kbuild: support for %.symtypes files
Andreas Gruenbacher [Tue, 9 May 2006 18:37:30 +0000 (20:37 +0200)]
Here is a patch that adds a new -T option to genksyms for generating dumps of
the type definition that makes up the symbol version hashes. This allows to
trace modversion changes back to what caused them. The dump format is the
name of the type defined, followed by its definition (which is almost C):

  s#list_head struct list_head { s#list_head * next , * prev ; }

The s#, u#, e#, and t# prefixes stand for struct, union, enum, and typedef.
The exported symbols do not define types, and thus do not have an x# prefix:

  nfs4_acl_get_whotype int nfs4_acl_get_whotype ( char * , t#u32 )

The symbol type defintion of a single file can be generated with:

  make fs/jbd/journal.symtypes

If KBUILD_SYMTYPES is defined, all the *.symtypes of all object files that
export symbols are generated.

The single *.symtypes files can be combined into a single file after a kernel
build with a script like the following:

for f in $(find -name '*.symtypes' | sort); do
    f=${f#./}
    echo "/* ${f%.symtypes}.o */"
    cat $f
    echo
done \
| sed -e '\:UNKNOWN:d' \
      -e 's:[,;] }:}:g' \
      -e 's:\([[({]\) :\1:g' \
      -e 's: \([])},;]\):\1:g' \
      -e 's: $::' \
      $f \
| awk '
/^.#/   { if (defined[$1] == $0) {
            print $1
            next
          }
          defined[$1] = $0
        }
        { print }
'

When the kernel ABI changes, diffing individual *.symtype files, or the
combined files, against each other will show which symbol changes caused the
ABI changes. This can save a tremendous amount of time.

Dump the types that make up modversions

Signed-off-by: Andreas Gruenbacher <agruen@suse.de>
Signed-off-by: Sam Ravnborg <sam@ravnborg.org>

Makefile
scripts/Makefile.build
scripts/genksyms/genksyms.c
scripts/genksyms/genksyms.h

index 1888fab..e890669 100644 (file)
--- a/Makefile
+++ b/Makefile
@@ -969,7 +969,8 @@ clean: archclean $(clean-dirs)
        $(call cmd,rmfiles)
        @find . $(RCS_FIND_IGNORE) \
                \( -name '*.[oas]' -o -name '*.ko' -o -name '.*.cmd' \
-               -o -name '.*.d' -o -name '.*.tmp' -o -name '*.mod.c' \) \
+               -o -name '.*.d' -o -name '.*.tmp' -o -name '*.mod.c' \
+               -o -name '*.symtypes' \) \
                -type f -print | xargs rm -f
 
 # mrproper - Delete all generated files, including .config
@@ -1311,6 +1312,8 @@ endif
        $(Q)$(MAKE) $(build)=$(build-dir) $(target-dir)$(notdir $@)
 %.o: %.S prepare scripts FORCE
        $(Q)$(MAKE) $(build)=$(build-dir) $(target-dir)$(notdir $@)
+%.symtypes: %.c prepare scripts FORCE
+       $(Q)$(MAKE) $(build)=$(build-dir) $(target-dir)$(notdir $@)
 
 # Modules
 / %/: prepare scripts FORCE
index e8e7d27..3cb445c 100644 (file)
@@ -140,6 +140,15 @@ cmd_cc_i_c       = $(CPP) $(c_flags)   -o $@ $<
 %.i: %.c FORCE
        $(call if_changed_dep,cc_i_c)
 
+quiet_cmd_cc_symtypes_c = SYM $(quiet_modtag) $@
+cmd_cc_symtypes_c         = \
+               $(CPP) -D__GENKSYMS__ $(c_flags) $<                     \
+               | $(GENKSYMS) -T $@ >/dev/null;                         \
+               test -s $@ || rm -f $@
+
+%.symtypes : %.c FORCE
+       $(call if_changed_dep,cc_symtypes_c)
+
 # C (.c) files
 # The C file is compiled and updated dependency information is generated.
 # (See cmd_cc_o_c + relevant part of rule_cc_o_c)
@@ -166,7 +175,8 @@ cmd_cc_o_c = $(CC) $(c_flags) -c -o $(@D)/.tmp_$(@F) $<
 cmd_modversions =                                                      \
        if $(OBJDUMP) -h $(@D)/.tmp_$(@F) | grep -q __ksymtab; then     \
                $(CPP) -D__GENKSYMS__ $(c_flags) $<                     \
-               | $(GENKSYMS) -a $(ARCH)                                \
+               | $(GENKSYMS) $(if $(KBUILD_SYMTYPES),                  \
+                             -T $(@D)/$(@F:.o=.symtypes)) -a $(ARCH)   \
                > $(@D)/.tmp_$(@F:.o=.ver);                             \
                                                                        \
                $(LD) $(LDFLAGS) -r -o $@ $(@D)/.tmp_$(@F)              \
index 5b0344e..b038182 100644 (file)
@@ -42,7 +42,7 @@ static FILE *debugfile;
 int cur_line = 1;
 char *cur_filename;
 
-static int flag_debug, flag_dump_defs, flag_warnings;
+static int flag_debug, flag_dump_defs, flag_dump_types, flag_warnings;
 static const char *arch = "";
 static const char *mod_prefix = "";
 
@@ -50,6 +50,7 @@ static int errors;
 static int nsyms;
 
 static struct symbol *expansion_trail;
+static struct symbol *visited_symbols;
 
 static const char *const symbol_type_name[] = {
        "normal", "typedef", "enum", "struct", "union"
@@ -176,6 +177,7 @@ struct symbol *add_symbol(const char *name, enum symbol_type type,
        sym->type = type;
        sym->defn = defn;
        sym->expansion_trail = NULL;
+       sym->visited = NULL;
        sym->is_extern = is_extern;
 
        sym->hash_next = symtab[h];
@@ -236,26 +238,11 @@ static int equal_list(struct string_list *a, struct string_list *b)
 
 static void print_node(FILE * f, struct string_list *list)
 {
-       switch (list->tag) {
-       case SYM_STRUCT:
-               putc('s', f);
-               goto printit;
-       case SYM_UNION:
-               putc('u', f);
-               goto printit;
-       case SYM_ENUM:
-               putc('e', f);
-               goto printit;
-       case SYM_TYPEDEF:
-               putc('t', f);
-               goto printit;
-
-             printit:
+       if (list->tag != SYM_NORMAL) {
+               putc(symbol_type_name[list->tag][0], f);
                putc('#', f);
-       case SYM_NORMAL:
-               fputs(list->string, f);
-               break;
        }
+       fputs(list->string, f);
 }
 
 static void print_list(FILE * f, struct string_list *list)
@@ -287,9 +274,9 @@ static void print_list(FILE * f, struct string_list *list)
        }
 }
 
-static unsigned long expand_and_crc_list(struct string_list *list,
-                                        unsigned long crc)
+static unsigned long expand_and_crc_sym(struct symbol *sym, unsigned long crc)
 {
+       struct string_list *list = sym->defn;
        struct string_list **e, **b;
        struct string_list *tmp, **tmp2;
        int elem = 1;
@@ -332,7 +319,7 @@ static unsigned long expand_and_crc_list(struct string_list *list,
                        } else {
                                subsym->expansion_trail = expansion_trail;
                                expansion_trail = subsym;
-                               crc = expand_and_crc_list(subsym->defn, crc);
+                               crc = expand_and_crc_sym(subsym, crc);
                        }
                        break;
 
@@ -382,12 +369,22 @@ static unsigned long expand_and_crc_list(struct string_list *list,
                        } else {
                                subsym->expansion_trail = expansion_trail;
                                expansion_trail = subsym;
-                               crc = expand_and_crc_list(subsym->defn, crc);
+                               crc = expand_and_crc_sym(subsym, crc);
                        }
                        break;
                }
        }
 
+       {
+               static struct symbol **end = &visited_symbols;
+
+               if (!sym->visited) {
+                       *end = sym;
+                       end = &sym->visited;
+                       sym->visited = (struct symbol *)-1L;
+               }
+       }
+
        return crc;
 }
 
@@ -406,7 +403,7 @@ void export_symbol(const char *name)
 
                expansion_trail = (struct symbol *)-1L;
 
-               crc = expand_and_crc_list(sym->defn, 0xffffffff) ^ 0xffffffff;
+               crc = expand_and_crc_sym(sym, 0xffffffff) ^ 0xffffffff;
 
                sym = expansion_trail;
                while (sym != (struct symbol *)-1L) {
@@ -464,6 +461,7 @@ static void genksyms_usage(void)
 
 int main(int argc, char **argv)
 {
+       FILE *dumpfile = NULL;
        int o;
 
 #ifdef __GNU_LIBRARY__
@@ -473,15 +471,16 @@ int main(int argc, char **argv)
                {"warnings", 0, 0, 'w'},
                {"quiet", 0, 0, 'q'},
                {"dump", 0, 0, 'D'},
+               {"dump-types", 1, 0, 'T'},
                {"version", 0, 0, 'V'},
                {"help", 0, 0, 'h'},
                {0, 0, 0, 0}
        };
 
-       while ((o = getopt_long(argc, argv, "a:dwqVDk:p:",
+       while ((o = getopt_long(argc, argv, "a:dwqVDT:k:p:",
                                &long_opts[0], NULL)) != EOF)
 #else                          /* __GNU_LIBRARY__ */
-       while ((o = getopt(argc, argv, "a:dwqVDk:p:")) != EOF)
+       while ((o = getopt(argc, argv, "a:dwqVDT:k:p:")) != EOF)
 #endif                         /* __GNU_LIBRARY__ */
                switch (o) {
                case 'a':
@@ -502,6 +501,14 @@ int main(int argc, char **argv)
                case 'D':
                        flag_dump_defs = 1;
                        break;
+               case 'T':
+                       flag_dump_types = 1;
+                       dumpfile = fopen(optarg, "w");
+                       if (!dumpfile) {
+                               perror(optarg);
+                               return 1;
+                       }
+                       break;
                case 'h':
                        genksyms_usage();
                        return 0;
@@ -524,6 +531,24 @@ int main(int argc, char **argv)
 
        yyparse();
 
+       if (flag_dump_types && visited_symbols) {
+               while (visited_symbols != (struct symbol *)-1L) {
+                       struct symbol *sym = visited_symbols;
+
+                       if (sym->type != SYM_NORMAL) {
+                               putc(symbol_type_name[sym->type][0], dumpfile);
+                               putc('#', dumpfile);
+                       }
+                       fputs(sym->name, dumpfile);
+                       putc(' ', dumpfile);
+                       print_list(dumpfile, sym->defn);
+                       putc('\n', dumpfile);
+
+                       visited_symbols = sym->visited;
+                       sym->visited = NULL;
+               }
+       }
+
        if (flag_debug) {
                fprintf(debugfile, "Hash table occupancy %d/%d = %g\n",
                        nsyms, HASH_BUCKETS,
index ab6f34f..2668287 100644 (file)
@@ -41,6 +41,7 @@ struct symbol {
        enum symbol_type type;
        struct string_list *defn;
        struct symbol *expansion_trail;
+       struct symbol *visited;
        int is_extern;
 };