hwmon: Add LTC4245 driver
Ira Snyder [Wed, 7 Jan 2009 15:37:32 +0000 (16:37 +0100)]
Add Linux support for the Linear Technology LTC4245 Multiple Supply Hot
Swap controller I2C monitoring interface.

Signed-off-by: Ira W. Snyder <iws@ovro.caltech.edu>
Acked-by: Hans de Goede <hdegoede@redhat.com>
Signed-off-by: Jean Delvare <khali@linux-fr.org>

Documentation/hwmon/ltc4245 [new file with mode: 0644]
drivers/hwmon/Kconfig
drivers/hwmon/Makefile
drivers/hwmon/ltc4245.c [new file with mode: 0644]

diff --git a/Documentation/hwmon/ltc4245 b/Documentation/hwmon/ltc4245
new file mode 100644 (file)
index 0000000..bae7a3a
--- /dev/null
@@ -0,0 +1,81 @@
+Kernel driver ltc4245
+=====================
+
+Supported chips:
+  * Linear Technology LTC4245
+    Prefix: 'ltc4245'
+    Addresses scanned: 0x20-0x3f
+    Datasheet:
+        http://www.linear.com/pc/downloadDocument.do?navId=H0,C1,C1003,C1006,C1140,P19392,D13517
+
+Author: Ira W. Snyder <iws@ovro.caltech.edu>
+
+
+Description
+-----------
+
+The LTC4245 controller allows a board to be safely inserted and removed
+from a live backplane in multiple supply systems such as CompactPCI and
+PCI Express.
+
+
+Usage Notes
+-----------
+
+This driver does not probe for LTC4245 devices, due to the fact that some
+of the possible addresses are unfriendly to probing. You will need to use
+the "force" parameter to tell the driver where to find the device.
+
+Example: the following will load the driver for an LTC4245 at address 0x23
+on I2C bus #1:
+$ modprobe ltc4245 force=1,0x23
+
+
+Sysfs entries
+-------------
+
+The LTC4245 has built-in limits for over and under current warnings. This
+makes it very likely that the reference circuit will be used.
+
+This driver uses the values in the datasheet to change the register values
+into the values specified in the sysfs-interface document. The current readings
+rely on the sense resistors listed in Table 2: "Sense Resistor Values".
+
+in1_input              12v input voltage (mV)
+in2_input              5v  input voltage (mV)
+in3_input              3v  input voltage (mV)
+in4_input              Vee (-12v) input voltage (mV)
+
+in1_min_alarm          12v input undervoltage alarm
+in2_min_alarm          5v  input undervoltage alarm
+in3_min_alarm          3v  input undervoltage alarm
+in4_min_alarm          Vee (-12v) input undervoltage alarm
+
+curr1_input            12v current (mA)
+curr2_input            5v  current (mA)
+curr3_input            3v  current (mA)
+curr4_input            Vee (-12v) current (mA)
+
+curr1_max_alarm                12v overcurrent alarm
+curr2_max_alarm                5v  overcurrent alarm
+curr3_max_alarm                3v  overcurrent alarm
+curr4_max_alarm                Vee (-12v) overcurrent alarm
+
+in5_input              12v output voltage (mV)
+in6_input              5v  output voltage (mV)
+in7_input              3v  output voltage (mV)
+in8_input              Vee (-12v) output voltage (mV)
+
+in5_min_alarm          12v output undervoltage alarm
+in6_min_alarm          5v  output undervoltage alarm
+in7_min_alarm          3v  output undervoltage alarm
+in8_min_alarm          Vee (-12v) output undervoltage alarm
+
+in9_input              GPIO #1 voltage data
+in10_input             GPIO #2 voltage data
+in11_input             GPIO #3 voltage data
+
+power1_input           12v power usage (mW)
+power2_input           5v  power usage (mW)
+power3_input           3v  power usage (mW)
+power4_input           Vee (-12v) power usage (mW)
index cc611e4..1ef1205 100644 (file)
@@ -549,6 +549,17 @@ config SENSORS_LM93
          This driver can also be built as a module.  If so, the module
          will be called lm93.
 
+config SENSORS_LTC4245
+       tristate "Linear Technology LTC4245"
+       depends on I2C && EXPERIMENTAL
+       default n
+       help
+         If you say yes here you get support for Linear Technology LTC4245
+         Multiple Supply Hot Swap Controller I2C interface.
+
+         This driver can also be built as a module. If so, the module will
+         be called ltc4245.
+
 config SENSORS_MAX1111
        tristate "Maxim MAX1111 Multichannel, Serial 8-bit ADC chip"
        depends on SPI_MASTER
index 58fc5be..8fd124e 100644 (file)
@@ -62,6 +62,7 @@ obj-$(CONFIG_SENSORS_LM87)    += lm87.o
 obj-$(CONFIG_SENSORS_LM90)     += lm90.o
 obj-$(CONFIG_SENSORS_LM92)     += lm92.o
 obj-$(CONFIG_SENSORS_LM93)     += lm93.o
+obj-$(CONFIG_SENSORS_LTC4245)  += ltc4245.o
 obj-$(CONFIG_SENSORS_MAX1111)  += max1111.o
 obj-$(CONFIG_SENSORS_MAX1619)  += max1619.o
 obj-$(CONFIG_SENSORS_MAX6650)  += max6650.o
diff --git a/drivers/hwmon/ltc4245.c b/drivers/hwmon/ltc4245.c
new file mode 100644 (file)
index 0000000..034b2c5
--- /dev/null
@@ -0,0 +1,567 @@
+/*
+ * Driver for Linear Technology LTC4245 I2C Multiple Supply Hot Swap Controller
+ *
+ * Copyright (C) 2008 Ira W. Snyder <iws@ovro.caltech.edu>
+ *
+ * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
+ * it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
+ * the Free Software Foundation; version 2 of the License.
+ *
+ * This driver is based on the ds1621 and ina209 drivers.
+ *
+ * Datasheet:
+ * http://www.linear.com/pc/downloadDocument.do?navId=H0,C1,C1003,C1006,C1140,P19392,D13517
+ */
+
+#include <linux/kernel.h>
+#include <linux/module.h>
+#include <linux/init.h>
+#include <linux/err.h>
+#include <linux/slab.h>
+#include <linux/i2c.h>
+#include <linux/hwmon.h>
+#include <linux/hwmon-sysfs.h>
+
+/* Valid addresses are 0x20 - 0x3f
+ *
+ * For now, we do not probe, since some of these addresses
+ * are known to be unfriendly to probing */
+static const unsigned short normal_i2c[] = { I2C_CLIENT_END };
+
+/* Insmod parameters */
+I2C_CLIENT_INSMOD_1(ltc4245);
+
+/* Here are names of the chip's registers (a.k.a. commands) */
+enum ltc4245_cmd {
+       LTC4245_STATUS                  = 0x00, /* readonly */
+       LTC4245_ALERT                   = 0x01,
+       LTC4245_CONTROL                 = 0x02,
+       LTC4245_ON                      = 0x03,
+       LTC4245_FAULT1                  = 0x04,
+       LTC4245_FAULT2                  = 0x05,
+       LTC4245_GPIO                    = 0x06,
+       LTC4245_ADCADR                  = 0x07,
+
+       LTC4245_12VIN                   = 0x10,
+       LTC4245_12VSENSE                = 0x11,
+       LTC4245_12VOUT                  = 0x12,
+       LTC4245_5VIN                    = 0x13,
+       LTC4245_5VSENSE                 = 0x14,
+       LTC4245_5VOUT                   = 0x15,
+       LTC4245_3VIN                    = 0x16,
+       LTC4245_3VSENSE                 = 0x17,
+       LTC4245_3VOUT                   = 0x18,
+       LTC4245_VEEIN                   = 0x19,
+       LTC4245_VEESENSE                = 0x1a,
+       LTC4245_VEEOUT                  = 0x1b,
+       LTC4245_GPIOADC1                = 0x1c,
+       LTC4245_GPIOADC2                = 0x1d,
+       LTC4245_GPIOADC3                = 0x1e,
+};
+
+struct ltc4245_data {
+       struct device *hwmon_dev;
+
+       struct mutex update_lock;
+       bool valid;
+       unsigned long last_updated; /* in jiffies */
+
+       /* Control registers */
+       u8 cregs[0x08];
+
+       /* Voltage registers */
+       u8 vregs[0x0f];
+};
+
+static struct ltc4245_data *ltc4245_update_device(struct device *dev)
+{
+       struct i2c_client *client = to_i2c_client(dev);
+       struct ltc4245_data *data = i2c_get_clientdata(client);
+       s32 val;
+       int i;
+
+       mutex_lock(&data->update_lock);
+
+       if (time_after(jiffies, data->last_updated + HZ) || !data->valid) {
+
+               dev_dbg(&client->dev, "Starting ltc4245 update\n");
+
+               /* Read control registers -- 0x00 to 0x07 */
+               for (i = 0; i < ARRAY_SIZE(data->cregs); i++) {
+                       val = i2c_smbus_read_byte_data(client, i);
+                       if (unlikely(val < 0))
+                               data->cregs[i] = 0;
+                       else
+                               data->cregs[i] = val;
+               }
+
+               /* Read voltage registers -- 0x10 to 0x1f */
+               for (i = 0; i < ARRAY_SIZE(data->vregs); i++) {
+                       val = i2c_smbus_read_byte_data(client, i+0x10);
+                       if (unlikely(val < 0))
+                               data->vregs[i] = 0;
+                       else
+                               data->vregs[i] = val;
+               }
+
+               data->last_updated = jiffies;
+               data->valid = 1;
+       }
+
+       mutex_unlock(&data->update_lock);
+
+       return data;
+}
+
+/* Return the voltage from the given register in millivolts */
+static int ltc4245_get_voltage(struct device *dev, u8 reg)
+{
+       struct ltc4245_data *data = ltc4245_update_device(dev);
+       const u8 regval = data->vregs[reg - 0x10];
+       u32 voltage = 0;
+
+       switch (reg) {
+       case LTC4245_12VIN:
+       case LTC4245_12VOUT:
+               voltage = regval * 55;
+               break;
+       case LTC4245_5VIN:
+       case LTC4245_5VOUT:
+               voltage = regval * 22;
+               break;
+       case LTC4245_3VIN:
+       case LTC4245_3VOUT:
+               voltage = regval * 15;
+               break;
+       case LTC4245_VEEIN:
+       case LTC4245_VEEOUT:
+               voltage = regval * -55;
+               break;
+       case LTC4245_GPIOADC1:
+       case LTC4245_GPIOADC2:
+       case LTC4245_GPIOADC3:
+               voltage = regval * 10;
+               break;
+       default:
+               /* If we get here, the developer messed up */
+               WARN_ON_ONCE(1);
+               break;
+       }
+
+       return voltage;
+}
+
+/* Return the current in the given sense register in milliAmperes */
+static unsigned int ltc4245_get_current(struct device *dev, u8 reg)
+{
+       struct ltc4245_data *data = ltc4245_update_device(dev);
+       const u8 regval = data->vregs[reg - 0x10];
+       unsigned int voltage;
+       unsigned int curr;
+
+       /* The strange looking conversions that follow are fixed-point
+        * math, since we cannot do floating point in the kernel.
+        *
+        * Step 1: convert sense register to microVolts
+        * Step 2: convert voltage to milliAmperes
+        *
+        * If you play around with the V=IR equation, you come up with
+        * the following: X uV / Y mOhm == Z mA
+        *
+        * With the resistors that are fractions of a milliOhm, we multiply
+        * the voltage and resistance by 10, to shift the decimal point.
+        * Now we can use the normal division operator again.
+        */
+
+       switch (reg) {
+       case LTC4245_12VSENSE:
+               voltage = regval * 250; /* voltage in uV */
+               curr = voltage / 50; /* sense resistor 50 mOhm */
+               break;
+       case LTC4245_5VSENSE:
+               voltage = regval * 125; /* voltage in uV */
+               curr = (voltage * 10) / 35; /* sense resistor 3.5 mOhm */
+               break;
+       case LTC4245_3VSENSE:
+               voltage = regval * 125; /* voltage in uV */
+               curr = (voltage * 10) / 25; /* sense resistor 2.5 mOhm */
+               break;
+       case LTC4245_VEESENSE:
+               voltage = regval * 250; /* voltage in uV */
+               curr = voltage / 100; /* sense resistor 100 mOhm */
+               break;
+       default:
+               /* If we get here, the developer messed up */
+               WARN_ON_ONCE(1);
+               curr = 0;
+               break;
+       }
+
+       return curr;
+}
+
+static ssize_t ltc4245_show_voltage(struct device *dev,
+                                   struct device_attribute *da,
+                                   char *buf)
+{
+       struct sensor_device_attribute *attr = to_sensor_dev_attr(da);
+       const int voltage = ltc4245_get_voltage(dev, attr->index);
+
+       return snprintf(buf, PAGE_SIZE, "%d\n", voltage);
+}
+
+static ssize_t ltc4245_show_current(struct device *dev,
+                                   struct device_attribute *da,
+                                   char *buf)
+{
+       struct sensor_device_attribute *attr = to_sensor_dev_attr(da);
+       const unsigned int curr = ltc4245_get_current(dev, attr->index);
+
+       return snprintf(buf, PAGE_SIZE, "%u\n", curr);
+}
+
+static ssize_t ltc4245_show_power(struct device *dev,
+                                 struct device_attribute *da,
+                                 char *buf)
+{
+       struct sensor_device_attribute *attr = to_sensor_dev_attr(da);
+       const unsigned int curr = ltc4245_get_current(dev, attr->index);
+       const int output_voltage = ltc4245_get_voltage(dev, attr->index+1);
+
+       /* current in mA * voltage in mV == power in uW */
+       const unsigned int power = abs(output_voltage * curr);
+
+       return snprintf(buf, PAGE_SIZE, "%u\n", power);
+}
+
+static ssize_t ltc4245_show_alarm(struct device *dev,
+                                         struct device_attribute *da,
+                                         char *buf)
+{
+       struct sensor_device_attribute_2 *attr = to_sensor_dev_attr_2(da);
+       struct ltc4245_data *data = ltc4245_update_device(dev);
+       const u8 reg = data->cregs[attr->index];
+       const u32 mask = attr->nr;
+
+       return snprintf(buf, PAGE_SIZE, "%u\n", (reg & mask) ? 1 : 0);
+}
+
+/* These macros are used below in constructing device attribute objects
+ * for use with sysfs_create_group() to make a sysfs device file
+ * for each register.
+ */
+
+#define LTC4245_VOLTAGE(name, ltc4245_cmd_idx) \
+       static SENSOR_DEVICE_ATTR(name, S_IRUGO, \
+       ltc4245_show_voltage, NULL, ltc4245_cmd_idx)
+
+#define LTC4245_CURRENT(name, ltc4245_cmd_idx) \
+       static SENSOR_DEVICE_ATTR(name, S_IRUGO, \
+       ltc4245_show_current, NULL, ltc4245_cmd_idx)
+
+#define LTC4245_POWER(name, ltc4245_cmd_idx) \
+       static SENSOR_DEVICE_ATTR(name, S_IRUGO, \
+       ltc4245_show_power, NULL, ltc4245_cmd_idx)
+
+#define LTC4245_ALARM(name, mask, reg) \
+       static SENSOR_DEVICE_ATTR_2(name, S_IRUGO, \
+       ltc4245_show_alarm, NULL, (mask), reg)
+
+/* Construct a sensor_device_attribute structure for each register */
+
+/* Input voltages */
+LTC4245_VOLTAGE(in1_input,                     LTC4245_12VIN);
+LTC4245_VOLTAGE(in2_input,                     LTC4245_5VIN);
+LTC4245_VOLTAGE(in3_input,                     LTC4245_3VIN);
+LTC4245_VOLTAGE(in4_input,                     LTC4245_VEEIN);
+
+/* Input undervoltage alarms */
+LTC4245_ALARM(in1_min_alarm,   (1 << 0),       LTC4245_FAULT1);
+LTC4245_ALARM(in2_min_alarm,   (1 << 1),       LTC4245_FAULT1);
+LTC4245_ALARM(in3_min_alarm,   (1 << 2),       LTC4245_FAULT1);
+LTC4245_ALARM(in4_min_alarm,   (1 << 3),       LTC4245_FAULT1);
+
+/* Currents (via sense resistor) */
+LTC4245_CURRENT(curr1_input,                   LTC4245_12VSENSE);
+LTC4245_CURRENT(curr2_input,                   LTC4245_5VSENSE);
+LTC4245_CURRENT(curr3_input,                   LTC4245_3VSENSE);
+LTC4245_CURRENT(curr4_input,                   LTC4245_VEESENSE);
+
+/* Overcurrent alarms */
+LTC4245_ALARM(curr1_max_alarm, (1 << 4),       LTC4245_FAULT1);
+LTC4245_ALARM(curr2_max_alarm, (1 << 5),       LTC4245_FAULT1);
+LTC4245_ALARM(curr3_max_alarm, (1 << 6),       LTC4245_FAULT1);
+LTC4245_ALARM(curr4_max_alarm, (1 << 7),       LTC4245_FAULT1);
+
+/* Output voltages */
+LTC4245_VOLTAGE(in5_input,                     LTC4245_12VOUT);
+LTC4245_VOLTAGE(in6_input,                     LTC4245_5VOUT);
+LTC4245_VOLTAGE(in7_input,                     LTC4245_3VOUT);
+LTC4245_VOLTAGE(in8_input,                     LTC4245_VEEOUT);
+
+/* Power Bad alarms */
+LTC4245_ALARM(in5_min_alarm,   (1 << 0),       LTC4245_FAULT2);
+LTC4245_ALARM(in6_min_alarm,   (1 << 1),       LTC4245_FAULT2);
+LTC4245_ALARM(in7_min_alarm,   (1 << 2),       LTC4245_FAULT2);
+LTC4245_ALARM(in8_min_alarm,   (1 << 3),       LTC4245_FAULT2);
+
+/* GPIO voltages */
+LTC4245_VOLTAGE(in9_input,                     LTC4245_GPIOADC1);
+LTC4245_VOLTAGE(in10_input,                    LTC4245_GPIOADC2);
+LTC4245_VOLTAGE(in11_input,                    LTC4245_GPIOADC3);
+
+/* Power Consumption (virtual) */
+LTC4245_POWER(power1_input,                    LTC4245_12VSENSE);
+LTC4245_POWER(power2_input,                    LTC4245_5VSENSE);
+LTC4245_POWER(power3_input,                    LTC4245_3VSENSE);
+LTC4245_POWER(power4_input,                    LTC4245_VEESENSE);
+
+/* Finally, construct an array of pointers to members of the above objects,
+ * as required for sysfs_create_group()
+ */
+static struct attribute *ltc4245_attributes[] = {
+       &sensor_dev_attr_in1_input.dev_attr.attr,
+       &sensor_dev_attr_in2_input.dev_attr.attr,
+       &sensor_dev_attr_in3_input.dev_attr.attr,
+       &sensor_dev_attr_in4_input.dev_attr.attr,
+
+       &sensor_dev_attr_in1_min_alarm.dev_attr.attr,
+       &sensor_dev_attr_in2_min_alarm.dev_attr.attr,
+       &sensor_dev_attr_in3_min_alarm.dev_attr.attr,
+       &sensor_dev_attr_in4_min_alarm.dev_attr.attr,
+
+       &sensor_dev_attr_curr1_input.dev_attr.attr,
+       &sensor_dev_attr_curr2_input.dev_attr.attr,
+       &sensor_dev_attr_curr3_input.dev_attr.attr,
+       &sensor_dev_attr_curr4_input.dev_attr.attr,
+
+       &sensor_dev_attr_curr1_max_alarm.dev_attr.attr,
+       &sensor_dev_attr_curr2_max_alarm.dev_attr.attr,
+       &sensor_dev_attr_curr3_max_alarm.dev_attr.attr,
+       &sensor_dev_attr_curr4_max_alarm.dev_attr.attr,
+
+       &sensor_dev_attr_in5_input.dev_attr.attr,
+       &sensor_dev_attr_in6_input.dev_attr.attr,
+       &sensor_dev_attr_in7_input.dev_attr.attr,
+       &sensor_dev_attr_in8_input.dev_attr.attr,
+
+       &sensor_dev_attr_in5_min_alarm.dev_attr.attr,
+       &sensor_dev_attr_in6_min_alarm.dev_attr.attr,
+       &sensor_dev_attr_in7_min_alarm.dev_attr.attr,
+       &sensor_dev_attr_in8_min_alarm.dev_attr.attr,
+
+       &sensor_dev_attr_in9_input.dev_attr.attr,
+       &sensor_dev_attr_in10_input.dev_attr.attr,
+       &sensor_dev_attr_in11_input.dev_attr.attr,
+
+       &sensor_dev_attr_power1_input.dev_attr.attr,
+       &sensor_dev_attr_power2_input.dev_attr.attr,
+       &sensor_dev_attr_power3_input.dev_attr.attr,
+       &sensor_dev_attr_power4_input.dev_attr.attr,
+
+       NULL,
+};
+
+static const struct attribute_group ltc4245_group = {
+       .attrs = ltc4245_attributes,
+};
+
+static int ltc4245_probe(struct i2c_client *client,
+                        const struct i2c_device_id *id)
+{
+       struct ltc4245_data *data;
+       int ret;
+
+       data = kzalloc(sizeof(*data), GFP_KERNEL);
+       if (!data) {
+               ret = -ENOMEM;
+               goto out_kzalloc;
+       }
+
+       i2c_set_clientdata(client, data);
+       mutex_init(&data->update_lock);
+
+       /* Initialize the LTC4245 chip */
+       /* TODO */
+
+       /* Register sysfs hooks */
+       ret = sysfs_create_group(&client->dev.kobj, &ltc4245_group);
+       if (ret)
+               goto out_sysfs_create_group;
+
+       data->hwmon_dev = hwmon_device_register(&client->dev);
+       if (IS_ERR(data->hwmon_dev)) {
+               ret = PTR_ERR(data->hwmon_dev);
+               goto out_hwmon_device_register;
+       }
+
+       return 0;
+
+out_hwmon_device_register:
+       sysfs_remove_group(&client->dev.kobj, &ltc4245_group);
+out_sysfs_create_group:
+       kfree(data);
+out_kzalloc:
+       return ret;
+}
+
+static int ltc4245_remove(struct i2c_client *client)
+{
+       struct ltc4245_data *data = i2c_get_clientdata(client);
+
+       hwmon_device_unregister(data->hwmon_dev);
+       sysfs_remove_group(&client->dev.kobj, &ltc4245_group);
+
+       kfree(data);
+
+       return 0;
+}
+
+/* Check that some bits in a control register appear at all possible
+ * locations without changing value
+ *
+ * @client: the i2c client to use
+ * @reg: the register to read
+ * @bits: the bits to check (0xff checks all bits,
+ *                           0x03 checks only the last two bits)
+ *
+ * return -ERRNO if the register read failed
+ * return -ENODEV if the register value doesn't stay constant at all
+ * possible addresses
+ *
+ * return 0 for success
+ */
+static int ltc4245_check_control_reg(struct i2c_client *client, u8 reg, u8 bits)
+{
+       int i;
+       s32 v, voff1, voff2;
+
+       /* Read register and check for error */
+       v = i2c_smbus_read_byte_data(client, reg);
+       if (v < 0)
+               return v;
+
+       v &= bits;
+
+       for (i = 0x00; i < 0xff; i += 0x20) {
+
+               voff1 = i2c_smbus_read_byte_data(client, reg + i);
+               if (voff1 < 0)
+                       return voff1;
+
+               voff2 = i2c_smbus_read_byte_data(client, reg + i + 0x08);
+               if (voff2 < 0)
+                       return voff2;
+
+               voff1 &= bits;
+               voff2 &= bits;
+
+               if (v != voff1 || v != voff2)
+                       return -ENODEV;
+       }
+
+       return 0;
+}
+
+static int ltc4245_detect(struct i2c_client *client,
+                         int kind,
+                         struct i2c_board_info *info)
+{
+       struct i2c_adapter *adapter = client->adapter;
+
+       if (!i2c_check_functionality(adapter, I2C_FUNC_SMBUS_BYTE_DATA))
+               return -ENODEV;
+
+       if (kind < 0) {         /* probed detection - check the chip type */
+               s32 v;          /* 8 bits from the chip, or -ERRNO */
+
+               /* Chip registers 0x00-0x07 are control registers
+                * Chip registers 0x10-0x1f are data registers
+                *
+                * Address bits b7-b5 are ignored. This makes the chip "repeat"
+                * in steps of 0x20. Any control registers should appear with
+                * the same values across all duplicated addresses.
+                *
+                * Register 0x02 bit b2 is reserved, expect 0
+                * Register 0x07 bits b7 to b4 are reserved, expect 0
+                *
+                * Registers 0x01, 0x02 are control registers and should not
+                * change on their own.
+                *
+                * Register 0x06 bits b6 and b7 are control bits, and should
+                * not change on their own.
+                *
+                * Register 0x07 bits b3 to b0 are control bits, and should
+                * not change on their own.
+                */
+
+               /* read register 0x02 reserved bit, expect 0 */
+               v = i2c_smbus_read_byte_data(client, LTC4245_CONTROL);
+               if (v < 0 || (v & 0x04) != 0)
+                       return -ENODEV;
+
+               /* read register 0x07 reserved bits, expect 0 */
+               v = i2c_smbus_read_byte_data(client, LTC4245_ADCADR);
+               if (v < 0 || (v & 0xf0) != 0)
+                       return -ENODEV;
+
+               /* check that the alert register appears at all locations */
+               if (ltc4245_check_control_reg(client, LTC4245_ALERT, 0xff))
+                       return -ENODEV;
+
+               /* check that the control register appears at all locations */
+               if (ltc4245_check_control_reg(client, LTC4245_CONTROL, 0xff))
+                       return -ENODEV;
+
+               /* check that register 0x06 bits b6 and b7 stay constant */
+               if (ltc4245_check_control_reg(client, LTC4245_GPIO, 0xc0))
+                       return -ENODEV;
+
+               /* check that register 0x07 bits b3-b0 stay constant */
+               if (ltc4245_check_control_reg(client, LTC4245_ADCADR, 0x0f))
+                       return -ENODEV;
+       }
+
+       strlcpy(info->type, "ltc4245", I2C_NAME_SIZE);
+       dev_info(&adapter->dev, "ltc4245 %s at address 0x%02x\n",
+                       kind < 0 ? "probed" : "forced",
+                       client->addr);
+
+       return 0;
+}
+
+static const struct i2c_device_id ltc4245_id[] = {
+       { "ltc4245", ltc4245 },
+       { }
+};
+MODULE_DEVICE_TABLE(i2c, ltc4245_id);
+
+/* This is the driver that will be inserted */
+static struct i2c_driver ltc4245_driver = {
+       .class          = I2C_CLASS_HWMON,
+       .driver = {
+               .name   = "ltc4245",
+       },
+       .probe          = ltc4245_probe,
+       .remove         = ltc4245_remove,
+       .id_table       = ltc4245_id,
+       .detect         = ltc4245_detect,
+       .address_data   = &addr_data,
+};
+
+static int __init ltc4245_init(void)
+{
+       return i2c_add_driver(&ltc4245_driver);
+}
+
+static void __exit ltc4245_exit(void)
+{
+       i2c_del_driver(&ltc4245_driver);
+}
+
+MODULE_AUTHOR("Ira W. Snyder <iws@ovro.caltech.edu>");
+MODULE_DESCRIPTION("LTC4245 driver");
+MODULE_LICENSE("GPL");
+
+module_init(ltc4245_init);
+module_exit(ltc4245_exit);