mm: migration: avoid race between shift_arg_pages() and rmap_walk() during migration...
Mel Gorman [Mon, 24 May 2010 21:32:24 +0000 (14:32 -0700)]
Page migration requires rmap to be able to find all ptes mapping a page
at all times, otherwise the migration entry can be instantiated, but it
is possible to leave one behind if the second rmap_walk fails to find
the page.  If this page is later faulted, migration_entry_to_page() will
call BUG because the page is locked indicating the page was migrated by
the migration PTE not cleaned up. For example

  kernel BUG at include/linux/swapops.h:105!
  invalid opcode: 0000 [#1] PREEMPT SMP
  ...
  Call Trace:
   [<ffffffff810e951a>] handle_mm_fault+0x3f8/0x76a
   [<ffffffff8130c7a2>] do_page_fault+0x44a/0x46e
   [<ffffffff813099b5>] page_fault+0x25/0x30
   [<ffffffff8114de33>] load_elf_binary+0x152a/0x192b
   [<ffffffff8111329b>] search_binary_handler+0x173/0x313
   [<ffffffff81114896>] do_execve+0x219/0x30a
   [<ffffffff8100a5c6>] sys_execve+0x43/0x5e
   [<ffffffff8100320a>] stub_execve+0x6a/0xc0
  RIP  [<ffffffff811094ff>] migration_entry_wait+0xc1/0x129

There is a race between shift_arg_pages and migration that triggers this
bug.  A temporary stack is setup during exec and later moved.  If
migration moves a page in the temporary stack and the VMA is then removed
before migration completes, the migration PTE may not be found leading to
a BUG when the stack is faulted.

This patch causes pages within the temporary stack during exec to be
skipped by migration.  It does this by marking the VMA covering the
temporary stack with an otherwise impossible combination of VMA flags.
These flags are cleared when the temporary stack is moved to its final
location.

[kamezawa.hiroyu@jp.fujitsu.com: idea for having migration skip temporary stacks]
Signed-off-by: Mel Gorman <mel@csn.ul.ie>
Reviewed-by: KAMEZAWA Hiroyuki <kamezawa.hiroyu@jp.fujitsu.com>
Reviewed-by: Rik van Riel <riel@redhat.com>
Acked-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
Cc: Minchan Kim <minchan.kim@gmail.com>
Cc: Christoph Lameter <cl@linux.com>
Cc: Andrea Arcangeli <aarcange@redhat.com>
Cc: Rik van Riel <riel@redhat.com>
Cc: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org>
Reviewed-by: KOSAKI Motohiro <kosaki.motohiro@jp.fujitsu.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

fs/exec.c
include/linux/mm.h
mm/rmap.c

index e6e94c6..9badbc0 100644 (file)
--- a/fs/exec.c
+++ b/fs/exec.c
@@ -242,9 +242,10 @@ static int __bprm_mm_init(struct linux_binprm *bprm)
         * use STACK_TOP because that can depend on attributes which aren't
         * configured yet.
         */
+       BUG_ON(VM_STACK_FLAGS & VM_STACK_INCOMPLETE_SETUP);
        vma->vm_end = STACK_TOP_MAX;
        vma->vm_start = vma->vm_end - PAGE_SIZE;
-       vma->vm_flags = VM_STACK_FLAGS;
+       vma->vm_flags = VM_STACK_FLAGS | VM_STACK_INCOMPLETE_SETUP;
        vma->vm_page_prot = vm_get_page_prot(vma->vm_flags);
        INIT_LIST_HEAD(&vma->anon_vma_chain);
        err = insert_vm_struct(mm, vma);
@@ -616,6 +617,7 @@ int setup_arg_pages(struct linux_binprm *bprm,
        else if (executable_stack == EXSTACK_DISABLE_X)
                vm_flags &= ~VM_EXEC;
        vm_flags |= mm->def_flags;
+       vm_flags |= VM_STACK_INCOMPLETE_SETUP;
 
        ret = mprotect_fixup(vma, &prev, vma->vm_start, vma->vm_end,
                        vm_flags);
@@ -630,6 +632,9 @@ int setup_arg_pages(struct linux_binprm *bprm,
                        goto out_unlock;
        }
 
+       /* mprotect_fixup is overkill to remove the temporary stack flags */
+       vma->vm_flags &= ~VM_STACK_INCOMPLETE_SETUP;
+
        stack_expand = 131072UL; /* randomly 32*4k (or 2*64k) pages */
        stack_size = vma->vm_end - vma->vm_start;
        /*
index fb19bb9..98ea5ba 100644 (file)
@@ -106,6 +106,9 @@ extern unsigned int kobjsize(const void *objp);
 #define VM_PFN_AT_MMAP 0x40000000      /* PFNMAP vma that is fully mapped at mmap time */
 #define VM_MERGEABLE   0x80000000      /* KSM may merge identical pages */
 
+/* Bits set in the VMA until the stack is in its final location */
+#define VM_STACK_INCOMPLETE_SETUP      (VM_RAND_READ | VM_SEQ_READ)
+
 #ifndef VM_STACK_DEFAULT_FLAGS         /* arch can override this */
 #define VM_STACK_DEFAULT_FLAGS VM_DATA_DEFAULT_FLAGS
 #endif
index b5c320f..38a336e 100644 (file)
--- a/mm/rmap.c
+++ b/mm/rmap.c
@@ -1131,6 +1131,20 @@ static int try_to_unmap_cluster(unsigned long cursor, unsigned int *mapcount,
        return ret;
 }
 
+static bool is_vma_temporary_stack(struct vm_area_struct *vma)
+{
+       int maybe_stack = vma->vm_flags & (VM_GROWSDOWN | VM_GROWSUP);
+
+       if (!maybe_stack)
+               return false;
+
+       if ((vma->vm_flags & VM_STACK_INCOMPLETE_SETUP) ==
+                                               VM_STACK_INCOMPLETE_SETUP)
+               return true;
+
+       return false;
+}
+
 /**
  * try_to_unmap_anon - unmap or unlock anonymous page using the object-based
  * rmap method
@@ -1159,7 +1173,21 @@ static int try_to_unmap_anon(struct page *page, enum ttu_flags flags)
 
        list_for_each_entry(avc, &anon_vma->head, same_anon_vma) {
                struct vm_area_struct *vma = avc->vma;
-               unsigned long address = vma_address(page, vma);
+               unsigned long address;
+
+               /*
+                * During exec, a temporary VMA is setup and later moved.
+                * The VMA is moved under the anon_vma lock but not the
+                * page tables leading to a race where migration cannot
+                * find the migration ptes. Rather than increasing the
+                * locking requirements of exec(), migration skips
+                * temporary VMAs until after exec() completes.
+                */
+               if (PAGE_MIGRATION && (flags & TTU_MIGRATION) &&
+                               is_vma_temporary_stack(vma))
+                       continue;
+
+               address = vma_address(page, vma);
                if (address == -EFAULT)
                        continue;
                ret = try_to_unmap_one(page, vma, address, flags);