mm: compaction: Use async migration for __GFP_NO_KSWAPD and enforce no writeback
Andrea Arcangeli [Tue, 22 Mar 2011 23:33:11 +0000 (16:33 -0700)]
__GFP_NO_KSWAPD allocations are usually very expensive and not mandatory
to succeed as they have graceful fallback.  Waiting for I/O in those,
tends to be overkill in terms of latencies, so we can reduce their latency
by disabling sync migrate.

Unfortunately, even with async migration it's still possible for the
process to be blocked waiting for a request slot (e.g.  get_request_wait
in the block layer) when ->writepage is called.  To prevent
__GFP_NO_KSWAPD blocking, this patch prevents ->writepage being called on
dirty page cache for asynchronous migration.

Addresses https://bugzilla.kernel.org/show_bug.cgi?id=31142

[mel@csn.ul.ie: Avoid writebacks for NFS, retry locked pages, use bool]
Signed-off-by: Andrea Arcangeli <aarcange@redhat.com>
Signed-off-by: Mel Gorman <mel@csn.ul.ie>
Cc: Arthur Marsh <arthur.marsh@internode.on.net>
Cc: Clemens Ladisch <cladisch@googlemail.com>
Cc: Johannes Weiner <hannes@cmpxchg.org>
Cc: KAMEZAWA Hiroyuki <kamezawa.hiroyu@jp.fujitsu.com>
Cc: Minchan Kim <minchan.kim@gmail.com>
Reported-by: Alex Villacis Lasso <avillaci@ceibo.fiec.espol.edu.ec>
Tested-by: Alex Villacis Lasso <avillaci@ceibo.fiec.espol.edu.ec>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

mm/migrate.c
mm/page_alloc.c

index 7d2983f..89e5c3f 100644 (file)
@@ -564,7 +564,7 @@ static int fallback_migrate_page(struct address_space *mapping,
  *  == 0 - success
  */
 static int move_to_new_page(struct page *newpage, struct page *page,
-                                               int remap_swapcache)
+                                       int remap_swapcache, bool sync)
 {
        struct address_space *mapping;
        int rc;
@@ -586,18 +586,28 @@ static int move_to_new_page(struct page *newpage, struct page *page,
        mapping = page_mapping(page);
        if (!mapping)
                rc = migrate_page(mapping, newpage, page);
-       else if (mapping->a_ops->migratepage)
+       else {
                /*
-                * Most pages have a mapping and most filesystems
-                * should provide a migration function. Anonymous
-                * pages are part of swap space which also has its
-                * own migration function. This is the most common
-                * path for page migration.
+                * Do not writeback pages if !sync and migratepage is
+                * not pointing to migrate_page() which is nonblocking
+                * (swapcache/tmpfs uses migratepage = migrate_page).
                 */
-               rc = mapping->a_ops->migratepage(mapping,
-                                               newpage, page);
-       else
-               rc = fallback_migrate_page(mapping, newpage, page);
+               if (PageDirty(page) && !sync &&
+                   mapping->a_ops->migratepage != migrate_page)
+                       rc = -EBUSY;
+               else if (mapping->a_ops->migratepage)
+                       /*
+                        * Most pages have a mapping and most filesystems
+                        * should provide a migration function. Anonymous
+                        * pages are part of swap space which also has its
+                        * own migration function. This is the most common
+                        * path for page migration.
+                        */
+                       rc = mapping->a_ops->migratepage(mapping,
+                                                       newpage, page);
+               else
+                       rc = fallback_migrate_page(mapping, newpage, page);
+       }
 
        if (rc) {
                newpage->mapping = NULL;
@@ -641,7 +651,7 @@ static int unmap_and_move(new_page_t get_new_page, unsigned long private,
        rc = -EAGAIN;
 
        if (!trylock_page(page)) {
-               if (!force)
+               if (!force || !sync)
                        goto move_newpage;
 
                /*
@@ -686,7 +696,15 @@ static int unmap_and_move(new_page_t get_new_page, unsigned long private,
        BUG_ON(charge);
 
        if (PageWriteback(page)) {
-               if (!force || !sync)
+               /*
+                * For !sync, there is no point retrying as the retry loop
+                * is expected to be too short for PageWriteback to be cleared
+                */
+               if (!sync) {
+                       rc = -EBUSY;
+                       goto uncharge;
+               }
+               if (!force)
                        goto uncharge;
                wait_on_page_writeback(page);
        }
@@ -757,7 +775,7 @@ static int unmap_and_move(new_page_t get_new_page, unsigned long private,
 
 skip_unmap:
        if (!page_mapped(page))
-               rc = move_to_new_page(newpage, page, remap_swapcache);
+               rc = move_to_new_page(newpage, page, remap_swapcache, sync);
 
        if (rc && remap_swapcache)
                remove_migration_ptes(page, page);
@@ -850,7 +868,7 @@ static int unmap_and_move_huge_page(new_page_t get_new_page,
        try_to_unmap(hpage, TTU_MIGRATION|TTU_IGNORE_MLOCK|TTU_IGNORE_ACCESS);
 
        if (!page_mapped(hpage))
-               rc = move_to_new_page(new_hpage, hpage, 1);
+               rc = move_to_new_page(new_hpage, hpage, 1, sync);
 
        if (rc)
                remove_migration_ptes(hpage, hpage);
index 426056a..6d0032b 100644 (file)
@@ -2103,7 +2103,7 @@ rebalance:
                                        sync_migration);
        if (page)
                goto got_pg;
-       sync_migration = true;
+       sync_migration = !(gfp_mask & __GFP_NO_KSWAPD);
 
        /* Try direct reclaim and then allocating */
        page = __alloc_pages_direct_reclaim(gfp_mask, order,