[PATCH] fault-injection capability for kmalloc
Akinobu Mita [Fri, 8 Dec 2006 10:39:44 +0000 (02:39 -0800)]
This patch provides fault-injection capability for kmalloc.

Boot option:

failslab=<interval>,<probability>,<space>,<times>

<interval> -- specifies the interval of failures.

<probability> -- specifies how often it should fail in percent.

<space> -- specifies the size of free space where memory can be
   allocated safely in bytes.

<times> -- specifies how many times failures may happen at most.

Debugfs:

/debug/failslab/interval
/debug/failslab/probability
/debug/failslab/specifies
/debug/failslab/times
/debug/failslab/ignore-gfp-highmem
/debug/failslab/ignore-gfp-wait

Example:

failslab=10,100,0,-1

slab allocation (kmalloc(), kmem_cache_alloc(),..) fails once per 10 times.

Cc: Pekka Enberg <penberg@cs.helsinki.fi>
Signed-off-by: Akinobu Mita <akinobu.mita@gmail.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@osdl.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@osdl.org>

Documentation/fault-injection/fault-injection.txt
lib/Kconfig.debug
mm/slab.c

index 260ce6c..cf075c2 100644 (file)
@@ -86,7 +86,6 @@ configuration of fault-injection capabilities.
        specifies the maximum stacktrace depth walked during search
        for a caller within [address-start,address-end).
 
-- /debug/failslab/ignore-gfp-highmem:
 - /debug/fail_page_alloc/ignore-gfp-highmem:
 
        Format: { 0 | 1 }
@@ -167,7 +166,6 @@ echo 10 > /debug/$FAILNAME/probability
 echo 100 > /debug/$FAILNAME/interval
 echo -1 > /debug/$FAILNAME/times
 echo 2 > /debug/$FAILNAME/verbose
-echo 1 > /debug/$FAILNAME/ignore-gfp-highmem
 echo 1 > /debug/$FAILNAME/ignore-gfp-wait
 
 blacklist()
index 35228b3..c7f567a 100644 (file)
@@ -417,6 +417,13 @@ config LKDTM
 config FAULT_INJECTION
        bool
 
+config FAILSLAB
+       bool "Fault-injection capabilitiy for kmalloc"
+       depends on DEBUG_KERNEL
+       select FAULT_INJECTION
+       help
+         This option provides fault-injection capabilitiy for kmalloc.
+
 config FAULT_INJECTION_DEBUG_FS
        bool "Debugfs entries for fault-injection capabilities"
        depends on FAULT_INJECTION && SYSFS
index e90b610..47011e2 100644 (file)
--- a/mm/slab.c
+++ b/mm/slab.c
 #include       <linux/nodemask.h>
 #include       <linux/mempolicy.h>
 #include       <linux/mutex.h>
+#include       <linux/fault-inject.h>
 #include       <linux/rtmutex.h>
 
 #include       <asm/cacheflush.h>
@@ -3088,12 +3089,88 @@ static void *cache_alloc_debugcheck_after(struct kmem_cache *cachep,
 #define cache_alloc_debugcheck_after(a,b,objp,d) (objp)
 #endif
 
+#ifdef CONFIG_FAILSLAB
+
+static struct failslab_attr {
+
+       struct fault_attr attr;
+
+       u32 ignore_gfp_wait;
+#ifdef CONFIG_FAULT_INJECTION_DEBUG_FS
+       struct dentry *ignore_gfp_wait_file;
+#endif
+
+} failslab = {
+       .attr = FAULT_ATTR_INITIALIZER,
+};
+
+static int __init setup_failslab(char *str)
+{
+       return setup_fault_attr(&failslab.attr, str);
+}
+__setup("failslab=", setup_failslab);
+
+static int should_failslab(struct kmem_cache *cachep, gfp_t flags)
+{
+       if (cachep == &cache_cache)
+               return 0;
+       if (flags & __GFP_NOFAIL)
+               return 0;
+       if (failslab.ignore_gfp_wait && (flags & __GFP_WAIT))
+               return 0;
+
+       return should_fail(&failslab.attr, obj_size(cachep));
+}
+
+#ifdef CONFIG_FAULT_INJECTION_DEBUG_FS
+
+static int __init failslab_debugfs(void)
+{
+       mode_t mode = S_IFREG | S_IRUSR | S_IWUSR;
+       struct dentry *dir;
+       int err;
+
+               err = init_fault_attr_dentries(&failslab.attr, "failslab");
+       if (err)
+               return err;
+       dir = failslab.attr.dentries.dir;
+
+       failslab.ignore_gfp_wait_file =
+               debugfs_create_bool("ignore-gfp-wait", mode, dir,
+                                     &failslab.ignore_gfp_wait);
+
+       if (!failslab.ignore_gfp_wait_file) {
+               err = -ENOMEM;
+               debugfs_remove(failslab.ignore_gfp_wait_file);
+               cleanup_fault_attr_dentries(&failslab.attr);
+       }
+
+       return err;
+}
+
+late_initcall(failslab_debugfs);
+
+#endif /* CONFIG_FAULT_INJECTION_DEBUG_FS */
+
+#else /* CONFIG_FAILSLAB */
+
+static inline int should_failslab(struct kmem_cache *cachep, gfp_t flags)
+{
+       return 0;
+}
+
+#endif /* CONFIG_FAILSLAB */
+
 static inline void *____cache_alloc(struct kmem_cache *cachep, gfp_t flags)
 {
        void *objp;
        struct array_cache *ac;
 
        check_irq_off();
+
+       if (should_failslab(cachep, flags))
+               return NULL;
+
        ac = cpu_cache_get(cachep);
        if (likely(ac->avail)) {
                STATS_INC_ALLOCHIT(cachep);