[PATCH] libata: implement presence detection via polling IDENTIFY
Tejun Heo [Fri, 10 Nov 2006 09:08:10 +0000 (18:08 +0900)]
On some controllers (ICHs in piix mode), there is *NO* reliable way to
determine device presence other than issuing IDENTIFY and see how the
transaction proceeds by watching the TF status register.

libata acted this way before irq-pio and phantom devices caused very
little problem but now that IDENTIFY is performed using IRQ drive PIO,
such phantom devices now result in multiple 30sec timeouts during
boot.

This patch implements ATA_FLAG_DETECT_POLLING.  If a LLD sets this
flag, libata core issues the initial IDENTIFY in polling mode and if
the initial data transfer fails w/ HSM violation, the port is
considered to be empty thus replicating the old libata and IDE
behavior.

Signed-off-by: Jeff Garzik <jeff@garzik.org>

drivers/ata/libata-core.c
drivers/ata/libata-eh.c
drivers/ata/libata.h
include/linux/libata.h

index 090abe4..21f8d61 100644 (file)
@@ -1272,9 +1272,20 @@ int ata_dev_read_id(struct ata_device *dev, unsigned int *p_class,
 
        tf.protocol = ATA_PROT_PIO;
 
+       /* presence detection using polling IDENTIFY? */
+       if (flags & ATA_READID_DETECT)
+               tf.flags |= ATA_TFLAG_POLLING;
+
        err_mask = ata_exec_internal(dev, &tf, NULL, DMA_FROM_DEVICE,
                                     id, sizeof(id[0]) * ATA_ID_WORDS);
        if (err_mask) {
+               if ((flags & ATA_READID_DETECT) &&
+                   (err_mask & AC_ERR_NODEV_HINT)) {
+                       DPRINTK("ata%u.%d: NODEV after polling detection\n",
+                               ap->id, dev->devno);
+                       return -ENOENT;
+               }
+
                rc = -EIO;
                reason = "I/O error";
                goto err_out;
@@ -4285,8 +4296,12 @@ fsm_start:
                                        /* device stops HSM for abort/error */
                                        qc->err_mask |= AC_ERR_DEV;
                                else
-                                       /* HSM violation. Let EH handle this */
-                                       qc->err_mask |= AC_ERR_HSM;
+                                       /* HSM violation. Let EH handle this.
+                                        * Phantom devices also trigger this
+                                        * condition.  Mark hint.
+                                        */
+                                       qc->err_mask |= AC_ERR_HSM |
+                                                       AC_ERR_NODEV_HINT;
 
                                ap->hsm_task_state = HSM_ST_ERR;
                                goto fsm_start;
index 755fc68..e69f3df 100644 (file)
@@ -1667,12 +1667,23 @@ static int ata_eh_revalidate_and_attach(struct ata_port *ap,
                           ata_class_enabled(ehc->classes[dev->devno])) {
                        dev->class = ehc->classes[dev->devno];
 
+                       if (ap->flags & ATA_FLAG_DETECT_POLLING)
+                               readid_flags |= ATA_READID_DETECT;
+
                        rc = ata_dev_read_id(dev, &dev->class, readid_flags,
                                             dev->id);
                        if (rc == 0) {
                                ehc->i.flags |= ATA_EHI_PRINTINFO;
                                rc = ata_dev_configure(dev);
                                ehc->i.flags &= ~ATA_EHI_PRINTINFO;
+                       } else if (rc == -ENOENT) {
+                               /* IDENTIFY was issued to non-existent
+                                * device.  No need to reset.  Just
+                                * thaw and kill the device.
+                                */
+                               ata_eh_thaw_port(ap);
+                               dev->class = ATA_DEV_UNKNOWN;
+                               rc = 0;
                        }
 
                        if (rc) {
@@ -1680,12 +1691,14 @@ static int ata_eh_revalidate_and_attach(struct ata_port *ap,
                                break;
                        }
 
-                       spin_lock_irqsave(ap->lock, flags);
-                       ap->pflags |= ATA_PFLAG_SCSI_HOTPLUG;
-                       spin_unlock_irqrestore(ap->lock, flags);
+                       if (ata_dev_enabled(dev)) {
+                               spin_lock_irqsave(ap->lock, flags);
+                               ap->pflags |= ATA_PFLAG_SCSI_HOTPLUG;
+                               spin_unlock_irqrestore(ap->lock, flags);
 
-                       /* new device discovered, configure transfer mode */
-                       ehc->i.flags |= ATA_EHI_SETMODE;
+                               /* new device discovered, configure xfermode */
+                               ehc->i.flags |= ATA_EHI_SETMODE;
+                       }
                }
        }
 
index bb98390..be2ac39 100644 (file)
@@ -42,6 +42,8 @@ struct ata_scsi_args {
 enum {
        /* flags for ata_dev_read_id() */
        ATA_READID_POSTRESET    = (1 << 0), /* reading ID after reset */
+       ATA_READID_DETECT       = (1 << 1), /* perform presence detection
+                                            * using polling IDENTIFY */
 };
 
 extern struct workqueue_struct *ata_aux_wq;
index 36e233c..9080789 100644 (file)
@@ -176,6 +176,8 @@ enum {
        ATA_FLAG_SKIP_D2H_BSY   = (1 << 12), /* can't wait for the first D2H
                                              * Register FIS clearing BSY */
        ATA_FLAG_DEBUGMSG       = (1 << 13),
+       ATA_FLAG_DETECT_POLLING = (1 << 14), /* detect device presence by
+                                             * polling IDENTIFY */
 
        /* The following flag belongs to ap->pflags but is kept in
         * ap->flags because it's referenced in many LLDs and will be
@@ -335,6 +337,7 @@ enum ata_completion_errors {
        AC_ERR_SYSTEM           = (1 << 6), /* system error */
        AC_ERR_INVALID          = (1 << 7), /* invalid argument */
        AC_ERR_OTHER            = (1 << 8), /* unknown */
+       AC_ERR_NODEV_HINT       = (1 << 9), /* polling device detection hint */
 };
 
 /* forward declarations */