hw-breakpoints: sample HW breakpoint over kernel data address
K.Prasad [Mon, 1 Jun 2009 18:16:20 +0000 (23:16 +0530)]
This patch introduces a sample kernel module to demonstrate the use of Hardware
Breakpoint feature. It places a breakpoint over the kernel variable 'pid_max'
to monitor all write operations and emits a function-backtrace when done.

Signed-off-by: K.Prasad <prasad@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
Signed-off-by: Frederic Weisbecker <fweisbec@gmail.com>

samples/Kconfig
samples/Makefile
samples/hw_breakpoint/Makefile [new file with mode: 0644]
samples/hw_breakpoint/data_breakpoint.c [new file with mode: 0644]

index b75d28c..8458516 100644 (file)
@@ -45,5 +45,11 @@ config SAMPLE_KRETPROBES
        default m
        depends on SAMPLE_KPROBES && KRETPROBES
 
+config SAMPLE_HW_BREAKPOINT
+       tristate "Build kernel hardware breakpoint examples -- loadable module only"
+       depends on HAVE_HW_BREAKPOINT && m
+       help
+         This builds kernel hardware breakpoint example modules.
+
 endif # SAMPLES
 
index 13e4b47..42e1755 100644 (file)
@@ -1,3 +1,4 @@
 # Makefile for Linux samples code
 
-obj-$(CONFIG_SAMPLES)  += markers/ kobject/ kprobes/ tracepoints/ trace_events/
+obj-$(CONFIG_SAMPLES)  += markers/ kobject/ kprobes/ tracepoints/ \
+                       trace_events/ hw_breakpoint/
diff --git a/samples/hw_breakpoint/Makefile b/samples/hw_breakpoint/Makefile
new file mode 100644 (file)
index 0000000..0f5c31c
--- /dev/null
@@ -0,0 +1 @@
+obj-$(CONFIG_SAMPLE_HW_BREAKPOINT) += data_breakpoint.o
diff --git a/samples/hw_breakpoint/data_breakpoint.c b/samples/hw_breakpoint/data_breakpoint.c
new file mode 100644 (file)
index 0000000..9cbdbb8
--- /dev/null
@@ -0,0 +1,83 @@
+/*
+ * data_breakpoint.c - Sample HW Breakpoint file to watch kernel data address
+ *
+ * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
+ * it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
+ * the Free Software Foundation; either version 2 of the License, or
+ * (at your option) any later version.
+ *
+ * This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
+ * but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
+ * MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the
+ * GNU General Public License for more details.
+ *
+ * You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
+ * along with this program; if not, write to the Free Software
+ * Foundation, Inc., 59 Temple Place - Suite 330, Boston, MA 02111-1307, USA.
+ *
+ * usage: insmod data_breakpoint.ko ksym=<ksym_name>
+ *
+ * This file is a kernel module that places a breakpoint over ksym_name kernel
+ * variable using Hardware Breakpoint register. The corresponding handler which
+ * prints a backtrace is invoked everytime a write operation is performed on
+ * that variable.
+ *
+ * Copyright (C) IBM Corporation, 2009
+ */
+#include <linux/module.h>      /* Needed by all modules */
+#include <linux/kernel.h>      /* Needed for KERN_INFO */
+#include <linux/init.h>                /* Needed for the macros */
+
+#include <asm/hw_breakpoint.h>
+
+struct hw_breakpoint sample_hbp;
+
+static char ksym_name[KSYM_NAME_LEN] = "pid_max";
+module_param_string(ksym, ksym_name, KSYM_NAME_LEN, S_IRUGO);
+MODULE_PARM_DESC(ksym, "Kernel symbol to monitor; this module will report any"
+                       " write operations on the kernel symbol");
+
+void sample_hbp_handler(struct hw_breakpoint *temp, struct pt_regs
+                                                               *temp_regs)
+{
+       printk(KERN_INFO "%s value is changed\n", ksym_name);
+       dump_stack();
+       printk(KERN_INFO "Dump stack from sample_hbp_handler\n");
+}
+
+static int __init hw_break_module_init(void)
+{
+       int ret;
+
+#ifdef CONFIG_X86
+       sample_hbp.info.name = ksym_name;
+       sample_hbp.info.type = HW_BREAKPOINT_WRITE;
+       sample_hbp.info.len = HW_BREAKPOINT_LEN_4;
+#endif /* CONFIG_X86 */
+
+       sample_hbp.triggered = (void *)sample_hbp_handler;
+
+       ret = register_kernel_hw_breakpoint(&sample_hbp);
+
+       if (ret < 0) {
+               printk(KERN_INFO "Breakpoint registration failed\n");
+               return ret;
+       } else
+               printk(KERN_INFO "HW Breakpoint for %s write installed\n",
+                                                               ksym_name);
+
+       return 0;
+}
+
+static void __exit hw_break_module_exit(void)
+{
+       unregister_kernel_hw_breakpoint(&sample_hbp);
+       printk(KERN_INFO "HW Breakpoint for %s write uninstalled\n", ksym_name);
+}
+
+module_init(hw_break_module_init);
+module_exit(hw_break_module_exit);
+
+MODULE_LICENSE("GPL");
+MODULE_AUTHOR("K.Prasad");
+MODULE_DESCRIPTION("ksym breakpoint");