bitops: Optimize hweight() by making use of compile-time evaluation
Peter Zijlstra [Mon, 1 Feb 2010 14:03:07 +0000 (15:03 +0100)]
Rename the extisting runtime hweight() implementations to
__arch_hweight(), rename the compile-time versions to __const_hweight()
and then have hweight() pick between them.

Suggested-by: H. Peter Anvin <hpa@zytor.com>
Signed-off-by: Peter Zijlstra <a.p.zijlstra@chello.nl>
LKML-Reference: <20100318111929.GB11152@aftab>
Acked-by: H. Peter Anvin <hpa@zytor.com>
LKML-Reference: <1265028224.24455.154.camel@laptop>
Signed-off-by: H. Peter Anvin <hpa@zytor.com>

arch/alpha/include/asm/bitops.h
arch/ia64/include/asm/bitops.h
arch/sparc/include/asm/bitops_64.h
include/asm-generic/bitops/arch_hweight.h [new file with mode: 0644]
include/asm-generic/bitops/const_hweight.h [new file with mode: 0644]
include/asm-generic/bitops/hweight.h
include/linux/bitops.h
lib/hweight.c

index 15f3ae2..296da1d 100644 (file)
@@ -405,29 +405,31 @@ static inline int fls(int x)
 
 #if defined(CONFIG_ALPHA_EV6) && defined(CONFIG_ALPHA_EV67)
 /* Whee.  EV67 can calculate it directly.  */
-static inline unsigned long hweight64(unsigned long w)
+static inline unsigned long __arch_hweight64(unsigned long w)
 {
        return __kernel_ctpop(w);
 }
 
-static inline unsigned int hweight32(unsigned int w)
+static inline unsigned int __arch_weight32(unsigned int w)
 {
-       return hweight64(w);
+       return __arch_hweight64(w);
 }
 
-static inline unsigned int hweight16(unsigned int w)
+static inline unsigned int __arch_hweight16(unsigned int w)
 {
-       return hweight64(w & 0xffff);
+       return __arch_hweight64(w & 0xffff);
 }
 
-static inline unsigned int hweight8(unsigned int w)
+static inline unsigned int __arch_hweight8(unsigned int w)
 {
-       return hweight64(w & 0xff);
+       return __arch_hweight64(w & 0xff);
 }
 #else
-#include <asm-generic/bitops/hweight.h>
+#include <asm-generic/bitops/arch_hweight.h>
 #endif
 
+#include <asm-generic/bitops/const_hweight.h>
+
 #endif /* __KERNEL__ */
 
 #include <asm-generic/bitops/find.h>
index 6ebc229..9da3df6 100644 (file)
@@ -437,17 +437,18 @@ __fls (unsigned long x)
  * hweightN: returns the hamming weight (i.e. the number
  * of bits set) of a N-bit word
  */
-static __inline__ unsigned long
-hweight64 (unsigned long x)
+static __inline__ unsigned long __arch_hweight64(unsigned long x)
 {
        unsigned long result;
        result = ia64_popcnt(x);
        return result;
 }
 
-#define hweight32(x)   (unsigned int) hweight64((x) & 0xfffffffful)
-#define hweight16(x)   (unsigned int) hweight64((x) & 0xfffful)
-#define hweight8(x)    (unsigned int) hweight64((x) & 0xfful)
+#define __arch_hweight32(x) ((unsigned int) __arch_hweight64((x) & 0xfffffffful))
+#define __arch_hweight16(x) ((unsigned int) __arch_hweight64((x) & 0xfffful))
+#define __arch_hweight8(x)  ((unsigned int) __arch_hweight64((x) & 0xfful))
+
+#include <asm-generic/bitops/const_hweight.h>
 
 #endif /* __KERNEL__ */
 
index e72ac9c..766121a 100644 (file)
@@ -44,7 +44,7 @@ extern void change_bit(unsigned long nr, volatile unsigned long *addr);
 
 #ifdef ULTRA_HAS_POPULATION_COUNT
 
-static inline unsigned int hweight64(unsigned long w)
+static inline unsigned int __arch_hweight64(unsigned long w)
 {
        unsigned int res;
 
@@ -52,7 +52,7 @@ static inline unsigned int hweight64(unsigned long w)
        return res;
 }
 
-static inline unsigned int hweight32(unsigned int w)
+static inline unsigned int __arch_hweight32(unsigned int w)
 {
        unsigned int res;
 
@@ -60,7 +60,7 @@ static inline unsigned int hweight32(unsigned int w)
        return res;
 }
 
-static inline unsigned int hweight16(unsigned int w)
+static inline unsigned int __arch_hweight16(unsigned int w)
 {
        unsigned int res;
 
@@ -68,7 +68,7 @@ static inline unsigned int hweight16(unsigned int w)
        return res;
 }
 
-static inline unsigned int hweight8(unsigned int w)
+static inline unsigned int __arch_hweight8(unsigned int w)
 {
        unsigned int res;
 
@@ -78,9 +78,10 @@ static inline unsigned int hweight8(unsigned int w)
 
 #else
 
-#include <asm-generic/bitops/hweight.h>
+#include <asm-generic/bitops/arch_hweight.h>
 
 #endif
+#include <asm-generic/bitops/const_hweight.h>
 #include <asm-generic/bitops/lock.h>
 #endif /* __KERNEL__ */
 
diff --git a/include/asm-generic/bitops/arch_hweight.h b/include/asm-generic/bitops/arch_hweight.h
new file mode 100644 (file)
index 0000000..3a7be84
--- /dev/null
@@ -0,0 +1,11 @@
+#ifndef _ASM_GENERIC_BITOPS_ARCH_HWEIGHT_H_
+#define _ASM_GENERIC_BITOPS_ARCH_HWEIGHT_H_
+
+#include <asm/types.h>
+
+extern unsigned int __arch_hweight32(unsigned int w);
+extern unsigned int __arch_hweight16(unsigned int w);
+extern unsigned int __arch_hweight8(unsigned int w);
+extern unsigned long __arch_hweight64(__u64 w);
+
+#endif /* _ASM_GENERIC_BITOPS_HWEIGHT_H_ */
diff --git a/include/asm-generic/bitops/const_hweight.h b/include/asm-generic/bitops/const_hweight.h
new file mode 100644 (file)
index 0000000..fa2a50b
--- /dev/null
@@ -0,0 +1,42 @@
+#ifndef _ASM_GENERIC_BITOPS_CONST_HWEIGHT_H_
+#define _ASM_GENERIC_BITOPS_CONST_HWEIGHT_H_
+
+/*
+ * Compile time versions of __arch_hweightN()
+ */
+#define __const_hweight8(w)            \
+      (        (!!((w) & (1ULL << 0))) +       \
+       (!!((w) & (1ULL << 1))) +       \
+       (!!((w) & (1ULL << 2))) +       \
+       (!!((w) & (1ULL << 3))) +       \
+       (!!((w) & (1ULL << 4))) +       \
+       (!!((w) & (1ULL << 5))) +       \
+       (!!((w) & (1ULL << 6))) +       \
+       (!!((w) & (1ULL << 7))) )
+
+#define __const_hweight16(w) (__const_hweight8(w)  + __const_hweight8((w)  >> 8 ))
+#define __const_hweight32(w) (__const_hweight16(w) + __const_hweight16((w) >> 16))
+#define __const_hweight64(w) (__const_hweight32(w) + __const_hweight32((w) >> 32))
+
+/*
+ * Generic interface.
+ */
+#define hweight8(w)  (__builtin_constant_p(w) ? __const_hweight8(w)  : __arch_hweight8(w))
+#define hweight16(w) (__builtin_constant_p(w) ? __const_hweight16(w) : __arch_hweight16(w))
+#define hweight32(w) (__builtin_constant_p(w) ? __const_hweight32(w) : __arch_hweight32(w))
+#define hweight64(w) (__builtin_constant_p(w) ? __const_hweight64(w) : __arch_hweight64(w))
+
+/*
+ * Interface for known constant arguments
+ */
+#define HWEIGHT8(w)  (BUILD_BUG_ON_ZERO(!__builtin_constant_p(w)) + __const_hweight8(w))
+#define HWEIGHT16(w) (BUILD_BUG_ON_ZERO(!__builtin_constant_p(w)) + __const_hweight16(w))
+#define HWEIGHT32(w) (BUILD_BUG_ON_ZERO(!__builtin_constant_p(w)) + __const_hweight32(w))
+#define HWEIGHT64(w) (BUILD_BUG_ON_ZERO(!__builtin_constant_p(w)) + __const_hweight64(w))
+
+/*
+ * Type invariant interface to the compile time constant hweight functions.
+ */
+#define HWEIGHT(w)   HWEIGHT64((u64)w)
+
+#endif /* _ASM_GENERIC_BITOPS_CONST_HWEIGHT_H_ */
index fbbc383..a94d651 100644 (file)
@@ -1,11 +1,7 @@
 #ifndef _ASM_GENERIC_BITOPS_HWEIGHT_H_
 #define _ASM_GENERIC_BITOPS_HWEIGHT_H_
 
-#include <asm/types.h>
-
-extern unsigned int hweight32(unsigned int w);
-extern unsigned int hweight16(unsigned int w);
-extern unsigned int hweight8(unsigned int w);
-extern unsigned long hweight64(__u64 w);
+#include <asm-generic/bitops/arch_hweight.h>
+#include <asm-generic/bitops/const_hweight.h>
 
 #endif /* _ASM_GENERIC_BITOPS_HWEIGHT_H_ */
index b793898..c55d5bc 100644 (file)
@@ -47,31 +47,6 @@ static inline unsigned long hweight_long(unsigned long w)
        return sizeof(w) == 4 ? hweight32(w) : hweight64(w);
 }
 
-/*
- * Clearly slow versions of the hweightN() functions, their benefit is
- * of course compile time evaluation of constant arguments.
- */
-#define HWEIGHT8(w)                                    \
-      (        BUILD_BUG_ON_ZERO(!__builtin_constant_p(w)) +   \
-       (!!((w) & (1ULL << 0))) +                       \
-       (!!((w) & (1ULL << 1))) +                       \
-       (!!((w) & (1ULL << 2))) +                       \
-       (!!((w) & (1ULL << 3))) +                       \
-       (!!((w) & (1ULL << 4))) +                       \
-       (!!((w) & (1ULL << 5))) +                       \
-       (!!((w) & (1ULL << 6))) +                       \
-       (!!((w) & (1ULL << 7))) )
-
-#define HWEIGHT16(w) (HWEIGHT8(w)  + HWEIGHT8((w) >> 8))
-#define HWEIGHT32(w) (HWEIGHT16(w) + HWEIGHT16((w) >> 16))
-#define HWEIGHT64(w) (HWEIGHT32(w) + HWEIGHT32((w) >> 32))
-
-/*
- * Type invariant version that simply casts things to the
- * largest type.
- */
-#define HWEIGHT(w)   HWEIGHT64((u64)(w))
-
 /**
  * rol32 - rotate a 32-bit value left
  * @word: value to rotate
index 63ee4eb..a6927e7 100644 (file)
@@ -9,7 +9,7 @@
  * The Hamming Weight of a number is the total number of bits set in it.
  */
 
-unsigned int hweight32(unsigned int w)
+unsigned int __arch_hweight32(unsigned int w)
 {
 #ifdef ARCH_HAS_FAST_MULTIPLIER
        w -= (w >> 1) & 0x55555555;
@@ -24,29 +24,30 @@ unsigned int hweight32(unsigned int w)
        return (res + (res >> 16)) & 0x000000FF;
 #endif
 }
-EXPORT_SYMBOL(hweight32);
+EXPORT_SYMBOL(__arch_hweight32);
 
-unsigned int hweight16(unsigned int w)
+unsigned int __arch_hweight16(unsigned int w)
 {
        unsigned int res = w - ((w >> 1) & 0x5555);
        res = (res & 0x3333) + ((res >> 2) & 0x3333);
        res = (res + (res >> 4)) & 0x0F0F;
        return (res + (res >> 8)) & 0x00FF;
 }
-EXPORT_SYMBOL(hweight16);
+EXPORT_SYMBOL(__arch_hweight16);
 
-unsigned int hweight8(unsigned int w)
+unsigned int __arch_hweight8(unsigned int w)
 {
        unsigned int res = w - ((w >> 1) & 0x55);
        res = (res & 0x33) + ((res >> 2) & 0x33);
        return (res + (res >> 4)) & 0x0F;
 }
-EXPORT_SYMBOL(hweight8);
+EXPORT_SYMBOL(__arch_hweight8);
 
-unsigned long hweight64(__u64 w)
+unsigned long __arch_hweight64(__u64 w)
 {
 #if BITS_PER_LONG == 32
-       return hweight32((unsigned int)(w >> 32)) + hweight32((unsigned int)w);
+       return __arch_hweight32((unsigned int)(w >> 32)) +
+              __arch_hweight32((unsigned int)w);
 #elif BITS_PER_LONG == 64
 #ifdef ARCH_HAS_FAST_MULTIPLIER
        w -= (w >> 1) & 0x5555555555555555ul;
@@ -63,4 +64,4 @@ unsigned long hweight64(__u64 w)
 #endif
 #endif
 }
-EXPORT_SYMBOL(hweight64);
+EXPORT_SYMBOL(__arch_hweight64);