMEL_LCDC
+       struct backlight_device *backlight;
+       u8                      bl_power;
+#endif
+       bool                    lcdcon_is_backlight;
+
+       u8                      default_bpp;
        unsigned int            default_lcdcon2;
        unsigned int            default_dmacon;
        void (*atmel_lcdfb_power_control)(int on);