lockdep: Print a nicer description for irq lock inversions
Steven Rostedt [Thu, 21 Apr 2011 01:41:54 +0000 (21:41 -0400)]
Locking order inversion due to interrupts is a subtle problem.

When an irq lockiinversion discovered by lockdep it currently
reports something like:

[ INFO: HARDIRQ-safe -> HARDIRQ-unsafe lock order detected ]

... and then prints out the locks that are involved, as back traces.

Judging by lkml feedback developers were routinely confused by what
a HARDIRQ->safe to unsafe issue is all about, and sometimes even
blew it off as a bug in lockdep.

It is not obvious when lockdep prints this message about a lock that
is never taken in interrupt context.

After explaining the problems that lockdep is reporting, I
decided to add a description of the problem in visual form. Now
the following is shown:

 ---
other info that might help us debug this:

 Possible interrupt unsafe locking scenario:

       CPU0                    CPU1
       ----                    ----
  lock(lockA);
                               local_irq_disable();
                               lock(&rq->lock);
                               lock(lockA);
  <Interrupt>
    lock(&rq->lock);

 *** DEADLOCK ***

 ---

The above is the case when the unsafe lock is taken while
holding a lock taken in irq context. But when a lock is taken
that also grabs a unsafe lock, the call chain is shown:

 ---
other info that might help us debug this:

Chain exists of:
  &rq->lock --> lockA --> lockC

 Possible interrupt unsafe locking scenario:

       CPU0                    CPU1
       ----                    ----
  lock(lockC);
                               local_irq_disable();
                               lock(&rq->lock);
                               lock(lockA);
  <Interrupt>
    lock(&rq->lock);

 *** DEADLOCK ***

Signed-off-by: Steven Rostedt <rostedt@goodmis.org>
Acked-by: Peter Zijlstra <a.p.zijlstra@chello.nl>
Cc: Frederic Weisbecker <fweisbec@gmail.com>
Cc: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
Cc: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20110421014259.132728798@goodmis.org
Signed-off-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu>

kernel/lockdep.c

index 53a6895..7b2ffee 100644 (file)
@@ -490,6 +490,18 @@ void get_usage_chars(struct lock_class *class, char usage[LOCK_USAGE_CHARS])
        usage[i] = '\0';
 }
 
+static int __print_lock_name(struct lock_class *class)
+{
+       char str[KSYM_NAME_LEN];
+       const char *name;
+
+       name = class->name;
+       if (!name)
+               name = __get_key_name(class->key, str);
+
+       return printk("%s", name);
+}
+
 static void print_lock_name(struct lock_class *class)
 {
        char str[KSYM_NAME_LEN], usage[LOCK_USAGE_CHARS];
@@ -1325,6 +1337,62 @@ print_shortest_lock_dependencies(struct lock_list *leaf,
        return;
 }
 
+static void
+print_irq_lock_scenario(struct lock_list *safe_entry,
+                       struct lock_list *unsafe_entry,
+                       struct held_lock *prev,
+                       struct held_lock *next)
+{
+       struct lock_class *safe_class = safe_entry->class;
+       struct lock_class *unsafe_class = unsafe_entry->class;
+       struct lock_class *middle_class = hlock_class(prev);
+
+       if (middle_class == safe_class)
+               middle_class = hlock_class(next);
+
+       /*
+        * A direct locking problem where unsafe_class lock is taken
+        * directly by safe_class lock, then all we need to show
+        * is the deadlock scenario, as it is obvious that the
+        * unsafe lock is taken under the safe lock.
+        *
+        * But if there is a chain instead, where the safe lock takes
+        * an intermediate lock (middle_class) where this lock is
+        * not the same as the safe lock, then the lock chain is
+        * used to describe the problem. Otherwise we would need
+        * to show a different CPU case for each link in the chain
+        * from the safe_class lock to the unsafe_class lock.
+        */
+       if (middle_class != unsafe_class) {
+               printk("Chain exists of:\n  ");
+               __print_lock_name(safe_class);
+               printk(" --> ");
+               __print_lock_name(middle_class);
+               printk(" --> ");
+               __print_lock_name(unsafe_class);
+               printk("\n\n");
+       }
+
+       printk(" Possible interrupt unsafe locking scenario:\n\n");
+       printk("       CPU0                    CPU1\n");
+       printk("       ----                    ----\n");
+       printk("  lock(");
+       __print_lock_name(unsafe_class);
+       printk(");\n");
+       printk("                               local_irq_disable();\n");
+       printk("                               lock(");
+       __print_lock_name(safe_class);
+       printk(");\n");
+       printk("                               lock(");
+       __print_lock_name(middle_class);
+       printk(");\n");
+       printk("  <Interrupt>\n");
+       printk("    lock(");
+       __print_lock_name(safe_class);
+       printk(");\n");
+       printk("\n *** DEADLOCK ***\n\n");
+}
+
 static int
 print_bad_irq_dependency(struct task_struct *curr,
                         struct lock_list *prev_root,
@@ -1376,6 +1444,8 @@ print_bad_irq_dependency(struct task_struct *curr,
        print_stack_trace(forwards_entry->class->usage_traces + bit2, 1);
 
        printk("\nother info that might help us debug this:\n\n");
+       print_irq_lock_scenario(backwards_entry, forwards_entry, prev, next);
+
        lockdep_print_held_locks(curr);
 
        printk("\nthe dependencies between %s-irq-safe lock", irqclass);