rcu: make rcutorture even more vicious: invoke RCU readers from irq handlers (timers)
Paul E. McKenney [Wed, 25 Jun 2008 19:24:52 +0000 (12:24 -0700)]
This patch allows torturing RCU from irq handlers (timers, in this case).
A new module parameter irqreader enables such additional torturing,
and is enabled by default.  Variants of RCU that do not tolerate readers
being called from irq handlers (e.g., SRCU) ignore irqreader.

Signed-off-by: Paul E. McKenney <paulmck@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
Cc: josh@freedesktop.org
Cc: dvhltc@us.ibm.com
Cc: niv@us.ibm.com
Cc: dino@in.ibm.com
Cc: akpm@linux-foundation.org
Cc: torvalds@linux-foundation.org
Cc: vegard.nossum@gmail.com
Cc: adobriyan@gmail.com
Cc: oleg@tv-sign.ru
Cc: bunk@kernel.org
Cc: rjw@sisk.pl
Signed-off-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu>

Documentation/RCU/torture.txt
kernel/rcutorture.c

index 516527d..a342b6e 100644 (file)
@@ -30,10 +30,10 @@ MODULE PARAMETERS
 
 This module has the following parameters:
 
-nreaders       This is the number of RCU reading threads supported.
-               The default is twice the number of CPUs.  Why twice?
-               To properly exercise RCU implementations with preemptible
-               read-side critical sections.
+irqreaders     Says to invoke RCU readers from irq level.  This is currently
+               done via timers.  Defaults to "1" for variants of RCU that
+               permit this.  (Or, more accurately, variants of RCU that do
+               -not- permit this know to ignore this variable.)
 
 nfakewriters   This is the number of RCU fake writer threads to run.  Fake
                writer threads repeatedly use the synchronous "wait for
@@ -44,6 +44,16 @@ nfakewriters This is the number of RCU fake writer threads to run.  Fake
                to trigger special cases caused by multiple writers, such as
                the synchronize_srcu() early return optimization.
 
+nreaders       This is the number of RCU reading threads supported.
+               The default is twice the number of CPUs.  Why twice?
+               To properly exercise RCU implementations with preemptible
+               read-side critical sections.
+
+shuffle_interval
+               The number of seconds to keep the test threads affinitied
+               to a particular subset of the CPUs, defaults to 3 seconds.
+               Used in conjunction with test_no_idle_hz.
+
 stat_interval  The number of seconds between output of torture
                statistics (via printk()).  Regardless of the interval,
                statistics are printed when the module is unloaded.
@@ -51,11 +61,6 @@ stat_interval        The number of seconds between output of torture
                be printed -only- when the module is unloaded, and this
                is the default.
 
-shuffle_interval
-               The number of seconds to keep the test threads affinitied
-               to a particular subset of the CPUs, defaults to 3 seconds.
-               Used in conjunction with test_no_idle_hz.
-
 stutter                The length of time to run the test before pausing for this
                same period of time.  Defaults to "stutter=5", so as
                to run and pause for (roughly) five-second intervals.
index 5e954ed..90b5b12 100644 (file)
@@ -59,6 +59,7 @@ static int verbose;           /* Print more debug info. */
 static int test_no_idle_hz;    /* Test RCU's support for tickless idle CPUs. */
 static int shuffle_interval = 3; /* Interval between shuffles (in sec)*/
 static int stutter = 5;                /* Start/stop testing interval (in sec) */
+static int irqreader = 1;      /* RCU readers from irq (timers). */
 static char *torture_type = "rcu"; /* What RCU implementation to torture. */
 
 module_param(nreaders, int, 0444);
@@ -75,6 +76,8 @@ module_param(shuffle_interval, int, 0444);
 MODULE_PARM_DESC(shuffle_interval, "Number of seconds between shuffles");
 module_param(stutter, int, 0444);
 MODULE_PARM_DESC(stutter, "Number of seconds to run/halt test");
+module_param(irqreader, int, 0444);
+MODULE_PARM_DESC(irqreader, "Allow RCU readers from irq handlers");
 module_param(torture_type, charp, 0444);
 MODULE_PARM_DESC(torture_type, "Type of RCU to torture (rcu, rcu_bh, srcu)");
 
@@ -121,6 +124,7 @@ static atomic_t n_rcu_torture_alloc_fail;
 static atomic_t n_rcu_torture_free;
 static atomic_t n_rcu_torture_mberror;
 static atomic_t n_rcu_torture_error;
+static long n_rcu_torture_timers = 0;
 static struct list_head rcu_torture_removed;
 
 static int stutter_pause_test = 0;
@@ -217,6 +221,7 @@ struct rcu_torture_ops {
        void (*sync)(void);
        void (*cb_barrier)(void);
        int (*stats)(char *page);
+       int irqcapable;
        char *name;
 };
 static struct rcu_torture_ops *cur_ops = NULL;
@@ -291,6 +296,7 @@ static struct rcu_torture_ops rcu_ops = {
        .sync = synchronize_rcu,
        .cb_barrier = rcu_barrier,
        .stats = NULL,
+       .irqcapable = 1,
        .name = "rcu"
 };
 
@@ -331,6 +337,7 @@ static struct rcu_torture_ops rcu_sync_ops = {
        .sync = synchronize_rcu,
        .cb_barrier = NULL,
        .stats = NULL,
+       .irqcapable = 1,
        .name = "rcu_sync"
 };
 
@@ -392,6 +399,7 @@ static struct rcu_torture_ops rcu_bh_ops = {
        .sync = rcu_bh_torture_synchronize,
        .cb_barrier = rcu_barrier_bh,
        .stats = NULL,
+       .irqcapable = 1,
        .name = "rcu_bh"
 };
 
@@ -406,6 +414,7 @@ static struct rcu_torture_ops rcu_bh_sync_ops = {
        .sync = rcu_bh_torture_synchronize,
        .cb_barrier = NULL,
        .stats = NULL,
+       .irqcapable = 1,
        .name = "rcu_bh_sync"
 };
 
@@ -532,6 +541,7 @@ static struct rcu_torture_ops sched_ops = {
        .sync = sched_torture_synchronize,
        .cb_barrier = rcu_barrier_sched,
        .stats = NULL,
+       .irqcapable = 1,
        .name = "sched"
 };
 
@@ -620,6 +630,52 @@ rcu_torture_fakewriter(void *arg)
 }
 
 /*
+ * RCU torture reader from timer handler.  Dereferences rcu_torture_current,
+ * incrementing the corresponding element of the pipeline array.  The
+ * counter in the element should never be greater than 1, otherwise, the
+ * RCU implementation is broken.
+ */
+static void rcu_torture_timer(unsigned long unused)
+{
+       int idx;
+       int completed;
+       static DEFINE_RCU_RANDOM(rand);
+       static DEFINE_SPINLOCK(rand_lock);
+       struct rcu_torture *p;
+       int pipe_count;
+
+       idx = cur_ops->readlock();
+       completed = cur_ops->completed();
+       p = rcu_dereference(rcu_torture_current);
+       if (p == NULL) {
+               /* Leave because rcu_torture_writer is not yet underway */
+               cur_ops->readunlock(idx);
+               return;
+       }
+       if (p->rtort_mbtest == 0)
+               atomic_inc(&n_rcu_torture_mberror);
+       spin_lock(&rand_lock);
+       cur_ops->readdelay(&rand);
+       n_rcu_torture_timers++;
+       spin_unlock(&rand_lock);
+       preempt_disable();
+       pipe_count = p->rtort_pipe_count;
+       if (pipe_count > RCU_TORTURE_PIPE_LEN) {
+               /* Should not happen, but... */
+               pipe_count = RCU_TORTURE_PIPE_LEN;
+       }
+       ++__get_cpu_var(rcu_torture_count)[pipe_count];
+       completed = cur_ops->completed() - completed;
+       if (completed > RCU_TORTURE_PIPE_LEN) {
+               /* Should not happen, but... */
+               completed = RCU_TORTURE_PIPE_LEN;
+       }
+       ++__get_cpu_var(rcu_torture_batch)[completed];
+       preempt_enable();
+       cur_ops->readunlock(idx);
+}
+
+/*
  * RCU torture reader kthread.  Repeatedly dereferences rcu_torture_current,
  * incrementing the corresponding element of the pipeline array.  The
  * counter in the element should never be greater than 1, otherwise, the
@@ -633,11 +689,18 @@ rcu_torture_reader(void *arg)
        DEFINE_RCU_RANDOM(rand);
        struct rcu_torture *p;
        int pipe_count;
+       struct timer_list t;
 
        VERBOSE_PRINTK_STRING("rcu_torture_reader task started");
        set_user_nice(current, 19);
+       if (irqreader && cur_ops->irqcapable)
+               setup_timer_on_stack(&t, rcu_torture_timer, 0);
 
        do {
+               if (irqreader && cur_ops->irqcapable) {
+                       if (!timer_pending(&t))
+                               mod_timer(&t, 1);
+               }
                idx = cur_ops->readlock();
                completed = cur_ops->completed();
                p = rcu_dereference(rcu_torture_current);
@@ -669,6 +732,8 @@ rcu_torture_reader(void *arg)
                rcu_stutter_wait();
        } while (!kthread_should_stop() && !fullstop);
        VERBOSE_PRINTK_STRING("rcu_torture_reader task stopping");
+       if (irqreader && cur_ops->irqcapable)
+               del_timer_sync(&t);
        while (!kthread_should_stop())
                schedule_timeout_uninterruptible(1);
        return 0;
@@ -699,14 +764,15 @@ rcu_torture_printk(char *page)
        cnt += sprintf(&page[cnt], "%s%s ", torture_type, TORTURE_FLAG);
        cnt += sprintf(&page[cnt],
                       "rtc: %p ver: %ld tfle: %d rta: %d rtaf: %d rtf: %d "
-                      "rtmbe: %d",
+                      "rtmbe: %d nt: %ld",
                       rcu_torture_current,
                       rcu_torture_current_version,
                       list_empty(&rcu_torture_freelist),
                       atomic_read(&n_rcu_torture_alloc),
                       atomic_read(&n_rcu_torture_alloc_fail),
                       atomic_read(&n_rcu_torture_free),
-                      atomic_read(&n_rcu_torture_mberror));
+                      atomic_read(&n_rcu_torture_mberror),
+                      n_rcu_torture_timers);
        if (atomic_read(&n_rcu_torture_mberror) != 0)
                cnt += sprintf(&page[cnt], " !!!");
        cnt += sprintf(&page[cnt], "\n%s%s ", torture_type, TORTURE_FLAG);
@@ -862,10 +928,10 @@ rcu_torture_print_module_parms(char *tag)
        printk(KERN_ALERT "%s" TORTURE_FLAG
                "--- %s: nreaders=%d nfakewriters=%d "
                "stat_interval=%d verbose=%d test_no_idle_hz=%d "
-               "shuffle_interval=%d stutter=%d\n",
+               "shuffle_interval=%d stutter=%d irqreader=%d\n",
                torture_type, tag, nrealreaders, nfakewriters,
                stat_interval, verbose, test_no_idle_hz, shuffle_interval,
-               stutter);
+               stutter, irqreader);
 }
 
 static void