ext4: fix potential infinite loop in ext4_da_writepages()
Toshiyuki Okajima [Thu, 28 Oct 2010 01:30:07 +0000 (21:30 -0400)]
On linux-2.6.36-rc2, if we execute the following script, we can hang
the system when the /bin/sync command is executed:

========================================================================
#!/bin/sh

echo -n "HANG UP TEST: "
/bin/dd if=/dev/zero of=/tmp/img bs=1k count=1 seek=1M 2> /dev/null
/sbin/mkfs.ext4 -Fq /tmp/img
/bin/mount -o loop -t ext4 /tmp/img /mnt
/bin/dd if=/dev/zero of=/mnt/file bs=1 count=1 \
seek=$((16*1024*1024*1024*1024-4096)) 2> /dev/null
/bin/sync
/bin/umount /mnt
echo "DONE"
exit 0
========================================================================

We can see the following backtrace if we get the kdump when this
hangup occurs:

======================================================================
kthread()
=> bdi_writeback_thread()
   => wb_do_writeback()
      => wb_writeback()
         => writeback_inodes_wb()
            => writeback_sb_inodes()
               => writeback_single_inode()
                  => ext4_da_writepages()  ---+
                                ^ infinite    |
                                |   loop      |
                                +-------------+
======================================================================

The reason why this hangup happens is described as follows:
1) We write the last extent block of the file whose size is the filesystem
   maximum size.
2) "BH_Delay" flag is set on the buffer_head of its block.
3) - the member, "m_lblk" of struct mpage_da_data is 4294967295 (UINT_MAX)
   - the member, "m_len" of struct mpage_da_data is 1
  mpage_put_bnr_to_bhs() which is called via ext4_da_writepages()
  cannot clear "BH_Delay" flag of the buffer_head because the type of
  m_lblk is ext4_lblk_t and then m_lblk + m_len is overflow.

  Therefore an infinite loop occurs because ext4_da_writepages()
  cannot write the page (which corresponds to the block) since
  "BH_Delay" flag isn't cleared.
----------------------------------------------------------------------
static void mpage_put_bnr_to_bhs(struct mpage_da_data *mpd,
struct ext4_map_blocks *map)
{
...
int blocks = map->m_len;
...
do {
// cur_logical = 4294967295
// map->m_lblk = 4294967295
// blocks = 1
// *** map->m_lblk + blocks == 0 (OVERFLOW!) ***
// (cur_logical >= map->m_lblk + blocks) => true
if (cur_logical >= map->m_lblk + blocks)
break;
----------------------------------------------------------------------

NOTE: Mounting with the nodelalloc option will avoid this codepath,
and thus, avoid this hang

Signed-off-by: Toshiyuki Okajima <toshi.okajima@jp.fujitsu.com>
Signed-off-by: "Theodore Ts'o" <tytso@mit.edu>

fs/ext4/inode.c

index 50f3bba..1e824a3 100644 (file)
@@ -2105,7 +2105,7 @@ static void mpage_put_bnr_to_bhs(struct mpage_da_data *mpd,
                        } while ((bh = bh->b_this_page) != head);
 
                        do {
-                               if (cur_logical >= map->m_lblk + blocks)
+                               if (cur_logical > map->m_lblk + (blocks - 1))
                                        break;
 
                                if (buffer_delay(bh) || buffer_unwritten(bh)) {